In what ways and for what reasons id Japan attack Pearl Harbor on December 7th 1941?

Following world war I, the USA set out to contain Japan, firsrt by limiting their gains at Versailles and second yb ending their elationship with Britain./ Japan was offended when th;e National Origins Act was passed by the maericna congress in may 1924, set quotas on immigration to the USA and Japan was not set a quota – meaning that immigrataion from japan to the USA was to sease. Japansese warned America prior to its passing htat the act would have a secrious negative influence on realtions, but the ISA passed the poliy anyway.; Later in January 1941 FDR gave a speech to congress in which ihe made it claear to Americans that a war might be coming, and larified vroader objective should a conflict occur. He said “we look foraward to a world founded upon our for essential human freedoms. The first is freedome o fspeech and expression – everywhere in the world. The second is freedom of every peson to worhip God in his own way – everywhere in the world. The third is freedome from want…everywhere in the world. The fourth is freedom from fear…anywhere in the world.” The four calues outlined in the seeech clearly and blatently oppsed thos of fascist and militaristic regimes, and was, therefore a direct threat to Japan. Further inceaseing their already cautious view of America. A few months later in August 1941, the Atlantic Charter between Chruchhill and Roosevelt. This new charter commited to uphold the four freedoms outlined in roosevelt’s speech along with banning aggression, disarmament of aggressor states, and the self-deterinatation of states, creation of the UN (united Nations) and finally securing the freedom of the seas. Theis charter further gave japan to be weary and cautious of America as this further threathened japanse way of life. Finally, US impositions of sanctions on japan was the final straw. The US thus forced Japan into a sesperate corner by therathening their oil supplies. Without oi, japan would beforced into retreat. These sanctions undermined the more moderate governemtn in japan, leaving it open tot the takeover ybt he military. Tojo became Warm inister and japan took a calculated risk by bombing pearl harbor, intending to take out the UA’s naval power before the nation could gear up for war. The Americans attemped to stop japan’s war in china in sept 1940 by banning the export of scrap iron to Japan. This had a sevier impact on japan’s already fragile economy. Economic growth in japan in 1930 was 0.5%, and unemployment by 1934 was 6.8%. japan had to import the food and raw materials it needed to sustain its occupation of fina – oil and stee. It was highly dependent on America for these goods. Also, in November of the same year, te American government began to give Chinese nationalilst leader, Jiang Jieshi a massive loan to encourage retaliation agiast invading Japanese forces. This act was a direct American threat to japans’ wellbeing and casued a lot of internal termiol within japan ending with the replacement of its Prime Minister Konoe with General Hideki Tojo. With the military in control, war was imminent. In july 1941, as german attacked Russia, japan decided to take advantage of the seeming distraction of allied attention and attacked Indochina. Once again, the United States, this time accompanied by Britain and the Netherlands responded and attemed to further impose their will and ristrictions on Japanese policy. The three imposed a total trade embargo with Japan and thus created a crisis situation. If the

even attempted to negociate with America but amercian demands to withdraw from china proved too steep. Demanding their withdrawal from china whiel being fully aware of this only further exemplifies their war mongering provocation of japan. . Japan at this point.. FDR immediately ‘froze’ all japanse financial assets in the united states and decalred a total embargo on trade of any ckind with japan. Given the Sino-Japanse war.[Of] absolutely vita consequence was the fact that japan imported more than 80% of its oil from the United States…to secure he oil the would eather have to accept American terms. or conquer Indonesian pil. which.country ran out of oil. it would not be able to continue fighting in china. which ment all out war against the west. Americans knew too well japanse psychology and that they would never give up or retreat in battle. inview of the sacrifies the Japanese people had borne to conquer China might well provoke revolution.

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