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9 ANO

Success is getting what you want; happiness is wanting what you get.
Unknow

UNIT 1: Rover, the Dog ................................................................. 176 UNIT 2: Have You Seen That Movie? ............................................. 182 UNIT 3: New Wonders in the World .............................................. 192 Celebration ........................................................................ 198 Vocabulary ........................................................................ 202

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Unit I: Rover, the Dog


My dog, Rover, is so difficult to control. He is always getting on the couch when I am not in the room. I always tell him to get off of the furniture, but he just lies there looking at me. Last week, I was sitting on the couch with my girlfriend. He jumped up on the couch and tried to get between us. I immediately yelled, "Get down!", but he just sat there, desperate for attention. When I eat dinner, he always gets under the table and begs for food. Another problem is that I live next to a main road. He somehow gets out of the house and gets over the fence. Im afraid he is going to get hurt. And last week, he got into my closet and chewed up my shoes. I dont know how he got in- I usually keep the door closed. I think I need to take him to an obedience school.
Available at: <http://www.englishpage.com/prepositions/getprep1.htm>. Access in: Oct. 2006.

1. Do you have behavior problems with your pet? 2. What kind of problems?

3. What would you do if you were Rover's owner?

4. In the sentence: "He is always getting on the coach (...)", He refers to the dog. Why?

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PHRASAL VERBS A Phrasal Verb (also known as Two-Word Verb) is a combination of a verb with a preposition or an adverb that can either changes the meaning of the verb or even add it an additional meaning. You see: IN ON OUT GET entrar subir sair conseguir, arranjar Ex.: Ex.: Ex.: We get in the office at 9 oclock. They get on the bus. You get out the building at 5 oclock.

GET

Further Examples:

We had to give up our course. (stop doing) He put off his meeting. (postponed) I ran into an old friend yesterday. (meet) She cant put up with his behavior anymore. (tolerate)

1. Complete the exercises with the meaning of phrasal verbs: a) Break (________) up in into out over up 177 d) Go (_______) c) Come (_______) on back over on over back

b) Bring (________)

2. Complete the sentences with Phrasal Verbs from the parenthesis: a) Paul is really tired. He needs __________________ from work. (TO GET AWAY) b) We have ______________________ the solution for this problem. (TO FIND OUT) c) My Grandma is still sick. She didnt ___________________ yet. (TO GET OVER) d) Janets son really ____________________ his father. (TO TAKE AFTER) e) Please, hold on a moment, Sir! I ____________ you ___________. (TO CALL BACK) f) Gosh! Mrs. Morgan has just ______________ with such a brilliant idea! (TO COME UP) g) That couple needs somebody ______________________ of their baby tonight. (TO TAKE CARE) h) The teacher has just ___________________ the exams until next week. (TO PUT OFF) i) Mom, Im ______________________ my dictionary. Have you seen it? (TO LOOK FOR) j) My boyfriend ____________________ late for the party yesterday. (TO TURN UP)

3. Underline Phrasal Expressions and relate them with their meanings:

(A) I cant believe it! Sue showed up for the party. (B) Michel got away with the project. (C) Dick will settle for potatoes and cheese tonight. (D) Peter got into the taxi on the way to the airport. (E) The thieves sped up doing 120 miles per hour. (F) The President wants to do away with corrupt politicians. (G) Watch out the details of the project! (H) You should go to the bakery and take back your money. 178

( ( ( ( ( ( ( (

) have to be satisfied ) pay attention ) put an end ) recuperate ) left ) came ) entered ) run away fast

4. Find the meanings of the expressions below. Please, try to write them in English! a) tell off b) blow up c) looking for d) to broke up e) set off f) go over g) run outp h) to give up i) to take on j) made up

5. Now complete the sentences by using Phrasal Verbs from the previous exercise: a) You have _________________ eating fat food. b) We must _________________ the lesson again. The test is coming soon. c) Yesterday I went to the mall because I was ____________________ a new dress. d) Theres too much work in our house. We have _________________ a maid. e) You _________ us _________ a ridiculous story about Aliens. f) Mr. Sullivan _____________ and shouted with his dog. g) The students __________________ this morning for their journey. h) My parents decided ___________________ last month. They dont love each other anymore. i) Mark, you should go to the supermarket. Otherwise, youll __________________ of food. j) Parents must _______________ their children in bad behavior.

