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Party Time!
Special occasions are always meant to be celebrated. And luckily, pet parents have even more reasons to celebrate during their furry babies birthdays, of course! I was organizing my digital photo files over the weekend when I came across Hitlers multitude of photographs from the day we got him 4 years ago, to just a few days ago in our bedroom. Amidst the hundreds of files, each year without fail on July 3rd, memorable photographs mark my furry babys birthday milestones.

to transform pet owners into pet parents

our vision

We believe dogs and cats must have the best nutrition and health care available. We believe dogs and cats are not toys for our amusement; they have feelings, they are very loyal and they need our tender loving care. We believe the best way to acquire new pets is through pet adoption from the animal shelters. We are against selling dogs and cats in pet shops which involves prolonged confinement in small cages. We are against all forms of animal cruelty including chaining and caging dogs. We support the good work of organizations like Philippine Animal Welfare Society (PAWS), Compassion & Responsibility for Animals (CARA), and People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA).

our values

Truth be told, at first I thought I was spoiling Hitler a tad bit too much, especially when his 2nd birthday celebration with his furry friends and their pet parents in Bonifacio High Street made it to the lifestyle section of a major newspaper. But I realized fairly soon that for pet parents like me, celebrating the birthdays of our pets was more the norm rather than the exception.

editorial staff
Christian Tan
president publisher

Romy Sia
2nd Birthday at Boni High Street 4th Birthday at home

Pam So-Suarez
editor-in-chief

Thus, we put together this Party Time! issue of The Bow & Wow Times, filled with fun and fabulous ideas to help you make the special occasion even more special. And as an added treat, we are also launching the Pet Gift Registry this October, so you can register for your pets birthday gifts in Bow & Wow. Check out our magazine centerfold for great gift ideas! With the holidays coming up in the blink of an eye, its easy to get caught up in all the festivities that we fail to take extra precautions against possible hazards against our pets. The informative article on page 16 is a definite must-read for every pet parent this season. And, if you are thinking of getting a new pet or know someone who is, please do consider giving homeless pets a home for the holidays by adopting them through any of our local animal welfare organizations. Visit the adoption galleries of www.paws.org.ph or www.caraphil.org for more details.

Joy Ann Cardeo


circulation manager editorial assistant

Bonbelle Cerbo Tennie Hung


encoder

Wilzen Wobby Tiang


layout & design

Sky Printing
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directory

Happy Pet Parenting!

We digest it for pet parents... The Bow & Wow Times tracks all relevant pet information from key websites, magazines, journals, animal research and studies, and other credible sources. Then we summarize what is essential for you to know in order to raise healthy and happy pets, and become the best pet parents you can be.The Bow & Wow Times is in no way intended to replace the knowledge and/or diagnoses of veterinary professionals. Always consult with your veterinarian whenever a health problem arises which requires expert care.

Pam So-Suarez pssuarez@bowandwow.com.ph

The Bow & Wow Times is a quarterly publication of the Healthy Options Group of Companies with corporate offices located at #3 Economia Street corner Calle Industria, Barangay Bagumbayan, Libis, Quezon City, 1110 and trunk line of (632)637-8888. For subscription inquiries, visit any of our stores listed above. Bow & Wow is a trademark registered at the Philippine Patent Office. ENTERED AS THIRD CLASS (PM) POSTAGE PAID AT QUEZON CITY CPO Under Permit No. NCR-05-07-201 valid until December 31, 2011. Subject for Postal Inspection.

Issue No.9

www.bowandwow.com.ph

pet parenting

Are You A Pet Owner Or A Pet Parent?


In the past, companion animals were not considered family members. They were aids on the farm or had utilitarian roles in the lives of the household. Guard dog, mouser, plow power, and other such work roles meant that animals were in our lives and performed very vital roles in them. Today, animals have different roles. They have been brought into the home, and many even sleep in beds with their humans or in their own specially designed, comfy beds. That shift in consciousness and in our relationships requires still another shiftone in how we train them and mold them for life with us. If you really want to be a good pet parent, efforts to mold a pets behavior need to start early and the adoptive pet parent needs to do some research and preparation to get the job done in a manner that is fun and humane, taking actions to have their efforts become a lifestyle. Pet parenting begins before any formal training and continues throughout a pets life. It parallels the strategies and efforts savvy parents take with their children.

What does a good pet parent need to provide for a pets mental health and acuity?
a clean living environment good diet mental stimulation exposure to different people, places, and things guidance (aka rules and boundaries) consistency enriching toys behavioral coaching behavioral training unconditional love

Are You A Pet Owner Or A Pet Parent?

pet parenting

Pet parenting is a lifestyle shift.


Pet parenting is the guidance and teaching that takes place before, during, and after any formal training. It continues through the pets life and is not just overt practices but smaller nuanced steps and efforts that impact the household for the better. Pet parenting is not pampering, it is not indulging. It is responsible guidance for the long term welfare of the pet. It isnt hard but it takes awareness and education and motivation to implement. When most people decide to have a child, they research and read. They prepare a room with everything they need for the new baby. Bringing another new being into the home isnt so differentit requires research, preparation, and it is a lifelong commitment.

when out in public (both to and from others). Learns how to minimize risks when traveling with the pet and during encounters with others. Respects the animal for who and what that animal is. Does not neglect or abuse the animal. Makes a lifetime commitment to caring for and housing the pet.

