November 6, 2008 Avoiding inside jokes since 1875 Vol. 138 Iss.

8
Argosy
T
h
e
I n d e p e n d e n t S t u d e n t J o u r n a l o f Mo u n t A l l i s o n U n i v e r s i t y
“You take these to Rangoon… and you
get shot,” explains Mika Lévesque,
holding a pair of panties with a flower-
shaped sticker of the Burmese junta
pasted on the bum. As the founder
of the Panties for Peace campaign in
Canada and one of Canada’s foremost
experts on Burma, she knows what
she is talking about.
Lévesque, an international lawyer
and Rights and Democracy’s Asia
specialist, recently spoke on campus,
concluding the Panties for Peace
campaign coordinated by Mount
Allison’s Rights and Democracy
delegation.
Although the campaign has
officially ended on campus, Panties for
Peace will continue until the military
junta falls and a democratic regime is
put in its place.
Lévesque highlighted that Burma
has been gripped by a brutal and
oppressive military regime since 1962.
Despite having democratically elected
a government in 1990, the military
arrested many MPs and did not allow
this new government to take over,
with the excuse that the constitution
had not been written yet. is elected
government has continued on in
exile and acts today as an important
advocate for the rights of the Burmese
people, despite lacking any political
clout in the country.
e politics of panties
Underwear from around the world is taking a stand against the Burmese military junta
Kelly O’Connor
Argosy Staff
Meanwhile, the military state
sanctions rape as a weapon of war
in its campaign against the various
ethnic minorities of Burma; it has
one of the highest incidences of child
soldiers in the world, and regularly
conscripts citizens into forced labour
projects for anywhere from a few days
to a few years.
Still, the same generals who rule
Burma are also very superstitious,
and thus the Panties for Peace
campaign was born. Launched on
October 16, 2007 by the ailand-
based organization Lanna Action for
Burma (LAB), Panties for Peace is an
attempt to turn a cultural taboo into a
force for social change. It is a widely-
held belief in Burmese society that
any clothes worn under a woman’s
waist are “dirty,” and that, if touched
by men, cause them to lose their
manliness.
“Even with laundry, the two are
separated,” explained Lévesque.
LAB activists have even thrown
panties over Burmese embassy
walls and filmed the embassy staff
having to pick up these dangerous
undergarments.
e campaign allows these women
who face incredibly daunting odds to
fight for their freedom on their own
terms, and, perhaps more importantly,
to laugh while doing it.
“Panties for Peace is very
therapeutic,” said Lévesque.
e campaign was officially
launched in Montréal in May 2008
by Lévesque and the Rights and
Democracy Network. e reaction
has been enthusiastic, with the
University of Victoria, Laval,
UQAM and others across the country
planning to hold campaigns on their
own campuses.
“e first thing is to educate
the Canadian public,” explained
Lévesque. is is so that citizens can
effectively lobby the government to
take action against the atrocities in
Burma. e main reason the Canadian
government has been so slow in the
past to take a strong stand, Lévesque
said, was because they thought the
Canadian public didn’t care.
e campaign was launched at
Mt. A on October 27 and ran until
November 3. With trees wrapped in
Panties for Peace banners, and a paper
panty-covered drop box in the library,
the group was able to collect about 270
pairs of panties and thirteen boxers
(both real and paper) as well as 126
signatures on a petition calling for
the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and
other political prisoners in Burma.
Mt. A’s collected panties and
petition will be sent to the Burmese
embassy in Ottawa; the embassy
has already been so overwhelmed by
panties, however, that they are simply
sending packages back. To get around
this challenge, the campus delegation
plans to put the return address as the
Chinese embassy (staunch military
partners with the Burmese junta) or
journalists who may be interested in
Mika Lévesque is working towards implementing a democratic
regime in Burma through the Panties for Peace campaign.
Kelly O’Connor
A SAC by-election placed Ryan
Robski in the position of VP Academic
and Justin Oake in a Science Senator
seat. After Brian Crouse’s resignation,
Robski stepped down from his role
as Science Senator to pursue the VP
position, creating the need for a new
Science Senator.
SAC President Mike Currie is
excited about the addition of Oake and
Robski to the team, citing Robski’s
familiarity with academic issues and
the operation of the Student Union
from his time as Science Senator, and
Oake’s leadership experience as former
President of Edwards House.
Although by-elections for vacated
SAC positions have happened in the
past, a campaign for an executive
position is unprecedented.
According to Currie, “there’s never
been a by-election for an [...] executive
position from our understanding.” e
closest parallel was the resignation of
the Director of Communications in
2003/04 academic year, but did not
Quorum reached
After two extra days of voting, students elect new SAC positions
William Gregory
Argosy Staff
require an election since it was still an
appointed position.
Jessie Boorne, the SAC Office
Manager, said that no elected executive
has resigned in the past 17 years.
e unprecedented nature of
the election accounts for the lack
of regulation and protocol for its
operation and the subsequent lack of
student awareness. e brief timeframe
of the by-election did not allow the
candidates to campaign, except for
speeches in residences.
Voting, however, was extended by
two days since the required minimum
of votes cast, or quorum, of 25 per cent
was not reached in the initial period.
SAC President Mike Currie admits
that “it was quite difficult [to meet
quorum] with the time restraint we
had.”
In the course of his campaign, Oake
found that “many students I spoke to
did not even realize this by-election
was taking place.”
Currie, however, contends that the
lack of campaigning was not to blame
for the need of additional polling
time. “It’s a bad time of year, just with
midterms. Students are busy [... and]
to be aware of everything going on
campus is just impossible.” Moreover,
Currie points to difficulties in attaining
quorum in the spring elections, which
had more visibility and allowed
candidates time to campaign.
Currie takes some positive notes out
of the election, pointing to the higher
number of candidates than last spring’s
election as a”positive sign that we did
have interest in being involved with
the SAC.”
In last spring’s elections, three
candidates vied for two Senator
positions while Crouse ran unopposed
in his bid for VP Academic. In this by-
election, there were three candidates
for one Senator position and two for
VP Academic.
Over four days of polling, Justin
Oake received 440 votes, Nathan
Fearon 137 and Mark Comeau 102 in
the contest for Science Senator, while
in the race for VP Academic, Robski
received 417 and Patrick Forestell
received 278.
the cause.
While Panties for Peace is currently
its main focus, LAB continues with
its attention grabbing work in other
subtle ways. At a recent “Unhappy
Bad-Day” organized to mark
Burmese leader an Shwe’s birthday,
they made a panty-shaped cake with
Shwe’s face on it. ey then fed it to
their dog.
“Thiers not to make reply,
Thiers not to reason why,
Thiers but to do and die. “
November 11th, 2008
10:00 am : Inter-denominational Legion
Service in Convocation Hall, followed by services at 11 at both the
Cenotaph and the Wallace McCain building.
Congratulations America!
PAGE 2 • THE ARGOSY • NEWS • NOVEMBER 6, 2008
w w w . a r g o s y . c a
The Aryosy ìs the o]þcìcl ìndependent
student ]ourncl o] news, opìnìon, cnd the
crts, wrìtten, edìted cnd ]unded by the
students o] Mount Allìson 0nìversìty ìn
Scckvìlle, New 8runswìck. The opìnìons
expressed hereìn do not necesscrìly
represent those o] the Aryosy's stc]] or ìts
8ocrd o] 0ìrectors. The Aryosy ìs publìshed
weekly throuyhout the cccdemìc yecr by
Aryosy Publìcctìons lnc.
Student contrìbutìon ìn the ]orm o]
letters, crtìcles, photoyrcphy, yrcphìc
desìyn cnd comìcs cre welcome. The
Aryosy reserves the rìyht to edìt or re]use
cll mcterìcls deemed sexìst, rccìst,
homophobìc, or otherwìse unþt ]or prìnt,
cs determìned by the Edìtors·ìn·Chìe].
Artìcles or other contrìbutìons ccn be
sent to cryosy@mtc.cc ìn mìcroso]t word
]ormct, or dìrectly to c sectìon edìtor. The
Aryosy wìll prìnt unsolìcìted mcterìcls ct
ìts own dìscretìon.
For yenercl ìnquìrìes, ìncludìny
clcssìþeds cnd cdvertìsìny, plecse ccll our
o]þce ct (50ó)Jó4·22Jó.
Letters to the edìtor must be sìyned,
thouyh ncmes mcy be wìthheld ct the
sender's request cnd ct the Aryosy's
dìscretìon. Anonymous letters wìll not be
prìnted. The Aryosy reserves the rìyht to
edìt cll submìssìons ]or clcrìty cnd lenyth.
Mcterìcl o] cny ]orm ìn thìs publìcctìon
ìs copyrìyhted 2008·200º cnd ccnnot be
reprìnted wìthout the consent o] the
Edìtors·ìn·Chìe].
Publisher
Argosy Publications Inc.
Editors-in-Chief • Zoe Williams, Chris
Durrant
Production Manager • Frances McGinnis
Managing Editor • Louisa Strain
Editorial
News • Justine Galbraith
Features • Darren Mercer
Arts and Literature • Julie Stephenson
Sports • Noah Kowalski
Science and Technology • Stuart
Townsend
Entertainment • William Gregory
Humour • Vivi Reich, Mark Comeau
Submissions • Erin Jemczyk
Photography • Jessica Emin
Production
Copy Editors • Juliet Manning, Sarah
Robinson
Graphic Design • Vivi Reich
Business
Advertising • Joselyn MacLellan
Argosy.ca
IT Manager • Stuart Townsend
Writers
Entertainment • Neil Bonner
News • Helena van Tol
Arts • Julie Cruikshank
Features • Sacha Van Katwyk
General Assignment • Kelly O’Connor
Circulations
Patrick MacKinnon
Publication Board
Faculty • Dr. Michael Fox,
Dr. Robert Lapp
The Argosy
62A York Street, Sackville, NB
E4L 1H3
(506)364-2236
The Aryosy ìs c member
o] the Ccncdìcn
0nìversìty Press, c
nctìoncl co·operctìve o]
student newspcpers.
VP Communications Abigail McGillivary began
the meeting by explaining that the SAC weekly e-
mails to constituents had to be sent out by Friday
at 4:30, and that if counsellors miss a meeting they
still need to send out their e-mail.
VP Campus Life Pat Barry then gave a report
where he detailed his plans to give tunnel tours to
raised money for the Global Medical Brigade, and
the plans for Trick or Eat. He then talked about
the meeting he had with Brian Slemming, the
director of Aramark on campus, about vegetarian
food being grilled on the same grill as meat.
Slemming said the practice would be stopped. On
the issue of the general mess in dining hall, Barry
reported that Slemming had said that dinning
hall is meeting health codes, and that part of the
responsibility for cleanliness falls on the students.
Social Science senator Gillian Fraser commented
Student politics, caramel
apples and cookies were
served on October 29
Chris Durrant
Argosy Staff
that she thought a large part of the problem in
dining hall was not the dishes that get left behind
by students, but the crumbs that get on the table,
which students don’t have cloths to wipe up.
Barry also reported that prices in the New Café
had been lowered on average 20 cents recently,
and that there would be international dishes each
Wednesday. Currie mentioned that all profits
made in the New Café go to the university, because
Aramark gets paid a set rate for its services.
Barry also mentioned that VP Finance and
Operations Dan Wortman had procured a
microwave that will be put in the New Café so that
students can warm up food.
During councillor concerns, the lack of a
home-like feeling in the new student centre was
discussed. Wortman mentioned that SAC had
been working on getting student artwork for their
walls. Off-Campus councillor Sarah Carrigan-
Kent complained there were no numbers on any
doors, and Barry responded that building is still
under construction, and that the numbers will
come.
Discussion then turned to the Commerce
program, with concerns over the take-over of
the Avard-Dixon computer lab being raised.
Fraser mentioned that Commerce was trying
to raise another five millions dollars, and SAC
Appointment and Recruitment officer Nick Spicer
said that he thought all other Commerce programs
in the Maritimes had ten times the resources Mt.
A’s program has, and that they have a hard time
keeping up with resources. Off-campus councillor
Cejay O’Reilly then mentioned that she had heard
that the whole of Avard-Dixon was going to be
taken over by the Commerce department. Currie
and Board of Regents representative Paul Rasbach
replied that council is not the most appropriate
place for airing rumours, and that if they’d heard
something along these lines, they would have let
council know.
Bennett councillor Ben Kropp expressed
his displeasure that no groups of students were
brought into Bennett during the open house,
even though the Bennett house executive had
decorated. Worman responded that tours were
only 45 minutes long, and so not all locations could
be seen. A prolonged discussion then took place
about whether it was standard tour procedure to
take students to Hunton and Harper, or whether
there are no guidelines about which residences to
visit at all. All were in agreement that tour guides
have keys to all residences.
Fraser brought up that some boards should be
placed on the mud near the construction on Hart
Hall. Conversation then shifted to how the slope
near Avard-Dixon could be pre-salted this year
so that no ice would build up, and off-campus
councillor Jamie Cochrane suggested that the step
at the top of the slope should be removed.
During Question Period, it was asked which
residence had won the voting challenge, and VP
External Mark Brister announced that Bennett
had won by a narrow margin over Edwards.
In its October meeting, the Sackville council re-
signed PBS Waste Services to collect the town’s
refuse for another three years.
However, terms of the contract have been
changed this year. PBS will no longer be
responsible for collecting the garbage of
apartment buildings with more than four units,
and its transfer station, located in the industrial
park, was not included in the new contract.
Director of Engineering and Public Works
George Woodburn claims that the new contract
reflects Sackville’s cost and service needs.
“We are trying to ensure that we provide
the best level of services for the residents of
Sackville,” he said.
According to Woodburn, apartment
buildings are considered as businesses and their
waste removal will be treated likewise. And the
municipality is not responsible for picking up for
businesses, he said.
Landlords for 412 individual apartments
in thirty-nine buildings across the town will
be responsible for contracting their own waste
removal effective in January of the coming year,
something that has been done in the past.
“at’s the way it used to be fifteen years ago,”
Woodburn said. “[Landlords] would make their
own arrangements with private contractors.”
Options in town include municipally
contracted PBS, along with WMI and Fero.
However, PBS vice-president Albert Gibson
is concerned that if landlords choose another
provider, the wet/dry program will be taking a
step backwards.
“Apartments now can put their wet and
dry together, and it can be land-filled,” said
Gibson.
In 2004, Mt. A launched the wet/dry waste
sorting program on campus, and PBS also
implements the program in Sackville.
“It’s great to see the students being proactive
in this. And hopefully the town,” said Gibson.
“Too bad the whole province is not that way.”
Gibson is also concerned about the loss of
a transfer station owned by PBS. e transfer
station is the building where people can go if
they’ve missed their garbage day, explained
One man’s trash is another man’s contract
PBS Waste Services re-signed under new terms
Justine Galbraith
Argosy Staff
Woodburn, and it will likely continue to operate
under reduced hours. But this might not be ideal
for local residents, said Gibson. “To run your car
all the way to Moncton to get rid of something
is really far.”
Students living in houses will not see a great
difference in their waste removal services.
However, “there may be some issues for multi-
unit apartments with students,” said Woodburn,
including a potential increase in rent.
But PBS is willing to work with either the
town of Sackville or the landlords themselves.
e company recently wrote a proposal to the
town, said Gibson, which is currently being
reviewed.
“[We] gave the town a value, and they have to
decide whether it’s worth the value.”
PBS was signed to the three-year municipal
contract with a considerably lower tender than
their competitor, said Woodburn. e difference
in price between the Amherst-based company
and the next bidder FERO was roughly $50 a
unit.
Trash bins across town and wet/dry requirements could diversify, as Sackville’s new waste
management contract does not include apartment buildings with more than four units.
Jessica Emin
N
NOVEMBER 6, 2008 • NEWS • THE ARGOSY • PAGE 3
Crisis Worsens in DR Congo
Ban Ki-moon, Secretary General
of the United Nations, has called
the current violence between rebel
forces and the army “a humanitarian
catastrophe” in volatile eastern regions
of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Rebel leader General Nkunda broke a
short period of peace this past August
and has heightened attacks in the past
week. He claims to be fighting to
protect the lives of Congolese Tutsis
from Rwandan Hutu rebels. e
Congolese government has not upheld
promises of preventing the Hutu rebels
from using Congolese land.
A resultant humanitarian crisis
has emerged, with 250 000 people
displaced by the fighting of the last
two months. Food, water and shelter
are vital concerns, with the resulting
health and nutritional problems also
posing serious risks to the general
wellbeing of civilians. Fear and hostility
are in the air as citizens attempt to flee
to cities such as Goma but are attacked
by armed militants. Only 50 000 of the
displaced have reached refugee camps
north of Goma.
DR Congo currently houses the
largest UN Mission in the world,
but even its 17 000 peace keepers are
is week in the world
A weekly miscellany compiled by Rebecca Dixon
overwhelmed by the recent crisis. Aid
agencies have pulled out of the area
due to security risks. A UN convoy has
been sent to deliver food and medical
supplies to rebel-controlled areas,
after being guaranteed a humanitarian
corridor by Gen. Nkunda. However,
upon arrival, aid workers have found
many refugee camps deserted from
fear of attacks.
Consumption Habits Posing
Recession reat
e US economy has shrunk by a
steep margin of 0.3 per cent during
the past summer. Consumer spending,
which accounts for about 2/3 of all
expenditure in the US economy
decreased by 0.3 per cent in the last
month alone. is is the biggest drop
since June 2004.
Inflation has sustained low increases
of 0.2 per cent, excluding food and
energy costs, prompting the Federal
Reserve to cut interest rates to one
percent in hopes of encouraging
spending. US consumer confidence,
measured by the Conference Board,
fell from an original predicted 61.4 to
38 in September.
Meanwhile, the European Union
faces similar dangers of recession. In
the last quarter economic growth has
fallen by 0.2 per cent and next year’s
forecast of growth is a mere 0.1 percent.
Eurozone interest rates fell to 3.2 per
cent as oil prices decrease, increasingly
the likelihood of e European
Central Bank cutting interest rates to
3.25 per cent later in the week. At the
beginning of September it was at 4.25
per cent.
Armenia and Azerbaijan Sign
Territorial Agreement
Azeri President Ilham Aliyev and
Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian
have agreed to put greater focus on
resolving the issue of the disputed
region of Nagorno-Karabakh. While
a ceasefire in 1994 ended the fighting
that had killed 30 000 people and left
over a million homeless, occasional
violence has still occurred. In 2006,
a majority of residents of Nagorno-
Karabakh voted in favour of their own
sovereign state but this has never been
recognized internationally.
Currently the area is within
the borders of Azerbaijan, but the
population is mostly ethnic Armenian.
e Foreign Ministers of both
countries are to work with Russia,
France and the US in order to find a
political solution.
OPEC To Cut Production
e Organization of Petroleum
Exporting Countries (OPEC) agreed
on a five per cent cut of oil production
at a meeting at the end of October.
ey hope to stop falling oil prices
and allow them to stablise somewhere
between $70 and $80 per barrel. e
call is now on countries to implement
this plan, especially Saudi Arabia, the
world’s biggest oil exporter.
British Prime Minister Gordon
Brown spent much of the last week
traveling in the Gulf states to ask
countries to take greater action in
helping stabilise prices in face of the
global economic crisis. Meanwhile,
Russia has cut export duties in an
attempt to deal with decreasing prices.
Not a member of OPEC, Russia is the
world’s second largest exporter and is
hoping to make prices more attractive
by reducing tariffs, though only by the
minimum reduction.
Shaky Times in Pakistan
An earthquake of magnitude 6.4
hit Pakistan earlier this week, killing
at least 160 people in the south-
western province of Baluchistan. e
mountainous region makes it difficult
to determine the number of people
affected and to send aid, though
convoys are being sent out with relief
materials. Many people are too afraid
to return to their homes, while around
15 000 are now said to be homeless.
Meanwhile, the north-west of
the country is still reeling from the
deaths of over 20 people resulting
from missile strikes. Included in the
victims was al-Qaeda leader Abu
Akash, leading Pakistan to accuse the
US of launching the air strikes. e
US has not commented, but relations
between the countries are becoming
increasingly tense.
Zambian Elections
Rupiah Banda has been confirmed
as President of Zambia after narrow
win over opposition Michael Sata.
Banda took over after President Levy
Mwanawasa died earlier this year
and will now serve until the end of his
original term in 2011.
ough election monitors claim
voting was “free and fair” police had to
repress a mob of Sata’s supporters last
Saturday evening.
A recent arrival to Sackville, Gayle
Churchill, our new Manager of
Student Affairs, says she has “hit
the ground running.” e Manager
of Student Affairs is a temporary
eight month position, and Churchill
says being a new hire whose position
starts during the academic year does
not give one a lot of time to settle in
slowly.
However, so far her experience here
has been positive.
“[I love] the excitement and energy
that is present on a university campus
and Mount Allison has its own
unique blend,” said Churchill. “e
administration and the students here
are very welcoming which creates a
feeling of acceptance and belonging.”
e position of Manager of Student
Affairs was created to fill the office
while the internal structure of Student
Affairs is under review, said Ron
Byrne, Vice-President International
and Student Affairs.
“[e] President and I agreed that
[given the creation of the new VP
position] it would be a good time to
review the internal reporting structure
of student affairs,” said Byrne, “is
work is ongoing and it is our hope
that once the final decisions are
made by the president, hopefully late
November, we will be in the position
to move forward with a permanent
position.”
He added that in October, students
were invited to give their input on this
process.
e position of VP International
and Student Affairs has taken on
many of the responsibilities of the
former Dean position, including
academic matters, and an expanded
Despite her e-mail address, she is not a Dean
Zoe Williams
Argosy Staff
strategic focus for the student life
portfolio.
Other aspects of the Dean’s
position have been transferred to
the Manager of Student Affairs.
Churchill oversees residence life
programming, academic and career
counseling, and the Wellness Centre.
When asked what her priorities are
in these areas, generally, she hopes to
make things better while dealing with
issues common to all universities.
“I’m hoping to do the best I can with
the resources I’ve been given [...] I’m
hoping to make a difference in each of
[my areas of responsibility] and create
something that is an enhancement of
what’s here.”
e previous Dean of Students,
David Rowland, incited some
controversy among students with his
disapproval of drinking at on-campus
parties. Churchill has a different view
on this issue.
“[Sometimes] parties are planned,
which requires all that paperwork,
and things go along smoothly most
often. Sometimes parties just happen
and you just deal with that as it comes
along.”
Ultimately, for Churchill, this
important issue comes down to
respect, for ourselves, those around
us, and our environment. “I really find
that alcohol is one of those things that
you have to do responsibly. I can’t say
yes get out there and get drunk right
away, but if we are going to drink let’s
do it responsibly.”
Before coming to Mt. A, Churchill
worked in for the University of New
Brunswick at the College of Extended
Learning, the John Howard Society,
and St. omas University. She can
be reached at gchurchill@mta.ca or
deanofstudents@mta.ca, though she
said that the latter email address is
merely for convenience.
“One of my old teachers used to
know a kid who wore the same thing
to school, every single day” says
Laura Stymiest, the main organizer
behind Campbell Hall’s “We Propose
Clothes” campaign. “People don’t
realize the impact they have.”
Last year the campaign gathered 25
boxes of clothing and distributed them
to various places in need, including
an elementary school in Fredericton,
a women’s shelter in Saint John and
“Headstart Inc” in Moncton.
“Our goal was to span many age
groups all over the province” said
Stymiest.
16 000 children in New Brunswick
have been deemed “poor” by Statistics
Canada, and as of 2006, 24 per cent
of workers in the province earning
less than $10 an hour. is year the
clothing project is taking more of
a local focus, hoping to donate in
Sackville, Amherst and Moncton.
e drive will begin the
Wednesday after the Remembrance
Day long weekend, giving students
the opportunity to bring back old
– but clean and undamaged - clothes
from home. Clothes from younger
siblings are an especially important
contribution to aid children in
disadvantaged families.
is year, the campaign also includes
a residence competition. Boxes will be
placed in each house and picked up by
the following Wednesday, November
19. e amount of clothing coming
from each residence will be tracked
and the winners will be announced.
is project is part of “Campbell
Cares”, an initiative begun last year in
Campbell to ensure that the residence
Mt. A students propose clothes
Rebecca Dixon
Argosy Correspondent
is contributing to the community and
the world. Sometimes initiatives are
voluntarily organized by residents,
and sometimes events that would
normally occur are given a spin by
happening in support of various
charities.
A group from the Leadership
Mount A Program is also picking
up on community clothing needs
as the winter draws near. ey will
be conducting a coat drive at the
November 14 Midnight Madness.
While working alongside the
Churchill on the job
Winter clothes to be collected and locally distributed
Campbell Campaign, the group will
target the town of Sackville and those
living outside of residence. Gathering
coats and winter clothing is the main
focus of the group and they will be
working alongside the Food Bank.
At Midnight Madness you can
catch the group helping hand out hot
chocolate so that those who donate
coats are “getting warmth for giving
warmth”. Boxes will also be placed
in key locations across town and
residents alerted through advertising
and the help of local churches.
Internet photo
NATIONAL
FREDERICTON (CUP) – e St.
omas University community is
mourning the death of John McKendy,
a long-time and well-loved professor
of sociology and peace activist.
By midday last Friday, news
had reached the Fredericton, New
Brunswick campus, that a man who
had dedicated his life to combatting
violence had been murdered.
McKendy was sixty years old.
McKendy’s home in Douglas on the
outskirts of the city was a crime scene.
Police say they discovered McKendy’s
body there after receiving a phone call
at about 5:00 am on Friday. Another
person who was found at the scene
was taken to hospital with non-life-
threatening injuries.
Classes were cancelled and the St.
omas administration sent members
of staff and faculty to inform members
of the campus about McKendy’s death
before they heard it on the news.
At 4:00 pm on Friday, faculty,
staff, and students gathered in the
St. omas Chapel to hold a vigil in
McKendy’s honour. VP Academic
Patrick Malcolmson, a friend of
McKendy’s, spoke to reporters who
had gathered outside the vigil.
“John was a professor here for
over thirty years and he was one
St. omas University professor murdered
Fredericton prof found dead in home, suspect found dead in Moncton
Chris Fox
The Aquinian (St.Thomas University)
of the most loved and most valued
professors we had,” Malcolmson
said. “He exemplified the spirit of
St. omas. As a Quaker, he was a
great representative for social justice
which is a part of the mission of the
university, and he was also a great
teacher, and a good scholar, so in
many ways he exemplified all the
things a professor should stand for.”
By late Friday afternoon, police had
released photographs of McKendy’s
twenty-seven-year-old son-in-law
Nicholas Wade Baker, and issued a
Canada-wide warrant for his arrest.
