AIEEE

Test Assessment, Analysis & Solutions
Some students are of the opinion that for AIEEE, practice is everything. At PAGE we recognize that
practice is one of the most important constituents of a good study plan. However, it is not enough to
blindly attempt tests. After every test, one needs to spend time reviewing it. The following charts will
give you a place to start your test review First check the question paper with answer keys to find out
marks scored. Religiously note down the number of questions that you obtained correct, wrong or left
unanswered in various section types. Also make a subjective self-judgment ascertaining the cause of
your performance in the various sections.
Summary performance table.
Physics Chemistry Maths Total
Total number of questions
Questions Attempted
Correct Answers
Wrong Answers
Total Scored
Analysis of wrong questions:
Reasons for wrong questions
(To be filled after you have attempted wrong questions on your own after the test) No. Questions
A. Know the solution / answer for the question but failed
to get it right in the exam: Calculation mistake
B. Know the solution / answer for the question but failed
to get it right in the exam: Applied wrong concept
C. Do not know the concept and couldn’t solve even after exam
Total Number of questions attempted wrong
If score of A &B is high then you need more practice and read questions more carefully. If C is very high you need
to revisit the topic in the textbook.
If the number of easy, average question not attempted by you is high then you need to focus on selection of
questions. In AIEEE you should select questions you can solve fast and leave lengthy and difficult questions.
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F N E
PHYSICS Analysis
Sl.No. UNIT NAME Q. Nos. Correct Wrong
1. UNITS AND MEASUREMENT 10
2. DESCRIPTION OF MOTION IN ONE DIMENSION 11, 22, 45
3. MOTION IN TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS 12
4. LAWS OF MOTION 54, 59
5. WORK, ENERGY & POWER 13, 46, 55, 56
6. ROTATIONAL MOTION & M.I. 14, 29, 53, 58
7. GRAVITATION ---
8. SOLIDS AND FLUIDS 48
9. OSCILLATIONS 15, 33, 50
10. WAVES 34, 41, 42
11. HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS 24, 32, 52, 60
12. TRANSFERENCE OF HEAT 17, 25, 43, 49
13. ELECTROSTATICS 16, 18, 30, 37, 57
14. CURRENT ELECTRICITY 7, 19, 26
15. THERMAL & CHEMICAL EFFECTS OF CURRENTS 9
16. MAGNETIC EFFECTS OF CURRENTS 28, 35
17. MAGNETOSTATICS 21
18. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION & ALT. CURRENTS 20, 23, 27, 36
19. RAY OPTICS 4, 31, 39, 44
20. WAVE OPTICS 3
21. ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES 1
22. ELECTRON AND PHOTONS 5
23. ATOMS, MOLECULES & NUCLEI 2, 40, 51
24. SOLIDS & SEMI-CONDUCTORS DEVICES 6, 8, 38, 47
CHEMISTRY Analysis
Sl.No. UNIT NAME Q. Nos. Correct Wrong
1. SOME BASIC CONCEPTS 112
2. STATES OF MATTER 61, 62, 91
3. ATOMIC STRUCTURE 63, 113
4. SOLUTIONS 64, 92
5. CHEMICAL ENERGETICS & THERMODYNAMICS 65, 93, 111
6. CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM 66, 94
7. REDOX REACTIONS & ELECTROCHEMISTRY 67, 95
8. RATES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS & CHEMICAL KINETICS 68, 96, 120
9. SURFACE CHEMISTRY 90
10. CHEMICAL FAMILIES – PERIODIC PROPERTIES 69
11. CHEMICAL BONDING & MOLECULAR STRUCTURE 70, 97
12. CHEMISTRY OF NON-METALS – I 71, 114
13. CHEMISTRY OF NON-METALS – II 72, 115
14. CHEMISTRY OF LIGHTER METALS 73, 98
15. HEAVY METALS 74, 89, 99
16. CHEMISTRY OF REPRESENTATIVE ELEMENTS 75, 116
17. TRANSITION METALS INCLUDING LANTHANIDES 76, 117, 118
18. COORDINATION CHEMISTRY & ORGANO METALLICS 77, 100, 119
19. NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY 78, 101
20. PURIFICATION & CHARACTERISATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS 79, 102
21. SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES 80, 103
22. HYDEROCARBONS 81, 104
23. ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING HALOGENS 82, 105
24. ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING OXYGEN 83, 106
25. ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN 84, 107
26. SYNTHETIC & NATURAL POLYMERS 85, 108
27. BIO MOLECULES & BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES 86, 109
28. CHEMISTRY IN ACTION 87, 110
29. ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY 88
MATHEMATICS Analysis
Sl.No. UNIT NAME Q. Nos. Correct Wrong
1. SETS, RELATIONS AND FUNCTIONS 121, 151, 162
2. COMPLEX NUMBERS 122, 147
3. MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS 131, 132, 142
4. QUADRATIC EQUATIONS ---
5. PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS 141
6. MATHEMATICAL INDUCTION & ITS APPLICATIONS ---
7. BINOMIAL THEOREM AND ITS APPLICATIONS 163
8. SEQUENCES AND SERIES 140, 149
9. DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS 126,127,134,143,171,179
10. INTEGRAL CALCULUS 145, 154, 161, 164, 176
11. DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 124, 177
12. TWO DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY 135,144,153,159,160,165,166,175
13. THREE DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY 136, 150
14. VECTOR ALGEBRA 128, 146, 178
15. MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY & DISPERSION 123
16. PROBABILITY 125, 130, 172
17. TRIGONOMETRY 129, 137, 148, 155,156,157,158
18. STATICS 138, 173
19. DYNAMICS 139, 174
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5
1.c.
2.a. Due to the mass that is converted in the nucleus (mass
defect) to hold the protons together in the nucleus, the
proton does not have the same mass when it is inside the
nucleus as it has outside the nucleus. The hydrogen
proton is the proton that is least affected because it is
the only proton in the hydrogen atom.
3.a.
a ω
ω
ω
λ λ
λ
β < · as
d
D
a ω
β β < ∴ i.e., Fringe pattern shrinks
4.d. Since
;
1 1 1 1 1 1
u f v f v u
− · ⇒ · -
∞ · ⇒ v
5.a. Since
λ
hc
E ·
i.e. more the wavelength, less is the energy and when
wavelength is made double, energy reduces to half.
6.c.
7.c. Mixed grouping is done when r = R
8.a. Max. input voltage = V V
rms
14 . 14 10 2 2 · × ·
Since tranformer used is a step up tranformer, with the
turn ratio 1 : 2
∴ Output voltage of the tranformer
28.28V 14.14 2 · × ·
and DC voltage
volts 18 28.28V 0.637 ) (V
de
≈ × ·
9.a. When the variable resistor is changed to the right, the
total resistance in the circuit is decreased. More
current flows, and the lights brighten.
10.d. Here, light year and wave lengths have the same
dimension. Which is [L].
11.b.
2
1
gt
2
1
AB 8 · ·
2
2 1
) t g(t
2
1
AL 2S - · ·
2
3 2 1
) t t g(t
2
1
AD 3S - - · ·
g
2S
t
1
·
g
2S
g
4S
t ,
g
4S
t t
2 2 1
− · · − -
SOLUTIONS CODE : FNE
g
4S
g
6S
t ,
g
6S
t t t
3 3 2 1
− · · - -
) 2 3 ( : ) 1 2 ( : 1 :: t : t : t
3 2 1
− −
12.a. See fig
X
P (x,y)
Y
β
Let u be velocity of projection, Now
2
gt
2
1
)t sin (u y − α ·
)t sin (u x α ·
From figure,
x
y
tan · β
α cos 2u
gt
α tan
α)t cos (u
gt
2
1
α)t sin (u
β tan
2
− ·

