DBQ Prewrite Paragraph Categories Document#s POV ideas

Thesis Statement:

Additional Document described AND explained:

AP World Generic DBQ Rubric
Basic Core Expanded Core

Historical skills and Icnowledge required to show competence.
1. Has acceptable thesis. 2. Understands the basic meaning of all documents. 1 Point 1 Point

Historical skills and knowledge required to show excellence.
Expands beyond basic core of 1-7 Points. The basic core of a score of 7 must be achieved before a student can earn expanded core points. 0-2 Points

(may misinterpret one document)
3. Supports thesis with appropriate evidence from all documents. 2 Points (1)

(Supports thesis with appropriate evidence from all but I document)
4. Analyzes point of view in at least two documents. 5. Analyzes documents by grouping them in 2 or 3 ways, depending on the question. 6. Identifies and explains the need for one type of appropriate additional document or source.

1 Point

1 Point

Examples: • Has a clear, analytical, and comprehensive thesis. • Shows careful and insightful analysis of the documents. • Uses documents persuasively as evidence. • Analyzes point of view in most or all documents. • Analyzes the documents in additional ways groupings, comparisons, syntheses. • Explains why additional types ofdocument(s) or sources are needed.

I Point


7 Points TOTAL


2 Points


DBQ for Dummies:

It's like a matching

game that you played as a kid.

Thesis: Sort the documents into groups that match. Write an intro paragraph that mentions the prompt and those groupings Body paragraph I: Look at the first group of matching documents Create a topic sentence that matches the group Explain how each document relates to the topic sentence Include any POY analysis for documents that you used in the paragraph Body paragraph 2: Look at the second group ofrnatching documents Create a topic sentence that matches this group Explain how each document relates to the topic sentence Include any POY analysis for documents that you used in the paragraph Body paragraph 3: Look at the third group of matching documents Create a topic sentence that matches the final grouping

and the missing voice.

(if you have a third group)

-~~=~~1a~rn)"~C~lITmAffi~~~~.~~~c~c===================================================== Include any analysis for documents that you used in the paragraph
Conclusion: Write a concluding paragraph that mentions the prompt and groups that you wrote about.



The Missing "Voice"

Students must identify one or more additional documents (or voices) that would be helpful in addressing the prompt. • Whose voice is missing? • What group, class, gender, etc is missing that is relevant to the prompt? One thing that the DBQ essay asks you to do is to identify one or more ~ NOT heard in the documents provided. who are valid to the prompt but whose voice is

Example: The prompt is about religion in the Middle East and the documents come from Christian, Muslim and Zoroastrian sources. Who is missing? Example: The prompt is about distinct group roles in society and the documents come from rulers, merchants and farmers. is missing? Some groups to think about: elite women farmers merchants warriors scholars specific religions priests, monks, nuns Who

• Remember that the group must be valid to the prompt and you must EXPLAIN WHY they are valid. POVsina DBQ Why is POV Important? It demonstrates to the teacher that the student understands that the document is not a statement of fact, but opinions of events made by people at a particular time and place and often for a specific reason. YOU must point out the reason why the author should be taken seriously. Types of PO V:

1. Authorial- Awareness that the £Iass, QCcupation, religion, nationality, political position, ~thnicity, or gender (CORNPEG) may have influenced an author's view.
Baldassare Castiglione; Italian author, courtier, and diplomat. he served in the courts of Mantua and Urbino and later served the Pope. His book, The Courtier, describes the conduct of the perfect courtier (aristocrat who serves at the court of a noble). "Employ in everything a certain casualness which conceals art and creates the impression that what is done and said is accomplished without effort and without its being thought about. It is from this, in my opinion, that grace largely derives." POV: Castiglione, as a successful diplomat and a courtier who had worked for several important nobles, would know first hand what would be needed to be a success in the courts ofItaly. Yuan Ts'ai, a Chinese provincial magistrate (government official) in the Song Dynasty; educated in Neo-Confucian he mastered the highest exam in the bureaucratic system; from his book titled Precepts for social Life, 1178. philosophy

"For women who live a long life, old age is especially hard to bear, because most women must rely on others for their existence. Before a woman's marriage, a good father is even more important than a good grandfather; a good brother is even more important than a good father .•. After her marriage, a good husband is even more important than a good father-in-law; a good son is even more important than a good husband" POV: Yuan argues that women must rely on others for their existence. This Chinese provincial magistrate, as a member of the scholarly bureaucracy, was intluenced by his Neo-Confucianism training which taught that women are relegated to subservient


2. Authenticity reliability and accuracy - Examine the author and the type of source to determine WHY it is accurate and reliable. Is the document an official report? Propaganda? Private letter? etc. Is the author an inside or outside observer? Vespasiano da Bisticci of Florence had a role in the formation of all the great libraries of his time. He left a collection of 300 biographies. He worked for Pope Nicholas V during the formation of his papal library and was a leading Humanist philosopher of the age. The following is from his biography on Cosimo Medici leader of the. great Florentine family: "Cosimo became increasingly aware of the fact that ifhe wanted God to have mercy on him and conserve him in the possession of his temporal goods, he had to tum to pious ways ... his conscience [bothered] him about some money which he had come by not quite cleanly. Wanting to lift this weight from his shoulders, he went to talk to Pope Eugenius ... to satisfy himself and to unburden his conscience he ... spent in all more than forty thousand florins ...on the building ..." POV: Da Bisticci's view ofCosimo de Medici is valid because he was a contemporary, first hand observer of the Medici family and as an insider to the court of Florence and a noted biographer of the day, he would have great insight into the Medici family. Also, being within reach of the powerful family it is not hard to see why Da Bisticci would produce a favorable view ofCosimo. Zhou Daguan, Chinese envoy and high ranking member of a delegation sent to Cambodia by Kubilai Khan. Written in a 1297 report to the emperor, after a year long stay.
"In Cambodia, women attend to trade. Even a Chinese who arrives there and takes a woman will profit greatly from her trading

abilities. They do not have permanent stores, but simply spread a piece of mat on the ground. Everyone has her own spot." POV: Zhou Daguan, a Chinese envoy to Cambodia indicates that women played a vital role in Cambodia's market place economy. His comments accurately describe these roles because he observed them for more than a year. He has little reason to report falsely to his superiors in China. 3. Tone - Examine the text of a document to determine its tone. (Satire, irony, fear, anger, sadness, etc.) Leonardo Da Vinci, artist, inventor and practical engineer. Although his ideas were often seen as outlandish by the people of his day, modern engineers have found most of his plans to be sound and feasible even in his own day. The following is from a letter Da Vinci wrote to the Duke of Milan:
"...I can also make a kind of cannon which is light and easy of transport, with which to hurl small stones like hail, and of which

the smoke causes great terror to the enemy, so that they suffer.heavy loss and confusion ... When it is impossible to use cannon I can supply in their stead catapults, mangonels, trabocchi, and other instruments of admirable efficiency not in general use-In short, as the occasion requires I can supply infinite means of attack and defense." POV: The confident, boastful nature ofDa Vinci's letter to the Duke is understandable when you consider that he was trying to sell himself and his abilities to the Duke. Nicolaus Copernicus, a Polish astronomer, was the founder of the heliocentric ordering of the planets; challenging the beliefs of the Catholic Church. From his book, Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies, published in 1453 when Copernicus was sure he was dying. (In fact he died 6 hours after receiving the first copy of the book.) "I can easily conceive, most Holy Father, that as soon as some people learn that in this book which I have written concerning the revolutions of the heavenly bodies, 1ascribe certain motions to the Earth, they will cry out at once that 1 and my theory should be rejected ... .I am aware that a philosopher's ideas are not subject to the judgment of ordinary persons ... For it is the duty of an astronomer to compose the history of the celestial motions through careful and expert study."

POV: The tone of confidence in Copernicus' "Revolutions ..." is understandable because he was sure of his scientific method; also, being on the verge of death, he had very little to lose in challenging the Church.


Discussing POV witbout using tbe word BIAS The author is because ... credible reliable accurate believable representative of the (times) (class) etc The writer is _ a contemporary of... an admirer of... an outsider so\an insider to the situation so ... a direct observer ... a government official... a member of the (elite) (lower class) ... etc ... the source of the document is a therefore ... newspaper private letter speech court record government document (map) (chart) (graph) (picture) A Better Way to Say "Said" While there is nothing wrong with the word "said" there are better ways to convey tone and POV when writing the DBQ. Some AP teachers call these the ''wonderful verbs." You want to use a verb that denotes some kind of analysis of the author. Consider these: Implies Confesses Suggests Contends Declares Remarks Reports Affirms Hints Maintains Proposes Comments Observes Implores Responds Insists Writes AJIeges Asserts Admits Discloses Insinuates Reveals Demands Explains Emphasizes Proclaims Insists Acknowledges Concedes Replies Divulges Argue





This DBQis a practice activity. The actual question on the exam may be longer. Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying Documents 1 to 4. (The documents have been edited for the purpose of this exercise.) This question is designed to test your ability to work with and understand historical documents Write an essay that: • Has a relevant thesis and supports that thesis with evidence from the documents. • Uses all of the documents. • Analyzes the documents by grouping them in as many appropriate ways as possible. Does not simply summarize the documents individually. • Takes into account the sources of the documents and analyzes the authors' points of view. • Explains the need for at least one additional type of document, You may refer to.relevant historical information not mentioned in the documents. Based on the following documents, describe European motivations for the Crusades. Identify an additional type of document and explain how it would help your analysis of the European motivations for the Crusades.

Source: Pope Leo IV (847-855), Forgiveness of Sins for Those Who Die in Battle with the Heathen. Given to the Frankish Army Now we hope that none of you will be slain, but we wish you to know that the kingdom of heaven will be given as a reward to those who shall be killed in this war. For the Omnipotent knows that they lost their lives fighting for the truth of the faith, for the preservation of their country, and the defense of Christians. And therefore God will give them the reward which we have named.






Source: Pope John VIII. Indulgence for Fighting the Heathen. 878. John VIII to the bishops in the realm of Louis II [the Stammerer]: You have modestly expressed a desire to know whether those who have recently died in war. fighting in defense of the church of God and for the preservation of the Christian religion and of the state, or those who may in the future fall in the same cause, may obtain indulgence for their sins. We confidently reply that those who, out of love to the Christian religion, shall die in battle fighting bravely against pagans or unbelievers, shall receive eternal life. For the Lord has said through his prophet: "In whatever hour a sinner shall be converted, I will remember his sins no longer." By the intercession of St. Peter, who has the power of binding and loosing in heaven and on the earth, we absolve, as far as is permissible, all such and commend them by our prayers to the Lord.

Source: Pope Gregory VII, Call for ~ Crusade, 1074. Gregory, bishop. servant of the servants of God. to all who are willing to defend the Christian faith, greeting and apostolic benediction: We hereby inform you that the bearer of this letter, on his recent return from across the sea [from Palestine], came to Rome to visit us. He repeated what we had heard from many others, that a pagan race had overcome the Christians and with horrible cruelty had devastated everything almost to the walls of Constantinople, and were now governing the conquered lands with tyrannical violence, and that they had slain many thousands of Christians as if they were but sheep. If we love God and wish to be recognized as Christians, we should be filled with grief at the misfortune of this great empire [the Greek] and the murder of so many Christians. But simply to grieve is not our whole duty. The example of our Redeemer and the bond of fraternal love demand that we should lay down our lives to liberate them. "Because he has laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren," [1 John 3:16]. Know, therefore, that we are trusting in the mercy of God and in the power of his might and that we are striving in all possible ways and making preparations torender aid to the Christian Empire [the Greek] as quickly as possible. Send messengers to us at once to inform us of what God may inspire you to do in this matter.





Source: Chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres, written between 1101 and 1128. Fulcher was present at Council of Clermont, where Pope Urban II issued his call for the First Crusade in 1095 and participated in the Crusades. The Pope's Exhortation Concerning the Expedition to Jerusalem: 3. "For, as most of you have been told, the Twks, a race of Persians, who have penetrated within the boundaries of Romania even to the Mediterranean to that point which they call the Arm of Saint George, in occupying more and more of the lands of the Christians, have overcome them, already victims of seven battles, and have killed and captured them, have overthrown churches, and have laid waste God's kingdom. If you permit this sup indy for very long, God's faith!W ones will be still further subjected. 4. Concerning thIs affair; I, with suppUant prayer~not I but the Lord, exhort you, heralds of Christ, to persuade all of whatever class, both knights and footmen, both rich and poor, in numerous edicts, to strive to help expel that wicked race from ow Christian lands before it is too late. 5. I speak to those present, I send word to those not here; moreover, Christ commands it. Remission of sins will be granted for those going thither, if they end a shackled life either on land or in crossing the sea, or in struggling against the heathen. I, being vested with that gifr from God, grant this to those who go."

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.