English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Achene

Acid

Acid Rain

Definition

CaEpøtUc s¶Üt EdlmanRKab;EtmYyKt; .
(q.v.) EdlmineRbH b¤EbkecjRKab; .
GasIut CasarFatuKImIEdlman pH tUcCa 7 CaBaküpÞúy
nwg)as EdlCasmasFatuEdl manGIuy:ug GIuRdUEsn
eRcInCagTwk .
CasarFatubMBulGasIut EdlFaøk;mkCaTMrg;xus² CaTMrg;
esIm (ePøóg G½BÞ rW RBil) b¤ TMrg;s¶Üt (]sμ½n b¤FUlItUc²)

Reference
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Environment Words,
Glenda Kupczyk-Romanczuk
(ed.), Images Asia - Source:
Forestry Compendium (Global
Module), CAB International.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

_____________________________ Source: Dictionary of
Forestry (1998) published by the Society of American
Foresters, 5400 Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD 208142198. Not for further reproduction.
Acid Soil

Acuminate

Aerobic

Afforestation

Agroforestry,
Agro-forestry

Agrosilviculture

Agrosilvopastoralism

Alkali

dIEdlmanRbtikmμ eRkam pH esμI 7.0 . vamanGIuy:ug
GIuRdUEsneRcInCagTwk .
ragravRsYc .
karRtUvkarGuksIuEsn : rs;enA b¤ekIteLIgenATIkEnøg
EdlmanGuksIuEsn .
2. karpþl;eGayGuksIuEsn: man b¤pþl;nUvGuksIuEsn .
kardaMduHéRBeQIeLIgvij enAtMbn;EdlBImunminmanéRBeQI
rW dIEdlminmanéRBeQIduHlUtlas; .
CaeQμaHénRbB½n§eRbIR)as;dI nigbec©kviTüa EdlRbePTeQI
RtUv)aneRbIR)as;sMrab;karRKb;RKgdI dUcCadMNaMksikmμ stV
kñúgTMrg;CakarerobcM .
TMrg;énksirukçkmμ EdlrYmman edImeQI nig dMNaMksikmμ .
1.

TMrg;énksirukçkmμ EdlrYmman edImeQI dMNaMksikmμ nigkar
ciBa©wmstV . Gtßn½ydUc agrosilvopasture
kal;süÚmkabUNat rW b:UtasüÚmkabUNat EdlmanCatilVIg
1

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: Terminology for
Integrated Resources Planning
and Management, Choudhury,
K.; Jansen, L. (ed.); 1999;
FAO/UNEP.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: Dictionary of
Geological Terms; Bates,R;

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Alkaline (Alkalic)

Alkaline soil

Alley cropping

Alluvial

Definition

éRb EdlmanenAtMbn; arid nig semiarid .
1. sMedAeTAelIsUluysüúg Edlman pH BI 7 eTA 14 .
sarFatuTaMgLay Edlpþl;nUvGIuy:ugGIuRdUEsneRcIn .
2. manKuNPaBCa)as CYnkalmanelIfμsMrab;begáItePøIg .

cMgaytamExSRtg; ¬bBaÄr¦rvagcMnuc nigépÞcMnuceKal
(datum surface) CaTUeTAKWkMritépÞTwksmuRT . emIl :
elevation. kMritkMBs;tMbn;eFobnwgkMritkMBs;épÞTwksmuRT .

Aluminium, aluminum

GaluymIjÚm EdlmannimitþsBaØa Al .

Anaerobic

Annual

Source: Environmental WordList, Erik Skoglund, 1990,
Mekong Secretariat. - Source:
Dictionary of Geological Terms;
Bates,R; Jackson, J. (ed.);
1983; American Geological
Institute.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

dIEdlman pH >7.0 pÞúyBIdIGasIut . vamaneRcInGIuy:ug
GIuRdUlIs CagGIuyu:gGIuRdUEsn .
The dictionary of
kardaMRbePTdMNaMCaGahar cMNIstV rW dMNaMepSgeTot Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
The Society of American
enAcenøaH RbePTeQI . n½ydUcBakü alley farming, avenue 1998,
Foresters.
cropping, hedgerow intercropping .
Encarta Dictionary
l,b; Pk; : Edlmankkl¥iteRcIn EdlnaMmkedaysarTwkhUr Source:
Tools.

Altitude

Ammonia

Reference
Jackson, J. (ed.); 1983;
American Geological Institute.

]sμ½nQYl : Kμankøin nig gayrlaykñúgTwk . eRbIR)as;
kñúg TUTwkkk karplitCI sarFatupÞúH nigpøasÞik . rUbmnþ :
NH3 2.sUluysüúgGamUBaJak; eRbI eFIVCafñaMsMGatpÞH nig
vaynP½NÐ .
1. minRtUvkarGuksIuEsn : rs;enAedayminRtUvkarGuksIuEsn
CaBiessminRtUvkarGuksIuEsnsMrab;emtab:UlIs
(metabolism) 2. xVHGuksIuEsn : KμanGuksIuEsn .
1. mYyqñaM : ekIteLIgerogral;mYyqñaM 2. sMrab;ry³eBlmYy
1.

2

Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Dictionary of
Geological Terms; Bates,R;
Jackson, J. (ed.); 1983;
American Geological Institute.
Environment Words, Glenda
Kupczyk-Romanczuk (ed.),
Images Asia
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.

Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Annual allowable cut

Annual rainfall

Arid

Axil

Axillary

Bamboo forest

Bark

Definition

Reference
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.

qñaM rW RbcaMqñaM 3. RbePTeQI Edlgab;bnÞab;BIry³eBlmYy
rdUv: rukçCati Edlpáa Epø niggab;enAkñúgeBllUtlas;EtmYy
rdUv .
http://www.nrcan= siT§ikab;RbcMaqñaM Allowable Annual Cut or Annual
rncan.gc.ca/cfsscf/science/prodserv/glossary_
Allowable Cut (AAC): brimaNeQIh‘ub EdlGnuBaØateGay e.html#04
kab;CaRbcaMqñaMenAkñúgtMbn;Cak;lak;NamYy . AAC RtUv)an
eRbIR)as;sMrab;Cac,ab;kñúgkar RbmUlpléRbeQI edIm,IFana
nUvkarpÁt;pÁg;eQIRbkbedaynirnþ_PaB . (cMnaM :BaküTMag
BIrenHRtUv)aneRbI) Possibilité annuelle de coupe (PAC)
Environment Words,
brimaNsrubénTwkePøógEdlFøak;enAtMbn;NamYy enAerog Source:
Glenda Kupczyk-Romanczuk
(ed.), Images Asia.
ral;qñaM .
Forestry Compendium
tMbn; EdlmankMritTwkePøóg ticCag 25.4 centimetres (10 Source:
(Global Module), CAB
International.
inches) EdlTamTarnUvRbB½n§FarasaRsþ sMrab;kardaMduHdMNaM
dUcCa tMbn;ekþA EdlrukçCatminGacpþl;pl)an edayEtkMrit
sItuNðPaB .
Forestry Compendium
emIlBakü: Axillary Plants: mMupÁMú EdlekItBITgsøwk nigEmk Source:
(Global Module), CAB
International.
ekøók .
Forestry Compendium
zitenACaG½kS bgðajBITMrg; rukçCatizitCaG½kS leaf axil Source:
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Alula Axillary lobe (n½ydUc)
Source: Terminology of Forest
1.CaTUeTA KWCaRbB½n§eGkULÚsI Edlmanb¤sSI duHlUtlas;
Science, Technology Practice
Products, F.C.FORDeRcInCageK 2. TMrg;éRB Edlmanb¤sSIduHlb; EdlmankMBs; and
ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters. 5 m nigkenSamsøwkenAcenøaH 3. tMbn; Edlman b¤sSIduHCit² Environmental Word-List, Erik
Skoglund, 1990, Mekong
Secretariat. - Source:
KñaeRcInlayCamYyRbePTepSg²eTot
Environment Words, Glenda
sMbk ³ CaEpñkxageRkArbs;edIm Edlmansrés
3

Kupczyk-Romanczuk (ed.),
Images Asia.
Source: The dictionary of
cambium Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Basic soil

Berry

Biennial

Bi-pinnate

Bloom

Bole

Branch

Broadleaf

Bud

Buttresses, buttress
roots

Definition

ekItBIcMEnkekasikarén phellogen .
1. dImanCatimanCati)as Edlman pH >7.0

Reference
Foresters.
Source: Dictionary of
Geological Terms; Bates,R;
Jackson, J. (ed.); 1983;
American Geological Institute.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

emIlBakü : Fruit Strictly speaking CaEpøsac; EdlmanRKab;
tUc² dUcCa TMBaM)ayCU Epøeb‘rICaedIm .
Forestry Compendium
rukçCati EdlRtUvkarry³eBlBIrqñaM sMrab;xYbCIvitrbs;BYkva. Source:
(Global Module), CAB
EcksøwkCacMEnk : sMedAeTAelIsøwk EdlRtUv)anEckCacMEnk

International.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

n½ydUc) rIk (páa) EdlmanBN’s rW exov .
cMeBaH RbePT Odonata eBjv½y manEpøeRcIn EmkeRcIn søwk
eRcIn CaBiessePT Prunus . karekIncMnYneRcInya:grh½s
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
edIm tYedImeQI kUneQI
(1998) published by the Society
Pruinose Bloom (

of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.

EmkeQI 1. CaEpñkTIBIr rbs;edIm n½ydUcBakü limb emIl
burl, knot 2. karKNnaral;cMnucTaMgGs;enAkñúgkmμviFIkMuBüÚT½r
Edl logic(al) RtUv)andak;bBa¢ÚlGaRs½yeTAelIkar sMerc
citþrbs; logic(al) 3. ePøIg emIl incident command system.
Definition of Digital
RbePTeQI EdlmansøwkFM EdlmanlkçN³pÞúyBIrukçCatisøwk Source:
Species Production Team,
2006.
m¢úl .
Forestry Compendium
RtYy 1. EpñkxageRkA rbs;Bnøk EdlkarBar cataphylls nig Source:
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Bnøk embryonic EdldMeNIrkar apical meristem nig
primordial søwkenAdMNak;kalxus²Kña 2. b:HBnøkbgáat;
eTAnwgCalikarsMbk énedImTMrg -emIl graft
Source: Definition of Digital
edImrwgmanCatieQI rW b¤sKl; EdlmantYnaTITb;edIm
Species Production Team,
2006.

4

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Calcareous soil

Cambium

Canopy

Definition

Reference

CaBiess sMrab;edImeQIFM²enAtMbn;éRBRtUBic .
Dictionary of Forestry
dI EdlsMbUredaykal;süÚmkal;bUNat CaCO3 nigsarFatu Source:
(1998) published by the Society
American Foresters, 5400
kabUnepSgeTot edIm,IemIleXIjsarFatuenH eKGaceRbI ofGrosvenor
Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
0.1M HCl cMNaM dITaMgenH PaKeRcInmanBI 10 eTA 1000g kg
esμI 1 CaCO3
Encarta Dictionary
CalikarrukçCati : CaRsTab;ekasikarrukçCatiragsIuLaMg Source:
Tools.
enAkñúgrWs nigedIm EdlekItmanenAkñúg CalikarfμIsMrab; Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
begáIn CalikarnaMC½r xylem nig phloem nigsMbkeQI .
http://www.nrcankenSamsøwk : karpþMúKñarbs; søwk nigEmk emIl Forest
rncan.gc.ca/cfscanopy, Couvert forestier

scf/science/prodserv/glossary_
e.html#123
http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

Capsule

Epøs¶Üt (EpøKY) EdleRbHEbkenAeBlTMu nigmanftCaeRcIn .

Charcoal

TMrg;énkabUn EdlTajykBIcMehHminsB rWmineBjelj
(incomplete combustion)énrukçCati rWstV dUcCa q¥wg rW eQI .

