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B. TECH.ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING YEAR FOURTH

(Effective from the session: 2009-2010)

**Uttrakhand Technical University,Dehradun
**

www.uktech.in

UTTRAKHAND TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, DEHRADUN STUDY AND EVALUATION SCHEME B. TECH.(1) ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (2) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

EVALUATION SCHEME PERIODS S.No Course Code Subject L 1 2 3 4 5 TEC-701 TEC- 702 Optical Fiber Communication Electronics Switching Elective I Elective-II Open Elective 3 3 3 3 3 T 1 1 1 1 1 P 0 0 0 0 0 SESSIONAL EXAM CT 30 30 30 30 30 TA 20 20 20 20 20 Total 50 50 50 50 50 100 100 100 100 100 EXAM ESE

Subject Total

150 150 150 150 150

Practical/Training/Project 1 2 3 4 5 PEC-751 PEC-752 PEC-753 PEC-754 GP-701 OFC & MATLAB Seminar Industrial Interaction Project General Proficiency Total 0 0 0 0 15 0 0 0 0 5 2 2 2 2 8 25 25 50 50 50 25 25 50 50 50 25 25 50 50 50 50 50 1000

NOTE- 4 to 6 weeks training after VI semester exam to be evaluated in VII semester.

2 periods per week should be allotted for interaction of group with guide and 10 periods per week should be allotted for self studies and project work . TECH.VIII . SEMESTER . Course Code Subject PERIOD S EVALUATION SCHEME EXA SESSIONAL M EXAM ESE C Tota TA T l 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 25 50 50 50 50 25 100 100 100 100 25 200 Subject Total S.Out of 12 periods.- 100 100 50 50 12 4 14 Note. DEHRADUN STUDY AND EVALUATION SCHEME B.(1) ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (2) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING YEAR FOURTH.N o L 1 2 TEC-801 TEC – 802 Wireless Communication Data Communication Networks Elective-III Elective-IV CAD of Electronic Circuits Lab Project General Proficiency Total 3 3 3 3 0 0 - T P 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 150 150 150 150 50 300 50 1000 3 4 Practical/Project 1 2 3 PEC-851 PEC-852 GP-801 0 12 .UTTRAKHAND TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY.

TEC 031 Embedded Systems 2. TEC 021 Communication 2. TEC 041 Random Signal Theory 2. TIC 011 Optoelectronics 3. TEC 023 Fundamentals of Radar & Navigation 4. TEC 013 Artificial Neural Networks 4. TEC 033 Electronic System Probabilistic Reliability 4. TEC 042 VLSI Design 3. ELECTIVE – I 1. TEC 044 Digital Image Processing . TEC 032 Adaptive Signal Processing 3.List of Elective ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGG. TEC 043 Optical Networks 4. TEC 014 Speech Processing ELECTIVE – II Principles of Secure 1. TEC 024 Satellite Communication 5. TEC 025 Radar Engineering ELECTIVE – III 1. TEC 022 Spread Spectrum Systems 3. TEC 011 Digital System Design Using VHDL 2. TEC 034 Biomedical Signal Processing ELECTIVE – IV 1.

Gowar PHI. BER of optical receiver. UNIT 4 Optical detectors:Requirement for photo detections p-n photodiode. Optical fiber Communication: G. Block diagram and detection principle of coherent optical fiber system Text / Reference Books: Text Book: 1. 2. automatic gain control and equalization. p-i-n and avalanche photodiodes. LED and laser drive circuits. fiber bend losses. Regenerative repeater. modes in a planar and cylindrical guide.semiconductor injection lasers structure & Characteristics of injection laser. characteristics of photo detections. mode field diameter. Attenuation in optical fibers. direct and indirect band gap semiconductorsspontaneous and stimulated emission in p-n junction. Optoelectronics: Wilson & Hawkes PHI. Advantages of optical fiber communication Optical fiber waveguides: structure of optical wave guide. Reference Books: 1. UNIT 5 Optical fiber communication systems: Principal components of an optical fiber communication system. 3. 2nd Ed. intrinsic and extrinsic absorption. line coding. Keiser Mc Graw-Hill. . light propagation in optical fiber using ray theory. mode volume. acceptance angle. optical receiver block diagram. numerical aperture. LED. over all fiber dispersion for multimode and monomode fiber. ISI penalty and optical power budgeting for digital optical fiber system. LED structures and Characteristics. source laminations. Drawback and advantages of LED. optical transmitter circuits. modal birefringence and polarization maintaining fibers UNIT 3 Optical Sources: Basic concepts Einstein relations and population inversion optical feedback and threshold conditions. wave theory for optical propagation. simple circuits for pre-amplifier. FM and PM. threshold current density. 3rd Ed. p-i-n and APD receivers. modal noise. noise in p-n. analog systems.E. single mode fibers. linear and non linear scattering losses. Hetero junction &DH structure. phototransistors & photoconductors Direct detection receiver performance considerations Noise sources in optical fiber communication.S Senior PHI.OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATION (TEC-701) UNIT 1 Introduction: Block diagram of optical fiber communication system. Optical fiber Communication: John M. channel losses. dispersion shifted fibers. DH. 2nd Ed. effective refractive index and group and mode delay factor for single mode fiber UNIT 2 Transmission Characteristics of Optical fiber. Dispersion and pulse broadening intramodal and intermodal dispersion for step and graded index fibers. skew rays. cutoff wavelength. Direct intercity and sub carrier intensity modulation using AM. 2nd Ed. Receiver structures. Optical Communication: J.

3. circuits switching. Principles of Communication Systems. UNIT 3 Telecom Traffic Engineering: Network traffic load and parameters. X. blocking models and loss estimates. Telecommunication switching. Stored program control. dynamic. holding time of calls. Taub and Schilling. the signaling information field. statistical multiplexing. sequence of operations. 2. Traffic and Networks. memory-space-memory switch Text / Reference Books: 1. 3rd ed. John Wiley. ncoming traffic and service time characteristics. Digital Telephony. register-translator-senders. TCP/IP.ELECTRONIC SWITCHING (TEC-702) UNIT1 Introduction: Message switching.25 protocol. digital switching in analog environment. UNIT 4 Control of Switching Systems: Call processing functions. Pearson education. Signal units. AF junctions and trunk circuits. HDLC protocol. SPC software. 4. centralized SPC. birth-death processes. distributed SPC. frame relay. functions of a switching system. Common channel signaling. virtual path circuit and fixed path routing. grade of service and blocking probability.non-blocking switches.E. . memory-space. CCITT signaling system No. signal exchanges. outband and inband signalling. a general trunking. Thiagarajan Viswanathan.general principles and network. PCM and inter register signalling. system Software and Language processor. SDL. J. Flood. integrated cross connect equipment. J. PHI. modeling switching systems. crossbar switch. processor architecture. ATM switching . Reliability availability and security. ATM cell. Telecommunication switching System and networks. routing control. TMH .C. application software Signalling : Customer line signalling. space memory switch. ATM service categories. state transition diagrams. UNIT 5 Packet Switching: Packets formats. Bellamy. electronic switching. distribution frames. blocking Probabilities DCS hierarchy. flow control. Reed electronic system. multiple stage switching. zero loss switching. common control. lost calls systems and Delay systems and Erlang C formula. Level3. Level2 and Level-1 processing. 6 and 7. space division switching. ATM memory switch. digital switching systems UNIT 2 Digital switching: Switching functions.

simulation and analysis of Push Pull Amplifier. simulation and analysis of two input NAND and NOR gate. Simulation of PSK using MATLAB. Experiments based on MATLAB Simulation of amplitude modulation using MATLAB.. Three experiments on latest Technologies will be added to the above mentioned list by the Department. Simulation of FSK using MATLAB. 4. 2. Simulation of ASK using MATLAB. Design. Convolutional Encoder using MATLAB PEC 851 CAD of Electronic Circuits Lab 1. 5. Setting up fiber optics analog Link and verification through voice signal transmission. 3. Transmission of TDM signal using fiber optic digital link To establish PC to PC communication link using optical glass fiber & RS 232 interface. 3. simulation and analysis of Differential amplifier. simulation and analysis of NMOS and CMOS inverter. 5. 7. simulation and analysis of Full Adder circuit. Design. Design.PEC 751 OFC& MATLAB Experiments on Optical Fiber Communication 1. . Study of losses in optical fiber. 2. Design. 5. Simulation of frequency modulation using MATLAB. Design. 4. Simulation of phase modulation using MATLAB. 6. 3. 2. Setting up fiber optic digital link. 1. 4.

Large scale path loss: propagation models. vocoders. Lee. Kamilo Fehar. fundamentals of equalisation. reflection. time division multiple access. . Pearson Reference Books: 1. 3G wireless systems. 2G. linear predictive coders. frequency hopped spread spectrum (FH.S. performance of DS-SS. practical link budget design using path loss model. Y. Text Book: 1. RAKE receiver. “Wireless digital communication” 3. diffraction. scattering. “Modern wireless communication”. handoff strategies. non-linear equalisation. space division multiple access. Introduction to wireless networks. Rappaport. 2005. and frequency division multiple access UNIT 5 Frequencyreuse. UNIT4 Characteristics of speech signals. equaliser in communication receiver. D. direct sequence spread spectrum (DS-SS).Wireless Communication (TEC 801) UNIT 1 Evolution of mobile radio communication fundamentals. types of fading.SS). “Mobile communication Design and fundamentals” 2. impulse response model and parameters of multipath channels. Haykin S & Moher M. UNIT 3 Modulation performance in fading and multipath channels. linear equaliser. wireless standards. UNIT2 Spread spectrum modulation techniques: Pseudo-noise sequence. channel assignment strategies.. linearequaliser. Willium C. theory of multipath shape factor for fading wireless channels. improving coverage and capacity in cellular systems. Pearson. quantisation techniques. R. T. Small scale fading & multipath propagation and measurements. interference and system capacity. performance of FH-SS. diversity techniques. “Wireless Communication-Principles and practice”. survey of equalization techniques.

Routing Algorithms. UNIT 3 The Network Layer: Design Issues. Ethernet. The ALOHA protocols. Subnet concept. Circuit switching. Application layer services: DNS. Prentice Hall. Gateways and different level switches UNIT 4 The Transport Layer: Design Issues. EIA RS-232C. IEEE standard 802 for LAN. Polling.Widjaja: Communication Networks. Packets witching. network architectures. Addressing. Connection oriented and connection less services. Tanenbaum: Computer Networks. 4. The OSI referencemodel.21. PHI India. Forouzan: Data Communications & Networking. SNMP. The Physical Layer: Transmission media. other architectures. EIA RS-449. Character oriented and bit oriented protocols. Leon-Garcia. standardization. 3. Hybrid switching. TFTP. Virtual circuit and Data gram Subnet. UNIT 2 The Data Link Layer: Basic link protocols. Bridges. WWW. Flow control. TMH. References: 1. FDM & TDM. Error control. Subnetting and network layer protocols. TMH.Data Communication Networks (TEC – 802) UNIT 1 INTRODUCTION: Network structure. HTTP. FTP. 2. Internet Issues: Principles of bridges and routers. William Stallings: Data & Computer Communication. DHCP. CCITT X. Pulse code modulation. Internetworking. Andrew S. SMTP. Study of Internet and ATM transport layer protocols. . Congestion control Algorithms. Flow control. Connection management. services. Routers. example networks. framing. UNIT 5 The TCP/IP Protocol suite: Overview of TCP/IP.

a simplified 486 bus model. and complete microcontroller design Text Book: 1. packages and libraries. design of microcontroller CPU. Jhon F Wakerly. using one hot state assignment UNIT 4 MEMORY MODELS FOR MEMORIES AND BUSES: Static RAM. 4th Ed. derivation of SM charts. VHDL procedures. “Digital design”. synthesis examples. combinational networks. TMH. floating point multiplication. interfacing memory to microprocessor bus. VHDL model for multiplexer. description of MC68HC05 microcontroller. IEEE-1164. UNIT 5 DESIGN EXAMPLES: UART design. ADVANCED VHDL: Attributes. UNIT 3 FLOATING POINT ARITHMETIC: Representation of floating point numbers. generates statements. codes. standard logic. alternative realization of SM charts using microprogramming.Digital System Design Using VHDL TEC . multiplication of signed binary numbers. Xinx 4000 series FPGAs. 2nd Ed. Reference Books: 2. other floating point operations. . Stephen Brown & Zvonko Vranesic. comliance and simulation of VHDL. file handling and TEXTIO UNIT 2 DESIGN OF NETWORKS FOR ARITHMATIC OPERATIONS: Design of serial adder with accumulator. state graph for control networks design of binary Multiplier. 2002. realizations of SM charts. DESIGNING WITH PROGRAMMABLE GATE ARRAYS AND COMPLEX PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC DEVICES: Xinx 3000 series FPGAs.011 UNIT 1 INTRODUCTION TO VHDL: VHDL description. Charles H Roth Jr. 2007. Thomson Learning. arrays VHDL operators. synthesis of VHDL codes. operator over loading. PHI.. variables. “Digital System Design using VHDL”. VHDL functions. “Fundamentals of digital logic design with VHDL”. signals and constants.modeling flipflop using VHDL. linked state machine. transport and inertial delays. design of binary divider. VHDL model for a counter. 3. multi valued logic and signal resolution. modeling a sequential machine. implementation of dice game. generic. DIGITAL DESIGN WITH SM CHART: state machine charts.

UNIT 4 Optical Fiber Sensors: Multimode fiber Sensors-Displacement . An Introduction: /PHI. Halftone processing. Photo sources and detectors: Optical waveguide modes. Contour generation .stress. constructions. 2000 2. Double exposure. Fourier transforming property of Lens. 3. Speckle Phenomenon and methods of Measurements.Theory of Dielectric slab waveguides-Symmetric and Asymmetric slab wave guide. Polarization modulated. Multiplication and Division. Image forming property of Lens. Differentiation and Integration.P.F.S. Drive circuity.TIC – 011 OPTOELECTRONICS UNIT 1 Introduction to Optical waveguide. Holographic optical elements. Magnetic sensors.pressure . Hawkes k/ Opto Electronics.A Yariv / Optical Electronics/C. Holographic interferometry-Real time. Non linear optics second harmonic generation. Parametric amplification. Current sensors. Principles of Holography On axis and Off Axis Holography. Residue. Laser Interferometer. EO Amplitude and Phase Modulator.Wilson.Channel waveguide Light emitting diode (LED). Electro optic Intensity Modulators. Collage Publishing. Signed Logarithmic Arithmetic. Non linear processing. Interferometry.I. Averaging. UNIT 3 Fourier Optics and Holography: Phase transformation of thin lens . Threshold devices. Spatial light Modulators. . number system. Analog Arithmetic operation-Addition/Subtraction. Logarithmic Threshold logic.B. Modified Signed Digit Number system. 1985 . Phase modulated. New York. Fibre Optic Gyroscope UNIT 5 Optical Computing: Analog Linear Optical processing. Arithmetic Operations: MSD. Kaminov / A Introduction to Electro Optic Devices/ Academic Press New York. Micro-bend optical fiber sensor. Single mode FO sensors. Active multimode FO sensors. Integrated optic spectrum analyzer. Residue Number system.B. strain Intensity modulated sensors. Acousto – optics.Optical data storage.J. J. A-O Modulators. Fundamentals of lasers and its applications UNIT 2 Electro Optic Effects: Birefringence phenomenon EO Retardation. Theta Modulation devices Shadow casting and symbolic substitution References: 1. materials.

signal flow graph of neuron. mode of neuron.classical decisions with bayes’theorem. neural networks and fuzzy logic. structure growing algorithms pocket algorithm. generalized learning laws. interpreting neuron signals as probabilities. error functions for classification problems. competitive learning.4. mathematical preliminaries. neuron signal function. neural networks and Building blocks of adaptive resonance. pattern space & weight space. principal component analysis.classical decisions with bayes’ theorem. MSE error surface. convex sets and convex hulls. probabilistic interpretation of neuron function. space of Boolean functions. practical considerations. “Neural Networks. Boltzmann machine SOFM. Artificial intelligence and neural networks. binary neurons for pattern classification. Learning Process: Error correction learning. Unit 4 Statistical Pattern Recognition Bayes’theorem. practical considerations.F. neural networks and architectures Introduction. New York ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS (TEC – 013) UNIT 1 Introduction Introduction and history. UNIT 3 Perceptrons and LMS Learning objective of TLN. Yu. biological neuron. Boltzmann learning. learning tasks. α – LMS learning. comparison of RBF networks & multilayer perceptrons Stochastic Machines Statistical mechanics. backpropagation learning algorithm. ART 1 quantization. steepest descent search. learning with and without teacher. Fuzzy Fuzzy systems and applications. non linear separable problems. multilayered networks &posterior Probabilities. Backpropogation and other learning algorithms multilayered architecture. interpreting neuron signals as probabilities. Fuzzy sets. 2. maxican hat networks. knowledge representation. human brain. Pearson Education 2 n d edition.network architecture. XOR solution..” Tata McGraw-Hill. competitive learning. Text Books 1. Hebbian learning. RBF network for solving XOR problem. UNIT 2 neurons and their networks Artificial neurons. / Optical Information Processing/ Wiley. applications of SOFM fuzzy logic. Feed forward & feedback architecture. Back propogation and other learning algorithms Statistical Pattern Recognition bayes’ theorem . Satish Kumar. Simon Haykin.S. Statistical mechanics simulated annealing.”. capacity of TLN. multilayered networks & posterior probabilities. “Neural Networks. memory based learning. . reinforcement learning. Boltzmann machine Unit 5 Adaptive Resonance Theory Building blocks of adaptive resonance. structure growing algorithms. adaptation. feedback . probabilistic interpretation of neuron function. Maximal eigenvector filtering. RBF Networks Regularization networks. µ – LMS and application. Fuzzy systems and applications. simulated annealing. vector applications of FFNN. error functions for classification problems. ART 1 Self Organizing Feature MAP Introduction. memory. Geometry of Binary threshold Pattern recognition.T. generalized RBF networks.

Y. frequency domain interpretation of mean squared prediction error relation of linear predictive analysis to lossless tube models. Springer-Verlog. short time average zero crossing rate. 2. short time energy and average magnitude. spectrographic displays. SPEECH PROCESS ING(TEC-014) Unit 1 Digital models for speech signals: Mechanism of speech production & acoustic phoenetics. N. Rabiner & R. prediction error and normalized mean square error. application of LPC parameters Text / Reference Books: 1. Schafer. “Fuzzy Logic with Engineering Applications. Unit 5 Linear Predictive Coding of Speech: Basic principles of linear predictive analysis. complex cepstrum of speech. pitch period estimation using parallel processing.E. Pearson Education. formant estimation.” Jaico Publishing House. relation between various speech parameters. “Introduction to Artificial Neural System. Digital Processing of speech signals by R. synthesis and perception by J. vocoder and channel vocoder .Reference Books 1. Jack M. Diserete time speech signal Processing: Principles and Practices by Jhomas Quatieri. implementation of filter bank summation method using FFT. Flanagan. Pearson Education. analysis by synthesis phase. lossless tube models.Short time Fourier Analysis: Definition and properties.W.L. Speech Analysis. Voice processing by G. pitch detection using Homomorphic processing. computation of the gain for the model. short time autocorrelation function & AMDF. Timothy J. 4. the acoustic theory of speech production.” McGraw-Hill Inc. Unit 2 Time Domain methods of speech sampling: Time dependent processing of speech. discrimination between speech& silence. . 2. Ross. synthesis of speech from linear predictive parameters. pitch detection. 3. solution of LPC equations for auto correlation method. design of filter banks. Unit 4 Homomorphic speech processing: Homomorphic system for convolution. Homomorphic vocoder. the autocorrelation method. Zurada. McGraw –Hill.L. Pelton.pitch period estimation using autocorrelation function Unit 3 . and digital models for speech signals.

Digital Communication by J. acquisition and tracking of DSSS system. direct sequence spread spectrum signal. simplified advanced encryption standard (S-AES). acquisition and tracking of FH SS systems 3. 2. Block cipher modes of operation. Public Key Cryptography: Prime numbers. message authentication requirements and functions Text / Reference Books: 1. data encryption standard (DES) strength of DES. applications of DSSS signals in anti-jamming. Chinese remainder theorem. effect of pulsed interference on DSSS systems.Y. FHSS in CDMA system. processing gain and jamming margin.. excision of narrowband interference in DSSS systems. slow and fast frequency hopping. Block Cipher and Data Encryption Standard : Block cipher principle. Mc Graw Hill . Proakis McGraw Hill 2 n d Ed. Rhee. Principle of Communication systems by Taub & Schilling TMH. Time hopping and hybrid SS system. differential and linear cryptanalysts. uncoded DSSS signals. performance of FHSS in AW GN and partial band interference. 3. principles of public key cryptosystems. low detectability signal transmission. Symmetric cipher model. Cryptography and Network Security by W. multiple encryption and triple DES. key management Diffie-Hellmankey exchange. 2. Frequency Hopped Spread Spectrum Systems: Basic concepts. 4. Wiley. Cryptography and secure Communications by M. discrete algorithms. Fermat and Euler’theorem. 5. cryptography and cryptanalysts. Substitution techniques. error rate performance of the decoder. 4. RSA algorithm. Cryptographic Techniques: Classical encryption technique. Stallivgs 4th Ed. stream ciphers and RC4 algorithm 5. transposition techniques.G. PHI Digital Communication by Simon Haykin. Generation of PNsequences using m sequence and Gold sequences. code division multiple access and multipath channels. Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Systems: Model of SS digital communication system.PRINCI PLES O F S ECURE CO MMUNI CATION(TEC-0 21) 1. block cipher design principles.

Text Book: 1. FM feedback. C. UNIT 5 Test and evaluation of spread spectrum system-selectivity. L. phase lock loop. code selection and signal spectra. error detection and correlation codes. Schilling. 3 r d Ed. Dixen. frequency hopping systems. spread spectrum techniques. Reference Book: 1. R. “Principles of Communication systems”. composite codes.Spread Spectrum Systems(TEC. RF link.Noise figure.Property of codes for spread spectrum. Autocorrelation and cross correlation of codes. processing gain. Jhon Wiley. propagation medium. “Spread spectrum systems with commercial application”. Direct sequence system. . jamming margin. hybrid systems UNIT 2 Coding for communication and ranging. sensitivity.022) UNIT 1 Introduction to spread spectrum. Transmitter measurements. frequency synthesis for spread spectrum modulation. Reprint 2007. pulse FM(chirp) system. types of synchronizers. UNIT 3 Modulation and demodulation – Balance modulator. and PDM and FH demodulators UNIT 4 Need for synchronization. cochannel users.H. dynamic range and AGC. 2 nd Ed. Taube and D. Tata Mc Graw Hill. overall transmitter and Receiver design. costas loop. synch acquisition. quadriphase modulator. in line and heterodyne correlation. base band recovery.

Fundamentals of radar signal processing. goniometer. 3. ground equipment & receiver. NAVSTAR. Wiley. pulse by pulse processing. NY. temporal and spatial correlation of clutter. signal to clutter ratio. ambiguity function of the simple matched pulse filter for the pulse burst. S. VOR errors. GPS. spectral models. signal structure of NAVSTAR broadcasts. UNIT 2 RADAR WAVE FORMS: Waveform matched filter of moving targets. UNIT 5 AIDS TO APPROACH AND LANDING: ILS & GCA & MLS SATALLITE NAVIGATION SYSTEM: Transit system. basic principles of operation.. variation with angle. RADIO RANGES: LF/MF four course radio range. UNIT 3 DETECTION FUNDAMENTALS: Radar detection as hypothesis testing. Radar principles. HYBERBOLIC SYSTEM OF NAVIGATION: LORAN & DME & TECAN Decca. threshold detection of radar signals.fluctuating targets. Clutter. Doppler shift. errors in direction finding. Doppler response and ambiguity function of the pulse burst. multipath. Mark A Richards. range ambiguity. Albersheim and Shnidaman equations. noise model and signal to noise ratio. P. 2. Nagraja. radar cross section. . Binary integration. Z. accuracy of GPS & differential navigation. TMH. VOR. Neyman Pearson detection rule. frequency models. NAVSTAR receiver. simplifies approach to Doppler shift. likelihood ratio test. projections. statistical description of radar cross section. TMH. velocity determination. UNIT 4 RADIO DIRECTION FINDING: loop direction finder. Text and reference books: 1. data message.Fundamentals of Radar and Navigation(TEC – 023) UNIT 1 RADAR SIGNAL MODELS: Amplitude models. ambiguity function. Peebles Jr. non-coherent integration of non. Swerling model. distributed target forms of range equation. N. variation with range. Elements of Electronics Navigation. spatial model. stop and hop assumption.

downlink design. UNIT 5 Introduction of various satellite systems: VSAT. Propagation effects and their impact on satellite-earth links: attenuation and depolarization. Orbital mechanics. orbital effects. Satellite Communications / Pratt. error control coding. direct broadcast satellite television and radio. UNIT 2 Satellite subsystems. look angle determination. low earth orbit and non-geo stationary. Satellite Communications / Dennis Roddy / McGraw-Hill 3. S/N ratios for FM video transmission. DAMA and CDMA UNIT 4 Error control for digital satellite links: error detection and correction. C/N Ratio UNIT 3 Modulation and multiplexing techniques for satellite links: FM. launches & launches vehicles. satellite navigation and the global positioning systems Text / Reference Books: 1. linear and cyclic block codes. Satellite link design: basic transmission theory. Ha. system noise temperature and G/T ratio. TDM. Digital Satellite Communications/ Tri T. satellite antenna. 2. Allnutt / John Wiley & Sons. Bostian. digital modulation and demodulation. convolutional codes./ McGraw-Hill . rain. TTC&M.S AT E L L IT E CO MMUNI CAT I O N(TEC 024) UNIT 1 Elements of Satellite Communication. Multiple access: FDMA. Geostationary Orbit. cloud and ice effects etc. pre-emphasis and de-emphasis. atmospheric absorption.uplink design. channel capacity. communication subsystem. TDMA. attitude and orbit control systems.

Parallel protocols and wireless protocols10. architecture. Instruction set. Design parameters of an embedded system and its significance. PPI. states. FSMD. CISC and RISC processors. Embedded System Design-Frank Vahid/Tony Givargis. Tata McGraw-Hill@2005. Text Books: 1. Stepping Motor. . PLD’s Watchdog Timers. Microprocessor Interfacing I/O Addressing. Operating system services. Push Buttons Key board. Semaphores and shared data. DAC. Serial protocols. Microcontroller (Theory and Applications) Ajay V Deshmukh. UNIT 5 Communication basics. Harvard and Von Neumann UNIT 3 8051 Microcontrollers-Assembly language.Watchdog Timers. Arbitration.Advanced Processor-(only architectures) 80386. ADC. Addressing modes. 80486 and ARM (References). design life cycle. Hardware design and development Open collector outputs Tristate outputs I/O sinking and Sourcing.Embedded System (TEC-031) UNIT 1 Introduction: Embedded systems and its applications. registers. Embedded Operating system. Embedded versus external memory devices. 2. UNIT 2 Introduction to Microcontrollers and Microprocessors. Latch Interconnection. I/O ports and memory organization Interrupts Timer/counter and serial communication UNIT 4 RTOS-Tasks. Data. Real world interfacing: LCD. Message queues. Data path & FSM General purpose processors and ASIP’s (Application Specific Instruction set Programming): Software and operation of general purpose processors-Programmers View Development Environment-ASIPs Microcontrollers-DSP Chips. Mailboxes . multilevel bus architecture. tools introduction. Direct memory access. John Willey@2005. hardware and software partitioning and co-design Hardware Fundamentals for the embedded developers Digital circuit parameters. LED. Hardware design and development Custom Single Purpose Processors: Optimizing program.

Treichler. 8051 Microcontrollers & Embedded Systems 2nd EditionSampath Kr. Adaptive Filters. UNIT 5 Recursive Least Square Algorithm:Preliminaries. Tata McGraw-Hill@2005. Basic ideas of gradient search methods. An Embedded Software Primer-David E. convergence. adaptive filters applications-1) Adaptive modeling and system identification. John R. methods UNIT 4Adaptive Algorithms: Least mean square algorithm. matrix inversion lemma. PHI. Pearson Education @ 1999. Simon Haykin Reference Books 1.Simon. Prentice Hall 2. . equalization and deconvolution. 3. gradient component estimation by derivative measurement. 3. effects of gradient noise. Cowan & Grant. Microcontrollers (Architecture. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the correlation matrix. 2. References: 1. desired response and error performance function. learning curve noise in Weight vector misadjustment and performances of LMS algorithms. The 8051 Microcontroller and embedded systems-Muhammad Ali Mazidi and Janice Gillispie. Theory and design of adaptive filters. gradient search by newton’s method. 2) Inverse adaptive modeling. UNIT 3 Theory of Adaptation with Stationary Signals: Input correlation matrix. all poles and all zero versions.D. Adaptive Signal Processing. Implementation & Programming) Kenneth Hintz.update recursion for the sum of weighted error squares.3. decorelection of error and input components. exponentially weighted RLS algorithm. input signal and Weight vectors. general properties open and closed loop adaptation UNIT 2 Adaptive Linear Combiner: General description. sequential regression algorithm. and their geometrical significance. Widrow and Stearns. time constant and misadjustment. on weight vector solution. alternative definition of gradient. Daniel Tabak. Adaptive Signal Processing by Davisson. performance comparison of Newton and S. adaptive recursive LMS algorithm. Pearson Education 2. excess MSE. gradient and minimum meansquare. Adaptive Filter Theory. Text Books: 1. random search algorithm. Katson Books@2006. TEC-032 ADAPTIVE SIGNAL PRO CE SSING UNIT 1 Introduction: Definition and characteristics. convergence analysis of RLS algorithms Adaptive Filter Structures: Lattice structures.

types of failures. maintainability. Balagurusamy / Tata McGraw. Text / Reference book: 1.difference between MTTR and MTTF UNIT 2 Reliability mathematics:Classical set theory. data collection. concept of failure modes.storage recovery of data. O’Connor / John Wiley & Sons 4t h edition). .definition of probability. Reliability Engineering/ E.Hill. availability. systems with components in parallel. various parameters f system effectiveness. basic properties of probability. component reliabilityfrom test data. reliability of electronic system design. conditional probability. parameter variation and tolerance. T.TEC-033 Electronic System Probabilistic Reliability UNIT 1 Introduction: definition of reliability.gamma distribution. Fault tree techniques. bathtub curve. circuit and systemaspects. normaldistribution and weibull distribution UNIT 3 Reliability Data Analysis:The reliability function. quality. Practical Reliability Engineering/ Patrick D. series –parallel systems. and randomvariables. UNIT 5 Electronics System Reliability:Reliability of electronic components.. Boolean algebra. componenttypes and failure mechanics. Probability distribution: Exponential distribution. sample space. binomial distribution. K out of m systems. 2. linear hazard model & exponentialhazard model UNIT 4 System Reliability:Systems with components in series.

AZTEC Algorithm. detection and Estimation. Removal of Baseline Wander And Power line Interferences. Rangayyan. PHI REFERENCE BOOKS: 4. john Wiley & Sons Inc. Sleep EEG. Electromyography & electro-retinography 3. Willis J Tomkin. TEXT BOOKS 1. Unit 4 EEG:Neurological Signal Processing. Study of pattern of brain waves. Huffman and Modified Huffman Coding. Matched Filtering. Electroencephalography.Crommwell. Portable Arrhythmia Monitors Unit 3 Data Reduction: Turning Point algorithm. Unit 5 EP Estimation: by Signal Averaging. Biomedical Signal Processing. LMS Adaptive Filter.Introduction. . john G.C Reddy McGrawhill Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement.General Structures of Adaptive filters. Acquisition and Difficulties during Acquisition Basics of Electrocardiography. Adaptive Filtering:. Adaptive Wavelet Detection. Role of Computers in the Analysis. D. Phi. Biomedical Signal Processing. Webster. EEG characteristic. Detection By Structural features. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Fan Algorithm. Arnon Cohen. detection of Overlapping Wavelets. Medical instrumentation Application and Design. 3. Run Length Coding. Wavelet Detection:. volume I & Licrc Press 5 Biomedical Signal Analysis A Case Study Approach. Processing. Arrhythmia Analysis.T E C 0 3 4 B I O ME DICAL S I GNAL PRO CE S S I NG Unit 1 Introduction to Bio-Medical Signals: Classification. Adaptive Noise Canceling. Dynamics of Sleep/Wake transition. EpilepsyTransition. 6.Weibel and Pfeifer. 2. QRS Detection(Different Methods). ST Segment Analysis. Monitoring & Control and image reconstruction in bio-medical field Unit2 ECG: Measurement of Amplitude and Time Intervals. linear prediction theory.. Rangaraj M. Biomedical Digital Signal Processing.

Probability. Bernoulli’s Theorem Unit 2 Concept of random variable: Introduction. Unit 3 Two random variables: Bivariate distributions. queuing theory Text / Reference Books 1. Peebles. moments. distribution and density functions . Markov Processes.specific random variables. Jr. one function of two random variables. discrete-time processes. Random Variables and Stochastic Processes/A. conditional Probability Repeated Trials: Combined experiments./TMH . mean and variance. Functions of one random variable: function and distribution of random variable. joint moments. power spectrum. Papoulis & S. deterministic signals in noise. characteristic functions. Markov processes and Queuing theory: introduction. Probability. MEM. conditional distributions. Pillai/4 th ed. Bernoulli trials./TMH 2. filtering and prediction Kalman filters. random variables and stochastic processes.TEC – 041 RANDOM SIGNAL THEORY Unit 1 Theory of probability Axioms of probability: set theory. Random Variables & Random Signal Principles/Peyton Z. Poisson poins and shot noise. joint characteristic functions. cyclostationary processes. Entropy: Basic concepts. band limited processes and sampling theory. ergodicity spectrum estimation Mean square estimation: prediction. conditional distributions Unit 4 Concept of stochastic processes: Definition. Markov chain: Introduction. U. Unit 5 Spectral representation and estimation: Spectral representation of random processes. Random walks and other applications: random walks. systems with stochastic inputs. two functions of two random variables. probability space.

