Biol.

Macedonica ISSN: 1857-5277

No 57/58

39-53

Skopje Skopje

2004/2005

UDK: 582.28(497.7)

ECOLOGY AND DISTRIBUTION OF GENUS HYMENOCHAETE (HYMENOCHAETACEAE) IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA Mitko Karadelev and Katerina Rusevska Institute of Biology, Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematics, P.O. Box 162, Arhimedova 5, 1000 Skopje, the Republic of Macedonia e-mail: mitkok@iunona.pmf.ukim.edu.mk krusevska@macedonia.eu.org

ABSTRACT Karadelev, M. & K. Rusevska, 2004-2005: Ecology and Distribution of Genus Hymenochaete Lév. (Hymenochaetaceae) in the Republic of Macedonia. Biol. Macedonica, 57/58:39-52. This is the first paper of systematic research into Hymenochaete genus in the Republic of Macedonia. Of the total of seven species of this genus in Europe, with the research in the Republic of Macedonia to date, the following six species have been recorded: Hymenochaete cinnamomea, H. cruenta, H. fuliginosa, H. rubiginosa, H. subfuliginosa and H. tabacina. Key words: Fungi, Hymenochaete spp., reported species, ecology and distribution, Republic of Macedonia Klu~ni zborovi: gabi, Hymenochaete spp., registrirani vidovi, ekologija i rasprostranuvawe, Republika Makedonija

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Mitko Karadelev and Katerina Rusevska

INTRODUCTION In Macedonia systematic research on the genus Hymenochaete Lév. 1846 has not been conducted up till now, and there are relatively few mycological papers concerned only with individual species of this genus. Publications making reference to individual species of Hymenochatete genus are as follows: Hymenochaete cinnamomea (Pilàt & Lindtner 1938; Karadelev 1993, 1999, 2000; Karadelev et al. 2002 a, c and Karadelev & Rusevska 2004), Hymenochaete cruenta (Karadelev 1993), Hymenochaete fuliginosa (Karadelev 1993, 1995, 1998), Hymenochaete rubiginosa (Tortic 1988; Karadelev 1993; Karadelev et al. 2002 a, b, c, e), Hymenochaete subfuliginosa (Tortic 1988; Karadelev 1993, 1998), Hymenochaete tabacina (Karadelev 1999, 2000; Karadelev et al. 2002 a and Karadelev & Rusevska 2004). After the revision of the species Hymenochaete corrugata (Karadelev et al. 2002 c) by E. Parmasto, it was ascertained that it was in fact Hymenochaete cinnamomea. The distinctive features of this genus are the following: Fruiting body annual, resupinate to effused-reflexed, brown. Hymenophore smooth but brown setae can be seen with hand-lens, often stratified or multi-layered. Trama layer present or absent. Fruiting body black in KOH. Hyphal system monomitic. Hyphae yellow to brown, often thick-walled. Clamps absent. Setae present in hymenium, in a few species also in the trama, subulate or acuminate. Spores ovoid to allantoid, hyaline (often difficult to find). Saprobes on wood of deciduous and coniferous trees, causing white rot, in a few species as a pocket rot. There are approximately 100 species in the world principally distributed in tropical areas. MATERIALS AND METHODS The sources of this list have been papers published, exsiccates deposited in different collections, and research notes of the present authors. Some of the specimens, as mentioned above, have been preserved at the Botanical Department, Faculty of Science in Zagreb, and in the National Collection of Fungi (FUNGI MACEDONICI) at the Institute of Biology, Faculty of Natural Science, Ss Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje. The collections in the fungarium of the Botanical Department, Faculty of Science in Zagreb, have been mostly collected and examined by M. Tortic. All other species without any fungaria marks in the text have been collected and determined by the present authors. Certain species in the cited fungaria have been revised or determined by Erast Parmasto