On Saturday morning, the Globe
and Mail reported that McKendy’s
daughter, a fourth-year St. omas
student, was married to Baker, and
was the other person in the house who
had been taken to hospital.
Also that morning, Baker was
charged with first-degree murder in
connection with McKendy’s death.
Police announced later that day
that a man they believed was Baker
was found dead in a rented car parked
outside a motel in Moncton, N.B.
On Sunday, the RCMP released
a statement confirming that Baker’s
body had been found in the car, and
said foul play had been ruled out and
that there were no other suspects in
McKendy’s murder.
e RCMP have released no details
about Baker’s death since then, and
they say they likely never will.
“I realize that the public would like
to know, and we would almost like to
advertise what happened, but we have
to be concerned about the family,”
Cpl. Claude Tremblay said.
“We have two families here – the
suspect’s family and the family of Mr.
McKendy. Is it going to help anyone
at the end of the day if this evidence
comes out? No, it’s not going to do
anything for anyone.”
Tremblay adds that he is certain
Baker was the only one involved in
the murder.
“We were able to connect the
evidence we had on Saturday at all
the scenes that we had, plus the scene
in Moncton in the car, and all these
tied in together. ere is no doubt in
any of the investigators that this is the
suspect in question.”
Most of McKendy’s work at St.
omas involved searching for
alternatives to violence.
He was a member of the Fredericton
Peace Coalition, he regularly visited
Dorchester Penitentiary to counsel
inmates, and he was planning on
making a prison visit this past
weekend.
He also had recently taken a leave
of absence, starting in January, so
he could return to Burundi, a small
African country torn by civil violence,
where he has helped to build AIDS
clinics and counseled inmates in the
country’s prisons for the past two
Flowers outside John McKendy’s office at St. Thomas University.
Kyle Albright/the Aquinian
EDMONTON (CUP) – In light
of the Alberta government’s recent
commitment to providing health-
care coverage for midwifery services,
advocates at the University of Alberta
are calling for the installment of a
four-year baccalaureate program in
midwifery.
ough the U of A has had a long
history in establishing midwifery
education and developing legislative
standards in Alberta, there have been
several difficulties preventing the
installation of a permanent degree
program.
“At the moment, there hasn’t
been a call for an educational
program because there hasn’t been a
marketplace for graduates. But now
that there is, it’s probably time for the
whole situation to be re-looked at,”
said Peggy Anne Field, a professor
emeritus in the Faculty of Nursing.
In 1943, the U of A launched
U of A students call for midwifery degree
Caroline Lee
The Gateway (University of Alberta)
an advanced practice obstetrical
certificate program through the
Faculty of Nursing to develop the
midwifery skills for those practicing
in northern nursing stations.
However, with the 1994
implementation of the Midwifery
Regulation under the provincial
Health Disciplines Act, the program
was discontinued and thought no
longer adequate in meeting the new
criteria set out by the government.
“We thought it wasn’t appropriate
to continue to offer this program. We
did put forward a proposal for a new
program where we were trying to link
up with family medicine,” said Field,
a former director of the certificate
program.
Beverley O’Brien, a professor of
nursing and a former midwife, says
the university had developed a four-
year midwifery baccalaureate program
in 1997 that was approved for funding
by the provincial Department of
Advanced Education.
However, there was a major concern
at the time that there wouldn’t be
enough qualified instructors in
Alberta to give students the necessary
practical experience.
“After a period of time, the funding
was no longer there,” O’Brien said.
Currently, there are only six
midwives offering their services in
Edmonton – two serve the community
outside the hospital setting.
“On average, the midwives serving
the public are doing about four-
to-five births a month. at is not
quite enough to support the need in
Edmonton,” said Claudia Villeneuve,
the president of Edmonton Vaginal
Birth After Cesarean Support
Association.
Part of this shortage stems from
the fact that Alberta has had trouble
retaining midwives in the province as
the result of a lack of public funding.
Due to this absence in support,
Field says midwives are required to
pay a hefty insurance cost to practice,
with no guarantee that they will have
enough clients.
summers.
St. omas President Michael
Higgins said after a Quaker service
held Sunday in McKendy’s honour
that the university must remember
what McKendy stood for.
“e greatest tribute to his memory
will be found in our ability to attach
and draw significance from the value
of his life and how we, institutionally,
and also as a community try to
articulate that.”
TORONTO (CUP) – e York
University senate has voted to end
the practice of cancelling classes on
Jewish High Holidays.
e administration at the Toronto
university maintains this was an
independent decision unaffected
York halts Jewish holidays
Decision unrelated to previous human rights complaint, insists university
Denoja Kankesan
Excalibur (York University)
by history professor David Noble’s
human rights complaint.
Noble had previously launched a
complaint alleging the practice of
closing school on Jewish holidays was
unfair to students of other faiths.
“ey are just trying to save face.
ey did this because of the human
rights action,” Noble said.
e Ontario Human Rights
“Women and families in Edmonton
were paying $3,000 for midwifery
services. e government has helped
the situation by giving families a
service that should have been free to
begin with,” Villeneuve said.
To alleviate this shortage, advocates
say that a midwifery education
program must be created separately
from other departments in Alberta to
increase the availability of the widely-
demanded service.
e U of A does not have any
immediate plans to go ahead with
such a program.
Instead, Calgary’s Mount Royal
College has stepped up to take on this
task by submitting a proposal for a
degree program to Alberta Advanced
Education and Technology.
While O’Brien believes that
installing an education program is
important, her research has led her to
believe the program would be better
situated in larger institutions.
“When I interviewed the directors
of programs across Canada, they
responded that they believed that
an advanced education required
a research-intensive institution, a
comprehensive health sciences library,
and support from all health sciences,
but especially from medicine,” she
said. “ose are the three things
that would make either U of A or
[University of Calgary] very strong
candidates.”
For any program to be successful,
supporting institutions must find ways
to compensate midwives monetarily
and command their respect in order
to attract appropriate numbers of
instructors.
“Funding alone will not increase
the number of midwives providing
maternal care. Of course, education
alone can’t do that either. But it’s
a combination of well-integrated
midwives taking responsibility
for their practice and being very
collaborative with everyone in the
health care system,” O’Brien said.
Commission filed its investigative
report in April, and found that York’s
practice was discriminatory.
Noble says it was only after that
ruling had been made, that the senate
standing committee decided to follow
through with the decision.
Alex Bilyk, York’s director of
media relations, says the senate’s
decision was completely unrelated to
Noble’s complaints and it was a way
of rebalancing the way that semesters
are set up at the university.
“is has nothing to do with David
Noble’s complaint. is has everything
to do with the senate setting their
policy on sessional dates.”
York’s tradition of not holding
classes on Yom Kippur and Rosh
Hashanah was a result of a request
made by a student in 1974.
e decision reflects the growing
diversity of the York community. A
recent study found that almost 35 per
cent of the student body at York is
Catholic, 22 per cent Protestant, six
per cent Jewish, five per cent Muslim,
two per cent Buddhist, and two per
cent Sikh.
OPINIONS
Graeme Bousada
I have recently been driven to the
brink of insanity. What could possibly
drive this boy to the brink, you ask?
Midterms? High tuition fees? Long
cafeteria lines? A bad acid trip?
Funny enough, it is actually the result of
one particularly evil four litre tub of No
Name Butterscotch Ripple ice cream.
Not double churned. Not fat free. Not
brand name. No Name Butterscotch
Ripple ice cream.
Although I recognize my moderate
insanity already, I recently had what
pretentious philosophy majors describe
as an existentialist crisis.ough being a
pretentious intellectual is not my thing,
I do enjoy thinking about my role in the
world, acknowledging the reality that I
am in charge of my own actions and am
wholly responsible for my life’s path.
Whether ridiculous or not, one damn
tub of Butterscotch Ripple got me to
e insanity of incentives
question my views as an existentialist.
If I have not yet proven my insanity
to you Argosy readers, allow me to
explain. It was 12:13 am Sunday, and my
e-mail inbox had just received a new e-
mail from my Resident Advisor (RA).
ornton was preparing for its annual
residence party, and as a house we
needed to paint the walls in the mind-
numbing task of turning ornton into
a Haunted Hospital. Did I want to
subject myself to this mind-numbing
task? Heck no! But of course one line
forced me to double take: “ere will be
ice cream involved.”
Soon after reading this line, what
I can only describe as the raw homo
sapien deep within me decided that
the prospect of ice cream was enough
to make me second guess myself. Who
cares about the prefrontal cortex, logic
is infantile in the brain when compared
to hunger. Something deep inside of
me wanted me to go, and it forced me
to question the deductive logic I had
arrived at just seconds prior.
Premise 1: Graeme does not like mind-
numbing tasks.
Premise 2: is task is a mind-numbing
task.
Conclusion: Graeme does not like this
task.
Of course, I neglected to mention
the veto power that Butterscotch
Ripple ice cream has in the play of
deductive logic. Soon after this flurry
of thought occurred, I woke up dazed
and confused, asking myself questions
about the nature of making decisions
here at Mount Allison.
Incentives drive peoples’ lives and
has been employed as an integral
marketing tool, both at Mount Allison
and everywhere else. rough the use of
this petty example, I hope to critically
question why the use of incentives is so
prominent on campus.
What’s the one way to make the
ravaging horde of frosh do something?
Give them free pizza. Case in point:
incentives are effective at getting
people mobilized. But really, I get the
sense that many of these incentives are
an appeal to that homo sapien, in hopes
of forcing one to realize something
more significant. It is merely a means
to an end that is more often than not
completely ineffective.
For example, Darren, whose article
Environmental Bulimia Plagues Mt.
A. suggests that the current model of
C3 is in fact ineffective because it does
not promote sustainable living. is
example is a prime encapsulation of this
problem of incentives. For those who
can remember, Darren suggested that
C3 should not be a month long event
but in fact run an entire year because
the current model does not promote
sustainable living, but sustainableish
living for a month. Great idea, but
the reality is the average student does
not participate in C3 because they
recognize the state of global emergency,
they do it because their friends pressure
them, their exec wants them to, and
they may just win the grand prize at the
end. Do it for a year and students will
not give two squawks about it in a few
weeks time.
Another example is Delta, who
organized the residence voting
competitions, providing a prize to the
house with the most voters per capita
(excluding Cuthbertson, of course).
e goal was to get youth to vote and
to make a statement to the Canadian
political world, and in hopes that
people would cast a vote with care,
actually involving themselves in the
democracy that we live in. At one point,
one of the members pointed out that
maybe it was not the best idea to try to
mobilize the horde of residents to vote
without encouraging them to inform
themselves. Was it worth the greater
good to get students to vote, even if
they were doing it in hopes of winning
a foosball table?
is game of incentives, that I have
been on both sides of, is one that really
makes me want to ralph. Why? Because
it is a dynamic game between the
regular Joe Mt. A student (obviously
not reading this article - probably too
busy plumbing) and a set of ideals
that groups on campus feel the need
to promote. e hope is to utilise an
incentive to get the fish in the barrel
and from there pray that the point is
made.
e reality is, as Darren and the
anonymous member of Delta pointed
out, incentives can only go so far.
Promoting true change in people
cannot be done with Joey’s Pizza,
foosball tables, or even those freshly
baked Aramark cookies. Change can
only come from within oneself, and
though I am no guru, I will be the first
to say you cannot force it down anyone’s
throat.
As an institution, I believe we
need to push individuals to be critical
thinkers that drive their own evolution.
Tall statement, I know, but one that
I believe Mt. A is rooted in and can
always improve.
I am already ready to quit playing this
game, the game of economics in which
the typical student is self-interested,
rationally acting being who will only
participate if they see something in it
for themselves. I have felt the push and
pull from both sides, both as a producer
and a consumer of this extensive
and somewhat diabolical system of
incentives we seem so entrenched in. Is
it idealistic of me to hope that students
will get involved in the community
without the draw of Joey’s pizza or
fresh-baked Aramark cookies? Is it
possible for students to do things for
the inherent value of the action they are
taking as opposed to the petty reward
they may gain from it instead? Do we
really need to see everything in terms of
economics, assuming that en masse Mt.
A students only care if it results in some
stupid wing-a-ding in the end?
Fuck it. I am just gonna go back to
my damn ice cream.
Jessica Emin
What will you do for pizza?
Chris Durrant
Argosy Staff
Have you sent out your SAC Awareness
Week cards yet? I always leave mine
until the last minute, and find myself
inside licking envelops while everyone
is outside enjoying the parade and
fireworks...
Obviously SAC Awareness Week
isn’t that much fun. As much as all
the SAC’s VP Communications
have valiantly tried, it’s not the most
exciting week, and consequently, not as
much awareness is being raised as the
SAC would like. is is why I think
October’s SAC by-elections were a
lost opportunity.
e campaign for the position of VP
Academic lasted for five days, and the
campaign for the science senator lasted
three days. No posters were put up by
any of the candidates. Speeches were
made, but poorly attended. It’s not
surprising then that quorum was met
only after the election was extended by
two days.
Obviously, an unprecedented by-
election caught everyone off-guard.
However, the decision to hold a quick
election denied both the electorate
to give the SAC a mid-year signal of
what it wants, and the SAC its chance
to tell people what its been doing.
SAC president Mike Currie said
in the SAC council that the decision
was made to have the vote so quickly
because the VP Academic is such an
important position. If the position is
important, it follows that there must
be important issues. ere must be
political decisions to be made. But
the way the elections were run, you’d
never know it. If we want to think
people are voting for more than
simply the pictures of the candidates,
our elections need to become more
politicized. Candidates need to take
different stands. ere may or may not
be a divisive issue, but every candidate
should represent different priorities
and new initiatives.
If the SAC is truly interested in
having a better discourse during
elections, the elections should be run
differently. It has not only been this
by-election that has suffered from low
turnout and little discussion. In my
opinion, campaigns should be longer,
maybe three weeks long. At the same
time, the race shouldn’t be closed to
new nominations once it starts. A
longer, more open campaign would
No campaign, no gain
SAC Elections are too short
allow the opportunity for people to
react to the stance candidates take on
issues. If the candidates are all taking
one side of an issue, it would allow
someone who disagrees to enter the
race. Candidates should be allowed
to openly question their opponents’
platforms. All of these things would
mean that the eventual winner had
spent more timing thinking about the
job, and about what they want to do,
before they get swept up in its day-to-
day responsibilities.
Additionally, if quorum is not
met, the election should finish, and
the candidates not be allowed to run
again. With those stakes, people who
want the job would work much harder
to get their message out. It may sound
extreme, but consider the present.
SAC positions require tenacity and
determination to get anything done.
Students are elected who aren’t able
to get the 25 per cent of students
interested enough to vote. Does this
bode well for the effectiveness of our
student government?
O
PAGE 6 • THE ARGOSY • OPINIONS • NOVEMBER 6, 2008
Dylan Cunningham
It is always cause for a strange sort of
celebration when an amateur critic like me
irritates his audience enough to warrant a
contrary response. Allow me to abandon
all pretenses of formality for a moment to
extend a personal message to Jeffrey Parker.
ank you! I highly appreciate the fact that
someone took the time to write out a well-
articulated response instead of just leaving
me to ramble on like the local lunatic. It
certainly was given more thought than the
comments I get on my YouTube videos.
Naturally, I have no plans to go back
on anything I have said in my previous
review. In order to maintain my stance,
I feel compelled to give some qualifying
statements as well as respond to some of
the arguments put forth in Parker’s letter.
First of all, I believe I have made it quite
clear that my reviews are highly subject
to my own opinion, to the extent of self-
mockery at times, and this response will be
just as full of my own personal views as ever.
Without a hearty dose of opinion, a film
review is no more than a summary. Any
further information beyond describing the
contents of the film itself becomes a matter
of personal subjectivity, not objectivity. I
would not dream of knowing all the key
components of a good movie, nor do I
think that is the goal of any other reviewer.
It is all a matter of what personally “works”
for the viewer, and what does not.
e claim that Plainview is “a realistic
character in a realistic movie,” I think, is
an example of the inevitable subjectivity
of any film review. How can it be said
with certainty that he is realistic? What
makes him so? His inconsistent behaviour,
operating on some form of consistent
internal logic does not seem to me like
the makings of a believable character.
ere will be blood over
ere Will Be Blood
Instead, by acting in antagonistic fashion
to everyone he meets, Plainview seems
to be one-sided and shallow, having no
more character traits other than cruelty
and selfishness. roughout the whole
movie, we are never shown a moment of
his humanity, instead only watching him
as he acts without any regard for the lives
around him. In that sense, he transcends
the line between just being uncaring and
being a comic book villain. is, in a time
when even said villains are portrayed as
multifaceted, human characters, albeit
with some degree of insanity in many film
adaptations of popular comics.
ere is a difference between exploring
violence and darkness, and reveling in
them. I am not critical of ere Will Be
Blood because it is violent and deals with
mature theme, rather, it is its flat approach
to these themes that is the source of my
disapproval, giving no more thought to
them than simply portraying vileness and
then fading out. Consider the difference
between movies such as Taxi Driver, or my
recently-reviewed Lady Vengeance, and
any of the Saw or Hostel series. Whereas
the first two observe violence from afar,
question its cause, implications, and
consequences, the others simply portray
it for the sake of shock and horror. While
certainly better made and performed than
any of those second two series of moves,
without any consideration of cause and
effect for the main character and those
around him, ere Will Be Blood, plays
out more like a horror movie than a
reflective work. e reason I claim this
movie is uncomfortable and hard to enjoy
is because it does no more than bombard
the viewer with scene after scene of
negative characters manipulating, arguing
with, embarrassing, attacking, or killing
one another, with no room for a more
mundane reality in which people speak
to each other on normal terms now and
then.
I am so hard on the character of Plainview
of course because he is absolutely central to
the film. Day-Lewis’ stellar performance,
which I still would not argue against his
deserving an Oscar for, offsets many of
the inherent problems with the overall
film. Consider another, lesser-known actor
in his place. Any artistic merit would be
completely absent, becoming nothing
more than one long example of how bad
this one particular man is. e only depth
of the character comes in the form of
Day-Lewis’ natural acting talent, injecting
charisma into an otherwise mundane ‘bad
guy’. In that sense, he deserves even more
praise for taking a simple role and making
it into something more.
A film all about the darkest sides of
humanity,as I see it,requires some element
of actual humanity. Without anyone
to sympathize with, without anyone to
convince us that this is a frightening
view of real people in our own real world,
I cannot help but see the film as entirely
hypothetical.e world is one darker than
ours,and thus the people who live there are
as well. eir nasty behaviour makes sense
in this context. I cannot, however, see the
bridge between Blood’s grim fantasy and
the reality in which we live.
It is a fine movie for study, both in
terms of technicality and acting. It is the
themes and overall content that I had
issues with. While I may believe there
are many elements of a classic present in
this film, it comes across more as a great
effort towards the status of classic rather
than sincere filmmaking. Now that oil
and greed are some of the most significant
topics in the minds of the public, a work
more grounded in reality would likely be
of greater use.
Erin Jemczyk
ArgosyStaff
is is a message for the administration,
Athletic Department, and Aramark. ere
have been many hiccups with the new
Student Centre and many complaints.
However, at this point the building is
mostly complete for the students to enjoy.
is being said, if it’s not open we cannot
enjoy it.
Mount Allison had the privilege
this weekend of hosting the AUS
(Atlantic University Sport) Men’s Soccer
Championships. Featuring some of the
best soccer our school has seen in a long
time, perhaps the only detriment to this
tournament was the chilly November
Now that it’s open,
let’s use it!
weather. What an opportunity! e school
could have opened up the “New Café” for
students and spectators alike to witness
the Sunday’s Championship game in the
warmth. We have been waiting on being
able to use the floor to ceiling windows
for several years, and when the perfect
opportunity arose, students couldn’t access
them. Aramark could have made a few
bucks too, as chilly spectators might have
strolled in at the half seeking hot chocolate
or soup to warm themselves. As for the
administration,the most effective argument
is the bottom line:students and parents from
other schools in the Maritimes traveled
to Mt. A to watch the game. is would
have been a perfect opportunity to show
off these new facilities our website keeps
bragging about.And if that doesn’t convince
you, there was a recruitment tour going on
simultaneously; however,the tour guide had
no access to this part of the building.
Kudos to everyone for getting the
building almost finished and having a great
facility, however what’s the point if we can’t
use it?
Wouldn’t it be nice if we could watch weekend games from the New
Cafe? It’s too bad outdoor sports are over now...
For those of you who do not already
know me, I am a Student Development
Counsellor within the Student Affairs
Department. I am writing in response
to an article published in the Argosy on
October 23, 2008 titled, “e Stigma
of Learning Disabilities.” While the
article includes many informative
points about ADD/ADHD, there are
several inaccuracies within this article.
As a Counsellor, I feel that it is my
professional responsibility to address
these inaccuracies.
It is a common misperception that
ADD/ADHD is a learning disability.
In actual fact, ADD/ADHD is not
classified as a learning disability.
However, it is possible to have
both ADD/ADHD and a learning
disability.
Based on the misperception that
ADD/ADHD is a learning disorder,
many current and incoming students
are under the impression that the
Meighen Centre is able to provide
services to students with ADD/
ADHD. is is somewhat incorrect.
e Meighen Centre’s funding is
allocated to provide services only to
Clarifying the services offered by the
Wellness and Meighen Centres
Jessica Emin
students who have been diagnosed
with a learning disability.
Now that you know that ADD/
ADHD is not classified as a learning
disability, you must be questioning
where students with ADD/ADHD go
for help…and there are two answers:
1. Students with ADD/ADHD
without a learning disability are
served by Counsellors at the Wellness
Centre.
2. Students with ADD/ADHD with
a learning disability are served by the
staff at the Meighen Centre.
At the Wellness Centre, Student
Development Counsellors are able
to prescreen students for ADD/
ADHD and then refer them to a
registered Psychologist for a psycho-
educational assessment which will
indicate whether or not a student does
have ADD/ADHD. Once an official
diagnosis has been made, Counsellors
are then able to provide support
similar to that provided to students at
the Meighen Centre.
If any student has any questions
regarding services provided by the
Wellness Centre to students with
disabilities, please stop by – we’d be
happy to meet with you!
Fair Employment Week, from October
27 to 31, is part of a national campaign
to raise awareness of the increasing use--
and misuse–of part-time and contractual
academic staff in universities throughout
North America. It is above all intended to
publicize the unfair treatment and generally
inferior working conditions endured by
most non-regular faculty--those “invisible
academics”who make such a vital yet largely
unappreciated contribution to the university
community. In most universities, highly
qualified part-time and contractual teaching
staff who perform essentially the same
duties as permanent and tenured faculty
are paid at a much lower rate, enjoy fewer
benefits, and have very little job security.
And their numbers are steadily growing--
not surprisingly, since they represent such a
cheap bargain for the administrations that
exploit them.
University administrations justify their
treatment of part-time staff by claiming they
are merely interested in supplementing their
income rather than pursuing a serious career,
and actually prefer the flexibility offered by
casual employment; and that they do not
engage in the research or creative activity
expected of full-time faculty, or participate
in university governance. Contrary to these
false and belittling stereotypes, the majority
of part-time and contract faculty are not
working for “pin money”and would eagerly
embrace the opportunity to regularize their
terms of employment and follow a more
conventional academic career path. Many
Closing the Academic Sweatshop
of them struggle to maintain an active
research programme, despite the absence
of encouragement and financial support
from their employers, and can point to a
record of scholarly and creative achievement
comparable to that of their full-time tenured
colleagues. And most of them–assuming
they are not already performing such
generally thankless tasks–would welcome
the opportunity for greater involvement
in departmental and university affairs
through committee work and other forms
of service. University administrations need
to acknowledge that the standard tripartite
job description for tenure-stream positions-
-teaching, research and service--should also
apply to part-time appointments.
In recent years there has been a growing
effort to organize non-regular faculty on
university campuses throughout the country,
with the aim of eliminating the inequities
that reduce them to the status of academic
second-class citizens. e ultimate goal is to
secure equal treatment for all teaching staff,
regardless of employment status.
Key demands include the prorating of
part-time salaries and benefits in relation to
the total compensation of regular, tenure-
stream positions with similar responsibilities
and qualifications; seniority and job security
provisions analogous to the tenure and
promotion rights of full-time faculty;
eligibility for paid research leave; adequate
support for course preparation and access
to professional development allowances;
the guaranteed provision of necessary
office space, computer facilities and other
teaching resources; and the regularization
of continuing or long-term contractual
appointments.
Since forming their own bargaining unit
within the faculty association several years
ago, part-time academic staff at Mount
Allison have made significant advances
in such areas as continuing appointments,
seniority increments, the hiring process,
access to research funding and limited
participation in benefit plans. ese
contractual gains represent important
steps on the road to fairness, equity and
recognition. But there is still a long way to
go.
Students also have a stake in resisting
the whittling away of full-time permanent
faculty and the accompanying casualization
of university teaching, given the resulting
increase in student-teacher ratios and class
sizes, reduction in course offerings, and
deterioration of staff morale. ere is, in
other words, a direct correlation between
faculty working conditions and student
“learning conditions.” At the very least
students should appreciate the value of the
contribution made by dedicated part-time
professors to their education and to their
wider “Mount Allison experience,” and in
return support them in their campaign for
fair remuneration, more equitable working
conditions and the right to participate
fully in the academic life of their university.
Alternatively, they might try asking the
administration to pass on the savings
achieved by their use of part-time staff in
the form of lower tuition fees.
Robert Cupido is a part-time instructor
in the History Department and the Unit 2
(Part-Time) Representative on the MAFA
Executive.
Learning disabilities
Robert Cupido
Janice Dicks
NOVEMBER 6, 2008 • THE ARGOSY • OPINIONS • PAGE 7
O
Live in Concert
Brunton
Auditorium
@ Mount A
November 8
$18.00
tax & service charges
included
Get your
tickets at
Tidewater Books
Live Bait Theatre
or
www.ticketpro.ca
Stephen Middleton
As one of the “environmentalists
at EcoAction,” it was with great
satisfaction that I read last week’s
editorial on the absurdity of the Campus
Climate Challenge (C3) here at Mt. A.
In his scathing article, Darren Mercer
decried the flaws and shortcomings of
C3 and likened it to bulimia; a “crash
diet” solution to a problem entrenched
in our collective nutriment. And
certainly climate change is a problem
entrenched; no other issue is likely to so
profoundly test the limits of humanity’s
ability to adapt and coexist. As Gwynne
Dyer said in his address to Mount
Allison last year, “Living in harmony
with nature will require cooperation on
a scale unprecedented; if we fail in this
test we will have lost a world we will no
longer deserve.”
