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Modern Cricket – Technology Transformation
Written by Pradipta Dasgupta on July 22, 2009 in Science, Sports, Technology | 3 Comments

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I went in determined to do well and beat the cold to script a good innings. the jammed legs (thanks to the chilling weather) failed me and I was not able to reach the ball. A great yorker from the opening bowler of the opponent team cleaned up one of our opener.It was the winter of 2000. I know many among us who might have played professional cricket at some point of time or who might have followed cricket would identify with this situation. The umpire’s finger being raised signaled the end of the road for me. So let us talk about some of them. And that is exactly what has happened in the last few decades or so. So. But the game can be made much fairer with the introduction of technologies in the cricket field. The ball pitched and moved across with the angle of the left-hander taking it away from me. I lunged forward. I was eagerly waiting for my chance to show my potential to the big panel that came in to watch the match. Chilling wind was blowing mercilessly. because they are humans and it is quite possible to miss out some of the times. And meant another year of wait for me. which used to happen every year in Bangalore. I took guard with conviction. And that is the motivation which enthused me to script this article. All the effort that I had put in. And then I noticed something which was heart breaking for me. All set to face the first ball. Technology has played a significant role in the way cricket is played at the highest level. My form at that time and scores in the last four matches gave me enough confidence. Far higher stakes are involved some of the times and many careers are made or destroyed due to some of the wrong decisions. . went in vain due to that one wrong decision. Now it was my turn to go in and carry the team forward. It missed my willow by an inch atleast. The venue for one of the most important match of my life was one of the famous Maidanground of Calcutta. The conditions were not great for a batsman. I don’t blame the umpires. The left arm pacer rushed in and hurled a quickie at me. But I knew with the kind of effort that I had put on and with my determination I would do good. And getting selected meant representing Bengal in that tournament. The match was important to me because it was a selection match for the one of the prestigious tournaments. The bowler and the close in fielders all appealed in unison.

However. It is basically a computer system used to track the path of the ball. .A data store contains a predefined model of the playing area and includes data on the rules of the game.Hawk eye is based on the principles of triangulationusing the visual images and timing data provided by at least four high-speed video cameras located at different locations and angles around the area of play. the system identifies the group of pixels which corresponds to the image of . . The super slow motion shots are used by a third umpire sitting up in the pavilion to judge whether the batsman was in or out of the crease when the bails were dislodged. 2. But Third umpire is seeing an increasing role with many more decisions coming under its ambit. And that too for the real close ones. It is also being used in other sports like tennis.1. This was previous to “Third Umpire” being introduced. Third Umpire: Although third umpire is being primarily used for run-out and stump decisions.The system rapidly processes the video feeds by a high speed video processor and ball tracker. you won’t believe until you see some of the real big time goof ups by the umpires where the batsman was almost 2-3 yard outside when the ball hit the stumps but still given not out. Lets see how it works: . So. . Hawk Eye: It is another exciting tool that is being used in cricket. Now even an improved version has come where the exact measures of the distance of the batsman from the crease is shown. definitely it is a very good inclusion as far as cricket is concerned. It started with the idea that it is difficult to judge the real close run-outs as the umpires sometimes fail to take a suitable position to judge.In each frame sent from each camera. It captures the path of a ball and then displays the graphical version of the same.

. .A succession of frames builds up a record of the path along which the ball has traveled. such as ball on pad. and show whether a fine noise.Precise localising of the ball’s point of contact is done using a subtraction technique which results in a series of .The system generates a graphic image of the ball path and playing area which means that information can be provided to judges. the same channel which also introduced Hawk Eye. then the ball has touched the bat.the ball. It is used to graphically analyze sound and video. In cricket it is still used to validate the umpire’s decision and it is generally a part of post analysis and not adjudication. The Snicko as it is famously called is introduced by Channel 4 of UK. bat or the pad. in case of an appeal for LBW or caught. ball on ground or ball on glove is detected by these cameras. Things could have been different. It can play a critical role in determining whether the batsman is out or not. the Flightpath. Like in case of cricket it can predict whether the ball would hit the stumps or not. . . Snicko is predominantly used by commentators to judge whether the batsman has edged the ball or not. tend to have a fatter shape on the sound form. . television viewers or coaching staff in near real time. Snickometer: It is another tool which is being primarily used by the commentators to evaluate the validity of the decision taken by the field umpire. 3. He is the brother of chess grandmaster James Plaskett.Two infra-red cameras are positioned at either end of the ground. . Invention of another commentary aid is in his name. which ultimately helped Ricky Ponting’s team to win the 16th consecutive test. occurs as ball passes bat. One of the famous decisions which was evaluated by the Snicko to be a wrong decision was the not out decision given in favor of Andrew Symonds in the Sydney test of 2007-08 Border-Gavaskar trophy. This is a very exciting technology. It works in the following manner: . or snick. which is usually a short sharp sound in synchrony with the ball passing the bat.The friction generated by a collision. Hot Spot: It is another interesting technology which is of more latest origin than the others mentioned here. It was invented by computer scientist Allan Plaskett in the mid-1990s.The pure tracking system is combined with a back-end database and archiving capabilities so that it is possible to extract and analyze trends and statistics about individual players. Time constraint and reliability of the future path prediction by hawk eye are some of the factors which are still stopping ICC to leverage the full potential of the technology. As in case of the adjacent picture the ball would miss the stump according to hawk eye. But in cricket it has not yet been used for taking decisions like it has been done in other sports like tennis where it is used as a part of the adjudication process.It can also predict where in future it will interact with the features in the playing arena which are already programmed in the database. or the bat hitting the pitch. and so on. . . 4.The important part is the fact that it can also predict the future path of the ball. ball on bat.It then calculates for each frame the 3D position of the ball by comparing its position on at least 2 of the physically separate cameras at the same instant in time. games or ball to ball comparisons etc. It is a infra-red imaging system used in cricket to examine whether the ball has struck the batsman. If there is a sound of leather on willow. Other sounds such as the ball hitting the batsman’s pads.

