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There will be two tests RM-1, and RM-2 of 2 hours duration each in the

forenoon and in the afternoon. Topics to be covered in these tests along

with an outline of the syllabus and sample questions are given below:

tegration, Complex Analysis, Ordinary Differential Equations and General

Topology.

tional Analysis, Elementary Number Theory and Combinatorics.

1

Outline Of The Syllabus

nectedness, Compactness, Separation Axioms. Product spaces. Complete

metric spaces. Uniform continuity.

spaces, Compact operators. Knowledge of some standard examples like

C[0, 1], Lp [0, 1]. Continuous linear maps (linear operators). Hahn-Banach

Theorem, Open mapping theorem, Closed graph theorem and the uniform

boundedness principle.

real valued functions of one and two real variables and applications, uniform

convergence, Riemann integration.

roots and characteristic vectors, systems of linear equations, inner prod-

uct spaces, diagonalization of symmetric and Hermitian matrices, quadratic

forms.

gruences, standard arithmetic functions, permutations and combinations,

and combinatorial probability.

functions, Lebesgue integral, convergence almost everywhere, monotone and

dominated convergence theorems.

integral formula, maximum modulus principle, Laurent series, Singularities,

Theory of residues, contour integration.

quotients, isomorphism theorems, finite groups, symmetric and alternating

groups, direct product, structure of finite Abelian groups, Sylow theorems.

2

Rings and ideals, quotients, homomorphism and isomorphism theorems,

maximal ideals, prime ideals, integral domains, field of fractions; Euclidean

rings, principal ideal domains, unique factoristation domains, polynomial

rings. Fields, characteristic of a field, algebraic extensions, roots of polyno-

mials, separable and normal extensions, finite fields.

tions, singular solutions, initial value problems for first order ODE, general

theory of homogeneous and nonhomogeneous linear differential equations,

and Second order ODE and their solutions.

3

SAMPLE QUESTIONS

Topology

function such that

x ∈ X} is a compact subset of X × IR. Show that f is continuous.

of real-valued continuous functions on X is finite dimensional. Show

that X is finite.

of closed sets in X such that sup{d(x, y) : x, y ∈ An } tends to zero as

n tends to infinity. Let f : X → X be a continuous map. Show that

\ \

f ( An ) = f (An ).

n n

span of {y1 , y2 , . . . , yn }. Assume that kyn+1 k ≤ ky − yn+1 k for each

y ∈ Vn for n = 1, 2, 3, . . .. Show that hyi , yj i = 0 for i 6= j.

E → F be a sequence of continuous linear transformations such that

supn kTn k < ∞. Let

4

7. Let X and Y be complex, normed linear spaces which are not neces-

sarily complete. Let T : X → Y be a linear map such that {T xn } is

a Cauchy sequence in Y whenever {xn } is a Cauchy sequence in X.

Show that T is continuous.

to R such that L (v) = 0 implies T (v) = 0. Show that T = cL for

some real number c.

9. Let

0 1 0 0

0 0 1 0

B=

0 0 0 1

.

0 0 0 0

Show that, for each nonzero scalar λ, (λI − B)−1 = Pλ (B) for some

polynomial Pλ (X) of degree 3.

10. Let A be an n×n square matrix such that A2 is the identity. Show that

any n × 1 vector can be expressed as a sum of at most two eigenvectors

of A.

(a1 + a2 + . . . + an )

sn = , n = 1, 2, 3, . . .

n

Show that lim inf an ≤ lim inf sn .

n→∞ n→∞

12. Let p (x) be an odd degree polynomial in one variable with coeffi-

cients from the set R of real numbers. Let g : R → R be a bounded

continuous function. Prove that there exists an x0 ∈ R such that

p (x0 ) = g (x0 ).

5

13. Let f1 , f2 , f3 , . . . and f be nonnegative Lebesgue integrable functions

on IR such that

Zy Zy

lim fn (x)dx = f (x)dx for each y ∈ IR

n→∞

−∞ −∞

Z∞ Z∞

and lim fn (x)dx = f (x)dx.

n→∞

−∞ −∞

R R

Show that lim inf fn (x)dx ≥ f (x)dx for any open subset U of IR.

n→∞

U U

14. Let f be a uniformly continuous real valued function on the real line

R. Assume that f is integrable with respect to the Lebesgue measure

on R. Show that f (x) → 0 as |x| → ∞.

(p−1)!

15. Let p be a prime and r an integer, 0 < r < p. Show that r!(p−r)! is an

integer.

16. If a and b are integers such that 9 divides a2 + ab + b2 then show that

3 divides both a and b.

17. Let c be a 3n digit number whose digits are all equal. Show that 3n

divides c.

5x = 2(mod 6)

4x = 1(mod 7)

6

Complex Analysis

µ ¶ µ ¶

1 1 1

f =f = for all n ≥ 1 ?

2n 2n + 1 2n

Justify your answer.

analytic ofunc-

tion on the open disc {z ∈ C | |z| < 1}. Assume that ddz nf (0) is a

n

Z2π

1 dθ 1

2

= .

2π 1 − 2a cos θ + a 1 − a2

0

Abstract Algebra

be an integer between 1 and n. Find the number of elements x in Sn

such that the cycle containing 1 in the cycle decomposition of x has

length k.

the ring homomorphism such that

ϕ(X) = t,

ϕ(Y ) = t2 , and

ϕ(Z) = t3 .

√ √

25. Show that there is no field isomorphism between Q( 2) and Q( 3).

Are they isomorphic as vector spaces over Q?

7

26. Determine finite subgroups of the multiplicative group of non-zero

complex numbers.

27. Let Z[X] denote the ring of polynomials in X with integer coefficients.

Find an ideal I in Z[X] such that Z[X]/I is a field of order 4

Differential Equations

d2 y dy

+ P (x) + Q (x) y (x) = 0,

dx2 dx

where P (x) and Q (x) are continuous functions on [a, b]. If the graph

of the function y (x) is tangent to X-axis at any point of this interval,

then prove that y is identically zero.

equation

y ′ (t) + y(t) = f (t) (∗)

on IR.

a) Show that (∗) can have at most one bounded solution.

b) If f is bounded, show that (∗) has a bounded solution.

let k be a non-zero real number. Show that the differential equation

dy

+ ky(x) = q(x)

dx

has exactly one polynomial solution of degree n.

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