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demographic variables at 0.05 level of significance. 6.7 ASSUMPTIONS 1. Nurses have some konoledge regarding body mechanics. 2. To some extent nurses apply body mechanics while providing patient care. 6.8 DELIMITATIONS The study is delimited to nurses working in BGS Global Hospital, Banglore, Karnataka. 6.9 PROJECTED OUTCOME The study will help the researcher to illuminate the statistical information regarding knowledge & practices of body mechanics among nurses. 7 MATERIALS AND METHOD 7.1 SOURCES OF DATA
Primary source: - Nurses working in BGS Global Hospital, Bangalore. Secondary source: - Health records of nurses maintained in hospital. Research approach: - Descriptive. Research design: - Descriptive survey. Research setting: - The BGS Global Hospital, Bangalore. Population: - Nurses of BGS global Hospital, Bangalore. Sample size: -100 Inclusion criteria: -

Nurses who are willing to participate in study and present during data collection. Exclusion criteria: Nurses working at managerial levels like ward incharge, supervisors & floor supervisors. 7.2 METHOD OF COLLECTION OF DATA. Sampling technique: -Purpos s ive Instrument: - Structured questionnaire. 9

Section I: - Demographic variables. Section II: - Knowledge items regarding body mechanics. Section III: - Practice items on body mechanics. METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION STEP I: -The investigator obtains permission from respective authority to conduct the

study. STEP II: - Selection of subjects.[Nurses] STEP III: - Investigator introduces himself to subject and notifies about his aims, objectives, and steps of study and takes written consent. STEP IV: - Assess the knowledge & practices of nurses by using structured questionnaire. STEP V: - Analysis of data is done by using descriptive and inferential statistics. STEP VI: - Distribution of Information Booklet. 7.3 Does the study require any interventions or investigations to be conducted on patients or other humans or animals? If so please describe briefly. NO 7.4 Will permission obtained from your institution? YES 7.6 Has ethical clearance been obtained from your institution? YES 8 LIST OF REFERENCES 1. Brown, D. Nurses and preventable back injuries. American Journal of Critical Care [online]; 2003 [cited 2009 Nov 03]; 12(5): 400-01. Available from: http://ajcc.aacnjournals.org/cgi/content/full/12/5/400 2. Galatia Tina Iakovou. Implementation of an evidence-based safe patient handling and movement mobility curriculum in an associate degree nursing program. Teaching and Learning in Nursing; 2008; 3: 48-52. 3. Karen Stanger, Lou Ann Montgomerry, Eric Briesemeister. Creating a Culture of Change Through Implementation of Safe Patient Handling Program. Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America; 2007; 19: 213-22. 4. Thomas R. Waters, Audrey Nelson, Caren Proctor. Patient handling Tasks with 10

High Risk for Musculoskeletal Disorders in Critical Care. Critical care Nursing clinics of North America; 2007; 19: 131-32. 5. Karahan A, bayraktar N. determination of the Usage of the Body mechanics in clinical settings and the occurrence of low back pain in nurses. International Journal of Nursing Studies [Online]; Jan 2004 [Cited 2009 Nov 06]; 41(1): 67-75. Available from: http://www.journals.elsevierhealth.com/periodicals/ns/article/PIIS0020748903000 83X /abstract 6. Randall SB, Pories WJ, Pearson A, Drake DJ. Expanded Occupational Safety and Health Administration 300 log as metric for bariatric patient-handling staff injuries. Surgery for obesity and related diseases; 2009 Jul-Aug[cited 2009 Nov 06]; 5(4): 463- 8. Available from:http://w w w .ncbi.nlm.n ih.gov/pubmed /19359222 7. Hartvigsen J, Lauritzen S, Lings S, Lauritzen T. Intensive Education Combined with low tech ergonomic intervention does not prevent low back pain in nurses. Occupation and environmental medicine [Online]; 2005 Jan [Cited 2009 Nov 06]; 62(1): 13-7. Available from:http://w w w .ncbi.nl m.nih.gov/p mc/ artic les /PM C1740861/ 8. Kindblom K, wahlstrom R, Ekman SL. Nursing Staffs Perception of changes inpatient transfer habits after a course- a phenomenological hermeneutic study. Ergonomic; 2007 Jul [Cited 2009 Nov 06]; 50(7): 1017-25. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez 9. Chiu MC, Wang MJ. Professional footwear evaluation for clinical nurses. Applied ergonomics; 2007 Mar [Cited 2009 Nov 06]; 38(2): 133-41. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez 10.Goncalves MB, Fisher FM, Lombardi JM, Ferreira Rm. Work Activities of practical nurse and risk factors for development of musculoskeletal disorders. Journal of Human ergology; 2001 Dec [Cited 2009 Nov 12]; 30(1-2): 369-74. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez 11.Retsas A, Pinikahana J. Manual Handling practices and injuries among ICU Nurses. Australian Journal of Advance Nursing; 1999 Sep-Nov [Cited 2009 Nov 12]; 17(1): 37-42. Available from:http://w w w .ncbi.nl m.nih.gov/s i tes /en trez 11

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