CITES

CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered
Species

Class

emIlBakü: Classification Taxonomy: CaRkumsaBagÁkary
EdlmanzitenACafñak; rW phylum. bnÞab;BIRkumKW lMdab; .
The dictionary of
dI\dæ 1. dI EdlmanGgát;p©it < 0.002 mm (0.00008 in) emIl Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

Clay

soil separates.
Clear cut

karkab;pþÜlTaMgRsug : karkab;sMGat : viFIsaRsþRKb;RKg
éRBeQI EdlTak;Tgnwgkarkab;edImeQIQrTaMgGs; .
karkat;sMGat GacRtUv)aneFIVCabøúk Cyr rW dMu² . Coupe à
blanc clearcutting clearfelling (n½ydUc); clear felling
(n½ydUc) karkab;edImeQITaMgGs; sMKal; 1. karduHlUtlas;
5

1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
http://www.nrcanrncan.gc.ca/cfsscf/science/prodserv/glossary_
e.html#17

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Clear felling

Clear-cutting

Cleavage

Climate

Coarsely toothed

Community forestry

Definition

edayRKab; CaFmμCati nig kardaMkUneQI 2. karkat;RtUv)an
eFIVeLIgCaRkum rW dMu rW CaCYr 3. karRKb;RKg eQIQr EdlduH
lUtlas; karlUtlas; nigTinñpleQIQrRtUv)an kab;TaMg
Gs; 4. viFIsaRsþminesμIGayu (kareRCIserIsCaRkum)
= karkab;sMGat karkab;TaMgRsug kardkhUtTaMgRsug
karkab;sMGat KWCakarkab;edImeQI EdlmanTaMgGs;ecjBI
tMbn; . karkab;sMGatRtUv)aneRbIR)as; edIm,ICMnYydl;
RbePTrukçCati EdlTamTarBnøWxøaMgkñúgkarduHlUtlas;eGay
)anl¥ .
1. bMEbkGVImYy karEck rW karEjk 2. skmμPaBEckrW Ejk
GakasFatu Ca)atuPUtry³eBlEvgénFatuGakas .
karRbmUlsßiti GMBIFatuGakas sMrab;tMbn;Cak;lak;NamYy
enAkMLúgeBlmYyCak;lak; .
CaCaysøwkEdlmanragdUceFμj . CaysøwkragdUcrNa .
RbB½n§énkarRKb;RKgéRBeQI EdlRkummnusS enAkñúgPUmi
nigshKmn_ cUlrYmRKb;RKgéRBeQI nigeFIVEpnkaréRBeQI
. shKmn_éRBeQIPaKeRcIn enATTYlykeyab; nig esvaBI
mRnþIrdæ)aléRBeQI kñúgkarbegáItEpnkarRKb;RKgéRBeQI .
2. CaBakü Edlmann½yTUlMTUlay EdlrYmnUvRbB½n§RKb;RKg
tamEbbRbéBNI dUcCakmμviFIbegáItedayshKmn_ rW
rdæaPi)al . shKmn_éRBeQI RtUv)aneRbIedIm,Ibgðaj
nUvTMrg;énkarRKb;RKgéRBeQI edayshKmn_mUldæan .
1.

6

Reference

Source: Terminology of Forest
Science, Technology Practice
and Products, F.C.FORDROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006. - The Development of
Community Based Natural
Resource Management
(CBNRM) in Cambodia,
CBNRM Learning Institute,
2005.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Compact plantation

Compound

Conical

Coniferous forest

Definition

cMkarsþúk ³ rYmbBa©ÚlTaMgrukçCatiFM nigtUc EdlduHlUtlas;
CaRbB½n§erobry nigeTogTat; . rukçCati edImeQI EdlduH
lUtlas;mineTogTat; nigmintamreboberobry b:uEnþGac
eGaycUleTARbmUlTinñn½y)anenAkñúgtMbn;enaH k_RtUv)an
cat;CacMkarsþuk .
søwksmas EdlsøwkmYyRtUv)anEckCasøwkeRcIntUc²
Casnøwk² . manlkçN³sMEb:t edaytMerob CaKUenAelI
Caysøwk . PaKeRcInCaRbePTRKYsar Fabaceae
1. ragdUcekan 2. énekan : manTMrg;Caekan .
CaéRBébtgCanic© EdlmanBBYkrukçCatisøwkm¢úl dUcCaRsl;
. rukçCatisøwkm¢úl rW manEpøragdUcekan KWRbePTeQI
EdlmansøwkesþIgdUcm¢úl nigmanEpøCaekan EdlmandUcCa
Rsl; firs, junipers, larches, spruces, nig yews . lMdab; :

Reference
Source: Terminology for
Integrated Resources Planning
and Management, Choudhury,
K.; Jansen, L. (ed.); 1999;
FAO/UNEP.

Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation. - Definition of
Digital Species Production
Team, 2006.

Coniferales
Construction wood

Coppice

Definition of Digital
eQIeRbIR)as;sMrab;karsagsg; dUcCa karsg;pÞH nig s<an . Source:
Species Production Team,

duHExñgeLIgvij 1. karplitnUvedImfμIBIrWs rW Kl; 2. karkat;
edIm (rukçCatisøwkFM) enAKl; edIm,IeGayvaduHBnøkfμIeLIgvij
3. rukçCati EdlduHExñgeLIgvij 4. Bnøk EdlduHecjBIExñg
enAKl;rbs;eQI Edl)ankat; emIl epicormic branch,

2006.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

regeneration method, stool, sucker, vegetative
propagation.
Coppice with
standarts (system)

Cotyledon

eFIVeGayduHExñg CaRbB½n§ EdledImRtUv)aneRCIserIs nig
rkSa eGaymanlkçN³sþg;da edaymanGayu nigxYbxus²
Kña .
kUTIeLdug CaGMuRb‘Íy:ugrbs;søwk EdlrkSanUvGahar cMNaM
=

7

Source: Terminology of Forest
Science, Technology Practice
and Products, F.C.FORDROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Crookedness,
crooked
CTSP

Cutting

Definition

kUTIeLdugCalkçN³rbs;rukçCati EdlmanRKab; dUcCa
Spermatophyta –emIl dicotyledon, monocotyledon.
minRtg; edImeQI EdledImmanlkçN³ekag
Cambodia Tree Seed Project ³KMeragRKab;BUCeQIkm<úCa
karkab;rMlM 1. karkab;rMlM edImeQInimYy² rW eQIQr
2.kareFIVeGayduHeLIgvij tamry³Bnøk Emk rW EpñkepSg²
rbs;rukçCati edIm,IbegáItrukçCatifμI² emIl air layering,

Reference
Foresters.

http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

vegetative propagation.
Damping off

CMgWrbs;kUneQI : eFVIeGaykUneQIgab; edaysarkardk;Twk
EdleFIVeGaymanpSiteRcInRbePTekItelIrukçCati .

DBH, diameter at
breast height

Ggát;p©itenAkMBs;Rtwm edImRTUg (dbh) – Cakarvas;Evg Ggát;
p©itCalkçN³bTdæan EdlmankMBs;RbEhl 4 1/2 feet BIdI
. 1. enARtg;TICMral karvas;RtUv)aneFIVeLIg BIkMBUlénTYl
2. DBH Gacvas;Ggát;p©itenAelIsMbkeQI emIl diameter
inside bark, diameter outside bark .
English Khmer
éRBCMruHsøwk éRBel,aH CaéRB EdlmanedImeQICMruHsøwkrbs; Source:
Technical Glossary for
Men Sarom (ed.),
vaCaFmμCati . CarukçCati EdlduHlUtlas;ry³eBleRcInqñaM Agriculture,
1999, Cambodia-IRRI-Australia
Project. - Environmental WordErik Skoglund, 1990,
. éRB EdlCMruHsøwk rbs;vaCaerogral;qñaM enArdUvRtCak; rW List,
Mekong Secretariat.
rdUvR)aMg pÞúyBIéRBébtgCanic© . rukçCati éntMbn;GakasFatu
bgÁÜr RbePTeQIxøwm EdlCMruHsøwkrbs;vaenAeBlRtCak; .
karkab;bMpøajéRBeQI : kab;sMGatéRBeQI sMrab;kareRbI http://www.nrcanrncan.gc.ca/cfsR)as;ry³eBlEvg . kab;ykecjnUv ral;edImeQIQr TaMg scf/science/prodserv/glossary_
e.html#22
Gs; . emIlBakü afforestation, reforestation, regeneration
Forestry Compendium
ykecjBIkMBUltamTisedAxus²Kña Rsedognwgkarlayéd Source:
(Global Module), CAB

Deciduous forest

Deforestation

Digitate

Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c

International.

8

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Dioecious

Definition

rukçCati EdlmanpáajI nigeQμalzitenAelIedImEtmYy emIl
bisexual, monoecious, staminate, strobilus, taxon.

karsab rW )acRKab;BUCedayéd rW ma:sIun enAtMbn;NamYy
2. BRgayRKab;BUC enAelItMbn;mYy edIm,IdaMduHéRBeQI

Direct sowing, direct
1.
seeding

Reference
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

(broadcast seeding USA, broadcast sowing Cw = sowing
in situ)
Disease(s)

Doubly toothed

Drainage

Drupe

Dry deciduous forest

Dry season

Durability

Dyestuff(s)

Ecology

Elevation

The dictionary of
emIl : Disorder CMgW CakarbMpøajlkçN³citþsaRsþ nigdMeNIr Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
karKImICIvrbs;Pavrs; .
Foresters.
Source: Definition of Digital
CaysøWk EdlmaneFμjDub
Species Production Team,
2006.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.

karbgðÚr: dMeNIrkarbgðÚrsarFaturav BIGIVmYy 2. RbB½n§lU :
bMBg;lU rWTueya EdlnaMTwkkxVk;ecj 3. karykvtßúravecj
tamry³karbgðÚr
Forestry Compendium
Epøsac; Epørwg Edlmansac;enAkñúgftEpø nigmanRKab;mYy rW Source:
(Global Module), CAB
International.
eRcIn .
Source: Definition of Digital
1. CaRbePTéRBel,aH EdlminsUvmanePøóg . 2. éRBel,aH Species Production Team,
2006.
EdlenAtMbn;raMgs¶Üt rW Bak;kNþalraMgs¶Üt .
Definition of Digital
kMLúgeBlRbcaMqañM EdlminmanePøóg rW mankMritTab . Source:
Species Production Team,
2006.
pÞúyBIBakü wet- or rainy season.
Encarta Dictionary
lT§PaB EdlGacFn;)anry³eBlyUr CaBiessminmankar Source:
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
bMpøaj rWxUcxat.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
1.

ral;sarFatu EdleRbIR)as;sMrab;eFIVBN’ rWl½kç rWcMraj;yk
BN’ rW l½kç .
karsikSanUvsrIragÁmanCIvitTaMgGs;enAkñúgtMbn; nigbrisßan
rbs;BYkva .
ry³kMBs;éntMbn; : kMBs;tMbn;eFobnwgnIvU:TwksmuRT enAkMrit
9

Corporation.
Source: World Book 2004
(Deluxe), 2003.

Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Definition
1,000 feet

Elliptic

Elliptical

Endemic

Environmental
Amplitude

Erosion control

Even-aged

Even-aged stand(s)

Evergreen forest

FA (Forestry
Administration)

x<s;CagkMritTwksmuRT .

søwkrageGlIb EdlmancMnukkNþalrIkFM nigcugTaMgsgçag
esμIKña .
eGlIb (n½ydUc) = dUceGlIb

Reference
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

CaRbéBNI (edImkMeNIt) rWmanlkçN³tMbn; rW TItaMgCak;
lak; pÞúyBIBakü exotic 2. CaCMgW EdlqøgeTAelIrukçCatienA
kñúgtMbn;TaMgmUl 3. cMnYnrukçCati stV rW vIrus EdlrgnUvCMgW
mankMritTab emIl epidemic
Definition of Digital
KWCaEdneGkULÚsIu EdlRbePTGacrs;)an . ktþabrisßan Source:
Species Production Team,
rbs;rukçCatidUcCa: ry³kMBs; kMritTwkePøóg sItuNðPaB 2006.
kMritBnøW pH CaedIm .
Encarta Dictionary
karRKb;RKgkarhUreRcaH ³ karkarBardIRbqaMgnwgkarhUrnUvfμ Source:
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
rWRsTab;dI sarFatuciBa¢wmepSg² edaysarTwk xül; rW
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation. - Definition of
Species Production
Twkkk. karRKb;RKgkarhUreRcaH GacRtUv)aneFIVeLIgtam Digital
Team, 2006.
ry³kar daMduHrukçCati EdlmanrWseRCA eRbIR)as;KMrbrukçCati
rW ksag nUvfñak;² enAtMbn;PñM .
The dictionary of
edImeQI EdlmanGayuesμIKña manlMdab;fñak;GayuEtmYy Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1.

edImeQI EdlmanGayuesμIKña manlMdab;fñak;GayuEtmYy
emIl stand
RbePTéRB EdlmanedImeQI GacrkSasøwkrbs;BYkvaenAkñúg
ry³eBleBjmYyqñaM .
1.

rdæ)aléRBeQI 2. rdæ)aléRBeQI (RtUv)aneRbIR)as;enAkñúg
10

1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Family

Farm forestry

Fence

Fiber(s)

Definition

Reference

RbeTskm<úCapgEdr )
emIlBakü: Taxonomy CaRkuménePT (genera) énPav³rs;
EdlzitenAkñúglMdab;cMNat;fñak; EdlTak;TgKña .
1. bec©keTséRBeQI EdlGnuvtþelI kardaM RKb;RKg
nigeRbIR)as;dI sMrab;kardaduHéRBeQI emIl : agroforestry 2.
karGnuvtþkarRKb;RKgéRBeQI enAelIdIPUmi CaTUeTA manrYm
bBa¢Últic rW eRcIn nUvkarGnuvtþkñúgksidæan .
rbg 1. CBa¢aMgb¤sSI eQI rW Edk Edldak;CMuvij sYnc,ar
valERs cMkar rW GaKar edIm,IkMueGaymnusS rW stVcUl rW
ecj 2. enAelIma:sIunEkécñeQI EdlkMnt; nUvTTwg rW kMras;
rbs;vtßú rW eQI EdlRtUvEkécñ .
srésr 1. CaBakü EdleRbIsMedA eTAelIekasikaeQI eRcIn
Cagsrésr vessel nig parenchyma . 2. CaBaküeRbIsMrab;
eQI CaTUeTA 3.srésesþIg Evg EdlmanenAkñúgedIm
søwk EdlmanEKmsøwktUc ragdUceFμjrNa .