What Makes a Good Pet Parent?


A Good Pet Parent:
Researches pet ownership prior to getting an animal or immediately upon ownership. Feeds a nutritious diet so the pet will never suffer obesity, malnutrition, or the complications from it. Integrates the pet into the family and household. Makes sure the pet always has good shelter and protection from the elements. Commits to wellness check-ups at least twice a year and obtains veterinary care as needed. Engages in regular grooming practices and professional care when necessary. Participates in animal school so that the pet is understood and so rules can be established for the health & safety of all. Complies with all applicable laws related to pet ownership and proper pet management. Makes sure that the environment is safe and secure to prevent pet escapes or against the danger of intruders. Enriches the environment and provides mental stimulation for the pet through enrichment, toys, play, and training. Ensures that the pet has daily exercise and physical activity. Understands the risks of unauthorized contact or harassment
Source: arkanimals.com Are You A Pet Owner Or A Pet Parent?
Issue No. 9 www.bowandwow.com.ph

party time

Best Party Ideas For Your Baby

Birthdays are special days the world over and when it comes to the birthday of a pet, a celebration is in order. Many loving pet parents enjoy celebrating the birthday, or adoption date, of their beloved cats or dogs. While pets ignore cakes and calendars, the humans in their lives relish the chance to spoil their pets with gifts and special treats. Even if your pet wont know the reason youre having a party, rest assured, they will enjoy the attention and your family can enjoy your furry babys special day.

If inviting other pets to the party wont work, then invite kids (but only if your pet likes and behaves well around kids). If you dont have children of your own, invite kids from the neighborhood, nieces and nephews, or the children of friends.

Decorations for Your Pet Birthday Party


What is a party without decorations? Create a festive atmosphere to celebrate your pets special day. Choose decorations that are safe and non-toxic for animals and children. Do not use any decorations or items that are small and pose a choking hazard or could be harmful if swallowed accidentally. Pet birthday parties are all about creativity. Consider organizing your pets birthday party around a theme. For instance, is your kitty the princess of your family? If so, you could hail Her Royal Feline and plan a party fit for royalty, complete with princess-themed decor and kitty-size tiaras. Is your pup more of a pirate? You could plan a Pawrite Pawty for your canine matey. A good choice for birthday party decorations would be pet products. Decorate with pet toys, leashes, collars, and other items that can be used by your pet. Check at your local party store for paper plates, cups, napkins, and tablecloths that feature animals to go along with the theme of the party. A length of pet-themed fabric can also be used as a tablecloth. Remember that the decorations

Determine the Birth Date


If you are not certain of your pets birth date, make your best guess. If your pet is adopted, you can celebrate his adoption date as his birthday. Be sure to mark your pets official birth date or adoption date on your calendar.

What Type of Party Will You Have?


Your pet is not going to care as much about a bir thday party as you will, but you should still plan the party with their interests and needs in mind. If there are other animals that your pet gets along with and enjoys playing with, plan a pet-and-pet parent birthday party. Just remember that many pets do not like unfamiliar animals, especially on their turf.

Best Party Ideas For Your Baby

party time

are more for the party guests than the guest of honor and will set the tone for the festivities. Instead of regular plates or bowls for food, use pet food dishes. Be sure they are clean before you use them. To cut down on expenses, use a combination of pet food dishes and disposable plates or bowls. Use the pet food dishes for serving rather than have guests eat out of them.

Your pets favorite food and treats should definitely be on the menu for your party, but remember the human guests too. Cupcakes for the humans, or cookies shaped like dog bones, fish, carrots, or some other favorite pet treat are great choices. Remember to keep the pet snacks away from the people, and the people snacks away from the pets as many people foods are toxic to pets.

Food for Your Pet Birthday Party


Whats a birthday without a great cake for the guest of honor (and his furry friends) to enjoy? Your pet would so agree. You can create a simple cake from canned cat or dog food. Turn a can or two of his favorite flavor upside down on a plate (let those fresh juices form a dripping kind of icing). Adorn with an unlit candle for the full birthday effect. Cut into cake-like slices if other pets are present or simply let your pet dig in and enjoy while the human guests watch. Or you may opt for something grander, and go for a specially made cake for your pets. Making a pet-friendly cake isnt as difficult as you might think. The key is to steer clear of sugar and chocolate, which could upset your pets stomach or make him seriously ill. A good way to avoid sugar is to use a substance like organic peanut butter as a substitute. There are many cake recipes for dogs or cats, readily available online.

Gifts and Games


Birthday parties usually have gifts and games. Your pets party should include a few fun games for the guests to enjoy, especially if your pet can get in on the game. For a dog, an exciting game of fetch with a tennis ball would be a great choice. Some chase games with yarn or a laser light would provide plenty of fun and entertainment for a cat. For gifts, pets always enjoy new toys or special treats. A new collar or leash, a new pet bed or food dish, or some other type of fun gift would be good choices. Remind guests to bring their own video and digital cameras, and have your own charged up and ready to capture all the action and memories. Make your pets special day fun, and although they probably wont be marking the calendar for the next birthday, everyone will enjoy the festivities while wishing them Happy Birthday!

Source: canidaepetfood.blogspot.com, animal.discovery.com


Issue No. 9 www.bowandwow.com.ph

Best Party Ideas For Your Baby

party time

Cake Recipes For Dogs & Cats

Making birthday cakes for your pet is downright fun, and your pet will certainly love the taste of a homemade cake over the drab flavor of his daily kibble. The great thing about baking pet cakes is that you are free to use ingredients you might not consider for people cakes. Meaty canned pet foods add protein and a flavor boost to any batter. Pet cake recipes are simple and usually only require basic ingredients you may already have around the house, with very few exceptions. The steps are also typically simple. Mix the dry ingredients, mix the wet ingredients and combine both together in a well-greased pan. Batches are small, so baking times are minimal.

Doggie Jerky Cakes: Ingredients:


1 1/2 cups all-purpose flour 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder 1/2 cup soft butter 1/2 cup corn oil 1 13-ounce can of beef-flavored dog food (Bow & Wow recommends: Merrick Before Grain Beef) 4 eggs 2-3 strips of beef jerky (Bow & Wow recommends: Healthy Partner All Natural Beef Strap Chews Dog Treats) Preheat oven to 325 degrees F. Grease and flour an 8x5x3 inch loaf pan. Cream butter until smooth. Add corn oil, Merrick canned dog food, and eggs. Mix until smooth. Mix dry ingredients into beef mixture until batter is smooth. Crumble beef jerky and fold into batter. Pour batter into loaf pan. Bake for 1 hour and 10 minutes. Cool on wire rack for 15 minutes. Frost with either peanut butter, plain yogurt, cream cheese, or cottage cheese. Crumble another strip of beef jerky and sprinkle on top of icing. Store in refrigerator then serve when ready.

Su-Purr Salmon Cake for Kitties: Ingredients:


1 6-ounce can of salmon-flavored cat food (Bow & Wow recommends: Tiki Cat Hanalei Luau - Wild Salmon in Salmon Consomm) 1/4 cup bread crumbs 1/2 cup finely chopped celery 1 egg, beaten 1 envelope unflavored gelatine 1/2 cup water Heat oven to 325 degrees F. Combine all ingredients and mix well. Pack into a small fish-shaped mold (or other small mold) and bake for 45 minutes. Let them cool completely before serving. Garnish with a sprinkle of catnip to make it irresistible to your kitties! What really makes a recipe for a pet birthday cake great is the fact that you are baking something special for your furry companion all on your own. Your secret ingredient? Love!
Sources: dogs.lovetoknow.com, recipegoldmine.com

Cake Recipes For Dogs & Cats

Issue No.9

www.bowandwow.com.ph

petiquette

How to Socialize Your Pet


Is your pet shy or a social butterfly? Many experts say that the key to having a well-behaved dog or cat is socialization heres how to get started.
By Marie Suszynski

Include different environments. Have your puppy walk on grass, concrete, on busy streets, quiet streets, and areas with other animals. This is also the time to get your dog used to be handled during grooming. Kittens can also be socialized by having people come to your house or by bringing your kitten to other peoples houses, although its better to visit someone who doesnt already have a cat.

Socialization Tips
When youre ready to begin socializing your dog or cat, keep in mind these tips for success: Do it daily. Ideally, you should try to socialize your pet every day during the first 16 weeks. When strangers approach, let them pet your dog. Veterinarians can tell if an animal has been socialized the moment they walk into an exam room. Some animals come bounding up and are happy to see me and everyone else, while others hide and cower behind their owner. Life is stressful for them, says Bonnie V. Beaver, DVM, professor at Texas A&M University in College Station. Socialization helps make the difference . Animals are preprogrammed to become fearful of people and things that arent part of their everyday life, so they react appropriately when they are in danger. But you can introduce a new dog or new cat to a variety of situations when its very young so it doesnt live its life afraid of straying from its neighborhood or meeting new people. When you do, your pet will be more laid back and can enjoy life. Get them used to carriers. If you want your kitten to look forward to vet visits, leave its carrier out for playtime. Carry the kitten from one side of the house to the other and leave cat treats in the carrier. Reward your pet. Make your puppy or kitten feel good about new things by praising it during socialization and giving it small treats (break up a normal size treat into small pieces so your pet doesnt get too many calories). Give it about 75 minutes. Puppies and kittens are constantly learning; they become socialized to new things within 75 minutes of being exposed to them. Be gentle. Its important to keep a close eye on your pets reaction to new things. Dont force it if a situation seems too overwhelming and scary for your pet. Your pet may need to be exposed to that particular thing more gradually. Go for pet training. You can socialize your pet on your own, but if you need help, consider hiring a pet trainer or joining pet socialization classes. Socializing dogs and cats this way ensures that theyre better adjusted as adults and may be easier to train because theyre less distracted by fear.
Source: holisticselect.com

How to Socialize Your Pet


Start at a few weeks of age. Puppies and kittens need to be socialized before they are 16 weeks old. The ideal time for socialization is between 3 and 12 weeks of age. The window of opportunity to socialize your pet usually closes around 18 weeks. For kittens it may be even younger. Set goals. Think about who and what a puppy or kitten will be around when it gets older and make a long list of the things your pet needs to be socialized to. That means children, men, women, crying babies, crowds, etc. The wider the variety of people you can expose your puppy or kitten to, the better.

How To Socialize Your Pet

Issue No. 9

www.bowandwow.com.ph

ask the vet

Ask the

et

Our competent resident veterinarians and pet consultants shed light on various topics about pet parenting! Send in your questions to info@bowandwow.com.ph or post a question on www.bowandwow.com.ph and theyll be more than happy to answer you!

By : Ma. Mylene L. Maranan, DVM Bow & Wow resident veterinarian

Q. My dog got infected with fungus that affects the skin from one clinic that we had his teeth cleaned. Can I use over the counter fungal cream to relieve him from the itchiness that he is experiencing and totally cure him of this fungal infection?
A. First of all, you must choose the vet clinic or pet hospital that prioritizes their sanitation and hygiene. You bring your pet babies there to be healthy, not to get them sick. Fungal infection takes quite a while to cure, and you must be certain of what type of fungus infected your pet so you can determine the corresponding medicine that can cure the infection. Laboratory tests from skin scrapings, blood, or even plucked coat can be done in the vet clinic. If you have other pets in your household, you might want to isolate the infected pet so that the others will not be infected.

Q. I do not want to breed my female cat but she is displaying signs of interest to my other male cats. She is only 5 months old, is it the right time to have her spayed?
A. Usually, it is advisable to have your pets undergo spaying or neutering when they are around 6 months old, this is to ensure that they have already produced the reproductive hormones needed by their body for their growth and development. If your cat is mixed with male cats, they would eventually mate and she would be pregnant. It is better to isolate your female cat because they are induced ovulators (they can easily produce eggs) in the presence of a male cat. It is also advisable to have your male cats neutered as it is easier for them to recover after this kind of elective surgery.

Q. My Labrador only eats vegetables and yoghurt. I once gave him a piece of meat and he threw up. Is this normal?
A. Introducing meat to a digestive system that is used to a plantbased diet would not only cause vomiting but may also cause diarrhea and indigestion (the microbes in the gut may not be able to help digest meat), leading to loss of appetite and weakness. In order to ensure that your pet gets the best out of the diet he is used to, you might want to ask your vet for some supplements (vitamins, minerals and also probiotics/ prebiotics for a healthier good bacteria for the gut).

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pet matters

Giving Pets A Home For The Holidays


By: Helena Sung

Is it ever a good idea to give a kitten or puppy as a holiday gift? Most experts wave the red flag at the idea of holiday pets, but if the animal in question has been a long-considered family addition, it isnt always a bad idea. Here are some things to keep in mind when thinking of gifting a new pet this holiday season.

Important Considerations
DeFeo feels strongly about a no Christmas pets rule, but after hearing the Koehlers story, she makes a concession. That is the one exception I can think of when it would be OK to give a pet as a gift, says DeFeo. Because the person giving the pet as a gift would be the one caring for it. If youre considering doing something similar, Koehler has some advice. Dont take the kids with you the first time you visit an animal shelter to pick a pet, says Koehler. Theyre bound to fall in love with every puppy they see and a lot can go wrong if you let a 4-year-old choose the dog. Koehler knew what kind of dog would be best for her family. I didnt care if a dog was cute or how it looked, she says. I wanted an average-size dog that was gentle, athletic, and good with children. This is the perfect time of year to bring a new furry baby into your home. A pet is the perfect gift for yourself or someone else who is ready for the responsibility. You can make this gift doubly special by rescuing a homeless pet from a local animal shelter. Visit Philippine Animal Welfare Society (PAWS), Compassion and Responsibility for Animals (CARA), or People for Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) to find beloved pets that need a home. You can visit their websites at www.paws.org.ph, www.caraphil.org, and www.petaasiapacific. com.

The Wrong Way


Never surprise anyone with a pet as a gift. Its not an inanimate object. Its a living, breathing being thats going to depend on that person for food, water, exercise, and attention - for at least 15 years, says Sandra DeFeo, director at the Humane Society in New York City. Every year, people get a kitten or a puppy for someone as a present and the person receiving it isnt ready for the responsibility. Pets given as gifts start trickling into the Humane Society soon after the holidays have passed, but most are surrendered in the spring.

The Right Way


Do a lot of research and preparation before bringing a puppy or kitten home. For instance, last year, Fitz Koehler, a mother of two in Gainesville, Fla., decided her children, ages 6 and 4 at the time, were ready to have a pet. Theyd been begging me for a long time to get a dog, Koehler tells Paw Nation. We went through pet fish and lizards, and my kids were very loving toward animals. After my son carried a dead ladybug around in a box for a week as a pet, I knew they were ready. Koehler began looking for the right dog for her family on December 1. She went to a nearby animal shelter and met several different dogs and breeds. She chose to adopt a 6-month-old, female yellow Labrador-greyhound mix who was sweet and gentle and, according to the animal shelter staff, good with children. I asked the shelter staff a million questions, says Koehler. Koehler named the dog Piper and arranged for Piper to stay at the shelter for several weeks until she was ready to surprise her children with their new family dog on Christmas morning. I visited Piper at the shelter every day and took her for long walks, says Koehler. I also had time to get everything ready, like her food, bowls, and leash. By the time Piper came home, I had everything prepared. A year later, Piper is very much a part of the Koehlers family. Were as lucky to have her as she is to have us, says Koehler.

Source: pawnation.com

Giving Pets A Home For The Holidays

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pet care

ask the vet

Top 10 Holiday Pet Hazards


From table scraps to Christmas trees, some items around your house are perilous to your pet during the holidays.
By Kathleen Doheny

Holidays are a busy time for the vets.Thats because holiday pet hazards overlooked by busy owners can spell disaster for your dog or cat. Keep the contact number of your vet handy, suggested Jim Cook, DVM. Next, check how savvy you are about the top 10 holiday pet hazards and how to reduce the risks.

Holiday Hazard #1: Chocolate


Any chocolate is off-limits for pets. Bakers chocolate is the most toxic, Cook said. The darker the chocolate, the more dangerous it is to pets. Theobromine and caffeine are the toxic ingredients.

Holiday Hazard # 2: Christmas Tree


Curious dogs may sniff and pull the tree over on themselves; cats like to get up on this strange indoor tree. Anchor it, Cook said. Secure the tree with wires so it doesnt topple over. Watch out, too, for the tree preservative often put in the water around the tree trunk, so your dog or cat doesnt lap it up. It can cause gastrointestinal problems.

Holiday Hazard #7: Dangerous Foods


Be sure your pet has no access to coffee grounds, grapes, raisins, onions, chewing gum, or mints with Xylitol. This sweetener, also used in baked goods and candy, is associated with liver failure and death in dogs.

Holiday Hazard #8: Socially Shy Pets


Some pets simply arent comfortable around a lot of people. Some pets get scared, others get hostile. If your pet isnt a social butterfly, put them in a spare bedroom with food and water, out of the way of guests.

Holiday Hazard #3: Seasonal Plants


Poinsettias are fairly low on the toxic scale but eating them may still cause some gastrointestinal upset for your pet. Other problematic holiday plants to keep out of reach: Christmas cactus, mistletoe, holly, cedar, balsam, and pine.

Holiday Hazard #9: Escape Artists


Sometimes, guests who arent used to keeping track of pets leave the door open, enabling your pet to wander outside. Besides alerting guests to your furry escape artists, make sure you have a way of finding your pet. That means either a microchip, a rabies tag, or ID tag with you and your vets contact information.

Holiday Hazard #4: Table Scraps


Rich, fatty foods, anything salty, spicy, or greasy are holiday favorites, but they can result in life-threatening pancreatitis. Chicken or turkey bones can splinter in the stomach. Keep garbage and table scraps out of reach.

Holiday Hazard #10: Aluminum Foil


Crumpled up, with food sticking to it, aluminum foil can be irresistible to a pet. If swallowed, though, it can cause puncture wounds in the gastrointestinal tract, Cook said. The holidays can be a busy and stressful time, but its also a time to reconnect with your family, friends, and of course, pets. So be sure to take the proper precautions to ensure everyone has a safe and happy holiday season.
Source: pawnation.com

Holiday Hazard #5: Ornaments


Tinsel and small decorations hanging on the tree can be gobbled by your pets, and intestinal blockage can result.

Holiday Hazard #6: Holiday Cheer


Slipping a dog, cat, or other pet alcoholic beverages to see how they act when inebriated isnt funny, and could be very dangerous, Cook said. It can make them very sick, with vomiting and diarrhea.
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Top 10 Holiday Pet Hazards

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pet care

Grooming Basics For Cats & Dogs


periodontal disease can even usher in heart, kidney, and other problems. Watch for warning signs: red, bleeding or receding gums, and persistent bad breath. Brush your pets teeth using a gentle-bristled brush and toothpaste intended for pets. You might have to use your finger wrapped in gauze or a small finger brush if he puts up too much of a fight. A brushing every few days should keep his mouth clear of tartar and bacteria buildup, although a daily brushing is ideal.

Coat Care
In addition to removing loose hair that would otherwise be swallowed or left on furniture, brushing promotes good circulation, stimulates the skin, and keeps the coat shiny. Its also a way to bond with your pet, as well as to check for any body changes that may signal a visit to the vet.

Grooming is an important part of your pets health care. Nails that are too long can shift a dogs posture and create structural problems down the line, and teeth that have never seen a brush can be lost. Despite the fact that they are relatively self-sufficient, cats do still need a little assistance in the grooming department. Trimming claws and cleaning ears are just two of the things youll need to help your furry friend with.

