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# (Magnetic Effects of Current)

## One mark Questions:

1. How can you show that the magnetic field produced by a given electric current in the wire decreases as the distance from the wire decreases ? 2. What is the advantage of the third wire of earth connection in domestic appliances? 3. What constitutes the field of a magnet? 4. What is short-circuiting in an electric supply? 5. What will be the frequency of an alternating current if its direction changes after every 0.01s? 6. An alternating electric current has a frequency of 50 Hz. How many times does it change its direction in is? 7. How is the strength of the magnetic field at a point near a wire related to the strength of the electric current flowing in the wire? 8. How can it be shown that a magnetic field exists around a wire through which a direct current is passing? 9. On what effect of an electric current does an electromagnet work? 10. What is the direction of magnetic field at the centre of a circular coil carrying current in anticlockwise direction?

## Two Mark Questions

1. With the help of a neat-diagram, describe how you can generate induced current in a circuit. 2. What is meant by the term Magnetic field Lines? List two properties of magnetic field lines. 3. Write the rule which determines the direction of magnetic field developed around a straight conductor when current is passed through the conductor. 4. State the rule to determine the direction of magnetic field produced around a current carrying conductor. 5. On which factors does the force experienced by a current carrying conductor placed in a uniform magnetic field depends? 6. State Flemings right-hand Rule.

7. Why is series arrangement not used for domestic circuits? 8. Differentiate between electric force and magnetic forces. 9. How does AC differ from DC? What are the advantages and disadvantages of AC over DC? 10. Draw the magnetic field due to a current carrying circular coil. State the clock rule to find the polarities of the faces of the coil.

## Three Mark Questions

1. Draw the pattern of field lined due to a solenoid carrying electric current. Mark the north and the south poles in the diagram. 2. Draw the pattern of lines of force due to a magnetic field through and around a current carrying loop of wire. How would the strength of the magnetic field produced at the centre of the circular loop be affected if (i) the strength of the current passing through this loop is doubled? (ii) the radius of the loop is reduced to half of the original radius? 3. Draw the pattern lines of force due to a magnetic field associated with a current carrying conductor. State how the magnetic field produced changes (i) with an increase in current in the conductor and (ii) the distance from the conductor. 4. Draw the pattern of field lines due to a bar magnet. Mention any two properties of the magnetic field lines. 5. How does the strength of the magnetic field at the centre of a circular coil of wire depend on: (i) the radius of the coil? (ii) the number of turns of the wire? (iii) the strength of the current flowing in the coil? 6. The flow of a current in a circular loop of a wire creates a magnetic field at its centre. How can existence of the field be detected? State the rule which helps to predict the direction of this magnetic field. 7. What are the factors on which the strength of magnetic field produced by current-carrying solenoid depends? 8. A coil of copper wire is connected to a galvanometer. What would happen if a bar magnet is: (i) pushed into the coil with north pole entering first (ii) pulled out of the coil (iii) held stationary inside the coil? 9. Explain what is short-circuiting and overloading in an electric supply. 10. What are magnetic field lines? How is the direction of a magnetic field at a point determined? Mention two important properties of the magnetic field lines.

## Five Mark Questions:

1. (a) Suggest an activity to show the pattern of magnetic field lines, when you are provided with a bar magnet, a cardboard piece and iron filings. (b)Draw a rough sketch of the field lines which you will observe.

