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CATALOGUE
OF

GREEK VERBS.
FOR THE USE OF COLLEGES

By

E. a.

SOPHOCLES,

A. M.

HARTFORD
H.
1844.

:

HUNTINGTON

in the Clerk's Office of the District ^' Cf . Sophocles.-^ CAMBRIDGE: METCALF AND COMPANy PRI?rTERS TO THE UNIVERSITT. in the year 1844."\ !"» '» .1 . Court of the District of Massachusetts. A.• -t' 5T P Entered according to Act of Congress. by E. JH .

1819. Gaisford's. Anacreon. Fragments. Andocides. Dobson's. Dionysius Halicarnasseus. Novum Testamentum. variorum. ApoUonius 1810. Lucianus. Xenophon. Orphica. Bekker's. Linden's. 1825. Gaisford's. Dobson's (Reisk. Leipzig. Brunck's . Homeric Hymns. Tyrtaeus. Diogenes Laertius. Fischer's. Gaisford's. also Bergk's Lycurgus. Dobson's (Reisk. Alcaeus. Dobson's (Stephan. Theophrasti 1816. Plutarchus. generally Dindorf 's. generally. Simonides. Palaephatus. § . Buhle's. Blomfield's. Aristophanes. Dobson's. (Reference to Brunck's Analecta. Schneider's. Herodotus. Wyttembach's (Moralia). Leipzig. Ctesias. Leipzig. 1827. ' Theognis. Gaisford's.). 7'^ e TO. Moschus. Bekker's Anecdota Graeca. HephsBstion. Dindorf 's.) Longinus. Schweighseuser's. Melhorn's. Isocrates.PA33:? MAj^j WORKS REFERRED iElianus. Euripides. 1815. Lysias. Dindorf 's. Pindarus. 1665.). Alcidamas. Gaisford's. Schweighaeuser's. 1789. Characteres. Dobson's (Reisk. and Coray's (Vitae). Herodes Atticus. Aristoteles.) 1826.). Hesiodus. Archilochus. Dobson's (Reisk. Hippocrates. Nicander. Donaldson's. 1841. Thucydides. Palatini Codicis. Goettling's. Schneidewin's. Callimachus. 1827. Sophocles.). Leipzig. Brunck's.). 1835. Antiphon. Plato. 1831. ^schylus. Aratus.). Phocylides. Dobson's (Reisk). Dinarchus. Gaisford's. Septuaginta Interpretes. Demosthenes. Dobson's (Reisk. Theocritus. Oppianus. Ast's. London. 1834. Odyssea. Rhodius. Demades. Pythagoras.). Hermann's. Dindorf 's. Isaeus. Arnold's. ^schines. Dobson's (Reisk. . Anthologia Grseca. Naumachius. Bion. Athenaeus.) Sappho. Dobson's (Reisk. Gaisford's. Dobson's (Slephan. Panyasis. 1834. Ilias. 1825. 1825. Neue's.

1695. Greek Grammar. 1605.WORKS CONSULTED. Thiersch's Greek Grammar. Eustathius. Richardon's Dictionary. Putchius's. Etymologicum Magnum. >j:>jsi«i! J iHiy. \ Buttmann's Greek Lexilogus. Anecdota Grseca. . Villoison's Corinthius. Schasfer's. Etymologicum. Thomas Vossii Magister. 1781.in^t '•*'. Boeckh's Corpus Inscriptionum Hesychius. 'Ai' . ^ Moeris. Numorum Vete- Sextus Empiricus. -. Ellendt's Lexicon to Sophocles. Clemens Alexandrinus. 1807. Romee. rum. Eckhel's Doctrina Stephens's Thesaurus. 4to. Poller's. Priscianus. A Carmichael's Greek Verbs. Grammar and Phrynichus. 1542-1550. Suidas. Matthias's Greek Dialects. 1825. Budeei Commentarii Linguae Grsecse. Maittaire's Greecarura. Gruter's Corpus Inscriptionum. Gregorius 1811. Rose's Inscriptiones GrsecGB. Webster's Dictionary. Dawe's Miscellanea Critica. 1548.

the same as the Roman F. § 1. Most of the digammated words contained in the following list are to be found in Hesychius. alphabet. 167) has ^Hidda. for 'OiXioida. . 20) conit equivalent to the diphthong 02* or the Latin V. ^aadevg. AASl. that also the following. Pindar (Olym. aTQunmijg. 110) represents it by the the reading be genuine). man] which seems to than the Teutonic wer^ and Latin vir. hence its name digamma (dig. nally FtAsi. in the time of Dionysius. 'O'iXivg supposed further that the proper name was origi- If so. 3. aFaSI.aa^axroi. that 6 dyog. that is. which is nothing more than Vav or Vau (•)). Antiq. as in moon. Dionysius the Halicarnassian (Roman. ya^^a). I. Latin vcb^ English wo or woe. and y had the Romaic sound. arri. «F«Ta (uu-).1' 3). Pyth.?. 53. xXaafia. or the Latin V as the Romans pronounced it and that. yu- a/w fctyoj* pdyog. to ayogr is. Herodotus in diphthong 01 (if in the Scythian be nothing more It is one instance (4. also below 3.— REMARKS COMMUTATION OF CERTAIN LETTERS. of the son of Oileus. probably because in their time /5 was pronounced like v. See is. may suppose then that F had the sound of the English W. He states that oloq language means avr^Q. original theme aduTOL. that is. siders We . xlda/xa ocqtov. Compare the exclamation oval. Compare avaxa. The DiGAMMA was the sixth letter of the old Greek In most of the ancient inscriptions it is represented by F. for the common Find. Its real name is Bav. or English oo. was changed into O. F Hesychius and other glossarists represent it by B or r. two capital gammas united. See Ktog. (§ ayvvfiL F^rSl' — ^dyog. the diphthong ov was sounded like French OM. 9. the corresponding letter of the Oriental alphabet. 42. a§Xa^ug. 2. that is.

Plut. EJTJl. for {iadvai) from ladcfii' yoldrjfii. in the Orchomenian inscription. ixavov. gaudium. Compare Latin vagus^ vagor. iUQ. xoiUa. vagabond. The Elean inscription has fsnog for snog. » hXlaaa. lad(XBV(XL — dom. JT^Q' y^(*Qt i'ocQ' Compare Latin vcr. dsidco — — FA2THP' Compare German Wanst. German schwach. fiaxgdv ^sxoog. sxovaa. German ' . the same as the Latin ynaxriQ venter. Hal. Antiq. English — Jr'^EIJl' ^diXlcov. j^a/^jstv * yadso). Doric eixaii pcrxaxt* ^sIhutl. wisoida. sl^ixi. rfdovrjv. 1. — ^A/iSL' /Sddofiai. imperat. wain. English avtt^ avdavta — — pavwl. slnov. fed. td-j^ia. — sl'xo). ayanoj yadsdav. Compare Latin voco. uxQ^ia' yi^ai. Rom. sXi^. English wallow. ' also the preceding. dv7]Q FavTjQ. English wit. 693. ytvfia. analogous to 8&M p«Tta from sTog. See ahg ^ttXig yuXi. Rom. vwxfXrj. The Orchomenian inscription has fixan. uXifo. wot. diovg ^diovan dQifAVisgov yaXrjgl) p€a^. xmgrjaaL. Compare the Latin viginti. volumen. ^dmv TQSfioov' rj ' waist. sl'xoai. Antiq. . 1. weich. x<^Qlaaa&aL ' * do^a (doxacc) from doxsco {/tOKJl). ytj&tM. 20. si'xoai. yield. fjaxgo&ev. after the analogy of aa^a from adio. ^'^sa^at formed from fAJSl after the analogy of . Dionys. yddsa&aL. nected with — — pc5w yeofia. sXlaaco with kXiaaot)' ysXl^uL. dsldai is ds- dievaif TQSfjieLv 7] (Sdelv. ' veho. avved^aai. Dionys. welter. sldivaL.f«^« * yad slv ydaaav. wagon. fodder. snlata^aL. that is. Latin gaudeo. TjQ id(a «p«ft}' e^aaov. or — — — p£x(w>'* ' yexa&d. from sXlaoco yiXovjQov Compare Latin volvo (the original tXoviQov. see uXoi. Compare yulm. food. give way — pftxw* — (SsixrjXd. English voice. that is. form of EATSi). to eat — — ETA SI or I/lJl ^EI/lfL or p/J ff yiadfisvai. ^j&tj. vagabundus."Z REMARKS. Eaoov. p5i9^W ^saov. ^dvXXsLV. p€xa?* ^slxag. yavqog. It seems then that contov '^ (Compare Arist. Compare English zoeak. Wo). ysvTsg. English feed. wise. Compare Saxon fed-an. English gay. from Compare Latin video. vno ^dsco. 20. from EJTfL. Hal. sxdg EinSl excav walzen. EnSL VEinSL or fEHJl' yinov. aor. vox {oifj). e&og' yn&la. . p£:y/J2* ysXlxr]. connected siX(o.

The form d^sX-tog seems toTontain the eleor rather diXiog. see below (§ 7). FsAxft). vellico. vetustus. that is to* yw. i'oag^ axsdov yiayov. Antiq. ' 'EJI. Compare olnog foixogt Diony^. is found in an ancient The form inscription (Rose's Inscript. ivdv^a' yififiaTa. Hal. ' for I'Aeto * for kXov. for ma.COMMUTATION OP CERTAIN LETTERS. iviavxog' yixogi. OToXrj ' yrjfia. — fEJl ' ytvvov. see EIUJl. ad II. veltrni (?) English vest. Ifidna' ysoTia. Compare English work {i'oQyu). that is. monument has Compare the English help EASly see dla. diXiov. The Etymologi- has ^iaxov or ^ixxov. tab. Compare Latin vetus. The compound ptaoTsAtav. Apollo. 103. cum Magnum Compare EnSl. olvog. ^iXa. dnoXet' ^sggTjgf dganhrjg' ^sggsvsi. dgotnBxsvsi. IlEAnTJ. xd&i^s. ments of UnsXXoiv commonly l4. of him fov ylo. godov fgonaXov ^gdxaXov. dgansxrjg /Ssgrjdsvst. The Potidean iXnlg. '^Xiodvala. Putsch. For the commutation of gonaXov 71 and X. OV. to take evvvfiL — ^EAfl yivxo. ' riXiog — ^riXiog' ysXav. sgQO) fsgga) OV f'EPJl' /Sag g si. According to Eustathius d(SiXiov. Graec. work fEPrSl' ya^sgyog. 10. aal See also Priscian (p. Exog ysxog. svdvaig' yeoTQU. avxov. IViaiogn ds pov ^(xi86g. rlXiog. yivvov. for iaoxiXsiav. tqyov fiia^arog. -^Xko&i^' xal avyi^ Also tjXIoV ysXodvxia. yiayov implies that i'aog was originally fiafog. scription has — F«TO$" see I'^w. tXXai. avyr)V asxai /SsXXdaBxai. The Elean inscription has fagyov. I'Axw 3 pare Latin I'jLtjcj — VeJSI — fsXnfo' ystig. the Pamphylians said ^ a^ iXiog for 7]Xiog. Ifidjiov. Rom. olrog ^oivog' yolvog. The Elean inF«Tca. — ' — — — ' — — — . German Werk. to seat '^d^og-. dganextvsi. EPrSl. 20. aol. Com- vello. 546. aorist infinitive. riXiov. eavrm. laog f^iaog' ^iojg. Compare Latin vinum^ English wine. that is. that is ' ysXXuL. txei. 2. 1. Iv. ^godov' ^goduygoda. the Latin vicus. — ^ESl' yil&QOV. the Orchomenian ^sxlu. ? 'EASL. 192). kXni8\ for the . (ad Odys. ifiditov. Idlay. that is. tgyov. 45). — — ' the Catalogue.). Latin vestis {ia&rig). aw ylv. For^'AniXXav.ro>lAa)v. English pull. common iXnlda. see Eustath. i'acv. The Etymologi<Jum Magnum has See also sggm in ^sgrjg.

E. sp." says Thiersch (Greek Gram. Pris- cian. lieutenant. g). originally (2>^Fj1. wig. tti'^o) corresponding vowel. vsvqov. both In a few instances from laxrjfih in the same glossary. twin. 1. before a vowel. English dew. vesta. "In a later age. It is' believed by many that the diphthongs av. m^eo.fui/ (originally ttf. UvQoq. TiXsvfKov. In all other cases. so-lvo. river. v. sv. like V. saiia. § 16).g. tjv. 3. (Pris- name JrjfiocpdFwv for Ai]fio(pd(av cian. volutus. EQva). from faveo. p. a)AJl. Latin se-rvo : Xv(a. digamma was changed into Hal. twice. monui. '^PTJl. Antiq. ^yio^ai. so that the . volvo. Tjcp. 1. &/C. eev. 1. or «(jD. remark further. Latin vespera. that the Romaic diphthongs av. English hlow. it is attenuated. livtenant. liftenant. the § 9. navy from : or Icevis (smooth).4 REMARKS. a liquid {I. Compare the Pamphylian cpd^og also the proper for qxiog (Eustath. or a middle mute (/?. * 'lozmq. 192). We i(p. »^p. So auceps. from IJJl (flJIl). nerve. from avis. g. navis. ni(favaz(a. 546). levis vavg. " the original pronunciation of ev and av returned universally. sv. /. w). d). p. by the attenuation of p. g. English two. E. nvBVfiwv. fautor.^t. twain. 'Msvrj. we^eo. for fslEVT]. periwig. levtenant. Saxott hlowan. ^fivo). XsLog. laxovgyol' yioTiSy navaofiai. becomes (ATrJl). from ayco (F«/(w) 2. pronounced lutenant. Latin «M^eo. peruke. Latin <^m<?. its ^ 3. arose out of ap. Also yiatiai. Dionys. ev. from moneo . On the other hand. w) T {U. E..V) becomes ^laxvv or yiaxvv. nervus. f seems to take the place of h {' ). v in these diphthongs is a consonant. rivus. are pronounced essentially like av. 20. rjv. dvo. EATft. Rom. QBO). fi. Putsch. duellum. 7tv8(o. y. The digamma f has T for by which we mean that when p (v. kansQa. 546. in Hesychius. for monvi (rnonevi). Qsvfia. or 00 y as in moon). 2. Thus to. That is. ad Odys. capio . 10. In many words h('). T (U) may be hardened into its corresponding consonant p (v.

537. that u (as in hull) has to w (v. navQog." According to this hypothesis. of the future. 266. COMMUTATION OF CERTAIN LETTERS. Athenians in particular. which clearly shows that av in this word is not a diphthong In course of time. p). ev. i. ^spw. So that i has the same relation to j. were originally pronounced ap. avdrav. This is 1* . 6 sounds eu and au disappeared from the speech of the modern Greeks. as avw from avw. and Tjp after the manner of their forefathers. »jp. 'laxlaiav. na- Latin divus). -iw. 5. were in comconversation often pronounced by synizesis nearly like -yo.F> respectively . II. 2. Zsvg. that they spelled as they pronounced. rjv. noXyog. as the vowel v took the place of its less civilized colleague p. denied by Buttmann. g. have every reason to believe that in many words (not in the syllables which are represented by av. sp. a^aiuv. ev. In a few instances. Zsfg (compare Pindar is avaiav — — 4. "Joxyaiav. In fact. not even excepting contracted words. ^ p^ov. and their ears more delicate.. never troubled themselves about refinements. not a creticus (-«-). dsvco. Perhaps the Greek t when followed by a vowel was often hardened still we cannot suppose that it had the power of an . cp. not as satisfactory as it might be . and the (§ 1). 811. bv from ev. TtoXiog. Odys. for avog. 'inlBV from BTtUo. v The mass of the people however the uneducated. the educated in general. Fgog.. Odys. the Greeks unanimously^ and probably on the same day. as the Greeks became more civilized. were pronounced «F. It may be remarked here that i (as in machine) when hardened becomes y as in yau (Italian j). softened ap and cp into av and «i. ordinary consonent. and continued to pronounce ap. Then. riya. in were pronounced vafg. adopted the ante-Homeric pronunciation of these diphthongs. This hypothesis is we propose the following. there was a time all) We when vavg. there was a time when au. Ugtvovo^ pronounced 'g^Qsvova'. 2. rjvdov. «p. Perhaps the endings mon § 4. an anapaest (u u -). E. II. 94. Thus. a^og. E. -lov^ai. of course who are always averse to changes in language. and pronounced av like on in out^ and bv like eh'-oo (rapidly) we mean to say. p was changed into <p. g. But when the language began to decline. ^i/. -you-mai. r^ia. 14.

p. sit. and wad? commutation of d and X. Hal. For example. atX^vrj. — . acpeXag. Latin satur. Xduiog. Xa. s^AA A/iSL or AAESL (to be sated). Also aXig (paXtj). German. 2Veo — %^(a. . settle.^FeA. sedo. q>oXn6g. ^Y^AA — or allo(Aai. see Dionys. ^eXa. 38. Romaic a^aQvl^w {to drag). sedile. naXXta. (Sa/SiXiog. 2:Feik seat. Romaic ^dXtog {swamp. ballo. Rom. s&og. Ulysses . for the English 5«^e. compare ddxQvov. lacryma . avddva.b aq>s. English — — . II. puddle (?). {' ). ^AniXXtav ye'Xcc. (SsixrjXd. oi'ycj. yeXodviiix. acpeXag. weich. serpo. way). e^ofi. Latin suesco. marsh). See above (§ different 1). Latin palus. avQia. and vice versa. Latin ballistea. sell. Saxon. advg. German si'xoj {to yield. §a8vg. d^iXiog. Schwelle {threshold). 'odvaasvg. Gothic. English s2oeet. Latin. Latin socer. ^eXXdaeTai. see above (§ 2). Latin valgus 1 German % 5. apwt. English ball oalQO). it is more satisfactory to suppose that ^p£. TjXiog. German Schwelle.ai. ntjXog. 'eJI (to seat). w) was — — changed -2'p. when a is dropped. and other kindred languages began with 2f (sv. Italian suocero. English weak. I'q^oj. the augmentative prefixes da-. salio. 1. a(piv. Antiq. 776). aiXlvov (sXso&QenTov oe'Xivov. We may suppose that words which in the old language the theoretical parent of Greek. sill. ^^E/i Latin sedeo. saddle. afiv. tdvog. than that the labial p («. for REMARKS. pool. is often changed into h Sometimes both consonants disappear. give schwach. not unfrequently drop one of these consonants. ffpo*?. 'OXvauEvg (Eustath. solum (?). I'^w. 289. set. soil (?).). This hypothesis seems to be necessary because it is easier to believe that ^ or p is in certain instances dropped. 1. German Schwdher. p. afs. oq:oji. i^dance). with the preceding. from the preceding h'Xog {F^Xog). than that a labial is changed into ^. dsXiog. J gives 'A/JJI. Connected i&L^w. Oifog. aiX^a. sido. sgnoj. errOy ^fAP — :sVat sa^25. Wog.daovg. havQog {^BnvQog). Rom.4 into 5. — sVekTP — S^EA — sol. aaTivT]. sw). aiXag. Italian suocero. 1. English For i'Xog. 2. English. Italian Latin verro. ^aXU^oj. commonly Latin ^AnoXXwv. sella. 20. Latin suavis (and perhaps suadeo). sedes.7C jTPO^ (German Schwaher) became Greek fsavgog (now written sxvQog)^ Latin socer.

xdnxoif aqnri. Latin sus. vdbiQ. . qriywiii. vellico. and therefore more satisfactory than the latter. (provincial). cycnus or cygnus. 2Ftf GifVQov.). Cneius xvxvog. 673. KNOEJl. the modified form is more common than the original. SI. KfAPn or kVaII — xaQTiaXlfi(ag. FNOEJl. send. sow. For the omission of v after x. Xfjfii via.iXf^. Saxon cnawan. p. Ino^av. twain. ^ or f/lxcD. Syw^i. agyid^coy atpij. sweat. English *FPAr — Vat dva. Wasen Buttmann's Lexilog. fisXavog. 2^T/I Phrygian /Ssdv {water). twice. as to whether the fuller form was the parent of the two others. 'PAFJI. fieXaiva. break. English know. generally speaking. sino (?). sero. ry'alog. 15q6{o. xd^mta. coming. vellum). English ?^>a^e7*. for ugi^vri (Priscian. d'xoai. Compare — German Rasen. sVeJK — iXqm (to 546. suivre. dig. Kvmaog . {bobxov). 5. or whether it was only the form which one took in its transition to the other. Latin nosco. ire. Wrasen (Hessian). ianov (sasTiov). yiXlai. Latin frango^ English tcreck. English ti€o. Latin wc//o.taxov (ESl)j 2W1 — seguire. viginti. Italian seek. 2:ETfL. Latin sequor. KNO gives FNOSl. German brechen. tJfii. venio. Alex. voim. xvaqitvg' yvdfiJiKO. xovveo). twin. all implying going. ^p£/7 s7i(o. Latin eo. . trc^. § 69). English pull. Clem. English way. For the commutation of x and y before v. Latin genu. Latin 2WeX — 'EXSl. p. sulcus (oXxog). yovv. went (wend). bellum (dvellum. English swine. rag. . twenty. ptxaxt or ^elxuTi.COMMUTATION OP CERTAIN LETTERS." think the former hypothesis is simpler. xvdfimto ' — — I^cjoog. compare xvdfinrto. Latin sura? ISl. that it is impossible to avoid conand the only wonder is sidering it to be a dialectic variety how two letters [(j. ' xvicpag. Xbt. Latin duellum. yvocpog. Romaic ov-yvfcpov {vi(pog) JpO or T^ O — dvo. bis (dvis. " The Epic word xeXuLvog" says Buttmann (Lexil. compare yvacpivg. knee . Latin sudo. 7 sVeJA — English French join) FsLQtivu S^EP — Putsch. . ^pr — — — 2. We The following roots contain both consonants . vis). avg. vg. § 69. T'NO or xosto. or their causatives. " exhibits in sound so evident a connexion with the common word fisXag. «] which appear to have so little affinity could change from one to the other Most cases of this kind may be explained by supposing that in the old language there existed a form containing both letters and i leave the inquiry still open for particular cases.

ward. vno. wary. Hebrew xaxaX. aisvd^ai. English salt. vox {oip). xov» . ^vrjaxa (OANJl). REMARKS. Latin sagitta. 110). Latin voco. English sweep. KFOP — ogam. acpv^ai. salum. similar : vXri. -ovgog {xtjn-ovgog). pello. ivsnw or ivvenoj. fiilavog. riiiv-. : XduM. ewer scatter (1). septem. capio. super^ sub. seven. con-. German all 2KVon — (')• implying ^ownw^. axcog {anaxog). xalvm. it may 0L(pavlaai. guard. Latin seize). carp. battle (?). sex. ofiogy ofioiog. xrjXov. oxolog. Xnnog. supinus.if£w. 2 seems to be changed into A E. a-ware. or HTUva. aotvog. XifindvM. sylva. Scythian natd (Herod. (jlHulvu. vmiog. 1 (^Feh). See §§ 2 5. spatter {!). > The Heraclean tables have 7]p. lupus Ttolog. In the sense of nQvipai. ovgog (toatcher). same. &f}QSvaai. linquo. the sounds changed into each other. q) and n are ElllSt or EnJl{FEnSl). ^vvog. English voice. xsddvvv^i. (paytiv. similis. Latin ccBdo. vTisg. eno^ai. K (k. See also KTEN — 7). niuv. novj Ionic xolog. c. : liqui. xskaivog. sfiagmoVf Bfianov. K2AA or 2KAA — adlov. nardaow. somnus. communis. 4. all implying sight. avv.iovg. semis. (Saxon huer). seek. English Saxon hrepan. sequor. below (§ 2KE/1 — aaeddvvv^L. . re-gard. dcpavlaai.g. Not unfrequently. &elva. shoot. English cut. he-ware . be connected with the English wrap. -xogog (overseer). aXg. English care. look after). dvaXwaai. batter (?). rapio. six : kmd. repan.^«tw. Latin inquam. Romaic fieXavog* KTAN Latin cum. (iXag.8 ttTTTw. equus : xeXXta. schossen . vnvog. warn. yiatacpayuvy tw aio^axi kluvoai. This root modified gives (idgntb). nqvipm. shot. . In Hesychius ^Qaipai means avXXa^slv. ^ G. In many instances. rapax. -agog {nvX-agog). t|. rap (to carpo. xvaaao). English shed (Saxon seed). Xvnog. Latin sal. cudo. KMEAAIS — (liXag. ^ 7. Latin scopes. English common.) aXfit). v-nvaaaa ? onoiog. xogm {to see. EUM. {^dXaaacc. ^vXov. ^gdipm. Latin cura. K2TN or 2KTJS — ^vv.

Latin herus xvoar. another form of nivTs. P« (g). TtlavQtg. English wasp. roaog. heart. tvids. tantus. canis. . ace. he. twos) that this pronoun was DEMONSTRATIVE in its character and that it represented all . English she. g. se. English cook^ cake. German wie. core. E. {§ 4). w) may be changed into h and (m. to lean. ^). aog. cornu. we obtain forms of which the element is a labial (p. thus. fov {ol). hollow xoX(ov6g. acpTjya. rot. jtsocQj cor. she.'v. We may now suppose that the old language had but one pronoun. xXivb}. dsvQo. § 8. tuus (§ 3). . omlkog or omlXXog. rsTTocQfg. this. rsog. E. persons. German aq)6g. E. § O. clino. cocus. By dropping the first letter. Latin sepes. kxarov. spoil. p/ (7). cordis. OnSl {to Ttf/^TTc. tv. v. acfwi. hence English columna. K is changed into h ('). x(X(jdia. Italian cucina. L This pronoun modified gives of which the element is a lingual followed by a labial (p. spolium. so (Saxon swa). dessen. dslva. Not unfrequently the sound and vice versd. Latin quinque. ovrog. English we. xolXog. av. the pronominal forms 8. coquo. German hund. p {v. hill. Latin sui (§ 3). tot. Latin oculus. TO^. das. die^ du. xfv&u (ktOJI). Latin vespa (by metathesis for svepa). 2. (t. tarn. Latin quatuor. then. rig. a(ps tu. thou. it stood for that. a. halm. Observe that softened into v. Tig. a(prj^. PRONOUNS. xvQwg. English that. English hound. Latin vos. hide. cflv (for aq>iv). ninxoy {llElISl). centum : xaXd^t]. all it. 1 collis.PRONOUNS. bake. dsvTs. w. See also ^ 4. the pronominal (p. xoXoivr}. W 8€fi). vester. oxTuXXog. amog. all suus (§ 3). culmus. q). xiQug. g. Italian voi. this. Pot (oi). arjitog. kitchen. Latin turn. rots. is. S. or a lingual w). horn. T^02 (tvos. thou. sic. g. trjvog. {' ). sepio : oxvXov. Voi (o?). that 1. ^). the. Saxon hydan. TETOQsgf Tsaaagfg. totus. talis. coquina. Saxon : hlinian.

oaog.. hwcether (whether. English me. E. id. quot. Latin ceterum. nos. both. ^. 2. that or that. IV (Fi'v). as form TfO:s became kF02 (qvos. ex-aaiog. German ich. which Greek interrogatives beginning with n. 3. L The are interrogative. hoi (why). xotsgov. Dutch waar (where) Latin ubi. uter. quam. hoo). . every. x) and that thus modified it produced Latin tunc. g. Either of the initial consonants times both disappear.) . 7it]fiog. norsgog. English strictly speaking. Saxon hu (how). either. 7ir}vlxa. English /. nrjXlxog. &c. . The pronominal is. English such. Kwos). iw. each (said of many). It is moreover the parent of ^6vog. Some- how. hwcenne (when). Not unfrequently the initial consonants disappear which case the origin of the form becomes very obscure. E. Greek iyw. which modified becomes I02. Its corresponding superlative all that. Latin me. quuter (xoteqov. German was (what). ins (fjM«)> Z"'^*' i^^^)' W^^?> vfiEig. not that but that. voji. qui. the comparative of the per- sonal pronoun its primary meaning is that. I'diog. mq. hwcBther). Tioaiog. here. her. L We suppose now that tJTo^ was strengthened by the addition of a palatal (x. hinc. in connexion s ("/) however with another that. adjective hsgog. hoc. &c. (lov (ifiov). . § 10. urivog (See also "§ 8. 2. xdlog. noXog. that and that. may be dropped. for quubi (hov). q. y. ibi. \ . Romaic fiovog. Also of oiog. . The modified form all produces the K02 becomes n02 (§ 7). whence the Epic Xa. or simply. who (pronounced without the w. The kx-disQog. Latin ego. single. og (relative). mine. wann (when). us. g. quum (cum). nov. whence the feminine fxla. E. hie. is each (said of two). REMARKS. or anvog (whence inEXvog) K02. alone. xotsqov). § 1 1. &c. Latin is. Gothic ik. E. alone. quotus. English he. tW. h). Boeotic Greek tw. 1. 4. other. g. Italian io. English it (Saxon hit). Also the nominative of the first person singular of the personal pronoun as.10 o. Saxon hwcBt {what). xov. This pronoun (tFO^) is also the parent of the numeral MI02. 3. which. one root thus strengthened gives also the comparative more than that. § 12. Saxon ic. Latin quus. in g. quis. noog. which produced all the pronominal forms beginning Observe that most of these forms with a PALATAL {it. voj. htccBr (where).

its primary meaning nal dsvTSQog that and that. -Toy. sti. naviog (?). Xsyovai (for Xsyovai). Trj/dog. didofis&a. or one and one. 2. noaog. ' after the analogy of Its pMmary meaning 3. afi^sg. The ordi- been 8VsrBQog. &c. . dlbofiai. therefore is so much. Vfislg. ntjXixog. . dofirjv. olog. -tai. -Tfjv.. nos. -fit {-v). xorfgov. See 9. -fiTjv. jvids. xocpga. tv. 1). devteoog. oaog. amamini. also 5o£(b. above (§ -01. hast. ovTog. which differs but little from the possessive fov). to/. xdiog. su-m). as. is the corresponding superlative dBviarog. -vol. sisgog. acpiiegog. 2— /f Toaog. is is its dvo or is dvea. eyeategog. dsvis. as iaal. nolog. Xaog (Vioog). as dlda^ii. originally ptao^or ptapo? is) (§ 1). olog. noarog. two. -vtai. dvo. (xvriao. or of oaog from og. A table containing the principal modifications and derivatives of the theoretical demonstrative TpO-2'. ixu. -aai. demsgog (§ 3). sdidtav. trjvlxa. /. delvoc. se. English has. Tig. sag. acps. idtLatin dicam. last.PRONOUNS. -aav. fAOvog. Thus. Xva. t«?. above (§ 9. -ftni. The ocpga. me. ® voii. aviog. og. i'diog. le. vfxfxeg. Latin unus English an or a. dsvtUTog. fioL. dldofisv. -vn. dicimus. r^vixa. t). -g. dlda- ai. v(6. acpog. Latin are connected with av. s(paaav^ fiiLatin amas. irjvog. evog (root ev-). -mur. its original form must have by metathesis Se^TEgog. -mus. M (n) — \^ ) — av. aog. is The adjective I'ffo?. nrjfiog. -s. -It (-^l). one (pronounced wun. English -m (only in am. oXog (?). nrj- vlxa. (fiovog). sq)r]a&a. (ag. TO. teog. Latin -m. § 13. xrjvog. aaaoc or «tt«. xov. devgo. Totog. ments of pronouns. noxtgog. 8lg. ov. 102. -fisS^a. acpco. acpus. nag gen. amamur. are connected with ^s. sig. doioj. Slc. The numeral German zwei. fii. -mini. did(ag. -ada.C. noaialog. 1. vwi. s. &. a(f)i («//£'). i'v {Fiv). Latin duo. amavisti. m. Latin . acpuL. TrjXixog. uXXog (?). comparative . fiov. aqtug. -vioav. English -5. fiia. sya. T— T02.. &lc. 0. xslvog. smis. ivvvog. -vto. Xsysa&s. It is also 11 the parent of slg^ gen. rifxog. -Ts. filv (vlv). K — K02. exHvog. n — n02. u-n'i. English nothing but the dual of TpO^. -fjiBv. rifiug. See didoaai. -st. tlv. Latin Toaog from TO^. formed from p/ or p/^ ("/. verbal terminations are nothing but modified frag2. — ^Uxog. aq)l ((jPtV). Exaaiog. 2).

g). mstead of the reduplication which is nothing more than the syllabic Xayxdvca. Op. dsldifisv. 119. . this. Xi/s- tv. aog from suus. augment e lengthened. &c. i^Xdairixa. XiyovxL. Thesm. Latin amat. why aq)iaiv used for vfuv 10. eavzovg for rjfxac avtovg or vfiag avvovg. fit from fiiv. Xsysis. MNJSl is the only Greek verb beginning with (XV. yXixpo). Observe that the second consonant is a liquid (A. to fear. slgs&'riv. dslyvvfii. ixXtjiafiai. c in the reduplication in the following verbs. (if'fiVTjfxai. dsido) {/lETSl). eVXrjx^^y ^IXrjyfiai. sxXrjiafxtjv. from we. amant. Te'x^oqpa. fivTjfiovtv(o. to collect. English -th (-^). beginning with' a liquid. avviigocpa. XeyovKav. Phaedo. Xafi^dva. Eq. Also aor. Arist. dddsyfiai. . idsidifisv. AUGMENT. /SXaaTavo). (Ss^Xdairjxa. xuTayXtoTxl^M. tUf English tov. Properly speaking. 364). § 1 6. is fs from se and she. English asketh. § into 15. L both with the rough breathing. amantur. fee. as sail. cpdd^i. ^PEfL. sigrjita. poi (ol) from ic from voi. tgiqxa. It rifiEig See above (§9. dsidexcciai. yEyXv(j. dsidvla. -niur. &lc. didotoci. si'XTjfifiat. The ei Epic dialect lengthens deldoma. (xsigofinL. . ^14. (I') is easy now to see why acpML differs so little from from iifxEig. acpiag for vfiag (Herod. -rov from as (II. . 3.12 't. uXoxoc. syXvfiixai. further. &c. tllsyfiuL. 1). si'grjfiai. . sometimes they take the usual reduplication of the perfect. xXfjiCu). REMARKS. dfidi'%aTO. f'lxvrjfiovsvxa. take . 71). -nt. hie. v. siXrjcpa. dsidexro. 2). ifisfivrjfjrjv. Xsyca. 131. stfidQfirjv.. say. 352. are connected with tO^. dmxsTov for dKanhriv (U. and sometimes only s. 10. The following verbs are not uniform in the augment of the perfect that is. dim. acpcos. following verbs. ng^oofxai. 3. Xtyoviaiy iXsyovto. &c. 'triv. 398). nQ7}&7}v. * fAifivriGnw. xaT(yX(6iTiafiai. acphsgov for vfihegov (lies. 'tis. HfiuQfiaL. fKfivr'faofiai. pass. The «t ''' ^. Plat.(iai. xsxXrjiofiaL. amatis.^.

. not unlike egQtjya. eQ^wya from the^ theme 'PHTSl. In the Epic dialect. i^ovX^&Tjv. ensipvov. the pluper- (li fect active perf. i^ovXo^tjv. xBKTi^aofiai. . ani]Xavov. ri^ovXiqdriv. (compare xsxTrjfiai) and by changing the first a into the rough breathing (§ 6). imriao^ai. iniipQadgov. dvvttfxoci. the reduplication the pluperfect. tuTua. caxTjxa. perfect EaTfjv. t]^ovX6(j. tfieXXtjaa. and nemrjxa. iairi^uv or uottihuv. . the second aorist active and: middle of the following verbs takes the reduplication of the perfect. 2'TJJl. nsnxmg. TiinjTjxa.r}v. Dem. ^19. mTnojyca. pluperf. nsmeug and Ttsnjrjojg nsnjtjxa is further changed into nenjcuxa. The rj. 217. ixaQtivonovv now edited nagsvouow. after the analogy of other If this were the case. nsniafiai. rfdvv^&ijv. caTctxa. EfiEXXov. Thuc. ^soTfjxa This apparent anomaly is explained as follows. 18 The following verbs take the reduplication contrary to the general rule. nlmoa. verbs. perf. tctdofiui. may lengthen h into d. The augment of the perfect and pluperfect of I't/ii^(UTASL) takes the rough breathing.AUGMENT. 3. t^ ^ and hsTfAov pre. that is. nsmrjwg. nsnstaa^ni. idvvdfiTjv. xsxirjfiaiy syrrj^ai. naqavofim. It instead of the actual forms toTtjaa. Ttnnvvv^i. dnriXuvaa^ ^ovXofxai. unsXavaa. aniXavov. Ttsmrjmg. i^fxeXXtjaa. must not be supposed that the rough breathing of the is borrowed from the present. * jisXX(o. eorutiv. they follow the analogy of ^ i M 2 . ntnet-dog become nimi^xa. §20. they ' are formed from nETSl by metathesis . Observe that fix s to ixexXofitjv. tnzrjxoi. is The Ttstda) perfect nimafiai formed from nsnsiaficti (from by syncope. Burrjaa. e8uvi]&rjv. eairjv. § 1 8. rjfisXXov. nsmrjiog. As to nimoma. augment s into anoXavco.. rjdvvd^rjv. eoirixa. nsnjswg. thus. tarafini. nt^aaco. § 1 7. nsnsT-xa. we should have also aor. 67. following lengthen the syllabic contrary to the general rule. Further.

The following Poetic forms take the reduplication contrary to the analogy of verbs beginning with g. with the digamma after the first d' hence sdf^tiaa. was dF^iSa. aEiio. XXXaxov. Critic. nicpvov • Xd^o). Odys. gsXf^t sg^tov. didaxoV /tASL. 16. 168). Observe that. Xan^dva. the syllabic gdntot). vnodSslaocg. J vim to swim tvveov. didaov. iaavfirjv. TEiaycov ' TEMSl. REMARKS. xsxaixov xilofxai. the root begins with a liquid. after the analogy of verbs beginning with g. ^21. ginxdi. with the exception of dsidca and 2:ETIl. Tiegiddeiaa. igicpriv. XsXaxofifjV ' fis'(ianov. q)QU^(a. xhfxov and • hstfiov. XsXa&ov. xsxadoy. Anacr. frag. geglcp&ai. 7ii(pga8ov and ini(fga8ov. Eaasva. ' xdfivoi. TilVXOV^ TBTVXO^itjV. 6. iaaEv6[X't]v. TAFSl. leTagnofirjv xirQMaxbj. rhogov. p. iaavd^rjv. Odys. Xafi^dvot). XsXalSofATjv' Xdoxbi. xExad6}i7}v . gtgdniaiiai. Xayxdvfo. iuaeiovto. and ixsxXofiijv. ^ 33* The following Poetic forms double the initial consonant after the syllabic augment s. 0ENJI.14 daxvoa. nd&a. iXXa^ofirjv. Xiaaofiixi. eXXu^ov. Some Poetic forms do not double the g after the i. gfgv7i(afiivog. ganl^io. Find. nsgid^Eiaa. dfinsnaXoiv {nenaXojv). TltVaXOfXai. 59. § 22. tddstaa. ^dgnioi^ fjsfzagnov and ndXX(a. 281. aniaaova. necpLdofirjV. xixv&oV XayxdvWt ' Xnv&dvw. and snfcpvov. frag. xevdb). xfxagofiriv. MEIPIly J EfAfxogov. 379. TVTiTOi. rtJVTiov • (fsldo^ai. Qvnom. xsxXofirjv XiXcexov. 105. iXXiadfxtjv. nsnXrjyo^irjv. originally taav^ai. after the jEidia. vnodfeiaagy and finally. sgE^oii gljiim. dslda) {/JETJl). Efi^ogtx.fa/^w. avaaaslaaxE. sgiipa. 2ETII. TSQTKa. Dawes (Miscel. augment eganiov. according to . ninir&ov nX^aao).

placCy Biua. 14. Bifxoii. i&l^(o. 15 the disappearance of the digamma. hence 165). Further. idat. fl&ia&rjv. &c. 5 ?J? (for ^ sod si^g. BL&fjV. must have been origiThe o was lengthened into ov after the disnally S^io^drig. however. si&iafiai. Bl'aov.' AUGMENT. twv 5' aga dsiudvjbiv ix xsiQbiv i'muT egiTfta. d'd^iaa. as II. that dsl8(o and its derivatives. fUov. was originally ^^ETJl. and igmdatj which are often referred to this head. t'lnov. sXXxvaa. to With respect EnJl. We must therefore assume fJEISl (§ I). Bi&iHtt. (Xgnvaa. tlxov. bXixtjv. 203. BiXxvxa. Blgyda&Tjv. For Brjxnc. like vijXi^g for compounded of ^sog and /lEISl. Bvvv^i (EJI). the adjective i9^ sot. nhyfiai.C. Biad^tjv. slnofirjv. in Homer.. BiXxvafxaij elXxva&i]V. BiXofir^v. see ^ 26. BQTiv^M. § 34. &. neQiddsiaa. BioTid&ijv. bXxow. kXlaoci. eWxd^tjV. 11. As to the perfect dsldoixa. BixofirjV. See also § 5. BlX^a. Blaiiaxa. BXOJ. i'aavfiai. i'ddsiaa. 387. EPOMAI. but not always. nd&rjv. that the Greek. contrary to the general rule. enw. igyd^oficii. Bigyaafiat. 11. mvrai (suvTai). slXxio&rjv. . It is observed further. BiXkM^rjv. bXxo). Buxa. BlQya^6fit]V. egna. flfxai. or perhaps the digamma was attenuated appearance of F • into V {% 3). according to the same critic (Miscel. with the digamma . Bigyaadfjiijy. sa^Bvcif sa^VfiaL. BlaTioifiai. ElaoUy Bi'axa. 10. 'EAJI. fioTiaaa. ESI. vtjXsi]?). It is regular in the Attic dialect. and finally eaasva. also. Odys. make the preceding syllable long by position. Critic. after the dudifisv. Xrjfii (^ESl). It is well known. eIqtiov. it bqv(o. flXxo^rjv. vnodddaag initial consonant being doubled in order to make the preceding syllable long by position. they must have been formed disappearance of F* SETfL p. does not admit of the combination z/F {dw). Hippocr. as such. Blxa. BOTiaci). The following verbs lengthen « into h. will be observed that slnov. elh^a.

come from the lengthened form EtnSl ugo^irivy from the Ionic tlqa^ai tlgvooc. and dropping by F ^"d contracting se. &/C. senov. uXofiriv. from slgvo) the Ionic uQOiidm. cannot suppose that eanov comes from an assumed because a grammatical root without a vowel cannot be satisfactorily proved to exist. See also § 5. finally. «I/uttt. si^m&Tjv. snXs. ^'EvvvfAi has ^EfL for its theme. ''eXzoj was originally fsXno) (^ 1). And if we write (/ttw. soxov. syncopated sonov. a derivative of eAxw was Ffi^'tow* hence s^sXnoi&riv.. sF*Xo^Tjv. 'EJSI was originally ^EJSL {% 1). For the 2 aor. we assume 2EnfL. which see. &Lc. hence ffe&iaa. el&iaa. tX^vfiai. hence imperf. &c. and by dropping the digamma and contracting the initial syllables. The first of these forms would give sfsaaa. sotiov. hence F«F«iW«^ and finally fs^at. elXhvxci. hence E2tnov. augment.is the syllabic .c. if 'jfe'i^/^w is The augment of this verb will be we suppose that there was a time when a prolongation of £. F«Fe«x«. I 'jEacj. and finally. suXeto ' ntiofiai. easily its full accounted form was Fcaw or rather ptpaw (§ 1).. and hqojtuov. with the breathing of the present. then. intofitjv ' We see. The same remarks apply also We theme anca. therefore 'EXxom it derived from iXnog. ««. ' 'Ella a (a is connected with ul(a was ^iXiaabi' hence «F«^tl«. Haaa.16 REMARKS. It may possibly be connected with "EJl. of which the original form was ^EJl (§ 1). for. therefore its original form V^V^^^Y^oiiy &. see ^ 14. slXxoifiTjv. hence «F«^la> F«fsXuvTtot. «l'Ai|a. . exfxXo^rjv. ^sfsXxMixrjVf and finally siXHOj&r]v. hence cFt'toj'. tj/Qofirjv in tanov is TtsXo). after the anal"Enat. we virtually assume anica. &C. Tifcpvov * ' We ogy of 0ENJI. to sj^oo. and finally slXov. For the forms dgrjitoi. not an intercalation and that i. from elgvofiiu. was fsd^i^M. by dropping F and contracting es. el'fjtjfiocL. el'aaa. &c. iyELQw. Binov with assume fEHJl. and their dependent moods. see § 5. the breathing of the present. Effnov. to send.^g) • its original form therefore finally. that the a niXo^m. * And by dropping is F and contracting uXiy^m. 1 {^Veii). Bina. ei'^ixa. ' ' — ' and et(je&r)v. For hadfirjv. eiq^&tjv. F«F«i9-txa. eiX^a. ei^cjirjaa. see below. which cannot by any sound grammatical principle give 2 aor.

sadov k'^vdavov. with the breathing of the present. fe^eQ/aafiai. and finally sX&tjv. siatiaxa. its original form therefore 'Eqtiv^m is a prolongation of egna). ioXtjio. EinSlf sI'q(o. and finally. also § 5. by dropping p and contracting eg. smxsiv syllabic and temporal. edvdavov. Also ainoa. iovgrjoa. BeXaa. to place. eoXnce. leiadtfirjv. swXtibiv syllabic and temporal. 'Eajiaa « is . sps. As to erjya. The following verbs take the syllabic stead of the temporal. 1 (-2'p/). hence pc peart ax«. dg/a^ofitjVf slgyaisfiaif &^c. 1 (JSfEX). «Ea«. p«. and svadov.^ov. theme. 1 (^p£z/). avddvoj. to go. b^x^v. augment in- aXiaxofiai. We may assume fsgnoo as the original theme. "lr]fii. flXi. "Eqttoi). was fsQya^ofiai hence sfsQya^ofirjv. eovgrjaa. iogyfa. sogya. as in the preceding. ssinov. syncopated taxov. For the imperFor the Compare inm. stiXayoc. . si'xw. psax/a p€aTt«w. &c. 1. probably derived from iajla. k'axa. ieiXsop. hodixTjv. originally fEJl (% 1) See Bfsacc. XXno^ai. 17 h a prolongation of EPrsi. we may therefore assume &-C. sdqf&rj. hence sfsQnov. and i'ax(o. 'jEXJI. second aorist. with the and finally uatluaot.. i'sina. slaa.(a. idyrjv. originally perhaps p£J2 * hence «p8^i^y. ^c. isiadfXTjv.. ioXrjtai. and follows the same See bqtko below. ee'gfiTjv. a digammated . i'gdo) {EPrSl). evvvfii.AUGMENT. pgpsxa. ''Egyn^ofini. eayce. 2fAP). I'anov. as in igyn^o^m.. edda (sdda). ssX/xaif mXrjv. § S5. slgnov with the breathing of the present. segnov. &c. fect. 2:f%(o. be assumed. ovghif iovQEov. edlcov. syllabic and temporal. ayvv[ii. &C. silm. from'EJl. originally (Latin vesta) pfiffTtceora. analogy.lengthened into rj-). EI/IJl. 2* . BSQfiai. Uafxriv. to jotJi. rjeldsiv (g. put. tlfit. seat. icogyetv syllabic and temporal. slxa. "Ex (a was may slxov. they take the syllabic augment fn addition to the temporal. See above (^ 5. i'Xno). lavrai. soixa {sloix(6g). sS^xov. See also ^ 5.f(o rough breathing. See also § 5. la|«. hence 'eji.