Do you like songs? Talk to your friends and try to remember lyrics with Phrasal Verbs. You can search on the Internet, if you want. After that, list them in your notebook.

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Lets complete the conversation using the phrasal verbs below: PHONE UP - LOOK FOR - PLOUGH INTO - VEER OFF

TONY: Did you hear about Alex? JERRY: No. What happened? TONY: Did you know that he bought a new car? An open-top sports car. JERRY: Oh no! Really? He's such a poser! TONY: And you know how much he loves his new mobile phone. He's always so proud of the fact that it's the smallest mobile phone on the market and that also means its very easy to lose. OK, anyway, apparently, he was out for a drive last weekend when someone _________________ him _________. Of course, he would never think of not answering it, so he started ______________________ it. I heard that he was looking under his seat, so worried about finding and answering the phone that he must have forgotten to steer the car, and he _________________________ the road, and ________________________ a tree in a farmer's field. JERRY: Oh my goodness! Is he OK? TONY: Oh, yes! He's fine, physically! But he's very embarrassed. Because there was no other car involved, his insurance company are not going to pay to fix his car, the farmer is suing him for damage to his property, and the police are thinking of prosecuting him for driving without due care and attention!
(Adapted from: <http://churchilhouse.com/English/exercise/phrasals/mobiles.htm>. Access in: Nov. 2009).

NOW, PRACTICE THE CONVERSATION WITH YOUR FRIEND.

Acesse o site <www.barueri.sp.gov.br/educacao>, escolha a opo <9 ANO>, <INGLS>,clique no link <PHRASAL VERBS> e realize os testes on-line para verificar seus conhecimentos.

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Look up the meanings of phrasal verbs and then answer the questions in your notebook. Search in the dictionary, if you need. Dont forget to write down your score!

LOOK AFTER THINK OF REDUCE DO AGAIN VISIT EAT AT A RESTAURANT HAVE A GOOD RELATIONSHIP SEARCH FOR TELL LIES DELAY STAND REMOVE MEET BY CHANCE USED UP ARRIVE ANSWER RUDELY GET UP QUIT OUT

1. Who do you get along with? 2. Did you get rid of anybody/anything? Why? 3. Is there anything you have to put up with? What? Why? 4. Did you ever run out of money? 5. Did you ever put off an important appointment? 6. What happens if you talk back to your parents/teachers? 7. Did you ever make up to your parents/teachers? Why? 8. Do you know anybody who dropped out of school? Why? 9. Did you ever show up late for school/an appointment? 10. Where do you look up themes of work? 11. Did you ever have to do anything over? 12. Did you ever run into your teacher out of school? 13. What time do you wake up everyday? 14. How often do you eat out? 15. Did you/your friends ever drop by uninvited? 16. Did you ever have to take care of one of your relatives? 17. What do you think you should cut down on? 18. Did you ever come up with an idea/a solution?

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Unit 2: Have You Seen That Movie?

A customer is interested in a film CUSTOMER: Have you ever seen that movie Dumb and Dumber? THE OWNER: I just saw it this past weekend. Its one of my favorite movies. CUSTOMER: Could you tell me about it, please? THE OWNER: Its a comedy about the characters Lloyd Christmas and Harry Dunne. The film keeps the audience thinking: __ Whos the bigger dumb ass, Lloyd or Harry?" CUSTOMER: Thank you! Im going to buy it.
(Available: <http://krapps.com/2009/03/18/ dumb-and-dumber/>. Access: Nov./2009)

1. Have you ever seen that movie?

2. Have you liked it?

3. What movie would you enjoy seeing?

4. Have you been to the cinema lately?

5. When you are on your free time, what do you enjoy doing most? 182

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE This is the most famous verbal tense in English. Every action that began sometime in the past and has connection with present or everything you want to express without mentioning specific time you have to use Present Perfect. Here are some examples: time period has not finished time is not mentioned time is recent I have seen one movie a day. Robert has failed his exam again. Jennifer has arrived from Victoria.