2. (a) What is an electromagnet? What does it consists of? (b) Name one material in each case used to make a (i) permanent magnet (ii) temporary magnet. (c) Describe an activity to show how can you make an electromagnet in your school lab? 3. State Flemings left-hand rule. With a labeled diagram, describe the working of an electric motor. What is the function of split-ring Commutator in a motor? 4. State Flemings right-hand rule. With a labeled diagram, describe the working of an AC electric generator. 5. Draw the lines of force of the magnetic field through and around (a)single loop of wire carrying current, (b) a solenoid carrying electric current. 6. Why is pure iron not used for making permanent magnets? Name one material used for making permanent magnets. Describe how permanent magnets are made electrically. State two examples of electrical appliances made by using permanent magnets. 7. (a)Draw a schematic labeled diagram of a domestic wiring circuit which includes (i)a main fuse (ii) a power meter (iii)one light point (iv) a power plug. (b) Why is it necessary to connect an earth wire to electric appliances having metallic covers? 8. (a)What are magnetic field lines? How is the direction of a magnetic field at a point determined? (b) Draw two field lines around a bar magnet along its length on its two sides and mark the field directions on them by arrow marks. (c) List any three properties of magnetic field lines. 9. What is an electric motor? With the help of a diagram, describe the working of an electric motor. 10. What are magnetic field lines? Write their characteristics. Draw the magnetic field lines due to a current flowing in a circular coil. 11. Explain the principle, construction and working of an electric motor. 12. Explain with labeled diagram, the principle, construction and working of an electric generator. 13. (a ). What is an electromagnet ? (b). List any of its two uses. (c ). Draw a labeled diagram to show how an electromagnet is made. (d ). What is the purpose of the soft iron core used in making an electromagnet ?

Numerical:
1. The mains power supply of a house is through a 5-A fuse. How many 100W bulbs can be used in this house at the correct voltage? 2. A wire 10 cm long and carrying a current of 1.5 A is held in a uniform magnetic field in which B=10-3 T. Calculate the force on the wire if it is held perpendicular to the lines of the magnetic field.

3. A current of 10 A flows in a circular coil of 1000 turns and radius 0.1 m. Find the magnitude of the magnetic field at the centre of the coil. 4. At what distance from a straight conductor carrying a current of 2.8 A, will the magnetic induction be 2.810-5 T? 5. Find the strength of the current which will produce a magnetic field of 10-4 T at the centre of a coil of mean radius 0.10 m. The coil comprises 20 turns. 6. A 0.4 m wire, stretched horizontally, carries an electric current of 15 A from East to West, in a magnetic field whose magnetic field intensity is 0.1 N/Am, directed vertically downwards. What is (a) the magnitude of the magnetic deflecting force on the wire, and (b) its direction?

Electricity
Very short answer questions (1 mark) 1. Give the unit of (a) Charge (b) Current 2. Define current 3. Name the unit of (a) electrical resistance (b) resistivity 4. Define One Ohm 5. Define Resistivity 6. What is the resistance of a torch bulb rated at 2.5 V and 500 mA? 7. Two resistances of each 2 ohm are connected in parallel. Find their equivalent resistance. 8. On what factors does the resistivity of a material depend? 9. Plot a graph between the Potential difference V and current I through a conductor 10. What happens to the resistance of the circuit if the current through it is doubled?

Short answer questions (2 marks) 1. Two wires of same material are having length L and 2L. Compare their resistance and resistivity. 2. Why are coils of electric toaster and electric iron made of an alloy rather then a pure metal? 3. Two wires are of same length and radius but one of them is copper and the other is of iron. Which will have more resistance? (Given the resistivity of copper = 1.62 x 10 -8 ohm meter and resistivity of iron = 10 x 10-8 ohm meter. 4. Define 1KWh. Give the relation between 1kwh and Joule. 5. State which has a higher resistance. A 50W or 25W lamp. Also find the ratio of their resistances. 6. A wire of resistance 5 Ohm is spent in the form of closed circle. What is the resistance between 2 points at the ends of any diameter of the circle? 7. Calculate the amount of charge that would flow in one hour through the element of an electric iron drawing a current of 0.4 amps. 8. A electric toaster of resistance 20 Ohm takes a current of 5A. Calculate the heat developed in 30 s. 9. A bulb is rated at 5V, 100mA. Calculate its (1) Power (2) Resistance 10. Name two special characteristics of a heater coil. Short answer questions (3 marks) 1. Define resistance and resistivity. Give the relation between them. Explain the dependence of resistance on temperature. 2. With the help of neat circuit, derive the expression for the equivalent resistance of 3 resistances connected in series. 3. With the help of neat circuit, derive the expression for the equivalent resistance of 3 resistances connected in parallel 4. (a) Draw the circuit consisting of a battery of five 2V cells, 5ohm resistor, 10 ohm resistor, 15 ohm resistor and a plug key. All connected in series (b) calculate the current passing through the above circuit when key is closed. 5. Two identical resistors each of resistance 2 Ohm are connected in turn (1) in series (2) in parallel to a battery of 12 V. Calculate the ratio of power consumed in two cases. 6. A piece of wire is redrawn by pulling it until its length is tripled. Compare the new resistance with the original value. 7. An electric kettle is rated 500W, 200V. IT is used to heat 400 gm of water for 30 secs. Assuming the voltage to be 220V calculate the rise in temperature of water. Specific heat capacity of water is 4200 J/Kg C.

