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Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding references. Statements consisting only of original research may be removed. More details may be available on the talk page. (April 2008)

A coal mine in Wyoming. Coal, produced over millions of years, is an inherently finite and nonrenewable resource on a human time scale. A non-renewable resource is a natural resource which cannot be produced, grown, generated, or used on a scale which can sustain its consumption rate, once depleted there is no more available for future needs. Also considered non-renewable are resources that are consumed much faster than nature can create them. Fossil fuels (such as coal, petroleum, and natural gas), types of nuclear power (uranium) and certain aquifers are examples. In contrast, resources such as timber (when harvested sustainably) or metals (which can be recycled) are considered renewable resources.[1]

Contents
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1 Fossil fuel 2 Radioactive fuel 3 Renewable resources 4 Economic models 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

[edit] Fossil fuel

the free encyclopedia This article needs additional citations for verification. Eventually natural resources will become too costly to harvest and humanity will need to find other sources of energy. is an inherently finite and nonrenewable resource on a human time scale. Coal. petroleum. oil and natural gas take thousands of years to form naturally and cannot be replaced as fast as they are being consumed. More details may be available on the talk page. the Non-renewable resource From Wikipedia. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding references. produced over millions of years. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.A temporary oil drilling rig in Western Australia Further information: Oil depletion Natural resources such as coal. . At present. the main energy source used by humans are non-renewable fossil fuels. (April 2008) A coal mine in Wyoming. (April 2008) This article may contain original research. as a result of continual use since the first internal combustion engine in the 17th century. Statements consisting only of original research may be removed.

A non-renewable resource is a natural resource which cannot be produced. In contrast. types of nuclear power (uranium) and certain aquifers are examples. grown. Eventually natural resources will become too costly to harvest and humanity will need to find other sources of energy. petroleum. and natural gas). petroleum. . generated. once depleted there is no more available for future needs. Also considered non-renewable are resources that are consumed much faster than nature can create them. Fossil fuels (such as coal. oil and natural gas take thousands of years to form naturally and cannot be replaced as fast as they are being consumed. or used on a scale which can sustain its consumption rate.[1] Contents [hide]        1 Fossil fuel 2 Radioactive fuel 3 Renewable resources 4 Economic models 5 See also 6 References 7 External links [edit] Fossil fuel A temporary oil drilling rig in Western Australia Further information: Oil depletion Natural resources such as coal. resources such as timber (when harvested sustainably) or metals (which can be recycled) are considered renewable resources.

the main energy source used by humans are non-renewable fossil fuels. wind (used for wind power). and radiant energy (used for solar power) are practically infinite and cannot be depleted.[3] uranium-238 is fissionable and can be transmuted into fissile plutonium-239 in a nuclear reactor. plants. and animals are all renewable resources as long as they are adequately conserved. Hydroelectric power can supply 1/3 of our total energy global needs. tidal power and wave power from ocean surface waves). which are likely to run out if not used sparingly.[4] Nuclear technology is a volatile and contaminating source of fuel production. Nuclear power provides about 6% of the world's energy and 13– 14% of the world's electricity. wind. Soil. the fuel is still in high demand with conventional infrastructure fitted with the combustion engine.[7] David Ricardo in his early works analysed the pricing of . Geothermal energy can provide 1. The radioactive waste the nuclear industry collects is highly hazardous. as a result of continual use since the first internal combustion engine in the 17th century. but there is enough out there to power humanity's needs 4. Uranium ore is present in the ground at relatively low concentrations and mined in 19 countries. There is enough wind to power the planet 30 times over. with the expense of the nuclear industry predominantly reliant on subsidies. are replaced by natural processes and forces of the natural environment. forests.1% of our world energy needs. Solar. the entire global projected energy demand by 2050. wind power could power all of humanity's needs alone. Solar currently supplies only 0. Renewable resources such as the movement of water (hydropower. can provide 1/5 of world demand. wave. [edit] Renewable resources Further information: Renewable resource and Renewable energy Natural resources. for a prolonged period and storage has risks of containment. called renewable resources.000 times over. Radioactive fuel continues to be controversial and unresolved industry.[5][6] [edit] Economic models In economics. which are utilised during a cycle across a certain amount of time.[2] The uranium resource is used to create plutonium. There are intermittent and reoccurring renewables. geothermal heat (used for geothermal power). a non-renewable resource is defined as a good where greater consumption today implies less consumption tomorrow. water. and can harnesse any number of cycles. and geothermal energies are based on renewable resources. [edit] Radioactive fuel Further information: Uranium depletion The use of nuclear technology requires radioactive fuel. and recyclable materials. Nuclear fuel is used for the production of nuclear weapons and in nuclear power stations to create electricity. unlike their non-renewable counterparts. Potential wave energy on our coastlines.5 more times the energy we need.At present.

Chem.exhaustible resources. [edit] See also Energy portal          Clean technology Energy conservation Fossil water Green design Hermann Scheer Hubbert's peak Liebig's law of the minimum Overfishing Peak oil [edit] References 1. Eisenberg and D. The Hartwick's rule provides an important result about the sustainability of welfare in an economy that uses non-renewable source. ^ World Nuclear Association. reflecting the increasing scarcity of the resources. Retrieved 2011-02-28. Kamat. The rule states that this would lead to a net price or "Hotelling rent" for it that rose annually at a rate equal to the rate of interest. and mine owners with lower extraction costs benefit from a differential rent. where he argued that the price of a mineral resource should increase over time. 5. ^ P. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 6799 (2007). World Nuclear Association. Phys. ^ Cremer and Salehi-Isfahani 1991:18 [edit] External links    Non-Renewable Resources at NASA. He argued that the spot price is always determined by the mine with the highest cost of extraction. It shows that efficient exploitation of a nonrenewable and nonaugmentable resource would. ^ On site renewable energy options ^ "World Uranium Mining". "Preface: Overview of the Forum on Solar and Renewable Energy. 2. 2834 (2007). ^ R. 05 May 2010. World Nuclear Association. under otherwise stable conditions. lead to a depletion of the resource. Chem. 6. V. which is a 1931 economic model of non-renewable resource management by Harold Hotelling. 4. 7. ^ "What is uranium? How does it work?"." Inorg. The first model is defined by Hotelling's rule.gov Foclear energy at SourceWatch List of Non-Renewable energy sources . 3. "Meeting the Clean Energy Demand: Nanostructure Architectures for Solar Energy Conversion." J. Nocera. C 111. 44. Another drop in nuclear generation World Nuclear News.

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