So why my satisfaction at an article
critiquing C3? Because like Darren
Mercer, I see little hope in C3 making
any sizable or meaningful impact on
global climate change. Don’t get me
wrong, I think that turning down the
thermostat, having shorter showers,
and wearing those jeans past what
can reasonably be considered clean,
are all fantastic ways to take personal
responsibility for climate change. But
doing these things for only a month
isn’t going to make one jot of difference
in the grand scheme of things. Which
is why EcoAction is hosting C3 twice,
once in November and again in second
semester, as we have done for the past
two years. e idea behind having an
earlier C3 this year is not specifically to
C3 can work!
reduce the amount of waste that each
residence is emitting – though that’s
certainly a wonderful perk – but rather
to build the habits early on and cultivate
a sustainable worldview. What’s
more, the competitive nature that
Mercer laments as having “perverted
this goal… into a curious oddity” is
precisely the source of the innovation
and inspiration necessary to challenge
our unsustainable status quo.
Case in point,despite my self-ascribed
label of “environmentalist,” I have
never actually given laundry reduction
enough thought as to actually consider
doing it somewhere else in order to
reduce the waste bill for my house.
Granted that simply expropriating
this waste to some other building is
not a useful solution, it’s not exactly
a worse solution either. e point is
that people are thinking about it and if
people continue to think about it, as the
fierce competition of C3 is apparently
encouraging, they will continue to
arrive at other, equally innovative and
ultimately environmentally useful
solutions, like using drying racks,
washing jeans less frequently, and using
cold water over hot. And conveniently
enough, the washing machines in
the Student Centre are in fact more
environmentally efficient than the ones
in Edwards Residence. e Student
Centre washing machines are high-
efficiency, front-loading, EnergyStar
compliant models with far less energy
use than the older models found in
most residences. So kudos to whomever
thought of reducing residence waste
by doing your laundry in the Student
Centre. Keep up the good work!
My point in all of this is simply thus,
the Campus Climate Challenge is not
perfect. e competitive element of this
event will certainly inspire tactics that do
little to nothing to help the environment.
However, what is undeniable is that if
people are coming up with unorthodox
solutions it’s because they’re thinking in
unorthodox ways about their waste and
environmental impact. Try as I might,
I cannot find anything wrong with
that. Coupled with what Mercer so
disparagingly referred to as a “various
assortment” of motivated residence
executives, Eco-reps, and ambitious
housemates, the collective potential for
innovation and community action is
palpable.
e vast majority of us know that the
science behind climate change is strong
and worthy of our dire concern. And
though we may not all agree on the
form it should take, the vast majority
of us also know that action on climate
change is desperately necessary and long
overdue. So I close with a call to action;
pessimistic musing on the initiatives
of others is easy, the challenge lies in
taking action and providing leadership.
Environmentalism has more than
enough naysayers in consumerism,
big oil, and the collective inertia of
humanity’s unwillingness to change.
What we need now are leaders and
people ready to take action; spouting
off criticism and offering nothing more,
only adds more hot air to an already
overheated planet.
EcoAction meets every Tuesday at
6:00pm in the Cuthbertson Sustainable
Residence. All are welcome!
Katherine Boyle - B.O.D.I.E.S.
Your body...
...will do whatever you want it to with
a bit of work; if you want to run a
marathon, your body will do it.
...is beautiful, an haute couture
creation; entirely unique, one of a kind,
and exquisitely made.
...can do really fun things: run, dance,
laze, stretch, relax, breath, enjoy.
...can be decorated, draped, colored, and
adorned it to reflect your personality.
...is perfectly designed; a fully
functional, high luxury, high achieving
piece of art. Eat your heart out
German engineering!
...tells a story: all the scars, tan lines,
freckles, birth marks, and everything
else tells a story that is uniquely you.
...will express your emotions when you
are tired of talking.
...is amazing: think about how much
skin you had as a baby; think about
how much skin you have now; that’s
mind blowing.
...is something to be proud of.
...is all yours!!
... and you don’t have to share…unless
you want to :)
Your Body
Jessoca Emin
Coffee House / Open Mic
u Nov 6, 8–10 p.m. at the Bridge St. Café
B.O.D.I.E.S. is hosting a coffee house as part of our Violence Awareness campaign.
Have a performance you’d like to present for a supportive audience? is is a
great opportunity to share!
All acts are welcome! To find out more about participating please email
malefurgey@mta.ca or mwpark@mta.ca.
ENTERTAINMENT
By the time you read this, the
presidential election has come and
gone. You’ve known the president-
elect for the past, oh, 36 hours, and
you’re probably wondering what to
do now. e good news: whether
you’re looking to celebrate, or just
pick yourself up after your candidate’s
defeat, e Bicycles have got a record
for you.
Oh No, It’s Love retains the
irrepressible, fizzy energy of the
Bicycles’ debut, e Good, e Bad and
the Cuddly, but it’s hardly a rehash. I
had a chance to speak with Bicycles
multi-instrumentalist and vocalist
Matt Beckett between a trip to the
rollercoaster at Crystal Palace and
their show at the Pub. As he tells
me, the departure of bassist Randy
Lee resulted in a few changes to the
dynamics of the band.
“We all had to learn how to play
bass, that was kinda the main thing,”he
recalls, adding “we turned from a five
piece to a four piece...I think with a lot
of bands, you toughen up in a lot of
ways, you kind of get louder, and that’s
what happened with us.” at’s not to
say that the Bicycles have gone and
made a Napalm Death record. Oh No,
It’s Love is an aural pixie stick, a sugary,
pastel-colored blend of the best bits of
50s and 60s pop – harmonies, jangly
guitar, handclaps – but now the drums
have more kick, the guitars have more
edge, and the band hurtles through
two minute pop ditties leaving sticky
hooks and uncontrollable giddiness
in its wake. Beckett cites “the bands
with different singers,” including e
Beatles, Sloan, and especially e
Kinks, as major inspirations for the
band.
Of course, the Bicycles weren’t alone
on this record: a series of “ringers”
from all corners of the Canadian
music scene stepped in to help out.
“We had our good friend Dan Werb
from Woodhands, he played synths.
Laura Barrett played kalimba. Basia
Bulat sang,” Matt recounts, “and Bob
Egan, the pedal steel player from Blue
Rodeo, played on it too,” although the
band has yet to meet him.
Even though the Bicycles were
only four days into a cross-Canada
tour when they stopped in Sackville,
they’re already planning ahead. “We
liked the idea of doing an album
and then something weird,” Beckett
says, referring to the Bicycles unique
interactive DVD board game, released
in summer 2007. “We’ve been talking
about just doing an EP, which I guess
isn’t that weird, but we’ll make it
different somehow.”
Until then, Oh No, It’s Love should
be more than enough for discerning
bubblegum pop fans everywhere.
Although it’s a record that will appeal
to almost anyone, it will have a special
resonance with Sackville residents.
“We were on tour and [drummer Dana
Snell’s] boyfriend, Andy, was in another
band who was coming on tour and we
were meeting up to tour together in
Sackville. She had been away from him
for like a week,” Beckett laughs, “and it
was killing her.” So Snell penned the
track “I’ll Wait for You,” while wasting
time in Bagtown. Better yet, the tune
inadvertently immortalizes a beloved
Sackville landmark. “Behind Paddy
O’s,” Beckett reminisces, “that was
where they had their reunion.”
Pedal to the metal
An interview with the Bicycles
“Losing my Edge”
LCD Soundsystem
“I hear you are
buying a synthesizer
and an arpeggiator
and throwing your
computer out the
window.
You wanna make
something real.
You wanna make a
Yaz record.”
Entertaining quote of the week
http://images.google.com
Honestly, I’m not sure what scared me
more, the fact that two people were
attacked in their home by three people
in freaky masks or the lack of mood
music throughout the entire film.
In many horror flicks, the music is
one of the most important parts of
the movie - it lets the audience know
they’re supposed to be scared and
then it delivers, Jaws being a classic
example. In e Strangers (releasing on
DVD and BluRay on Tuesday Oct. 21)
the only music comes from a record
player which belts out a nice soothing
aria at the beginning, switching to a
bluegrassy country record when the
killers invade. I found this added to the
feel of the movie and the idea that no
one ever thinks that this will happen to
them. ere was no ominous music in
the background warning the audience
that the killer was there, he was just
there and then the madness ensued.
e masks...wow. e leader (or
so he seemed) of the murderers was
wearing a mask that looked almost
identical to Scarecrow’s mask in
Batman Begins (less the maggots). e
Home invaders!
e Strangers scares with villains’ masks
two women who participated were
wearing porcelain masks with doll-
like features, big eyes, and painted red
lips and cheeks. e presence of the
masks leads you to believe that these
people planned their attack on the
two lovers and had every intention
of getting away scot-free, that is until
they take off their masks at the end of
the movie.
ere were three instances
throughout the entire movie that scared
the life out of me (aside from the rest
of the movie which added just a slight
sense of terror and dread). On the
trailers for the movie we see Liv Tyler’s
character (Kristen MacKay) who has
been a little spooked by people banging
on the door and windows going to get
a glass of water all the while the killer
is standing within her line of sight
watching her walk around and do little
random things. e most excruciating
part of this scene is that the camera
keeps him in frame for the whole time
and there is no music. e viewer has
no idea if he is about to make his move,
or wait for a more opportune moment.
is one’s is definitely not a movie to
watch alone in your house with any of
the lights off – as one critic says, it will
make you afraid to go home.
Neil Bonner
Argosy Staff
Alexandra Theroux
Argosy Correspondent
B.O.D.I.E.S. Coffee House
November 6, 8:00-10:00 pm
Whether you sing, dance, act,
play music, read poetry, perform
spoken word or performance art,
you’re invited to join us. All acts
are welcome, and those themed
around violence awareness are
especially encouraged.
For more information email:
malefurgey@mta.ca or
mwpark@mta.ca
Tom Fun Orchestra
November 7, 10:00 pm
George’s Roadhouse
Damhnait Doyle
November 8, 7:30 pm
Brunton Auditorium
Far Top: Toronto’s The Bicycles perform in the Pub on their way across Canada in support of
the impending realease of Oh No, It’s Love. Close Top: The New Royalty perform in mid 19th
century costume at the Fine Arts Halloween Party.
Jess Emin
Jess Emin
Hip Hop Happenings
E
NOVEMBER 6, 2008 • ENTERTAINMENT • THE ARGOSY• PAGE 9
Paranoid Park (2007, France/USA,
starring Gabe Nevins, Taylor Momsen,
Scott Patrick Green; Directed by Gus
Van Sant)
Dream-like and disorienting,
Paranoid Park is a peek into the life
and mind of Alex (Gabe Nevins), a
sixteen year-old skateboarder who
accidentally kills a security guard one
night in a rail yard.
is highly atmospheric film, based
on a novel by Blake Nelson, plays up
the eerie tension and surreal quality of
events leading up to and following the
death of the security guard through
unsettling camera angles and stream-
of-consciousness storytelling. e
movie creates a world where the
audience is placed into Alex’s mind,
bombarded with the same confusion
and anxiety that afflicts the young
protagonist. We see everything filtered
through Alex’s eyes: everything has a
hazy, overcast glaze. Skateboarding
becomes the embodiment of elegance
while certain people in Alex’s life
become nothing but vague figures,
faces obscured in shadows.
Fading in and out of focus, Paranoid
Park slowly allows pieces of Alex’s
life to fall into place. e nonlinear
movement of time coupled with
occasionally unrealistic and disturbing
occurrences that can be attributed
to Alex’s overactive imagination is
sometimes confusing, but the film’s
disorderly fashion only adds to its
overall mood.
Music plays a large role in depicting
the disordered thoughts of the
protagonist. Shifting from one mood
to another, the music helps draw from
the audience varying feelings that
are constantly changing, reflecting
the confusion caused by Alex’s
circumstances.
Despite the unnerving effect
the film is able to achieve through
cinematography and music, it is a
shame that many of the actors are not
exactly up to par. Certain characters
lack realism due to the actor’s
inexperience and sadly this removes
the viewer from the fabricated world
of Paranoid Park long enough for the
film to lose a bit of its magic.
However, Paranoid Park is still worth
a viewing for being an intriguing film
that has the ability to transport its
viewer into the surrealistic realm of an
adolescent mind. My only suggestion
is not to expect any closure when
watching this movie. As with life,
Paranoid Park does not provide you
with a clear answer to anything.
e trouble of thought
Paranoid Park surreal look at adolescence
Elephant (2003; Starring Alex
Robinson, Eric Deulen, John Robinson.
Directed by Gus Van Sant.)
I chose to review this film this week
in order to contrast with my previous
review of ere Will be Blood. Whereas
Blood could be considered a ‘maximalist’
piece of work, Elephant takes on the
most minimalist approach possible.
is is the first work of director Gus
Van Sant that I have yet to see, so my
viewpoint will likely be very much
an outsider’s perspective. All I knew
going into it was that the friend I was
watching it with utterly hated the last
thing he had seen by this same director
(entitled Gerry), and yet wanted to see
more from him. A confusing sentiment
that I soon understood.
e film follows the lives of several
high school students shortly before, and
then during, a brutal school shooting.
Like other films in Van Sant’s ‘death
trilogy’(Gerry, Elephant and Last Days),
it is very loosely based on actual events,
in this case the infamous Columbine
massacre. ere are no punches pulled
here, just the cold, violent facts of such
a horrible situation.
What is curious about this film is
its method of story telling. ere are
no overtly dramatic scenes, there is
little to no character development, not
even very much dialogue. Honest to
goodness, at least half of this movie
consists of the students walking down
the hall of their school, occasionally
stopping to greet one another. We
sometimes see the same conversations
more than once, from a different angle.
en the shootings erupt, slowly and
methodically and before it is finished,
the movie fades out with a prolonged
shot of a cloudy sky. at is all. ere’s
nothing more. e credits roll.
is film is at once provocative and
frustrating to watch. On the one hand,
approaching the tragedy without any
extraneous detail, without any effort
to try to make it more dramatic or
significant than it already is, is a bold
move on behalf of the director. After
all, what more needs be said aside
from “this happened”? Surely we don’t
need to be told that such a thing is
terrible through the use of prolonged
monologues, closeups, and musical
cues. e problem is,why this kind of
thing happens is not considered, aside
from a few moments portraying the
shooters as being mildly picked on.
In another shot, it almost seems like
one particular girl is being friendly
towards one of the shooters - maybe a
musing on the delusional nature of the
fictional and real killers, maybe not.
e question is: what should be done
with a movie that does nothing more
than give a direct (albeit fictional)
account of what happened? Can Van
Sant get away with putting so little to
film, so to speak?
I decisively say maybe. ere is very
little to form an opinion on here, and so
I can hardly even say if I liked it or not.
I know I was never bored, though at
Elephant advances at a breakneck crawl
Gus Van Sant’s examination about high school shootings does not give any clear answers
times I was offended by the unflinching
nature of the violence in such a delicate
situation. Not that I propose toning it
down for the purposes of the film, that
would simply take away from what
little is already there. Upon the closing
of this film, my friend and I broke into
all kinds of further discussion about its
subject matter - probably the highest
praise for this film I can give. With
its minimal content, it might not be a
conversation topic in itself, but it made
a great conversation starter.
My dilemma is now the rating. is
is a review, after all. Maybe given a few
months I will be able to say whether I
liked it or not, but for now I’m going
to cheat. In order to hit that median I
designed my rating system to prevent,
I award this one a prestigious “avoid-
point-five”, or 2.5 out of 4 if you prefer.
Worth seeing if you’re curious, and
well avoided if you’re not.
Director Gus Van Sant is the man behind reviewed films Elephant (2003) and Paranoid Park (2007) as well
as other hits like Good Will Hunting, Finding Forrestor and Last Days. Elephant is part of his ‘death trilogy’
which also includes Gerry and Last Days.
http://vicariousmusic.com
With its generic sound, and largely
uninspired lyrics, Death EP, the first
from British post-punk indie band
White Lies, should have just stayed six
feet under.
Born out of the death - that’s how
you make a pun, kids - of garage band
Fear of Flying, West London based
White Lies released their first EP,
Death, in the United Kingdom last
month. Seemingly on the pathway to
success, the band has already signed
with an imprint of major record label
Universal Music, Fiction Records,
home of Snow Patrol, Kate Nash, and
the Yeah Yeah Yeahs.
With their first full length album, To
Lose My Life or Lose My Love, due out in
2009, the Death EP contains two songs
that can expect to be included on this
release; the title track, “Death”, as well
as “Black Song”. Other reviewers have
previously compared their style to the
Arcade Fire, Joy Division, e Killers,
and Interpol, and upon listening to
the album, the influence of this bands
become quite obvious.
e title track opens with a beat
hugely reminiscent of (the fantastic)
Death is no Funeral
“Rebellion (Lies)” by the (much
superior) Arcade Fire. e remainder
of the song carries a sound with
little originality, largely resembling a
conglomeration of a number of other
tracks from the Arcade Fire’s Funeral,
simply with fewer instruments, and a
less complex and engaging sound. In
contrast with the Arcade Fire’s ten
current members, White Lies is a
three-piece band. Perhaps the band
simply needed to add a Hurdy Gurdy
to create a more complex sound.
Despite a sound which leaves the
listener with a case of vague deja
vu, the lyrics are largely smart and
effective. Superficially appearing to be
a song about a fear of death, “Death”
addresses the insecurities we feel in
trying to protect the relationships
we maintain with those we love, and
our fears of losing these people. e
songwriter appears paralyzed by this,
as seen in the catchy repeated line “this
fear’s got a hold on me.”
e main vocalist is able to
overcome his limited pitch by instead
crafting a sound which is earthy and
atmospheric, expansive but tentative
and intimate. Like the other elements
of the song, this isn’t groundbreaking,
but it just seems to work to make the
track an overall, enjoyable experience.
e second track, “Black Song”,
suffers from many of the flaws
of its predecessor. As I played
the song repeatedly in my room,
this past weekend, I had multiple
people comment on its similarity to
“Somebody Told Me” by e Killers.
While the song has less of an electronic
influence, it largely borrows from this
American band’s beat and vocal style.
White Lies are a band which
features music that is safe and
uninspired. While this band will never
be seen as the latest, cutting edge,
Indie obsession, this is not necessarily
worrying in today’s music industry.
With radio friendly beats, and
catchy lyrics, they are well on a path
to mainstream success. Indeed, having
already gained praise from UK press,
such as the Guardian and NME, with
a major-label contract already signed,
and an full length album recently
completed, it could be argued that they
have already “made it” in the business.
So start listening to them now, I
can only predict that, within months,
they’ll be the next big thing. In the
meantime, however, I give them a
mediocre three out of six feet under.
White Lies’ Death EP should have remained buried
Betty Liang
Argosy Correspondent
Darren Mercer
Argosy Staff
Dylan Cunningham
Argosy Correspondent
E
PAGE 10 • THE ARGOSY • ENTERTAINMENT• NOVEMBER 6, 2008
Lately it seems that more and more
movies coming out of Hollywood
have been based on some form of
literature (novels, plays, stories, etc.).
I don’t know if this signifies the lack
of imagination which seems to be
plaguing Hollywood screenwriters of
late or if it’s the producers’ fault for
betting on a “sure thing” rather than
a good story – because, let’s face it,
if you read and liked the book you’re
probably going to take a chance on the
movie even if it looks terrible.
e problem this presents to any die-
hard fiction lovers and/or movie buffs
is whether or not the screenwriter has
honoured all those things which make
the book worth reading - in most cases
they don’t. For whatever reason the
movie adaptation misses the big points
(like character names, plot twists,
endings ... need I say more?) and the
film ends up being based on the book
in name only.
I’m not normally a “movie talker” but
there are two situations in which I
can’t shut up even if I want to: horror
From the bookshelf to the big screen
Five easy ways to enjoy a movie based on a book
movies (they’re too scary if I don’t talk)
and bad movies that are based on good
books. On a personal note, if there had
been more people in the theatre during
e Golden Compass I would have
been thrown out. In order to avoid
embarrassing moments such as this,
I try to follow five simple tips when
watching movies based on books.
Tip Number One: Remember, it’s
only “Based on” the book it is not the
book.
Tip Number Two: ey have to cut
some of it, the book is probably five
hundred pages longer than the script
and if it were any longer the movie
would take a day to watch.
Tip Number ree: Try not to read
the book before the movie (if you
already have then just grin and bear
it), it’s a lot easier to enjoy both when
you’ve seen an adaptation because the
book will still have surprises.
Tip Number Four: Watch the movie
more than once before declaring it a
piece of garbage (give yourself a month
at least in between)
Tip Number Five: Remember, it’s
not the movie’s fault it’s bad, it’s the
author’s for selling the rights to the
script.
With these helpful (hopefully) tips
in mind, here’s a list of books which
inspired movies that you should try
out. I’m not guaranteeing anything but
it doesn’t hurt to try.
Blood & Chocolate – Based on the book
of the same title by Annette Kurtis
Klause
e Golden Compass – Based on the
first in Phillip Pullman’s His Dark
Materials trilogy
Harry Potter – If you haven’t read these
ones, READ THEM!!!!
e Princess Bride – Yes, it was a book
by William Goldman
e Chronicles of Narnia – e first
movie is NOT based on the first book
of the series by C.S. Lewis, but it’s still
good
Memoirs of Geisha – Awesome book by
Arthur Golden
Pride and Prejudice – Both adaptations
were great
P.S. I Love You – Cecilia Ahern’s
novel will make you bawl and laugh
alternately for days
Along Came A Spider – James Patterson
is terrifying and Morgan Freeman did
a great job of bringing it to life
On October 7, hardcore punk band
Rise Against released their fifth studio
album, Appeal to Reason, which started
at #3 on the Billboard 200 chart. e
first week saw approximately 65,000
copies sold.
On Appeal to Reason, Rise Against
deliver an uncluttered sound, with
clean, solid guitar riffs and strong
vocals. e focus of the powerful lyrics,
written by lead singer Tim McIlrath,
is the current sad state of the world.
is critique is especially strong in
“Re-Education (rough Labor)”,
the album’s first single, which was
reportedly written about human-rights
violations in China. Other notable
tracks include “Long-Forgotten Sons”
and “Hero of War”. e latter is a slow
song about the hypocrisy of war. While
Rise Against
Appeal to Reason
DCG/Interscope
certain tracks stand out, the band’s
sound is well-defined, and too often
the songs blend into one another. Still,
it remains that the album showcases
quality musicianship and thought-
provoking lyrics.
Not only is it worth purchasing the
album for the music, but also for the
presentation. With the decline of the
compact disk and of liner notes, few
albums nowadays are so elaborately
packaged. e CD itself features an
aesthetically pleasing design, and the
cardboard case includes a booklet with
the words to the songs. e inside cover
also includes a quote about being an
artist from Pablo Picasso, as well as a list
of books and thought-provoking films
the band recommends. e booklet
was printed on partially recycled paper,
using biodegradable vegetable inks. A
lot of care was obviously put into the
conception of the packaging.
Where self-starters start.
The Dalhousie Corporate Residency MBA gets you what you want, faster.
Our unique model is a practical, relevant and hands-on learning experience
designed for the real world right now. s It integrates classroom learning with an
ei ght-month paid corporate residency with one of North America’s leading
employers. So you’re earning your MBA while you’re earning your pl ace i n the
corporate worl d. No wai ti ng. s As the onl y Corporate Resi dency MBA i n
Canada, we worked with more than 30 top employers to design the program.
You’ll get what you want because you’ll have what employers want.
dalmba.ca
Corporate Residency
If I were to judge this album by the
cover art, I would be sorely mistaken,
yet absolutely dead-on. If I focused
on the black, shadowy images and the
desperate depiction of Chad Michael
Stewart on the front cover, I would
only be picking up on the darkness
of the album. If I simply looked at
the titles of the songs, I might expect
something very philosophical and
spiritual.
Fortunately though, this Canadian
artist has brought together both
qualities in fascinating poetic
authorship and dedicated performing
talent to this emotional debut album.
e anger I originally saw in the
cover art is actually developed as
more of a personal struggle from
which Stewart desperately seeks to
be released. He doesn’t pretend to
know everything: the lyrics are human
questions, representative of a search
for answers.
Stewart has a gravelly voice that
sings of confession and redemption.
e whole album could be summed
up by the question on the back cover:
“do you remember when a song could
change your world?” I understand
how Stewart wants to communicate
the power music can have on an
individual’s broken world; I agree that
a well-arranged combination of lyrics
and melody can have healing powers.
I enjoyed exploring Stewart’s
interpretation of the world. I respect
his efforts and intentions for his music
and I find the poetry beautiful and
carefully constructed.
Yet these songs don’t do it for me.
Instead of seeing hope in his lyrics,
sufficient for swimming to the surface
and rising above anguish, I feel as
though I am pulled into the suffocating
complexity of Stewart’s world. I
suppose I may not be able to fully
appreciate the depth of his troubles,
though, having had a relatively cheerful
upbringing.
Pushing aside all emotions elicited
from this album, it would be objectively
categorized within the alternative/
punk-rock genre. However there is not
much to distinguish this record from
the other emotionally-composed,
introspectively-penned punk albums
out there.
What’s striking about Stewart is
that he is honest, independent, and an
emerging Canadian artist. Coming to
this album with a different mindset
may produce a very different emotional
response; however I have a great deal
of respect for the passion and validity
that Stewart has. is album deserves
three stars out of four.
Chad Michael Stewart
Machete Avenue
Underground Operations
Jess Emin
The Horrors
of not writing
Entertainment
are
unspeakable...
Do yourself
a favour
and WRITE
ENTERTAINMENT
Judi Keefe
Argosy Correspondent
Anastasia Llewellyn
Argosy Correspondent
Alexandra Theroux
Argosy Correspondent
CHMA 106.9 CAMPUS & COMMUNITY RADIO BULLETIN
B R O U G H T T O Y O U B Y T H E F I N E F O L K S A T A T T I C B R O A D C A S T I N G
WE CAN BUILD IN PIECES
NOVEMBER 6, 2008.
ORIENTATION SESSION TO BE HELD EVERY TUESDAY AT 4:00 PM IN THE CHMA OFFICE LOCATED ON THE 3RD FLOOR OF
THE WALLACE MCCAIN STUDENT CENTRE
For more info contact the Program Director @ 364-2221 or chma_pro@mta.ca - www.mta.ca/chma

CHMA CHARTS
COUNTDOWN TO
STEREOPHONIC:
72 DAYS
* indicates Canadian artist. Chart ranking reflects airplay during the week
ending 28-Oct-2008.
