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This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

7

because, since

2

Premise Indicators

8

**for, for example
**

3

Premise Indicators

9

**for the reason that
**

4

Conclusion Indicators

10

**in that, given that
**

5

Conclusion Indicators

11

as indicated by

6

Conclusion Indicators

12

due to, owing to

Conclusion Indicators

7

1

**this can be seen from
**

8

Premise Indicators

2

**we know this by
**

9

Premise Indicators

3

**thus, therefore, hence
**

10

Premise Indicators

4

consequently, as a result

11

Premise Indicators

5

so, accordingly

12

Premise Indicators

6

clearly

Premise Indicators

13

19

must be that

14

Premise Indicators

20

shows that

15

Premise Indicators

21

**follows that, conclude that
**

16

**Premise Indicators (to support the conclusion but is sometimes non-essential to the conclusion)
**

22

**for this reason
**

17

**Premise Indicators (to support the conclusion but is sometimes non-essential to the conclusion)
**

23

Suggests

18

**Premise Indicators (to support the conclusion but is sometimes non-essential to the conclusion)
**

24

Indicates

Premise Indicators (to support the conclusion but is sometimes non-essential to the conclusion)

19

13

**for the fact that
**

20

Conclusion Indicators

14

**it helps show
**

21

Conclusion Indicators

15

Furthermore

22

Conclusion Indicators

16

Moreover

23

Conclusion Indicators

17

Besides

24

Conclusion Indicators

18

In addition

Conclusion Indicators

25

31

What s more

26

**Counter-Premise Indicators
**

32

But, However

27

**Counter-Premise Indicators
**

33

Yet

28

**Counter-Premise Indicators
**

34

After all

29

**Counter-Premise Indicators
**

35

**On the other hand
**

30

**Counter-Premise Indicators
**

36

Admittedly

A Commonly Used Construction in which the test makers can raise alternate

31

25

**In contrast, Despite
**

32

**Premise Indicators (to support the conclusion but is sometimes non-essential to the conclusion)
**

26

**Although, Even though
**

33

**Counter-Premise Indicators
**

27

**Counter-Premise Indicators
**

34 28

Still

35 36

**Counter-Premise Indicators
**

29

**Counter-Premise Indicators
**

30

Some people propose...

