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LITERATURE REPORT OF ANIMAL FARM CHAPTER 9 Author: George Orwell Type of work: Novel Name: ANIMAL FARM Place:

In a farm Time: November 1943-February 1944 Level: Advanced Aim: To teach how to use stories in EFL classes, to make students gain understanding in literature. Also to make students be aware of symbols. FORM Point of View: Limited-omniscient point of view Characters in Chapter 9: Boxer: Boxer is a loyal, kind, dedicated, and respectable horse. He is physically the strongest animal on the farm, but impressionable (a major theme in the book), which leaves him stating "I will work harder" and "Napoleon is always right" despite the corruption. Boxer represents the working class, the proletariat. Clover: Clover, a mare, is Boxer's companion, constantly caring for him; she also acts as a matriarch of sorts for the other horses and the other animals in general (such as the ducklings she shelters with her forelegs and hooves during Old Major's speech). Squealer: A small white fat porker who serves as Napoleon's right hand pig and minister of propaganda, holding a position similar to that of Molotov. Squealer manipulates the language to excuse, justify, and extol all of Napoleon's actions. Squealer limits debate by complicating it and he confuses and disorients, making claims that the pigs need the extra luxury they are taking in order to function properly, for example. However, when questions persist, he usually uses the threat of the return of Mr Jones, the former owner of the farm, to justify the pigs' privileges. Squealer uses statistics to convince the animals that life is getting better and better. Most of the animals have only dim memories of life before the revolution; therefore, they are convinced. In the end, he is the first pig to walk on his hind legs.

Napoleon: A large, rather fierce-looking Berkshire boar, the only Berkshire on the farm, not much of a talker, but with a reputation for getting his own way". an allegory of Joseph Stalin. Napoleon is the main villain of Animal Farm. He begins to gradually build up his power, using puppies he took from their parents, the dogs Jessie and Bluebell, and which he raises to be vicious dogs, as his secret police. After driving Snowball off the farm, Napoleon usurps full power, using false propaganda from Squealer and threats and intimidation from the dogs to keep the other animals in line. Among other things, he gradually changes the Commandments for his benefit. By the end of the book, Napoleon and his fellow pigs have learned to walk upright and started to behave similarly to the humans against whom they originally revolted. Benjamin: Benjamin, a donkey, is one of the longest-lived animals. He has the worst temper, but is also one of the wisest animals on the farm, and is one of the few who can actually read. He is able to "read as well as any pig."Benjamin is a very dedicated friend to Boxer, and does nothing to warn the other animals of the pigs' corruption, which he secretly realizes is steadily unfolding. When asked if he was happier after the revolution than before it, Benjamin remarks, "Donkeys live a long time. None of you has ever seen a dead donkey." He is sceptical and pessimistic, his most-often-made statement being "Life will go on as it has always gone on that is, badly." Muriel: A wise old goat who is friends with all of the animals on the farm. She, like Benjamin and Snowball, is one of the few animals on the farm who can read (with some difficulty as she has to spell the words out first) and helps Clover discover that the Seven Commandments have been continually changed. Genre: Theme: Classics, Satire, educational and animation. Corruption of the revolution by its leaders Wickedness, indifference, ignorance, greed and myopia destroy any possibility of a Utopia. Ignorance and indifference to problem Intelligence and Education as Tools of Oppression Propaganda and Duplicity Violence and Terror as Means of Control

Exploitation and the Need for Human Rights Apathy and Acceptance

PRE READING ACTIVITIES Teacher asks some questions such as: What does refer to Animal Farm? What should be in an animal farm? Teacher shows some animal photos. Teacher gives brief information about the author and the characters that are in the Chapter 9. Teacher writes some unknown words and gives their definitions. Teacher asks this question and elicits the answers from the students: What might have happened before this chapter? Students express their own ideas about the previous chapter and teacher can remind them the important points of the previous chapter.


1) Read the text and try to understand what the writer wants to say: While reading; teacher contributes with his comments for the important points.

COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS: 1) When did the animals start to rebuild windmill? After the celebrations of Battle of Windmill. 2) What are the privileges of the pigs? When a pig and other animal met on a path, the other animal must stand aside.

All pigs were to have the privilege of wearing green ribbons on their tails on Sundays. 3) What is Spontaneous Demonstrations? A meeting that is held as an object of which was to celebrate the strengths and triumphs of Animal Farm. 4) When was the Animal Farm proclaimed as a republic? In April. 5) What did happen to Boxer? Knackers van took Boxer and brought him. 6) Who have these maxims: I will work harder and Comrade Napoleon is always right.? Boxer 7) What are the Seven Commandments? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend. No animal shall wear clothes. No animal shall sleep in a bed. No animal shall drink alcohol. No animal shall kill any other animal. All animals are equal.

VOCABULARY PART 1. The teacher shows unknown words to the students with their meanings. . hoof .infancy .poultice .piebald .fence off . pension . oat .contemptuously .brace .trotter

. appetizing . complicity

hoof: the hard part on the bottom of the feet of animals such as horses, sheep and deer. poultice: a piece of cloth covered with a thick, often warm substance, which is wrapped around an injury to reduce pain or swelling fence off: to separate an area with a fence in order to stop people or animals from entering it pension: a sum of money paid regularly by the government or a private company to a person who does not work anymore because they are too old or they have become ill oat: made of or from oats (a grass-like cereal plant, or its seeds which are used in baking and cooking and also to feed animals) contemptuously: expressing contempt infancy: the time when someone is a baby or a very young child piebald: (of an animal, especially a horse) having a pattern of two different colours on its hair, especially black and white appetizing: describes food or smells that make you want to eat complicity: involvement in a crime or some activity that is wrong brace: to support an object in order to stop it from falling down trotter: a pig's foot used for food 2. Students try to get the meaning of phrasal verb and adverbs there. 3. Then the teacher divides the class into two groups. 4. Students try to find the sentences that have the unknown words within the chapter. Teacher gives a summary of the chapter and exactly explains some key points to help students.

Lastly; each student tells a sentence about the chapter. POST-READING ACTIVITIES: 1. Different ending. Teacher wants students to write an ending to the novel with What if.........? What if Napoleon didnt agree with the owners of the other farms? What if Boxer didnt die in such a bad condition? What if all animals protested the Napoleon? Teacher asks the questions above and students will try to use their imagination and they can create a different ending for the last chapter.

2. Revision Section. Teacher divides the class into two groups. Each group prepare five comprehension questions and ask to other group .The group that answer most of the questions will be the winner. Teacher gives just a minute to the students to write a few sentences about the chapter. What have you remember about the story?

REFERENCES AND SOURCES: Orwell, George ANIMAL FARM A FAIRY STORY Penguin Books, 1945 Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary-2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, 2005.

ANIL KANDEMR 20080903048