·
) tan - (tan cos 2u
gt
get we Solving
β α α
·

β α ( 2sin
gt
α) cos sinβ - β cos α (sin α cos 2u
cosβ α cos gt

) −
·

·
13.b. Here Tangential acceleration also exists which required
power. Given that centripetal acceleration.
2 2
c
rt k · a and /r V
2
c
· a ;
2 2 2
rt k /r V · ∴
or
t r k V
2 2 2
·
or
krt V ·
;
tangential acceleration,
kr
dt
dv
a · ·
Now, force F = ma = m k r;
So power, p = F v = m k r × k r t;
t r mk
2 2
·
14.c. As Iω L · = constant. Therefore,
1 1 2 2
ω I ω I · or
2
1 1
2
I
ω I
ω ·
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6
2m M

2m)K (M
ω MK
2
2
-
·
-
·
15.b. We know that
2 1 2 2
] x ω[A v − ·

− · ∴
2
2
2
ω
V
A x
Given that
2

v ·
So,
A
2
3

ω A
A
2 1
2
2 2
2
·


16.b.
17.a.
18.a.
19.c
E
E r 5 ...(1)
(R r)
· × ·
-
or
R
E 5 ...(2)
R r
' `
·

-
. ¹
E
E- r 10 ...(3)
(6R r)
× ·
-
or
6R
E 10 ...(4)
6R r
' `
·

-
. ¹
Dividing eq. (2) byeq. (4), we get 2r = 3r
Putting eq.(3),we get 10
r 4r
R E
- E ·
-
×
Solving we get E = 12.5 V
20.a.
dt
di
M
dt
d
N ;
dt
di
M | e | and
dt
d
N | e |
p
s
p
p s s
·
φ
∴ ·
φ
·
or 25mH 10 2.5
0) (2
0) 10 20(2.5
di
d
N M
2
4
p
s
· × ·

− ×
·
φ
·


s
21.c.
22.a. For 0 to 1 sec, the graph shows the displacement
increases linearly with time, it means thevelocity is
constant but positive.
For 1 to 3 sec, the graph shows the displacement it
means velocity will be zero.
For 3 to 4 sec, the graph shows the displacemet decreases
linerarly with time, it means velocity is constant but
negative.
So, the correct graphbetween velocity and time is
representd by the graph (a)
23.c. Here, the bulb
1
B dies out prompl;y while bulb
2
B dies
out with some delay because some energy stored in the
coil.
24.c.
25.c.
26.c. Now length
;
100
125
100
25
' · - ·
Let new are of cross-section = ' A . Then
d ' A d A · or / A ' A ·
or
A
125
100
100
25
/ A ' A ·
¹
`

.
'
× × ·
A
ρ
R

· and
1.5625R
100
125
A
ρ
A
125
100
t
100
125
ρ
A'
' ρ
' R
2
·
¹
`

.
'
·

¹
`

.
'

¹
`

.
'
· ·

% increase in resistance
100
R
'-R R
×
¹
`

.
'
·
% 25 . 56 100
1
1 - 1.5623
· ×
¹
`

.
'
·
27.b. See fig.
From figure F = 2 T θ cos or T = F/(2 θ cos )
The force responsible for otion of masses on x-axis is
T
θ sin
θ ×
θ
· · ∴ sin
cos 2
F
θ sin T ma
B
T
T
O
F
C
(X,0)
A
(-X.0)
θ
θ
1
P
2
P
3
P
° 35 1
° 45
2) 2
x (a
x
2
F
OA
OB
2
F
tanθ
2
F

× · × · ·
So,
2 2)
F x
2m
(a x
a · ×

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7
28.c. The reduction factor
50 µ
µ 30 10 11 2
µ
2rH
k
0
0
2
0
×
× × × ×
· ·

N
A 10 132
3 −
× · k
Current is k tan 60° A 10 6 . 228
3 −
× · i
29.d.
30.c.
31.a. From the figure given in question.
d
l
0
tan30 · °
3
20
30 tan
0
· ° · ∴ d I
∴ Number of reflections =

0
l
L
14
cm
3
20
100cm 1.6
·

×
·
If first reflection is considered, then
n = 14 + 1 = 15
32.b. Here dQ=1 kilo calorie = 1000 cal = 1000 × 4.2 = 4200J.
Now dU = dQ - dW = 4200 -250 = 3950 J.
33.c. In this case, a constant force F acts on the system. So,
the centre of mass of system moves with constant
acceleration
2 1
cm
m m
F
a
-
·
In the frame of centre of mass, particle execute S.H.M.
because force on each particle varies linearly.
34.a.
λ/2 · l
or
21 λ ·
Let v = velocity of the transverse waves on the on the
string
Frequency =
L
v
n
l
v v
2
) 1 (
2 λ
- · ·
or . ) 1 ( l n L - ·
35.a. A and B are effectively in parallel and hence give the
same reading at all times.
36.b. The external force does positive work in moving the rod
with uniform speed.
The Ampere’s force does negative works as the force
acts opposite to the displacement.
37.b. The same number of charged bodies are still in the
system, however, the redistribution of the charge has
reduced the force the pith balls exert on one another.
38.b. Voltage drop across Ω 150 resistor = (5 - 0.5) V = 4.5V
150Ω R ·
30mA A
150
4.5
I · · ∴
39.a. Using

¹
`

.
'

¹
`

.
' −
·
2 1 1
1 2
R
1
R
1
µ
µ µ
f
1
3.5R f · ⇒
40.c. BE/nucleon is more in Fe - 56.
41.c.
2A.Acosθ A A AR
2 2
- - ·

¹
`

.
'
- - ·
3

cos 2A A A
2 2 2

¹
`

.
'
− - - ·
2
1
2A A A
2 2 2
A A A A A
2 2 2 2
· · − - ·
42.a. Since there is no relative motion between the source and
listener, so apparent frequency equals original frequency.
43.b.
d
) θ KA(θ
mL
2 1

·
In the given problem, Kt = constant
1
2
2
1
t
t
K
K
· ∴
44.c. For 5 . 1 µ · and 6 . 1 µ · critical angle will be less than
45°.
45.a. The distance travelledby the train in
2
20 0.5
2
1
20S × × · = 100 m

