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Advantages of Mechanisation of Poultry in Pakistan through Environmentally Controlled Poultry Farming

Seminar & Exhibition Livestock, Dairy, Fisheries & Poultry


Sind Board of Investment 7 & 8 February, 2011 Expo Center Karachi

Dr. Aamer Saleem


(Chief Executive)

Member

BRIEF INTRODUCTION OF POULTRY


Poultry is the Cheapest Source of
Protein. White Meat as recommended by doctors around the world. Favourite of Children. Fast Growth and Quick return.

Chicken Meat Consumption


Poultry Meat contributes to 23.8% of
total meat production in Pakistan

In Pakistan, poultry meat consumption


is 7 Kg per capita while in developed world, it is 41 Kg per capita

So, it bears a lot of potential in Pakistan


for cheap meat source

Environmentally Controlled House (E.C.H.)

An Environmentally Controlled Broiler Farming has made an exceptional progress since 2002 and growing rapidly
The day old chicks (D.O.Cs) are raised for a period of 5-6 weeks with final body weight of 1.8 to 2.0 Kg

6-7 flocks can be raised within the same house per year

Environmentally Controlled House (E.C.H.)


Around 3,500 +/- E.C.H. have been
constructed in Pakistan where as 90% are in Punjab area while 10% are in other provinces. There is a capacity of more than 7,000 + E.C.H. in Pakistan to meet with challenges of immediate source of best and economical protein available in Pakistan.

What is Environmentally Controlled Poultry House (E.C.H.)?

A Closed Building, Longitudinally Preferably East to West, with Big Exhaust Fans on West side

while
Evaporative Cooling Pads on East side along with Automatic Feeding and Drinking Systems Inside.

Aims of Climate Control:

To maintain the required temperature in winter or summer for young birds as well as for older birds.
To provide the heating for younger birds or to remove excess heat for older birds.

To place more birds (Increased Stocking Density).


To minimize dust (Better Environment).

Aims of Climate Control:


Minimal temperature fluctuations
UNIFORM air movement BETTER feed conversion ratio (F.C.R.)

LOWER medication costs LOWER mortality


To regulate the ventilation

VENTILATION AT A GLANCE:
Ventilation is
Moving FRESH AIR INTO a house and moving STALE AIR OUT of the house

Sending UNWANTED heat, Ammonia OUT of the house

EXCESS moisture,

Limiting the buildup of HARMFUL GASES; and

Providing OXYGEN for respiration

Ideal Dimensions of the E.C.H. along with Capacity:


House length House width Height
House area Birds density

= 400 ft. = 45 ft. = 09 ft.


= 18,000 sq.ft. = 0.6 sq.ft. / bird = 30,000

Birds capacity

Tunnel Ventilation (Evaporative Cooling in E.C.H. for Hot Climate)

AIR MOVEMENTS

Requirement of Evaporative Cooling & Heating Systems


Descriptions No of fans No of pads Controller Heater = (50 in.) Box 10 / Cone Fans = (2000+30) x 600 x 150 mm = = (130,000 K.cal.) Qty 08 50 01 01

CONE FAN >>

<< BOX FAN

Minimum Ventilation of Closed House for Cold and Hot Climate

(also known as Cross Ventilation

Minimum Ventilation System:


/ Winter Ventilation)

No. of Variable Speed Fans or Fixed Speed Fans No of Air Inlets (Vents = 1 x 0.4 M) Temperature Sensors Humidity Sensor Static Pressure Sensor Controller

7
4 28 4/2 1 1 1

FIXED SPEED FAN

VARIABLE SPEED FAN

AIR INLETS

General Layout of Feeding and Drinking Systems

Feeding system
There are 468 feeders for 30,000 broilers which means as there are 64 birds/pan.

Drinking system
There are 2400 nipples for 30,000 broilers which means as there are 12.5 birds/nipple.