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from the Institute of Zoology and Botany, Tartu, Estonia, and his name has been appended. The identification of the species of Hymenochaete has been done according to Domañski (1975), Jülich (1984), Breitenbach & Kränzlin (1986), Jahn (1990), Corfixen et al. (1997) and Krieglsteiner (2000). In a few cases, the names of the species have been modified according to Index Fungorum 2005. The species are reported alphabetically. Under each fungal species data of geographical distribution, altitude, forest association, substrate, data source and previous publications are provided. RESULTS Of the total of seven species of Hymenochaetae genus identified in Europe, to date the following six species have been recorded in the Republic of Macedonia: 1. Hymenochaete cinnamomea (Pers.) Bres. Bistra Mt.: - vill. Lazaropole, between Gjurepi and Cucul; 1300 m a.s.l.; beech forest; stump of Fagus; 27.09.2003; notes K. Rusevska; (Karadelev & Rusevska 2004); Galicica Mt.: - vill. Leskoec; 1000 m a.s.l.; oak forest; fallen branches of Quercus frainetto; 15.07.1987; exs. MAK 87/1903; rev. E. Parmasto; - Voloko Legalo; 1300 m a.s.l.; Cornus mas; 19.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - Ohrid Lake, between Gradiste and vill. Trpejca; 800 m a.s.l.; fallen branch of Carpinus orientalis; 14.10.1988; exs. Tortic; notes M. Tortic; (Karadelev 1993); Karadzica Mt.: - r. Kadina Reka, 1000 m a.s.l.; rotten wood of Fagus; 24.06.1994; exs. MAK 94/4256 Korab Mt.: - Nicpur; 1400 m a.s.l.; Festuco heterophyllae-Fagetum; wood of Fagus; 07.1937; exs. Pilàt and Lindtner 1938, PRM; rev. M. Tortic; (Pilàt and Lindtner 1938); Kozjak Mt. (between Nidze Mt. and Kozuf Mt.): - vill. Majdan, sheepfold; 1620 m a.s.l.; Populus tremula; 19.07.2000; notes BSRS

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Ograzden Mt.: - Dzami Tepe; 1250 m a.s.l.; mixed forest (Fagus, Pinus sylvestris and P. nigra); rotten trunk of Corylus avellana; 13.07.2000; MAK 00/1532; rev. E. Parmasto; (Karadelev et al. 2002 c, published as Hymenochaete corrugata); - Sumanov Cukar; 1300 m a.s.l.; rotten branches of Corylus avellana; 14.07.2000; exs. MAK 00/1519; MAK 00/1566; rev. E. Parmasto; (Karadelev et al. 2002 c); Skopje: - Katlanovska Banja; 250-300 m a.s.l.; Querco-Carpinetum orientalis; wood of Buxus sempervirens, Fraxinus ornus, Carpinus orientalis etc.; 07.1937; exs. Pilàt and Lindtner 1938, PRM, BEO; notes Tortic; rev. M. Tortic; (Pilàt and Lindtner 1938); Sar Planina Mt.: - around mt. house "Sarski Vodi"; 1400-1500 m a.s.l.; Calamintho grandiflorae-Fagetum; woody debris of Corylus avellana; 8.07.1998; exs. MAK 98/1739; rev. E. Parmasto; (Karadelev et al. 2002 a); - above vill. Peckovo; 1000 m a.s.l.; oak forest; rotten branches of Juniperus oxycedrus; 13.07.1998; exs. MAK 98/1665; (Karadelev et al. 2002 a); - below vill. Dolno Jelovce; 1000 m a.s.l.; Castanetum sativae macedonicum; rotten wood of Castanea sativa; 15.07.1998; exs. MAK 98/1927; rev. E. Parmasto; (Karadelev et al. 2002 a); - r. Causica; 1200 m a.s.l.; fallen branches and trunks of Corylus avellana; 17.07.1996; notes BSRS; (Karadelev 1999, 2000; Karadelev et al. 2002 a); - vill. Vratnica; 750 m a.s.l.; oak forest; fallen branches of Corylus avellana; 17.07.1997; exs. MAK 97/2948 2. Hymenochaete cruenta (Pers.) Donk Galicica Mt.: - Voloko Legalo; 1600-1800 m a.s.l.; Abieti-Fagetum meridionale; dry branch of living Abies; 27.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); 3. Hymenochaete fuliginosa (Pers.) Lév. Galicica Mt.: - vill. Konjsko; 950 m a.s.l.; Pruno webbii-Juniperetum excelsae; livBiol. Macedonica 57/58: 39-53

