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TABLET PC TECHNOLOGY PHYSICS 11 UNIT ON WAVE MOTION

By Kevin Wilnechenko ADED 380 Educational Technologies Assignment #3 Instructor: Brad Eastman

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction

Page 3 Pages 4 Page 4, 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12

Tablet PC Technology

Advantages & Disadvantages Available Models & Application Software .. Personal Opinion & More on OneNote Prescribed Learning Outcomes (Wave Motion) .

Prescribed Learning Outcomes (Physics 11) .. Assessment of Learning Final Grade Break Down Planned Learning Activities ..... .. ..

Articles & Other Resources on Tablet PCs in Education

INTRODUCING THE UNIT


This unit plan has been developed for a Physics 11 class in British Columbia, which is available for high school or adult education students. The unit is on wave motion, which is part of the B.C. curriculum as laid out in the Prescribed Learning Outcomes http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/irp/phys1112_06.pdf The intended delivery of this unit is to be done predominantly on the Tablet PC, using Microsoft OneNote software. Students will be supplied with a copy of the notes before the lesson they will either be handed out by the instructor or asked to print out the notes themselves from a course website. The notes will be projected onto a white board in the classroom and the Tablet PC will be used to make annotations and comments. The instructor may wish to record his/her voice while going through the lesson and then posting a recorded version online. This recorded version would capture synchronized audio and annotation of the notes. The Tablet PC is used in order to enhance the learning that takes place. It is visually engaging and allows for easy and consistent note taking. Computer applets (programs used for demonstrations) can be quickly accessed as well as other useful internet sites. The Microsoft OneNote software allows for efficient organization of notes. It has color coded tabs to easily group and sort course work. Each lesson can be recorded (screen and audio), which can be posted online and viewed by the students. Camstudio is a free screen capture program that can be used to do this but I used the Smart recorder from the Smart Notebook.

TABLET PC TECHNOLOGY
A Tablet PC is a laptop computer that does all the things that any other laptop can do. However, Tablet PC computers have one very important and useful feature you can write on the screen with a stylus, which is a special pen that can interact with the screen. Some Tablets have a touch screen feature, allowing the user to use any their finger to write with. Table PCs can be run with Windows XP Tablet PC Edition operating system and range in price from $1000 - $3000. They are sometimes referred to as convertible notebooks; they have a base body with an attached keyboard. The base of a convertible is attached to the screen with a swivel or rotating hinge. This hinge allows the user to rotate the screen 180 and close the Tablet with the display facing up. In this position, the user can write more easily on the screen. The hinge, though very useful, is one of the Tablets greatest point of weakness. The following are some advantages and disadvantages taken from Wikipedia:

Advantages

Tablets can be used in situations that are not conducive to a regular mouse and keyboard (lying down, standing, or using one hand).

It is lighter than a regular laptop. Lower power models can function similarly to dedicated reading devices like the Amazon Kindle.

With image manipulation or mouse oriented games, the touch environment makes navigation easier than conventional use of keyboard & mouse or touch pad.

Fast entering of diagrams, mathematical notations, and symbols. Allows, with the proper software, universal input, independent from different keyboard localizations.

Some users find it more natural and fun to use a stylus to click on objects rather than a mouse or touchpad, which are not directly connected to the pointer on screen.

Capacitive contact technology, which can sense finger(s) on the screen without requiring significant pressure for system to recognize an input.

Palm recognition, which prevent inadvertent palms or other contacts from disrupting the pen's input.

Multi-touch capabilities, which can recognize multiple simultaneous finger touches, allowing for enhanced manipulation of on-screen objects.

Disadvantages

Tablets cost more than regular laptops. Input speed handwriting can be significantly slower than typing speeds, however, Slideit, Swype and other technologies are able to provide alternate, speedier methods of input.

Table screens and hinges are more prone to damage - Tablet PCs are handled more than conventional laptops but are built on similar frames; in addition, since their screens also serve as input devices, they run a higher risk of screen damage due to impacts and misuse. A convertible Tablet PC's screen hinge is required to rotate around two axes, unlike a normal laptop screen, subsequently increasing the number of possible mechanical and electrical (digitizer and video cables, embedded WiFi antennas, etc) failure points.

Ergonomics - a tablet PC does not provide room for a wrist rest while the screen is folded into slate mode. In addition, the user will need to move their arm constantly while writing.

