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澳門三育中學 高一第四段閱讀考試 ( A 卷)

(2007-2008 年度 ) 姓名 :______________________
 英語閱讀理解考試  (填寫答案字母在橫線上 ) (25*4%=100%)
The Solar Flyer

A new airplane using the sun for power took off in Hawaii. This airplane was called the Pathfinder. It had
eight tiny electric engines. It was able to fly up to more than 80 thousand feet.
The goal was to prove that a plane could fly for a long time. The plane could do many of the same things as a
satellite. This plane, however, would fly lower.
The plane is very light, but it still needs a lot of power to keep flying. The solar cell which collects the sun=s
energy must be very light. This also means it must work well. There are thousands of solar cells on the wings of
this airplane. These cells change the sun's energy to electricity. The cells generate about 10,000 watts.
Standard fan jets power this plane. There would be two planes, so they wouldn't have to stay in the air for
months at a time. The planes would send and receive phone calls over a city. The pilots on board would take off
and go up to the place where they would fly around in circles. A second plane comes up and takes over before
the first plane can leave. It is said that about 1,000 planes could fill the telecommunications needs for three
hundred cities around the world. Several groups of helium balloons, about two hundred fifty over every major
city, could also send signals from the sky. This may be difficult to imagine, but money would be saved. Planes
and balloons would cost only a part of the fifty million dollars to send a satellite in the air.
Vocabulary
1. remote A. controlled indirectly or from a distance B. water around a castle
C. moved by touch D. to play again ________
2. atmosphere A. atoms in water B. a ball that lives
C. the whole mass of air surrounding the earth D. moss that grows in a circle ________
3. stratosphere A. the middle portion of the atmosphere B. the upper portion of the atmosphere
C. the whole mass of air surrounding the earth D. the sky ________
4. satellite A. a sitting ruler B. a planet
C. something found in a cave D. a man-made object which can circle the earth ________
5. conventional A. the usual way of doing something B. a funny way of doing something
C. something that has come apart D. something that is glued _________
6. altitude A. the way someone feels B. a place in the sky
C. the horizontal distance between two points D. the vertical distance of an object above a surface _____
7. efficient A. able to work hard B. able to jump high
C. able to produce hoped for results without waste D. able to do a difficult task _______
8. responsibility A. something that someone is expected to do B. an answer to a question
C. something that you don’t want to do D. an ability to work hard ______
9. fleet A. someone who can run fast B. a group of ships or vehicles under one command
C. a kite that flies high in the air D. someone who is a leader ______
10. incentive A. money given for an object B. something you want to do
C. something that makes a person try or work harder D. something you don’t want to do _______
11. launch A. to send off an object, especially with force B. to eat a meal
C. to close a door D. to go sailing ________
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Word Selection
12. With only the sun for , the solar plane takes off. A. heat B. light C. fuel D. air _____
13. The plane is powered by fan jets. A. high powered B. creative
C. conventional D. twin engine _______
14. Rather than staying in the for many months, two planes will fly in shifts.
A. atmosphere B. stratosphere C. airport D. hemisphere _______
15. Before plane one leaves the station, the second plane comes up and assumes for the wireless
communications. A. responsibility B. laser aviation C. stratosphere D. solar energy _______
16. A fleet of a thousand planes could provide for three hundred cities around the world.
A. telecommunications B. water C. energy D. wind ________
Multiple Choice
17. The mission of the solar flyer was to prove that A. a vehicle can be powered by solar energy.
B. a solar plane can fly. C. all of above D. planes could fly in the stratosphere for many months at a time.
______
18. The solar cell designed for the Pathfinder was A. super efficient and paper thin.
B. made to work under water. C. very heavy to provide enough power. D. for saving energy _______
19. The solar flyer was able to A. fly for a short time. B. stay in the stratosphere for a long time.
C. detect the enemy as a man-free machine. D. use gasoline for fuel. ________
20. The cost of launching a satellite is A. several million dollars. B. three hundred million dollars.
C. several hundred million dollars D. fifty million dollars _________
21. Costly satellites could be replaced by A. several fleets of helium balloons and planes.
B. fewer satellites launched in the atmosphere. C. space stations places over several cities.
D. more solar flyers in the stratosphere. __________
Conclusions
22. The solar flyer test flight was a success because A. the plane could fly in circles in the stratosphere.
B. the plane was able to use conventional fuel. C. the plane was able to fly for a long distance using light only.
D. the plane was able to fly for a long time using only solar power. __________
23. Solar cells are used instead of conventional fuel because
A. solar cells get energy from the sun and don’t run out. B. solar cells are less expensive than standard fuel.
C. we are running out of fuel. D. solar cells are less bulky than conventional fuel. ___________
24. It is necessary for the plane and the solar cells to be very light weight because
A. a heavier plane needs more energy to keep it flying. B. they would be less expensive to build.
C. a lighter plane can fly at a higher altitude. D. a lighter plane needs less money to replir. _______
25. The telecommunications plan for the future is to
A. have solar disks on every house. B. have fleets of planes and balloons to replace expensive satellites.
C. have fleets of planes and ballons for private uses. D. have satellites in the stratosphere. _______
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