Difference between Open House and Environmentally Controlled House Farming

Less Space per bird

OPEN HOUSE

i.e., 1-1.5 sq.ft. / bird (In 18,000 sq.ft., 18,000 +/- birds can be placed)

More Space per bird

CONTROLLED HOUSE
i.e., 0.6-0.7 sq.ft. / bird (In 18,000 sq.ft., 30,000 +/- birds can be placed) environment, birds are sold between 35-40 days

Due to extreme

Due to controlled

weather in Summer/Winter, birds are sold after 50 days

OPEN HOUSE

CONTROLLED HOUSE

Difficult to manage the


environment / uncomfortable environment

Controlled environment /
More Weight gain
Weight at disposal 1.8 2.0 Kg. +/-

comfortable environment

Less Weight gain


Weight at disposal 1.6 Kg. +/-

Automatic Feed
Distribution

Laborious Feed
Distribution

Feed Wastage Poor F.C.R. Uneven Flock

No Feed Wastage Better F.C.R. Uniform Flock

OPEN HOUSE

CONTROLLED HOUSE

Bio-Security None More Disease

Bio-Security -

prevalence Mortality ratio - High (10-20%) More Environmental Stress Less Hygienic Meat More Labour Less Yield per annum

Manageable Less Disease prevalence Mortality ration - Low (5% +/-) No Environmental Stress More Hygienic Meat Less Labour More than double Yield per annum from same space

REQUIREMENTS TO ESTABLISH AN ENVIRONMENTALLY CONTROLLED POULTRY HOUSE

Required land
Almost 3 acres of land is required for 2 x 30,000 broiler houses (60,000 capacity) While Almost 6 acres of land is required for 4 x 30,000 broiler houses (120,000 capacity)

Selection of site Isolation Approach Power supply Water quality

Isolation and Approach for site

No poultry farm in surroundings at least within 3-km. No factory in surrounding especially rice mill. Proper way from farm to main road.

Insulation

Power supply

Electric load on farm = 35 Amp. Transformer Generator = 35 KVA = 50 KVA

Summary of Farm Equipment


Pan Feeding System Spark Nipple Drinking System Evaporative Cooling Pads Exhaust Fans (Box / Cone) Variable speed fans (or Small Exhaust Fans) Air Inlets (Vents) Controller Diesel/Gas heater Generator

Project cost (Rs.) +/ Machinery& Equipments


Generator Wapda and Electrification
Buildings @ 475/sq.ft Miscellaneous = Rs. 4,500,000.00

= Rs. = Rs.
= Rs. = Rs.

1,000,000.00 950,000.00
8,550,000.00 500,000.00

Total

= Rs. 15,500,000.00

Running cost (Rs.) +/D.O.C. Cost (30,000 birds) @ Rs. 45.00 Feed Cost (105,000 Kg.) @ Rs. 34.20/kg. Disinfection/Medication/ Vaccination @ Rs. 10.00/bird Electricity /Diesel etc @ Rs. 7/bird Administrative Cost @ Rs. 35/bird Total:

= Rs.
= Rs. = Rs.

1,350,000.00
3,591,000.00 300,000.00

= Rs.
= Rs. = Rs.

210,000.00
1,050,000.00 6,501,000.00

Marketing
No. of Chicks placed = F.O.C. Chicks @ 2% = Total Chicks = Mortality @ 5% = Balance Chicks = Weight at Disposal @ 1.9 Kg. = Selling Price @ Rs. 135.00/Kg. = 30,000 600 30,600 1,530 29,070 55,233 Kg. Rs. 7,456,455.00

Profit or loss? (Rs.) +/Total Running Cost= Rs. 6,501,000.00 Net Sale Price = Rs. 7,456,455.00 Profit = Rs. 955,455.00 x 7 Flock/year = Rs. 6,688,185.00

THANKS
Sind Board of Investment Pakistan Poultry Association
(Southern Zone)