You also use Present Perfect with some adverbs: Just Already Yet Ever Never Since For So Far Recently Lately Always How long ? Forms: Affirmative: Subject + Have / Has
Simple Present of Have

Mac has just finished his lunch. Jack has already done his exercises. You havent finished your homework yet. Have you ever been to Europe? I have never been to Europe. We have seen each other since January. I have been worked here for ten years. David hasnt finished his homework so far. Janet has resigned from the company recently. I have seen John lately. Ben has always paid his bills on time. How long have you lived in Mexico?

Past Participle
3rd. column

Negative:

Subject

Haven't / Hasn't

Past Participle

Interrogative:

Have / Has

Subject

Past Participle

Take a look at the 3rd. column verb list on the next page! OBS.: All regular verbs are formed by adding D, ED or IED, OK? 183

PAST PARTICIPLE OF IRREGULAR VERBS


Infinitive
Aw a k e Be Beat Become Begin Blow B re a k Bring Build Buy Catch Choose Come Cost Cut Do Draw D re a m Drink Drive Eat Fall Feed Feel Fight Find Fly F o rg e t F o rg i v e Get Give Go G ro w Have Hang Hear Hide Hit Hold Hurt Keep Know Lay Learn Leave Let Lie

Past Tense
Aw o k e Wa s / We re Beat Became Began Blew B ro k e B ro u g h t Built Bought Caught Chose Came Cost Cut Did D re w D re a m t Drank D ro v e Ate Fell Fed Felt Fought Found Flew F o rg o t F o rg a v e Got Gave We n t G re w Had Hung H e a rd Hid Hit Held Hurt Kept Knew Laid Learnt / Learned Left Let Lay

Past Participle
Aw o k e n Been Beaten Become Begun Blow B ro k e n B ro u g h t Built Bought Caught Chosen Come Cost Cut Done Drawn D re a m t Drunk Driven Eaten Fallen Fed Felt Fought Found Flown F o rg o t t e n F o rg i v e n Got Given Gone G ro w n Had Hung H e a rd Hidden Hit Held Hurt Kept Known Laid Learnt / Learned Left Let Lain

Translation

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Infinitive
Light
Lose Make Meet Mean Pay Put Read Ride Ring Rise Run Say See Sell Send Set Shake Shine Shoot Show Shut Sing Sink Sit Sleep Smell Speak Spell Spend Split Spoil S p re a d Stand Steal Swim Ta k e Te a c h Te a r Te l l Think T h ro w Understand Upset Wa k e We a r Win Wr i t e Wind

Past Tense
Lit
Lost Made Met Meant Paid Put Read Rode Rang Rose Ran Said Saw Sold Sent Set Shook Shone Shot Showed Shut Sang Sank Sat Slept Smelled/Smelt Spoke Spelled/Spelt Spent Split Spoiled/Spoilt S p re a d Stood Stole Swam To o k Ta u g h t To re To l d Thought T h re w Understood Upset Wo k e Wo re Wo n Wro t e Wo u n d

Past Participle
Lit
Lost Made Met Meant Paid Put Read Ridden Rung Risen Run Said Seen Sold Set Set Shaken Shone Shot Shown Shut Sung Sunk Sat Slept Smelled/Smelt Spoken Spelled/Spelt Spent Split Spoiled/Spoilt S p re a d Stood Stolen Swum Ta k e n Ta u g h t To r n To l d Thought T h ro w n Understood Upset Wo k e n Wo r n Wo n Wr i t t e n Wo u n d

Translation

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1. Take a look at all the situations write sentences with Present Perfect Tense: a) Susan didnt like her old mobile. Now, she has a new one. (Buy)

b) Your TV was broken. Now, its working fine. (Fix)

c) Paul was at the train station 10 minutes ago. Now, he's in the train. (Take)

d) I needed to send an e-mail this morning. Now, the e-mail is sent.

e) The window was open. Now, its closed.

2. Make questions to the answers: a) Yes, I have been to Porto Alegre twice. b) No, Susan has never been to Europe. c) No, I have never studied French. d) Yes, we have already seen this film. e) Yes, John has just gone for a walking. f) No, we havent finished our work yet. 186

3. Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs: a) They _____________________________ a new house in Barueri. (buy) b) Mrs. Rehnberg is a famous writer. She _______________________________ many books. (write) c) Jimmy _______________________________ Mount Everest. (climb / yet) d) They dont live here anymore. They _______________________________ to Santos. (move) e) Please wait. We _______________________________ this Essay yet. (not finish) f) _________________________________________ all your homework? (you / do) h) _________________________________________ the color of your hair? (you / change) g) Sam _______________________________ us an invitation to his party. (not send) i) _________________________________________ a ghost? (you / ever / see) j) You ______________________________________ us such a stupid joke before! (never / tell)

LETS PLAY A GAME! WHAT HAVE YOU DONE IN YOUR LIFE? Imagine you and all your friends in class are on a burning plane about to fall down. To save himself/herself, each person has to say what they have achieved in his/her life so far by using the Present Perfect.

There are some questions you want to ask your friend about his/her life, hobbies, places, food, drink, etc. Previously, write the questions in your notebook and then you can interview him/her. Dont forget using Present Perfect Tense. 187

LEARNING MORE You can also express your ideas like this: WORD SINCE FOR JUST ALREADY YET ALWAYS EVER NEVER RECENTLY SO FAR TODAY
THIS MORNING THIS AFTERNOON

THIS YEAR

TRANSLATION DESDE POR AGORA / ACABOU J AINDA SEMPRE J / ALGUMA VEz NUNCA RECENTEMENTE AT AGORA HOJE ESTA MANH ESTA TARDE ESTE ANO

IDEA We haven't been to the club since last month. They have visited each other for a long time. Maggie has just came from school. Have you already done your homework? No, mom. I haven't done it yet. I have always lived at the same house. Have you ever been to Disneyland? No, I have never been there. Jane hasn't came to the Course recently. My parents haven't had problem with me so far. I haven't had breakfast today. Have you gone to the hospital this morning? Have you finished your work this afternoon? Andrew has gone to the cinema this year.

1. Let's translate the ideas from Portuguese to English: a) Meu melhor amigo me convidou para ir ao teatro.

b) Eu no como pipoca desde que eu era criana.

c) Jessica perdeu o nibus escolar esta manh.

d) Minha av ainda no conhece o oceano.

e) Minha namorada acabou de se mudar para Londres.

f) Voc j foi frica?

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Lets read Sarahs love letter to Michael and try to complete the message by using the verbs from the box. Please, dont forget using Present Perfect Tense! LOVE TALK BE DECIDE SEND FELL REPLY THINK REALIZE HELP DANCE UNDERSTAND

Dear Michel,
I ________ never _____________ like this before. I _______________ in love with you since we met last summer. It was a sunny day in August. I was on the beach with my friend Jessica when I saw you. You and your friends talked to us and that evening we went together to the disco. Since then you ____________________in my heart. We ________________________ several times after that summer day, we _______________________ together a few times and you ______________________ very friendly to me, too, but I think you ______________________ that I am deeply in love with you. I ______________________ my mother about you, but she ______________________ my feelings. She thinks that I'm too young. My friend Jenny ____________________ you some secret messages from her mobile phone, but you ____________________. She _____________________ me a lot because sometimes I feel miserable. I think that you don't like me, but I __________________ to write this letter to tell you that I _________________________ you since the day we met and I ____________________ of you every night and day. Please, tell me something, I need to know ... LOVE, Sarah.

(Adapted from: <http://www.isabelperez.com/happy/tenses/ exercises/present_perfect-1.htm>. Access: Nov./2009).