H T
100m
T H
200 m
Motion of train
∴ The distance between the two events (H and T)=100.
The observer has to move 100m in 20s, in a direction
opposite to that of the train.
46.d. The instaneous velocity of the particle is
2 3 2
3 8 3 ) 4 3 ( t t r t t
dt
d
dt
dx
v - − · - − · ·
The instantaneous accleration of the particle is
t t t
dt
d
dt
dv
a 6 8 ) 3 8 3 (
2
- − · - − · ·
work done in first 4seconds is
∫ ∫
· ·
4
0
4
0
dt
dt
dx
ma Fdx W
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8

- − - − ·
4
0
2
) 3 8 3 ( ) 6 8 ( dt t t t m

- − - − ·
4
0
3 2
) 18 72 82 24 ( dt t t t m
4
0
4 3 2
2
9
24 4 24 t tt lt t m - − - − ·
) 1152 1536 656 96 ( - − - − · m
3
10 3 176 176 × × · · m
) 10 3 (
3
× · m ∵
=
mJ 528 10 528
3
· ×
) 10 Im (
3
J J · ∵
47.a. At absolute zero of temperature, the conduction band of
semiconductors, is totally empty and all the energy states
in the valence band are filled. Due to the absence of
electrons in the conduction band near absolute zero, no
currents can flow under the influence of an electric field.
Therefore, semiconductors become insulators at low
temperatures.
48.c. Let α= Coefficient of thermal expansioj, Y = Young
modulaus of the wire. If the wire were free to contract,
its decrease inlength wouldbe lat, where t = decrease in
temperature. To maintain constant length, lat, becomes
the effective elongation.
A
T
stress tension T Let at;
t l
Strain · ∴ · · · ∴
l
a
Using
t A T T ,
Strain
Stress
Y a · ·
49.d. The thermal resistances of the two rods are
KA
1
and
2KA
1
These are inseries in A and prasllel in B.
KA
1
2
3
2KA
1
KA
1
R
A
× · - · ∴
3KA
2KA KA
2KA KA
R
A
1
l l
l l
·
-
×
·
9
2
R
R
I
I
or R I R I
A
B
B
A
B B A A
· · ·
50.b.
α − · θ
1
·
¹
`

.
'
θ · I mgl mg T
2
sin
22
1
θ
or
α − · θ
1
2
3
1
2
ml mgl
or
θ;
¹
`

.
'
2
3
− · α
l
g
put θ Ω α ;
2l
3g

2 2
− · ∴ ·
This represent angular SHM withtime period
g
l
3
2
2

2
π ·
π
51.b.
λ
·
1
) ( y T
av or
av
T
1
· λx
for
λ
·
693 . 0
) (
2 1
x T
or
2 1
T
693 . 0
y · λ
As
2 1
T ·
av
T
∴ Y disintegrates faster than X
52.b. Work done by unit mass of water during expansion to
form steam, at constant pressure
0
p , is

ρ

ρ
· − · ∆ ·
1 2
0 water steam 0 0
1 1
p ] V [V p V p W

− − · − · ∆
1 2
0
ρ
1
ρ
1
p Q W Q U
53.d. In rolling with out slipping at constant speed, thre is no
force of friction between the surfaces. Therefore,
removing the pincauses no charge to the system.
54.b. Considerig the euilibrium of B a m T g m
B B
· - −
Since theblock A slides downwithconstantspeed.
a = 0 Therefore t = g m
B
Considering the equilibrium of A,w e get
10 a= 1= g sin 30° - T - N µ
where N = 10 g cos 30
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9
° · ∴ cos30 g 10 µ - T - g
2
10
a 10
but a = 0 , T = g m
B
N
T
T
g 10
° 30 ° cos30
g m
B
N µ
°
c
o
s
3
0
g
1
0
B
3.3kg m ,
2
3 0.2
- g m 5g 0
B B
· · ·
55.c. Let H be the height of table top from gorund M/L =mass
per unit length of chain. Ghen P.E of hanging part =

g
2
1
H 1
L
M
0
0

¹
`

.
'
− ×
C.G
H
2
0
1
0
1
P.E. of the rest paprt of chain
)H 1 g(L
L
M
0

H
2
G
L
L/2
0
1
starts it chain of P.E. ∴ faillng off )
2
L
g(H
L
M
− ·
By energy conservatio
-
¹
`

.
'
− ·
¹
`

.
'
− - g
2
1
H 1
L
M
2
L
H g
L
M
Mv
2
1
0
0
2
)H 1 (L
2
Mg
0

) 1 (L
L
g
v
2
0
2
− ·
56.d. Aplying the law of conservation of mometum,
we have mv = (m+M) V;

¹
`

.
'
-
·
M m
mv
V
Loss of K.E.
2 2
M)V (n
2
1
mv
2
1
- − ·
2
2
m M
mv
M) (m
2
1
mv
2
1

¹
`

.
'
-
- − ·
=

-
·

-

M m
M
mv
2
1
M m
m
1 Mv
2
1
2 2
Fractoinal of K.E. dissipated

¹
`

.
'
-
· ·
M m
M
K.E initial
K.E. of Loss
57.d. Momentum of first body
m/sec 21kg 1 l p
1
× · × ·
momentum of second body
m/sec 21kg 1 l p
2
× · × · .
1
P
2
P
3
P
° 35 1
° 45
Momentum of third body m/se 3Vkg p
3
× ·
Initial momentum = zero∴ finl momentum = 0
0 p p p
3 2 1
· - - ∴

2 21 ) 21 ( ) 21 ( p
2 2
3
· - ·

s
2 21 3V · ∴
or
9.8m/sec 2 7 3V · · ∴
at an angle of 135° with the direction of
1
p

58.d. For a circular lmina of mass 2m and radius r, the moment
of intertia about an axis through its centre and
Perpendicular to its plane is
2 2
mr (2m)rh
2
1
·
For the semicircular5 lamina of mas m, the moment
of inertia about an axis through C is
2
c
mr
2
1
I ·
Let ·
CM
I moent of inertia aboutan axi through its
centre of mass.
2
CM C
mx I I - · or
2 2
CM C
mx mr
2
1
I I − · ·
59.a.
1 1 1
ma µmg µN F · · ·
or left) the (to µg a
1
·
3mg 2mg N N
1 2
· - ·
mg 2µ µmg - µ(3mg) 2ma F - F
2 1 2
· · · s
or µg a
2
· (to the left)
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10
Acceleration of a with respect to B = 0
2 1
· − a a
1
N
1
a
A
1
F
1
F
2
F
2
a
2mg
B
1
N
2
N
2m
60.c. Since the maximum currentthrough a
Ω 10
resistor is
1A, a current of 4A is to be divided into 4 equal parts,
each going througha branch of a circuit. Thus we need 4
branches in parallel and haing equal resistance. if r is the
resistance of each branch, the resistance of a parallel
combintion ofour braches will be r/4 which equals
5Ω
.
Therefore, r = Ω 2O , i.e., each brach has two Ω 10
resistors conected inseries. hence the total number of
resistors is 8.
61.d. The weight of 1 mole of H
2
and O
2
is 2 gm and 32 gm
respectively. If the mole ratio of H
2
and O
2
gas is 8 : 1
then, the ratio of their weight will be 1 : 2.
62.d. According to Bragg’s equation :
nl = 2d sin q