REMARKS. e^^w. (ovtofiai. (iav&d~ By dropping one of the digammas. '^AnTbi. ewa^at. 2 aor. theme 2'p/) « ^'tcc.18 (o&t(o. rj^ieXXov). from cAnrw. from Xa^^dvm. liquid. originally fAFJl (§§ 1 : 5. Compare ewXisiv. edXooxa. Hence also p£/J2 (§5. 6siad^r]v. i'fifia&ov. hence Fa|«. and breathing of the present. ET/ISl or lAsi. *'Ayvvfiiy « theme ArSl. The Epic aorist svadov is sfFaSov. (oj^jyeiv. fcc. sadov. (p€poAr/x«t.ii]v. in order to preserve the quantity of the antepenult. was probably fsmta' hence pepotxa. The pluperfect imxeiv is formed directly from the perfect oha.2) . theme FeASL (§ 1). (§ 1). pe Ffxyoc. p£p«(5a. cpttAT/v hX^ai. '^AAOSl. originally perhaps p/i2 or hence ff^ioafitjv. theme 'AzISl. See ^3. after the disappearance of p. The Epic participle sioixwg was pffpo/xoi?. with the 'Avddvo). l'(ona. 'Allano^ai. i(6v7}fiai. idXrjv. doXriro. hence epcXffa (like (like sxsAaa). El (II. See also xavd^aig in the Catalogue. 1? ptov or 1? pta (like /if'AAw..v. originally fAAJl sFadov. and finally eoixa. fcc. say a. svadov with the smooth breathing. We cannot refer sdcp&tj to snofiai. original theme perhaps fA<PJl (§ 5. Ei'Xb). sptov or pi«. iHad(. (cp&dQijv)^ and 1. «'«|«. other into v. connected with ''EJSl {to take) we may therefore assume JTAylll. like sMvoxoeov from oivoxoio). edq)&rj. finally (p^siQw. FaJOJI hence . pfipceAwxa. and finally. 2. /J2. originally £p«ta«|U?. kFapJJ) hence sFacpd^r]. pfft) foXrjTOj) IxdQOfiai follow the analogy of /xs^ogi^Tai. like £XXal3ov. hence ssidsiv. iwa&rjv. icovtjadfirjv. finally. eada. hence with the explained as follows. and changing the v(o. &^C. pfp«A|M«f. because the change of s into « in the aorist passive does not seem to take place when « is not preceded or followed by a . 1. fAJJl. like 5fi5o<xw^ from 5s/(5(w. FetASL or fiJJl (§ 1). hence The Epic ^sldsiv was p€p«i5«ty. . icovijdrjv. theme 'AyllL. ' and finally sdkoiv. breathing of the present. . from xc'AXw. ffavoviAtjv. and follows the same analogy. Eojaa.t/f/io(>?jTo. and finally ^'tov or Observe further that in the Epic language the final vowel . El'xft) £t As is a prolongation of eUm (pcf Aw). See ^ 1 (^EJSL). like XiXomu from XflnM. r^eldsiv by lengthening the syllabic augment. (MOPESI). epwAcDy. &>c. The forms soXtjtui. lsA(j(X.

mvrmai. 2'F-EP). iogym. and EiQca. hence epwaa. ^Avolyta. stogaov. 3.. from d€Q}co^iai. 598 . and finally I'waw. . Compare ew- Ovgioy originally perhaps Fovgea. to join. And by lengthening i-. theme perhaps p^0J2.^a. perfect F^Vo&tiv. pfpot. Compare 1) ecoxeiv. um&Hv. with the breathing of the present hence peps <?/''?''» *'Eq8m. mgaxa also eogaxa. (§ 5. iwQysiv. Hippocr. See also Xrjfii. ico&sa commonly slm&siv. The (ovytxii). AUGMENT. introduced after the disappearance of p. and The temporal augment was probably finally c'wla. . 'flviofiai. avoiym e&(o. haa^rjv. avimyct. sFeo) . If we assume p7/0J2 (whence ^^o$). theme fEJl (§ and finally ssafxrjv. mvtai (or sovioci. p€ pwvi^^ttt. ogdo). sagafiai. and finally iavsofirjv. &c. iim&a. pluperfect sagyBiv is formed from the perfect (ogya) like iuXnsiv. tmxot. hence p«po^a. from d'x(o. like 8i8oQK(i and finally eolTiQc. e'wxw. originally hence e^smov. ta)xa. &c. olicioo. following take the syllabic augment in addition to the temporal. hence F^Fogya. avtrnxoi. oivoxoiio. F^Fovgtjxa iovgrjaoiy iovgtjxa. The pluperfect iaXnsiv analogy of sgda. II. ' ecJ^iaoi' from ogato. theme iio&a' P«.. § 26. «p«a«/iijv. ea&siv. §24. § 25). (eji). sfima. from cl'xw. theme fEinsl and fEHJl tsma. hence F«- "eXttco. simple verb oXyoa seems to be connected with give way.. ^-c. trina. &LC. 1. make room. . theme EPFSl. theme feXnoi) (§ 1) hence p« foXna. ' FepTJI The p« Fogysa x€t>'. *je^w. dz/C. The (§ to yield. 1. ^JZi^e'w. avmyfiai. pspwxa. avsca^a. the cw^a becomes analogous to tggwya from ^PlirSl (griyvvfn). eojxEov or axeov. hence epoi/piyaa. fEPJl . icavoxoEov or mvoxoEov. 19 as di- Einil and £nJl. may therefore as- We sume Foiyio 1). &c. tw&a commonly tlw&a. (^ 1). 4. of a preposition may not be dropped before this verb. tXxtx). hence «pof |of. comes directly from the perfect (oAzrw) after the kwQaov from "Evrvfii. I'Atico.^w (§§ 1 : 5. i'ogya. 1. originally perhaps Foivso^ai' hence «pwy«o/iT^v. (§ 1) finally ssmov. ocvs(ox&f)v. ogocto. another fact in favor of a inuiaafisvrj {Enifsiou^isvrj) gammated theme.

18. Soph. dxdxtjfxai. 794. 1.§ 9 8. 767. following verbs take the Attic reduplication. pluperfect lengthens the first syllable in r^xrixouv. theme perhaps foQam (§5. drj&ioata. oiwvl^ofiai. TigTiQUOfiriv. oitavi^ofirfV. fi^HVy jjSr]. oiaxoaTQOCpsWi oiaxooTQocpsov. 30 REMARKS. OlnEM IV is derived from ohogj iwxsov. wlojXeiv. It is not absurd therefore to assume Fo^t«^w. that the EjJic rigriqua^m and uX^Xov&a. itOVOXOEOV. aiov. 0X0 SO) is was originally derived from oivoxoog {otvog. 12. axaxfisvog^ dldXri^ai. riqriQHv^ '^lr)Xd[ii]v. arjfiif ar]v. Plat. £-. Compare Soph. 268 . oi'vojjxai. § SO. XpOP). . sfoivo- XOBOV. Trach. &LC. fsfogaxa. iQSQimo. but wfiw^a.. lengthen the first syllable. oiaTQfjaa.. EI/IJl. also MaxoaTQ6q>sov. sogaxa. ttvdvd^Tjv. Dem. slxd^M. 653. oiaTQeo). 4. ai^&eaa. 6. Some verbs may dispense with the augment even in the Attic dialect. ijxaafiai. s^oixsov. 'OqcIm. also c^vwfiai. Xen. But olvog foivog (§1). hence sfoQdov. originally foixog (§ 1) hence potxsw. Leg. and 2. finally Icogav. take the syllabic augment. oifKoCoif otfi(ayfiaij ohoo^ai. oi'xofictif oVxfoxa. Trach. Only three verbs beginning with si. ewgaxa. Hel. aXaXvxTrjfxai. udwdsiv. d^-&£aaov. jjdta. §27. Eurip. prefix verb kogrd^ca is the Ionic ogrd^o) with the and follows the analogy of o^«w. Bac 32 . jjxa^ov. iEsch. jjxaaa. with the breathing of the present. § 30. dgagvla. hence Fotroj^oew. &/C.. The The Observe that the Epic forms lengthen the second syllable. oi(aviadfi7)v. also the later ffis/jisxEiv^ do not Observe further. but rivrjva. The . Pers. avalvw. d'ia. wgrnQStv. xi(a). and wgcogvyfirjv.

idi^doxa. ogeyw.Xov&a. sdrjda. dxaxl^ia. AKIl. dgi^qffitxh pluperf. ayayox^ici' agaigrjyia. oXooXfxa. ofxvvfxi. iXriXaaa. ig^giofiai. iXiyxw. ogrngfyfiai. ogvaocoj ogwgvxa. pluperf. pluperf oXb)X(iv and mXtoXuv. ayr. igriQuafioa igELXdJ. vntfivrifivxa {i^vrifivxtt). (Quxa. ofxMfioxa. rjgrjQsiafirjV. and mdrndeiv. dX^Xfica. and rjQi^QStafxat. igi'Cw. «X7yff/uat. . pluperf odadtiv oXXv(xi. dXdXrjfiai. eyQi^yoga. dquQionWy uQuga and aqriQU (a^a^vta). UQOWy edo). dx^xotX) ditrjxosiv and rjxrjxosiv. oXooXa. ogiagffitti. pluperf ogoigvyiiriv and (o^to- gvy firiv. aytjysQfiijv. dxdxrj^ai. I)fw. ifisfiixsiv. is shortened in As to aydQOj. igigimo. igriQiyfiai. iguTKa. ivvivo&a. the common rule. o^w. aX^hq)a. ttXilcpca. iy^yegfiai. iXi^Xafiai and iXi^Xttafiai. aX^Xiftfiai. vqiaivm. dxovoj. id^dsa/jiah idi^dofiat. qisgoif ivT^voxci. pluperf ogwgstv ahd ag(6gsiv.sa^ai. 0Qb}Q(x. iXrjXdfjiTjV and rjXr}- Xdfitjv. iysiQay. igsida). oficofioafiaL and ofiufioi^ai. iXT^Xovda. aQalQ7}^ttif with the smooth breathing. dXdo^ai. egi^gina. dXsb). dXvxjd^a). vcpvcpaafiai.fxa. igslTKo. pluperf. AlSEOfty dvTiVo&a. ogoigvyfiai. dgr^gnv and rigrignv.ox(x. ivrjveyfiai. dXaXvittr^^ai. eXriXv&a. ayslQOif pluperf. eXrjXeyfiai. ogdo). pluperf ogrvfAi. -.AUGMENT.. eijirjfj. uyriyiQuriVy it follows the perfect and pluperfect. oclQiio. od(oda. i(ji^fj. onfainLv. the penult of «>Ic/<jp(b. ENEOJl. dX^Xea ^at and dXi^Xsfjim. igxo^ai. BiXr. ia^loj. ' 0/lTJl. tdca. tifivv). ovvoxdixbjg {oX(^it(6g). 21 Lastly. (XQTjQOfiai. kXlauM. smooth breathing. aicaxf^svog. ctyr}yox(x. that the penult of liquid verbs is shortened in the perfect passive. ayo). odoodvofiai. eXtjXiyfAaL with the ifieo). iad^ita. oTiMTicty pluperf. 6ga)giyfirjv. see iXavvoo.

however. The perfect of this verb would be efn^fivna the metre required the first (I to be doubled but instead of this. ^EysiQw. fiv was adopted. for ijXv&ov. This rule applies also to (XQaigrjyia. sXv&a. ijlaXxov. in the Catalogue. According to Buttmann's theory. But the analogy of oaoax'n is in favor of an Attic reduplication. as in anaXafjivog from naXd^tj. aQ-tttQrjfiai. 'h^vw. syncopated for rjXaXsxov. dXi^(o [AJEKJI). TjKnxov.^w/a and by changing the second x into "^Exoi. and that the regular form would be iy-riyoQa. Observe. aq-algriiia.'. vavvfivog from vcovvfiog. See also ol'xofiai. The reduplication of the form iyQrjyoga consists of the whole root sysg. wAa'Axw. See also oVxo' . "Ay 6). The second aorist of the following verbs takes the Attic reduplication. iviviniov. The derivatives aymyog and Kyaytj (like wxwxtJ from AKSl) lengthen the radical vowel into (a. o. 6xMxa)g. aXnXsitto. ' aydyafiaL. The as in iargocpa from axqiqxa * ' ' X. 1. ivlriKo. The change of the rough breathing into the smooth is an Ionic peculiarity. by changing g into with the augment (axa with the Attic reduplication o. oxoixv- He who changed -xa in -ow. like ^X&oVy bX&oj. ' '^yayofitjv. oxMitn. ivivianov. syncopated syg. dudxm '^xaxoiurjv. from at^e'w. ayo). simple perfect would be oxa. first Compare the derivatives o/?. Compare the second aorist middle rjyg-ofirjv. rjgctgov ' '^gagofirjv.t.S^ R^ARKS. iviviTtov. not alQ-alqtjica. uyuyoi anctx'a^bi. in the Catalogue. when a verb began with a long vowel. fiai. The forms ayrjyoxu and ayayoxna imply a reduplicated theme AFArsi. lyg-ia&ai. Observe that the reduplication shortens the diphthong ctl. i^yayov. The second y was omitted in order to avoid a succession of similar sounds. into -xa probably followed the analogy of verbs The participle oxammg is sometimes derived from the imaginary OXOSi. AiQsca. ogvvfj.into «-. agalgrjfiai. Compare ^^vw. §31. from EAT- Oil. Others suppose that the first Q is an intercalation. that the indicative takes the temporal augment at the beginning. tjgogov* . agaglaxw. the reduplication shortened it.

^(i7ioXr}aa. riyyvaov. ^vijianov ' i()vx(0f '^gvxaxov* § 3d. a(iq)iyvoi(a. rivwxXtov.q)ia^rft'^&r]v. r}Vtt. Thuc. rjfiq)l8afiai. '^fxcpiyvoovv and i]fiq)syv6ovv.AUGMENT. rjyyvi](iai. dvii^oliia. rjfiTioXrj^ai.^6kovv. ixad^rifiriv. '^yyvaofiijv. 7)7iiaTr}&rjv. rjficpsyvosov. (lefxid^tixa. rjvfaxofitjv. enagcavsov and inagoivsov. '^yaviLW&ijv. TJvot^a. iyyvtxm. rjcpsvfiai. ttvoQ&oo). rjyyv^&ijv. The second' aorist of ivlnton and igvaa takes a kind of reduplication of tlie end of the root. 7)fiq)leaa. ^^noXrjya. ivavtioofxai. nagoivio3. 7]fi(plaaa. rjfKplaxa. 4. rifiquivvvv. dEdi(oxrjij. inagmvri^riv. rjyyvijaaf TJyyv^xsiv. ^fxcpio^ritriKa^ 'i]fj. '^ficpLa^rjiovv and '^^q)sa^T}Tr)aa. after at the same rjfinsLxofiriv. '^(xcpsa^^Teov. and r^fxcpsa^'^TOvv. TJvoiyov. xa&l^oj. inlaiafiai. Athen. take the augment before and afinixb). T^yyvrjadfitiv. TjVtaxXi^d^rjV. augment before and after inagto- Observe that the imperfect of nagoivia has two forms. 26. Ixa&iad^riv. Xen. aficpialSrjTfw. acplrifxi. aficp'iyvoia} . tjvwQ^coaay ^vmQ&atfiai. ivinifa. rjcplovv. '^fxnsaxofirjv. xads^o(j. and inaQolvsov. rjfxcpsyvorjaa.ai later. r}7itaTdfirjv. veov.. ^33. Mem. xoc&rjfiai. ilxnoXdco. ixa&8^6iAr}V. ixu&iaa (ixd&i^a). The following take the the preposition at the same time. fisfjtS'&sixa. 4. 23 2. 40 . TjficpisadfirjV. The following take the augment before the preposition. 2. rlvcoxXrjfiai. avexM. nsnagaviji^ai. rivii^olifiaa* acpsvo). rijinEixo^'flv. riv(i)Qd^ovixr]V. dioixs'(o. i^ncpio/S^TTjaa aficpiivvvfii. '^ficpsyvorjaUf and time. contrary to the general rule. xa^evdta. '^voi'xO^rjv. ixa&iadftriv. ^rayT/w/uat. ^finiaxov. Tjcplriv. xan^vaAw/uat. xairjvdXioaa. avaXiaxo) (xaiavaXiaxoj). 8. " .ai. '^volyrjv. ijiagiuvriaa. 2. fiidlrifxi. avolyoj. '^(jinLax6fif]v and '^^nsaxo- aficpid^co. Observe that the forms ^fiq)So^rfTT}aa^ '^ficpsyvoovv. '^vtoxXrjaa. nenago^Vfixa^ ivoxXeo). 'i]fiq>syv6r)aa. fiSfisTifisvog. t)vsix6fi7jv. ixdd^svdov.

xXrjaig. The following take the augment after the ponent part. from eyxojsv fiiov [iv. dnoXavo). noiico. (frjfxl). 116. from and x^lg. 10. xaTtjyogeov. xwfAog). diaiTuoj. as if they were compounded of did and octraw. sv. dirjxovsov. ndaxoj. The persons who first introduced these verbs doubtless knew But it is not absurd to suppose that the Greeks. § 36. 8irjTi]&rjv. Athen. fxefisXonsTioirjUEVog (ueXonoiog. iyxexatfilaafiai. aniXavov. E. iv8X(0(ilaaa. ds8i7}x6v7}fiai. The augment is put after the preposition even § the simple verb has no existence. ivs&Vfxi^&rjv. sTtSTtjdevov. 288. from Mussulman as if this Arabic word were compounded of Mussul and the English man! their origin. The xovsa. xaXsw). noUa). «/o- nagrjyogeoj. avvsvnsnovd^wgf from avv. ndoxoi. avv^gyeov. ivTE&vfi7]fiai. EPrJl). sv. xatriyoQBbi. before and imtOTgocpioj. from inlTrjdsg or inurjdsg. although that part is not a preposition.m 3 i/x(O{ii(x^03. from iv and ^vfxog. TrgoEcprjisvaa. rived verbs dianda and 8 laxoveu). agiatoTioiiofiai. avrevnoiia. Lycurg. xuiTjyogriupt. first com- '^giaTonenoiiifiai {agiatov. iyX^QSiay ivexilgrjooi. inittjdsvo). XttOmnoTgocpri' {lmiorg6q)og. avvsgyeoj. Compare §§ 32 didxovm. nagriyogrioa. hand. dedujit^fiai. from xuT^yoQog (xara. qiaaig (ngo. from dvvl. ixxXrjaid^o). dsdirjxovrjxa. avTtvnsTTolrjxa. after. Eurip. e^sxXtjalci^ov. (fr]^i). . InnorsTgotprjxa xtt. 79. ngocfrjTfvo). . . fisXonouw. jgiqxa). dii^tcofirjv. idirjirjoa. noiita). really imagined that the first component part was the preposition did. Xnnog. idiaxov^&tjv. although defrom the simple dlaira and didxovog. Isaeus. 4. Hec. iv&Vfisofiai. when eyxsxwfiiaxa. ^30. from ixxXrjala (ex. from ngo- ngoq>«(jl^o^aiy ngovcpaaiadfitjv for ngofg^aaiadfirjv. REMARKS. are nevertheless augmented. from ngog)i]Trjg {ngo. Compare the absurd plural Mussulmen for Mussulmans. g. gsv(a). and ImioTgocprjxa. : 33. e^sxXi^aiuaa. 233 us'Xog. being misled by the sound of the finst syllable. aniXavaa. from avvsgyog {avv.

The steps are IIETJly Trtneioj. /5«a). yFy(oviax<a. dea. ninQvi^mi. . 1). . IlylASl. nfQcxo). TPOSL. followed by a vowel or liquid. The steps are : by syncope and metathesis missible in Greek. TTKJl. - tixTto — TEKfl. lanjxw. to xixgr^xa. /5t/5act). TtifiTtXtj^t- nlvb). steps are tisqccm. TitnfQatd. — TTXSl. yiyivw. to teach. — Aaw — MNASl. nlnzfa IJETSl. — TPAJl. ysywvco. fisvM. nixlrificti. the active form. to bind. Verbs. Formed yiyvoi. by syn- after the analogy of the perfect nsngaxa. steps are (xivoj. 2. nc(Xi(a. /5//?j?/4t. — JPASl. prefixes that consonant together with i.. xiaXrjxa. THVco. 3 . originally (i^^pJZ (§ 3. which are formed directly from the perfect. —J — — JOJl. nifinXrjfjL. Com- 7llfi7lQ1]fAl. dldojfiL didgaaxai xtxXi]Oit(o iilxQrjfii Idaiofiai (Aifiv^axci) filfjiva 7ilfi7iXrj(j. /?i/?a(jxw. titbxo).AUGMENT. The Latin retains also diddaxoj dldrjfii didob). TEVxoo. — IIAAJl. of course augment of that tense as yeydxa. gigno. an intercalation. the combination xx is inad- TngdcD tiTQwaxbi TiTvaxofiai — TANJ2. — The All. ^ >i->niTiTca. nsuKana. TiTalva TEKSl. titxm. to wish. BPOSl — rENIl. iIxtm. In a few instances the present takes the reduplication of the perfect. to Xoo.. — TiKpavaxo) — (IjAJI. ft fii^svM. by syncope. — TOPfL. from the simple as follows . 25 1. run away. /Si^gwaxw ylyvofiai — BOPSl. — The — pare — UPASl. See — mSL. cope or rather metathesis ningaaxia. syn- copated yiyvojoxb) hence yiyvofiai. retain the 7iEcpvx(o. This is essentially the same as the reduplication of the perfect.i TtlfxTTQi^fii ninlaxb) nlnloa TtinQoiaxG) — FNOJl. — — XQ^^> borrow. isiaxa. fisfivrjfiui. ^37. The present of some verbs beginning with a consonant. rENJl. ninXijxa' is (il^ivoi by syncope.

The Xaxfa — t^<w- Formed from ZEXSl (% 5. /?«>«-)» Uco.and vnvog. — — (PAAZJl. 2EXfl. dtdta. like the origiinto A (' ). dedlaxofitti dsdiaxofxai dsdliTO(ioci dEidlaxofittL dsidlaxofiUL — — — — — dlo). U(o. 2fEX) as follows . from the same theme. * deUvvfti. x£^/l«3w. Compare lotdos. ing 2 St^sxca. hence FtFa. Epic dddsyixai. : Baxxog. see § 6. to fear. — xc^uxa. ^39. therefore lax(a becomes laxm. idxca . i'cpXixdov. yiaxld^w.?w. to fear. trjfiL Originally ^AXJl. See §§ 2 — UTASl. dloj. — 2TASL. XttXayita ^atfidoi natqsdaaoi 7iaq)kd^(u nontpiiot) noicpvaooj — XAAASl. dc(o.sfiaa. 5. "laxxog. Xairi^i regular form would be Siaxata (compare Latin sisto from sto). av'Caxog {a^iaxoq). (j. XiXayta.t£W. The verbs is reduplication of the present of the following irregular. nal "eXJI. I'j^tw (I'Tiaw). — — Xdava^ — MAJl. to show. or with two consonants. — We may assume F£J2. XnTafiui. dtdia. nimm. Epic dsldia. When the root begins with a vowel. The regular form would be '£11. like ^ueVw. § 38. Compare like /?t- ^«w from a/5«x«'oi. The liquid q seems to be an intercalation compare dagod^ofiai from «xoi'w ayqvnvog from d. to fear. — (llNTJl). 1 (-2'F/). like &ia). ti&ia). changes the rough breathing into the smooth on account of the aspirate x in the next syllable . didsixa. hence fifESI. loxio (§ 6). the second of which is not a liquid. /7t- maf^ai. . — AXSl. TlETSl. For the commutation of s and A. /5a^w (/5«^-. Xrjfii. 1. By changBut this verb. xl&tj^i. nvicD cpvadoj. the reduplication is formed by simply prefixing i or I. f^ifivo). fiifisvoi. dotgdantm — ddnTO). to tear in pieces. aayx^d^co Tioxvta . v. and finally Idxat. dslxvvfii. ^Loxca. . /?«w. analogous to the perfect Tiimafxai.' 26 REMARKS. fl^AJl.* ^v^j^a Xiym.

volo. will). isldofittL present in a few instances prefixes e to the which prefix has the appearance of the augment xaii.AUGMENT. See ^ — keep {fsgyml). iX^Xi/fiui. cucuri : disco. 2. na(fXa^(a '. — iXno^ai {fsXnofiai). axaxrjfiftL. g-. totondi : tundo. velle. Compare (§ — (IT^Xdofiai. § 4L3. -omrig {nav-onirig). onnqq. pepedi. ^naipov. — (pO^Ttt^W?). E. The following seem to be some of the relics of the original reduplication. pependi. tion. cano. aTocXXw. didici. 1. 27 §40. dedi. XAAZSl. pungo. tutudi. poposci. §41. axiioiXXej. to cherish. cecldi. momordi : posco. pello. pario. To these we may add noinvvoa. ^slxaii. mordeo. g. andqxa. The Latin also makes use of this kind of augment. pupugi : spondeo. iiXdo^ai isXnofMxi isQya. peperci. dctQddma}. iXlaaoi. 1. OQTOC^O} gvofjai (^PTSl). cecini : do. The next step was to substitute the vowel « in the place of the radical vowel in the reduplication. fiaipdon. spupondi. The root. It is not unreasonable to suppose that the augment. Observe that vowel into i. — — APSl^ — — — ONAJl. curro. xaxXa^a. See § 39. off egyca &£Xot). onmiiva change the second / anmcplaum aQotQiayiO) aiLTocXXa) iXsXl^u) ovlvrjfAL ojiimevca — AXJl. This is the origin of the usual Greek reduplication. when the root began with one consonant or two consonants. was formed by prefixing the initial consonant or consonants together with the following vowel. sl'xoaif Ff- eXdofxaL ^ovXoixocl. foster. — eldofiai rjaaxov. to i&sXco eOQld^O) igvca — (fElAJl). (XQUQdn. tondeo. xoj^vw. peperi : pedo. ^AAZSl. anttxi^oi ovhtjfAt. . but without the temporal Sometimes the present takes the Attic reduplicaaugment of the second syllable. 7Jq<xqov. fallo^fefolli : parco. naicpdaaw. OlJfl. A<I>fl. pepuli : pendeo. cadOj cecidi: ccBdo. — !•) isUoai.

uvjidoM. dXriXsxoc. The following pure verbs retain the short vowel of the present through all the derived tenses. is clear that it comes either from ETJSl (fEI/JJl). rjksaa. ^ . ivivlnov. by contraction. dX^Xta^cti. TjXia&r^v. and to confirm 4 assumption by referring to such forms as ea^cc. dh]Xtnm. the augment was perhaps formed by prefixing that vowel together with the consonant following. no change takes place. ^Qfoa. tetendi. xixvnov became. from idofitxi. this hypothesis cannot be said to be satisfactory its defenders must produce more decisive instances than these for example. and if from the latter. rifxcflioa. pependi tango. aidiaofiai. ayaao^iai. rivvo^i^v.28 pendo. vyialvM. aX&ofxai. if from the former. ijvvxa. tctigi : REMARKS. tjksdfifjv. tvyiava. dXdlrjfiai. then. ri^cpkofjkai. . rjpvaci. uXiofiai. 3. 2. aayov. aficpiivrvfxi. dXd^ea&Tjv. siaoafirjv. axiofiat. ijdsad^riv. dgrJQeixai. ^gsa&r}V. idlrjv. sQEQinio. '^yaadfitjv. or from IJII (fUJl). hence tldov. The usual augment («-) of the imperfect and aorist was probably formed from the reduplication by simply dropping the initial consonant thus Ktnafiov. avvoM. sada. fjdiadtjv. ^43. efiSfiSTdiv. TENSES. ^45. This is evidently the Attic reduplication of such forms as axotyjxivog. in the progress of the language. (xyayHV. avxido). When the verb began with a vowel. i^axsaoig. that the usual temporal augment was formed by omitting the consonant in the Attic reduplication. dgeaoj. d^cpifoa. I'tvtiov. aldeofiat. fJdiofAai. uyayov. ajci^dsacc. iy.vio^ai. and contracting the initial syllables thus riy^^ originated in . rjvilaaa. this But as . dnioo^ai. tendo. 1. It is fashionable to assert that verbs beginning with 4:. such forms come from digammated verbs. steti. rlwofiai. aQUQiaHOi). . rixiad^riv. It seems. axrjdsco. § a vowel originally took the syllabic augment e-. tjyda&rjv. txvvo). its original form was efidov. dgidifa. (xU(o. axaxruxai. (xyafiai. it uxofii]v. : sto. As to ddov. sxafuov.

esafirjv. exotsaa. egvaoj [igvco). OTOQEVVVfil. dalofiaiy d(xao(iaL. to break. &Xda). 3* . iXdG^Tjv. fialofiai. innadn^^v. sxaXta&rfV. fX^Xa^uai.6a(o. ofxfofiofxai o^vvfii. yeXdaofxai. Xoioi. natEOfioii. igaad'^aofiaL. ijpxsaoc. i7nvi]v. eXosaa. iXoc(j(a. rjdiadrjv. r]q)vaa.T}v. ogvvfii. wvoodr^v. xXdoj. i^Xaan. ts&XaafxciL (rid^Xay^ai). vevaafiui.oxa. igda). i'aofiai. inExd- niTtQaaxcj. yaXeobJ. ciQObJj aQoaot). valbi. xg8fido(a. eXofudfirjv. Gndaco. rjgdij&rjv. EGTOgEG&rjV. iniKxaa. eadiu7]Vf esadfirjv.tdXsaa. iXtxvvM. insQUGu. GTOQEGCO. xsgdoM. sxeQaacc. rjQOxTTjV. TJXaaa. xaXtbJ. ' uQrjQO^ai. EGxidaG^ai. iXdoKOfiat. iyekaaa. axd^iaofiai. ivvvfAi.(&sa&r}V. io&l(Oy ed^doxoc. ijdXcxGa. rjXrjXdfj. EGnixGfiai. vdooficii. ivda&rjv. mXEoa. dlfioaa. o^cajj. i'gafitti. i(j(j. anaa). fisd^vaxm. fj.ai. ixXda&riv. xorso). ninna^ai. idaaocfifjv. ixgifiaaa. EVELXEGa.TENSES. aoHsoG). XQffidvvvf/i. oXXvfii. mvaofiui. didaofiai. ixsQaa&fiv. axEdixvvvfii. VEIXEOW. eXTJXaa^aif iXr}Xdfiiiv. Enivaa. oXcoXExa. and ofico^oaftai. ovoaofiaiy (oroadfirjv. exgfududrjv. fjQdodfirjV. oXeooj. Ifi'w. ndoofiai. ifiaadfirjv. too). sdfirjv.fiJ. EQvaa. tdrjdsuficii and ed^dojxai. VBlXECa. IXdaoixaL. E^sa^aL. GXEdaGM. igvo). fifil. iaxEdda&rjV. . iXaadfxrjv. rjQoaa. agxEO). ysldao). EATSl. nsgdaco («). SXdoco.E&vafiaiy ifie&va&rjv. «(jpv<w. o(j. EGtOQEatt. ogWQE^tti. mvata. nfgdrvv^i. aX^Ofiai. eiiidvaa. sGot. Xosao^ai. i. f e'lftff/. f/sXoca&tiv. svaan. '^. EGxidaoa. MjAo&Tiv and lo/joa&Tjv. iXi^Xana. TiExdabi. 71TV01. xoTs'oofxai. ovofxai. TAAASl. EGnda&fjv. egvaoficci i^igvofiai). nETiEiaafiai and Jismufxat. Eanaaccy EGnaxa. eXva&7]V. nEjdvvv^i. yskdcj. ' 29 ~. rjXd&riv and '^Xda&ijv. exXixaa. fidaofiai. xsxXaafiai. xixsQuafiai.

ELgvaa {v). ixaXaaa {exdXa^a). uaaocfirjv. XEXVita. EfisoMf i^e'oofiai. [laxiaofittL and iinx^aofxai. ijvexoc. § 46. tXvaa. rj tvpnoj. fidxojj. o^(o. xi^dEaai. Ttivvoxto. tieuvvgo. * xavvaw. rj throughout except sTtQEas. Tj and o^iaco. TeiElsxa. tvivxEO). xoQEab). ininvvfjLfiv (v).30 lavixa. AAfl. nQ^aw.a. .ai. leiavvao^ai. (Iqvo). edv&rjv [v). jSalvM. ifiaxEan^rjV. EXOQEoa. ninofiai. iiEXia&tjV. dwaoj. nETiv€[iai. ouQriaoi. Anthol. TsXita. iq)dl&i]V. ti'Qvaa. eXvDt-jv (v). t] dvvaficci. tXao). XS(a. 40. dijaM. o^ijam 7ilfinQi]iii. dva(o (i)). Jixavva^ai. ycx^r'iooj. i(p&lfit)v. xExo^rjfiai xoQEPvvfii.iai. dids^av and dideafioti. BCpd^i(. Epigr. dvab) {€). ^E^afxaL cixrjxsfiBVog. REMARKS. and ^f'^aoiAUi. 7] throughout except fjQid^rjv. throughout except svvsd^rjv. xaXcicao). iVQtanoi. tqe'o). ei^vo&r}V. fV^v^ai. t] throughout except dxrjXEdazai. XsXvfxai. didofxai. jjveaa and tjvrjocc. yafiEO). r} throughout except the later EVTvxsaa the classical Evivxriaa. XEXvaofxai (v). Xva(o {v). and fxEfioixs- Ofxui. 9. to bind. alviaco and atvi](j(a. xex^fiai. tj throughout except yufiE&Elaa and yct^iaao- di(o. ^^^oa and al^Eoa. svprjab). ^E^rixa. uda&rjv. unuxriGM. dvvrjaofitti. q>&l(a. 1] throughout except Ev^e&rjv. v throughout except iUxiJaa {1). ex^&rjV. veiii^oM. axa^/^w. fiffddxrjfxat. aivio). XiXvxn. tsXsow. VEfiw. (fiEca. nivmy nsTKOxa. but a'vaov (v). yEyMd^aofxai. rivi&riv. 5f^£x«. 0UQE03. dldcafii. ox^(S(a. didCxa. dedrjaofiai. r/vVa {v). (3^(J0fiDHf E^-qoa. didvfiai. edodrjv. Evivx^aio. throughout except iveuid^rjv. xf^oiXaxiXf nix^^Xaa^aiy t^a- Xda&Tjv. ids- '&riv. iravva&T]V. aipEaojAai. iiavvaoi. and Eigva/iiai. sTe'Xsoa. dsdo)y. cp&iaojf ecp&iaa. throughout except idvv(ia&i]v» dvb). ino&rjv. s throughout except iq^r^aa. svQ^oco. The is verbs quantity of the penult of the following pure variable in the derived tenses. Edrjaa. EXM. ^^aco. xTjdi^aa). jjvE[dai. dvco. and xExogfOfiaii ixoQE- a&rjv. rj throughout except Eoxsxtrjv. aaaa. TSTotvvafir)V. eXxvooj. Edcoxoc. ^vw. XaXcioj. jsxiXsafiai. for xi^da). i'tQeaa. Edvaix.

. 3 sing. inovsaa. ogvvfii Tslgoi (OPJl). a^tiaofxai. Anthol. aaco. sq)r}aa. xvgo)^ xvgaio. anoiggca. cp&dao) (a). sxvgaa. The future middle ya1. flaw. cp&i^aofiui. ysgaWy sxegaa. tj throughout except sqqs&tjv and eigi&riv. diHOj. in the in the aorist. tl&Tjfii. from verbs in doj may drop o and be contracted like verbs in aw Ionic dialect often uses the uncontracted future. 1. 7itcpa(xat. (p&ov^uM. snodrjaa novsoj. rj 31 'PEJl. Plat. {ynixia(a). (/5t/?a(u) /?t/?w. Ts&eifiaL. -aofiat. infin. ffTf^s'w. novr\a(x). eo/SrjHoc. ya^eo) dixoc^o) fiiaaofxac implies yafiiota. throughout except novioM. future. (p&ovsoj. asTai. TJsgoa. sd-rjxa. Phaedr. xiXXo) {KEylSl). ifpddaa and i'cp^a^oi. The Futures in daco («). tigobi. -d^sgoofiai. and iara. aeggw. SM. dndsgaa agnglaxco (APJI). — — — (5i(3ua(o. Herod. no&T^aoa. yafisw. As to d(xsgaaL this head. no&s'ao^ai. silco (EyJJl). liao^oti. but only in verbs in ew. xsXao). so^safiai. mlgut {KEPJI). 97. throughout except earegsaa. qvofiaiy QVodfXTjV and tj gvaotfxrjv.TENSES. the former and yivauL which are sometimes referred to comes from dfiegdio. -d^riam. sq)&oiica. and ino&saa. v (^sgacc). u(iq)isa(o. sis&tjv. § and 48. ea^saa. dfAqnivvvfii aw. ogaca. § 4 7. and the latter from KENTJl. (tEPJI). FUTURE AND AORIST ACTIVE AND MIDDLE. ^asrai. rs&iixa. (diug)Ub)) df4q)iM. cpS^sgao). to sate /5i/?a^w — — We select the following. 5. ya^M. to sai/. (fogib). dixdato {dixdo)). tggb). q)ddvw. regular except the rare i(p&6v€aa for €(p^6vrjaa. cprjijil. cpogi^ato. a^bow. rigaa. a/SkvvvfiL. si'QTjxa. wgoa. ^ENJl. and -oa ailgm. 304. dixdv. nffprioo^ai. Ttscpufiai. cp^aoj. 7. and i(o. notion. UTsgrjaa). •d^sgojuaL. regular except iq)6gtaa. nsno&tjxoc. drcct) pro- tracted liaxai. The following liquid verbs have -aw. (fvgWy i'cpvgaa. txslaa. cp^slgb) {(liOEPJl). or w^o).

that is. g. fiaxsofiai. I. — nsgav) protracted rnqdm. waiiovfim. Hel. oXoo. xeXioj. Eurip. Elec. Cyr. TEixiov^tti. {mQata) — Vesp. 575 10. xofAiiofiat). (xoAao^ai) — protracted — — — -^sch. ofxaXiovf^ai. 24. (otxr/aco) olxriw.jf . xofiioiifxai. €fJisa(o. xoXSfiaL. v^giw. lovfxai. 1. nsgasiv. — Dem. 343. {xBLxlaoi) Ttixiw. Prom. infin.ai. ''"^k-'-' Xi(a — TeXsaa. /aw. See also Thuc. Arist. Tiegdav. dvdganodiovuai. a?. e'lftw. ifiiao^ai. igrjficoasTS. ioofxai be- come iM. — KSQaaw. ayXai'^cxi 11. 3. 68. xoXdaofiai. 4. {vaifglata) varfgiM. 282 Eurip. — Xen. oXsob). — Dem. . 69 Xen. nvil'^M (nvilaco) tivtlw. egr^fiovis. even when the regular future lengthens the radical 2. (pgovil^M ^ {(pgoviia(o) q)govTioj. Thuc. cwffT/^o^at ((aatiaofxai) Arist.jf£w. 20. Eccl. (fgovTiovy. 244. kqs[i6o3. Xen.85. 58 '. Compare § — Athen. («|ct«w) . . 62. yEsch. Herod. Orest. infill. oixl^OJ xofiiov^iat.. Tdxt^oi ^ voTfgl^oi — — {o^aXhofxai) Ionic Hippocr. g. dgcj. 24. 4. iXoJ. — iXdaoj. 8. fiaxovfxai. ' 7. respectively. v/Sgiovfiai. 3. — ayXai'ob). tsAw. fidxofiaL oXXvfii neXd^oj nsidvrvfit Tim^jdaxo) xsXt'co — (iXam) — — Dern. 6. 3. (xux^ao(im. Isocr. E. (7r«T«co) {nsgdoa). 497. In vowel. ng. 19. 42.8. dyXaioj. 4. dgdw. . nnw.. Mem. cIsTft^w nEQavvvfiL noXd^io Ttgsfidi'vvfii. 49. 2. 32 iXavvco ifieo) REMARKS. Ionic xoixisvfini (by resolution and contraction. (See also ^ ayXa'iov^ai. de Art. (x^Sjuao). — Ach. 2.23. Futures in lam (i) from verbs in /^w often drop the a and are inflected like contract verbs in icj. 2. olxiOVfXKL. Prom. xo^i^oa. 331.) E. xofAi^M — xofAtaofiac. i^exdam. dydganodl^a) — {dvdganodlaia) 2. ogl^co oglaofiui. dvdganodia. Arist. (neXdco) tisXm. {efisofxai) i^ov(xni. 229 195. jtQefidj) xQffidaw. ogievficei. 1684. oixctXi^oj olxiiCco — (otx/tfw) otxioij. v^gl^M — v^glaw. neXdato. oXs'co. . 6. x^~'^' a few instances the contracted present is used as future. to do igrjfiOM — — dgdoa (a). Taur. Soph. — nndoco. xsqw. ogiovfiaL.

it is fair to supCompare pose that it followed the analogy of its sister-form. 2. E. tcpayov. (id (a. The verbs iadia or l'5w. aelao). for to it ntaovfiai. The future middle of the future active. dtlooficci. And as tacitly dropped the a. aao^ai. many verbs is equivalent to auM. the Latin edo^ which in some of its parts (as est for edit) agrees with suvi.Xaivaovfxat Ionic form maiopiaL is a resolution of neaovfiai. perceiving this confusion. first 1. The later future dgccfiofiaL from JPAMJl. was evidently formed after the analogy of fl>Aril. laofioLi). It is The as a Doric future. after the analogy of idov- It is evident that the future middle of I'^w. {ew verbs in v(o (v) drop the a of the future in which 4. not necessary to assume a theme nE2Sl. * A Sqvoj Tttvvo) — — igvaco. egvia. on the supposition that v liad the sound of French w.TENSES. ravvaoj. io&lo) or nivoi sdca — edo^at ' ' also idovfiai. g. would be confounded with ioofiai from eifiL It is not absurd. also ipayov^ai. § 50. 33 . fiadsvfiui x/xTtO. form future middle without the usual characteristic a. As head. ueido}. TEXOVfiai. after the analogy o( idovjuni. Wgafimf. nlv(a and 0ArSL. be seen that the combination uw was not contracted in this instance would be very difficult. aasvfiaL. ayvoefo. § 51. sometimes referred to this may be considered xXavoofiai. to suppose that the maker of the word. then. . — (fayo^m also niovfiai. The after the following mute verbs form their future middle analogy of liquid verbs. from nlnioa. if formed according to the usual analogy {ed-aofxai. — nionai' 0ArSl fiai. Doric for fia&ovfxai {fia&eofxai). case the future does not differ from the present. ccyvorjaofiai. (pdyofim. after the analogy oC liquid verbs. ravva* .. It will and that synizesis § the 49. and formed at once idofiuL. like y. nlvm belongs to the same general idea as I'^w. fiav&dvbj. ayvotjaci).

