SUMMARY Take approximately 5000g sample of aggregate retained on the No. 12 (1.

70 mm) sieve is placed inside a rotating steel drum containing a specified number of steel spheres or "charge". As the drum rotates, a shelf inside the drum picks up the aggregate and steel spheres. The shelf carries them around until they drop on the opposite side of the drum, subjecting the aggregate to impact and crushing. Then, the aggregate is subjected to abrasion and grinding as the drum continues to rotate until the shelf picks up the contents, and the process is repeated. The drum is rotated for a 500 number of revolutions at 3033rpm. Afterward, the aggregate is removed from the drum and sieved on a No. 12 (1.70 mm) sieve. The aggregate retained on the sieve is weighed and the difference between this weight and the original weight is expressed as a percentage and reported as the L.A. abrasion loss value.

INTRODUCTION Tests for resistance to abrasion in crushed rock, slag, crushed and uncrushed gravel can using Los Angeles testing method. Features welded structural steel frame, fabricated 1/2”-thick (913mm) abrasion-resistant steel drum, removable shelf bolted to drum and balanced drum assembly for easy rotation by hand. Enclosed chain drive rotates drum without conventional slip clutch. Positive drive delivers greater accuracy. Selfcontained worm-drive motorized speed reducer has anti-friction bearings and sealed lubrication. Soft aggregate will be quickly ground to dust; while as harder aggregate are resistances to crushing effect. This test method covers a procedure for testing sizes of coarse aggregate smaller than 37.5 mm for resistance to degradation using the Los Angeles testing machine.

A. 1.OBJECTIVE The objective of the experiment is: i.7mm. 12) sieve is placed in a large rotating drum that contains a shelf plate attached to the outer wall (the Los Angeles machine).33 revolutions per minute (RPM). Rogers wrote. batching and lay-down operations.70 mm (No. .” Many believe that this dry test is a measure principally of breakdown due to impact and degradation during handling. 12) sieve and material retained on the 1.01g and fine haired brush(3mm). sieve shaker. THEORY A common test used to characterize toughness and abrasion resistance is the Los Angeles (L. 14mm.A. balance accurate to 0. It also is a standard in the EU. A. 12) sieve. abrasion test. For the L. 20mm. For many decades throughout the world. The material is then extracted and separated into material passing the 1. the portion of an aggregate sample retained on the 1. A specified number of steel spheres are then placed in the machine and the drum is rotated for 500 revolutions at a speed of 30 .) abrasion test. Apparatus: Los Angeles Abrasion machine. the L. and pan. “Despite the name. the Los Angeles test does not measure abrasion but rather impact resistance. The difference in weight is reported as a percent of the original weight and called the "percent loss". 10mm.70 mm (No. sieve sizes of 25mm. To ascertain the degradation property of aggregates by abrasion. The retained material (larger particles) is then weighed and compared to the original sample weight. Abrasion test (ASTM and AASHTO) has been the standard for evaluating coarse aggregate degradation and toughness in dry conditions.70 mm (No.

Place the sample in the Loss Angeles Abrasion machine. Then weigh the sample once its cool to room temperature. the sample was removed and sieved on No.B)/A)] x 100 Where: A = Mass of original test specimen to the nearest 1 g B = Mass retained on the 1. Approximately 5000g of aggregates including 2500±10g of 20mm to 14mm.PROCEDURE i. to the nearest 1 g . After the drum stopped. Rotated the drum for 500 revolution at 30-33rpm. iv. The sample washed. and 2500±10g of 14mm to 10mm sizes are used in the test. 12. v. dried and then weighted. The sample that was retained on the sieve was washed and dried at temperature of 105 to 110. ii. SAMPLE CALCULATION Calculate the "Percent Wear" to the nearest % using the following equation: Percent wear (%) = (weight loss/initial weight) x 100 = [(A . Add eleven (11) steel balls in the machine. iii.70-mm sieve after the specified number of revolutions. vi.

check machine for worn gears improperly tensioned belts. lifting and the operation of equipment are encountered in this testing procedure. The safety also should be the priority and must take important. Dust. the sample aggregate applicable to make road. noise. . It is not possible to completely eliminate these risks. After the experiment. Dust masks and protective gloves are required when handling materials.14 14 . So. we get a result at value 33. Soils and aggregates may contain bacteria and organisms which can be harmful to one’s health. The errors including while handle the Loss Angeles Abrasion machine. but steps should be taken to minimize them as much as possible. While done the experiment we have to be carefully to prevent an error. worn bearings for to reduce possibility of improper operations.10 5002 3323 3315 1687 Percent wear (%) 33.73 % wear.73 DISCUSSION A good and better road aggregate for a nominal 20mm maximum size should be getting the percentage of wear between 10 to 45%. Occasionally.RESULT Aggregate size(mm) Weight of sample (g) before test(initial weight) Weight sample (g) after test/ before enter the oven Weight of sample (g) after enter the oven Loss 20 .

Characteristic of the aggregates used in the construction of roads must be durable. From the experiment. However. . the safety and errors should be the priority to get a correct result. and freeze-thaw resistant in order to perform well in pavement or as base course. So the objective in the experiment was achieved. student is able to identify the characteristic of the aggregate and can to ascertain the degradation property of aggregates by abrasion.CONCLUSION From the experiment above. we can conclude that this test is succeed related to the theory saying that the aggregate abrasion test can be used to determine the percent wear. abrasion resistant.

iii.edu/wsdot/modules/03_materials/03-2_body.ce. ii.REFERENCES i. http://training.washington. Laboratory manual.org/index.htm http://pavementinteractive.php?title=Los_Angeles_Abrasion .

APPENDIX Los angeles abrasion tester sieve Weighing machine .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful