SUMMER TRAINING REPORT ON “DIRECT SELLING” PROCEDURE AT HINDUSTAN UNILEVER NETWORK

(Submitted in Partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of Bachelor of Information & Management) SUBMITTED BY: RAVIKANT SHARMA BIM-FINAL SESSION (2007-10) UNDER THE KIND GUIDANCE OF: PARVEEN TYAGI (DIRECTOR OF NIE)

OPPOSITE MAHINDRA TECH, NOIDA (AICTE & AIMA AFFILATION)

ACKNOWLEDGMENT
First and foremost, I extend my heartfelt gratitude towards my college and HINDUSTAN UNILEVER NETWORK for giving me an opportunity to work on this project. I extend my heartfelt thanks to Mr. PARVEEN TYAGI for being my Mentor & Project Guide for the Summer Internship. His constant guidance and motivation has enabled the successful completion of this project . It would have certainly not been possible had it not been for all of the aforementioned, who took a great deal of interest in the progress and assisted me throughout my internship. The corporate exposure & training an inevitable of professional academic is the best manifestation of industry academic interaction. Accordingly, I must, in all humility, than HINDUSTAN UNILEVER NETWORK for providing me excellent opportunity to pursue this academic exercise. Last but not least, I would like to thank all consultants of the company how inspired and helped me to my job effectively

RAVIKANT SHARMA

.

I had visited many Consultants. I studied the market projection. giving suggestions on how to improve the sales by plugging the aberrations in the system. The objective of the project was to understand the system of value proposition and long lasting relationship with the customer and after understanding the system. First of all. I spent most of the time on understanding the dynamics of this new business. understanding their system of working. I was exposed to HUN scenario as a whole and then my study was concentrated on DIRECT SELLING BY HUN.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Summer internship at HINDUSTAN UNILEVER NETWORK gave me the opportunity to observe the organization process. During my training I was exposed to the various processes which HINDUSTAN UNILEVER NETWORK was following in its day to day working. . the data is collected on observation. their marketing and distribution pattern. Finally. questionnaire basis. These eight weeks at HUN has provided me with immense exposure to various services which HUN is providing to the customers. understanding how they perceive the system from delivery point of view which was very important as he is the ultimate face to the customer.

6. Company Profile Objective of study Research Methodology Introduction to study Data Analysis & Interpretation Finding Conclusion Recommendations Limitations Annexure 10. 5. 8. 2. 9. 4. 3. . 7. Bibliography 11.TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.

.

• • • Creating training and self-study materials. In this type of module. Conducting training programmes at regular intervals. Hindustan Unilever Network (HUN) is the direct selling arm of Hindustan Unilever Limited. This unique module pioneered by Unilever is known as Partnership Marketing. product demonstration and networking opportuinies. It partners its Consultants in achieving success by presenting them with a business and self. Hindustan Unilever Network’s multilevel direct selling module lays specific emphasis on training and support through HUN Centers and HUN Academy. This is tri-partite relationship b/w the Consultants. the company offers a strong support system to individual entrepreneurs in the following ways: • Create comprehensive learning programmes for imparting business and product knowledge as well as personal development. HUN’s business model is very simple. HUN is a multi-brand direct selling business. Providing support through HLN Centres in terms of point of purchase. . with the objective to become the most preferred business opportunity in the country.development opportunity that is truly rewarding. their Sponsors and the Company.COMPANY PROFILE HINDUSTAN UNILEVER NETWORK Launched in 2003.

. MISSION STATEMENT Helping each one of them get more out of life with a range of products that promote beauty. South Africa. health & vitality. VISION STATEMENT To earn the love and respect of India by making a real difference to the lives of million Indians. Every products goes through rigorous tests for quality to ensure that our customer enjoy world-class formulation. HUN products are developed based on a deep understanding of the consumer’s habits and needs. Thailand and India. .This Partnership Marketing module is currently being promoted by Unilever in three countries. viz. PRODUCT & BRAND SALIENCE HUN has developed a wide range of products catering to the daily needs of the Indian family.

RANGE OF PRODUCTS • • • • • • • • • Aviance Beauty Solution Ayush Spa Respiratory and pain relief Lever Home D.I.Y Aviance Prestige Range Aviance Men’s Solutions Salon PRO Ayush Spa skin rejuvenation Ayush Spa hair vitalization .

