30 Lesscn 2.2 - A|gebra 2 Netetak|ng 6u|de Ccpyrlght © MoDcugal Llttell/Hcughtcn Mlfflln Ccmpany.

&IND3LOPEAND2ATEOF#HANGE

'OAL +&INDSLOPESOFLINESANDRATESOFCHANGE
6/#!"5,!29
3LOPE
Para||e|
Perpendìou|ar
Pate of ohange
3,/0%/&!,).%
7ORDS
1he s|ope M of a nonvertìoa| |ìne ìs the ratìo of
ohange (the rìse) to ohange (the run).
!LGEBRA 'RAPH

(
1
,
1
)
(
2
,
2
)
ruh

2

1
rise

2

1
M
Y
2
Y
1
]z
X
2
X
1

What |s the s|eµe ef the ||ne µass|ng threugh the µe|nts
(1, 3) and (6, ?)7
Let (X
1
, Y
1
) (1, 3) and (X
2
, Y
2
) (6, 7).
M
Y
2
Y
1
]z
X
2
X
1

1he s|ope of the |ìne ìs .
%XAMPLE &INDSLOPE
9OUR.OTES
when ca|cu|at|n¿
the s|ope, he sure
to suhtract the X-
and Y-coord|nates
|n the correct order.
Ccpyrlght © MoDcugal Llttell/Hcughtcn Mlfflln Ccmpany. Lesscn 2.2 - A|gebra 2 Netetak|ng 6u|de 31
9OUR.OTES
#,!33)&)#!4)/./&,).%3"93,/0%
4HESLOPEOFALINEINDICATESWHETHERTHELINE
from |eft to rìght, from |eft to rìght, ìs
, or ìs .

Pos|t|re s|ope Negat|re s|ope 2ero s|ope uadef|aed s|ope
Pìses from Ia||s from Porìzonta| vertìoa|
|eft to rìght |eft to rìght
W|theut graµh|ng, te|| whether the ||ne threugh the
g|ven µe|nts RISES FALLS ISHORIZONTAL er |s VERTICAL.
a. (6, 2), (1, 3) b. (2, 1), (2, 2)
3OLUTION
a. M
8ecaase M 0, the ||ae

.
b. M
8ecaase M |s ,
the ||ae |s .
%XAMPLE #LASSIFYLINESUSINGSLOPE
A .ert|ca| ||ne has
"undef|ned s|ope"
hecause for an)
two po|nts, the
s|ope formu|a's
denom|nator
hecomes 0, and
d|.|s|on h) 0 |s
undef|ned.
1. Iìnd the s|ope of the |ìne passìng through the poìnts
(4, 2) and (7, 9).
2. Wìthout graphìng te|| whether the |ìne through the
poìnts (3, 2) and (1, 4) RISES FALLS ISHORIZONTAL or
ISVERTICAL

#HECKPOINT Cemµ|ete the fe||ew|ng exerc|ses.
Lesscn 2.2s!LGEBRA.OTETAKING'UIDE Ccpyrlght © MoDcugal Llttell/Hcughtcn Mlfflln Ccmpany.
9OUR.OTES
3,/0%3/&0!2!,,%,!.$0%20%.$)#5,!2,).%3
#ONSIDERTWODIFFERENTNONVERTICALLINES*
1
and *
2
wìth
s|opes M
1
and M
2
.
0ARALLELLINES 1he |ìnes are para||e| ìf

and on|y ìf they have the
s|ope.
M
1
M
2
0ERPENDICULARLINES 1he |ìnes are

perpendìou|ar ìf and on|y ìf theìr
s|opes are
of eaoh other.
M
1
, or M
1
M
2

1e|| whether the ||nes are PARALLELer PERPENDICULAR.
L|ne 1: through (3, 1) and (2, 5)
L|ne 2: through (3, 4) and (3, 1)
Iìnd the s|opes of the two |ìnes.
M
1
M
2

Beoause M
1
M
2

|

, M
1
and M
2
are
negatìve of eaoh other. 5o, the |ìnes
are .
%XAMPLE #LASSIFYPARALLELANDPERPENDICULARLINES
3. L|ne 1: through (1, 0) and (3, 4)
L|ne 2: through (24, 6) and (22, 5)

#HECKPOINT 1e|| whether the ||nes are PARALLEL
PERPENDICULAR er NEITHER.
(OMEWORK

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