Top 30
21-Oct-2008
RANK ARTIST TITLE (LABEL)
01 THE D'URBERVILLES* We Are The Hunters (Out Of This Spark)
02 HOT TODDY* Trio (Independent)
03 THE RURAL ALBERTA ADVANTAGE* Hometowns (Independent)
04 HILOTRONS* Happymatic (Kelp)
05 HOSSAM RAMZY Sabla Tolo III (ARC)
06 THE SOIREE* Minor Details (Independent)
07 CHIWONISO Rebel Woman (Cumbancha)
08 HEY ROSETTA!* Into Your Lungs (Sonic)
09 RUBY COAST* Ruby Coast (Independent)
10 FLEET FOXES Fleet Foxes (Sub Pop)
11 OKKERVIL RIVER The Stand Ins (Jagjaguwar)
12 GIANNA LAUREN* Fist In A Heart (Independent)
13 STEVE DAWSON* Telescope (Black Hen)
14 THE HOLD STEADY Stay Positive (Vagrant)
15 TILLY AND THE WALL O (Team Love)
16 B.A. JOHNSTON* Stairway To Hamilton (Just Friends)
17 TWO HOURS TRAFFIC* Little Jabs (Bumstead)
18 MOTHER MOTHER* O My Heart (Last Gang)
19 JENN GRANT* Orchestra For The Moon (Paris 1919)
20 JILL BARBER* Chances (Outside)
21 CHAD VANGAALEN* Soft Airplane (Flemish Eye/Sub Pop)
22 MATT MAYS AND EL TORPEDO* Terminal Romance (Sonic)
23 TOKYO POLICE CLUB* Elephant Shell (Saddle Creek)
24 CLINTON ST. JOHN* Black Forest Levitation (Independent)
25 RON SEXSMITH* Exit Strategy Of The Soul (Ronboy)
26 ANDRE CHARLES THERIAULT S/T (Independent)
27 THE STREETS Everything Is Borrowed (Pure Groove)
28 BLITZEN TRAPPER Furr (Sub Pop)
29 GRAND THEFT BUS* Made Upwards (Forward Music Group)
30 SNAILHOUSE* Lies On The Prize (Unfamiliar)
-charts compiled by James Goddard, Music Director CHMA 106.9FM
ALBUM REVIEWS
Fucked Up - “Chemistry of Common People”
Gang violence and ballet. Is awesome.
Fucked Up’s new record is really good. If you can get past the blatancy of the
name and forgive your preconceptions about a lead singer named “Pink Eyes”
who routinely cuts his forehead open on stage.
“Chemistry of the Common People” is the result of a big year for this Toronto
hardcore outfit. It seems like every two months or so this band releases a DVD,
or performs an illegal, after-hours concert on a bridge in Austin, Texas, or is
staging a 12hour music marathon to release an album (featuring Moby and Jay
Mascis). Why would a band put themselves through such an exhausting concert
schedule? Here’s the thing: Fucked Up likes it.
Fucked Up enjoyed making this record and now they are enjoying playing it live.
Someone gave them a lot of money, then allowed them to record whatever they
wanted, and it has turned out one of the best fall releases yet. Not as hard as
their previous album, Fucked Up interlays serene harmonies with the discordant
wanderings of a more dignified, and violent, BA Johnson look-alike. What you
get is a record that reviewers can’t place. On music site across the internet,
Fucked Up is getting rave reviews for “Chemistry of Common Life”, but no one
can really tell me why. There is so much of everything here.
I can feel elements of techno, metal, punk, ….Dylan. People have called it
“genre-defining”, but that doesn’t really seem right to me. It spans musical
tastes and conventions, but never really settles on what it wants to be.
If “Chemistry of Common Life” was a person, it would be the guy who everyone
loves and thinks they are best friends with
They have single handedly elevated what it means to be a punk band in music.
It is no longer acceptable to spike your hair, wear leather and spit in each others
mouths. A punk band now has to open their record with a minute long flute solo,
lace songs that Deep Purple wish they wrote with an African drum section and do
it all with a name that excludes them from ever selling an album in a mall.
Shit man, this record has everything. This band has the potential, not only to
convince a crowd of indie hipsters to remember why they liked Metallica so much
in grade nine, but also to infect a different breed of fan. People who have Kurt
Cobain posters and Che hats in their dorm room will start listening to Fucked Up
because some friend saw Death From above 1979 on their iPod and thought they
might like it. My Dad likes Fucked Up. And that’s Fucked Up.
This album has the potential to subvert the systems in place by making pure
music that everyone can enjoy, regardless of social structure. It’s fun. It’s like
MoTown. Nobody hates MoTown. And if you do, you better fake it and sing
along.
Which brings me back to gang violence and ballet.
Westside Story needs a new soundtrack.
Maybe it’s Fucked Up.
Now spinning on CHMA 106.9FM. Bring da ruckus.
Highlight tracks: 1,3,7,8
http://www.matadorrecords.com/fucked_up/
Sandy Mackay
FUCKED UP
THE D’URBERVILLES
CHMA PRESENTS LIVE MUSIC:
The Tom Fun Orchestra
Carmen Townsend
Olenka & The Autumn Lovers
George's Fabulous Roadhouse.
10:00pm
Sackville favourites The Tom Fun Orchestra will be bringing their
salt-stained sound to George's this Friday. Their songs are pulled
kicking and screaming from the mines, bars, woods and water of
their native Cape Breton. They sound like a ragtime band of labour-
ers interpreting the work of Kanye West, just the music we need for
these dark times. Get ready to cry, get ready to dance.
Tagging along for the ride are Carmen Townsend and Olenka & The
Autumn Lovers. Carmen hailing from Cape Breton as well will melt
your face and your heart with her rock'n'soul ballads. The Autumn
Lovers are bringing their Eastern European tinged full band folk all
the way from the west coast for all to hear.
Come shake a leg before end of semester stress gets you down.
ARTS & LITERATURE
Rule 34 of the internet: if it exists,
there is porn of it.
is is a given for anyone who
knows the ins and outs of the internet
and has stumbled across images better
left unseen. Pornography involving
anything and everything can be found
on the wonderful World Wide Web
– from foot fetish sites to your run
of the mill BDSM pictures to highly
erotic images of leafy greens. However,
for all you closet zoophiles reading
this, it may come as a pleasant surprise
to know you can find something that
will tickle your fancy not just on some
sketchy forum, but on the walls of a
prestigious art gallery.
During the International Fair of
Contemporary Art (FIAC) which ran
October 23-26 at the Grand Palais
in Paris, Ukrainian performance and
visual artist Oleg Kulik presented
a body of work containing 30
photographs depicting the artist
simulating sex with animals in various
poses. ese photographs were
promptly removed by plain-clothes
officers after the expressed concern
of the images’ pornographic nature by
customs officials.
e removal of Kulik’s photographs
shocked the art community which
proceeded to protest the investigation
of Kulik’s artwork, extolling its artistic
merit. Despite their initial appeal to
zoophiles, the purpose of Kulik’s work
aims to explore and discuss the limits
of a human-animal relationship rather
than to promote zoophilia by arousing
all those bawdy gallery-goers who
would certainly be the target audience
for such imagery.
is is not the first time that artwork
has been removed from galleries for
its sexual content. In fact, it is all too
common.
Artwork by the likes of Gustav Klimt
and Hans Bellmer were considered
highly controversial at the time of
their conception and, in part, still are.
e open display of sexuality in both
Klimt and Bellmer’s work made the
general public uncomfortable, viewing
their art as amoral and pornographic.
Nevertheless, such work is no longer
considered pornographic today
despite the obvious thralls of pleasure
displayed on the faces of Judith and
Danaë, and the sexual desire dripping
from the fleshy bodies of Bellmer’s
numerous Poupées.
So what is the difference between
Kulik, Klimt and Bellmer? Do they
not all produce bodies of work that is
overtly sexual in one way or another?
Is it merely the depiction of zoophilia
that sets off the alarm bells? Or is it
the medium in which the artwork is
created – photographs being too close
to reality?
Of course, when you get to the
root of the problem, the real question
becomes: What constitutes as
pornography? And alternately, what
constitutes as art?
With art’s vague and ever-evolving
definition (usually to the extent of “the
use of skill and creativity to arrange an
object of aesthetic value” with some
other add-ons), the latter question
may elude humanity for generations
to come before a conclusion, if any, is
made. However, the former has a more
agreed upon answer.
According to the Merriam-
Webster Dictionary, pornography is
“the depiction of erotic behavior (as
in pictures or writing) intended to
cause sexual excitement”. is is not a
definition fans of Kulik’s work would
use to describe it, and after reading up
on Kulik’s oeuvre, it becomes evident
that Kulik’s interests lie in human-
animal interactions rather than the
sexual relations between the two.
Although sex happens to be involved
in these human-animal relations, the
message behind the art focuses more
on questioning the viewer’s perspective
of our connection to animals, not
trying to show the world how erotic
man-on-animal can be.
Should it happen that some gallery-
goer becomes aroused while perusing
the so-called pornographic and pro-
zoophilia photographs, it proves only
that the viewer may want to stay away
from petting zoos in the future. is
does not prove that Kulik’s work is
intentionally pornographic.
It would be wrong to call a movie
pornographic due to possible arousal
from watching one sex scene, ignoring
the movie’s theme and the fashion
in which it was crafted. Likewise,
it would be demeaning to declare
artwork pornographic without taking
in consideration the context of the
piece.
ere are many instances in art
history where pornographic elements
are present, but the pieces are considered
art and not pornography for its social
and historical context. Such examples
include Greek vase paintings, Roman
paintings found in Pompeii and
Japanese woodblock prints. In some
cases, the images were integrated into
religious and cultural practices, but
even if they were intended to sexually
excite and sexually excite alone, they
have become historically significant
in our understanding of bygone eras
and the evolution of art to the modern
day.
e nature of Kulik’s art was not
the only concern of the police. Parisian
officials were also concerned about
Kulik’s photographs being accessible
to the younger crowd. However, this
problem is easily remedied in a way
that does not require removing any
artwork from gallery walls. rough a
bit of common sense and a few signs
for adults which express the caution
needed in viewing the photographs’
content, there is no need to vilify
a man’s art simply to protect a few
innocent minds.
It is a bit strange, however, for the
authorities to feel the urge to keep
Kulik’s photographs hidden away while
children can still be easily exposed
to the above mentioned Greek vase
paintings and the like. I have never seen
(and hopefully will never see) neon
signs saying, “WARNING: VASE
PAINTINGS MAY CONTAIN
OBJECTIONAL MATERIAL”.
If officials are going to remove
Kulik’s photographs, they might as well
dismantle whole displays in museums
around the world – you know, just to
be fair.
Art as porn? Or porn as art?
Where is the line between art and pornography?
Betty Liang
Argosy Correspondent
Oleg Kulik’s photography was
considered pornographic and
obscene by Paris officials.
Hans Bellmer is well-known for his nude doll-like figures. Some have
called them “childishly grotesque”.
Gustav Klimt’s “Judith mit dem
Haupt Holofernes (zerstört)”.
Just what is a “snippet?”
Google and publishing associations settle over online copyrighted material
Vivi Reich
Is Google, the most popular, trusted,
and widely used search engine in the
world, merely just a group of pirates?
e Authors Guild is saying yes,
as Google has made it possible for
anyone to download millions of out-
of-print but copyrighted books with
their Print Library Project. In 2005,
the Authors Guild filed a class action
lawsuit against the search engine,
alleging that Google was “engaging in
massive copyright infringement.”
If an internet user searches “Google
Print Library Project” (on what else?
Google – or any other search engine,
for that matter), they find a website
explaining the aims of the Google
Book Search, which is still just a beta
(in other words, a program or service
that is still in the testing stages). is
website explains that the aim of the
Library Project is to “make it easier
for people to find relevant books
– specifically, books they wouldn’t find
any other way such as those that are
out of print – while carefully respecting
authors’ and publishers’ copyrights.” It
also goes on to say that it hopes to
work with “several major libraries” to
create an online card catalogue of sorts,
which would display “information
about the book, and in many cases,
a few snippets – a few sentences to
display the search term in context.”
is sounds pretty harmless. But
the Authors Guild thought differently
three years ago when they filed the
initial lawsuit, as did Association of
American Publishers, which sued
Google in 2006, claiming that Google
was engaging in willful copyright
infringement in order to “further its
own commercial purposes.” is was
in response to Google’s Book Search,
which the Library Print Project is a
part of. With the Book Search, a user
can find almost any book in existence,
with lengthy examples of the content
– with only a few pages removed here
and there, slightly interrupting the
flow of the text. As this battle between
the two associations and Google
simmered, Google was again accused
of illegally making tens of thousands of
pirated videos available to the general
public with the website YouTube,
which Google bought in 2006 for 1.76
billion USD.
Now, three years after the initial
lawsuit filed by the Authors Guild,
Google and the publishing industry are
finally cooling the debate and coming
to an agreement. e current Library
Print Project website is undoubtedly
now written as a result of this
settlement to reflect the reconciliation
that has been made. Librarians and
the public will be able to track down
millions of out-of-print books in
library indexes – but will not be able to
download or view their full content. In
other words, it will be merely a search
engine. At the same time, Google and
the book business will be able to make
easier access to books that will be sold
for hard-earned cash online (with a
credit card, for example). Google will
contribute $125 million USD towards
the nonprofit Book Rights Registry
that will store copyright information
and organize online payments. In
addition, Google will pay millions
of dollars for the already scanned
and copyrighted books. Paul N.
Courant, a librarian for the University
of Michigan, claims “is is an
extraordinary accomplishment...It will
now be possible, even easy, for anyone
to access these great collections from
anywhere in the United States.”
Google will continue to scan books
that are out of copyright, and with its
Book Search, will continue to display
what it considers just “snippets” of
copyrighted books. Another source
argues, however, that this settlement
“is a big win for publishers and authors,
who will now get a bigger share of
revenue when folks come across their
copyrighted works. Google wins
because it gets to display more of the
books’ contents. Institutions such as
libraries will have to pay a subscription
to allow patrons to view the contents
of Book Search on special terminals.”
Clearly, this is a complicated and
controversial issue that may only be
temporarily resolved with one mere
settlement between three parties with
their own special interests.
Argosy Staff
With the Google Library Print Project, rare and out of print books will
be easier to find at libraries and instituions across the United States.
twozoos.com
artknowledgenews.com
online source
moleiro.com
A
NOVEMBER 6, 2008 • ARTS & LITERATURE • THE ARGOSY • PAGE 19
&
L
If cross-dressing, sexuality, and
Victorian colonial Africa are among
your interests, and you managed to
make it to Cloud Nine last week, then
you probably went away satisfied.
Caryl Churchill’s play, which opened
on Wednesday night at Windsor
eatre, explores the themes of gender,
sexuality, and the ways which social
pressures can shape and reshape how
individuals see themselves and others
in a unique and unusual way. Staged
in two acts, Cloud Nine is the story of a
typical Victorian family with their share
of dirty laundry. Outwardly they are
everything a Victorian family should
be: Clive (Padraigh MacDonald), the
husband, father, and man of the family,
is strong, commanding, and masculine.
His wife Betty (played in act one by
Brian Hawkes, and Lindsey Pilon in
act two) is feminine, motherly, doting
and dutiful. eir children Victoria
(represented in act one by a doll, and
played in act two by Leah Brown),
and Edward (Lindsey Pilon in act
one, and Brian Hawkes in act two) are
well behaved and fit nicely into their
assigned gender roles. e family is
living in colonial Africa and is lovingly
cared for by their faithful black servant,
Joshua (Patrick Parson).
is picturesque and idyllic family
tableau slowly degenerates over the
course of act one. e arrival of Harry
Bagley (Eric Grosvold), an adventurer-
friend of Clive’s, quickly stirs up the
issues simmering below the surface
of the family’s shiny veneer. At first
glance Harry, like Clive, is everything
a man should be: he is masculine, he is
adventurous, and he lives to serve the
Empire. But as Cloud Nine points out
again and again, appearances can be
very deceiving. As Harry’s presence,
and the presence of Mrs. Saunders, a
fiercely independent and beguilingly
sexual widow (Breanna Moore) stir
up more and more discontent, the
audience begins to see what is really at
play among the family members. e
presence of Joshua as a malevolent go-
between serves to further dissolve the
already tenuous family unity.
Windsor eatre has built up a
reputation for tackling challenging
plays, and it certainly upholds the
standard with Cloud Nine. e actors
all give solid performances, and are
believable in their gender-bending
roles. Padraigh MacDonald’s acting
is particularly notable in this show;
he demonstrates his ability to shift
seamlessly between characters, giving a
commanding performance as Clive in
act one, and then convincingly playing
a little girl in act two. Lindsey Pilon
is also impressive as Betty in act two,
empathetically portraying a repressed
woman finally coming into her own.
But Cloud Nine is not without its
flaws. e show I attended was on
opening night, and it was clear that not
all the kinks were quite worked out yet.
ere was a disappointing amount of
line-flubbing and stammering on the
part of some of the actors, which was
enough to distract fairly significantly
from the show, although they recovered
well and never lost pace. ere were
also some wardrobe issues in act one
– Brian Hawkes’ Betty lost her skirt,
although his creative recovery – using
the fallen clothing as a prop and
flapping it emphatically to punctuate
his speaking – was almost enough to
convince me at least that it was meant
to happen.
e costumes were one of the most
interesting aspects of the show. In act
one, the characters wear clothing that
covers only the fronts of their bodies.
e backs are left open. is was meant
to convey the idea of paper dolls, with
each character dutifully performing
the roles assigned to them by their
mode of dress. Although a fascinating
idea, this costuming is sometimes a bit
difficult to read – it was not until the
wardrobe was explained to me after
the show that I really understood it.
Had the backs of the costumes been
completely open, the allusion to paper
dolls might have been more obvious.
e necessity of hooks and straps used
to attach the costumes to the actors’
bodies was somewhat confusing,
visually. Although an excellent idea,
this aspect of the play suffers a bit in
its execution.
Act two of Cloud Nine takes place in
1980s London, at a time when sexual
freedom is more commonplace. For
this to make sense, the audience must
be willing to suspend their disbelief,
and accept that these are the same
characters 20 years older, but 100 years
forward chronologically. Edward
(now played by Brian Hawkes) is gay,
and works as a gardener. His sister,
Vicky (Leah Brown) has a son, and is
experimenting with bisexuality. Betty
(now Lindsey Pilon), their mother, has
decided to leave Clive and strike out
on her own as an independent woman.
Breanna Moore has a more significant
presence in act two, playing Lynn, a
lesbian mother who begins seeing Leah
Brown’s Vicky. Padraigh MacDonald
plays her daughter, Cathy.
Whereas act one took place in an
era of complete sexual repression, act
two examines what happens when the
same characters are inserted into a
climate of sexual freedom. e effects
are startling, although it is clear that
even without their assigned gender
roles, it is difficult for some of the
characters to truly express themselves.
Edward wants to be a wife, and finds
he cannot really do so as a gay man.
Lynn does not really want to be a
mother, but nor does she want to
completely abandon being a woman.
e character who experiences the
most interesting growth in act two
is Betty; she leaves her husband, gets
a job and a place of her own, and at
the end of the play, finally finds her
sexually liberated self through the joys
of masturbation. is could be crude
and humorous, and in some ways it
is. But through Pilon’s acting and
Churchill’s writing, Betty comes across
not as a horny old lady, but rather as a
woman who, after years of repression
and defining herself through others, is
finally doing something for herself.
Cloud Nine is another strong
performance from Windsor eatre.
e group’s willingness to tackle
difficult and challenging material
is commendable. Although the
performance that I saw was not as
polished as perhaps it could have been,
it is worth noting that the actors’ ability
to keep going and remain in character
despite technical problems and the
occasional unexpected slip-up is really
what keeps the show going.
Opening night brings success, slip-ups, and sexuality
A review of Windsor eatre’s production of Cloud Nine
Julie Cruikshank
Argosy Staff
The cast of Cloud Nine includes Brian Hawkes, Lindsey Pilon, Leah
Brown, Breanna Moore, Padraigh MacDonald, Eric Grosvold, and
Patrick Parson.
The play occurs in two time periods - Victorian Colonial Africa and
Londons in the 1980’s.
Live Bait
Live Bait
As a part of the Mount Allison campus,
the Owens Art Gallery shouldn’t be
hard to miss. Yet it seems that many
students here have yet to step inside
the doors, let alone wander through its
rooms to enjoy an exhibit.
Gemey Kelly, Director and Curator
of the Owens, notes that each
reception or academic talk held within
the gallery, themselves not necessarily
affiliated with art, brings new faces
with it; people who are entering the
building for the first time.
“It would be my dream to get every
Mt. A student in here at least once,”
says Kelly.
e Owens Art Gallery has a lot to
offer visitors. With a new exhibition
every four to five weeks, and often
boasting nationally and internationally
known names in the world of fine arts,
there’s always something exciting to
see.
e recent 13th Annual Symposium
of Art, a collboration with Sackville’s
Struts Gallery, offered a huge variety
of discussions, performances, artist
talks and art showings. Scarcely had
this come to a end when the annual
Open House offered visitors a behind-
the-scenes look at the Gallery’s inner
workings, including a tour of the
permanent collection vault and a glance
at the process of art restoration.
According to Kelly, one of the
gallery’s goals is to make its exhibits
accessible everyone, including students,
faculty, the citizens of Sackville and
visitors to the town. “We serve a lot
of different communities,” she says.
Dedication to this objective can be
exemplified in the gallery’s entrance
on York Street, which, before Kelly’s
arrival in 1989, was originally just a
window. Kelly noted that having only
one entrance, facing the university
campus, served to cut the gallery off
from the rest of the community.
As one of the oldest buildings on
the Mt. A campus (second only to the
President’s Cottage), the Owens has
been a part of Sackville nearly as long
as the university itself. Built in 1895,
it was the very first university gallery
in Canada, and was an important
addition for fine arts students of the
Ladies’ College.
Do you know where the Owens is?
Mount Allison’s art gallery
Juliet Manning
Argosy Staff
Aside from the building itself,
however, there’s nothing old-fashioned
about today’s Owens, which is about to
launch a new website on November 7.
Dubbed the “Digital Owens,” the new
website will feature online exhibitions
and new ways for visitors to explore the
gallery’s goings-on. is will be sure to
appeal to computer-savvy students,
who may feel uncertain about entering
the gallery itself.
e gallery has a number of
other tactics for attracting students,
including the hiring of a student intern
every year. Now in its fifteenth year of
existence, the internship provides a
liaison between the student body and
the gallery itself. e gallery also hosts
film showings, receptions and other
events within its doors, as a means of
making itself known to visitors who
might otherwise not think to stop by.
When asked how else she might
call students’ attention to the Owens,
Kelly points out that more signs might
be useful. Aside from that, she calls for
the input of the students themselves,
asking: “What can we do to make sure
every student comes into the gallery?”
Owens Art Gallery
Lucy MacDonald Lucy MacDonald
SAC
The Student Administrative Council
Vanessa Chow went home happy after winning the SAC’s “Garnet and
Gold” themed draw basket.
Academic
Enrichment
Deadline:
Friday, November
21st
Academic Enrichment
Committee is a committee
whose purpose is to
administer funds to
individual students who wish
to attend events that will be
of some academic benefit.
The Academic Enrichment
Committee does not give
money to organizations. THe
members of the Academic
Enrichment Committee
are; the chair who is Vice
President of Academic
Affairs. two S.A.C. Councillors,
two members of the Mount
Allison community, and two
students at large.
If you would like to submit
an application, pick one up
at the S.A.C. office, (in the left
wing of the first floor of the
new student center).
Academic
Enrichment?
Ryan Robski (NEW)
Mount Allison SAC
VP Academic Affairs
Justin Oake (NEW)
Mount Allison SAC
Science Senator
Mark Brister
Mount Allison SAC
VP External
Did you know that New
Brunswick students carry
the largest debt load in the
country? For once your VP
External isn’t lying! Even
analysts conservative on the
issue of student financial
aid have identified this as
a serious impediment to
accessibility and equality.
Join us and local media
concerns in a show of protest
by dressing up like a hobo
and living in our student
hobo shantytown on the
afternoon of November 13!
We will be out freezing our
asses off all afternoon in
cardboard houses, playing
broken harmonicas and
ultimately showing that
students can mobilize to
make this into an issue the
provincial government
must take into account.
Join us in a show of protest
and also a struggle to
survive the elements in this
environmentally hostile
town!
Tips on Acting the Part of a
Hobo:
Hobos wear all of their ill
fitting earth toned clothes all
the time.
Hobos are scruffy, and have
unfortunate hygienic habits.
Hobos carry all of their
meager passions in their
hobo bag at the end of their
hobo stick.
Hobos carry poorly tuned
portable instruments.
Hobos have signs on
cardboard.
Hobos have gloves with the
fingers cut out.
Hobos gamble.
Hobos are belligerent and
malcontent.

Contact VP External Mark
Brister at mcbrstr@mta.ca for
more information.
JOIN US IN PROTEST (and wear your worst)
Abigail Dawn McGillivary
Mount Allison SAC
VP Communications
Whether you voted or not
in the recently finished bi-
election, we have a new
Vice President of Academic
Affairs and a new Science
Senator. Ryan Robski, a third
year physics student is our
new student advocate for
everything academic on the
SAC. Justin Oake, a third year
biology student is our new
senator who will work under
and with Ryan on academic
affairs.
The Vice President of
Academic Affairs serves
as a help to the President
in relaying concerns and
maintaining adequate
communication between
the University Faculty and
the Union. The responsibility
of the activities of the
Student Administrative
Council and the Union as
they relate to academic
affairs lays on his shoulders.
He acts as a spokesperson
on behalf of the students
if they have concerns on
campus relating to academic
matters. The Vice President
of Academic Affairs serves
as an associate member of
the University Senate. He
is the acting representative
on the following sub-
committees of the University
Senate; Academic Matters,
and Senate Committees
of Teaching. He is also
the chair of the Academic
Enrichment Committee,
and the Academic Affairs
Committee. There are
many more minor details to
the job as well. If you are
curious about anything, or
have any concerns, you
may contact our new Vice
President of Academic
Affairs at sacacademic@
mta.ca.
What is the job of VP Academic Affairs?
SPORTS & FITNESS
Dal 2 - Mount A 0
e hosts of the 2008 AUS
Championship Tournament, Mount
Allison’s Mounties, ranked sixth, played
third ranked Dalhousie Tigers to kick
off the quarter-finals on Friday.
e first half was a strong battle
between the two teams, but it remained
a scoreless game as they entered the
second half. Dal’s Chris Haughen
scored a goal in the 66th minute, and
this set the pace for the remainder of
the play.
e Mounties were thwarted in their
attempts to score, by phenomenal saves
and a generally great game played by
second team all-star goal keeper, Ben
Ur. A second goal was scored in the
last minute of play by Paul Fraughton
to confirm the Tigers’ victory over the
hometown favourites.
Player of Game for the Tigers
was Chris Haughn, and for the
Mounties,fourth year player, Mark
Whitmee.
e Mounties finished off a great
season with three of their players
making it in the Top 15 of 2008
AUS Men’s Soccer Scoring Leaders,
including Ian Kelly, Kohei Yamashita,
and Jules Alie; Kelly was also named a
first team all-star.
