DELHI…Continuity and change

Students were asked to voice their feelings on Delhi, based upon the following components: • • • • • • Morphological Perceptual Social Functional Time/Temporal Management

1. Morphological Delhi has natural features. i.e. River, ridge, creating a triangular connection. Ecological context. Proximity to the Himalayas on one end and the desert on the other. Various distinct patterns. i.e. Garden city pattern in Lutyens Delhi, Shajahanabad, Radial garden city, urban villages Combination of planned and unplanned areas. Axis in the city: Central vista, Chandni chowk Delhi has multiple feeders from several states, as seven highways converge here. Railways lines coming into the city divides it into various wedges (North, Central, South, East, West) Flood basin is too wide (2-3 km) and divides the city into two Over 300 natural lakes previously existed which were a part of the natural drainage. Combination of high and low density areas. i.e. density variation Lutyen’s Delhi is considered as an oasis between the heritage. Wholesale markets are important magnets of commerce and movements.

2. Perceptual Symbolism, image of the city, territoriality Multi- character Poly-centric, with no fixed node as magnet for growth. Independent city Delhi is divided as: City of power – Lutyens Delhi, City of commoners – the rest of Delhi Heritage city Aggregation of various villages City of large distances, where the magnets are dispersed. High on the global as well as national wish list City of powerbrokers and corruption Cultural and multi-lingual Lots of urban hotspots-malls, bazaars etc City of accommodation Educational capital, good educational infrastructure Green city Trouble coping with growth. Delhi is becoming saturated Dispersal of urban fringe : drifting foci High crime rate and insecurity

3. Social a. People b. Places catering to people c. Issues related to people: safety, exclusion, intrusion d. Public places Uncouth, rude and unsophisticated people. Lack of civic sense Large expatriate population. 1947, 62, 71, 82 and the liberalization during the 90’s saw major population influx

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People are impersonal, selfish and there is a lack of snese of belonging towards the city. At least 50% of the population living in substandard conditions cosmopolitan city and people, lots of diversity Difficult for aged to be alone and self dependent. Ageism in the city Unsafe transit for the children Enough opportunity in the city for a criminal mind to work. Dark alleys not well lit, unsafe roads, visibility factor, law and order enforcement, unpoliced places

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Universal accessibility is poor A lot of things created on initiatives taken by the people. PVRs etc Isolated celebrations of festivals due to paucity of such spaces VIP security has become a nuisance. Post 1991, rapid growth in disposable income led to a growth in consumerism. So, people started spending a lot more, leading to a growth in the number of public spaces for entertainment and leisure

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Civic spaces for the public: Central vista, Pragati Maidan, Connaught Place, Janpath, Dilli Haat and piazzas connected with multiplexes and shopping precincts

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Lots of parks in Delhi for recreation: such as IP Park, Lodi Gardens, Nehru Park, and Deer Park.

Visual dimensions Ramshackle, tacky image of Delhi with independent buildings without coherence and jostling for space, signifying public aspirations. Greens in Delhi : visually pleasing Graphic dimension and visual scales are unorganized. Such development came out of greed. Public adjunct graphics also not organized. Creation of a visual cacophony. Elevations dictated by the bye laws. Visual oasis:

a. Steinabad b. Lutyens Delhi c. Gol Market area d. Mandi house e. DU city of flyovers: serpentine concrete jungle architectural, planning and urban design problems Service buildings are an important part of the city center

Urban adjuncts Streets are not well designed and bad urban adjuncts overall in the form of street furniture, bus stands, signages Edges: River edge at Yamuna Bazaar Monastery area Okhla Ridge Edges against greens-Mehrauli Edges between old and New Delhi – Asaf Ali Road

City graphics: Commercial Trade and business Mandatory and cautionary Descriptive graphics

Streetscapes: Old Delhi Lutyens Delhi Unauthorized colonies

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Market streets Ring road

Arcades and corridors: Connaught Place Asaf ali road Chandni chowk Daryaganj

Steps, staircases and ramps Rashtrapati bhawan Jama Masjid Ansal plaza Akshardham Baba Kharak Singh Marg Statesman house

Decks and overbridges: Moolchand AIIMS South extension

Roundabouts and crossings AIIMS Dhaula Kuan Lutyens Delhi

Parking Palika Bazaar Nehru Place Daryaganj

Public art Lutyens Delhi British Council IP Park Times of India building Teenmurti

Portals and gateways India gate Ajmeri Gate Mori gate

Landmark buildings Retail: Work: Government offices concentrated at prime locations Upmarkets Malls Designer retails India Gate Rashtrapati Bhawan Humayun’s Tomb IG Stadium IHC Vikas Minar LIC building Lotus temple Hall of Nations

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Non Govt and private at district centers like Nehru Place, Bikaji Kama Place and other district centers

Recreation: Paucity of recreation spaces Pockets created and most facilities located in these pockets only Sports and entertainment related, cultural activity related etc are all in shortage with respect to the demand Educational: Very little planned educational spaces. So, they are moving into private residential areas or moving out of the city. Metro: City is trying to fit into the metro fabric rather than the other way round City services: Perpetual shortage and the services are inadequate and choking Many parts of the city don’t have all the services. Wherever they are provided, they do not meet international standards. They are visually unaesthetic and are eyesores Many are in various dangers. CP, Old Delhi

Temporal / Time Large amounts of transient population at day as well as night. Changes in the day cycle and night cycle of the city City in layers of time Where is the city heading? What does the future hold for Delhi? a. dark days ahead due to lack of planning b. reverse migration c. Short time solutions are being looked at to solve long term problems. d. Decentralization of the city

e. Redevelopment in parts f. Multiplication of problems g. Stagnation of the city and its eventual death Management of the change Problem due to multiplicity of authorities in Delhi a. MCD: Central b. NDMC: Central c. DDA: Central d. Cantonment Board: President e. PWD/CPWD: State f. ASI g. DMRC All are not answerable to one organization, hence so many problems. how do building activities take place a. through developers b. through state developers and developer partnerships c. through state directed developers d. Codes/byelaws/master plan No codes in many areas and the codes are not of high quality. Impossible to build in an honest way.

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