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ing tree of Juniperus excelsa; 14.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993, Karadelev 1995, 1998); - Karov Kamen; 1500-1600 m a.s.l.; Abieti-Fagetum; Abies; 28.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993, Karadelev 1995); Kozjak Mt. (between Nidze Mt. And Kozuf Mt.): - vill. Majdan, sheepfold; 1620 m a.s.l.; wood used in construction; 20.07.2000; exs. MAK 00/548 Prespa Lake: - island Golem Grad; 900 m a.s.l.; Pruno webbii-Juniperetum excelsae; dry branches of Juniperus excelsa; 25.06.1988, 30.11.1987, 22.07.1987; exs. MAK 87/2461; notes Karadelev; rev. E. Parmasto; (Karadelev 1993, Karadelev 1995, 1998); - island Golem Grad; 900 m a.s.l.; Pruno webbii-Juniperetum excelsae; fallen branches of Juniperus excelsa; 09.10.2000; exs. MAK 00/4609; Sar Planina Mt.: - road to Lesnica; 1600 m a.s.l.; Abieti-Fagetum meridionale; fallen branches of Abies; 08.07.1993; exs. MAK 93/1599; rev. E. Parmasto; 4. Hymenochaete rubiginosa (Dicks.) Lév. Belasica Mt.: - vill. Smolare, near water-fall; 400 m a.s.l.; mixed forest (Fagus and Castanea); log of Castanea sativa; 01.05.2002; exs. MAK 02/2610; rev. E. Parmasto; Galicica Mt.: - wood of Quercus frainetto; 19.09.1986; exs. Tortic; notes M. Tortic; - north-west from Carina; 1000 m a.s.l.; stump of Quercus frainetto; 1.05.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - Dolovi; 1000 m a.s.l.; Quercus frainetto; 14.07.1987; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - Leskoec; 950-1000 m a.s.l.; Quercus cerris, Q. frainetto; 16.07.1988; 18.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - Leskoec; 1050 m a.s.l.; stump of Quercus cerris; 18.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - Golem Rid; 1000 m a.s.l.; Quercus frainetto; 14.07.1987; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - Otesevo, above Carina; oak forest; stump of Quercus petraea; 19.09.1975; notes M. Tortic; (Tortic 1988); - Otesevo; 900-950 m a.s.l.; stump of Quercus frainetto; 17.07.1987;

