From hart at Wed Oct 5 10:00:06 2005 From: hart at pglaf.

org (Michael Hart) Date: Wed Oct 5 10:00:15 2005 Subject: [gweekly] PT1A Weekly Project Gutenberg Newsletter Message-ID: <> Weekly_October_05.txt *The Project Gutenberg Weekly Newsletter For Wednesday, October 05, 2005 PT1* ******eBooks Readable By Both Humans And Computers Since July 4, 1971******** PT1A Editor's comments appear in [brackets]. Newsletter editors needed! Please email or Anyone who would care to get advance editions: please email We have changed our format this month to provide shorter Newsletter files. "***BREAK FOR PT1A AND PT1B***" You should receive TWO versions of PT1 today: * HOT REQUESTS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS We were mentioned in yesterday's "User Friendly" comic strip. PT1A, and PT1B.

STATISTICAL CHANGES Due to various changes in our statistical reporting and coverage, the accuracy of the weekly count of the number of eBooks will not be as redundantly checked by a human count, and we will rely more on the automated system. ***If you notice any inconsistencies, please send email to: hart AT pglaf DOT org For example, one week we reported 40 new eBooks, but in recounts it appears that we counted three extras. These three have been a consistent source of extra counts or short counts over a period. * New Site!!! New General Catalog of Old Books and Authors which now indexes 24,000 books available free online, including all PG(US) & PG(Aus)'s books, along with some basic date information about them and their authors where you can find more. For information please contact Philip Harper <webmaster AT> * WANTED! >>> * Wanted: * TABLE OF CONTENTS [Search for "*eBook" or "*Intro". . .to jump to that section, etc.] *eBook Milestones *Introduction *Hot Requests, New Sites and Announcements *Continuing Requests and Announcements *Progress Report *Distributed Proofreaders Collection Report *Project Gutenberg Consortia Center Report *Permanent Requests For Assistance: *Donation Information *Access To The Project Gutenberg Collections *Mirror Site Information *Instant Access To Our Latest eBooks *Have We Given Away A Trillion Yet? *Flashback *Weekly eBook update: This is now in PT2 of the Weekly Newsletter Also collected in the Monthly Newsletter Corrections in separate section 6 New From PG Australia [Australian, Canadian Copyright Etc.] 33 New Public Domain eBooks Under US Copyright *Headline News from Edupage, etc. *Information About the Project Gutenberg Mailing Lists *** *eBook Milestones* ***500 eBooks Averaged Per Year Since July 4, 1971*** People who are involved in conversations on Slashdot, Salon, etc. !!!People to help us collect ALL public domain eBooks!!! <<<

17,250 eBooks As Of Today!!! [Includes Australian eBooks] We Are 86% of the Way to 20,000!!! 14,188 New eBooks Since The Start Of 2001 That's 250+ eBooks per Month for ~59 Months We Have Produced 2294 eBooks in 2005!!! 2,750 to go to 20,000!!! 7,516 from Distributed Proofreaders Since October, 2000 [Details in PT1B] We have now averaged 500+ eBooks per year since July 4th, 1971 We Averaged About 339 eBooks Per Month In 2004 We Are Averaging About 258 books Per Month This Year [This change is due to the opening of Project Gutenberg sites other than the original one at; all Project Gutenberg sites have a higher grand total.] This Site Is Averaging About 59 eBooks Per Week This Year 39 This Week It took ~32 years, from 1971 to 2003 to do our 1st 10,000 eBooks It took ~32 months, from 2002 to 2005 for our last 10,000 eBooks It took ~10 years from 1993 to 2003 to grow from 100 eBooks to 10,100 It took ~1.75 years from Oct. 2003 to Aug. 2005 from 10,000 to 17,000 * ***Introduction [The Newsletter is now being sent in two sections, so you can directly go to the portions you find most interesting: 1. Founder's Comments, News, Notes & Queries, and 2. Weekly eBook Update Listing. Note well that PT1 is now being sent as PT1A and PT1B. [Since we are between Newsletter editors, these 2 parts may undergo a few changes while we are finding a new Newsletter editor. Email us: and if you would like to volunteer.] This is Michael Hart's "Founder's Comments" section of the Newsletter

