Designing and Simulating a Microstrip Patch Antenna

Designed by

Raza Hussain

as shown in the figure below: Where. and thickness h. but regular shapes are generally used to simplify analysis and performance prediction. The patch conductor is normally copper and can assume any shape. A microstrip patch antenna is characterized by its length L. h = height of the substrate .Introduction A microstrip patch antenna consists of a very thin patch. The relative permittivity (εr) of the substrate is an important parameter to consider. width W. because it enhances the fringing fields that account for radiation. which is placed at a small fraction of wavelength above a conducting ground plane. The patch and the ground plane are separated by a dielectric.

The length and width of the line can be changed by selecting L and W respectively. above the line. Creating the Schematic Diagram Follow the steps below to create the schematic diagram of a patch antenna: • Click Project in the menu bar and select Add Schematic > New Schematic. Select Lines.Objective The objective of this lab is to construct and analyze a rectangular patch antenna using AWR Microwave Office. Select Elements tab from Project Browser. This is shown in the following figure: . • • • Drag a line into the schematic window and place it there. and select Microstrip. and name it “Patch”. and select MLIN from the types of lines which appear below.

• • Select four lines in the same manner. and select MBEND. and place them orthogonally to each other. • Drag this bend into the schematics window and place it there. This is shown in the following figure: . Select Obsolete from the drop down menu of Microstrip. The width and angle of the bend can be changed by selecting W and ANG respectively.

Both these buttons are present in the toolbar. and click on New Schematic Layout View. as shown in the following figure: • Select all the objects in the schematic by pressing Ctrl+A. In this window again select all the objects. . A new window will open.In the same manner select four bends and connect them to the lines. and click on snap together.

Now click Boundaries and select Approximately Open and Perfect Conductor. A window will open which will contain the dielectric information. Select Rectangle Conductor from the toolbar and add a conductor of 3mm x 17mm in the EM Structure. and add a port at the terminal of the 3mm x 17mm conductor. and fill the gap between the lines. • Double click Enclosure in the Project tab. Under Enclosure enter the following values: X-Dimension = 100 Y-Dimension = 100 X-Divisions = 200 Y-Divisions = 200 • Now click Dielectric Layers and enter the information. The result will be like shown in the following figure: • • • • . Copy the image from Schematic 1:2 and paste it in the EM Structure. Again select Rectangular Conductor.Creating the EM Structure Click Project and select Add EM Structure > New EM Structure. and connect it to the antenna structure. Now select all and click Edge Port.

Select the Rectangular plot. After this click Ok. . and click apply. Right click “Graph 1” in the project tab and select Add Measurement. stop and step frequency.Creating Graph • • • Click Project and select Add Graph. and then click Ok. Options > Project Options. • Measurement Type: Port Parameters Measurement: S Data Source Name: EM Structure 1 To Port Index: 1 From Port Index: 1 • Click Apply. and then add the start.

and Step. To specify a frequency sweep. enter values for Start.Adding Project Frequencies 1. To specify a frequency point. Choose Options > Project Options. select the Single Point check box. Click the Frequencies tab to specify global frequency values. Analyzing the Design Click simulate > analyze . The Project Options dialog box displays. and enter a Point value. 3. Click Apply and then OK. 2. Stop.

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