Slower processing - tablet PCs tend to have slower computational and graphical processing than traditional laptops in their price range. Most tablet PCs are equipped with embedded graphics processors instead of discrete graphics cards.

Tablets require more power from larger & heavier batteries, or users need to expect shorter battery life.

Available Models: There are many models of Tablet PCs but perhaps my favorites are the Latitude from Dell and the Portege from Toshiba. The following links can be used to gain more information about these: Dell Latitude XT/XT2 Toshiba Portg 3500/3505

For more specifications and other model information, click on the following link for a comparison table: http://thetabletpc.net/comparison-convertibles.htm

Application Software:
There is a variety of application software that can be used on the Tablet PC to help students take better notes and to help teachers give better notes. There are also concept mapping applications to aid in mind map building. Here are some links from Wikipedia that will direct you to some application software available for the Tablet PC:

Comfort On-Screen Keyboard - advanced on-screen keyboard for Tablet PC Microsoft Windows Journal Microsoft Office OneNote excellent note taking ability Tablet PC Education Pack Free package of at least 5 useful programs Einstein Technologies Tablet Enhancements for Outlook FutureWave Smartsketch drawing program published by FutureWave Software GO Corporation Agilix GoBinder Mobilis - Protectis Range EverNote InkSeine: Prototype Tablet GUI/Interface - Microsoft Research IHMC CmapTools - a free concept mapping application Xournal - a linux notetaking application OnSite Companion Construction Software for Tablet PC MusicPad Pro: MusicReader - Electronic Music Stand - sheet music display on Tablet PC

Documentor: A Documentation Engine for Health Care Professionals StarDraw Contol - Room automation / Home cinema control system

PERSONAL OPINION AND MORE ON ONENOTE


Though I have not used a Tablet PC in the classroom, I have taught using a Wacom slate and stylus pen on many occasions. This experience was very similar to the experience I would have using a Tablet PC. The software I used was Microsoft OneNote and, although the software was not the Tablet PC version, I was able to take advantage of its superior note-taking features and organization techniques. I loved the time that I was able to save with my lessons, as the students had a copy of the notes and they could follow along directly with me as I wrote using the stylus pen; my handwritten notes looked like their handwritten notes. Upon asking the students their feelings about the technology I used, I received very positive feedback. Many students liked that I could use a variety of colors and highlighters in the notes. I even noticed that some of my students actually came to class with colored highlighters and they would use them in their notes where I used mine on the projected screen. I had two of my courses completely organized with OneNote. I taught Physics 11 and Physics 12 using this technology. OneNote allowed me to open and close files quickly and even switch from one course to another. This software allowed me to imbed internet links and even video file icons directly into my notes. These could be accessed quickly, using my stylus pen, and this too saved me the time needed to open a browser web page and search through my favorites list. Because of the Table PC, I would be able to stand at a podium and face the class. I could see what they were seeing behind and I could write directly on my view screen. This is one of the reasons why I want to upgrade to from a slate to a Tablet PC. Having a view screen and not just a blank writing surface would allow me to keep my eyes off of the projected image at the front of the room and on the students. All in all, my experience with this technology has been very positive. I believe it enhances the learning of my students, it cuts down on wasted time in class, and it is fun to use.

PRESCRIBED LEARNING OUTCOMES


The following are the Prescribed Learning Outcomes for the unit on Wave Motion.

PRESCRIBED LEARNING OUTCOMES It is expected that students will:

SUGGESTED ACHIEVEMENT INDICATORS The following set of indicators may be used to assess student achievement for each corresponding prescribed learning outcome. Students who have fully met the prescribed learning outcome are able to: * describe the properties associated with waves, including amplitude, frequency, period, wavelength, phase, speed, and types of waves * use the universal wave equation to solve problems involving speed, frequency (period), and wavelength

B1 analyze the behavior of waves under various conditions, with reference to the properties of waves and using the universal wave equation

* describe & give examples of the following wave phenomena & the conditions that produce them: reflection refraction diffraction interference (superposition principle) Doppler shift

PRESCRIBED LEARNING OUTCOMES


http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/irp/phys1112_06.pdf The following is a list of the Learning Outcomes for the entire Physics 11 curriculum. This unit covers a third of the Wave Motion section. It should be noted that this unit is usually done near the end of the course, after Energy.