Realizing the importance of providing sound product knowledge and the right advice to its consumers.These products are specifically developed for the Direct Selling Channel. This enables the Consultants to offer expert advice to their customers in choosing the products best suited to their needs. and not available on sale at any retail outlets. HUN continuously trains and keeps its Consultant updated with new learning tools. .

It has also developed special training material to guide Consultants in the best way to set up their own kiosks and Exhibition.class brands. .TRAINING & WORKSHOPS Along with a portfolio of world. All training material is developed by experts and all the consultants receive a certificate at the end of the training . HUN also supports its Consultants with world-class training to achieve success in their direct selling business. HUN trains its Consultants in conducting Beauty Parties for Aviance and Better Living Workshops for Ayush.

assist in the administrative formalities and address queries and specific grievances of the Consultants. impart product and business training. HUN Services Centers across the country. Special stress is laid on attending the training programmes so that the consultant understands and imbibes the nuances of the HUN business ethics and opportunities. Training is imparted in different areas like basics of Business Building through Leadership Seminars. . HUN Services Centers provide the right ambience and impetus for learning. conducting business and networking opportunities to existing Consultants and their prospects. more so in the networking business where one needs to constantly adapt to the changing market dynamics. upgrade skill sets and acquire the right product knowledge to succeed. A unique concept of certification has also been developed by HLN wherein anyone can become a certified Star Trainer and use the company training modules to train in his/her line of sponsorship.NETWORK BACKUP & SUPPORT To initiate and help all the consultants and people within their network and their prospects to achieve their goals. CREATING PARADIGMS NEW LEARNING & CULTURAL Training and development are inseparable aspects of any business activity. These centers play a pivotal role in meeting the needs and servicing the massive Consultant community spread across 1500 cities in India. These centers are manned by courteous and experienced staff that provide information about products. HLN informs each and every Consultant about every new learning opportunity.

.

• To study the basic processes that will help consultant to achieve their goals. • To study the consultant goals as consultant start their journey. • To learn in-depth about the Unique Selling Proposition’s (USP’s) & the quality story of HUN’s Products that can become the pillars of consultants business and help them to create a loyal consumer base .OBJECTIVES OF STUDY Following were the objectives of the study conducted: • To study the basic concepts of Direct Selling.

.

how the research problem has been defined. data collection and procedure of analysis of research instrument. the process of data collection was initiated. Why a research has been undertaken. Redmen and Mory defines “Research as a systematized effort to gain new knowledge”. DATA COLLECTION After the research design was formulated. It basically describes the procedure for conducting the study.RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Research Methodology is a way to systematically solve the research problem. time and money. RESEARCH DESIGN A research design is purely and simply the framework for a study that guides and collection and analysis of required data. It includes research design. sample size. what data has been collected and what particular method has been adopted and a lot of similar other questions are coined for research methodology. Its function is to provide for the relevant evidence with minimum expenditure of effort. . In this project I have used Descriptive Research Design. It is the conceptual structure within which the research is conducted.

. RESEARCH TOOL The Direct selling questionnaire and structured interview are used as a tool of survey research technique. SAMPLING It is the process of using a small number of items or parts of a large population to make conclusions about the whole population. SECONDARY DATA The secondary data has been collected from the official site of the company.PRIMARY DATA I have collected the primary data for my study by interviewing a number of consultants of “HINDUSTAN UNILEVER NETWORK”. so survey is used as a method of data collection .A survey is a research technique in which information is gathered from a sample of consultant by the questionnaire and an interview. RESEARCH TECHNIQUE As the main source of data is primary data. SAMPLE SIZE A sample size of 50 consultants was taken and found to be appropriate for the purpose of study.

.

generally in their homes or the homes of others. MLM – A DEFINITION Multilevel marketing allows sellers to build a business through their own sales efforts and by inviting others to become sellers. by an independent direct salesperson.000 per week. BENEFITS TO CONSUMERS This form of marketing goods or services directly to consumers takes place: at the customer's convenience often in his/her home either on a one-to-one basis. Customers value the advantages of convenience personalized . Direct Selling organizations may sometimes use direct mail to enhance their business.INTRODUCTION TO STUDY WHAT IS DIRECT SELLING? Direct Selling can be best described as the marketing of products and services directly to consumers in a face to face manner. the number of direct sellers is growing at 220. usually through explanation or personal demonstration. Worldwide. or in the context of a sales party. DIRECT SELLING VS DIRECT MARKETING The main difference between the two methods of selling is the face to face or personal contact with the consumers in case of Direct Selling versus a contact through some form of media in case of Direct Marketing. However. trained and motivated. at their workplace and other places away from retail locations. Remuneration is based on a seller's personal sales and on the combined sales of those people they have sponsored.

Sales in the U. Eastern Europe. . Western Europe.70% to 1% of the national Gross Retail Product. direct selling offers companies: a direct distribution channel that can be accessed immediately bypassing rigid and costly traditional distribution channels. In the US. and working their own hours like the supplemental family income or like making extra money for themselves feel that the harder they work. DIRECT SELLING REALITY Direct selling businesses now operate in 170 markets worldwide.S. Eastern Russia. The fastest growing worldwide direct selling markets are Russia. BENEFITS TO SELLERS Many of these people have chosen direct selling because they want to own their own business. have more than doubled in the last decade to more than $30 billion and are now more than $100 billion worldwide. the more money they can make enjoy selling and meeting people. but do not have : considerable funds required to buy a franchise or start a new company training time education Among the top five reasons people sell direct are that they: like and believe in the product like being their own boss. BENEFITS TO COMPANIES In today's world of rapid change.70% of the total direct sales channel. Direct selling is the world’s largest provider of micro-business opportunities. direct selling accounts for 0. DSAs affiliated with WFDSA are now established in 60 markets worldwide and in 2007 alone accounted for collective sales of US $203 billion .attention a good selection of products ability to examine the products for a period of time protected by a customer refund policy. Japan and Australia. and India. China.

. direct selling has existed for the past 15-20 years and several large MNCs have entered the market recently. In some markets. and later leave their other careers when direct selling becomes more lucrative. DSOs make no charge for a business kit. and investment of quality time and tireless efforts are all one need to succeed in this line of business. are successful in direct sales. 10 percent are African American. It is estimated that during the past eight years about 14. People from literally all walks of life. Direct selling is a dynamic and vibrant channel of distribution that offers a potentially exciting income opportunity to a large and growing number of people across the globe. A direct selling business opportunity is equivalent to a mini-franchise with an affordable entry cost for a business kit and sample products which is normally charged at cost and is refundable if a direct seller decides not to go ahead. and a wonderful bonding with society.000 persons have benefited from the opportunities offered by the industry generating a turnover in excess of Rs.3110 crore alone. Both Hindustan Lever and Hindustan Unilever Network with their world class product suite and services are designed to meet this growth. six percent are Latino and three percent are Asian. Many people start part-time. Native American or other. secured future for both themselves and their families . It is a form of person–to-person contact activities that helps people to be a part of the globe organization without any great financial investment and yet experience and earn rich reward in terms of entrepreneurial practice . About 75 percent of those working in direct sales are women. An entrepreneurial streak.great lifestyle .00.In India. flexible attitude. of all ages.

People of all ages and from all backgrounds have succeeded in direct selling. . • • CUSTOMERS’ RESPONSE TO DIRECT SELLING According to recent surveys. People value the products available through direct selling and 45 percent of Americans want to buy from direct sellers. You're your own boss. Anyone can do it. financial resources or physical condition. Direct sellers are independent contractors. which means you can: • Work part-time or full-time . Earnings are in proportion to efforts.WHY DIRECT SELLING? Research shows some of the most popular reasons people choose direct selling are: • • • • • • Direct selling is a good way to meet and socialize with people. to work. Direct selling is a good way to own a business. experience.you choose when and how much you want Set your own goals and determine yourself how to reach them. Direct selling offers flexible work schedules. 74 percent of Americans have purchased goods or services through direct sales. There are no required levels of education. Receive training and support from an established company. Earn in proportion to your own efforts. Direct selling is a good way to earn extra income. The level of success you can Own a business of your own with very little or no capital investment. • • achieve is limited only by your willingness to work hard. That's more than the number who have purchased through television shopping and on-line computer services combined.

