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Radio Interface Evolution: Contents

GSM & UMTS Evolution: From 2G to 4G

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GSM & UMTS Evolution In the same way as GSM, UMTS is undergoing a permanent evolutionary process. Step by step different aspects of the system such as services, network architecture and the radio interface are enhanced and additional options are integrated. This process should be continued towards 4G and beyond.
Abbreviations used in the following: AMR: Adaptive Multi Rate EDGE: Enhanced Data Rates for the GSM Evolution EFR: Enhanced Full Rate EUDCH: Enhanced Uplink for Dedicated Channels FR: Full Rate GPRS: General Packet Radio Services HR: Half Rate HSCSD: High Speed Circuit Switched Data HSDPA: High Speed DL Packet Access IMS: IP Multimedia Subsystem LCR-TDD: Low Chip Rate Time Division Duplex MBMS: Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service MIMO: Multiple-Input Multiple-Output PoC: Push-toTalk over Cellular UTRAN: UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network VHE: Virtual Home Environment W-AMR: Wideband AMR WCDMA: Wideband Code Division Multiple Access WLAN: Wireless LAN

Chap. 01: Introduction: Radio Interface Evolution TC1102: HSDPA & HSUPA; Version E003 01 - 1

.. enhanced speech codecs (EFR & AMR).. 1996: ETSI GMM Report ‘96: Compatibility between UMTS & GSM.& some Supplementary Services 1994: GSM Phase 2 with full set of Supplementary Services.5G 3G 3. 2005: UMTS Rel. GPRS & EDGE). GPRS & EDGE Phase 2 Phase 1 Tele & Bearer Services FR speech SMS Data ≤ 9.68 Mcps TDD.g..… 1999/2000: UMTS Rel. ’99: UMTS on basis of GSM ’99 CN & Service Concept + UTRAN & WCDMA Air Interface (FDD & TDD Mode) 2002: UMTS Rel. STK.. enhanced Service Concept (VHE. higher data rates (HSCSD. 2006/07: UMTS Rel. OSA). Version E003 01 . Evolution of GSM towards UMTS to reduce costs & risks of UMTS implementation 1997. 6: Enhanced IMS support. 7: Enhanced antenna concepts & data rates: MIMO. 4: “ATM”-CN. Half Rate speech. PoC)..5G 4G UMTS GSM Phase 2+ HSCSD.GSM & UMTS Evolution 2G 2. 5: IP Multimedia Subsystem IMS.6 kbps 1990/91 1994 PS Domain Supplementary New Services Services IN-applications HR speech EFR & AMR … Annual Release ´96 1997 ´97 1998 ´98 1999 ´99 1999/2000 2001 2002 2005 2006/ 07 2010 – 15 ? ´99 R4 WCDMA UTRAN VHE … ATM CN LCRTDD IMS HSDPA IP UTRAN … HSUPA new services e.99: GSM Phase 2+ Annual Releases ’96. Bearer.2 . MExE. HSDPA for enhanced data rates. enhanced data rates: HSUPA & WLAN Integration. PoC.. ’98 & ’99: PS Core Network (GPRS). ’97. CAMEL. 2010–15?: 4G Pure IP Core Network and Radio Access Network Chap. new Services (MBMS. 01: Introduction: Radio Interface Evolution TC1102: HSDPA & HSUPA. MBMS … MIMO WLAN Integration … R5 R6 R7 2 Milestones of the GSM & UMTS Evolution: 1990/91: GSM Phase 1 (GSM900/1800) with Tele-. 7. MMS.. LCR-TDD Mode 2002/03: UMTS Rel.

4: LCR-TDD Mode: up to 2 Mbps 2003: UMTS Rel.2 kbit/s EDGE: < 473. a permanent evolution of the capabilities of the radio interface is necessary. 200 Mpbs & more for Indoor Coverage Chap.6 kbps 1997.68 Mcps TDD mode 2010-15?: 4G Radio Access Network for data rates up to 2 Mbps for Large Area Coverage & High Mobility. GPRS (PS data up to 171.6 kbit/s 200 kHz band GSM-R. 01: Introduction: Radio Interface Evolution TC1102: HSDPA & HSUPA. 7: enhanced WLAN Integration. MIMO (enhanced antenna concepts for HSDPA: up to 30 Mbps). WLAN Integration: PS data up to 54 Mbps 2006/07: UMTS Rel.6 (115) kbps Phase 2 Phase 1 Data: 0.5G 3G 3.3 . Therefore.6 kbps) 1999/2000: UMTS Rel.3 – 9.6 kbps GSM1900 GPRS: < 171.99: GSM Phase 2+ Annual Releases ’96. The radio resources are very limited. Larger bandwidth and especially higher resource efficiency have been and are the target of this GSM & UMTS radio interface evolution.7 Mbps. 7.2) kbps.3 – 9. ’98 & ’99: HSCSD (CS data up to 57. GSM450/480 Annual Release ´96 1990/91 1994 1997 ´97 1998 ´98 1999 ´99 1999/2000 2001 2002 2004 2006/ 07 2010 – 15 ? ´99 HSDPA 14 Mbps UMTS 850/ 1700 HSUPA (EUDCH) 5 Mbps 2 Mbps for Macro Cells WCDMA 2 Mbps 5 MHz band TD-SCDMA 2 Mbps 1.6 MHz band UMTS1800/1900 R5 R4 R6 200 Mbps MIMO for Indoor 30 Mbps WLAN Integration 54 Mbps R7 3 Radio Interface Evolution: From 2G to 4G Services with higher data rates are demanding for more capacity.6 (115. 5: HSDPA: up to 14 Mbps 2004: UMTS Rel. Version E003 01 .2 kbps) & EDGE (E-GPRS: PS data up to 473.Radio Interface Evolution: From 2G to 4G 2G 2. GSM850/700. ’99: WCDMA Air Interface (FDD & HCR-TDD Mode: up to 2 Mbps) 2002: UMTS Rel.6 kbps 200 kHz band GSM900/1800 Data: 0. 6: HSUPA (EUDCH): up to 5. ’97.5G 4G UMTS GSM Phase 2+ HSCSD: < 57. Milestones of the GSM & UMTS Radio Interface Evolution: 1990/91: GSM Phase 1 (GSM900/1800) CS data up to 9.