Acesse o site <www.barueri.sp.gov.br/educacao>, escolha a opo <9 ANO>, <INGLS>,clique no link <PRESENT PERFECT TENSE> e realize os testes on-line para verificar seus conhecimentos. 189

Queen Composition: Freddie Mercury

We Are The Champions

Have you ever seen the rain? Creedence Clearwater Revival Composition: John Fogerty

I've paid my dues Time after time I've done my sentence But committed no crime And bad mistakes I've made a few I've had my share of sand Kicked in my face But I've come through And we mean I to go on and on and on and on We are the champions, my friends And we'll keep on fighting 'Till the end We are the champions We are the champions No time for losers 'Cause we are the champions of the world I've taken my bows And my curtain calls You brought me fame and fortune And everything that goes with it I thank you all But it's been no bed of roses No pleasure cruise I consider it a challenge before The whole human race And I ain't gonna lose And we mean I to go on and on and on and on We are the champions, my friends And we'll keep on fighting 'Till the end We are the champions We are the champions No time for losers 'Cause we are the champions of the world We are the champions, my friends And we'll keep on fighting 'Till the end We are the champions We are the champions No time for losers 'Cause we are the champions

Someone told me long ago There's a calm before the storm I know It's been comin' for some time When it's over, so they say It will rain a sunny day I know Shinin' down like water I want to know, have you ever seen the rain? I want to know, have you ever seen the rain? Comin' down on a sunny day Yesterday, and days before Sun is cold and rain is hard I know Been that way for all my time A nd forever, on it goes Through the circle, fast and slow I know, it can't stop, I wonder I want to know, have you ever seen the rain? I want to know, have you ever seen the rain? Comin' down on a glorious day Yeah! I want to know, have you ever seen the rain? I want to know, have you ever seen the rain? Comin' down on a glorious day

Available at: <http://letras.terra.com.br/queen/65547/>; <http://letras.terra.com.br/creedence-clearwater-revival/70219/>. Accesses in: Nov. 2009).

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ITS UP TO YOU!

POLICY AND CONTROVERSIAL ( ) Its a fashion trend thats spreading. (...) School Uniforms are designed to help kids focus on algebra instead of high-tops; to make students compete for grades rather than jackets. (...) maintain a positive ethos (...) and to strengthen relationships. (Peterhead Academy). (...) important to diminish peer pressure and promote school pride, said the president of the school board. I t helps to get up in the morning and not have think about what you are going to wear., said Maria, a ninth grader. They are a good idea. (...) it means that the school rooms will be more orderly and more disciplined (...), said President Clinton. (...) important that students help to maintain the schools reputation in every way. (...) Wearing the school uniform properly and having a presentable appearance is a vital part of giving the right impression. (...) When they are in school uniform they are making a very visible statement about what belonging to school really means. (The Alice Smith School) Theres no link between school uniforms and safety or good grades., said The American Civil Liberties Union. I think it does lower the coast of clothes, and kids dont emphasize clothes as much when theyre all wearing the same thing (...) Certainly the competition to wear the best shoes or the best sweaters and so forth have prevalent in school ever since I was in school, and the poor kids felt inferior. , said Reginald Wilson, a senior scholar at the American Council on Education Washington DC. It can make in promoting positive behavior and improving school ethos., said Jack McConnell, Scotlands First Minister and the Scottish Executive. School uniforms are conservative by design (...) Still there are ways to be hip (...), said Andrea Rachels, designer.
(Adapted from: <http://www.pbs.org/newshour/infocus/fashion/school.html>. Access: Sep./2006).

WHAT ABOUT YOU? Talk to a friend and write the answers in your notebook. 191

Unit 3: New Wonders in the World


New Seven Wonders of the World Announced
July, 09, 2007

The winners for Seven Wonders of the World were announced on July 7, 2007, during a ceremony in Lisbon. They were chosen based on over 100 million on-line votes cast from people in 200 countries. The vote, which was drawn from 21 contenders, attracted some criticism, including from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), which said in the previous week that the new wonders of the world should not be chosen in a popular vote. The winners were announced by American actress Hilary Swank, pop star Jennifer Lopez and tenor Jose Carreras.
(Adapted from: < http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/artsandculture/737699/New-SevenWonders-of-the-World---announced.html>. Access from Nov. to Dez./2009)

1. Can you identify and write down the names and the countries of The New Wonders?

2. Why has UNESCO criticized the election of the Seven Wonders? Is there any other way to choose them?

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Passive Voice is used when it is not important to know who or what is performing the action. The focus is on the action. Example: Jennifer Lopez and Jose Carreras announced the winners last week.