PRIMARY METHODS OF SELLING Direct selling companies primarily sell their products by one of the two approaches: Group Demonstration or Party Plan: Under this system the salespersons demonstrates products to a group of guests. One-on-One or Person to Person: The salesperson talks to one customer at a time under this system. Companies want to make it easy and inexpensive for you to start. You should be able to return unsold inventory. for 90 percent of the price you paid for them. Beware of opportunities that encourage "front end loading. Companies belonging to the Direct Selling Association "buy back" unsold marketable products purchased within the prior 12 months if you decide to quit the business. The DSA Code of Ethics requires that member companies do this." or buying large inventories of unreturnable products to reach achievement levels or receive a "special" or larger "discounted" price. High entry fees should be a warning sign. Pyramid schemes make their money through fees paid by new recruits or by loading inventory or training aids on them.usually the cost of a sales kit. How to identify legitimate direct selling opportunities: Start up costs should be minimal. invited by a host/hostess at a convenient location to a group of prospective customers who are aware of the purpose of the meeting before hand and are interested in the demo. The startup fees in direct selling companies are generally modest . .

This requires quality products and services sold at competitive prices. 4. 3. Beware of any business that claims you can get rich by solely using their products or by recruiting new people into the business. Ask questions. Take your time deciding. start-up fees. And read it! . realistic costs of doing business. About the company. average earnings of distributors. Ask yourself. Direct selling. Check our list of member companies or look in your local phonebook. You should also believe in the products or services you'll be selling. depends on selling to customers who use and/or consume the product. and anything else you're concerned about. "Would I buy this product if I weren't in the sales organization?" If the answer to that is no. Think long-term. Does "getting in on the ground floor" mean that everyone joining after you will be less satisfied or happy? A legitimate opportunity won't disappear overnight. its leadership. Identify a company and product that appeal to you. think twice about the opportunity. the products or services. like other methods of retailing.Is the money you'll earn based on the sale of products or services? The answer should be "absolutely. Get copies of all company literature. 2." This is a key element of a legitimate business. How to Get Started: 1. return policies.

you can be assured the company has pledged to abide by and uphold the DSA Code of Ethics. 6. Investigate and verify all information. Check to see if the products or services are actually being sold to consumers. you might want to call your local Better Business Bureau. . In addition.5. Do not assume that "official looking" documents are accurate or complete or even produced by the company. state attorney general or consumer protection office. Consult with others who have had experiences with the company and its products. 7. Need help evaluating a company? Check to see if the company in which you're interested is a member of the Direct Selling Association. as opposed to the person trying to recruit you. If it is.

.

direct selling offers flexible work schedules and is a good way to earn extra income. DISTRIBUTION OF WORKFORCE RATIO OF GENDER OF CONSULTANTS IN HUN W orkforce 16% Male Female 84% INTERPRETATION The figure above shows that direct selling business is very popular among the females. Females contribute a huge chunk of this business ( 84% ) as compared to males ( 16 % ). The reasons attributed to such popularity among females are that women consider this as a good way to meet and socialize with people. .DATA ANAYSIS AND INTERPRETATION PRIMARY DATA FINDINGS The following data analysis and interpretation has been done on the basis of primary data collected through the medium of questionnaire. Some of the women find direct selling a good way to own a business. Also.

it is very popular among college going students who use it to socialize as well as earn some income out of this. manager. . One of the primary reasons for young adults liking this business of direct selling is that they are more energetic and more enterprising to try out new things in life and this is a relatively new concept of selling. The respondents above the age of 35 also started this business when they were young and now they have reached respectable positions like that of director. senior manager etc.AGE OF CONSULTANTS IN HUN Ag e 14% 6% 24% 18-25 25-35 35-50 50+ 56% INTERPRETATION The chart for age wise distribution above clearly shows that this business of direct selling is very popular among young generation. Also.

The important thing to note here is that housewives and students form a major chunk (56%) of the entire workforce. students and housewives. For housewives as well as college students. It is because of this reason that people who are working get less involved with direct selling.OCCUPATION OF CONSULTANTS D istribution 8% 16% 30% Housewives College Students Working profesionals 20% 26% Business people Others INTERPRETATION The distribution graph shows a uniform mix of people from all backgrounds like working professionals. direct selling acts as a medium to earn some extra income as well as socialize. . business people.

