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- Has Bachelor’s Degree in Nursing in St. Paul Collge Manila in 1964 - Has Master’s Degree in Nursing Education in Catholic University of America in 1970 - Has Doctoral degree in nursing in university of the Philippines manila on April 2002 CASAGRA transformative leadership model -derived CASAGRA theory from her name
“Focus on the type of leadership in nursing that can challenge the values of the changing world…”
CASAGRA transformative leadership is a psycho-spiritual model, was an effective means for faculty to become better teachers and servant-leaders.
Care complex is a structure in the personality of the caregiver that is significantly related to the leadership behavior. - The CASAGRA servant-leadership formula is an effective modality in enhancing the nursing faculty’s servant-leadership behavior. -Vitality of Care Complex of the nursing faculty is directly related to leadership behavior
>CASAGRA transformative leadership model have concepts of leadership from a psychospiritual point of view, designed to lead to radical change from apathy or indifference to a spiritual person. >Servant-leader formula is the enrichment package prepared as intervention for the study which has three parts that parallel the three concepts of the CASAGRA transformative leadership model, namely: the care complex primer, a retreat-workshop on Servantleadership, and a seminar-workshop on Transformative Teaching for nursing faculty.
commitment to the nursing profession. teacher research. culture based-care practices indigenous to a race and people. ability to bring out the best in students. such as thoughtful instruction. lays down the roles and functions.> Special expertise is the level of competence in the particular nursing area that the professional nurse is engaged in. teacher narrative. Nursing education is faced with a new concern that is globalization of nursing services for the international market. >Retreat-workshop is the spiritual exercise organized in an ambience of prayer where the main theme is the contemplation of Jesus Christ as a Servant-leader. The reopening of the doors of foreign market to Filipino nurses. and local community. Therefore a need to develop globalization of care with focus on developing caring nurses. an umbrella term covering ideas. educational and social changes happening in the Philippines society today. and influences the direction toward which the profession should go. >Care complex is the nucleus of care experiences in the personality of a nurse formed by a combination of maternal care experiences. >Servant-leadership behavior refers to the perceived behavior of nursing faculty manifested through the ability to model the servant leadership qualities to students. and the professional training on care acquired in a formal course of nursing. other health professionals. migration made easy. attractive salaries and benefits way beyond what hospitals can afford to give. competence in nursing skills. and sense of collegiality with the school. and teacher empowerment. . >Nursing leadership is the force within the nursing profession that sets the vision for its practitioners. WHAT PROMPTED SISTER CAROLINA AGRAVANTE TO DO THE THEORY? The present day demands in the nursing profession challenge nursing educators to revisit their basic responsibility of educating professional nurses who are responsive to technological. >Transformative teaching may also be termed Reflective teaching.
. whose basic stand is caring and service who are competent in nursing. LOGICAL ADEQUACY . assertive of their own rights with the help profession.The conceptual framework is logical because the variables are very well explained on how transformative-leadership model be applicable through care complex. . . Nurses needs competent leaders with a dream what nursing can be. MEANING OF THE THEORY Based on the study. . The care complex is necessary given as a stimulant in the performance of the leadership activities. and servant-leader behavior. .Transformative teaching is the guide that desired for the modern educative process designed to form the millennium professional nurse.The framework explains and predicts the continuous formation of nursing leadership behavior in nursing faculty that will eventually affect their teaching function. leaders with new vision who will venture new traits and who have gone through new formation in order to serve the society as professional nurse. transformative teaching servant-leader spirituality.A person with dynamic care complex is the cornerstone of nursing leadership. The leadership behavior of the faculty after going to the servant leadership formula was significantly higher in the two-post test periods than during the pre-test. the care complex in the personality of the nursing faculty is highly correlated to their leadership behavior. According to care complex of Agravante. It improved the leadership behavior of the nursing faculty in both groups.Servant-leadership formula runs parallel to the generic elements of the transformativeleadership model. the effect of the CASAGRA Leadership model using the servant leader model on the leadership behavior of the nursing faculty. caring personality rests on the possession of a care complex with in a person as an energy source of caring.The formation of new nursing leaders is urgently needed.
sees her assumptions and feelings in the light of the nursing profession in the modern days. GENERALIZABILITY AND PARSIMONY -Nursing students will be assured of similar leadership formation that will be provided to them by the nursing educators who advocated the CASAGRA Transformative Leadership model. In the Philippines we have a variety of religion present. Every religion has its own traditions and practices to be considered. USEFULNESS (PRACTICABILTY) It is significant to the nurse educators.According to the study the control and study groups were selected from the same faculty in the two schools. how her own philosophy of ..Expertise is the practice of caring and proactive in face of challenges for the profession go hand-in-hand. It will help them to achieve the vision-mission as a network of innovative. It will give them the confidence they need to face the challenges in the profession.Did not consider other religion to this study.CASAGRA transformative leadership limits only on Roman Catholic and Christians nursing educators.It provided the task of the formation of the nurse leaders at the baccalaureate level so that the profession assured the graduates possess the mind and heart of a nursing leader who is of the nursing profession . a paradigm of peace.It can also be use in other educational settings not just on nursing profession WEAKNESSES/ LIMITATIONS . . -Transformative teachers are basically who looks into herself. it is highly possible that experience could have been discussed casually in faculty room and in some way must contaminated the intervention. STRENGTHS . Education and practice bring this about. competent empowered educators towards excellence in national and global development. . The theory could be the answer in the modern-world challenges in nursing education that is centered on the teaching of Jesus.
. .The theory is designed to transform a servant leader which Agravante possesses Jesus as a sample EMPIRICAL PRECISION -The study was conducted to determine the effects of the CASAGRA transformative leadership model for nursing faculty on the servant leadership behavior of the nursing faculty. as faculty and held the position as Secretary of the College of Nursing.Agravante’s theory does not possess simplicity because the study group has to undergo seminar and retreats which somehow give hassles to them. An expert in Medical Surgical Nursing with subspecialty in Oncologic Nursing. Abaquin is a nurse with Master’s Degree in Nursing obtained from the University of the Philippines College of Nursing. 2. which made her known both here and abroad. divided into control and study group randomly selected to participate in the Servant-leader formula for nursing faculty. She had served the University of the Philippines College of Nursing. CARMENSITA ABAQUIN “PREPARE ME” Interventions & the Quality of Life of Advance Progressive Cancer Patients Carmencita M.life affects professional life with her students SIMPLICITY . The quasiexperimental two-group pre-test post-test design was utilized in the study. The study population consisted of 30 nursing faculty .
Values Clarification – assisting another individual to clarify his own values about health and illness in order to facilitate effective decision making skills. active listening. “To Nursing… may be able to provide the care that our clients need in maintaining their quality of life and being instrumental in “Birthing” them to External life” . and touch. the patient develops an open mind that will facilitate acceptance of disease state or may help deepen or enhance values. Prayer Relaxation-Breathing – techniques to encourage and elicit relaxation for the purpose of decreasing undesirable signs and symptoms such as pain. feelings and thoughts to facilitate adaptation to present circumstances. This program emphasizes a holistic approach to nursing care.appointment as Chairman of the Board of Nursing speaks of her competence and integrity in the field she has chos Basic Assumptions and Concepts: PREPARE ME (Holistic Nursing Interventions) are the nursing interventions provided to address the multi-dimensional problems of cancer patients that can be given in any setting where patients choose to be confined. This includes therapeutic communication. Reminisce Therapy – recall of past experiences. PREPARE ME has the following components: Presence – being with another person during the times of need. and anxiety. The process of values clarification helps one become internally consistent by achieving closer between what we do and what we feel. It may be done through the use of music and other relaxation techniques. muscle tension. Meditation – encourages an elicit form of relaxation for the purpose of altering patient’s level of awareness by focusing on an image or thought to facilitate inner sight which helps establish connection and relationship with God. Through this.
(physical. PREPARE ME nursing interventions are effective in improving quality of life in terminally-ill patients. The family is also guided in this rough time addressing their grieving process by instilling in them that death is part of life. Utilization of intervention as a basic part of care given to cancer patients. 3. patients with incurable disease require multidimensional nursing care to improve quality of life. Development of training programs for care provider as well as health care profession where intervention is a part of treatment modalities. An environment like this would promote dignity in his days left thus helping the patient accept his fate and help him/her be ready for the afterlife. In this premise. 5. Logical Adequacy The conceptual framework is logical because it is parallel with her definition of nursing and it works for the goal which is QUALITY OF LIFE . Identify origins of the theory (what prompted) the incidence of cancer has significantly increased not only in the Philippines but also worldwide Examine the meaning of theory 1. emotional and spiritual) 6. The nurse must be honest about the feedback on his/her condition. incorporation in the basic nursing curriculum in the care of these patients. Nurses must do this so that they would know what the expectations of the patient and the family so that they may render a holistic caring style for the patient together with his family in his dying days. This would help the patient and family address the needs of the patient in any manner possible. 2. Terminally-ill patients especially cancer patients require holistic approach of nursing in different aspects of man namely the emotional. social and spiritual. likewise. 4. The nurse must help make a supportive environment for the patient and his family in his dying days. psychological. PREPARE ME must be introduced and focus during training of nurse both in academe and practice.
clemow & fletcher. Weakness/Limitations ♣ Caring Ideals of nurse ♣ Severe depression of the patient. fisher. ♣ Appreciating the impact of a relative's cancer and offering guidance and support via patientcentered counseling can enhance quality of care. ♣ It can also be used for other terminal cases. . time for bed side care is limited Usefulness (practicability) ♣ This theory is useful in addressing the needs of terminally-ill cancer patients.She didn’t give emphasis on the extraneous variables affecting the variables involved. (Inamarga. lemon. 2006) Generalizability & parsimony (thriftiness) It can only be applicable to terminally ill patients and hospice facilities Abaquin’s theory has a wide scope of application. She generated it primarily as a result of her experience with oncology patients. ► more time is needed to make the patient interested in PREPARE ME interventions because they are already experiencing loss of interest in things ► "Understaffing in Philippine hospitals is prevalent. STRENGTH♣ It provides us standardized and holistic approached in addressing the needs of terminally ill cancer patients.(zapka. But it is not limited to use in the setting. 2009) ► In the Philippine setting. This encompassed different aspects including family relationship and self-actualization. due to understaffing and financial constrain. It is applicable whenever a nurse encounters terminally-ill patients.
Testability of the theory (empirical properties) Due to high mortality/morbidity rate of cancer patients. education and research for enrichment of oncology care. Simplicity Abaquin’s theory does not possess simplicity because there are many variables. cancer is the top 3 highest mortality rate in the Philippines. it can be applied in practice.It seems to be most useful when working with those patients with imminent death. Empirical Precision Abaquin’s theory appears to have a low degree of empirical validity primarily because variables are hardly measurable to the full extent even with the use of instruments. Can also be utilize in hospice care. The theory is designed to facilitate nursing care holistically. According to DOH(2007). .