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Suggested solutions MaA2NVCO09 Algebra Part II: VG/MVG-Level WARNING: THERE ARE DIFFERENT VERSIONS OF THE TEST

Instructions Test period Resources The test 110 minutes: 8:10-10:00 Friday November 6, 2009 Formula sheet, your personalised formula booklet, ruler, protractor, a graphic calculator, and a lexicon. For all items a single answer is not enough. It is also expected • that you write down what you do • that you explain/motivate your reasoning • that you draw any necessary illustrations. Try all of the problems. It can be relatively easy, even towards the end of the test, to receive some points for partial solutions. A positive evaluation can be given even for unfinished solutions. Score and mark levels The maximum number of points you can receive for each solution is indicated after each problem. If a problem can give 2 ”Pass”-points and 1 ”Pass with distinction”-point this is written [2/1]. Some problems are marked with ¤, which means that they more than other problems offer opportunities to show knowledge that can be related to the criteria for ”Pass with Special Distinction” in Assessment Criteria 2000. Lower limit for the mark on the test G: Pass: 14 points VG: MVG: G+ on the G-level test and at least 30 in this test. G+ on the G-level test and at least 35 in this test. High quality of calculations and deep level of understanding must be illustrated through out the test, especially in problems 8-11 marked ¤. Alternative: Minimum of 25 points in this test where 17 points are at least VG points an high quality solutions marked ¤. Note: Those who passed the G-level test in G-/G level, in addition to the conditions above must show good knowledge and understanding of the subject. Name: ________________________ Student Number: NVC09 Sjödalsgymnasiet 1 0 2 2 2 2 3 1 2 4 2 2 5 0 3 6 0 3 7 1 2 8¤ 0 2¤ 9¤ 1 3¤ 10¤ 11¤ Sum: 43 4 3 14 4¤ 4¤ 29 ¤¤¤¤ Grade The maximum score is 43 points, 29 of them VG points. There are 4 ¤problems

G VG¤ G VG¤

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VG/MVG-Level MaA2NVCO09 Algebra

NV-College

Useful formulas

Order of Operations: [], (), exponents (powers), ×, ÷, +, −

(a )

**a x ⋅ a y = a x+ y Note: Both terms share identical base a . ax = a x− y ay
**

x y

= a x⋅ y

1 1 = a−y ⇔ −y = a y y a a 0 a =1

1 b = a a b

(a b )

x

**a x b x = (ab ) Note: Both a and b share identical power, x .
**

x

y z

= a x⋅z ⋅ b y⋅z

⎧(− a )n = a n n : even number ⎪ ⎨ ⎪(− a )n = − a n n : odd number ⎩

(− a )(− b ) = ab (a )(− b ) = −ab

a c = ⇔ a⋅d = b⋅c b d a a a c = ⋅1 = ⋅ b b b c a c ad + bc + = b d bd a a ⋅c c⋅ = b b

With addition and subtraction we may add the individual margin of errors! a + b = (427 ± 1) + (5.5 ± 0.5) = 432.5 ± 1.5 a − b = (427 ± 1) − (5.5 ± 0.5) = 421.5 ± 1.5

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VG/MVG-Level MaA2NVCO09 Algebra

NV-College

**Glossary-English-Swedish-Lexicon Mathematics Course A:
**

English quotient, ratio fraction integer number simplify express surd (exact) form quantities exchange places investigate base power, exponent percent per thousand ppm: part per millions scientific notation significant figure round off changing factor factorize abbreviating, simplify extend, expand Numerator Denominator quotient, ratio Factor Difference real numbers rational numbers irrational numbers prime numbers annual interest Swedish kvot bråk heltal förenkla uttrycka exakt form kvantitet, mängd, storhet byta plats UTFORSKA Bas potens, exponent procent romille ppm grundpotensform värdesiffror, gällande siffror avrunda förändringsfaktor, tillväxtfaktor, ändringsfaktor faktorisera förkortning förlängning täljare nämnare kvot faktor differens reella talen rationella tal irrationella tal primtal årsräntan Comments

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VG/MVG-Level MaA2NVCO09 Algebra

NV-College

In each case, show how you arrived at your answer by clearly indicating all of the necessary steps, formula substitutions, diagrams, graphs, charts, etc. 1. A bacteria culture is doubled in numbers every 24-hours. Calculate, in percent, how many percent more is there after one hour. [0/2] Solution:

Answer: 2. If an object of mass m is dropped from the height h above the ground level, its speed just before hitting the ground, ignoring the air resistance, may be calculated using the conservation of energy principle according to 1 mgh = mv 2 2 where g = 9.82 m / s 2 is the gravitational acceleration. How fast (in m / s ) is a bullet dropped from top of the Empire State Building moving just before hitting the ground of the Fifth Avenue just below it? [0/2] How fast is it in km / h ? [2/0] The roof of the Empire State Building is 381.0 m above the ground. Solution:

Answer:

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VG/MVG-Level MaA2NVCO09 Algebra

NV-College

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VG/MVG-Level MaA2NVCO09 Algebra

NV-College

3. The table below shows number of visitors at some swimming facilities in 2002, and changes from 2001.

Swimming facility Location Number of visitors 2002 1 106 000 700 000 641 000 627 000 554 200 507 319 50 100 483 925 Change from previous year 199 000 51 800 156 400 –7 000 –16 900 –24 630 –3 219 17 092

Eriksdalsbadet Fyrishov, bad Eyrabadet Aq-Va-Kul Gustavsvik, bad Valhallabadet Rosenlundsbadet Högevallsbadet

Stockholm Uppsala Örebro Malmö Örebro Göteborg Jönköping Lund

Source: Turistdelegationen

The number of visitors has increased at both the Eriksdal and the Eyra facilities. Jakob claims that the increase is greatest at Eyra while Anna says that the increase at Eriksdal is greatest. Explain how they might have reasoned. Present your solution with explanations and calculations. [1/2] Solution:

(1/2)

Answer:

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VG/MVG-Level MaA2NVCO09 Algebra

NV-College

4. The length of a rectangle increases by 10%, simultaneously its width decreases by 10%. Only one of the following alternatives true! Which one? Motivate your choice by calculations and figures. • Its area does not change. • Depending on the original size of the width and length of the rectangle, its area may increase or decrease. • Its area decreases. • Its area always gets larger. [2/2] Solutions:

**Answer: 5. How many Hydrogen atoms, H are there in a figure who has n Carbon, C atom:
**

n =1 n=2 n=3

[0/3]

H | H −C −H | H

H H | | H −C −C −H | | H H

H H H | | | H −C −C −C −H | | | H H H

Solution:

Answer:

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VG/MVG-Level MaA2NVCO09 Algebra

NV-College

2 x2 = 0 analytically. Give the answer with four significant figures. 6. Solve the equation 3 − x 3 [0/3] Solution:

Answer:

−5 3

⎛ 2 ⋅ a3 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⋅ a4 ⎞ 7. Simplify ⎜ − 6 ⎟ ⋅ ⎜ − 3 ⎟ ⎜ b ⎟ ⎜ b ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ Solution:

[1/2]

Answer:

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VG/MVG-Level MaA2NVCO09 Algebra

NV-College

At the aspect assessment of your work with problems 8-11 your teacher will consider • what mathematical knowledge you have demonstrated and how well you have carried through the task • how well you have explained your work and motivated your conclusions • how well you have written your solutions.

8. Solve the equation x 3 ⋅ x = 5.00 . Solution:

[0/2/¤]

Answer: a 9. Write the number 5.1234567123 4567123456 7.... as a fraction . b Solution:

[1/3/¤]

Answer:

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VG/MVG-Level MaA2NVCO09 Algebra

NV-College

10. Frida borrows 90 000 kr to starts her own business. She is not going to pay back any part of her loan for 15 years when it is expected that the business is fully established and profitable. The annual interest on her loan is 7% . How much is Frida’s loan after three years? [2/0] a. b. c.

Solutions:

With how many percent has her loan increased after five years? [2/2] How long does it take for her loan to be doubled? [0/2/¤]

Answer:

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VG/MVG-Level MaA2NVCO09 Algebra

NV-College

In a classical physics experiment in order to measure the ratio of the charge of electron to its e mass, , we accelerate electron beam to a high m velocity v , which could be determined. The electron beam enters a region of uniform magnetic field B . The magnetic field B is perpendicular to v . As a result electrons in the beam move at the constant speed v in a circular path whose radius of curvature may be measured experimentally. According to laws of physics the force experienced by a moving electron at velocity v may be expressed as F = evB . On the other hand according to Newton’s law of motion an object of mass m , moving at velocity v in a circular path of radius r experience a force v2 F =m . r e v2 Use F = m and F = evB and in terms of v, r , and B . [0/3/¤] a) r m e b) Find of an electron that is moving at constant speed v = 2.0 ⋅10 7 m / s in path m curved of radius r = 1.1⋅10 −2 m in a plane perpendicular to a B = 0.010 T magnetic field. [1/1] e Calculate using the fact that: for an electron: e = 1.60 ⋅10 −19 C and c) m m = 9.11⋅10 −31 kg . Check your results against the value found in part b, and calculate the experimental error in the experiment. [2/0] Suggested Solution:

Answer:

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