§alv(a. 2. Xen. inioQK^aojy iniogTc^oouai. -SfQanevaofjcti. 5. &(xviud^(a. idov/ncci. avTSixdaofiai. aTcavxriaui doubtful. alvtao). Lys. dnonaT^aa). later ^adlow. 12 Eurip. siprjaoixai. 914: Dem. 2. aQTidaof^cei. Bifil. d^^o^ai. dqndaWy «^7ia|w. Arist. (pdyo^iai. Arist. iXao^ni' inioQxsM. » aQTia^oi). '&SQnnsvca. ^Qvdaofiai. Hym. . (SXiipta. yQV^ofiai. Enc. yrjgdaco. ^avfidao^ai. ^odco. . 1. 772 J Dem. attovaofiui. yoaa. Arist. 1192. ^av^dom. 111. yvojaofiui. eyxtofiidaco. dgi^aofxoti. iyy(0(Aid^(o. ddxma. saofiai. ^(oaofiai. dTiavzdoj. aTTSDiaQfo. 390. 1. iyxoofiidao^iai. dnoXavaofiai. §Qvdt. ^ciasvfiai. di(6x(o. (SXs'tko. fioXovfiai. ysXdoofiai.(a. 'dtqamvata. ^adl^m. Ale. ^odao^oii. (Si^ao) causative. didgrjOHM. 90 . yrigdaofAai. 230. ysXdoco. ysXaa. I'dofiat. Sup. Mem. diloofiai. Herod. ^Xiipo^ai. 12 . Hom. anonaTso). alvim. alv^aofiai. ^oduoj. dsidb). C / c / c / ui^Tsixd^bJ. alvr^aia. dioj^ofiai. ia&io). dnonaTi]aoiiai. y7]gdax(o. yQv^b). Cyr. l5(xdiov^ai. 1. Plut. Xen. /Si^ao^ai. yiyvfuaxto. dioj^co. dgdao^ai. 157. anoXavoj. axovM. ^o'^ao).34 REMARKS. 1269. 1184. Eurip. Plut. yoT^aofioci. 2. Lucian. sifxi. ygv^bi. Eurip. didgdaxm. ^oTjOOfiai. ansixaaofiai. Demosth. unoXavao). ^X(oax(o. Aul. sipio. kip^aco. dnavtrjaofiai.

oixtM. vavaxoXm. 1313. nlofiaif Tiiovfiai. a* *^ vdaaofim. icvvBca. ovofidubi. xwnvM.* TEJNSES. vivam. fxa&rjOOfiai. 123. Arist. 2. 100 . xXiJiico. Xaixdab). mlao^av. swim. Elec. VBV(a. Xix^T^ao/xai. Xaixd^w. Anthol. Odys. OTOTV^OfifXL. vtvaovfxai' oi8a. 3 . oipofiai. Xax^aofiai. olxiCca. xXavato. Arist. nal^ofiai. LyS. nhkadtiaofiai. xoiiw. II. 21. 520. oXoXv^ouai. xd^voi). Aust. &0QS0fiai. Sup. ndaxoJ. 0VQS(0. xXaiTjato. vsvaofdui. Xdax(xi. . JEsch. 16. ovgr. xBgdavioi. Xiq^o^ai. Ivrjuo^aL. ovQ^aofiai. itvt(o. ni^QVl'J^ . <5 81. vico. in Hesychius. ydadib). xegdaivat. Planud. 691. Xdipofiai.ai. yafiioixaif zafiovfiai. Pac. ^evaofiai* ^vrianta. 1222. d'aofiUL. ofiVVfii. xXarjOca. nlroj. ogdo). Heracl. xsgdrjata. ovv^d^Ofiai. xixtjaofiai. Mulier. Eurip. Lys. Pind. 1048. nod. nal^oj. II. Agam. Thuc. HVlpM. | aXala). OTOTV^W.a(o. 283. XU7ITW. Eq. 161 . vavaioX^aouai. nm^ovnai. 16. nrjdr^aoi later.. xtoxvaouai. TiTjddbj. Arist. 40. II. olxiovfifxi. xcAa^v^w. XVlpOfiai. Eurip. . de Morb.'^ 35 ~ ^60). Xdipbi. d^avov^ai. ofj^ovfiai.ifil*! fxotv&dvM. 1. ravaioX^aoi}. Xafi^(iv(o. 474 . ivscD. xXixpo). Hippocr. 885. nr^di^aouai. 54 : Plat. xcoHvaa Lys. Athen. Soph. 15.n . xuTjtfw. xsgdrjaofiott* xi^oivta.\%\\\ nal^co. &0Q0V(j. Xdniw. 10. {v). icXsifJOfjioii. xt^vrylw. run. nXavaofiai. oXoXv^dn. xwi^aofiCii. ^^i . 96. 524. Troad. 167. TS&v^^ofiat* &Q(6axoj.ai. 29. Xaixdaofiai. (xa&tv[im* valcj. Xixfido). 46. xoTEGOO^ai. 1. xeXagvaofiai. ofxoabJ. Xt^ipofiocL. Xa^o^ai.i> xv^ao^ai. Xaipov^ai. ovo^d^oj. Xayxrivcj. xsXadi^ob). Xoifjipo(j. nsgdavM. xXavaov^ai.

aiyrjao). x'^QV^oiJ. v^Qibi. cpvrsvaio. In Nub. 583. . VTlEl^OfiaL. vaxigm. 15. xoQfvaofiai. it Herod. cpQovTiov^ai (?). toj&d^w. . XOQsvoi. Eccl. nvsvaov/xai* novico. 343. dgafiov/Aai. 36 REMARKS. 402. tUtO).f€ffO|Uat. 183 11. 27 . has xf»gv^ofiai. 854. 1238. 294 . Arist. 817. XQo'i^ofiai. <piTV(o. 719 . dgd^ofiai. Eurip. norsao). nXevow. thyph. Pyth. the sense to contain. 22. Eurip. Maj. Aul. (pnvao). TTsaovfiai. 1203." Plat. 814. Ale. nXsvaofiai. OEcon. nvEoo. .. Eurip. (piivaofiai. 685 . 1. oitanriaoi. xoQSvaco. Vesp. x^oovfiai. Col. xogewy j^w^Tjao). TS^Ca. ax(x)ifjofiai. nvEvaofiai. 2. nvtvacx).tfeil A . QEvao). Mem.jf€/ffo/iai. aL(ani]aoy. Mosch. 252 . Dem. ovqICm. dgnfioj. anovdaao). 3. amvaai. Xgo'ttoi. 2. Ran. Arist. Qsta. Nub. Xavddvoif X^^^h . antvdco. Xaivw. (pgovim. aiy^aofiai. Xen. Ach. VTlsixO). v^QL^b). ansipo/xai. Qocpriooi. xavov^ai. 666. TE^O^tXl. Xen. 19. mv(a. q)QovTi^(a. 156. ixq)vaofxai. Anthol. onevao^cci. 7iXi(o. aicoTidto. QEvaofiUL. Arist. (fSVyOi. axMTTTco. Tca&daofjai.. aTQo^^aofiai. (pd^dao). q)&i^aoftaL. Soph. nov^aio. (pv(a. anovda^b).. ovQibJ. Qoq)^aofiai. (pvTEvoiy (fVTsvaojxai. Tnvao^ai. nXao). (fXl^oj.ai. Tvyxdvbjj lev^ofiui. En. TXrjaofiai. nXanjOfiai. Thuc. aiyaco. 4. 278 Ran.. Arist. TtlnTOj. nXsvaovfiai. CpEV^OfiUl. Taur. Thesm. axonsM. Eurip. I 13. voTEQ-qaonai. 9. aiQo^ita. avQiObi. Hip. Ttovtiaoy^ai. cpvGM. (fEV^OVflOCl. 2. niaiofiai. Arist. (fXlipofiai. 26. 5. v^QLov^ai. goq)S(o. Hip. cp&ccvco. 20.ai. v^QiGbi. Plat. tlHOVflUL- TQFX^> S-Qs^ofittLf dgotfiiofiai. 24 Pind. ax(6ip(o. Arist. Dem. Arist. VTtsl^b). Ach. 113. 89 . avql^ofxai' TAAASl. anovSdaoixai. TiTvaa. 296. .

Xi^aofxai. xXovi^aofiai. a7i(XTi^ao[Aai. Bac. dovfjoofiat. 2. Isoc. Hippocr. xaXovf4. Soph. laxvavovfiai. de Morb. But ac- laxvalva. 6. svXoyi^aofiat. adixsoif adixi^aofiai. xgalrci). drjXooj. 3. 98. 1318. 1. iiid(6aojj. ^ avdoanodiovuai transitive or passive. xaxacpQovriao^ai. 17. 7. xgavioftai. dovio). ^ 38. dvoofiai. § 81. 5. umaTm. to sai/. 66. tQ^Ofxai. Horn. dfjlcoaofxaL. 2. Plat. 1. 18. ^QiX^y ^Qs^ofiai. 18. xiv^aofiai. ayojviovixai (?).aL. ^kdipofim. ^Xdnia. de Loc. tvi^aoixai. ^rjfiioa. Maj. didoifii. 190. d^sgansvaofxai. xaXvGo^cd (?). xxsivto. Kaxa^Qd^oiiUi. Hippocr. Rep. tively. tgyo). S^vut. Xen. Col. 7. ix^f^QOVfiui. idaofiaL. aQL^^fiiWi agi&fi'^aofittt^ Eurip. Eurip. xxavsofiui. Cyr. 4 . 9. Xe'^ofiaL. ivedgsvaofiai. ivedgevco. Hel. xgaxijaofiai. xivsa. ^T]fii(6aofiaif Herod. ioi<a. 4. Thuc. xXovsw. signification ayavl^Ofitti. avvwy avvaofiai. anaxaa). xgaxibj. 142. Plat. 2. xrjgvaao).aL. Herod. Phcen. Xen." 53. to sacrifice^ ivs'io. 2. Thuc. &tQa7isv(o. Not un frequently . Xsya. aniai^aofiui. 1631. 270. evXoysio. xalioj. Hym. Hippocr. ixd^cilQCO. Xavd^dvto. Mulier.TENSES. ocydganodl^ia. § * 37 the future middle has a passive " but this usage never became so fixed in particular verbs as that exhibited in the preceding section. 1. 581. xaiacpQOvsG). 39. in Homin. Phaedr. xojXvoj. xrjQv^ofiai. Hip. Plat.

jrjQsw. Tifidbj. fiaoTiyoo). oU^ao^ai. q)iXi]aofiai. 6vsidrC(o. 67 Dem. 7tEg&(a. Mag. Bac. The in the first aorist active following mute and pure verbs do not take a and middle. TtXfjQoo}. 596. tcaTuXvaoiioci (?). 219. atvyico. 18. vofii^Q). 2. 1. Tyr. [ivrjfAovsvto. cpgovQi^aofiai (?). . ^53. Thuc. TiXQaaao). 7. Xen. nsQieiiJOfiai. 659. 2. Xen. TTjQ'^ao/xcti. vofiiovfiai. lAS^lfjflL. 2. noXE^rjaofiai. Athen. 14. 334. TlTQ(6ai((a. ohsb). Rep. 1500. Eurip. Mem. Troad. 588. Heracl. TaaaWf eTind^o^at. Thuc. . 73. 7ioXioQxriao(xni. CEcon. 8. Andr. naidsvb}. Xen. Theaet. 1160. 5. 2. (px^ovri<so^ni. 30. Plat. 5. cpiXtb). fxaQxvqriijofKxi (?). Cyr. Hippocr. 14. TL^riaofiUi Thuc. Thuc. fiuajiyd&ofAai. 43. Rep. 1341. GTvyrioo^ai. xLvdaao). argt^Xioaofiai. vaofxai. 611. fivrjfiovfvao^cti. Crito. ovsidiovfAui. Soph. 8. noirjoo^ai. 6. 68. TQMaOfAOll. 4. 57. ofioXoyita. tvnxva. nXrjQ(6ao(xai. Hippocr. Aul. 5. andQaaaui. 15. fiiatjaoficci. 46. 1. Plat. galbJ. TocQa^ofiai. TKaXi^ao^ai. REMARKS. Dem. 2. Dem. atgs^XoM. transitive or passive. noXffim. ofxoXoy^aofjiai. o^aXi^ta. 87. 1459. nagriyogriao^ai. va). fis&ijooiiui. 7i(aXs(o. Eurip. Qulao^uL (?). anaQd^ofioci. naidsvao^aif Plat.38 Xvo). nsqaofiai. Eurip. 36. 4. Ion. nQoayoQsvaofitxL. 14. o^aXiovfiai. TTQoayoQBva). selly 7ioXiOQxs(o. f*aQTVQS(o. Eq. 7. Ion. 10» fiBiafiiXoficci. [xexafifX^GOfAat. xvTixrjao/Aai. 15. [iioi(o. nsQisnco. 1209 . Herod. naqriyoQib). generally as passive. Xen. 603 q)QovQso). diaxivd^o^aif Eurip. 7. Eurip. Thuc. noiicj. q>&ovi(a. 8. Plat.

See also the imperatives Xi^eo and ogaeo or oqoev. 6oq>Q(xlvo[iai.— TENSES. svgofirjv — Bl'nocg. ^i^aso* idvaofiriv. sxBva. * fiBvoi {sfisvaa). x^osiv. Xt^(a. fxevd^tjv. . imperat. {'^eiao^rjv). (JENEIKJl). 2). ensaoVf neaoifxi. On the other hand. ^ETJl. sxeiga. (^71. oiasfiS' aor. iinaifiij ilnov or flnov. from AEXSL^ 2. irnperat. ea(pi]Xa. ^Xsufirlv. ^5^0 The aorist active has two endings. With respect to we may suppose that originally the it first aorist of %Mfrf verfes. oQvviii. — i^ov. . Exsgaa. u^sts. voci. a was dropped and the penult was lengthened. {(oaa) otaifisv. oi'aszSf infin. i%ia. slna. i^tjao^rjv. olae. vififo {svfftaa). iviyzaifiif i^veyxafxriv.) ^ *54:. svsifia. txsia. '^XsvdfirjV. -ofirjv. dnov — — — dXdnrjv. The first aorist in a few instances takes the endings of the second aorist. sTisaa (pigb). fjvsyxct. -ov. iitrjd^riv. ivglaxb). Bfiuvu. eaieiXa* liXXta {i'riXaa). oi'asiv. It is easy to see why f/«aa was avoided (compare x^^oJ. dvaso. was formed by annexing au to the simple root of the verb (§ 47). g. -a. asva.f}v)j and the latter ofiTjv (sometimes dfiijv). mid. oiaino. aor. dXofii^v EinSL. tHTja. and ov (sometimes «. namely. the second aorist sometimes takes the endings of the aiQsa). ^|« — (v^ov). otsid(a. (aacpQOfirjv (pigfo. ixfd^rjv. e'xsaov. : ^^6. tina. sxsoa — — — — imperat. atsXX(o {eoTsXaa). KUQfa. — 2 plur. 39 xalcOf e'xea. the former becomes adin^v (sometimes a6fj. tx^oa. ^54. Tisidfievog. ayto. aXiofiai or aXfvojiini. ^§ 53 54. svQdfitfV. (l|a) Ttlnxa. siVXa. 1. ocpdXXo) (I'acfaXaa). 1). (peQta Xe'cD. i^Eg.) first aorist. eoasvci. 1. aa (sometimes aov. (dvadfirjv I'xw. nsauvy nsaoov. TJvsynov — (aacpgdfirjv. (rjsiadfxijv) ^alvojf e^i]odiir}V dvw. -dfirjv. In process of time the E. rjvsi)t(ifir)V. delaeo. In the middle. tiveLXtt.

saTgocpoi. q>alv(o. sxoj. (p^vca. that the radical vowel (a) of alga) and ulXofxaL becomes t] only in the indicative in consequence of In the other moods it becomes «. rdrgocpa cpigta and eigocpct.i 40 2. Xiyoo. &C. pass. Observe further. ^ 22. Hippocr. dviavxai or dvsovTat. de Aer. analogous to aytjyoxa from aya* Thuc. idrjdofxai. dugoi) dsldia (AEPSl). Y^nlQta. analogous to ninov&a from JIENOSl. I'cDxa. icpXey^xrjvay Hippocr. perf part. Bq)tjV(x. dtdoixa analogous to XsXoina from Xdnco. SmgTO (for i^sgTo). • aigegxa. E. pass. {ENEKSI). Thus. iysQoiQnc. xXsTTTb). luiaifiai. wAw^ott (w). 3. This being admitted. aXqbi). jumtVw. Pind. i -ii Ttdaxoi. q)Xsy(ialt>(a. riXdfirjVf («). dyrioxu. or e^lavcc. fiffiog^ivog. it will not be difficult to perceive that the diphthong ai in the penult of the actual present must first be shortened into a and then lengthened anew into ij or «. to collect. avvoxcoxwg (for avvoxwxag)* itjfii (^ESl). id^doxa. ^vvvivocpa. fii^vw. xixXocpa. rgsTico. 5. nXsxoJi TifTiXoxn. XiXoyxoi. implying EJEJl formed from the simple theme td(o. REMARKS. agm aXXo^ai. ^C PERFECT ACTIVE AND PASSIVE AND AORIST PASSIVE. xtt&alQ(0. ninofxcpa. &C. g. 12. from 'dXnoa. part. 7. and soXna. agag. ugov. &LC. 3 sing. TTsnoaxot. agai^i. efxiTiva xa&dgw. sooXnuv. the temporal augment. 57. ia&io) {td(o). Xayxdvto fislgofim {AErXJl). aytiyoxoty ayctyoxsia. '^goi. analogous to e(o&a from t^w. perf. (MEPJI). I'wvTat. ' $vvvs(pB(o. pluperf. exd&fj^a or sxd&ocQcc. In a few instances the last vowel (usually c) of the § root becomes o or w in the first perfect. dcpiairjToci . &c. (JETJl). dvvcofiai). 10. Olym. slXoxa. nsfino). oly(o. The dm and sco is formed ' perfect passive subjunctive of a few verbs in after the analogy of verbs in fii {Xairjfih dvva/j-ai. ev^voxoc- ^58.

1. xixTTjpaL — and — — is ^f^hlprjv. Compare xQfjAolfATjv. XBXtr. L vvpi. fiifivojvtai. fiifiV7}axta. xidofioci. The subjunctive of xd&rjpai (from the theme ^EJl) is xa&afpai. ^ifivri. ad. hsxttJ. xgsalso pififeo. because contrary to analogy. pspvjJTo. xsxXfjXO. 13. XeXvpai — XeXvprjv. -oio) xd&oio. fiSfxvb)(AS&a. pfpvfjVTo.a&f. The optative. The 3 sing. xsxXjjo. pffivrjfifjv. 3 sing. we find pipvoiOy a genuine form. for pepvjjo or pspvao.TENSES. xalioj. nsxrMfiE' <&a. &LC. pvaivro like dvvaivjo). xsxiritttt. Two verbs. fpnhjprjv from nipnlripi. plixr^^xsxXf/ps&a. xsxT^tat. xsxxo)0. but almost always changes at into rj. the perfect passive infinitive and participle take the accent of the corresponding forms of the present. dia^f^Xjja-&s. xxdopai and ^ifivT^axm. . plur. pipvi^axWf pspvTjpat. plur. fif^vwvraL * or fis^vfa^ai. like dairvTO from dalrejected. xixtrjfieii — xtxTMfiai. xsxTjjps&a. /5aUw. pb'pvrjpat — II. pEpvopsvog. xd&jj. fis^vrja&s. xexx(upe- 4. fispvjjo. 3). 3. xd&rjxai' xa&iapsd^a. plur. xa&olptjVf ptjv. subj. w {xvnxol- ^ GO. also ^fpvalaxo (Ionic for pi- 2. Further. follows the analogy of verbs in compare pipvoio (§ 59. TST^rifiai — — pcrf. because the diphthong vu cannot stand before a consonant (Eustath. EXTSTfjii]a&ov. In a few instances. xexTrj^rfV. xfxioovTai. plur. plur. xExzrja^s. plur. from xgspapat ' — — x(xi(ojur)v. XEXXWO&By XEXXMVXO. pfpvf]a&s. form the perfect pas- sive optative also after the analogy of contract verbs in do) {xipdoj. oQvvfii. 379). pspvMprjv. oQcoQSfiocL TSfiva. xd&oixo. xd&rjo&s. laxai^riv dvvapoth dvvalpriv). XSXrjjG&S. xd&(avxai. xexibivzai or xixuxi^ai. xsxXjjVTO. xfKTWjusi^a. liffxvrjrai. ps^ivmo. xsxXi'jptjv.vrja&6. poiad^e. 4* '^' '':'-' •^- . xixT7]fiaL -&«. mid. fxsixvrjTai. xixXtjpaL xsxXjjads. ix(fj. xixxfjio. xtpaolptjv xip(a(ir}v). 2 plur. with the accent as far back as possible. (xspv^- Ij-s&a. ^ ^9. ogaigjijai. plur. ^SfAVw- fisda. XTciofxai. pSpVMpi&Olf (XEpVMO&S. pfpvMxo (resolved pSpVSWXo). xExxaxo. XeXvto. pipvi]axca. xsxTjjo.' ' 4^ xe'xri]. XSXTJ]VTO. u(o follows ' . The perfect passive optative of a few verbs in the analogy of verbs in fii. on the antepenult. fiffiVjj. xxdofiai. fisfjivrj^ai — fisfivwfiai. Xv(o. ^i^lripai Compare • ^Xfjo. plur. that is. pSfiVMVXO. ^elSlrja^e. (XuTrjfn.

dalof-iai. f^wad^rjv. the infinitive always y. aX^Xso(iai. Observe that the perfect of these verbs has the force of the ^61. rjdsa&rjv. Leg. IXavvm. r)Xia&r}v. '&gaiia). oix(xxt}fio(t rl&eadaL. 14 Soph. AAfL. aXd^ofiah dXd^Ea&^vuL. xd&Tjfxoii — — — — oncrjXsfitvog. ciidsoiJ. iXavvco. idvrdodrjv. like cddkria&ai. ax&ofiaif r]X&ia&7]V. 476. dgdca^ didgaofiixL. axa/riadai. sX7]Xufi6vog.cci. ti&Qavfiat . (Ss^va^ai. aXs'oi. uqvo^iiv. — iaavfisvog. anaxriii^vog OX anuxKoi. 2. duovoj.42 REMARKS. Not unfrequently the perfect and aorist passive of pure verbs insert a before ^lai. xa&i^fxsvog. dsdeafioti. ^od(o. (XL^vi^axb)^ {iifivrjfiat — ixsfivoixEvog with the ending of the present. 2ETSI present. E^wafiai. ea^ai. dda&riv. dt'daafiai. 5 and ri^gavofxaiy i&gava&i}V.a- &7ja&ai properispomenon. . ^VEOJ. iyiXda&7]v. '&Xd(a<. Ages. dvvafxoci.ai aXngalro} — uXiTrJi^evog. Antig. rjxovGfiai. dgvo). ^ fidsufiai. idi^8eo^ai. rjdea^rjv. Ua^r^v. to bind. nXdo^tti. "^ -s Ts&XaofiaL. d'Qva^ai. 8i(a. liyotfiai. Xen. ^ yiXdoi. ^ifievog. dfx(piivvvfxi. ^ijv. aXdXr}fj. ^blvvvfii. iadloi. eXrjXaafitxt. . eyvcaa^aif Eyvwa&riv. yLyvwaxw. rjfi(flsofiaL. Evvvfii. '^aova&tiV. id^dadriV. 6. Plat. eXi]Xa[xaL 'ESI. 7]ydad^f]V. 7iXd(s3i]V. uXaX^fievog. iXva^fjv. ii&^fMSvog and ri^efisvog. EATfL.

e^sGfiai. iyoXovo&i]v XQffidvfVfii. galea. Ach. Thuc. Hippocr. nlfiTTgrjfii. and ixoXov&tjVy xoQSvvv^t. ^ nsngrjafiui. a^ivvvfii. fxvXca&rjv. xexvXiGficiL. xXalo). 3. V8(o. Xen.sX(va&rjv. xXiia. to spin. Thuc. i7iv8va&7jv. . to . gcjvvi'ixi. ALsch. ixgovad^rjv. nsnXsvaftai. Col. inlad^rjv. tggcaa&rjv. f^vi]a&T}v. Pac. Cyr. ivda^rfV. insTdad^rjv. ralco. hvofiai.ai. inXsla^rjv. xEHsgaaf^aL. ing^adrjv. [X((X(xxsafiai. (ovoad^rjv. xsXsvcj. oearjafxai. 120 . ad(o. 435. iggulad^rjv. aiasLGfxai. u 43k lXda&r}V. vfvrjoiJiai. xvXloj. ixXrjla&rjv. asibi. Prom. 7isjdvvviJ. break. Wi'a^^v. nl^nXr^fii. xoXovco. xgovoj. vsvriOfzaL. eKQSfiua&rjv.i. ^ ^^ - heap. 139. enXava^Tjv. eadadriv. xexQovfjiaL or xsxgovafiai. Arist. fiifxv^axo). KBxvria^ai. xhvaia^oiL. TENSES. iKvtja&tjV. ntndafi7]v. ixaXia&tjv. sa/Seafiai. 1. naieofiai. 26 . 4. ninXijaf^ai. 8. xfgccvvvfxi. ixsQua&fjV. to shut^ x^xXsiai^ai. itXrjlb}. '^6(0. snXsva&rjv.. exogsa^fjv. Aft'w. fidxofiai. 7. iaXua&rjv. icsxXT^iafitti. ninlaxo). Hel. iXaattofitti. oi'ofxaL.. iy. Thuc. vsvaofiai. Soph. sTigia&i^v. 7ial(x). eTiaXala&ijv. 7. Hvaio). yfw. xXuM. «vd(o. 189. sift. to stone. Tisnaiofiaii inaia&Tjv. 66.^. }CBxiXsva{j. 14. 251 . xixXaafiat. TiXioj. 7. nocXaioi. xsxoQEUfiai. nsndXaiOfiai. » nvscn. 459 Xen. ixvaia&tjVf Arist. inXi^a&rjv. Nub. 4. ngiMy nengtaixai. TisTTSTaafiai. itaXsco. iXtvadtjv.

^i^QMoxb). ionda&rjv. Cyr.w. 411. seems to be small. va^cti. ^s^Xrjaai ^s^X^aofiai. xpaixa. nicpXhvafiai. icpXdaS^Tjv. {bla&tjv) ola&riao(Am. 675. %ciX(i(a. (fXvo). — xoniM. scorch. ygdcpa). x6(a and /uwv^l. yXalca. eipavofiai. /JAoeTTTO). y^yQcupai dafidb). Xen. TETiafiai. TBieXsafiai. •d^djitb). TisqjVQaofiai. Ven. aTOQivVVfXL.44 REMARKS. eansdda&i]V. cpsQW. xiyXrjaai xfxX^aofiai. Xgib). (p^fft). vu&tiv. tlvm. § 6S. icpQT^a&riv. axEduvvvnii iaxf'Saoficii. dsds^ofxaL. 7. hla&riv. Tyr. Herod. jsXsco. X(avvv(jm see xooa. ixaXda^riv. iSdXXfo. KS/dXaofiai. TtSKXavaofxau xsKOipuL Hexoipofiixi. . g)Xu(a. xaXs'ca. i/Q'qa&rjv. . onaca. itfjava&rjv later. faTOQEO&TJV. The is passive It is number of verbs. XQdo). dedi^XaaaL Te'&aipaL dEdrjXojaofiaiy — — — — — — (Se^XuipOfiuL. 3. ^i^Qtaaai iSs^gbjaofiai. Tuvvio. at^o^M^'' ^"^ . 10. xixouofiai. (xglodriv. dede^ai dsM. TtsQinicpXeva^ai. Prom. dedfi^aofiai. ysygocipofxat is ye/QCffj^ivog eaofiai. TSTUvva(xai. iiavva&rjv. ysygdipofiai. xexorjOfjioiL. 5. 5 . excpgrju&ivicav). xf. dedfitjaaL dsxofiai. i. TtsxXfiaaL — dsdi^ao^ai equivalent — Hippocr. . xXsio). to ds&ijaofiat. with respect to signification. Xen. Hippocr. eanaofiai. the third future passive is equivalent to the perfect passive participle and the future of dfii. of used. 4. in Suidas (voc. ^s^Xaipat. that. THIRD FUTURE PASSIVE. Soph. 9. 22 ^sch. 189 . dideaai drjX6<a.^^/a^«f. necessary to remark. fj^wai^Tjv. which the third future vowel have no third future passive It is hardly observed that liquid verbs and verbs beginning with a except q^vQO). iisXsa&rjV. Herod. — — xsxXavaaL — — KinXdao^aL. niq^Xaa^ui. xi&dipo^ai. Thus.

EOXTj^ofiat. nXriaobJy nsnXrj^ai noiita. asalyrjaoti axonsco. 311.. TtEcpiXtjoai (fvgM. tlgriaEiai. XiXvao^ai. xixgayct XaigcD. Epist. 3. . to the rare nga- nenXri^oixai. iaasipofiaiy as future passive. exTT^ooficct. 'PESly ttgriaau aiydca. |Wf'|Ut|at fiLfiv^aub}. 7iE(p^oofiai as future middle. 53. XiXf^ai Xunm. jcsxT^oo^ai. Xvojf Xcksiipai XsXvoai fxiyvvfiL. xixa^at XSVXO). Tifidb). IsXs^o^ai. saxTjxcc xTjdoj. neqiiX'^aofiai. fisfivrjaccL navia. • 45 ygvuTM. ninavaai — — — nsngdaofxai equivalent — — equivalent ninga^ai — — — — — — fisfii^ofiat. (piXico. {xExgd^w). niTTgdaxo). saxsipuL Taaao). with the exception of eaTry^w and TE&vri^(o. Thuc. 63. Laxr]fii. 7i£q)vgaai XoXooi. 17.ai. shine. XdslipoficcL as the future to XeXsi^^ai. (xExadriObj). {nicprjaoci) 0AJI. TTETiolrjoai. Xgccofiai. ThxdvvaaL — — middle. nECpvgao^ca. to — — TETEV^OfXai. ngdaato. Xslrjaat Xeyco. TEiavvaofiai. xExtjda — — saw^^ia. nicpaaat — — nEcpriao^ai. Here the radical vowel was shortened because used in a dactylic verse. TETgdipofiai. T«T«|0|Uat. TtEyQVipcti idxTtjaaL Xav&ctvb). xfxagi]aofiai. xExg^aofiai. xixXdy^oficti. nsTtoiijaofiocL to 7ioir}&i^ao^ai» nsngd^ofxai. xExadi^aofiai. itTccoi^ai. Plat.ai. — — — — — — ysygvipoixai. x(xngr. as the future to xsXsXi^oofxai as middle. nsTiQaaai &7Jaojj. TExgaxpai (poLM. asaiy^aofiai. fisfxvi^aofiai as future to fxi^vri^ai. active. xExgd^ofj.(ag — — — (xExXdy^oi). TExifii^aoiJoiij Lysias. XExgrjauL — — xExoXwaui — — to kill. xExoXcoaofioci as future middle. xexrjdrjaofxai could not be XExXnyya xgdCco. TSTV^ai lavvoj. after the analogy of active verbs of which the future assumes the ending of the middle (§ 51). In a few instances. xEXixgrjaco. 885. the third future occurs also in the But. 3. nsTtavaofiai as ningriaai TisnQrjoofiai. xXd^co. it takes the ending of the future middle.tenses'. Tilfxngtjfii. TEjlfiriaai TgsTKO.

aysiQ(Oy '^ysgoi^tjv.7iXaxlaxat. nho/xai. Epic rjp^gorov. : axa%t^(0. rjfineaxofitjv. 2 aor. ' ^xa. dXdaivoj. ' (Eudfl). EJETOJly ETibj. ' avaya as present. avolyco. e^dgj] {ocgj]). aXvaxco. Ionic etjya. ' TJXaXitov. it evident that the third future is their natural future. ala&dvofiai. Epic tvadov scida. rjfj. Wganov from jgantlofisv ^^e- ajigad^ov. avddvb). subj. Doric I'a^a. aXiTQahco. syncopated aygofisvog. i]a^6fir]V. TJyyEXov ayvvixif iayrjv ' rjyysXrjv rjyytXofitjV. i^fx^Xaxov. aXilcpai. as intransitive ' or passive. 7]Xdavov.|fo^)jv. '^XXuyrjV. nfxXofitjv and TST^ov and ETstfioVf nicpvov and iJifcpvov. ai'gb). xe'koi^ni. d^inexa. just as fiSfivi^ao(iaL is the natural future of nBfivri(xai* is As SECOND AORIST AND SECOND PERFECT. TJxaxov axovot). from dsgyofiai sTiQa&Ofirjv. r]Xlq)TjV. sadov. slXufirjV (§ 54. rarely ayi]v mya. TjAqpov. dvrjvo&a as present. akt^oi. afiaQTavo) TTW • ' 0ENJI. akaXxov. iyelQCo. rarely rjXxadov.niaxov afivvco. The following list contains nearly all those verbs of which the second aorist and second perfect are used. ddov. is ^X&ov. the perfect of these verbs has the force of the present.vva&ov ' • '^/xniaxofxrjv. that metathesis takes place in tJ/i^qotov from ' Edganov. a^aQT(xv(t)y TJ^agTOV. tano/xrjv.7iXnxov. Observe. ' ANEOJl. '^voiytjv avsoyya as present neuter. edQvcxrjV. i]jj. rjXiTOfiijv. dropped in the forms aygofisvog. aXl^o) (aAEKSL). 2). . ayyiXXo).46 REMARKS. tanov and inTo^tjv. uXq>dv(a. slXov tlXofitjV. ijyayov cclgso) ' rjyayo^tjv. oixi]xoa. part. afj. rjXofiTjv. I'fo). § 64. aXXdaab). from nig&M * ' and from TSQ7l(0. also. rj(j. rjXiTOV aXXofiai. ixszXofitjv. dvayo). ayo). Observe that the radical vowel of a/HQw. aXvaxavov. TEMIl. rather doubtful rigo^riv. r}fivva&6i^7}V. Xaxov and iaxofirjv.

^gl&ta. s^XaoTOV. eysvofxriV yXvqxa. ^gsxM. t^gaxov. ^Xaoidv(a. idiuxa&ov. daict). iyXvq)i]v. sdaov {didaov) iddijv. olda as present 2 sida (§ 54. /?«/?««. iygd(pTjV. ^ovXofiai. ETAJl (lASl). Thuc. idvT}v. agioTao). dvco. r^glajaa. 1. ' yiyvo^ai. ofgnd^oj. 2|y rjnacpofirjv. to burn. e^gdxr. as passive. as present. (MOASl)f ffxoXov. iydgo). as ac- AAll. dag&dvot). Doric yiy&d^a. ' dsgxoixai. dovnsb). ' didovna. fPgoxnv. (Salvb). AIKSl. ysyavlaxojj yeytova as present. d sdscnvaa. ' ^dXXa. see enavglaxto. . Epic ngo^s^ovXa as present. 2 perf. B^aXov i^aXofirjv. pass. iddgrjv. present neuter. part. Poetic yf'yaa. Epic. deinvso). 8iMX(o. ' ' agrjQtt. ATPJl. tdag&ov. JBPAXSl. 2) ddofiriv. ' 133. lonic agaQvia. agaQlaxw. idovnov dgsTKo.v. to teach. §i^gT^a as present. sdaxov {dixaxov). ^Xdmco. idaofitjv dedrju as daxvoj. part. s&(a. ^e^agrjiag ^i^gwaxta. dafxdoj. : sygrjyoga as present neuter. rjgagov '^Qagofirjv agdga. BPOXJl. ygd(pa. pluperf. BAPEIL. Epic tdga&ov ' ' iddg&rjVy idgdd^rjv. iddfirjv. sdgaxov digto. as present. idgdxTjv ' didogxa as present. ^s/Sgwg. yeyova. 2 perf. tdixov. part. eV(o&a. ^Xtoaxo) i^Xd/SfjV. ysyrj&a. : idofitjv ' . iygdcp&rjv does not occur. inavglaxofiai. as present neuter. rjgndyrjv. dsdaa. eUov : {i'Sov). tjygoixrjv syncopated iigy(o. Ionic eco&a.( TENSES. at least in good Greek. The 1 aor. tive. fidsiv as imperfect. yrj&eoi). iigya&ov. i'dganov. rjnncpov ' . anacplayito.

xalot). 2 perf. e&egrjv. to chide^ ivSTKO or ivVETKO. aXriv. una ' sigya. E&IVOV. to appear. ivevrnxoVi or in7]vg6^rjv. EPOMAI. § 15. (§ 54. EinSL. part. Sego/Aai. tcpayov ' ' tdtjda. xalvto. ea%ov. and ivivVnoVy rivlnanov. hacf)i]V. idlrjv. as present. xexoKptjcos as present. EAOfL).: S REMARKS. ' Hippocr. evg6fj. xdjuvo). rjvagov. sarcov EnSl. Epic siXi^Xov&a. to ask. ivsvianov. «rxw. seem. OAdiJl. Te&vcca. iTiavglaxw. B&avov £&ogov. : igEino). in Homin. svgov £^(M. egya&oV igya&ofxrjv. 2). to yield. pluperf. ergvq)r]V. eogya' 2 pluperf. rigvxaxov. sl'iCtt&ov» silto. 2). rarely 7JXv&a. as present 2 il'xG).ra as present. ^X&oV iXi]Xv&(x. Ionic oha. i^vyr]V. figixov iojgysiv. ixa(pov' T£^ij.rjVi Bvgafiriv (§ 54. icoXnEiv as imperiXnoi. part. E&iyov. taxaa as present intransitive. Einov. Exavov. lxvsoiJ. ivlnxdj ivrivo&a as present. egXOfxaL {EATOSI. Exotfiov (xExafiOv) ' ixafioftrjv ' 2 perf. ^svyvv(^i. ^]gvyov. d'gya&ov : ivalga. I'anov. sotTta (sha). ' sanofir^v. Epic ssmov. UQya&o^riv. xEXfirjcog* KA<PEfL. TJginov intransitive riglni]v ' igrigma as neuter. to do. S^iyyavo). igsixco. igvyyavti. ExdfjV. sdco ' ojXv&ov.ax^d^ov iaxof^rjv. e&aXov ' Ts&rjXa (js&aXvla). commonly intransitive. ia&lo) and {^AFJl). see EinSl. (. EVLOnOV. 871(0. '&v'^ax(o. rig6(jiriv. BoXna as present middle fect middle.aiy IxofiTjV. &Xl^oi. 2 pluperf. ialitEiv as imperfect. •&u7ti(x). eXrjXov&ojg. S^gvuim. XaTfjfii. inavgov ' sno^ai. i&Xl^rjv. &Elv(a. igym {sXgytxi). &dXX(o. tgda or egdia {EPEII). ivlaaco. ENEOSl. igvxta. svgiaxco. sTiaVQtaHO^ai. Doric xi^dXa. ix&Xi^M. . de Loc. S^goiaxfo.

is not found. Xiyb). T: % ^. ' KPIZSl. oXcaXa. Plat. Andr. Xayxavbi. fie'fiTjXa as present. iXuoixrjv. Eurip. ' xfjjfavw. V xXlveOy ixXlvTjv. part. (oXo^Tjv. ' {XBXa&ofirjv) ' XiXrj&a XiXrjxa Xdaxa. oXXvfxi. fidgnia). The 1 aor. XExev&a as present. . ' ' . i'Xaxov ' eXaxofirjv {XsXaxofitiv) ' XiXdxa. ' . ' (laivcj. o)Xia&ov. 1025. XfXEixiifag. tXaxov (Xe'Xaxor). i'xTvnov. xsxoTriwg. part. XiXafina. as present. j^ Xiaoo^m. part. oXia^alvM. 2H. xixlayyuj as present. ogdfa {OIlJl)f onwna.TENSES. ^vvve(pi(a. " KQvmoi. >. xoTiTW. Bxv&ov (xixv&ov) kij5g). asttXo^Tjv. ' xgd^o). itixrjda as present middle. Xav&dvta. 2 perf. Xafi/Sdvco. -^ Mojsa.. XT«Vw. MEIPfLy Efifiogov e'fi^oga as middle. see the compound dvolya. exiavov exzova. exixoV' xioj. frag. Hsv&w. Epic {XeXaxvla). XBigoi. as present. Xd^nta. ' xXsTtTW. ifidyrjv. Xslnoi. 3 perf. ^ fiav&dv(o. ' ' • ^ ^ h: ttXd^o). >. sxQixov . Theaet.ifivxa vicpm. ixdgrjv. ^i^ova. ifidi>r}v fifij. Xdxfa. - a fxrjxdofiai. xixgVya as present. sXinov ' iXmofnjv ' XtXoina. to collect^ tXeyrjv. sfivxov ' ij. fidaob) fAt^agmov) • fxsfiagnoc. ixXanov ixXdnrjv. ' fxifiTjxa fivxdofiai. sXoc^ov . as present. pass. ^vvvivocpa. 5 . sfxa&ov. i'loya. oi'yw. MAJl and MENU. xsxogriag as middle. f'fiaTtov {fis^anov. ixkciyov xixXrjya. ixonrjv xogevvvfiii • xixona. tXa&ov {XsXad-ov) iXu&ofiriv (Doric XsXa&a as middle).1 ' iXa^ofiriv (XEXa^ofifjv). Xinta. ixsxXofitjv. sfiaxov fiiyvvijif E^lyriv. ol'yrjv. txQV^ov ixQV^rjVf also (exQV(pr}v) XQV<pds. I'xQuyov xixqdya as present. ' fieXto. fisfiaa. {MArSl). ixla&ov. XTvnio). 2 perf. iXdnriv. 411 xsXofiai. Arist. 118.r)va as present middle. as present.

part. Lucian. uxdmw {2KA^Sl). TTTvaata {nTrrJl)y inTvyrjv. inzofirjv. enoQOV {tteticcqsIv). X&rjv is also used as middle. pass. inrvgrjv. gdnio) (PA<IiJ2). nhofxai. Doric ninaya. ' QiysojyXggVya as present. inv&ofiriv. waq>q6^riv. pass. smajtov TiivgofiaL. ogvaaw. oiarjga as present neuter. The 1 aor. snaQdov ' nsnogda as present. nvlyco. ninXfj^a. arjnw. 22. TtsnaXfov. The 1 aor. Eum. itBTur^ag. part. indyrjv ' inga&ofirjv. part. 2). iggvrjv. Ionic nsngrjya. ' ' mva^ i7iTVi]v. pass. 2 perf a^vxw. sing. aimenotXwv 7t(xax(o. ETia&ov mnovd^a. ^ ' ndXXa.fiv {neni&oiirjv) ' ninot&ot as present middle. nsgdofiui. inXdyriv ' nBnXijyofxrjv • ninXfjya. Bac. 2 aor. ninXrjyov inXi^yrjv. 243. as present middle. intransitive. taxXTjw? as middle. 3 . nvv&dvo^ai. mrjaado. ' ninriya. tnsrov. bjQOQov ' REMARKS. 259. dnsaaova (Jaaova). iondgtjv. MQontjv ' oQ(OQ(x as presciit middle. Odys. 2 perf. ngdaaoo. is not found. Epic 7tsnr}&a indXriv. acpXov. Eurip. inxdgriv. nsngaya. ns- meojgt nsmug. 1226. 2 aor. ' nXi^aaoj. ocpuXbif wcpeXov. nlvco.1. Hip. ginibiy iggiq>rjv. nsTiTrjwg. ondgw. Dial. ocpXiaxdvo). eggd(pr]V. Eurip. . nXi^d^(o. wQvyrjv. eniagov 2 perf. TiTcxgvvfiai. snga^ov TtTJyvv^i. iafivytjv doubtful. 6. iaxd(p7)v. aa(pgoifii<}V (^ 54. Hec. iadnrjv ' asarjua as passive or middle. TisQ&w. Eurip. sneaov (^ 54. Q^yvvy. inXsnXiHw. 2'ETJl. inviyrjv. IIOPSI. 23. Mort. rare and Doric ninoaxot' Ttsid^Wf mi&ov (nini&ov) ' im&6(j. inXdxrjv. gi(o. oaq>Qalvo^(tL.5i oQvvfii. part. ^Esch. 1 ) * miov. ^^ -s*^ aaigw. nlm(o. 2KEAylSl. ir. 3. Hippocr. {nETiot&v'ifA). Hippocr. iggdyrjv ' sggmya as present passive.

icpXExd^riv ^. atiXko). fPENSl. TSfxvtOj T(ir]fog xeiXrimq. 2 perf. 4 TQE(foay sTQttq)OV ' jgsxto (jPAMfLy JPEMJl).vi :w . ecpavov ' icpdvriv ' i(pttv6fir}V doubtful : niipijva as mid- dle. TBTOQOV. 2 p€rf. Tvnxojy SXV710V {xExvTiov) jv(p(ay ixv(prjv. jhrjxa as middle. aor. (pXdycoy icfXiyriVy Anthol. pass. iaopdXr^v. TiTvaxofiai.. sTs^oVy ttafiov ' iTBfiOjj^ijVy itafiofitiP . jfiTiyoj. Herod. . (ENErKSl). %nQ(OaX(0. Pac. hgl^riv (i). 12. 104. tc- as passive. iOTOQya. TIEIL. ^AAZfLy is rare. 71. BTOQOV' rQETKt). 51. EcpXttdov. eaivyov. ' Ejga7i6fir}V. aTgicpai. part. ' TEMSLy TtQTKOy iidQTiTjv (jQaTidofiEv) tigaofiaiy hiqariv. <p^iv(Oy Bcpd^L&ov rather doubtful. iajigrjv. eatdXrjv. ' t/jCTWj BTSXOV ' hsXOfiTjV ' TSTOXa. GtUXW.. Arist. TExXaaf tdaaw. avgwj oq>ai^oi iavQtjv^ or acpdiTca. TAylAIl. ioTQucpriv. ffEg^cjy TiECfog^a. tgl^Wy xgojywy txgayov* Tvyxdvoiy Exvxov. EOtlXOV.TENSES. The 1 aor. 2).: (fXl^Oiy i<pXl^riv (r). . (fEido^at. TXECpidoixrjV. TAFSLy 2 Tnayav. (jtsgyb). aifdkXoi. (fEvyWy Eq)Evyov nECpEvyUy nstpv^oxEg* <p&Eig(»y iq)^dgr)V Eq)&oga. y^ii. ' ixvnrjy. 7. aiegio).^. (falvoj. sdgafiov ' didgo^oc. . • * rjvEyxoVy rjvEyxa (% 54. atvyica. Tsuriojg. iacpdyrjv. xhgxya as present. part. 178. TSTflOVy BTSTjXOV. (figo) JXECpVOVy E7lE(fV0V. ::ii. EZQCtnov itgdnriv iTgd(f)fjV. T^xaty hdxriv staQTtofirjV (jEzaQTiofiriv). rhvxov ' ' rtjvxofirjv* hfiuyov ' itfxdyTjVy iTfU^yrjv* tOQECO. ixdyTjv. Hippocr. part. rgl^o).