° ×
×
·
60 sin 2
00 . 1 2
d

3 / 2
2 / 3 2
2
·
×
·
. = 1.15 Å
63.b. The electron with maximum ( n + l) value will have
greatest energy. So, the electron with maximum energy
has the following set of quantum number :
n = 4, l = 2 m = - 1, s = + 1/2.
This is Bohr Bury’s rule.
64.d. According to Raoult’s law, partial vapour pressure = P
A
= P°
A
x A
10 = P°
A
x 0.2 ....(1)
20 = P°
A
x x
2
.... (2)
[Mole fraction when P is 20] In both cases the
solution is same
∴ P
A
° is same
Equatign (1) and (2)
x
20
2 . 0
10
· ;
10
2 20×
· x ; · x 0.4
∴ mole fraction of solute is 0.4 when vapour pressure
decreases to 20 mm Hg.
65.c. , nRT E H ∆ - ∆ · ∆ (at constant P and T)
nRT H E ∆ − ∆ · ∆
= 10 - 3 x 0.00198 x 500
= 10 - 2.97 = 7.03
0 . 7 ≅ kcal mole
66.c. For any reversible reaction at equilibrium if the
concentration of reactants increases, then reaction
proceeds in forward direction and more products are
formed, so equilibrium constant remain same i.e.,
unchanged.
67.a.
68.c.
69.d.
70.b. In ice each oxygen is tetrahedrally surrounded by four
hydrogen atom. Two by covalent bond and two by
hydrogen bonds. Then the resulting structure having a
number of vacant spaces.
71.c. (A) Fe + H
2
SO
4

÷→ ÷
FeSO
4
+ H
2
dilute
(B)
2 4 3
K 1000
2
H 2 O Fe O H 4 Fe 3 - ÷ ÷ → ÷ -
(steam) Magnetic oxide
of iron
(D) Na + C
2
H
5
OH
÷→ ÷
C
2
H
5
ONa + 1/2 H
2
Sodium
ethoxide
(C) Cu + HCl (dilute)
÷→ ÷
No reaction
2Cu + 4 HCl (conc.)
÷→ ÷
2
O 2 CuCl
2
+ 2H
2
O
72.d. XeF
4
has sp
3
d
2
hybridization. In this molecule central
Xe-atom has two lone pair of electrons, so it has square
planar structure.
73.a. Aluminium chloride forms a dimeric structure in which
each aluminium atom accepts a lone pair of electrons
from the chloride atom bonded to other aluminium. So
as to complete its octet. Thus it obtain high co-ordination
number.
Dimeric structure of aluminium chloride.
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11
74.c. This is because the critical temperature ofHe isvery
low.
75.a. The symbols D- andLhave nothing to do with sing of
rotatio. Therefore options (1) and (3) are incorrect .
76.b.
2 2
H C X− and CHO CH y
3
·
77.a.
78.c. During hydroboration - oxidation, syn addition of H-
OH occurs contary to Markovnikov’s rule.
3
CH
/OH O (ii)H
/THF H (i)B
2 2
6 2
     → 
OH
3
CH
H
H
79.a. Violet colour of iodine is due to excutation of an electron
from the highe occupied.
M.O (antibonding
2pe
π
or
2py
π
) into the lowest un
occupied M.O. (anti bonding
2pz
σ
)
80.b. Cabon monoxiede reacts with haemoglobin in red blood
cells to form carboxy haemolglobin which restricts the
oxygen carrying capacity of haemogloom.
81.b.
2
I is oxidised to -1 oxidation state in iF and thus behaves
as a reducing agent.
82.a. Order of stability of carbocation formed during S
N
1
mechanism is allylic >3º >2º >1º.
83.c. Tollen’s reagent is used to detect aldehyde group in
organic compound not unsaturation.
84.b.
|
NO
2

|
NH
2

÷ ÷ ÷ → ÷ -
-HCl Sn
] H [ 6
+ 2H
2
O
(A) (B)
|
NH
2

|
C N ≡
+ CHCl
3
+ 3KOH → + 3KCl + 2H
2
O
(alcoholic) (C)
|
C N·

|
CH NH
3

+ 4[H] →
N-methyl aniline
85.d.
Na
CH CH H nC CH CH CH nCH
heat
2 5 6 2 2
÷ ÷→ ÷ · - · − ·
1, 3-butadiene Styrene

n
5 6
CH CH CH CH CH CH CH
H C
|
2 2 2

− − − − − − − · − −
86.b.
87.d.
88.b. London smog or classical smog is formed in early
mornings of winter season.
89.c.
90.c. Soaps (and detergents) form micelles in their aqueous
solution.
91.c. There are two tetrahedral holes per ccp sphere. So, the
number of tetrahedral holes for ‘N’ cubic close packed
spheres = 2N.
92.c. Let us consider the association of a solute A in a nin-
polar solvent:
1mole 0 ...initially
n
(1 )
...at.eqm.
nA (A)
n
−α
α

Total number of particles at eqm.
1 i
n
α
· −α -
For solute “X”:
n = 2, for dimerisation,
0.8 α · .
0.8
1 0.8
2
i · − -
0.6 · .
For solute Y :
3, 0.9 n · α ·
0.9
1 0.9
3
i · − -
1 0.9 0.3 0.4 · − - ·
Since i is higher for solution ‘X’,
f
T ∆ will be higher in
X. So, freezing point of X < F.P. of Y.
93.a. Heat evolved in the first case :
1 1
(500 500) T 1000T · - × ·
Heat evolved in the second case :
= Half of the first case
= 500 T
1
Actual heat evolved in the second case:
= (250+250) T
2
= 500 T
2
Hence, T
1
= T
2
.
94.b. Total volume of the resulting solution
= 100ml|250ml=350ml
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12
Ag
2
SO
4
ionizes in solution as follows :
2
2 4 4
Ag SO 2Ag SO
- −
-
sp
K
of
3
2 4
Ag SO 4s ·
where s = solubility of
2 4
Ag SO in mol L
–1
.
Now,
5
3 5
1.4 10
4s 1.4 10 ; 3 0.0158
4
s M


×
· × · · .
2 2
4 4
SO 0.01518M; Ag 2 SO
− - −

∴ · · ×

2 0.01518 0.03036M. · × ·
4
PbCrO ionizes in solution as follows :
2+ 2
4 4
PbCrO Pb CrO

-
2+ 2 2
4 4
PbCrO Pb CrO
sp
K s


· × ·

where s is
the solubility of
4
PbCrO in ML
–1
.
2 13 13 7
2.8 10 , 2.8 10 5.29 10 M s s
− − −
· × · × · ×
2+ 7 2 7
4
Pb 5.29 10 M; CrO 5.29 10 M
− − −

