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# 4/23/2011

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## How do I calculate the dynamic force on the agitator?

Q: How do I calculate the dynamic force on the agitator? The details are as given: Capacity of mixer: 15 Kl Motor: HP 75 HP shaft speed: 48 rpm diameter of vessel: 2450 mm st. height: 3000 mm dish height: 491 mm stirrer: anchor type sweep dia: 2300 mm material viscosity: 40 poise (emulsion-based paint)

A: Explaining "how" to calculate the dynamic force on the agitator is more difficult than providing a value for the conditions described. Further, "how" the "dynamic force" will be used makes a difference in the suggested safety factors to be applied to the calculated values. For the purposes of equipment design, the dynamic forces should be calculated based on the motor horsepower and agitator speed, since at some viscosity the motor could be fully loaded. On that basis, torque will be about 11,000 N-m. An estimate of the bending load on the shaft and drive is about the same, 10,000 N-m. Those loads require a 125 mm diameter shaft. For the purposes designing a support for the agitator, a rigid mounting is necessary. The support should be designed to handle 2.5 times the calculated torque and 3.0 times the calculated bending load. If all that is needed is an anticipated operating load for the dimensions and viscosity described, the agitator will require about 33 hp. That requirement is based on a viscous power number of 360 (for laminar operation), which is multiplied by a factor of 2.2 for the impeller Reynolds number of about
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## 1,000. The resulting viscous (not turbulent) power number is 780.

The answers by this expert are based on the best available interpretation of the information provided. The consequences of the application of this information are the responsibility of the user. If clarification is needed, please submit a further question.

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Tank: Diameter = 2m, L = 5m (17m 3 Capacity) Fluid = Vegetable oil (I think viscosity = 60 cP, density = 900 kg/m 3 ) Temperature: Reaches 130 degrees C

What is the best mixer for solids and liquids? I want to mix a solid with a liquid with the ratio of 50/50. But the solid is water wet 30% and I have to drive off the water while mixing the two components. What is the best mixer to use to first get the water to the top of the vessel, evaporate off and also mix the solids and liquid? Solids density is 1.6 g/cc, liquid is 1.5 g/cc. What is causing the mechanical problems with agitators? I am currently mixing 4 tons of product with a density of 8.4lb/gal that is very sensitive to over mixing. My current mixer design has reliability issues. There are two counter rotating agitators in the tank which are about 8' long by 5' wide. While running, the agitators sway due to either fabrication quality or design flaws. I currently have 2" and 4" shafts extending down from the gear box into the tank. I am being sold on two different design options: 1.) Add a steady bearing to bottom of tank to reduce movement and my issues with this are the following: a. Ability to CIP; b. Have not corrected the problem just hid they symptom; c. Failure of the tank due to shaft hitting steady bearing in the repeatedly in the same place.

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## Mixing | How do I calculate the dynami

2.) Increase the size of the shaft to 6" and 3" my issues are the following: a. Work required to perform repair (cut off top of tank and replace with new cover); b. Cost associated with new gear box installs. My question is for this application in a pharmaceutical environment, what would be the best course of action? Is there any published literature on the subject? Lastly are these design solution accurate or should I be looking at other alternatives? What are the motor powers and shaft diameters for these agitators? To be used in various tanks we need to get your answer for agitator motor power and shaft diameter for the following agitator data: Agitator A: Liquid in tank: Density = 1.09 t/m 3 Dynamic viscosity = 150 mPa.s Temperature = 85 degrees C (average) Speed: 95 rpm Length in tank = 3650 mm Impeller: 1 row, 2 blades , 900 mm in dia. Tank volume= 40 m 3 Agitator B: Liquid in tank: Density = 1.4 t/m 3 Dynamic viscosity = 100 mPa.s Temperature = 80 degrees C (average) Speed: 85 rpm Length in tank = 4750 mm Impellers: 2 rows, 2m between rows, 2 blades at each row , 1300 mm in dia. Tank volume= 28 m 3 Agitator C: Liquid in tank: Density = 1.48 t/m 3 Dynamic viscosity = 10000 mPa.s (average) Temperature = 70 degrees C (average) Speed: 66 rpm Length in tank = 5630 mm Impellers: 3 rows, 1m between rows, 2 blades at each row , 800 mm in dia. Tank volume= 15 m 3
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4/23/2011

## Mixing | How do I calculate the dynami

For the above agitators, I need motor powers and shaft diameters. How do I calculate the dynamic force on the agitator? How do I calculate the dynamic force on the agitator? The details are as given: Capacity of mixer: 15 Kl Motor: HP 75 HP shaft speed: 48 rpm diameter of vessel: 2450 mm st. height: 3000 mm dish height: 491 mm stirrer: anchor type sweep dia: 2300 mm material viscosity: 40 poise (emulsion-based paint)