Introduction

Labour Welfare “Welfare is a broad concept referring to a state of living of an individual or a group, in a desirable relationship with the total environment – ecological economic and social. Labour welfare includes both social and economic content of welfare social welfare is primarily concerned with the solution of various s problems of the weaker section of society like prevention of destitution and poverty . it aims at social development by such means as social legislation , social reform social service , social work , social action. The object of economics welfare is to promote economic production and productivity and through development by increasing equitable distribution. Labour welfare is a area of social welfare conceptually and operationally. It covers a broad field and connotes a state of well being, happiness, satisfaction, conservation and development of human resources. Management is absolutely essential in the present times in all organization, irrespective of their origin, nature and ownership. Every enterprise, established with a profit motive or some social, religious or such like other purpose, requires efficient management for its sustained progress. But, management has been viewed differently by various scholars, depending upon their beliefs and comprehension. Some regard it as the force that runs a business and is responsible for its success and failure. Other perceives it as a means for achievement for desired result through group effort and by utilizing both human and non-human resources.

staffing.Still others deem management to be a process comprising planning. safe and humane conditions of work and access to some minimum social security benefits are the major qualitative dimensions of employment which enhance quality of life of workers and their productivity. Also some look on it as an instrument for designing and maintaining an environment conducive to the performance of individuals who are working together in a group towards accomplishment of some pre-determined objectives. workers in the unorganized sector. organizing. . Adequate levels of earnings. some think that management merely implies certain tasks which the managers are supposed to perform. Institutional mechanisms exist for ensuring these to workers in the organized sector of the economy. However. by and large. Steps need to be taken on a larger scale than before to improve the quality of working life of the unorganized workers. Further more. These are being strengthened or expanded to the extent possible. Thus there numerous opinions on what „management‟ actually involve. including women workers. do not have access to such benefits. directing and controlling. who constitute 90 per cent of the total workforce.

medical assistance. political system. Such facilities enable the workers and his family to lead a good work life. all these three prospect are inter related and work together in a dimensional approach. food. labour welfare also operate to neutralized the harm full effect of large scale industrialization and urbanization . clothing. as a social concept and as a relative concept . job security. degree of industrialization and general standard of the socio economic development of the people . level degree of education. and country to country depending upon the value system. The relative concept on welfare implies that welfare if relative in time and place. It is a dynamic and flexible concept and hence its meaning and concept differ from time to time. industry to industry. region to region.Concept Labour welfare may be viewed as a total concept. and so on . on which its totality is based. education. mental. The total concept is a desirable state of existence involving the physical. Definition According to Oxford dictionary defines Labour welfare as “Effort to make life worth living for work men” . social customs. recreation. . The social concept of welfare implies the welfare of men. Labour welfare implies the setting up of minimum desirable standard and the provision of facilities like health. insurance. his family and his community. moral and emotional well being. family life and social life. These four elements together constitute the structure of welfare. housing.

Housing. degree of industrialization and general level of social and economic development.Acc. 6. Holiday with pay 8. 7. 3.” SCOPE OF LABOUR WELFARE The concept of welfare is necessarily dynamic. maternity benefit scheme. gratuities and pension. Nutrition (including the provision of canteens). 4. Provision of sanitary accommodation. to R. concludes that the following activities are generally included under the scope of labour welfare: 1. having a different interpretation from country to country and from time to social institution. etc. The study of various report and various works.R Hopkins “ Welfare is fundamentally and attitude of mind on the part of management . Day nurseries and crèches. Facilities for rest and recreation. Social insurance measures undertaken voluntarily by employers alone or jointly with workers including sickness. influencing the method by which management activities are undertaken . medical. educational facilities. 2. provident fund. 5. Cooperative societies. . Even within the country its content may be different from region to region.

Benefits of Labour Welfare Most of time. 3. The labour welfare work of an org. inadequate disease prevention and lack of medicines and medical care. inefficient and least productive. The labour welfare activities should pervade the entire hierarchy of an org. they have an adverse bearing on their efficiency. must be administratively valve and essentially development oriented. . The employers should look after the welfare of his employees as a matter of social obligation 4. The employers should not bargain labour welfare as a substitute for wages or monetary incentive .Principles of Labour Welfare The following are some of the principles to be kept in mind for successful implementation of any welfare program in an organization 1. Poor diets and because of unsanitary conditions. Indian entrepreneurs brand Indian Labour as lazy. Management should be welfare oriented at every level 2. literacy and social values and customs. There should be proper coordination. harmony and integration of all labour welfare services in an undertaking 5. Quality of labour depends primarily upon its health and nutrition. “One of the major determinants of the productivity is the quality and quality of labour”.

gratuity. sports. are crucial elements of the strategy for quantitative and qualitative enhancement of employment opportunities. make the worker feel that the employer is interested in their day-to-day life and therefore. lay emphasis on skill formation and development strengthening and modernization of employment service. (c) Provisions of good and clean food in the canteens improve their health. productivity. canteens.According to Labour Investigation Committee. medical and maternity benefits free the workers of worries. entertainment. etc. provident fund. sickness and maternity benefits. pensions. promotion of a healthy . Objectives of Labour Welfare: Improvement in the quality of labour. promotion of self-employment. make the worker feel that they have a stake in the industry as much as anyone else has. entertainment reduces the incidence of vices. enforcement of labour laws especially those relating to unorganized labour and women and child labour. there are three main benefits of labour welfare activities: (a) Educational facilities. The programmes in the sector " Labour and Labour Welfare'. skills and working conditions and provision of welfare and social security measures. therefore. their tendency to grouse and grumble will gradually disappear. promotion of industrial and mines safety. (b) Housing. etc. workers' education. rehabilitation of bonded labour. especially of those working in the unorganized sector.

industrial relations situation and encouragement of workers' participation in management. The term „Hygiene‟ includes not only material environment but also personal hygiene. rest room and lunch rooms 6. Facilities for sitting 3. Smoking . Statutory Welfare Provision : 1. cultural and material conditions of living of the workers. Washing facilities 2. Canteen facilities 7. To provide better life and health to the workers To make the workers happy and satisfied To relieve workers from industrial fatigue and to improve intellectual. 3. Facilities of crèche 8. First aid appliances 5. 2. Eating & drinking 3. Welfare officer Industrial Hygiene Provision Hygiene working environment plays a importance part in the maintenance of good health among the workers. 1. Facilities for storing and drying clothing 4. Personal hygiene 2. Labor welfare has the following objectives: 1. There are following hygiene such as. Shelter.

who have promised a wide variety of welfare amenities and services to their employees. Skin hygiene 5. First aid appliances: First aid appliances are to be provided and should be readily assessable so that in case of any minor accident initial medication can be provided to the needed employee. A brief account of such welfare measures as given. 3. especially factories. . Educational facilities 2. 2. suitable seating arrangements are to be provided. Welfare work by worker‟s organization STATUTORY WELFARE SCHEMES The statutory welfare schemes include the following provisions: 1. 1.4. Housing facilities 5. Consumer co-operatives societies 7. Working clothes 6. Medical facilities 3. Hygiene education Voluntary Welfare measure: There are certain employers especially in the organized sector of industry. Drinking Water: At all the working places safe hygienic drinking water should be provided. Recreational facilities 6. Facilities for sitting: In every organization. Transport facilities 4.

etc. Spittoons: In every work place. 10. Changing rooms: Adequate changing rooms are to be provided for workers to change their cloth in the factory area and office premises. bathrooms. in the dock area and office premises spittoons are to be provided in convenient places and same are to be maintained in a hygienic condition. such as ware houses. Adequate lockers are also provided to the workers to keep their clothes and belongings. Lighting: Proper and sufficient lights are to be provided for employees so that they can work safely during the night shifts. 5. 6. NON STATUTORY SCHEMES Many non statutory welfare schemes may include the following schemes: 1.4. toilets. wash basins. store places. Washing places: Adequate washing places such as bathrooms. Flexible . wash basins with tap and tap on the stand pipe are provided in the port area in the vicinity of the work places. 7. Latrines and Urinals: A sufficient number of latrines and urinals are to be provided in the office and factory premises and are also to be maintained in a neat and clean condition. Canteen facilities: Cafeteria or canteens are to be provided by the employer so as to provide hygienic and nutritious food to the employees.Rest rooms: Adequate numbers of restrooms are provided to the workers with provisions of water supply. 9. 8. Personal Health Care (Regular medical check-ups): Some of the companies provide the facility for extensive health check-up 2. Flexi-time: The main objective of the flextime policy is to provide opportunity to employees to work with flexible working schedules.

work schedules are initiated by employees and approved by management to meet business commitments while supporting employee personal life needs 3. if he is not forced to introduce some welfare measures. Employee Assistance Programs: Various assistant programs are arranged like external counseling service so that employees or members of their immediate family can get counseling on various matters. 5. This theory thus leads to enactment of various labour welfare laws.Medi-claim Insurance Scheme: This insurance scheme provides adequate insurance coverage of employees for expenses related to Theories of Labour welfare 1. an employer will leave no stone unturned to exploit the labour.Maternity & Adoption Leave :Employees can avail maternity or adoption leaves. In this theory the main emphasis is on the fear and not on the spirit of labour welfare which perhaps is the most important factor. Therefore. . 6. periodical supervision to ascertain that the laws are implemented and punishment to the employers who do not obey the laws. guidelines are provided for proper action and also for protecting the aggrieved employee. The policy theory This theory assumes that man is selfish by nature. Paternity leave policies have also been introduced by various companies.Harassment Policy: To protect an employee from harassments of any kind. 4.

labour welfare programmes work as a sort of advertisement and help the industrialists to build up good and healthy public relations. The Trusteeship Theory This theory has a paternalistic approach. The Philanthropic Theory According to this theory. The Religious theory Here the employer is concerned primarily with his own welfare because he introduces labour welfare measures either as an investment for attainment of good in his life or next or as an atonement for his sins. labour welfare measures are the outcome of moral responsibility 5. The Placating Theory It is believed that the labour groups are becoming more and more demanding and aware of their rights.2. . Here employer has a moral responsibility to look after the interests of their wards who are the workers. 3. man‟s love for mankind is the guiding factor of labour welfare. Therefore. According to this theory. Sincerity may lack in these programmes though this content can be bought-off in this manner. 4. As per this theory. These are some kind of pacifiers which come with a frequent gesture. Therefore. timely and periodical acts of labour welfare can appease the workers. their demands cannot be ignored.