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Answer question 1 and any other 5 questions. 1.

Figure 1 Figure 1 shows a simple harmonic motion experiment set up of a spring with a load attached. The period of oscillation, T for a given mass m undergoing an oscillation is given as , where k is the spring constant. The results of the experiment are

shown in Table 1 below. Mass(kg) 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Period T(s) 0.55 0.73 0.87 1.10 1.25 1.29 Table 1 T2(s2)

Copy and complete the table above Plot graph of T versus m and shows the centroid on the graph. From the graph, determine the slope and its uncertainty. Calculate the value of the spring constant, k. [ 15 marks ]

2.

(a)

A particle is moving along a straight line with a uniform acceleration of 2.0 ms-1. The initial speed of the particle is 4 ms-1. (i) Sketch and labeled graph to shows the variation of speed and displacement of the particle with time. [ 5 marks ] 1

(ii)

Calculate the time taken for the particle to travel 12 m. [ 5 marks ]

(b)

A stone is thrown vertically upward with an initial speed of 10.0 ms -1 from the roof of a building 45 m high. Neglecting air resistance, determine (i) the time taken for the stone to reach the maximum height [ 2 marks ] (ii) the time for the stone to return to the same level as the roof of the building [ 3 marks ] (iii) the time taken for the stone to reach the ground. [ 2 marks ]

3.

(a)

A horizontal force F = 40 N acts on two blocks A and B as shown in the diagram. If the surface on which A and B are placed exert constant frictional force of 8 N on the two blocks, calculate (i) the acceleration of A and B [ 3 marks ] (ii) the force exerted by A onto B, assuming that the frictional force only acts on A. [ 3 marks ]

(b)

A ball moving horizontally with momentum of 3.2 N is struck by a bat with constant force of 80 N in a direction opposite to its momentum, bringing it to rest momentarily. The bat continues to exert the 80 N force on the ball for another 0.06 s until it loses contact with the ball. (i) the time taken for the ball to come to rest after being struck by the bat [ 5 marks ] (ii) the final momentum of the ball. [ 4 marks ]

4.

(a)

A fan rotates at constant speed and makes 30 rotations per minutes. The distance from the centre of the fan to the tip of each blade is 0.8 m. What is (i) The period of rotation of the blade of the fan? [ 2 marks ] (ii) (iii) The angular velocity? [ 2 marks ] The speed of the tip of a blade? [ 3 marks ]

(b) Calculate

A conical pendulum is formed by whirling a stone of mass 50 g at the end of a string of length 0.25 m. The stone completes 10 revolutions in 5 s. (i) The tension in the string. [ 4 marks ] (ii) The angle that the string makes with the vertical. [ 4 marks ]

5.

(a)

(i)

Explain why a particle moving with a constant speed v, in a circular path of radius r experiences an acceleration a. [ 2 marks ]

(ii)

Write an expression for a in terms of v and r. [ 2 marks ]

(ii) m s1 in

A 0.075 kg toy airplane is tied to the ceiling with a string. When the airplanes motor is started it moves with a constant speed of 1.21 a horizontal circle of radius 0.44 m. Find (a) the angle the string makes with the vertical. [ 3 marks ] (b) the tension in the string. 3

[ 3 marks ] (b) A communication satellite of mass 60 kg is launched in such a way that its orbit is directly above the equator. It has an angular velocity similar to that of the Earth. As a result, the satellite is always at a point above a point on the Earth. (i) (ii) The angular velocity of the satellite Radius of the orbit [ 5 marks ] 6.

Calculate

An object of mass 0.200 kg is attached to a light spring and this spring-mass system is suspended vertically. The object is then made to oscillate vertically Figure 2 shows how its velocity v varies with displacement x. (a) Determine (i) (ii) (iii) the spring constant of the spring the speed and acceleration of the object at displacement x = -2.0 cm the elastic potential energy stored in the spring at displacement x = -2.0 cm. [10 marks ]

b)

Sketch a graph to show how the acceleration a of the object varies with displacement x. 4

[5 marks ] 7. (a) Ocean waves with a crest-to-crest distance of 10.0 m can be described by the wave function y(x, t) = (0.800) sin[0.628(vt x)]

where y is in meters and t is in seconds and v = 1.20 m s-1. (i) Sketch y-x graph at t = 0.

(ii) Sketch y-x graph at t = 2.00 s. [ 9 marks ] (b)

FIGURE 3

The generator in FIGURE 3 sends a wave down the string that reflects back off the wall, which is 4.0 m away. These two oppositely directed waves, each traveling at 2 m/s with an amplitude 2 cm, create the pattern shown. Calculate; (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) how many nodes and antinodes are there? the wave length the frequency write a standing wave equation for this formation. [ 6 marks ] 8. (a) State three assumptions of kinetic theory of gases. [ 3 marks ] (b) Given the range of velocity as listed below : 5

( 500, 700, 600, 900, 800 ) m s-1 Calculate : (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) the average velocity square. the root min square speed the average translational kinetic energy for 1 molecule of a gas at 27C. the average translational kinetic energy for 1 mol of a gas at 27C. [ 4 marks ]

(c)

The pV diagram in FIGURE 4 applies to a gas undergoing a cyclic change.

p/ 105 Pa 4.0

2.0

D 1.5

C 4.0 V /cm3

FIGURE 4 (ii) (iii) Which of the paths show isobaric process? Calculate the amount of work for each path. Calculate the amount of work if the process completes the cycle of P (N m-2 ) paths ABCDA.
5

[ 4 marks ]
B C

(d) while the

FIGURE 5 shows the graph of pressure p versus volume V of an ideal gas system. The change in internal energy for the gas from B to D is +400 J, work done along the path of BCD is +100 J.
1

A 1

V (m3)

FIGURE 5

(i) (ii)

How much thermal energy needed to the system during the B to C to D process (BCD)? Determine the amount of work done by the system for the process from D to A. [ 4 marks ]

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