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Test yourself MaA Mathematical Reasoning Ch1-3

Instructions Test period Tools The test

90 minutes Formula sheet, ruler and graphic calculator. For most items a single answer is not enough. It is also expected that you write down what you do that you explain/motivate your reasoning that you draw any necessary illustrations. After every item is given the maximum mark your solution can receive. [2/3] means that the item can give 2 g-points (Pass level) and 3 vg-points (Pass with distinction level). Items marked with give you a possibility to show MVG-quality (Pass with special distinction quality). This means that you use generalised methods, models and reasoning, that you analyse your results and account for a clear line of thought in a correct mathematical language. Problem 16 is a larger problem which may take up to 15 minutes to solve completely. It is important that you try to solve this problem. A description of what your teacher will consider when evaluating your work is attached to the problem. Try all of the problems. It can be relatively easy, even towards the end of the test, to receive some points for partial solutions. A positive evaluation can be given even for unfinished solutions.

Mark limits

The test gives totally at the most ___ points, out of which ____ vg-points and 1 MVG-pints. To pass the test you must have at least ____ points and to get the test character Pass with distinction (VG) you must have at least ____ points out of which at least ________ points on Pass with distinction level. Excellence (MVG) requires _________ points out of which at least ______ points and excellent quality presentation of the solutions . Have fun! Class-School: NVC06 Sjdalsgymnasiet

Name: ________________________

Test yourself MaA Mathematical Reasoning Ch1-3

In each case, show how you arrived at your answer by clearly indicating all of the necessary steps, formula substitutions, diagrams, graphs, charts, etc.

Part I: You are not allowed to use calculator in this part. Write your answer to the first part on a separate paper. Only after the submission of your solutions to the part one you may be allowed to use your calculator. You may start working with part II before submission of your solutions to part I.
1. Solve the following equations: a. 8( x 3) = 36 7 x 1 t + 9 = 2t 3 b. 2 2. Simplify the following expressions to their simplest possible form: 38 x12 a. 4x5 (a 4)(a + 4) + 5 b. 3. Calculate the value of each expression below: 4.5 10 5 210 7 a. (1/0) (1/0)

(1/0) (1/0)

)(

b. c. d. e.

(210 )
200

4.5 10 3 10 7

7 5

100

4. If a = 5 and b = 1 find the value of the expression a 2b b 3 .

5. If the base of a triangle is represented by x + 5 and its height is represented by 4 x , which one of the following expressions represents the area of the triangle? (0/1) 2 2 5x + 5 4x + 5 4x + 5x (a) (b) 2 x 2 + 10 x (c) (d) 2 2 2 2 3 6. What is the sum of , and ? (0/1) 7a 5a 5 6 31 6 (a) (b) (c) (d) 2 12a 35a 35a 35a 7. If 5a = 3t + 2b , then m is equal to 2b + 5a 2b 5a (a) t = (b) t = 3 3

5a 2b (c) t = 3

(0/1) 3b 2a (d) t = 5

5 35a 2

2 3 , and ? 7a 5a 6 (b) 12a

(0/1) (c)

31 35a

(d)

6 35a

9. According to the 2000 census, the population of New York State was approximately 18 900 000 . How is this number expressed in scientific notation? (1/0) (a) 1890 104 (b) 18.9 106 (c) 1.89 107 (d) 0.189 108

10. The expression (a) 8 7

63 + 175 is equivalent to
(b)

(0/1) (d) none

238

(c) 34 7

11. If two times an integer, x , is increased by 5 , the result is always grater than 16 and less than 29 . a. What is the smallest value of x ? (0/2) (0/2) b. What is the largest value of x ? c. What are the possible values of x ? (0/2)

Test yourself MaA Mathematical Reasoning Ch1-3

Part II
You may use your calculator in this part. Note that you should submit your solutions to the part I. 12. The number of bacteria double every 25 minutes. The bacteria population was 5.12 106 at 3:00 PM. How many bacteria, expressed in thousands, were present at 10:00 AM on the same day? (2/1) 13. The distance from Earth to the imaginary planet Zota is 1.74 10 7 miles . If a spaceship is capable of traveling at an average rate of 1450 miles per hour, what is the approximate number of days the spaceship will take to reach Zota? (a) 50 d (b) 1200 d (c) 500 d (d) 8333 d

14. Over a 12-month period, the price of stock A increased according to the equation y = 7.5 x + 180 , and the price of stock B fell according to the equation y = 328 11x . In each equation, y is the average price of the stock in dollars, during month x , where x = 1 represents January. (a) Use an algebraic method to find the month during which the average monthly prices of the two stocks were the same. What was the average price of each stock during this time? [2/2] (b) Use a graphic calculator to confirm your answer by creating either a graph or a table. [1/1] 15. Of the 210 juniors attending a high school, 120 are enrolled in chemistry and 30 are enrolled in art. If a total of 100 juniors are enrolled in only one of the two courses, find the number of juniors who are not enrolled in either course. (0/3/) 16. According to proposal submitted by President George Bush on 24 of September 2008, American Congress is encouraged approve a relief of 700 Billion dollars taxpayers money to rescue the financial sector. Estimate how much 700 Billion dollars is, by calculating how much you would receive daily for the rest of your life, if you receive it today. Make the necessary assumptions. (2/4/)