· × · ×

.
Reaction between
2 4
Ag SO and
4
PbCrO takes place
as follows :
2 4 4 4 2 4
Ag SO ( ) PbCrO ( ) PbSO Ag CrO aq aq - → -
Ag
-


in the resulting solution
3
100 0.03036
= 8.67 10 M
350

×
· ×
.
2
4
SO



in the resulting solution
3
100 0.01518
= 4.337 10 M
350

×
· ×
.
2+
Pb


in the resulting solution
7
7
250 5.29 10
= 3.77 10 M
350


× ×
· ×
.
2
4
CrO



in the resulting solution
7
7
250 5.29 10
= 3.77 10 M
350


× ×
· ×
.
Product of ionic conc. of
2+
Pb
and
2
4
SO

ions
2+ 2 7 3
4
= Pb SO 3.77 10 4.33 10
− − −

× · × × ×

9
1.635 10

· ×
4
of PbSO
sp
K <
Product of ionic concentrations of Ag
-
and
2
4
CrO

2
4
Ag CrO
- −

· ×

3 2 7
(8.67 10 ) (3.77 10 )
− −
· × × ×
11
2.833 10

· ×
2 4
of Ag CrO
sp
K >
Hence,
2 4
Ag CrO will be precipitated.
95.b.
2
MnO is reduced at carbon cathode of common dry
cell. So, the reaction is :
3
4 2
2
4
2
O ZnMn 2e Zn 2MnO
-
− -
-
→ - -
96.a. For the reaction 2A 3B Products : - →
1 [A] 1 [B]
:
2 3
d d
dt dt
− ⋅ · - ⋅
Given 1 2
[A] [B]
;
d d
r r
dt dt
· ·
or 1 2
1 1
2 3
r r ·
or
1 2
3 2 r r · .
97.b. Lattice energy for
+
Na Cl
− ,
+
1
2
2
2
q = 2 units on Na
1 1
E q = 2 units on O
r = inter ionic distance
r

¦
¦
× ¦
·
'
¦
¦
'
Lattice energy of
+
1
+
2 2
2
2 2
q = 2 units on Ca
2 2 4
Ca O 4E q = 2 units on O
r = inter ionic distance
r r
− −


×
· · ·



98.b.
2 2
White ppt.
2NaOH( ) ZnCl ( ) Zn(OH) 2NaCl( ) aq aq aq - → ↓ -
+ 2
2
2 2 2 2
Excess
2Na ZnO
2NaOH( ) Zn(OH) ( ) Na ZnO ( ) 2H O aq s aq

↑↓
-
- → -
Thus, in this solution zinc exists in anionic part.
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13
99.a. Carbon monoxide is used to reduce ZnO.
100.d.
2+
3 4 2 2 3 4 2
[Pt (NH ) Cl ]Br [Pt (NH ) Cl ] 2Br
× ×

4(0) 2( 1) 2
2 2
4
x
x
x
- - − · -
− · -
· -
Thus, oxidation stte of Pt is +4. Pt is attached to four
NH
3
and two chloride ions in co-ordination sphere. thus,
its co-ordination number is 6. This complex is ionized
as given above. Thus, it gives only the test of bromide
not of chloride.
101.d.
b d 4 0
a e 2 1
P Q He y e → - - −
4 or
4
b d
b d x x

· - ·
2 or ( ) 2 a c x y y c a x · - − · − -
( )
or ( ) 2
4
b d
y c a

· − - ×
1
( ) ( )
2
c a b d · − - −
102.c. Na + C + N + S NaCNS → .
103.c. No chiral carbon atom.
104.a. Oxidative cleavage at C=C takes place with excess of
KMnO
4
.
105.c.
2 2
CH = CH — CH

- carbocation being stable will
attack on benzene ring to form 2 2
—CH CH CH - =
106.b.
2
CH OH -
(O)
O
||
C – H
CH MgBr
3
H O/H
2
+
|
CH – CH
3
OH
107.b. N-alkyl acetamide is formed.
108.b. Nylon is polyamide.
109.c. One of phospholipids is lecithin.
110.d.
111.a. Since stirring of liquid is carried out in an insulated
container, hence q=0. The work done on the liquid will
raise its temperature which will increase the internal
energy.
So, E = W 0 ∆ ≠ .
112.a. 558.5gm
558.5
Fe 10moles
55.85
· ·
23
=10 6.023 10 × ×
atoms 60gm carbon
23
60
5moles =5 6.023 10
12
· · × ×
atoms.
113.c. Ion having maximum number of unpaired electrons
possesses maximum magnetic moment.
114.c. Sodium hexametaphosphate, a polyphosphate combines
with cations (i.e., Ca
2+
, Mg
2+
) to form soluble complexes.
2+ +
2 4 3 6 2 2 3 6
Complex (soluble)
2Ca + Na [Na (PO ) ] 4Na + Na [Ca (PO ) ] →
115.c. Alum helps in purifying water by coagulating the –vely
charged mud particles with Al
3+
ions provided by it.
116.b. sp
2
.
117.a. Fe
2
O
3
(heamatite) is reduced to Fe by CO.
118.c. KMnO
4
behaves like an oxidising agent in all the three
media (acidic, alkaline as well as neutral).
119.d.
120.c. Rate law for the reaction
(g) 2(g) 2(g)
2NO O 2NO - →
is rate,
2
2
[NO] [O ]
dx
k
dt
·
... (i)
By reducing the volume of the system to half of its
initial value, the concentrations of the reactants are
doubled. So, the new rate r´ becomes,
2
2
´ [2NO] [2O ] r k ·
2 2
2
2 2 [NO] [O ] k · ×
i.e. ´ 8 r n ·
Thus, the rate of reaction will increase to eight times of
its initial value.
121.c. ) ' X ' Y ( X )' X Y ( X ∩ ∩ · ∪ ∩
' Y ) ' X X ( ∩ ∩ · φ · ∩ φ · ' Y
122.a. Since | z
1
| = | z
2
| = | z
3
| = 1
⇒ 1 z z z z z z
3 3 2 2 1 1
· · ·
Now
3 2 1
3 2 1
z z z
z
1
z
1
z
1
1 - - · - - ·
=
3 2 1 3 2 1
z z z z z z - - · - - ·
123.b. Required mean =
) 3 2 (
1
1
- ∑
·
i
n
i
x
n
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14
3
1
2
3
2
1
1 1
-
'
`
¦
'
'
¦

¹
`

.
'
∑ · -

¹
`

.
'
∑ ·
· ·
i
n
i
i
b
i
x
n n
n
x
n
3 2 - · x
124.c. (4x - 3y) dx + (y - x) dy = 0

y x
y 3 x 4
dx
dy


·
Which is linear and homogeneous equation of degree
one.
125.c. A leap year consists of 366 days and shall have 52
complete weeks and two days extra. The equally likely
cases for the occurrence of these extra days are MT,
TW, WTh, ThF, FSat, SatSun, SunM. Out of these 7
exhaustive cases the three cases (MT), (Sat, Sun), (Sun
M) are favourable.
Hence the required probability of containing either 53
sundays or 53 mondays =
7
3
126.b. ; 1 ) 1 ( · f 4 ) 1 ( ' · f
4
) 1 (
) 1 ( '
) (
) ( '
lim
1
1 ) (
lim
1 1
· · ·