8. A heater draws 1100 W at 220V. (a) Find the resistance of the heater (b) Calculate the energy in KWh consumed in a week if the heater is used daily for 4 hours. Long Answer questions (5 marks) 1. State Ohms law with a neat circuit. Explain how this law can be verified and also plot the expected v-I graph. 2. (a) Differentiate resistance and resistivity (b) the ratio of resistivity of two materials a and b is 1:2, ratio of their length is 3:4 and if the ratio of radii is 2:3 find the ratio of resistance of a and b.

## 1. Define electric potential difference? 2. Why is an ammeter connected in series in a circuit?

3. Why is a voltmeter connected in parallel in a circuit? 4. State the law that governs the strength of the current passing through a metallic conductor when a p.d is applied across its end. Illustrate this law graphically? 5. State the law which governs the amount of heat produced in a metallic conductor when current is passed through it for a given time. Express this law mathematically? 6. Define resistance. What are the factors on which it depends? 7. A copper wire of resistivity P is stretched to reduce its diameter to half its previous value. What is the new resistivity? 8. Define the S I unit of electric current and potential difference. 9. Derive expressions for equivalent resistance of resistors connected in a. series combination b. parallel combination 10. What is an electric fuse? Explain its function. 11. Explain, how the heating effect of electric current is made use in the functioning of an electric bulb? 12. State the relation between the commercial and SI unit of electric energy. 13. Write the advantages of connecting electrical appliances in parallel and disadvantages of connecting them in series in a household circuit. 14. Why is tungsten used almost exclusively for making the filaments of electric lamps? 15. A piece of wire is redrawn by pulling it until its length is doubled .Compare the new resistance with the original value. 16. An electric geyser has rating 2000 w, 220 v marked on it. What should be the minimum rating in whole number of a fuse wire that may be required for safe use with the geyser? 17. Three resistors each of resistance 10 ohm are connected, in turn, to obtain a. minimum resistance b. Maximum resistance. Compute a) The effective resistance in each case b) The ratio of minimum to maximum resistance so obtained. 18. Two resistors of resistance 2 ohms and 4 ohms are, in turn connected

a) In series b) In parallel to a given battery for same interval. Compute the ratio of the total quantity of heat produced in the combination in the two cases. 19. Two metallic wires A and B are connected in parallel. Wire A has length L and radius R wire B has a length 2L and radius 2r. Compute the ratio of the total resistance of parallel combination and resistance of wire A. 20. In a house three bulb of 100w each are lighted for 4 hours daily and six tube lights of 20w each are lighted for 5 hours daily and a refrigerator of 400w is worked for 10 hours daily for a month of 30 days. Calculate the electricity bill if the cost of one unit is Rs 4.00. 21. Three resistors of 4ohms, 6ohms and 12 ohms are connected in parallel. The combination of above resistors is connected in series to a resistance of 2 ohms and then to a battery of 6 volts. Draw a circuit diagram and calculate a) Current in main circuit b) Current flowing through each of the resistors in parallel c) P.d and the power used by the 2 ohm resistor. 22. Two lamps, one rated 100 W at 220 V and the other 60W at 220 V, are connected in Parallel to a 220 volt supply. What current is drawn from the supply line?