*Headline News from Edupage [PG Editor's Comments In Brackets] YAHOO ANNOUNCES BOOK-SCANNING PROJECT Yahoo has announced a plan to scan large collections of texts into an online digital archive, though officials said their approach differs in important ways from Google's similar venture, which has drawn extensive criticism and legal action. Yahoo's initiative, called the Open Content Alliance (OCA), represents a partnership with the University of California, the University of Toronto, the Internet Archive, and several other companies and organizations. Unlike Google's project, they will not scan any copyrighted work without explicit permission. Organizers of the project said the goal is to digitize and make freely available as much of what is in the public domain as possible. In addition, the archive will not be restricted to users of Yahoo. David Mandelbrot, Yahoo's vice president for search content, said the texts will be online in such a way that other search engines will be able to locate them. Much of the scanning for the OCA will be done by the Internet Archive, which has already been working with the University of Toronto on scanning several thousand books in its collection. Chronicle of Higher Education, 3 October 2005 WIKIBOOKS ENTERS TEXTBOOK PUBLISHING FIELD [Yet Another Entry Into The eBook Field] The Wikimedia Foundation launched the Wikibooks project to create a kindergarten-to-college curriculum of textbooks based on an open source development model. Material written for the new texts can be short or long and easily modified, and the resulting Wikibooks would be freely licensed. The goal is to produce thousands of books and smaller entries on a range of topics by employing a worldwide community of writers and editors. Any reader or student could create a personalized book or edit an existing title. Wikibooks currently contains more than 11,000 submissions from volunteers (professionals in many fields, college and graduate students, and professors). The project is still in the early stages and faces competitors such as Google's digital library project, which has run into copyright issues. ZDNet, 28 September 2005 FAB LABS ALLOW CREATION, NOT JUST CONSUMPTION [Something In The Way Of A 3-D Project Gutenberg?] With the help of host countries, MIT is setting up Fab Labs, or fabrication laboratories, around the world. Fab Labs provide an opportunity for individuals to use various technological means to build things that solve local problems. For example, Haakon Karlsen, a rancher who lives hundreds of miles north of the Artic Circle, used a Fab Lab in Norway to devise radio collars for his sheep. The collars help Karlsen locate his sheep in the conditions where he lives, and they send information about whether the flock is moving, what the

temperature is, and other data he uses to care for the sheep. Neil Gershenfeld, professor at MIT and director of the university's Center for Bits and Atoms, said the labs take people out of the role of simply being consumers of technology that is available and puts them in the position of creating the technology they need. For each Fab Lab, MIT pays for equipment, and the host country provides the location for the lab. Officials in South Africa are currently working to introduce not one but four Fab Labs in that country, starting with one just outside Pretoria. Sushil Borde, who is directing the development of Fab Labs in South Africa, said the country hopes the labs will open new avenues for engineers and entrepreneurs to develop their ideas into tangible products. BBC, 27 September 2005 LAMS FOUNDATION LAUNCHES COMMUNITY WEB SITE The Learning Activity Management System (LAMS) Foundation has announced the launch of a new Web site that will allow what it calls "open source teaching," in which educators can share and modify digital lesson plans. The LAMS Community Web site is based on the .LRN open source platform, developed at MIT. Using the LAMS Community Web site, teachers can search through various subset communities, looking for sequences of learning activities particular to their field. Available communities will initially include developers, technical support, and education, which will offer subcommunities for K-12, higher education and training, and research and development. New communities can be added later, such as a community focused on math teachers in the Boston area. The Web site will allow teachers to share their own learning sequences, access others' sequences, rate them, and discuss them. All of the content will be used under Creative Commons licenses. LAMS Foundation, 30 September 2005 [A Similar Project Across The Pond] IRELAND AND U.K. TO COOPERATE ON E-LEARNING Education officials in the United Kingdom and Ireland have signed an agreement to work together in support of an initiative called the National Digital Repository, which is designed to support higher education e-learning. The repository, which started in January 2005, is to be a collection of components of higher education courses, allowing users to develop online courses in various fields by picking and choosing from among those components. Components can include images, multimedia clips, text, maps, and other elements that can support online learning. The repository is currently funded by the Irish Higher Education Authority (HEA) and the Department of Education and Science. Under the agreement between the HEA and the United Kingdom's Joint Information Services Committee, the two countries will cooperate "in building a technology infrastructure that provides lifelong access to programs of study for learners in a manner that is flexible and convenient to their particular life circumstances," according to Tom Boland, chief executive of the HEA. Silicon Republic, 29 September 2005 GOOGLE OFFERS TO UNWIRE SAN FRANCISCO Google is one of more than a dozen organizations that have submitted bids in response to San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom's call for a citywide wireless Internet network. The network would provide free

Internet access to anyone in the city. Google finds itself flush with more than $7 billion in cash after recent stock sales. Industry observers speculated that setting up a municipal wireless network in San Francisco could be the first step in a Google plan to establish such a network nationwide, though the company said it currently has no plans to expand beyond the Bay Area. Analysts said Google's interest in facilitating increased Internet access directly serves the company's goals of organizing the world's information. In addition, providing Internet access to greater numbers of people means potentially more visitors to Google's site, which would increase advertising revenues. Wired News, 1 October 2005,1382,69059,00.html [Related Article NOT From Edupage] * San Francisco receives more than 24 Wi-Fi bids Mayor calls free wireless 'a fundamental right' "City officials said participants ranged from Cingular, the largest U.S. wireless carrier, to Atlanta-based Internet service provider EarthLink Inc. to San Francisco wireless broadband start-up Feeva Inc." Reuters * DIGITAL MUSIC SALES SURGE [If sales "declined by nearly 7 percent in value and 3.4 percent in units," that means that somehow the dollar value change in the last year was double that of the amount of music sold. . .this doesn't compute.] According to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI), sales of online digital music more than tripled in the first half of 2005, compared to the same period in 2004. Sales of legal music downloads totaled $790 million (representing 6 percent of total music sales worldwide), up from $220 million the year before. Most of the gains were seen in the world's top five music markets: the United States, Britain, Japan, Germany, and France. Sales of physical formats declined by nearly 7 percent in value and 3.4 percent in units. The IFPI said it will continue working to spur legal sales of online music while limiting the illegal sharing of music. John Kennedy, chairman and chief executive of the IFPI, said that "digital and physical piracy remain a big threat to our business in many markets. Our industry's priorities are to further grow this emerging digital-music business while stepping up our efforts to protect it from copyright theft." Wall Street Journal, 3 October 2005 (sub. req'd) EOLAS RULING SWINGS BACK TO UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has issued its final ruling in favor of the University of California in its patent dispute with Microsoft. At issue is a technology used for launching certain applications in Web browsers. The technology was developed at the