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notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - Otesevo; 1100-1300 m a.s.l.; Quercus pubescens; 20.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - Pljuska; 1000 m a.s.l.; stump of Quercus frainetto; 6.07.1987, 13.07.1987; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - Pljuska; 900 m a.s.l.; stump of Quercus frainetto; 30.04.1988, stump of Quercus pubescens; 25.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - Precna Planina; 900 m a.s.l.; stump of Quercus frainetto; 20.01.1988; stump of Quercus pubescens; 12.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - Precna Planina; 900-950 m a.s.l.; Quercus pubescens; 22.07.1987; notes Karadelev; - Precna Planina; 900 m a.s.l.; stump of Quercus trojana; 27.07.1987, 28.07.1987; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1989; Karadelev 1993); - Prcno Brdo; Quercus frainetto; 15.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - vill. Stenje; 900 m a.s.l.; stump of Quercus frainetto; 25.07.1987; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - vill. Stenje; 950 m a.s.l.; dry branch of Quercus frainetto, Q. cerris; 15.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); Debar: - Debarska Banja; 600-700 m a.s.l.; Querco-Carpinetum orientalis; stump of Quercus pubescens (etc.?); 24.09.1972; exs. Tortic; notes M. Tortic; (Tortic 1988); Jakupica Mt.: - Ceples; 1200-1300 m a.s.l.; Festuco heterophyllae-Fagetum; log of Fagus; 08.07.1999; exs. MAK 99/2328; rev. E. Parmasto; (Karadelev et al. 2002 b); Kitka Mt.: - Preslap; 1000 m a.s.l.; rotten wood of Quercus cerris; 24.06.1994; exs. 94/42227 - mt. house; 900 m a.s.l.; oak forest; stump of Quercus sp.; 30.11.2003; exs. MAK 03/3529; rev. E. Parmasto; Kozuf Mt.: - vill. Konjari; 1000 m a.s.l.; Orno-Quercetum petraeae; log of Quercus petraea; 24.08.1984; exs. MAK 84/2107; rev. M. Tortic; (Tortic 1988, Karadelev 1993); - between vill. Konopiste and summer resort "Mihajlovo"; 750-1200; mixed forest (Fagus, Quercus, Pinus); rotten wood of broadleave tree; 11.07.2005; exs. MAK 05/5000;

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Ograzden Mt.: - r. Suvolacka Reka; 900 m a.s.l.; fallen branches of Quercus petraea; 10.07.2000; exs. MAK 00/1443; rev. E. Parmasto; (Karadelev et al. 2002 c); Osogovski Planini Mt.: - Monastery St. Joakim Osogovski; 900 m a.s.l.; Orno-Quercetum petraeae; trunk; 12.06.1993; notes M. Karadelev; Sar Planina Mt.: - vill. Brezno; 950 m a.s.l.; stump of Castanea sativa; 19.07.1996; exs. MAK 96/510; rev. E. Parmasto; (Karadelev et al. 2002 a); - vill. Vratnica; 750 m a. s. l.; Castanetum sativae macedonicum; rotten wood of Castanea sativa; 17.07.1997; exs. MAK 97/2952; (Karadelev et al. 2002 a); - above vill. Peckovo; 1000 m a.s.l.; oak forest; log of Quercus cerris; 13.07.1998; exs. MAK 98/1663; rev. E. Parmasto; (Karadelev et al. 2002 a); 5. Hymenochaete subfuliginosa Bourdot & Galzin Gevgelija: - Bogdanci; 150-250 m a.s.l.; wood of Quercus sp.; 28.03.1984; exs. Tortic; rev. M. Tortic; (Tortic 1988); - Bogdanci, Pobregovo; 80 m a.s.l.; Querco-Carpinetum orientalis; rotten branch of Quercus pubescens; 02.1984; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); Galicica Mt.: - Volko Legalo; 1200 m a.s.l.; Ostrya; 19.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - vill. Konjsko; 900 m a.s.l.; stump of Quercus pubescens; 13.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - Leskoec; 1000 m a.s.l.; Quercus frainetto, Carpinus betulus; 15.07.1987, 16.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - Otesevo; 900 m a.s.l.; Quercus pubescens; 20.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); - Pljuska; 1000 m a.s.l.; Quercetum frainetto-cerris; fallen branches of Quercus frainetto; 18.07.1987; exs. MAK 87/2469; rev. E. Parmasto; (Karadelev 1993); - Precna Planina; 1000 m a.s.l.; dry trunk of Quercus pubescens, Q. trojana; 12.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993, 1998); - Precna Planina; 900-950 m a.s.l.; Quercus trojana; 20.07.1988;