PHYSICS 11 PRESCRIBED LEARNING OUTCOMES FOR THE ENTIRE COURSE Skills, Methods, and Nature of Physics describe the nature of physics Skills, Methods, and Nature of Physics apply the skills and methods of physics analyze the behaviour of light and other waves under various conditions, with Wave Motion and Geometrical Optics reference to the properties of waves and using the universal wave equation use ray diagrams to analyze situations in which light reflects from plane and curved Wave Motion and Geometrical Optics mirrors Wave Motion and Geometrical Optics analyze situations in which light is refracted apply knowledge of the relationships between time, displacement, distance, velocity, Kinematics and speed to situations involving objects in one dimension apply knowledge of the relationships between time, velocity, displacement, and acceleration Kinematics to situations involving objects in one dimension Forces solve problems involving the force of gravity Forces Forces Newton's Laws Momentum Energy Energy Energy Energy Special Relativity Nuclear Fission and Fusion analyze situations involving the force due to friction apply Hookes law to the deformation of materials solve problems that involve application of Newtons laws of motion in one dimension apply the concept of momentum in one dimension perform calculations involving work, force, and displacement solve problems involving different forms of energy analyze the relationship between work and energy, with reference to the law of conservation of energy solve problems involving power and efficiency explain the fundamental principles of special relativity analyze nuclear processes

ASSESSMENT OF LEARNING
The instructor will monitor student progress during the lab and do formative assessment from what is observed. There will also be homework marks collected based on accuracy and completion. Summative assessment will be done with a formal quiz on the fourth day and a unit test at the end. The content on the quiz and test will be clearly laid out and adequately reviewed before hand.

FINAL GRADE BREAK DOWN


The final grade will be based on evaluations throughout the unit and formal quizzes and tests. The final grade (out of 100%) will be broken down as follows: - Slinky Lab - Worksheet on Frequency and Velocity - Worksheet on Wave Problems - Crossword Puzzle - Worksheet on Applying Concepts - Worksheet on Standing Waves - Quiz on Wave Behaviour - Worksheet on Waves and Sound - Test 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 15% 5% 50% Total = 100%

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PLANNED LEARNING ACTIVITIES


Day one: Slinky Lab Notes on Periodic Motion Notes on Wave Measurements Applet on Transverse and Longitudinal Waves Worksheet on Frequency and Velocity Click here to view a sample of the recorded lesson on Day two

Day two: -

Notes on Wave Behaviour Applet on Transverse and Longitudinal Waves Worksheet on Wave Problems Crossword Puzzle Worksheet on Applying Concepts

Day three: Video Clip on Tacoma Narrows Bridge Video Clip on Wave Types Notes on Standing Waves Worksheet on Standing Waves

Day four: Quiz on Wave Behaviour Notes on Water Behaviour Video Clip on Reflection, Refraction and Diffraction Notes on Doppler Effect Video Clip on Sound Frequencies Video Clip on Sound in General Video Clip on Speed of Sound Video Clip on Doppler Effect Video Clip on Doppler Sounds Worksheet on Waves and Sound

Day five: Possible Review Day

Day six: Test day

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ARTICLES & OTHER RESOURCES ON TABLET PCS IN EDUCATION


There are many informative resources that speak to the benefit of using Tablet PCs for instruction and for learning. Some of the links listed below will take you to useful sites that show some of the features of Tablet PCs available software and other useful programs: HP Tablet PCs used in Higher Education. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opdZX6NxOrU Tablet PC Education Pack http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K8s59ZBujnE&NR=1 Camstudio Tutorial for capturing screens http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kiug3H3c4gk Microsoft OneNote software for notetaking http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tiEbBF-Lr1E Wikipedia on Tablet PCs http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tablet_PC

The following two links will direct you to articles on the Tablet PC. The first discusses the top 10 benefits of the Table PC in Education and the second talks about the benefits of using the Table PC in Health Care. I include the second one only because from page 14 and on, there are some great points on the educational benefit of the Tablet PC. Top 10 Benefits of the Tablet PC in Education http://forum.tabletpcreview.com/news-headlines/249-top-10-benefits-tablet-pceducation.html The Case for the Tablet PC in Health Care http://www.hp.com/sbso/solutions/healthcare/hp_tablet_whitepaper.pdf

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