Xavdolvb). present imperative. ax^d^s. inscpgadov. Gorg. ' ^ xexadov xsxadonrjv. sxadov Xs^oJ. Strictly speaking. -E&ov. axe&tlv. axid^tov. itov. iwv. tradition places the acute on the penult. g. -a&6(ir]v. tt'gyojj i'gyfa. 95. idi(6xa&sg. a^ivva- &ol(ir}V. (pvQW. But even if they were real aorists as to form. It is observed. however. Sometimes these forms have the force of the imperfect in the indicative. iegya&ov. for idlmxeg. 7ii(pQ(xdov. 65. In the dependent moods. just as it is retained in ns<pv(aVf oi'usiv. diooxct&cj. axs^siv. Plat. axsdo}. follow the analogy of the imperfect. pass. as Some modern critics.) 2. xEx^ttda. following preterites in -ad^ov. 151 the . retained ixgv^i . oxs&oiy.. diwxdd^siv. E. XPAI2MSI. ay. that the present indicative of forms in -d&on is not used. frag. the traditional accentuation ought to be . ixia&ov. • (§ 54.vvad^By afivvd&siv ' r]fivvad^6fi7]V.vvd&ov. 1) xixoda. El'gya&oVf dgyd&o). egyd&ov. they follow the analogy of the present. ' xf'xtjva ' as present. a(j. ox^d^odv. idiooxa&ov. (pvo)f iq)V7]v X(x^(*i} ' nicpva as present middle. afivvbij Tjfivva&ov. most whimsically accent them as if they were real second aorists as dfivva&slv. although analogy requires ntcpviov. XctiQOi. Nub. iXf^Qtjv xExagof^fjv * 2 perf. part. icpQvyrjV. axB&b)v. and that of the present in the dependent moods. eipvxrjv. diwxm. 1. however. iEsch. ^sch. i(fvgriv. (Arist. 85. xix'^grjojg as present. (fQuaob). egya&ov ' sgya&ofirjv. aXs^w. xi(0. ipvxto. xaisigyd&ov may be a present imperative.t. xiajv. i'xQUia^ov. The § 1 aor. exb). 566. 257. BX^aov ysxotvda as present. With respect to the accent of the injinitive and participle of these forms. Nub. '^Ixa&oVj aXyta&eiv. with respect to form. Eq. iipvyriv. REMARKS. slgydd^siv ' tlgya^ofiriVy flgyd^ov. iipvx&r^v is rare. iaxs&ov. . Eum.52 (fQix^ia. and many others. f^i^arov ' Xttlvoj and xdaxo). i(f)QOLyi]V. dfivvd&sTs. 1223. dfivvd&siVi oxB&uv. Arist. the passage diivvd&tTt fioi TVTiTOfisvM ndoji Tix^ji may be compared with naga^otj'&s'l&' (og vn dvdgwv tvntofiai ^vvtoixoiojv. g)Qvy(a. ifgyw. Arist. XAAZfL.

MAJl. and TAAASl. Thuc. p. 53 not safe to tamper with It is it no more presupposes a%sthan the Ionic forms aysofievog. and Analogy seems to require the xfx^va. in all the moods except the participle. 72. Phaedr.. 26. '^ Xayxdvo). As to the Homeric ax^&^^iv. xiav. The second pluperfect of course follows the analogy of its second perfect. 2. /Ss/Saa {BAJl). Plat. II. not used. rsi'xca. -fi. perf part. -wai. but it cannot be shown that the ancient Greeks did not pronounce it. and regular SB3daai. The second perfect of a few verbs in «w is syncopated. lav. 252 5* . /S£/9w. Balva 2 Perf. written also dsdrja. It will be observed that when the root ends in a consonant. ^vvvivocpa. ^aXXsofisvog. -fjg. /Ss/SafiBv. 6lc. * rsTSVxa. ^i '^ AH'mtm^ '' TQtifca. . ^BjSviai. after the analogy of verbs in (n (as XaTrjfii). S. qoatVw. '^i% T t i. ryTidaxWj ninoaxot' axdntco (SKAfltJl). usarjQa. eVx^s. Plat. ^Qvxdo^aif (Se^gv/a as present. dvvsovoi. g. 298. Trach. Ind. §06« The . i^()«(rff(w. /?£/?«??. Isoc. TST^7.TENSES. c^w. S. Greek accentuation. &vijax(o. bi(flBE do aywy (SaXXWf dvva. ^6 The verbs to which this remark applies are ^alvaj. Soph. olasiv.). with iota subscript. YoTrjfii. OTQSCpcj. 345 Subj. exgrjv. it will be easy to perceive that the perfect of verbs in <po3 and ^a may be referred to this head. f^efijjva. . 134. nicppva. P. -rjiB. yeyQUfpa. omission of the iota subscript. 6(pXoo. /Qoccpo). second perfect of dalaot fialvoj. and is § OT. T8TQoq>a. p. ^B^w^Bv.f«tV(M. swv. 8. that consonant undergoes no change whatever in the second perfect. aalQCO. aw-oxojywg as present. This being understood. . ylyvofiai. XsXoyxa^vvvsipeo). 1. ^a>. E. S^elv. Phsedr. (Steph. 5.^a as present. saxacpa. XaiQoqxi.

453. Eurip. S. Ts&va&i. S. 610. not found. /»/*. x£&alr]Tov. Ti^y«« not used. -wto?. 4. 365. S. tt&vdvai («). Phil. 138./£>«« not used. -«T?. yeyuaxs (for ysyduis). 81 -via. -wto?. 142. 98. -all]. 22. Subj. 199.^ 2Perf. 641. II. fysydsiv not used. -wto?. . P. -ma. Dem. 122. 4. 1. Epic. 181. II. also TE&vdvttL (contracted from xE&vaivai). Gorg. Olym. Imp. 6. Theog. Xen. 359. 164. ^M*^ rlyvofiai (rAIl). Imp. ysydtfjv («). Xen. 104 Anab. P.. The supposition that it is protracted from ysydis (contracted from yEydviis) does not seem to be very satisfactory. II. TE&vM not found. 2. . -ms. Opt. Xen. 539. Mem. Sup. S. penult of ytydaxs was perhaps lengthened after the analogy of ytydaav (ytya-a-vai). 17. Epic. Ts&valtjv. 54 Opt. v. 64. Xen. -ali]zs. Odys. . xe&vaxov. Heracl. 199. iEsch. Inf. 11.^*- D. '^^'^J 1. -dai. Soph. §s(iad-i ^s^dvm ^s^acog. contracted Soph. 9. //i(?. P. -ttirig. 18. 5. -an^Trjv. 10. D. P. II. Plat. D. 2 PI up. . 16. -aaav. i^a^aTOVf -dirjv. («). ydaaij II.tB^ ""*'^. -waa.* /i- ysydfisv. 3. Anab. 2. 4. The OvijatKo {ONAJl). 4. Epic . ? «# II. contracted /5£/5(wV. -ajaa. T6&valr]/^sv. not found. -dxataav. Cyr. S. . /e/aw?. Ts&vaxs. 41.. 17. i\ . Batr. 280. Pind. D. Agam. -dxio. 4. Lys. -dxtov. Part. Inf. 1 168 Arist. 2. 720. -dotog. ygycog. Parf. P. elSs^dsiv not used. TE&vaTov. 850 Elec. ^E/Salrjv REMARKS. Tyr. D. Eurip. S. Hom. 2. Epic /?6- (Sd^sv. . 24. 3. 2 PI up.^- > 2Perf /«c?. s^e^ufiEv. -ah}aav. Ts&vai^ev.

-oxog. 112. eaxairjtov. 87 . D. D. Ts&vi(ag. 18. Eurip. 319. 10. Doric Ti^vawV. eajw^sv. 354. «(7Taa not used. I'axrjTB for tataTs. P. EaxdsLv not used. -ax(.208. II. -oLTTjv 'i 1 P. -dxa. 413. . 84. eaxoog. -ji. laTttToy. Bac. -dx(ov. . 23. D. 342. Hel. -UTS. Hel. II. Epic 2 plur. Theog. Hes. taxaxs. 101 . 6. -6g. -wxoq. 243. -dxfjv. 2. -ttxs. Cyr. Soph. 20.641. iTi&vdsLv not used. 2 Perf. Rhes. . II. S. D. 10. Ionic 3 plur. ts&psioig II. 4. P. 2 Perf. Part. 6. 17 Ionic 2 piur. Tyr. -dai.. . "ratrjfii {2TASi). 9. 15. soxttxov. isdvYivla^ ^Tog 494. -aaav. 225 4. Inf. D. -alrjg. -airjaav Imp. . fiifiafiEv. II. 49-. 565. 139. Epic. 19. -Mxog. 519 Ionic eaxscog. 200. TsS^VTjOjg. 781. -mtog. Herod. 79 -ma. • 55 isd^vd(xev. -wai D. Herod. Eoxatovy P. 99. 349. Xen. II. or 17. 38 eaxdvai (a). £(jT(w. -tog. 1: saxrJTOV -rjzs. 5. II. 7. Jwf/. 246. kaxaajg. -jjg.i 497. 10. II. iTt&vafiEv. -waa. [lifAoca P. 489. eoTsuai (for eaTdaai). 15. Ind. 160. 4. S. 284. S. S. not used. Herod. 5. 23. Epist. 7. 5. MAS!. Eurip. Xen. II. 8. tB&vdfitvai. Epic. 1. . . P.uu>B Part. iif^ddai. *' contracted Aj. eaxa&t. Herod. Thuc Subj. Plat. P. saiiaTs (for fcaT«aTf). Epic 11. 2. D. Opt. Pind. Nem. or -oiog. S. S. 10. -^aoi. -ai^xtjv kaxalriuBVy -alrjxs. 23. 161. TENSES. -aaav. Dem. 169. also Xen. and 24. 1. Odys. -axs. Odys. II. I'aTocfxBv. iii&vatov. and haidixsv. 2 Plup. also eaxrjcog. 10. 92 Epic eaxccfisiai 480 4. . -WTO?. eaxafisv. -dxcoaav. 22. saxttlfjv. ixifiaxov. 2 Plup. II. 443. S. -alrj^ Odys. 6. -oTog.

1 plur. Athen. TSTXrjwg. lerAw not found. except the 3. 818. 20. 1. 5«5/ft). dEdsinvafiev. D. 2 plur. S. 2 perf. REMARKS. 863 . fiffiuKa. ind. Epic Thuc. -at?. Opt. Epic. . 7. Part. 2. -alri. -via. Rep. -via. 3 pers. Rhod. -T}. . 96. ixsxXafitv. dsdifisv. II. 2. frag. Xen. 20. hszXdsLv not used. -dxi^v D. Part. Epic. to go. 204. 3. 4. II. hdxXaTOV. riQlaxaf^EV like eaxafiev. -alrjaav Imp. Ath. 373. also 1 plur. 275. 4. Apol. . 1. 807. t£tX«« not used. II. . 4. 10. rjQiaxdvat like eaxdvai. 1 . also fisfiuojg. tirXad-i. 196. 126. 2 Plup. cx^tffTaw. in some of the parts of the second perfect. 2 Perf. 73'. -wrog./m P. fiifiaaav. -«Tft)V jsiXaTB. TixXaiov P. 13. Inf. dsdlaxov P. 23 . 20. Odys. . -axe. 118. fiB^awg. -ag. -oiog. 428 2?i/?w. regular. 2 Plup. 53 II. 1 plur. Athen. Odys. Arist. -ojog. Isocr. ^^y. ^m6/. . to fear. S. -aitijriv TSTXaltjfxeVy -airjTS. -uTOtaav TExXdvai. 20. TSTlatOV. Athen. -aat. 586 . 40 440 S. 2. af^as. The second participle. TAAAIl {tAASI). II. TeTlatfjTov. 2 Perf. Odys. in all the moods. j 2. 9. 1 56 Imp. 11 dtdlafisv. D. 7.^f5ci. 16. TsiXdfisv. P. Horn. i^ffiaeiv not used. S. TSTXalfjV.ry«Vat. Hvm. 190. 10. . P. Odys. Epic ' dsldia D. II. The verbs dgLaxdo) and dsinvicD. S. 311.. 3. and 307 6.. : : perfect of dim. -e. -aaav. 4. follow the analogy of I'oxaa from Xaxri^i. S. -ax8. Epic jstXafiEvat. -7??. 401. Thuc. II. 304. 2 perf ind. 10. Ind. dsdia. aai dsidi^sv. -aiw. S. may be syncopated after the analogy of slfn. iMof^f*'. p. 20 fw/.3 pers. dsLnvsd) (AEinNAJl). 447. D. /wd S. -alrjg.

99 3 pers. II. The forms avM/^ca and avwx&s are explained as follows. Par^ 2 Plup. Further. 373 P. ind. hence the actual forms oiv(a%&(a. 6. follows the analogy of ttx(ixt]o&ai and The other form. 2 2 pers. pers. 2 sing. iXriXv&a Epic dXi^Xovd^a — 1 plur. II. igyrjyog&ai. Epic dsldns. 827. Compare avwya and ninov^a. ' The steps are nenovd^aTs. Imp. xga^co. Plat. iygi^yogd^s' infin. avwj^&i. Inf. 20. Arist. the penult is more analogical. Apol. Ttsnova-xs. S. didi^i. 7ii7iov&-ie. nocox(o. iygrjyoQd^s. 1 plur. I pers. iygriyoga. nEKga- nsnoa&s Epic for ntnov^aTe. 11. which again suggested g&ai' hence the actual forms iygrjyog&s.. Epic idsldLfisv. ' TENSES. avayfisv for avwyafisv imperat. dedisirjv (like telfiv 57 from sl^i). with the accent on the antepenult. Vesp. arw/o). 1 pers. • • — ' ' Kslirjv. eygi^yog&ai. 2 plup. plur. dsidlfisv. Rhod. 274. . nsnoaxE the combination -oTs suggested the passive termination -o&b {nmEi- O&e). ngocpvlaxd^B* 2 plur. These forms are explained as follows full form sygrjyogEis syncopated sygi^yog-TS the combination grs suggested the passive ending gd^s {ecp^agS^s). 7iE7ioi&a Compare avcoya. I plur. ^00. nengaxd^i' the yeTs is not syncopated. yxs naturally suggested the passive endings x^ta and x&^ (ksXsx^oi). Plat. Eoiaa 2 dual E'ixTov Epic for koixaxov 2 plup. avtox^s. fXEV. 3 dual si'xTf}v Epic for ico. A few mute and liquid verbs drop the connecting vowel in some of the parts of the second perfect and pluperfect. av(oya 2 perf. ninoa&s. eygii- yog&ai written also iygrjyog&at. 5. Phsedr. elX^Xov&fAsv for siXi]- Xovd^afxsv. Epic idddcaav. Vesp. XiXsx&s) . 66. 1 plur. dsdKog. xExgciya imperat. 753. — Compare iyslgco. Epic II. ind. 3. iygi^yoQU — imperat. avwyns' syncopated avcoy-to). iniTii&fiEv Epic — for inETtol^ei- . 415. 6 . Epic fem. Opt. avwy-rs' the combinations yTco. with the accent on aXdXTja^ai. Leg. soiyfisv Poetic for ioUa^Ev uycm. avdj^d^cj. 366. eygrjyog^ai. sgxoiiiui. 5. TtdS^oi). 521. Epic dsidvla. Arist. 3. dsdisvai. 9. S. dsidL^i. full forms avaytTco. Odys. P. idediaocv. TiBTiov&a — —2 2 plur. uvmx&s.

1. 7. eldsifjg. Herod. or Id^svcei. 406. Epic tidso). 273. Arist.Tov. Plut. Odys. 14. Elec. Ind. X«n. 13. 184 Ach. Herod. 3. sldog. udsLrjTrjV sldslrjfisv. are not ol'dafisv. lais. -oiog. 11. Arist. Soph. II. sld^Ts. Epic and Ionic ^jdsa. sidijrov etda^sv. oia&a. perfect. 482. Fem. Anab. 3. Epic Idsfiev. and in the imperative. 61 . 2 Perf. D. Odys. XoTOiaav. Epic 1. laaai. § TO. 1. 1. Anab. 150. 608 .58 REMARKS. Soph. Eurip. ri&firjv). 1. II. Soph. 206. 4. Hec. 570. Xen. P. 13. much 1. Hel. CEcon. std(og. sldojai. 100. S. 363. Antig. S. 337. II. 1. II. Subj. . P. 238 . it presupposes EIThe pluperfect of course follows the analogy of the /lEJl. 4. Arist. . Pind. 1186. Herod. 5. Xen. sldvloc. Ot^a. 1. they belong the later Greek. 2. sidw. i'a&i. 380. Tyr. 1. D. I?np. i'ai(av. 16. Xen. Aj. Soph. I'oTs. 16. 1684. 20. In the subjunctive and optative it follows the analogy of -tl&ri^i (ii^ico. IffTCtf. 15. Inf. part. Epic el'dofiev. Bceotic i'vTco. i'd^sv. 8. the second perfect of EI/lSl. 17. 2. The ol'daoL regular forms oldag. S. II. CEcon. S. P. Hdslr. 660. 719. ddrjg. Anab. 5. Xen. Troad. 18. 13. Eurip. 2. 185. d8a. 2 Plup. Nem. 18. 36. II. i'axov. 911. used by the early auchiefly to thors. oi'daTs. P. laiov. Eidsh]TE stdsirjaav or ildslsv. Opt. 18. that is. Eurip. Part. Antig. Xen. Soph. sldeiTjv. D. sidsirj. 218. jjdsiv or jjdf]. Soph. Odys. oldsv. 569. D. Bld'tj. stdivai. i'ofisv. idvla. 236. Epic and Ionic i'dfisv. drops the connecting vowel in the dual and plural of the indicative. Anab.' 650. Phil. 124. Nub. S. 23.

Epic and Ionic ijdss or (i'dss. i'oaai evidently annexes the ending of the perfect (-dai) to the root followed by the characteristic of the Jirst aorist (id-a-aai). Heracl. Tyr. the radical vowel « (i'a-(iiv for I'a-a-fisv) the accent of VaaaL (not iaaoi like tataai). id-T(aoav). . Prom. 58. with the ending of the aorist (tJds). 4.' An. 108 Elec. 8. Herodotus has 'ijsids. 404. 3. 231 . 447 Trach. II. like ei'^aai {ux-a-aai) from sl'xa. 283) has " oJaS^a xa^lg lov g "AtTiKwg " implying that the other Greeks said also ola&ag with g. ^aav are facts against this hypothesis. id-Ts. 18. 317 Herod. 92G. and VaTmBut the omission of oav are often referred to the Doric I'aufii' the Ionic forms I'dfisv. Odys. . riaxBi come from EIJJI {jjd-fisv. 15. 280 .. i'a&i. jjdsif For TjildEiv. It may be said that they are exceptions but we should remember that the probability of a hypothesis diminishes as the number of exceptions increases. IS^svai. Epic i'aav comes from IJJl (id-aav). Xa&ij i'atmv. . and laTwaav come from IJJl (i8-fiiv. 772. Eurip. Ion. 45. i'orov. 18-&L. rjd-ts. 1. and the i'dfiEvav forms rjGfisvj 'tjaxs. (Compare the curious Homeric pronoun ToXadsaai for xoiaids. tjdEoav or ^aav. jjdeiv Or jjdrjv. Ionic ^diatSf Soph. 113. II. Soph. id-tov. ijdsig. . (ad Odys. frag. 8. Cyr. 206. jjaav Idifi^v. Herod. ijdeixs or ^axs. j]deig 59 or fidrjg. 988 Eurip. Cycl. jjdsifisv or^^ofisv. ^dsitrjv or ffatrjv P. 22. tars. 451 Eurip. 1525 Eurip. fjdsiv. . The 3 plur. The prefix 17 the syllabic for efislXov augment of the Epic pluperfect rjddsiv seems to be compare rj^eXlov i. Arist. ' . show that i'afisv. rjdsia&a Or jjdrja&af Soph. i'adai. II. Eustathius for used ohda. because contrary to all analogy. from fiiXXcj. 9. 1. TENSES. — 1. 10.' 2. id-T(ov. risidsi. forms of the pluperfect the rid-aav) . 658.lengthened (§ 25) . The forms lafisv. Epic Vaav. Ach. Cycl. jjdsL or jjdrj. For 3 sing. Odys. Xotov^ tare. — The rjafisv. Xen.' 9. 462. . rjsidsig or '^(IdTjg.) 4. tig. 5. ^dsiTov or jiaiov.20) says that o7a&ag was also Moeris (p. a genuine reading. 10. The forms idixev. 1187 . 35 . iEsch. D. ' the Epic Poets have i]sldsi or rjfldr}. I'aToov.

60 Others suppose that like dgMOLfiL. dsyfisvog for dsxofisvog. aknEvog. dvm that is. after the analogy of the pluperfect and perfect passive. ogoEo follows the analogy of ^?J(7«o and dvoEo. it REMARKS. ind. ogao. to aor. contracted ogoEV infin.r}v) ocXfisvog. 2 aor. agoiiTjv —2 3 sing. : iXsXl^fo EvxofjLaL —2 3 smooth breathing. ogvvfiL. or of verbs in fii. sing. dsyixsvog.Evog. iXiXixjo. Not ' to be con- founded with ysvTO from ulgioi. 3 sing. eXexjo or Xixjo xotTaXtx&ai'. iXiy}ir]v. yiyvofxaiy iysvofzrjv — —2 — APfL — —3 ' sing. with the Xsya. da^o. mid. alao. avdavct). aor. mid. see ogwfti. —2 3 not be confounded with the corresponding forms of AEXJl. — 3 eXsimo the analogy of such forms Epic. as an adjective . oQfiivog. dex&s infin. evxto. ly/Ja'w. Vxfievog adjectively. indXfiEvog. from dgab). later sing. sing. or aor. Xs^eo. sfxixTo or jxlxro. sing. from /?«tVa). idiyfirjv for ids^opart. ixofiriv part. agugloKco. '^^(ooLfAi. mid. after the analogy of aXxo from naXXbi ' The form — dXXonai. Sexto. . sing. compare part. cJAto* part. syncopated participle Xiy^Evog belongs to the pre^ Compare sent. og&ai' part. pass. ndXto. The tai ' syncopated jUTjv. Saiisvog 3 sing. 3 sing. Ssx^ul • part. dX6(i7]v 2 aor. 2 sing. agfiEVog. eXsiTiofifjv imperf. sdsxTo or dixTo SsxofiaL — imperat. dixociai (ds^vTai) Ionic form for ds/ovImperf. imperat. 2 plur. filyvvfit The —2 aor. 3 sing. not to be confounded with ytvTo for iysveTo. [xto for I'jcfio • 3 sing. Ixfisvog. was formed from jjdsiv by protraction. or ogoEo ogfj. — —2 was expecting. rj^ufii.i£|£o * infin. diyfisvog. the second aorist middle of mute liquid verbs drops the connecting vowel in the Epic lan- guage.^ 2 aor. Xsyta. it implies an indicative (agaofiriv. algiw. §71. Xito after as «Ato. {ad6ij. present and imperfect also are in some of their parts 3 plur. inasmuch as it denotes continued action. to collect. dEyfiEvog from dfxo^ai. and In a few instances. ' . yivio for eXsio. (ogjo ' imperat. 3 sing. 2 3 AEXJl — 2 Not be confounded and Xix&ah — For the imperative with ixvsofioci. for dQMfXL. sing. aor. yivTO or e'ysvio. imperf. 2 aor_. 3 sing. part. The same remark applies also to Xe^eo from AEXfL. Xixxoy to Xelnta. 1 sing. to collect aor. agfisvog as an adjective. riXo^Tiv aXXofiai. as aorist.

. 61 jirjyvv^t —2 —2 aor. Med. 1440 3. 3 sing. 204 : f^o or fto. . yrigdvai. (SXiJi^rjv. yrjguv- Ttaai. Soph. yvwg. hx^usvog. like ^vw. (xXlaxofiaL — ^AAIIMI) Xen.^Xtov. yvwai. ejSrjv Xen. Xen. 8. s/SXrjVTo subj. Mem. nsQ&ai as passive. ' ^vfx^XrjTTjv : * infin. Sup. 13. (artoaav. Soph. opt. 4. Mem. Mem. yvm. 257 : opt. : opt. 429 : infin. Ran. dtrjv. or iSXiifxtiv (like S^ufirjv). like X^qav. ug. a. Xen. Hel. 1055 : : imperat. opt. wt«. (Si^TG). part. Eurip. anrjVy Mfxsv. /Sdoa. wts. 870 : part. ^vvs^Xrjv. 1 infin. Herod. yvov. yvMTOV. a/LttP. yvw&i. yvtofisv. t]. rjtrjv. die. : 288 Odys. 3 sing. part. 4. iyr^qav. 17. yvovaa. aor. Eurip. r}tov. ^n^vai. ^imtiv. 72 infin. Xen. tnrinio.: VERBS IN ntQ&ca ftl. Sup. 53. 115: part. 126. subj. 2. 216. mid. ^Esch. mid. Cyr. Hes. Thuc. aai. 1. Eurip. {(Slaai) /Slmtw. ^ll^rjfii. b^Xtjv. 17. Plat. ^Xirixm). yvovg. yrjgdayw 6. (oioov. 5 : opt. : Taur. (Sm. 180. Thuc. otXm'ai. aXovaa. infin. 1057 |(J^^t. 43 opt. ^airjv. 2. infin. like iyvtov. ^fj. Eurip. . part. II. like Trrasubj. 8. Soph. e/JtW. (og. -ovTog. 2. mascul. w. -dvxog. VERBS IN ' (it. Xen. aaav — (JPHMI) ' sdgciv Ionic tdgTjv. the only instance. 2 : part. II. t]. Elec. sing. yvolxo. Rhes. ^vyyvoiTo. aor. bhojjuiov. or ^XrJTo. Epic ^v^~ i^XTJfirjv. rjaav. Col. (aaotV subj. II. afi^Xloxm agnd^m ^aivoti fisvog — (^AMBASIMI) — (APUHMI) 2 from — Xntctfiai. : — : • imperat. Soph. ^vji/SXrjvai. e^qwv. aXw. ^v^/SXrJTaL or ^vfi^XrjTcct. dgw. like lyvrnV subj. ^dg. like : yvoirjv. like yvia. raid. 6 . |5t(w. 11. {rNJlMl) I'yvav. w. aXov. 729 §dXX(a iSXrjfisvai s/SXrjTo — (BylHMl) for like axri^i. yrigdg. ^Xija&ai. Op. 2 : infin. infin. Rep. —{rHPHMl) : 197. -ovTog. 186. Phil. yvojjs. 21. 4. tjTs. tjfiBv. II. uQnufisvog. like eyvoov. Sept. 472.vtai. 4. rjTBy Tjaav. (Sijvai. ojtov. Hel. tjfisv. 60 part. yiyvtaaxM . (Sdv. 1. 211 11. like ypM&i. (Siovg only in the nom.. Col. iaXoav or riXwv. 7. 34 2 aor. ^i^Qiaaxta §10(0 — {BPSlMl) — {BIfLMi) 9. like tyvmv. 578 2 aor. Epic ^XrjSTai (for j3XrjOdys. yvm. JEsch. atov. 177 : imperat. 4. 12. rjg. like I'dTfji' * Hec. yvolrjv. Eurip. 1025 : : : 6. GHOi ' subj. second aorist active and middle. . Sfiev. Arist. 3. 8. yvuvai. II. rig. aXovg. like aiw. ^g. %7fi» Verbs in (ii (real or imaginary) which have a from ^/^ywolXoItiv. 13 didgdaxM UTS. like aralrjv.

16. hs. : 5. xldg. (ofAsd^a. like oTalriv. i]fiev. anv idofii^v. I'tov. rixs. oifisv. mid. aaoj mo. imperat. 5. xxdg. dvaa. dad^rjv. aor. iEsch. infin. : 2 ^X{. d. ots. sx(o part. H. sXfirjv 7]Tov. . axijvai ' part. 2 sing. rjaav. 56xta~ infin. axalriv. Tj. mid. : w^aL' opt. dQalrjf. dxriv (u). : EXfitjv imperat. uaa. enlxriv. Med. Tj. imperat. 1 md[Aivog.O^e REMARKS. rixriv. {v). Epic yixijxixdg. doToyv. dmovy dvimv. tjg. -ovrog 2 aor. dgag. : : 106. nidv. «h«. avro Arist. HTjv. edvv. oitjv. I'Ttaaav' part. 5. ii. : 2 aor. dao. mda&ai. ' svrog 2 aor. ' dais. 1521 (lIITHMl) btittjv. rig. vg. — td(ov. ri. Xatriiiv — mxriv. dxo. 'iriiii i5*'i — {2XHMI) — ^?> ^> I'tov. 15. da. sXtijv. ijxov. H. Soph^ Elec. subj. w. h(ov. dvv. dgdv. for xxdvm. axdaa. 26. ' Ito). Ale. 342 II. : ' — inf. k'lxsvog. 5. d}iiv. ^t«. TcsicXvxs itxsiva) break — {KAHMl) 2 — {KATMI) 2 imperat. dnoxXdg. Eurip. ofisv. dovaa. I'o) mid. Odys. daficti. dv(o. Eurip. xXdco. axrjxov. saav subj. siaav. part. part. dg. aa&ov. HidfiEV. imperat. Sup. xixslriv. : Xen. 675 part. b(xsv. : daav Epic nxd^ivm or dxf. ija&s. dolfifjv. 152: infin. Soph. 357. -vvjog. axwfiev. vaav subj. fi. 782 2 aor. Eurip. 7]. or Efirjv ' subj. like axoj. (o. or pres. dviwaav. 216 II. tjq. 187. rig. 10. rjxai. ' dbifiiv. ri. -dvxog. Sup. like axdg. ijiw. Odys. like axdg. imperat. dwai ' opt. 128 opt. 1 : opt. -dviog. ' '. ' wfisv. TiTalrjv. 8qaaa. dorov. II. 7 : infin. 16. -Ufxiv. imd^tjv. nTOjfiai. Lys. xXi/xs nlvd^i. rjfisv. tjts. 170 774 infin. dvvai. axrjxs. ri. 7}Ts. rixaoav xixeoa — (KIXHMI) Epic : infin. dxov. II. xixrj^svog. ' rixs. 7. opt. : dvTS. rixov. 7]rs. TJa&ov. : : for mxw.t£. fifiBv. wvtui. axjjg. rjxov. ^'nov. imperat. ai^vvcd. doTtu. Phaedo. axij&i. xXv^xevog as and xixlv&i. riQ. eXg. i'a^ai part. 274 part. -dvTog. &c. ri. 301. like ajttlrjv. ixxdi^riv. vts. II. Tig. 7. 186 Herod. 16. dv^i. 16. i^jtjv. 13. v. rifisv. 1. ets. 212: part. like sattjV opt. rixriv. II. 2. vixriv. slfisv. dog. riaav ' axwai opt. 21. d^B&a. 4. 99 . J. oag. i^Trjv. (aoLy mov. rixov. : 8vriv dvT(o. II. ri(xBV. oauv ' subj. dovg. Plat. rixtaVy rixe. xxb). 22. sg. Herod. &c. mid. 2 opt. ' aor. infin. ' rixE. Tyr. vtijv {v). dovvat part. rj^ dSy dcoTOV. rig. 2 — (KTHMI) aor. dov. 5. 64: infin. aa&s. Lys. 2.(a aor. an adjective. ov. rig. doTS. oxw. riaav ' Subj. 3 2 aor. or without the ' augment ftjfft hrjv. axdg. mid. 46 9. dmg. fisvai. oiov. riaav' subj. like imd- . subj. ntaaa. 469 142. dvg. rjiov. axig. nxrivai. axfj. 188 15. dqavmy Thuc. Anthol. Arist. f^g. didbyfiL part. like ^«V> h> ^og. Xmafiai Anthol. doa&aiy dofisvog. II. rjfisv. mug.. rjaav IV. 118. {xixeb)) rnxslm. 4. Anab. rjoav ' ' dvv(o — {JTMl) jjg. (lao. : and ' Enxav. axdv. 1013. doltjv.

rj. Xvfa — (kttmi) 2 — (yiTMl) 2 1 . ' ' . 1333: opt. Arist. Tilvto {niMl) 2 aor. aor. ifjmXj}(49]v. II. &sts. mid.658. 1251 infin. TiXi]fisvog. II. 114. ta^7}v. 235. like ffTa/??v. like a. like ^ftV. arw. Epic ovTocixevat. ovij^svog. like subj. oma^ like «fTa infin. &r]Tov. aor. Eurip. like SvvMfjai. Arist. ere. 1223 : imperat. Arist. i>vlvri(xi 16 — (ONHMl) 2 7. tl&rj/ii '^^^. like at^ya*. d^hwpart. mid. Arist. xTUfisvog. imperat. ' : 63 uraa&ai. nXwg. fit. — (^KAHMl) — {ANTIIMI) 2 3 dual TAAASl — (TAHMI) o/SivvvfiL taTtjV infin. inflected like ijiiu/ifjv from subj. iEsch. ' taav ' subj. 16. tXdua. Aj. 4. Arist. like lyvav^ part. lana. 1527: part tA«?. 469 also Mv^fitiv or ovr^fiijv. like i^lri^i^v imperat. iXalriv. 33. Eurip. 24. like inTocfxrjv opt. -dvtog. -ZEril — (2:rMl) 2 U. vXvoi aor. mid. 236 Lys. mid.T». Hel. 603 part. Ach. ov^^^at. Vesp. 291. aw. eTiQKxfitjv. ifinXi^^evog. xrl^svog as an adjective. part. Here. . like ai^^^t. Soph. (fiev. like atrjvaL 2 aor. Xen. ^wfiai.68. n^laao : and ?rt»Jffff« 71^10). like latalinfin. part. Epic. ngidixsrog. like Gialrjv^ infin. 585. Pers. Scut. mid. 119: imperat. ovid^evog as passive. ^^j. ffUj'aj'TTjTT^v. like ^X^a^m. mid. tmriv. ^w. 3 sing. II. Arist. like ykv^l from II. part. tjg. inXri^iriv' ojrt. ' 425. 1250. — 7iX(0(o — — {nAUMl) ' JlPIAMAI—2 XnxttjKu ETiXfov. part. — B&rjv. nX^fxijv. like %atriv. 5. i&i^tjv. fjg. imperat. 870. 80 . 2. nXrjoo. Hes. part. Arist. like ixjii^t^v. Ach. 32. 1183. fjfisv. : Nub. Vihe xjdfiivai or xtw/ifi'. Xvvto. 812 : opt. mid.21. Avro. —{HTHMI) Whe {SBHMl) Hippocr. Ach. ano. lA^vat. 11. 517 fitjv.' efinXtjoo^ Arist. * Herod. Hippocr. aor. : • : — ' — : 7ilfj. ovaifirjt. rj. nQtfafi&i. not to be confounded with inXri^riv from nijinXQ^^u. 160. iS^wat opt. . 3. ^cSjUfv. mid. 935. a^rjvat. ^ ^ aor. sioVj eVijr. Vesp. ^3. wi&i. rjjov. Orest. GytXairiv.: imperat. Eurip. wvdf/irjv. ^hajv. Gvvavidca aor. 132: 2 aor. 6.435. 68: infin. iaavfitjv^ oxtXXoiiuL tanXriv.7fXrjfii 2 aor. 31. nddoj (ZIJUMI) 2 aor. tXrj&i.v tA«. Odys. • tiXrjv. like fcaTT^v opt. Hec. 21. like ^Xrjfievog. r]tB. inXtifit^v with tj throughout. Fac. 5. Q^hta. • infin. ovao&ai. ^nvai imperat. Thesm. Odys. 923. TiQial^rjVf like dvvai^tjv. 15. 11. 34 infin. a^eig. rjTtjV. 2. aor. Eurip. Hip. 15. Iv^riv {v). Eq. iS^^Tf. ovijvai. &slg 2 aor. Arist. 558: part. ovrjao. like Xaiaao. riaav ' Gttv ' infin. ^ig. ^hov. -ddriv. nQtaa&aL. xTttw. oviaw {OTTHMI) 2 aor. axA^vat. 21. mid. or ovidfiiv. 19.— VERBS IN fifjv' infin. Xv&i.


64
(p&dvG)

REMARKS.

— (ipOHMl)
2

E(p^r}v,

like

i'arrjv

subj.

<^v9(w,

like

arw,
'

Odys. 16, 383:
<;p^/w

opt. q>&alrjv,
*

like

aTairjV.

infin.

(p&rjvai

part, (p&dg, like atw?

— {(liOIMl)
II.

2

aor. mid. part, (p&d/isvog, II. 5, 119.

aor. mid. icp&lfiriv

subj.

cp&ioj^ai

Epic

(fd^lo^ony cp&lsraL, II. 14,
To,

87

;

20, 173

:

opt. (p&l^r]v (r), g)^*;
:

analogous to

8vriv, (fvtjv,

(p&la&(o,

8,429:

infin.

Odys. 10, 51 imperat. 11, 330 (p&ludm, 11.9, 246; 13, 667:
'

part, (p&lfifvog, II. 8, 359.

subj. q)V(a, like 5i5a), Xen. ((I^TMl) tcpvv, like Idvv infin. Hier. 7, 3 opt. (jpvjji' (d), like ^ut^i', Theoc. 15, 94 part, cpvg, like dig^ Soph. Col. q>vvai, Xen. CEcon. 19, 8 1113. ;^€ft) {XTMI) 2 or. mid. f;fi^/i»?v {v), like c7v//?j>', Odys. 19,
q>v(a
:

:

:

470

;

10,

415

;

II.

23, 385; 4, 526.

§ 73. The optative xQf^V ^^ ^^^ impersonal xqv is analothat is, it presupposes gous to -dsir} from Tl&tjfii, {Tidico) XPIIMI, formed from XP£JL, Ionic for xgda.
;

§ T4:,

Observe

further, that the second aot^ist middle ojjta-

five retains the radical
ovlvTjfxi, avdfiTjv

vowel of the indicative.

E. g.

$ido}(ii, idofiTiv

— —

ovcdfirjv, uvaio,

dolfArjV, doio.

In a
/SccA/lto

fevi^

instances, hovy^ever,

m

is

changed into

rj.

Thus
nXatfirjv^

has

^XfjfitjVf

and

nlfinlrj^i

nXf^fii^v,

for ^Xaifirjv,

Compare

perf. pass. opt. ^s^XfjfxrjVf yexXjIfitiv,

ysxT^fitjv, fiffiv^-

As

to the

ofxQ^^V (^'^^)t BAAJl).
§

form ^Xslfinv from /?«U(w, it follows the analogy ^^^^ ^^> it presupposes BMIMI {B JEJl not

70, The
is

original

theme of

tlfil, to 6e, is

ESSl, the root
rjo-ior,
sifii) is

of which
^a-TTjv,

found in

ia-al,

ia-rl, ia-ixiv, ia-rov, ia-Ts,

and

in the imperative.

The form Ell (whence

a modification of E2:Jl.

Present.

Ind.

S.

dfil,
iig

or

sail,

Doric f>^/, Theoc. 20, 32. fl, Epic iaal, II. 16, 515 1, 176. Doric ivzi, Theoc. 1, 17 11, 46.
;

;

D. iaiov.
P.
cff/isV,

5, 873; frag. 294.
II.

Epic and Ionic Herod.

hihsv,
1,

Doric

sluig,

Poetic
2,

ffiiv,

97; Theoc.

5;

Call,

;

VERBS IN

jUt.

^^
II.

eial,

2,

Doric ivil, Poetic caat, Find. Olym. 9, 158 125; Theoc. 25, 14.
el'w,

;

SubJ. S.

w,
^

Epic and Ionic I'w, Epic also 47; Herod. 4, 98.

II.

1,

119; 23,

^,

Epic ^GL and

r>?(7t,

II.

19,

202; Odys. 11, 434.
9.

D.
P.

TJJOV.
(aixBv,

Doric w^f?, Theoc. 15,
sojai, II.

(aai,

Epic and Ionic

9,

140

;

Herod.

1,

155.

Oj>t.

S.

d'r}V.
el'rig,
€1'?;,

Poetic er^ff^a, Epic lot?, Theog. 715; II. 9, 234. Ionic EOi, ivioi, Herod. 7, 6. D. el'rjTov, HTjTTjv and cl'r^jv. Plat. Tim. 11 Parm. 46. P. ei'rjfisv, H^sv, Eurip. Hip. 349. sl'rjTs, SITS, Odys. 21, 195.
;

si'rjaav,

ehv,

Xen. Mem.
1,

1, 4, 19.

Imp.

S.

I'ai^t, |'(jo,

IWo, Odys.
rjia, Plat.
II.

302.
2, 4.

ItfTw,

rare

Rep.

D.
P.

soTov, saTtaVf
i'oTs, II.

1,

338.

16, 422.
i'artov, ovrtov,

taxmaav,
Plat.

Xen. Cyr.

4, 6, 10: 8, 6, 11

;

Leg.

9, 15.

Inf.

Bivm,

Part.

