34 views

Uploaded by Merve Eser

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Chemical Engineering Problems
- Differential Equation in Maple 16
- Chemical Engineering Mathematics
- Matlab 2nd Edition a Practical Introduction to Programming and Problem Solving
- 5. Charpit's Method
- Differential equation
- Elementary Differential Equations 6th Edition
- CourseNotes1_1
- Ordinary Differential Equation
- AEM
- syllabus_mat234
- A Differential Equation is a Mathematical Equation for an Unknown Function of One or Several Variables That Relates the Values of the Function Itself and Its Derivatives of Various Orders
- Ashenafi Agizaw
- PDE-Steebs-partial.pdf
- ORSI Course Structure
- Solution of Advection-Diffusion Equation for Concentration of Pollution and Dissolved Oxygen in the River Water by Elzaki Transform
- Advection and Difusion of Pollutants at Water Column
- 1.1.1 Definiciones ED
- Numerical Solution of Third Order Time-Invariant Linear Differential Equations by Adomian Decomposition Method
- Lecture 1 - Differential Equation

You are on page 1of 4

Combination of variables solutions to partial differential equations are suggested whenever the physical situation indicates that two independent variables can be combined to produce only one independent variable. There are general methods for finding the appropriate combined variable. However, in ChEN 430, you will be told what combined variable to use. The solution procedure is to substitute this combined variable into the differential equation for the original independent variables. If the method works, the resulting differential equation will involve only the combined variable. In this way, you will have converted a partial differential equation into an ordinary differential equation, which is then solved by solution methods for ordinary differential equations. Example Consider the dependent variable that depends on independent variables t and x as specified in the following partial differential equation and restricting conditions (initial and boundary conditions):

2 = t x2

(1) for 0 < x < for t > 0 for t > 0 (2) (3) (4)

= o = 1 = o

at t = 0 at x = 0 at x

In this problem, the variable is forced to depart from its initial value of o. The distance x at which departures from o are felt grows as time increases. This suggests that it might be possible to combine (ratio) x and t in some way to obtain a combined variable () that will transform the partial differential equation in t and x into an ordinary differential equation in . That is,

= f ( x , t ) = g ()

where

= h( x , t )

where f and g are functions that will be determined when the problem is solved. The functional form of the combined variable, h(x,t) will be suggested in the problem statement. For the example specified in Eqs. (1) through (4), the combined variable is expected to be: x 4 t

(5)

The first step in the solution procedure is to obtain the terms specified by the partial differential equation. The combination of variable solution will have worked if the resulting differential equation involves only . First, find /t in terms of . Using chain rule,

d = t d t

(6)

where

= t t

Consequently,

LM NM

x = 4 t

OP QP

x 1 1 3/ 2 2t 4

LM N

OP Q

(7)

d x = t d 2 t 4 t d = 2t d

(8)

Next find 2/x2 in terms of . Begin by finding /x. From chain rule,

d = x d x

where

(9)

= x x

Consequently,

LM MN

x = 4 t

OP PQ

1 4 t

(10)

d = x d d = x d

1 4 t

(11)

2 d = x2 x d

Since

LM NM

d d 1 = d d 4 t

OP QP

LM NM

d 1 + 4 t x d x

OP QP

LM NM

1 4 t

OP QP

(12)

LM MN

1 =0 4 t

OP PQ

2 d2 1 = x2 d 2 4 t

Substituting Eqs. (8) and (13) into the differential equation (Eq. 1):

(13)

d 1 d2 = 2t d 4 t d 2

d =0 d

(14)

d 2 d 2 + 2

(15)

The recommended combination variable did transform the second-order partial differential equation in x and t (Eq. 1) into a second-order ordinary differential equation in . The combination variable also must be introduced into the restricting conditions (Eqs. 2-4):

= o = 1 = o

at t = 0 at x = 0 at x

or or or

at at = 0 at

Notice that the conditions defined by Eq. (17) and (19) become the same. This seems reasonable since the second-order differential equation requires only two conditions on . Eq. (15) is a linear, but non-constant coefficient equation. It can be solved by reduction of order. Substitute for p = / into Eq. (15) to obtain:

dp + 2 p = 0 d

(20)

dp = 2 d p

z z

p=

(21)

to yield:

ln p = 2 + I 1

(22)

d = I 1 exp 2 d

e j

exp 2 d + I 2

(23)

z z

d = I 1

e j

(24)

Solving for I2 using Eq. (18) yields I2 = 1. Solving for I1 using Eq. (17),

o = I1

where

exp 2 d + 1

e j

(25)

exp 2 d =

e j

(26)

(27)

= o 1

exp 2 d + 1

e j

(28)

Recall that the error function [(i.e., erf(x)] is defined as: erf ( x ) = 2

z

x

exp t 2 dt

e j

(29)