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notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993, 1998); - Precna Planina; 900 m a.s.l.; Ostrya carpinifolia; 28.07.1987; exs. MAK 87/4675; - vill. Stenje; 950 m a.s.l.; fallen branch of Quercus cerris; 11.07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); Kumanovo: - vill. Malotino; 900 m a.s.l.; rotten wood of Quercus petraea; 14.05.1988; exs. MAK 88/4667; Kozuf Mt.: - between summer resor "Mihajlovo" and Cvrstec; 1250-1400; beech forest; rotten wood of Quercus petraea; 17.07.2005; exs. MAK 05/5099; Sar Planina Mt.: - near Lesnica; rotten wood of Fagus or Abies; 6.07.1993; exs. MAK 93/4556; 6. Hymenochaete tabacina (Sowerby) Lév. Bistra Mt.: - vill. Lazaropole, road to Sokolica; 1300-1400 m a.s.l.; OrnoQuercetum petraeae; dry branches of Corylus avellana; 28.09.2003; exs. MAK 03/3454 (Karadelev & Rusevska 2004); - above vill. Tresonce; 1100 m a.s.l.; Querco-Carpinetum orientalis; fallen branches of Corylus avellana; 12.07.2003; exs. MAK 03/3425; (Karadelev et al. 2002 e – published as H. rubiginosa); Galicica Mt.: - Precna Planina; 950 m a.s.l.; dry branch of Juniperus oxycedrus; 07.1988; notes Karadelev; (Karadelev 1993); Karadzica Mt.: - r. Kadina Reka; 1000 m a.s.l.; Festuco heterophyllae-Fagetum; rotten wood of Fagus; 24.06.1994; exs. MAK 94/1011; rev. E. Parmasto; (Karadelev 1999, 2000); Ogražden Mt.: - Sumanov Cukar; 1300 m a.s.l.; mixed forest (Fagus, Pinus sylvestris and P. nigra); fallen log of Corylus avellana; 14.07.2000; exs. MAK 00/1567; Sar Planina Mt.: - above vill. Peckovo; 1100 m a.s.l.; oak forest; rotten branches of Corylus avellana; 13.07.1998; exs. MAK 98/1664; (Karadelev et al. 2002 a);

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- around mt. house "Sarski Vodi"; 1300 m a.s.l.; Calamintho grandiflorae-Fagetum; rotten wood of Fagus; 7.07.1998; exs. MAK 98/1752; (Karadelev et al. 2002 a); - Tri Vodi; 1450 m a.s.l.; fallen branches and trunks of Fagus; 18.07.1996; notes BSRS; (Karadelev 1999, 2000; Karadelev et al. 2002 a); - vill. Gorno Jelovce; 1400 m a.s.l.; oak forest; rotten wood of Corylus avellana; 9.07.1998; exs. MAK 98/1724; (Karadelev et al. 2002 a);

DISCUSSION Of the total of seven species of Hymenochaetae genus known in Europe, thus far in the Republic of Macedonia the following six species have been recorded: Hymenochaete cinnamomea, H. cruenta, H. fuliginosa, H. rubiginosa, H. subfuliginosa and H. tabacina. The localities where these fungi were found are presented on Figures 1 and 2. Hymenochaete cinnamomea grows on logs and branches of deciduous trees, most commonly Corylus, and rarely on conifers. It is a perennial species, found throughout the year. It is not a common species. Almost thermophilic, which may be found up to 700 m altitude on the sun sides of mountainous locations (Krieglsteiner, 2000). It causes a pocket rot on deciduous trees. In the Republic of Macedonia it grows on stumps, fallen and rotten branches, rotten trunk, rotten wood, and woody debris of the following substrates: Buxus sempervirens, Carpinus orientalis, Castanea sativa, Cornus mas, Corylus avellana, Fagus, Fraxinus ornus, Juniperus oxycedrus, Quercus frainetto. The following eight localities are identified in the R. Macedonia: mountains of Bistra, Galicica, Karadzica, Korab, Kozjak, Sar Planina, Ograzden, and in the area Skopje. As regards its vertical distribution, it is found between 250 and 1,500 m altitude. As indicated by Karadelev (1999, 2000), it is rare in Macedonia, but judging by the latest published (Karadelev at. all. 2002 a,c; Karadelev & Rusevska 2004) and unpublished data (Galicica Mt. on Quercus frainetto, Karadzica Mt. on Fagus and Kozjak Mt. on Populus tremula), a conclusion may be drawn that it is not a rare species. Hymenochaete cruenta grows on crust of dry branches and trunks of Abies, at 15-30 m height. It is a widely spread species, found all year