In addition, the Community
Service Award was presented to
Curtis Michaelis. He has been a two-
time Academic All-Canadian, and
is involved with numerous campus
activities such as CHMA and Garnet
and Gold. Coach Barry Cooper
commented that “Curtis has an
intelligence and quality in his game
that makes him a utility player with
real pace, the additional benefit. He
is the ideal team man because he can
adapt so well to the requirements of
the side. He is intelligent on and off
the field. His approach to the game
and the quiet way he is there to help
his teammates makes him one of the
most respected members of our side.”
UPEI 3 - UdeM 0
e second game of the quarter finals
was played at 3 pm between UPEI
Panthers and Universite de Moncton
Aigles Bleus. e match opened
quickly with a goal from UPEI’s Dan
McAleer as he scored in the first two
minutes of play, but Mathieu Sonier of
U de M tied the game with a goal at the
40

minute mark to keep the Panthers
on their toes. McAleer managed to slip
in one more goal before the half ended
as he capitalized during injury time to
make it his second of the game, and
to place them once again in the lead.
e second half began with a 2-1 score
for the Panthers and they continued
to dominate the field both defensively
and offensively as Ian Postma added to
the score to make it a 3-1 game.
Player of the Game for Universite de
Moncton was number four, first team
all-star midfielder and AUS Most
Valuable Player, Olivier Babineau, as he
was a strong and constant presence on
the field. For UPEI this was awarded
to number 17, Dan McAleer who
carried the team into the semi-finals
with his outstanding performance.
UNB 1 - UPEI 0
e first semi-final match was
played between UNB Varsity Reds and
UPEI Panthers at 12 pm on Saturday.
It was a quick start by UNB, as they
controlled much of the first half, but
UPEI increased their momentum and
scoring opportunities in the remaining
ten minutes of the half. UPEI had
an excellent shot at the net at the 40
minute mark when the ball cleared
the keeper, but was saved on the goal
line by UNB defender, Rod Ramsden,
keeping the game scoreless in the first
half. e second half was a tough one
for UPEI goal keeper Rob Morrison
as he was tested often by the UNB
offense, but he remained composed
and made excellent saves throughout
the match. e game ended after 90
minutes of play without a goal by
either team, so they continued with 30
more minutes, in which UPEI stepped
up their offense, but continued to
result in a scoreless game. Penalty
shoot-out followed with the Varsity
Reds scoring on all five shots, while
the Panthers only managed four goals.
is score resulted in the advancement
of the Varsity Reds into Sunday’s final
to compete for the AUS title.
Player of the Game for UPEI
Panthers was second team all-star
midfielder, Nathan Snowie, and for
UNB Varsity Reds, Ashley Crook.
Dal 2 - SMU 0
e last semi-final game was played
at 3pm, and was a match between
Halifax rivals Dalhousie University
Tigers and Saint Mary’s University
Huskies. e match began with a tough
battle as both teams demonstrated a
clear desire to be placed in the finals
held the following day.
In the 18th minute of play, Saint
Mary’s second team all-star midfielder,
Tilman Sievrling, scored against Ur, to
place the Huskies in the lead entering
the second half. In the 67th minute
of play, the Tigers came back with a
goal by striker Paul Fraughton against
Saint Mary’s first team all-star keeper,
Matt Hogg, to tie the game.
As the minutes began to run, the
game continued scoreless and seemed
as if they would be playing in overtime,
and potentially penalty kicks like the
game played just hours before them,
but the Tiger’s AUS Rookie of the
Year, and first team all-star fullback,
Kerry Weymann, extinguished all
hope for the Huskies by scoring with
six minutes remaining in the game.
Player of the Game for the Saint
Mary’s Huskies was Jamie McGinnis,
and for Dalhousie, Weymann took the
honours.
Dal 2 - UNB 0
Dalhousie Tigers faced off against
UNB Varsity Reds for the Tournament
finals Sunday at 2pm. A high level of
intensity and a strong desire to win was
displayed by both teams as they fought
for the title of AUS Champions. e
Varsity Reds were considered the
favourites in entering the tournament,
as they were at the top of the standings,
and Dalhousie Tigers were ranked
third, but midway through the first
half, Eric Negulic scored off a free kick
putting the Tigers in the lead. During
the second half, UNB relentlessly
tested Dalhousie goal keeper, Ben Ur,
but could not score. A corner kick for
UNB in the last few minutes of play
was the remaining hope they had for
equalling the game, so they pulled their
goalie, Matthew Lally, and he became
an active offensive player. However,
they did not succeed in scoring.
Player of the Game for UNB
was first team all-star forward, Eric
Karosan, and for Dalhousie it was
second team all-star keeper, Ur. Ur
was also awarded Tournament Most
Valuable Player and received a $1000
scholarship from Alexander Keith’s
for his superb display of skill during
the weekend’s play. Dalhousie will
continue their season as they represent
the AUS at Carleton University in
Ottawa, Ontario next week for the
national title.
Mt. A hosts 2008 AUS Men’s Soccer Championships
Mounties fall to Dalhousie in quarters
Allie MacLean
Argosy Contributor
UNB midfielder Eric Karosan runs for the ball against UPEI.
The Mount A men’s rugby team poses with their Championship banner following their win over King’s College Saturday.
Cejay Riley
SMU’s Danny Bachar fights for the ball against Dal.
Sue Seaborn Sue Seaborn
S
NOVEMBER 6, 2008 • SPORTS & FITNESS • THE ARGOSY • PAGE 25
&
F
Everyone expected the 2008 AUS
Semi-Final between the St FX X-Men
and the Mount Allison Mounties to
be a close, hard-fought game. Nobody
saw this coming.
e X-Men scored 31 points
in the first half to ride to a 52-12
victory, advancing to the Loney Bowl
next weekend at Saint Mary’s. e
Mounties were unable to stop both the
pass and the run, allowing 643 yards to
the X-Men, while amassing only 267
themselves.
e first quarter saw Mounties fifth-
year all-star defensive lineman, Scott
Sheffer, go down with an ankle injury,
which seemed to take away what little
life the Mounties had beforehand.
St. FX drove the field time after time,
with four drives of five plays or more,
resulting in their points, as well as an
81-yard catch and run touchdown.
While the game was not a good one
for the Mounties by any means, they
showed lots of heart by playing and
fighting hard the whole game, driving
74 yards in seven plays with Gary Ross
catching a six-yard touchdown pass
from Kelly Hughes on the game’s final
play.
Matt Pickett was a bright spot for
the Mounties, running for 68 yards on
nine carries.
Ross was not at 100 per cent health,
so the Mounties were shut down on
special teams. e X-Men kicked
away from him every kickoff, resulting
in Nick ‘Barra’ Cuda returning four
kicks for 47 yards. ‘Killer’ Cam Mace
had three kick returns, one of which he
ran through and over about six X-Men
before being pushed out of bounds.
Quarterback Kelly ‘Hurricane’
Hughes completed only 13 of 32
attempts for 158 yards and the
touchdown to Ross, who accumulated
61 receiving yards on five catches. Jared
‘6-2 speedster’ Collett had four catches
for 34 yards, while Herbie Berrigan
had his first career CIS reception, a
23-yarder late in the game which set
up Ross’s touchdown.
Callan Exeter, the CIS tackles
leader, had a game-high 10.5 tackles,
while linebacker Sean Riley had eight,
including one for a loss. Jeremy Snider
and Taylor Pritchard had sacks for the
Mounties, while Jarrett King blocked
a punt in the second quarter, the third
of his career.
e X-Men move on to face the
fifth-ranked Saint Mary’s Huskies
in the AUS championship Nov. 8
at Huskies Stadium. e Huskies
finished first in the AUS this season,
and defeated the X-Men both times
they played by a combined score of
81-33.
e Mounties must now look
ahead to 2009, but there are many key
members they may be without. Both
Hughes and Ross are not guaranteed
returnees, as both have personal
reasons to leave the game; Hughes
has a business in his hometown of
Brampton, while Ross has a wife and
three children to take care of. ey
each have completed three years of
eligibility, and have become big names
across the AUS and the CIS.
Even more important is the position
of head coach. Kelly Jeffrey did an
outstanding job stepping into a tough
situation. He had been an assistant
the past two seasons, but when Steve
Lalonde stepped down in June, Jeffrey
stepped in. As interim head coach, it
is uncertain where he will end up next
season. He is well-liked within the
community and could be the man to
bring stability to the program.
e off-season will prove to be
the make or break of the Mounties
program, as they are definitely no
longer pushovers in the conference,
and are on the upswing after a long
period of futility and losses.
e run for the 2009 AUS
championship and the Vanier Cup
begins now.
Mounties season comes to a close
Off-season will play huge role for ‘09 Mounties
Wray Perkin
Argosy Staff
I firmly believe that any man’s finest
hour, the greatest fulfillment of all that
he holds dear, is that moment when
he has worked his heart out in a good
cause and lies exhausted on the field of
battle - victorious. – Vince Lombardi
ough the winter season does
not officially begin for three weeks,
there was a definite chill to the air
this past Saturday. e unfavorable
conditions did not prevent over 200
rowdy spectators from braving the
cold to watch the Mount Allison’s
Men’s Rugby team play the King’s
College side for the 2008 ACAA
Championship. Kings had won the
regular season last year, but were
disqualified from the playoffs for an
ineligible player, so the stage was set for
a grudge match of epic proportions.
Marching onto the field behind
the traditional wail of the Highland
bagpipes, the Mt. A Men were united
by a common purpose; defending their
championship on their home field.
e initial minutes of the game
saw the Mt. A’s side put sustained
pressure deep within the Kings 22, but
were continually denied by the strong
defensive rucking of the visitors. Mt.
A finally put points on the board when
Tag ‘B.W.’ omson spun off the back
of a driving maul to touch the ball
down for his second try in as many
games. Josh ‘Have My Babies’ Davies
pushed the conversion wide, leaving
the home side up 5-0. Both sides
struggled to maintain possession in the
harsh conditions, with the line-outs
being particularly difficult to execute
properly. A series of undisciplined
penalties allowed Kings to work the
ball slowly into Mt. A territory, where
they were are able to punch through
the home-team’s defensive line and
score. Following the kick-off, a number
of costly turnovers gave Kings the ball
deep for the remainder of the half, but
the Mounties made an impressive goal
line stand and held on until the half-
time whistle.
e second half began with nothing
decided, the game deadlocked at five.
Both teams cleaned up their play and
put on an exhibition of hardnosed
rugby rarely witnessed at the university
level. e Mt. A Men had control of the
half and made numerous attempts on
the King’s try line, but were constantly
turned away. After an impressive run,
Davies had a glorious opportunity to
score, but knocked the ball on after a
second effort inches from the try-line.
e grueling physical pace of the
game, in addition to the rapidly
dropping temperatures began to take
its toll on the teams. Injuries to players
on both teams forced numerous
stoppages. Several King’s players were
severely shaken by devastating tackles
from rookie Mitch Caissie, centre
Will Russell, and full-back Murdoch
‘el Padroné’ Taylor. As the second half
continued, the fitness of the Mounties
became apparent, exhibiting great ball
control and powerful attacks from the
likes of Davies, Russell, and flanker
Chris Clements. However the Kings
side showed equal desire and passion
to win, and held the Mounties at bay,
leading to an unforgettable double
overtime session.
With their superior fitness level
becoming increasingly apparent, the
Mounties held control during the
entire first overtime session. Avid fan
Matthew Murray described the scene
as “a pitched battle on a frozen tundra.”
After a hard hitting ten minutes, the
referee brought the first overtime
to a halt, leaving the crowd eagerly
anticipating the final session.
As the second half kicked off,
the Mounties unleashed their
gutsiest performances of the season.
Continuing their relentless inside
attack, the Mounties found themselves
on the Kings goal line. A brilliantly
blocked kick by scrum half Nick
White panicked the King’s backs,
and the loose ball bounced directly
to Clements, who touched the ball
down for the game winning try.
Davies managed to convert the kick,
yet the Mounties still had to hold out
for an anxious four minutes. After a
final flurry from Kings, the Mounties
managed to recover the ball and
kick the ball downfield, securing the
championship for the home side.
Aside from the Championship
banner, two Mounties were honoured
with individual awards. Davies was
voted league MVP, while Yves Pellerin
was presented with the Coach of the
Year award. Six Mounties were also
voted to the league all-star team, Davies,
Taylor, Keith Walsh, Clements, Mitch
Caissie, and omson. Desmond ‘Brail’
Lockhart was voted Man of the Match
in his final game in an MTA uniform
for his stalwart performance.
e Mounties would like to thank
all those who contributed to making
this season a resounding success,
including coaches Yves Pellerin and
Jonathon Allen, manager Ben Turkel,
videographer Rich Bertrand, and
all the fans who braved the weather
throughout the season. A debt of
gratitude is owed to Jack Drover and
Dr. Campbell for their continued
support of the rugby programs.
Men’s rugby triumphs in championship
Davies named league MVP; Pellerin wins Coach of the Year
Daniel Carter
Argosy Contributor
e Toronto Maple Leafs continue to
be one of the most surprising teams
in the NHL early on this season. e
Leafs, were expected to rarely score
more than two goals a game, put five
past Martin Brodeur, in a shootout
victory before their most surprising
victory of this young season. On
Saturday night the Leafs scored five
goals in less than five minutes late
in the third period against the NHL
leading New York Rangers enroute to
a 5-2 victory. e Leafs offensive spark
continued as they scored four goals
against Carolina on Sunday, although
they squandered a two goal lead in a
6-4 loss. Toronto’s success this season
has not come from talent, but from
hard work.
e Montreal Canadiens continue
to fly high at this early point of the
season. After rallying from a 4-1 deficit
to defeat the New York Islanders on
Saturday night, the Habs sit atop their
division and second in the conference,
with just a single regulation time loss.
At this point in the season they look
every bit the Stanley Cup contenders
they made themselves out to be at the
beginning of the season.
e Ottawa Senators however
continue to wallow well below
expectations. ey are currently the
worst of all the Canadian teams, having
suffered a shootout loss to the Tampa
Bay Lightning on Saturday night.
e focal point of Ottawa’s struggle
has been Mike Fisher, who despite a
new six million dollar contract and
playing time on Ottawa’s top line has
accumulated no points.
e Calgary Flames struggled out
of the gate before leaping forward in
the standings with a six game winning
streak, although a loss on Sunday
night ended that winning streak. e
addition of Mike Cammalleri, and
Todd Bertuzzi have had a definite
positive impact on Calgary’s offense.
Cammalleri and Iginla have been
playing well together, while the
unexpectedly good play from Todd
Bertuzzi provides Calgary with an
excellent scoring threat on the second
line.
e Oilers up-down season appears
to be continuing. After winning their
first four games, they lost the next five
games, before back-to-back wins on
Saturday night and Sunday afternoon,
against Carolina and Philadelphia.
e Oilers search for a starting goalie
continues; Mathieu Garon has received
more playing time, but Dwayne
Roloson has posted better numbers.
At the same time, Edmonton’s goal
production is near the bottom of the
NHL with just 26 goals in 11 games.
e Vancouver Canucks are near
where they were expected to be,
fighting for the playoffs in the midst
of the NHL’s toughest division, the
North-West. However, the players
making the difference may be a little
surprising. Luongo has a sub-par
start to the season by his standards,
and Pavol Demitra’s injury has hurt
the Canucks offense. Ryan Kesler
has stepped up on the top line and
leads the team in scoring, while Kyle
Wellwood, whose short NHL career
seemed all but finished, has returned
from the minors and been a valuable
contribution to Vancouver’s offence
with three goals in six games with
Demitra’s absence.
NHL Report
Ryan Esch
Argosy Correspondent
Paul Lynch
S
PAGE 26 • THE ARGOSY • SPORTS & FITNESS • NOVEMBER 6, 2008
&
F
e women’s RFC proudly clinched
the title of ACAA champions this past
Saturday. Finishing off their undefeated
season on home turf, the ladies battled
hard under the lights against the
second place NSAC Rams.
Training camp this year revealed
new talent and dedication from
promising rookies, including four
athletes from the varsity soccer team
who showed an incredible ability, not
only adapt to a new sport, but also
excel and consistently landed spots in
the starting line-up. With seven players
entirely new to the game, the Mounties
worked hard on fundamental skills and
fitness to unify a championship team.
e season began with a difficult
loss in an exhibition game against the
reigning varsity champions from St.
F.X. Despite the loss, the Mounties
took the opportunity to critically
examine their game and improve for
the regular season.
e first game of the regular season
revealed the fruits of their hard work
and countless 200 metre sprints.
e Mounties dominated the STU
Tommies 31-0, and, in the following
week, shut-out the Holland College
Hurricanes with an astounding 61-
5 win. Captain Jessica Frenette was
leading scorer for the Mounties, and
set the bar high not only for Mount
Allison, but also for the ACAA
league.
On homecoming weekend, Kings
College faced Mt. A on home turf,
only to be shut-out 33-0. ey were
met by an incredible force from the
Mt. A forward pack who dominated
every ruck, scrum, and line-out of
the game. Standout players included
rookie forwards Elizabeth Sperry and
Victoria MacIsaac, and veteran Anna
Downe, an aggressive force in the line-
outs.
“In my four years coaching this
rugby team, I’ve seen a lot of faces
come and go. I came into most seasons
with very high expectations, but this
year I wasn’t sure what I would get out
of the team. Our forwards were very
small and we had very few returning
veterans at these positions. In rugby,
your team won’t get the ball if the
forwards aren’t doing their job, and it’s
a real challenge to do their job when
they are outweighed by a combined
150-180 lbs and two to five inches
shorter at each of the eight positions.
But this year’s team was special. Our
diminutive forwards worked twice as
hard as their opposition and it showed
time and time again. It was like they
didn’t know they were five feet tall
and only 125lbs, they just expected
to win. ese girls had the hearts of
champions, and they did what it took
to complete a perfect season and win
a championship. Mary Beth Bissell,
the forwards coach, did an amazing
job this season and deserves much of
the credit for what team was able to
accomplish” said Co-Coach Andrew
MacDonald
e following game against NSAC
left the Mounties dangerously close in
their own end for the majority of the
game. However, the Mounties pulled
through with a 24-8 win, allowing
them to showcase their defensive
skills. Undoubtedly, the highlight of
the game was a defensive kick return
taken by number 13, Jean Baker, who
evaded the entire NSAC line-up to
score a try within moments of the
second half beginning.
Having home field advantage, semi-
finals pitted the first place Mounties
against the fourth place Tommies.
Veteran Jessica MacKenzie showed the
accumulation of four years of training
when she tackled the majority of the
STU backline throughout the entire
game. A final score of 24-0 gave the
Mounties the inspiration they needed
going into the finals against NSAC.
e arrival of cold weather did not
deter the Mounties as they trained
hard through rain and frost for one
last intense week.
Saturday saw incredible focus and
determination from the entire squad
as they stepped on to the pitch one last
time. With a solid starting line, they
approached the game with not only
confidence but also skill and passion.
After a rough start with the first try
taken by NSAC, the Mounties retained
focus and pushed NSAC back to their
own end zone. A kick attempt by
NSAC was blocked by third year player
Cayleih Robertson, who touched the
ball down for the Mounties’ first try of
the championship game. Pushing the
ball wide, the Mounties continued to
score until the final whistle blew with
a closing score of 24-5.
Athletic Director Jack Drover
presented Coach of the Year awards
to Bissell and MacDonald. Frennette
won ACAA Player of the Year, an
award more than well deserved for
her consistently strong performance
throughout the season. League
All Star recognition was given to
Frennette, Baker, Samantha Wolfe,
Emily Burton, Marrissa Arsenault,
and Stephanie Globus-Hoenich.
e Mounties are incredibly proud
of their performance throughout
the season and have high hopes for
next year. ey wish to thank their
dedicated fans and supporters, and
especially Hunton House for cheering
them on. ey would also like to thank
their incredible manager Carrie White
for all of her help this season. One last
200 ladies!
Saturday’s a rugby day!
Stephanie Globus-Hoenich
and Samantha Wolfe
Argosy Contributors
With fall quickly fading away and
winter looming over us it can only
mean one thing, wrestling season is
starting. is is the fourth year running
for the wrestling team and it looks as
if the team will continue to grow in
popularity. e team teaches students
freestyle wrestling, the kind found in
the Olympics, and both coaches have
been participating in the sport for
years; between the two they have 19
years of experience in the sport. With
several veteran wrestlers returning this
year as well as many newcomers to the
sport, the team’s prospects are good.
When the team started four years ago
there was some difficulty getting off
the ground, but now things are going
strong. “We now have mats, storage
space, a great practice area; it feels
like the club is coming together,” says
head coach Tania Nguyen. “We’re very
excited to have obtained Hammond
lounge as a practice space. I’d like to
extend a sincere thank you to Dan
Wortman and the administration for
being so helpful and cooperative. Our
clubs at Mt. A have a huge impact on
student life and the wrestling club is
very happy to continue making even a
small contribution.”
In the past, the wrestling team has
traveled every January or February to
Fredericton to compete at the UNB
open tournament. is tournament
includes wrestlers from all over eastern
Canada, from Montreal to Memorial
University, and features wrestlers
from all levels of experience, from
new wrestlers to wrestlers that have
competed internationally. e UNB
open is very competitive, and gives
our Mt. A wrestlers the opportunity to
further develop their skills and show
off their talent. In the past two years,
Mt. A has captured a bronze and silver
medal at the tournament, the first
medals in approximately 14 years, since
the existence of the previous varsity
wrestling team. is year the team
plans to travel to the Atlantic wrestling
championships in Charlottetown, PEI,
and to host a tournament at Mt. A in
order to show off the hard work of the
students.
is year’s team ranges from
wrestlers who have had no experience
in wrestling - but come from a martial
arts background - and some who
started wrestling at Mt. A, to members
who have been wrestling for 13 years.
“All of our wrestlers display great
physical vigour, imagination, and the
thirst for learning what is, for most
of them, something very foreign. I am
very excited for this coming season,”
says Nguyen. “It seems that every year
the wrestling program gets stronger
and stronger. For those interested, it
is an opportunity to set personal goals
as we compete each year at a nearby
university level competition.”
e wrestling team hopes to continue
its success at the university level again
this year, and well into the future.
With both of the coaches graduating
this year, there was some speculation
as to the future of the team, but some
of the veteran wrestlers that have been
wrestling for years have stepped up to
the plate and have agreed to take care of
the team in the future. e team hopes
that when they host a tournament at
Mt. A, the student body will come out
and support all their hard efforts and
show that famous Mountie pride. Stay
tuned for more updates.
Wrestling season kicks off
Although the exact origins of unicycle
hockey are uncertain, it is believed to
have initially appeared in the 1925
German silent movie Variete, in which
two unicyclists performed a primitive
version of the sport. Yes, unicycle
hockey is a sport, one sanctioned by the
International Unicycling Federation
(IUF). e sport became popular in
the 1980s, when it grew in popularity
in countries such as Germany and the
UK, which both now have national
leagues. It also had ephemeral
popularity in the US and Japan.
roughout the 1990s, World
and European Championships were
regularly held in Western Europe.
Unicycle hockey resembles ice hockey,
with the main difference being that
the players ride unicycles instead of
skating. Hockey sticks are used to
score on regular nets, using a tennis
ball. Another difference fis the length
of play: games are composed of two
15-minute halves, separated by a
five-minute break, with a 10-minute
overtime if necessary. In addition,
there is a set of rules guiding the right
of way of the unicyclists during play, as
well as numerous safety rules, as there
is clearly a certain risk factor involved.
For obvious reasons, unicycle hockey
is not a contact sport. While Germany
and the UK remain the central hubs of
unicycle hockey activity, the sport has
gained popularity around the world,
from Australia to Puerto Rico. ere
are currently four unicycle hockey
clubs in Canada: Calgary, Toronto,
Waterloo, and Quebec City, the latter
being the closest one to Sackville.
Unicycle Hockey
Not a hoax!
Anastasia Llewellyn
Argosy Correspondent
Cejay Riley
Argosy Correspondent
In my years of following hockey, I’ve
seen many bizarre things end up on the
ice at games: octopi, an unconscious
streaker, and even a barrage of plastic
rats. But this past week, hockey fans
in Sweden may have raised the bar for
fan related mischief.
A game in the second tier of Sweden’s
professional hockey league between
AIK and Leksand was delayed due to
a downpour of plastic dildos onto the
ice thrown by supporters of AIK. e
AIK fans also revealed several profane
banners, and a giant inflatable penis.
e antics of the AIK supporters
were directed at Leksand defenseman,
Jan Huokko. Huokko has spent most
of his professional career at Leksand,
although he did play 25 games for
AIK during the 2001-02 season.
e taunting was related to a sex
scandal earlier in the year, in which
a video of Huokko and his girlfriend
having sex was recorded on Huokko’s
cell phone. His cell was stolen shortly
afterwards and naturally the sex video
quickly found its way to the internet
where it spread like a wildfire.
e managers of the AIK team
apparently knew about the fans plan
to heckle Huokko in such a bizarre
fashion, but elected not intervene. e
Swedish Ice Hockey Association chose
not to take action against the AIK
supporters, who do have a reputation
for being among the rowdiest
supporters in Swedish hockey.
Huokko, a former member of the
Swedish National Hockey Team, and
one of the top offensive defensemen
in Swedish hockey, said that he was
not bothered by the AIK fans at all.
Huokko did record an assist on a
third period Leksand goal, although
Leksand lost the game by a score of
3-2.
Dildo Downpour
Ryan Esch
Argosy Correspondent
S
NOVEMBER 6, 2008 • SPORTS & FITNESS • THE ARGOSY • PAGE 27
&
F
Six-foot, 185 lb. guard Josh Graham, of the
men’s basketball team has been honoured
as Mount Allison’s Athlete of the Week for
his play in the Mounties’ 92-45 victory over
NSAC on Sunday, and his performance in a
narrow 91-85 loss to MSVU on Saturday.
In the Mounties’ game against MSVU,
Graham scored 22 points and pulled in six
rebounds, while in their win over NSAC, he
scored 10 points and grabbed four rebounds.
A former basketball star from Kennebecasis
Valley High School, Graham is a resident of
Quispamsis, N.B. He is a former guard with
the high school team and the 2005 provincial
games team. An exciting player to watch,
Graham was the Basketball Mounties’ Rookie
of the Year in 2006-07, and is currently at
Mount Allison taking third-year Commerce.
Other Athlete of the Week nominees
were: Mark Whitmee (soccer), Callan Exeter
(football), Andrea Switalski (hockey), Marisa
Smith (swimming), and Sarah MacDonald
(volleyball).
Athlete of the Week
Josh Graham
Sports is Week!
