The Seven Elements of Design The elements and principles of design are the building blocks and fundamental

ideas about the practice of good visual design used to create a work or art; any kind of design, be it architecture, interior designs, or a painting. These elements are the basis of all intentional visual design strategies. The elements of design are the things that make up sketches, a painting, drawing, design, blueprint, etc.. All designs contain most of if not all, the seven elements of design. Because how you apply the principles of design greatly determines how successful you are in creating a good design, this is the first lesson you should learn before you start designing your own house. So What are Those Seven Elements? The Line Design Elements Line can be considered in two ways. First, the Actual line, or the linear marks made with moving point i.e a pen or brush. Second, Contour line where the edges of shapes and forms also create lines as an edge is created when two shapes meet. This is an outline that defines the shape of an object as well as the internal lines that define the form of an object. Line is the very basic component of a shape drawn on paper. Lines and curves are the basic building blocks of two dimensional shapes like a house's plan. The Shape Element Shape is a self contained or an area enclosed by lines or curves ( geometric or organic). A positive shape in a design automatically creates a negative shape. Shapes in house designs such as home decor and interior design can be used to add interest, style, theme to a design like a door. For example, shape in interior design depends on the function of the object like a kitchen cabinet door. The Direction Element All lines have direction and they are either horizontal, vertical or oblique. Horizontal suggests calmness, stability and tranquility. Vertical gives a feeling of balance, formality and alertness. Oblique suggests movement and action. The element of direction can have a powerful influence on the mood of a design. Making a conscience decision about the dominant direction when designing your home, can have a noticeable effect on the atmosphere of the work. When designing a house, it is possible to impose either a horizontal, vertical or oblique dominant direction. The examples below show the effect of different treatments. For example, a horizontal emphasis tends to make your house look sleek and clean and creates a fairly static or calm atmosphere, while a diagonal dominance reinforces the chaotic nature of your house, and emphasizing a vertical direction maintains the random chaos, but gives a solid formal feeling to your design.

House With Horizontal Lines: A house with horizontal lines makes it look sleek and clean and creates a calm atmosphere A house with diagonal direction: A house with diagonal direction reinforces the chaotic nature of the house Vertical Direction House: Vertical Direction House makes a house look solid and formal. The Size Element .

For example.and especially contrasting colour. Also. I'll fully explain that in other areas. . For instance. Color can also be used . The quality of finishes of surfaces in home design is important. the most expressive element of design. when you design your house. For example. while the paper surface remains smooth and flat. slipperiness of soft pastel. texture like garden sheets on a wall gives a three dimensional look to the wall. texture is the roughness of the surface of a material.all the things that change the nature of the papers surface. this understanding if this basic principle. Texture is the feeling and visual feel of the fabrics. For example. you must understand the difference between physical and visual texture to help you take full advantage of this element. It's the surface quality of a shape . In addition to the unlimited options and creative design ideas that you can generate just by understanding this principle. The Color Element As you know. Yellow and Blue ) and color is considered as. or a relationship between tow similar things). surfaces with same or similar textures like fireplace marble tiles and drywall usually look more visually appealing. . Visual Texture: Visual Texture: This contemporary building design uses tow different size blades to add visual texture. colour can be added to increase visual appeal inside your house such as the natural colours of wood added to mimic the lines of cross beams overhead of a cabinet adding a relaxed touch. The build up of paint. For instance. can even save you money.Size is the relationship of the area occupied by one object such as a room to that of another (does not have to be another room. Understanding color theory is important i the business of architecture and designing houses for many reasons. Physical Texture: physical in a sense that it's tactile (tangible) that you can feel with your hand. Visual Texture: it is the illusion of physical texture. you can use the colour red to make things seem to come forward while you could use the colour blue to make things seems to recede into the distance. colors.rough. In order to design the perfect home and to fully explore your options when designing a home. It is the kind of texture which you can detect with your five senses. only then you will appreciate the powerful effectiveness of these principles. Color can be used to create illusion of depth. Paint can be manipulated to give the impression of texture. and indeed is. soft hard glossy etc. smooth. a smooth mirror reflective finish on a marble bathroom countertop enhances its looks. You will understand these important yet simple facts when you start designing your own home. layering of collage . created with the materials you use. The Texture Elements There are two types of physical texture. and room accessories. there are three primary colors ( Red. to draw the attention to a particular part of your house or certain areas inside your house.

wavy. There are curved. we will discuss this in detail at that stage. Form refers to what something looks like. Negative space refers to the space around and between the subject matter. Every line has length. Space Space is the area provided for a particular purpose. is the lightness or darkness of a colour and helps with Form. we will talk a lot about colors at the finals stage of designing the house. Choosing the color is absolutely important when choosing materials for your interior and exterior finishes. Space includes the background. Elements of Art Design elements are the basic units of a visual image. In fact. most importantly. thickness. The Value Element Value. between or within components of a piece..etc. zigzag. dash. The Type Elements Type is the use of letterform or letter shape: the shape of a letter of the alphabet to add a message that would be otherwise challenging to create through the other elements. vertical. which is also called Tone or shading. such as by a pencil or brush. foreground and middle ground. Color and particularly contrasting color is also used to draw the attention to a particular part of the image. Colors are not just names. and function refers to how it works. diagonal. The edges of shapes and forms also create lines.white. Even the most experienced architects find choosing the right color that goes with the right kind of materials really hard. There are two types of space: positive and negative space. Lines and curves are the basic building blocks of two dimensional shapes like a house's plan. color are what truly distinguish a talented architect. or it may have three dimensions (length. it gives objects depth and perception.However. such as a floor. and you too. in turn.colors are associated with moods and every color is good for a specific thing. and dotted lines. horizontal. Line Line is the basic element that refers to the continuous movement of a point along a surface. materials and. There are primary colors. I'll show you many examples of how this apply to home designing. These elements include: The 3 F's Form follows function is known as the 3 f's of Design. Complementary colors are colors .red. width.. parallel. and height). Positive space refers to the space of a shape representing the subject matter. It may have two dimensions (length and width). It is the basic component of a shape drawn on paper. and direction.. As you might have guessed. or in colored light sources. Color Color is seen either by the way light reflects off a surface. it will show your taste and knowledge about colors. and tertiary colors. secondary colors. Space refers to the distances or areas around. Thus.

tree bark. from top to bottom (height). fizzy. In a landscape. side to side (width). Analogous colors are colors that are found side by side on the color wheel. puppy fur. Natural shapes forming patterns on wood or stone may help increase visual appeal in interior design. natural shapes. cotton balls. This type of texture is used by artists when drawing or painting. yellows. It can be illustrated or constructed. Form can be measured. or because of differences of value.that are opposite to each other on the color wheel.[1] Shapes can also show perspective by overlapping. Complementary colors are used to create contrast. Warm colors are a group of colors that consist of reds. They can be geometric or organic. such as trees contrast with geometric such as houses. Form may be created by the combining of two or more shapes. Value Value is an element of art that refers to the relationship between light and dark on a surface or object and also helps with Form. Examples of this include sandpaper. Texture Texture is perceived surface quality. The texture may look rough. Shapes in house decor and interior design can be used to add interest. It gives objects depth and perception. style. and blues. but cannot actually be felt. There are two types of form. texture and color. color. Monochromatic colors are tints and shades of one color. there are two types of texture: tactile and implied. These can be used to create color harmony. geometric (man-made) and natural (organic form). or texture. Shape A shape is defined as an area that stands out from the space next to or around it due to a defined or implied boundary. gritty. greens. and from back to front (depth). It may be enhanced by tone. Tactile texture (real texture) is the way the surface of an object actually feels. and oranges. In art. Shape in interior design depends on the function of the object like a kitchen cabinet door. Cool colors are group of colors that consist of purples. theme to a design like a door. Value is also referred to as tone. Implied texture is the way the surface of an object looks like it feels. . Form Form is any three dimensional object. etc. Form is also defined by light and dark.