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around. Basidiocarps growth is fully dependent on atmospheric humidity. In Europe it is submeridional to southern-moderate species (CarpathianAlpine) and follows the natural areal of the genus Abies (Krieglsteiner, 2000). For the Republic of Macedonia, there is only one datum – Galicica Mt., on Abies borisii-regis (Karadelev, 1993); therefore a conclusion on its distribution cannot be drawn. Hymenochaete fuliginosa typically grows on conifers (Picea, Abies, Pinus), and in northern Europe it also grows on Salix. It grows on the inside of logs or fallen branches, with or without crust. It is a perennial, rare species, found throughout the year. According to data provided by Kriegelsteiner (2000), in Europe it is distributed from southern France through central Europe all the way to northern Europe. In Macedonia it has generally been found on Juniperus excelsa (Karadelev, 1993), and the finds on Abies (Sar Planina Mt) and wood used in construction (Kozjak Mt.) are data of more substrates where the species has been found in Macedonia. According to the existing data, it is not a very common species. Hymenochaete rubiginosa grows on trunks and branches of Quercus, Castanea sativa as well as on processed wood. It is a frequent species, found all year round. It is perennial, often becoming over 10-year old and producing a pocket rot. As maintained by Krieglsteiner (2000), it is found in all autochthonous oak and mixed forests and prefers protected lowland and moderately southern-exposed, rather dry habitats. In the Mediterranean, it also grows on Arbutus unedo (Melo & Cardoso, 1985). In Macedonia it has been found on the following substrates: Quercus species (Q. cerris, Q. frainetto, Q. petraea, Q. pubescens, Q. trojana - Karadelev, 1993), on Castanea sativa (Tortic 1988), on Fagus and Corylus avellana (Karadelev et al. 2002 b). Unpublished data come from the following localities: Belasica Mt., Kitka Mt., Kozuf Mt. (Konopiste vill.), Ograzden Mt. and Osogovski Planini Mt. It is a common species found at 900-1400 m altitude. Hymenochaete subfuliginosa is bound on various Quercus spp. growing on prostrate trunks, branches and stumps. According to Jahn (1971), it has been found in France, Switzerland, Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Sweden, and Finland and it is probably bound to a summer dry climate. In Macedonia it has been found in the southern parts of the country on Quercus sp. (Tortic & Karadelev 1986). Other data derive from the following substrates: Carpinus betulus, Fagus sylvatica,

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Ostrya carpinifolia, Quercus cerris, Q. frainetto, Q. pubescens, Q. trojana, from the southern parts, too (Karadelev 1993). New localities for this species are Kozuf Mt., on Quercus petraea, Kumanovo, on Quercus petraea, and Sar Planina Mt., on rotten wood of Fagus or Abies. It is astonishing that the latter find is from 1,400 m altitude, which is unusual for this thermophilic species. Hymenochaete tabacina grows on dead wood of shrubs and broadleaved trees, on branches and trunks, both fallen and standing or attached respectively, of Corylus, Salix, etc., but never on Quercus. It is found throughout the year, occasionally in large numbers; widespread. It is normally annual, but sometimes old fruiting bodies are overgrown by young ones Jahn (1971). First and foremost it is found in light bush habitats, along riverbanks, channels, dams, ditches, and also at forest sides and roadsides. In the Republic of Macedonia it has been recorded on the following substrates: Coryllus avellana - Sar Planina Mt. (Karadelev et al. 2002 a), Bistra Mt. (Karadelev & Rusevska 2004); Fagus - Karadzica Mt. (Karadelev 1999), Sar Planina Mt. (Karadelev et al. 2002 a); Juniperus oxycedrus – Galicica Mt. (Karadelev 1993). The find on Coryllus avellana