First class wood

eyagtamc,ab;éRBeQIkm<úCa (elx 35 éf¶ 25 Exmifuna
PñMeBj ) CaRbePTl¥TIBIr bnÞab;BIeQIRbNit EdlRtUv)an
cat;Tukfa manKuNPaBx<s;CageK .
cMNIstV CasarFatuTaMgLay EdlstV Bahn³ nigstVéRB
GacsIu)an .
RbePTrukçCati CacMNIstVenAkñúgRsuk .

Fodder tree

Follicle

rUg fgtUc Rbehag 2. EpøKYrs¶Üt: EpøeTals¶Üt EdleRbH
tambeNþay edIm,IbeBa©jRKab; .
1.

11

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters. - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORDROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
Source: World Book 2004
(Deluxe), 2003. - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORDROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.

Source: Terminology of Forest
Science, Technology Practice
and Products, F.C.FORDROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters. - Source:
Environment Words, Glenda
Kupczyk-Romanczuk (ed.),
Images Asia.
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Source: Definition of Digital
1988 Species Production Team,
2006.

Finely toothed

Fodder

Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Forest plantation

Forestry

Definition

Reference
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.

cMkareQI forestry planting (n½ydUc) edImeQIQr EdlRtUv
)anbegáIt edaykardaM rW )acRKab;edaymnusS 1. cMkarGac
manduHrukçCatiRsTab;eRkam EdlduHedayFmμCati 2. GacGa
Rs½y eTAelIeKalbMNgénkarRKb;RKg cMkarGacCa cMkar
suT§ rW cMruHRbePT minesμIKña nUvkMritGayu nigRsTab;
3. cMkarGacRtUv)andaMduH enAkñúgxYbry³eBlxøI sMrab;CIvma:s;
famBl nigplitkmμsréseQI enAxYbEvg sMrab;plitkmμ
eQIh‘ub rW tMélepSgeTot .
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
forestry, forestry profession (n½ydUc) CMnaj Tak;Tgnwg
(1998) published by the Society
American Foresters, 5400
viTüasaRsþ sil,³ nigkarGnuvtþ RKb;RKg eRbIR)as; GPirkS ofGrosvenor
Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
éRBeQI nigedaymankareRbIR)as;Fn;Fan Edlman
RbeyaCn_dl;mnusS nigRbkb edaynirnþPaB eTAtameKal
bMNg tMrUvkar nigtMél cMNaM PaBFMeFgénCMnaj éRBeQI
rYmman CIvsaRsþ brimaN karRKb;RKg nigviTüasaRsþsgÁm
EdlGnuvtþnUv karRKb;RKg nigGPirkSéRBeQI varYmman
CMnaj ksirukçkmμ ]sSah_kmμ éRBeQI minEmn]sSah_kmμ
éRBeQI nigstVéRB karkMsanþ CaedIm emIl agroforestry,
forester.

Fragrance(s)

Fruit

Fruit tree

Encarta Dictionary
køinRkGUb : køin EdlbeBa©jedayrukçCati 2. PaBRkGUb : Source:
Tools.
manlkçN³RkGUb 3. TwkGb; : vtßú Edlmankøinxus²Kña dUcCa Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
TwkGb; EdlmankøinsMrab;burs
The dictionary of
CasrIragÁEdlpÞúknUvRKab; énRbePTrukçCati Edlmanpáa Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
edaymanGUvarITMu . ]TahrN_³ Epøsac; rW EpøKYr .
Foresters.
Definition of Digital
RbePTedImeQI Edlpþl;Epø EdlRtUv)andaMduH . mandUcCa Source:
Species Production Team,
sVay KUeln savma:v emon xñúr rWFuern . eQIhUbEpøRtUv)an 2006.
daMduHenAkñúgcMkar sYn nigeRkaypÞH .
1.

12

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Fruit type

Fuelwood

Gene ecological
zone

Genus

Definition

BaküsMedAeTA elIrUbragTUeTA nigTMrg;rbs;Epø . ]TahrN_
RbePTEpøKYr nigEpøsac;CaedIm .
eQIfamBl Gus
tMbn;eGkULÚsIuEsn tMbn;EdlmanlkçN³eGkULÚsIudUcKña
ehIy manlkçN³esenTicrbs;RbePT dUcKña (Graudal et
al., 1997) . enAkm<úCa mantMbn;eGkULÚsIuEsn 7 RtUv)aneFIV
GtþsBaØaN edayeyageTAtam bioclimate rukçCati
rUbsaRsþ nigdI .
genus, generic (KuNnam); genera (Bhuvcn³) emIl :
Taxonomy; Nomenclature; Systematics; Classification;

Reference
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: CTSP, 2003: Forest
Gene Conservation Strategy Gene Conservation Strategy,
Species Monographs, Gene
Ecological Zonation, Species
Site Matching Model. (CDROM).

Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

ePT CacMNat;fñak; énsrIragÁrs; Edlman
lkçN³xus²Kña BIePTmYyeTAmYy CaTUeTA vamanRbePT
mYy rWeRcIn kñúgkareFIVcMNat;fñak;ePT én rbs;RKYsarbs;
RbePT .
Source: The dictionary of
germination, germinate (TMrg;epSg²Kña) dMNuH 1. KWCakar
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
The Society of American
cab; epþImlUtlas; rbs;RKab; s<r rW eks CaTUeTA dMNuHsM 1998,
Foresters.
edAelI karduHcak;ecjBIsMbkRKab; s<r rW CBa¢aMgekasika
eks nigmanelceLIgnUv radicle, plumule, thallus, rW hypha
2. karbnþBUC edaykUneQI tamry³kardaMRKab;
http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
girdling - viFIsaRsþsMlab;edImeQI edaykarkat;sMbk
sts/gloss.html#c
edImCMuvij varYmmankareRbIR)as;fñaMsMlab;rukçCati fñaMKImI
pgEdr emIl band girdling.
Forestry Compendium
Kμaneram rW TMEBk . pÞúynwgBakü pubescent rW hirsute . Source:
(Global Module), CAB
Genus novum

Germination

Girdling

Glabrous

Globular

1.

rages<ó : ragmUl dUc)al; 2. manragmUl
13

International.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Growth rings, annual
rings
Gum(s)

Halomorphic soil

Hardboard

Definition

rgVg;lUtlas; rgVg;lUtlas;RbcaMqñaM . emIl³ growth rings.
Forestry Compendium
C½r CaBakü eRbIsMrab;rukçCati rW edImeQIEdl GacTajyk Source:
(Global Module), CAB
CatiC½r)an nigCasarFatu EdlmanTMrg;KImI saMujaMu RtUv)an International.
cat;TukfamankMrit kabUnGIuRdatb:UlIEmx<s; . énC½r Edl
GacrlaykñúgTwk)an dUcCaC½rGakasüa (gum arabic) –
kareRbIR)as;CacMbgnUvC½r EdlrlaykñúgTwk KWCa»sf
nigkarplitRkdas . sMKal; : enA USA, oleoresin KWsMedA
eTAelI 'gum' emIl natural resin, wood gum
Source: Terminology of Forest
=alkali soil. CadI EdlmanCaGMbileRcIn EdlGacb:HBal;
Science, Technology Practice
Products, F.C.FORDdl;karlUtlas;rbs;rukçCati . dIsMbUreTAeday NaCl . and
ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
engineered wood composite finger joint (

n½ydUc);

American Foresters.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
); Foresters.

n½ydUc); glulam (n½ydUc); hardboard (n½ydUc
insulation board (n½ydUc); laminated veneer lumber
(n½ydUc); medium-density fiberboard (n½ydUc); particle
board (n½ydUc); plywood (n½ydUc) plitBIeQI EdleRbIkav
bitP¢ab;Kña nigCaplitpl EdlmanlkçN³esdækic© Cag
eQIGarrwg emIl hollow-core construction; RbePTénvisVkmμ
eQIEdlrYman karP¢ab;BIeQImYyeTAmYy edayma:sIun
nigkav sMKal; dMeNIrkarenH Gacplitkþa )anRKb;RbEvg
TaMgGs; emIl particle board –CaRsTab;eQIRtUv)anbitkav
edIm,IeGayrwgmaMu nigEvg PaKeRcInRtUv)aneRbICa Fñwm rWkþa .
cMNaM srésreQIGacTajykBIkMeTceQI eday "karpÞúH"
EdlekItmaneLIgtamry³kareRbIsMBaF kþaEdlplitman
dg;sIuetTab edaykareRbIkMedA .
eQIxøwm CaeQIrukçCatisøwkFM nigCMruHsøwk edImeQI Edlman
flakeboard (

Hardwood

Reference
Corporation.
http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c

14

http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Definition

Reference

eQIxøwmeRcInzitenAkñúgRkum Angiospermae 2. Ca xylem én
Angiospermae –sMKal; eQIxøwm manPaBxus²Kña TaMgTis
Qr nigedk b:uEnþ vamansrés vessels nig rays cMNaM
eQIrbs;eQIxøwm GacmanrUbsaRsþrwm rWTn; emIl softwood,
lumber _____________________________ Source:
Dictionary of Forestry (1998) published by the Society of
American Foresters, 5400 Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198. Not for further reproduction.
Hazard(s)

Heartwood

Hectare (ha)

EdlGacmaneRKaHfñak; : GIV²TaMgGs; EdlGacbNþal
eGaymaneRKaHfñak; 2. kMritgayrgeRKaHfñak; edaystVl¥it
nigePøIgeqH rbs;eQIQr 3. )at;bg;»kas rW karreRKaHfñak;
1.

xwømeQI eQIEpñkkNþalrbs;edImeQI rWEmk EdlmanGayu
cas; exμA nigrwgCageQI EdlenACMuvijva . 1. ekasikaeQI
xøwmminmanvtßúrs;eT nigminmandMeNIrkaRbtikmμGIVTaMgGs;
2. PaBTak;Taj nigRss;s¥atmanenAelIeQIxøwm edaysarva
manBN’exμACag eQIRsay .
Encarta Dictionary
xñatEm:RténtMbn; : EdlesμInwg 100 ares rW 10,000 Em:Rtkaer Source:
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.

(2.471 acres).

Hemispherical

Herbicide

High forest

Humic soil

Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation. - Source: The
dictionary of Forestry, John
A.Helms (ed.), 1998, The
Society of American Foresters.
- Source: World Book 2004
(Deluxe), 2003.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.

