BP Statistical Review

of World Energy
June 2011
bp.com/statisticalreview

What’s inside?
1

Introduction
1
2

6

Group chief executive’s introduction
2010 in review

Reserves
Production and consumption
Prices
Refining
Trade movements

20 Natural gas
20
22
27
28

Reserves
Production and consumption
Prices
Trade movements

30 Coal
30
32

Reserves and prices
Production and consumption

35 Nuclear energy
35

36

Consumption

38 Renewable energy

Oil
6
8
15
16
18

36 Hydroelectricity

Consumption

38
39

Other renewables consumption
Biofuels production

40 Primary energy
40
41

Consumption
Consumption by fuel

44 Appendices
44
44
45

Approximate conversion factors
Definitions
More information

About this Review
For 60 years, the BP Statistical Review of
World Energy has provided high-quality, objective
and globally consistent data on world energy
markets. The Review is one of the most widely
respected and authoritative publications in the field
of energy economics, used for reference by the
media, academia, world governments and energy
companies. A new edition is published every June.
Methodology
The following methodological changes have been made to this
year’s Review:
• Fuels used as inputs for conversion technologies (gas-to-liquids,
coal-to-liquids, and coal-to-gas) are counted as production for
the source fuel and the outputs are counted as consumption
for the converted fuel.
• A new table has been added to the Review for consumption
of commercial electricity produced from renewable sources.
Electricity from renewable sources is converted to tonnes of
oil equivalent following the same methodology used for
nuclear and hydroelectricity, and is included in the primary
energy consumption calculation.
• A new table has been added for biofuels production. Biofuels
consumption continues to be included in oil consumption data
(see footnotes to oil consumption table).
Find out more online
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2011 is available online
at www.bp.com/statisticalreview. The website contains all the tables
and charts found in the latest printed edition, plus a number of
extras, including:
• Historical data from 1965 for many sections.
• Additional data for natural gas, coal, hydroelectricity, nuclear
energy, electricity and renewables.
• An energy charting tool, where you can view predetermined
reports or chart specific data according to energy type, region
and year.
• An oil, natural gas and LNG conversion calculator.
• PDF versions and PowerPoint slide packs of the charts, maps
and graphs, plus an Excel workbook of the historical data.
Appendices
For approximate conversion factors
and definitions see page 44.
View or order this Review at
bp.com/statisticalreview
About BP
BP is one of the world’s largest oil and gas companies, serving
millions of customers in more than 90 countries across six continents.
Our business segments are Exploration and Production, and Refining
and Marketing. Through these business segments, we provide fuel
for transportation, retail brands and energy for heat and light.

Disclaimer
The data series for proved oil and gas reserves in BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2011
does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for determining proved
reserves at company level, for instance, under UK accounting rules contained in the Statement of
Recommended Practice, ‘Accounting for Oil and Gas Exploration, Development, Production and
Decommissioning Activities’ (UK SORP) or as published by the US Securities and Exchange
Commission, nor does it necessarily represent BP’s view of proved reserves by country. Rather, the
data series has been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data.

Guide to navigation
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2011 uses
the following icons and colour coding to help you navigate
your way quickly and easily through the document. Icons
and colours represent various energy types so you can
see, at a glance, which section you are in.

Oil
Natural gas
Coal
Nuclear energy
Hydroelectricity
Renewable energy
Primary energy

Group chief executive’s introduction

Bob Dudley
Group Chief Executive
June 2011

Energy in 2010 –
a strong rebound

Welcome to the 60th anniversary edition of the BP Statistical Review
of World Energy. Sixty years is a long time, and the energy world has
seen breathtaking change over this period – in technology, in political
and economic systems, and in many other facets of the environment
in which companies like ours operate. And yet the need for rigorous
information on global energy seems more important today than ever.
The data has changed dramatically – but this Review’s purpose
remains the same as it was in 1951: to provide the most timely,
objective global energy data available.

The Statistical Review has evolved in response to changes
in the world’s energy mix, as well as the increasingly global markets
that distribute that energy. What began as a review of global oil data
has expanded over the years to include natural gas, coal, nuclear
energy and hydroelectricity. Additional online content was added as
the internet grew in importance. This year, we are including for the
first time in the printed Review tables on renewable energy.

The story told by the data in this year’s Review is that of a
strong rebound of global energy consumption in 2010, following the
global recession. Consumption growth reached 5.6%, the highest
rate since 1973. It increased strongly for all forms of energy and in
all regions. Total consumption of energy in 2010 easily surpassed the
pre-recession peak reached in 2008. While consumption in emerging
economies continued to rise rapidly, OECD countries also saw growth
well above average. Globally, energy consumption grew more rapidly
than the economy, meaning that the energy intensity of economic
activity increased for a second consecutive year. The data implies
that global CO2 emissions from fossil fuel consumption will also have
grown strongly last year.

These facts pose important questions for our industry and the
countries where we produce and provide energy. They demonstrate
the need to redouble efforts to reduce energy intensity and pursue
a sustainable mix for the future. They also point to the need for
continuing investment to provide the increasing volumes of energy
that the world requires – all the time making sure that safety is our
utmost priority, something of which we are very mindful in BP,
following last year’s tragedy in the Gulf of Mexico.

Encouragingly, last year, the strong recovery in energy
consumption was accompanied by strong growth in production.
However, energy prices diverged: oil prices rebounded globally,
while natural gas and coal prices varied by region. Not surprisingly,
higher prices meant that oil saw the weakest consumption growth
among fossil fuels last year. OPEC production cuts, instituted during
the global recession, remained in effect throughout 2010 (and so far
this year) and informal production increases were not sufficient to
avoid higher prices in the face of the strong recovery in consumption.
Natural gas prices remained weak in North America – where
production of shale gas continued to climb – and were on average
lower in continental Europe, in part due to changes in contractual
pricing arrangements. Global LNG and UK spot prices increased
more strongly in the face of robust consumption growth. Coal prices
grew robustly in Europe, but were weak in the US and Japan.

Events so far this year have kept the world’s focus on energy:
the tragic tsunami in Japan and unrest in the Arab world have
disrupted energy flows, and rising prices ‘at the pump’ have raised
concerns about slowing the economic recovery. In uncertain times
such as these, the Statistical Review’s long-standing focus on
objective global energy data provides much-needed perspective
to help inform thinking in business, governments and civil society.
We hope that you will find this 60th edition to be a useful source
of information and insight.

I would like to thank BP’s economics team and all those around
the world who have helped prepare this Review – in particular those
in government in many countries who report the official data.

1

2010 in review
Overview
Global energy consumption in 2010 rebounded
strongly, driven by economic recovery. The
growth in energy consumption was broad-based,
with mature OECD economies joining non-OECD
countries in growing at above-average rates.
All forms of energy grew strongly, with growth in
fossil fuels suggesting that global CO2 emissions
from energy use grew at the fastest rate
since 1969.

Energy price developments were mixed.
Oil prices remained in the $70-80 range for much
of the year before rising in the fourth quarter.
With the OPEC production cuts implemented in
2008/09 still in place, average oil prices for the
year as a whole were the second-highest on
record. Natural gas prices grew strongly in the
UK and in markets indexed to oil prices (including
much of the world’s LNG); but prices remained
weak in North America – where shale gas
production continued to increase – and in
continental Europe (partly due to a growing share
of spot-priced deliveries). Coal prices remained
weak in Japan and North America, but rose
strongly in Europe.

1

Images
1 Downtown Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
2 Deepwater Gunashli platform, Azerbaijan.

Energy developments
World primary energy consumption – which this year includes for
the first time a time series for commercial renewable energy –
grew by 5.6% in 2010, the largest increase (in percentage terms)
since 1973. Consumption in OECD countries grew by 3.5%, the
strongest growth rate since 1984, although the level of OECD
consumption remains roughly in line with that seen 10 years ago.
Non-OECD consumption grew by 7.5% and was 63% above the
2000 level. Consumption growth accelerated in 2010 for all regions,
and growth was above average in all regions. Chinese energy
consumption grew by 11.2%, and China surpassed the US as the
world’s largest energy consumer. Oil remains the world’s leading
fuel, at 33.6% of global energy consumption, but oil continued to
lose market share for the 11th consecutive year.

Global energy consumption;
the strongest growth since 1973.

China’s share of global energy
consumption; the world’s largest.

2

+5.6%
%
20.3

2010 in review

Oil
2

Dated Brent averaged $79.50 per barrel in 2010, an increase of 29%
from the 2009 but still nearly $18 per barrel below the 2008 record
level. Other benchmark crudes registered similar increases. Very
strong consumption growth and continuing OPEC production restraint
helped to push prices higher late in the year, with prices reaching a
peak near $94 at year-end.

After falling for two consecutive years, global oil consumption
grew by 2.7 million barrels per day (b/d), or 3.1%, to reach a record
level of 87.4 million b/d. This was the largest percentage increase
since 2004 but still the weakest global growth rate among fossil fuels.
OECD consumption grew by 0.9% (480,000 b/d), the first increase
since 2005. Outside the OECD, consumption growth was a record
2.2 million b/d, or 5.5%. Growth remained robust in China and Middle
Eastern countries, with Chinese consumption growing by 860,000
b/d or 10.4%. Driven by the economic recovery, middle distillates
(+4.4%) were the fastest-growing refined product category globally.

Global oil production increased by 1.8 million b/d, or 2.2%,
but did not match the rapid growth in consumption. The gains in
production were shared between OPEC and non-OPEC producers.
OPEC production cuts implemented late in 2008 were maintained
throughout 2010, although relaxed production discipline and rising
output not subject to production allocations resulted in an increase
of 960,000 b/d, or 2.5%. The largest increases were in Nigeria
(+340,000 b/d) and Qatar (+220,000 b/d).

Oil production outside OPEC grew by 860,000 b/d, or 1.8%,
the largest increase since 2002. Growth was led by China – which
recorded its largest production increase ever – the US, and Russia.
Continued declines in Norway – which saw the world’s largest decline
– and the UK partly offset growth elsewhere. Non-OPEC countries

accounted for 58.2% of global oil production in 2010, roughly the
same share as in 2000.

Global crude runs increased by 1.8 million b/d, or 2.4%.
Non-OECD countries accounted for 85% of the increase, and for
the first time accounted for a majority of global throughput. Chinese
throughput grew by 1 million b/d, or 13.4%. Global refinery capacity
utilization rose to 81.5%. Refining capacity increased by 720,000 b/d
last year, the slowest growth since 2003. However, the aggregate
growth figure hides net reductions in the OECD markets of Europe,
Japan, the US and Canada. Capacity additions were concentrated in
the non-OECD, with growth in China (640,000 b/d) accounting for
almost 90% of the global total. Installed refining capacity in the
non-OECD now exceeds that of the OECD by 1.5 million b/d.

After two consecutive declines, global oil trade grew by 2.2%,
or 1.2 million b/d, with net Asia Pacific imports accounting for nearly
90% of the growth. Net imports grew robustly in China (+14.6%,
680,000 b/d) and Japan (+7.1%, 280,000 b/d). Net export growth was
largely from the Former Soviet Union (+7.2%, 570,000 b/d) and the
Middle East (+2.6%, 470,000 b/d). The growth in global trade was
roughly split between crude and refined products, though crude still
accounts for 70% of global oil trade.

Growth in global oil consumption;
the weakest among fossil fuels.

+3.1%

3

2010 in review

Natural gas
1

World natural gas consumption grew by 7.4%, the most rapid
increase since 1984. Consumption growth was above average
in all regions except the Middle East. The US had the world’s
largest increase in consumption (in volumetric terms), rising by
5.6% and to a new record high. Russia and China also registered
large increases – the largest volumetric increases in the country’s
history in each case. Consumption in other Asian countries also
grew rapidly (+10.7%), led by a 21.5% increase in India.

Global natural gas production grew by 7.3%. Production
grew rapidly in Russia (+11.6%, with the world’s largest volumetric
increase), the US (+4.7%) and Qatar (+30.7%). The US remained
the world’s largest producer, with supply of unconventional gas
continuing to grow despite weak North American natural gas
prices (which traded at record discounts to crude oil in 2011) –
while Canadian production saw the world’s largest decline, falling
for a fourth consecutive year.

4

Global natural gas trade increased by a robust 10.1% in 2010. A 22.6%
increase in LNG shipments was driven by a 53.2% increase in Qatari
shipments. Among LNG importers, the largest volumetric growth was
in South Korea, the UK and Japan. LNG now accounts for 30.5% of
global gas trade. Pipeline shipments grew by 5.4%, led by growth in
Russian exports.

Natural gas consumption growth;
the strongest since 1984.

+7.4%

2010 in review

Other fuels
2

29.6%
1.8%
48.2%

Coal’s share of global energy
consumption; the highest
since 1970.

Share of renewables in global
energy consumption.

Chinese share of global
coal consumption.

Coal consumption grew by 7.6% in 2010, the fastest global
growth since 2003. Coal now accounts for 29.6% of global energy
consumption, up from 25.6% 10 years ago. Chinese consumption
grew by 10.1%; China last year consumed 48.2% of the world’s coal
and accounted for nearly two-thirds of global consumption growth.
But consumption growth was robust elsewhere as well: OECD
consumption grew by 5.2%, the strongest growth since 1979, with
strong growth in all regions. Global coal production grew by 6.3%,
with China (+9%) again accounting for two-thirds of global growth.
Elsewhere, coal production grew robustly in the US and Asia but
fell in the EU, helping to explain the relative strength of coal prices
in Europe.

Global hydroelectric and nuclear output each saw the strongest
increases since 2004. Hydroelectric output grew by 5.3%, with China
accounting for more than 60% of global growth due to a combination
of new capacity and wet weather. Worldwide nuclear output grew by
2%, with three-quarters of the increase coming from OECD countries.
French nuclear output rose by 4.4%, accounting for the largest
volumetric increase in the world.

Other renewable energy sources continued to grow rapidly.
Global biofuels production in 2010 grew by 13.8%, or 240,000 b/d,
constituting one of the largest sources of liquids production growth
in the world. Growth was driven by the US (+140,000 b/d, or 17%)
and Brazil (+50,000 b/d, or 11.5%). Renewable energy used in power
generation grew by 15.5%, driven by continued robust growth in
wind energy (+22.7%). The increase in wind energy in turn was
driven by China and the US, which together accounted for nearly
70% of global growth. These forms of renewable energy accounted
for 1.8% of global energy consumption, up from 0.6% in 2000.

Additional information – including historical time series
for the fuels reported in this Review; further detail on renewable
forms of energy; and electricity generation – is available
at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

3

4

5

Images
1 Gas reception facility, Peterhead
power station, Aberdeenshire, UK.
2 Digger working in a coal mine.
3 Hoover Dam, Nevada, US.
4 Palo Verde nuclear power plant,
Nevada, US.
5 Producing cellulosic ethanol at
Verenium’s cellulosic biofuels
business, Louisiana, US.

Acknowledgements
We would like to express our sincere gratitude to the many contacts worldwide
who provide the publicly-available data for this publication, and to the researchers
at the Heriot-Watt University Energy Academy who assist in the data compilation.

5

Oil
Proved reserves


US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD

OPEC

Non-OPEC‡

European Union #

Former Soviet Union
Canadian oil sands•
Proved reserves and oil sands

At end 1990
Thousand
million
barrels

At end 2000
Thousand
million
barrels

At end 2009
Thousand
million
barrels

Thousand
million
tonnes

33.8
11.2
51.3
96.3
1.6
4.5
2.0
1.4
0.8
0.6
60.1
0.6
71.5
n/a
0.6
0.8
n/a
8.6
1.5
n/a
n/a
4.0
n/a
65.3
80.8
92.9
100.0
97.0
4.4
3.0
260.3
1.9
98.1
2.0
0.1
659.6
9.2
1.6

0.8
3.5

0.9
22.8
17.1
0.3
1.7
0.9
58.7
3.2
1.1
16.0
5.6
5.4
3.6
0.3
0.2
1.0
36.3
1003.2
115.4
763.4
176.5
8.1
63.3
n/a
n/a

30.4
18.3
20.2
68.9
3.0
8.5
2.0
4.6
0.9
0.9
76.8
1.3
97.9
1.2
1.1
0.9
25.0
11.4
1.2
59.0
0.5
4.7
0.6
2.3
107.9
99.5
112.5
96.5
5.8
16.9
262.8
2.3
97.8
2.4
0.2
696.7
11.3
6.0
0.9
1.7
3.6
0.8
2.4
36.0
29.0
0.6
0.4
0.7
93.4
4.9
1.2
15.2
5.3
5.1
4.5
0.5
2.0
1.3
40.1
1104.9
93.3
849.7
168.2
8.8
87.1
163.3
1268.2

30.9
32.1
11.7
74.6
2.5
12.9
1.4
6.3
1.1
0.8
211.2
1.4
237.6
7.0
0.9
1.0
39.8
7.1
0.5
76.7
0.6
2.8
0.6
2.3
139.2
137.0
115.0
101.5
5.5
25.9
264.6
2.5
97.8
2.7
0.1
752.6
12.2
13.5
1.5
1.9
4.4
1.7
3.7
46.4
37.2
6.7
0.4
0.7
130.3
4.1
1.1
14.8
5.8
4.3
5.8
0.4
4.5
1.3
42.2
1376.6
92.0
1068.6
182.6
6.2
125.4
143.1
1519.6

3.7
5.0
1.6
10.3
0.3
2.0
0.3
0.9
0.2
0.1
30.4
0.2
34.3
1.0
0.1
0.1
5.5
0.8
0.1
10.6
0.1
0.4
0.1
0.3
19.0
18.8
15.5
14.0
0.7
2.7
36.3
0.3
13.0
0.3

101.8
1.5
1.8
0.2
0.3
0.6
0.2
0.5
6.0
5.0
0.9
0.1
0.2
17.4
0.4
0.1
2.0
1.2
0.6
0.8
0.1
0.6
0.2
6.0
188.8
12.4
146.0
25.5
0.8
17.3
23.3
212.0

At end 2010
Thousand
million
Share
barrels
of total

30.9
32.1
11.4
74.3
2.5
14.2
1.9
6.2
1.2
0.8
211.2
1.4
239.4
7.0
0.9
1.0
39.8
6.7
0.5
77.4
0.6
2.8
0.6
2.4
139.7
137.0
115.0
101.5
5.5
25.9
264.5
2.5
97.8
2.7
0.1
752.5
12.2
13.5
1.5
1.9
4.5
1.7
3.7
46.4
37.2
6.7
0.4
2.3
132.1
4.1
1.1
14.8
9.0
4.2
5.8
0.4
4.4
1.3
45.2
1383.2
91.4
1068.4
188.7
6.3
126.1
143.1
1526.3

2.2%
2.3%
0.8%
5.4%
0.2%
1.0%
0.1%
0.4%
0.1%
0.1%
15.3%
0.1%
17.3%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%
2.9%
0.5%


5.6%


0.2%


0.2%
10.1%
9.9%
8.3%
7.3%
0.4%
1.9%
19.1%
0.2%
7.1%
0.2%


54.4%
0.9%
1.0%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
0.3%
3.4%
2.7%
0.5%


0.2%
9.5%
0.3%
0.1%
1.1%
0.7%
0.3%
0.4%


0.3%
0.1%
3.3%
100.0%
6.6%
77.2%
13.6%
0.5%
9.1%

R/P
ratio

11.3
26.3
10.6
14.8
10.6
18.3
6.5
34.1
21.6
15.6
*
28.9
93.9
18.5
9.9
25.0
62.1
8.5
14.8
20.6
7.6
5.8
18.7
17.5
21.7
88.4
*
*
17.4
45.2
72.4
17.8
94.1
27.7
9.3
81.9
18.5
20.0
33.7
18.2
16.7
17.1
41.2
76.7
42.4
37.8
14.6
44.2
35.8
19.9
17.5
9.9
30.0
11.8
22.2
3.6
32.6
11.3
14.8
46.2
13.5
85.3
15.1
8.8
25.6

ore than 100 years.
*M
◆Less than 0.05%.

ess than 0.05.
†L
xcludes Former Soviet Union.
‡E
#E xcludes Lithuania and Slovenia in 1990.
•‘ Remaining established reserves’, less reserves ‘under active development’.
Notes: Proved reserves of oil – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from
known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production
in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate. Source of data – The estimates in this table have been
compiled using a combination of primary official sources, third-party data from the OPEC Secretariat, Oil & Gas Journal and an independent estimate of Russian reserves based on information
in the public domain. Canadian proved reserves include an official 26.5 billion barrels for oil sands ‘under active development’. Venezuelan reserves are taken from the OPEC Annual Statistical
Bulletin, that noted in 2008 that the figure included ‘proven reserves of the Magna Reserve Project in the Orinoco Belt, which amounted to 94,168mb’.
Reserves include gas condensate and natural gas liquids (NGLs) as well as crude oil.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand million barrels figures.

6

Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years

History

2010 by region
100

160

World
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Africa
Middle East
Asia Pacific

80

150
140
130
120
110
100

60

90
80
70
40

60
50
40

20

30
20
10

North
America

S. & Cent.
America

Europe &
Eurasia

Middle
East

Africa

Asia
Pacific

0

80

85

90

95

00

05

10

0

World proved oil reserves in 2010 were sufficient to meet 46.2 years of global production, down slightly from the 2009 R/P ratio because of a large increase in world
production; global proved reserves rose slightly last year. An increase in Venezuelan official reserve estimates drove Latin America’s R/P ratio to 93.9 years – the world’s
largest, surpassing the Middle East.

Distribution of proved reserves in 1990, 2000 and 2010
Percentage

Middle East
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Africa
North America
Asia Pacific

3.3

3.6

63.1
9.5

6.2

3.6 65.7

8.5

2010
Total 1383.2
thousand million
barrels

9.6

2000
Total 1104.9
thousand million
barrels

5.9

8.1

7.1

1990
Total 1003.2
thousand million
barrels

54.4

5.4

9.8

10.1

8.9

17.3

7

Production*




Thousand barrels daily

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

7733
2721
3450
13904
819
1268
711
409
100
138
3239
130
6813
282
363
95
744
3346
131
6536
144
2667
177
465
14950
3855
2614
2206
959
757
9491
548
2620
450
48
23547
1578
746

254
781
91
327
1475
2155
174
78
144
7804
809
193
3252
726
1456
735
176
328
200
7874
74893
21531
53361
31145
35734
3493
8014

7669
2677
3560
13906
830
1337
627
416
98
135
3142
137
6722
301
348
86
836
3418
130
7056
162
2476
171
466
15450
3892
2523
2148
960
754
9209
581
2551
455
47
23120
1562
742

234
758
177
301
1427
2274
217
71
134
7897
733
203
3306
727
1387
719
191
350
195
7811
74906
21314
53592
30640
35606
3285
8660

7626
2858
3585
14069
818
1499
601
401
98
155
2895
152
6619
311
371
115
1018
3333
127
7698
182
2463
171
501
16289
3709
2116
1995
904
764
8928
548
2390
457
48
21858
1680
905

238
751
230
295
1375
2103
241
74
135
8028
730
210
3346
753
1289
757
204
354
193
7837
74700
21440
53260
29261
35907
3339
9533

7400
3004
3789
14193
806
1555
564
427
92
164
2554
153
6314
313
368
116
1111
3264
123
8544
202
2257
166
509
16973
4183
1344
2329
824
879
10164
527
2695
448
48
23442
1852
870
24
217
749
266
240
1485
2238
265
68
138
8411
624
214
3401
756
1176
776
236
364
195
7742
77075
21174
55900
31020
35556
3128
10499

7228
3085
3824
14137
754
1542
551
535
94
152
2907
144
6680
315
390
113
1297
3189
119
9287
193
2028
152
497
17580
4248
2030
2475
786
992
10638
495
2847
420
48
24981
1946
1103
168
223
721
351
235
1623
2431
301
71
164
9336
582
210
3481
773
1130
793
223
427
235
7854
80568
20775
59793
33776
35385
2902
11407

6895
3041
3760
13696
725
1716
554
541
111
171
2937
142
6898
452
377
127
1356
2969
114
9552
192
1809
126
469
17542
4234
1833
2618
778
1028
11114
450
2983
416
34
25488
2015
1405
173
245
696
358
234
1745
2499
305
73
154
9902
580
206
3637
738
1090
759
265
398
286
7959
81485
19870
61616
34951
34695
2659
11839

6841
3208
3683
13732
716
1809
559
545
116
174
2808
139
6865
654
342
120
1426
2779
105
9769
186
1636
125
458
17599
4286
1999
2690
742
1110
10853
435
3149
380
32
25675
2003
1421
153
278
697
342
235
1815
2420
331
70
153
9918
551
221
3705
762
996
747
286
367
305
7940
81729
19463
62266
35098
34315
2422
12316

6847
3297
3471
13616
699
1833
561
520
114
154
2613
141
6635
869
311
122
1484
2551
99
9978
198
1638
114
453
17815
4322
2143
2636
715
1197
10449
415
3053
345
35
25309
2016
1684
144
228
710
350
230
1820
2305
468
97
166
10218
555
194
3737
769
972
763
305
337
320
7951
81544
19114
62430
34757
33991
2388
12795

6734
3251
3167
13152
682
1899
616
514
120
149
2558
139
6676
915
287
108
1554
2459
98
9888
207
1526
114
432
17590
4327
2428
2782
754
1378
10846
398
3088
304
33
26338
1993
1875
127
241
722
347
235
1820
2113
480
89
162
10204
555
175
3809
768
1003
768
321
317
340
8054
82015
18414
63600
35722
33466
2222
12827

7271
3224
2979
13474
676
2029
685
495
145
151
2438
133
6753
1033
265
95
1688
2358
93
10035
210
1452
107
411
17745
4199
2442
2489
813
1345
9893
375
2750
287
37
24629
1818
1784
118
270
742
307
230
1652
2061
479
83
155
9698
520
168
3800
754
990
739
331
345
329
7978
80278
18471
61807
33365
33699
2088
13214

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

7513
3336
2958
13808
651
2137
801
495
157
146
2471
131
6989
1037
249
106
1757
2137
89
10270
216
1339
87
374
17661
4245
2460
2508
865
1569
10007
385
2849
264
38
25188
1809
1851
122
292
736
274
245
1659
2402
486
80
143
10098
562
172
4071
826
986
716
334
370
312
8350
82095
18490
63605
34324
34287
1951
13484

2010
share
of total

3.2%
8.7%
4.3%
4.2%
-0.8%
3.7%
2.5%
16.6%
-3.8%
0.8%
5.3%
2.7%
16.9%
1.0%


0.6%
8.2%
0.2%
-4.3%
0.2%
1.4%
3.2%
-1.6%
0.2%
3.5%
8.9%
0.5%
1.3%
-5.8%
0.3%
11.7%
0.1%
4.4%
2.1%
-9.4%
2.5%
-4.7%
0.1%
2.2% 12.9%
2.8%
0.3%
-7.7%
1.6%
-17.8%
0.1%
-7.0%
0.5%
-0.4%
21.8%
0.9%
5.2%
0.6%
3.1%
0.6%
3.1%
5.9%
1.0%
13.5%
1.7%
0.7% 12.0%
2.7%
0.5%
3.5%
3.3%
-7.9%
0.3%

0.6%
1.7%
30.3%
-0.3%
2.0%
3.8%
2.3%
3.5%
0.2%
8.1%
0.4%
-0.6%
0.9%
-10.8%
0.3%
6.5%
0.3%
0.5%
2.0%
16.2%
2.9%
1.5%
0.6%
-4.7%
0.1%
-8.0%
0.2%
4.2%
12.2%
8.9%
0.6%
2.5%
0.2%
7.1%
5.2%
9.8%
1.0%
-0.3%
1.2%
-3.1%
0.8%
0.9%
0.4%
6.9%
0.5%
-4.7%
0.3%
4.9%
10.2%
2.2% 100.0%
0.2% 22.1%
2.7% 77.9%
2.5% 41.5%
1.9% 41.7%
-6.5%
2.4%
2.0%
16.8%

* I ncludes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and coal derivatives.
◆ Less than 0.05%.
‡E
xcludes Former Soviet Union.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.