Thursday, Nov. 6
Friday, Nov. 7
Saturday, Nov. 8
Hockey vs UPEI; 7:15 PM
Women’s Basketball @ ABU; 6:00 PM
Men’s Basketball @ ABU; 8:00 PM
Volleyball vs NSAC; 7:00 PM
Hockey vs SMU; 7:15 PM
Good Luck Mounties!
Sue Seaborn
Thursday November 27 530 PM
>HSSHJL4J*HPU:[\KLU[*LU[YL[OPYKÅVVY
PLEASE ATTEND
ARGOSY
FUNDERS MEETING
HUMOUR
These candidates make me want to vomit in terror.
Question: I have a serious crush on my professor. Help!
Stuart, Sci/Tech Editor: I recom-
mend hrst designing and construct-
ing a laser-rangehnding Galvanic
Skin Response device. Then, wear
a low-cut top/tight pants {if you're
female or male, respectively - not
mixing that up is dreadfully im-
portant) and... Er, what is it the
kids do at “Club L”? Ah yes - rub
up against your professor or some-
thing. Measuring his/her galvanic
skin response post-rubbing should
enlighten you as to whether he/she
reciprocates your feelings {well, no
one is exactly sure what G8R primarily measures, but
most will agree that it's a good indicator of sexual feel-
ings and emotional arousal}. And voila, an answer to a
pressing interpersonal problem at a minimum of inter-
personal interactionl Now that's better living through
science!
Noah, Sports Editor: Ah, the in-
nocent romance of a professor
and their young pupil. Whether
it's that fetching lab coat she
wears or that sporty bow tie
he twirls in class, something
about knowledge ]ust turns
young people on these days.
Who doesn't want to have an
illicit romance surrounded by
leather-bound books or dissect-
ed animals? First things hrst; you have to make your in-
tentions known. Nothing is worse than having a burning
desire to be with your prof and to have that passion kept
a secret. Let your hre out for the world to see and hope-
fully, the feelings will be reciprocated. But of course, be
discreet. Nurture your relationship as you would a young
tomato plant. You can't harvest the fruit until much
later, but it can be grown under the cover of darkness.
Good luck young scholarl
Hey Mount Al Do you have a serious {footnote 1} ques-
tion and a burning desire to have it answered by real
{footnote 2} Argosy editors {footnote 3}? Drop your ques-
tion in the folder on the Argosy's door or send it to ar-
gosy¶mta.ca, and get real {footnote 4}, honest {footnote
5} answersl We're to help you {footnote 6}l
Footnote 1: You could submit a real question, ¡ guess
Footnote 2: ºReal" is such a harsh word; think ºcaricatures of"
Footnote 3: Well, sort of
Footnote 4: 8eriously, they aren't real, come on now have you even
read them?
Footnote 5: Hey they might be honest, nobody's stopping ¹em
Footnote 6: Please don't really take our advice...We won't be held
responsible if you do, though.
Serious Answers to Serious Questions
{Or something...}
Overheard at Mount A
• After a prof laments that she has no free time
over a weekend, a student answers: “Well, you
can always drink while you mark...”
• “If you leave an energy drink open, does the
energy evaporate?”
(To that we say: If you leave your mom open...
Oh, never mind...)
• Oh, so that’s why hippies smell bad...Over-
heard in a class: “Who would ever take a 5
minute shower to save the environment?”
V
i
v
i

R
e
i
c
h
Jack’s Infinite Wisdom - Episode 1
B
y

a

S
e
l
e
c
t

F
e
w

A
r
g
o
s
y

E
d
i
t
o
r
i
a
l

S
t
a
f
f

m
e
m
b
e
r
s
.
.
.
H
NOVEMBER 6, 2008 • HUMOUR • THE ARGOSY • PAGE 21
Horoscopes: Classic Rock Edition!
ARIES (March 21-April 20) — Lately, I’ve been riding down the highway, going to a show. I’ve found
myself stopping at the biways and playing rock and roll. There’s an important lesson to be learned in
this: It’s a long way to the top, if you wanna rock and roll.
TAURUS (April 21-May 21) — Taurus, on a hot summer night would you offer your throat to the wolf with
the red roses?
GEMINI (May 22-June 21) — When there’s no one else in sight, in the crowded lonely night. Well Gemini,
wait so long for your love vibration and then fuck it. You should be dancing with youself. Oh oh oh.
CANCER (June 22-July 22) ¬ Often you ñnd yourself asking if you would run right into hell and back for
love. Would you do anything I’ve been dreaming of? I know somedays it don’t come easy, and some days
it don’t come hard. Hell somedays it don’t come at all, and those are the days that never end. Would
you do anything?
LEO (July 23- August 23) — Do you get up in the evening, with nothing to say? Come home in the morning
feeling the same way? Are you tired and bored with yourself? You can't start a ñre without a spark,
you know. I’m up for dancing in the dark.
VIRGO (August 24-September 22) — What’ll you do when you get lonely, and nobody’s waiting by your
side. You’ve been running Virgo, hiding much too long. Darlin’ won’t you ease my worried mind?
LIBRA (September 23- October 23) — You know what? All the girls crazy “bout a sharp dressed man.” All
I’m saying.
SCORPIO (October 24-November 22) — I’m just a poor boy. Nobody loves me. I’m just a poor boy from a
poor family. I should spare you your life from this monstrosity.
SAGITTARIUS (November 23- December 21) — Saggie, I like Peter Gabriel so here goes: Climbing up on
Salisbury Hill, I could see the city light. Wind was blowing, time stood still, eagle ñew out of the
night. He was something to observe, came in close I heard a voice. God I love that song.
CAPRICORN (December 22-January 20) — Will you be my Sharona?
AQUARIUS (January 21-February 18) — Hey, I’m just a small town girl, livin’ in a lonely world. I’ll
take the midnight train going anywhere - you with me?
PISCES (February 19-March 20) — Lovin’ you isn’t the right thing to do. How can I ever change things
that I feel? If I could, baby, I’d give you my world. How can I when you won’t take it from me?
Reasons why Donald Duck is a Republican
- Fears Democrats will pass an estate tax
before Uncle Scrooge
dies
- Wears a sailor suit,
meaning he’s probably
an ex-service man or
at least predisposed
to the military.
- Has violent temper
and is frequently in-
comprehesible.
Reasons why Donald Duck is a Democrat
- Supports Huey, Dewy and Louie on a
single salary, and therefore would want a
lower class tax cut.
- Wears a sailor suit without pants,
meaning he’s probably not as predisposed
to Daisey as Disney would have us think.
- Being migratory, is in favour of liber-
al immigration laws.
http://www.solarnavigator.net/films_mov-
ies_actors/cartoons/cartoon_images/Donald_
Duck_sailor.jpg
Artist requests to be un-named
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
Despite beginning its life as a treatment
for chronic lymphocytic leukemia, the
drug alemtuzumab may be the next
new treatment for early stage active
relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis
(RRMS).
A new study, funded by Genzyme
and Bayer Schering Pharma AG
and conducted at the University of
Cambridge, has shown that the drug
can not only stop the spread of the
disease its early stages but also enable
the afflicted to regain some of their
muscle control.
Clinical trials over three years have
shown that the drug reduces MS
attacks by 74 per cent and decreases
the risk of sustained accumulation
of disability by 71 per cent over and
above the current leading treatment,
interferon beta-1a. Taken together,
these results suggest that alemtuzumab
may, incredibly, allow MS-damaged
neurons to repair themselves.
Dr. Alasdair Coles, University
Lecturer at the Department of Clinical
Neurosciences at the University of
Cambridge, explains the excitement:
“e ability of an MS drug to promote
brain repair is unprecedented. We
are witnessing a drug which, if given
early enough, might effectively stop
the advancement of the disease and
also restore lost function by promoting
repair of the damaged brain tissue.”
Head of research Lee Dunster
also feels very optimistic about
alemtuzumab’s effectiveness: “is
is the first drug that has shown the
potential to halt and even reverse the
debilitating effects of MS and this
news will rightly bring hope to people
living with the condition day in, day
out”.
As an autoimmune disease, MS
causes the body’s immune system to
attack different components of the body
(here, the nerves of the central nervous
system) as though they were foreign
invading bodies. First to go are the
fatty, protective myelin sheaths, which
act as protective insulation for nerves
and play a critical role in the nerve’s
ability to reliably pass messages. Once
these sheaths are destroyed, nerves are
vulnerable to the white cells of the
immune system, which then destroy
the nerves themselves. is damage
results in the inability of the nerves to
fire properly and, often, the subsequent
loss of physical and intellectual abilities
which are a hallmark of MS. ere
is currently no cure nor universally
effective treatment.
First developed at the University
of Cambridge in the late 1970s,
alemtuzumab was originally used to
treat leukemia by destroying the white
cells of the immune system. Operating
on the premise that a ‘short sharp shock’
to an overactive immune system might
reboot the body and retrain white cells
to not attack their host, scientists began
testing the effectiveness of the drug in
the treatment of autoimmune diseases.
Researchers began work on the
treatment of MS with alemtuzumab
in 1991, and originally tested the drug
on patients who had severe, advanced
forms of MS. Although alemtuzumab
did successfully stop new attacks,
nerves were already so damaged they
were unable to recover. By treating
patients with earlier stages of the
disease researchers found significant
improvements were possible.
Ironically, as the immune system
recovers from the shock treatment
of alemtuzumab, other autoimmune
diseases can result. About 20 per cent of
study participants developed an under-
or over-active thyroid gland while about
3 per cent developed a low platelet count
(a condition which is easily treated if
caught early).
Despite these encouraging results,
alemtuzumab is only just entering
its Phase 3 trials and will not be
available on the market for a few years.
ese findings will also need to be
corroborated through further study to
ensure they were not a lucky accident.
Many other promising studies are
being conducted around the world
into a cure for MS, including at
the famous Mayo Clinic. rough
experiments with mice, researchers
have shown that administering a
naturally occurring human antibody
with methylprednisone (an immune
modulating steroid) stimulated the
reconstruction of myelin sheaths.
Other scientists who noticed that
pregnant women suffering from MS
often go into remission pinpointed
the hormone prolactin (which surges
during pregnancy) as an agent of
myelin sheath regeneration. Estriol,
another female sex hormone which
increases during pregnancy, has also
shown effectiveness at immune system
repression and is available in pill form
(compared to current methods of
pricey injection-based treatment). So-
called “designer estrogen” (estrogen
blended with a cocktail of anti-
inflammatories) may protect the brain
and spinal cord (two areas which had
not been well protected with previous
forms of treatment) while a small pilot
study suggests testosterone may reduce
symptoms, slow brain degeneration
and promote muscle growth in men
with RRMS.
It seems that the ultimate cure for
MS may lie within ourselves.
Well, it’s a lot better than I expected.
With much trepidation, I bought
my copy and installed it, shuddering
at the Bethesda logo on the game’s
box. I swallowed my pride and booted
the game - but let me first explain my
hesitance.
Interplay Entertainment
Corporation, a legendary video game
publisher and developer responsible
for such big-name computer-based
role playing games as e Bard’s Tale
and Baldur’s Gate, arguably made its
big break with the Fallout franchise,
releasing Fallout in 1997 to raving
critical acclaim. Set 84 years after a
global nuclear war, Fallout told the
story of a enormous, self-sustaining
bomb shelter’s one-man search for a
critical computer part in a devastated
Southern California.
Game review sites, such as IGN and
GameSpy, always include games by
Interplay and its in-house development
team Black Isle in lists of exemplary
RPGs. Despite the near-universal
enthusiasm for their products, few
were a resounding commercial success.
Interplay fell into serious financial
difficulties in 2001, which continue, in
various forms, to this day. e penniless
publisher reluctantly sold the rights to
the Fallout series in April of 2007 to
Maryland-based Bethesda Softworks,
another RPG giant, for 5.75 million
USD.
Bethesda, at least among fans of the
story-driven, dialogue-heavy, Black
Isle school of RPG design, is known
for sprawling, visually stunning,
and totally uninteresting games. In
Bethesda’s popular Elder Scrolls series,
the player’s interaction with characters
in the game world is more often than
not limited to one-line queries, and
their bland (yet often voice-acted)
responses are identical no matter the
character the player questions.
Worse yet for the Fallout purist, the
winter of 2003 saw the cancellation of
Van Buren, a codename for Black Isle’s
attempt at a sequel, when the still cash-
strapped Interplay laid off the entirety
of Black Isle’s PC development team.
A demo surfaced in May 2007, and it
was everything a devotee of the series
could ever want.
And thus my experience of playing
Fallout 3, as for many other gamers,
is less about the game itself and
more about the nebulous game I’ve
constructed in my mind: both the
nirvana of Black Isle’s ‘Van Buren’
and the nightmarish possibility of
Bethesda’s ‘Oblivion with guns’. And,
dear reader, I feared that the game
would prove to be the latter.
I am, therefore, pleasantly surprised
to say that Bethesda appears to have
found a happy medium. While
definitely a first-person RPG like
Oblivion, Fallout’s turn-based,
isometric RPG legacy is given a nod by
the ‘V.A.T.S. targeting system’; despite
the real-time, first-person nature
of Fallout 3, the player can pause a
combat and target a specific section of
an opponent’s body.
e dialogue system, while nowhere
near the smooth cocktail of tongue-in-
cheek pop culture references and hard-
boiled Mad Max sensibility Black
Isle so regularly delivered upon, isn’t
even half as bad as I’d feared. Clearly
Bethesda’s writers have been boning
up on their post-apocalyptic literature.
At first glance, the interface appears
to be identical to that of a shooter,
but pressing Tab brings up to the
screen your character’s wrist-mounted
PipBoy 3000, a sort of retro-future
PDA. is screen contains your
inventory and character’s statistics, and
heavily borrows design from previous
games’ PipBoy 2000, which fufilled
similar functions. e 3000 model
allows some of my favourite additions
to the gameplay; a radio tuner to pick
up signals from the wasteland’s various
denizens, and a pedometer/mapping
system allowing a player to track their
location.
Happily, the story and gritty,
survivalist feel of the Fallout series, so
carefully cultivated by Black Isle and fan
support, survives relatively unscathed.
Despite 200 years having passed since
the bombs fell, Bethesda resisted the
impulse to modernize the Fallout
universe’s feel: no grand cleanup could
be thought to be attempted in the
mutant-infested, beautifully-rendered
ruins of the Capitol, and the artwork,
story and feel of the game remain
solidly rooted in the nuclear paranoia
of 1950s America. e technology and
pre-war advertisements on display
in-game are the very image of retro-
futurism - combat robots use vaccuum
tubes instead of transistors, and the
game’s energy weapons look like
something out of Flash Gordon, not
Aliens.
Yet more good news: with minimum
system requirements being as low as
they are (a P4 2.4 GHz and an NVIDIA
6800 or better), Fallout fanciers won’t
have to build new computers to enjoy
Bethesda’s offering.
I consider myself a devout Fallout
fan, and I can’t help but approve of this
game, which certainly says something.
e manifold, fragile apparatus of
Fallout’s stylistic storytelling simply
cannot be transplanted to a new
developer and not suffer; despite this,
I contend that Bethesda’s done a far
better job than anyone expected.
Even the game’s theme song, “I
Don’t Want to Set the World on Fire”
by e Ink Spots, was Black Isle’s first
choice for Fallout’s theme (Black Isle
had to settle for “Maybe” by the same
artists). Perhaps most importantly,
however, Bethesda has retained Ron
Perlman, perhaps best known for his
role as Hellboy, to narrate the game’s
opening cinematic.
And don’t worry, fans. He concludes
the narration as he does in every other
game: with the series’ unofficial tagline
of “War. War never changes”.
Leukemia drug finds new life
as possible treatment for MS
Kelly O’Connor
Argosy Staff
A cell of little brain
Studies suggest that amoebas remember, learn
Susan Rogers
Argosy Correspondant
Researchers have recently discovered
that amoebas, a type of small
unicellular organism, might have a
rudimentary form of memory. Various
experiments have been carried out
that suggest that amoebas remember,
and adapt to, their environment.
Experiments were carried out by
researchers all over the world to test
the amoeba’s memory. An American
study that looked at the ways that
Dictyostelium amoebas search for food
showed that if an amoeba had turned
left, it was twice as likely to turn right
at its next turn, suggesting that it had
a memory of which direction it had
turned last. One study, carried out in
Japan on Physarum amoeba, exposed
the unicellular organisms to warm
and cold temperatures that changed
regularly. It was found that the amoeba
would become sluggish in preparation
for the cold temperatures. is wasn’t
simply a result of conditioning (which
would have been impressive in itself ),
however; within a short time of the
temperature changes stopping, the
amoeba would stop preparing for cold
temperature.
e researchers’ theory is that
memory is stored in the sol-gel of the
amoeba. e sol-gel is the substance
that takes up space within the amoeba.
It is made up of a solid suspended
in a liquid. In amoeba, the solid
moves through the gel and creates a
network of channels. e channels
remain as the amoeba responds to
the environment and break down
when the environment changes. e
supposition that this is responsible for
amoebas’ memory has been potentially
borne out by physicists in California,
who have electronically recreated the
channels and used it to store data - in
the same way, the researchers claim, an
amoeba might.
Sceptics abound. Many say that
creating an electrical model is
oversimplifying – it can’t possibly be
an accurate representation of how
memory in the amoeba works. Others
simply believe that the amoeba’s
response to the tests does not show
intelligence or memory. According to
them, simply anticipating a signal is
not a form of learning.
People do, however, find the research
into amoeba memory interesting.
In fact, an Ig Nobel prize, awarded
to achievements which “first make
people laugh, and then make them
think” and a parody of the much more
prestigious Nobel Prize, was awarded
to Toshiyuki Nakagaki for carrying
out the experiments on the effects that
temperature fluctuations had on the
amoeba. Nakagaki won the Cognitive
Science Prize; other Ig Nobel prizes
this year included the Peace Prize to
Swiss Federal Ethics Committee on
Non-Human Biotechnology and the
citizens of Switzerland for adopting
the legal principal that plants have
dignity, and the Biology Prize to two
French scientists for discovering that
fleas on a dog jump higher than fleas
on a cat.
Humour aside, the American
physicists caution against jumping to
conclusions about whether this belies
intelligence. at said, the team, lead
by Massimiliano Di Ventra, are fairly
confident about their results: “It
appears that our model describes pretty
well the experiments on amoebas’
learning,” says Di Ventra.
Fallout 3 released;
mutants rejoice
Post-nuclear RPG gets ‘glowing’ praise
Stuart Townsend
Argosy Staff
PROS: Lots of throw-
backs to Fallout
series’ themes, Ron
Perlman still awesome
CONS: Dialogue not
fully up to snuff
VERDICT: Great game
FEATURES
Erik Fraser
Argosy Contributor
With November’s Campus Climate
Challenge upon us, residence houses
must look to the greatest consumer of
energy in their bulidings: the dorm room.
At the risk of sounding like your
annoyed father on the day he gets
the power bill, I am about to layout
some simple things which you can
do to help your residence when the
Campus Climate Challenge. Cutting
back on the energy used in your room
is as easy as one, two, three... and four.
1. Unplug: Recent studies have
found that most electronics use
the bulk of their energy while they
aren`t even on! 75 per cent of the
energy consumed by these “phantom
electronics” is done so when they’re
turned off, when you aren’t even
using them. Televisions, microwaves,
laptop and cell phone chargers, lamps,
printers, and CD players are just a
few of the things currently sucking
energy as they sit unused in your
room. Remote sensors and signal lights
slowly drain energy as the day goes on.
e best way to stop the haunting
of phantom appliances is to unplug
them! When you aren`t watching
TV or making popcorn in your
microwave, every electronic in your
room should be unplugged. Take
advantage of your power bar, and
turn it off as you leave the room.
Unplugging these appliances is
crucial if you want to crank back your
energy consumption. When I go to
sleep at night, or leave my room for
the day, the only thing still plugged
in is my alarm clock. Unplugging is
a simple, and effective way to begin
decreasing your carbon footprint.
2. Refrigerators: Mount Allison
has provided us with the luxury of a
refrigerator in our residence, but that
doesn’t mean you have to use it all the time.
Mini-fridges account for a
high percentage of the energy
consumed within dorm rooms, but
the question still remains: How
can we get rid of this consumption,
while keeping our booze and snack
s cool? It’s easier than you think!
Open any fridge in the average
dorm room, and the odds of finding it
full are very low. Try finding someone
in your residence who you feel
comfortable doubling, or even tripling
up with! Pile all of your food into one
person’s fridge and unplug the others.
You can also use the fridge located in
the kitchens around your residence.
If you only use your fridge to keep
your alcohol cool, give this simple
solution a shot. If you’re anything like
me, you tend to save your drinking
for the weekend. Plug your fridge in
ursday night so that your drinks
can chill for Friday and then unplug
Sunday morning when the party is over.
Cutting back on the usage of
of mini-fridges in your dorms
is going to significantly drop
your house consumption rates.
3. Heat: Is it getting hot in here?
Or is it just Facilities Management
turning the thermostat up just a bit too
Tips to win the Campus Climate Challenge
Going green in your dorm
“Our regime is based on bayonets
and blood, not on hypocritical
elections”- Fransisco Franco.
high? Depending on your residence,
you have a couple of options. e
option for having the heat in your
room turned off is always open simply
by e-mailing fixit@mta.ca, or paying
a visit to facilities management just
behind Campbell Hall. You can also
talk to your housemates as some
hallways and buildings are able to
have the temperature of the house
decreased by a couple of degrees.
ere are also some things that you
can do no matter what residence you
live in! If you are finding it too hot
inside, please don’t open the window. I
am quoting my father when I say “We
are heating the building, not the entire
town!” Try opening your door to get
some circulation in your room or go for
a walk outside to cool yourself down.
Getting warm is always easier than
cooling down in residence. Layers
can pile on if you are cold until you
are a bundle of fabric, but when you
are hot, you can’t go deeper than
your skin. Take my advice and do
your best to face the cold by having
Rebecca Dixon
Argosy Correspondent
Almost 60 years after Franco’s death, he
and 34 other generals and high-ranking
officers of his fascist regime are facing
accusations of crimes against humanity
500,000 people were killed in the
Spanish Civil War, which raged from
1936 to 1939 and concluded with the
victory of Fransisco Franco. e fascist
dictator ruled for the next 36 years.
Judge Balthasar Garzón is pursuing
an indictment against generals and
ministers of the Franco era, charging
them with the disappearance and likely
death of over 114,000 people. Within
the 68 page document submitted, he
calls for the immediate excavation
of 19 mass graves. If he is able to
find evidence of systematic violence,
Garzón will receive jurisdiction
over the case and will be allowed to
conduct a full-blown investigation.
Garzón is already a controversial
figure, well-known for his involvement
in international human rights cases,
in the past he attempted to extradite
former Chilean dictator Augusto
Pinochet. He also launched a radical
and evidently unsuccessful case
against Osama bin Laden in 2003
Many see him as a crusader for truth,
finally shedding some legal light on the
atrocities committed during Franco’s
regime. Franco and his supporters have
never been criminally investigated,
though their opponents faced
justice during the time of his power.
is is not a part of its history Spain
likes to talk about. An amnesty law in
1977 gave all of Franco’s supporters
freedom from being put on trial
for political crimes. An unspoken
agreement amongst politicians in
Spain has encouraged adapting an
attitude of leaving the past in the past.
Garzón argues that the amnesty
bill is not relevant to crimes against
humanity, which cannot be called
political crimes. He cites the
Nuremberg trials as precedents and
points out South American countries
such as Argentina who ignored such
amnesty rules that were created by
military leaders to protect themselves.
In recent years there have been
some signs of breaking the silence.
While families have been privately
investigating and digging up mass
graves for years, the “Law of Historical
Memory” instated in 2007 has
passed on this responsibility to local
governments. is bill also required
the removal of symbolic plaques
and statutes, from the regime, to
be removed from public buildings.
ose who opposed the “Law of
Historical Memory” are also now
rallying against Garzón. ey complain
he is bringing back the ghosts of the
past and that this will interfere with
current politics. Parties on the left are
using the ruling to their advantage
to provoke the parties of the right.
Meanwhile, the conservative opposition
“People’s Party” who call the whole
affair “nonsense, a serious mistake”.
A further debatable issue is that
all of the accused are dead and so
Sunny Spain’s Silent Secrets
no actual prosecutions are possible.
e question arises of whether or
not probing into bad memories will
actually yield any concrete results.
Families of victims are divided in
opinion. “We should not disturb the
dead” insists Laura Lorca, niece of the
famous poet Frederico Garcia Lorca,
protesting that the investigation risks
becoming solely a publicity stunt.
Others believe that international
standards of justice must be applied
to Spain’s own past and that the
truth must be revealed, if only for
history’s sake. Emilio Silva, head of
the Association for the Recovery of
Historical Memory hopes the inquiry
will help to create “a new generation -
the grandchildren - who know about it”.
Either way, signs are pointing to an
increasing openness in confronting
Spain’s troubled history of the past
century. e Spanish are being forced
to come to terms with who Franco’s
supporters actually were, what the full
extent of their crimes was, and what, if
any, punishments they should now face.
your heat turned down or off. Trust
me, the earth will thank you for it.
4. Lighting: It is something that
has been drilled into our heads ever
since we were kids but for some
reason some people still don’t get it.
If you are leaving your room, even
for a couple of minutes, hit the lights.
Finding it too dark in your room?
First make sure your curtains are
open. Natural light doesn’t cost a penny,
and it’ll keep Mother Nature happy.
If it’s too dark outside, try turning on
only the lights that you need. ere’s no
sense lighting the whole room if all you
are doing is reading at your desk! So at
the risk of quoting Nelly Furtado, please
don’t forget to “turn off the lights!”
ink you got it? Now go out
and do it! Living green is residence
is simple. Just remember to turn it
off or unplug it, if possible. Getting
in the habit of conserving energy,
even in your dorm room, is not as
difficult as it may seem. Simply by
following the steps outlined above,
you and your residence will be well on
Dead dictator faces indictment for war crimes
Internet Photo
Jessica Emin
Three easy ways to compete in the Campus Climate Challenge: Turn your lights off, use cold water when washing your clothes, and unplug whatever you can.
your way to claiming that C3 crown!
F
NOVEMBER 6, 2008 • FEATURES • THE ARGOSY • PAGE 13
Jennifer Musgrave
Argosy Correspondent
In a meeting of the United Nations
that began on October 27, 126
countries met to discuss the placement
of several dangerous chemicals
on a “Prior Informed Consent
list” including chrysotile asbestos,
one of Canada’s major exports.
e countries present at the meeting
were those who have ratified the
Rotterdam Convention; an act to ensure
that countries take responsibilities
for their imports and exports (proper
labelling and handling, informing
the recipient of the dangers, etc.).