University of California at San Francisco and licensed to a company called Eolas Technologies. Eolas and the university had earlier won a $521 million judgment against Microsoft for violating the patent in its software, but that ruling was appealed on the grounds that the patent was not valid. Despite a preliminary ruling in which the Patent and Trademark Office indicated its leaning toward Microsoft's position on the Eolas patent, the final ruling upholds all of the university's claims. The ruling rejects the assertions of both Microsoft and the World Wide Web Consortium that the patent relies on "prior art." The case now returns to district court for trial. Chronicle of Higher Education, 30 September 2005 (sub. req'd) MASSACHUSETTS PLAN WOULD PROVIDE LAPTOPS FOR ALL STUDENTS The state of Massachusetts is considering a plan to provide a laptop computer to every middle and senior high school student in the state. The plan, offered by Governor Mitt Romney, includes other provisions, such as adding 1,000 new science and math teachers. The nonprofit One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) organization was credited with the idea of providing the laptops; in 2000, Maine began a program to equip all seventh graders in that state with laptops. The initiative depends in part on acquiring laptops for about $100 each, an idea put forth by Nicholas Negroponte, founding chairman of MIT~Rs Media Laboratory. Negroponte formed the OLPC to help provide such inexpensive computers to children in developing nations. According to Negroponte, pencils are "tools to think with, sufficiently inexpensive to be used for work and play, drawing, writing, and mathematics." Computers, he says, can be seen the same way, though they are "far more powerful." Federal Computer Week, 29 September 2005 You have been reading excerpts from Edupage: If you have questions or comments about Edupage, send e-mail to: To SUBSCRIBE to Edupage, send a message to LISTSERV@LISTSERV.EDUCAUSE.EDU and in the body of the message type: SUBSCRIBE Edupage YourFirstName YourLastName or To subscribe, unsubscribe, change your settings, or access the Edupage archive, visit *** *HEADLINE NEWS AVOIDED BY MOST OF THE MAJOR U.S. MEDIA [As requested adding sources, etc., when possible.] None of the major US television network news shows even mentioned Yahoo's effort to form a coalition to compete with Google Print, whose media blitz covered the television, radio and print news last December 14th. Apparently "once bitten, twice shy" is the rule even for the major media. Even the BBC barely mentioned it, sandwiched into Tanya Beckett's business news segment, between the

major news segments of Katty Kay and Mike Embley. * None of the major media would announce the total deaths of Katrina when the new, and supposedly final, numbers were released yesterday, most likely because that number exceeded 1,000. 972 in Louisiana 221 in Mississippi ??? in Alabama For a total that will probably reach about 1300 CBS, NBC, BBC, etc. * Judith Miller was finally released from her imprisonment this week, after serving about three months for refusing to divulge her source for an article she never wrote about the White House "outing" of CIA covert agent Valerie Plame, wife of Ambassador Joseph C. Wilson, IV. The incident was allegedly sparked by White House retaliation for Ambassador Wilson's unwillingness to support President Bush's claims of Weapons of Mass Destruction as per the now infamous "yellow cakes of uranium" that apparently never existed. Now that she testified, it appears this could cause trouble for White House insiders Karl Rove, VP Cheney's Chief of Staff, Scooter Libby, as well as for President Bush. Washington Post New York Times

*STRANGE WORDS OF THE WEEK Many flood victims in St. Bernard Parish [New Orleans] were told by federal officials they did not need flood insurance. ABC News 10/04 DOUBLESPEAK OF THE WEEK Callers to the federal map center were routed to a private answering service in Tallahassee, Florida, when they called to find out if they were susceptible to flooding in the New Orleans area, and the calls were answered by people with no expertise whatsoever on the subject. These people who have now lost everything are "out of luck" as they "can't sue." ABC News 10/04

*PREDICTIONS OF THE WEEK Texas and Florida will continue to get better hurricane

relief than Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama, simply because Texas and Florida have so much more money and so many more electoral votes that put the Bush administrations in the White House. Meet The Press and/or Face The Nation *STRANGE QUOTES OF THE WEEK Senator McCain bluntly declared that "things have not gone as we had planned or expected, nor as we were told by you, General Myers." As quoted in The New York Times on October 3, 2005 * Ex-Chief of FEMA, Michael Brown, attacked Governor Blanco and other local officials as the cause of problems related to Hurriana Katrina in one of his first speeches after being re-hired by FEMA in his new consulting position only a week after his resignation. Blanco was a bit more politic about the name calling and refused to comment. Lehrer News Hour * "In the future, computers will weigh no more than 1.5 tons." "By the year 2000, all computers will weigh under half a ton." [Popular Electronics, 1950][?] "In the future, computers will weigh less than a ton." Unknown, 1949 [Popular Mechanics, 1949][?] "In the future, computers will weigh no more than a ton." [Popular Science (1940)][?]