→ →
f
f
x f
x f x
x
x f
x x
127.d.
1 ) 0 ( ' − ·

f
and
1 ) 0 ( ' ·
-
f
) 0 ( ' f ∴ does not exist
128.b. According to the questions, vectors b a

, and c

are
coplanar 0 ) c b ( . · ×

a
129.d. Given equation is
3 cos sin 3 · - x x
Dividing its both sides by 2 we get
2
3
cos .
2
1
sin
2
3
· - x x
or
2
3
cos
6
π
sin sin
6
π
cos · - x x
3
π
sin
6
π
sin ·
¹
`

.
'
- x or
3
π
(-1) π
6
π
n
- · - ∴ n x
or
I n n x ∈ − - · ,
6
π
3
π
(-1) π
n
130.d. Let p be the probability of the other event, then the
probability of the first even =
p ×
3
2
Since one of the two events must occur, so the two
events are totally exhausitive and as given they are also
mutually exclusive.
5
3
1
3
2
· ⇒ · × - ∴ p p p
Thus odds in favours of the other event are 3 : 5-3
131.b. Here coefficient matrix,
1 0 1 2
3 0 0
3 2 1
A
- λ
- λ

·
and augmented matrix
[ ]
0 1 0 1 2
3 3 0 0
1 3 2 1
AB

- λ
- λ

·
⇒ [ ]
3 3 0 0
0 1 0 1 2
1 3 2 1
AB

- λ
- λ


If l + 3 = 0, then
[ ]
3 0 0 0
0 1 0 1 2
1 3 2 1
AB

- λ


.... (1)
Clearly rank ([AB]) = 3
1 0 0
1 0 1 2
3 2 1
A ), 1 ( By - λ


rank (A) = 2
rank (A)

rank ([AB])
Hence, the system of equations is inconsistent if l = - 3
132.d. If b > a and equation is ( x-a) (x -b) -1 = 0
Let y = (x - a) ( x - b) - 1
= x
2
- (a + b) x + ab - 1
1 ab
2
b a
x
2
− -
¹
`

.
' -
− ·
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15
1
2
a b
2
b a
x
2 2

¹
`

.
' −

¹
`

.
' -
− ·
1
2
a b
1 y
2
b a
x
2 2

¹
`

.
' −
- - ·
¹
`

.
' -
− ⇒
which is a parabola with vertex

¦
'
¦
`
¦
¦
'
¦
'
¦

¹
`

.
' −
- −
-
2
2
a b
1 .
2
b a
At x = a, y = - 1, At x = b, y = - 1
It is clear from diagram that parabola, cuts x-axis at x
= a < a and x = b > b
Hence, ) , b ( ), a , ( ∞ - ∈ β −∞ ∈ α
133.c. We have,
.......
15 . 10 . 5
5 . 3 . 1
10 . 5
3 . 1
5
1
1 - - - -
2
5
2
! 2
2
3
2
1
5
2
2
1
1
¹
`

.
'

¹
`

.
'

¹
`

.
'

-
¹
`

.
'

¹
`

.
'
− - ·
........
5
2
! 3
2
5
2
3
2
1
3
-
¹
`

.
'

¹
`

.
'

¹
`

.
'

¹
`

.
'

-
3
5
5
3
5
2
1
2
1
2
1
·
¹
`

.
'
·
¹
`

.
'
− ·
− −
134.d. Critical points are
±
1
At x = 1, RHL = 0 and LHL = tan
-1
(1) =
4
π
So, neither continuous nor differentiable
At x = -1, RHL = 0 and LHL tan
-1
(-1) =
4
π

So, again neither continuous nor differentiable at x = -1.
135.a. y = mx - b
2
m 1-
should be tangent to both. Dist
from centre - radius.
b
m 1
m 1 b am
r , b
m 1
m 1 b
r
2
2
2
2
2
1
·
-
- −
· ·
-
-
·
Then,
b 2
m 1
m
a
2
·
-
or a
2
m
2
= 4b
2
(1 + m
2
)
or m
2
(a
2
- 4b
2
) = 4b
2
or m =
2 2
b 4 a
b 2

136.c. Any point on the given line is (5r - 3, 2r + 1, 3r - 4). If
it is the foot of the perpendicular from (0, 2, 3), then
5(5r - 3 - 0) + 2 (2r + 1 - 2) + 3(3r - 4 - 3)=0
i.e., 38r = 38 i.e., r = 1
∴ foot of perpendicular is (2, 3, -1)
137.b. We know that sin
-1
θ + cos
-1
θ =
2
π
then the given equation implies that
. . . .
4
x
2
x
x . . . . .
4
x
2
x
x
6 4
2
3 2
− - − · − - −
2
2
2
x x
2
x
1
x
2
x
1
x
· ⇒
-
·
-

⇒ x(x - 1) = 0 ⇒ x = 0 or x = 1
∴ The value of x lying in the interval
0 < | x | <
2
is 1.
138.c. Let P and Q be the forces and α the angle between
them
∴ P + Q = 18 . . . (i)
and (12)
2
= P
2
+ Q
2
+ 2PQ cos α . . . (ii)
Since resultant is at 90
o
with the force P (say smaller
force)
∴ tan 90
o
=
α -
α
cos Q P
sin P
⇒ P + Q cos α = 0 ⇒cos α = -P/Q
∴ (ii) ⇒ 144 = P
2
+ (18 - P)
2
- 2P
2
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16
⇒ 36P = 18
2
- 144 ⇒ P = 5 ⇒ Q = 13
∴ The forces are 5 and 13.
139.a. 5 cos
θ
= 4 ⇒ cos
θ
=
5
4
Now, v = 5 sin θ =
5
3

= 3 m/min
∴ Required time for crossing the river
=
8
3
24
·
minutes.
140.d. ∵ a
1
, a
2
, . . . . . . , a
10
be in A.P.
∴ a
10
= 10th term of an A.P. whose first term is a
1
=2
⇒ 3 = a
1
+ (10 - 1) d = 2 + 9d ⇒ d =
9
1
Now, a
4
= a
1
+ (4 - 1) d = 2 + 3

¹
`

.
'
9
1
=
3
7
. . . (i)
Again h
1
, h
2
, . . . . . , h
10
are in H.P., then
2 1
h
1
,
h
1
, . . . . . . . ,
10
h
1
are in A.P.