= 1 1 o erf ()

Substituting for the definition of , we obtain the final result:

(30)

= 1 1 o erf x

g d

4 t

(31)

- Chemical Engineering ProblemsUploaded byNaveedgeo
- Differential Equation in Maple 16Uploaded byhichameasrary
- Chemical Engineering MathematicsUploaded byRyan Nurisal
- Matlab 2nd Edition a Practical Introduction to Programming and Problem SolvingUploaded bypewee
- 5. Charpit's MethodUploaded byManpreet Singh
- Differential equationUploaded byresolution8878
- Elementary Differential Equations 6th EditionUploaded byRakesh Sarma
- CourseNotes1_1Uploaded byapi-3835421
- Ordinary Differential EquationUploaded byAli Asad Sahu
- AEMUploaded byRavi Sidhpuria
- syllabus_mat234Uploaded byChetanya Choudhary
- A Differential Equation is a Mathematical Equation for an Unknown Function of One or Several Variables That Relates the Values of the Function Itself and Its Derivatives of Various OrdersUploaded bychrajnaag
- Ashenafi AgizawUploaded byTebsu Tebsuko
- PDE-Steebs-partial.pdfUploaded byThumper Kates
- ORSI Course StructureUploaded byanindya_chatterjee
- Solution of Advection-Diffusion Equation for Concentration of Pollution and Dissolved Oxygen in the River Water by Elzaki TransformUploaded byAJER JOURNAL
- Advection and Difusion of Pollutants at Water ColumnUploaded byeendwahyuni
- 1.1.1 Definiciones EDUploaded byIng Edgar Eduardo Bautista Valdez
- Numerical Solution of Third Order Time-Invariant Linear Differential Equations by Adomian Decomposition MethodUploaded bytheijes
- Lecture 1 - Differential EquationUploaded byChristopher Paladio
- Weeek i Mtk II Class IntroductionUploaded byDemas Jati
- FREE CONVECTION AND MASS TRANSFER FLOW THROUGH A POROUS MEDIUM WITH VARIABLE TEMPERATUREUploaded byAJER JOURNAL
- ma533-F11sylUploaded byAnonymous 59eGhFXBl
- syllabus2009.pdfUploaded byHariharan
- CommentsRay.pdfUploaded byallan130
- 11363_01Uploaded byIbrahim Elsawy
- Mathcad for Engineers Optimization of RiUploaded byalonso
- Me630Uploaded byAyushman Dutta
- 1D Diffusion PDEUploaded byfadhli202
- Numerical Analysis Lecture25Uploaded bybrandonhill7

- where ever you go there you are book reviewUploaded byapi-242215954
- Hankison Heatless Operation manualUploaded byYing Kei Chan
- Geography Class XIUploaded bySanthosh Kumar
- Gas Laws Practice Test.ans. KeyUploaded bycabbiemartinez
- Tajweed Rules for Hafs an asimUploaded bySiratal Mustaqim
- Reading Practice Ielts 2Uploaded bymonalall
- CastingsUploaded byAMBARISH SHUKLA
- GAS ----AMPZILLA originalUploaded byDOMINO66
- Catalogo H-D 2016Uploaded bySebastian Rivera Jaramillo
- G6 Language Answers Bklt 2017Uploaded byKejal Patel
- English Hypnerotomachia PoliphiliUploaded byTerryandAlan
- SYPHILIS Annual TechUploaded bykimotosan
- Diarrhoeal DiseaseUploaded byFayasulhusain Muthalib
- LF 2 Algae Its Role Species and Production RequirementsUploaded bySuresh Mg
- PORTAL-METHOD (1).pptUploaded bySadiri Roy D Aragon
- 0605(99)Uploaded byCk Bongalos Adolfo
- Rain Alarm ProjectUploaded bySahil Naik
- RAP-14 CopyUploaded byAltin Cero
- 1-s2.0-S2211339812000391-mainUploaded byttugce29
- RevisiUploaded byRudi haris munandar
- IIWPG_March_05_euro.pptUploaded bykartikrj
- E2 Alternator Under LoadUploaded byarjay
- s1 Screw Jacks Pjlmptdg 02Uploaded byRohit Kumar Singh
- Disability and Bone HealthUploaded byKirsten Furley
- MS 20.0 Crack repair method statement.docxUploaded byNorhidayah Binti
- Energy Production in Stars - HansBethe1939.pdfUploaded byJu Weiss
- Women s Era Apr09-jalsa.tkUploaded byyenki
- Analitical Modelling of Residual StressUploaded bySadasiva Rao T
- DS421 8-4301-AUploaded bychristian
- ST-47 datasheet.pdfUploaded byLuis Ramirez