Epic i'fitvai and sfifisvai, sfisv and e'^u/uc*', Doric and ^'/ws?, stiucv and «t^£?, II. 3, 40 1, 117 4, 299; Pind. Olym. 5, 38; Theoc. 2, 41; 7, 129; 13,3; Plat. Locr. 1. Mv, ovaUf 6V, Epic and Ionic iojv, iovaa, iov, II. 2, 27; Herod. 1, 59: Doric fern, eolaa and svaa, Pind. Pyth. 4, 471 Theocr. 2, 76 also saaa or eaaaa, Plat. Locr. 3 Doric ace. svvta for coVtw, Theoc. 2,3.
^lusv
; ;
;

;

:

Imperfect.
S.

^^^^^

Epic sTyv, Iov, ianov, la, ^a, II. 11, 762; Odys. 2, 313. 4, 321 ^ 7, 153 T/g, commonly ^a^a, Epic etjg, erja&a, sag, Theoc. 19, 8 II. 22, 435 Herod. 1, 187. rjrjv, i^e{v), eijv, I'tfxs, Doric rjg, Odys. 19, ?), 7jv, Epic 283 II. 3, 41 2, 642 5, 536 Theoc. 2, 90. 92. ^ D. r^Tov and rJaTor, ^tijj' and rjatrjv, Plat. Euthyd. 55 ^ Xen. Anab. 2, 6, 30. P. rifiev, Doric ly^tj, Theoc. 14, 29.
^v, ^,
i]firjv,
;
; ;

;

;

;

;

;

6*

66
r,T8, ijuTF,

REMARKS.
Ionic EUTs, Hcrod. 4, 119 5, 92. Epic and Ionic saav (oa), taxov, Ionic also maav, II. 1,267; Find. Olym. 9, 79; Herod. 1, 196 9, 31.
;

rjaav,

;

1.

The 2
;

pers. sing.
is, it is

eI

follows the analogy of the middle
after the

voice
(fdel,

that

formed from EJi
pers. evrl is

analogy of

(pdiei,

from cpiXm,

(piXs'o^ai.

2.

The Doric 3

rxt to the root i-.

The

formed by annexing the ending singular must not be confounded with

the plural.
3.

The 3

plur. euai is

formed from ESI {lIMl)
Tldriy.i, dldcofii.

after the

analogy of Ti&idai, didouai, from

4. The subjunctive and optative follow the analogy of the corresponding moods of T/^r//^t. As to the forms toig, sol, they come directly from JEJl, like (pdsoig, q>iXioi, from (pdeoj. 5. In the imperative i'ad^i the radical vowel becomes i. This The 2 form must not be confounded with i'a&L from olda. sing, eao or iaao, takes the ending ao of the passive, like t/•d^sao from Tl&7]^a^ il&efiaL.

6. The 3 plur. ovrav of the imperative must not be confounded with the genitive plural of the participle wV. Compare such forms as iovicov for Urcaauv, didovrcav for didoTiauav.

ple

According to Eustathius (ad Odys. 15, 435), the particiwas once formed after the analogy of Ti&rjfn, thus, ei'g, tvzog, like n&ug, Ti&ivxog.
7. 8.

In the imperfect^ the
jl&rjfii.

1 sing,

riv

comes from the root
rj

«-,

like iti&-r]v from
I'a.

The
tJtjv,

1 sing,

is

contracted from

But 3

sing,

rjv is

contracted from ^ev, theme EJl.
Etjv,
i'rjg,

9.
'n^f

The Epic The

V9>

forms ^y prolongation. forms
I'w,

seem

to

be formed from

10.

^a, tag,
;

i'ats,

maav, take the endings of
directly from EJl, like
icplrja, tJkx,

the

first

aorist active

tov

comes
iil&Ea,

Xeov from cpdico.

Compare
ttfxov,

and

from

Tl&r}[it

and

11.
ffxcg,

The

forms

eoxe,

are iterative; the endings axov,
«-.

are annexed to the root

As to TJufjv, it takes the ending [xrjv of the middle voice. supposed to belong to the later Greek, as N. T. Acts 10, See also Etymol. Magn. under i"fir]v. 30.
12.
It is

VERBS IN

fit.

^

13. The 3 sing, tjv of the imperfect, in certain passages, by a peculiarity of Syntax (Gram. § 157. N. 1), agrees with a plural nominative, and sometimes with more than one nominative a fact which has induced some to suppose that it stands for the plural '^aav, after the analogy, for example, of ix6a^T}&iv for ixoafiti&riaav, and that without the augment it would be IV. See Hes. Theog. 321 825 Soph. Trach. 520.
; ;

;

521

;

Xen. Anab.
According

1, 5, 7.

grammarians, d'aio (Odys. 20, from ^jfirjv according to Buttmann and others, the old reading was eXocto for dvio, from 'ESI, ^fiai, to For our part, we cannot tell what the old reading was. place.
14.
to the old

106) stands

for ^vto

;

15.

For

sl[xi,

some ancient
si.

inscriptions have

EMI. (Rose's

Inscript. Graec. tab. 1, 2.)

sent the diphthong

The vowel s, however, may repreOne of the Orchomenian inscriptions

has i(ov&i, for subj. 3 plur. ecovti, that is, aai. Compare ano(Rose's dsdoavS^t from anodldiofii, in the same inscription.
Inscript. Graec. tab. 39,
1.

46.)

§ 76. The theme of slfii, to go, is III, which lengthened becomes ETIl (like Xtino) from AinSl), whence ti^i, fjsiv.
Present.

Ind.

S.

Bifii.

$lg, «r,

Epic da&a, Odys. 19, 69.
1,

thi,

Hom. Hym.
I'lSf

182.
iJai,

D.
P.

Itov.
I'fisvi
t'o),

luai rarely
ti'co.

Hes. Scut.

1

13,

Subj. S.

rarely

Irig,
I);,

Epic J^Vyff^a, II. 10, 67. Epic I'jjat, II. 9, 701. Epic
XoiiEVy II.

D.
P.

XriTOV.

l(a^tv,
i'ljTS,

2, 440.

Xaai.
loirjv,

Opt. ^i'otfii or 209.
i'oig
i'oi

Xen. Conv.

4,

16; once Uhiv,

II.

19,

or ioirjg. or loir], rarely

sir],

Ods. 14, 496.

D.
P.

Xoixov, iolTr]V.
loifisv, loiTS, I'oiaavi'&i,

Imp. S.
D.

in

composition also

sJ,

Arist.

Nub. 633.
,

t'rw.

iToy, It&v.

68
P.
tje,

REMARKS.
Viwaav or lovtav, also JEsch. Eum. 42 (?).
I'tav,

Xen.

A nab.
1,

1, 4,

8

;

Inf,

Uvai,

Epic

l>/emt,

lyiv,

II.

20, 32;

170; rarely
last

ivai (i^lvai),

Athen. 13, 43.
accent on the

Part,

l(6v,

iovaa, iov, -oyro?, with the

syllable, like iav, uKav,

from

dfii, xlm.

Imperfect.
S.
i;siv, ,?(«,
'fjBtg,

^«, Odys. 4,

427

;

Plat. Apol. 6.
4.

'fjsLa&a, Plat.
^'«tv

Euthyph.
II.

^'€(,
'

usually before a vowel,
1,

Arist.

Plut.
;

696

;

'

Epic also ^te, ^%, re, 82; 18,253.257.

47; 2, 872

Odys.

7,

D.

jJHTov, ^HTfjv,

commonly
i'ir]Vj

^tov, jjnjv, Plat.

Epic
also
'

also
I'tov).

II.

1,

347;
Plut.

'Hes.

Euthyd. 54; Op. 197 (written
also
jjo^isv,

P. rjsL^ev or
jjeiis

^fiEv,

Arist.

659; Epic

Odys. 10,251. 570.
or
j]TE,

Eurip. Cycl. 40.

rjsaav,
'

^en. Cyr.

?jaav, II. 10,

'Epic also
1.

Epic and Ionic TJiaav, 4, 5, 55 197 Odys. 19, 436; Herod. 2, 163; ijiov and laav, Odys. 23, 370; II. 1,414.
;

;

3 plur. Iuol follows the analogy of Ti&suai, changes the v of the termination vol into a its reguIts accent lar form would be i-vai, l-ai, like xid^Evoi, Ti&Biai. shows that it does not come from the imaginary IHMI. As to the 3 plur. slai, it comes directly from ii(XL.
indie.

The

that

is, it

2.

The
opt.

opt.

1 sing,

luriv,

and the
is,

analogy ofri^Elrjv, jL&ivai, that

infin. livai, follow the they presuppose IHMI.

The

3

sing,

ei'rj

the root u-.

The

t

(if it really belongs to slfn) comes from of the ending -it^v is dropped, after the

analogy o^
3.

q)&lfi7)v for q^&ufirjv, dvr^v for dvir^v,

&lc.

The

imperfect

perfect from ETJl. tracted from siv, the regular imperfect of el^t, after the analogy o^'^Eidfiv from jjdsLV (also of dgojoiini, ^^(ooifxi, from dgafxi, jy/^wThe orthography jjeiv with i subscript was, according to fii). the same grammarian, introduced only by the grammarians on account of the erroneous derivation from ^'m. One would suppose that the Greek language was invented by the Alexan-

jjeiv is

inflected like a regular second pluAccording to Buttmann, jJhv yas pro-

drian Grammarians.
4.

The

forms

ijia,

rjie,

^lov,

ijiaav

come from

IJl {iMl),

by

VERBS IN

|Ut.

69

prefixing r], which prefix seems to be nothing more than the syllabic augment lengthened (like that of ^fisXXov, r^^ovl6(xriv), By dropping this augment, ^u, Tjiaav become t'c, Vaav, respectively. By contracting rjia, tJis, rjioav, we obtain f^a, f/Sy

Others suppose that
resolution from ^a, ^t,

rjia,

tJis,

rjiov,

rjiaav

were formed by

ijov,

^aav, from EIJl,

bi[ii.

As
of ^a,
5.

to r,Tov,
7]s,

jjxrjv,

fjoav.

— The dual
7jia,

^fisv, ^ts,

^T7Jv

they evidently follow the analogy follows the analogy ofi'oav.
?]«,

The

form

contracted

takes the ending of the

first

aorist active, after the analogy of iiideu for

and ta or ifa for %ov or r^ov from hiaL It perfect^ because it cannot be shown that the perfect was ever used for the imperfect. But it is a well-known fact, that when
;

hl^sov from n^cw, cannot be a second

the perfect loses its peculiar signification it acquires that of the as (lifivrjfiai, xsygaya, olda in which case, its pluperpresent as ifit^vijfiijVy ixexgdysiv, fect has the force of the imperfect
'

;

jjdsiv.

6.

The Etymologicum Magnum
i'co,

(voc.

ccnfifisv)

has subj.

1 sing, li'w for

formed from EISl.

The infinitive nQoaEtvat, at Hes. Op. 351, according some, belongs to elfii, to be. But " si," says Goettling, '* ngoauvuL ab etfii, non ab hixl derivaris, perditur omnis in hoc
6.

to

antiquo proverbio

membrorum
requirit,

aequalitas, quae ut (pih'ovTcc cpiXstv,

86(xtv og x« d(a, etc.

ita

etiam hie
'

slfii,

verbum

flagitat,

non

sifxl
:

Sequendus
slvai'

igitur

ApoUonius

erat Lexico

Ho-

mer ico

'Halodog dvrl tov Uvat

xal

tw ngoaiovTi

nQ

a tlv on,y

w
^Jtnm

^:?(m'

.CATALOGUE OF VERBS.

iATAD .UT}o./1<> a.

MEAAESL. adad^riv^ Mid. II. 21. (contracted from ddsTai). with a passive signification.priva(xvdju. imply AytEZEJl. 7 . inviolable. in Pindar With «. ruin. ax7/(jfi). 537. destruction. Apol. — quantity of the two first syllables (««) is variable in the aorist. From aaio? comes war?? contracted art]. The . and thus rendered less capable of detecting barbarisms at first sight. as active. or aau). hurtful. JTJAZKESl. AASl^ 10. 19. II. The verbal adjective ccaxog (««). verbs in Obsolete or imaginary presents are printed in capitals. daadfiriv contracted dadfit^v.xa.CATALOGUE OF VERBS. aor. . 95 . 237. The — — — Odys. to injure^ lead into error. 271 . diddoxoji /Uf'AAw. 61: aor. injury. tjua. Odys. 296. in ^'aw. Forms to. 4. 14. 19. Imaginary themes of this description are not given in this catalogue. II. 21. 4. injurious. Horn. 1. fisXX^acj. pass. A. ** reason of this practice is thus given by Buttmann in order that the eye may not become accustomed by means of the common letters to a multitude of unused and merely imaginary forms. and rjd^r. Epic.v. the contracted form dadfirjv is active in signification. 11. auTog becomes vidccjog (aad. not to be sligfited. ddxat 246. r. It is not found in the early EjDic Poets. II. 8. from barytone Thus ft/lfl/y'aw. 5cdapresuppose a present in c'w. 1. 68. rjfiai.91. simply because they can be formed or imagined without the least difficulty. from aki^o). with the accent on the antepenult. ruin. 9. misfortune. See also drdo^ai." 2. 459. 3 sing. oiaaa contracted daa. — Odys. : 503 Hym. tive. has an active signification. 91 aor.

pass. be jealous of. to miss. d^^daofxat aor. ajSgoxd^oixsv. pass. protracted. bring together. Epic . {AFEPSl). Herod. Epic for dSgoxd^aixev. tjydaa&e. Theog. Pyth. to admire Hes. pass. Eurip. rjyysXov. 619 181. II. ^^yydofirjv were never used by the Attic. 9 . Many dyetgco critics suppose that the forms rjysXov. aydao&s. protracted. to collect. Plat. Choeph. dyyeXeo. 617. For the omission of ^. 65. from a^aQrdvta. hence the adjective and the substantive avaVa (a para). riyysXxa. dyyikkofxai. occurring only in the aor. Xen. 774. ^yyaXo^riv. 1 plur. 4. by rejecting the augment and dropping ^. 119.70. 1376 aor. be struck with admiration. 5. dyaLOfiat (d/dofxac) worship. to revere. subj. inflected like lojaiiat in the present and imperfect fut. imperf. 18. Col. 153: 2 aor. Odys. Aj. fi^dad^t^v the usual Attic aorist. Eurip. 122. 1429 aor. 32 2 aor. Mid. i^yyeiXdfir^v. i^yaadfiT^v. Odjs. Xen. 69. stray from. Eurip. Pind. . Med. 8. : also to fut. : • dydofjiai. -qyyeXijv. Epic. 4. Odys. to be indignant at. dyafiai (dj^dofiai). 343: perf. pres. aor. 5. Soph. Gorg. fut. Odys. 932. rjyysld'T^v. ABPOTJIZSI (afiagrdvco). 4. 59 1 2 aor. 6. to announce. 424: aor. Dem. envy. Hec. envy. 26. Taur. Anab.74 The original an^ayixoi. 9. compare anlaawv for a^nXuaoiv from afinXnxlaHa). Herod. Epic. mid. for rj/oca&E {riydsade). II. to announce as from one's self. and Ionic. Soph. dyyeU. 1. 1111: perf. as- . Odys. : : — : : 5. 20. — dyykXXo {ArFEASl). 2 plur. to admire. Anab. Nem. for a/«ff^€ {dydea^e). dydaoixai^cia). 10. ijfx^QOTov. dyaCo^ai (a/a^at). yiyyula. It is formed from the Epic 2 aor. ^sch. writers. 16. 1. TJyyslfxat. a^Qo theme was ^p^J2. Pind.

95. ayvos'oj. aor. CEcon. dyivko^ai. to bring. dyvoeco (dvoos). II. 33. 7. 2 II. 18. 1. d^co. ytmmyr] may be scanned ^j kj In the Epic language it is usually shorty as II. idyr^v. for Brunck changes it into aysgovjo. to be broken. 192. ayvcaaaaxs. 14. 8. iterative. «/9o//«yo?. Hym. Herod. tfdi for dyvoty^ Odys. 11. 493: fut. Anab.2. 1. subj.privative and is voog. rarely dyr^v. 3 plur. the fut. : . d/sigofxai. The adjective uvoog is compounded of «. 5 : 3 sing. 2. and dyvvc) (^ArSl). aydqavxai. Odys. See also ytaxdyw^i. mid. 637. dylvia (dyo). unless we contract . dyvoiII. hence the verb dyvoiico. Lysias. 217 : : dyvvfii 6. Xen. See also Epic for dyvosco^ aor. however. of. 89: imperf. rarely ^|a. break. II. Isoc. 392 2 perf. — Apol. rjyig&tfv. to be ignorant regular fut. 1428. 367 . : The penult of iuyriv is long in Attic Greek Arist. 144. 20 II. like aXoyog from «. 4. 4. aor. 3. Odys. 7. dyvorjacs. Odys. axca' But voog is derived from FNOH) the theme of yiyvatherefore its original form was rN002' hence the adjective AFNOO^. 248: 2 aor. 2. pass. ayvoi^aofiat. Ionic eriya. 3. 16.— ayvv semble. 23. 3. Odys. 134. 3 plur. 286 . . 294. riysgofxriv.and loyog (Uyu) . aor. 801. Xen. 211: aor. Herod. 894. rjystgdfxriv. 24. II. does not seem to be supported by classical authority. part. — aylvsaxov. II. dyLVT^awy Horn. Herod. : not to know. flexive. This assertion. 224 : aor. II. for ayvo^aaaxs. Epic and Ionic. I'a|a. rjysiga. — Mid. Eurip. 7. 94. Vesp. Xen. Anab. preferable to ayvorjaco. mid. re- pluperf. 684 . Epic dy-qyegaxo. 17. uydgovjai syncopated for a/SQo^srog. as intransitive or passive. ' 2. riyvolricia. iterative. Mid. 23. pass. 3. like oUoysM from aXoyog. Cycl.67. 13: 57. also dyvo^ao' According to Thomas Magister. 1. ^/cvsov. 403 aor. pres. eaya. imperf. to fut. 76 aor.

regular. lead. for ayoQua&s {ayoQuea^s). avvayayox^ioc {(xyayoxtia). ayeofj-svog. See the next paragraph. iayijv. Ionic for ayofisvog. dyaviovfiai. Hes. II. riyoqaaad^f. 8. Anab. aor. (xyr}yoxoi. . 21 30. for a way tjyoxsn. 6. veho. Pind. 73. rj%d^r^v. II. to marry. We suppose further that ^AI'Jl is a modification of fPAFJl. Col. d^ofiai. Trach. from the Doric tvuyoQioi for ivtjyoQsm. -qyixai. : — : 529. 16. : ayog — The penult of . 24. fut. 4. 3. Isth. 1.337. rarely a/?^'o/a. Tfyayofiriv the usual Attic aorist. See also xavd^aig under naiayvv^t. to lead for or to one^s self. edited ivayoQtiddg. ayrjv follows the anal- ogy of Ach. 190 2 aor. 21 aor. 432. wain. 1. 3. 73. 237: perf. 10: 2 aor. 3. 6. Herod. for riyoQuax^B {'^yogdea&s).2. 944 II. 601: II.in pronunciation. imperf. protracted. 778. which see. Herod.97: perf. to harangue. pass. Xen. Dem. Plut. 346. to praise. Leg. Soph. 3 plur. tTfQov y' a^aig most probably stands for sregov yd^aig {fa^aig). Mid. to contend. 4. Arist. Buttmann's Lexil. 2 plur. 1. It seems that there was a time when uym was pronounced f ayoi. d^ca. pass. rj^dfxriv not Attic. {AFAFSl). 6. 31. rjyogaofiffVy (d/ogd). protracted. imperat. whence f^nyog {dyog). 801. pres. pass. imperf. II. under the Anomalous ayto. avvayTjy ox ftVi in an ancient inscription. part. Matth. mid. hence /Sdyog. 2. Compare Latin ago. :^|a. 6 : aor. English wagon. 105. «|«T«. 5. sv dyogri^iig. 1460 aor. Cyr. fut. Soph. 1. Plat. Epic for a^ais. 3. now {tiyoQaovTo). ^/a. Verbal Adjective docisos^ Xen. vagor. ngoa/ogsvco. pluperf. — to aycD brings fut. vagabond. 14. 230. pres. yaxtog. — . Hel. — — d/ogdofxat aor. Arist. Xen. 2. '^yoQoojvTo. the original form of the perfect dyi^oxui in an ancient inscription. Poetic. Xen. Anab. the original theme of Q^ywfii. dyogriaduriv. 11 .— 76 ia. vagus. Op. vagabundus. dyovi^ofxai (^dyciv). 6. d/ogev(o. Thuc. 5. dyoixai. — In prose. -qyayov the usual Attic aorist. The original theme was pAFSl. 5. Gram. — — Herod. for ^yogwvro ayoQocaa&e. opposed to }iaxi]yoQe(o. 11.

. 3 plur. 134: perf. xi^uQcodog {xix^ag-aoidog). Dem. AJESI [A/ISl)^ to he sated. The form AJSl seems to be connected with the adverb aXig. Herod. xi& a ga^vdog. These forms addrjKwg. opt. 4. imperat. in one of the Orchomenian inscriptions. ytcofiadog (yccofi-aoidog). 4. addrjasuv. and also in In some of the Homeric Theocritus (7. satur. Qaipa^vdog. compare pvxta -^ . aor. aor. aycovldaTai. 3. 146. Hom. the syllable of asl8(a is long. impersonal. Nem. ^aifj(od6g {gaip-aoidog). to sate. CCS I 10. Pac. 53 . 516 (passively?): Ion. edited also asidso. Verbal adrios. dasvi^ai. Theoc. pass. « 5s Tat. 129. disgust. 7. 1). TJ/ovcad'rfv passively. Thuc. Athen. : Isth. II. perf. 2.im :l . Eiirip. Nub. equivalent to f Xs- ysrai. 1025. ijstcia. part. Olym. aaofiac. See also 1. 28. TQuyaJTvSog. xw^uapf^o?. dSr^xm. used passively. 'AASl. a£i8 77 Xen. mid. 22. later. feel disgust or dislike^ Epic. Sup.ibi:jj-. fut. sing. 38: aor. to 7. pass. 1 . pass. while Homer makes the first syllable of the verb everywhere long. Dem. 11. 2 sing Epic. 10. for. Poetic. ddrjastsv. dsidca. Heyne's asiaazo is now edited asiasv. adcj to please. dsiaofxai. yy(6vLa[xai actively or passively. Lysias. disgusted loith. Tgaywdog (iQuy- uoidog). 1. to {dsiBco). Hymns . because the penult of the derivative adog. 939 . pres. Its original form was ap«t(5D)* common avXaidog (avX-aoidog). is short. 54 Doric doS. Ionic. it is said. Arist. 2. see avdavco. — Pind. 3 sing. fut. 98. yax^r^v. 28. Pind. (as 11. 6. 9. 26. Arist. Theoc. 26 aor. — do. ^aixat. 1 : aor. For the commutation of 7* ot and v. 1296 perf. the first hence the Boeotic forms nvXtt^vdog. : 15. Palaeph. 19. English sate. sing. Verbal dycovioiios. are commonly written with 68. pass. 16. dsicfco. perf. 6. Pind. 1. Mem. weariness.. Hym. 1 . 145. Odys. . Latin satis. Xen. 41). yda. a so. 465 : aor. Anab.

dsggo {AEPSl). for 253. 7. Apol. — Pass. Theog. but deaa (a). dr^fxat. imperf. 10. 183 II. dsigo to raise. dij&saaov. . 41. Herod. 165: aor. rjsg&riv. 1. rii^r}oa. av^dvto. 214: . pass. . Herod. 631 3. Odys. Apol. d^gco. i^igia^ov. 3. ' ' di^G) Poetic and Ionic for ai/'la. lift up. Grjec. Poetic and Ionic. to be noised abroad. 367. dti&soao) (drj&ris). 131 . 1. 9. oirifiL {AESl. It takes no augment. 875 driTO). blown upon. . Odys. 156. 1. digga. be in circulation. II. 493: aor. imperf. djj&saa. Mo\\c for deigco. vigeo. pass. Odys. Eurip. contracted dda. 2. dsis. Msch. 73 aor. exposed to the — 7f in inflection. 418: perf. Hip. ds^}]00fiai. connected This theme modified with the Latin vegeo. 80 aor. contracted dgco (a). breathe. II. Epic 3 plur. 8. Odys. pass. Sapph. dr^v. Tjsigdixyiv transitively. 23. Herod. becomes ATFSl. 795 aor. 9. hence av^w. Epigr. II. 6. dsgrd^a {deigco). to be wind. 12. {AEPSl). Panyas. to be unused. 3. 3. Apol. Odys. aor. to aor. in asip the second Orchomenian inscription (Rose's Inscript. Soph. dijfirfVf Hes. With pure writers it is found in the pres837. ^'eoio. see deigco. pluperf. mid. Pind. rjsiga. 171 aor. 151 . to blow. vigor. djjfisvai. imperf. Latin augeo. fut. 15: imperf. 3. 299 fut. d^vai or 5 Odys. pass. 325. 738. tab. 272 : 19. — : The original theme was probably aVetjI.— : 78 for otx/«. : See also atgco. 15. 40). sleep. to increase. 1171. 6. 537 . It retains 4. 13. Pers. d(o). Isth. 3. rjeg^ai. deiai for dEiai. Antig. AES2. : : (AEFSI). Hes. Scut. ent and imperfect only. x4nthol. ds^ij&rfv. mid. vtagio. Anthol. 490 . . T^sgoa. : AEP£2. d£(ja (a). 16. 40 . 3 sing. Apol.

276 aor. 6. 25. albsao^aL (dcf) .388. sively. — enaiviw pres. i^vi^dfiriv. imperat. alvitonai. 102: : . Plat. 16. fut. aor.^i9^?^i^ pasGeorg. 196: aor. d&egi'C(o Apol. Isoc. 9. atSiofiai. j^dsofxai. Laconian for inmvifa. 79 Odys. mid. to hint : obscurely. 290 perf. Plat. Hel. II. dd-igt^a later Apol. fut. 3. 1 also iXS rare. 5. to take. jjvtffiai. aivi^o^ai. algrjaco. 11. yvsxa. Lys. 946 Soph. Hes. aivvfjiaL. Aj. 53. alvvInflected like 8sLxvv^ai. pass. Poetic for at^ko^ai. Herod. l^ir^v. 549: alvico. 13.34. ^viy^ai pasEq. mid. Xen. 506. 2. OLigkco (EAIl). 14. imperf. Verbal atveieog. Thuc. fut. Ionic dgaigrfxa. Arist. 499. ydeadfxrfv. Eq. yvid^jjv. Isoc. Eurip. treat slightly. Arist. aldiaoofim is written also aldi^aoixau — aidofiai. aldoixriv. dMgi^ov. aid si 0. 223 . Epic atvijaco. inaivsai {aivsai). ^488. iSsLTcvviJtriv. 552 perf. 44: imperf. to slight. : : — In prose commonly enaivio. Odys. 261 : fut. inaivssai. pass. 198. 3. Epic. Med. II. ulvLaaofiaL or atviTjofiai. to praise. Arist. Eurip. Herod. 1. 212: later. perf. 281 Thuc. Epic. 645: : pass. . to respect. syncopated for {aivim). alvicfofiai. Eurip. 2. 2 sing.: aige dd'sgc^co. contracted from aidiso. II. : 1. 14. Odys. pass. aor. sively. ^i/f(7a. Xen. Orest. 468. 3. Epic. pass. 21. 15: perf. 380: aor. 225. imperf. II. ygr/xa 103. aiveaco. 548 aor. Mem. Elec. 23. 374. Hec. another form of alvea. 1158. 681. to take. another form of alvsco. 331 . Odys. 74. Hel 3. 1. Odys. 286 Soph. ]7V£. 109: aor. Xen. 21. Op. Ph^dr. as active. perf. Odys. 21. 3. 269. 5. al'vrifit. Dem. Eum. Epic j^'i/T^cra.5. 8. y8ia&riv Eurip. Aj. fut. ^sch.

after the disappearance of p. 129 perf. fsXio (like Simonid. 7. Soph. dgov^ai (a). 54 aor. Elec. In fact. 135. 43. algrjaofiat. It is formed from the original theme fEylSli in the following manner. ilofxat. 49. iQuqxo. 844. Xen. fiai (d). lift up. from i^sXavvcj. aigo) (a). Soph. Aj. 8. tjgdfxrfv. Soph. to choose. tqoitiu) The form tQEcpco. 5. ygrffxai aigm Ionic dgaigr^fxat. 3. which see. alQSM. for — Tiotog) dXto for i]Xsro). 5. Anab. Nub. also slkdfiriv later. 66 . : to raise. 635: 2 aor. 275) seems to imply ano^aiQBo. ygi&rfv. 1. dga Soph. The dgS — (a). 83 aor. fsXsTo. he seized. preIsoc.80 perf. pass. which Hermann writes is supposed by some to come from nsQLEXavvco. Troad. 1. 4. Msch. Xen. Herod. the Homeric unoalgeo (II. II. Arist. 7 . psi'To (like '^v&ov. dgco (a). (SiXfinally. Eq. slXofir^v. But ^EJfl was fEASL^ therefore algm must have been ^aiQEut.ov. 3. As to s^slovvjfg. Col. Mid. Xen. 75 aor. ffga. ysvTo. ijg&r^v. hence 'atpsI. Find. '. 460 : perf. but compare Arist. 761 2 aor. 3. 9. 5 . Thesm. KQl^avog). gain. slXdfirjv. eXo. fut. 8. : dsiga). 3. 1. atgo^ai. 59. 1. dgco2 aor. 3 aor. 1. Anthol. 41 : aor. We ' 'AJJI was changed into 'APfL (compare xXl^avog. loin. The aoixat of the compound dcpaigBoiiai sivehj. 87 fut. is dcpaigij- used passhall he deprived. ^gxa. Epic for hXhTo. Mid. 7. Antig. Isth. Xen. fig^iai. Thuc. 7. for '^X&ov. Herod. Hlof^rjv. fut. 21. Sup. fer. pass. 3 . Thuc. 35. aigiofiai. Thuc. Thuc. {AFS2. pass. it may easily be changed into f|«X(ovTeg. sT}. should be referred to dsigo. Anab. — Arist. Eurip. after the analogy of tqetko. — fut. 4. ygi^^ai. 39 . 290 nsQisXat 9. 1 08 perf. ^gfiai. or as middle (Set! algsiad'ai). 5. 3 sing. 1278. : — : : : Pers. 2 aor. 493 . Hel. Eurip. Soph. Herod. Hel. mid. fut. Aj. ^grfod^r^v rare. frag. : : . pass. also ikovixai rare and later. to lift up for one^s self. select. yivjo. suppose that ^EyJH became 'AJJl (whence aXlaxofiai). /Se'vxiaTog. Verbal aigeiioSf as active (dst atguv). 100 : perf.

ijcf&rfi^ai. 4. 78 : aor. mid. {AI2XT2). 16. ahidc^ofiai (a). usually passive. at6xvvca abuse. 11. Mid. : 2. Hip. dtddc) or diTTo. Mid. with short «. fjiuL. fut. 3 sing. 10. 159. fut. Xen. 156 : : perf. as agoifiriv («). i^t^dfir^v. jfO&ofiriv. subj. ai'^aaicov. aiaxvvo' be or feel ashamed. 1. Hip.riv' sometimes fJQ6fir]v. disgrace.9: perf. to perceive. Xen. rfi/d^r^v as active. aiad^o^uL for alod^dvo^ai. pass. 195.Ach. 22. 2. II. Sept. in the mouth of a Boeotian. the second aorist only. . 403. ayta. Verbal ala/vvrios as middle (8ei atXen. 3. — atad-dvo^at (^AI2^0Sl). 7. mid. fut. 719 aor. 81 23. II. 40. atoxwov- — Xen. Gorg. ahidofiat (ahta). breathe forth. 22. pass. i^agri [uQr]). to rush impetuously. — See : active. 189 aor. 6. II. also aaao) or arra). 72. diaaofiat as II. long v. edited also i^uyjj from f^dyat. II. 1. Plat. Homer uses rjQa^rjv and tjQo^rjv in the indicative in the The other moods. 3. 62. Xen. to a/vvsad-ai). Rep. yjidad- 8. : ataxw^. yridd^r^v (d) passively. 11. rji^a. ala&rjaofiai^ Xen. 11. alxidua&ai. but Prose writers only in the dependent moods. 2 aor. to breathe. for r^goy. Plat. 468 4. .aiTL -^go^riv. dco). i^Qd. aor. Xen. jEsch. 2. aor. 4. II. 17. Anab. 32: aor. Thuc. Mem. use only rigafxriv with its dependent moods. Verbal atnaiios. jfxid^ai Thuc. Arist. 510 : aor. 92 perf. Hel. Thuc. ^a^vvB^riv as middle. 2 sing. 368. 7. Cy. ^axvVOL. — II. agolfitjv. 23. pass. find fault with. Attic poets generally use '^ga(j. Anab. 3. 913. 316. infin. aor. doubtful. 20. fut. respect. 1. 1. to blame. Athen. 1. 1403: aor. Eurip. 7. iterative. 61 aor. protracted for alTiaa&at {alTioieo-&ai). to shame. Cyr. Cyr. 3. 8. 18. agia&ai. Eurip. . fiffv. 1. dio&co {dri^i. agonal (a). jjcixvfjLfxai. fjiai. 592.

120. 95 . Odys. Hym. 1 1 . fut. to dxTJdeaa. 2. 432: fut. grieve. axovxa. II. 2 sing. oVto). rixsad^riv. — See Eualso avddco. dxa^rjfiS' vos or dxri%sfi£vos. the oixrj/edatcii. 223 2 aor. 9. 20. for dxdxtjVTo. mend. jEsch. 5. 1 perf. II. for dxovo. 66. remedy. Prom. 302 : aor.— : 82 Epic. 15. Epic. perf. 32: air 1 6 coo. Odys. 7fxaxo(X7jv. 3 plur. Mus. Plut. dio. Mid. 7ieglect. protracted for alimviai {aludOdys. 822. 3 plur. ditso. — : Ach.^i^ofiai. Compare interjection — From the theme AXIl comes ax! noun the ah! Romaic denoting pain. 486 — dxdxriuai as present. d'l'co 47. Horn. part. Pyth. 236. 202 3 plur. 12. 637. Odys. Mem. Odys. Hym. II. for ahiwo {ahidoLo). to grieve. imperf. ail 10 M via I. 7. 3 plur. imperat. 179. Odys. H. dxd/rfaa. 508 aor. Herod. § 20 2 perf. is supposed to be synonymous with dtd^icj). Tjxaxov. for uUlWTO {altidoiro).423. 364 16. dxidofjiat (cio). Pythagor. dxovd^a. dxa/oi^riv. II. 16. : 2 plur. II. 335 . 55 : imperf. Arist. The root of this verb seems to be an onomatopy. : dxaxelaTO. perf. 78. Epic. 19. 19. dxsofxaL. Mid. act. II. 427. II. 3. iEsch. dxd/r^od'ai. 11. ^tiocovto. 24. grief.^it(o {AXSl^ AKAXJl^ : sadden. dxa. pres. 2 aor. dxovaofjiai. 2 sing. 2. 135: 3 sing. fut. : dxr^dio {dxr^dijs). 5. aw 10. afflict^ a&(o. Eurip. 1. 40. Odys. dxa/^ivos. Xen.342. to heal. pluperf. Find. 252. see AKSl. 14. Doric. dxrj- . Med. rjxovGia. II. Hec. II. to give up the ghost. oviai). i^axsaas (dxiaas). to hear. axog. be afflicted. 654. to hear. 17. : 2. 148. 1067: aor. 199: aor. 16. 1. for dici^x^vTat. — ijitaaff^fi. 16. 286 aor. dxaxTJaco^ Horn. Lycurg. 3. dxa. Epic. for dxsso. U. ai'or. rip. to sorrow. Agam. dxovo) (AKOSl). dxavd^ofzai as active. for jjima^s for ipiwvjo {fijid- (^^n«£(ji^s). II. alTiocoTO. 23. opt.

Mosch. Scut. pointed. axovofxat as active. 5. pass. Apol. see dXvxTd^o. aLvdficogoL Mid. 1228. 38. Agam. 23. dXrj&^v. increase. ^kdavov. II. pass. AKSl. dlahjfisvos. fut. Aj. ^sch. Eurip. dkd- XriG&ai. 74. as dXrfao^ai.and vnvog. riXyvvd^ijv. dXaivo). 120. 12. Ran. fut. ayQvnvog for avnvoq from «. 70. 480 dxr^xoeiv. Arist. Etymolog. dXyvvov^ai. mid. 18. dxgodcfofxai (do). 13. ^xj^xoslv^ Ionic 1. Arist. 83 2 pluperf. Xen. II. 3. . 2. yri — The nouns y. 230. ^sch. aor. rixovad^r^v. TjXyvra. Odys. sadden. Verbal dxgoarios. Odys. AAFTX). 4. Prom. pass. 245 fut. Magn. 284. ^AaAa|a. Soph. to vex. fut. r(xov6^riv. to raise a war cry. Soph. '^xovadfXTfv. anfiri. Sept. : It seems to be a prolongation of axov oj g. Thuc. Tjyiovaiiai later. to nourish. see dXi^co. Plat. For the insertion of compare dagdocnrto from ddmoi. Herod. QQ : aor. 52: perf. 14. to hear. : : — See also dldrjoxo). : Soph. dXdatvco {AAJANSl). Arist. (akOJI). Hes. Odys. Verbal dxovctTBos. ^sch. Epic. 126. Hel. sharpened. dldXrffxat. pass. r^. acies. 135. dkdo^ai. present. axi]. 26. 10. '^xgododixriv. dxax^svog. fut. 331 aor. connected with the Latin acuo. Phil. part. 409 : perf. 593 aor. : dXaXxov. pass. give pain. 82. dkyvvco (dXyeivos. acus. 27 1343. to ivander. 3. dXaXvxTTi^at. Poetic. to sharpen. • — : dxgodo[xai (dxovo). Bac. Tyr. under aor. 333: aor. Antig. into alxiir]. perf. dlyvva^ Soph. 1180.aXba . Av. 12: 2 aor. imperf. ov^ Observe that the y) before ^. Poetic. Xen. of the root is changed into x ("Ot Further. another form of dXdoixai. nxmxi] (like aycoit is from ciym) are derived from this theme. Anab. Nub. 446 aor.coa. dlaXd^co (ccAaAot). dXaXd^o[xai. II.

Soph. II. 698: 2 aor. It alo. 791 . to avert from my self. 167. Lysias. xnlvmu}. ^Af afjLifv. See later Epic. to avoid.i ' pare aVi^avog. Dem. to anoint one^s self. 78. 1243: perf. for agriyo) aki^to. to avert. 436. Taur. Eq. 1. dUleo {AAEKIl. Sup. 490: perf. off. iEsch. ward fut. dkevaa. dkiaa&s. 4. Mid. also grow ^ intran- sitive. . Arist. Orph. d^sLTtiios. : Odys. pass. 3 : Xen. Prom. f(Xi(priv. rarely ^'Af|a. Sept. for seems aXdofiivav. 774. frag. assist. — also dXdaivcD. to help. jEsch. aigsco ' EAOSL. 245. or drive 6. 20: riXncpd^riv. nXixb). Dem. fut. also — defend my self. dXeixpo. ijks^dfir^v. aor. dketyjofiaL. 13. Pind. Cyr. 827. dks^ofiat. dXdriaa17. Eurip. Thuc. Olym. to nourish. The themes AAEKJl. Epic. 7. Soph. 202. 364. 794. xQvmo). pres. com. Arist. off. repel an enemy. dXsicpofxaL rei^aXsiTiTios. Theoc. Mid. later. Dindorf edits aQ^o^ivav. '^XsififxaL dkrjXt^fiaL. II. frag. 23. Thuc. to 28*2. xov. dX£^rjao(jLac. 977. Xen. rjXsLxpa. 5. 825 aor. flexive. 368 dkevco. 368 : : — . fut. II. 4. Eurip. dkiofxat (aXsva). 5. ?jAi|?/(. rjkak- Odys. 417. 599: aor. 68 . jEsch. be etymologically connected with the Latin to dldrjaxci) (dkSaLvo).— 84 Arist. 3. Lith. ward II.a. 1052: 2 rjkxadov. Phaedr. dXevaov. protect. 125. 1486: aor. 109: aor. AAKIl. Nub. 10. frag. pass. 11. Anab. rjlsKpa and dXriXicpa. AAKASSl). dXseivo (dkiofxat)^ dXuipc) to avoid. pass. (?) iiXevaa. to be connected with For the commutation of and g. tQXOfiai aXiaxo^ai. Plat. Poetic. 3. Anthol. dXiaad-ai. aUtf Nub. {AAI^h). fiTiv. dkxd&siv. 528. 88. 6. dlsaifxr^v. axov iterative. Poetic in the active. and to anoint. TJXeiyjdaor. 87 . Aul. XQt^avog "EASI. 346. aor. dks^rjaa. fut. 6. 20. ^sch. AAKSL seem and • aquiix). II. 7. 34 aor. Sup. 13.

to II. voc. Epic. 1. see dld^ofiai. 4 perf. that is p^vf/y. 11. Arist. captured.. Thuc. 2 aor. Thuc. has « long. rjXlxa. become healed. opt. 84. active is All these forms have a passive signification. Odys. 2 aor. 487. to avoid. dk&sa&ijvaL. 11. dl^ooiiai. 736 : Arist. 405 127: aX(o7}v. (ar]g. 1358: ^ doubtful. 1. the ^olians Magn. Odys. inf. But alovrs. alsvoixat. 355. 495. Epic for aXwaor. Odys. 33. 7. 14. 29. : be taken. 23 fut. The theme "jlJJl is evidently a modification of 'EyJSlf may therefore assume ^AAfL as a. Nub. II. 83: 2 4. ^ 7 perf. 8. dXovs. Thuc. but short in the other moods. . 4. which see. 32 : perf. to dliaxofiat (AAQ. 154. also 1. 156. to submerge in the sea. to grind. Anthol. 'AAOSl. Thuc. Nub. Ety- dXivdo or dXivSofiai. aor. Vesp. ) Anthol. 24.iQE(a. 26. 3. Anthol. The We . supplied by aiQso). Herod. 360. dlsvdfirfv. Arist. Hippocr. dXoirfv. pass. II. and dhvSscs. . Arist. imperf. long v. 1299: aor. For dvHv. 7. 'not Attic. Epic. 21. 5. fut. grind. pass. Xov the usual Attic aorist. /o II. : aA?/^fi} (akk(o). for 183: aXoj^svtxi. to take. 'AA£2MI). Nub. Nub. ojt]. 21. II. alia B5 : Mid. frag. 23. Arist. Ulcoxa. 405: ^ aor. ctAco. Nic. dXijvai. &Xi^dvsiv. w. Char. 29 fut. dvo). la- r/Aoj/. 81 aXolrjv. rjkiaa. dXd^o^riv. to aor. penult of eaXmr is long in the indicative. dXrjlsxa. said ^8viiv. Herod. : 7. dXtvSiofiai. dld^TJaoi^iai passively. dXi^Svo) (a'Ag. Xen. 5. i^Xiaxo1. Call. 109 Theoph. II. ijXem (aa\ dkiaco. subj. 121 : imperf. 4. also dXcovai. 2 Hferod'. vai. the original theme. 269. tog. fxr^v. 3. Epic for «Aw. 417: ' mol. aor. ft'Afij. Ther. dlriXao^aL and aA?/As^at. ^ aAfo. Herod. 14. roll. : aXo. 251 perf. 11. The a A WW. idXcoxa the usual Attic perfect. Anab.