Fig. 1. Distribution map of Hymenochaete rubiginosa, Hymenochaete fuliginosa and Hymenochaete cruenta

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Fig. 2. Distribution map of Hymenochaete cinnamomea, Hymenochaete tabacina and Hymenochaete subfuliginosa

from Ograzden Mt. is a new one. Concerning its vertical distribution, it is found at 950-1,400 m altitude. CONCLUSION Of the total of seven species of Hymenochaetae genus identified in Europe, to date the following six species have been recorded in the Republic of Macedonia: Hymenochaete cinnamomea, H. cruenta, H. fuliginosa, H. rubiginosa, H. subfuliginosa and H. tabacina. It is only the species Hymenochaete corrugata that has not been recorded in the Republic of Macedonia, but it is expected that further research will contribute to a more detailed overview of the country’s distribution of the species belonging to this genus. The species H. rubiginosa and H. tabacina are common and widespread species in the Republic of Macedonia. Less frequent species are H. fuliginosa and H. subfuliginosa. A surprising fact about H. subfuliginosa is the find from 1,400 m altitude, which is
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untypical of this thermophilic species. As indicated by data on H. cinnamomea that are available, a conclusion may be drawn that it is not a rare species. As far as the species H. cruenta is concerned, there is only one find, which is the reason why no conclusions can be made on its distribution. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We are indebted to Erast Parmasto, from the Institute of Zoology and Botany, Tartu, Estonia, for his review of part of the species of Hymenochaete genus that were forwarded to him, and to BSRS (Biological Students Research Society) for financial help to organizing field trips for collection of scientific material. REFERENCES Breitenbach, J. & F. Kränzlin, 1986. Fungi of Switzerland, Vol. 2. Verlag Mykologia, Luzern, 412 pp. Corfixen et al. 1997. Nordic Macromycetes, Vol. 3. NordsvampCopenhagen. 444 pp. Domañski, S., 1975. Mała flora grzybów. Tom. 1. Państwowe wydawnictwo naukowe. Waszawa-Kraków. 319 pp. Jahn, H., 1990. Pilze an Bäume. Patzer Verlag. Berlin. 272 pp. Jülich,W., 1984: Die Nichtblaterpilze, Gallertpilze und Bauchpilze. Kleine Kryptogamenflora Bd.II, b/1. Stuttgart. 628 pp. Karadelev, M., 1989. Lignicolous Aphyllophorales (Basidiomycetes) on Macedonian Oak (Quercus trojana Webb.). Biosistematica, Vol. 15, No. 2, 119-125. Karadelev, M., 1993. Contribution to the knowledge of wood-destroying fungi in the Republic of Macedonia. Skopje. Young explorers of Macedonia (Fungi Macedonici; 1) 78 pp. Karadelev, M., 1995. Lignicolous Aphyllophorales (Basidiomycetes) on Greek juniper (Juniperus excelsa) in the Republic of Macedonia. Mycotaxon, Vol. LVI, pp. 467-472. Karadelev, M., 1998. Fungal diversity in Macedonia. Mycologia Montenegrina, Vol. I - n 1/1998: 49-55. Karadelev, M., 1999. New or rare species for the fungia of the Republic of Macedonia. Skopje. God. zb., Biol.-Prir.-mat. fak. Univ. "Sv. Kiril i Metodij". Vol. 52, p. 97-101.