. many of the respondents were of the view that this is a very secure business once your network is set up but on the whole. Although. people take this business as a side business to earn some extra income.FORM OF BUSINESS (MAIN. generally. Direct selling. is the main business for college going students and housewives. SIDE) F ormof business 18% Main Business 82% Side Business INTERPRETATION The chart above clearly indicates that how the people perceive this business.

there were 4 senior managers and a director among the surveyed people.LEVELS ACHIEVED IN BUSINESS BY CONSULTANTS IN HUN 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Level in the business 25 4-7% 12 8 4 1 10-14% Manager Senior Manager Director INTERPRETATION The graph above shows that as in any organization.5 years. half of the respondents are at 4-7% level implying that they have just joined. However. direct selling (HUN ) also has a large no. There are 8 managers in the group and it typically takes around 9-12 months to become a manager. The senior managers were there in direct selling with HUN for 18-24 months and director was there for more than 2. . of people at the base level i.14%) .e. They are generally the people who are 4-8 months old in this system. A less number of consultants (12) are there at 10 -14 % level. Also. that is when your network is set up and the future is secure. As represented by the graph. consultant level ( 4%. the time frames given above are not sacrosanct and it really depends on the amount of effort and the seriousness with which one approaches this business. There was a special case in which a consultant has become a manager in only 4 months.

HUN has also developed special training material to guide Consultants in the best way to set up their own kiosks and Exhibition. .FREQUENCY OF TRAINING OF CONSULTANTS IN HUN T raining 16% 48% 36% Mostly Sometimes Rarely INTERPRETATION This pie chart shows that most of the consultants do attend training provided by experts regularly. HUN supports its Consultants with world-class training to achieve success in their direct selling business. 16% of the workforce surveyed is those people who either provide training or who are not able to attend trainings due to one reason or the other. The Consultants are trained in conducting Beauty Parties for Aviance and Better Living Workshops for Ayush. All training material is developed by experts and all the consultants receive a certificate at the end of the training. 48% of the surveyed people attend training on a regular basis while another 36% are those who are working somewhere else and hence are able to attend trainings and workshops sometimes.

. The findings when explored deeply indicate that the people who attend trainings on a regular basis are more motivated than those who don’t. trainings provided by HUN are designed in an effective manner which helps to keep the motivation level of employees very high.MOTIVATION LEVEL OF CONSULTANTS IN HUN THROUGH TRAINING MotivationL evel 14% 32% High Average 54% Low INTERPRETATION The motivation level among the consultants in general is average to high. Only 14% of workforce is low on motivation which shows that the direct selling business of HUN will grow more and more and more and more workforce will join to promote this upcoming business. Thus.

Therefore. . one can feel secure about this business. security levels are average in this business. One needs to build up his/her network and cannot really boost his/her earnings only on the basis of the sale one does. it is a combined effort of downline that helps the upline to notch up good significant earnings. of people ( 28%) believe that this business is really secure and generally these people are also of the opinion that once the network is set up and one has reached at least at the manager level .SECURITY IN DIRECT SELLING IN HUN S ecurity 18% 28% High Average 54% Low INTERPRETATION The chart above shows that not very high no. Thus.

thus. This actually reflects back on the company’s training and workshop module which is designed to perfection. It is very important for upline to keep their downline motivated because ultimately they are the ones who bring business for the uplines and also themselves.SUPPORT FROM UPLINE IN HUN TO DOWNLINES S upportF romUpline 8% 36% Good Average Poor 56% INTERPRETATION This graph shows the support one gets when he/she joins this business. on joining doesn’t feel demotivated at any stage and hence actually boosts the business of his/her upline. A very large percentage of people ( 92% ) are satisfied with their upline and the support they provide. A new consultant. .

6%.SECONDARY DATA FINDINGS DIRECT SELLING GROWTH RATES INTERPRETATION Direct selling business is growing at around 5% consistently over the last decade but it is gaining pace now as the growth in 2005-06 stood at 5. .

DIRECT SELLING VS RETAIL SELLING Comparison with Retail Growth Rate (vertical axis = annual percent change) INTERPRETATION The graph above shows that direct selling grew at a greater pace than retail from 2001 to 2003. However. . retail sales grew more during 2004-2006 but again both these methods of selling are now growing at around 6% which means that direct selling is slowly and steadily increasing its presence in the market.