The winners were announced by Jennifer Lopez and Jose Carreras. Take a look at the forms: Simple Present Simple Past Simple Future Present Continuous Past Continuous Conditional Present Perfect Past Perfect Examples: ACTIVE VOICE They speak English all over the world. They spoke English last century. They will speak English on Summers. They are speaking English now. They were speaking English at the meeting. They would speak English if they knew. They have spoken English since 2002. PASSIVE VOICE English is spoken all over the world. English was spoken last century. English will be spoken on Summers. English is spoken now. English was spoken at the meeting. English would be spoken if they knew. English has been spoken since 2002. Am / is / Are (not) Was / Were (not) Will (not) be Is / Are (not) being Was / were (not) being Would / May (not) be Has / Have (not) been Had (not) been + Participle (3rd. Column)

They had spoken English at the Congress. English had been spoken at the Congress. 193

1. Can you write these sentences in Passive Voice? a) Mr. Williams practices sports every morning. ______________________________________________________________________________ b) Michelle has just finished the work. ______________________________________________________________________________ c) Mrs. Blossom cooked the dinner last night. ______________________________________________________________________________ d) You will make the cake tomorrow. ______________________________________________________________________________ e) Men have made wonders all over the centuries. ______________________________________________________________________________

2. Change into Active Voice: a) The Old Man and the Sea were written by Ernest Hemingway. ______________________________________________________________________________ b) The Crow was written by Edgar Allan Poe. ______________________________________________________________________________ c) Oliver Twist was written by Charles Dickens. ______________________________________________________________________________ d) The Picture of Dorian Gray was written by Oscar Wild. ______________________________________________________________________________ e) Alice in the Wonderland was written by Lewis Carol. ______________________________________________________________________________ f) Wuthering Heights was written by Emily Bront. ______________________________________________________________________________ 194

3. Take a look at the pictures, read the information and try to write sentences in the Passive Voice:

a) August Rodin. The Thinker,1880.

b) Leonardo da Vinci. Monalisa ,1506.

c) Michelangelo. Pieta, 1499

d) Lasar Segall. Paisagem Brasileira, 1925.

e) Di Cavalcanti. Carnaval II, 1965.

f) Romero Brito. Dancing Alone, 1998.

Example: a) The Thinker was carved by August Rodin in 1880. b) _____________________________________________________________________________ c) ______________________________________________________________________________ d) _____________________________________________________________________________ e) ______________________________________________________________________________ f) ______________________________________________________________________________ 195

3. Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in Passive Voice: a) These products ______________________ in China. (MAKE-SIMPLE PRESENT) b) I __________________________ by a barking dog at 3 oclock in the morning. (STOPSIMPLE PAST) c) That house _____________________________ by Ted. (BUY-SIMPLE PAST) d) The room ____________________________ by the maid. (CLEAN-SIMPLE PAST) e) This magazine _______________________ around the world. (READ-SIMPLE PRESENT) f) Our passports _________________________ by the police agent. (TAKE-SIMPLE PAST) g) Portuguese ___________________________ in Brazil and Angola. (SPEAK-SIMPLE PRESENT) h) Wine ________________________ from grapes. (MAKE-SIMPLE PRESENT) i) TV programs ______________________ by presenters. (PRESENT-SIMPLE PRESENT) k) The pictures __________________________ by national artists . (PAINT-SIMPLE PAST) l) These wallets ________________________ in the restroom. (FIND-SIMPLE PAST) m) These keys _________________________ in the office. (LEAVE-SIMPLE PAST)

4. Rewrite the text in your notebook by using Passive Voice: Last Summer, I painted my bedroom. It took about one week to finish the job. First, I washed the ceiling and the walls by using warm water and mild detergent. Then, I sealed the chinks and the pores with putty. After the putty dried, I could paint the ceiling and the walls. I used latex paint because its easy to apply and cleans up with water. I needed middle week to finish this part of the job. I was very careful to apply the paint evenly because I did not want to have to apply two coats. I used a very close color to the original one. I needed to use a ladder to paint the ceiling and the upper parts of the walls. When I finished the job, I felt a great deal of satisfaction. I had to pat myself on the back. Even my dad said that I did a good job.
(Adapted from: <http://www.write.armstrong.edu>. Access: Dec./2009).

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Acesse o site <www.barueri.sp.gov.br/educacao>, escolha a opo <9 ANO>, <INGLS>,clique no link <PASSIVE VOICE> e realize os testes on-line para verificar seus conhecimentos. LEARNING MORE Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) People all over the world are fighting against extremely poverty and hunger, mother and child death, epidemic diseases, sex and social inequalities, illiteracy, prejudice and environment destruction. Be another one! According to UNAIDS, the rate of HIV infection among young people worldwide is growing rapidly -67% of newly infected individuals in the developing world are between 15 and 24 years of age. The escalating risk is especially evident among young women and girls, who make up 64% of the young people in developing countries living with HIV or AIDS.
Adapted from: < http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?pid=S004296862000001000006&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en>. Access in: Nov. 2006.

Not everything is as wed like to be (...) However, it doesnt also work to put in other people responsibility for all that we consider wrong.
(Mariza Ferrari & Sarah G. Rubin adapted)

This is our responsibility! Lets make the world better! ITS YOUR TURN! Write down your ideas to make the world better.

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FATHERS DAY CARD You can create many different kinds of themes with this Card. Be creative! What You Need Piece of blue cardstock, 5.5 inches by 8.5 inches Piece of creme cardstock, 5 inches by 8 inches Sheet of creme cardstock Sheet of bright blue cardstock Sheet of white cardstock Scissors Pencil Ruler Blue fine tip pen How To Make It 1) Cut the pieces of blue and creme paper to the right sizes. 2) Fold both pieces in half so you have 2 cards. 3) Attach the blue card to the creme card with glue. Put the creme inside and the blue outside. 4) Cut another piece of creme paper from the sheet that is 2.5 inches by 5 inches. 5) Attach it to the front of the card with glue. 6) Cut a tie out of the bright blue cardstock. 7) Cut out white strips for the tie and attach them with glue. 8) Attach the tie to the front of the card with glue on the top of the creme paper. 9) Cut out a circle from the white cardstock and glue to the tie.

Note: 1 inch = 2,5 cm


Draw your own picture inside the card. Use the blue fine tip pen to write your personal message to your father, or see photo.
Available at: <http://www.kids-crafts-created-for-you.co.uk/fathers-day-kids-crafts.htm>. Access in: Jul. 2006.

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Childrens Day is a holiday in many countries around the world. Brazil Childrens Day is celebrated on October 12, which is also the day of Our Lady of Aparecida, a public holiday in Brazil.

United States Childrens Day is held on the 2nd Sunday in June.

Brazil October 15 is Teachers Day in Brazil. In 1947, teachers from a small school in So Paulo organized the first celebration of Teachers Day on this day. The date was chosen because, on October 15, 1827, Dom Pedro I approved a decree regulating the elementary schools in Brazil. The celebration gained popularity throughout the country, and October 15 was officially designated Teachers Day in 1963. In United States, National Teacher Day falls during Teacher Appreciation Week, which takes place in the first full week of May. Students often show appreciation for their teachers with token gifts. The National Education Association describes National Teacher Day as a day for honoring teachers and recognizing the lasting contributions they make to our lives.
Avalable at: <http://www.worldlingo.com/ma/enwiki/en/Teachers'_Day>; < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teachers'_Day>. Access in: Jul. 2006.

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Adapted from < http://www.impressinprint.com/products/16719/jack-stack-invitations-halloween.htm>;< http://www.dragoart. com/tuts/761/1/1/how-to-draw-a-jack-o-lantern.htm>. Access in: Aug. 2010.