Placing chrysotile asbestos on
this list would ensure that countries
who import the product would
receive information on the dangers
associated with asbestos and then be
able to make an informed decision
about whether or not they want
to to be importing this substance.
However, it is not a ban on the
chemical, though it serves to thoroughly
damage its reputation. Canada, India,
and a few other countries that use
asbestos advocated against placing
asbestos on this list. is does not
mark a new stance for Canada, as it
has previously taken the same position.
Clément Godbout, president of
the Chrysotile Institute, insists that
asbestos can still be used safely as long
as it is handled properly by those who
receive and produce it. He has gone as
far as admitting that, although there are
health risks associated with asbestos,
any alternative would pose a far greater
hazard and could also be handled
improperly presenting similar risks.
Critics counter that this argument
has little weight, especially given that
pamphlets are of little use when those
receiving them cannot read. Many
people in India are illiterate, especially
among the poor. ese people are also at
the greatest risk of exposure to asbestos,
since it is a cheap material that is easy
to obtain and often used for roofing.
ese are the qualities that make
asbestos such an important Canadian
export. e rock is processed into strips
that can be used for products like fire
blankets, ceiling tiles, pipes and even
brake pads. e fibres produced are
strong, flexible and resistant to heat,
raising its value even further. However,
there are particles of fibre produced
during the production process that can
enter into the respiratory system. ey
are small enough that the lungs cannot
filter them; thus, they enter the system
and cause fatal maladies. e settling
of these fibres in the chest cavity can
cause callous-like tissue to form (pleural
plaques), scarring (asbestosis), and
the formation of malignant tumours
(Mesothelioma) and lung cancer.
Even though chrysotile asbestos is
the least dangerous form of asbestos
it is still classified as a carcinogen
by the International Agency for
research on Cancer. e World Health
Organization (WHO) wants to put
a global ban on asbestos because of
the thousands of Canadian deaths
related to exposure to the chemical.
Despite that, Canada does not
want to cease exporting asbestos.
e Canadian government has given
over $19 million to the asbestos
industry since the early eighties.
As well, in 1989, when the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency
issued regulations that barred the
manufacture, importation, processing,
and sale of almost all products
containing asbestos, the governments
of Canada and Quebec strongly
supported U.S. asbestos manufacurers
as they sued the EPA, eventually
having this ban overturned in court.
Asbestos exports remain an
important industry in Quebec, which
is the second largest producer of
asbestos in the world behind Russia.
Last year alone, Canada exported
$77 million worth of asbestos, 43
per cent of which went to India.
Canada is actually the third largest
supplier to India where asbestos is
everywhere, especially in the slums.
Each year more and more factories
pop up, and asbestos arrives weekly.
With it however, come more and
more health problems for the workers.
Even the wives of the men who work
in the factories have been diagnosed
with asbestos-related diseases
simply from doing their laundry.
is was the impetus for the Indian
Factories Act, which specifies that
asbestos has to be processed in an
enclosed area, where the levels are
monitored and the wastes disposed
of properly. As well, the workers
have to be adequately protected,
given medical exams, and have their
medical records kept in check for 40
years (because of the latency period
of the effects of asbestos exposure).
Many are afraid that India may
be heading down the same road as
Sarnia, a Canadian city that has dealt
with some of the costly effects of
working with asbestos. Sarnia was
chosen as a chemical production city
because of its high petroleum stocks,
close proximity to the United States,
and the fact that it is only a ten-hour
drive from the nearest asbestos mine.
During the 1990’s, men in this city
were hospitalized for mesothelioma
at a rate five times higher than the
provincial average; for asbestosis it
was nine times higher. During this
period, Sarnia’s occupational health
center would register a new case of
asbestos related illness every week.
However, now that number has
jumped to four times per week and
the patients are only getting younger.
It’s no surprise. e asbestos was
sprayed as insulation and mixed with
cement while the workers were not
wearing anything for protection.e only
thing they had were asbestos blankets
to protect themselves from the fires.
e handling of asbestos has since
improved since the 1970’s to late 1990’s
where the asbestos industry was at its
peak. Now, employees are required to
wear masks, and companies have to
employ methods of preventing fibre
particles from spreading in the air.
However, just because these
regulations are put in place does not
mean that they are followed, especially
in the countries Canada exports to,
where such strong regulations may
not exist, or be enforced stringlently.
e question Canadians need to ask
themselves is whether they can condone
this trade in asbestos. Is it acceptable for
the Canadian government to distance
itself from the health dangers caused
by asbestos in developing countries
like India, ailand and Indonesia,
while removing the carcinogen
from its own parliament buildings?
Get-out-the-vote group points to
wider flaws in American voting
Canada: making it look
“Asbestos” we can
Tom Llewellin
Argosy Correspondent
With the 2008 American election
finally behind us - and Obama’s
inauguration in January now inevitable
- it’s important to look back at why
voter registration took centre stage
in the days leading up to the election,
and what greater issues this points to
in the system of American democracy.
ACORN, a get-out-the-vote group
which organized awareness seminars,
registration drives and other initiatives,
has seen its accomplishments tainted as
of late. Two weeks ago, the organization
- which is shorthand for the Association
of Community Organizers for Reform
Now - claimed to have registered 1.3
million voters, predominately African-
Americans, Hispanics, and those
below the poverty line. However, the
New York Times reported on Friday
that only 450 000 have in fact been
registered, with the rest being either
incomplete or inaccurate registrations
that were thrown out by the Federal
Election Commission,the government’s
e l e c t i on- c a mpa i g nwa t c hdo g.
e Republican National Committee
called the group “tainted.”ey maintain,
along with reporters at all major media
outlets, that ACORN is in fact a front
organization for the Democratic Party,
and that those approximately 800 000
invalid forms were part of a “systematic
attempt” to rig the election in favour
of Obama. However, despite those
claims, there is still no evidence that
the Obama campaign had a hand in
the messy gathering process itself.
e demographics of voters that
ACORN is targeting tend to live
on the margins of society, and are
disproportionately non-white and
impoverished, which overlaps with
the voters that the Obama campaign
tried to target. A CBS News poll
conducted leading up to the election
showed that approximately 80 per
cent of black Americans would
cast a ballot for Obama, a number
that has remained fairly steady
since his candidacy was announced.
However, Democratic vice-
presidential candidate Joe Biden
has come under fire recently for
stating to a Florida ABC interviewer
that the Obama campaign gave
“not a single penny” to ACORN.
As the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review
pointed out, the campaign did
subcontract some of its registration
services during the leadership
primaries – and not during the general
presidential campaign – to Citizens
Services, an ACORN subsidiary. e
amount given was approximately $800
000, spent mostly on staging Obama
rallies, and was audited and approved
by the Federal Elections Commission.
e finger cannot be clearly pointed
at anyone, but ACORN made several
glaring mistakes. e canvassers who
collect names for registration cards
are not volunteers but paid staff,
which raises the possibility of the
canvassers trying to artificially inflate
their registration counts to please their
supervisors. Also, the organization is
required to submit every application
form gathered to the Federal Elections
Commission, even the ones it has
marked as suspect or incomplete.
is is what inspired the
conservative blogosphere to rail
against the organization, claiming
that they knowingly submitted forms
for Mickey Mouse and Donald
Duck, and that, says Politico.com,
“they are apparently Democrats.”
In what ACORN president
Maude Hurd admitted was an
“unfortunate exaggeration,” she
noted that the organization did not
attempt to fix the election, and that
“With 1.4 million forms, there’s
bound to be some mistakes,” she said.
Republican candidate John McCain
commented last week that ACORN
is “destroying the fabric of American
democracy,” underscoring statements
made by the neoconservative Centre
for New American Enterprise that
the organization is engaging in
“deceitful Enron-style accounting.”
With that in mind, it is likely that
those voters registered by ACORN will
face many obstacles come election day.
In the States, voters usually express their
voting preferences ahead of time by
registering as part of a specific political
party, making guesses of their political
preferences easier. Federal law gives
party representatives the right to occupy
polling stations and assert that any
person they wish should be denied the
ability to vote because of a “suspicion”
their registration may be fraudulent.
American voter registration
forms collect much more personal
information than Canadian ones, and
those who were registered by voting
drives are indicated as such on the
forms. is means that voters registered
by ACORN and other advocacy groups
will be marked people and will face
the possibility of being challenged.
Already, 20 per cent of Ohio’s voters
have been successfully “challenged” off
the list, mainly by the state’s Republican
party, according to Katrina Vandel
Heuvel, editor of e Nation weekly.
e United States has some of
the most stringent voter registration
laws in the world and every state
can make its own laws on who
should and shouldn’t be able to vote.
In six states, anyone charged
with a felony - a category of crime
which includes marijuana possession,
propagation of copyrighted material,
and some forms of petty theft - loses
their ability to vote for life. In the state
of Florida, one in four black men is
denied the vote because of past history.
It is in the face of issues like this
that groups like ACORN operate,
and the allegations have inflamed
tensions between races in America.
A Daily Kos op-ed stated that
the actions against ACORN “are
clearly racially motivated... what
better way is there to take so
many poor blacks off the rolls?”
Fraud allegations leveled
Internet Photo
An Indian worker describes how he would cover his face while working with asbestos from Canada.
Internet Photo
F
PAGE 14 • THE ARGOSY • FEATURES • NOVEMBER 6, 2008
Simon Behrens,
Marcus Schaffranka, and
Diedra Oswald
French 3731
It was a difficult beginning of
existence for Québec more than
400 years ago. The French explorer
Jacques Cartier built up a small
fort in the Saint Lawrence River
Valley in 1535. His intention was
to extend this fort to a permanent
settlement, but due to a harsh
winter and conflicts with the native
population, his plan was abandoned.
Following Cartier’s lead, many
European explorers travelled across
the Atlantic to settle in the new
world. One explorer was Samuel
de Champlain, born in 1570 in
Brouage, France. As the son of a
great mapmaker, he would soon act
upon his inherited disposition to
explore. By 1603, the French explorer
had embarked upon his first voyage
to New France and would spend the
next five years traveling between the
two continents. In 1608, Champlain
set sail on what many would consider
his most important journey; it was
during that year that Champlain
and his crew began the construction
of the habitation at Stadacona, the
aboriginal name for the settlement
at what is now Québec City.
His small settlement of only three
main buildings was to become the
root of French civilization in the
Americas, something that Champlain
probably did not anticipate. He
named the village “Kébec,” a local
native word meaning “the river
narrows here.” This settlement was
the capital of New France, almost
without interruption, until 1763,
the year that marked the end of
the French rule in North America.
In 1763, there were approximately
8000 inhabitants living in the city
of Québec, and its population
continued to expand at a rapid pace.
Today, the image of Québec
City has changed significantly. As
a birthplace of Canadian history,
it is for good reason that Québec
City is seen as the cultural and
administrative heart of the province
of Québec. The City of Québec and
its population of 715, 515 have much
to celebrate on this 400th anniversary
of its founding. Attractions like
that of The Image Mill, Robert
Lepage’s visual and audio projection
on the history of Québec City
(displayed against the grain silos in
the Port of Québec), concerts with
performers ranging from Céline
Dion to Paul McCartney, along with
the uncountable festivities, parties,
conferences and exhibits have taken
place since the beginning of the
year. Yet the colourful celebration
entitled “La rencontre” could not
stifle some of the shadows that
mark the relationship between the
province and the Anglophone world.
Over the summer, Jason Kenney,
Canada’s secretary of state for
multiculturalism and Canadian
identity, was quoted as saying, “We
[the federal government] think it’s a
national celebration, not just for the
province of Quebec.” On the other
hand, an open letter endorsed by
thirty-five Quebec writers, artists
and politicians informed Paul
McCartney that he should learn a
few French songs before coming to
perform. However, about 200,000
people attended the concert of the
Ex-Beatle and seemed to pay little
attention to such antagonistic notions.
In our eyes, although this
anniversary might have much
more significance for the French-
speaking population, Canada as
a whole would not have the same
cultural image without Québec.
Even the difficulties between
francophone and the anglophone
spheres should be understood as
part of the Canadian tradition – no
matter how afflicting they might be.
Happy 400th Birthday Québec City
Hannah Gibson and
Katia Landry
French 3731
Canada’s only officially francophone
province, situated between Ontario
and New Brunswick, represents
a unique aspect of Canadian
culture. But what is it really?
Québec is frequently considered
different than the rest of Canada,
but when we asked ourselves why,
we realized we didn’t have enough
knowledge to answer. As second-
and third-year students at Mount
Allison, we only knew certain facts
about Québec before enrolling
in French 3731: Contemporary
Voices in Québécois Literature
– geography, language, a little bit of
history – but what about culture?
When it came to making
conclusions about Québec culture,
the place of literature in Québec
society, and the place of Québec
literature in the world, we didn’t
feel we had enough background
to be able to comment. This is
where the course and the recent
conference on Acadian and Québec
literature and art came in. From a
variety of perspectives throughout
the semester and conference
weekend, we have begun to learn
about Québec’s unique identity
and culture through literature.
An important way to understand
authors’ motivations is through
the history of the geographical
region that in turn shapes their
culture. A survey of important dates
in Québécois history gave us a
manageable introduction to the kinds
of issues faced in Québec throughout
time. Beginning with the exploration
by Jacques Cartier and the claim
of the French on the territory in
1534, we began to see a developing
conflict between the English and the
French, a theme that continues to be
prevalent in Quebec Literature. With
the Quiet Revolution in the 1960s,
Quebec society underwent a series
of political, economic and cultural
changes, accompanied by a radical
change in both the role and structure
of Québec literature. Authors
began to experiment with new
forms of expression (more narrative
voices, non-linear narratives, and
elliptical structures, to name a few).
The course progressed to the
study of contemporary works that
employ various techniques to
express cultural identity and address
current issues. These issues include
travel, literature, homosexuality,
marginalization, language,
“métissage”and the quest for identity.
Authors use techniques such as
intertextuality (frequent literary and
cultural reference) or mise-en-abîme
(one work “embedded” in another)
to draw attention to these subjects.
We also explored and formed a
basic understanding of the concept
of alterity, a significant difference
in collective identity. The session
we attended at the conference
presented us with an in-depth
analysis of otherness in Québec
and how it is stirring up debates
on what it is to be Québécois.
Many Québécois authors are
highly regarded and respected in
their roles as “spokespeople” for the
public, often communicating relevant
issues in their works, letting literature
act as a lens through which we can
discover more about their identity
and culture. We encourage you,
whatever your level of understanding
or insight into Québec culture, to
explore further through the medium
of literature. Here is a list of a few
authors to get you started: Jacques
Poulin, Anne Hébert, Michel
Tremblay, Michel-Marc Bouchard,
Francine Noël, Nicolas Dickner,
Gabrielle Roy, Louis Hémon.
Discovering Québec Through Literature
(Se) Voir et Savoir: Exploring
Acadie and Quebec
Chelsea King and
Thomas Woodbury
French 3731
e year 2008 marks the
400th anniversary of the
founding of Quebec City.
An academic celebration of the
anniversary brought more than fifty
people to Mount Allison, from
four countries, to participate in an
interdisciplinary conference from
October 16 - 19. e conference
“Se(Voir) et Savoir” was organized
by Drs. Monika Boehringer and
Kirsty Bell of the Department of
Modern Languages & Literatures. It
explored the question of identity in
modern Quebec and Acadie through
presentations, author readings and
an exhibition of Acadian art. e
conference gave students a chance
to hear different dialects of French,
learn about literary research and see
another side of the world of academia.
In celebration of the conference,
the Owens Art Gallery is displaying
an exhibit dedicated to Acadie. e
exhibit, titled “Biographies: Un regard
contemporian sur L’Acadie,” features
various works from eight Acadian
artists: Maryse Arseneault, Jean-Denis
Boudreau, François Gaudet, André
Lapointe, Mathieu Léger, André
Alan Phelps, Stefan St-Laurent,
and the Lieutenant-Governor of
New Brunswick, Herménégilde
Chiasson. e exhibit is on display at
the Owens until December 5, 2008.
Friday night’s entertainment
featured a classic book reading,
preceded by dinner, and an informal
discussion at the President’s Cottage.
Following the reception, several
attending and guest lecturers discussed
their books, offering a historical
context for the research topics, and
explaining the purpose behind them.
Ingo Kolboom, an especially dynamic
author, expressed his astonishment
at the lack of Francophone
literature based on Acadie and
Quebec as a student in Europe.
An opportunity was given to
buy Quebec and Acadian literature,
which ranged from Dano LeBlanc’s
Acadieman to Herménégilde
Chiasson’s Emergences. e next
event of the night was a much-
anticipated book reading, which
featured prize-winning authors
Herménégilde Chiasson, France
Daigle and Louis Hamelin.
roughout the weekend,
conference presentations were held in
Avard Dixon and the Wallace McCain
Student Centre. ey related to the
themes of Quebec, Acadie and identity.
After each set of presentations, there
was the time for an open question-
and-answer period, bringing about
some lively debate between the
audience and the speakers. Some of
main themes of discussion included
women in Quebec, the links between
text and image, and cultural identity.
Mount Allison hosted the
conference because Drs. Boehringer
and Bell’s interests lie in Acadian and
Quebec literature. is conference
was important because it celebrated
Quebec and Acadian identity, which
is a subject that does not get to be
discussed very often. e conference
gave students the chance to explore
and hear different opinions and
ideas on diverse topics. It also gave
students the chance to see some of
Mount Allison’s professors’ research
presented in an academic setting.
Overall, the reaction to the
conference was a positive one. It was a
great opportunity to allow many people
from all walks of life, including students
at Mount Allison, to experience
French on another academic level.
Kirsty Bell and Monika Boehringer
Professors of French, Mount Allison University Modern Languages and Literatures
From October 16-19, Mount Allison hosted an interdisciplinary conference
on identity in Québec and Acadian literary and pictorial spaces. “(Se)Voir
et Savoir: Constructions identitaires dans les espaces littéraire et pictural
de l’Acadie et du Québec” examined the increasingly pressing questions of
individual and collective identity within these two francophone cultures.
Conference papers, author readings and a visual arts exhibition all addressed
the ways in which Acadie and Québec endeavour to define and redefine
themselves: How do Acadians and Quebeckers reconstruct their identities,
rooted as they are in their French heritage, but dominated today by North
American culture and by growing cultural hybridity? How do writers and
visual artists see themselves and the other in their novels and paintings?
Students from FREN 3731 and FREN 3741, two third-year literature
courses on Québec and Acadie in the Department of Modern
Languages and Literatures, attended various conference events. The
following bilingual contributions are inspired by their experiences
in learning about Acadian and Québécois literatures and cultures.
(Se)Voir et Savoir:
Learning about Acadie and Québec
F
NOVEMBER 6, 2008 • FEATURES • THE ARGOSY • PAGE 15
Sally Leighton et
Diedra Oswald
French 3741
Le 17 octobre, à la session
«Acadie : entre contestation et
renouveau», Denise Lamontagne
a parlé d’Acadieman, le premier
superhéro acadien. Selon
Lamontagne, Acadieman est
une bonne représentation d’un
superhéro puisqu’il ressemble aux
superhéros populaires et classiques.
Acadieman, superhéro d’une
bande dessinée, fut créé par
Dano LeBlanc. Acadieman est
une réinterprétation moderne
de l’histoire acadienne qui met
en images la renaissance de la
culture acadienne. La création de
LeBlanc est acclamée par plusieurs
critiques, mais aussi condamnée par
certains pour sa contribution à la
destruction de la langue française.
La langue utilisée pour raconter les
aventures d’Acadieman est le chiac,
vernaculaire parlé à Moncton qui
mélange l’anglais et le français, ce
qui ne plaît pas à tout le monde.
Lamontagne considère
Acadieman comme étant un
superhéro acadien. Cependant,
que signifie exactement le terme
de superhéro? La définition varie
selon la personne. Après avoir
consulté quelques étudiants, on a
conclu qu’un superhéro a besoin
d’être un individu qui inspire la
confiance. Il est alors plausible
d’être un « real life superhero ».
Dans sa communication,
Lamontagne a dit qu’Acadieman
est comparable aux superhéros
classiques, mais nous ne sommes
pas d’accord avec ce point de vue.
Acadieman n’a pas les éléments
communs aux personnages classiques
comme « Superman », « Spiderman »
ou « Batman ». Ces personnages ont
tous un pouvoir précis et incroyable,
au moins, ils ont l’argent nécessaire
pour créer leur propre ‘pouvoir’. Ils
défendent le public en combattant
l’ennemi et en assurant la sécurité
du peuple. Acadieman ne se bat
pas pour des individus, mais
pour la culture acadienne entière.
Les idées présentées par la
conférencière étaient intéressantes
et ont inspiré la réflexion. Ses
paroles étaient fondées et éduquées,
mais elle les a offertes d’une
manière qui nous a permis de
former nos propres interprétations.
Le premier superhéro acadien
Gabrielle Dallaporta et
Simon Ketcheson
French 3741
L’art et l’écriture sont
complémentaires dans l’expression
artistique d’Herménégilde Chiasson.
Né en 1946, H. Chiasson est
Lieutenant-gouverneur du Nouveau-
Brunswick et professeur à l’Université
de Moncton. L’oeuvre qui s’intitule
«Autobiographie : La mort de l’ours
1988» fait partie d’une exposition à
la Owens Art Gallery, montée dans
le cadre du colloque de l’APLAQA.
Cette oeuvre est divisée en trois
rangées dont chacune présente
une partie de l’«Autobiographie».
La première rangée comprend
vingt-deux vignettes encadrées qui
pourraient suggérer les vingt-deux
premières années de la vie de l’artiste.
Les photos de cette rangée mélangent
l’art et l’écriture et présentent l’aspect
chronologique le plus fort de la série.
Les photos à gauche montrent d’abord
un enfant, puis un jeune homme,
tandis que les photos qui se trouvent
à droite sont d’un homme plus âgé,
plus expérimenté. Le fait que ces
vignettes soient encadrées suggère
un certain aboutissement : voici le
passé, voici même ce qui est dépassé.
Le développement d’Herménégilde
Chiasson comme écrivain se voit à
travers les lettres et les bouts de papier
collés sur les photos. Dans une des
vignettes on voit qui il est, un auteur
comme les autres à la recherche de
son message : «QUOI DIRE ?».
La deuxième rangée représente
un événement perturbateur pour
l’artiste, un événement catalyseur qui
l’a mené à créer : «La mort de l’ours»
se trouve au milieu de l’oeuvre, ce
qui illustre son importance. Elle
comprend cinq panneaux de bois où
l’on voit une distinction nette entre
photos et écriture. Le bois pourrait
représenter le lieu où vit l’ours.
Chiasson évoque la nature et l’oppose
ainsi au pouvoir «plastique» sans
utiliser le mot «naturel», car ce mot
a trop de connotations ambiguës.
Cette section de l’oeuvre
suggère deux idées. La première
est la représentation de l’ours et sa
comparaison avec l’artiste : «Les ours
se taisent et disparaissent, en silence,
résignés / X / Les artistes partent
pour toujours dans leurs oeuvres.
Là s’arrête la comparaison des
ours et des artistes». Cette citation
établit une comparaison explicite
entre l’ours et l’artiste comme le
fait le titre sous forme de l’oxymore
«Un conte basé sur la réalité». La
réalité est représentée à travers
l’ours et le conte illustré à partir de
l’artiste. Chiasson part donc de la
réalité pour en extrapoler ses idées.
La deuxième idée est celle du Forum,
partie qui explore la relation entre
l’artiste et le pouvoir. «Le pouvoir»
peut inspirer l’artiste sur plusieurs
plans : il peut soutenir ou ne pas
soutenir l’artiste. Il peut commander
une oeuvre et l’artiste devient alors
celui qui fait l’image pour le pouvoir,
ou bien l’artiste peut trouver son
inspiration à partir de ses souffrances
provoquées par le manque de soutien.
La troisième partie est orientée vers
l’avenir. Ceci se voit dans certaines
phrases telles que «je pourrais
toujours apprendre», «je prendrais
mon courage», «j’enregistrerai sur
cette cassette», «il y a des années que
je pense faire un livre». Remarquez
aussi que le livre n’est pas «écrit» mais
«fait». La fabrication d’un livre est un
acte de création, non pas simplement
un acte d’écriture. Ce double sens
met de nouveau l’écriture et l’art dans
une relation symbiotique. Le texte
fait partie de l’image et vice-versa.
Cette troisième rangée montre un
artiste qui réfléchit sur ce qu’il n’a
pas encore accompli, elle indique les
projets et rêves à réaliser dans l’avenir.
La mort de l’ours
James Goddard
French 3741
Ancien étudiant de Mount
Allison, écrivain, peintre, cinéaste
et actuel Lieutenant-gouverneur,
Herménégilde Chiasson a donné la
conférence inaugurale du colloque :
« Impact de l’absence d’une tradition
iconographique sur la production
artistique contemporaine en
Acadie ». Lui-même à la croisée
de plusieurs disciplines, Chiasson
est plus que qualifié pour
prononcer le discours inaugural
d’un colloque interdisciplinaire.
La conférence de Chiasson a porté
sur divers thèmes, le thème central
étant l’histoire de l’image en Acadie.
Il fut question de la disjonction
entre le réel et sa représentation,
ainsi que des images que les
Acadiens ont adoptées d’ailleurs.
Depuis les années soixante, l’art
acadien, tout comme les Acadiens
eux-mêmes, a connu un fort
développement. En commençant
par l’art naïf et finissant avec des
œuvres contemporaines, Chiasson
nous a montré que même une image
comme celle d’Évangeline est un
emprunt, étant donné qu’il s’agit
de la création d’un poète américain
qui n’a jamais mis pieds en Acadie.
Comme ce colloque a eu lieu au
Nouveau-Brunswick, débuter par
une conférence sur l’Acadie était
approprié et a donné aux Acadiens
l’occasion de voler la vedette aux
Québécois qui dirigent normalement
le discours sur l’identité des
f rancophones au Canada. A
propos de l’avenir de l’art acadien,
Chiasson a admis qu’il souhaite
que la croissance économique
connue par les Acadiens entraine
aussi une croissance du soutien
apporté aux arts, en particulier
l’art visuel qui ne se propage pas
aussi bien que la littérature à
l’étranger. Voilà une note optimiste
pour conclure un discours portant
sur une histoire assez trouble.
Conférence inaugurale donnée par l’Honorable
Herménégilde Chiasson
Maria Maute
French 3741
Le colloque de l’Association des
professeurs des littératures acadienne
et québécoise de l’Atlantique
(APLAQA), tenu du 16 au 19
octobre à l’Université Mount Allison,
a connu un grand succès. Il visait à
explorer la question sur l’identité en
Acadie et au Québec contemporains.