D 9
2
1
D ) 1 10 (
h
1
h
1
3
1
1 10
- · − - · ·

54
1
2
1
3
1
9
1
D − ·
¹
`

.
'
− ·
Now

¹
`

.
'
− - · - ·
54
1
6
2
1
D 6
h
1
h
1
1 7
18
7
9
1
2
1
· − ·

7
18
7
· ⇒ h
. . . (ii)
Hence, by (i) and (ii), we have
a
4
h
7
=
6
7
18
3
7
·
¹
`

.
'

¹
`

.
'
141.c. The four digits 3, 3, 5, 5 can be arranged at four even
places in
ways 6
! 2 ! 2
! 4
·
The remaining digits 2, 2, 8, 8, 8 can be arranged at five
odd places in
ways 10
! 3 ! 2
! 5
·
∴ the number of possible arrangements = 6 x 10 = 60.
142.c.
2 2 2 2 2 2
3 3 3
c b a
c b a
1 1 1
c b a
c b a
c b a

− − −
- ·
2 2 2
2 2 2
c b a
c b a
1 1 1
1
c b a
1 1 1
c b a
abc − ·
2 2 2
c b a
c b a
1 1 1
1) - abc ( ·
=(abc-1)(a - b) (b - c) (c - a). Since
c b a ≠ ≠
, abc -1=0
143.a. Around x = 1, 3 we have | x | = x
∴f(x) = a x bx x log
2
e
- -
1 2bx
x
a
(x) f' - - · ∴
From the question, 0 (3) f' 0, (1) f' · ·
0 1 6b
3
a
0, 1 2b a · - - · - -
144.d. The combined equation of bisectors of angle between
the lines of the first pair is
3 1 2
2 2
xy y x
·


and that of the other pair is
9 1 4
2 2
xy y x
·


As these equations are the same, the two pairs are
equally inclined to each other.
145.d. Put x = 2cos θ. 2 Then

·
0
π/4
)dθ 2θ sin (-4 cotθ I
2
0 0
π/4
0
8 cos d 4 cos 2θ) dθ
sin 2θ
4
2
I
π/4 π/4
∴ · θ θ · (1-

· θ


∫ ∫
2 π
2
1
4
π
4 - ·

- ·
146.c. sinα α sin | | | | | | · · × c b c b

Now,
) (
| |
c b
given a
c b

·
×
×
a c b

α sin · × ∴
147.a. Let ω
2
3 i 1
ω
1
·
- −
· than
2
2
ω
2
3 i - 1
ω ·

·
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17
4 2 4 4
2
4
1
) (ω ω ω ω - · - ∴
1 ω ω ω ω
2 8 4
− · - · - ·
2 1
3
ω ω
-1
ω
-1
· ·
148.b. 10 tan30 3 10 h · ° ·
Borken part = RP =
° sen30 3 10
20
3
2
3 10 ·

¹
`

.
'
∴height of the tree has 20 + 10 = 30 m
R
° 30
3 10
h
P
149.b. Let a be the first term and d the common difference of
given A.P
Then a = 120°, d = 5°, Since the sum of all interior
angles of a polygon of n sides is
° − · ° × − 360 180n 90 4) (2n
° − · − - ∴ 360 180n 1)5] (n [240
2
n

− - · 1)d} (n {2a
2
n
usingS
72 36n 1) n (48
2
n
− · − - ⇒
144 72n 47n n
2
− · - ⇒
0 144 n 25 n
2
· - − ⇒
n = 16, 9
For n = 16, the greatest angle is more than 180°. Hence
n = 9
150.a. 2(1) + 3(-1) - 1 + 7 > 0
and 2 (-2) + 3 (0) - 5 + 7 < 0
∴ Points lie on opposite sides of the plane.
151.a. 5 5 · - − ⇒ ∈ x x R x is an irrational number.
R x x ∈ ∴ ) , (
∴ R is reflexive
R ∈ ) 1 , 5 ( because
, 1 5 2 5 1 5 − · - −
which is an
irrational number.
Also, R ) 5 (1, ∈ if
, 1 5 5 1 · - −
which is not an
irrational number.
. ) 5 , 1 ( R ∉ ∴ ∴ R is not symmetric
We have R ∈ ) 5 , 2 , 1 ( ), 1 , 5 ( because
1 5 2 5 1 5 − · - −
and
5 1 5 5 2 1 − · - −
are irrational number.
Also R ∈ ) 5 2 , 5 ( if , 0 5 5 2 5 · - − which is
nor an irrational number.
R ∉ ∴ ) 5 2 , 5 (
∴ R is not transitive
152.b. Since sides a, b, c are in A.P., then
2b = a + c
∴2s = a + b + c = b + 2b = 3b
2
3b
s · ⇒
Now,
) )( (
) (
) )( (
) (
2
cot
2
cot
b s a s
c s s
c s b s
a s s C A
− −

×
− −

·
¹
`

.
'

¹
`

.
'
3
3
2
3
2
3
· ·

·

·
b
b
b
b
b
b s
s
153.b. Here,

¹
`

.
'
- -
·
3
2at 4at
,
3
at 2at
C
2 1
2
2
2
1
It lies on y = 0
0
3
2at 4at
2 1
·
-

1
C
2
V
) 2at , A(at
1
2
1
) 2at , B(at
2
2
2
154.a.
,
t 1
dt
I

-
·
where
t x · -1
2
k 2 x 2 k t) 2(1
2 1/2
- - · - - ·
155.b. 7 cos x + 5 sin x lies between ] 74 , 74 [−
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18
So for any integral k possible values at R.H.S are -7,-5,
-3, -1, 1, 3, 5, 7 (8 values)
156.a. -cosθ θ sin >
axis y
0
1 = y
axis x
-1 θ tan <
2

2
π
4
π
4
π
nπ θ
2
π
- π - < < ⇒ n
157.d. )], 4 ( tan ) 1 ( tan[tan
1 1


as , 1 tan
2
1
cos
1 1 − −
·

¹
`

.
'
and
5
3
5
3
tan tan ; 4 tan
17
4
sin
1 1
·
¹
`

.
' −
· ·
− − −
158.d.
R
C
c
B
b
A
a
2
sin sin sin
· · ·
We have all information about triangle using this from
answer A and C. If a, b c are given using cosine rule we
can find all angles. But D is not sufficient to te about
angles.
159.a. Let line be 0, λ 2 · - - y x

¹
`

.
'
-
-
· − ·
× - × −
·
n m
nc
1 2
mc
λ 3
7
9 1 6 5
λ
So required line is x + 2y - 3 = 0
160.c. (i) Reflection of (4, 1) about y = x is (1, 4)
(ii) Translation along x-axis by 2 unitis, so point’s
positin is (3, 4) now
(iii) Rotation about origin through an angle /4 π in
anticlock wise direction on

¹
`

.
'

2
7
,
2
1
161.c. dx x f dx x f I
T t
) (
2
1
) 2 (
6 6
6
3 3
3
- -
∫ · ∫ ·
I dx x f
T
3 ) ( 3
0
· ∫
162.a. Let
( )
) 1 a ( x
1 a
) x ( f
x n
x
-

·
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
x n n
x
x n
x
a 1 x 1
a 1
1 a x
1 a
) x ( f
- −

·
- −

· − ∴


( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )

-

− ·
- −
− −
·

1 a x
1 a
1
1 a x 1
1 a
x n
x
n 1
x n n
x
) x ( f ) 1 ( ) x ( f
n 1−
− · − ∴ .... (1)
Since f(x) is even, then f( -x), then by (1)
( -1)
1-n
= 1 .... (2)
Out of given choice, if we take
3
1
n − ·
We see that (2) is satisfied
Thus,
3
1
n − ·
163.b. We have, ( 1 + x )
50
50
50
4
4
3
3
2
2 1 0
x C .... x C x C x C x C C - - - - - · ... (1)
Replacing x = 1 and x = - 1 successively in (1), we get
50 4 3 2 1 0
50
.... 2 C C C C C C - - - - - · .... (2)
and
50 4 3 2 1 0
C .... C C C C C 0 − - − - − · .... (3)
Subtracting (3) from (2), we get
] C ...... C C C [ 2 2
49 5 3 1
50
- - - - ·
Thus,
49
49 5 3 1
2 C ...... C C C · - - - -
164.b. Let I =
∫ −
2
1
e
e
e
dx
x
x log
Put x = e
t
or log
e
x = t

dt dx
x
1
·
I = d t dt | t | dt | t |
2
0
0
1
2
1
∫ ∫ ∫
- ·
− −
t
=
∫ ∫
- −

2
0
0
1
dt t dt t =
2
0
2
0
1
2
2
t
2
t

¹
`

.
'
-

¹
`

.
'


=

-

− −
2
4
2
1
0
=
2
5
2
2
1
· -
165.b. Required Area is
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19
ABCD = (AB)
2
=
2
) 2 (
= 2
166.c. Take any pt. on the parabola (at
2
, 2at)
Therefore, the midpoint (h, k) =

¹
`

.
'
- -
2
0 at 2
,
2
a at
2
2h = a(t
2
+ 1), at = k
2h = a

¹
`

.
'
-1
a
k
2
2
So, locus is : 2xa = y
2
+ a
2
or, y
2
= 2a (x - a/2)
directrix : x

0
2 2
· −
a a
or y - axis
167.c.
168.b. Let (h, k) be the point where chord of cantact w.r.t. the
hyperbola x
2
- y
2
= 9 is x = 9 i.e., x - 9 = 0
We know that chord of contact of (h, k) w.r.t. hyperbola
x
2
- y
2
= 9 is
T = 0 i.e., hx - ky - 9 = 0
Since hx - ky - 9 = 0 and x - 9 = 0 are the same line which
is possible if h=1, k = 0
Now, equation of required pair of tangents is given by
‘T
2
= SS
1

i.e., (x - 9)
2
= (x
2
- y
2
- 9) (1
2
- 0
2
- 9)
or x
2
- 18x + 81 = -8x
2
+ 8y
2
+ 72
or 9x
2
- 8y
2
- 18x + 9 = 0
169.b. Adding and simplifying,
0 v µ λ · - -

∴there is a linear relation between v , µ , λ

and,
therefore, they are coplanar.
170.b. Since the angles are in the ratio 1 : 4 : 5 ; therefore
greatest angle and the least angles are 90° and 18°
respectively
4
1 5
1
sin18
sin90
side smallest
side greatest
Hence

·
°
°
·
1
1 5
4
) 1 5 ( 4 -
·
-
·
171.a. x
2
-
0 x 2
2
· −
; x
4
= 2 - x
2
Putting x
2
= t ⇒ t
2
+ t - 2 = 0
t = 1, -2; t

- 2

x
2
x
2
= 1 = t; So, x =
±
1
172.a. In a single throw the favourable points are 2, 3, 4 and 5,
whose number is 4.
All possible out comes are 6.
∴ p = probability that a single throw the minimum
face value is not less than 2 and the maximum face value
is not greater than 5. =
3
2
6
4
·
Since the die is rolled four times and all the four throws
are independent events.
∴ The required probability
81
16
3
2
4
·
¹
`

.
'

173.c. Resultant of P and Q at angle α is R
Resultant of P and Q at angle α is 2R
Resultant of P and Q at angle ( π - α ) is 2R
∴ R
2
= P
2
+ Q
2
+ 2PQ . cos α . . . (i)
4R
2
= P
2
+ 4Q
2
+ 2P . 2Q cos α . . . (ii)
and 4R
2
= P
2
+ Q
2
- 2PQ cos α ( π - α )
OR 2P
2
+ 2Q
2
- 5R
2
= 0 . . . (iii)
Adding (i) and (iii) and adding twice of (iii) in (ii), we
get
2P
2
+ 2Q
2
- 5R
2
= 0 . . . (iv)
and P
2
+ 2Q
2
- 4R
2
= 0 . . . (v)
⇒ P
2
/2 = Q
2
/3

= R
2
/3
⇒ P
2
: Q
2
: R
2
= 2 : 3 : 2
174.a. Here OA = vel of car = km/h.
OB = vel of parcel = 10
2
km/h.
Resultant is along OC, where C is the position of the
man, directly opposite to the cat at 0.
Resolving along OA, we get
10 + 10
2
cos θ = 0 ⇒cos θ = -1/
2
⇒ θ = 135
o
175.d. The equation of the graph is
) 1 ( cos ) 2 cos( . cos
2
- − - · x x x y
or cos 1 {
2
1
)} 1 ( 2 cos 2 {cos
2
1
- − - - · x y
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20
1 sin 1 sin 2 .
2
1
) 1 2 (cos
2
1
) 1 ( 2
2 2
− · − · − · - x
176.a. 1 2 ) ( ' - · x x f , ) (
2
c x x x f - - · ⇒ c = 0 as it
passes through (1, 2).
So x x x f - ·
2
) (
1
0
2 3
2 1
0
2 3
) (

- · - ∫
x x
dx x x
6
5
2
1
3
1
· - ·
sq.units
1 = x
0
x x y + =
2
axis x
axis y
177.d. We have to given that
S
dt
dv

ks
dt
dv
− · ⇒
where ) πr 4 ( πr
3
4
; 0
2 3
k
dt
d
k − ·

⇒ >
); πr 4 ( πr 4
2 2
k
dt
dr
− · ⇒

k
dt
dr
− · ⇒
178.a.
k 2 j 2 i 2 ) k 2 i ( j 2 i OA OB AB

− - · - − − - · − ·

vector moment about
2
) k 2 j 2 i 10(2
A C C


− -
× ·
) j 5 i (5
3
10
) k j i (
3
10
) k 2 j 3 i (3

− · − - × - - − ·
∴moment =
3
6 50
3
2 50
5 5 .
3
10
2 2
· · -
179.d. dt t t x x f
x
] log 2 ) [(log 1 ) (
2
1
- ∫ - - ·
2 2
) log 1 ( log 2 ) (log 1 ) ( ' x x x x f - · - - · ⇒
1 log 0 log 1 0 ) ( ' − · ⇒ · - ⇒ · ∴ x x x f
1 −
· ⇒ e x is the critical point.
180.c.

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