8

Consumption*




Thousand barrels daily

US

Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil

Chile

Colombia
Ecuador
Peru

Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy

Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain

Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran

Israel

Kuwait
Qatar

Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China

China Hong Kong SAR
India

Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD

Non-OECD

European Union

Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

19701
1922
1950
23574
434
2018
233
235
128
153
36
559
1060
4855
242
120
140
694
88
167
212
220
1994
2746
398
144
167
1930
162
48
879
204
426
318
197
2698
73
1425
339
260
668
78
253
1704
154
433
19582
1304
279
249
60
1578
396
1155
5021
191
552
457
1238
2439
831
65
4766
201
2261
1143
5530
460
131
371
347
645
2252
882
835
171
242
21135
76605
48128
28477
14585
3743

19649
2008
1939
23595
431
2047
227
219
131
146
28
622
1106
4956
263
79
146
662
92
177
202
218
2010
2787
403
141
182
1920
179
55
922
216
419
321
211
2688
67
1469
349
278
636
82
284
1704
148
461
19769
1322
260
253
73
1622
400
1218
5148
198
537
468
1278
2481
839
80
4859
243
2288
1160
5394
479
131
365
345
706
2259
936
831
186
252
21353
77304
48139
29165
14754
3754

19761
2051
1864
23676
391
2030
225
214
130
146
33
660
1112
4941
269
73
142
682
96
172
197
222
1953
2697
406
139
179
1915
191
51
933
211
430
332
220
2730
75
1473
356
264
647
85
282
1700
145
483
19750
1423
260
273
84
1668
439
1228
5374
221
524
480
1315
2540
839
80
5262
267
2376
1207
5320
521
136
356
329
690
2308
954
886
205
251
21987
78268
48106
30162
14679
3799

20033
2115
1909
24058
403
2010
225
214
136
139
31
535
1132
4825
291
84
146
738
111
184
189
235
1952
2648
395
137
175
1900
209
50
943
229
441
311
194
2755
70
1533
360
257
653
94
295
1723
156
509
19966
1509
267
296
95
1780
488
1180
5615
230
540
497
1344
2611
844
83
5771
269
2420
1232
5413
513
147
319
329
660
2326
994
953
220
256
22750
79823
48734
31090
14769
3889

20732
2231
1985
24947
423
2020
238
218
140
152
36
582
1138
4946
283
90
151
759
104
202
186
221
1963
2619
428
141
181
1850
223
53
984
219
469
315
224
2767
67
1600
347
255
658
96
310
1766
144
526
20198
1578
251
327
107
1913
515
1255
5946
239
556
513
1400
2708
855
83
6738
313
2574
1306
5238
533
148
324
338
739
2283
1039
1040
263
268
24081
82827
49566
33262
14953
3942

20802
2229
2032
25063
447
2078
251
232
166
152
41
628
1149
5144
292
106
145
762
110
210
194
229
1946
2592
426
163
191
1798
236
57
1049
221
487
324
218
2777
80
1623
349
260
648
101
296
1806
111
553
20356
1641
257
359
122
2001
553
1291
6225
250
616
514
1455
2835
886
94
6944
285
2567
1295
5334
523
152
311
315
817
2308
1049
1096
258
269
24503
84126
49996
34130
15101
3946

20687
2246
2021
24955
468
2094
261
241
179
147
46
661
1173
5271
292
96
162
748
117
207
198
222
1942
2609
444
168
191
1791
239
58
1070
226
512
294
214
2893
72
1608
356
266
629
103
308
1788
112
562
20498
1728
251
333
136
2074
584
1390
6497
258
598
528
1439
2824
918
93
7437
305
2571
1240
5203
512
155
354
285
865
2317
1039
1097
254
270
24914
84958
49794
35164
15103
4095

20680
2323
2070
25073
528
2234
343
233
193
153
47
682
1210
5622
275
91
150
752
114
205
200
223
1911
2380
435
168
195
1740
247
58
1123
235
531
296
218
2913
76
1629
342
241
651
111
338
1716
103
602
20271
1718
264
338
153
2200
617
1446
6736
286
638
549
1501
2974
925
93
7817
324
2835
1270
5029
542
155
385
300
941
2389
1093
1088
283
284
25753
86428
49611
36817
14801
4156

19498
2288
2055
23841
553
2382
353
230
203
172
43
712
1186
5835
277
73
166
818
119
209
196
222
1889
2502
427
164
187
1661
266
63
1069
225
549
278
216
3036
82
1587
333
256
657
117
323
1683
101
608
20358
1822
259
359
174
2387
654
1499
7153
309
680
528
1580
3097
936
98
7937
293
3068
1264
4836
544
156
386
265
990
2287
990
1090
300
275
25715
85999
48053
37946
14757
4291

18771
2179
1996
22946
521
2399
335
228
216
176
41
729
1182
5827
267
70
188
679
124
204
178
209
1822
2409
407
154
166
1563
253
54
1041
230
549
263
195
2936
79
1525
307
260
615
120
288
1610
101
581
19448
1787
246
399
176
2624
616
1584
7433
327
719
517
1632
3195
931
100
8201
280
3211
1289
4391
538
147
412
281
1067
2326
983
1121
304
283
25866
84714
45963
38751
14016
4153

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

2010
share
of total

19148
2.0% 21.1%
2276
5.4%
2.5%
1994
-1.2%
2.2%
23418
2.1%
25.8%
557
8.5%
0.6%
2604
9.3%
2.9%
314
-6.0%
0.4%
238
4.1%
0.3%
226
5.0%
0.3%
184
3.6%
0.2%
43
4.4%
0.1%
765
4.7%
0.9%
1174
-1.0%
1.4%
6104
5.0%
7.0%
269
0.2%
0.3%
73
4.0%
0.1%
133 -29.3%
0.2%
715
4.8%
0.9%
93 -25.6%
0.1%
195
-5.0%
0.2%
180
2.0%
0.2%
219
4.9%
0.3%
1744
-4.7%
2.1%
2441
1.1%
2.9%
372
-8.7%
0.5%
146
-5.2%
0.2%
158
-5.0%
0.2%
1532
-2.7%
1.8%
262
3.2%
0.3%
55
3.0%
0.1%
1057
0.9%
1.2%
239
3.5%
0.3%
568
3.9%
0.7%
261
-1.6%
0.3%
192
-1.4%
0.2%
3199
9.2%
3.7%
78
-0.3%
0.1%
1505
-1.6%
1.8%
305
-0.1%
0.4%
242
-7.1%
0.3%
624
1.7%
0.7%
125
3.6%
0.1%
256 -13.2%
0.3%
1590
-1.0%
1.8%
104
2.8%
0.1%
578
-0.7%
0.7%
19510
0.1%
22.9%
1799
1.0%
2.1%
242
-2.2%
0.3%
413
2.8%
0.4%
220 18.1%
0.2%
2812
7.1%
3.1%
682
8.4%
0.8%
1653
3.8%
2.0%
7821
4.6%
8.9%
327
-0.1%
0.4%
757
5.4%
0.9%
531
2.7%
0.6%
1676
2.6%
2.0%
3291
3.0%
3.9%
941
0.8%
1.1%
101
0.4%
0.1%
9057 10.4% 10.6%
324 15.2%
0.4%
3319
2.9%
3.9%
1304
0.7%
1.5%
4451
1.5%
5.0%
556
3.3%
0.6%
147
0.1%
0.2%
410
-0.6%
0.5%
282
0.1%
0.3%
1185 10.9%
1.5%
2384
2.5%
2.6%
1026
4.7%
1.1%
1128
0.5%
1.2%
338 10.4%
0.4%
286
0.9%
0.3%
27237
5.3%
31.5%
87382
3.1% 100.0%
46438
0.9% 52.5%
40944
5.5% 47.5%
13890
-1.1% 16.4%
4349
4.6%
5.0%

* I nland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.

Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.
Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives
and substitute fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.

9

Production*




Million tonnes

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

352.6
126.9
171.2
650.8
40.4
63.2
35.3
20.9
4.9
6.8
167.3
6.6
345.3
14.1
17.7
4.6
35.3
160.2
6.3
323.3
7.2
126.2
7.5
22.4
724.7
191.3
128.8
109.1
46.4
36.1
456.3
27.3
122.1
21.3
2.2
1140.9
66.8
36.9

13.1
38.8
4.5
16.4
69.5
105.4
8.6
3.7
7.2
370.9
35.3
9.4
162.6
34.2
71.5
33.7
7.0
16.2
9.4
379.2
3611.8
1011.5
2600.3
1510.3
1708.0
166.3
393.4

349.2
126.1
176.6
651.8
41.5
66.3
31.0
21.2
4.8
6.5
161.6
6.9
339.9
15.0
17.0
4.1
40.1
162.0
6.2
348.1
8.0
116.7
7.2
22.2
746.6
191.4
123.9
105.8
46.1
35.7
440.6
28.9
118.0
21.5
2.2
1114.1
65.8
36.6

12.1
37.3
8.8
15.0
67.1
110.8
10.7
3.4
6.6
374.1
31.8
9.9
164.8
34.1
67.9
32.9
7.5
17.1
9.1
375.1
3601.6
1000.0
2601.6
1478.3
1698.7
155.6
424.6

346.8
135.0
178.4
660.2
40.9
74.4
29.7
20.4
4.8
7.5
148.8
7.8
334.2
15.4
18.1
5.5
48.2
157.3
6.1
379.6
9.0
115.9
7.2
23.6
785.9
180.9
104.0
98.2
43.4
35.2
425.3
27.2
110.2
21.5
2.2
1048.3
70.9
44.6

12.3
37.0
11.4
14.7
64.6
102.3
11.9
3.5
6.7
379.8
31.5
10.2
166.9
35.2
63.0
34.5
8.2
17.3
9.0
375.8
3584.2
1005.8
2578.5
1405.4
1712.6
158.2
466.2

338.4
142.6
188.8
669.8
40.2
77.0
27.9
21.7
4.5
7.9
131.4
7.8
318.3
15.5
17.9
5.6
52.4
153.0
5.9
421.4
10.0
106.1
7.1
24.0
818.9
203.7
66.1
114.8
39.6
40.8
485.1
26.2
124.5
21.1
2.2
1124.3
79.0
42.8
1.2
11.2
36.8
13.2
12.0
69.8
109.3
13.1
3.2
6.8
398.4
26.6
10.5
169.6
35.4
57.3
35.6
9.6
17.7
9.1
371.4
3701.1
996.0
2705.1
1489.1
1698.4
148.2
513.6

329.2
147.6
190.7
667.4
37.8
76.5
27.3
27.3
4.4
7.3
150.0
7.3
337.9
15.6
19.1
5.5
60.6
149.9
5.7
458.8
9.6
95.4
6.6
23.5
850.2
207.8
100.0
122.3
38.1
46.0
506.0
24.7
131.7
19.9
2.2
1198.9
83.6
54.5
8.8
11.6
35.4
17.4
11.8
76.5
119.0
14.9
3.4
8.1
444.9
24.8
10.3
174.1
36.3
55.2
36.5
9.1
20.8
10.5
377.7
3877.0
978.2
2898.8
1624.9
1693.6
137.7
558.5

313.3
144.9
187.1
645.3
36.2
84.6
27.3
27.6
5.0
8.3
151.0
7.2
347.1
22.4
18.4
6.1
62.6
138.2
5.4
470.0
9.5
84.7
5.4
22.0
844.8
206.3
90.0
129.3
37.4
47.3
526.8
22.4
137.3
19.6
1.6
1217.9
86.4
69.0
9.1
12.6
33.9
17.7
11.7
81.9
122.1
15.0
3.4
7.7
470.7
24.5
10.1
181.4
34.6
53.1
34.4
10.8
19.4
12.5
380.8
3906.6
932.2
2974.4
1675.0
1654.4
125.7
577.1

310.2
153.4
183.1
646.7
35.8
89.2
27.5
27.7
5.1
8.3
144.2
7.0
344.9
32.5
16.7
5.8
66.1
128.7
5.0
480.5
9.2
76.6
5.4
21.7
848.1
208.2
98.1
132.7
35.7
50.9
514.3
21.6
145.5
17.9
1.4
1226.4
86.2
69.6
8.0
14.3
33.7
16.9
11.7
84.9
117.8
16.3
3.3
7.6
470.4
23.2
10.8
184.8
35.8
48.9
33.5
11.8
17.8
13.2
379.7
3916.2
912.2
3004.1
1680.2
1635.3
114.6
600.7

309.8
158.3
172.7
640.8
34.9
90.4
27.6
26.5
5.1
7.2
133.9
7.1
332.7
42.8
15.2
5.9
68.4
118.6
4.7
491.3
9.8
76.8
4.9
21.6
860.0
209.7
105.2
129.9
34.5
53.6
494.2
20.6
140.7
16.3
1.6
1206.4
86.5
82.5
7.5
11.7
34.1
17.3
11.5
85.0
112.1
23.1
4.6
8.3
484.4
23.5
9.5
186.3
36.1
47.5
34.2
12.5
16.4
13.9
380.1
3904.3
896.2
3008.0
1660.0
1620.2
113.1
624.1

304.9
156.8
157.7
619.5
34.1
93.9
30.5
26.2
5.3
6.9
131.5
7.0
335.5
44.7
14.0
5.2
72.0
114.2
4.7
488.5
10.3
71.7
4.8
20.6
850.8
209.9
119.5
137.2
35.9
60.8
515.3
19.8
142.9
14.4
1.5
1257.2
85.6
92.2
6.7
12.4
34.6
17.2
11.8
85.3
103.0
23.7
4.2
8.1
484.9
23.7
8.5
190.4
36.1
49.0
34.6
13.3
15.4
14.7
385.9
3933.7
864.0
3069.8
1709.4
1597.3
105.4
627.1

328.6
156.1
147.5
632.2
33.8
100.4
34.1
25.2
6.4
6.8
124.8
6.7
338.2
50.6
12.9
4.6
78.2
108.8
4.5
494.2
10.4
68.2
4.5
19.6
856.5
201.5
119.8
121.7
38.7
57.9
464.7
18.6
126.3
13.5
1.7
1164.4
77.9
87.4
6.2
13.9
35.3
15.2
11.5
77.1
99.1
23.6
4.0
7.7
458.9
21.9
8.2
189.5
35.4
47.9
33.1
13.7
16.8
14.3
380.8
3831.0
863.3
2967.7
1583.5
1603.2
99.0
644.3

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

339.1
162.8
146.3
648.2
32.5
105.7
39.9
25.2
6.9
6.5
126.6
6.6
350.0
50.9
12.2
5.1
81.6
98.6
4.3
505.1
10.7
63.0
3.7
18.2
853.3
203.2
120.4
122.5
41.0
65.7
467.8
19.1
130.8
12.5
1.7
1184.6
77.7
90.7
6.4
15.1
35.0
13.6
12.2
77.5
115.2
23.9
3.8
7.1
478.2
23.8
8.4
203.0
38.9
47.8
32.1
13.8
18.0
13.6
399.4
3913.7
864.7
3049.0
1623.3
1632.9
92.6
657.5

2010
share
of total

3.2%
8.7%
4.3%
4.2%
-0.8%
3.7%
2.5%
16.6%
-3.8%
0.8%
5.3%
2.7%
16.9%
1.0%


0.6%
8.2%
0.2%
-4.3%
0.2%
1.4%
3.2%
-1.6%
0.2%
3.5%
8.9%
0.5%
1.3%
-5.8%
0.3%
11.7%
0.1%
4.4%
2.1%
-9.4%
2.5%
-4.7%
0.1%
2.2% 12.9%
2.8%
0.3%
-7.7%
1.6%
-17.8%
0.1%
-7.0%
0.5%
-0.4%
21.8%
0.9%
5.2%
0.6%
3.1%
0.6%
3.1%
5.9%
1.0%
13.5%
1.7%
0.7% 12.0%
2.7%
0.5%
3.5%
3.3%
-7.9%
0.3%

0.6%
1.7%
30.3%
-0.3%
2.0%
3.8%
2.3%
3.5%
0.2%
8.1%
0.4%
-0.6%
0.9%
-10.8%
0.3%
6.5%
0.3%
0.5%
2.0%
16.2%
2.9%
1.5%
0.6%
-4.7%
0.1%
-8.0%
0.2%
4.2%
12.2%
8.9%
0.6%
2.5%
0.2%
7.1%
5.2%
9.8%
1.0%
-0.3%
1.2%
-3.1%
0.8%
0.9%
0.4%
6.9%
0.5%
-4.7%
0.3%
4.9%
10.2%
2.2% 100.0%
0.2% 22.1%
2.7% 77.9%
2.5% 41.5%
1.9% 41.7%
-6.5%
2.4%
2.0% 16.8%

* Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and coal derivatives.

◆ Less than 0.05%.
‡ Excludes Former Soviet Union.

10

Consumption*




Million tonnes

US

Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil

Chile

Colombia
Ecuador
Peru

Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy

Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain

Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran

Israel

Kuwait
Qatar

Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China

China Hong Kong SAR
India

Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD

Non-OECD

European Union

Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

884.1
88.1
87.3
1059.5
20.5
91.5
10.8
10.7
5.8
7.4
1.8
25.8
52.3
226.6
11.8
6.3
7.0
33.9
4.1
7.9
10.4
10.7
94.9
129.8
19.9
6.8
8.2
93.5
7.8
2.4
42.5
9.5
20.0
15.5
10.0
129.7
3.4
70.0
16.2
12.2
31.1
3.6
12.0
78.6
7.5
21.4
938.6
62.7
13.5
11.3
2.0
73.0
20.1
56.3
239.0
8.5
27.2
22.0
59.2
116.9
37.7
3.2
224.2
9.7
106.1
54.5
255.0
21.3
6.1
18.8
16.6
33.4
103.2
42.6
38.7
8.3
11.6
991.1
3571.6
2217.1
1354.5
699.3
180.4

884.1
90.5
86.6
1061.2
19.8
93.3
10.5
9.9
5.9
7.0
1.4
28.8
55.0
231.7
12.8
4.0
7.3
32.2
4.2
8.4
9.8
10.5
95.5
131.6
20.1
6.7
9.0
92.8
8.7
2.7
44.6
9.8
19.5
15.8
10.6
128.6
3.2
72.4
16.5
13.1
29.9
3.7
13.4
78.4
7.1
22.9
945.6
63.0
12.5
11.5
2.4
74.7
19.9
59.2
243.2
8.8
26.1
22.5
60.9
118.2
38.1
3.9
228.4
11.8
107.0
55.3
247.4
22.0
6.1
18.3
16.5
36.4
103.1
44.0
38.0
9.0
12.0
997.3
3597.2
2215.7
1381.5
706.2
179.9

884.9
92.2
82.8
1059.9
17.9
92.0
10.4
9.7
5.9
6.9
1.7
30.3
55.1
229.9
13.1
3.7
7.1
33.5
4.4
8.1
9.6
10.9
92.9
127.4
20.3
6.4
8.8
92.9
9.3
2.5
44.6
9.6
19.9
16.2
10.6
129.9
3.5
72.8
16.7
12.4
30.6
3.8
13.2
78.0
7.0
23.9
943.8
67.5
12.4
12.5
3.0
76.6
20.7
59.7
252.5
9.7
25.2
23.1
62.6
120.6
38.0
3.9
247.5
12.9
111.3
57.5
243.5
23.9
6.4
17.9
15.5
35.5
104.7
44.8
40.8
9.8
12.0
1025.5
3632.3
2207.9
1424.4
702.3
181.2

900.7
95.9
85.0
1081.6
18.4
90.9
10.5
9.7
6.2
6.5
1.6
24.9
56.2
224.9
14.2
4.3
7.2
36.4
5.1
8.7
9.2
11.4
93.1
125.1
19.7
6.3
8.5
92.1
10.1
2.4
44.9
10.2
20.2
15.2
9.4
130.1
3.3
75.8
17.2
12.1
31.0
4.2
13.5
79.0
7.5
25.2
952.6
71.4
12.8
13.6
3.1
81.7
23.2
57.3
263.1
10.1
25.9
23.9
63.7
123.6
38.3
4.0
271.7
13.0
113.1
58.5
248.7
23.6
6.9
15.8
15.5
33.9
105.6
46.5
43.9
10.5
12.1
1061.6
3707.4
2242.2
1465.3
706.6
184.1

936.5
100.6
88.6
1125.8
19.3
91.3
11.1
9.9
6.3
7.3
1.8
27.2
56.8
231.1
13.8
4.6
7.4
37.6
4.7
9.5
9.1
10.6
94.0
124.0
21.4
6.5
8.9
89.7
10.7
2.6
47.1
9.9
21.6
15.4
10.9
130.6
3.2
79.3
16.5
12.0
31.0
4.3
14.2
81.7
7.0
26.1
966.0
74.5
12.0
15.2
3.4
88.3
24.8
60.9
279.0
10.6
26.8
24.7
66.4
128.5
39.1
4.0
318.9
15.4
120.2
62.0
241.0
24.5
6.9
16.0
16.0
38.1
103.9
48.7
48.4
12.5
12.7
1128.3
3858.7
2287.2
1571.6
717.7
186.6

939.8
100.3
90.9
1131.0
20.6
94.0
11.8
10.5
7.5
7.1
2.1
29.1
57.1
239.9
14.2
5.3
7.1
37.7
5.0
9.9
9.3
11.0
93.1
122.4
21.2
7.5
9.3
86.7
11.3
2.8
50.6
10.0
22.4
16.0
10.5
129.9
3.8
80.4
16.5
12.2
30.2
4.5
13.5
83.0
5.3
27.3
970.1
78.4
12.2
16.7
4.0
88.1
26.7
62.3
288.5
11.0
29.8
24.6
69.1
134.5
40.2
4.6
327.8
13.8
119.6
61.2
244.8
23.9
7.1
15.3
14.9
42.3
104.4
49.1
50.6
12.2
12.8
1144.5
3908.5
2303.6
1604.9
723.1
185.4

930.7
100.5
89.8
1120.9
21.5
95.1
12.3
11.0
8.2
6.9
2.4
30.5
58.1
246.0
14.2
4.8
8.0
37.4
5.3
9.8
9.6
10.6
93.0
123.6
22.2
7.8
9.3
86.7
11.6
2.8
52.0
10.3
23.3
14.4
10.3
135.8
3.4
79.7
16.9
12.6
29.5
4.7
14.1
82.3
5.3
27.8
978.9
82.4
11.9
15.2
4.6
92.3
28.3
67.4
302.3
11.5
28.7
25.3
68.2
133.7
41.5
4.5
351.2
15.0
120.4
58.3
238.0
23.4
7.2
17.6
13.3
45.1
104.5
48.4
50.1
12.0
12.8
1163.5
3945.3
2289.7
1655.6
724.6
193.0

928.8
103.8
92.1
1124.7
24.2
100.6
16.2
10.7
8.9
7.1
2.4
31.5
59.9
261.5
13.4
4.5
7.3
37.7
5.1
9.7
9.7
10.6
91.4
112.5
21.7
7.7
9.4
84.0
11.8
2.8
53.5
10.5
24.2
14.4
10.3
135.7
3.6
80.7
16.1
11.3
30.5
5.1
15.5
79.2
4.9
29.6
964.4
82.5
12.4
15.3
5.4
98.2
30.0
70.2
314.1
12.9
30.6
26.2
71.1
140.8
41.8
4.6
369.3
16.1
133.4
59.5
229.7
24.8
7.2
19.2
14.0
49.0
107.1
50.2
49.2
13.3
13.5
1201.9
4007.3
2276.3
1731.0
708.4
194.3

875.8
102.5
91.7
1070.0
25.9
107.1
16.8
10.6
9.4
8.0
2.2
32.9
58.6
271.4
13.5
3.5
8.1
40.8
5.4
9.9
9.5
10.5
90.8
118.9
21.4
7.5
9.0
80.4
12.8
3.1
51.1
10.2
25.3
13.6
10.4
141.4
3.9
79.0
15.7
12.1
30.9
5.3
14.8
77.9
4.8
29.9
971.5
87.4
12.2
16.3
6.2
107.2
32.0
73.6
334.9
14.0
32.6
25.3
74.8
146.8
42.5
4.7
376.0
14.6
144.1
59.1
222.1
24.8
7.3
19.3
12.3
52.0
101.9
45.0
49.0
14.1
13.0
1201.9
3996.5
2210.5
1786.0
709.0
200.8

833.2
97.1
88.5
1018.8
23.7
107.0
15.6
10.5
10.1
8.1
2.1
33.7
57.9
268.6
13.0
3.2
9.3
33.4
5.6
9.7
8.5
9.9
87.5
113.9
20.2
7.1
8.0
75.1
12.1
2.6
49.4
10.3
25.3
12.8
9.2
135.2
3.7
75.7
14.6
12.3
28.2
5.4
13.3
74.4
4.8
28.5
922.2
85.1
11.5
17.2
6.2
117.2
29.8
77.3
344.3
14.9
34.4
24.7
77.0
150.9
42.2
4.8
388.2
14.0
151.0
59.2
198.7
24.5
6.8
20.6
13.1
56.1
103.0
44.1
49.9
14.1
13.4
1203.8
3908.7
2094.8
1813.9
670.2
192.7

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

2010
share
of total

850.0
2.0% 21.1%
102.3
5.4%
2.5%
87.4
-1.2%
2.2%
1039.7
2.1%
25.8%
25.7
8.5%
0.6%
116.9
9.3%
2.9%
14.7 -6.0%
0.4%
11.0
4.1%
0.3%
10.6
5.0%
0.3%
8.4
3.6%
0.2%
2.1
4.4%
0.1%
35.2
4.7%
0.9%
57.3
-1.0%
1.4%
282.0
5.0%
7.0%
13.0
0.2%
0.3%
3.3
4.0%
0.1%
6.6 -29.3%
0.2%
35.0
4.8%
0.9%
4.2 -25.6%
0.1%
9.2
-5.0%
0.2%
8.7
2.0%
0.2%
10.4
4.9%
0.3%
83.4 -4.7%
2.1%
115.1
1.1%
2.9%
18.5 -8.7%
0.5%
6.7 -5.2%
0.2%
7.6
-5.0%
0.2%
73.1
-2.7%
1.8%
12.5
3.2%
0.3%
2.7
3.0%
0.1%
49.8
0.9%
1.2%
10.7
3.5%
0.3%
26.3
3.9%
0.7%
12.6
-1.6%
0.3%
9.1
-1.4%
0.2%
147.6
9.2%
3.7%
3.7 -0.3%
0.1%
74.5
-1.6%
1.8%
14.5
-0.1%
0.4%
11.4
-7.1%
0.3%
28.7
1.7%
0.7%
5.6
3.6%
0.1%
11.6 -13.2%
0.3%
73.7
-1.0%
1.8%
5.0
2.8%
0.1%
28.3
-0.7%
0.7%
922.9
0.1%
22.9%
86.0
1.0%
2.1%
11.2 -2.2%
0.3%
17.7
2.8%
0.4%
7.4 18.1%
0.2%
125.5
7.1%
3.1%
32.3
8.4%
0.8%
80.2
3.8%
2.0%
360.2
4.6%
8.9%
14.9
-0.1%
0.4%
36.3
5.4%
0.9%
25.3
2.7%
0.6%
79.0
2.6%
2.0%
155.5
3.0%
3.9%
42.6
0.8%
1.1%
4.8
0.4%
0.1%
428.6 10.4% 10.6%
16.1
15.2%
0.4%
155.5
2.9%
3.9%
59.6
0.7%
1.5%
201.6
1.5%
5.0%
25.3
3.3%
0.6%
6.9
0.1%
0.2%
20.5 -0.6%
0.5%
13.1
0.1%
0.3%
62.2
10.9%
1.5%
105.6
2.5%
2.6%
46.2
4.7%
1.1%
50.2
0.5%
1.2%
15.6 10.4%
0.4%
13.5
0.9%
0.3%
1267.8
5.3%
31.5%
4028.1
3.1% 100.0%
2113.8
0.9% 52.5%
1914.3
5.5% 47.5%
662.5
-1.1% 16.4%
201.5
4.6%
5.0%

demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.
* Inland

Note: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives
and substitute fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.

11

Production by region

Consumption by region

Million barrels daily

Million barrels daily

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

85

90

95

00

05

10

100

100

90

90

80

80

70

70

60

60

50

50

40

40

30

30

20

20

10

10

0

85

90

95

00

05

10

World oil production increased by 1.8 million b/d in 2010; growth was broadly-based, with increases in all regions except Europe & Eurasia. Moreover, growth was broadly split between OPEC
and non-OPEC countries. World oil consumption increased by 2.7 million b/d; growth was above average in all regions, although Asia Pacific countries accounted for the majority (54%) of global
consumption growth.

Consumption per capita 2010
Tonnes

0-0.75
0.75-1.5
1.5-2.25
2.25-3.0
> 3.0

12

0

Regional consumption by product group




Thousand barrels daily

North America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total North America
of which: US
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total US
S. & Cent. America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total S. & Cent. America
Europe
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Europe
Former Soviet Union
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Former Soviet Union
Middle East
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Middle East
Africa
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Africa
Asia Pacific
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Asia Pacific
of which: China
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total China
of which: Japan
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Japan
World
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total World
OECD
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total OECD
Non-OECD
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Non-OECD
European Union
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total European Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

2010
share
of total

10090
6809
1491
5184
23574

10194
6810
1385
5207
23595

10505
6653
1186
5332
23676

10657
6858
1251
5291
24058

10972
7131
1338
5506
24947

11012
7248
1394
5410
25063

11133
7297
1055
5470
24955

11206
7318
1081
5467
25073

10860
6936
941
5105
23841

10839
6284
801
5022
22946

10949
6548
826
5095
23418

1.0% 46.8%
4.2% 28.0%
3.1%
3.5%
1.5% 21.8%
2.1% 100.0%

8813
5852
893
4143
19701

8890
5884
794
4082
19649

9167
5735
686
4172
19761

9275
5886
763
4109
20033

9518
6116
859
4239
20732

9548
6198
914
4143
20802

9599
6226
683
4178
20687

9597
6199
718
4166
20680

9253
5801
618
3826
19498

9257
5241
508
3766
18771

9305
5449
547
3848
19148

0.5% 48.6%
4.0% 28.5%
7.7%
2.9%
2.2% 20.1%
2.0% 100.0%

1443
1628
728
1056
4855

4309
6760
1843
2927
15838

1411
1669
762
1114
4956

4192
7021
1862
2939
16015

1418
1656
740
1127
4941

4097
6968
1870
3016
15951

1421
1648
692
1063
4825

4039
7170
1829
3039
16077

1381
1759
712
1094
4946

4023
7364
1781
3088
16257

1467
1802
717
1158
5144

3921
7579
1746
3165
16411

1508
1847
729
1187
5271

3781
7746
1705
3171
16403

1608
2017
774
1224
5622

3725
7630
1615
3145
16115

1697
2091
770
1277
5835

3521
7855
1565
3126
16066

1749
2045
770
1264
5827

4.9% 30.1%
7.7% 36.1%
-1.7% 12.4%
3.5% 21.4%
4.7% 100.0%

3447
7543
1352
2953
15295

1835
2203
757
1309
6104

3401
7663
1230
2867
15161

-1.3% 22.4%
1.6% 50.5%
-9.0%
8.1%
-2.9% 18.9%
-0.9% 100.0%

942
1003
726
1072
3743

1000
1029
659
1067
3754

1041
1040
630
1088
3799

1077
1085
598
1131
3889

1078
1111
537
1216
3942

1094
1144
516
1191
3946

1136
1182
571
1205
4095

1205
1253
461
1236
4156

1260
1334
428
1269
4291

1234
1211
399
1309
4153

1287
1293
390
1379
4349

4.3% 29.6%
6.8% 29.7%
-2.3%
9.0%
5.3% 31.7%
4.7% 100.0%

949
1640
1397
1036
5021

1032
1682
1385
1049
5148

1132
1737
1365
1140
5374

1190
1810
1369
1246
5615

1293
1894
1459
1299
5946

1373
1979
1541
1331
6225

1458
2107
1585
1348
6497

1457
2150
1727
1402
6736

1587
2275
1867
1423
7153

1686
2314
1932
1501
7433

1783
2387
2035
1616
7821

5.8% 22.8%
3.2% 30.5%
5.3% 26.0%
7.7% 20.7%
5.2% 100.0%

576
1030
403
430
2439

590
1060
383
448
2481

603
1095
367
475
2540

627
1140
365
478
2611

666
1155
380
506
2708

680
1194
428
533
2835

670
1224
407
523
2824

695
1320
413
546
2974

742
1389
418
549
3097

773
1433
430
559
3195

802
1486
447
555
3291

3.8% 24.4%
3.8% 45.2%
4.1% 13.6%
-0.7% 16.9%
3.0% 100.0%

5842
7795
3571
3927
21135

5990
7948
3421
3994
21353

6269
8070
3338
4310
21987

6532
8225
3475
4517
22750

6890
8766
3505
4920
24081

7091
9005
3493
4914
24503

7180
9058
3573
5103
24914

7540
9205
3605
5404
25753

7616
9312
3437
5351
25715

7875
9262
3101
5627
25866

8326
9836
3163
5912
27237

5.7% 30.6%
6.2% 36.1%
2.0% 11.6%
5.1% 21.7%
5.3% 100.0%

1277
1592
766
1131
4766

1260
1673
771
1155
4859

1359
1785
783
1335
5262

1498
1938
869
1467
5771

1681
2277
943
1837
6738

1787
2518
893
1745
6944

1900
2713
929
1896
7437

2036
2869
899
2013
7817

2125
3079
776
1957
7937

2211
3178
662
2150
8201

2454
3577
671
2355
9057

11.0% 27.1%
12.6% 39.5%
1.3%
7.4%
9.5% 26.0%
10.4% 100.0%

1706
1971
783
1071
5530

1689
1970
676
1058
5394

1727
1944
635
1014
5320

1757
1918
753
986
5413

1760
1869
657
951
5238

1823
1878
680
953
5334

1814
1760
661
969
5203

1791
1621
661
956
5029

1676
1502
710
948
4836

1678
1380
453
880
4391

1742
1385
443
880
4451

3.8% 39.1%
0.4% 31.1%
-2.2% 10.0%

19.8%
1.4% 100.0%

24150
26665
10159
15631
76605

24409
27219
9858
15818
77304

25065
27219
9497
16487
78268

25543
27936
9579
16765
79823

26303
29182
9713
17630
82827

26639
29951
9836
17701
84126

26866
30460
9625
18008
84958

27436
30892
9676
18425
86428

27281
31192
9426
18101
85999

27602
30091
8786
18235
84714

28383
31417
8849
18734
87382

2.8% 32.5%
4.4% 36.0%
0.7% 10.1%
2.7% 21.4%
3.1% 100.0%

17312
16535
4562
9719
48128

17291
16785
4328
9734
48139

17588
16568
4081
9870
48106

17738
16954
4218
9824
48734

18009
17360
4156
10041
49566

18059
17722
4192
10023
49996

18068
17832
3782
10112
49794

18167
17660
3713
10070
49611

17480
17366
3518
9689
48053

17440
16240
2875
9408
45963

17622
16669
2753
9395
46438

1.0% 37.9%
2.6% 35.9%
-4.2%
5.9%
-0.1% 20.2%
1.0% 100.0%

6838
10130
5597
5912
28477

7118
10434
5530
6083
29165

7477
10651
5416
6618
30162

7805
10983
5361
6941
31090

8294
11823
5556
7589
33262

8580
12229
5643
7678
34130

8798
12628
5844
7895
35164

9268
13232
5962
8354
36817

9801
13826
5908
8412
37946

10162
13851
5911
8827
38751

10761
14748
6096
9339
40944

5.9% 26.3%
6.5% 36.0%
3.1% 14.9%
5.8% 22.8%
5.7% 100.0%

4037
6261
1665
2622
14585

3934
6495
1675
2651
14754

3836
6440
1672
2731
14679

3790
6626
1626
2727
14769

3776
6814
1600
2763
14953

3687
6981
1599
2834
15101

3549
7116
1584
2853
15103

3502
6978
1503
2818
14801

3317
7166
1460
2814
14757

3223
6857
1284
2652
14016

3183
6964
1173
2570
13890

-1.2% 22.9%
1.6% 50.1%
-8.6%
8.4%
-3.1% 18.5%
-0.9% 100.0%

◆ Less than 0.05%.

Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
‘Light distillates’ consists of aviation and motor gasolines and light distillate feedstock (LDF).
‘Middle distillates’ consists of jet and heating kerosenes, and gas and diesel oils (including marine bunkers).
‘Fuel oil’ includes marine bunkers and crude oil used directly as fuel.
‘Others’ consists of refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), solvents, petroleum coke, lubricants, bitumen, wax, other refined products and refinery fuel and loss.

13

Product consumption by region
Million barrels daily

Light distillates

Middle distillates

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Former Soviet Union

00

01

02

Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

35

35

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

5

5

0

Fuel oil

00

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

Others

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

35

35

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

5

5

0

00

01

02

03

04

05

Rotterdam product prices

US Gulf Coast product prices

US dollars per barrel

US dollars per barrel

160

Gasoline
Gas oil
Heavy fuel oil

150
140

06

07

08

09

10

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

150
140

130

130

120

120

110

110

100

100

90

90

80

80

70

70

60

60

50

50

40

40

30

30

20

20

0

Source: Platts.

14

0

160

Gasoline
Gas oil
Heavy fuel oil

10

10
93

0

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

0

Source: Platts.

Spot crude prices


US dollars per barrel

Dubai
$/bbI*

Brent
$/bbI†

Nigerian
Forcados
$/bbI

West Texas
Intermediate
$/bbI‡

1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

2.83
10.41
10.70
11.63
12.38
13.03
29.75
35.69
34.32
31.80
28.78
28.06
27.53
13.10
16.95
13.27
15.62
20.45
16.63
17.17
14.93
14.74
16.10
18.52
18.23
12.21
17.25
26.20
22.81
23.74
26.78
33.64
49.35
61.50
68.19
94.34
61.39
78.06




12.80
13.92
14.02
31.61
36.83
35.93
32.97
29.55
28.78
27.56
14.43
18.44
14.92
18.23
23.73
20.00
19.32
16.97
15.82
17.02
20.67
19.09
12.72
17.97
28.50
24.44
25.02
28.83
38.27
54.52
65.14
72.39
97.26
61.67
79.50




12.87
14.21
13.65
29.25
36.98
36.18
33.29
29.54
28.14
27.75
14.46
18.39
15.00
18.30
23.85
20.11
19.61
17.41
16.25
17.26
21.16
19.33
12.62
18.00
28.42
24.23
25.04
28.66
38.13
55.69
67.07
74.48
101.43
63.35
81.05




12.23
14.22
14.55
25.08
37.96
36.08
33.65
30.30
29.39
27.98
15.10
19.18
15.97
19.68
24.50
21.54
20.57
18.45
17.21
18.42
22.16
20.61
14.39
19.31
30.37
25.93
26.16
31.07
41.49
56.59
66.02
72.20
100.06
61.92
79.45

*1
972-1985 Arabian Light, 1986-2010 Dubai dated.
†1
976-1983 Forties, 1984-2010 Brent dated.
‡1
976-1983 Posted WTI prices, 1984-2010 Spot WTI (Cushing) prices.

Source: Platts.

Crude oil prices 1861-2010
US dollars per barrel
World events

Yom Kippur war
Post-war reconstruction

Fears of shortage in US
Growth of Venezuelan
production

Pennsylvanian
oil boom

Russian
oil exports
began

Sumatra
Discovery of
production Spindletop,
began
Texas

Iranian revolution

Loss of Iranian
supplies

East Texas field
discovered

Netback pricing
introduced

Suez crisis

Iraq
invaded
Kuwait

Asian financial crisis
Invasion
of Iraq

120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
1861-69

1870-79

1880-89

1890-99

1900-09

1910-19

1920-29

1930-39

1940-49

1950-59

1960-69

1970-79

1980-89

1990-99

2000-09

2010-19 0

1861-1944 US average.
1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura.
1984-2010 Brent dated.

$ 2010
$ money of the day

15

Refinery capacities




Thousand barrels daily*

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Netherlands Antilles
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Belgium
France
Germany
Greece
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Russian Federation
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

16595
1861
1481
19937
626
1849
320
1269
2207
6271
770
1984
2262
403
2485
1277
318
5655
1330
422
713
1778
6002
25399
1597
740
740
1806
440
1168
6491
2897
828
5407
2219
1127
5010
1255
2598
732
899
1403
21478
82473
44761
37712
15456
8574

16785
1917
1481
20183
619
1849
320
1269
2189
6246
785
1961
2274
412
2485
1278
307
5628
1330
422
713
1769
5912
25276
1597
740
759
1806
674
1170
6746
3164
815
5643
2261
1127
4705
1255
2598
874
1064
1512
21853
83469
44697
38771
15540
8404

16757
1923
1463
20143
619
1854
320
1269
2234
6296
803
1987
2286
412
2485
1282
310
5590
1330
422
713
1785
5754
25159
1597
740
809
1810
711
1248
6915
3228
829
5933
2303
1092
4721
1255
2598
1159
1068
1487
22444
84183
44900
39283
15691
8133

16894
1959
1463
20316
620
1915
320
1269
2229
6353
805
1967
2304
412
2485
1282
310
5454
1347
422
713
1813
5691
25005
1607
740
909
1890
645
1248
7039
3177
756
6295
2293
1057
4683
1255
2598
1159
1068
1416
22579
84468
45024
39444
15729
7937

17125
1915
1463
20503
623
1915
320
1284
2235
6377
782
1982
2320
412
2497
1284
310
5457
1372
422
693
1848
5687
25066
1642
740
931
2075
620
1248
7256
3116
763
6603
2558
1057
4567
1255
2598
1159
1068
1410
23037
85355
45169
40187
15803
7940

17339
1896
1463
20698
627
1916
320
1291
2251
6405
778
1978
2322
418
2515
1274
310
5522
1377
422
613
1819
5650
24999
1642
743
931
2100
620
1248
7284
3224
711
7165
2558
1057
4529
1255
2598
1159
1078
1428
23537
86147
45202
40945
15811
7945

17443
1914
1463
20821
623
1916
320
1294
2260
6413
774
1959
2390
425
2526
1274
310
5599
1377
422
613
1836
5537
25042
1727
748
931
2100
620
1283
7409
3049
694
7865
2872
1133
4542
1255
2633
1140
1125
1435
24693
87427
45422
42005
15857
7961

17594
1907
1463
20964
634
1935
320
1303
2310
6502
745
1962
2390
425
2497
1236
310
5596
1377
422
613
1819
5573
24966
1772
755
931
2100
625
1339
7522
3037
733
8399
2983
1157
4598
1255
2671
1197
1125
1443
25561
88552
45634
42918
15784
7958

17672
1951
1463
21086
634
2045
320
1303
2356
6658
745
1971
2366
425
2396
1280
310
5549
1377
422
613
1827
5559
24840
1805
744
931
2100
673
1345
7598
3171
734
8722
2992
1068
4650
1385
2712
1197
1175
1459
26094
89446
45784
43662
15658
7961

17688
1976
1463
21127
635
2095
320
1303
2335
6688
823
1873
2362
425
2396
1280
310
5527
1377
422
613
1757
5596
24761
1860
763
931
2100
673
1491
7818
3022
734
9479
3574
1106
4621
1385
2712
1197
1240
1605
27653
91068
45742
45326
15553
7965

* Atmospheric distillation capacity on a calendar-day basis.

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

17594
1914
1463
20971
638
2095
320
1303
2351
6707
823
1703
2091
440
2396
1274
310
5555
1427
422
613
1757
5705
24516
1860
856
931
2100
673
1491
7911
3292
740
10121
3703
1158
4463
1385
2712
1197
1253
1662
28394
91791
45124
46667
15240
8033

2010
share
of total

-0.5% 19.2%
-3.1%
2.1%

1.6%
-0.7%
22.8%
0.5%
0.7%

2.3%

0.3%

1.4%
0.7%
2.6%
0.3%
7.3%

0.9%
-9.1%
1.9%
-11.5%
2.3%
3.5%
0.5%

2.6%
-0.4%
1.4%

0.3%
0.5%
6.1%
3.6%
1.6%

0.5%

0.7%

1.9%
2.0%
6.2%
-1.0%
26.7%

2.0%
12.2%
0.9%

1.0%

2.3%

0.7%

1.6%
1.2%
8.6%
8.9%
3.6%
0.8%
0.8%
6.8% 11.0%
3.6%
4.0%
4.7%
1.3%
-3.4%
4.9%

1.5%

3.0%

1.3%
1.0%
1.4%
3.6%
1.8%
2.7%
30.9%
0.8% 100.0%
-1.3% 49.2%
3.0%
50.8%
-2.0% 16.6%
0.9%
8.8%

Source: Includes data from Parpinelli Tecnon.

Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

Refinery throughputs




Thousand barrels daily*

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Other Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

* Input to primary distillation units only.

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

15067
1765
1363
5337
19240
5430
2188
851
4218
2039
4145
6831
68475
39710
28766
13749
4583

15128
1812
1398
5332
19394
5406
2443
847
4215
2144
4107
6841
69067
39712
29356
13685
4797

14947
1862
1390
4932
19460
5482
2377
855
4395
2212
3986
6631
68528
39046
29482
13486
5060

15304
1880
1436
5023
19952
5599
2301
823
4823
2380
4118
6877
70516
39848
30669
13733
5276

15475
1957
1436
5414
20417
5805
2304
820
5382
2559
4038
7354
72961
40415
32546
14089
5417

15220
1883
1415
5391
20782
6007
2490
757
5916
2561
4136
7470
74029
40214
33815
14172
5713

15242
1835
1407
5348
20822
6294
2352
749
6155
2860
4026
7463
74553
40019
34534
14006
5873

15156
1908
1395
5470
20758
6442
2343
767
6563
3107
3995
7489
75393
39764
35630
13765
6017

14648
1839
1392
5390
20700
6404
2455
756
6953
3213
3946
7342
75038
38856
36183
13675
6189

14336
1773
1392
4775
19562
6330
2312
762
7488
3641
3627
7065
73063
37016
36048
12693
6183

Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

16

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

14722
1827
1184
4621
19664
6513
2454
756
8492
3903
3619
7062
74816
37287
37529
12585
6388

2010
share
of total

2.7% 19.7%
3.0%
2.4%
-15.0%
1.6%
-3.2%
6.2%
0.5% 26.3%
2.9%
8.7%
6.1%
3.3%
-0.7%
1.0%
13.4% 11.4%
7.2%
5.2%
-0.2%
4.8%
-0.1% 9.4%
2.4% 100.0%
0.7% 49.8%
4.1%
50.2%
-0.9%
16.8%
3.3%
8.5%

Source: Includes data from Energy Security Analysis, Inc. (ESAI).

Refinery utilization
Percentage

100

90

80

70

60

North America
S.& Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
World
00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

50

10

40

Global crude runs grew by 1.8 million b/d in 2010, led by a 1 million b/d increase in China. For the first time, refinery throughputs in the non-OECD exceeded those of the
OECD. Most of the 0.7 million b/d increase in global refining capacity last year was also in China. Installed capacity in the non-OECD is now 1.5 million b/d above that of
the OECD. Global average refinery utilization improved to 81.5%, the first increase since 2005.

Regional refining margins
US dollars per barrel

25

USGC West Texas Sour Coking
NWE Brent Cracking
Singapore Dubai Hydrocracking

20

15

10

5

0

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

-5

Note: The refining margins presented are benchmark margins for three major global refining centres. US Gulf Coast (USGC), North West Europe (NWE – Rotterdam)
and Singapore. In each case they are based on a single crude oil appropriate for that region and have optimized product yields based on a generic refinery configuration
(cracking, hydrocracking or coking), again appropriate for that region. The margins are on a semi-variable basis, i.e. the margin after all variable costs and fixed energy costs.

17

Trade movements




Thousand barrels daily

Imports
US
Europe
Japan
Rest of World*
Total World
Exports
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
Asia Pacific‡
Rest of World*
Total World

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

2010
share
of total

11092
11070
5329
15880
43371

11618
11531
5202
16436
44787

11357
11895
5070
16291
44613

12254
11993
5314
17191
46752

12898
12538
5203
18651
49290

13525
13261
5225
19172
51182

13612
13461
5201
20287
52561

13632
13953
5032
22937
55554

12872
13751
4925
23078
54626

11453
12486
4263
24132
52333

11689
12094
4567
25160
53510

890
1703
1814
3079
1967
4273
18944
2732
3293
3736
940
43371

910
1804
1882
3143
1947
4679
19098
2724
3182
3914
1506
44789

904
1959
1966
2965
2234
5370
18062
2620
3134
3848
1551
44613

921
2096
2115
2942
2066
6003
18943
2715
3612
3978
1361
46752

991
2148
2070
3233
1993
6440
19630
2917
4048
4189
1631
49290

1129
2201
2065
3528
2149
7076
19821
3070
4358
4243
1542
51182

1317
2330
2102
3681
2173
7155
20204
3225
4704
4312
1359
52561

1439
2457
1975
3570
2273
8334
19680
3336
4830
6004
1656
55554

1967
2498
1609
3616
2023
8184
20128
3260
4587
5392
1363
54626

1947
2518
1449
3748
2034
7972
18409
2938
4364
5631
1323
52333

2154 10.7%
4.0%
2599
3.2%
4.9%
1539
6.2%
2.9%
3568 -4.8%
6.7%
1888
-7.2%
3.5%
8544
7.2% 16.0%
18883
2.6% 35.3%
2871 -2.3%
5.4%
4601
5.5%
8.6%
6226 10.6% 11.6%
637 -51.9%
1.2%
53510
2.2% 100.0%

2.1% 21.8%
-3.1% 22.6%
7.1%
8.5%
4.3% 47.0%
2.2% 100.0%

* Includes unidentified trade.

‡ Excludes Japan. Excludes trade between other Asia Pacific countries and India prior to 2007.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

Inter-area movements 2010




Million tonnes
From

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
Total imports

US

Canada

Mexico

S. &
Cent.
America

Europe

Africa

Austral-
asia

To

China

India

Japan Singapore

Other
Asia
Pacific

Rest of
World

Total


125.0
63.5
109.3
33.9
36.9
86.0
28.9
83.8

0.5
0.4
2.4
0.5
0.4
5.8

577.1

6.0

1.6
4.4
10.7
1.6
4.3
5.8
6.8




0.1
0.1
0.2

41.6

22.8
0.3

1.2
4.3
0.4
0.6
0.1





0.1

0.5

30.4

36.8
0.1
1.5

4.9
0.7
5.5
4.4
12.7

0.1
4.8
2.6
0.2
0.4
3.0

77.6

17.1
1.3
6.8
16.0

295.2
116.7
83.0
45.7
0.1

0.7
8.2
0.9
1.7
3.3

596.8

3.4


0.5
14.6
1.3
15.2

2.9


0.9
0.5
0.1
3.1
1.1

43.5

0.2




1.0
7.1
0.8
1.4


0.1
0.1
1.6
10.8
20.0

43.1

2.5
0.9
1.2
24.1
1.3
33.3
118.4
10.1
43.7
12.7
7.2

0.6
2.7
7.0
28.8

294.5

0.4

1.4
9.6
0.4
0.8
129.6
4.0
21.3
1.1
1.4
0.6

0.2
3.5
4.2

178.5

4.5
0.5

0.4
0.5
14.5
179.9
0.8
0.4
2.2
2.7
1.1
2.9

0.6
14.6

225.7

6.6

0.5
8.9
8.4
9.2
45.4
0.2

0.2
2.0
5.5
10.1
5.4

37.6

139.9

0.8
0.1

1.3
2.0
15.8
227.1
3.0
9.8
0.4
9.9
16.1
28.6
2.7
39.5


357.1

2.0
103.1
† 128.2

76.3
0.1 175.8
10.1
91.1
10.4 421.2
† 935.9
0.7 141.7
0.1 228.8

16.7

23.8
1.3
31.5
1.2
57.2

14.5
0.7
67.9
0.8 119.8


27.5 2633.5


2532
1280
2211
702
756
1729
589
1686

10
8
49
10
8
119

11689

124

32
91
217
34
86
117
137



1
2
2
4

846

477
7

26
90
9
12
2





2

11

636

769
2
30

102
14
111
91
256

2
100
54
4
8
63

1606

358
27
136
327

5982
2355
1677
920
2

14
172
19
36
69

12094

71


9
304
26
308

59


19
11
2
65
22

895

4


1
1
20
142
15
29


2
2
33
225
403

878

53
19
24
488
26
676
2383
203
878
254
147

12
57
147
596

5963

8

28
193
9
17
2612
80
428
21
28
13

3
73
84

3598

95
10

9
10
293
3629
17
8
44
56
23
60

13
300

4567

138

10
185
176
192
921
4

4
40
114
210
114

782

2892

17
1

27
41
318
4593
61
197
8
201
334
599
56
826


7281

41


2
210
209
1
15
2


28
25

15
17

565

Thousand barrels daily
From

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
Total imports

*I ncludes changes in the quantity of oil in transit, movements not otherwise shown, unidentified military use, etc.
†L
ess than 0.05.
‡L
ess than 0.5.

18

2154
2599
1539
3568
1888
8544
18883
2871
4601
335
485
656
1196
302
1418
2472

53510

Major trade movements 2010
Trade flows worldwide (million tonnes)

295.2
2
33.9

33.3

36.9

125.0
125
5

11
16.7

45.7

179.9
99
9.9

83.8

22.8

28.9

63.5

83.0
83
0

11
1
118
118.4
18

86.0
36.8

45.4
28.8

129
9.6

109.3

227.1

28.6

9
39.5

37.6
6

20.0

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific

21.3
43.7
24.1

Imports and exports 2010

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
Total World

Crude
imports

456.1
28.9
0.4
20.9
465.1

11.3
12.3
0.1
5.0
29.0
234.6
162.0
184.8
39.9
225.5

1875.8

Million tonnes
Product
Crude
imports
exports

121.0
12.7
30.1
56.8
131.7
4.8
10.1
12.0
6.9
7.3
14.1
59.9
16.5
40.9
100.1
131.7
1.2
757.7

1.4
99.1
67.8
131.2
19.3
318.0
828.7
112.6
221.2
16.2
16.2
2.0

0.3
2.1
39.7

1875.8

Product
exports

101.7
29.1
8.5
44.6
71.8
103.2
107.2
29.2
7.6
0.4
7.6
29.4
57.2
14.1
65.8
80.2

757.7

Crude
imports

9159
580
7
419
9341
1
226
247
1
101
583
4710
3254
3711
800
4528

37670

Thousand barrels daily
Product
Crude
imports
exports

2530
266
629
1186
2753
101
212
250
144
152
295
1253
344
856
2092
2753
25
15840

28
1990
1362
2635
387
6386
16642
2260
4443
326
325
41

6.4
42
796

37670

Product
exports

2126
609
177
933
1501
2158
2241
610
159
9
160
615
1196
295
1376
1676

15840

*I ncludes changes in the quantity of oil in transit, movements not otherwise shown, unidentified military use, etc.

† Less than 0.05.
Note: Bunkers are not included as exports. Intra-area movements (for example, between countries in Europe) are excluded.

19

Natural gas
Proved reserves


US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD

Non-OECD

European Union
Former Soviet Union
*M
ore than 100 years.

At end 1990
Trillion
cubic
metres

4.8
2.7
2.0
9.5
0.7
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.3
3.4
0.2
5.2
n/a
0.1
0.2
0.3
n/a
1.8
1.7
0.2
0.1
n/a
n/a
n/a
0.5
n/a
49.7
54.5
0.2
17.0
3.1
1.5
0.3
4.6
5.2
0.2
5.6
0.2

38.0
3.3
0.4
1.2
2.8
0.8
8.6
0.9
0.7
0.3
1.0
0.7
2.9
1.6
0.3
0.6
0.2
0.2

0.3
9.9
125.7
15.7
109.9
3.4
49.3

At end 2000
Trillion
cubic
metres

At end 2009
Trillion
cubic
metres

Trillion
cubic
feet

5.0
1.7
0.8
7.5
0.8
0.7
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.6
4.2
0.1
6.9
1.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
1.8
1.5
1.3
0.1
0.3
42.3
2.6
1.0
1.2
1.7
0.5
55.9
0.1
26.0
3.1
1.6
0.9
14.4
6.3
0.2
6.0
0.5
0.1
59.1
4.5
1.4
1.3
4.1
1.1
12.5
2.2
0.3
0.4
1.4
0.8
2.7
2.3
0.3
0.7
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.3
12.3
154.3
14.7
139.6
3.8
50.8

7.7
1.7
0.5
9.9
0.4
0.7
0.4
0.1
0.4
0.4
5.1
0.1
7.5
1.3
0.1
0.1
0.1
1.9
1.2
2.0
0.1
0.6
44.4
8.0
1.0
0.3
1.6
0.4
63.0
0.2
29.6
3.2
1.8
0.7
25.3
7.9
0.3
6.1
0.5
0.1
75.7
4.5
2.2
1.5
5.3
1.2
14.7
2.9
0.4
0.3
2.8
1.1
3.0
2.4
0.3
0.8
0.4
0.3
0.7
0.4
15.8
186.6
17.0
169.6
2.5
58.4

272.5
61.0
17.3
350.8
12.2
9.9
14.7
4.4
12.5
12.9
192.7
2.3
261.6
44.9
1.8
2.4
3.0
65.2
41.5
72.1
4.2
21.0
1580.8
283.6
33.0
9.0
55.1
10.0
2227.6
7.7
1045.7
111.9
63.0
24.4
894.2
283.1
9.1
213.0
17.3
7.7
2677.0
159.1
78.0
54.7
186.9
41.4
520.1
103.1
12.9
10.6
99.2
51.2
108.4
84.6
11.8
29.1
15.6
11.0
21.8
12.4
571.8
6608.9
603.8
6005.1
86.2
2066.4

At end 2010
Trillion
cubic
metres

7.7
1.7
0.5
9.9
0.3
0.3
0.4
0.1
0.4
0.4
5.5
0.1
7.4
1.3
0.1
0.1
0.1
1.8
1.2
2.0
0.1
0.6
44.8
8.0
0.9
0.3
1.6
0.3
63.1
0.2
29.6
3.2
1.8
0.7
25.3
8.0
0.3
6.0
0.5
0.2
75.8
4.5
2.2
1.5
5.3
1.2
14.7
2.9
0.4
0.3
2.8
1.5
3.1
2.4
0.3
0.8
0.4
0.3
0.6
0.4
16.2
187.1
17.1
170.0
2.4
58.5

Share
of total

R/P
ratio

4.1%
0.9%
0.3%
5.3%
0.2%
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
2.9%


4.0%
0.7%






1.0%
0.6%
1.1%
0.1%
0.3%
23.9%
4.3%
0.5%
0.1%
0.8%
0.2%
33.7%
0.1%
15.8%
1.7%
1.0%
0.4%
13.5%
4.3%
0.1%
3.2%
0.3%
0.1%
40.5%
2.4%
1.2%
0.8%
2.8%
0.6%
7.9%
1.6%
0.2%
0.2%
1.5%
0.8%
1.6%
1.3%
0.2%
0.4%
0.2%
0.2%
0.3%
0.2%
8.7%
100.0%
9.1%
90.9%
1.3%
31.3%

12.6
10.8
8.9
12.0
8.6
19.5
28.9
11.0
48.8
8.6
*
22.4
45.9
84.2
6.4
6.5
11.1
54.9
16.6
19.2
29.2
54.4
76.0
*
50.4
4.5
26.4
28.3
60.5
16.7
*
*
*
25.5
*
95.5
33.2
*
78.3
62.1
*
56.0
36.0
98.0
*
65.7
70.5
58.0
18.3
24.7
29.0
28.5
37.4
36.1
27.5
20.9
*
8.6
66.0
20.4
32.8
58.6
14.7
83.6
14.0
77.2

†L
ess than 0.05.
◆ Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Notes: Proved reserves of natural gas – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future
from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production
in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate. Source of data – The estimates in this table have been
compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data from Cedigaz and the OPEC Secretariat.

20

Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years

2010 by region

History
200

800

Middle East
Asia Pacific
World

North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Africa

160
600

120

400

80

200
40

North
America

S. & Cent.
America

Europe &
Eurasia

Middle
East

Africa

Asia
Pacific

0

80

85

90

95

00

05

10

0

World natural gas proved reserves in 2010 were sufficient to meet 58.6 years of global production. R/P ratios declined for each region, driven by rising production.
The Middle East once again had the highest regional R/P ratio, while Middle East and Former Soviet Union regions jointly hold 72% of the world’s gas reserves.

Distribution of proved reserves in 1990, 2000 and 2010
Percentage

Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
Asia Pacific
Africa
North America
S. & Cent. America

4.0

40.5

5.3

4.5

38.3

7.9

4.9

4.1

8.1

30.2

7.6

8.7

6.8

7.8

8.0

1990
Total 125.7
trillion cubic
metres

2000
Total 154.3
trillion cubic
metres

2010
Total 187.1
trillion cubic
metres

43.4
36.3

33.7

21

Production*




Billion cubic metres

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
*E xcluding gas flared or recycled.
◆Less

than 0.05%.

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

543.2
182.2
38.3
763.7
37.4
3.2
7.5
5.9
0.3
14.5
27.9
3.4
100.2
5.1
8.2
16.9
15.2
10.4
58.1
49.7
3.7
13.8
528.5
42.5
16.2
108.4
51.1
11.1
938.9
8.8
60.2
3.2
9.6
8.7
23.7
49.8
5.5
38.4

0.3
208.1
84.4
21.0
5.9
12.5
6.5
130.3
31.2
10.0
11.3
27.2
26.4
65.2
45.3
3.4
21.5
20.2
1.6
9.0
272.1
2413.4
1073.9
1339.5
231.9
654.2

555.5
186.5
38.2
780.1
37.1
4.7
7.7
6.1
0.4
15.5
29.6
3.5
104.5
5.0
8.4
17.0
14.0
10.5
62.4
53.9
3.9
13.6
526.2
46.4
16.6
105.8
52.0
10.9
946.6
9.1
66.0
2.8
10.5
14.0
27.0
53.7
5.0
44.9

0.3
233.3
78.2
25.2
6.2
14.9
6.9
131.5
32.1
10.7
11.4
30.3
26.4
63.3
46.9
7.0
22.7
19.6
2.0
9.5
282.0
2478.0
1096.6
1381.4
232.8
657.1

536.0
187.9
39.4
763.3
36.1
4.9
9.2
6.2
0.4
18.0
28.4
3.4
106.7
4.7
8.4
17.0
13.4
10.2
60.3
65.5
4.0
13.2
538.8
48.4
17.0
103.6
51.9
11.2
967.6
9.5
75.0
2.4
9.5
15.0
29.5
56.7
6.1
43.4

0.3
247.2
80.4
27.3
5.9
14.2
6.6
134.4
32.2
11.4
11.5
32.7
27.6
69.7
48.3
8.4
24.6
20.5
2.4
10.9
300.2
2519.4
1086.4
1433.0
227.6
671.4

540.8
184.7
41.1
766.6
41.0
6.4
10.0
6.1
0.5
26.3
25.2
3.1
118.7
4.6
8.0
17.7
12.7
12.6
58.1
73.1
4.0
13.0
561.5
53.5
17.6
102.9
52.0
10.6
1001.9
9.6
81.5
1.6
11.0
16.5
31.4
60.1
6.2
44.8

0.3
262.9
82.8
30.1
5.5
19.2
7.2
144.9
32.7
12.3
12.4
35.0
29.5
73.2
51.8
9.6
30.4
21.5
2.4
10.7
321.6
2616.5
1092.8
1523.7
223.6
702.1

526.4
183.7
42.6
752.8
44.9
9.8
11.0
6.4
0.9
27.3
28.4
3.1
131.7
4.5
9.4
16.4
11.9
20.0
68.5
78.5
4.4
12.8
573.3
52.8
18.4
96.4
54.2
11.0
1032.3
9.8
84.9
1.0
11.9
18.5
39.2
65.7
6.4
46.3

1.5
285.1
82.0
33.0
8.1
22.8
8.9
154.7
35.8
13.2
12.2
41.5
29.2
70.3
53.9
10.2
34.5
22.4
4.2
10.1
337.4
2694.0
1091.9
1602.1
227.3
723.4

511.1
187.1
45.0
743.3
45.6
11.9
11.0
6.7
1.5
31.0
27.4
3.4
138.6
5.2
10.4
15.8
11.1
22.6
62.5
85.0
4.3
12.4
580.1
57.0
18.6
88.2
54.0
10.9
1038.0
10.7
103.5
1.5
12.2
19.8
45.8
71.2
5.5
47.8

1.9
319.9
88.2
42.5
11.3
22.4
9.9
174.3
37.2
14.5
12.0
49.3
29.6
71.2
61.1
12.2
35.5
23.7
6.4
11.1
363.9
2778.0
1076.4
1701.6
212.0
737.7

524.0
188.4
51.5
763.9
46.1
12.9
11.3
7.0
1.8
36.4
31.5
4.1
151.1
6.1
10.4
15.6
10.1
23.9
61.6
87.6
4.3
11.9
595.2
60.4
18.7
80.0
54.5
11.5
1051.7
11.3
108.6
1.5
12.5
23.7
50.7
73.5
5.7
49.0

2.6
339.1
84.5
54.7
13.2
28.4
10.4
191.2
40.2
15.3
12.6
58.6
29.3
70.3
63.3
12.6
36.1
24.3
7.0
14.2
383.7
2880.7
1092.9
1787.9
201.3
759.0

545.6
182.5
53.6
781.6
44.8
13.8
11.2
7.5
2.7
39.0
29.5
3.9
152.5
9.8
9.2
14.3
8.9
26.8
60.5
89.7
4.3
11.5
592.0
65.4
18.7
72.1
59.1
10.8
1053.2
11.8
111.9
1.5
12.1
24.0
63.2
74.4
5.6
50.3

3.0
357.8
84.8
55.7
15.3
35.0
12.3
203.1
41.9
16.3
12.3
69.2
30.1
67.6
64.6
13.5
36.8
26.0
7.1
16.9
402.2
2950.5
1102.2
1848.3
187.5
772.1

570.8
176.4
54.2
801.5
44.1
14.3
13.7
9.1
3.4
39.3
30.0
3.7
157.6
14.8
10.1
13.0
8.5
29.8
66.6
99.3
4.1
11.4
601.7
66.1
19.0
69.6
62.2
10.3
1086.5
12.7
116.3
1.9
12.8
24.1
77.0
80.4
5.3
50.2

3.7
384.3
85.8
59.0
15.9
35.0
15.8
211.5
41.6
17.9
12.2
80.3
30.5
69.7
64.7
12.4
37.5
28.8
7.5
17.7
420.7
3062.1
1134.3
1927.8
189.4
793.8

582.8
163.9
54.9
801.6
41.4
12.3
11.7
10.5
3.5
40.6
28.7
3.2
151.9
14.8
8.4
12.2
7.3
32.5
62.7
103.7
4.1
11.3
527.7
36.4
19.3
59.7
60.0
9.7
969.8
12.8
131.2
1.2
11.2
24.8
89.3
78.5
5.7
48.8
0.8
3.1
407.1
79.6
62.7
15.9
24.8
16.3
199.2
47.9
19.7
11.4
85.3
39.2
71.9
64.1
11.5
38.4
30.9
8.0
17.9
446.4
2975.9
1126.3
1849.5
171.5
690.9

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

2010
share
of total

611.0
4.7% 19.3%
159.8
-2.5%
5.0%
55.3
0.7%
1.7%
826.1
3.0%
26.0%
40.1
-3.0%
1.3%
14.4
16.8%
0.4%
14.4
23.5%
0.5%
11.3
7.2%
0.4%
7.2 108.4%
0.2%
42.4
4.4%
1.3%
28.5
-0.7%
0.9%
2.9
-9.9%
0.1%
161.2
6.2%
5.0%
15.1
2.2%
0.5%
8.2
-3.0%
0.3%
10.6 -12.7%
0.3%
7.6
3.6%
0.2%
33.6
3.3%
1.1%
70.5
12.4%
2.2%
106.4
2.5%
3.3%
4.1
0.5%
0.1%
10.9
-2.9%
0.3%
588.9
11.6% 18.4%
42.4
16.4%
1.3%
18.6
-3.8%
0.6%
57.1
-4.3%
1.8%
59.1
-1.5%
1.8%
10.0
3.0%
0.3%
1043.1
7.6%
32.6%
13.1
2.4%
0.4%
138.5
5.6%
4.3%

1.3
8.7%
11.6
3.5%
0.4%
27.1
9.4%
0.8%
116.7
30.7%
3.6%
83.9
7.0%
2.6%
7.8
37.3%
0.2%
51.0
4.5%
1.6%
6.2 704.6%
0.2%
3.5
15.0%
0.1%
460.7
13.2%
14.4%
80.4
1.1%
2.5%
61.3
-2.2%
1.9%
15.8
-0.6%
0.5%
33.6
35.7%
1.1%
17.8
9.4%
0.6%
209.0
4.9%
6.5%
50.4
5.1%
1.6%
20.0
1.3%
0.6%
12.2
6.7%
0.4%
96.8
13.5%
3.0%
50.9
29.7%
1.6%
82.0
14.0%
2.6%
66.5
3.7%
2.1%
12.1
4.9%
0.4%
39.5
2.7%
1.2%
36.3
17.4%
1.1%
9.4
16.7%
0.3%
17.3
-3.4%
0.5%
493.2
10.5%
15.4%
3193.3
7.3% 100.0%
1159.8
2.9% 36.5%
2033.5
9.9% 63.5%
174.9
2.0%
5.5%
757.9
9.7% 23.7%

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.

Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar); because it is derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average conversion
factor, it does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures.
Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

22

Consumption




Billion cubic metres

US

Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil

Chile

Colombia
Ecuador
Peru

Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy

Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain

Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran

Israel

Kuwait
Qatar

Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China

China Hong Kong SAR
India

Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD

Non-OECD

European Union
Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

660.7
92.7
41.0
794.4
33.2
9.4
6.5
5.9
0.3
0.3
10.6
27.9
1.8
96.0
8.1
5.2
15.7
15.6
3.3
8.3
4.9
3.7
39.3
79.5
2.0
10.7
3.8
64.9
9.5
2.7
38.9
4.0
11.1
2.4
17.1
354.0
6.5
16.9
0.7
2.7
14.6
12.2
71.0
96.9
45.7
13.2
985.3
62.9

9.6
9.7
49.8
31.4
23.3
186.7
19.8
20.0
1.2
17.4
58.4
20.5
10.0
24.5
3.0
26.4
29.7
72.3
24.1
5.6
21.5


18.9
6.8
22.0
1.6
3.9
290.8
2411.7
1355.5
1056.1
440.4
523.6

629.7
88.2
41.7
759.6
31.1
11.9
7.3
6.1
0.3
0.4
11.6
29.6
2.3
100.7
8.6
7.5
15.7
15.4
3.0
8.9
5.1
4.1
41.9
82.9
2.0
11.9
4.0
65.0
10.2
2.8
40.0
3.8
11.5
2.6
16.6
366.2
6.9
18.2
0.7
2.8
16.0
12.5
68.8
96.4
49.6
14.5
1016.1
70.1

10.5
11.0
53.7
37.9
23.7
206.8
20.5
24.5
1.2
17.6
63.8
21.6
10.7
27.4
3.0
26.4
31.0
74.3
25.2
5.9
22.7
0.1
0.9
20.8
7.3
24.8
2.0
3.8
308.0
2455.0
1340.1
1114.9
451.8
541.6

651.5
90.2
45.3
787.0
30.3
14.1
7.4
6.1
0.2
0.4
12.7
28.4
2.4
102.1
8.5
7.5
16.1
15.7
2.7
8.7
5.1
4.0
40.5
82.6
2.1
11.8
4.1
64.6
14.8
2.9
39.8
4.0
11.2
3.1
17.2
367.7
6.5
20.8
0.8
2.8
17.4
12.9
67.7
95.1
50.9
13.6
1023.2
79.2

9.5
11.1
56.7
36.4
24.6
217.6
20.2
26.5
1.0
18.0
65.8
22.0
11.4
29.2
2.9
27.6
32.9
72.7
26.2
5.6
24.6
1.8
3.6
23.1
8.2
26.9
2.4
3.6
324.6
2520.3
1368.8
1151.5
451.2
547.8

630.8
97.7
50.1
778.6
34.6
15.8
8.0
6.0
0.3
0.5
14.4
25.2
3.1
107.9
9.4
7.7
15.8
16.6
2.8
8.7
5.2
4.5
43.0
85.5
2.4
13.2
4.1
71.2
17.6
3.1
40.0
4.3
12.5
3.0
18.3
384.9
6.3
23.6
0.8
2.9
20.9
14.2
69.0
95.4
45.8
14.1
1067.1
82.9

11.0
12.2
60.1
37.9
25.0
229.0
21.4
29.7
1.0
20.4
72.6
22.0
12.3
33.9
1.8
29.5
35.0
79.8
27.3
4.3
30.4
2.7
4.0
24.2
8.4
28.6
2.4
4.2
350.8
2606.1
1392.4
1213.7
473.2
565.9

634.0
95.1
53.4
782.5
37.9
18.8
8.7
6.3
0.3
0.9
13.4
28.4
2.9
117.5
9.5
8.3
17.9
16.9
2.8
9.1
5.2
4.3
45.1
85.9
2.7
13.0
4.1
73.9
25.0
3.1
40.9
4.6
13.2
3.8
17.5
394.1
6.1
27.4
0.8
3.0
22.1
15.0
68.5
97.4
43.4
15.6
1100.1
86.5
1.2
11.9
15.0
65.7
40.2
26.5
247.1
22.0
31.7
2.1
23.8
79.7
23.4
13.2
39.7
2.7
31.9
32.2
77.0
24.7
3.9
34.5
2.5
5.0
28.4
10.2
29.9
4.2
4.5
367.7
2694.5
1415.7
1278.9
486.0
583.9

623.3
97.8
53.8
774.9
40.4
19.7
8.4
6.7
0.4
1.5
15.1
27.4
3.3
122.9
10.0
8.6
18.4
17.1
3.1
9.6
5.0
4.0
44.0
86.2
2.7
13.4
3.9
79.1
26.8
3.3
39.3
4.5
13.6
4.2
17.6
400.3
6.6
32.4
0.8
3.1
26.9
16.1
69.0
95.0
42.7
15.9
1122.8
105.0
1.7
12.2
18.7
71.2
42.1
28.4
279.2
23.2
31.6
3.1
25.0
83.0
22.0
14.5
46.8
2.7
35.7
33.2
78.6
31.4
3.6
35.5
3.3
6.8
30.4
10.3
32.5
6.4
5.2
398.9
2781.8
1422.5
1359.2
494.2
594.4

614.1
96.9
60.9
771.9
41.8
20.8
7.8
7.0
0.7
1.8
20.2
31.5
3.9
135.5
9.4
9.1
19.0
17.1
3.2
9.3
5.1
4.2
42.1
87.2
3.1
12.7
4.5
77.4
28.1
3.2
38.1
4.4
13.7
4.1
18.1
408.5
6.0
33.7
0.9
3.0
30.5
18.4
67.0
90.1
41.9
16.4
1129.5
108.7
2.3
12.5
19.6
73.5
43.4
31.5
291.5
23.7
36.5
3.5
24.4
88.1
25.3
15.3
56.1
2.9
37.3
33.2
83.7
33.7
3.7
36.1
2.6
7.1
32.0
11.1
33.3
7.0
5.5
426.0
2842.4
1425.3
1417.1
486.9
604.7

654.0
95.2
62.8
812.1
43.9
21.1
4.6
7.4
0.5
2.7
20.3
29.6
4.5
134.6
8.9
8.0
18.8
17.0
3.2
8.7
4.6
3.9
42.4
82.9
3.8
11.9
4.8
77.8
26.4
3.6
37.0
4.3
13.8
4.3
16.1
422.1
5.7
35.1
1.0
2.9
36.1
21.3
63.2
91.1
45.9
17.0
1143.5
113.0
2.8
12.1
19.3
74.4
49.2
32.3
303.1
24.3
38.4
3.5
28.3
94.4
27.6
16.3
70.5
2.7
40.1
31.3
90.2
33.4
4.1
36.8
3.2
8.6
34.7
11.8
35.4
7.1
6.0
459.6
2947.4
1475.9
1471.5
481.2
619.0

658.9
95.5
66.4
820.8
44.4
24.6
2.7
7.6
0.5
3.4
21.9
31.5
4.7
141.3
9.5
9.2
19.2
17.2
3.2
8.7
4.6
4.0
43.8
81.2
4.0
11.8
5.0
77.8
27.2
3.2
38.6
4.3
13.9
4.6
15.9
416.0
5.7
38.6
0.9
3.1
37.5
20.5
60.0
93.8
48.7
16.1
1148.2
119.3
4.1
12.8
19.3
80.4
59.5
36.5
331.9
25.4
40.8
3.7
30.2
100.1
28.8
17.9
81.3
3.2
41.3
33.3
93.7
33.8
3.8
37.5
3.3
8.2
35.7
11.6
37.4
7.5
5.7
484.0
3026.4
1500.4
1526.0
489.7
613.1

646.7
94.4
66.6
807.7
43.2
19.8
3.1
8.7
0.5
3.5
20.9
30.5
5.1
135.1
9.3
7.8
16.1
17.5
2.3
8.2
4.4
3.6
42.2
78.0
3.4
10.1
4.8
71.5
24.5
2.7
38.9
4.1
13.4
4.7
13.3
389.6
4.9
34.6
1.1
3.0
35.7
19.9
47.0
86.7
43.5
13.7
1060.5
131.4
4.5
12.1
20.0
78.5
59.1
38.6
344.1
27.2
42.5
3.4
25.7
98.9
30.7
19.7
89.5
3.1
51.0
37.4
87.4
33.7
3.9
38.4
3.3
8.1
33.9
11.3
39.2
8.0
5.2
503.9
2950.2
1453.0
1497.2
458.5
558.9

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

683.4
93.8
68.9
846.1
43.3
26.5
4.7
9.1
0.5
5.4
22.0
30.7
5.6
147.7
10.1
6.6
19.7
19.4
2.6
9.3
4.9
3.9
46.9
81.3
3.7
10.9
5.3
76.1
25.3
3.1
43.6
4.1
14.3
5.0
13.3
414.1
5.6
34.4
1.6
3.3
39.0
22.6
52.1
93.8
45.5
15.7
1137.2
136.9
5.3
14.4
20.4
83.9
60.5
44.1
365.5
28.9
45.1
3.8
27.1
105.0
30.4
20.0
109.0
3.8
61.9
40.3
94.5
35.7
4.1
39.5
3.1
8.4
42.9
14.1
45.1
9.4
5.3
567.6
3169.0
1546.2
1622.8
492.5
596.8

2010
share
of total

5.6% 21.7%
-0.6%
3.0%
3.4%
2.2%
4.7%
26.9%
0.4%
1.4%
33.8%
0.8%
51.0%
0.1%
4.3%
0.3%

-6.0%
56.0%
0.2%
5.5%
0.7%
0.6%
1.0%
9.9%
0.2%
9.3%
4.7%
8.6%
0.3%
-15.9%
0.2%
22.3%
0.6%
10.9%
0.6%
10.1%
0.1%
13.7%
0.3%
12.2%
0.2%
9.9%
0.1%
11.1%
1.5%
4.2%
2.6%
8.2%
0.1%
7.7%
0.3%
10.8%
0.2%
6.4%
2.4%
2.9%
0.8%
14.3%
0.1%
12.1%
1.4%
-0.5%
0.1%
7.1%
0.5%
6.7%
0.2%
0.6%
0.4%
6.3% 13.0%
14.5%
0.2%
-0.3%
1.1%
38.9%
0.1%
10.5%
0.1%
9.2%
1.2%
13.5%
0.7%
11.0%
1.6%
8.3%
3.0%
4.6%
1.4%
14.9%
0.5%
7.2%
35.8%
4.2%
4.3%
17.5%
0.2%
18.8%
0.5%
2.0%
0.6%
7.0%
2.6%
2.5%
1.9%
14.1%
1.4%
6.2%
11.5%
6.0%
0.9%
6.0%
1.4%
13.8%
0.1%
5.5%
0.9%
6.1%
3.3%
-1.2%
1.0%
1.3%
0.6%
21.8%
3.4%
24.3%
0.1%
21.5%
1.9%
7.8%
1.3%
8.1%
3.0%
6.2%
1.1%
4.2%
0.1%
2.7%
1.2%
-5.8%
0.1%
4.2%
0.3%
26.5%
1.4%
24.3%
0.4%
15.0%
1.4%
16.7%
0.3%
3.6%
0.2%
12.6%
17.9%
7.4% 100.0%
6.4%
48.9%
8.4% 51.1%
7.4% 15.5%
6.8%
18.8%

† Less than 0.05.
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
◆Less

than 0.05%.
Notes: As far as possible, the data above represent standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar); as they are derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average conversion
factor, they do not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with unavoidable
disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes oil equivalent figures.
Natural gas consumption data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

23

Production*




Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
*E xcluding gas flared or recycled.
◆ Less than 0.05%.

24

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

495.5
164.0
34.4
693.9
33.7
2.9
6.7
5.3
0.3
13.1
25.1
3.0
90.2
4.6
7.3
15.2
13.7
9.4
52.3
44.8
3.3
12.4
475.7
38.3
14.6
97.5
45.9
10.0
845.0
7.9
54.2
2.8
8.6
7.8
21.3
44.8
4.9
34.5

0.2
187.3
76.0
18.9
5.3
11.3
5.8
117.3
28.0
9.0
10.2
24.5
23.7
58.7
40.7
3.1
19.4
18.2
1.4
8.1
244.9
2178.7
973.1
1205.6
208.7
588.8

508.2
167.8
34.4
710.4
33.4
4.2
6.9
5.5
0.3
13.9
26.6
3.2
94.1
4.5
7.5
15.3
12.6
9.5
56.2
48.5
3.5
12.2
473.6
41.8
14.9
95.2
46.8
9.8
852.0
8.2
59.4
2.5
9.5
12.6
24.3
48.3
4.5
40.4

0.2
210.0
70.4
22.7
5.6
13.4
6.2
118.3
28.9
9.7
10.3
27.3
23.8
57.0
42.2
6.3
20.4
17.7
1.8
8.5
253.8
2238.5
995.2
1243.3
209.6
591.4

489.9
169.1
35.5
694.4
32.5
4.4
8.3
5.5
0.4
16.2
25.6
3.0
96.0
4.2
7.5
15.3
12.1
9.2
54.3
59.0
3.6
11.9
484.9
43.6
15.3
93.2
46.7
10.1
870.8
8.5
67.5
2.1
8.5
13.5
26.6
51.0
5.5
39.1

0.2
222.5
72.3
24.6
5.3
12.8
6.0
121.0
29.0
10.3
10.3
29.4
24.8
62.7
43.5
7.6
22.1
18.5
2.2
9.8
270.2
2274.9
985.3
1289.7
204.9
604.2

494.7
166.2
37.0
697.9
36.9
5.7
9.0
5.5
0.5
23.7
22.7
2.8
106.8
4.2
7.2
15.9
11.5
11.3
52.2
65.8
3.6
11.7
505.4
48.1
15.8
92.6
46.8
9.6
901.7
8.7
73.4
1.4
9.9
14.9
28.3
54.1
5.6
40.3

0.2
236.6
74.5
27.1
5.0
17.3
6.5
130.4
29.4
11.1
11.1
31.5
26.6
65.9
46.6
8.6
27.4
19.3
2.1
9.6
289.4
2362.9
991.5
1371.3
201.2
631.9

480.7
165.3
38.4
684.4
40.4
8.8
9.9
5.7
0.8
24.6
25.6
2.8
118.6
4.1
8.5
14.7
10.7
18.0
61.6
70.6
3.9
11.5
516.0
47.5
16.5
86.7
48.8
9.9
929.0
8.8
76.4
0.9
10.7
16.7
35.3
59.1
5.8
41.7

1.4
256.6
73.8
29.7
7.3
20.5
8.0
139.3
32.2
11.9
11.0
37.3
26.3
63.3
48.5
9.2
31.0
20.1
3.7
9.1
303.7
2431.5
989.6
1441.9
204.6
651.1

467.6
168.4
40.5
676.5
41.1
10.7
9.9
6.0
1.4
27.9
24.7
3.1
124.8
4.7
9.4
14.2
10.0
20.3
56.3
76.5
3.9
11.2
522.1
51.3
16.7
79.4
48.6
9.8
934.2
9.6
93.2
1.3
11.0
17.8
41.2
64.1
4.9
43.0

1.7
287.9
79.4
38.3
10.2
20.2
8.9
156.9
33.5
13.1
10.8
44.4
26.7
64.1
55.0
11.0
32.0
21.3
5.8
10.0
327.5
2507.8
976.4
1531.4
190.8
664.0

479.3
169.6
46.3
695.3
41.5
11.6
10.2
6.3
1.6
32.8
28.3
3.7
136.0
5.5
9.4
14.1
9.1
21.5
55.4
78.9
3.9
10.7
535.6
54.3
16.9
72.0
49.0
10.3
946.5
10.2
97.7
1.3
11.3
21.3
45.6
66.2
5.1
44.1

2.4
305.2
76.0
49.2
11.9
25.6
9.4
172.1
36.2
13.8
11.3
52.7
26.4
63.2
57.0
11.3
32.5
21.9
6.3
12.8
345.4
2600.4
991.3
1609.1
181.2
683.1

499.6
164.3
48.2
712.0
40.3
12.4
10.1
6.8
2.4
35.1
26.6
3.5
137.2
8.8
8.3
12.9
8.0
24.1
54.5
80.7
3.9
10.4
532.8
58.9
16.9
64.9
53.2
9.7
947.9
10.6
100.7
1.3
10.9
21.6
56.9
67.0
5.0
45.3

2.7
322.1
76.3
50.1
13.8
31.5
11.1
182.8
37.7
14.6
11.0
62.3
27.1
60.9
58.1
12.2
33.1
23.4
6.4
15.2
362.0
2664.0
1000.6
1663.5
168.7
694.9

521.7
158.8
48.8
729.3
39.7
12.9
12.4
8.2
3.1
35.4
27.0
3.4
141.8
13.3
9.1
11.7
7.6
26.8
60.0
89.4
3.7
10.3
541.5
59.5
17.1
62.7
56.0
9.2
977.8
11.4
104.7
1.7
11.5
21.7
69.3
72.4
4.8
45.2

3.3
345.9
77.2
53.1
14.3
31.5
14.2
190.4
37.4
16.1
10.9
72.3
27.5
62.7
58.2
11.2
33.8
25.9
6.7
16.0
378.7
2763.8
1028.8
1735.0
170.5
714.4

2009

531.6
147.5
49.4
728.5
37.2
11.1
10.5
9.5
3.1
36.5
25.8
2.9
136.7
13.3
7.6
11.0
6.6
29.3
56.4
93.4
3.7
10.1
474.9
32.7
17.3
53.7
54.0
8.8
872.8
11.5
118.0
1.0
10.1
22.3
80.4
70.6
5.1
43.9
0.7
2.8
366.4
71.6
56.4
14.3
22.3
14.7
179.3
43.1
17.8
10.3
76.7
35.3
64.7
57.7
10.4
34.6
27.8
7.2
16.1
401.7
2685.4
1020.8
1664.6
154.4
621.8

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

2010
share
of total

556.8
4.7% 19.3%
143.8
-2.5%
5.0%
49.8
0.7%
1.7%
750.4
3.0%
26.0%
36.1
-3.0%
1.3%
12.9
16.8%
0.4%
13.0
23.5%
0.5%
10.1
7.2%
0.4%
6.5 108.4%
0.2%
38.1
4.4%
1.3%
25.7
-0.7%
0.9%
2.6
-9.9%
0.1%
145.1
6.2%
5.0%
13.6
2.2%
0.5%
7.4
-3.0%
0.3%
9.6 -12.7%
0.3%
6.8
3.6%
0.2%
30.3
3.3%
1.1%
63.5
12.4%
2.2%
95.7
2.5%
3.3%
3.7
0.5%
0.1%
9.8
-2.9%
0.3%
530.1
11.6% 18.4%
38.1
16.4%
1.3%
16.7
-3.8%
0.6%
51.4
-4.3%
1.8%
53.2
-1.5%
1.8%
9.0
3.0%
0.3%
938.8
7.6%
32.6%
11.8
2.4%
0.4%
124.7
5.6%
4.3%

1.1
8.7%
10.4
3.5%
0.4%
24.4
9.4%
0.8%
105.0
30.7%
3.6%
75.5
7.0%
2.6%
7.0
37.3%
0.2%
45.9
4.5%
1.6%
5.6 704.6%
0.2%
3.2
15.0%
0.1%
414.6
13.2%
14.4%
72.4
1.1%
2.5%
55.2
-2.2%
1.9%
14.2
-0.6%
0.5%
30.3
35.7%
1.1%
16.1
9.4%
0.6%
188.1
4.9%
6.5%
45.3
5.1%
1.6%
18.0
1.3%
0.6%
11.0
6.7%
0.4%
87.1
13.5%
3.0%
45.8
29.7%
1.6%
73.8
14.0%
2.6%
59.8
3.7%
2.1%
10.9
4.9%
0.4%
35.5
2.7%
1.2%
32.7
17.4%
1.1%
8.4
16.7%
0.3%
15.6
-3.4%
0.5%
443.9
10.5%
15.4%
2880.9
7.3% 100.0%
1050.7
2.9% 36.5%
1830.2
9.9% 63.5%
157.4
2.0%
5.5%
682.1
9.7% 23.7%

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.

Consumption




Million tonnes oil equivalent

US

Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil

Chile

Colombia
Ecuador
Peru

Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy

Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain

Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran

Israel

Kuwait
Qatar

Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China

China Hong Kong SAR
India

Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD

Non-OECD

European Union
Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

600.4
83.4
36.9
720.7
29.9
8.5
5.8
5.3
0.3
0.3
9.5
25.1
1.6
86.4
7.3
4.7
14.2
14.0
2.9
7.5
4.4
3.4
35.4
71.5
1.8
9.7
3.4
58.4
8.6
2.5
35.0
3.6
10.0
2.1
15.4
318.6
5.8
15.2
0.7
2.4
13.1
11.0
63.9
87.2
41.1
11.9
886.8
56.6

8.6
8.7
44.8
28.3
21.0
168.1
17.9
18.0
1.1
15.7
52.6
18.5
9.0
22.1
2.7
23.7
26.8
65.1
21.7
5.1
19.4


17.0
6.1
19.8
1.4
3.5
261.7
2176.2
1225.7
950.5
396.3
471.3

573.9
79.4
37.5
690.7
28.0
10.7
6.6
5.5
0.3
0.3
10.5
26.6
2.1
90.6
7.7
6.8
14.1
13.8
2.7
8.0
4.6
3.7
37.7
74.6
1.8
10.7
3.6
58.5
9.2
2.5
36.0
3.4
10.4
2.3
14.9
329.6
6.2
16.4
0.6
2.5
14.4
11.2
61.9
86.7
44.6
13.0
914.5
63.1

9.5
9.9
48.3
34.1
21.3
186.1
18.5
22.1
1.1
15.9
57.4
19.4
9.7
24.7
2.7
23.8
27.9
66.8
22.7
5.3
20.4
0.1
0.8
18.7
6.6
22.3
1.8
3.4
277.2
2216.6
1213.2
1003.4
406.6
487.4

593.7
81.2
40.8
715.6
27.2
12.7
6.6
5.5
0.2
0.4
11.4
25.6
2.2
91.9
7.7
6.8
14.5
14.1
2.4
7.8
4.6
3.6
36.5
74.3
1.9
10.6
3.7
58.1
13.3
2.6
35.8
3.6
10.1
2.8
15.5
330.9
5.8
18.8
0.7
2.5
15.6
11.6
60.9
85.6
45.8
12.2
920.9
71.3

8.5
10.0
51.0
32.8
22.2
195.8
18.2
23.9
0.9
16.2
59.2
19.8
10.3
26.3
2.6
24.8
29.6
65.4
23.6
5.1
22.1
1.6
3.2
20.8
7.4
24.2
2.2
3.3
292.2
2275.6
1239.2
1036.3
406.0
493.0

575.3
87.9
45.1
708.4
31.1
14.2
7.2
5.4
0.2
0.5
13.0
22.7
2.8
97.1
8.5
7.0
14.3
15.0
2.5
7.8
4.7
4.0
38.7
77.0
2.2
11.9
3.7
64.1
15.9
2.8
36.0
3.9
11.3
2.7
16.5
346.4
5.7
21.3
0.7
2.6
18.8
12.8
62.1
85.8
41.2
12.7
960.4
74.6

9.9
11.0
54.1
34.1
22.5
206.1
19.3
26.7
0.9
18.4
65.3
19.8
11.1
30.5
1.7
26.6
31.5
71.8
24.6
3.9
27.4
2.4
3.6
21.8
7.6
25.7
2.1
3.8
315.8
2353.1
1260.8
1092.3
425.8
509.3

577.3
85.6
48.1
710.9
34.1
16.9
7.8
5.7
0.3
0.8
12.0
25.6
2.6
105.8
8.5
7.5
16.1
15.2
2.5
8.2
4.7
3.9
40.5
77.3
2.4
11.7
3.7
66.5
22.5
2.8
36.8
4.1
11.9
3.4
15.7
354.7
5.5
24.7
0.7
2.7
19.9
13.5
61.7
87.7
39.1
14.1
990.1
77.9
1.1
10.7
13.5
59.1
36.2
23.9
222.4
19.8
28.5
1.9
21.4
71.7
21.0
11.9
35.7
2.4
28.7
29.0
69.3
22.2
3.5
31.0
2.2
4.5
25.5
9.2
26.9
3.7
4.1
330.9
2431.8
1280.8
1151.0
437.4
525.5

568.5
88.0
48.5
705.0
36.4
17.7
7.5
6.0
0.3
1.4
13.6
24.7
2.9
110.6
9.0
7.7
16.5
15.4
2.8
8.6
4.5
3.6
39.6
77.6
2.4
12.1
3.5
71.2
24.1
2.9
35.4
4.0
12.2
3.8
15.8
360.2
5.9
29.1
0.7
2.8
24.2
14.5
62.1
85.5
38.4
14.3
1010.5
94.5
1.5
11.0
16.8
64.1
37.8
25.5
251.3
20.9
28.4
2.8
22.5
74.7
19.8
13.1
42.1
2.4
32.1
29.9
70.7
28.3
3.2
32.0
3.0
6.2
27.3
9.3
29.3
5.8
4.7
359.0
2511.2
1287.8
1223.3
444.8
534.9

560.0
87.3
54.8
702.1
37.6
18.7
7.0
6.3
0.7
1.6
18.2
28.3
3.5
121.9
8.5
8.2
17.1
15.4
2.9
8.4
4.6
3.8
37.9
78.5
2.8
11.5
4.0
69.7
25.3
2.9
34.3
4.0
12.4
3.7
16.3
367.7
5.4
30.3
0.8
2.7
27.4
16.5
60.3
81.1
37.7
14.7
1016.5
97.8
2.1
11.3
17.6
66.2
39.0
28.3
262.3
21.4
32.9
3.1
22.0
79.3
22.8
13.8
50.5
2.6
33.5
29.9
75.4
30.4
3.3
32.5
2.4
6.3
28.8
10.0
30.0
6.3
4.9
383.4
2565.6
1290.2
1275.4
438.2
544.2

597.3
85.7
56.5
739.5
39.5
19.0
4.1
6.7
0.5
2.4
18.2
26.6
4.0
121.2
8.0
7.2
17.0
15.3
2.9
7.8
4.1
3.5
38.2
74.6
3.4
10.7
4.3
70.0
23.8
3.3
33.3
3.8
12.4
3.9
14.5
379.9
5.1
31.6
0.9
2.6
32.5
19.1
56.9
81.9
41.3
15.3
1029.1
101.7
2.5
10.9
17.4
67.0
44.3
29.1
272.8
21.9
34.5
3.1
25.4
85.0
24.9
14.6
63.5
2.5
36.1
28.2
81.2
30.1
3.6
33.1
2.8
7.8
31.2
10.6
31.8
6.4
5.4
413.7
2661.3
1336.9
1324.3
433.0
557.1

600.6
86.0
59.8
746.4
40.0
22.2
2.4
6.8
0.4
3.1
19.7
28.3
4.3
127.2
8.6
8.2
17.3
15.5
2.9
7.8
4.1
3.6
39.4
73.1
3.6
10.6
4.5
70.0
24.5
2.9
34.7
3.9
12.5
4.2
14.3
374.4
5.2
34.8
0.8
2.8
33.8
18.5
54.0
84.5
43.8
14.5
1033.4
107.4
3.7
11.5
17.4
72.4
53.5
32.8
298.7
22.8
36.8
3.4
27.2
90.1
25.9
16.1
73.2
2.9
37.2
30.0
84.4
30.4
3.4
33.8
3.0
7.4
32.1
10.5
33.6
6.7
5.1
435.6
2731.4
1358.0
1373.4
440.7
551.8

2009

588.3
85.0
59.9
733.1
38.8
17.8
2.8
7.8
0.4
3.1
18.8
27.5
4.5
121.6
8.4
7.0
14.5
15.7
2.1
7.4
4.0
3.2
38.0
70.2
3.0
9.1
4.3
64.4
22.1
2.5
35.0
3.7
12.0
4.2
11.9
350.7
4.4
31.1
1.0
2.7
32.1
17.9
42.3
78.0
39.2
12.3
954.5
118.2
4.1
10.9
18.0
70.6
53.2
34.7
309.7
24.5
38.3
3.0
23.2
89.0
27.7
17.8
80.6
2.8
45.9
33.6
78.7
30.3
3.5
34.6
3.0
7.3
30.5
10.2
35.3
7.2
4.6
453.5
2661.4
1313.9
1347.5
412.6
503.0

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

621.0
84.5
62.0
767.4
39.0
23.8
4.2
8.2
0.4
4.9
19.8
27.6
5.0
132.9
9.1
5.9
17.7
17.4
2.3
8.4
4.5
3.5
42.2
73.2
3.3
9.8
4.8
68.5
22.7
2.8
39.2
3.7
12.9
4.5
12.0
372.7
5.1
31.0
1.4
3.0
35.1
20.4
46.9
84.5
41.0
14.1
1023.5
123.2
4.8
12.9
18.4
75.5
54.5
39.6
329.0
26.0
40.6
3.4
24.4
94.5
27.3
18.0
98.1
3.4
55.7
36.3
85.1
32.2
3.7
35.5
2.8
7.6
38.6
12.7
40.6
8.4
4.8
510.8
2858.1
1397.6
1460.5
443.3
537.1

2010
share
of total

5.6% 21.7%
-0.6%
3.0%
3.4%
2.2%
4.7%
26.9%
0.4%
1.4%
33.8%
0.8%
51.0%
0.1%
4.3%
0.3%

-6.0%
56.0%
0.2%
5.5%
0.7%
0.6%
1.0%
9.9%
0.2%
9.3%
4.7%
8.6%
0.3%
-15.9%
0.2%
22.3%
0.6%
10.9%
0.6%
10.1%
0.1%
13.7%
0.3%
12.2%
0.2%
9.9%
0.1%
11.1%
1.5%
4.2%
2.6%
8.2%
0.1%
7.7%
0.3%
10.8%
0.2%
6.4%
2.4%
2.9%
0.8%
14.3%
0.1%
12.1%
1.4%
-0.5%
0.1%
7.1%
0.5%
6.7%
0.2%
0.6%
0.4%
6.3% 13.0%
14.5%
0.2%
-0.3%
1.1%
38.9%
0.1%
10.5%
0.1%
9.2%
1.2%
13.5%
0.7%
11.0%
1.6%
8.3%
3.0%
4.6%
1.4%
14.9%
0.5%
7.2%
35.8%
4.2%
4.3%
17.5%
0.2%
18.8%
0.5%
2.0%
0.6%
7.0%
2.6%
2.5%
1.9%
14.1%
1.4%
6.2%
11.5%
6.0%
0.9%
6.0%
1.4%
13.8%
0.1%
5.5%
0.9%
6.1%
3.3%
-1.2%
1.0%
1.3%
0.6%
21.8%
3.4%
24.3%
0.1%
21.5%
1.9%
7.8%
1.3%
8.1%
3.0%
6.2%
1.1%
4.2%
0.1%
2.7%
1.2%
-5.8%
0.1%
4.2%
0.3%
26.5%
1.4%
24.3%
0.4%
15.0%
1.4%
16.7%
0.3%
3.6%
0.2%
12.6%
17.9%
7.4% 100.0%
6.4% 48.9%
8.4% 51.1%
7.4% 15.5%
6.8% 18.8%

† Less than 0.05.
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
◆Less

than 0.05%.
Notes: The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with unavoidable
disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.

25

Production by region

Consumption by region

Billion cubic metres

Billion cubic metres

3500

Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America

85

90

95

00

05

10

3500

Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America

3000

3000

2500

2500

2000

2000

1500

1500

1000

1000

500

500

0

85

90

95

00

05

World natural gas production increased by 7.3%, the largest increase since 1984. Growth was above average in all regions; Russia recorded the largest production
increment. Natural gas consumption increased by 7.4%, with above-average growth in all regions but the Middle East. The US recorded the world’s largest
gas consumption increment.

Consumption per capita 2010
Tonnes oil equivalent

0-0.5
0.5-1.0
1.0-1.5
1.5-2.0
> 2.0

26

10

0

Prices
$/Mmbtu

US Henry Hub
Average German Import Price cif
UK NBP
Japan LNG cif

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

03

02

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

0

Prices


US dollars per million Btu

1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

LNG
Japan
cif

Average German
Import Price*

5.10
5.23
4.10
3.35
3.34
3.28
3.64
3.99
3.62
3.52
3.18
3.46
3.66
3.91
3.05
3.14
4.72
4.64
4.27
4.77
5.18
6.05
7.14
7.73
12.55
9.06
10.91

4.00
4.25
3.93
2.55
2.22
2.00
2.78
3.19
2.69
2.50
2.35
2.39
2.46
2.64
2.32
1.88
2.89
3.66
3.23
4.06
4.32
5.88
7.85
8.03
11.56
8.52
8.01

Natural gas
UK
(Heren NBP Index)†

US
Henry Hub‡

Canada
(Alberta)‡

Crude oil
OECD
countries cif






1.70
1.64
1.49
1.77
2.12
1.92
1.69
2.76
2.53
2.08
2.27
4.23
4.07
3.33
5.63
5.85
8.79
6.76
6.95
8.85
3.89
4.39







1.05
0.89
0.98
1.69
1.45
0.89
1.12
1.36
1.42
2.00
3.75
3.61
2.57
4.83
5.03
7.25
5.83
6.17
7.99
3.38
3.69

5.00
4.75
2.57
3.09
2.56
3.01
3.82
3.33
3.19
2.82
2.70
2.96
3.54
3.29
2.16
2.98
4.83
4.08
4.17
4.89
6.27
8.74
10.66
11.95
16.76
10.41
13.47













1.87
1.96
1.86
1.58
2.71
3.17
2.37
3.33
4.46
7.38
7.87
6.01
10.79
4.85
6.56

*Source:

1984-1990 German Federal Statistical Office, 1991-2010 German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA).
† Source: Heren Energy Ltd.
‡ S ource: Energy Intelligence Group, Natural Gas Week.
Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices).

27

Natural gas: trade movements 2010

Numbers in blue refer to liquefied natural gas (LNG) trade
Numbers in black refer to pipeline trade
Numbers in red refer to both pipeline and LNG trade

Fold out to see full table

28

Natural gas: trade movements 2010
My
an
ma
r
Pip
eli
ne
im
po
rts
LN
G
im
p
or
To
ts
ta
im l
po
rts

Ea
st
Tim
or



2.07

0.16







1.18

2.23





1.29
0.25
1.02



1.10

0.18











1.87





93.25
20.91
9.43

12.23
2.00
5.72

105.48
22.91
15.15


0.09


















0.34


0.08

1.83
9.82










2.18

1.63
0.85
0.52
0.82
0.77


0.16





0.08


























































































0.17





0.55




0.08
1.50
















0.89
















0.15
0.59
0.25




0.04






0.08













































1.83
9.82
0.34


0.08
2.18

1.78
2.78
3.07
0.82
0.77

3.61
12.60
3.41
0.82
0.77
0.08
2.18





0.05





























0.12





0.18













































































































































































































0.08







0.35


0.08


0.32









0.18





3.32



0.26

1.63





0.08





























0.63

















1.20










0.62










0.08



0.08

1.26















1.14











0.76








1.64




















0.70

















0.23

0.60



0.44



0.81




0.15


3.98



0.30

2.50




0.75


2.61
1.07








2.15










0.14




































5.55







6.85

24.20



8.11

















0.55



8.07

1.08



6.91



3.10



14.15

30.20



5.75







8.11

0.05





3.30

0.05

0.26

26.57













0.63















0.52


























0.66




























4.95







0.60

2.85


5.29
0.50







1.46


























1.03
















0.72







4.35































11.95









5.25
1.29

19.52

0.21
2.16
1.03
8.44

0.36
4.50
8.05
0.21
34.43
2.05
6.47

14.20
0.74

0.66
2.63

0.08
1.08
4.03
9.08

2.15

1.91
5.47
0.50


0.28

16.64
33.03































9.68




























2.90
0.19









10.32






0.16














6.27


0.98


27.56









1.43




0.38
12.05



3.87

1.25





0.17







0.73


0.08


0.72















2.62



0.27

0.12
















0.03


0.09







































9.41















0.34

















































0.16







3.57















2.70





7.82



1.26

0.40


0.40
0.25



































7.77



































0.17









5.80







2.43





6.18









0.08





5.54



1.92

13.89





















































0.08





















0.18





0.26

























































































































































































































































































6.77
1.69
0.25
19.52
18.13
0.21
2.16
1.17
11.54
0.15
0.36
4.50
34.95
1.24
92.82
2.71
7.47
5.29
66.26
3.64
0.19
0.66
2.63
1.37
0.08
1.08
16.97
10.15
1.95
2.15
32.67
1.91
5.47
0.88
8.86
1.64
3.63
0.16
28.76
33.03
34.96





6.43







13.94


1.17


9.08









3.01





27.54



7.92

18.67

6.77
1.69
0.25
19.52
24.56
0.21
2.16
1.17
11.54
0.15
0.36
4.50
48.89
1.24
92.82
3.88
7.47
5.29
75.34
3.64
0.19
0.66
2.63
1.37
0.08
1.08
16.97
10.15
4.96
2.15
32.67
1.91
5.47
0.88
36.40
1.64
3.63
0.16
36.68
33.03
53.63







































































0.50
1.25













3.04

0.12






































0.12
0.50
1.25
3.04




0.12
0.50
1.25
3.04














































0.33













0.09


































































0.35
















0.09



6.50





















2.10
2.52
0.33
0.15

0.69




0.29




















0.08













0.91








1.90

17.41




0.25






0.09






0.09


































0.24










6.85
2.10
2.52
0.00
0.15
1.90
0.69
17.25




2.78



0.16

6.85
2.10
2.52
2.78
0.15
1.90
0.69
17.41





0.85


0.35


30.34
1.64
31.98











92.40

92.40











0.85

0.85











0.42

0.42











11.65

11.65











2.18

2.18


0.07

0.66
0.15


0.88
0.51


20.38
20.38


0.08





0.08



1.82
1.82


0.08


0.08


0.08


3.08
0.57
3.65











3.54

3.54











1.53

1.53











14.76

14.76











0.14

0.14
















0.16

0.07


53.33 95.88

4.71
53.33 100.59











1.15

1.15











0.66

0.66











15.65

15.65











6.45

6.45




0.51





8.23





3.90

0.67


11.95 186.45

13.40
11.95 199.85


3.55








19.73

19.73











13.56

13.56





0.08





36.48
19.31
55.79


0.08

0.09
0.57


0.98
0.17

5.46
9.71
15.17


0.08

0.17
0.72


1.85
0.35


5.16
5.16











9.41
0.34
9.75











3.04

3.04


0.17

0.33
0.84


1.18
1.09

0.12
23.90
24.02











8.42

8.42





3.80


6.11
0.50


11.49
11.49


1.61

10.53
10.15


10.16
3.75

19.15
75.75
94.90


0.08


6.86


0.25
0.42


7.90
7.90


0.70

0.37
0.16


2.27



5.48
5.48


5.21


17.66


1.33
1.06


25.36
25.36





7.78


1.05



8.83
8.83



3.83







3.83

3.83

5.82









5.82

5.82


2.45


17.00
2.94
6.95
7.42
2.62

9.89
31.36
41.25


1.68


18.55

1.45
6.39
3.68

1.45
30.54
31.99

0.0 pipeline

0.0 both LNG and pipeline

Ma
lay
sia



Ind
on
es
ia



Ch
ina



Bru
ne
i



Au
str
alia



Ye
me
n

Om
an

Un
i
Emted A
ira rab
tes

Ira
n



Qa
tar

Lib
ya



Eg
yp
t



Alg
eri
a

Eq
u
Gu ator
ine ial
a

Ka
zak
hs
tan
Ru
ssi
Fe an
de
rat
ion
Tur
km
en
ist
an
Uz
be
kis
tan

0.76
0.08

Tur
ke
y
Un
ite
Kin d
gd
om



Sp
ain



Notes: Flows are on a contractual basis and may not correspond to physical gas flows in all cases. Includes re-exports from US and Belgium.
0.0 LNG

Az
erb
aija
n

Ne
the
rla
nd
s
No
rw
ay



Ita
ly



Ge
rm
an
y



Fra
nc
e



De
nm
ark

0.45
0.08
0.26

Be
lgiu
m

5.38
1.59

Pe
ru



Co
lom
bia
Tri
nid
& T ad
ob
ag
o



Bo
livi
a



Arg
en
tin
a

0.85

Me
xic
o

92.40

Ca
na
da


20.91
9.43

US

To
North America
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Dominican Republic
Puerto Rico
Uruguay
Venezuela
Europe & Eurasia
Austria
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
FYR of Macedonia
Moldova
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Tajikistan
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Africa
Ghana
Morocco
Tunisia
South Africa
Middle East
Iran
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Oman
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Asia Pacific
Australia
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Japan
Malaysia
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Pipeline exports
LNG exports
Total exports

Mo
zam
biq
ue
Nig
eri
a

From

Billion cubic metres

5.82

5.82

3.55
12.80
16.35

3.83

3.83

0.00
12.15
12.15

0.00
93.48
93.48

2.94

2.94

8.40

8.40

0.00
44.44
44.44

0.00
14.90
14.90

8.81

8.81
8.81
8.81 677.59

297.63
8.81 677.59 297.63 975.22

Source: Cedigaz (provisional), GIIGNL (aggregated data) for all flows, except intra-CIS trade; CISStat.

