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1. Prove that (cot + cosec )

2

=

1 + cos

1 cos

.

2. Use the formula for cos(A + B) to show that cos

2

=

1

2

(cos 2 + 1).

3. Express 2 cos 2 3 sin 2 in the form Rcos(2 + k), where 0 < k < /2.

Hence obtain the general solution to 2 cos 2 3 sin 2 =

13

2

.

4. Two acute angles and are such that tan =

1

2

and tan( + ) = 2.

Without nding and ,

(i) show that tan =

3

4

;

(ii) evaluate sin and sin ;

(iii) evaluate sin

2

2 and sin

2

2.

5. Show that, for x (, ), tan

1

(x) tan

1

_

1

x

_

= tan

1

_

x

2

1

2x

_

.

6. Prove the following trigo identity:

cos

2

=

cosec sin

cosec

.

7. Solve the trigo equation cos 5 cos = sin 3 ; 0 2.

8. Given that sec A = cos B + sin B, show that tan

2

A = sin 2B.

9. Find x, such that sin

1

x + tan

1

x = /2.

10. Eliminate OR If x = a + r cos , and y = b + r sin , prove that

x

2

+ y

2

2ax 2by + (a

2

+ b

2

r

2

) = 0.

11. Prove that cos 120

3 tan 30

= sin 30

.

12. Prove that tan 4 =

4 tan 4 tan

3

1 6 tan

2

+ tan

4

.

13. Solve for , sin ( + 30

) = cos ( + 60

).

14. Prove that

cos 2 + sin 2 1

cos 2 sin 2 + 1

= tan .

15. If tan 2 =

5

12

, calculate the possible value(s) of sin .

UPCSE Core Mathematics Problem Solving Classes Week 0 2

16. Express 5 cos x + 12 sin x in the form Rcos (x ), where tan =

12

5

.

Hence nd the maximum and minimum values of f(x), where f(x) =

30

17 + 5 cos x + 12 sin x

.

Note: a sin + b cos = Rcos ( ) , where R =

a

2

+ b

2

and tan =

a

b

.

17. Prove that cos

2

7

+ cos

4

7

+ cos

6

7

=

1

2

.

18. Prove that

2 sin + sin 2

1 cos 2

=

sin

1 cos

.

19. The range of a projectile on an inclined plane is given by the formula

R =

2u

2

sin( ) cos

g cos

2

,

where u is the speed of projection, is the angle of elevation of projection, is the angle of

elevation of the plane, and g is the acceleration due to gravity. Find the value of for which R

is maximum, (u, , and g being constants), and nd the maximum value of R.

20. Two sine waves are given by the formulae y

1

= 2 sin 5t, y

2

= 2 sin 7t.

Express (y

1

+ y

2

) as a product and sketch the graph of the function (y

1

+ y

2

) for values of t

from t = 0 to t = 3.

21. Two direction-nding stations A and B are in a horizontal plane and A is d meters due East of

B. Show that when the direction of an aeroplane ying at an altitude of h meters is from A

and from B (each direction being measured as a clockwise angle from the true North), the

angle of elevation of the aeroplane measured from A is tan

1

_

hsin ( )

d cos

_

.

22. If 8 cos x 15 sin x = r cos(x + ), nd the values of r and , r being a positive number and

an angle between 0

and 360

.

23. If tan = k tan( ), prove that

k 1

k + 1

=

sin(2 )

sin

.

Find all the angles between 0

and 360

).

24. If tan = 2, where 0 < < , and tan =

1

3

, where < < 2, nd + without using

tables or a calculator.

25. Prove the identity: 4

_

cos

4

+ sin

4

_

= 3 + cos 4.

26. If sin + sin = a, and cos + cos = b, prove that

sin

_

+

2

_

a

=

cos

_

+

2

_

b

=

2 cos

_

2

_

a

2

+ b

2

.

27. Prove that

1 + tan 2 tan 3

1 + tan tan 3

=

cos

2

cos

2

2

.

28. If A + B + C = OR If A, B, and C are angles of a ABC, prove that

sin B + sin C sin A = 4 cos

A

2

sin

B

2

sin

C

2

.

UPCSE Core Mathematics Problem Solving Classes Week 0 3

29. If cos( ) = p, and sin( + ) = q, express cos and sin in terms of , , p, and q, and

deduce that p

2

+ q

2

2pq sin( + ) = cos

2

( + ).

30. Find the general solution of the equation sin 2x + sin 3x + sin 5x = 0.

31. Prove that cos

3

_

x

2

3

_

+ cos

3

x + cos

3

_

x +

2

3

_

=

3

4

cos 3x.

32. Prove that

sin + cos

sin( ) sin( )

+

sin + cos

sin( ) sin( )

=

cos + sin

sin( ) sin( )

.

33. Find in radians, the general solution of the equation 4 sin = sec .

34. If sin +sin 2 +sin 3 +sin 4 = 0, show that is either a multiple of

2

or a multiple of

2

5

.

35. Given that f(x) =

_

x

2

+ 1 xcos , nd the least value of f(x) for the range 0 x 1 in

each of the following cases:

(i) 0

4

(ii)

4

2

(iii)

2

.

36. Solve the equation sin + sin 3 + sin 5 + sin 7 = 0, for 0

.

37. Find the general solution of cos 3 = cos 2 sin .

38. By expressing sec 2x and tan 2x in terms of tan x, solve the equation

2 tan x + sec 2x = 2 tan 2x, where < x < .

39. If A is the acute angle such that sin A =

3

5

, and B is the obtuse angle such that sin B =

5

13

,

nd (without using tables or a calculator) the values of cos(A + B) and tan(AB).

40. Find the values of between 0 and 2 for which sin 2 = sin

_

6

_

.

41. Show that (2 cos + 3 sin )

2

13, for all values of .

42. Find the values of x and y between 0

and 360

sin x + sin y = 1

cos x + cos y =

2.

_

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