MAJOR PRODUCT GROUPS

INTERPRETATION
The graph above shows that clothing, personal care and home and family durables form a major part of the products sold through direct selling all over the world.

LOCATION OF SALES

SALES STRATEGY

GENDER WISE DISTRIBUTION

AGE WISE DISTRIBUTION

MARITAL STATUS EDUCATION BACKGROUND HOURS PER WEEK .

.

WORLDWIDE SALES .

age wise distribution of workforce or the method of selling .WORLDWIDE SALESFORCE INTERPRETATION Here we find that the worldwide sales as well as sales force are increasing steadily and hence this business is here to stay. we observe that our findings from the primary data are in line with secondary data findings be it gender wise distribution. Also.

.

Direct selling.FINDINGS RATIO OF GENDER OF CONSULTANTS IN HUN Females contribute a huge chunk of this business as compared to males . SIDE) People take this business as a side business to earn some extra income. generally. is the main business for college going students and housewives. . AGE OF CONSULTANTS IN HUN Direct selling is very popular among young generation. students and housewives. . MOTIVATION LEVEL OF CONSULTANTS IN HUN THROUGH TRAINING The findings when explored deeply indicate that the people who attend trainings on a regular basis are more motivated than those who don’t. FREQUENCY OF TRAINING OF CONSULTANTS IN HUN Survey shows that most of the consultants do attend training provided by experts regularly. SECURITY IN DIRECT SELLING IN HUN Security levels are average in this business. OCCUPATION OF CONSULTANTS Survey shows a uniform mix of people from all backgrounds like working professionals. FORM OF BUSINESS (MAIN. business people.

..

even free usage is promoed by the consultant in order to get a loyal customer. . we have identified following key observations: • • • • • • • • • • Direct seling worldwide is growing at a rapid pace Direct Selling is more popular among young generation Direct Selling workforce at HUN is completely dominated by females Housewives and college students form a major part of HUN’s workforce More workforce at base level and has just joined Motivation level among the workforce is in direct correlation with attending trainings and workshops Full support of the upline to new joinees Most of the consultants take this business as their side business Level of security not very high in this business Training sessions are held on weekdays Some of the other findings from the subjective questions in the questionnaire and the subsequent interview are: Some of the major problems faced by consultants in selling their product are: • Lack of trust Customers usually donot trust the product because they are not aware of the drect selling arm of HUL. This actually poses a lot of roblems and it takes a skilled consultant to convince the customers about the authenticity of the product. In some cases.CONCLUSION Based on the data analysis and interpretation.

This poses a very big threat to the organisation in near future because if your workforce is not fully aware .• High Prices Another problem apart from lack of trust is that people think that the prices of the products are high as cmpared to other retail products available. Also. • Product Packaging The products are available in only very few sizes and therefore it is unable to meet the demand of many customers. Some of them want to try small sizes first and then buy bigger sizes but because of small sizes they end up buying nothing. One of the other key issues to be addressed here is that the information dissemination is not smooth . This can agin be attrubuted to lack of marketing by HUN. information lies only with the director or senior manager and the people below that level in the organisation are not informed regularly about the new schemes that the company is offering in a particular period and also the other happenings on the product development front and company’s expansion plans etc. Also. a couple of products are very loosely packed i. . they are not sealed properly. they will lose the focus as well as motivation and hence lose out on sales and thereby hit company’ business adversely. In fact.e. the consultants recognise this fact and are trying their best to influence the top management to do something about this. This again creates a problem of trust among customers.

.

b. It would also encourage males toward this business as they can take some free able to attend trainings. It would encourage working professionals to join who would otherwise not be It would promote a good mix of youth as well as experienced people. Training sessions on weekends The training sessions if held on weekends would serve a 3-fold purpose: a. time out on weekends and hence promote direct selling.e.RECOMMENDATIONS In light of conclusions above. direct selling so that the customer is atleast aware of the company he is buying a product of and when one identifies it with market leader HUL. 2. following recommendations are suggested as a part of 8– point program: 1. the products will sail through. c. 3. Organise Camps in colleges As already mentioned. organising more and more camps in colleges would ultimately lead to a energetic and enthusiastic workforce with a very strong social network. . Increase Awareness The consultants are facing problems regarding lack of confidence and trust among customers and hence brand building should be promoted. Hence . The advertisements of HUL must also lay some emphasis on HUN i. college students are very much attracted towards this business.