Hawk Eye. Related An Indian who Keeps Scores for Australia Harbhajan Singh. Lets see how the future of cricket shapes up. But then the problem of time comes up. bowling analysis etc. Subscribe to Comments RSS Feed in this post 3 RESPONSES 1. It is a decision difficult to take in an age where we have already come down to 20-20 cricket to take care of time factor. "Modern Cricket – Technology Transformation" Enter your em Submit (opens a pop-up window) Subscribing is free. Umpire      Author : Pradipta Dasgupta Pradipta Dasgupta has written 62 articles on Indian Blogger. It was first used during the first Test match of the 2006-07 Ashes at The Gabba. from Bowler to All Rounder The Story of Cricket Information Technology in Indian Agriculture Sachin Tendulkar – Twenty years of International Cricket Tags: Cricket. You may also Subscribe for the updates in an RSS reader Do you like to suggest a new topic for us to write? Please let us know. Technologies in Cricket.Hot Spot uses technology developed in the military for tank and jet fighter tracking. Hot spot also have advantage over the famous Snickometer. Cricket equipment. which are used and new ones which can be used in future. we can send you some more information related to. These identifications may be critical as in the first case only a caught appeal can be upheld and in the second both an LBW or caught. Snickometer. on 23 November 2006 by Australian Nine Network. The positives of using a technology are obvious that it makes it a fair deal for everyone in the park and stakeholders outside it. and your email will never be shared or provided to others. Hot Spot. Ricky Ponting. The use of these technologies definitely calls for more time and slows the pace of the game. There are lot of other technologies like pitchmap. interesting technology. However the main bone of contention for ICC is to judge whether to use a technology in the decision making process or not. Hot spot can be used to resolve many critical decision problems like whether the ball hit the bat first and then the pad or pad first and then the bad. infra-red imaging system. If you liked this article. The system would be available to the third umpire in case of player referral. The technology was adopted by BBG sports in conjunction with Sky Sports.black-and-white negative frames being generated into a computer. Stakes are really high with Nations getting involved financially and emotionally in much greater proportion than in yesteryears and ICC has to call the shots and get it right. So the challenge for ICC is to ensure that the pace of the game is maintained and also it remains a fair deal. It might need another article to cover them all. Money is also needed but I feel that ain’t a big problem for ICC. I feel also the human touch would go out with the incorporation of more technology. Sports. . . Third Umpire. Leg before wicket.

even hansie cronje once used earphone 2 ineract with woolmer on field.blogspot.. 3.raja July 30. 2009 at 11:44 am Good Job. Apurba Kumar Acharya July 23.blogspot. please get in touch.. Enter your Email address here Subscribe Write for IndianBlogger. Nice article keep writing dude..com cricstat. through hi tech glasses. he once visualised what would be cricket like with technology. technology will take sports to a different level. 2009 at 2:05 am Great details… I thought I know about all of them but definitely I would say NO after reading this article.....Short and Long term. abhishek patra July 22.. Keep Going :-) kplt20..com 2. If you are interested in joining our team. including technology in gaming. MORE IN 'SCIENCE'         Feather Craft and Paintings GSLV Failures . I second with the author that it should be introduced judiciously by ICC.com We are looking for talented writers with excellent presentation skills. looking forward 4 more such blogs. Get Free updates in Email... to add on woolmer was gr8 supporter of technology.. Future is Techie!!! Being Fit is Not Same as Being Thin So-Wasted Opportunities Global warming – India’s role and responsibility!! Greenhouse effect and global warming The science behind the art of Tattooing .. :) keep writing. woolmer’s article came long ago in sportstar magazine. 2009 at 9:46 pm Thanks 4 publishing this.. even field umpires would get replays and assitance on field. i luvd it. Subscribe in a reader Stay up to date.. a must read article. Again a great research… It is well quoted that yes over use of technology would kill the enthu and destroy the unpredictable nature of the game.

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