Le colloque a commencé jeudi
soir à la galerie Owens avec un
vernissage d’œuvres d’artistes
acadiens et acadiennes en présence
du Lieutenant-gouverneur du
Nouveau-Brunswick, Herménégilde
Chiasson qui a prononcé l’allocution
d’ouverture. C’était une agréable
soirée de retrouvailles entre
professeurs, artistes et auteurs.
Vendredi matin, les sessions
ont commencé avec la conférence
inaugurale, donnée par l’Honorable
H. Chiasson, qui a parlé de
«L’impact de l’absence d’une
tradition iconographique sur la
production artistique contemporaine
en Acadie». Ensuite, il y a eu
des sessions parallèles avec des
communications sur la littérature
acadienne et québécoise. Pour
terminer une longue journée remplie
de discussions, une réception et un
lancement de livres ont eu lieu au
University Club. Les livres Genèses
de soi. L’écriture du sujet féminin
dans quelques journaux d’écrivaines
( Julie LeBlanc), Akadien: Ein
französischer Traum in Amerika
(Ingo Kolboom) et Louis Hamelin
et ses doubles (François Paré et
François Ouellet) ont été présentés
par leurs auteurs respectifs.
Le colloque s’est avéré très
intéressant et multiculturel, puisqu’il
y avait des délégués de partout
au Canada et de différents pays,
notamment l’Allemagne, les États-
Unis et la Roumanie. De plus, les
trois conférenciers d’honneur, la
Dr Julie LeBlanc de l’Université
de Toronto, le Dr Herménégilde
Chiasson, artiste multidisciplinaire,
et le Dr Ingo Kolboom de l’Université
de Dresde, ont tous contribué
aux discussions du colloque.
Les participants du colloque se
sont retrouvés à Jennings Hall samedi
soir pour un banquet et la remise du
prix Marguerite Maillet. Ce prix est
accordé chaque année à un professeur
ou une professeure pour souligner sa
contribution au développement et
à l’étude des littératures acadienne
et francophone d’Amérique. Cette
année, Ingo Kolboom, professeur
d’études françaises à l’Université
de Dresde, fut récipiendaire du prix
pour son livre précité. Kolboom
a expliqué dans son discours qu’il
avait rédigé ce livre sur l’Acadie en
allemand parce que, lorsqu’il était
étudiant, il n’y avait aucune source sur
l’Acadie dans sa langue maternelle.
Après une longue fin de semaine
remplie de discussions et de discours,
le colloque s’est terminé dimanche
après-midi à Jennings Hall où
tous les participants ont déjeuné
ensemble. Les organisatrices, les Drs
Monika Boehringer et Kirsty Bell,
sont satisfaites du bon déroulement
du colloque. Les étudiants des
littératures acadienne et québécoise
ont pu profiter de cette fin de semaine
pour approfondir leurs connaissances
sur leurs sujets d’études. Ils ont aussi
pu voir l’autre côté de la médaille : les
recherches que font leurs professeurs
quand ils n’enseignent pas.
Un colloque en français à Mount A.
All Graphic Credits: Wikipedia
Kirsty Bell and Monika Boehringer
Professors of French, Mount Allison University Modern Languages and Literatures
From October 16-19, Mount Allison hosted an interdisciplinary conference
on identity in Québec and Acadian literary and pictorial spaces. “(Se)Voir
et Savoir: Constructions identitaires dans les espaces littéraire et pictural
de l’Acadie et du Québec” examined the increasingly pressing questions of
individual and collective identity within these two francophone cultures.
Conference papers, author readings and a visual arts exhibition all addressed
the ways in which Acadie and Québec endeavour to define and redefine
themselves: How do Acadians and Quebeckers reconstruct their identities,
rooted as they are in their French heritage, but dominated today by North
American culture and by growing cultural hybridity? How do writers and
visual artists see themselves and the other in their novels and paintings?
Students from FREN 3731 and FREN 3741, two third-year literature
courses on Québec and Acadie in the Department of Modern
Languages and Literatures, attended various conference events. The
following bilingual contributions are inspired by their experiences
in learning about Acadian and Québécois literatures and cultures.
(Se)Voir et Savoir:
Learning about Acadie and Québec
F
PAGE 16 • THE ARGOSY • FEATURES • NOVEMBER 6, 2008
Rev. John C. Perkin
University Chaplain
As we approach Remembrance Day,
our thoughts turn once again to those
whose lives were lost in wars past, and
perhaps also in the current war in which
Canada is participating.
e official death toll of Canadian
soldiers killed in Afghanistan stands at
97; the American forces have suffered
612 casualties in Afghanistan. As of the
past weekend, there have been almost
1,000 soldiers, Canadian, American
and others, who have lost their lives in
Afghanistan. In Iraq, the death count
stands at almost 4,500, most of them
American. Over 30,000 troops have
been injured in Iraq, and probably many
more bear emotional and psychological
scars that have not been enumerated.
e cost of the war in lives, injuries and
in billions and billions of dollars is easily
counted.
However, much more difficult to
enumerate are the civilian casualties in
Iraq and Afghanistan, the broken social
systems and the damaged infrastructure,
and the almost invisible cost of soldiers
returning home suffering severe
psychological traumas.
Recent reports from American
military officials suggest that five soldiers
recently returning to Fort Carson base
in Colorado are suspects in deaths in
the area. is follows news from last
January, posted in the New York Times,
of the significant number of homicides
committed by combat-stressed veterans;
as of last winter, over 120 American
veterans of the conflicts in Iraq and
Afghanistan had either committed a
killing in the United States or been
charged in one.
Equally, if not more troubling, is the
rate of suicide among war veterans; some
claim that the number of American
veterans returning from Iraq only to
commit suicide has reached epidemic
proportions. In 2005, there were at least
6,256 suicides among those who served
in the armed forces. at works out to
over one hundred self-inflicted deaths
every week, in just one year. is is
double the rate of the civilian population,
and this rate is particularly high among
young males. For males aged 21 to 24
the suicide rate is up to four times that
of the civilian population. For many
veterans, returning from active armed
conflict overseas does not bring an end
to the internal conflict.
I well remember a professor of mine
who had served as an infantryman in the
rough stained glass
American Armed Forces in the European
battles of the Second World War. He
often recalled the training he underwent
in preparation for service overseas, citing
studies that had been done after the First
World War that indicated that many
men froze under battle conditions and
became ineffective soldiers. Training
methods were changed, so that the focus
was less on operation of equipment than
on preparing young men to believe that
they could kill, fire weapons on enemies,
develop a mindset oriented towards
successful combat operations.
He said, in brief, “we were taught to
kill, and then we were shipped overseas”.
And then suddenly, for him, the war
ended, and he was shipped back to the
United States; and he often recalled that
the returning soldiers came off the ships
to victory celebrations,and then they were
forgotten. No one ever taught them not
to kill; no one ever helped them unlearn
what they had been taught before being
sent overseas. My professor often noted
that the even the dogs used in combat
operations were treated better, and that
they went through “deprogramming” or
retraining before being demobilized and
sent to live in civilian society.
is is one of the most invisible
costs of war – the way it changes those
involved who are powerless to see the
changes that conflict wreaks deep inside
the human psyche, who cannot cope
with the horrors that torment them, the
fear that is never spoken, the destructive
forces that unleash their full fury on
unwilling victims.
One blog respondent to a posted
article on the suicide rate among veterans
writes, insightfully, “these reports, these
blog entries, all speak of war, soldiers,
veterans, politics, demographics, statistics
and predispositions. ese words
describe, but they are not the problem.
e problem is not even depression, nor
is it mental illness.e problem isn’t even
our cold and distant response to those
human beings, from all walks of life, who
suffer from mental illness. Mental illness,
you know, is not understood; it is feared.
As such is the modern day leprosy, swept
under the rug and talked about only
briefly, and behind closed doors. Look
around today and you will see people
wearing arm bands championing one
cause after another. But when did you last
see scores of people wearing armbands
and marching in the street crying out for
funding of mental health care services
and research?”
We stand in solidarity with our
troops, but when did people last march
in support of those returning, in need of
strong psychological or psychiatric care?
Post-traumatic stress disorder affects
soldiers profoundly – it leads to suicide,
to homelessness, to drug abuse, to
domestic violence. It transcends borders,
ethnicity, income levels. Veterans of war
often feel abandoned not only by the
society to which they return, but also by
the very military agencies that prepared
them for conflict.
By some estimates, as many as one
in eight soldiers suffers from Post-
Traumatic Stress Disorder, and yet only
one-half of these will seek help. e
others will often not seek support or
assistance for fear of being stigmatized,
fear of harming their career development,
or fear that the confidentiality of
counseling will not be maintained.
Troubling, also, is a recent report in
the journal Mental Health, Religion
and Culture. It notes that clergy, and
not psychologists, or other mental
health experts, are the most common
source of help sought in times of
psychological distress. While clergy
are in a unique position to provide
support, encouragement, and assistance
on the basis of prior relationships, of
representing a worldview of hopefulness
and redemption, and of being part of
larger network of support, the article
notes that absence of help that clergy
provide.
Clergy can refer, encourage
parishioners to seek professional help
and play and advocacy and supportive
role in that process, and be real agents of
healing, and yet, as the article in Mental
Health, Religion and Culture noted,
more than thirty per cent of those who
approached their clergy for help were
told they did not have a mental illness,
but a spiritual disorder.
Clergy, and communities of faith,
can provide the very support that
those suffering mental illness need
– not by trying to cure, but by being
supportive and healing communities
that affirm hope and acceptance for
those receiving care and treatment from
psychologists, psychiatrists, veterans
affairs departments, hospitals.
As we approach Remembrance Day,
we need to remember that although
war is hell, the aftermath of war can be
a living hell. We are often encouraged
to “support our troops.” If we are really
willing to support our troops, that means
especially at their return, where we will
give everything necessary to assist them
in their integration into civilian society
and into mental wellness.
Keltie Larter
Nexus (CamosunCollege)
VICTORIA (CUP) – She gets good
grades, loves her dog, plays guitar, and
jogs for a half-hour every morning.
Ashley (not her real name) transferred
to the University of Victoria this fall
after spending three years at Camosun
College in British Columbia studying
liberal arts. She looks like an average
student; a little tired around the eyes,
wearing jeans and carrying a book bag
and coffee mug.
What her fellow students wouldn’t
guess about Ashley is that at the end of
the school day, when most students go
home to eat dinner and cram for exams,
she trades in her binders and textbooks
for stiletto high heels, fake eyelashes, and
sexy lingerie. As a means to finance her
journey through the hallowed halls of
UVic’s buildings, Ashley works nights
as a call girl for a local escort agency.
Now 28, she has been working as an
escort since she was 20. Before that, she
worked as a cashier in a retail store, but
had a hard time making ends meet. She
heard trading sexual favours for money
could be very lucrative. She didn’t feel
uncomfortable with the idea, so she
decided to check it out.
Ashley looked up escort agencies in
the phone book and set up interviews
with each one to find out how it all
worked. en she chose the agency that
best suited her needs.
On her first day, Ashley was extremely
nervous.
“e first time [having sex with a
client] was scary,” she says.
But her co-workers helped to put her
at ease.
“e people there were really nice to
me; after the first day it became pretty
routine, like a normal job.”
Ashley says her clients are respectful
and kind, and in eight years, she has
never found herself in a position where
she felt unsafe.
Although Ashley works indoors and
not on the street, the dangers associated
with working in the sex industry are very
real.
According to research done by B.C.’s
Simon Fraser University criminologist
John Lowman, women working as
prostitutes are at a much greater risk
of violent crime than the mainstream
public. Also, the Public Health Agency
of Canada states that sex workers
are especially vulnerable to sexually
transmitted infections.
But therapists working closely with
women in the sex industry say emotional
impact and social stigma can also have a
lasting effect on women even after they
exit the profession.
“ere are many things that can be
dangerous for workers,” says Victoria-
based therapist Leah MacInnes. “It can
affect how you feel about yourself, but
it’s different for different women. ere’s
a lot of judgment in society, and hiding
what they do can cause emotional
stress.”
Despite Ashley’s initial fears, the money
was great.
“I’d never made so much money in
such a short period of time before, and I
thought it wouldn’t be a bad idea to go
back again,” she says.
But not everyone agrees being an
escort is an ideal way to earn a living.
Camosun student Josh McKinnis feels
it’s a degrading way to make money.
“I don’t think they should do it,”
McKinnis says.“I know it’s hard out there
to find jobs, for men and women, but it’s
something that is not appropriate.”
Fellow student Fletcher Evans
agrees.
“It should be illegal. It’s unsafe and
demoralizing for a woman; she’s like
an object. You pay to rent a car; you pay
to have sex with a girl. You can try to
justify the situation by paying to go to
school, but there must be a better way
to get money.”
Some women’s rights advocates, such
as the Camosun College Women’s
Centre, take a different stance on
Ashley’s career choice, saying each
person has a right to make a living how
they choose, as long as they are not
harming anyone.
“It’s not a route I would choose, but
if you feel good in your body and you
feel comfortable sharing it, then I don’t
see any problem with that,” says Natalie
Schlogl, Women’s Centre support
staffer. “Of course, being safe and using
protection is important.”
Many wonder how escorts and escort
agencies manage to operate in Victoria
without having to answer to the strong
arm of the law. e answer is they
operate within a legal grey area.
Technically, prostitution isn’t illegal
in Canada, and never has been. What is
illegal is for a sex worker or her client
to verbally discuss the exchange of
sexual acts for money or other material
possessions.
So escorts can sell their bodies, but
they can’t solicit customers or set a
price for their services. It’s also illegal
to operate a brothel (an establishment
strictly dedicated to prostitution),
profit from someone else selling sexual
services (commonly known as pimping),
or tell someone where to go to find sex
for money.
But here’s the loophole: escorts don’t
sell their bodies, they sell their time.
And what goes on between two adults
during that time is, well, nobody else’s
“business.”
As to what actually does go on
between an escort and her client
behind closed doors, there are different
scenarios. e escort can either go to the
client (out-call), or can be visited at their
agency (in-call).
Some escorts will provide a GFE
(girlfriend experience), which means
different things for different people,
but often includes kissing on the lips,
cuddling, or “dining at the Y” (oral
sex) – things usually done with a more
emotionally intimate partner.
Some escorts do duos with other
escorts (a very popular choice). ere
are also CBJs (condom blowjobs), nude
massages, fetish scenarios (use your
imagination, but it’ll cost more), and
Greek (anal sex).
And what about the Johns, or
customers? Who are the people whose
hard-earned dollars fuel the growing sex
industry in North America?
Lauren Casey is a former sex worker
who has been living in Victoria for
five years and is the former executive
director of the Prostitute Empowerment
Education and Resource Society. Casey
also put herself through school working
as an escort, earning a bachelor of arts
and later a master’s of arts.
In Casey’s experience, the men paying
for the services of escorts or other sex
workers are just normal guys, many of
whom are married and have families.
“ey’re not little trenchcoat guys
running around . . . flashing people,”
Casey says.
Casey explains that as sex work sees
a lot of turnover, it’s hard to say exactly
how many workers are in the Victoria
area. She estimates at least five local
escort agencies and somewhere around
1,500 sex workers working in agencies,
as independents, or on the street.
“Society tends to cast the whole net
on the workers and little attention is
paid to the fact that [the sex industry]
is not going to go away, because, well,
there’s always the buyer,” Casey says.
Speaking of the buyers, privacy is
always a concern for those working in
the sex trade, but Ashley is not really
worried about her two worlds colliding.
She protects her secret well.
Occasionally, she crosses paths with
one of her clients in a public place.
Usually, it’s understood that both parties
behave very discretely, but she admits
there have been unfortunate occasions
where a client has approached her in
public.
Ashley says while she has never had
a fellow student as a client, she has on
more than one occasion provided sexual
services for Camosun College professors.
She says, although they weren’t her
professors at the time, they were aware
she was a Camosun student.
“I’ve had profs from Camosun come
to the agency to see me; if it’s awkward,
I always ask if they want to see someone
else,” she says. “But usually they’re more
than willing to hang out with me for
that time.”
And Ashley’s situation is not
uncommon. She estimates about one-
quarter of the girls she has worked with
over the past eight years have been post-
secondary students.
“Contrary to the image that society
portrays, most of the girls are pretty
normal, come from middle-class
families, and choose to be working in
this industry,” says Ashley. “We are not
the victims that society makes us out to
be.”
Working in the sex trade:
A post-secondary student bares all
F
NOVEMBER 6, 2008 • FEATURES • THE ARGOSY • PAGE 17
A weekly compilation by Sarah Robinson
This week in history
Argosy Staff
King Tut’s tomb
On November 4, 1922, archaeologist
and Egyptologist Howard Carter
uncovered the steps leading down into
King Tutankhamun’s tomb, which has
been noted as being the most well-
preserved and intact Egyptian tomb
in the Valley of the Kings.
After breaking away a small piece
on the corner of the doorway, Carter
was able to look in through the hole
he had made, and by the light of a
candle, saw that the tomb was filled
with gold and ebony. At that point
Carter was unsure as to what exactly
the tomb was, whether it was an actual
tomb, or a treasury of sorts, but he was
able to see another sealed doorway in
the room.
After several weeks, Carter and his
team were able to completely open
the first door; they then catalogued
all the items in the antechamber, and
finally were able to open the second
sealed door. e door lead to a burial
chamber, were Carter found the
sarcophagus of Tutankhamun.
Without waiting for Egyptian
officials to show up, he, the expedition’s
financier, Lord Carnarvon, and Lady
Evelyn Herbert entered the tomb
shortly after it was uncovered. ey
discovered that Carter had found
an unknown pharaoh’s tomb. Some
evidence, including Carter’s paper’s
from the dig and from items found at
his home after he died, suggests that
they personally took things from the
burial chamber, including jewelry and
artifacts. Among the artifacts found in
Tutankhamun’s tomb was the young
pharaoh’s death mask, now a popular
and widely recognized icon of ancient
Egypt.
e opening of Tutankhamun’s
tomb also brought attention to the
mythical “Curse of the Pharaoh,” due
to the deaths of several people involved
with the King Tut dig. It was believed
that because there were warnings
inscribed on the sarcophagi, curses
would fall upon those who disturbed
the mummies of the pharaohs.
e first of the “cursed” deaths
was that of Lord Carnarvon, who
died from an infected mosquito bite
(he managed to cut it open while
shaving), almost four months after
the tomb had been opened. Ironically,
it is believed that the wording of the
curse on Tutankhamun’s death mask
was “Death shall come on swift wings
to him who disturbs the peace of the
king.”
In 1939, Carter died of lymphoma.
e fact Carter was the head of the
expedition, and lived for 19 years after
the opening of the tomb has fueled
skeptics belief that the pharaoh’s curse
was not the reason for the deaths of
the members of the expedition party.
“Remember, remember, the fifth of
November…”
On November 5, 1605, King James
I was set to go off to Parliament in
London for an important ceremony,
with the building full of people in
attendance.
e Gunpowder Plot was an
attempt to assassinate James I, formed
by a group of English Catholics. ey
intended to kill the king, his family,
and some Protestant aristocrats by
blowing up the Houses of Parliament
during its State Opening (after being
postponed earlier in the year due to an
outbreak of the plague) on November
5.
e plot was headed by a man
named Robert Catesby, who decided
to plot against the king after the hopes
of Catholic toleration was diminished.
He intended it to a rebellion in which
the king’s nine-year-old daughter,
Princess Elizabeth, would be installed
as a Catholic monarch. e other main
plotters included Guy Fawkes (most
widely associated with the plot, and
an expert with gunpowder), omas
Percy (who was soon to become a
bodyguard in the royal household),
omas Winter, and John Wright.
In 1604, a house adjacent to the
old House of Lords had become
vacant, allowing the plotters to come
up with the means to pt their plan
into effect; omas Percy secured the
lease on this house, and Guy Fawkes
took up residence in it, pretending to
be Percy’s servant. ey then began
to dig a tunnel, ideally running from
the basement of their house, up the
street and finally ending under the
Houses of Parliament. However, in
March 1605, a cellar under the House
of Lords was put up for rent, and the
plotters immediately abandoned the
tunnel, rented the cellar, and stuffed it
full of barrels of gunpowder.
eir plans would be foiled by a
warning, sent by one of the plotters
to his cousin, Lord Monteagle, telling
him to stay away from Parliament
because something terrible was going
to happen. Monteagle, however, would
hand the note over to Robert Cecil
(former advisor to Elizabeth I), James
I’s Secretary of State and spymaster,
in charge of a network of spies who
were on the lookout for Catholics
that might pose as a threat to the
king. Even though they found out
about this warning letter, the plotters
decided to carry on with their plans.
e day before Parliament was set
to open, Fawkes waited in the cellar
with the gunpowder. A tip-off led to
a search of the cellars of the House of
Lords on the night of Nov. 4, and the
discovery of Fawkes. He was arrested
and questioned, but he wouldn’t give
away the names of his co-conspirators,
and instead only stated that his
intentions were to kill the king and
Parliament, reportedly saying that he
wanted to blow James I back to his
Scottish mountains.
James I lost patience with Fawkes,
and sentenced him to be interrogated
under torture in the Tower of London.
After they had heard of the failure of
their plot, Catesby and the rest of
the plotters took off into the country,
and on November 8 the king’s troops
caught up with them. ere was a
shoot out, in which Catesby, Percy,
John Wright, and his brother were
killed.
All of the plotters, with the
exception of omas Winter (who
wasn’t caught until the following year),
were arrested, sentenced to death for
treason, and finally they were all hung,
drawn, and quartered.
Today, November 5 is known as
Bonfire Night, commemorating the
bonfires that Londoners made to give
thanks that their king was still alive
by setting off fireworks. Traditionally,
children would make effigies of
Fawkes in the weeks leading up to
Nov. 5, only to burn them on the fifth
on a bonfire (although Fawkes wasn’t
burnt, but rather his guts were).
Also this week:
Nov. 2, 1755: Birth of Marie
Antoinette, Queen of France.
Nov. 2, 1795: e National Assembly
becomes the French Directory as the
government of revolutionary France.
Nov. 2, 1965: Norman Morrison sets
himself on fire in front of the Pentagon
in protest of the use of napalm in the
Vietnam War.
Nov. 3, 1793: French feminist
playwright and journalist Olypme de
Gouges is guillotined.
Nov. 3, 1957: e Soviet Union
launches Sputnik 2 into space,
carrying the first animal in space,
Laika the dog.
Nov. 3, 1971: Birth of Irish comedian
Dylan Moran.
Nov. 4, 1501: Catherine of Aragon
meets her first husband Arthur Tudor,
Henry VIII’s older brother.
Nov. 4, 1966: Two-thirds of Florence,
Italy floods, killing 113 people,
rendering almost 30, 000 homeless
and destroying numerous paintings
and books from the Renaissance.
Nov. 4, 1970: Genie, a 13 year-old
feral child, was found in Los Angeles,
California having been locked in her
bedroom for most of her life.
Nov. 4, 1973: e first Car Free
Sunday in Norway due to the 1973
oil crisis.
Nov. 5, 1995: André Dallaire attempts
to assassinate Canadian Prime
Minister Jean Chrétien, but attempt is
thwarted when Mrs. Chrétien locked
the front door.
Nov. 6, 1796: Death of Catherine the
Great.
Nov. 7, 1492: e oldest meteorite
with a known date of impact hits
Earth in a field in Alsace, France.
Nov. 7, 1929: e Museum of Modern
Art opens to the public in New York
City.
Nov. 7, 1943: Birth of Canadian folk
singer Joni Mitchell.
Nov. 7, 1990: Mary Robinson becomes
the first woman to be elected President
of the Republic of Ireland.
Nov. 8, 1793: e Louvre is opened by
the Revolutionary government to the
public as a museum.
Nov. 8, 1917: e People’s Commissars
give authority to Stalin, Lenin, and
Trotsky.
Corey Isenor and
James Goddard
Argosy Correspondents
Jack’s Pizza
170 Main St.

It seemed appropriate that we would
visit Jack’s after the time change. As
we walked there a little before 7:00
pm on Monday, it felt much later.
Jack’s, you see, is known primarily
for two things. First, on Monday they
offer their large slices of pizza (they
claim to be the home of the big slice)
for only $2.00. Plus, more importantly,
it’s one of the only places in town
that you can depend on for food
after the bar has closed. If you have
yet to wander over to Jack’s just after
finishing whatever Friday night revels
you indulge in, you are missing a small
part of the Sackville experience.
Although less often now, when we
sat down to wait for our garlic fingers,
we talked about all the times we
had been there in the past. We went
there after winning our first Bigelow
house intramural softball team game
in first year; we had come back from
behind in the last two innings. ere
was also that one night when one of
our friends serenaded the telephone
booth in the parking lot, comparing it
to a girl he had a crush on. Although
neither of these two events have any
real bearing on the kind of experience
one may have at Jack’s, they certainly
influenced ours.
e history seems to soften the
harsh fluorescent light and make
the hard wooden benches more
comfortable. Upon entering Jack’s,
Corey remarked that the big hanging
menu they used to have was gone.
e guy working behind the counter
informed us that it had been gone for
three years, which would mean they
got rid of it in our first year. Neither of
us seemed to remember that.
Nevertheless, the friendly female
attendant behind the counter was
quick to provide us with a menu
for our decision-making needs. We
decided to go with a toonie slice of
meat pizza each, as well as a 12” garlic
fingers to split. e garlic fingers ran
to a total of about $9.50 and each slice
was a little over a toonie with tax.
e service of food at Jack’s can
greatly vary as well as the availability.
We were lucky enough to be in Jack’s
when it wasn’t full of about ten hungry
inebriated young folks (a scenario
often resulting in half hour waits for
pizza and anything else you order),
therefore, we had our garlic fingers
within about ten minutes and the
slices were already available as they
are kept within a heated glass box on
the counter.
Taste-wise, Jacks makes perhaps
the best pizza-place style food in
Sackville. e sauce isn’t too sweet,
the dough and crust are always a good
medium between chewy and crunchy
and they have masterful skills when
it comes to making a simple but
satisfying donair or garlic fingers. We
were quite happy with our choices.
Corey and James eat out
Of course, Jack’s is not a restaurant
so it shouldn’t be expected that its
pizza would have fancy toppings like
feta cheese or spinach. ey make
classic pizza-place food and they are
good at it. As well, the store is kept
clean and the hours are favorable
to those wanting a late night snack
around the weekends. Mon-urs:
Jack’s Menu
11am-9pm, Fri-Sat: 11am-3am, Sun:
4pm-9pm. ey also offer delivery, a
big highlight for those of us who live
far away from everything.
Corey and James have thus decided,
for providing years of memories as
well as satisfying pizza and garlic
fingers at a fairly reasonable price, we
give Jack’s Pizza 1 and ½ thumbs up.