GDÆeKal 1. mYycMehogénEpndI : CaBiessBak;kNþal
xageCIg rW xagt,ÚgeGkVaT½r rW enAxaglic rW ekItExS
meridian 2. Bak;kNþalEsV‘ rW vtßú EdlmanragmUl
The dictionary of
fñaMsMlab;rukçCatitUc² , fñaMsMlab;esμA CaRbePTfñaM EdleRbI Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
sMrab;sMlab; rW RKb;RKgkarlUtlas;rbs;rukçCati .
Foresters.
The dictionary of
éRBmanedImeQIx<s; EdlduHecjBIkUneQItUc² niglUtlas; Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
The Society of American
CaedImeQIx<s; nigkenSamsøwkCit²Kña emIl low forest 1998,
Foresters.
Source: Definition of Digital
dI EdlekItmkBImemak .
Species Production Team,
15

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Humid

Humus

Hybrid

Definition

sMeNIm RH (GkSkat;); Tak;TgnwgsMeNIm (manTMrg;xus²
Kña) CabrimaNTwk EdlhYteTAkñúgxül; . CaTUeTA RtUv)an
kMNt;faCasMeNIm .
memak CasarFatuexμA rWetñat EdlmansmasFatusaMuBaJaMu
eRbIsMrab;bMEbksMNl;rukçCati nigstV enAelIépÞdI
n½ydUcnwgBakü soil organic matter .
kUnkat; GIuRb‘Ít CakUnkat; Edl)anmkBIem)aBIepSgKña
sMKal; BaküenH eRbIsMrab;RbePT Edl)anbgáat;Kña TaMgkñúg
RbePT dUcKña nigeRkARbePT . emIl allele, cross-

Reference
2006.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

pollination, F1, F2, genotype, heterosis, heterozygous,
species hybrid.
Hydromorphic soil

Inflorescence

CaGnulMdab;éndI intrazonal EdlrYman 7 RkumFM²rbs;dI
BYkvabegáItnUvTMrg; enAeRkamlkçx½NÐ EdlminRbB½n§bgðÚrTwk
CaMTwk rabesμI dk;Twk 2. = hydrogenetic soil dIEdlvivtþn_
edaysaPaKRKb;RKgrbs;Twk EdlbegáItnUvGtisuxumR)aN
dl;dI .
kBa©úMpáa emIl : Flower The flowering portion of a plant; the
1.

flowerhead.
Insecticide

Inundated forest

Irrigation

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters. - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORDROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.

Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

Forestry Compendium
fñaMeRbIR)as;edIm,IkMcat;stVl¥it . fñaMsMlab;stVl¥itxøH k_Gac Source:
(Global Module), CAB
eRbIR)as;sMrab;kMcat; éc keNþó BIgBag nigstVl¥itepSg International.
eTot .
Source: Definition of Digital
= éRBlicTwk rW kMraléRBRtUv)anRKbdNþb;edayTwk
Species Production Team,
]TahrN_ éRBlicTwkenAkm<úCa dUcCaéRbekagkag nig 2006.
éRBlicTwkCMuvijbwgTenøsab .
Encarta Dictionary
karpþl;TwkeTAelItMbn; NamYy: pÁt;pÁg;TwkenAtMbn;raMgs¶Üt Source:
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
CaBiess CaBiessCYyrukçCatieGayduHlUtlas; .
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.

16

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Definition
Reference
IUCN
International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Source: Definition of Digital
Resources
Species Production Team,
2006.
Janka side hardness
Source:
=
http://www.hampshirehardwood
s.com, 2006
Janka hardness
Janka

Juvenile

Kingdom

Lanceolate

Late wood

Lateral root

Latex (plural latices)

Latin name

PaBrwg Cakarvas;EvgPaBrwgmaMu Fn; sMedAeTAelI ]sSah_
kmμ
.
vas;EvgnUvbnÞúkEdlGac
TTYl)ankñúgGgát;p©it 0.444-inch énr)aEdk eTAkñúgeQI
EdlmanGgát;p©itBak;kNþalr)a . karvas;Evg Janka KW
GaRs½yeTAelIkMritmFüméneQIGar EdlGacpþl;nUvkMrit
xus²Kña .
The dictionary of
xusBIv½yCMTg; EdlkMNt;edaylkçN³xageRkA b:uEnþminTan; Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
GaceFIVkarbgáat;)an emIl immature
Foresters.
Encarta Dictionary
CacMNat;fñak;x<s;bMput énvtßúFmμCati : EdlmandUcCa stV Source:
Tools.
rukçCati Er: EdlenAkñúgPavrs; EdlRtUv)anEbgEckedayGñk Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
viTüasaRsþ .
Source: Definition of Digital
ragdUcbnÞHes<ó .
Species Production Team,
ekasikaeQI EdlplitenAcugrdUvénkarlUtlas; EdleFIV
eGaymansñamBN’exμA énrgVg;lUtlas;RbcaMqñaM . RtUv)an
ehApgEdr fa summerwood
rWsryag BnøkrWs CarWstUc² EdlduHecjBIrrWsEkvrbs;
edImeQI . RbsinmntYnaTITb; edImeQI eGaymanlMnwg .
1. C½reQI: sarFaturavBN’sRsedogTwkedaHeKa Edlman
enAkñúgedImekAs‘U EdlC½rrbs;vaRtUv)anykmkplit ekAs‘U
eRkt 2. karlay kMeTcpøasÞic enAkñúgTwk : ekAs‘UyWt rW
)aøsÞic polymer enAkñúgTwk eRbIsMrab;plit fñaMlabpÞH kav
nigplitpepSg²eTot .
= eQμaHviTüasaRsþénRbePT nigePT edayeyagtamkar
17

2006.
Source: www.ncforestry.org,
2006

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.

Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Latitude

Leaf

Definition

TTYlsÁal;cMNat;fñak;CaGnþrCati .
1. ExSry³TTwg : ExSkat;TTwgEpndICaBIesμIKña TaMgxageCIg
nigt,ÚgeGkVaT½r 2. tMbn;énépÞEpndI : tMbn; épÞEpndI Edl
enACitExSTTwg .
søwk

Reference

Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.

Leaf arrangement

kartMerobrbs;søwk

Leaf margin

EKmsøwk Caysøwk Gacrelag ekag ragTwkrlk rW maneFμj

Leaf shape

TMrg;søwk rUbragsøwk ]TahrN_ søwkGacmanrageGlIb mUl
niges<ó søwkxøHtMerobt²Kña = leafshaped parts of one leaf .
Definition of Digital
kMBUl rW cug rbs;søwk EdlGacmanlkçN³RsYc rW Tal . Source:
Species Production Team,

Leaf tip

Leaflet

Legume

Light demanding

Limb

2006.
Source: Forestry Compendium
: Planthopper Insect of the (Global Module), CAB
International.
suborder Homoptera, family Cicadellidae,

snøwk Epñkénsmassøwk emIl

EdlsIu
tamry³karCBa¢k;rukçrs rW C½rrbs;edIm nigsøwk .
Source: Forestry Compendium
RbePTrukçCatikñúgRKYsar Fabaceae (Leguminosae);
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Epørbs;rukçCati Legume
Definition of Digital
rukçCati EdlRtUvkarBnøWxøaMg edIm,IduHlUtlas; . dUcCaRbePT Source:
Species Production Team,
2006.
Rsl;søwkBIr pinus spp. CaRbePT RtUvkarBnøWxøaMg .
Source: Environment Words,
= branch EmkeQI EmktUc² CaEpñk Edlman søwk páa nigEpø Glenda Kupczyk-Romanczuk

Limestone

fμEdlpSMBIkal;süÚmkabUNat .

Linear

zitenACabnÞat; .

(ed.), Images Asia.
Source: Dictionary of
Geological Terms; Bates,R;
Jackson, J. (ed.); 1983;
American Geological Institute.
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.

18

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Living fence(s)

Loam

Log

Longitude

Lumber

Luxury wood

Mangrove forest

Maturation

Definition

rbgrs; edImeQIRtUv)andaMCarbg rW CYy edIm,IkMNt;RBM
karBarstV RBil nigRbePTrukçCatI EdlGaceRbICafamBl
nigcMNIstV n½ydUc live fence
l,ay CavaynPaBdI EdlrYmman brimaNesμI²Kña én xSac;
xSac; Pk; nig\dæ .
kMNat;eQI karkat;eQImUl karkab;edImeQI EmkRkas;
bnÞab;BIkarkat;tMrwm nigkarqøgKña .
ExSry³beNþay 2. tMbn; EdlzitenACitExSry³beNþay
NamYy
1.

Reference
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.

n½ydUc) plitpleQIGar
)anmkBIedImeQI sMKal; muxkat;eQIGarRtUv)ankat;enATMhM
Cak;lak; TaMgkMras; nigRbEvgmuxkat;eQIxøwmRtUv)ankat;tMrUv
tamkarpliteRKOgsgðarwm rW plitplepSgeTot muxkat;
eQIRsay mankMras;BI 1 eTA 5 inches EdleRbIkñúgkar
sagsg; nigkarlk;dUr n½ydUc : sawnwood, sawtimber.
Definition of Digital
eyagtamc,ab;éRBeQIkm<úCa (elx 35 éf¶ 25 Exmifuna 1988 Source:
Species Production Team,
2006.
PñMeBj ) CaeQIRbNit EdlmanKuNPaBx<s;bMput .
Definition of Digital
éRBekagkag CaéRBEdlduHlUtlas;enACit eqñrsmuRT Edl Source:
Species Production Team,
manBBYkeQIRtUBikduH edayman Rhizophora,Laguncularia, 2006.
nig Avicennia duHlb; nigkEnøgEdlEtgrknUvTwkeCar nig
nac .
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
maturity, maturation (n½ydUc) PaBeBjv½y edImeQI Edl
(1998) published by the Society
American Foresters, 5400
manGayuesμIKña nigGaceFIVkarbnþBUC)an ehIymankarlUt ofGrosvenor
Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
las;kMBs;xøaMg Gacdl;kMBs;GaceFIVBaNiC¢kmμ)an . emIl
lumber sawnwood (

juvenile phase, old-growth forest, overmature, pole,

19

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Definition

Reference

sapling.
Mature

Dictionary of Forestry
n½ydUc) PaBeBjv½y Source:
(1998) published by the Society
American Foresters, 5400
edImeQI EdlmanGayuesμIKña nigGaceFIVkarbnþBUC)an ehIy ofGrosvenor
Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
mankarlUt las;kMBs;xøaMg Gacdl;kMBs;Gac eFIVBaNiC¢kmμ
)an . edImeQIGacmin manGayuesμIKña ehIykareBjv½y
k_minGacdUcKñaEdr . emIl juvenile phase, old-growth
adjective of maturity, maturation (

forest, overmature, pole, sapling.
Modulus of elasticity

Dictionary of Forestry
kMritGacbt;Ebn)an karvas;Evg karxUcRTg;RTayrbs;eQI Source:
(1998) published by the Society
American Foresters, 5400
edayeRbI bnÞúkesμIKña edIm,ItMrg;eQIkñúgkMritmYy EdlGacbt; ofGrosvenor
Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
)an sMKal; PaBbt;Ebn)anrbs;eQI KWCaPaBrwgrbs;eQI
modulus of elasticity (E) = normal stress/normal strain –

n½ydUc Young's modulus (of elasticity), coefficient of
elasticity -emIl modulus of rigidity, modulus of rupture,
moment of inertia of cross section.
Modulus of rupture

Monoecious

karvas;EvgnUvkMritTMgn;x<s;bMput EdlsréseQIminGac
RTRTg;)an edayeRbInUvbnÞúk EdleFIVeGayeQIekag
emIl modulus of elasticity, modulus of rigidity.
cMnYnRbePT rW RbePT EdlmantYnaTI CapáajI nigeQμal
enAkEnøgxusKña enAelIrukçCatiEtmYy emIl bisexual,
dichogamy, dioecious, strobilus.

Natural regeneration

karduHlUtlas;edayFmμCatirbs;rukçCati edaysarRKab;
karduHBnøk kUneQI nigExñg .

Nectar

Twkdm rW CavtßúFatuedImsMrab;plitTwkXμMú .

Needle

søwk conifer: søwkRsYc EdlmanenAelIRbePTeQI conifer .

Neutral

CasarFatu EdlminEmnCaGasIut rW )as . man pH esμI 7

20

Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Environment Words,
Glenda Kupczyk-Romanczuk
(ed.), Images Asia.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Neutral soil

Definition

dINWt CaRbePTdI Edlman pH esμI 7.0 .

Nitrogen

nIRtUEsn ]sμ½nKμanBN’ nigkøin eRbIR)as;sMrab;plit
Gam:UBaJak; eKOgpÞúH nigCI . nimitþsBaØa N

Nitrogen fixation

karpþl;GasUt KW Ca karpøas;bþÚrFatunIRtUEsn (N2)
BIbriyakas eTAeGaysarBagÁkayrs; kñúgkareRbIR)as; .
sMKal; karpþl;GasUt symbiotic RtUv)aneFIVeLIgtamry³
)ak;etrI EdlmanenAelIkMBkrWs rukçCati legumes GaceFIV
eLIg edayBBYkmIRkUsarBagÁkay Cak;lak;minmankMBkrWs
nigminEmnCa legumes nigBBYkvarICati dUcCasarayCaedIm
Epøs¶Üt EpøEdlmineRbH manRKab;EtmYy

Nut

Nutrient

Nutrition

Obovate

Obtuse

Oil

Reference
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.

Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

sarFatu rW smasFatuKImI EdlRtUv)aneRbICaGahar rW
layCamYysarFatuepSgeTot edIm,IbegáItCaGahar .
Forestry Compendium
sarFatuciBa©wm 1. karEkécñGahar : dMeNIrkarRsUbyk Source:
(Global Module), CAB
Gahar edImrkSasuxPaB nigduHlUtlas; 2. viTüasaRsþ International.
Gahar: viTüasaRsþ EdlTak;TgnwgGahar nig\T§iBlrbs;va
eTAelIsuxPaB 3. Gahar : Gahar sarFatuEr: vitamins
nigsarFatucBa©wmepSgeTot Edlman
Forestry Compendium
emIl : Ovate Ovate ragdUcCas‘ut EdlmanEpñkTTwgFM Source:
(Global Module), CAB
enAxageRkamEpñkkNþal . CaBaküeRbIsMrab;BiBN’naBI International.
søwk ragdUcCas‘ut rW Bgman;
Source:
ril rW manragmUlenAkMBUl rWcug .
www.knowledgebank.irri.org,
eRbg 1. sarFatu EdlGacduteqH EdlTTYl)anBIRbPB
rukçCati stV Er: eRbgmansßanrav enAkMritsItuNðPaBFmμta
nigrlayenAkñúgsarFatusrIragÁ 2. sarFaturav Edlrelag
21

2006
Source: English Khmer
Technical Glossary for
Agriculture, Men Sarom (ed.),
1999, Cambodia-IRRI-Australia
Project.Source: Environmental
Word-List, Erik Skoglund, 1990,

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Definition

EdldutedIm,IbegáItkMedA
Operculum

snÞHRKb EdlmanenAkñúg Esø nigpSit

Opposite

pÞúyKña QmKña : sMedAelIEpñkrbs;rukçCati dUcCasøwk rW páa
EdlduHlUtlas;enAelIedImEtmYy b:uEnzitenAmçagmñak; .

Orchard

cMkar 1. cMkareQIhUbEpø : dI EdleQIhUbEpøRtUv)andaM
sMrab;lk; 2. EpøeQIdaMduHsMrab;BaNiC¢kmμ RKb;eQIhUbEpø
EdldaMsMrab;eKalbMNgBaNiC¢kmμ .
emIlBakü: Taxonomy; Family; Class KWCacMNat;fñak;enA
eRkam class nig xagelI family ]TahrN_ ³ Lepidoptera .
rukçCati EdleRbIR)as;sMrab;karEtglMGr (dUcCa sYnc,ar
nigtampøÚv)
GUva:rI GUEv CasrIragÁmYyrbs;eksjI EdlpÞúkGUvul
nigvivdþeTACaEpø

Order

Ornamental plant

Ovary

Ovate

Ovoid

Palmate

Panicle

Parkland system

ovate, ovoid (

TMrg;epSg²Kña) ragmUlRTEvg ragdUcs‘ut

emIl : Obovate Egg-shaped in outline.
ovate, ovoid (TMrg;epSg²Kña) ragmUlRTEvg ragdUcs‘ut
emIl: Obovate Egg-shaped in outline.
ragdUcCa)atéd CaBiesssMedAeTAelIsøwk .
Panicle, paniculate (

KuNnam) cegáam KYr k,alRKab;BUC

kardaMduHdMNaM CacenøaH eRkamedImeQI EdlduHenAq¶ayBIKña
emIlBakü agroforestry .
22

Reference
Mekong Secretariat. - Source:
Environment Words, Glenda
Kupczyk-Romanczuk (ed.),
Images Asia.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Particle board

Peduncle

Perennial

Pesticide(s)

Petiole

pH (Soil)

Phosphorus

Definition

kþakMeTceQI Caplitpl eQI)anmkBIkarbitkav nUvkMeTc
eQIeGayeTACa kþa sMrab;eRbIR)as; .
Tg GacCaTgpáa rW Epø .

Reference
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

KuNnam) rukçCati EdlmanGayu
elIsBI 2 qñaMcab;BIeBlduH .
Dictionary of Forestry
fñaMsMlab;stVl¥it CasarFatuKImI EdleRbIsMrab;RKb;RKgcMnYn Source:
(1998) published by the Society
American Foresters, 5400
stVl¥it rW eFIVeGaymanrbYs emIl nontarget species, ofGrosvenor
Lane, Bethesda, MD
perennial, perennating (

slurry, target species.

20814-2198.

n½ydUc); leafstalk (n½ydUc) Leaf-stalk
(n½ydUc) Tg KWCaEpñk EdlsøwkRtUv)anP¢ab; eTAnWgEmk rW
edIm . stVl¥it : cegáHrbs; Rsemac XμúM nig»ma:l
pH énsUluysüúg enAkñúgdI sMKal; pH RtUv)akMNt;eday
mFümrbs; kBa©k; rW Rkdasvas; pH kMritsUluysüúgrbs;
TwkeRkamdI 0.01 M CaCl2, or 1 M KCl emIl soil reaction..
pUsVr 1. sarFatuKImI EdlGaceqH nigmanBnøW eRbIsMrab;eFIV
eQIKUs kaMRCYc eRKOgsMrab;GuC rW dut CI nimitþsBaØa P

Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

petioule, leaf-stalk (

Phylum

cMNat;fñak; stV nigrukçCatieTARkum EdlbegáIt)an
CacMnYnfñak; (classes) CaeRcIn .

Pinnate

tMerobCalkçN³qøas;Kña dUcCasøwk peas, Lucaena, Albizia
etc. Pinnate-compound leaf Feather-compound leaf

n½ydUc) emIl : Pinnate leaf Bak;kNþalCaysøwk Edlman
ragRsYc Pinnate-lobed leaf, Feather-lobed leaf (n½ydUc)
CaCalikaenAkñúgedIm : CalikakNþalénedIm rbs;rukçCati
mansrés

Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

(

Pith

23

Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Planar

Plantation

Planting

Plinthic soil

Ploughing

Definition
1.

énFNImaRtrbs;épÞrab 2. rabesμI

Reference
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORDROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters. - Source:
English Khmer Technical
Glossary for Agriculture, Men
Sarom (ed.), 1999, CambodiaIRRI-Australia Project.

cMkar cMkareQI :CaedImeQIRtUv)andaMedaykUn rW RKab;pÞal;.
forest plantation (n½ydUc); forestry planting (n½ydUc) CaeQI
Qr EdlRtUv)andaMduHedaysib,nimiμt cMnaM 1. cMkareQIGac
maneQIduHRsTab;eRkam EdlekItedayFmμCati 2.eyageTA
elIeKalbMNgRKb;RKg cMkarGacCaÉkRbePT rW suT§ nigcMruH
EdlRtUv)ankat;tMrwm nigmanfñak;Gayuxus²Kña nigGacman
stVéRBrs;nUvkñúgenaHpgEdr 3. cMkarGacmanxYbry³eBlxøI
sMrab;CIvma:s; famBl plitkmμsrés nigxYbry³eBlEvg
sMrab;plikmμeQIh‘ub nigeKalbMNgepSgeTot . emIl :
Leafhopper 1. eQIQr EdlRtUv)andaMduHedaysib,nimμit 2.
= Artificial crop éRBeQI EdlRtUv)andaMduHedaymnusS tam
ry³karsabRKab; rW kUneQI 3. tMbn; EdldMNaMRtUv)andaMduH
Forestry Compendium
kardaMduH kardaMduHeLIgvij dMenIrkardaMduH edIm,IFanakarlUt Source:
(Global Module), CAB
International.
las; plitkmμ nigkarbgáat; .
Source: http://www.fao.org,
=Plinthosols (PT) dIpøIntUs‘ul CadI EdlmansarFatu
2006
petroplinthic enAkMrars; 50 cm BIépÞRsTab;elIdI rW plinthic
enAkMras; 50 cm BIépÞdI rW plinthic kMras; 100 cm BIépÞdI
enAeBlépÞdImanCati albic rW stagnic enAkñúgdI
Source: Encarta Dictionary
= plowing karP¢ÜrdI 1. eFIVeGaydImanragCaKnøg : eFIVkar
Tools.
bMEbkdI nigRtlb;cuHeLIg 2. kat;GIVmYy : kat;GIVmYytam Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
ry³karP¢Ür 3. eFIVkarsMGat : P¢ÜrsMGatRBil EdlRKbenAelI
pøÚv 4. kardaMGIVmYyenAeRkamdI : kardak; dUcCaCI rW dMNaM
edayeRbIR)as;karP¢Úr
24

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Plywood

Pod

Pollen

Pollination

Definition

Reference
Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.

kþabnÞH plitplEdl)anmkBI karbitedaykarnUvRsTab;
eQIesþIgCab;Kña . CabnÞH EdlbegáIteLIgedaykarbitkav
énRsTab; veneers cMNaM : kþabnÞH RtUv)anpSMBIvIna BIbI bYn rW
R)aMsnøwk
Forestry Compendium
Epøs¶Üt EdleRbHEbk EpøKYr dUcCaRbePT legumes (sENþk) Source:
(Global Module), CAB
International.
EdleRbHEbk enAeBlTMu .
The dictionary of
lMGg 1. RKab;lMGg . 2. emSAsMrab;karbgárkMeNIt : emSA Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
The Society of American
Edlplitedaypáarbs;rukçCati EdlmanpÞúk nUvekasikabnþ 1998,
Foresters. - Source: Encarta
Dictionary Tools.
BUCeQμal vaRtUv)annaMeday xül; stVl¥it eTArukçCatiepSg Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
eTot EdlvaRtUv)anbgárkMeNIt
The dictionary of
dMeNIrlMGg karnaMlMGgeTAelITMrpáajI edIm,IbgárkMeNIt Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
The Society of American
cMnaM enAkñúgBBYk angiosperms TMrenHCaépÞrbs; stigmatic 1998,
Foresters
cMeBaH gymnosperms TMrCakMBUlrbs; ovule emIl
controlled pollination, fertilization, receptivity.

Post(s)

Precipitation

Forestry Compendium
begÁal CaTUeTAragmUl rWRCug sMrab;Tb;GaKar nigrbgCaedIm Source:
(Global Module), CAB

tu)at 1. ral;TMrg;rav rW rwgrbs;Twk EdlFøak;BIbriyakasmk
elIépÞEpndI EdlrYmman rlwm ePøóg RBil RKab;RBil dMuRBil
dMuTwkkk RKab;Twkkk cMnaM plEck tu)at eTAnwgkarMhYt
mansar³sMxan;sMrab;r)a:yrbs;rukçCati 2. karvas;Evg
brimaN RtUv)anKitCa GIug (inches) sg;TIEm:Rt
(centimeters) rWmIlIEm:Rt (milliliters) énCMerArbs;Twkrav
EdlFøak;mkelItMbn; nigeBlevlaCak;lak;NamYy emIl

International.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters

precipitation gauge, recording rain gauge.
Propagation

kardaM rWbNþúHnUvrukçCatifμI BIRKab; Bnøk karkat; rWbMe)A .