*ODD STATISTICS OF THE WEEK The current cost of Katrina has passed 35 billion dollars. Interesting that so much is reported by the foreign news that is not reported by the US media. [BBC] * INTERNET ADS TAKE OFF IN U.S. According to numbers from the Interactive Advertising Bureau and PricewaterhouseCoopers, online advertising revenues in the first half of 2005 hit a new high of about $5.8 billion, an increase of 26 percent

over the first half of 2004. The percentage of total online ad revenues earned by keyword-based search ads has held steady at 40 percent, but income increased. The same holds true for display ads, which accounted for 20 percent of total online ad revenue. The Internet Advertising Revenue Report will be published in early October. The Register, 28 September 2005 * Still hoping for more statistical updates and additional entries. "If we could shrink the earth's population to a village of precisely 100 people, with all the existing human ratios remaining the same, it would look something like the following. There would be: 57 Asians 21 Europeans 14 from the Western Hemisphere, both North and South America 8 Africans 52 would be female 48 would be male 70 would be non-white 30 would be white 70 would be non-Christian 30 would be Christian 6 people would possess 59% of the entire world's wealth and all 6 would be from the United States 80 would live in substandard housing 70 would be unable to read 50 would suffer from malnutrition 1 would be near death; 1 would be near birth 1 (yes, only 1) would have a college education 1 would own a computer [I think this is now much greater] 1 would be 79 years old or more. Of those born today, the life expectancy is only 63 years, but no country any longer issues copyrights that are sure to expire within that 63 year period. I would like to bring some of these figures more up to date, as obviously if only 1% of 6 billion people owned a computer then there would be only 60 million people in the world who owned a computer, yet we hear that 3/4 + of the United States households have computers, out of over 100 million households. Thus obviously that is over 1% of the world population, just in the United States. I just called our local reference librarian and got the number of US households from the 2004-5 U.S. Statistical Abstract at: 111,278,000 as per data from 2003 U.S Census Bureau reports. If we presume the saturation level of U.S. computer households is now around 6/7, or 86%, that is a total of 95.4 million, and that's counting just one computer per household, and not counting households with more than one, schools, businesses, etc.

I also found some figures that might challenge the literacy rate given above, and would like some help researching these and other such figures, if anyone is interested. BTW, while I was doing this research, I came across a statistic that said only 10% of the world's population is 60+ years old. This means that basically 90% of the world's population would never benefit from Social Security, even if the wealthy nations offered it to them free of charge. Then I realized that the US population has the same kind of age disparity, in which the rich live so much longer than the poor, the whites live so much longer than the non-whites. Thus Social Security is paid by all, but is distributed more to the upper class whites, not just because they can receive more per year, but because they will live more years to receive Social Security. The average poor non-white may never receive a dime of Social Security, no matter how much they pay in. * POEM OF THE WEEK Joy is when you close your eyes And see that the flowers of happy feelings are in bloom A forest of bright colors and sweet scents In which you wander careless and free Joy is when you open your eyes And see the mountains of doubt crumble and fall Leaving behind the golden sand of sunny beaches Where loves step together, holding hands Joy is when the everlasting trees of your life experience Share their wisdom with the singing birds Who then tell it to your senses And you grow. Joy is when your action seeds are purposely planted On fertile ground for future springlings of happy thoughts. Joy is when you reach the white innocence of the clouds Just by closing your eyes. Your inner eye, the most truthful one, Is now watching over your world. Copyright 2005 by Simona Sumanaru and Michael S. Hart Please send comments to: simona_s75 AT & hart AT *** *Information About the Project Gutenberg Mailing Lists For more information about the Project Gutenberg's mailing lists, including the Project Gutenberg Weekly and Monthly Newsletters: and the other Project Gutenberg Mailing Lists:

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