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Test FyBCh20-21NVC05 magnetic Induction & AC circuits

NV-College, Sjdalsgymnasiet

Part I: Answer part I on this paper


1. The figure below the magnetic field lines between two repelling north magnetic poles are illustrated. At which point is the magnetic field largest? [1/0] a) A b) B c) C d) D Why? Explain. [0/1] Answer:

2.

+ + + + + + + + + + + + In the figure below an electron is projected into the region between two parallel charged plates which are 5.0 mm apart. The potential difference between the plates is 500. V . a) Draw the electric filed lines as clear as possible on the figure.

[1/0]

b)

c)

In which direction will the electron be deflected? [1/0] i) Toward the bottom of the paper. ii) Into the page. iii) Toward the top of the page. iv) Out of the page. Answer: Alternative: ___________ What is the magnitude of the electric field? [1/0] i) 100 . mV / m ii) 100. kV / m iii) 2500 V / m iv) 100 . V / m The magnitude of the electric force on the electron is: i) 1.6 10 14. N ii) 1.6 10 19. N iii) 1.6 10 17 . N iv) 4.0 10 16. N [1/0]

d)

e)

A proton moves from the positively charged plate to the negatively charged plate. The force on the proton [1/0] i) remains the same. ii) decreases. iii) increases. iv) decreases first, reaches to an equilibrium and then rises.

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Test FyBCh20-21NVC05 magnetic Induction & AC circuits

NV-College, Sjdalsgymnasiet

3.

An particle (nucleus of He atom) is shot into the region between the poles of a magnet. The particle has a charge of + 2 e and initially is moving at 4.0 km / s perpendicular to the direction of the magnetic field. The magnetic field is uniform and its magnitude is 0.30 T a) The particle will [1/0] i) move straight and will not be deflected by the + 2e magnetic field. ii) will be deflected toward the left. iii) will be effected toward the right. iv) will be effected into the page. v) will be effected out of the page. Answer: Alternative: ___________ The magnitude of the magnetic force on the particle is: [1/0] 16 i) 3.84 10 . N ii) 3.84 10 19. N iii) 1.6 10 19. N iv) 1.6 10 16. N Answer: Alternative: ___________ If the polarity of the magnet is reversed, the magnitude of the force [1/0] i) remains the same. ii) decreases. iii) increases. iv) decreases first, reaches to an equilibrium and then rises. If the particle is replaced by an electron, compare to the magnitude of the force on the particle, the magnetic force on the electron [1/0] i) remains the same. ii) decreases. iii) increases. iv) decreases first, reaches to an equilibrium and then rises. Answer: Alternative: ___________

b)

c)

d)

4.

The magnetic flux through a coil of wire containing five loops change from 44 Wb to 46 Wb in 0.18 s . What is the emf induced in the coil? [2/0]

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Test FyBCh20-21NVC05 magnetic Induction & AC circuits

NV-College, Sjdalsgymnasiet

5.

The two wires of a 6.5 m long appliance cord are 2.0 mm apart and carry a current of 3.0 A dc. Calculate the magnitude and direction of the force between the wires. [2/0]

2.0 mm

Solution:

3 .0 A

3 .0 A

6.

What is the direction of the induced current in the circular loop due to the current shown? Why? Explain and Draw it on the figure: [1/1] Explanation:

I decreasing

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Test FyBCh20-21NVC05 magnetic Induction & AC circuits

NV-College, Sjdalsgymnasiet

7.

The figures below illustrate magnetic fields in different directions. In each figure, there is a circular loop that may be rotated about an axis AB shown also on the figure. In which situation (s) a current may be induced in the loop? Why explain. [2/2]

a)

b)

c)
B

d)
A B

8.

An electron and a proton have the same kinetic energy upon entering a region of constant magnetic field. What is the ratio of the radii of their circular paths?

[1/2]

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Test FyBCh20-21NVC05 magnetic Induction & AC circuits

NV-College, Sjdalsgymnasiet

9.

The armature of a 50 Hz ac generator rotates in a 0.60 T magnetic field. If the radius of the coil is 5.0 cm . How many loops must the coil contain if the peak output is to be 120 V ? [1/3] Solution:

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Test FyBCh20-21NVC05 magnetic Induction & AC circuits

NV-College, Sjdalsgymnasiet

10.

An RC circuit has a resistor of resistance 15.0 k and a capacitor of capacitance 3.00 F . The capacitor is at voltage V0 initially. How long does it take the capacitor to discharge to 1.0% of its initial voltage? [1/3]

15 . 0 k

V0

Solution:
3 . 00 F

11.

If 75 MW of power at 55 kV arrives at a town from a generator via 5.0 transmission lines, calculate a. the emf at the generator end of the lines, b. the fraction of the power generated that is lost in the lines.

(2/1) (2/1)

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Test FyBCh20-21NVC05 magnetic Induction & AC circuits

NV-College, Sjdalsgymnasiet

12.

Two stiff parallel wires a distance l apart in a horizontal plane act as rails to support a light metal rod of mass m that is parallel to the surface of the ground and perpendicular to the parallel rails as illustrated NORTH below. A uniform magnetic field B directed vertically downward (into the page in the figure) acts WEST EAST throughout. The system is connected to a electric power source that provides the system SOUTH with a constant current I . a) In which direction does the rod move? Why? Explain! i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) East. West North. South. Up. Down. Answer: Alternative: ___________ Calculate the speed of the rod as a function of time b) c) if the rails are considered frictionless. if the coefficient of the friction between the rod and the trails is k . [2/4/] [1/1]

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Test FyBCh20-21NVC05 magnetic Induction & AC circuits

NV-College, Sjdalsgymnasiet

13.

A mass spectrometer is being used to monitor air pollutants. It is difficult, however, to separate molecules with nearly equal mass such as CO ( 28.0106 u ) and N 2 ( 28.0134 u ). How large a radius of curvature must a spectrometer have if these two molecules are to be separated on film by 1.00 mm . [2/4/]

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