Counter-Premise Indicators

37

43

**Many people believe...
**

38

Quantity Indicators

44

**Some argue that... or Some people argue that...
**

39

Quantity Indicators

45

**Some critics claim...
**

40

Quantity Indicators

46

**Some critics maintain...
**

41

Quantity Indicators

47

**Some scientists believe...
**

42

Quantity Indicators

48

all

Quantity Indicators

43

37

every

44

**A Commonly Used Construction in which the test makers can raise alternate
**

38

most

45

**A Commonly Used Construction in which the test makers can raise alternate
**

39

many

46

**A Commonly Used Construction in which the test makers can raise alternate
**

40

some

47

**A Commonly Used Construction in which the test makers can raise alternate
**

41

several

48

**A Commonly Used Construction in which the test makers can raise alternate
**

42

few

Quantity Indicators

49

55

sole

50

Probability Indicators

56

only

51

Probability Indicators

57

not all

52

Probability Indicators

58

none

53

Probability Indicators

59

must

54

Probability Indicators

60

will

Probability Indicators

55

49

always

56

Quantity Indicators

50

not always

57

Quantity Indicators

51

probably

58

Quantity Indicators

52

likely

59

Quantity Indicators

53

should

60

Probability Indicators

54

would

Probability Indicators

61

67

not necessarily

62

**Structure of Parallel Marker => Both X and Y
**

68

could

63

**Structure of Parallel Marker => X or Y
**

69

rarely

64

**Structure of Parallel Marker => Either X or Y
**

70

never

65

**Structure of Parallel Marker => Not X but Y
**

71

And

66

**Structure of Parallel Marker => Not only X but also Y
**

72

From/To

Structure of Parallel Marker => X rather than Y

67

61

Both/ And

68

Probability Indicators

62

Or

69

Probability Indicators

63

Either/ Or

70

Probability Indicators

64

Not/ But

71

Probability Indicators

65

**Not Only/ But Also
**

72

**Structure of Parallel Marker => X and Y or X,Y, and Y
**

66

Rather Than

Structure of Parallel Marker => From X to

73

79

**A singular subject linked to other nouns by an additive phrase
**

74

**Singular Subjects ( Note that each following a subject has no bearing on the verb form.)
**

80

**Subjects joined by or or nor
**

75

Plural Sybiects

81

**Subjects preceded by the number of
**

76

Plural Sybiects

82

Collective nouns

77

It Depends (In many idiomatic expressions that designate qyantities or parts such as a number of, the subject of the sentence is in an Ofprepositional phrase. These expressions provide the exception to the the rule that the subject cannot be in a prepositional phrase.like SANAM)

83

Collective nouns

78

Singular Subjects (Sometimes the subject of a sentence is an -Ing phrase or even a whole clause. This sort of subject is always singular and requires a singular verb form.

84

SANAM pronouns

Singular Subjects (Anyone, anybody, anything No one, nobody, nothing, Each, every (aspronouns) Someone, somebody, something, Everyone, everybody, everything Whatever, whoever, ehither , neither)

79

73

**Subjects preceded by each or every
**

80

**Singular Subjects (along with, in addition to, as well as, accompanied by, together with,includIng)
**

74

**Subjects joined by and
**

81

It Depends ( find the noun nearest to the verb, and make sure that the verb agrees in number with this noun.)

75

**Subjects preceded by a number of
**

82

Singular Subjects

76

**Other numerical words and phrases
**

83

**Singular Subjects (People:board, agency, army, audience, class, committee, crowd, orchestra, team)
**

77

**Subject phrases or clauses
**

84

**Singular Subjects (Items:string, baggage, citrus, equipment, fleet, fruit, furniture)
**

78

Most indefinite pronouns

It Depends (Some, Any, None, All, More/Most) (Look at the Ofphrase which usually follows the pronoun. You may recall that you are generally supposed to ignore Of prepositional phrases (since they are misleading middlemen). The SANAM pronouns are exceptions to this rule. You should look at the noun object of the Of phrase to determine the number of the subject.)

85

91

X Acts As

86

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

92

Distinguish X From Y

87

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

93

X is the Same As Y

88

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

94

both X and Y

89

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

95

As X, So Y

90

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

96

Estimate X To Be Y

Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.

91

85

**X is good, and So Too is Y
**

92

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

86

Between X And Y

93

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

87

X Instead Of Y

94

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

88

X, Such As Y (example)

95

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

89

is Known To Be Y

96

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

90

Think Of X As Y

Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.

97

103

X is Less Than Y

98

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

104

X is Thought To Be Y

99

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

105

Compared To X, Y X

100

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

106

Consider X Y

101

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

107

Make X Y

102

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

108

View X As Y

Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.

103

97

Declare X Y

104

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

98

In Contrast To X, Y

105

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

99

Mistake X For Y

106

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

100

X-Develops Into Y

107

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

101

X Differs From Y

108

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

102

Whether X Or Y

Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.

109

115

**Not Only XC) But Also Y (the comma is optional)
**

110

alarmed at X

116

Regard X As Y

111

amazed at X

117

a lot of X

112

amused by X

118

accuse X of Y

113

angry with X

119

adapt to X

114

apparent to X

120

afraid of X

apply to X for Y

115

109

**agree with X about Y
**

116

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

110

a lot of X

117

**Certain idioms demand parallelism as a result of their structure.
**

111

amused at X

118

account to X for Y

112

angry at X

119

acquaintance with X

113

apologize to X for Y

120

affection for X

114

appeal to X

agree to X

121

127

appropriate to X

122

believe in X

128

argue about X

123

blind to X

129

ashamed of X

124

call to X from Y

130

ask X of Y

125

certain of X

131

**at the top of X
**

126

characteristic of X

132

aware of X

close to X

127

121

because of X

128

approve of X

122

blame X for Y

129

**argue with X for Y
**

123

by means of X

130

ask X for Y

124

capable of X

131

assure X of Y

125

challenge X to Y

132

attraction to X

126

cheat X of Y

bargain with X for Y

133

139

comment on X

134

confident of X

140

communicate X to Y

135

conscious of X

141

compare to X

136

**consult with X about Y
**

142

**competition with X for Y
**

137

contempt for X

143

composed of X

138

contrast with X

144

concerned with X

weary of X

139

133

confidence in X

140

communicate with X

134

congratulate X on Y

141

comparable to X

135

consideration for X

142

compare with X

136

consult with X on Y

143

complain to X about Y

137

contented with X

144

concerned about X

138

contribute to X

confess to X

145

151

control over X

146

defend X from Y

152

**converse with X about Y
**

147

delighted with X

153

convince X of Y

148

depend on X for Y

154

correspond with X

149

designed for X

155

cure for X

150

different from X

156

decide on X

disappointed in X

151

145

defend X against Y

152

wait for X

146

delight in X

153

convict X of Y

147

demand X of Y

154

copy from X

148

deprive X of Y

155

count on X for Y

149

desire for X

156

deal with X

150

disagree with X about Y

dedicate X to Y

157

163

disappointed with X

158

exception to X

164

displeased with X

159

excuse X from Y

165

do X about Y

160

failure of X in Y

166

dream about X

161

fascinated with X

167

due to X

162

**for the sake of X
**

168

engaged to X

grateful to X for Y

163

157

excel in X

164

disgusted with X

158

excuse for X

165

distrust of X

159

explain X to Y

166

doubt about X

160

faithful to X

167

dream of X

161

fearful of X

168

duty to X

162

full of X

escape from X

169

175

guard against X

170

inform X of Y

176

hear about X

171

insist on X

177

hint at X

172

interested in X

178

in case of X

173

introduce X to Y

179

in favor of X

174

irrelevant to X

180

in search of X

lecture on X

175

169

influence over X

176

guess at X

170

inquire into X

177

hear of X

171

intent on X

178

horrified at X

172

interfere with X

179

**in common with X
**

173

invite X to Y

180

in place of X

174

laugh at X

independent of X

181

187

listen to X

182

pity for X

188

look for X

183

prefer X to Y

189

make X for Y

184

protect X from Y

190

need for X

185

punish X for Y

191

on account of X

186

**quarrel with X over Y
**

192

opposition to X

reason for X

187

181

pay X to Y

188

look at X

182

point at X

189

made of X

183

prejudice against X

190

mistaken for X

184

provide X for Y

191

obligation to X

185

qualified to do X

192

opportunity for X

186

quote X from Y

pay X for Y

193

199

**reason with X about Y
**

194

satisfactory to X

200

related to X

195

send for X

201

remind X of Y

196

shocking to X

202

require X of Y

197

smile at X

203

responsible to X

198

start with X

204

result in X

sure of X

199

193

rob X of Y

200

recover from X

194

search for X

201

rely on X

195

shocked at X

202

reply to X about Y

196

similar to X

203

research in X

197

stare at X

204

result from X

198

supply X with Y

result of X

205

211

take advantage of X

206 212

**talk over X with Y
**

207

**demand, dictate, insist, mandate, propose, recommend, request, stipulate, suggest eg: We demand THAT HE BE here.
**

213

tell X about Y

208

**advise, allow, forbid, persuade, want eg: We aloow HIM TO BE here.
**

214

think about X

209

ask, beg, intend, order, prefer, urge, require (pay particular attention to require) eg:We require THAT HE BE here. OR We require HIM TO BE here.

215

think over X

210

advisable, crucial desirable, fitting, imperative,important, mandatory; necessary,preferable, urgent,essential, recommended, a good idea, a bad idea, and vital.

216

tired of X

211

205

trust X with Y

212

take care of X

206

**Common Verbs that take ONLY the Command Subjunctive:
**

213

talk to X about Y

207

**Verbs that take ONLY the Infinitive:
**

214

thankful for X

208

**Verbs that take EITHER the Command Subjunctive OR the Infinitive
**

215

think of X

209

**It is .... that CS (command subjunctive)
**

216

threaten X with Y

210

Avoid the use of the Command Subjunctive after whether. This usage is old-fashioned.

trust in X

217

A few Bossy Verbs, most notably prohibit, take other constructions altogether:

217

Right: The agency PROHIBITED Gary FROM WORKING on weekends.

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