Bathing
Star t your dog off early in the tub, train him to allow himself to be bathed, and reward him continuously while washing him. Dont bathe him more than once ever y week or two, depending on the coat type. Bathing too often can lead to a dry, brittle coat and scaly, flaky skin. An older or injured cat may not be able to keep itself adequately clean and may need to be bathed. Some cats become very agitated during the process, however, so its up to you to make bathing as stress-free as possible for all participants. Youll probably want a helper so one of you can hold the cat while the other does the shampooing. Both of you will probably get quite wet, so have lots of towels at the ready. Its also possible that you may get scratched, so take a few moments to trim the claws first. Professional grooming is always an option, but it is still important that a pet parent be able to take care of at least minor grooming problems without ending up in a wrestling match with their furry babies.
Source: animal.discovery.com

Nails
Clippers come in many sizes and shapes; the most important thing is to look for a tool that you can handle easily. Choose from a scissors-like clipper or a guillotine-style clipper.Trim a bit of nail at a time to avoid cutting into the quick. Watch your vet or groomer cut the nails the first time so you can see how its done before doing it yourself.

Ears & Eyes


Check inside the ear s every week and if you see a waxy residue, wipe it off with a cotton ball dipped in mineral or baby oil, or a vet-approved ear-cleaning solution. For eyes, use a soft cloth dipped in warm water to gently clean the lids and around the eyes.

Dental Health
Pets need good tooth and gum cleaning, too, to ward off dental problems and gum disease. Plaque and tartar buildup and

Grooming Basics For Cats & Dogs

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19

pet nutrition

Healthy People Food For Pets

Every once in a while, we love to spoil our pets in order to show them our affection and appreciation for the joy they bring to us. We bathe them with the most expensive shampoos we can afford, or we let them wear chic clothes whenever we walk them in the park. There are myriads of means in order to spoil our pets, but feeding them with treats is probably the most ideal method to make them happy. Treats are also good reinforcements that pet parents can use to let their pets learn certain kinds of tricks as well as obedience techniques. Not long ago, treats mostly consisted of fatty biscuits, or commercial treats containing preservatives and other additives, most of which are unhealthy options that profoundly contribute to the rise of diseases among pets. However, times have changed; as more and more pet parents demand for healthier dog and cat meals, many pet food lines are leaving the practice of manufacturing junky treats and are moving towards healthier treats for pets. Now, you could find healthy treats that include greenies, gourmet bones, and healthy biscuits, among others. Natural dog treats are new additions in canine treats. As their name implies, natural canine treats are made from the finest ingredients that are all natural and human-grade in quality, thereby ensuring that they are not hazardous to your pets health. Consequently, natural treats are far superior than commercial treats especially when it concerns ones budget. Even though your initial purchase of these edible pet products may actually cost more than the commercial treats available in your local grocery or pet store, a diet of natural meals and treats over the life span of your pet could actually result to lesser diseases and illnesses, which means your pet doesnt have to frequently visit his veterinarian and lesser vet bills on your part.

Using treats are a good means to reinforce your pet to learn new tricks and obedience techniques. Hence, it is important that you choose the right treats appropriate for his breed and nutritional needs. It is also essential that you pick treats that contain healthy ingredients.

If youre interested in giving human foods as treats to your pet, some safe and healthy options may include:
Green beans Carrot sticks Cucumber slices Zucchini slices Apple slices (without seeds) Cooked lean meats Baked potatoes (no unripe potatoes or potato plants) Bread (no raisin bread or raw bread dough) Unsalted pretzels Bananas Unsalted almonds Plain, cooked pasta Make sure that all treats are cut into sizes that are easy for your pet to chew. If you notice any digestive upset as a result of adding new foods, be sure to discontinue giving foods that are causing trouble. And please remember that treats should make up only five to ten percent of your pets diet--the rest should come from a nutritionally complete pet food.
Sources: ticotimes.net, ezinearticles.com

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Healthy People Food For Pets

breed spotlight

The Chartreux
The name, Chartreux, has been associated with this breed since the 16th century. Some historians claim that the breed is named after the Carthusian monastery, the Grande Chartreuse, founded in the 11th century in south-eastern France. Others think that since the breed had a woolly coat, the name was derived from a type of Spanish wool, called Pile de Chartreux. The modern history of the breed began on the island of Belle-Ile off the coast of Brittany, France. The Leger sisters discovered a colony of the large blue cats and began to breed them in the late 1920s. The first Chartreux was shown in 1931 and later descendants went on to win a number of shows before the Second World War. Like other European breeds, their numbers were decimated during the Second World War and breeders had to reconstruct the breed by mating the few remaining Chartreux with stray blue cats. By 1970 the numbers were sufficient to disallow any further out-crosses. Chartreux were imported to the US during the 1970s and in 1987 was given championship status by the Cat Fanciers Association (CFA). This breed is relatively rare in North America and is characterized by its smiling face, massive body, and wooly coat. waiting until you are ready to play. Chartreux will exercise in short bursts and can be taught to retrieve. They adapt to most household situations and are quiet, almost mute, with only a high pitched chirp which is used infrequently. They will purr but not meow. Chartreux are calm and quiet companions with lots of patience and can adapt to being left alone during the day. They get along with other animals in the home and adapt well to small or large households. Chartreux get along very well with children, and children love these plush smiling friends. They make great apartment cats, being alert and playful without being destructive, and can become quite sedentary after the age of 4 or 5.

Cat Care
Chartreux are very healthy and can live from 15 to 20 years if given sufficient exercise and a healthy diet. Chartreux have a tendency to put on weight after they fully mature and should be fed a calorie restricted diet and encouraged to play more if they are putting on weight. Patellar luxation or displacement of the kneecap is common in some bloodlines and you should discuss the potential for this hereditary disorder with your breeder. The short- to medium-length plush coat is easy to groom and a once per week combing with a steel comb keeps the coat neat.

Characteristics
The Chartreux is a medium to large sized cat breed with large and muscular shoulders and a deep chest.The male is more massive than the female. The Chartreux are slow to mature and males may take five years to reach their full size of 12 to 17 pounds while females will only take 3 years to reach their full size of 7 to 11 pounds.The tail is fairly long and tapers to an oval tip. The females coat is silkier than and not as full as the males. The coat of the Chartreux is short- to medium-length, plush, dense, and double-coated and can even feel a bit wooly. The face is large, broad, and has wide jowls with a sweet smiling expression. The eyes are large, round, and quite expressive and can vary from pale gold to copper to orange with the deeper colors more desirable. The ears are small to medium sized and set fairly high on the head with rounded tips.

Color Varieties
The coat color can be any solid shade of grey-blue ranging from ash to slate, with pale silver highlights at the tips. Clear or evenness of color is prized in judging Chartreux. They have slate-gray noses, leather-blue lips, and rose-taupe paw pads.

Temperament
Chartreux are affectionate, self-assured, and almost have a dog-like temperament. This is not a lap cat and is content to remain nearby
Source: allcatbreeds.com
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The Chartreux

Issue No. 9

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pet health

Canine Parvovirus Infection In Dogs


A chemical blood profile and a complete blood cell count will also be performed. Low white blood cell levels are indicative of CPV infection, especially in association with bloody stools.You will need to give a thorough history of your pets health, recent activities, and onset of symptoms. If you can gather a sample of your dogs stool, or vomit, your vet will be able to use these samples for microscopic detection of the virus.

Treatment Symptoms and Types


The canine parvovirus (CPV) infection is a highly contagious viral illness affecting dogs and manifests itself in two forms. The more common form is the intestinal form, characterized by vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, and lack of appetite. The intestinal form of CPV affects the bodys ability to absorb nutrients, and an affected animal will quickly become dehydrated and weak from lack of protein and fluid absorption.The less common form, which is the cardiac form, attacks the heart muscles of young puppies, often leading to death. Dogs with CPV may also have low body temperature (hypothermia), rather than a fever. The majority of cases are seen in puppies between six weeks and six months old. Treatment is focused on curing the symptoms and preventing secondar y bacterial infections. Intensive therapy and system support are the key to recovery. Intravenous fluid and nutrition therapy is crucial in maintaining a dogs normal body fluid after severe diarrhea and dehydration, and protein and electrolyte levels will be monitored and regulated as necessary. Medications may be used to curb symptoms and to fight parasites. The survival rate in dogs is about 70 percent, but death may result from severe dehydration, secondary bacterial infection, bacterial toxins in the blood, or intestinal hemorrhage. Prognosis is lower for puppies, since their immune system is less developed. It is common for a puppy that is infected with CPV to suffer shock, and sudden death.

Living and Management


Even after your dog has recovered from a CPV infection, it will still have a weakened immune system, and will be susceptible to other illnesses. Talk to your veterinarian about ways by which you can boost your dogs immune system. A diet that is easily digested will be best for your dog while it is recovering. You will need to isolate your dog from other dogs for at least two months after recovery, and you may want to tell neighbors who have dogs that they will need to have their own pets tested. Wash all of the objects your dog uses (e.g., dishes, crate, kennel, toys) with nontoxic cleaners. Recovery comes with long-term immunity against the parvovirus, but it is no guarantee that your pet will not be infected with the virus again.

Causes
Most cases of CPV infections are caused by the canine parvovirus type 2b which is transmitted either by direct contact with an infected dog, or indirectly, by the fecal-oral route. Heavy concentrations of the virus are found in an infected dogs stool, so a healthy dog will contract the disease if he sniffs an infected dogs stool. The virus can also be brought into a dogs environment by way of shoes that have come into contact with infected feces. There is evidence that the virus can live in ground soil for up to a year. If you suspect that you have come into contact with feces, you will need to wash the affected area with household bleach, the only disinfectant known to kill the virus. Breeding kennels and dog shelters that hold a large number of inadequately vaccinated puppies can also be a source for CPV. Certain dog breeds, such as Rottweilers, Doberman Pinschers, Pit Bulls, Labrador Retrievers, German Shepherds, English Springer Spaniels, and Alaskan sled dogs, are particularly vulnerable to the disease.

Prevention
The best prevention against CPV infection is to follow the right protocol for vaccination. Young puppies should be vaccinated at six, nine, and twelve weeks, and should not be socialized with outside dogs until at least two weeks after their last vaccinations. High-risk breeds may require a longer initial vaccination period of up to 22 weeks.
Source: petmd.com

Diagnosis
CPV is diagnosed with a physical examination, biochemical tests, urine analysis, abdominal radiographs, and abdominal ultrasounds.
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Canine Parvovirus Infection In Dogs

pet health

Demodicosis In Cats
Demodicosis, or mange, is an inflammatory skin disease in cats that is caused by various types of Demodex mites not visible to the naked eye. Demodex mites are commonly found on the skin of mammals, and in most cases are not symptomatic of an abnormal condition, but when the immune system is compromised by stress or illness, or the body is producing excess oil or hormones, the Demodex population may become excessive, leading to skin and hair problems. When the number of mites inhabiting the hair follicles of a cat become excessive, skin lesions, genetic disorders, problems with the immune system, and hair loss (alopecia) may follow. The severity of symptoms depends upon the type of mite inhabiting your cat. Although mange is rare in cats, Siamese and Burmese breeds appear to be at a higher risk. Lime-sulfur dips to the affected areas may help relieve symptoms. In either case, the general health status of your cat should be evaluated.

Living and Management


Follow-up care should include additional skin scrapings, and microscopic examinations of hairs. The latter process is known as a trichogram, a diagnostic tool which uses hairs that have been plucked for examination so that appropriate treatment can be prescribed. With chronic long-term cases, regular medication may be necessary.

Prevention
General good health may help prevent some cases. Keeping your cat clean, without drying the skin, and in optimal health, will help to keep the Demodex mite population in balance. It is also advised that cats with generalized chronic mange not be bred, as the condition may be genetically based in some breeds and may be passed to offspring.

Symptoms and Types


Symptoms may include hair loss around the eyelids, head, neck, and flank. Additionally, lesions on the skin, scales, and crusty patches may occur.

Causes
Mite disorders in cats are rare, thus there is little known about them. However, two of the species of mites that cause mange in cats have been identified. The first, Demodex gatoi, is potentially contagious and may be transmitted between cats in the same household. The second, Demodex cati, is associated with diseases of the immune and metabolic systems, such as diabetes. It has been found in some cases that impaired immune system or hormone imbalance will allow the Demodex mite to overpopulate.

Diagnosis
Skin scrapings are used to find and diagnose demodicosis. Hair samples may also help identify the specific mite responsible for the condition. A urine test may identify other possible causes for the skin conditions, namely those caused by a disorder in your cats metabolic system. Alternative diagnoses may include scabies or allergies.

Treatment
In approximately 90 percent of the cases, the problem is likely to resolve itself spontaneously. For severe generalized cases, longterm medication may be necessary for controlling the condition.
Source: petmd.com

Demodicosis In Cats

Issue No. 9

www.bowandwow.com.ph

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you and your pet

Is Your Dog Licking or Kissing?


By Dr. Nicholas Dodman

Is your dog kissing you when he slurps your face like a lollipop? There are several possible explanations for this behavior, some of which are purely biological: Bitches lick their newborn pups to arouse them from their postpartum daze. Licking serves to remove clingy membranes from the pup, freeing him up to move and stimulating him to breathe. Once the birthing and clean-up processes are over, the mom dogs licking her pups stimulates them to eliminate both urine and feces. It is a couple of weeks before pups will eliminate spontaneously. Licking also serves another more romantic role in the sense that it is a comfort behavior that assists with pups bonding to their mom and spurs on their mental development. From about six weeks of age, some pups lick their moms lips when they want her to regurgitate food for them. This behavior is a vestige of their wild ancestry, designed to ensure that they profited from the spoils of the hunt. Licking can also be a signal of submission and so is part of a dogs body language communication system. Pups and adults lick and groom themselves to removes traces of the last meal that would otherwise begin to decompose and smell.

Psychopathology
Some sensitive dogs in stressful environments compulsively groom themselves to the point of self-injury. Licking of this type leads to acral lick dermatitis (a.k.a. lick granuloma). Some dogs take to licking floors, walls, or furniture. Whatever the outward expression of compulsive licking, the mechanics underlying the disorder are the same. In treatment of this condition, first the underlying anxiety must be addressed. In some cases, it is also necessary to employ anti-compulsive medication to help break the cycle.

Lovey Dovey?
We should always bear in mind that any behavior can be enhanced learning. Psychologist BF Skinner immor talized the concept that reward increases the likelihood of a response. So it is with licking. If a dog licks his owners face perhaps as a vestige of maternal lip licking, out of anxiety, or just because his owners face tastes salty and his behavior is greeted with attention, hugs, and (human) kisses, he will likely repeat the behavior in future. So while face licking may not represent true romantic love, it nevertheless can sometimes be interpreted as some token of a dogs affection or respect ... and thats nothing to sniff at.

Psychology
Dogs, like people, engage in a number of displacement behaviors when nervous or stressed, and many of these behaviors involve self-grooming. When you are stuck at a red light, glance over to the driver next to you. He will likely be stroking his hair or looking in the mirror. Dogs have their own share of dilemmas, like going to the vet. Vets expect more anxious patients to begin nervously licking their lips as they enter the clinic. Some dogs lick as a gesture of appeasement and goodwill. They may lick a person to whom they signal deference to. But for some dogs, it seems that they engage in face licking because they can get away with it. When licking is performed for such a reason, it may be part of the center stage, attention-demanding behavior of dominant dogs. No lick! is a good command to have for them.

Source: petplace.com 24 Is Your Dog Licking or Kissing?

Issue No. 9

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