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# University of New Mexico Civil Engineering Department Civil Engineering Materials Laboratory, CE 305L STATIC MODULUS OF ELASTICITY AND

POISSON'S RATIO OF CONCRETE in compression ASTM C469 Scope This ASTM test method covers the determination of the modulus of elasticity (Young's modulus) of molded concrete cylinders. References ASTM C469 Static Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson's Ratio of Concrete in Compression ASTM C39 Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens ASTM C617 Capping Cylindrical Concrete Specimens ASTM C192 Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory Definitions Young's Modulus of Elasticity - Young's modulus, E , is the ratio between stress and strain within the working stress range of the concrete ( E has units of stress, i.e., force per unit area, e.g., psi) Poisson's Ratio Poisson's ratio, , is the negative of the ratio between the lateral strain and the longitudinal strain within the working stress range of the concrete ( is an elastic parameter and is dimensionless) Working Stress Range - 0 to 40% of the ultimate unconfined compressive strength of the concrete. Stress - Load per unit area, P/A (units of force per length squared, e.g., psi) Strain - Ratio of length change per an initial gage length, dL/Lo (strain has units of length per unit length, e.g., in./in.).

where e 1 is the eccentricity of the compressometer pivot rod from the axis of the specimen and e 2 is the eccentricity of the longitudinal dial gage from the axis of the specimen. If these eccentricities are equal, then I=0.5. The gage length is the distance between yokes, and is

generally equal to 8 in. (for 6 in. diameter specimens). 10) Plot the stress-strain curve (stress on the ordinate and strain on the abscissa). 11) Calculate E to the nearest 50,000 psi as follows:

where 2 is the stress corresponding to 40% of ultimate load, 1 the stress corresponding to a strain of 0.00005, and 2 the strain at a stress of 2. 12) Calculate lateral (radial) strain as follows: Strain, y = d'/D where d' is the radial specimen deformation and D is the specimen diameter. The deformation, d' is equal to d' = g'I' where g' is the radial dial gage reading and

where e' 1 is the eccentricity of the extensometer pivot rod from the axis of the specimen and e' 2 is the eccentricity of the radial dial gage from the axis of the specimen. If these eccentricities are equal, then I'=0.5. 13) Plot the lateral strain versus the longitudinal strain curve (lateral strain on the ordinate and longitudinal strain on the abscissa). 14) Calculate to the nearest 0.01 as follows:

where t2 is the lateral strain produced by stress 2 , and t1 is the lateral strain produced by stress 1. 15) After loading to 40% and recording the load versus displacement data, unload the specimen. 16) Remove the compressometer (the compressometer may be left in place when appropriate to generate the entire stress vs. strain curve to failure). 17) Perform an unconfined compression test in accordance with ASTM C39. The specified loading rate is 35 psi/s. Report 1) Report the compressive strength (nearest 10 psi) and unit weight of the concrete (0.1 pcf). 2) Plot the stress-strain diagram. 3) Report the measured value of Young's modulus (nearest 50,000 psi). 4) Report the measured value of Poisson's ratio (nearest 0.01). Questions 1) Calculate the value of E using the A.C.I. expression:

where c is the unit weight of concrete (lb/ft3), fc' is the ultimate unconfined, 28-day, compressive strength (psi), and E is in psi. Compare this calculated value to that determined experimentally. What is the error between the experimentally observed value of E and that calculated by the above A.C.I. expression?

Sample Data from CE 305 Fall 2003 Static Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson's Ratio of Concrete in Specimen 1 G long G tran e long e tran 28 day Sample Age: P (lbf) s (psi) (in.) (in.) (in./in.) (in./in.) Moist Cured Curing History 0 0 0 0 0 0 13.24 Sample Weight (kg): 7700 0.0008 -0.00015 5.00E-05 -1.25E-05 270 6 Diameter, D: 18000 0.0021 -0.00035 1.31E-04 -2.92E-05 640 12 Length (in.), L: 36000 0.0043 -0.00065 2.69E-04 -5.42E-05 1270 Compressometer: 54000 0.0066 -0.00105 4.13E-04 -8.75E-05 1910 Pivot rod to yoke (in.), E 5 72000 0.009 -0.00145 5.63E-04 -1.21E-04 2550 r: Long. Gage to yoke 5 217500 7690 supports (in.), E g : 8 Gage Length (in.), L o: Concrete Strength, psi: 7690 Extensometer Hinge to mid yoke, (in.), E 4 Modulus of Elasticity, psi: h: Tran. Gage to mid yoke 4 supports (in.), E gtr :

Static Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson's Ratio of Concrete in Specimen G long G tran e long e tran 28 day Sample Age: P (lbf) s (psi) (in.) (in.) (in./in.) (in./in.) Moist Cured Curing History 0 0 0 0 0 0

Sample Weight (kg): Diameter, D: Length (in.), L: Compressometer: Pivot rod to yoke (in.), E r: Long. Gage to yoke supports (in.), E g : Gage Length (in.), L o: Extensometer Hinge to mid yoke, (in.), E h: Tran. Gage to mid yoke supports (in.), E gtr :

13.24 6 12 5 5 8

7200 0.0008 -0.00005 5.00E-05 -4.17E-06 250 18000 0.0022 -0.00025 1.38E-04 -2.08E-05 640 36000 0.0044 -0.00044 2.75E-04 -3.67E-05 1270 54000 0.00675 -0.00105 4.22E-04 -8.75E-05 1910 72000 0.00915 -0.00145 5.72E-04 -1.21E-04 2550 216800
Concrete Strength, psi: 7670

7670

4 4

## Modulus of Elasticity, psi:

Statement of Test Results The A.C.I expression used to calculate the modulus of elasticity is:

The unit weight of the concrete used in the test is 140.5lb/ft3 The corresponding value for the modulus of elasticity, E = 4.26(106) psi. The error between the experimental value and using the A.C.I equation is: %Error = 100(4.26(106)- 4.50(106))/4.26(106) %Error = 5.6%

## Modulus Of Elasticity Of Concrete

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The modulus of elasticity of concrete E c adopted in modified form by the ACI Code can be calculated by the formula given below: