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1.

I OPTICS - 61

TargetlEE-20l2

Subjective Problems n1

h2

Date:

1.20

10.8 x104

).2

(1)

An object is placed 21 em in front of a concave mirror of radius of curvature 20 em. A glass slab of thickness 3 em and refractive index 1.5 is placed close to the mirror in the space between the object and the mirror. Find the position of the final image formed, The distance of the nearer surface of the slab from the mirror is 1.0 cm. The l'rincipal section of a glass prism is an isosceles triangle ABC with AB AC. The face AC is silvered. A ray of light is incident normally on face AB and after two reflections, it emerges from the base BC, perpendicular to it. Find the LBAC of the prism.

= 1.45 +

1.80 X 104

).2

D

(2)

~.

3.

The radius of curvature of the convex face of a planoconvex lens is. 12 em and its J.L 1.5.

(a) Find the focal length of the lens. The plane face of the lens is now silvered. (b) At what distance from the lens will parallel rays incident on the convex surface converge? (c) Sketch the ray diagram to locate the image, when a point object is placed on the axis 20 em from the lens. (d) Calculate the image 'distance placedasin (c). 4. when the object is

where ). is in nanometer (nm). (a) Calculate the wavelength ~ for which rays inciderit at any angle on the interface Be pass through without bending at that interface. (b) For light of wavelength Ao, find the angle of incidence i on face AC such that the deviation produced by the combination of the prisms is minimum.

7.

A right angled prism (45, 90, 45) of refractive index n has a plate of refractive index nl n) cemented to its diagonal face. The assembly is in air. A ray is incident on face AB as shown in Fig.

of a concave

mirror offocallengilif at a distance u from the pole. What is the size of the image? (b) If the object begins to move with a speed Yo, what will be the speed of the image? 5. A thin plano-convex lens of focallengthfis split into

B C (a) Calculate the angle of incidence at AB for which the ray strikes the diagonal face at the critical angle. (b) Assuming n ;;: l.352, calculatethe angle of incidence at AB for which the refracted ray passes through the diagonal face undeviated. 8. Two identical equilateral prisms ABC and DCE,

two halves, one of the halves is shifted along the optical axis as shown in Fig. The separation between object and image planes is 1.8 m. The magnification of the image formed by one of the half lenses is 2. Find the focal length of the lens and the separation between the two halves. Draw the ray diagram for image formation,

'pbjec~

each of refractive index f3.are placed as shown in Fig. A light PQisinddent QI1 face AB at an angle i. Prism DeE is fixed at point C and can rotate about the axis passing through C and perpendicular to the plane of the page. (a) Find the value of i so that the deviation produced by prism ABC is minimum. (b) By what angle should the prism DCE be rotated about C so. that the final emergent' ray-also has minimum deviation? A D

fay

6_

A prism of refractive index n1 and another prism refractive index ~ are stuck together without a gap shown in Fig. 26.87. The angles of the prism are shown. The refractive indices nl and n2 depend upon the wavelength of light, according to relations

of as as ).,

p

E

AURANGABAD.8087162665 (M: 1)

GURUKUL CLASSES

lIT-DIVISION

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1.

I OPTICS - 71

Date:

. Tho x-z ~lane t i~ the ~oundary between t~o transparent media. Medium 1 WIth z ~ 0 has a refractive index

4.

Figure 26.112 shows an irregular block of material of refractive index J.11. .J2. A ray of light PE strikes the

.fi

and medium

1 given by the vector -10

J3,

A

is incident on the plane of . P d th ;t t ' th d' ti of the separation, 10 e unr vec or m e tree IOn ' ed' 2 . .. y re fr acte d raym 10 lum .

p

/

= 6 J3 i + 8 J3 j

Medium 1

CD of radius of curvature 10 em. ~e ray suffers ~efr~ction at surface CD and enters a medium of refractive m. d th di OQ dex J.i3 1.714 to meet XY at Q. Fin e istance . . B . C

'#1=./2

A

/ /

./ ./

.

__________ ~/~~~----~x

/ / / /

/

x __

111

pL._-f!J.2=J2

~Or--"'Q--y

!J.3=1.714

=1

A 5.

R

./

z

2.

A parallel sided slab ABeD of refractive index 2 is sandwiched between two slabs of refractive indices

A point object 0 is placed at a distance of 0.3 10 from a convex lens (focal length 0.2 10) cut into two halves each of which is displaced by 0.0005 10 as shown in Pig.

12

o

and as shown in the figure. Find the minimum value of angle () such that the ray PQ suffers total internal reflection at both the surfaces AB and CD.

A

Q

...f3

#2

=..f2

=2

Find the position of the image. If more than one imag is formed, find their number and the distance betwee

A

.

I I

!J.1

.D

!J.3=

.J3

c 6.

them. Obtain the expression for the focal length of the lens shown in the figure. The radii of curvature of the two faces of the lens are R, and Rz and J.iI < J.l<z. < J.i3. Neglect the thickness of the lens. Show that the focal length is independent of J.0. if Rl R2

3.

of focal length 0.3 m in air is sealed into 2 .. an opening at one end of a tank .filled with water (J.i = ~). On the-opposite side of the lens a mirror is

u = 1. and

R,

placed inside the tank on the tank wall perpendicular to the lens axis as shown in Fig. 26.99. The separation between the lens and the mirror: is 0.8 m. A small object 0 is placed outside the tank in front of the lens at a distance of 0.9 m from the lens ori its axis. Find the position (relative to the lens) of the image of the object formed by the system.-0.8 m --A thin rod of length f/3 is placed along the axis of a concave mirror of focallengthf such that its image which is real and elongated just touches the rod.: Calculate the magnification produced by the mirror ..

-0 :

AI"

. -

~.'-..

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