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VG/MVG-LevelFyBCh20-21NVC08 Electric & Magnetic Field

NV-College

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An α -particle and a proton move to the right in the plane of the paper, and have the same velocity upon entering a region of constant uniform magnetic field. The uniform magnetic field is normal to the plane of the motion of the particles and as illustrated in the figure below is directed into the paper and away from the reader. What is the ratio of the radii of their r circular paths, i.e. α ? α -particle is QP = e rP the nucleus of Helium which is made of two protons and two neutrons. Mass of α -particle is Qα = 2 e mα = 6.6463 × 10 -27 kg . Mass of proton is m P = 1.6726 × 10 -27 kg . The unit charge is [0/3] e = 1.60 × 10 −19 C . An RC circuit has a resistor of resistance 25.0 kΩ and a capacitor of capacitance 20.00 μF , a battery with electro motor force 10.00 V , and a switch S . The components are connected in series as illustrated in the figure. For simplicity of the problem you may assume the internal resistance of the battery is zero. 25 .0 kΩ a) Find the time constant of the circuit. Interpret the results. What does the time-constant mean? [1/1] b) Plot a diagram illustrating the time development of the voltage across the terminals of the capacitor as a function of time S after the switch is turned on. 20 .00 μF Indicate the time constant on 10.00 V your graph. [0/2] c) Plot a diagram illustrating how the current in the circuit changes as a function of time. [0/2] d) How long does it take for the capacitor to get charged to 99% of its final voltage? [1/3] e) We connect an additional resistor of identical resistance 25.0 kΩ in series to the circuit. Describe and illustrate on the same diagram the time development of the potential difference across the terminals of the capacitor. [0/2] f) If in the original circuit, i.e. with only one resistor of resistance 25.0 kΩ , the capacitor is replaced by a 10.00 μF capacitor, describe and illustrate on your graph the time development of the charging of the capacitor. [0/2]

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VG/MVG-LevelFyBCh20-21NVC08 Electric & Magnetic Field

NV-College

3.

A charge + 50.0 μC charge is placed 16.0 cm from an identical + 50.0 μC charge. a) What is the electric field at the point midway between the charges? [2/0] b) What is the electric potential at the point midway between the charges? [2/0] c) How much work would be required to move a + 10.0 μC test charge from a point midway between them to a point 6.0 cm closer to either of charges. [0/2]

16.0 cm

Q1 = +50.0 μC

Q2 = +50.0 μC

B

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One form of mass spectrometer accelerates ions by a voltage V before they enter a magnetic field B . The ions are assumed to start from rest. By measuring the radius of the ion path, r , we may determine the mass of the ion. Find the mass of the ion, m , as a function of V , B , r , and Q . Where Q is the charge of the ion. The magnetic field region is uniform and is perpendicular to the path of the ions. [0/4/¤]
+ + + + + + + + + + + +
− − − − − − − − − − − −

B

Q

m

V

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A current I , flowing in a long solid cylindrical wire of radius R is uniform across the cross section. a) Use Ampere’s law to show that the magnetic field inside the conductor at a distance r from the center of μ ⋅r r the conductor is B = 0 2 ⋅ I . Assume the 2π ⋅ R magnetic field lines are circles, as they are outside the R conductor. [0/4/¤]

b) c) d)

Show that at the surface of the conductor this agrees with the answer for the magnetic field outside a long wire. [0/2] Where is the magnetic field maximum, and what is its maximum value for a 2.0 mm -diameter wire carrying 25.0 A direct current? [0/2] At what distance from the surface would the field be 10% of its maximum? [0/2]

© behzad.massoumzadeh@huddinge.se ☺Free to use for educational purposes.

Not for sale.

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