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Karadelev, M., 2000. New and noteworthy species of Aphyllophorales (Basidiomycotina) for the Republic of Macedonia. Trento. A.M. B. Centro Studi Mycologici. No. 14, p.62-67. Karadelev, M., 2002. Fungi Macedonici – Gabite na Makedonija. Makedonsko mikolo{ko dru{tvo. Skopje. 299 str. Karadelev, M., Z. Nastov, & K. Rusevska, 2002 a. Kvalitativno-kvantitativni istra`uvawa na makromicetite na [ar Planina. Skopje. Bilt. Istra`. dru{. stud. biol. 2, 71-78. Karadelev, M., Z. Nastov, & K. Rusevska, 2002 b. Kvalitativno-kvantitativni istra`uvawa na makromicetite na planinata Jakupica. Skopje. Bilt. Istra`. dru{. stud. biol. 2, 79-87. Karadelev, M., Z. Nastov, & K. Rusevska, 2002 c. Kvalitativno-kvantitativni istra`uvawa na makromicetite na planinata Ogra`den. Skopje. Bilt. Istra`. dru{. stud. biol. 2, 89-92. Karadelev, M., & K. Rusevska, 2002 e. Kvalitativno-kvantitativni istra`uvawa na makromicetite na planinata Nixe. Skopje. Bilt. Istra`. dru{. stud. biol. 2, 97-102. Karadelev, M., & K. Rusevska, 2004. Eco-taxonomic investigations of fungi on Bistra Mountain. Skopje. 2nd Congress of Ecologists of the Republic of Macedonia with International Participation, Ohrid, Macedonia, 393-397. Krieglsteiner, G. J., 2000. Die Groβpilze Baden-Württembergs. Band 1. Verlag Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co. Stuttgard, 512 pp. Melo, I., J. Cardoso, 1985. Check list of the Portuguese non-poroid Aphyllophorales. Portug. Acta Biol. (B), 14: 37-104 Pilàt, A. & V. Lindtner, (1938): Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Basidiomaceten vo Sudserbien I. Glasnik skopskog naucnog drustva 18, 173-192. Tortic, M. & M. Karadelev, 1986. Lignicolous macromycetes in the Submediterranean part of Macedonia (Yugoslavia). Acta Botanica Croatica 45, 109-117. Tortic, M., 1988. Materials for the mycoflora of Macedonia. Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Skopje, 64 pp.

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EKOLOGIJA I DISTRIBUCIJA NA RODOT HYMENOCHAETE (HYMENOCHAETACEAE) VO REPUBLIKA MAKEDONIJA Mitko Karadelev i Katerina Rusevska Institut za biologija, Prirodno - matemati~ki fakultet, Arhimedova 5, P.Fah 162, 1000 Skopje, Republika Makedonija

REZIME Vo trudot se prezentirani rezultati od sistematski istra`uvawa na rodot Hymenochaete vo Republika Makedonija. Od vkupno sedum poznati vidovi od ovoj rod vo Evropa, so dosega{nite istra`uvawa vo R. Makedonija registrirani se slednite {est vida: Hymenochaete cinnamomea, H. cruenta, H. fuliginosa, H. rubiginosa, H. subfuliginosa i H. tabacina. Edinstveno vidot Hymenochaete corrugata ne e registriran vo R. Makedonija, no se o~ekuva ponatamo{nite istra`uvawa da dadat podetalna pretstava za rasprostranuvaweto na vidovite od ovoj rod vo Republika Makedonija. Vidovite H. rubiginosa i H. tabacina se ~esti i {iroko rasprostraneti vo Republika Makedonija. Pomalku ~esti vidovi se: H. fuliginosa i H. subfuliginosa. Iznenaduva~ki e podatokot za H. subfuliginosa najden na nadmorska visina od 1400 m, {to e netipi~no za ovoj termofilen vid. Od dosega{nite raspolo`livi podatoci za H. cinnamomea, mo`e da se zaklu~i deka ne e redok vid. So ogled na toa deka za vidot H. cruenta postoi samo eden podatok, ne mo`e da se dade zaklu~ok za negovata rasprostranetost.

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