Protein

RbUetGIun CasmasFatuGasUt kabUn GIRdUEsn GuksIuEsn
nigGatUms‘ulpY . vaCaEpñksar³sMxan;én protoplasm
25

Source: Environment Words,
Glenda Kupczyk-Romanczuk
(ed.), Images Asia.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Provenance

Pulpwood

Radial

Railway sleeper(s)

Recalcitrant

Reforestation

Definition

énekasikars; . GasUt x 6.25 = protein.
tMbn;edImkMeNIt rbs;RbPBRKab;BUC eks rW propagules –
emIl geographic race, local seed source.
eQImUl kMeTceQI rW sMNl;eQI EdleRbIR)as;sMrab;plit
kmμeQI .
ragCakaM kat;CakaMrgVg;
eQIdak;epþk ²
enAtampøÚvrfePøIg edImRTRTg;pøÚvEdk .
= Crosstie (USA) =railroad tie (USA).

mankarBi)akkñúgRKb;RKg rW Tukdak; KWsMedAeTAelIkarbnþBUC
rbs;rukçCati RKab;BUC recalcitrant mankarlM)akkñúgkarTuk
dak; .
n½ydUc) karbegáItKMrbéRBeQI
TaMgedayFmμCati (edayRKab; Exñg rW kUnduHBIrWs) rW
sib,nimμit (edayRKab;pÞal; rW daMkUn) –sMKal;
karsþaréRBeQI KWCakarrkSaRbePTéRBeGaymanRbePTdUc
edImvij bnÞab;BIkarkab; emIl afforestation, deforestation,
reforestation, reafforestation (

Reference

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters
Source: Terminology of Forest
Science, Technology Practice
and Products, F.C.FORDROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.According to
Cambodian Forestry Law (No.
35, 25th June 1988, Phnom
Penh) the second best wood
classification. Only Luxury class
wood is considered to be of
higher quality.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters

dibble, hoedad, J-root, stand establishment.
Regeneration
method

n½ydUc)
viFIsaRsþkab;edImeQI edIm,ITTYl)annUvcMNat;fñak;GayufμI
tamry³karkab;sMGat rW kab;Gs;rlIg kab;TukBUC
kab;TukCaCMrk kab;eRCIserIs nigkarduHExñg n½ydUc
regeneration method single tree selection (

reproduction method -see biological legacy, harvesting
method, irregular, variable retention harvest system;

viFIsaRsþeFIVeGayduHeLIgvij EckCa 4 KW : coppice, even26

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Resin

Riparian forest

Root

Rostrate

Rotation

Definition
aged, two-aged, and uneven-aged.

Reference

The dictionary of
C½reQI 1. karbeBa©jC½r rbs;RbePTedImeQI rW edaykarsIu Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
bMpøajBIstVl¥it EdlCaplitplGuksIutkmμ rW
Foresters.&Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
Technology Practice and
polymerization én terpenes EdlrYmman l,ayGasIut
Products, F.C.FORDaromatic nig esters EdlrlaykñúgTwk b:uEnþk_Gacrlaykñúg ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters. - Source:
Words, Glenda
Gal;kul rW sUluysüúgsrIragÁ . Cr½manenAelIeQI Edlrs; Environment
Kupczyk-Romanczuk (ed.),
Asia. - Source: English
EdlGacRtUv)anecaHyk nigGacpøas;bþÚrsarFatuKImIya:g Images
Khmer Technical Glossary for
Men Sarom (ed.),
elOn 2. sarFaturavs¥it EdlhUrenAkñúgedImeQI edaynaM Agriculture,
1999, Cambodia-IRRI-Australia
Environmental
sarFatuciBa©wm CaBiessenAkñúgRsl; nigedImekAs‘U 3. GgÁ Project.Source:
Word-List, Erik Skoglund, 1990,
Mekong Secretariat.
Faturwg rwgmFüm rW ravføa srIragÁ Edl)anmkBI rukçCati .
Source: Definition of Digital
1. RbePTéRB EdlduHenAtMbn;dIesIm tamdgTenø sÞwg
Species Production Team,
tMbn;TwkeCar 2. éRB EdlzitenAtambeNþalTenø rW sÞwg 2006.
3. RbePTéRB EdlduHlUtlas; enAtamRbPBTwk bwg sÞwg
nigBwgBak;elIrWs edIm,IduHcak;dl;RbPBTwk
Forestry Compendium
emIl : Aerial root Descending portion of a plant rWsrbs; Source:
(Global Module), CAB
rukçCati EdlCaEpñk EdlsarFatuciBa©wm nigTwkRtUv)anRsUb International.
yk .
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Rostrum, rostrate (KuNnam); beak (n½ydUc); snout (n½ydUc) Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
1. EpñkragdUccMBuH 2. cMBuHén Hemiptera CaEsñg weevils
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation. - Source: Forestry
Compendium (Global Module),
(Curculionidae). (sMKal; : enAkñúgstþviTüa cMBuHKW CaEsñg
CAB International.
Rbdab;karBarcgáarbs;stVsøab)
http://www.nrcandMeNIrvilCMu rgVilCMu xYb - cMnYnqñaM
rncan.gc.ca/cfsEdlrukçCatiRtUvkarkñúgkareBjv½y rW lUtlas;dl;TMhM Edl scf/science/prodserv/glossary_f
.html#98
http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
cg;)an . xYbenAkñúgRbB½n§esμIGayu kMLúgeBl rvagkarduH sts/gloss.html#c
http://www.nrcaneLIgvij nigkarkab;cugeRkag sMKal; xYbGacGRs½ynwg rncan.gc.ca/cfsscf/science/prodserv/glossary_
lkçN³vinicä½ydUcCa TMhMmFüm Gayu kMeNInmaDRbcaMqñaM e.html#81

27

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Saline soil

Salt tolerance

Sand

Sapling

Sapwood

Definition

Reference

nigkMritlUtlas; RBmTaMglkçx½NÐ CIvsaRsþ emIl financial
maturity, soil rent(al) Rotation: cMnYnqñaM Edl)aneRKagTuk
kñúgkardaMduHeLIgvijnUvedImeQI bnÞab;BIkarkab;RbmUlpl .
The dictionary of
dImanCatiéRb rW GMbil CadI nonsodic EdlmanCatiGMbil Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
The Society of American
nigGacman\T§iBleTAkarlUtlas;rbs;dMNaM cMNaM kMrit 1998,
Foresters.
eRCobTab GacTajykMritcrnþGKIÁsnI BIdI)ankñúgkMrit t 4
dS m-1 (at 25oC or 77oF) rukçCatigayrgeRKaHenAkMritBak;
kNþalénCatiGMbil nigRbePTEdlFn; GacFn;nwgkMritéRb
dl;eTA BIrdgénkMritdIRbePTenH (dS = decisiemen)
Source: Definition of Digital
EdlFn; nwgCatiéRb rW GMbil KWCalT§PaBrbs;rukçCati
Species Production Team,
GacFn;nwgdImanCaéRbx<s; . dUcCaRbePT edImekagkag 2006.
CaedIm
The dictionary of
dIxSac; 1. dIEdlmanGgÁt;p©it BI 0.05 eTA 2.00 mm (0.002 Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
The Society of American
eTA 0.08 inch) . lkçN³dI EdlCadIxSac; KWmankMritxSac; 1998,
Foresters. - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
Technology Practice and
85 PaKry rWGaceRcInCagenH nigmanPaKrydIPk;pgEdr
Products, F.C.FORD1971, Society of
CamYynwg 1.5 én\dæ EdlminelIsBI 15 PaKry . 2. Ca ROBERTSON,
American Foresters. - Source:
Words, Glenda
bMEnk dI EdlmanTMhMtUcCag RKYs nigFMCadIPk; Edlman Environment
Kupczyk-Romanczuk (ed.),
Ggát;p©it 1/16 eTA 2mm 3. CadMufμ EdlmanTMhMtUc²Edlman Images Asia.
PaK eRcInenAsmuRTxSac; nigeqñrxSac; .
kUneQIb:unefñal edImeQImankMBs; 4 1/2 feet nigGgát;p©it 4 http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c
inches . kUneQIb:unefñal TMhMFMCakUneQIbnþic EttUcCag
eQIb:unbegáal emIl mature.
The dictionary of
RsTab;edImeRkAbg¥s; EdlmanenAkñúgedImeQI Edlrs; nig Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
The Society of American
pSMBI ekasikars; nigCaPñak;garnaMykTwk eTAEpñkxagelI 1998,
Foresters
edImeQI . eQITn; rW Rsay manlkçN³Rsal nigBN’
RsalCageQIxøwm . emIl sap, translocation.
28

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Savanna

Definition

n½ydUc) CavalesμAtMbn;TMnab
tMbn;RtUBi rW GnuRtUBi EdlmanedImeQIduHCadMu² . emIl
savanna, shrub savanna (

Reference
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters

derived savanna, prairie, savanna woodland.
Sawn wood

Scientific name

Second class wood

Sediment

Seed

Seed storage

Seed tree

Seedling

Semi-arid

emIl : Round wood eQIGar tambeNþay GacmanépÞmUl
rW minmUledayFmμCati GacmansMbk rW minmansMbk
eQμaHLataMgrbs;srIragÁ EdleRbIR)as;kñúgcMNat;fñak; .

Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: Definition of Digital
1988 Species Production Team,
2006.

eyagtamc,ab;éRBeQIkm<úCa (elx 35 éf¶ 25 Exmifuna
PñMeBj ) CaRbePTl¥TIbI bnÞab;BIeQIRbNit nigeQIelxmYy
EdlRtUv)an cat;Tukfa manKuNPaBx<s;CageK .
Source: Encarta Dictionary
kkr 1. sarFatul¥it enAkñúgvtßúrav
Tools.

Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters

RKab; RKab;BUC 1. EpñkmUl EdlTMu manGMRb‘Íy:ug sMbkRKab;
nigCalikasarFatuciBa©wm
Definition of Digital
viFIsaRsþénkarkarBarRKab;BUC edayrkSadMNuHenAkñúgry³ Source:
Species Production Team,
eBlCak;NamYy . karrkSaTukRKab;BUCGacrYmman dMeNIr 2006.
karkñúgkarsMgYt rWkareRbIR)as;TUTwkkkCaedIm .
Source: The dictionary of
1. edImeQI EdlRtUv)anTuksMrab; pþl;RKab;BUC 2. viFIsaRsþ Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
bnþBUC edayFmμCati emIl regeneration method.
Foresters
Source: Forestry Compendium
1. kUneQItUc² EdlduHBIRKab; nigduHlUtlas;CaeQIb:un
(Global Module), CAB
efñal . cMNaM PaBxusKñarvagkUn eQI nigeQIb:unefñal International.
minTan;RtUv)ankMNt;c,as;enAeLIgeT . enA\NÐa nigEpñkxøH
énGaeRhVc vamankMBs;CagmYyEm:Rt enAkaNada Ggát;p©it
dbh man 1 cm. 2. kñúgkarGnuvtþenA kñúgfñal kUneQImin
RtUv)andaMeLIgvijeT
tMbn;Bak;kNþalraMgs¶Üt sMedAelItMbn;TTYl kMritePøógRbcaM Source:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semi-arid,
29

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Semi-evergreen
forest

Sepal

Set(s)

Shade demanding

Shade tolerance,
shade tolerant:

Definition

Reference

qñaMTab (25 eTA 50 cm /10 eTA 20 in) nigsMbUresμAduHeRcIn . 2006
vaRtUv)anpþl;niymn½yeday Köppen climate classification.
Environment Words,
éRBBak;kNþaleRsag 1. éRB EdlmanedImeQIduHlayKña : Source:
Glenda Kupczyk-Romanczuk
Images Asia. - Source:
CaéRBeRsag nigéRBel,aH rW CMruHsøwkduHlayKña 2. éRBCMruH (ed.),
Forestry Compendium (Global
Module), CAB International.
søwk rukçCatiCMrusøwkrbs;va Caerogral;qñaM
Forestry Compendium
emIl : Calyx In flowers Rtbkpáa CaEpñkEdlEck Rtbk Source:
(Global Module), CAB
nigRsTab;páa EdlenAxageRkam . CYnkarminGacEbgEck International.
)anrvagRtbk nigRsTab;cMeBaHRbePTrukçCatixøH .
Source: Encarta Dictionary
kUneQIlμmsMrab;daMduH: kUneQI EdlsmRsb
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
nigmanGayulμmsMrab;daM ]TahrN_ kUneQI
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Fn;nwgmøb; : CasmtßPaBrukçCatikñúgduHlUtlas;enAeRkam
møb;
Fn;nwgmøb; CasmtßPaBrukçCatikñúgduHlUtlas;enAeRkammøb;
=

Shallow

mineRCA: cenøaHrvagépÞelI nig)ateRkamtUc rW ceg¥ót .

Shelterwood

eQIpþl;CMrk eQIr)aMg 1. karkat;eQIpþl;CMrk: RbB½n§ Edl
edImRtUv)aneRCIserIs sMrab;ry³eBlxøI edIm,IkarBareQI
EdleTIbduHfμI 2. shelterwood systems, strip cutting
(n½ydUc): karkab;edImeQI edayTuknUvRbePTeQIxøH edIm,I
pþl;møb;dl;kUneQItUc²CMnan;eRkay duHlUtlas; cMNaM :
kareFIVRbRBwtþkmμ GacrYmman bIRbePTénkarkat; : (a) kar
erobcM edayeRCIserIs KW kat;edIm,ITTYl)annUvplitkmμ
30

Corporation.
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters. - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORDROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters. - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORDROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Definition

Reference

RKab;BUC (b) kardaMduH edayerobcMfñal nigbegáItnUvfñak;
GayufμI (c) karkab;edImeQI edIm,IeGayeQIduHlUtlas;kat;
bnßykarRbKYtRbECg karkat;RtUv)aneFIVCaÉksNæaneTAelI
eQIQrmYy CadMu² nigCaCYr . 3. RbB½n§eQICMrkCa bnÞH rW
qñÚt : RbB½n§enH KW kat;CabnÞH rW qñÚt² edIm,IkarBarxül;
Shelterwood systems
The dictionary of
eQIpþl;CMrk eQIr)aMg 1. karkat;eQIpþl;CMrk: RbB½n§ Edl Source:
(silviculture)
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
The Society of American
edImRtUv)aneRCIserIs sMrab;ry³eBlxøI edIm,IkarBareQI 1998,
Foresters.
EdleTIbduHfμI 2. shelterwood systems, strip cutting
(n½ydUc): karkab;edImeQI edayTuknUvRbePTeQIxøH edIm,I
pþl;møb;dl;kUneQItUc²CMnan;eRkay duHlUtlas; cMNaM :
kareFIVRbRBwtþkmμ GacrYmman bIRbePTénkarkat; : (a) kar
erobcM edayeRCIserIs KW kat;edIm,ITTYl)annUvplitkmμ
RKab;BUC (b) kardaMduH edayerobcMfñal nigbegáItnUvfñak;
GayufμI (c) karkab;edImeQI edIm,IeGayeQIduHlUtlas;kat;
bnßykarRbKYtRbECg karkat;RtUv)aneFIVCaÉksNæaneTAelI
eQIQrmYy CadMu² nigCaCYr . 3. RbB½n§eQICMrkCa bnÞH rW
qñÚt : RbB½n§enH KW kat;CabnÞH rW qñÚt² edIm,IkarBarxül
Shifting cultivation
The dictionary of
ksikmμBencr ; kaingin (n½ydUc); kumri (n½ydUc); ladang Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
(n½ydUc); parcelero (n½ydUc); shamba (n½ydUc); taungya
Foresters.
(n½ydUc) CakardaMduH manlkçNCargVilCMu EdlGnuvtþenA
tMbn;RtUBik edayeFIVkarkab;éRBeQI dut nigbnÞab;mk daMduH
dMNaMksikmμry³eBl BImYyqñaM rW eRcInqñaM rYcpøas; eTAkEnøg
epSg eTot edayeRbIviFIsaRsþdUcKañenH
1. ksikmμBencrmaneQμaHCaeRcIndUcCa chena (RsIlgáa),
kaingin (hVIlIBIn), kumri (\NÐa), ladang (ma:eLsI)u ,
parcelero (eBrUrIkU), shamba (eknya:), nig taungya (PUma)
31

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Definition

Reference

RbsinkarGnuvtþenAkEnøgCak;lak;d_EdrenH vaRtUv)an
ehAfa bush fallow system (eRcInenAGaRhic) emIl slash
2.

and burn, transhumance.
Shrub

Shrub land

Silt

Silvicultural system

culøRBwkS CarukçCatiEdlanCaeQI nigmanTMhMtUc CagedIm
eQI nigmankarFn;x<s; xusBIBBYkesμA emIl brush tree
tMbn; EdlmaneQIduHlUtlas; CaRbePTrukçCati EdlxusBI
edImeQI KW BBYkrukçCatitUc² EdlmanrWseRcIn CMnYseGay
edImEtmYy .
dIPk; 1. dI EdlmanGgát;p©it 0.002 eTA 0.05 mm (0.00008
eTA 0.002 in) 2. vaynPaBdI mandIPk; 80 PaKry < 12
PaKryén\dæ emIl sand
RbB½n§rukçvb,kmμ 1. CaKMerag RbRBwtþkmμ kñúgdaMduH EfrkSa
RbmUlpleQI sMKal; RbB½n§enH eyageTAtam cMnYnfñak;
Gayu (karduHExg PaBesμIGayu nigminesμIGayu) rW viFIsaRsþ
eFIVeGayduHeLIgvij (clear-cutting, seed tree, shelterwood,
selection, coppice, coppice with reserves) used.

eKalkarN_GnuvtþRbB½n§rukçvb,kmμ EdleQIRtUv )anEfTaM
nigRbmUlpl
rukçvb,kmμ Casil,³ nigviTüasaRsþkñúgRKb;RKgkardaMduH
lUtlas; smasFatu suxPaB nigKuNPaBrbs;eQI
edIm,IbMeBjtMrUvkar GñkRKb;RKg nigsgÁm .
Agrosilvopastoralism, silvopastoralism (n½ydUc):
TMrg;énksirukçkmμ EdlrYman edImeQI dMNaMksikmμ
nigkarcBa©wmstV n½ydUc agrosilvopasture –emIl

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters. - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORDROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.

2.

Silviculture

Silvopastoralism

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

silvopastoralism.
Site

tMbn; TItaMg TIkEnøg KWCakarRbmUlpþúMKañ énPavrs; Gakas
Fatu zanelxa niglkçN³dI rbs;tMbn; . site class, site
32

http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Definition

Reference

n½ydUc) a classification of site quality, bgðajeday
edImeQIQe EdlmankMBs;x<s; nigmankMeNInmaDx<s; .
site preparation ground clearance (n½ydUc) karkab;sMGat
edayéd rW ma:sIun edIm,ICMrujeGayrukçCati CMnan;eRkaylUt
las; cMnaM kareFIV RbRBwtþkmμ rYmman kardut kar)aj;fñaMKImI
karkab; kareRsacTwk karras; nigkardaMduHrukçCati edIm,I
begáIt nUvlkçx½NÐsmRsbsMrab;karlUtlas;rbs;RbePT
KuNPaBtMbn; KWCaplitPaBrbs;tMbn; EdlsMKal; kMritlUt
las;maDrbs;RbePT n½ydUc site productivity.
http://www.fao.org,
dImansUlüÚm 15 PaKry EdlGacedaHdUr)annigelIsBI 50 Source:
2006
PaKry énsUlüÚm nigma:ejsüÚm enAkMrit 50 cm BIépÞdI
eQITn; eQIes<at CaedImeQIenAkñúgRkum gymnosperm Edl http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c
rYmman BBYkRsl; hemlocks, larches, spruces, firs, nig
junipers . eQITn;EtRtUv)anehAfa conifers eTaHbIman
RbePTxøH dUcCa junipers nig yews minmanEpøCalkçN³
ekank_eday . cMnaM 1. BaNiC¢kmμeQITn; CaRbePTlMdab;
Coniferales 2. eQITn; manlkçN³dUcKña nigsrésnMaC½r
tambeNþayeQI emIl hardwood, lumber, nonpored
index (

Sodic soil

Softwood

wood.
Soil chemistry

Soil hydrology

Soil improvement

Source: Definition of Digital
bNþMúsarFatuKImI rW lkçN³KImIrbs;dI 2. viTüasaRsþ
Species Production Team,
2006.
EdlsikSaBIlkçN³KImIrbs;dI
Encarta Dictionary
karsikSaGMBIkMritTwkkñúgdI : viTüasaRsþsikSaBIsarFatu r)a:y Source:
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
kareRbIR)as; nigclnarbs;TwkenAkñúgdI
©1993-2005 Microsoft
1.

dMeNIrkar rW lT§pl EdleFIVeGay dImanplitPaBkan;Et
x<s;sMrab;karlUtlas;rbs;dMNaM dUcCakarbEnßm CI RbB½n§
eRsacRsBCaedIm .
33

Corporation.
Source: English Khmer
Technical Glossary for
Agriculture, Men Sarom (ed.),
1999, Cambodia-IRRI-Australia
Project.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Soil morphology

Species (biology

Specific gravity

Stake(s)

Stalk

Stamens

Starch

Stem

Stipule

Definition

lkçN³rUbrbs;dI EdlmandUcCa TMrg; vaynPaB CaedIm .

Reference
Source: English Khmer
Technical Glossary for
Agriculture, Men Sarom (ed.),
1999, Cambodia-IRRI-Australia
Project.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

RbePT sp (GkSkat;); sp. (GkSkat;); spp (GkSkat;); spp.
(GkSkat;) emIl : Classification; Genus; Species complex
RbePTmYyénstV rW rukçCati GkSkat; sp. (Ékvcn³) or spp.
(Bhuvcn³) RbsinenA 'spp.' enAeRkayeQμaHePT mann½yfa
maneRcInCagmYyRbePT enAkñúgePTenH .
The dictionary of
plEck éndg;sIuet (TMgn;eQIkñúgmYyxñatmaD ) éneQI Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
eTAnwgdg;sIuetTwk enAkMrit 4°C (39.2oF)
Foresters.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
1. begÁaltUc Edle)aHelIdI : begÁaledateTAelIdICacMNaM Tools.
GIVmYy 2. begÁalsMrab;rgbnÞúk: RtUv)andak;enAelIreTH Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
sMrab;pÞúknUv dMueQI
Source: Forestry Compendium
stalk, stipitate (KuNnam); stipe (TMrg;epSg²Kña) Stem
(Global Module), CAB
International.
(TMrg;epSg²Kña) Tg edIm emIl : Tiller; Shoot
Source: Encarta Dictionary
ekseQμal : CasrIragÁbnþBUCeQμal rbs;páa
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
EdlmanbMBg;eks nigeksenAkñúgenaH .
©1993-2005 Microsoft
CatiemSA Cakarlayén polysaccharides nigman glucose
EdlbegáItCaGaharbMrugsMrab;rukçCati cMNaM CatiemSAman
enA kñúgeQIRsay EdleFIVeGayvagayrgkarvayRbhal
BIstVl¥it
edIm tYedIm emIl bole, branch, burl, tree.
KuNnam) xñaysøwk CaEpñtUc EdlduHenA
Kl;Tgsøwkrbs;rukçCati EdlmansøwktUc² enAelIEmk enA
eBlvaRCuH .
Stipule, stipulate (

34

Corporation.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Stone

Subphylum

Tangential

Tannin

Taproot

Taungya

Definition
drupe, drupelet (sub-term); stone fruit (

n½ydUc) Epørwg

EdlmanRKab;rwgEtmYy rW eRcIn
CacMNat;fñak;Rkum rvag phylum nig class
éntg;süg;. 2. muxkat;tg;süg; Edlkarkat;min kat;tam
EpñkkNþarbs;eQI
Tannins, gallo-tannins (n½ydUc); gallotannins (n½ydUc);
tannic acids (n½ydUc) sarFaturav EdlmanlkçN³saMujaMu
mankñúgsøwk sMbk Epø rWs rWEpñkepSgeTot . BYkvamannaTI
Ca situ prophylactics enAkñúgCalikarrukçCati . BBYkvaRtUv
)an eRbIsMrab; BaNiC¢kmμeTotpg .
Tap root, taproot (n½ydUc) rWsEkv 1. rWsTImYyrbs;rukçCati
EdlduHecjBI radicle 2. rWssMxan; duHecjBIrukçCati
KsikmμBencr manGtßn½ydUcBakdUcCa; kaingin, kumri,
lading , parcelero, shamba, taungya KWCakardMaduHCavdþ
EdlRtUv)anGnuvtþenAtMbn;RtUBik enAkEnøg EdlGñkdaMduH
kab;edImeQIdut nigdaMdMNaMksikmμsMrab;ry³eBlmYy rW
eRcInqñaM muneBlpøas;bþÚreTAkEnøgepSgeTot
edIm,IeFIVskmμPaBd_Edr enH . 1. ksikmμBencrmaneQμaH
edImkMeNItCaeRcIn dUcCa chena (RsIlgáa), kaingin
(hVIlIBIn), kumri (\NÐa), ladang (ma:eLsIu), parcelero (eb:rU
rIkU), shamba (eknya:) nig taungya (PUma) 2. RbsinebI
GnuvtþenAkEnøg EdlmanCMrkCak;lak; nigvdþeTogTat;
enaHRbB½n§RtUv)anehAfa bush fallow system (eRcInenAGa
eRhVc) CaTMrg;énxYbvilCMu – emIl slash and burn,
transhumance .
1.

35

Reference
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source:
wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/web
wn
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word
Taungya agroforestry

Taungya system
(silviculture)

Taxonomic Position

Taxonomy

Definition

KWCakardMaduHCavdþ EdlRtUv)anGnuvtþenAtMbn;RtUBikenA
kEnøg EdlGñkdaMduH kab;edImeQIdut nigdaMdMNaMksikmμ
sMrab;ry³eBlmYy rW eRcInqñaM muneBlpøas;bþÚreTAkEnøgepSg
eTot edIm,IeFIVskmμPaBd_Edr enH . 2. CaRbB½n§daMduHrbs;
PUma EdléRBRtUv)ankab; nigdutsMrab;kardaMduH ry³eBl
mYyeTABIrqñaM eTIbTukecal eGayduHéRBeLIgvij .
1.

= agri-silviculture, taungya method, taungya

kardaMduHedImeQI layCamYydMNaMksikmμ
RkuménsarBagÁkay: viTüasaRsþcat;fñak;rukçCati stV
nigmIRkUsrIragÁ CaBYk rW Rkum EdleyageTAtamlkçN³ .
karcat;fñak;fμI²enH KWEp¥kelIlkçN³esenTic 2.
eKalkarN_ énkarcat;fñak; 3. sikSaBIcMNat;fñak;
cMNat;fañk; karcat;fñak;sarBagÁkary rYmmankareFIV
GtþsBaØaN nigkardak;eQμaHCaedIm . emIl morphology,
1.

Reference
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters. - Source: World
Book 2004 (Deluxe), 2003.

Source: Terminology of Forest
Science, Technology Practice
and Products, F.C.FORDROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

phylogeny, taxon, variety
Terete

relag ragsIuLaMg nigragRsYc ]TahrN_ edImrbs;esμA

Thinning

karkab;rMelaH karkab;edayEpñknUvRbePTeQI EdlminTan;
eBjv½y begáItnUvpleQI tamry³karepþatCasMxan;eTAelI
eQImYy² thinning crown thinning (n½ydUc); free thinning
(n½ydUc); mechanical pulp (n½ydUc); mechanical thinning
(n½ydUc); selection thinning (n½ydUc); thinning from above
(n½ydUc); thinning from below (n½ydUc) kareFIVRbRBwtþkmμ
edImeQI edaykat;bnßydg;sIuetrbs;edIm
edIm,IbegáInkarlUtlas; eFIVeGaymansuxPaBl¥ nigkat;
36

Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Definition

Reference

bnßyGaRtasøab; karkab;rMelaHrYmman : a) karrMelaHeday
sarFatuKImI : edImeQI Edlmincg;)anRtUv)an sMlab;eday
fñaMsMlab;rukçCati dUcCa edIkekag rW xUcRTg;RTayCaedIm b)
rMelaHkenSamsøwk : kat;bnßynUvkenSamsøwk Edllb;
edImeGayrukçCatiepSg² duHlUtlas;)anl¥ n½ydUc thinning
from above, high thinning c) karkab;rMelaHedayesrI :
kab;edImeQI edIm,IbegáIt cenøaHsmRsbsmsMrab;karlUt
las; d) karkab;rMelaHEpñkeRkam : kab;edImeQIenARsTab;
eRkam edIm,IeFIVeGayRsTab;elIduH)anl¥ n½ydUc thinning
from below e) karrMelaHedayemkanic: karedIm Edlman
Gayu esμI nigmiesμIKña CaCYr² edayeRbIcenøaHmYyCak;lak; n½ydUc geometric thinning f) kab;rMelaHedayeRCIserIs :
edImeQIRtUv)ankab; cMeBaHRbePT EdlmankenSamsøwklb;
edIm,IeGayeQIxageRkamlUtlas; n½ydUc dominant
thinning.
Timber

To harden off

To season

Trade Name

Transverse

eQI nigedImeQIQr 2. eQI EdlGacykmk eRbICaeQI
Gar CagkareRbICa eQIfamBl .
eFIVeGayrukçCatisaMunwglkçx½NÐxageRkA : eFIVeGayrukçCati
smRsbnwglkçx½NÐxageRkA dUcCa PaBRtCak; xül BnøW
muneBlykvaeTAdaMduHenAxageRkA .
karsMgYtmuneBleRbIR)as; karsMgYteQImuneBleRbIR)as;
1.

søaksBaØa (yIeha) énRbePTeQI fñaMsMlab;stVl¥it
nigplitplepSg²eTot EdleRbIelIplitpl
edayGñkplit . plitplmYyGacmanyIehaeRcIn .
crosswise: bnÞat;BuH
=

37

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Definition

Reference
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

emIl : Shrub KWCaedImeQIFM manCatieQI mantY edImmYy rW
BIr nigmanEmk (PaBxusKñarvagKum<RBwkS nigedImeQItUc
enAminTan;manPaBCak;lak;enAeLIyeT )
Tree nursery, nursery
Source: The dictionary of
fñalbNþúHkUneQI
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
The Society of American
CakEnøgEdlbegáItsMrab;bNþúHkUneQItUc² EdlrYmTaMgkar 1998,
Foresters.
bNþúHedaymanrWs nigkñúgfg; sMrab;kardaMduH .
EdlmankUneQI rW fñalsab rW manTaMgBIr . emIlBakü
field nursery .
Tree spacing
Source: Encarta Dictionary
1. cenøaHedImeQI CacenøaH EdledImeQIRtUv)andaM BImYyeTA Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
mYy 2. karerobCacenøaHénedImeQI .
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation. - Source:
of Digital Species
cenøaHedImeQIGacRtUv)ansMrYlenA edaykarkab;rMelaH . Definition
Production Team, 2006.
Tree

Trifoliate

trifoliolate,

EdlmansøwkcMnYnbI

Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

Two-aged stand

tMbn;daMduH edImeQI Edlmanfñak;GayuBIrxus²Kña

Two-aged system

kareFVIRbRBwtþikmμ eQI rWRKb;RKgeQIeGaymanfñak;GayucMnYn
BIr .
Encarta Dictionary
Cacegáampáa EdlmanragdUcq½Rt : k,alpáa EdlmanragdUc Source:
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
q½Rt EdlpáamYy² manTgxøI ²
©1993-2005 Microsoft

Umbellate

Corporation.
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

eQI EdlmanGayuxus²Kña cMNat;fñak;Gayucab;BIbIeLIgeTA
nigcMruHcMNat;fañk; .
Uneven-aged stand
The dictionary of
eQI EdlmanGayuxus²Kña cMNat;fñak;Gayucab;BIbIeLIgeTA Source:
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
nigcMruHcMNat;fañk; .
Foresters.
Uneven-aged system
Source: The dictionary of
Uneven-aged system selection cutting (n½ydUc); selection Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
Uneven-aged

38

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Definition

n½ydUc) kareFIVEpnkar daMduHeQIeGaymanlMdab;
GayueRcIn CagbI fñak;xus²Kña emIl regeneration method
felling (

Reference
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

(4. uneven-aged methods, single tree selection and group
selection).
Untoothed

Valve

Vegetative
propagation

bnÞHsøwk Edlrelag nigKμaneFμjenACaysøwk .
EpñkénRKab; EdlmanEpøKYr : karEcksMbkRKab; rW Epø
eGayecjBIKña 2. snÞHbMBg;eks: snÞH EdledIrtYnaTICa
KMrb bMBg;eks 3. EpñkénCBa¢aMgekasika: manBIrEpñk ehIy
silica minGaceCobcUl)an EdlvamanlkçN³Ca KMrbrbs;
RbGb; .
karbnþBUCedaysrIragÁ eday\tePT EdlmandUcCa
BnøkExñg bMe)A karbNþúHkMNat;Emk kardaMCalikar
nigkarpSaMEmk . emIl ³ asexual reproduction, clone,
1.

Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

coppice, cutting, scion, topophysis.
Veneer

vIna CasnøwkeQIesþIg ² EdlrYmbBa¢ÚlKña eGaymankMras;
Rkas; tamry³karkat; CacMNit² edayrNa emIl peel,

Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

peeler.
Vessel

Wasteland

Water stress

Waterlogged

Encarta Dictionary
srés TMrg;énbMBg;nMaTwk enAkñúgrukçCati ekItmancMeBaH Source:
Tools.
rukçCatimanpáa nigBBYk ferns EdlnaMTwk nigsarFatuEr: Edl Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
rlay qøgkat;rukçCati begáItCaEpñk énCalikar xylem .
Source: Environment Words,
1. dI EdlminGaceRbIR)as;)an BIeRBaHrukçCatiminGac duHlUt Glenda Kupczyk-Romanczuk
Images Asia. - Source:
las;)an elIkElg EtesμA edaymankarbMBul nigsarFatu (ed.),
English Khmer Technical
Glossary for Agriculture, Men
(ed.), 1999, CambodiaBuleRcIneBk . 2. dI EdlKμankardMaduH dITeT KμanrukçCati . Sarom
IRRI-Australia Project.
eRkamkarukran RKb;RKgminRtwmRtUv dI]sSah¾kmμCaedIm .
Forestry Compendium
emIl: Wilt Stress KWkarrgeRKaHedaysarTwkminRKb;RKan; Source:
(Global Module), CAB
sMrab;tMrUvkarrbs;rukçCati . Gacmanry³eBlxøI rW Evg . International.
Definition of Digital
karCaMTwk kardk;Twk : dI EdllicTwkCaRbcaM rW mYyry³ . Source:
Species Production Team,
2006.

39

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Wavy

Whorled

Windbreak

Winged

Definition

RsTab;fμ rWdI\dæ GackarBarTwk BIkareRCob cUlkñúgdI . dI
EdlCaMTwkGacCa]bsKÁdl;karlUtlas;rbs;rukçCati
sMedAeTAelIbnÞHsøwk EdlmanCaysøwk Tn;rag ehIyekag

Reference

Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

ragCargVg;vil Rkumsøwkya:gticbI P¢ab;nwgG½kSragCagrgVg; rW
KUCxüg . CaBakü sMedAelIelIkartMerob rbs;søwk
CMuvijEmk .
Terminology of Forest
r)aMgkarBarxül; 1. kardaMedImeQICar)aMg sMrab;Tb;Tl;xül; Source:
Science, Technology Practice
Products, F.C.FORDeQIGacduHedayFmμCati rW sib,nimiμt 2. edImeQIdaMCaCYr and
ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters. - Source:
The dictionary of Forestry, John
sMrab;rkSa elOnxül;
A.Helms (ed.), 1998, The
Edlmansøab : RbePT Edlmansøab . RKab;eQICaeRcIn
mansøabsMrab;BRgayRKab;BUC tamxül; . dUcCaRKYsar

Society of American Foresters.
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.

Dipterocarpaceae
Wood

Wood classification

Wood properties

English Khmer
eQI 1. sarFaturwgmansrés zitenAeRkamsMbk rbs;edImrW Source:
Technical Glossary for
Men Sarom (ed.),
Emk . manPaBrwgmaMu nigCaGñknaMykTwkeTAeGayCalik Agriculture,
1999, Cambodia-IRRI-Australia
Project. - Source: Terminology
Forest Science, Technology
edIm nigrWs . 2. CaRkumeQI EdlduHlUtlas; Cit²Kña man ofPractice
and Products,
tUc FM EtmanlkçN³tUcCagéRB . BaküfatMbn;éRB ( wood F.C.FORD-ROBERTSON,
1971, Society of American
land) KWmann½ydUc woods EdlRtUv)aneRbIR)as;tamtMbn; . Foresters
sMPar³ rW sarFatu EdlplitkñúgedIm nigEmkénedImeQI .
Definition of Digital
RbB½n§cMNat;fñak;RbePTeQI eyagtamlkçN³vinicä½y . Source:
Species Production Team,
2006.
cMNat;fñak;eQIkm<úCa (eyagtamc,ab;éRBeQI
énRbeTskm<úCa elx 35, 25 mifuna 1988 PñMeBj)
cat;fñakdUcxageRkaym : a) eQIRbNit b) eQIelxmYy c)
eQIelxBIr d) eQIelxbI e) eQIminmancMNat;fñak;
sarFatu EdkTak;TajGñkeRbIR)as;eQI dUcCa PaBFn; BN’ Source:
http://www.farmforestline.com.a
dg;sIuet sréseQI nigkareRbIR)as; . GñkeRbIR)as;xøH u, 2006

40

English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word

Wood Vessel

Wooden tools

Definition

cab;GarmμN_ eTAelI karcMlgGKÁIsnI PaBFn; nigPaBrwg .
CabMBg; EdlmanCatieQI mannaTInaMTwk enAkñúgrukçCati rW
naMyknUvsarFatu Er:Edlrlayqøgkat;rukçCati .
sMPar³ EdlmanCatieQI rW plitmkBIeQI . ]TahrN_
sMPar³ksikmμ EdleFIVBIeQI dUcCa n½gÁl dgrNa nigcb .

41

Reference

Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.