Major trade movements
Trade flows worldwide (billion cubic metres)

113.9
55.9
16.6

32.0
8.2

21.0
92.4

20.9

20.1

6.2
16.0

12.1

44.1

36.5

4.1

9.4

18.8

5.2

6.5
14.9

5.5

6.3

17.3
5.4

17.7

43.3

8.8

10.9

7.0

5.8

9.8

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific

Pipeline gas
LNG

Natural gas trade
Pipeline exports and imports

LNG exports and imports
500

Pipeline exports
Pipeline imports

North
America

Latin
America

Europe &
Eurasia

Africa

Middle
East

Asia
Pacific

500

LNG exports
LNG imports

450

450

400

400

350

350

300

300

250

250

200

200

150

150

100

100

50

50

North
America

0

Latin
America

Europe &
Eurasia

Africa

Middle
East

Asia
Pacific

0

Natural gas trade grew by 10.1% in 2010, driven by strong growth (+22.6%) in LNG shipments. LNG exports are dominated by the Middle East region; Qatar (the world’s
largest LNG supplier) saw its exports grow by 53.2%. LNG now accounts for 30.5% of global gas trade. Pipeline shipments grew by 5.4%, led by growth in Russia.
Europe and Eurasia accounts for roughly two-thirds of global pipeline gas trade.

29

Coal
Proved reserves at end 2010




Million tonnes

Anthracite

and
bituminous

Sub-
bituminous
and lignite

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Middle East
Total Middle East & Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
North Korea
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

108501

3474

860
112835



6366

479

45
6890

2

192

99



13
21500

4338

10
49088

200

529
15351

228

1440
92990
30156

502

860

1203
32721
37100
62200
56100

1520

340

33

300







150

1582
159326
404762
155926
248836

5101
86725

128794

3108

351
132253

4559

380



679
5618

2364

908
40600

3020

1647
12100

1371

281
107922

330

1814
18522


20735
211614





174


174
39300
52300

4500

4009

10

538

300

2070

126

1239



2125
106517
456176
222603
233573
51047
141309

ore than 500 years.
* M

Total

Share
of total

237295
6582
1211
245088
4559
6746
479
724
12508
2366
1100
40699
3020
1660
33600
5709
291
157010
530
2343
33873
228
22175
304604
30156
502
1034
1203
32895
76400
114500
60600
5529
350
571
600
2070
126
1239
150
3707
265843
860938
378529
482409
56148
228034

27.6%
0.8%
0.1%
28.5%
0.5%
0.8%
0.1%
0.1%
1.5%
0.3%
0.1%
4.7%
0.4%
0.2%
3.9%
0.7%

0.1%

0.4%
30.9%
100.0%
44.0%
56.0%
6.5%
26.5%

18.2%
0.1%
0.3%
3.9%


2.6%
35.4%
3.5%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
3.8%
8.9%
13.3%
7.0%
0.6%


0.1%
0.1%
0.2%

R/P ratio


241
97
130
231
*
91
120
*
148
82
22
223
44
183
303
43
9
495
73
27
462
13
317
257
119
301
*
*
127
180
35
106
18
382
107
16
*
60
69
3
114
57
118
184
92
105
452

Source of reserves data: Survey of Energy Resources, World Energy Council 2010.

◆ Less than 0.05%.

Notes: Proved reserves of coal – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known
deposits under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of the year are divided by the production in that year, the result
is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate.

Prices




US dollars per tonne

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

Northwest
Europe
marker price†

43.48
42.80
38.53
33.68
37.18
44.50
41.25
38.92
32.00
28.79
35.99
39.03
31.65
43.60
72.08
60.54
64.11
88.79
147.67
70.66
92.50

US Central
Appalachian coal
spot price index‡

31.59
29.01
28.53
29.85
31.72
27.01
29.86
29.76
31.00
31.29
29.90
50.15
33.20
38.52
64.90
70.12
62.96
51.16
118.79
68.08
71.63

Japan coking
coal import
cif price

60.54
60.45
57.82
55.26
51.77
54.47
56.68
55.51
50.76
42.83
39.69
41.33
42.01
41.57
60.96
89.33
93.46
88.24
179.03
167.82
158.95

† S ource: McCloskey Coal Information Service. Prices for 1990-2000 are the average of the monthly marker, 2001-2010 the average of weekly prices.
‡ S ource: Platts. Prices are for CAPP 12,500Btu, 1.2 SO 2 coal, fob. Prices for 1990-2000 are by coal price publication date, 2001-2010 by coal price assessment date.
Note: CAPP = Central Appalachian; cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices); fob = free on board.

30

Japan steam
coal import
cif price

50.81
50.30
48.45
45.71
43.66
47.58
49.54
45.53
40.51
35.74
34.58
37.96
36.90
34.74
51.34
62.91
63.04
69.86
122.81
110.11
105.19

Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years

History

2010 by region
300

700

World
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East & Africa
Asia Pacific

250

600

500
200

400
150
300

100
200

50

North
America

S. & Cent.
America

Europe &
Eurasia

Middle East
& Africa

Asia
Pacific

0

100

90

95

00

05

10

0

World proved reserves of coal in 2010 were sufficient to meet 118 years of global production – by far the largest R/P ratio of any fossil fuel, but well below the 2000 R/P
ratio of 210 years. Europe & Eurasia holds the largest regional coal reserves and has the highest regional R/P ratio.

Distribution of proved reserves in 1990, 2000 and 2010
Percentage

Europe & Eurasia
Asia Pacific
North America
Middle East & Africa
S. & Cent. America

3.8

6.3

6.4

22.8

2.2 35.8

1.4 41.4

2010
Total 860938
million tonnes

2000
Total 984211
million tonnes

1990
Total 981780
million tonnes

1.5 35.4

28.5
26.1
30.9
29.7

27.9

Source: Survey of Energy Resources, World Energy Council.

31

Production*




Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Total Middle East
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

570.1
36.1
5.4
611.6
2.9
24.9
5.8
0.4
33.9
4.4
25.0
2.3
56.5
8.2
2.9
38.5
71.3
6.4
116.0
8.0
13.9
42.0
19.0
14.0
428.6
0.8
126.6
2.8
1.2
130.6
166.5
762.5
132.2
47.4
1.7
2.2
1.4
1.9
5.1
6.5
19.6
1147.1
2352.5
994.2
1358.3
206.6
197.4

590.3
36.6
5.3
632.2
2.1
28.5
5.6
0.5
36.8
4.4
25.4
1.5
54.1
8.5
2.9
40.7
71.7
7.1
122.6
7.6
14.2
43.5
19.4
14.4
438.2
0.7
126.1
2.9
1.2
130.1
180.2
809.5
133.6
56.9
1.8
2.4
1.5
1.7
5.6
7.5
20.1
1220.8
2458.9
1027.6
1431.3
205.1
207.8

570.1
34.2
5.3
609.5
1.9
25.7
5.9
0.4
33.9
4.4
24.3
1.1
55.0
9.1
2.7
37.8
71.3
6.6
117.3
7.2
11.5
42.8
18.2
15.3
424.7
0.8
124.1
2.5
1.3
127.9
184.3
853.8
138.5
63.5
0.8
2.7
1.6
1.5
5.7
9.2
19.6
1281.0
2477.7
1003.5
1474.2
202.5
198.9

553.6
31.7
4.6
589.9
1.8
32.5
5.1
0.5
39.9
4.6
24.2
1.3
54.1
9.0
2.8
43.3
71.4
7.0
127.1
6.8
10.5
41.6
17.2
15.8
436.7
0.7
134.1
1.8
1.5
137.4
189.9
1013.4
144.4
70.3
0.7
3.2
1.5
1.5
5.3
10.8
20.6
1461.5
2666.1
987.3
1678.8
200.7
212.8

572.4
33.8
4.7
610.9
2.0
34.9
5.9
0.2
43.0
4.5
23.5
0.4
54.7
9.1
2.4
44.4
70.5
6.7
131.7
6.7
10.5
42.2
15.3
15.6
438.2
0.8
137.2
2.4
1.2
140.8
198.5
1174.1
155.7
81.4
0.7
3.2
1.5
1.4
5.6
14.7
22.4
1659.2
2893.0
1012.0
1881.0
195.8
219.4

580.2
33.5
5.2
618.8
2.4
38.4
5.3
0.3
46.3
4.1
23.5
0.2
53.2
9.0
2.0
44.2
68.7
6.6
139.2
6.4
12.8
41.0
12.5
14.7
438.1
0.8
137.7
2.2
1.1
141.0
205.8
1302.2
162.1
93.9
0.6
3.2
1.6
1.3
5.8
18.3
24.7
1819.4
3064.4
1021.0
2043.4
188.1
225.5

595.1
33.9
5.5
634.5
2.2
42.6
5.4
0.6
50.8
4.2
23.7
0.2
50.3
8.3
2.1
49.1
67.0
6.5
145.1
6.2
13.4
41.7
11.3
15.7
444.9
0.9
138.0
1.4
1.0
140.3
210.3
1406.4
170.2
119.2
0.7
3.5
1.7
1.3
5.3
21.8
25.1
1965.6
3237.1
1036.6
2200.5
181.5
237.0

587.7
36.0
6.0
629.7
2.3
45.4
5.6
0.3
53.6
4.7
23.3
0.2
51.5
8.6
2.0
50.0
62.3
6.7
148.0
6.0
15.8
39.9
10.3
16.7
446.1
1.0
139.6
1.3
0.9
141.8
217.2
1501.1
181.0
133.4
0.8
3.0
1.6
1.3
5.1
22.4
23.3
2090.2
3362.4
1036.6
2325.8
177.4
239.0

596.7
35.6
5.5
637.8
2.5
47.8
4.5
0.4
55.2
4.8
21.1
0.1
47.7
8.3
1.9
56.8
60.5
6.7
153.4
3.7
17.2
41.3
11.0
17.3
452.0
1.0
142.4
1.0
0.9
144.2
220.7
1557.1
195.6
147.8
0.7
3.0
1.8
1.2
5.0
23.0
24.3
2180.1
3470.3
1039.3
2431.1
167.7
252.9

540.9
32.5
5.1
578.5
1.9
47.3
2.7
0.5
52.4
4.6
19.5

44.4
8.4
1.9
51.5
56.4
6.4
142.1
3.5
17.4
38.4
10.9
16.9
422.1
1.0
141.2
1.1
0.8
143.1
228.8
1652.1
210.8
157.6
0.7
2.8
1.6
1.1
5.0
25.2
29.2
2314.8
3511.8
978.2
2533.7
157.7
233.2

mmercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.
*Co
† Less than 0.05.
◆ Less than 0.05%.
Note: Coal production data expressed in million tonnes is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

32

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

552.2
34.9
4.5
591.6
2.1
48.3
2.9
0.5
53.8
4.8
19.4

43.7
8.8
1.9
56.2
55.5
5.8
148.8
3.3
17.4
38.1
11.0
16.1
430.9
1.0
143.0
1.1
0.8
144.9
235.4
1800.4
216.1
188.1
0.5
3.3
1.5
0.9
5.0
24.7
33.4
2509.4
3731.4
996.0
2735.5
156.0
244.4

2010
share
of total

2.1% 14.8%
7.2%
0.9%
-11.4%
0.1%
2.3%
15.9%
8.2%
0.1%
2.1%
1.3%
8.1%
0.1%

-7.0%
2.6%
1.4%
5.8%
0.1%
-0.7%
0.5%


-1.5%
1.2%
5.0%
0.2%
1.0%
0.1%
9.2%
1.5%
-1.6%
1.5%
-9.2%
0.2%
4.7%
4.0%
-6.3%
0.1%


0.5%
-0.8%
1.0%
1.6%
0.3%
-4.3%
0.4%
2.1%
11.5%


1.3%
3.8%




1.3%
3.9%
2.9%
6.3%
9.0% 48.3%
2.5%
5.8%
19.4%
5.0%

-28.4%
16.8%
0.1%

-5.2%

-17.3%
0.5%
0.1%
-2.0%
0.7%
14.5%
0.9%
8.4%
67.2%
6.3% 100.0%
1.8% 26.7%
8.0% 73.3%
-1.1%
4.2%
4.8%
6.5%

Consumption*




Million tonnes oil equivalent

US

Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil

Chile

Colombia
Ecuador
Peru

Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy

Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain

Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran

Israel

Kuwait
Qatar

Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China

China Hong Kong SAR
India

Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD

Non-OECD

European Union
Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

569.0
31.8
6.2
606.9
0.8
12.5
3.0
2.7

0.5


0.6
20.1
2.8

0.1
7.6
6.3
21.0
4.0
3.5
13.9
84.9
9.2
3.2
1.8
13.0
23.2
0.1
8.6
0.7
57.6
4.5
7.0
105.2
4.0
21.6
1.9
0.1
25.5

38.8
36.7
1.0
17.4
525.2
1.1
6.2





7.3
0.5
1.4
74.6
6.5
82.9
46.7
0.3
737.1
3.7
144.2
13.7
98.9
1.9
1.1
2.0
4.3

43.0
28.7
7.8
4.7
18.9
1157.1
2399.7
1133.6
1266.1
314.9
169.1

552.2
34.0
6.8
593.0
0.6
12.2
2.3
2.7

0.4


0.7
19.0
3.1

0.1
7.6
6.9
21.2
4.2
4.0
12.1
85.0
9.3
3.4
1.9
13.7
22.5
0.1
8.5
0.6
58.0
3.7
7.2
102.4
4.1
19.5
2.0
0.1
21.8

39.4
38.9
1.1
16.6
518.9
1.1
7.2





8.3
0.6
1.2
73.4
7.3
82.6
48.2
0.4
751.9
4.9
145.2
16.8
103.0
2.6
1.3
2.1
4.5

45.7
30.6
8.8
5.0
19.5
1190.7
2412.4
1124.9
1287.5
315.7
166.1

552.0
31.6
7.6
591.1
0.5
11.5
2.4
2.2

0.4


1.0
18.0
3.0

0.1
6.7
6.5
20.6
4.2
4.4
12.4
84.6
9.8
3.1
1.8
14.2
22.8
0.1
8.9
0.5
56.7
4.1
7.6
103.0
4.0
21.9
2.2
0.1
21.2

38.3
35.7
1.0
18.8
518.5
1.1
7.6





8.7
0.9
1.3
75.9
7.2
85.4
51.0
0.4
794.9
5.4
151.8
18.0
106.6
3.6
1.3
2.4
4.7

49.1
32.7
9.2
5.3
18.6
1254.9
2476.7
1130.7
1345.9
314.0
166.0

562.5
33.4
8.6
604.5
0.7
11.8
2.3
2.4

0.4


2.1
19.6
3.3

0.1
6.5
7.1
20.8
5.7
5.8
13.3
87.2
9.4
3.4
1.7
15.3
25.2
0.2
9.1
0.5
57.7
3.8
7.8
104.0
4.2
20.5
2.2
0.1
21.8

39.0
38.1
1.0
19.7
534.3
1.1
7.9





9.0
0.8
1.4
81.4
6.4
90.0
49.8
0.4
936.3
6.6
156.8
24.2
112.2
4.2
1.9
2.9
4.7

51.1
35.1
9.4
5.5
18.9
1419.9
2677.3
1161.4
1515.9
324.3
170.3

566.1
29.9
7.0
603.0
0.8
12.8
2.6
2.0

0.5


1.9
20.5
3.3

0.1
6.4
6.9
20.5
4.6
5.3
12.8
85.4
9.0
3.1
1.8
17.1
26.5
0.2
9.1
0.6
57.3
3.7
7.4
99.5
4.1
21.0
2.3
0.1
23.0

39.1
36.6
1.2
20.2
528.1
1.0
8.0





9.0
0.8
1.3
85.4
7.1
94.7
52.7
0.4
1084.3
6.6
172.3
22.2
120.8
5.7
2.0
3.8
5.0

53.1
36.6
10.4
8.2
19.2
1603.1
2858.4
1170.5
1687.9
319.1
167.6

574.2
31.7
9.1
614.9
0.9
12.7
2.6
2.7

0.5


1.8
21.2
3.1

0.1
6.1
6.9
19.8
3.7
3.1
13.3
82.1
8.8
2.7
1.8
17.0
27.2
0.2
8.7
0.5
55.7
3.8
7.6
94.2
3.9
21.2
2.2
0.1
26.1

37.5
37.4
1.1
18.0
513.9
1.2
7.9





9.1
0.6
1.3
82.9
7.3
92.1
53.6
0.4
1218.7
6.7
184.4
25.4
121.3
6.3
2.2
4.1
5.7

54.8
38.1
11.2
8.0
20.7
1761.6
3012.9
1179.7
1833.2
310.4
161.1

565.7
31.0
9.4
606.1
0.3
12.5
3.2
2.4

0.4


2.1
21.0
3.1

0.1
6.1
7.1
19.4
5.6
5.2
12.1
83.5
8.1
2.9
1.6
17.2
28.1
0.2
8.5
0.4
58.0
3.8
8.5
96.7
3.8
18.5
2.3
0.1
28.8

39.8
40.9
1.1
15.8
527.2
1.2
7.8





9.1
0.7
1.2
84.0
6.7
92.6
55.6
0.5
1343.9
7.0
195.4
30.1
119.1
7.3
2.2
4.2
5.5

54.8
39.6
12.4
9.5
21.4
1908.6
3164.5
1179.8
1984.7
317.7
166.8

573.3
32.3
9.1
614.7
0.4
13.4
3.8
2.4

0.5


2.1
22.6
2.9


5.5
7.8
19.3
4.7
4.6
12.3
85.7
8.5
2.9
1.5
17.2
30.8
0.2
9.0
0.4
57.9
3.3
7.4
93.5
3.8
20.2
2.2
0.1
31.0

39.7
38.4
1.4
16.0
528.3
1.3
8.0





9.3
0.7
1.2
85.1
6.0
93.1
54.2
0.4
1438.4
7.5
210.3
37.8
125.3
7.1
1.6
5.1
5.9

59.7
41.8
14.1
10.1
18.0
2037.5
3305.6
1200.2
2105.4
316.7
166.4

564.1
28.9
6.9
599.9
1.1
13.5
4.1
2.8

0.5


2.2
24.2
2.7


4.8
7.5
17.4
4.1
3.4
11.9
80.1
8.1
2.8
1.4
16.7
34.0
0.2
8.5
0.5
56.0
3.2
7.4
100.4
3.7
15.6
2.0
0.1
31.3

40.3
35.6
1.4
16.8
517.8
0.9
7.9





8.7
0.6
1.2
84.7
6.2
92.7
51.8
0.6
1479.3
7.0
230.4
30.1
128.7
5.0
2.0
5.3
7.0

66.1
40.2
15.3
10.0
19.7
2098.4
3341.7
1171.5
2170.2
294.4
177.2

496.2
23.3
8.6
528.1
1.2
11.7
3.7
3.7

0.5


2.0
22.9
2.2


4.6
6.3
16.2
4.0
3.7
9.9
71.7
8.1
2.5
1.3
13.1
31.7
0.1
7.9
0.3
51.9
3.3
6.6
91.9
3.5
10.5
1.6
0.1
32.0

35.0
29.6
1.4
15.2
466.4
1.1
7.7





8.8
0.2
0.6
87.7
5.5
94.1
51.7
0.4
1556.8
7.6
250.6
34.6
108.8
4.0
1.6
4.7
6.7

68.6
38.7
14.5
14.0
22.1
2185.3
3305.6
1049.5
2256.1
259.9
161.1

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

524.6
23.4
8.4
556.3
1.2
12.4
3.7
3.8

0.5


2.1
23.8
2.0


4.9
6.6
16.0
3.8
4.6
12.1
76.5
8.5
2.6
1.4
13.7
36.1
0.2
7.9
0.5
54.0
3.4
6.2
93.8
2.7
8.3
2.0
0.1
34.4

36.4
31.2
1.3
15.7
486.8
1.1
7.7





8.8
0.3
0.7
88.7
5.7
95.3
43.4
0.5
1713.5
6.3
277.6
39.4
123.7
3.4
1.0
4.6
7.7

76.0
40.3
14.8
13.7
18.9
2384.7
3555.8
1103.6
2452.2
269.7
169.1

2010
share
of total

5.7% 14.8%
0.4%
0.7%
-2.4%
0.2%
5.3%
15.6%


6.0%
0.3%
1.0%
0.1%
2.1%
0.1%



6.3%



-1.9%
1.9%
0.1%
3.9%
0.7%
-10.5%
0.1%

-7.8%

-23.0%
6.2%
0.1%
4.8%
0.2%
-1.3%
0.5%
-4.9%
0.1%
24.9%
0.1%
23.2%
0.3%
6.7%
2.2%
4.6%
0.2%
6.0%
0.1%

3.8%
5.0%
0.4%
13.8%
1.0%

19.6%
-0.1%
0.2%

32.0%
3.9%
1.5%
3.4%
0.1%
-6.6%
0.2%
2.1%
2.6%
-24.3%
0.1%
-21.3%
0.2%
23.6%
0.1%

5.7%
7.4%
1.0%


4.2%
1.0%
5.2%
0.9%

-3.3%
3.1%
0.4%
4.4%
13.7%

1.0%


0.2%










0.1%
0.2%

6.1%

5.1%
1.1%
2.5%
3.8%
0.2%
1.3%
2.7%
-16.1%
1.2%

6.0%
10.1% 48.2%
-16.3%
0.2%
10.8%
7.8%
13.7%
1.1%
13.7%
3.5%
-16.1%
0.1%

-37.3%
-2.3%
0.1%
15.8%
0.2%


10.8%
2.1%
4.0%
1.1%
2.6%
0.4%
-2.0%
0.4%
-14.5%
0.5%
9.1%
67.1%
7.6% 100.0%
5.2% 31.0%
8.7% 69.0%
3.8%
7.6%
5.0%
4.8%

* Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.
† Less than 0.05.
◆ Less than 0.05%.

33

Production by region

Consumption by region

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Million tonnes oil equivalent

4000

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

85

90

3500

95

00

05

4000

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

3500

3000

3000

2500

2500

2000

2000

1500

1500

1000

1000

500

500

10

0

85

90

95

00

05

10

World coal production grew by 6.3% in 2010, above the historical average. The Asia Pacific region accounted for 88.6% of global growth, led by a 9% increase in China
– the world’s largest producer and consumer of coal. Global coal consumption grew by 7.6% in 2010, with Asia Pacific countries accounting for 79.7% of the increase.
Consumption growth was above average in all regions except the Middle East and Africa.

Consumption per capita 2010
Tonnes oil equivalent

0-0.25
0.25-0.5
0.5-1.0
1.0-1.5
> 1.5

34

0

Nuclear energy
Consumption*




Million tonnes oil equivalent

US

Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil

Chile

Colombia
Ecuador
Peru

Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy

Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain

Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran

Israel

Kuwait
Qatar

Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China

China Hong Kong SAR
India

Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD

Non-OECD

European Union

Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

179.6
16.4
1.9
197.8
1.4
1.4







2.8



10.9
4.1
3.1

5.1
94.0
38.4

3.2



1.9
0.9



1.2
29.5
3.7
14.1
13.0
6.0


17.5
19.3

1.5
267.4










3.1

3.1


3.8

3.6

72.3


0.2


24.7
8.7



113.3
584.3
507.4
76.9
213.9
49.4

183.1
17.2
2.0
202.3
1.6
3.2







4.8



10.5
4.4
3.3

5.2
95.3
38.8

3.2



2.6
0.9



1.2
31.0
3.9
14.4
16.3
6.0


17.2
20.4

1.6
276.3










2.6

2.6


4.0

4.3

72.7


0.5


25.4
8.0



114.8
600.7
519.7
81.0
221.6
51.2

185.8
17.0
2.2
205.0
1.3
3.1







4.4



10.7
4.6
4.2

5.4
98.8
37.3

3.2



3.2
0.9



1.2
32.1
4.1
14.3
15.4
6.1


17.7
19.9

1.8
280.8










2.9

2.9


5.7

4.4

71.3


0.4


27.0
8.9



117.7
610.8
524.8
86.0
224.5
53.4

181.9
16.8
2.4
201.1
1.7
3.0







4.7



10.7
4.5
5.9

5.5
99.8
37.4

2.5



3.5
0.9



1.1
33.6
4.0
14.0
15.3
6.2


18.4
20.1

1.6
285.0










3.0

3.0


9.8

4.1

52.1


0.4


29.3
8.8



104.6
598.5
506.0
92.6
226.3
56.0

187.8
20.3
2.1
210.2
1.8
2.6







4.4



10.7
4.4
6.0

5.5
101.7
37.8

2.7



3.4
0.9



1.3
32.7
3.9
14.4
17.3
6.1


19.7
18.1

1.8
288.2










3.4

3.4


11.4

3.8

64.7


0.5


29.6
8.9



119.0
625.2
530.7
94.6
229.2
56.4

186.3
20.7
2.4
209.4
1.6
2.2







3.8



10.8
4.2
5.6

5.5
102.4
36.9

3.1



2.3
0.9



1.3
33.4
4.0
13.0
16.4
5.2


20.1
18.5

1.9
285.5










2.9

2.9


12.0

4.0

66.3


0.6


33.2
9.0



125.2
626.8
532.5
94.3
226.1
56.4

187.5
22.0
2.5
212.0
1.7
3.1







4.8



10.6
4.4
5.9

5.4
102.1
37.9

3.0



2.0
0.8



1.3
35.4
4.1
13.6
15.2
6.3


20.4
17.1

1.9
287.2










2.7

2.7


12.4

4.0

69.0


0.6


33.7
9.0



128.7
635.4
537.7
97.6
224.5
58.4

192.1
21.0
2.4
215.4
1.6
2.8







4.4



10.9
3.3
5.9

5.6
99.7
31.8

3.3



2.2
1.0



1.7
36.2
3.5
12.5
15.2
6.3


20.9
14.3

1.9
276.1










2.8

2.8


14.1

4.0

63.1


0.6


32.3
9.2



123.3
622.1
522.0
100.1
212.1
60.0

192.0
21.1
2.2
215.4
1.6
3.2







4.8



10.3
3.6
6.0

5.4
99.6
33.7

3.4



2.2
0.9



2.5
36.9
3.8
13.3
14.5
6.2


20.3
11.9

2.0
276.7










2.7

2.7


15.5

3.4

57.0


0.4


34.2
9.2



119.7
619.2
517.0
102.2
212.6
60.0

190.3
20.2
2.4
212.9
1.8
2.9







4.7



10.7
3.4
6.2

5.4
92.8
30.5

3.5



2.5
1.0



2.7
37.0
3.2
11.9
11.9
6.2


18.8
15.6

1.9
265.1










3.1

3.1


15.9

3.8

65.0


0.6


33.4
9.4



128.2
614.0
511.5
102.5
202.5
58.8

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

2010
share
of total

192.2
1.0% 30.7%
20.3
0.3%
3.2%
1.3 -44.0%
0.2%
213.8
0.4%
34.2%
1.6 -11.8%
0.3%
3.3 12.0%
0.5%





















4.9
2.9%
0.8%









10.9
2.0%
1.7%
3.5
0.2%
0.6%
6.3
2.9%
1.0%



5.2
-2.8%
0.8%
96.9
4.4% 15.5%
31.8
4.2%
5.1%



3.6
2.1%
0.6%









– -100.0%

0.9
-6.1%
0.1%









2.6
-1.1%
0.4%
38.5
4.1%
6.2%
3.3
3.5%
0.5%
13.9 16.8%
2.2%
13.2 11.2%
2.1%
6.0
-3.5%
1.0%






20.2
7.5%
3.2%
14.1 -10.1%
2.2%



1.8
-1.0%
0.3%
272.8
2.9%
43.6%






























3.1
-1.5%
0.5%



3.1
-1.5%
0.5%






16.7
5.3%
2.7%



5.2 37.3%
0.8%



66.2
1.7% 10.6%






0.6
-2.0%
0.1%







33.4

5.3%
9.4
0.1%
1.5%









131.6
2.7%
21.0%
626.2
2.0% 100.0%
520.9
1.8% 83.2%
105.3
2.7% 16.8%
207.5
2.5% 33.1%
59.3
0.8%
9.5%

*Ba
sed on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station.
◆ Less than 0.05%.

Note: Nuclear energy data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

35

Hydroelectricity
Consumption*




Million tonnes oil equivalent

US

Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil

Chile

Colombia
Ecuador
Peru

Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy

Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain

Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran

Israel

Kuwait
Qatar

Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China

China Hong Kong SAR
India

Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD

Non-OECD

European Union
Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

63.0
80.8
7.5
151.2
6.5
68.9
4.3
6.9
1.7
3.7

14.2
18.3
124.6
9.5
0.3

0.1
0.5
0.5

3.3
15.3
4.9
0.9

0.2
10.0
1.7
0.1

32.2
0.9
2.7
3.3
37.4
1.1
7.7
17.8
8.3
7.0

2.6
1.2
1.3
17.4
188.6
0.9





1.0
1.8

3.2
0.3
12.9
16.4
3.6
0.2
50.3

17.4
2.3
18.5
1.7
5.5
4.0
1.8

0.9
1.0
1.4
3.3
4.9
116.7
599.4
310.1
289.2
81.8
52.1

49.6
75.0
6.4
131.1
8.4
60.6
4.9
7.1
1.6
4.0

13.7
16.9
117.2
9.5
0.3

0.1
0.2
0.6

3.1
17.0
5.3
0.6

0.1
10.6
1.8
0.2

27.4
1.0
3.3
3.4
39.8
1.2
9.3
17.9
9.4
5.4

2.8
0.9
1.2
16.9
189.2
0.9





1.0
1.9

3.3
0.5
13.5
17.3
3.6
0.2
62.8

16.3
2.6
18.6
1.5
4.9
4.1
1.6

0.5
1.1
1.4
4.2
5.0
128.4
585.1
288.5
296.6
85.7
54.2

60.4
79.1
5.6
145.1
8.1
64.7
5.2
7.6
1.7
4.1

13.5
17.8
122.8
9.0
0.5

0.1
0.5
0.6

2.4
13.9
5.4
0.8

0.2
8.9
2.0
0.2

29.4
0.9
1.9
3.6
37.1
1.2
5.2
15.0
8.0
7.6

2.2
1.1
1.6
16.7
176.2
1.8





1.1
2.9

3.2
0.5
14.6
18.3
3.6
0.2
65.2

15.5
2.3
18.9
1.2
5.6
4.6
1.6

0.7
0.6
1.7
4.1
4.9
130.8
596.2
293.3
302.8
72.4
52.0

63.0
76.1
4.5
143.6
7.7
69.2
5.2
8.1
1.6
4.2

13.7
18.1
127.8
8.1
0.6

0.1
0.7
0.4

2.1
13.5
4.3
1.2

0.1
8.3
2.0
0.2

24.0
0.7
3.6
3.0
35.7
0.8
9.3
12.1
7.9
8.0

2.1
0.7
1.7
17.7
169.0
2.2





1.0
3.2
0.1
2.9
0.2
14.8
18.0
3.7
0.3
64.2

15.7
2.1
21.1
1.3
5.3
5.8
1.8

1.1
0.7
1.7
4.3
5.4
134.3
595.9
287.8
308.1
70.7
51.3

61.3
76.6
5.7
143.6
6.9
72.6
4.9
9.0
1.7
4.0

15.9
17.8
132.7
7.7
0.6

0.1
0.7
0.6

3.4
13.5
4.7
1.2

0.1
9.6
1.8
0.2

24.7
0.8
2.3
3.7
40.2
1.0
7.2
13.7
7.6
10.4

2.7
1.1
1.6
18.8
180.3
2.7





1.3
4.0
0.1
2.9
0.2
16.0
19.1
3.6
0.3
80.0

19.0
2.2
21.1
1.3
6.1
5.5
1.9

1.0
0.7
1.4
4.3
5.5
153.7
633.3
292.7
340.7
73.4
56.3

61.8
82.1
6.2
150.1
7.9
76.4
6.0
9.0
1.6
4.1

17.5
18.3
140.6
7.7
0.7

0.1
1.0
0.7

3.1
11.8
4.6
1.3

0.1
8.2
1.8
0.2

30.9
0.9
1.2
4.6
39.5
1.1
4.0
16.5
7.1
9.0

2.8
1.1
1.4
19.0
180.1
3.0





1.1
4.1
0.1
2.9
0.2
16.6
19.8
3.6
0.3
89.8

22.0
2.4
17.9
1.2
5.3
6.9
1.9

0.8
0.9
1.3
3.7
5.9
163.9
658.6
295.2
363.4
69.5
55.9

66.1
80.2
6.9
153.2
9.8
78.9
6.6
9.7
1.6
4.4

18.5
18.5
148.0
7.2
0.6

0.1
0.9
0.7

2.6
12.7
4.4
1.5

0.2
8.4
1.8
0.2

27.1
0.7
2.6
4.2
39.6
1.0
5.8
14.0
7.0
10.0

2.9
1.0
1.4
18.3
176.9
4.2





1.2
5.4

2.9
0.3
16.9
20.1
3.6
0.3
98.6

25.4
2.2
20.4
1.6
5.3
6.8
2.2

0.8
0.9
1.8
4.5
6.3
180.8
684.4
299.4
385.0
69.6
55.6

56.6
83.6
6.1
146.3
8.5
84.6
5.2
9.5
2.0
4.4

18.8
19.3
152.4
7.7
0.5

0.1
0.6
0.6

3.2
13.2
4.6
0.8

0.2
7.4
1.8
0.2

30.6
0.7
2.3
3.6
40.5
1.0
6.2
15.0
8.0
8.1

2.3
1.2
1.4
17.3
179.3
4.1





1.1
5.1
0.1
3.5
0.6
17.1
21.2
3.3
0.3
109.8

27.7
2.6
17.5
1.5
5.3
7.1
1.9

0.8
1.0
1.8
5.1
6.4
192.2
696.5
292.0
404.5
70.0
56.4

58.2
85.3
8.8
152.3
8.4
83.6
5.4
10.4
2.6
4.3

19.6
19.4
153.9
7.9
0.5

0.1
0.6
0.5

3.9
13.7
4.5
0.9

0.2
9.4
1.7
0.2

31.8
0.6
1.7
3.9
37.7
1.0
5.3
15.7
8.2
7.5

2.6
1.2
2.6
18.1
182.1
1.7





0.9
2.6
0.1
3.3
0.2
17.5
21.1
2.7
0.3
132.4

26.0
2.6
17.5
2.0
5.1
6.1
2.2

0.7
0.9
1.6
5.9
6.8
212.9
724.7
301.6
423.1
73.1
54.1

62.5
83.6
6.0
152.1
9.2
88.5
5.6
9.3
2.1
4.5

19.5
19.2
157.9
8.2
0.5

0.1
0.8
0.7

2.9
13.1
4.2
1.3
0.1
0.2
11.1
1.6
0.3

28.8
0.7
2.0
3.6
39.9
1.0
6.0
14.9
8.1
8.1

2.7
1.2
2.6
19.6
184.0
1.5





0.7
2.1
0.1
2.9
0.2
18.9
22.2
2.6
0.3
139.3

24.0
2.6
16.5
2.0
5.5
6.4
2.2

0.6
0.8
1.6
6.8
6.8
218.0
736.3
299.4
436.9
74.1
56.2

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

2010
share
of total

58.8
-6.0%
7.6%
82.9
-0.8% 10.7%
8.3 38.9%
1.1%
149.9
-1.4%
19.3%
9.2
-0.2%
1.2%
89.6
1.3% 11.6%
4.9 -13.0%
0.6%
9.1
-1.6%
1.2%
2.0
-6.4%
0.3%
4.4
-1.9%
0.6%



17.4 -10.7%
2.2%
20.7
7.3%
2.7%
157.2
-0.4%
20.3%
7.8
-3.8%
1.0%
0.8
49.3%
0.1%




0.1
21.0%
1.3 59.4%
0.2%
0.8 14.0%
0.1%

† 10.5%
3.2 10.6%
0.4%
14.3
9.7%
1.8%
4.3
2.8%
0.6%
1.7 29.0%
0.2%

† -34.7%

0.1 -39.1%
11.2
0.7%
1.4%
1.5
-5.0%
0.2%

0.3 12.9%


7.1%
26.7
-7.2%
3.4%
0.8 17.1%
0.1%
3.8 88.2%
0.5%
4.6 27.4%
0.6%
38.1
-4.4%
4.9%
1.3 22.3%
0.2%
9.6 60.9%
1.2%
15.1
1.5%
2.0%
8.2
0.9%
1.1%
11.7 44.3%
1.5%



2.9 10.2%
0.4%
0.8 -32.4%
0.1%
2.5
-1.5%
0.3%
22.3
13.5%
2.9%
195.9
6.4%
25.3%
2.2 47.2%
0.3%















0.9
26.2%
0.1%
3.0
40.5%
0.4%

† -49.4%
3.2 10.0%
0.4%

0.3
17.7%
19.6
3.7%
2.5%
23.2
4.5%
3.0%
3.4 29.8%
0.4%

0.3
0.7%
163.1 17.1% 21.0%



25.2
4.9%
3.2%
2.6
0.5%
0.3%
19.3 17.0%
2.5%
2.1
8.0%
0.3%
5.5
1.1%
0.7%
6.4
0.3%
0.8%
1.8 -20.3%
0.2%



0.8
32.9%
0.1%
0.9 11.9%
0.1%
1.2 -24.8%
0.2%
6.3
-7.5%
0.8%
7.4
8.3%
0.9%
246.4
13.0%
31.8%
775.6
5.3% 100.0%
309.5
3.4%
39.9%
466.1
6.7% 60.1%
83.0 12.1% 10.7%
55.9
-0.5%
7.2%

ased on gross primary hydroelectric generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in
*B

a modern thermal power station.
†Less

than 0.05.
◆ Less than 0.05%.
Note: Hydroelectricity data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

36

Nuclear energy consumption by region

Hydroelectricity consumption by region

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Million tonnes oil equivalent

700

Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America

800

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

600

700

600
500

500
400
400
300
300

200
200

100

85

90

95

00

05

10

0

100

85

90

95

00

05

10

0

World nuclear power generation grew by 2% in 2010. Nearly two-thirds of the growth was in Europe and Eurasia, with France recording the world’s largest incremental
growth. Global hydroelectric output rose by 5.3%, double the historical average; Asia Pacific countries accounted for 72.1% of global growth.

Other renewables consumption by region

Other renewables share of power generation by region

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Percentage

180

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

7

World
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

160

140

6

5
120

4

100

80

3

60
2
40
1
20

90

92

94

96

98

00

02

04

06

08

10

0

90

92

94

96

98

00

02

04

06

08

10

0

Renewable energy in power generation grew by 15.5% in 2010 and accounted for 1.3% of global primary energy consumption. Growth remains concentrated in the
leading consuming centres: Europe and Eurasia, Asia Pacific, and North America. Renewable forms of energy account for 3.3% of global power generation, with
the highest share (5.8%) in Europe and Eurasia.

37

Renewable energy
Other renewables consumption*




Million tonnes oil equivalent

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

US

Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil

Chile

Colombia
Ecuador
Peru

Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy

Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain

Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran

Israel

Kuwait
Qatar

Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China

China Hong Kong SAR
India

Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD

Non-OECD

European Union
Former Soviet Union

17.7
1.9
1.4
21.1
0.2
2.5
0.2
0.1




0.9
3.9
0.4


0.2

0.1
1.3
2.0
0.7
2.8
0.1

0.1
1.6


0.6
0.1
0.1
0.4



1.5
1.1
0.2
0.1


1.2

0.3
14.8










0.1
0.2
0.3
0.3

0.7

0.7
1.1
4.2

0.8

2.6

0.1
0.4
0.3


11.2
51.2
41.4
9.8
14.1

16.8
2.0
1.4
20.2
0.2
2.8
0.5
0.1




1.0
4.5
0.4


0.2

0.1
1.3
1.9
0.7
3.6
0.2

0.1
1.9


0.6
0.1
0.1
0.4



2.0
1.0
0.2
0.1


1.4

0.3
16.8










0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4

0.8

0.9
1.4
4.3

0.8

2.3

0.1
0.5
0.3


11.7
53.6
43.0
10.6
16.1

18.7
2.2
1.3
22.2
0.2
3.1
0.4
0.1




1.0
5.0
0.4


0.3

0.1
1.6
2.0
0.8
5.0
0.2

0.1
2.2


0.8
0.1
0.1
0.5



2.9
1.1
0.2
0.1


1.6

0.4
20.5










0.1
0.2
0.4
0.4

0.8

0.9
1.4
4.7

0.8

2.3

0.2
0.5
0.4


12.4
60.4
49.1
11.3
19.7
0.1

18.8
2.2
1.6
22.6
0.3
3.5
0.3
0.1




1.1
5.4
0.5


0.3

0.1
1.8
2.1
0.9
6.2
0.3

0.1
2.6


0.8
0.2
0.1
0.5

0.1

3.6
1.3
0.2
0.1


1.8

0.4
24.0









0.1
0.1
0.3
0.4
0.5

0.9

1.0
1.4
5.1

0.7

2.1

0.1
0.6
0.6


13.1
65.5
53.2
12.3
23.2
0.1

19.6
2.2
1.7
23.5
0.3
3.7
0.5
0.1




1.1
5.7
0.7


0.4

0.2
2.2
2.4
1.0
8.2
0.3
0.2
0.2
2.9


1.1
0.2
0.2
0.6

0.1

4.4
2.0
0.2
0.1


2.2

0.4
30.1









0.1
0.1
0.4
0.6
0.6

1.0

1.6
1.5
5.3

0.8

2.3

0.1
0.7
0.6


14.6
74.5
60.7
13.8
29.2
0.1

20.6
2.4
1.8
24.9
0.3
4.2
0.4
0.1

0.1


1.1
6.2
0.9


0.6

0.2
2.2
2.2
1.1
9.6
0.3
0.4
0.3
3.1


1.6
0.2
0.4
0.8

0.1

5.6
2.1
0.3
0.1


2.8

0.5
35.3









0.1
0.1
0.4
0.6
0.6

1.0

1.8
1.5
6.3

1.0

2.2

0.1
0.8
0.7


16.0
83.1
68.4
14.6
34.3
0.2

22.7
2.5
1.7
27.0
0.3
4.3
0.3
0.1

0.1


1.2
6.4
1.2


0.8

0.2
2.1
2.5
1.4
11.6
0.4
0.3
0.4
3.5


1.7
0.3
0.5
1.1

0.1

6.2
2.3
0.3
0.1


3.2

0.7
40.9









0.1
0.1
0.4
0.6
0.8

1.4

2.6
1.5
6.4

1.0

2.4

0.1
0.8
0.7


17.8
92.6
76.3
16.3
39.5
0.2

24.7
2.6
1.9
29.3
0.3
5.0
0.6
0.1

0.1


1.3
7.6
1.4


0.9

0.3
2.4
2.3
1.9
15.0
0.5
0.3
0.5
3.8


1.6
0.3
0.7
1.4

0.1
0.1
7.4
2.7
0.3
0.2


3.5

0.9
48.4









0.1
0.1
0.4
0.6
1.0

1.8

3.0
1.6
6.7

1.1

2.3

0.2
0.9
0.9


19.7
105.7
87.1
18.6
46.7
0.2

29.5
2.8
1.8
34.1
0.4
5.5
0.7
0.1

0.1


1.6
8.5
1.4


1.1

0.4
2.3
2.4
2.3
16.5
0.6
0.5
0.6
4.1


2.8
0.3
1.0
1.8

0.1
0.1
9.1
3.0
0.3
0.3


3.9

1.1
56.0









0.2
0.1
0.5
0.7
1.4

3.5

3.5
1.9
6.6

1.3

2.4

0.3
0.9
1.1


22.9
122.3
100.1
22.2
54.0
0.3

33.6
3.3
1.8
38.7
0.4
6.2
0.7
0.2

0.1


1.7
9.3
1.4


1.3
0.1
0.5
2.3
2.0
2.8
16.9
0.6
0.6
0.7
4.6

0.1
2.3
0.3
1.4
2.3

0.1
0.1
10.9
3.4
0.3
0.5


4.7

1.5
61.6







0.1

0.2
0.1
0.6
0.9
1.3

6.9

4.6
2.1
5.4

1.6

2.4

0.4
1.0
1.1


26.7
137.4
109.5
27.9
59.3
0.3

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

39.1
3.3
1.7
44.2
0.4
7.9
0.8
0.2
0.1
0.1


1.7
11.1
1.4


1.5
0.2
0.6
2.5
2.2
3.4
18.6
0.6
0.7
0.7
5.6

0.1
2.2
0.3
1.9
2.8
0.1
0.1
0.1
12.4
4.3
0.3
1.0


4.9

1.2
69.6
0.1






0.1

0.3
0.1
0.7
1.1
1.5

12.1

5.0
2.1
5.1

1.8

2.3

0.5
1.0
1.1


32.6
158.6
123.0
35.6
66.9
0.3

2010
share
of total

16.3% 24.7%
0.7%
2.1%
-2.6%
1.1%
14.1%
27.9%
7.7%
0.3%
26.6%
5.0%
11.0%
0.5%
1.2%
0.1%

8.8%
2.4%
0.1%

25.0%


4.2%
1.1%
19.8%
7.0%
1.3%
0.9%

-76.2%


14.7%
0.9%
204.4%
0.1%
16.9%
0.4%
11.5%
1.6%
9.5%
1.4%
21.4%
2.1%
10.0% 11.7%
2.5%
0.4%
13.3%
0.4%
-4.0%
0.4%
22.3%
3.5%



35.4%
-1.4%
1.4%
-0.7%
0.2%
32.4%
1.2%
21.3%
1.7%

689.5%
0.1%
0.1%
8.3%
0.1%
13.6%
7.8%
26.7%
2.7%
3.1%
0.2%
88.1%
0.6%




4.5%
3.1%


-21.5%
0.8%
12.9%
43.9%

5.0%









118.2%

17.0%

8.1%


38.0%
0.2%

2.7%
16.6%
0.4%
21.1%
0.7%
11.5%
0.9%


74.5%
7.6%


9.2%
3.2%
0.1%
1.3%
-4.5%
3.2%

28.7%
17.2%
1.2%


-3.7%
1.4%


13.6%
0.3%
6.0%
0.6%


0.7%



7.6%
21.7%
20.5%
15.5% 100.0%
12.4% 77.5%
27.7% 22.5%
12.7% 42.1%
13.3%
0.2%

ased on gross generation from renewable sources including wind, geothermal, solar, biomass and waste, and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal
* B
equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station.
†Less

than 0.05.
◆ Less than 0.05%.
Note: Other renewables data expressed in terrawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

38

Biofuels production




Thousand tonnes oil equivalent

US

Canada
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil

Colombia
Jamaica
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
France
Germany
Italy

Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Spain

Sweden
United Kindgom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Total Middle East
Total Africa
Australia
China

India

Malaysia
South Korea
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD

Non-OECD

European Union
Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2991
105
3096
4
5212


31
5248
18

315
215
70



70


57
744

6


82




82
9176
3841
5336
744

3288
111
3399
9
5600


30
5639
18

315
298
123



70
14

113
951

6

4
85




89
10084
4350
5734
951

3987
113
4100
9
6149

54
69
6281
22

337
473
180



134
31
3
126
1305

6

146
91

1


238
11930
5406
6523
1305

5226
113
5339
9
7068

74
78
7228
26

368
688
232

27

184
32
9
138
1704

6

396
94

2


491
14767
7045
7723
1704

6357
113
6470
9
7135

56
93
7292
48

385
909
272
6
23

221
43
9
166
2081

6
4
492
99

4
3

603
16452
8549
7903
2073
11

7478
133
7612
9
7835
14
62
171
8091
70
1
439
1788
340
3
84
1
288
48
39
301
3401

6
20
622
114

9
52
18
833
19944
11013
8930
3378
22

9746
160
9906
29
8729
131
147
369
9405
105
21
798
2561
482
22
158
79
248
54
166
406
5103

6
54
858
134
48
39
80
109
1323
25743
15054
10688
5052
28

13456
461
13922
228
11323
141
138
472
12302
220
140
1121
3181
443
80
116
153
320
99
136
536
6546

6
70
1076
92
110
74
138
176
1736
34512
20494
14018
6469
49

19096
536
19637
632
14132
239
182
741
15927
263
278
2012
2727
617
77
279
136
356
118
196
1031
8091

10
110
1323
148
197
140
495
215
2628
46294
27728
18566
7944
129

21670
721
22399
1054
13962
326
196
457
15994
354
473
2312
2728
758
241
393
202
958
173
180
1825
10597

14
174
1399
82
250
217
618
353
3094
52098
32569
19528
9970
645

◆ Less than 0.05%.

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

2010
share
of total

25351 17.0% 42.8%
996 38.1%
1.7%
26355
17.7%
44.5%
1687 60.0%
2.8%
15573 11.5% 26.3%
351
7.8%
0.6%
196

0.3%
457

0.8%
18264
14.2%
30.8%
383
8.3%
0.6%
454
-4.0%
0.8%
2312

3.9%
2930
7.4%
4.9%
670 -11.5%
1.1%
283 17.6%
0.5%
338 -14.0%
0.6%
275 36.3%
0.5%
1179 23.1%
2.0%
212 22.8%
0.4%
180

0.3%
2135 17.0%
3.6%
11354
7.1%
19.2%




14

246 41.8%
0.4%
1399

2.4%
151 84.5%
0.3%
97 -61.2%
0.2%
287 31.9%
0.5%
647
4.6%
1.1%
448 26.7%
0.8%
3275
5.9%
5.5%
59261
13.8% 100.0%
37130 14.0%
62.7%
22131
13.3% 37.3%
10447
4.8% 17.6%
913 41.5%
1.5%

Source: Includes data from F.O. Licht; US Energy Information Administration.

Note: Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is included in oil consumption.

World biofuels production
Million tonnes oil equivalent

60

Rest of World
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

00

02

04

06

08

10

Ethanol 2000
Ethanol 2010
Biodiesel 2000
Biodiesel 2010

30

40

20

20

10

0

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Rest of World

0

World biofuels production grew by 13.8% in 2010; biofuels accounted for 0.5% of global primary energy consumption. Growth was driven by North America (+17.7%) and
South and Central America (+14.2%); these two regions accounted for three-quarters of global biofuels production. Ethanol accounts for nearly three-quarters of global
biofuels production, and is dominant in North America and South and Central America; biodiesel is dominant in Europe and Eurasia.

39

Primary energy
Consumption*




Million tonnes oil equivalent

US

Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil

Chile

Colombia
Ecuador
Peru

Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy

Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain

Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran

Israel

Kuwait
Qatar

Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China

China Hong Kong SAR
India

Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD

Non-OECD


European Union
Former Soviet Union

2000

2001

2002

2313.7
302.3
141.2
2757.2
59.3
185.2
24.2
25.8
7.8
11.9
11.4
65.2
73.7
464.4
31.8
11.4
21.2
66.8
17.9
40.1
20.1
28.0
254.2
332.3
32.0
23.0
13.7
176.5
41.3
7.0
87.6
46.1
88.5
25.2
37.0
620.4
18.1
130.2
50.6
29.3
76.7
14.5
134.7
224.1
50.9
70.0
2821.4
121.2
19.7
20.0
10.7
117.9
48.4
78.3
416.2
26.8
49.8
101.2
94.4
272.1
106.7
12.7
1038.2
16.1
295.8
98.4
514.1
46.5
18.6
44.3
25.2
33.4
188.9
87.5
68.0
17.7
39.0
2651.2
9382.4
5435.4
3947.0
1720.4
922.3

2259.7
298.2
140.7
2698.5
58.6
182.9
24.8
25.3
7.8
11.7
11.9
69.2
75.7
467.8
33.5
11.1
21.5
64.5
18.5
41.6
20.0
28.3
258.4
338.8
32.1
24.1
14.7
177.5
42.1
8.1
90.6
41.2
88.9
25.4
37.3
631.4
18.6
134.0
54.4
31.3
71.6
14.9
134.7
226.7
54.0
71.4
2861.3
128.0
19.7
21.0
12.3
123.0
54.0
81.5
439.5
27.9
52.6
100.1
97.8
278.4
109.7
14.1
1072.5
19.4
297.4
104.0
512.9
48.6
18.5
45.5
25.1
37.2
193.5
90.9
70.9
19.9
39.9
2720.1
9465.6
5405.0
4060.6
1751.8
939.0

2295.5
303.1
140.3
2738.9
55.3
187.1
25.1
25.2
7.8
11.9
13.1
69.4
77.1
472.0
33.2
10.9
21.7
65.4
18.4
41.6
19.9
28.8
255.4
334.0
33.0
23.4
14.5
176.3
47.4
8.6
91.0
43.1
87.7
25.5
38.6
633.1
18.7
135.9
51.1
29.3
75.2
15.4
132.3
221.9
55.5
73.8
2860.7
141.8
20.1
21.0
13.0
127.6
53.5
83.0
460.0
28.9
53.6
103.4
100.8
286.7
112.8
14.8
1140.4
20.8
308.7
108.7
510.3
52.2
19.1
47.4
25.8
38.7
202.4
94.9
76.3
21.4
38.8
2833.5
9651.8
5445.0
4206.8
1738.9
945.7

2003

2004

2005

2006

Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.

40

2008

2009

Change
2010 over
2010
2009

2302.3 2348.8 2351.2 2332.7 2372.7 2320.2 2204.1 2285.7
312.3
315.2
325.3
323.6
329.0
326.6
312.5
316.7
147.1
153.0
159.0
164.9
168.2
171.2
167.1
169.1
2761.8 2817.1 2835.4 2821.2 2870.0 2818.0 2683.7 2771.5
59.8
63.1
67.6
71.3
74.6
77.5
75.1
77.1
192.5
199.9
207.2
212.7
225.4
235.1
234.1
253.9
25.4
27.0
28.3
29.4
29.9
29.3
28.5
28.4
25.8
26.8
28.3
29.6
29.3
30.8
31.5
32.2
8.0
8.3
9.5
10.5
11.5
12.4
12.6
13.0
11.7
12.6
13.1
13.4
14.6
15.9
16.3
18.3
14.6
13.9
15.8
20.6
20.6
21.9
20.8
22.0
61.4
68.6
71.3
77.3
77.0
80.9
80.6
80.3
80.2
80.2
81.3
83.4
86.7
86.0
85.4
86.8
479.4
500.2
522.3
548.1
569.6
589.9
585.0
611.9
34.6
34.0
34.8
34.1
33.4
34.1
33.1
33.3
11.8
12.7
13.8
13.6
12.2
12.3
10.7
10.0
21.5
23.7
23.7
25.2
24.3
25.5
23.9
24.4
69.0
70.4
70.6
70.4
70.3
72.5
65.7
69.8
19.8
19.2
19.9
20.7
19.8
20.1
18.3
18.0
43.7
44.9
44.8
44.4
43.6
42.0
40.6
41.3
21.4
20.5
19.8
21.9
20.9
20.1
18.8
19.5
31.0
30.9
28.4
30.0
29.8
29.2
27.1
29.1
259.3
263.6
261.2
259.2
256.7
257.8
244.0
252.4
337.1
337.3
333.2
339.5
324.2
326.8
307.4
319.5
32.7
34.3
34.0
35.0
34.9
34.7
33.3
32.5
24.1
24.2
25.8
25.4
25.0
24.8
22.8
23.4
14.1
14.6
15.0
15.5
15.8
15.7
14.6
14.6
182.3
185.8
186.2
185.4
182.4
180.7
168.3
172.0
53.1
61.6
64.5
66.7
68.2
73.0
67.5
72.8
9.1
9.2
8.4
8.1
8.7
8.7
8.0
6.1
91.8
95.0
97.1
97.2
98.4
98.1
95.6
100.1
38.8
39.5
45.6
42.0
45.7
46.7
43.4
41.8
90.1
91.7
91.5
94.9
95.8
95.4
91.3
95.8
25.8
25.4
25.6
25.5
25.4
24.3
24.6
27.1
37.8
39.0
39.8
40.6
37.5
38.5
34.0
34.5
649.9
657.8
657.4
675.3
685.8
691.0
654.7
690.9
18.1
17.6
18.8
17.8
17.2
17.7
16.0
16.2
144.4
151.1
153.4
154.1
158.6
157.1
146.1
149.7
48.8
52.6
54.3
51.4
52.0
51.7
47.4
50.7
29.1
28.8
27.7
28.9
28.6
29.7
29.7
29.0
79.7
84.4
89.5
95.8
102.2
103.8
101.0
110.9
17.0
17.9
19.0
21.2
24.2
23.8
23.4
26.0
135.2
137.4
136.1
137.5
135.2
131.9
112.0
118.0
225.6
227.4
228.3
225.6
218.4
214.9
203.6
209.1
51.4
48.8
46.2
45.6
49.0
52.6
48.0
49.8
77.3
81.4
81.0
79.2
80.9
82.4
79.0
83.4
2925.4 2982.7 2995.4 3027.6 3025.6 3037.4 2853.8 2971.5
149.3
156.1
177.0
185.7
189.6
197.4
205.9
212.5
20.7
21.0
21.6
21.8
22.9
23.8
23.3
23.7
23.5
25.9
27.7
26.5
26.2
27.7
28.0
30.6
14.1
17.0
20.8
22.3
22.8
23.6
24.2
25.7
135.8
147.4
152.3
158.5
165.2
179.6
187.8
201.0
57.3
61.0
64.6
67.4
74.3
85.5
83.0
86.8
80.9
86.1
89.0
97.0
100.3
107.3
112.7
120.7
481.5
514.5
553.0
579.1
601.4
644.9
664.9
701.1
30.2
31.3
32.7
33.7
35.5
37.5
39.7
41.1
57.0
59.6
62.5
65.8
69.9
74.1
76.5
81.0
109.5
115.7
113.5
115.4
118.0
116.3
118.8
120.9
103.6
111.4
115.9
114.2
120.1
126.2
125.2
129.5
300.4
318.0
324.6
329.0
343.6
354.1
360.1
372.6
112.0
116.9
117.7
124.3
125.2
124.3
125.6
118.2
15.7
16.6
18.3
19.1
20.0
21.8
23.4
23.6
1313.5 1531.3 1691.5 1858.1 1996.8 2079.9 2187.7 2432.2
21.2
24.3
22.9
24.7
26.2
24.5
24.3
25.9
317.2
345.5
364.0
381.4
414.5
444.6
480.0
524.2
117.6
116.9
120.5
122.0
129.6
123.6
132.2
140.0
511.0
522.1
527.2
528.3
523.6
516.2
473.0
500.9
53.6
53.8
59.6
62.6
63.4
62.2
60.8
62.9
18.7
19.3
18.8
19.1
19.0
19.1
19.0
18.9
52.4
56.8
58.9
61.8
65.1
64.8
66.9
67.6
26.6
27.5
27.7
25.9
27.1
26.9
27.3
27.6
37.5
42.7
48.4
51.5
56.8
59.4
63.4
69.8
209.0
213.2
220.6
222.7
231.3
235.3
236.7
255.0
99.3
104.8
107.1
108.7
113.7
106.7
104.2
110.5
81.3
87.7
93.1
95.0
97.9
100.6
102.4
107.9
22.5
28.7
29.8
32.3
34.9
36.7
42.1
44.0
40.2
41.5
44.0
45.4
43.2
44.6
46.9
44.6
3049.3 3349.5 3570.2 3782.8 3988.3 4091.5 4215.6 4573.8
9997.8 10482.0 10800.9 11087.8 11398.4 11535.8 11363.2 12002.4
5511.4 5622.5 5667.3 5673.2 5714.6 5658.7 5378.4 5568.3
4486.4 4859.5 5133.7 5414.6 5683.8 5877.1 5984.8 6434.1
1777.0 1805.9 1808.2 1814.0 1786.9 1783.9 1678.6 1732.9
971.2
992.6
993.9 1018.2 1034.5 1044.1
972.1 1023.3

* I n this Review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity.
◆ Less than 0.05%.

2007

2010
share
of total

3.7% 19.0%
1.3%
2.6%
1.2%
1.4%
3.3%
23.1%
2.6%
0.6%
8.5%
2.1%
-0.4%
0.2%
2.2%
0.3%
2.8%
0.1%
12.2%
0.2%
5.4%
0.2%
-0.4%
0.7%
1.6%
0.7%
4.6%
5.1%
0.7%
0.3%
-6.9%
0.1%
2.0%
0.2%
6.1%
0.6%
-1.8%
0.2%
1.7%
0.3%
3.8%
0.2%
7.6%
0.2%
3.4%
2.1%
3.9%
2.7%
-2.3%
0.3%
2.7%
0.2%


0.1%
2.3%
1.4%
7.9%
0.6%
-24.3%
0.1%
4.8%
0.8%
-3.7%
0.3%
4.9%
0.8%
10.0%
0.2%
1.5%
0.3%
5.5%
5.8%
0.8%
0.1%
2.5%
1.2%
6.8%
0.4%
-2.4%
0.2%
9.8%
0.9%
11.2%
0.2%
5.4%
1.0%
2.7%
1.7%
3.9%
0.4%
5.6%
0.7%
4.1%
24.8%
3.2%
1.8%
1.9%
0.2%
9.1%
0.3%
6.1%
0.2%
7.0%
1.7%
4.6%
0.7%
7.1%
1.0%
5.4%
5.8%
3.6%
0.3%
6.0%
0.7%
1.7%
1.0%
3.4%
1.1%
3.4%
3.1%
-5.8%
1.0%
1.2%
0.2%
11.2% 20.3%
6.4%
0.2%
9.2%
4.4%
5.9%
1.2%
5.9%
4.2%
3.6%
0.5%
-0.5%
0.2%
1.1%
0.6%
1.3%
0.2%
10.2%
0.6%
7.7%
2.1%
6.0%
0.9%
5.4%
0.9%
4.5%
0.4%
-5.0%
0.4%
8.5%
38.1%
5.6% 100.0%
3.5% 46.4%
7.5% 53.6%
3.2% 14.4%
5.3%
8.5%

Consumption by fuel*




Million tonnes oil equivalent

US


Canada

Mexico

Total North America
Argentina

Brazil


Chile


Colombia

Ecuador

Peru


Trinidad & Tobago

Venezuela

Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria

Azerbaijan

Belarus

Belgium & Luxembourg

Bulgaria

Czech Republic

Denmark

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Republic of Ireland

Italy


Kazakhstan

Lithuania

Netherlands

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Russian Federation

Slovakia

Spain


Sweden

Switzerland

Turkey

Turkmenistan

Ukraine

United Kingdom

Uzbekistan

Other Europe & Eurasia

Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran


Israel


Kuwait

Qatar


Saudi Arabia

United Arab Emirates

Other Middle East

Total Middle East
Algeria

Egypt

South Africa

Other Africa

Total Africa
Australia

Bangladesh

China


China Hong Kong SAR

India


Indonesia

Japan

Malaysia

New Zealand

Pakistan

Philippines

Singapore

South Korea

Taiwan

Thailand

Vietnam

Other Asia Pacific

Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD


Non-OECD


European Union
Former Soviet Union

Oil

Natural
gas

833.2
97.1
88.5
1018.8
23.7
107.0
15.6
10.5
10.1
8.1
2.1
33.7
57.9
268.6
13.0
3.2
9.3
33.4
5.6
9.7
8.5
9.9
87.5
113.9
20.2
7.1
8.0
75.1
12.1
2.6
49.4
10.3
25.3
12.8
9.2
135.2
3.7
75.7
14.6
12.3
28.2
5.4
13.3
74.4
4.8
28.5
922.2
85.1
11.5
17.2
6.2
117.2
29.8
77.3
344.3
14.9
34.4
24.7
77.0
150.9
42.2
4.8
388.2
14.0
151.0
59.2
198.7
24.5
6.8
20.6
13.1
56.1
103.0
44.1
49.9
14.1
13.4
1203.8
3908.7
2094.8
1813.9
670.2
192.7

588.3
85.0
59.9
733.1
38.8
17.8
2.8
7.8
0.4
3.1
18.8
27.5
4.5
121.6
8.4
7.0
14.5
15.7
2.1
7.4
4.0
3.2
38.0
70.2
3.0
9.1
4.3
64.4
22.1
2.5
35.0
3.7
12.0
4.2
11.9
350.7
4.4
31.1
1.0
2.7
32.1
17.9
42.3
78.0
39.2
12.3
954.5
118.2
4.1
10.9
18.0
70.6
53.2
34.7
309.7
24.5
38.3
3.0
23.2
89.0
27.7
17.8
80.6
2.8
45.9
33.6
78.7
30.3
3.5
34.6
3.0
7.3
30.5
10.2
35.3
7.2
4.6
453.5
2661.4
1313.9
1347.5
412.6
503.0

Coal

496.2
23.3
8.6
528.1
1.2
11.7
3.7
3.7

0.5


2.0
22.9
2.2


4.6
6.3
16.2
4.0
3.7
9.9
71.7
8.1
2.5
1.3
13.1
31.7
0.1
7.9
0.3
51.9
3.3
6.6
91.9
3.5
10.5
1.6
0.1
32.0

35.0
29.6
1.4
15.2
466.4
1.1
7.7





8.8
0.2
0.6
87.7
5.5
94.1
51.7
0.4
1556.8
7.6
250.6
34.6
108.8
4.0
1.6
4.7
6.7

68.6
38.7
14.5
14.0
22.1
2185.3
3305.6
1049.5
2256.1
259.9
161.1

2009

Nuclear
Hydro-
energy electricity

190.3
20.2
2.4
212.9
1.8
2.9







4.7



10.7
3.4
6.2

5.4
92.8
30.5

3.5



2.5
1.0



2.7
37.0
3.2
11.9
11.9
6.2


18.8
15.6

1.9
265.1










3.1

3.1


15.9

3.8

65.0


0.6


33.4
9.4



128.2
614.0
511.5
102.5
202.5
58.8

62.5
83.6
6.0
152.1
9.2
88.5
5.6
9.3
2.1
4.5

19.5
19.2
157.9
8.2
0.5

0.1
0.8
0.7

2.9
13.1
4.2
1.3
0.1
0.2
11.1
1.6
0.3

28.8
0.7
2.0
3.6
39.9
1.0
6.0
14.9
8.1
8.1

2.7
1.2
2.6
19.6
184.0
1.5





0.7
2.1
0.1
2.9
0.2
18.9
22.2
2.6
0.3
139.3

24.0
2.6
16.5
2.0
5.5
6.4
2.2

0.6
0.8
1.6
6.8
6.8
218.0
736.3
299.4
436.9
74.1
56.2

Renew-
ables

Total

33.6 2204.1
3.3
312.5
1.8
167.1
38.7 2683.7
0.4
75.1
6.2
234.1
0.7
28.5
0.2
31.5

12.6
0.1
16.3

20.8

80.6
1.7
85.4
9.3
585.0
1.4
33.1

10.7

23.9
1.3
65.7
0.1
18.3
0.5
40.6
2.3
18.8
2.0
27.1
2.8
244.0
16.9
307.4
0.6
33.3
0.6
22.8
0.7
14.6
4.6
168.3

67.5
0.1
8.0
2.3
95.6
0.3
43.4
1.4
91.3
2.3
24.6

34.0
0.1
654.7
0.1
16.0
10.9
146.1
3.4
47.4
0.3
29.7
0.5
101.0

23.4

112.0
4.7
203.6

48.0
1.5
79.0
61.6 2853.8

205.9

23.3

28.0

24.2

187.8

83.0

112.7
0.1
664.9

39.7
0.2
76.5
0.1
118.8
0.6
125.2
0.9
360.1
1.3
125.6

23.4
6.9 2187.7

24.3
4.6
480.0
2.1
132.2
5.4
473.0

60.8
1.6
19.0

66.9
2.4
27.3

63.4
0.4
236.7
1.0
104.2
1.1
102.4

42.1

46.9
26.7 4215.6
137.4 11363.2
109.5 5378.4
27.9 5984.8
59.3 1678.6
0.3
972.1

Oil

850.0
102.3
87.4
1039.7
25.7
116.9
14.7
11.0
10.6
8.4
2.1
35.2
57.3
282.0
13.0
3.3
6.6
35.0
4.2
9.2
8.7
10.4
83.4
115.1
18.5
6.7
7.6
73.1
12.5
2.7
49.8
10.7
26.3
12.6
9.1
147.6
3.7
74.5
14.5
11.4
28.7
5.6
11.6
73.7
5.0
28.3
922.9
86.0
11.2
17.7
7.4
125.5
32.3
80.2
360.2
14.9
36.3
25.3
79.0
155.5
42.6
4.8
428.6
16.1
155.5
59.6
201.6
25.3
6.9
20.5
13.1
62.2
105.6
46.2
50.2
15.6
13.5
1267.8
4028.1
2113.8
1914.3
662.5
201.5

Natural
gas

621.0
84.5
62.0
767.4
39.0
23.8
4.2
8.2
0.4
4.9
19.8
27.6
5.0
132.9
9.1
5.9
17.7
17.4
2.3
8.4
4.5
3.5
42.2
73.2
3.3
9.8
4.8
68.5
22.7
2.8
39.2
3.7
12.9
4.5
12.0
372.7
5.1
31.0
1.4
3.0
35.1
20.4
46.9
84.5
41.0
14.1
1023.5
123.2
4.8
12.9
18.4
75.5
54.5
39.6
329.0
26.0
40.6
3.4
24.4
94.5
27.3
18.0
98.1
3.4
55.7
36.3
85.1
32.2
3.7
35.5
2.8
7.6
38.6
12.7
40.6
8.4
4.8
510.8
2858.1
1397.6
1460.5
443.3
537.1

Coal

524.6
23.4
8.4
556.3
1.2
12.4
3.7
3.8

0.5


2.1
23.8
2.0


4.9
6.6
16.0
3.8
4.6
12.1
76.5
8.5
2.6
1.4
13.7
36.1
0.2
7.9
0.5
54.0
3.4
6.2
93.8
2.7
8.3
2.0
0.1
34.4

36.4
31.2
1.3
15.7
486.8
1.1
7.7





8.8
0.3
0.7
88.7
5.7
95.3
43.4
0.5
1713.5
6.3
277.6
39.4
123.7
3.4
1.0
4.6
7.7

76.0
40.3
14.8
13.7
18.9
2384.7
3555.8
1103.6
2452.2
269.7
169.1

2010
Nuclear
Hydro-
energy electricity

192.2
20.3
1.3
213.8
1.6
3.3







4.9



10.9
3.5
6.3

5.2
96.9
31.8

3.6




0.9



2.6
38.5
3.3
13.9
13.2
6.0


20.2
14.1

1.8
272.8










3.1

3.1


16.7

5.2

66.2


0.6


33.4
9.4



131.6
626.2
520.9
105.3
207.5
59.3

58.8
82.9
8.3
149.9
9.2
89.6
4.9
9.1
2.0
4.4

17.4
20.7
157.2
7.8
0.8

0.1
1.3
0.8

3.2
14.3
4.3
1.7

0.1
11.2
1.5
0.3

26.7
0.8
3.8
4.6
38.1
1.3
9.6
15.1
8.2
11.7

2.9
0.8
2.5
22.3
195.9
2.2





0.9
3.0

3.2
0.3
19.6
23.2
3.4
0.3
163.1

25.2
2.6
19.3
2.1
5.5
6.4
1.8

0.8
0.9
1.2
6.3
7.4
246.4
775.6
309.5
466.1
83.0
55.9

Renew-
ables

Total

39.1 2285.7
3.3
316.7
1.7
169.1
44.2 2771.5
0.4
77.1
7.9
253.9
0.8
28.4
0.2
32.2
0.1
13.0
0.1
18.3

22.0

80.3
1.7
86.8
11.1
611.9
1.4
33.3

10.0

24.4
1.5
69.8
0.2
18.0
0.6
41.3
2.5
19.5
2.2
29.1
3.4
252.4
18.6
319.5
0.6
32.5
0.7
23.4
0.7
14.6
5.6
172.0

72.8
0.1
6.1
2.2
100.1
0.3
41.8
1.9
95.8
2.8
27.1
0.1
34.5
0.1
690.9
0.1
16.2
12.4
149.7
4.3
50.7
0.3
29.0
1.0
110.9

26.0

118.0
4.9
209.1

49.8
1.2
83.4
69.6 2971.5
0.1
212.5

23.7

30.6

25.7

201.0

86.8

120.7
0.1
701.1

41.1
0.3
81.0
0.1
120.9
0.7
129.5
1.1
372.6
1.5
118.2

23.6
12.1 2432.2

25.9
5.0
524.2
2.1
140.0
5.1
500.9

62.9
1.8
18.9

67.6
2.3
27.6

69.8
0.5
255.0
1.0
110.5
1.1
107.9

44.0

44.6
32.6 4573.8
158.6 12002.4
123.0 5568.3
35.6 6434.1
66.9 1732.9
0.3 1023.3

* I n this Review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity.
†Less

than 0.05.
Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.

41

World consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent

13000

Coal
Renewables
Hydroelectricity
Nuclear energy
Natural gas
Oil

12000
11000
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

0

10

World primary energy consumption grew by 5.6% in 2010, the strongest growth since 1973. Growth was above average for oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, hydroelectricity,
as well as for renewables in power generation. Oil remains the dominant fuel (33.6% of the global total) but has lost share for 11 consecutive years. The share of coal in
total energy consumption continues to rise, and the share of natural gas was the highest on record.

Regional consumption pattern 2010
Percentage

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Middle East

Africa

Asia Pacific

The Asia Pacific region continues to lead global energy consumption, accounting for 38.1% of the world total and for 67.1% of global coal consumption. Within the Asia
Pacific countries, coal is the dominant fuel, accounting for 52.1% of energy consumption. Oil is the dominant fuel for all other regions except Europe and Eurasia, where
natural gas is the leading fuel. In addition to being the largest consumer of coal, the Asia Pacific countries are also the leading users of oil and hydroelectric generation.
Europe and Eurasia are leading consumers of natural gas, nuclear power, and renewables in power generation.
42

0

Consumption per capita 2010
Tonnes oil equivalent

0-1.5
1.5-3.0
3.0-4.5
4.5-6.0
> 6.0

Fossil fuel reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios at end 2010
Years

500

Oil
Natural gas
Coal

400

300

200

100

OECD

Non-OECD

European Union

Former Soviet Union

World

0

Coal remains the most abundant fossil fuel by global R/P ratios, though oil and natural gas proved reserves have generally risen over time. Non-OECD countries account
for 93.4% of the world’s proved oil reserves; 90.9% of natural gas reserves, and 56% of coal reserves. The Middle East holds the largest share of proved oil and natural
gas reserves; Europe and Eurasia hold a significant share of the world’s natural gas and the largest coal reserves. Asia and North America also hold substantial
coal reserves.

43

Appendices
Approximate conversion factors
Crude oil*

Units
1 metric tonne

From


To

tonnes
(metric)

kilolitres

barrels
Multiply by

US
gallons

tonnes
per year

Tonnes (metric)
Kilolitres
Barrels
US gallons
Barrels per day

1
0.8581
0.1364
0.00325

1.165
1
0.159
0.0038

7.33
6.2898
1
0.0238

307.86
264.17
42
1





49.8

*Based on worldwide average gravity.

barrels
to tonnes

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
Gasoline
Kerosene
Gas oil/diesel
Fuel oil

0.086
0.118
0.128
0.133
0.149

To convert
tonnes
kilolitres
to barrels
to tonnes
Multiply by

1 kilocalorie (kcal)
1 kilojoule (kJ)

11.6
8.5
7.8
7.5
6.7

0.542
0.740
0.806
0.839
0.939

tonnes
to kilolitres

1.844
1.351
1.240
1.192
1.065

Natural gas (NG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG)

1 billion cubic metres NG
1 billion cubic feet NG
1 million tonnes oil equivalent
1 million tonnes LNG
1 trillion British thermal units
1 million barrels oil equivalent

1 British thermal
unit (Btu)

1 kilowatt-hour (kWh)

Products

From


1 kilolitre

billion cubic
metres NG

To
billion cubic million tonnes million tonnes trillion British million barrels
feet NG oil equivalent
LNG thermal units oil equivalent
Multiply by

1
0.028
1.11
1.36
0.028
0.15

35.3
1
39.2
48.0
0.99
5.35

0.90
0.025
1
1.22
0.025
0.14

0.74
0.021
0.82
1
0.021
0.11

35.7
1.01
39.7
48.6
1
5.41

6.60
0.19
7.33
8.97
0.18
1 

= 2204.62lb
= 1.1023 short tons
= 6.2898 barrels
= 1 cubic metre
= 4.187kJ
= 3.968Btu 
0.239kcal
=
= 0.948Btu
= 0.252kcal
= 1.055kJ
= 860kcal
= 3600kJ
= 3412Btu

Calorific equivalents

One tonne of oil equivalent equals approximately:
Heat units

Solid fuels



Gaseous fuels
Electricity

10 million kilocalories
42 gigajoules
40 million British
thermal units
1.5 tonnes of hard coal
3 tonnes of lignite
See Natural gas and
liquefied natural gas table
12 megawatt-hours

One million tonnes of oil or oil equivalent produces
about 4400 gigawatt-hours (= 4.4 terawatt-hours)
of electricity in a modern power station.
1 barrel of ethanol = 0.57 barrel of oil
1 barrel of biodiesel = 0.88 barrel of oil

Definitions
Statistics published in this Review are taken from
government sources and published data. No use
is made of confidential information obtained by
BP in the course of its business.

Country and geographic groupings are
made purely for statistical purposes and are not
intended to imply any judgement about political
or economic standings.

West Africa
Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania
to Angola, including Cape Verde, Chad.

North America
US (excluding Puerto Rico), Canada, Mexico.

Asia Pacific
Brunei, Cambodia, China, China Hong Kong SAR*,
Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia,
North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South Asia
(Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal,
Pakistan, Sri Lanka), South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand,
Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, Papua New
Guinea, Oceania.
*Special Administrative Region.

South and Central America
Caribbean (including Puerto Rico), Central and
South America.
Europe
European members of the OECD plus Albania,
Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Gibraltar,
Malta, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro.
Former Soviet Union
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova,
Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan,
Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
Europe and Eurasia
All countries listed above under the headings
Europe and Former Soviet Union.
Middle East
Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan,
Lebanon, Syria.
North Africa
Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt
to western Sahara.
44

East and Southern Africa
Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to
Republic of South Africa. Also Botswana, Madagascar,
Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Australasia
Australia, New Zealand.
OECD members
Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Iceland, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK.
Other member countries: Australia, Canada, Chile,
Israel, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, South Korea, US.
OPEC members
Middle East: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,
United Arab Emirates.
North Africa: Algeria, Libya.
West Africa: Angola, Nigeria.
South America: Ecuador, Venezuela.

European Union members
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, UK.
Non-OECD
All countries that are not members of the OECD.
Methodology
The primary energy values of nuclear and hydroelectric
power generation, as well as electricity from renewable
sources, have been derived by calculating the
equivalent amount of fossil fuel required to generate
the same volume of electricity in a thermal power
station, assuming a conversion efficiency of 38% (the
average for OECD thermal power generation). Fuels
used as inputs for conversion technologies (gas-toliquids, coal-to-liquids and coal-to-gas) are counted as
production for the source fuel and the outputs are
counted as consumption for the converted fuel.
Percentages
Calculated before rounding of actuals. All annual
changes and shares of totals are on a weight basis
except on pages 6, 13, 16, 18 and 20.
Rounding differences
Because of rounding, some totals may not agree
exactly with the sum of their component parts.
Tonnes
Metric equivalent of tons.

More information

Acknowledgements
Data compilation Energy Academy
and Centre for Economic Reform
and Transformation, Heriot-Watt
University, www.energy.hw.ac.uk
Design saslondon.com
Typesetting Orb Solutions, London
Printing Pureprint Group Limited,
UK ISO 14001, FSC ® certified and
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Paper
This Review is printed on FSC-certified
Mohawk Options 100%. This paper has
been independently certified according
to the rules of the Forest Stewardship
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