Thanksgiving is celebrated in the United States on the fourth Thursday in November with a large feast of turkey, sweet potatoes, cramberry sauce, and pumpkin pie for dessert. In September 1620, a group of English people came to America seeking religious freedom. They were called the Pilgrims. Their first winter in America was difficult because they didnt have enough food and many Pilgrims died. The Indians taught them how to survive. The Pilgrims wanted to give thanks for their new life and new friends. So they invited the Indians to participate in their feast. This was the first Thanksgiving and was celebrated in 1621 in Massachusetts.
Adapted from <http://www.themayflowersociety.com/history.htm>;< http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Pilgrim_(Plymouth_Colony). Access in: Aug. 2010.

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Answer according to the text: a) When is Thanksgiving celebrated? b) What do people eat for the feast? c) Where did the Pilgrims come from?

Lets read the clues and complete the crossword puzzle!

CLUES
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Gifts. A stock filled with goodies on Christmas day. Circular decoration often hung on doors. A red and white treat. The sound bells make. They are made of wax and have wicks. Ice crystals. They are for transportation over snow.

HAVE A GREAT VACATION!

May __________________ visit all of you and bring presents to good boys and girls.

10. Merry _________________________!!!

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A alone - sozinho(a) along - ao longo de already - j among - entre (vrios) angry - bravo, raivoso annoy - irritar / incomodar appeared - parecia arrested - prendeu attach - juntar, unir B becoming - tornando-se began - comeou bell - sino blond - louro/ loiro boat - barco bruised - machucado C cardstock - papel carto cauldron - caldeiro celebrating - celebrar character - personagem clear - claro(a) cobweb - teia de aranha concert - concerto, espetculo cottage - casa de campo, cabana creamy - cremoso crowd - multido cut - cortar, recortar D daydreamer - sonhador(a) daughter - filha death - morte depreciatory - depreciativo dessert - sobremesa drenched - encharcou, encharcado E end - fim, final, trmino enhancement - implante / realce na beleza enough - suficiente F feast - festa feel - sentir filling - enche finish - preenchimento fold - dobrar forgets - esquece full - cheio(a) G ghoul - vampiro goblin - gnomo, duende gone - do

gossip - fofocas H half - meio, metade happened - aconteceu healthy - saudvel helping - ajudando hit - bater huge - enorme hurricane - furaco hurried - apressado, rpido hurt - machucar, magoar, ofender hung - pendurou / pendurado I idioms - expresses idiomticas K keen - ter vontade de fazer algo kerb - meio-fio, calada L lake - lago large - grande last - ltimo, durar late - tarde live - morar lock - cacho de cabelo lost - perdido low - baixo M main - principal main course - prato principal manage - manter-se marks - notas meat - carne miss - saudade monster - monstro mostly - em sua maioria, em geral murder - assassino (a) mushrooms - cogumelos N nail - prego / unha near - prximo, perto nuts - nozes, amendoim, frutos, secos em geral O order - encomendar, pedir, mandar organizing - organizando own - prprio (a) over - sobre P pain - dor piece - pedao pilgrim - peregrino (a) pop - popular preparing - preparando profit - lucro properly - bem, direito provide - prover, fornecer

pulled - puxou / puxado R reader - leitor (a) referred - referido (a), referiu remarks - comentrios remembrance - recordao ribbon - fita right - correto (a)(s) ripe - maduro (a) runner - corredor (a) S sauce - molho, cobertura scissors - tesoura seeking - procurando seems - significa, parece set - colocado (a) / posto (a) sheet - lmina, pedao skirt - saia slangs - grias something - alguma coisa son - filho spooky - arrepiante / sinistro springled - sacudir, polvilhar steak - bife, fil stone - pedra strips - tiras subject - sujeito suffering - sofrendo sure - certo (a) survive - sobreviver swirled - girado T tast - sabor, gosto, provar algo taught - ensinou / lecionou tragedy - tragdia, calamidade thorn - espinho threaded - inseriu, enfiou threw - jogar, arremessar through - atravs / por entre throughout - em todo, durante todo tie - gravata toy - brinquedo twist - torcer U unfortunately - infelizmente V vehicle - veculo W waiter - garon way - caminho wax - cera while - enquanto wick - pavio winter - inverno with - com without - sem work - trabalhar

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