4. 5. . Incentive based Trainings Consultants should be given some incentives to attend the training because we have seen that there is a direct correlation between motivation and training. Encourage Direct selling as main business Training sessions and success stories are some ways of encouraging the consultants to take this as their main business. consultants can bring in their customers in the training so that it becomes easy for experts to convince a new comer. Also. Improve Product Packaging This is a very long term recommendation because its not possible to produce in different sizes very easily. 7. 6. these successful people should be called to deliver talks on how they became successful and discuss their strategies of selling the products.Hence company should take its time but make sure that it is able to roll out new products in attractive sizes so as to meet the demand. Once a while. Success stories to be reiterated The training sessions are effective at present but they can always be made betterby teling success stories of HUN consultants who began their careers as every other individual and have now reached great heights in their businesses. Hence it becomes even more important for consultants to attend the training.

8. Information Flow should be smooth and proper The major drawback in this system is the lack of information flow. The consultants need to be aware of each and every development of the company and also about the new schemes being launched. This promotes sales to the consultants and ultimately the company benefits. .

.

the most conservative view would be that all responses were estimates by the individual or agency respondent. so that might lead to some kind of a biased results and hence interpretations. The major limitation of the survey method is that it relies on a self-report method of data collection. Since it is impossible to determine which responses were based on official records and which were based on personal knowledge. Furthermore. This is particularly true for behavior contrary to generally accepted norms of society. errors due to time constraint for the consultants cannot be ruled out. poor memory. cannot offer any insights into cause-and-effect relationships. and.LIMITATIONS Despite the comprehensiveness of this survey and the use of a representative sample. Moreover. Respondents to the survey were asked to base their responses on records or personal knowledge. Intentional deception. Surveys provide only verbal descriptions of what respondents say they do or how they feel about something. this method is descriptive. The sample size 50 chosen here is from a single city only. Responses cannot always be taken as accurate descriptions of what the respondents actually do or really feel about something. or misunderstanding of the question can all contribute to inaccuracies in the data. . Also. Responses to survey questions likely were influenced by the respondents' perceptions of direct selling as a business in their jurisdictions. therefore. not explanatory. there are some important limitations.

.

hln. Parker . 2.co. Direct Selling Channels by Roosebloom bert Direct Selling 101 by Neil and Dana Phillips The 2007-2012 Outlook for Direct Selling Establishments in India by Philip M.directsellingbusiness.wfdsa. 3. 2. www.in www.org www.com BOOKS REFERENCES: 1.directselling.org www.hun. 5. 3.in www.co. INTERVIEWS OF CONSULTANTS SECONDARY DATA SOURCE: WEBSITE REFERENCES: 1.in www. QUESTIONNAIRE ON DIRECT SELLING PROCEDURE OF HINDUSTAN UNILEVER NETWORK 2.BIBLIOGRAPHY PRIMARY DATA SOURCE: 1. 4.dsa. 6.

.

QUESTIONNAIRE ON DIRECT SELLING PROCEDURE OF HINDUSTAN UNILEVER NETWORK -Name: _________________________ -Age (in years): ______________ -Sex (M / F): ______________ -Occupation: ______________ -Is this (HUL consultant) your main business or side business? (main/ side) ________ -How long have you been associated with HUL as a consultant? (In months) ___________ -Your current level in this business? • 4-7% • 10-14% • Manager • Senior Manager • Director -How regularly do you attend training provided by HUL? • Rarely • Sometimes • Mostly -Do you feel motivated after attending a training seminar? • High • Average • Low -How do you rate your up line in terms of the support they have provided? • Good • Average • Poor -Do you get the product easily and on time? ____________ -How satisfied are you with HUL’s products? _________ .

-How satisfied are your customers with HUL’s products? ___________ -How satisfied are you with compensation plan (Margins offered by HUL)? __________ -What do you think is the level of security in this business? • High • Average • Poor -What kind of problems you generally face while selling your products? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ ___ -Ways to improve direct selling process / Your personal experiences / Customer feedback/ Any other comments _______________________________________________________________________ _ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __ _______________________________________________________________________ _ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __ .