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TECH-III SEM, BRANCH-CS, IT, EC, IC SUBJECT: MATHEMATICS III (EAS-301) ASSIGNMENT NO-2 (UNIT-2 & 3)

**Last Date for submission: 8.11.2011
**

(1) Calculate the first four moments about mean for the following frequency distribution: x 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 f 1 8 28 56 70 56 28 8 1 (2) Calculate the variance and third central moment from the following data: xi 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

fi 1 9 26 59 72 52 29 7 1 (3) The first four moments of a distribution about the value 4 of the variable are -1.5, 17, -30, and 108. Find the moments about the mean, β and β2 . Also, find the moment about origin. 1

(4) Find the moment generating function of the binomial distribution find its mean and standard deviation. (5) Find the moment generating function of the Poisson distribution find its mean and standard deviation.

f ( x) = nC x p x q n − x . Also, e− m m x . Also, p ( x) = xΙ

(6) Find the moment generating function of the Normal distribution. (7) Fit a straight line to the following data: x 71 68 73 69 67 65 66 67 y 69 72 70 70 68 67 68 64 (8) Fit a parabola to the following data: x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 y 2 6 7 8 10 11 11 10 9 e (9) Using the method of least squares, fit the nonlinear curve of the form y = a bx to the following data: x 0 2 4 y 5.012 10 31.62 (10) The following data regarding the heights ( y ) and weights ( x ) of 100 college students are

**∑x = 15000 , ∑x 2 = 2272500 , ∑ y = 6800 , ∑ y 2 = 463025 and ∑ xy = 1022250
**

given: Fine the correlation coefficient between height and weight. (11) Establish the formula: r =

r

between

x

**σ x2 + σ y2 − σ x2 y − where, r is the coefficient of correlation 2σ xσ y and y and σx , σy , σx −y are concerned standard deviations. Hence evaluate
**

30 72 54 83 57 110 58 84 72 100 78 92 87 113 90 135

from the following data: x: 21 23 y: 60 71

(12) In a partially destroyed laboratory record of an analysis of a correlation data, the following results only are eligible: Variance of x =9 0 8 14 . Regression equations: 8 x −10 y + 66 = 0 , 4 x −1 y = 2 x and y (b) the standard deviation of y and the What were (a) the mean values of

1

(23) In a certain factory turning out razor blades. How many investigators would be needed to report that 3 people or less were consumers? (22) If the variance of the Poisson distribution is 2. r What is the probability that they come from the urns I . ∑y 2 = 5506 . chosen at random (i) 1 (ii) none (iii) at most 2 bolts will be defective. ∑ y = 220 .V. serial performances by awarding marks independently as shown in the following table: Performance Marks by A Marks by B 1 46 40 2 42 38 3 44 36 4 40 35 5 43 39 6 41 37 7 45 41 The eighth T. 4 from the recurrence relation of the Poisson distribution.49 (18) The contents of urns I . 2 black and 3 red balls. how many marks would be expected to have been awarded by him to the eighth T. performance which judge B could not attend was awarded 37 marks by judge A . performance? Use regression analysis to answer this question. A and B . u = x cos α + y sin α . Calculate the approximate number of 0 2 . What is the probability that.coefficient of correlation between x and y. graded seven T. and 4 white.51 . II o III ? (19) If 10% of bolts produced by a machine are defective. 2 white. and v = x sin α − y cos α show that: have the same variance σ 2 and zero correlation. (13) For 10 observations on price ( x ) and supply ( y ) . 3. (14) A panel of two judges. One urn is chosen at random and two balls are drawn.50 . the following data were obtained (in appropriate units): ∑x = 130 . Determine the probability that out of 10 bolts. what is the probability that the target will be hit at least once? (21) Assuming that half the population of a town consumes chocolates and 100 investigators each take 10 individuals to see whether they are consumers. II and III are as follows: 1 white. They happen to be white and red. and ∑xy = 3467 Obtain the two lines of regression and estimate the supply when the price is 16 units. the same variance σ 2 and zero correlation. If judge B had also been present. of the three reviews. (20) If the probability of hitting a target is 10% and 10 shots are fired independently. (16) The odds that a book will be favorably reviewed by three independent critics are 5 to 2. ∑x 2 = 2288 . Show that the probability that exactly n cards are dealt before the first ace appears is: 4(51 − n)( 50 − n)( 49 − n) 52 . 2.V. 5 black and 3 red balls. there is a small chance of 0. 4 to 3 and 3 to 4 respectively.002 for any blade to be defective. a majority will be favorable? (17) Cards are dealt one by one from a well-shuffled pack until an ace appears. (15) Two variables x and y have zero means. Also find P ( x ≥ 4) .V. 1 black and 1 red balls. The blades are supplied in packets of 1 . find the probabilities for r =1.

0 0 80 (24) The distribution of the number of road accidents per day in a city is Poisson with mean 4. 6. i.115 . Find the number of days out of 100 days when there will be: (i) no accident (ii) at least 2 accidents (iii) at most 3 accidents (iv) between 2 and 5 accidents. Show that. (27) In a sample of 600 men from a large city.5. 4. from 1990 to 1994 (31) Calculate the trend by 4-yearly moving averages of the data given below. (29) The following are the mean lengths and ranges of lengths of a finished product from 10 samples each of size 5.9 2 ). Construct X − and R − charts . 0. D3 = 0 . Year: 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 Production: 614 615 652 678 681 655 717 719 708 779 (32) Find seasonal variation by using the ratio to trend method for the data given below Year 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1st Quarter 34 36 40 52 70 2nd Quarter 54 60 58 76 90 3rd Quarter 38 52 56 64 88 4th Quarter 38 48 52 58 84 1992 757 3 . In one of 900 from another city. A2 = 0. Sample no: Mean ( x ) : Range (R): 1 201 5 2 198 0 3 202 7 4 200 3 5 203 4 6 204 7 7 199 2 8 196 8 9 199 5 10 201 6 Assume for n =5 .000 persons was found to be normally distributed. one defective and two defective blades in a consignment of 1 . what percentage of battery cells are expected to have a life (i) more then 15 hours (ii) less then 6 hours (iii) between 10 and 14 hours. and standard deviation of Rs 50. 450 are smokers. -3. Do the data indicate that the two cities are significantly different with respect to prevalence of smoking among men? (28) A drug was administered to 10 patients and the increments in their blood pressure were recorded to be 6.e. of this group about 95% had income including Rs 668 and only 5% had income including Rs 832. (25) A sample of 100 dry battery cells tested to find the length of life.02 = 0. σ =3 hours 1 Results: Assuming the data to be normally distributed. and D4 = 2. Also find the lowest among the richest 100. with mean Rs 750 p.packets containing no defective. 400 are found to be smokers. produced the following x =2 hours. 0. (Given: e −0. 3. 9 = 2.0 (30) Determine the equation of a straight line which best fit the following data Year: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 Sales: 35 56 79 80 40 (InRs’000’) Compute the trend values for all the years.26 . 2. and examine whether the process is under control and state your recommendations.577 .m.0 0 packets. Is it reasonable to believe that the drug has no effect on the change of blood pressure? Use 5% significance level and assume that for 9 degrees of freedom t 0. The specification limits for length are 200 ± 5 cm. -2. (26) The income of a group of 10. 4.

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