Kamrau 3. 3. Field Programmable Gate arrays (FPGA) . A Circuits and Systems Perspective by Neil H. Floor planning. ApplicationSpecific Integrated Circuits (ASICs) Unit 5 Design for Testability. Transconductance and output conductance.K.E. logical efforts. limitation of scaling. Anantha Chandra kasan. Eshraghian. n-MOS. Design Flows.CMOS fabrication. CMOS NAND Gates. Scaling models and scaling factors. CMOS design style. Digital Integrated Circuits A Design Perspective by Jab M. Weste. Parametric yield Text Books: 1. Ayan Banerjee. Package Parasitic. Prenticehall of India. lambda based design rules . n-well process. Programmable Logic structures. Packaging. CMOS VLSI Design. David Harris. Application-Specific Integrated Circuits by Michal John Sebastian smith. R. Configurable Logic Block (CLB). Body effect. CMOS NOR gates. Gate delays. Unit 3 N-MOS. Pucknell & Kamran shraghian. latch –up in CMOS circuits. New Delhi . Pearson 5. Standard Cell Based Design.pull-up to pull-down ratio . Design Methodology and Tools. sequential circuit design. References: 1. Borivoje Nikolic. Singh. stick diagrams. Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Placement. Education. Rabaey. VLSI Design with VHDL. Pearson Education 4. MOS transistor threshed voltage Vt. MOS transistor figure of merit. Combinational circuit design. Weste.E. Yusuf Leblebici. Scan-Based Techniques. Timing Analyses Unit 4 Full Custom Design. 2. Automated Layout Generation. Kataria & Sons. Basic electrical properties of MOS circuits. Bi-CMOS technology. twin tub process. Pearson Education. Routing. the p-well process. . Controllability and Observability AD HOC Design Techniques. Faults types and Models. problems associated with VLSI Design. n-MOS design style. Basic VLSI Design by Douglas A. Ids-Vds relationship. 1. Limited. Tata Mc-Graw-Hill. Dr. 6. design considerations. Current Monitoring IDDQ Test.TEC 042 VLSI DESIGN Unit 1 Introduction to integrated circuit technology. Built-In self Test (BIST) Techniques.CMOS inverter and its characteristics. CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits Analysis and Design by Sung-Mo Kang. Design Economics. Principles of C-MOS VLSI Design A systems Perspective by Neil H. Semi Custom Design. Unit 2 The n-MOS inverter . Limits of miniaturization. 2. sheet resistance. capacitances of layers. Parasitic Extraction. Heat dissipation. Delay estimation.

C. Rajiv & Sivarajan./ “Computer Networks”/ Prentice Hall (India) 2. Synchronization. Optical Line Amplifiers. Optical Cross Connects Unit 4 WDM Network Design Cost Trade-offs. Interworking between Layers Access Networks Network Architecture Overview. 2. Burst Switching Deployment Considerations Text Books: 1. Ramaswami. Multiplexers & Filters. Unit 3 Networks SONET/SDH Multiplexing. Protection in SONET/SDH. Signaling and Routing WDM Network Elements Optical Line Terminals. Design & Algorithms” / Prentice Hall (India) . SONET/ SDH Layers. FTTC. Adaptation Layers. Different Schemes. and Routing and wavelength assignment problems. Black. Frame Structure. Optical Add/ Drop Multiplexers. Frame Structure. Dimensioning Wavelength Routing Networks Network Survivability Basic Concepts. Light path Topology Design. Mohan / “WDM Optical Networks Concepts. Andrew S. Isolators & Circulators. Uyless / “Optical Networks Third Generation Transport Systems”/ Pearson Educations Reference Books: 1.TEC043 Optical Networks Unit 1 Introduction to Optical Networks Characteristics of Optical Fiber (Emphasis on Non Linear Characteristics) Timing & Synchronization Unit 2 Components Couplers. / “Optical Networks a Practical perspective”/ Morgan Kaufmann Publishers / 2nd Ed. Optical Layer Protection. Quality of Service. Physical Layer. Unit 5 Optical Switching OTDM. Flow Control. Tanenbaum. Elements of a SONET/SDH Infrastructure ATM Functions of ATM. Protection in IP networks. Optical Amplifiers Tunable Lasers Switches. Murthy. Enhanced HFC. Buffering. Kumar N. Header Processing. Siva Ram & Gurusamy. Wavelength Converters.

Image observation models. 2. Noise reduction in frequency domain Unit 4 Image Compression: Introduction. Cosine.TEC 044 Digital Image Processing Unit 1 Introduction: Fundamental steps in DIP. Histogram modeling. 2n d Ed. basic relationships between Pixels. Segmentation techniques Text Books: 1.Point operations. Haar. Anil K Jain. Pixel coding. Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing. Rafael C. Edge detection. Conzalez Richard E Woods. Color image model Unit 2 Image Transforms: One-dimensional & Two-dimensional DFT. Boundary extraction. . Predictive coding. Inverse & Wiener filtering. Transform coding. Simple image model Sampling & quantization. Transforms features. and Slant & KL transforms.spatial operations. Interframe coding Unit 5 Image Segmentation: Introduction. Spatial feature extraction. elements of DIP. Unit 3 Image Restoration: Introduction. difference between enhancement & restoration Restoration-spatial filtering. Image Enhancement: Introduction . Hadamard. Sine. Transform operations. Digital Image Processing.

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