754. voixac perf. The « is long in consequence of the anomalous temporal augment. Arist. '^IXa^ditjv. also) ijlov. Hes. II. Athen. 3 sing. dXXd^co. Doric dX^vTheoc. Verbal dXlaxiios^ Dem. subj. riXo^riv. : pass. CEcon. 82 — . 4. 3 sing. 8. ahTrjfisvog seems to be equivalent to aAaij- wicked. 18. Olym. Ran. fut. — : — ballistea. We have already at421 tempted to connect nXXo^m with /SaXXl'CM. 5. to smite. to aor. . r^Xorif^ai. to leap. Eq. Mem. Ale. perf. : : alao. Pind. Xen. 14. Eurip. dXTo. 1128: aor. ndXXw. Latin salio. see dki^co. Eurip. 11. aXXos). err against. 2 aor. English ball (dance). Op. Orph. : Phoen. '^UaldfxTfv. Epic. 3. Eurip. Arist. 270. 375. 91. Ran. dXXdaacD or dXXdno) change. 9. 21. Xen. Xen. in composition. Italian ballo. Scut. 3: aor. 16. Hel. Epic. rj {AAAAFSl. Bac. 6 1246 perf. 244 2 aor. dXa[xai (a). Hel. dhrgaL642: 2 aor. pass. 532 all with the smooth breathing compare ri^^goiov from dfiagrdvco. 7. 8. 1332 : XXa^a. 192: aXfisvog. i^Xor/aa. AAIT£2). II. alsxai. dXodco and dXada. Pac. 13. offend: — : : ing. Arist. 1088. i^hjofirfv. dhnjfxsvos as an adjective. 410. written also dXijaivo^ai. 328 aor. for'dXoi^fvog.1 86 aliT dhigatva) (dXixgog. as active. 25 aor. 6. Mid. ^Aa/i?/v. for {akfao. rjXkaxa. Mid. dXld^ofxai. 1 08 part. 149: perf. Op. Eurip. 672. Aul. dXxd&SLv. : . II. . 11. II. to exchange. 2 aor. 2 aor 2 sing. (xtav. to sin. iflld/riv. Arg. 10. Eurip. Thuc. II. pass. 798 2 aor. ^'Atrov. 239 aor. . aor. aor. dUirfoa rare. Hes. Arist. part. Ach. with the smooth breathing. Xen. 17. "^Ikd/d^r^v. dXov^ai. fut. Odys. to thrash out corn. pass. 3. 1. for dXrixai. for rjhro. 2 dual for the usual form ijXXd^aiov 1 aXXo^ai (AAS2). 4 dXo^uL (d). fxai. ijXlayuai. dlXdaofiat. Hes. sinning.

like fisarjfi^gla. 94. '^AA£2. Thuc. 100: 2 aor. subj. ^AA012. Arist. dlv^ycavov. AATZKA: Odys. Poetic. II. T^loh^- 4. 641 : perf. to be mentally moved from joy or grief. II. perplexity. ijfijSQOTov. see dXlaxofxai^ dvaXoco. Sept. 621 aor. 308 2 aor. to be in agony. 361 aor. 595. dXvxid^a. Pers. r]A^ov. escape. 48 : aor. d^agidvco (AMAPTS2). from follows. Aj. 21. aor. . to be in a state of . 65 Tov. NSl). Eurip. 111. 22. Nub. Epic for dkodco. : Poetic. to be troubled. II. 656. to err. Odys. dXvco. : Soph.: a^ag aXoidco^ 87 10. and changing the rough breathing into the smooth. 9. mid. Epic rjf^^go' d^riv. to find. pass. dXv^G) and dlv^o^ai. . rlf^agxav. Hippocr. 2. Arg. dXvad-aLvo (aAv«). to avoid. rave. 287. Theoc. Xen. miss. 1076. Pers. Del. 298 . jEsch. into o. Verbal dfiagTTfTsog. iEsch. fut. as from a present in -da. 330. 10. to be sick at heart. Epic. . y/Adgrr^xa. i^fidgxriaa later. Med. Attic dfiagri^aofxat. ^Ai. II. d/xagTyj' oco Ionic. i^aXsvawfiai from i^aXsvofiat. see dXioxouat. 2. iEsch. Call. 70. 363 fut. mid. 4. 23. 391 Arist. Hel. make dX(paLvco {AA0SI). Op. dXaXvyciri^aL as present. Arist. 16: aor. 212. . dXvaxo and dkvaxd^o) {AATKn. aa. : 3. rffxagrrj2 aor. it penult is long in Attic Poetry generally short. 79. sometimes dXvo. 70 perf. Orph. Herod. 53 : perf. in distress. Dem. 93 Hes. 22. The the Epic Poets Vesp. frag. is edited also dXvaaco. Soph. to be distressed in mind. 5.|a. Tyr. 622. i^aXv^(o[io(i. pass. The Epic form ti^^qoxov is formed from rifiaQiov as rnxdgTtfixai^ : TJ^agxov' by metathesis rifigmov by changing « rjuQOTov by inserting /9. Thuc.

dfxSkvvovfiai as passive. 18 aor. 916: 2 aor. Eurip.axtaxco err^ {AMHAAKn. Sept. 5. 6. aor. 314: imperf. fisarj^-Qia ' ufi^k yafj^igog. runteLApol. II. 18. and dficps/ofiriv (?). ri^egaa. pass. dvanaXXco^ see ndXXo* to wrap around. TJfxjSlcoxa. i^ixfi^XsETai. Sup. Arist. Eurip. Agam. 6. 422. Mid. d^nuxov. 356: r'l^i^loaa. 82 324: 2 aor. Thecet. Eurip. to put on. 715: perf. . Plato reads anofielgsTaL. Plat. Soph. afiogjog.88 fiEarjfieQia. rjfXTtkdxrffjtai. 17. riix^Xv^^ai. ' ya^-goq' «//. to clothe. d^i7i£. Andr. 27 . : 64 aor. rjfiTtXaxov and rjixdkaxov. Thesm. For ocTtoalvvTaL. to deprive. wear./5ooT0^. dficps^o. Poetic for a[i7cs/a) (d^(pi. Arist. icj. 322. iEsch. to miscarry. afi-goiog t^^gaim for H^icngtai. Plat. 140: 2 aor. implying a present active in Hippocr. Eurip. : 61: 8. 1090: imperf. dix7Zto. in r'l^SXcov. T^f. 220: fut. perf. Nub. 19. Av. i^fxigd-r^v. 21: perf. ri^Slco^ai^ Arist. Eccl. Arist. from ydfiog. 1149. from MEIPSl. pass. pass. Odys. Hip. dfi^XvvS. dfX7t£/ov. miss. mid. fut. Eurip. dfiTtdkXo). 138: Nub. Athen. 19. 193. to/o). diOv. 344: 2 aor. ^ogrog. l/o). 1567. AMBAAKil). ya^fgoq. Leg. rf^maxov. 22. dfiTtLa/co (df^icpi. Odys. Plat. dfx6Xiaxa) and dfx^koco. Odys. 6. another form of df^iniyco. 1159. pres. Cycl. Med.(0fjLaL and dixTttoi^^vsofiai. Theaet. 58. Pyth. Odys. the accepted reading. 13. clothe one^s self. to iEsch.idlvv&rfv. — dfi7t?. Ion. d/xSkvvo) (dfi^lvs). Col. Phaed. Hel. jEsch. 225: fut. 1. d^eigcD and dixsgdo (^AMEPSl). Xo^iriv. Hippocr. Eurip. — . 540. rifXTtiaxo^riv and rj^Ttsa/ofxT^v. Anthol.^oixat.^ Pind. perf. Mid. to blunt. pass. 165. like eyvcov from yiyvcoaxco^ Suidas.

rjfxvvad^ov in Attic Poetry. IINTJl). for dp^cpiyvoico. Xen. assist. 20 perf. Eurip. II. defend. — 21 : aor. 7. 697. 17. Anab. 376. dp. ^ficpieafjiai. Anab. 26. 8vvvf. ^fxvvdi^ir^v. dfjiv^G) (fiv^G)). syncopated. Plat. Herod. avert. Eq. II. 53 fut. Soph. rj>i(p£yv67iaa. 5. 1323. to : ^ 8* . to 4. 6. 8. 1. pass. later for du(ptivvvfit. Ale. 70. Soph. 1212. to repel an enemy. : Plat. 11. aor. Soph. to suck. Nub. mid. fut. keep rip. 4. frag. fut. 5. defend one's self. II. diKpdao^ai. 89 Archil. 5. ^fi(pLaaa.: aixfi 89 . 5. : ccfinvvzo. d^cpisvvv^t (d^(pi. Verbal dixwiio?. Arist. Eum. clothe one^s self. Col. Andr. 5. short v. 3. 523 Xen. An- Athen. Xen. dixTtvvco. 6. 23. Tim. 5. to doubt. d^(piyvoEco [d^cpt. 3. Soph. 667. 721 aor. 89 1 aor. Antig. Odys. imperf. ri^cpLyvo- sov and riiicpeyvoEov. 3 sing. and dnXaxcov without the [x. fut. Eurip.(pLBadnriv Epic. Eurip. Hel. part. Andr. — put on one's self. Cyr.a). 3. 142. 30 Xen. dfxvva. 6. Mid. 222 nvvv&riv as active. d^vvco (^AMTNAOSl). Cyr. aor. 2: aor. 1015. riiKpieaa. Cyr. rjfxvva. dfiTikaxcov. Xen. d^q}Lpass. Antig. 1079. 27. Soph. to recover breath. : 60 Eu: 67 2 aor. Odys. 9. Soph. 22. livvad'oiiriv in Attic Poetry. Find.359. mid. part. dfivvofxai. perf. . Arist. off. r(^cpikvvvv. as active (Set d^vvsiv). . 9J. 33 . aor. imperf. Orest. d^vveco. 30. iEsch. Cyr. dfxwovinai. Xen. 241. '^ficpiaxa. Xen. 2 aor. Mid. to clothe. thol. vobg)). Xen. to put on another. diicpiyvoyid^Hs. Mem. 1. 46 : aor. (dvd. 76 : 438. 2. d[x(pii(ji(D. Olym. ivvvi^u. 3. as active. 167. 4. djxEpic for dvaTtvio. duwivoio. d^cpid^G). Tyn 277 : 2 aor. dficpia. Plat.

uv-aivo^ah after the analogy of ailoi from «-.privative. Hesychius has ai'vcov. 70 Xen. 1. : . '^vaivofirfv. Further. 1 Dem. ^v?^vdfxriv. 2. Cyr. 70: perf. 18 ^ : fut. 2. 31 Dem 1223 also 'ycaxrivdXcoaa from xaTavaXtaxco.2. Gorg. 48 . 13: im perf. 11 also xaxrivdXconai from xajavaXiaxco. being used instead of the common -ate. /SuQvioi'oyg. that alacc. Isoc . Cyr. Xen. 347 Plat. imperf. Hel. dvjjvaixai. di. pass. see yiyvdayia. 15: perf. from for. Soph imperf. r^[x(pLcipi^Ti]d^riv. 2. Polit. dvaXi(jxa) to and dvaloco (dvd. ANAINJl. after the analogy of 56^(x from Soxem {AOKSI). 8. fate. 9. AINJl. 3. (uvi(a come from AINJl. 1. Menex. Thuc. to dispute. jEsch. -^fxfiaj^rlTr^xa^ aor. 13 Dem.(6a(o.privative favor of this supposition. Agam. 33 aor. 'AAO^) expend. 5. Thuc.7 90 diKpicSi^Tea (dfi(pt^ a^(pi j3aLvo 7). 4 dvdXaaa and dvjjkcocfa. to please. where the adverb ^aQVTovcog implies that the accent should be on the penult. to say. • We — . 1216. 201 perf. Plat. Xen. dvdlco^ai and dvijkafiai. dvTjhaxov and dvdkoov. but there is no analogy in a prolongation of ar. II. 4 Xen. 8. alvos). 16 aor. pass. 300: aor. Compare the It is often considered as Latin faium. is derived from ATJl. fari. Ionic and Poetic. 12 dv8dvo (AJS2). Thuc. Xen. Cyr. imperf. 'AAIZKQ. Plat. 7. Isoc. : Thuc. Leg. ri^icpia6riTricia and T^ficpsa^iJTriaa. Xen. pass. 6. 1. 45: fut. Thuc. Dem. 73. dvacvofiat (d-. 510. Hel. ri^cpBoSrfceov. assume a theme ATSl. The^t. 1. and liari from aw -a« or -ari. mid. -ola. enairoiv ri. 820 : : aor.i(pia^riT7jao^aL as passive. the same as the Latin By annexing > to the root. dvdlcoxa and dvrjlaxa. ^fKfLO^rJTSov and Plat. . nh'(o from TITJl' with ar. 2. aio. Plat. We observe further. 504 . strictly to say no. dvaXad-qv and drr^kcodi^v. Dem. 6. 185. 7. 2. dva}. . Verbal dvaXoTsos. rjvdavov and irfvdavov and Antig. Hel. 8. 818. like itW from t/w. t/o>. The words alvog. dvayiyvadycco. to refuse.

dvkxoiiai. 281 Doric IWa. Hel. 104. Mosch. as middle. tstsvx(tov. 2 perf. 9. Herod. &lc. 24 . dvictaifii. Arist. 2 aor. ddstv.avia idvSavov. dvia^^ov. 8. 11. pass. MASl. trickle out. 14. Ach. English gay. fut. 5. to be vexed. 77: and dva(Jx^ao^at. dvi\vo&a. 26 : perf. Odys. Xen. English sweet. imperf. 89. issue forth. to sorrow. rare. to endure. Pac. ANEG % : — Xen. fiifiasv. from aXXo^ai. dvidaco (a). yddsa&aL. dvtdaofiai. dv^vo&sv is a new imperfect. 347 . Ttv/w. hence ^ddofini.3. Compare . Xen. rive6x6p. part. 12. ddrjoo^ : : dvSdvofiat as active. 266. 10. 8. 151. Anthol. 1. Find. Mid. 5. pleased. see ir^fit. to be grieved. 3. yadf(6y yadslv. ANE0Q. as in l^a. Isth. 19. 300. dvs^o^iai Arist. Compare Latin suavis. 299 : 2 aor. dSrixa very 2 perf. agrjQEV. dda.^d^?^v. dvsxo dvi^co. yri&ia. adda. Theoc. 172 . rivLdaa. 4 fut. Hel. 4. Anab. from ttqaQlaxo). 4. imperf. 4. 4. dvLdofiai. II. see dvid^co. 6. . 13.. 39 perf. 18. Odys. s%G>). 8. II. to spring. loith pleasure. . II.. 26 . 1. and qpt^w.riv. 323. Odys. Thuc. fut. 5. fut. Olym. original The theme was FaJJI. yavqog. 4. 1. k'aSov and ddov.— Mid. equivalent to dvido). to vex. Mid. 9jvft. syncopated {ad-fi(vog). 143 : fut. dvida (dvia). Eustath. dvrjvo&a as present. equivalent to dvK^Sometimes it is fiat from dvido. ad Odys. Compare also yaiw. rarely drsa^ofirfv. 17. from dvir^fu. aXfisvog. dvidd^riv (d). Anab. dvuxov. 1. Herod. r^va^fLai Ionic. § 25). SI. II. evocdsv (Rem. • gaudium. to hold up. suadeo (?). 3. dviao. 9. Xen. {dvd. Herod. 340. Compare and enicpvicov. Xen. 19 : aor. II. ccG^svog. Epic svadov. Hel. as an adjec- Pind. 173. 7. 5 Herod. 22: 2 aor. primarily to hold one^s self — up. 27. Epic. 7. 20. Anab. 91 . 3.24. 33 aor. ydaaav. 2 aor. Latin gaudeo. 270. tive. (Sadvg "^ *^A '^ {rjdvg)f yadsdav. Xen.

Verbal dvogd'OTeos. Anab. The compound avvavidah^s aor. 6. 2 : fut. pass. pass. 62. dviidao (da). 68 Dem. Eurip. 11. . 16. rivcoQd^o6^r}v. 10. sv. i^poygDem. 16. yvrtdaa. 1048 perf. Xen. dvndo. 423: aor. Brunck's Analect. Plat.' 4„ 143: perf. 356. Ion. to set upright. Thuc. 14. dvTBLxd^co. imperf. i^vSg&coaa and dvSg&coaa. Olym. Pind. 14. 1232 Dem. 455. mid. as if from ANTHMT. 179: aor. 476. subj. . dvBcoya as present neuter. : vog&azsog. 5. 2. 3 dual. oiyco)^ avoi to open. 329. dvTjjoo. : : — : dvTiaoiLriv. dvievnsTtohfxa.92 avoiya (dvd. uvi(p^a and ijvoi^a. aor. 13 . Ion. :^VTr^(ra. 168: fut. Herod. 20. 1563. Eurip. 49. Dem. dvayov. 215 : aor. 24. Hel. fut. 1387. dvogd'oco (dvd. 1. 6g&6co). 13. pass. II. : . 333.5. Odys. 14. avaol/saxov. dvoi^cj. Eurip. 12. imperf. 5. another form of dvxdo. avvavT/jxriv {avTi^Trjv). T. Pac. enad-cofiai. Dem. dvs(ayy. 7. Poetic 7. to do a favor in reaor. 423 fut. 2. II. Epic and Ionic : sometimes dvoiyvvfit^ imperf. avTidoixat as active. Herod. ai/6«. imperf. 140. Dem. TtoLrjcfa). (dvit). Xen. 17. II. 1. iterative.^a. dvrevTtoLsco (dvTi.aL. pass. II. 2. Verbal dvoiXTSos. Theoc. and Ionic. 24. 2. Xen. 765 Anab. 230 (376). II. 1. 1138: perf. Leg. Epic and Ionic dvS^a and dvoi^a. X&S. 28 Mid. Arist. noieo). N. dvxdco TJvTsov for TJvTaov. 2. dvs(6/d^riv. Hel. dvoi^co. II. 15. Ale. 114. later T^votxO^riv^ dvoi- ^je^. 127. See also djiavxaa). Thuc. dvogd-coaa. avscpyov and rjvot^^ov. 1. Plat. 134. to compare. 1. 22. Dem. cfvvrivTr^adfiT^v. 10: 2 perf. 4 : aor. 12. 5. : — — Odys. Act. 2 aor. avxev21 turn. to meet. see elxd^a. 494 perf. Imperf. ll. 5. to stand open. Theaet.

Oljm. — . 4. 28: aor. II. 250 . Arist. 311 fut. Cratyl. 3 . 365. avTOfxac (dvrdo). avxidnv for avxiav {uvxidsLv). exhort. 977 imperf. 12. 215 uvxioaaa for dvximaa. Poetic and Ionic. used only in the aor. 231 fut. ^ dvvo and dvvTco (dvco). X9^^)^ ^^ ^^ sufficient. . : Soph. Herod. Plut. 496 68 (?) . II. 1 6. : r^vii^oXsov. 127. II. protracted from avxi^\avxiu(ii)^\\. 11. 43. 18. aor. aor. Polit. . 127 inpart. to meet. 272: aor. 189. supplicate. rivvad^riv. 100. Arist. iterative.6.aL as active. 649 Odys. uvjioaiai for uvTiMai. 373. dvci^co. equivalent to dnoxgdco.OLvoiy vt-vxiofd. H. perf. ^vto^t^v. 251 : imperf. Pind. 12. 13. dvvaa ^v). Col. 104: imperf. : dvxLxgda (dvri. mid. the original theme of dvvco. avxe^oXriaoL and iqvTs^oirfda. to 22. II. 3 sing. ^Vv- afiac. (Econ. 394 Odys. dvvop. 16. Apol. Yesp. Hes. request. Arist. pres. Pyth. Arist. : : — dvxiocaaxov. — 1 plur. Ran. Herod. pass. beg. 7. fut. 3. Eq. •Pyth. Scut. dvji^oXri&eis. Arist. 4. 2. livvfiBg. v. ^V»|a. 1. rjvvxa. . 5. 1. . 357. Pind. 13. imperf. 93 Epic. supplicate. 243. 3 plur. II. Plat. Plat. to order.aV« (d). i'lvvaa (aa). Arist. Herod. 413 Xen. dvTL^oXrjaco. Odys. : . 479: 4. Hes. 9. 7 . Thesm. implying ANTMT. : 20 : perf. 92 . Arist. Odys. fjvov. j^dkXco). frag. 7. pass. {dvxidovoa). pass. dvvaofiat (aa) as passive. Theoc. 7. dviixgriaoL. fern. 404: aor. 90 aor. Soph. 667 fut. 436 (future?). Mid. Pind. part. 21. avvxo and rjvvxo imperf. Xen. 805 fut. 3. Herod. 10. 101 Odys. 2. ^vo/ov and Tiv^y^ov. Vesp. 368 (future?). short accomplish. 287. 7. 10. pe?'- form. to meet. II. Theoc. Odys. 91. — : Epic for uvvom. 2. 203. 369 ^ . 578 5. dvTi^oXia (avTL^ pray^ imperf. pass. dvvix). TJvva&rjv. Doric. Cyr. dvcoya. fin. Odys. imperf. implying ANTMI. : 1. Scut. : Antig.

3 plur. 12. Anab. 1. II. 528. d7t£xO'rj(yoixaL as 1 36 perf. Compare ^alvca. Strictly speaking. ditacpoiiiriv as active. 21. Thuc. anrjx&ofitjv of the aorist. away. amfix^ixo is evidently equivalent is to ifiiaelTO. am]VQO) inavglayiofiai. 131 aor. 1 plur. Hes. 1. 376: 2 aor. Eurip. jEsch.. scattered about. Arist. thef blew off or away. 26: rJTtdfi^aa rare. 902 yva/sLv as imperfect. Poetic. 83. Plut. 79: 2 II. 9. avmx^f^^ H. 10. Anthol. causative. Col. Eum. ajtsLxd^ca. mid. they made go off^ox away. 25 hated. 6. part. II. AIIA^Jl). Prom. ajts^O'dvofxai and dnex^oiiai (dno. part. Hym. Xen. 1598. Lys. aninL^av must proceed from the same root. — II. passive. aTtav avcoya as present. dur^vgdfiriv^ jEsch. 8. dnrj^d^rifxaL. Odys. rJTiacpov. 2 sing. an imperfect with the force 454. dndcpo. 1. Ach. s/d^o). avMx&h Odys. 869 in Boeotic speech. fut. pluperf. Horn. to give back or away.217: aor. mid. eX&ovTsg. 2 perf. Scut. aor. 2 plur. II. a defective aor. 45 fut. dTtodidofjLt (dno. djtixL^av (sTCL^av). 22. 360. 9. Theoc. 35 2 aor. dnr/x^ofzrfv as pasArist. sive. 5. opt. implying I'xw). Hesychius has xl^avisg.: 94 2 2 perf. 7. imperf. 173. . Eurip. aor. being deprived. ajtovgas. Odys. although it has a causative signification. is equivalent to inrivgov from dmcacpiciTio (A0S1. 28 . : : : . ocv(ax&i. see elxd^co. Mid. Ale. Ale. 987. II. . uvmyfxsv. noQsv&Evjeg. 7. uvax^i. 28. dido^i). Poetic. 376. 437. 14. to take ATPAll ATP SI). 67. Arist. Poetic for avcayufisv.H. not to (fiia^&ij. KIKJl (probably the original form of This being un- derstood. ditrivgcDv as aorist. dTtacpyjcfo. mid. to deceive. : iEsch. Xen. 699. Rhes. to be 910. 3 sing. Hym. Horn. Prom. 3. 1044. — dnavgdo) (dno. Soph. 2 perf imperat. 71 Anab. djtovgdfAsvos as passive. 11. 23. t^jjaa. fut. Eurip. 189.

to make a defence^ Thuc. dTto/gsdfisvos Ionic. : UTiTG) (A^Il)^ to fasten. 80 infin. 1. to separate^ fut. 484 dus^grioa. 7. aTtTCO djtoBcocio. as in the simple xgiva. 14. dispose of. dTtoxgivofxai^ ^ duoxgLvov^ai. 681. actively or passively. 2. 2. Pac. AATSl). Plut. 3: fut. Isoc. dTti/gri. 1. part. 55. 79 infin. QQ: fut. see dTtavgda. suffices. to cause to take hold of. See also niTtgdoxo. 94 fut. 520. see sggo. dTtovgdfjisvos. djioxgLva (drto. 2. (?a. dnoXavaoiiai. Herod. d7io8idoixai. dnoXoyioiioLL dTtokoyr^oofjiac. 108. dTCoXeXoyrn. Nub. — Mid. in the simple didofii.37: imperf. Thuc. avtixgr^os. 1. 81 also dnoXavam Arist. : : aTtoxgdofxai. dTtoxgtvdo. it dnoxgd. enough. 8. to enjoy. Arist. 8. Xen. imperf. later: aor. dneXoyrfadiiYiv and dTtsXoyrjd'rfv. 7809. 5. Herod. Herod. &LC. Ionic dnexgoL. fut. Xen. 4. 52. 2. Xen. dTtsdofXTfv. dnoxgdv Io- Herod. : 9. Mem. The^t. 21: perf. 2. Herod. 7. Xen. Athen. 9. Arist. Herod. Xavxa. 5. and dTtrjlavda. Phaedr. 136. perf. 3 . Plut. ditolavco (dno. xgivco). Herod. Plat. to be contented. dnoxixgi^ai actively or passively. Cyr. Anab. Apol. Anab. it is : Impersonal duoxgri. — Mid. Dem. g. Anab. dnoxgri130 aor. to sell. &c. 31 Plat. 8 : aor. also to kindle: fut. to be sufficient. ditekavov. 1245: perf. as 95 Mid. . 1.iat . 13. — — dnosgaa. Cyr. JEsch. 7. 10. impersonally dnexgeexo Herod. d7to8co(jo^at. Rep. 31 dnoxgdv. 137 imperf. fut. 16: . Xen. dTtoxgijaa. Herod. 1. {dnoXoyog). 1. 7. Plat. dTtoxgdoi (djto.. Plat. Verbal dnoXoyri13 . Hel. Ionic nic. 5. satisfied. 6. 236 . dnovga?. 1259: 2 aor. 2. to anstver. ai/y«. 43. 5. 1. /paw). Xen. : and duTikavov. 5. equivalent to dukxgtf^. dnkXavdnoXefut. Arist.

TSisv/srov. MASl. pass. 73 : perf. mid. opt. to take hold of. adapt. used adjectively. 3. i/^^at. aQtjfitvai. Hippocr. dgdofxat. rJQagov is used intransitively. 23: : : Apol. Odys. 5. 1009 aor. transitive. 45: aor. as middle (dec dnrsad-aL). dgadixsvos. mid. the 2 aor. 777. 608. 1(^ 214. compare avrjvo&ev. Col. 2 perf. irrigate land. II. 2 — ' — — dgdo. Soph. 322. 7i\pa. ifie^ri^ov. 51 : aor. part. Trach.22. Herod. de Art. 338. fut. 56: 2 aor. 2. Isth. : 2. : — : 543. 3. to water. subj^mid. 4. aor. in both cases preceded by uanig. implying a new present aQt^goj. 21. Compare the preceding form. Mid. 2. fern. II. Herod. . 11. ^fi[iai. 248. 830 perf. sometimes ?/p?f^f£i/. . d7tTO(xai. ^ipd^jirfv. dla. 2. 307 . Epic. 5. dsldis. 3. 429. 14. II. (XQaQvta. suitable. pass. 1. 3 plur. 251. 135 perf. nQoaaQ7]QBxai. Odys. The Latin substantive artus is derived from APJl. from ANEOSl. pass. 331. Rep. as if from APIIMI. 320 2 aor. Epic. For aQUQvlav. 2 aor. 13. fxTfv. Soph. 14. 4. sacp&t] or edcp&rj. Apol. Odys. 2. revxco. 787: aor. to fit. dgrjaofiai Ionic. rjgdjAai. II. dgrjgsfxai. §21 Herod. Tyr. Odys. part. . 14. dgdga. 16.252. 48. Epic. 8. 19. 1. aQTjQEv. dgrfgsiv. 600. Olym. perf. — perf. 18. dxpofxai. 96 agao I aor. part. 110. and Odys. as neuter TJg&r^v. rjcpd'T^v. Odys. fut. aor. ^p<?a. 12. imperf. 369. touch. 60 . to pray. 13 : aor. like «»J^«vai from dgaglayico (^AP£2). Epic. 211 present.Esch. infin. 275 aor. Epic for aqtlgvioiy 11. ^f}xdofi(xi. 1.— Mid. Verbal aTtjiog. to Jit. Buttmann proposes agaaasv from dgdoaoj a poor emendation. pres. rigdctd- Soph. II. lead cattle to water. 13. fisfiasv. ocQiievog. Msch. 419. Scut. shield. Goettling edits agrigvlav.l^es. II. Hes. «V^' ^^ys. Find. Dem. Odys. Plat. Op. join. Thuc. 16. dgdga. Find. Eum. Bwqgdiiai. 12. fitting. Prom. was fastened. figagov. Hes. Theog. pass. ^gaa.. dgagolaTo as passive. 96. Ionic dgrfga. from a new present agrjQca.800: 2 pluperf.

1497: 9 perf. Xen. 1. 121. II. 7. usually connected with oiqxeo). 547 : aor. ^ § 68. see dgagtaxcD. 1 fut. 159 . 16 : aor. dg^o^o^ai transitive. Antig. 26: Plat. 9. TJgfioaa. ^ dgL(JT07toieo^iat (dgtdTov. Brunck's Analect. 500.. fut. II. : to fit. to assist.4. 1 . to plough. aor. — Mid. dgoao.. APSl). 3. '^giaTOTioLovfirfv. Antig. to engage to wife. 47. to dine. defend. rigvrid^riv. oppressed. aor. see aXs^a. TtoL'qGOfxai. Herod. . to dine. II. 124 . 3. 435.agoa dgsaxo) 97 to please^ fut. Pind. : Dem. ^ dgtffjtivog (d) heavily laden. 137: aor. Hel. dgiaTOperf. to win. Soph. suffice. 5. 21 (56): aor. Thuc. dgiiox^riv 210 — ^ '^gfioafiai. 5. aor. Hel. Laert. as active. acquire. see Rem. rigsadfirfv. see sQ/ut. rigvricid^riv Herod. Tigiajdvai. 8. regular. 8 aor. 3. ^^^wotfa^T^i/.. Anab. Diogen. Heand. 5. regular: 3. dgi- aofjiai. dgvvfiai (aiga. 49 Xen. dgofitfv. notia)). 8. adjust. r\gscia. dgoo.. dgvio^at. 1. earn. ' rod. Xen. adjust. Olym. 6. to conciliate. aor. dgxio. Hel. Tyr. dgs6xofjtai. fut. pass. '^gtcfroTtsTioirifiai. agiaa. Sup. jEsch. 1. Mid. mutation of X and q. APfL). Leg. For the comIt seems to be connected with agrj/oi. to deny. a defective perf. ijgooa. Soph. pass. I„ 22. 446 imperf. Hes. 2. 5. 4.. 3. to he engaged to a woman. to shut out. Xen. dgxiao.. rjgxsaa. II. Soph. 4. For the Latin arceo. dgiajda (dgLOTov). 18. 160 : 2 aor. dg^ono. aXi^M. For the syncopated forms rigicja^Bv. pass. : imperf. fut. 6. 85. Scut. Xen. agfxsvos. ward off. i^gsa^rfv (JIPES2. 20. 9. not Attic. Epic. : : Hel. rigo^riv. part. II. 665: aor. perf. 255. dgfio^o or 17. iqgiaTOTioLriad^riv. 850. dgvv^riv.

Arist. pass. pass. . 7. 2. 272. 210. rjgjtaaay not Attic ^gna^a. dgvco and dgma {v). ^p|a. 1. 5^ 12. 6. 6. dgxci). Xen. ago^fievaif pres. 108. 119: fut. Cyr. English carp. ag^ofjiaL as passive. 22. The original form was perhaps aQoFm. Anthol. Find. — . : It may possibly be etymologically connected with the Latin haurio. adrfv. It seems to be connected with tcaQnaXlfioog. as if from APJlMT. Thuc. Mid. rarely dgvaaofxat. Phaedr. also dgitd^co not Attic. 3. fut. as if from 'aPAnthol. Nub. 301 : aor.Ties. 59. '^gjia^fiat. Scut. pres. fut. Anab. Plat. snatch. 548. 97 . 8 fut. Hes. agjta pass. rapax. 2. 2. Hip. Athen. for agovaiVf Odys. rapio. 1303 Xen. carry off violently. agnd^G) (APUArSl). repan. tignaa^ai. pass. Herod. Eurip. transitive. as passive. ijgz^riv. 'ugnij. part. Latin carpo. dgvofxat and dgvxofiat. II. dg^co. Herod. Xen. 4. . 1079: aor. dgrjgo^ai. 125: perf. 4: aor. 1485. 1. later Phoen. 3. 4. 73 : imperf. T^gjida&Tfv. 2 nHMI. 22. 9. aQndfisvog. raid. ^Quipm. Apol. also rigTrdx^rfv not Attic. 11. to draiv water. Op. 4. 90 2 aor. 6. i^gvd^tfv (v) and i^gvArist. Verbal dgvarsos. 10. arvum. ijgTtayca. Xen. Eq. rigod^riv. 4 Hippocr. Hel. Herod. Ion. 11. 310 : aor. Hel. Compare I'^fisvaL from et^/. Op. Herod. capio. 9. Soph. : aor. to command. Anab. dgndao. dgitdao^aiy Eurip. : rule. rigndyriv later. rap {to seize) rape. 1015: aor.Compare the — Latin «ro. 14: perf. to draw for one^s self. Tyr. 230 Hes. acpTj. dgvao^ai. Nem. w^owcrti'. infin. ointto. 2. Epic protracted after the analogy of verbs in aw. rigvadfirfv.. rjgvov. (idgnxa. Thuc. Xen. pass. Eurip. 5 . 2: aor. pass. aor. to seize. 1. Saxon hrepan. Epic. xamta. mid. rjgvcta. aor. 921.

: — r^vdrjxa. 32*. Min. 269 part. 846: aor. {aiTf). see atgo). short i. : Xen. fut. fut. Ale. II.25. Soph. 332 . be grieved. Soph. Herod. Soph. ifajj&rfv.56: aor. r/vriva. 15 aor. djvx^us as middle. 47. 1. Soph.41. 996 to . Poetic. Epic and Ionic. 3. Poetic. dadofiai (d(5ri)^ to he sated. dgagiayca. dTv^ofxat. Theoc. 151. 1129 aor. APSl. Tyr. 7. aTdofiai be injured. part. 819 aor. Soph. a|«. dzcofjisvos. Tyr. 20. 6. foolish. to rush impetuously. Elec. drifido) (drtfjiog). aaa^svoq d<i[X£vos. pass. 17. pass.(Ofjiai. Poetic. 628.: av8a 7. : 2. 1. r^g^df^iriv. TLO)). II. 71*1. 171: perf. dnrivdrfxa. — Mid. Theoc. Trach. Herod. avaiva (avog. 25. 1. «!^|o^at. Elec. 99 159. : fut. avdvdtfv or avdvdriv. dTso {artf). . Pind. 4. 954. Mid. part. 173: aor. aor. mid. Aj. pass. 11. 149. ^|a. {otfi). '^gyfiat actively or passively. . 7 (Athen. infin. Soph. to be struck tvith terror. ^rtfirjaa. Ran. 1089: fut. Aj. to speak. Soph. i^avdvOtfv. infatuated.) to dry. 4. Soph. 621 . Antig. aTv|at. : aor. dtiG} (a-. to terrify. Soph. 6. 223. 2. Hec. feel sad. Phil. to begin. Thuc. 3. to disregard. r^vBriaa. Leg. II. loathe. fut. av^aa. rivdrjOi^v. enacpavdvOriv. Elect. avai/e3. avdda (avSrl). to be thoughtless. 468. 35). confound. mid. Hippocr. see drSdvo. 6. desperate. dzv^o (drrf). Theogn. 10. Pyth. dg. Hip. Arist. Soph. Herod. Arist. Aj. 3 perf. Verbal dgxrios. avavoviiai. dgeaxo). 1 106 : aor. ^ Nub. Soph. Herod. Eurip. to dishonor. afflicted. Plat. ^olic for uoa^Bvog {aaaofievog). addo) or oItto (dtdoco). Mem. 240: aor.

100

at/|a

'

Mid. avSdofiai as active, Soph. Trach. 1106. Soph. Phil. 852 fut. avdrjoofxac, Find. Olym. 2, 166: aor. r^vda^dfxriv not Attic, Herod. 5, 51.
:

This verb is etymologically connected with the Latin On the other hand, atcu, although audio, its correlative. Cometymologically connected with aio, means to hear. pare (avEOfiui, vendOf veneo ; vai, vrj, vtj-f Latin ne, English
nai/,

av^dv(o or ai/|o

{ATFIl),
:

to increase, fut. av^yjacoy

Xen. Mem. 2, 7, 9 aor. riv^aa, Xen. Cyr. 8, perf. pass. 5, 23: perf. rfv^rfxa, Plat. Tim. 71 pass. ??i/|?/aor. tiv^ri^ai, Xen. Cyr. 8, 8, 18 6?/!/, Dem. 1403: fut. mid. av^TJaoixaL, reflexive, Xen. Cyr. 6, 1, 12. The Latin augeo is evidently a prolongation of the origi:
:

nal

theme ATIJl.
^

See

also «£|w.

ATPSI
avc?,
to

see anavgdco, iTtavgiaxofjiat.
shout,
11.

dvao (v), Eurip. imperat. dvaov (v), Ion, 1446: aor. rjvaa (v), The diphSoph. Trach. 565 ; Theoc. 23, 44.
11,

461:

fut.

thong av
perfect.

is

not resolved in the present and imivavco, to kindle^

avco

commonly
2, 2,

Odys.

5,

49

;

Xen.
:

Mem.
aor.

12

:

imperf. svavov, Herod. 7, 331

"

ivavdaadai, Plat. Axioch. 20. dtpdo) and dcpdaaa (anTcoi), to handle, feel, II. 6, 322 ; Herod. 3, 69 fut. dcpijGco, Hippocr. : aor. 7Jq)7faa 2ind 7Jq)a6a, Schol. ad Soph. Col. 1375; Mid. d^dofiai transitive, Odys. Herod. 3, 69. aor. i^(priadfiriv, Anthol. 5, 222. 8, 215
mid.
infin.
:

:

dcpevo, see sva.

acpkavxaL, see
€ov,
d(pLrffiL

dcptrffjii,

d(puG) (dno, tea), the

same

as dcpiri^a, imperf.

r^cpi-

Thuc.

2, 49.
Lffixt),

(dno, Xen. Hel.

to let go, dismiss, imperf. ^(pitfv,
:

4, 6, 11

fut. dcprjaco, aor.

dfijxa only


am
in

101

'

Epic dtpsr^xa, II. ; Xen. Anab. 2, 3, 13 aor. pass. perf. pass, dcpst^at. Soph. An tig. 1165 dcpstd'i^v and d^ed't^v, dcped-^^ Xen. Hel. 5, 4, 23 Mem. 4, 4, 4 ; Horn. Batr. 87 fut. pass. dcps&rjaoixat, Xen. Ven. 7, 11:2 aor. dfp^v, d(pS, dcpsiriv, d(pes, dcpalvai^ d(p€is, Thuc. 5, 81.
the indicative,
12,

Dem. 993

221

:

perf.

dcpstxa,

:

:

;

:

Verbal dfsriog, PL Phaedr. 92.
dfsifiriv, dcpeabat, d(p£fisvos,

— Mid.

dcpls^iaiy
:

to let go, fut. dq)T]ao^ai, Eurip. Aul.

2 aor. Soph. Tyr. 1521 ; The

310

Xen. Hier.
^

7, 11.

The
found.
r)(pirjv,

singular of the

2

aor. indie. aq)ijv is not used.

plural of the 1 aor.

aq)rjxa,

except 3 piur.
72,
Yrjfit,.

See

also

Rem. §
ricplovv

a(pr]xav, is rarely

rjcpUiv,

imperf. for

or rather
-srj,

from

acputo,

Plat.

acpibUy -drjg,

2

aor. subj.

Epic

for aijpw,

Euthyd. 51. II. 16, 590.
9, 5.

oiq)s(avTai, perf. pass.

3

plur. for dcpeivTui,

N. T. Matt.

dcpva (v), and dcpvaaa^ to pour out as liquids, to draw, accumulate, Odys. 14, 95; 9, 9: fut.
dcpv^co,
*

2, 7,

379.

— Mid.
;

II.

1,

171:
aor.

aor.

rjcpvaa,

Odys.

9,

rj(pvad(xriv as active,

165; Odys.

286

9, 85.
dTtoLcpiaytcD,

A^fl,
Epic,

see
II.

dx^vov and d^scov
5,

(A XII),
9,

part,
2,

869;

612;

being grieved, 694. See also

dxa/i^o, d^vvfiai and axofiai {AXSl), to grieve one^s
sorrow, he sad,
^

self,

II.

6,

perf. dxvvfitfv,

II.

14,

524; Odys. 19, 129: im38. See also dxaxc^a.

axdo[jLai, to be indignant, displeased, fut. d^Osoofiai, Arist. Nub. 865 : aor. rfxdi(}drfv, Xen. Cyr. 2, 2,
'

3

:

fut.

pass. d^OsadTJaofiat equivalent to d/diao8, 4, 10.

fiat,

Xen. Cyr.

AXSl,
818:

see dxaxl^a, d/icoy.
fut. dacj,
II.

do, to sate, satiate, satisfy, Epic,
aor.
atfa,

11,
5,

dao),

II.

18,

281;

9*

9,

489;

102
289.

am

sing.

fut. aao^ai, II. 24, 717; 3 pers. adiaL protracted from axai (aaeraL, asTai), aor. dadixr^v (d), II. 19, 307.— Hes. Scut. 101
:

— Mid.

Compare AJESl.
a^fvai, pres. infin. Epic, as if from rmi, like laiafifvott from LGiijfii, as middle, II. 21, 70; showing that the root
is «-.

The
axog,
II.

verbal adjective would
aonog, insatiable,
5, 388.

privative,

be aiog, satiable; with «Hes. Theog. 714 contracted
;

ao,

to blow,

607.

— See

Odys.
also

5,

478

:

imperf. aov, Apol.
and

1,

otT/^t.
ar^g,

The derivatives avtjg, for the original form was « pw.
oiogTo, see asigo.

ocvga breeze,

show

that

/3a?«, /o speaA:, i//^er,

II.

Agam. 498:
^aivo (^do,

perf. pass,

^i^riiit)

58 : fut. /3a|o, iEsch. ^s^ayiiai, Odys. 8, 408. to go, walk, fut. j^jjaofAai,
9,

Doric ^aaevfiai, Xen. Cyr. 1, 5, 13 ; Theoc. 2, 8: pevL fie^ffxa, Xen. Anab. 3, 2, 19: 2 aor. I'^T^i/, /3(5, ^airiv, pijOt, ^ijvaL, ^ds, Xen. Cyr. 2 perf. )3f/3aa, jSf/3«, /36^at)/j/, ^s^dvai, 7, 1, 3
:

^detv,

2 pluperf. l/3fand 1^3?^(yo^?/v as active Epic, II. 2, 48; Odys. 13, 75. Verbal ^axkos in composition, Xen. Anab. 2, 4, Pass, ^alvo^ai chiefly in 6 ; Arist. Lys. 884. composition, Herod. 1, 192; Xen. Eq. 1, 1 perf. ^i^aiAUL and ^i^adfiat, Xen. Mag. Eq. 1, 4; Dem. 214; Thuc. 8, 98: aor. pass. i^dOrfv. Xen. Eq. 3, 4; Thuc. 3, 67; 4, 30.
/Sf^c)?,
:
:

Pspads, and

Rem.

^ 68

Rem. § 68

aor. mid. i^riadfjirfv

:

Sometimes
t/Srjaa,

^aivia has a causative signification, to cause to
it

go, in which case

has

fut.

/?7jaw,

Eurip. Taur. 743
6, 40.

:

aor.

Herod.

16, 475.

— The usual Attic causative

1,

46; Find. Olym.

See

also Odys.

is /5t/5«Cw.


PaU
l^dTrjv («),


;

103
^^rtjv, II. 1,

327; 3 Epic ^sca and II. 6, 113; 9, 501 l3el(o and ^^<a, for Doric ^a^eg 1 plur. ^sioixsv (for ^mfisv, /Sw/uey), II. 10, 97 imperat. 2 sing, ^a only in comfor ^w^Bv, Theoc. 15, 22 position, as xaia'/Sa for xatd^ri^i, Arist. Ran. 35; 2 plur. (Sais for /?^ze, in an iambic trimeter, JEsch. Sup. 191. See ^Tjaso, aor. mid. imperat. 2 sing. Epic, II. 5, 109. Rem. ^54. ^iofiUL or ^slo(j,ai, 2 aor. mid. subj. as future, Epic, for /Jw^at, sAaZ/ live, II. 15, 194; 16, 852; 22, 431. Others derive it from an obsolete verb BEJl or BEIJly fut. lSsao(j.ai, by dropping a, (Siofxai, and ^Blofiai. Hes. Theog. 750, xaxa^rjasxai is a real future, on which Goettling remarks; " Sapienter poeta futuro nunc Non usus est quando hcBc intus itura est, ilia prorumpit. opus est igitur conjectura Guieti xaiadvsiai. De futuro The same aorist vide Herm. de emend, rat. p. 197." remark applies also to dvaofzsvog, Odys. 1, 24, and Hes. Op.
aor. plur.

2

^daav

for s^rjaav,

3 dual, Epic for II. 12,469: (5w, Herod. 7, 50;
:

subj.

;

:

382.

The
Thuc.

original
5, 77,

theme

in the

/?«w occurs in the part. ijc/SavTag, Doric treaty; nQo^uvisg, Bekker's

Anecdot.

The theme /Sda is etymologically connected with the Latin vado, English wade.

^dXXo

{BAAn, BAASl, BAHMI),
II.

to

throw,

cast, hit, fut. ^aXia), ^aXco,

Poetry,

222:

perf.

and paXXij(ya) in Attic 8, 403 ; Thuc. 2, 99 ; Arist. Vesp. pil^krfxa, Xen. Cyr. 4, 6, 4: perf.
:

&riv, Xen. Cyr. rip. Orest. 271 27 ; also Epic,

49 aor. pass. i^Xtj3 fut. ^s^Xrjaofxai, Eu8, 3, 2 aor. e^aXov, Xen. Cyr. 8, 3, s^Xriv, to meet, encounter, Odys. Verbal ^Xrixeos, Plat. Rep. 15 ; II. 21, 578. 21, Phil. 147. Mid. ^dUofiai transitively, 3, 2; to put, cast in one^s mind, II. 9, 435: 2 aor. ifiaXofxriv, Herod. 1, 84; also Epic £/3A?^'^?/i/ as passive, II. 11, 675 ; but the compound ^vvs^Xtjfxtfv is transitive, II. 14, 39 ; see also Rem. ^ 72:
pass, ^i^krifiat, Eurip. Taur.

28

:

:

,

fut.

^vix^krjoofjLai

with the meaning of ^vvs^Xij'
in fin.

[xrfv, II. 2,

335.
Ionic for vnsg^dkXHv,

^aXXisiVi vnegfiaXXieiv,


104


j^OtTfT

:

Herod.' 3, 23. /SaXXsofxsvog, Ionic for ^vftPaXXofisvog, Herod.
pass.

1,

^vfi/SaXXeofisvog, part. 68. /55'/?;iijat, perf.

284; 3 plur. ^s^Xriaxat for ^i^Xijvtm, H- 11,657. ^s/iX^a&s or ^i^Xjia^t, dia^B^Xfiad^E, perf. pass, optat. 2 plur., Andoc. 88. /JaXolriv, dLa^aXoiTjv, fut. opt. Plat. Epist. 7, p. 339 (Steph.).
sing.
for ^E^Xrjaai, II. 5,

2

Epic

^djiTG)

(BA0S2),
:

io

dip,

tinge, dye, aor.

l'/3ai//a,

Soph. Aj. 95 perf. pass, ^ipafifiai, Arist. Pac. 1176: aor. pass, i^dcpd^riv rare, Arist. frag. 366: 2 aor. pass, ipdcprfv. Plat. Rep. 4, 7. Mid. /3aniofxai, fut. ^dxpofiuL, Arist. Lys. 51 : aor. l/3axpdfjiriv, Anthol. 9, 326.

BJiPESl,
perf.

the

same

as

pagvvo,

fut.

^agrjaco later,
17,

pass.
part,

part, ^e^agrifxivos,

Theoc.

61:

2

perf.

^s^agr^m Epic, equivalent

to j8«-

^agrifxivos, Odys. 3, 139. ^agvd^co (v), to feel heavy, oppressed, II. 16, 519. ^agvvco (jSagvs), to load, render heavy, distress, Xen. Cyr. 5, 5, 25 aor. pass, i^agvv&r^v, jEsch. Agam. 1463. Mid. pagvvofiai, to feel heavy, oppressed, Arist. Ach. 220. PdaxcD {^dco), equivalent to jSatvco, II. 2, 8 imperf. s^aaxov, II. 11, 104. —II. 2, 234, siti^aaxk-

:

:

fisv, infin. Epic, causative in sense. j^adTdto, to carry, support, fut. ^aaxdaca, jEsch.

Prom.
Arist.

1019:
:

aor.

i^daxaaa,

later

i^dcxa^a,
3,

Thesm. 439; Brunck's Analect.
aor. pass, e^aaxdxdifiv later.

182

(162)
j3aG),

see /3aiVo.

^8ico, to emit

aor. s^dsaa, Anthol. 1,

a nauseous smell, 242.

Arist. Plut.

693

PsjSgw&o), see Pi^gacfxco, fiiofiai, ^stofjiat, see ^aiva,
^id'Cco (^iu),

to force, press, compel, little used in the active, Odys. 12, 297: perf. pass. /3f jStatf^at, Xen. Hel. 5, 2, 23 aor. pass, i^idad^riv always
:

passively,

Xen. Mem.

1, 2,

10.

Pass, j^tajo^at,

Pioo
2, 26: impevL i^ta^ofiriv Verbal ^laaxios, Eurip. Rhes. 584.

105

Xen. Conv.
^ofxai
fxai,

— Mid. /3mPlut.

II.

15, 727.

transitive,

to force, press^
i^iaadijir^v,

compel, Pidao-

^e^iaa^ai,
;

Arist.

1092;
Ionic,

Dem. 405 Thuc. 1, 75. BIASl, another form of pid^co, Epic and
perf.

/3f^t7/xa,
1,

II.

10,

145.

Pass,

^tdofiai,

Herod.

19

:

aor. pass. il^LTJ&rfv, 7, 83.

^ido(iaL, Herod. 3,

80:

fut. ^irjoofxaL,

Mid. Odys. 21,

348:
^9?v,

perf. ^f/3t?/^ai,
II.

Apol.

3,

1249:

aor. ipctfad-

11, 558.

Pi^dod'ov, part. Epic for ^ijidaxav, used in the formula fiaxgd fii^dad'cov, II. 13, 809. Pi^daxo 0daxco), equivalent to pdcfxo, Hom. Hym. 1, 133. Pi^dco (j3ac}), equivalent to ^atvo, Epic, Hom. Hym. 2, 225 ; part, ^i^av, Find. Olym. 14, 24. pt^fffxi 0i^do), equivalent to Paivo, only in the part. Pipds, II. 7, 217. The 2 aor. s^riv regularly proceeds from this form, like hajriv from

pi^gSaxo (B0PS2,
present
:

BPOSl\
:

to eat,
:

rare in the

aor. part. Tcara^gaaofiac later perf. ^s^gcoxa, Xen. figa^aaai, Apol. 2, 271 Hier. 1, 24 perf. pass. Ps^gofxai, ^sch. Agam. 1097: aor. pass, k^gctd^v, Herod. 3, 16: 3 fut.
fut.
:

fi£Pg6ao(iai, Odys. 2, 203 : -mas, Poetic, Soph. Antig.

2
1

perf. part.

^£^gm,
s^gov
present

022

:

2

aor.

Epic,

Hom. Hym.

1,

127.
4,

^£^Q(6&oig, devour,

II.

35,

implies a

new

The Latin voro, vorax, devoro, English de-vour, are connected with the theme BO PH.
Ploo, to
rare,
live,

Eurip. Archil, frag.
^laaofiai,
rare,

10
4,

:

fut.

Ptcodo)

commonly
i^Loaa

Xen. Mem. 1,7,2:
18
:

aor.

Xen. (Econ.

perf. jSf-

:

106
^tcoxa,

^loa

Xen. Mem.

4,

8,

6

:

perf. pass.

3
:

sing.

^ej^Loiai, life has been spent^ Xen. Apol. 5 2 aor. ijiiav, ^La, ^lcotiv, ^la&i, ^lavaij fiiovs only in Verbal ^tcothe nom. masc. sing. Thuc. 5, 26. Mid. ^Loofxai, to support Tsos, Plat. Gorg. 104. one^s self get one^s living, Herod. 2, 177.

Horn. Hym. fut. for ^iwaofiai,, Apol. 1, 685. 528, ^lofisa&a, 1 plur. implying ^lofiai. Wolf writes ^sojitEada from ^sofiai, which see. Etymologically connected with the Latin vivOy vita.
fffaao^ai,
1,

^t^axofxai (^loo), ava^ icyoxo^ai, transitive, to restore to life, animate, vivify, Plat. Crito, 9 : aor.
i^iaadfXTfv,
dve^Koddfjiriv,

Odys.

8,

468

;

Plat.

Ph^do, 87.
It is used also intransitively, to revive, be brougJit to life again, Plat. Phaedo, 46 in which acceptation it has 2 aor.
;

oivf^lbjv, Plat.

Rep. 10,

12.

^Xdnxco

{BAABSl),
2,

to hurt, injure,

fut.

^kdipo)^

Thuc.

e^kayja, Eurip. Med. 294 perf. piftXaq)a, Bern. 398 perf. pass. ^f/3Aa^^ae, Xen. Cyr. 5, 3, 30 : aor. pass. ipXd(p&Tiv, Thuc. 4, 73 : 3 fut. ^e^Xdxpo^ai, Hippocr. 2 aor. pass. i^kd^riv, Xen. Hel. 6, 5, 48 : fut. mid. ^kdipo-

41

:

aor.

:

:

Thuc. 1, 81. The form ^Xd^o^ai directly formed from the theme BAABJl is found, II. 19, 82. ^lactTdvo {BAA2T£1), rarely ^laaxeco, Bion, 6, 17; Soph. frag. 239: fut. /5Aa(yT7^'(;o, Herod. 3, 62: aor. 1/3 AatfT??<ya not Attic, Apol. 3, 920; 1, 1131 perf. ^s^ldaxrixa and i^ldtyzr^xa, Thuc. Eurip. Aul. 595 2 aor. e^Xaaxov, Arist. 3, 36 Av. 696; Pind. Nem. 8, 12. BAASl, see ^dllo. ^Irixdoiicki, to bleat, Arist, Plut. 293; Theoc. 16,
fxai as passive,
:

;

:

92

pXiTTo,

ijiXrfxV^^M^y Anthol. 7, 657. take the honey from the combs, Arist. Eq. 794: aor. s^hau, Arist. Av. 498.
:

aor.
to

eat. fiodxafiai. fiEfi/SXsa&s. also /5Aai. Odys. It is an onomatopy. pokos). Soph. feed. BOAEH II. Theoc. fut. II. pass. compare §Xloa(a. to feed. It 103. 1742: perf. — Mid. 637 commonly ^orjao^ai. 629 2 aor. to (BOS2).^ovX 107 This verb may be derived from fis'Xi. from fiiXu. Pers. fikaaxco 3. 1. to will. and ^Xu^ from ^uXaaog. Verbal ^oaxmios. ^ojaofiai. The present ^Xwaxa was fiodci) {BOH). /5otoV. fisfiX-biTcUi fj^f'fx^Xaxa sis from MOAJl fut. 3. ^s^okrfixai. later Epic ^Ivco. : * {MOAH). Elect 506. 223 4. vescor. naaaa&m also with the Latin pasco. 2. to : ^oax^do.). pasture. 93 5. Cyr. 7. The perfect fii^^ktana is formed by metathesis and epenthc' thus MOAfL. Herod. 16. Eccl. aor. 466 Soph. Epist. perf. fiifji/SXEto. For the insertion of from ^sXa ' /?. (laXaxog. 312. equivalent to /SaAAo. 1359. 337 : perf. 1238. do. 3. see Povkofiai. Herod. to call aloud. Arist. come. Xen. 699. always . ijSsfiokjjfxriv. 9. after the analogy of verbs in -ow. Herod. 6. ij^or^aa. Thuc. wish. probably suggested by the perfect. PoaxTJaofzai. Povko[xat (B0AJ2. feed one's Arist. (pdUG). pluperf. seems to be connected with ' nAU. ^oXead^s. 9. The Epic and 378 39 : : Ionic writers have II. 492 Apol. 131 : Odys. 2 sing. Av. pass. fut. e^oXov. graze. ^s^oriixaL.48: 2iOr. Col. whence natsofAai. 7. BOPSl. fut. pass. fioXovfiai. Podxeo see ^i^waxo). 9. . Rhes. e/Swaa. 12. self. 48: perf. pass. Doric /3oa- ^sch. fiifi^Xixai. pass. pabulum^ From BOSL comes the adjective /Jotoj. Plat. connected. or rather the same. honey^ after the analogy of /JAwaxw from MOJSL. to go. aor. fxifx^Xcoxa Eurip. ^i^afim. i/Scoa&rjv. 9. to bubble up. [isfioX-ita. fut. 9. 1. ^kv^o). porjaco . with the Latin hoo. formed by con- traction.

as passive. 113. Find. Odys. 387. 26 : fut. : 1. see Pi^gSaxco. 8. it is transitive. Anab. Pgifio. II. II. Xen. II. Cyr. wollen. 2 plur. 4. 12. will. II. Olym. part. that is. (SoXsaS^s. imperf. gulp. ^k^gld^a as present. — Nem. 12. 29 fut. s^gs^a. Pgld'o (i). 1. Find. 11. Sup. 16. 4. s^gsfiov. i^gsx^rfv. 8 2 perf. 4. seems to be connected : : with this theme neck. 4.. pass. 108 pad 5 Hel. to walk consequentially. 17 : 2 aor. also ^Qoxog. s^glaa. 6. Odys. xari^gola. BPAXSl. Dem. 34 . 12. 4. dvePgo^a. 6. Epic. Anacr. Connected with the Latin English German BO SI. exult. 307. aor. Odys. Anthol. 4. Pgvdto. The noun ^qox&oq. 25 perf. to be heavy. Arist. PgsxG). Nub. gullet. 11. 346 Pass. Hippocr. 3. i^ovlrjOi^v and i^^ovXrjd-rfv. swallow. 8. to swallow up. Eurip. ^ovkrjaofiai. for the BPOSl. 4. 1. i^ovkofXTiv and ri^ovXo^yiv^ Xen. pass. Anab. see podco. 9. 1. 92 : aor. Hel. s^go^a. 5. Xen. PgsvMofiai 362. II. e^ga^s. 2 aor. ^i^gsyiAai. as active. Sometimes 31 . 1. for (SovXsa^s. pass. to wet. 13 . 2. iEsch. 11. 7. Xen. Pers. 1.: . slip-knot. Thuc. 425 : imperf. xuTa^ gs^oixai. PgifjLOfiat Find. Nem. iEsch. 12 perf. 350. 240 686. 456: aor. shout. volo. pass. fiovXsi.396. ^B^ovXri^ai. to teem. fut. 4. revel. ^gi^ofxat. i^gd/riv rare. to resound. ^^ BPOXSl. 505. 210. mid. pass. 222 2 aor. 226 aor. to roar. to : weigh down. Horn. {if). Athen. 5. to prefer.^fV. 420. ngo^efiovXa as Cyr. Xen. noose. II. ai/a^^o. Elec. aor. 346: 2 perf. Hym. ring. ^Qiaoiiai. Mid. ^giao). : : : : present. pres. 1 . 3.

e^gv^a. i^ga^a from /?t/?^waxw. Ach. Cyr. to marry. Arist. 900 10 : aor. 1. ^gvdaoiiai^'m Hesychius: i^gva^a. : pass. 1 1. Anthol.. Phil..yafiB 1 09 jEsch. Trach. II. Antig. Theoc. 5. Soph. ipgv^^r^ctdfir^v. l3s(Sgvxa as present. Soph. ^gvxo and Arist. said of the Arist. pass. — Pass. 1. bite. Xen. connected with the Latin rugio. It is 1072: aor. ^vvico and ^ifici) (BTIl). 388 . Anthol. 1. 24: aor. 245 aor. iyr^fid^r^v. : Arist. 11. Athen. 2. also ^cid^eo contracted from ^oriMo. Odys. 267. shoot ov sprout up. later ya^riao. yaixico. fill. see Pgvxo. fut. 8 . II. perf. ^gv^v^sig. to marry. abound in. Arist. perf.56. 128. 506. regular. 9. ysydarifiaL. 37 . Phaedo. Sup. For t^Qv^a. yaiiov^ai.ai (BPTXSl). Mid. fivvofiat. to stop up. to Pac. 463. fut. an onomatopy. 2. 96. woman. pass. rejoicing. 1. 8. . 645 pass. (ivao) {if). 9. Ionic. Soph. ya^io^ai. Herod. s^ifaa. devour. to roar. Vesp. — Latin nubo.. to ^gv^o. Brunck's Analect. (yafxiao). 602. (if). the Anthologia has Pgv/do[A. said of the man. iyapj&Tjv later. ysydfir^yca. 4. fem. . 71 : fut. Pgvo) gnash the teeth. Anab. 745: aor. to gnash : the teeth. caulk. 1265. 5. 878: aor. Col. Av. 405. 13. 306 aor. ya^io (FA MSI). j3pi//«. Arist. 91. 7. Arist. ya^xS.. : 4. 4: perf. aor. Soph. Xen. 16. 2. 2. teem. eyri^a. 79: perf. Vesp. Cyr. yafzed'SLOa. later iydfir^aa. ^gvxOeis (?). yaiov. part. II. 154: 2 Tyr. Thesm. Soph. 17. Brunck's Analect. Anthol. Plat. 26. 250 aor. pass. Eq. 128 pi^vafxai. Epic. Xen. Herod. 245. 750 .. fut.

Olym. Pyth. 8. iyava&rfv as middle. iysivofiriv. 7. 265. yeyovtoxco and ysyoveco and ysySvo (FJ2NS2). yayoava from the theme rsi- NIl. Elec. II. 13. 9. — Odys. II. yavocoaai. Ven. call.116 yava to Herod. to beget. 227. ysycova as present. FAil. Thuc. 193 . II. rJOTIIES2. II. ysyava?. later yeXdaco. fut. eysyavriaa. 7. to be born. Ion. ysydvcofiat. to beget. 76 . 23. Rep. Soph. 79 imperf. be delighted. 337. . Soph. Verbal ysyavr^TSOS. iEsch. and ysycovoo. 14. perf. laugh. jEsch. Prom. mid. ydvos). 2 sing. Anacr. see ylyvoiiai. yiyovs. yavvaoiiai {aa). yavoovre?. part. Prom. 990 2 perf. Xen. Prom. give birth 4. 202. 213 . ysydoiiai. 161 . 13. 3 . vide a loife for. to delight. 627. 9. FANOSl {yaiov. 6. see yiyvo[jLaL. syuvd^riv transitive. 17. Ach. But fut. 477 : aor. 223. Xen. : : : : : It is clear that yEyavlaxG). iEsch. The only. ysydxsLV. : Mem". ysycavem. 12. aorist. ysivoixai (FENSl). Pind. perf. Odys. ysyava. 117. II. ysXdao^ai (a). iysySveov and iyiyovov as fut. pro- yavdco (yata. Find. 8. pass. 22. proclaim. ysycovrjao). 4. ydpog). 9. 469 696 aor. Epic. 23. yav^aai. 425 . 14. ydvos). 19. 24 imperf. 493: fut. yeXdo. protracted from yavavies. to be bright. 3. Col. 261 . 5Q4 ysydvvjxac. to shout aloud. II. 18: aor. 394. II. 7. see yLyvo^ac. 3. ya^kdao^ai Epic. to. ysycovifxsv. ydvv^ai (yacco. are new presents formed from the 2 perf. 11. see dovTtsco. yelvsai is transitive. II. 359. 10. to rejoice. 20. Vht. 1. Eurip. Arist. the to present and imperfect are used by the Epic Poets pres.

lean . Xen. 16. It connected with 'aJJI (the theme of avddvw). 1. — compare (?) . yEXoco. for ysvofis&a. Anab. II. 20. 14. . %. Herod. 7. 1. II. to taste. ysvao). x^ouva. yiysvfxai. Nem. yeXoidco. pres. See Rem. 'yeXoiyjaaaa^ Hom. to cause to taste. look (?). : (rHOJl). 105. : : bal ysvaTsog. eysvaa. 14. Soph. 68 aor. as present. to like (SXeno) (Romaic yXsna). eovreg : /sXolthe regular yeXoiSvisg). 7. 347 : aor. xAtVw. Odys. &^aco. 600. 7 fut. English gay. Plat. 7. Odys. iysvadfiriv. 255 perf. 2. Odys.(o^tti. II. Xen. ysvo. Epic protracted from ysXia. . yavQog. part. Epic protracted from iyiXav. II. 378 to rejoice. ysXoioov. 3. yrfd^ia) 2 yiyrj&a. Odys. 3. Latin gaudeo. 1 plur. yXi. yalav. 663 3. II. 7. ysXotovTsg SiTid ^s/ttooyTs?. part. 20. fut. rEN£2. aor. another form of ysXda. Doric 101 . 18. Anthol. Leg. h) before /. 5. ysvaofiat. Pac. iykXaaoL syeXa^a. yeXoiav. 111 {ca). laugh. Theoc. gaudium. 8. ?) Xen. Odys. It seems to be connected with the English glee^ glad. yriga Arist. 3. 49. 21. yevofiai. 140: 4. 111. iypr^aa. iyekdadTiv. Xen. part. 1021 . 1 : Mem. eys^ov (for • ysvio. Hip. For the omission of a palatal {x. 20. : yfj- aor. Theoc. 1. 3. 13. the rest is wantyeiico^ to he full. (perf 51.. CEcon. Pind. Phil. Latin Icena . Eurip. VerAthen. to grow old. see yelvo^ai^ yiyvoiiai. 15. Doric ysydO^a. Etymologically connected with the Latin gusto. 347 written also ysXolcav from ysXoido). imperf. Hym. y. — Mid. Rep. 179: aor. 3 plur. and yiyvofxai. 6 .40. 390 imperf. ysvfis&a. 46. 20. pass. Rep. 9. jnjgdaxa and pigda. 61. Cyr. 56. see algico. 9. Plat. Plat. imperf. 2. 21. Epic.

Plat. Olym. Hym. 2 aor. 2 aor. P^oetic. iEsch. 346. Prom. Hel. 199. Cyr. Prom. Olym. 2. 426. not to be confounded with yeydjcsiv {«). Eurip. infin. Pyth. Thuc. § 68. aor. mid. 8. written also ysydaTs {dec) 3 plur. yvasyvaxa. ysydaa&s. ysyqgayia^ Col. Elec. JEsch. Anthol. Xen. vsvai. produced. iyriQaoav seems to be causative. gignor. . 247 perf. Eq. 8. Hes. ac- yr^gvoixat as ac- : yrfgyaofzac. Op. also yyigdao^o^i^ Arist. 16. Xen. Olym. Cyr. Theoc. 6 . (FN0S2). i}^7Jgdv. yivTo — — . Anthol. iyTjgifaa. Anab. be horn. pres. equivalent to ysyoydvxo from aigiM. 1. . Pac. short V. § 72. yrigvo^aL has yiyvoiioii {FENSI. iyr^gvadixi^v. Xen. 1. 1308: aor. 3. to become. Observe that in Latin both the voices of use. yrigdayceTai as 197. 8: perf. 1 : 2 perf. 3. Sup. iysvoPind. Horn. also /f/^a. Hip. ysydovTai as future.5. Horn. 8. 258. Mid. to later yrigv(o speak out. 201 : Arist. this verb are in yiyvcoaxa and yLv6(ixc) aofAai. frag. Hes. 29 3. ^sch. to know. syncopated for syevsTo. gigno. 6. Sup. to he fut. 727: 2 aor. — active. to he. 805 : aor. 2. pass. : also yivo^ai (r). Epigr. 3. 78 — Mid. Theog. implying a new present from ysyaa. Arist. Epigr. iysvrjd^r^v ysv^aonot Attic. and Horn. 154. Hym. yrfgdaco (d). FAQ). protracted from yiyda&s (ysydsax^s). 8. Pind. 6. 3. tive. 28 Xen. ov sysvTo. fut. yrigvG) {v). 7. pass. from a new present ysyaxa. 3. 214: aor. 460. 23. 198. mid. perf. Mem. 12. fut. — See ysyova. 3 1. 17. Plut. Pind. 894. iyri- gdcta. Hes. maintained even to old age. 1003: aor. yrigds^ 11. y£yivt]fxat. 1327. Poetic also Rem. Soph. -^sch.: 112 ^riQV : 22. (v). fiat. iyr^gvB^rfv (v) as tive. see also Rem. 106. yrigdvaL. Rep. 26 : fut. fiTfv. eyvoafiat. 77: perf. Xen. pass. 98 : 4. 83. Pind. Eurip. Doric.

— rgvi% aor. Epic. and yoaayiBv. 8. opt. opt. yori^svaiy yoiaaHBv 92 Hom. mid. 926 II. mourn. Epigr. : Mid. Theoc. has also Herod. 1249. yvolxoy avyyvoixo. 125. 1. 40 : 2 aor. The theme FNOSl is etymologically connected with the Latin co-gnosco. 137: subj. Tyr. Conv. yvcofiev. — equivalent to the perf. 2 aor. 303. to grave. i'yvMxce. English scalp. yvovs. 289 imSoph. 3 sing. 3. 24. Epic. 1 : Thuc. 216. 18. 10* . 4. iterative. Epigr. see ytyvSaxco. eyoov. also with scoop (?). yvoZfiEv. pass. iylvq^r^v. 16. 14. Epic for eyvov. Epic protracted yvaco. s/lvipa. 25. Anthol. English know. . Latin sculpo. Plat. 68. 3:2 aor. mutter^ Arist. avayLyvwaxoi). English gulf. ayvcov^ yva^ yvotr^v. 1. 124. 113 4. iyoaofiffv. 500: fut. imperf. 2. aor. nosco. Plat. FN0S2. 8. yvSvai. German kennen. 8. 6. Xen. for the common yvM. Verbal yi^odxios. 7. — ygvZo {ygv). The Attic — writers do not use the inf. 66 : aor. Ran. used in the present fect only. Antig. syvoiv. as active. II. iyXvxpdiiriv as active. Hei. nolXog. Odys. yotjdofiai. II. Herod. yXixo^iai^ to desire. 2 aor. 4. 9. Pyth. as if from I'OHMI. Sup. 502. . 665 21. Hym. /f/^v^^at and syXvfi^aL. 3 plur. yvolfjfiEVy II. II. Etymologically connected with yXdq^co. pass. Pind. and imper- yXvcpa. II. to grunt. Eurip. yodo {rOJl). Dem. the I being omitted. yvwaai. It may possibly be connected with noXnog. scdlpo. yvolsv. 217. 2. 2. iyvaa&tfv. Troad. yvcoofiEv. 3. act. to bewail.302: yvolriaav. avsyvooaa. ^sch. 106.304. pass. the only Rep. 4 : perf. yvwai. to persuade. fyvcoofiaL is See also Rem. syncopated for Soph. induce. Odys. 177 . : imperf. active. The compound aor. yodofjiaL as perf. instance. ken. hollow . Herod. yvcod^i. active. mid. Theoc. § 5. syvtaaav. 913 : fut.

211 perf. J. and datvvofxai. : Saoda^iBTo. 7. iEsch. q>v(o. aor. II. form of dsga. See dvvta. pass. fut. 84 fut. Latin ar- . 7. 11. daivvfu or daLvva [JAISl). 207: aor. feast. Soph. 17. for dalvv&i. Arist. Heracl. II. 138 . to entertain. 6. 125 Odys. 247 fut. Call.. : aor. Xen. pass. 2 sing. to divide. 1. 70. for daivvvTo. II. 9. II. : : as present intransitive. 9. 248. 21. — compare nrj/pmo from be dctLvv-Tio nriyvv^L. Arist. iSatddifxriv. 4. pass. — Mid. didact^ai and daidaifiai passively. : Find.An^Avfdalco {AA£2). Pyth. treat. 52 . Epigr. 598. . 3. Pyth. 535. 3 sing. Find. Ionic as to form. ddaofjiaL (a). Find. 162 : aor. dalvvixai eat. or -i^i. also didaiyfxaL trisyllabic. 54 : aor. 22. cpd^lco. 18. 9. 914. 29 . 11. allot. (intransitive). Olym. 33. BsByiol liai. pres. and Xvco. — Odys. Simonid. 147: perf. The analogical form would ' or 8alvv-no. Herod. 114 ytovco ygv^co and ygv^ofiai^ Athen. 135 daigco. ' dalvv. sdaiaa. Eurip. Pyth. Plut. Saiao. Agam. ^i^av2 perf. idatx^riv. 207. Nub. pass. 146 140: fut. Odys. 1. passive in sense. II. blaze. 442. iddad^riv {oa). ^fbaCyiiai^W. 305 idaia&ffv. 23 aor. another JA III. Odys. Baio^aL (JASl). to feast $ai60fxai. 9. see yByaviaxa. Find. (Econ. 354: perf. 333. 48 Elec.. Odys. I5ai|a. like laxa-^xo or dvva-L'to but the characteristic i is never found in the optative of verbs in -v^ai. 263 . 551. 18.24. 665. WfCa. to burn. Call. to entertain. 1. see daiwfii. Msch. 15. II. to burn. 9. 23. 24. : aor. 23. 543 . II. opt. II. 7. ' : Eum. daivvxo or dalvvTo. eygv^a. dat^co. Cer. to rend. dmofiivoiv is iterative. mid. JTJINSI. daivvaio {v). 8. 125 : aor. Pyth. 3 plur. imperat.

pass. may suppose nvg) ds dais d^sa yXotvxwTiig A&rjvt]. 75 : 2 aor. 3 plur. is daTs transitive ex d' anc^ agrees with ^A&rivrj' compare (aauV to II. ^diss. imperf.iai. for dafxdco. 87JlofA. aor. 2 1. II. 11. II. does not seem The reader would do well to remember that to be corrupt. SafiaXi^o) 5. perf. and the adjective daF^og (Priscian. pass. Poetic.4. idrjxd'r^v. dsSfiijaofiai. subj. 8. Hym. Pers. dafiri^svai. 199. 14. II. 3 Elec. 2 aor. ddi^xai. 316. di8rf^f. daixdo) {JAMU. 12. verse si rgacpinov nvyrjv aavlg dsdax' iv (^aXavsica is as its corrupt author left it the verse. (da^daeo. 571. intransitively. 10. daiAocoai. : to bite. idfXTJ&riv. 11. dafxv deo^ fire. — : . : dujiisio}. 11. 5. 351 aor. 18. daxvd^o^at (ddxvo). 15. Ach. 18. Pind. Pyth. tame. to burn. dafxa) 22. 391. 246: infin. perf. The . II.54. : 6. Prom. subj. 162. that the original theme was J A F^t didavfiai. 878 pass. 271 protracted 8a^da. 736. pass. {idaofiriv). : pass. JHK£2). to subdue. 11. Mid. 15adafivdo.221 ^vaov. diSfxr^fxai. 11. 5. as such. 227. 546).ai. 1009. da(xvdofiaL transitive. Odys. fut. JMAS2). iEsch. dsduits. to be distressed. Straton was not Simonides. II. II. Bac.22. Sufxato. We hence p. davXog. aor. Soph. : 368 aor. Msch. Arist. 61 : fut. 115 be on 13. Eurip. ddfisv. Saiofxai.7. 5. fut. — Mid. 18:2 edaxov. 79 543 2 4.. Poetic for the regular 1. II. with the Epic reduplication. 7. The theme JaMR is evidently connected with the Latin verb domo^ English tame. Arist. iddfxriv. Anthol. to subdue. Horn. Ach. : II. fordafi^. 206. pass. amov dais cpXoya nafxcpavo- (sc. Odys. 344 da^slsTs. (Sajxdo).403. tame. 844. 20. 11. Epic for iddfirjanv. 8. Sdxvo 1 : {JAKSl. dafiTJr}.72: 3 sing. aor. II.

8idaa. Hes. simply to learn. Epic for daS {daico). Odys. 6. wds ds oi ipgoviovTi dodaauTO itsgdiov dvai. 61 . fut. II. dsddr^fxai. 8. — daslo). II. Xen. 14. dodaaaio. 143. subj. 3. (like lajajo from laxaiiai). to teach one's Olym. J JA Pind. mid. Saiiaadai. 5. Odys. 102 aor. he uses this verse. Pind. 510. 13. 7. iddg&riv and idgd&r^v as active. deddgSriyca. dsSdi^xa as middle. 8. 893. aor. 2. see dai(o. Horn. II. self. defective imperf. 4. 7. dodadsiai. and after consideration making up his mind what course to pursue. Odys. 242 subj.116 be referred also Safivi^lxL. See also diddo- 216 . Olym. Conv. Apol. §idaov. infin. 20. 458. 765. inf. to learn. 2. darrjg). Hym. Mid. a Biaxo or boazo (^JEASl. II. 123 . 23: 2 aor. Op. Epic. Theoc. ^a^v ddifzvaaitsy imperf. . . Odys. to have taught. see Satof^ai. Odys. 6. 24. Herod. to have learned. to have learned. — JAOMAI. Plat. to divide. 2. ddf^vufiat to transitive. 23. know. 425: dariixBvaiy 6. iterative. 187: perf. 296. Herod. Odys. 7. II. It may from da(xvdco. — Mid. Ag. to ddfivfj^i* Hym. 2 aor. 17. to teach. Horn. 339. pass. iddriv as middle. 43 perf. JEsch. eSaov. dajiofiai (daiofiat. All) he appeared. Epic. 1231. SI. 3. Phaedo. 165 : 2 perf. 166. 233: perf. . Theoc. 8ag&dvG} sleep. 2 aor. 252. 471. Hel. 42 : 2 aor. JA£1. 5. to hum. : JO ** Whenever Homer describes any one as having been in doubt. pass. 127. Epic edgad'ov. (JAP&Il). 2. 2." Buttmann. also as middle. cause to learn. Odys. usually : xaTadag&dvo). 488. I. 519: 2 aor. AH. 10. Odys. to divide. Plat. dajjaofiai. 150. s8ag&ov.

s8£iaa. . 18. 1. Magn. watching.s deis 117 find out. 8i8otxa.4. 201 : aor. Epic 8eL8oixa. 1. Epic in the present and future. part. 184 : fut. dsdiaxofiac (delxvviii). nsQiddeiaa. Phaedr. 15. SsdiTTOfxat (pLco). — dedoiy^isv. U. 11. II. II. 199. Etymol. JESI). Bel. dedotxoii 18. 15. 164. 2. 41. perf. may therefore suppose that nsgiddeiaa. 4. Soph. tnog' MEIPfL (MEPII). II. dedoxrifxevos (dsixvvfii. 8ei8(o fear. found only in the aor. fiigog. greet. to learn. detdioxofxai (dstxvvfit). 50. 1. Odys. 33: perf. 11. — dedolnoj. after the analogy of EIJIJI {EnSl). ^eovdrjg. as presto (JEIJl. anew 58. part. The form JESl gives 8sog. Odys. Epic. II. Xen. on the look out. to take an afternoon^ luncheon. 15. II. 150. 8Biao^iai. 16. 3. 17. see deldaj. Arist. 599. see 8sco. 564. dsidioaofxai {plco). for dsdoUafitv. 12. dsddaadat protracted from 8edda6at (Seddeadat). 8£i8iioiAai. it is necessary. to welcome. II. Theoc. Aj. vnoddsiaag. to frighten. 8edL(ixofxaL {plco). Lys. to frighten. also 8lg).470: fut. to fear. — See part. Epic. I. mid. 244. or Si^^ofiai). II. Plat. 190. Cyr. 22. to frighten. infin. ^so fd rj g. 8€t£hrj(]iaL (8dXri. Apol.tti is equivalent to dsiytavdw. 8si£}. The original theme was f^EIJl or ^JESl. VTiodd sluag present from Epic for Trs^te'^aaa. another form of dedcaxoijiai. 8£Ls?0eljaas. Odys. 299: aor. 1\.os).508: 1 plur. deidlaaea^ai is intransitive. ent. 555 . e8BL8Lld^riv. 20. greet. 316. dsidlaxoiJ. 730. 278 aor. a defective perf. to ivant. 558. 15. were originally tisqi F^ siaa. . We II. vno F^ siaag. for vnodslaag. II. dsdoLxco. Odys. Epic s88£Laa. dsddofiat {JASl^ diSaa). to welcome.

: — welcome. to show. 2. : : . greet. and detxvvco (JEIKSI). means also to 2. 224 3 plur. sdgdxov. Xen. : : aor. 15. dsc^co. didogxa is in- (JMESl). 4. to look sharply. 3. Athen. Sup. Aj. JEISl. 3. 4. — 3 plur. transitive. dadsinvdvai. Xen. 2. 6. II.22. to. 8ixoiiai. II. . 3. Olym. 86. in the Epic language. 7. Hom. Op. aor. Herod. 64. 8. to stretch out the hand^ hold out something in the hand. dsdeinvafisv. Herod. diSfij^fxai. Pind. 449 53: aor. protracted from deixavcovjo (deixavdovro). 1209. mid. 9. 152 Nem. pass. pass. 9 Verbal dsixieog. II. pass. jEsch. greet. perf. 1. Mem.^d'rfv. Orest. Argon. 53 2 aor. The mid. to be conspicuous. Pyth. Herod. see. Cyr. drink also dsDcuvdofiai. They are often dsmvio. to welcome. see difxo Seido. See dtldeyfxai. 3 sing. 1. 38 2 perf. pluperf. iSgdxrjv. Odys. to build. 2. 9. 337: perf. 3. 192: aor. deSsiyfiat. 104. 200: aor. Hes. perfect to For the syncopated sup. to build for one's self. Eurip. di^xa as present. 133 2 aor. Herod. II. 27 . Hym. to. Xen. — ^ 68. Herod. dsLdixaro as imperfect. Cyr. Herod. show. : the sense to welcome. sSs^a. Ionic for Sixofxai. degxofiai.: 118 ditx detxavdG) (detxvvfXL). 78. 9. Theoc. or drink referred to the kindred dsxo^ai. 55 perf. Thuc. Ideiyd^riv. 122. 87 . 74: perf. out. 179. pass. 11. 7. 72. 24. Hym. 1. ^sBey^ai. Pind. Horn. 2. dsUvvfiai. i8sg/&r^v. 7. 148 9. later eSgaxa. 3. Prom. The lonians say ds^co. see Rem. greets imperf. mid. 8sLxav6a)VT0. 7. 3. 1. 1. shine. as aorist. dstxvvfii II. Ionic for Ssgo). Epic for dsdsiyfiav' 3 plur. 5. Mid. 4 all in — . 8stgo. I'^a|cc. edsLfia. ids. 177. 23. catch a view of. b6. Orph. dsLxavdofiat. point fut. 4. 98. X ax a by Odys. . 1456 . regular. diSsixa. 5. 39 . Eurip. Soph. idsifjidixrfv. dsidsdeldsxTO. 196.

4 : perf. idix^r^v actively or passively.7. Plat. aor. Pind. II. Rhes. Epic. 2 aor. 1. watching. avadoiv. 238. imperf. 137 or for . 7. : edrfda. Xen. 370 Lys. Thuc. 757 . 785. for idsxodsxio or edsnTo. 226. Soph. pass. 4. Xen. dsx^ai. . Verbal dsbind. 3. scourge. Pyth. ideldiir^v. 18. — Mid. . 15. ava~ doviiai. II. . 119 dsga. 468 Odys. 740. 5. idsyixrjv. Arist. Cyr. Col. accept. CEcon. Odys. 23. Xen. 21 evidently in order to make a : distinction between this and the following. Epic for dixovtat. II. Eurip. 2. 13. dsx^e. 5. 18. Apol. 553 : • diofiai transitive. iterative. 4. drjao. Soiph. devTJaoixai. loaiting . Thuc. dixajaiy pres. 39 3 fut. 2 sing.9: aor. 589. 8. : Antig. II. to receive. Anab. Eurip.786: aor. 1. ds^dfisvog. Dem. — . it is equivalent to dsdoxrifisvog. tight. 202 . 19. II. II. . 4. 15. waiting for. Anthol. mid. ocrios. Si^ofiai. II. 7. II. Arist. 953. aor. II. — 2. 353 U. later for 8s%ofiai. (ut. II. 44. 1. Xen. idid^r^v^ Xen. dsdsyfisvog is equivalent to dsxof^srog. 525.. 9. 53. imperf. f(o.483. aor. 513. 9. 107. 147: pres. 35 also dsdedixai. Hel. ds'/fiEvog for dexoixsvog. sov are contracted contrary to the analogy of dissyllahic verbs in c'w 8ovv. 9. 3 sing. : : Tsos. dixrvf^ai. to Xen. pass. Arist. Verbal dsaor. 1. 12. 10 2 plur. was expecting. 1. 9. Epic for ^so^ai. Eq. Ale. drjadaxeTo. : Sso Sigo. 554 infin. 764 perf. In this verb bo. 35. 60 5. 4. II. KaTsdovv. II. fut. to flay aor. ds^o (dsxao). Plut. 1112: perf. It may possibly be etymologically connected with the — English tie. 23 aor. 5. diSs^fjiai. Eurip. part. Cratyl. mid. 24. Anab. pass. Eccl. 3 plur. 553. 76. Dem. 459 Herod. 62. Sedsxa. Hippocr. 4. edsiga. Hel. dedTJaofiaL equivalent to dsd^TJaofxai. dsvo^ai. 10. 88 imperat. on the look out. mid. firjv. 1012: fut. to need. fut. idsvriaa. 3. : : — : 8sa). Odys. pass. i8riod[xr^v. bexo^at. ideofn^v. 4. 683: 3 deSi^o^aL actively. fut. II. diSsfiai. Heracl. 1. Arist.

Verbal SLacTrfTiog as middle (dec StaiTOr perf. Hippocr. Thuc. dsriaco. 7. S€(o he wanting. arbitrate. and. to separate. Dem. 8: aor. Doric. fut. Anab. BiatTijao). dLatTijaofjiac. dsdij^ir^xa. Doric : Pind. 3. to minister. ^ovlofxat. fail. dsot. Prom. live. Lysias. diaUyoiiai^ to discuss. 17: aor. imperf. to Dem. Thuc. Arist. 13: fut. to need. converse with. Theoc. 7. Xen. pass. 415. Mid. 1006: Sirfxa. Vesp. Herod. fut. 1206. Dem. II. 18. §44: imperf. 4. dsdir^- diofiac. Plat. dLaXi: — . there is need. hence 5««w. dLjfiaofxr^v. Cyr. 8li}x6vovv. JHKS2. Xen. dsdcyTrnxat. II. 544. it 5. 542. Dem. dedtrjxovrffxai. fut. Polit. 42: perf pass. 685. may assume a future da^atxi from JAJl. Plat. Rep. Mid. to pass life. Gorg. beg. diaxovT^ao. pass. 542. 7. 678. Msch. Impersonal ditf. by contracting the first two syllables (as). select. 9. 1230: aor. dst. 612. 902 a&ai). Xeyo)). 6. Pyth. ' We Sianda (8tatTa). Compare xtw or neioa also atdilo from aide'ofxoci. Athen. 61 perf dsdir^xovr^xa. fut. dsijast. dcaiTdaa. I shall find. 4. dLaiTciofiai. ds^ctofxaL. 9 : fiai. divell. Odys. iSsi^c^s. Rep. 1 . 2. Epic %(ra. Dem. 1. pass.— 120 died. diaXiya (did. 861: aor. 100: perf. de Aer. 8siv. lack. 112. Cycl. 27. to ivish. Eurip. wait upon. 87. 406: fut. fut. is aor. Sfjco {JA£2). 9. 77: aor. decide. : 121 perf. Ionic fjiai. Dem. SLjfTT^&i^v. to ijba/nt. dLdxovico (diaxovos). 12: perf. 27. 2. dsov. Hippocr. dcaLZTJ&rfv as middle. Dem. (JtJw. idir^aa. 19 middle. idLjjirfaa . Plat. Be^t^xri' Thuc. — Mid. ids^&rfv as perf. equivalent to &ika). 418. see 8dxvo. : Dem. necessary. drjXofjiaL. 5. Epic. depass. Plat. idiaxovijd'i^v.

Siels^^d^tfv 29 11. 8gdao^ai (a). 1. § 72. Siddaxco {/IA£1. 130: aor. Xen. to : 11 . Sgairiv. 2 sing. 64 perf. Dem. 407: fut. Xen. Sutkeyfiai. Mem. Sidoig. idtddxO't^v. Hel. Verbal didaxjeog. 6 aor. for dldov {dldos). Conv. e8gdaa. Xen. Eurip. imperf. 358. only in composition d7to8i8gd- run away. 8i8gdax(o fut. root is . 1. 8gco. 1338. 4.2. to give. 2 sing. idtdaldfiriv. 13: perf. 1. ix8i8gdaxc). education self: fut. II. Xen. Thuc. 8. to teach. Isoc. Md^o). 138 fut. Eurip. : didoi. 11. 356. ' The — Bldrffjii (Sid)). Op. Hes. 4. 10. Xdania. and -X(o changing the latter into its corresponding smooth palatal. 18: perf.20: aor. 136. Arist. Cyr. 101. 270. Rem. to teach one^s didd^o^ai. mid. 6. Mem. idtda^a. /II/lAXfL without the reduplication may be compared with the Latin doceo. 164. II. Siddaxofiai. 617 : imperf. Herod. 8s8gdxa. skulk. 7. Xen. 107. 19. imperat. 24. Mid. jEsch. Heracl.— Mg |o^ai. 195. pass. Xen. 1 pass. 2. Cyr. aor. 8L8coda) Epic. 1. : as Xen. Hes. dLdoiad^a. to cause to be taught. 8 2 aor. Prom. i8l8ovv (i8i8oov). to bind. 8ia8i8gdaxc}. pass. 14.^. 1. imperat. Gxco. 3 sing. deSida/fiai. disco. OJym. (JPAS2). that is. 3. Sods. 2. SiaXsx^rjoofiaL as middle. fut. 1. Odys. 314. . It is the same as the Latin do. 13. also to learn. duXs^dfXT^v Epic only. pass. 60. the derivative dos of course is the same as 5wV. e8gdv Ionic s8grfv. Antig. 11. Nub. Compare H'oxm. Xen. Find. 105. Xen. 6. Arist. dMo {JO 11). 5. fxloyo). Op. diSot. give an 582: aor. 1. Sedidaxa. Plut. : : AIJAXiT). 17. middle. also iSLddaxr^aa Epic. 8t8ov (8180s). 9. derived tenses show that the last consonant of the the noun didixx^ presupposes a theme in a palatal therefore diddaycoj is formed by inserting a before . 140: : perf. aor. Soph. Hel. Med. 8gdvai. 9. Anab. Cyr. Verbal diaXsxisog^ Isoc. 4. idiSr^v. 3. 121 Dem.

in Graec. 19. Mid. dwMoi. IQ. dolrj. 8t^rffA. in an ancient inscription. sdmxav. tab. cpgovjilo). the same inscription. 35. 111. dajai. U. 2. 8s8ofxat. for dido&i. 2 sing. II. SgyjaofjiaL. £8cov. to consider. i8Lt7]fii]v. Odys. 27. Herod. Epic for 5w. 116. Xen. Compare iwv&i. raid. Op. 100. 527 137 . 65 : im- perf.1. ?/ Epic and Ionic. pass. : dojpg. 239: 1. 8L^ofiai equivalent to : 25. Xen. dcorjv. 1. Xen. for dovvai. dm a I for 8m. tdmaag. 8oTiog.28. dcoT]. 1. 1. &LC. do). 8ovvai. 8s8oxa^ Thuc. II. i86d'rfv. 3. Sida/iU 8c6(jco. Mosch. to give^ fut. pass. subj. Hel. 2 perf. — — . 1. The singular edaxa. Scatj. Hel. Plutarch. dofisvat and dofxsv. aor. 2 aor. II. Odys. 1. Herod.. 1. 1. is passive in signifi- cation. 94: imperf. tive. 18. to seek.ai. 9 perf. 9. 1.546.425.iaL. aor. 5 11 aor. pres. 39. quoted. Epic iterative. — Mid. Eq. didbi&L. tdaits. 8S. plur. see See also 8i86a). singular of the 2 aor. in fut. of sxdld(Ofii. 1 plur. Apol. 324. 713. Herod. retaining 4. Odys. d7io8L8ofiL. 3. also dcotjai for dm^. 3 from aXlaxo(j. Anab. the ing forms of the aorist edMxa. 86s. 16. for 8oit]v. doltjg. . Verbal 8oLrfv. 8L^riadat. 299: infin. 6. Uilov. 7. 1. 37. for Sidovai. — doanov. — Smm. 1. e8coyca. 6: 2 aor. 8ovs. 10: aor. II. Herod. Thuc. dug. opt. tdcav is not used in the indicative. Cyr. 129.l. Theoc.122 dt8g Sidgrldxo). 8i^rif. 1118. Hes. 11. ixdcoaofiai. 24. doubt. 2. 12. : : : — — The fut. didovvai. imperat. 5. 38 infin. Compare Xen. II. p. JOS2). 7. Hippocr.ai. II. Mem. BcBotic. Xen. 35. 15. only in the indicaperf. 16. d(oi]g. II. Ionic for 8i8gdaxo. with good writers are much more common than the remainOn the other hand. 7. and the 3 plur. Also 3 sing. 601 imperf. 3. 214: 811(0. the inflexion. II. Xen. (8t86o. 8i8oiiaL. 8itr]aofiaL. 479. for Iwvn {coai). 10. Rose's Inscript. i8t:6fxriv. Xen. 2 aor. droofisv for 5w^£)/. . Odys. 3. 2 1.88. Many critics suppose compare aXaJriv that these forms belong to the later Greek dtdoav&iy anodsdoavd. i8i' triadiiriv. 8L^7]fz£vos.

Euthph. 2 perf. ds8 Ltf. dtofiai. Verbal 8LcoxTeos. 9. 7. like Xacpvoasiov for iXacpvaasirjv. . diyjTJaci). to speed. 1224. 2 aor. II. 41. 81 : 2. 720. Hel. 17 aor. Eurip. Isaeus. Mem. II. as present. 8i8i^sv or dild ifi8v. Stxeov^ 18. jEsch. 99. Eq. 11. 8LcoxdQo. (JIII KAS SI). Xen. 85*. dedlipr^xa. 10. 433 dedio. Herod. 8Lc6xofxai transitive. from Xa(pvau(o. . dsStds. as active. 7. Arist. Anab. 4 : 2 aor. 8LC)xoiVesp. dtyjoio (a). Scut. 3 plur. 248. sdixov^ 8lxs. 357 18. see Rem. 2. 7. part. dsdislrjv. Hes. sprinkle. dialo. another Hippocr. For the syncopated forms of the second perfect and pluperfect. diTffii (dtco).bi. ^ti/^ao. See also deidco. Bac. 1. Mid. — dsidis. 18. 475. dstdyla. — diMxsTov. Ionic for 8i7fiJii ' 123 4. Plut. Sisig. 12. 3. — Mid. pass. to moisten. perf. 3. idediaav or ddsidiaav. 4. Gorg. ideduiv. Bufiai. II. scare. Xen. (Sid. 3 dual for dmxsir^v. 3. diSidt. 6siv. II. l\. simply to frighten. 1482. cause to fear. dixpio. 583. Athen. 86. 101: 2 pluperf. to chase away. . dsdta. Arist. ^ 68! — Sicoxa /xai. idixprfcia. Thuc. 23. 85: aor. II. II. 8. disfxaL 154. 583: fut. to thirst. . form of : to Eum. 364. d sidits. Arist. 602. ir^fit). 93. i8t(6xadov. Xen. imperf. Thesm. imperf. 34. Poetic. Epic Ssi8ta. Thuc. to fear. Siaxovia. fut. Dem. Arist. 5. s8ico. to pursue. Find. dia. 11. iSuaav. Compare agtjQsv from aQotQlay. 10. 599 Odys. be thirsty. idsidifisv. dico^o- iSia^a. Athen. 763. Choeph. 915. 20. Sedisvai. 10. deidlusv. 43.(6rfv. 304.8iax Sifixovio). : ^sch. SsdLstrfv. from anew present /lETz/ISl. 3 sing. Epic in the present and imperfect. imperf. 10. JIKS2. 224. 5. to fling. —Mid. 11. 584. Cyr. Xen. Olym. 13: aor. Plat. 21. d id i&i or dsldi^ i. 1203 Nub. —Mid.

(96) 2 perf. pres. Anab. JPAM£1. 13. 6. Col. . Arist. 8L8gdaxa). pass. 309 . 16. see diaro. 7. 8. Ale.— 124 see Safid^a. 8gaaxaCai. 8oxr(a£t. Compare tuvneca. dodaaaio. 679. 2 aor. — 80X7(0(0. Antig. 40 perf. 1161. probably the original theme. 86axo. Poetic. 4. iixaa : JMAft. Epic. protracted from dguai. . 630. iSovTtsov. fut. 261 Sup. ^sch. 8£8oyf.ai. appears. 96. JlPASl. 15. 6 perff pass. 5o|o. pass. TTnSl. Arist. 33 Apol. 4. iySovnriau presupposes TAOTIIESI {r^OTIlSl). II. doxO'Si?. see Ssaro. 8i8ov7ta. sdo^a. 8s86xrffiai. Impersonal 8ox£l. 3 plur. 2. (^JOTUSl). Eccl. Orest.u (8gda)). Cyr. see s8gdcia. i86xrfas. 1. xvmm. 2. 763. 8i8gaxa. dQcooiai. 3. Sgaivo see 8i8aip. 8gda). 129.iai. fut. plan. Xen. Eurip. 8e86' xr/xs. Thuc. 359. 3. see difxco. 386 Pind. 442 perf. 45: Brunck's Analect. Thuc. JMES2. as in falling. imperf. Soph. Plut. Olym. 79 . 88o§s. Thuc. 8e8ovu(6s^ fallen. 10. 8ov7T£G) Eum. doxia (JOKJ2). project. seem. Antiph. to do. to sound heavily. Xen. 8oxrfd'£ts are Poetic. AOSl. Heracl. : e8ov7tov later. think. Prom. . jEsch. to aor. e86xrioa. Also — seems. Med. i8gda&riv. 11. pass. Lys. Sometimes dgm has the force of the future. Eurip. Herod. 822 aor. Eurip. Soph. 3. Sgdaa (d). : : : 59. II. 1057: aor. to do. 505. dead. 86^si. 54: aor. The aor. II. 23. for 8i8gdox(o. e8ov7tri<sa and i^8ov7tfiGia. 8£86xrfTaL. 1318. 8s8gd^aL and 8i8gaap. 38. see xgsx^. 759 : aor. The regular forms part. it 8e8oxTai.

3 sing. dvvaia&s. Hel. dvvaivio. Herod. 79. %aaor. dvpfja&s. 3. like icfja^ai in the present and imperfect imperf. dgvTtTO) and 8gvq)o. to do. bvvriai Epic for 8vvri. iSwriadfjirfv Epic. 150 . iterative dgoiidadxs. Xen. Elec. 3. 69 Mid. 33. enjoy. 274. go down. BsHvYiiiai. 23. SvvufiaL. Prom. Sept. Cyr. . Herod. put on one's II. to tear the flesh. 5. 97 7. Xen. : . 316 : 125 {dgaoifii). Herod. dgofido or dgafjido (JPEMJl). 7. self. also idvvdXen. dgsTtco. 4. dgancov. dgrfOTsvo. dvvriTat. dvvaio. dvvE(ovTai. Doric dge\p£v[xai. Odys. 13 : aor. 2 sing. dgaoifii. : . 163. idgvyjdfxtfv. 33. Hec. — : : : : — : to tear one^s own flesh. Hes. 2. dvvji. 218. 92 2. iSvvij&riv and rfdvvjjd'rfv. Pyth. 2. Apol. 2. 6. 5vvsw^«^«. 3 aor. 3 plur. dvvrjperf. Sgrjaaa. edvvd^riv and ^Swdi^r^v. to run. 1. pres. set. 90 48 aor. II. Soph. II. SgeTto710V. 4. a&riv. Antig. to be able. Find. for dgwfxi compare rj^woifii from ^/3«a>. II. II. able. in Hesychius imperf. Mosch. equivalent to 11» . 10: fut. Theoc. Herod. dgiyjojAat. sdgvxpa. Bgco^a. idgsxpoifiriv. dvviavtai. : see tqsxg)* : sometimes dgsTtto. mid. 15. 4. pass. aofiai. 16. Mid. 153. possible. Herod. enjoy. fiai. dgvjiToixai. sdgeyja. 21 aor. subj. 7. II. can. 3. dvvano. Aj. 253 2 sing. 718. 13 fut. JFEMJl. Odys. Dem. 395. 2 aor. Eurip. 324 aor. 7. for diSgdaxcj. 2. to pluck. 14. 1067 . Soph. Sgoixdco. 1. Nem. sink. Ionic for dvvwus&a. frag. for 8vvaauv. 18. The accent of the present subjunctive and optative far is thrown as dvvMvtaL ' back as possible . 324 optat. Find. JEsch. 8vvcs (dva). 229 1 plur. 15.8vva) ^ Odys. iEsch. 845. Verbal bwaios. to pluck for one^s self. for dgda. to enter. Anab. see dgofida. Eurip. 206 : : : . 231. i8gv(p&riv. 40 aor. 156. dvvcofiai. 24.

377 18. i8vrfv. 1029: aor. Epigr. dvriv (y). dedvxa. pass. dvvat. 83 perf. 2. aor. i8vII. 271 dvfisv. Eccl. i8v6rfv 2 aor. for dvvovai. Arist. II. 8 : l8cogriQriv always passively. Xen. — 3 plur. sSvv.1 8v7it • dvofxai from Svcj perf. idiJv for edv- 1 plur. Mid. 8vofxat. pass. iterative. pres. Hippocr. 8vg. rjvai. equivalent to Odys. 712. Soph. 8ogr}dOfiai. Odys. Apol. 5. : : — also iSvdoixriv Epic. 129. envelope. Op. pass. 5. 272: fut. to be etymologically di]p. 140: fut. to present. as intransitive. II. give. to enter. 2. optative. 140: 2 aor. for dvrj^sv. 1326. S^flfiev. 3. 98. . Rep. dvvBovai. 348. 1268: aor. It 1. Aj. . 1 . to put on another. 11. : Herod. 286. Xen. Ran. opt. 16. once 8cog7]ao. 20. 8. 5. Arist. a8vv are II. — The equivalent 8vo(iai. 8v6o^ai. dive. . Xen. perf. 8i£x8v(v).sv. 21. dvaofisvog middle see xaTa^ijosiaL under ^alvoy. Arist. 3 plur. : 18. 1008 : aor. 9. 3. 5. Eurip. Svrj^ According Odys. 6. 1. dvOt. 2 aor. 7. because it de16. — 8vjnco. seems connected with the Saxon dyfan^ English 8vci). 3. dvoTcsv. II. 272. 382. 8e8vxa. ought to be written pends on a historical tense. II. 1. for dvvo) or 8v<o. eSvrpa. Plat. Cyr. to Buttrnann. 4. fut. Av. sink. — Call. Xen. 8vaco (v). Anab. and Hes. 868c6grffiai. put on one's self. go down. 23 perf. £8vaa. raid. a real future is 8cDgeo^ai (8agov).— : 126 . 8 aor. i8vcidfiffv. 382 . 6.352. 11: aor. 222. immerse. 8vvco. Odys. set. 5. from idvaofirjv. dvvo^ai as active. to cause to enter. 2 aor. 465. imperat. like ddlfisv. 668 aor. 715 Verbal 8viios. dvaso. more common than dvco is Sometimes the present dvvta. for dolrjfist'. the subjunctive dvrj. Cyr. Dem. aav. Odys. Anab. 19. frag. sink. 8. : Arist.5. VcvSp. &slri(j. 24. pass. Troad. 8vco (v). 5. Horn. 8s8iffxai. 5. Mid. 99. 8. Apol.

riv. 11. fut. pass. iyyvrjaoiiai. er^i i8a)gi]€foi[A. i^yig&riv as middle. 9. Isaeus. Andoc. Op. 900 and ivsyysyvTJfxT^v. rare Anab. Isaeus. 108. Epic ddo). : . Xen. 890 Isaeus. aowra. -^yyvrjd-T^v. and Poetic Olym. id(pdri or idcpd^ri. Xen. Herod. protracted from tyyvaodai {iyyvdeo&ai). i^yyvtfoa and ivsyvriaa. Isoc. 7. imand ivsyyvaofir^v. 6. 4. ^yyvrfixai and iyysyvrfpluperf. 4. slaxa. The original form was cpaw (perhaps FeF«w). 208 aor. 8. Dem. 59 aor. engage. let. passive. 351. Dem. 8id&rfv (a). iyyeyvTJfirp^ fiai. pass. 4. II. 1361. Anab. 27. E. 330. Dem. 49 Dem. Eurip. waken. 1366: perf. iyyvocaa&ai. idoofxai as pass. 60 Verbal iaxios. iyyvdofiaiy : — . pres. 394. 144 aor. Isaeus. and iv8yyv7]ad^rjv are anomalous. ivsyyeyv^fxriv. pdiSS. Eurip. : 51 . iysgco. Mid. eveyyvriad^iriv. Xen. II. yyyvT^adfxrfv 715: and . 82. (^yyvrfxa). 1. Odys. to permit. 7. : to rouse. infin. Xen. mid. raise. rjysiga. fut. eyyvda {^yyvri). riyyvaov and ivsyvaov. 60: fut. Isaeus. Dem. 18: perf.. II. eaattsvy imperf. Hel. Cyr. 1. a proffer. 113 fut. see idco. pass. inasmuch as they repeat the preposition tv. 39. : pluperf. 8. hence the imperative s^ocaov for saaovy in Hesychius. mid. 33 1 let 2. Hes. 99: aor. 13. also ivsyyvr^aa. proffer. Xen. Dem. 22 Isaeus. Find. iterative. 36: aor. 1363 perf. Aul. '^yyvaofirjv aor. : laW : . also iyysyvr^xa. . imperf. 55 Thuc. 703. alone (d). rjyyvrjxsiv. EFPSl). dma. also iyyvT^adfiffv. Dem. to betroth. — iyeiga 5. Aul. Anab. bind one^s self. 901 aor. 131. Dem. 49. {EFEPSl. 6. ivsyyvaofArjv. 3. The forms ivsyyvrjaa. . 127 Idcogricia. 88. : to accept perf.

— iyQtiyoQ&uGLy 419. 4. 7. xcofxos). 10. 18 : perf. imperat. Hippocr. Ran. see aaMco. hgy^ivos. Leg. 113. perf. Epic infin. {^ygriyoga. 3 from ErEPQSl.— 128 -8. sepa- 131 . iygTJaao (iygrjyoga. 8. eyslgo^ai. . 7. for 2. eygso Epic. see eXBoiiai. Lys. 5. as neuter present. 156. 13. Cyr. Epic and Ionic off. Rhes. s/gofiai. 5. : perf. — to raise one^s self. Eurip. 55. iiX8o^ai. : Byyca 2 2 perf. Plat. 18. Epic for iegyfisvoi rjaav. 'EJSl. keep 4. part. 7. Mid.5: 12. 2 aor. perf. Thuc. Plat. '^ygofir^v. €8 CO. 147. Vesp. 17. Hippocr. wake. were shut up. to praise. : simply to rise. eysigc}). UXno^ai. 3 sing. fjysQTOf pluperf. II. eyqysQ^ai. sgya. pass. to be awake. iyxexcofxiaa^at. iygoifitfv. 89. pass. iyslgo). 33. -gdcav). 67. 7. debar. 6. 371 cation. pass. protracted iygriyogocov (iygriyogav. iyxsxof^ilaxa. Lach. Iv. 531. laud. Conv. {EEPrAO£l). 20. 2 plur. mid. Gorg. 1. Ugyco rate. — Also 3 plur. for egyco. Plat. 24: aor. 10. include. iyxcofztdaco Plat. 2 perf. Epic lyaaiiLLoXci fut. see sgyvvfxi. Ugyvvv. (lya^^iov. Plat.5. Odys. to seat. 525 Herod. II. plur. see ktoixai. 98: 2 aor. eigyvvfii. see eXno). without the Attic redupliiyQT^yoQ&s. hibo^ai. 2 perf. to shut out. Odys. and iyxofiidaofiai. 51 . to he awake. r^/eigdfitfv rare. Odys. Odys. 10. 11.660. iigyad'ov. closely compacted. sygo^svog. leaking. 51 : aor. Thuc. iigxt^^'to. 3. as if : for tygriyoQaah H. eyg-qyogdcD Charm. . confine. prevent. 241. 774. II. II. part. 617 II. iygriyogoi. see stdofjiai. to shut in. pluperf. Arist. Xen. dgyco. syQi^yog&ai or iygrjfor ey^tjyoQexs. i/gia&ai. to eat. yoQ&uL^ II. ivexcoixiaaa.

et- slcDd^aiv. to be accustomed. 4. (to place)^ also connected with aaTlvrj. 2. Epic tdov. iSeo. wish. ids 1. 2. 22. 69. 1. hence /5«ffoV. Soph.ei8co ^ 129 sit. Anab. ISatv. sldov. ^sch. Odys. sill. — For idov^ai. 68: 2 pluperf. Thuc. kXofjtai ('EJS2). Ionic ico&sa. 2. idr^aS Doric. ^&s}. sedes. 3. as present. idTJao- fA. adficc. 1. sit. Epic. to see. soil. 1. Mem. aid^ia^iat. — . to will. 30: id'i^G) ^or. was Fb&w. 153. Anab. 9. wont. see idco. simply to Poetic. Mem. see the compound xadi- ^ofiai. 320: II. Xen. and Ids. 1. Leg. Med. 5. later acda. 178. ed-Qs). iaOtjaofjiat. to seat one's self. 2 aor. 3. 791. This verb sedile. 140. Choeph. aladfirjv and iatadfir^v. 119: fut. Pind. (s&co. i&iko. 4. yi]&ia. Compare Latin suesco and utor (?). 127. id^lao^ : Xen.rfxa. Plat. Ho^riv as aorist. 228. Verbal id^Laxsos. sl'co&a. tdSv. Eum. Eurip. 32 : imperf. 4. 1. Xen. Plat.ai. Ldoifjii. 9. : : perf. '^EJl with the Latin sedeo. original form sychius. 7. English seat. aq)sX(xg. pass. Theoc. Xen. 58: aor. 3. €'0(0. Poetic for Xelfico. ^sch. 16: imperf. 11. 9. II. sido (i»(u). Cyr. Dem. 3. Tyr. 2. 6. 2. He- The eldco. sella. 28. only part. 1. pass. 11. 37. Herod. 11. 122: aor. 540 2 perf. set. : — See 19: perf. 3. Theoc. sedo. to seem. settle. to accustom. to appear. i&sXrjoci). as imperfect. ad'ov. in 7. 3. 477 &ixa. std^iaa. saddle^ solum (?) is . Odys. Xen. 5. Ionic aa&a. Orph. Cyr. Tjd^i^aa. fut. 6&C0. II. Mid. 5. 1 perf. EIJJl (IJSl). aidofiai and aaLdofiat. 28. also d-iXo. Herod. atadfjiavog and istad[lavos. 262. Argon. Herod. II. 10. Men. Xen. 48 . fut. . generally Poetic. Xen. 53 aor. resemble. 25. wont. st^ov. German schwelle. sell. aadriv. 645. Cyr. 11.8. st&iad^t^v. 1.

soixa as present. to have known. to assimilate. 546 Herod. II. The^t. 5. ' Verbal tVrio?. Arist. stdstrfv. iotxivai sometimes slxivai. SLXov as aorist. Hec. ayvcoxa. . Cyr. sldas 2 pluperf. ioixoLfii. slxd^co (sixco). Nub. The compounds take a likeness. 186- 27 . cdd't. to appear. Char. 520: fut. to be like. Theophr. stdivai. etdoiiriv or ISofxr^v tdcofjiai. 234 Isocr. eoixa. 54 6. generally means to Idov. Elect. Hdofxat the usual Attic future. hence yoldrjfit. 64. Xen. Bixad^at and jjxaa^iat. Con v. : II. Apol. 2 aor. ioLxas sometimes €Lx6?. 5. Pr^f. 11 aor. and uTisiyd^m. and has mreiy 108. 123. . wot. 560 Ionic olxa. A v. imperf. Mem. 4. have dvTei)idao(j. £ixo. without the syllabic augment. Herod. jEsch. elxdaco. 1.ai. 8. wisdom. yiyvwaxoj Its original form was fEI/IJl or ^IJfL. Plat. 1298. IdoifXTp^. 15. olxo. 10. ' : 1. . old a has the force of the present. Xen. j}8stv as imperfect. Hel. to know. eixaaa and ijxaaa. Thuc^ 4. pass. 5. 1280. Choeph. 1001 : 2 perf. 2. Latin noveram or noram. 13. Xen. : Thuc. iEsch. 3. — But elSofiriv.. 18. fxsvos stdofisvog. 2 60. Soph. 7. The 2 perf. Arist. 186. 49 aor. The perfect and aorist of olda may be borrowed from perf. Soph. 7. ayrstxa^w. . fut. English wit. Compare Latin video. 141. Hes. to compare. pass. / kneiv. stStfaa rare. Plat. imperf. Meno. yiadfisvai. Eurip. 6. 13. compare. eixa^ov and j^xa^ov. and has slSa. 1 10 fut. wise. 92: fut. Xen. see. 1408 Av. i'yvcjv. 3. Ph^dr. . rarely eldrjaa. . Soph. conjecture.. Arist. frag. 9. 5. Nub. 1. to dnsixdaofxai. 11. Plat. 662: perf. dxdo&riv. 20 . . Hippocr. Antig. Eum. : 22. 892. II. et^a. to seem. 130 £6xa aor. Latin novi. 807 aor. olx6s. Dem. I knew. Idia&ai. Elec. Theoc.^808 . Xen. resemble. Xen. 1 4 . Cyr.

Eurip. 1. analogy of ^t^6they presuppose OAESl. 1. sing. : — si'^aaxs. 460. 12. 294 II. 38: fut. rjixTO or I'ixTo. ioixccfifv. elxd&siv. Elec. slxog. hence ^uyrjld. *— Ei'^doi. II. uxdd^o. part. stXi 131 180. plu- fut. 1178. eUi^as. el'xaat. Hel. Troad. natural. Its original form was p'sixa). Phoen. Soph. was in agony. Epic for foixaai. 208. See also oXyoa. II. perf. 2 pluperf. Odys. 3 plur. weich. 2 perf. 408. 2. Eurip. 18. 2 perf. 2. 1167. Odys. Odys. Nub. is likely. sl^a. Prom. in Hesychius. Herod. under (udQviov xaxov. 2 perf. 104. Compare English z^^eaA:. 3. The compound vtzslxg) has fut. fitting J - Soph. 1. alXixd^riv. Orest.447: Hesychius. slXi^co. 3 and 215. Ionic or?cf. perf. for dlrjTtxi. Antig. to yield. Xen. Tyr. : — — — — ftxo (^EIKAQSl). 3. Col. idxsiv as imperfect. 61 : 2 pluperf. 5. they may be referred to kXiaaa. tilL^a. . l\. Apol. 4. German sckwach. Apol. 1 085 Herod. Cycl. see f/axw. iterative.294: aor. slxdS'av. Hel. 116. 471. vnat^co and vTtsi^o^ai. pass.97: i(oxsi. slxdd'otfxi. Arist. SLxad'ov. common ioistotxw?. Formed from MEIPfL • that is. Eurip. neut. ioUsaav. for icoxBhriv. 4. 18. 576. fitting. 2 perf. 24. pass. ^sch. BiXiaaco and ellLdaco. 7. 22. Thuc. reasonable : 2 pluperf. For rji^ai. ££^£01/. 27. 5. for iXiaaco. give way.. proper. vTtsi^dfjii^v. pass. part. 102. aor. Anthol. dlrioco. 2 pluperf. elXtx^sls. to roll. aor. in after the iolriTLti. eilsov 8. dXi^ai. 361. submit. 3 plur. fiSfiOQTjio. 3 sing. : 655. 3 dual itidrjv Epic. 5. Poetic for iwxsaav. i^ appears. 99: 2 dual s'lxtov Epic. 272. for ioUmov. Impersonal sotxs. As to sXXiypaif tlXlyfiriv. 171 aor. Apol. 1178: aor. soXtjjo. mid. Eurip. 3 plu/. 341. toas pressed dowriy oppressed. for the regular dxaoi. for the usual x(6g. 80: ft|«. yl^ai. 417 soiy^sv. Odys. : imperf. fut. II. 1 plur. II. 141 2 aor. seems. 651. 13. 22. QTjTai. siksco {blXco). 332. 3.

1313. II. volumtn. wheel (?).: : 132 tMi for a'Ao. 12 . 11. 662 . 492. Theog. Protag. sUva&sis rough breathing. elloaor. 3. 21. — Apol. cover slXifcpd'Ccd and eiXvcpdo to roll up. II. crawl. 5. 25. Scut. Thuc. Cyr. eiXvacx. Phil. Apol. 702 imperf. Mid. and TJfxrfv rare. stkvfiai usually as middle. Etymologically connected with the Latin the root of which is es-. iaoPlat. exist. etymologically connected EATSl^ Latin volvo. ia&i. 156. Olym. 1. part. slvai. 761 (si^co). to 246. II. 3. 12. aor. {es. 21. avvsaiiov. esse). eiixagixai. Epic.9: fut. crouching. sum . 295. dl^vat. isXfxsvos. also siUco. 286. II. slXvaTai (v). ^. 186. 692: imperf. iaoifxriv. 29 1 319 aor. : : himself up. siXvo^iriv. over. sl'riv. gather up. . with sXloaM. to imperf ^v and cdv ' MEIPJl. eXaag. drag one's self along. Soph. equivalent to ilvad^sis from EATQ^ Theoc. illvofxai. Xen. eiXv(paZov intransitive. U. 20. 281. Verbal iazEov. pass. aXtfv. Soph. slkvo) (slXco). EiXvfiivog in the sense of iXva&slg from EATJl. II. 409. EATQ. to roll round. Soph. to spring on his opponent. 206 perf. : pass. pass. envelope. dXsis. English wal- low^ welter. 413. edsad-ai. 403. the other hand. 5. 16. — See I'Xi^. 22. pass. S. 3 plur. Pind. coop up. 408 . drawing fut. roll up. whirl up. eiXvao). and 823 . II. Epic for eilvvTcci. £?. slfit see (^E2Sl. Hes. 10. 275. long v. On — sl2co (^EASl). 5. 3. 2. Epic. to wrap up. saXa. iXva&slg is equivalent to elXvfisvog. hXfiai. Phil. pass. 230 11. . ESI). he. sctofxai (oa). II. Herod. Phil. Arist. Nub. 8: aor. German walzen.aa. elXXo. 2 12. perf. 38 24. slkvoi^isvog. IJtsvos. Its original theme was fEASl. 51: perf. 24. 2. aXoat and Wkoai. press together. 17. 291. 13. fiai. 6. rough breathing. Hes. 76. idkriv (a) II. 1.

also ivinca. Dem. : tl'^rjfxai. etnas. debar. 1367.). 1 36 perf. — connexions. restrain. . Mem. Phil. Plat. : (EIPFSl). 26 aor. Pind. II. ' eltko. elnov. via. original ylnov.. to say. (EJl). — Mid. 1085 aor. 6. hence (oip). Nem. slnov. Olym. 8. and in certain. 3 fut. The present is borrowed from cptj^l. All the forms of elna. SLTisiv. 6. Herod. s^m. venio. and sanov 445. dual. except 3 plur. EinSl 484 {EJJD. s£t7iov. 415. eiTia 10. td'c. 61 54. . £t7iov(?*^^/. are preferred to the corresponding forms of the 2 aor. commonly : as future. 1.. fut.: ugy d^i (IJl^ 133 EIS2. iq^ridr^v and egqi^iijv. fut. stgi^^rjv and Hgs&rjv. IHMI)^ and to go. or siTiov. ire. pass. 9. con- ag^o. 3. Apol. to shut out. yjiiai. The ^enog. BLUE. ansLTtd^svos^ to refuse. eigx^rfv. Latin English way. — See part. Herod. forms dndtta. 1. See also sg/co. 15. sgyvvfit. Xen. djtsLTtdfxriVy. shall go. and 'PESl. Verbal tjiov. 14. 1. 2. The other parts are borrowed from sI'qm. aor. 138. 22. Andoc. : to shut in. Eurip. 1. disown. 120. slgArist. to. Elec. the si'nag. has already been connected with I'w. igsiu. disclaim. etnai. 1407: aor. II. pass. of the imperative. unmovy si'Tiaxf. • imeiao- fxai and ^a.. HQTiaofxai. imperat. €0. 78. sLTtSv Epic also eansTs. 2 aor. and Further. 424. 3. i6v fut.8: Plat. 49. imstmfjLT^v. Loiixi perf. slnavy infin. It II. siadpjv and 4. voice. ieicfdfirfv. 61. 1255 Cyr. Xtyoj.. also aor. 11. ajteLTtaad'ai. ijsiv totj^v. theme was fEinU voco. XrjfAi. 126 aor. aor. or JrEnfL. eig^a^ 12 — : . . which see fut. Epic. livai. prevent. 156. slg^o). 1. 59 4. eigya (EIPF^OJl). perf si'grjica. Sophist. Epic hina. went (wend). 14. hr^jiov. siTtaLfxi. literally to say no. Herod. from a/oQsvm. only in the . Soph. Epic. pass. siTrdfir^v. pass.. Av. 6. Compare Latin vox English etgywixL and Eigyvvcy fine. Xen. are used by the Attic writers. siTtoifxi. alg^a.

pass. II. 4. 276: fut. Mid. eigiofiai. 13. as if from sigvfiii Hes. 81G. Odys. Soph. 12. slgvfiriv (v). 18. 2. II. 64 . Heracl. See also iigyci). 6. 3 sing. sigvaa. sigva^cci. pass. slQVfisvctL {y\ pres. 4. 18. 1. 454 : all imply- — : : ing siQVfii. pass. 143. II. to draw. perf. Odys. 276 . II. 8. 6. Odys. 23. 1. Tyr. 14. 8. 1271 mid. 3. mid. to say. si'Qvvro. 1. II. 16. stg^ofxat as passive. pass. — 265. 4. 862. etgvII. pass. infin. II. 4. 1. fi'Qvro. Herod. : aor. 162: fut. Msch. 216. for elgwiai. tell. 3. move.: 134 Thuc. 83 fut. Elec. stgvms. perfect and pluperfect passive. pass. Soph. II. aatixr^v (do). to ask. Col. stgevaac (con- Theog. pass. pres. 566. 553 . The forms elgvarui. Herod. aor. fut. 877 fut. 1. Aj. 4. 1. 239 : infin. igsa.75. 76.248. 61. : aor. 682. tell. II. fem. 3 plur. slgofxr^v. stg/aMfxr^v as active. 76. 6. 373 . 2. elgvao: 687 : — fiac (aa). 27: Olym. Herod. : 37 perf. 141. 1. dgvaaad'ai (oo). Xen. Eum. 16:2 aor. eigyad^ov. 2 aor. II. sigvaa {ao). Soph. Op. eigofjiai rarely tracted from dgiovaat). rescue. Odys. 38. not Attic in the present and imperfect. egya. 116 . slgvfiai and el'gvafiac. protect. sig^do/xai. dm- . dgydd^sLv. igovfiai. guard. Verbal eigxiios. mid. aor. Odys. Anab. 542 3 plur. «l'1. si^vuTaL has v short. 3 plur. Apol. Eurip. Hes. 1250. stgvadfxr^v. Epic. sigvaxtti {v). 82 QVTo. Hippocr. II. 1034. II. eigva&r^v. slgvadiievog. Soph. part. sigvaai.588: fut. 151: pluperf. HQB dgy^ai. Herod. 38. 14. 6. 69. mid. 4. and u'qvvto must not be confounded with the corresponding persons of the In two instances the perf. dgvaco {ca). Pind. 30 . deliver. — eigeco (sigco)^ to say. imperf. igco. Trach. for igvo. sigydd'ov. to draw to one's self. Mosch. Epic and Ionic for EPOMAI. etgvco. elgxdr^v (?) : sigydd^co. 30 slgvofjiai (v). 8. sigvaov. imperf. 21. sigo) (EPS2).

8. to call an assembly. to be like. they repeat the preposition. Hel. rjixTai. xakio). to join^ connect in order. Ionic for igoTda. 1063. 4. with xh. Ionic I'^^uaf. connected with slgi^vf]f Compare Latin sero. imperf. elgcoricj. Herod. 8. dfiag^ unless the reader chooses to change dfiagji^Tijast. ivsyyvrjoa. 321. Dem. rji^ai equivalent to sotxas. 10: perf. afiaQT^asi. to ask. itoTcco (sLxco).' 107. Xen. Lysias. Call. — HQco (EPJl). assimilate. 140 Odys. see sd'co. 7. thou art like. 460. 93. 23. SLod'a. Epic 18. 12. 2 aor. in Hesychius pluperf. In the latter belongs to this verb in the former. jjixxo and sCxto equivalent to iaxsi. Eurip. ssgiiai. 577 Thuc. it : pluperf. s^axXrjalaaoL and i^sxxXriaiaaa. These forms evidently follow the analogy of ivsyyvtt6fir. etga. ExxXrfciLd6o.u. ' sense. JEolic feiQrjvci. 3. will refuse. ex. see di8oi. : . 247. rithxco. pass. 493. Odys. 9. 120. 8. 3. According to Schneider. 315. 296 190 . 5. Epic Ug. Bigxa. ixxXi^aid^a (ixxkr^ala. Its original theme was F«f^a). 15. Hesychius has avsQafi. 13. Herod. 87: perf. 288 . Anthol. 4. to liken. Cyr. — : — . Xen. have i^sxxXijalaaav. Ale. Odys. 3. except one.v. bind. Hym. xQSfidash . allied to aTtsLTtdfjirfv in sense. 3 sing. 4. Horn. Thuc. to meet in an assembly out of the usual place. 3. pass. 109: imperf. 16: fut. Xen. 796 See also '(axo. ritaxov and s'Caxov. think like. Odys. II. 3. compare.sxxX 135 govfiai. xQ^ixdasi. fjLTfv. II. 197. resembled. perf. Cyr. Dem. 3 sing. 2 sing. frag. also i^exxXr^diatov. All the manuscripts of Thucydides. from iyyvdatf that is. to tQQOi asi into dvagn^asi from dvagidai. jigoaTJixiai. to make similar. 10: aor. Mid. 3. slgfiai. ixdtBofiL. i^exkr^oia^ov and ixxXriata^ov. causative of elxco. See also EIUSl. . «$sxxXrjala^ov comes from i^sxxXrjaid^o).

mid. fjiBvog. ^kaadfitfv transitive. 7. Arist. 5. Heracl. Odys. pluperf. 86. 10. — Compare aXBofiai darixidaiaL. — . protracted from iXmat 366. pass. Anab. 20: aor. to shout iXsXev. 4 . 2. 3. aor. 4. 135. Hippocr. 4. 7. II. iksh^a. iXsXi^a (iXeXiv). pass. Herod. 27. 315 iXdaaxov and iXdsaitov. 4. 10. 1. Verbal iXsyxxsos. Odys. Epic. 3 sing. 400: aor. 54 aor. pass. Leg. Plat. imperat. 1. confute. part. eXdovoi). 4. 8. 18: aor. Latin volo^ velle. — II. fut. sXsyio. and eXr(Xa(j^aL Ionic. protracted from ilav (eXdeiv). — fXdaaaas. ikdocD (a). from dxa%l^(a. 83: fut. xB^riv. Herod. II. Plat. pluperf. 2. Leg. 64. Cyr. Phaenom. 5. {eXdaovai. sometimes ikdco Poetic. imperf. iiXSofiai. 176. Verbal ikaTsog. 13. Mag. Xen. Eurip. to desire. 12. iskSofiriv. 494: imperf.: 136 sxxQ ^^X9^ G^f X9^^)^ Ionic for the common djzo/grf. 3. 162. 733. Soph. Arist. i^XiyThuc. refute. pass. Epic. ildav. to drive. pres. and 13. Apol. Odys. Eccl. II. fut. II. Call. 137 aor. Anab. iXtiXdfxtfv and riXtfldfji'^v. 496: aor. The second form itXdofiai is analogous to iiXno^ai for I'Atto^ai. II. fut.*638 We may suppose that its original form was fsXdo^uh connected with ^ovXo^ai. 7. 8. U. hXdiad^a passively. 7. iXocoai. iterative. r/Aatfa. 681. 70. 319. Xen. 3 plur. Arist. e^s^Q'^^^y Herod. and '^Xda&f^v Ionic. 275. iterative. 908 : aor. ^kd&riv (a). iXriXddaxo. iXrjksyfjiai and rjXsyfiai. : : 5. English will. 3 plur. written also iQTjQidaxo. r^Xsy^a. which see. Aj. 1. 199. 1. to raise a tear -cry. 13. i^TJldxa. Xen. Epic. 13. Xen. infin. perf. iXo. 3 sing. ixxQ^Gsiy Herod. pass. 404 : perf. Eq. Nub. 1156. 3. 1 0. Arat. to examine. — 77. 1. ikiyx^. ikavva. Ran. pass. 15: perf. 77. convict. ikjjkafxai. pass. iXrjXd-with the accent on the antepenult. Dem. 481 . . 828: perf. Odys. {or iXiqXavTo. : 16.

5. Eurip. part. 19. 1. — £lXxvadp. 11 Phoen. pass. twirl. — Its original form was fsXiaow. Arist. eXxvoo. imperf. Hippocr. EATSn. 1. Eccl. Del. 21 . : . 688. 710. attract. shake. mid. 12. 728: aor. EA0SI. 558. IL 2. 316. yBlixt). ikeUtci) (iUaaco). II. 11. Verbal iXxvaiios. 530 497. Thuc. sihyfiai. Compare dlo). Pind. 260: perf. The original theme was paxw or fEAJiH. 213.: eAxfi) 137 Mid. 9. pass. aor. Odys. 17. pass. 558: aor. Odys. Xen. kXxvaavTc? (v). Epic. 711 perf. 6. 3 sing. 7. now read sXytrjaovat from sXiciai' infin.210: imperf. to draw. 136. 17. elli^a.39. kXxvaai. iksXi^d^riv as middle. II. 11. 8. dXxopriv. 395: fut. : pass. 50: aor. syncopated. 444. to roll or turn one^s self. pass. 7. 287. 137. 60: perf. hence 12* .ai. Eurip. : — iXiXixroy imperf. slXxvad^riv. II. See also elXiaao. 167: part. Eq. Dem. II. Herod. 336: aor. 22. 6. elXix^riv^ Eurip. 1111 . II. II. klxofiai transitively. to whirl one's self. II. 540 Orph. Apol. 340 fut. pass. 17. Mid. iXsXi^ofxai. sXXitvaa. Olym. II. II. klxo and 'EAKTS2. IAiAt|a. 204. fut. Ages. Hel. to twirl rapidly. iXxtfO^ets. 580. Arist. in Hesychius. coil one^s self. hence ytXi^m. cause to tremble. sXxvao}aL (v).558. 791 aor. for elxa. to mowrn. Horn. Arist. 28. eiXxvafiat. iXxio. to roll. Anthol. II. Mid. iXiaao or IXltxco. iXxijaa. '^Ixt^aa. EAETSn. 17. 62. ikxsov. 9. alxvxa. Nub. or 2 aor. eiXxifaa. kXlaaopaL.955. 2. 17. Theog. later iXrjhyp. Ages. aor. 109: aor. pull. fut. ikeXt^dprfv. II. I'a|g}. Arist. later slX^a. mid. 506: aor. 408 13. aor. Hes. Av.ffv. 9 : aor. : see %o^at. Taur. Xen. 22. Hym. eXi^ca. Argon. to wheel around rapidly. 1. iXi^ofxai. 4. 13. siXi^dpj^v. — : .

The original form was fsXno). Hesychius also IlsXnid. at- pressed. prostrate. part. II. 1. ifXTJfieoixai later. Epic. Var. acaXTteLv as imperfect midMid. iXnidu. 50: imperf. pushed. 16. . 10. Diogen. Laert. 105. fut. I Tto^ai and iikrcofxaL. in (oAjcoV). to care about. Epic. i^Ttd^ofiai. II. fsXTTOfiui. give hope. 186 2 pluperf. : ijisc). Latin volvo. drawn up together. stretched out. 19. iXaelv. 12. also elkvcD. English pull. see egxofxai. crouching in the attitude of a 24. s^eXnofxar : : — : — compare eXnid. pare also the English help. . 3. 4 perf. II. to take. was p£. see algico. vomit. Hes. to roll^ see blXo. ^21: pluperf.138 yikXai. Hist. to hope. dle. iXva&t^v. : 13. 10. also rjfir^aa. Apol. ifxovfiai. Compare Latin vello. Odys. sulcus eXno. ifisfisxsiv later. 355. pass. lAhoped. 199 . II. in for sXnid'. Odys. — See II. 196 imperf. to HipEpic pocr. ikv- ad-eis. Odys. Epic. 91 11. 433: tached to. ysTig (iXnig). EAT0S2. 11. 'EASl. It is etymologically connected with the Latin vomo. aoXna as present middle. 23. ilJLTta^o^rfv. Eum. 7. aor. that is in the Sigean inscription. rjfisaa (aa). expect. to cause to hope. jEIian. 437. 2 perf. Herod. 328. Theog. 497: perf. to hope. ifijjfxsxa later. 8. was hoping. The original form Compare sl'Aw. 407. 2. II. pass. the derivative yiXovTQov. 553. 2. 510 . II. hknotixrjv. was com' rolled. 1 034. iEsch. 6. iixiao. 20. 22. Com. eXno^riv and isXnofiriv. Arist. 6 . aor. Lucian. skna) Hesychius. / hope. II. 730 Ach. Lexiph. JSATS2 see egxoiiai. opt. suppliant.i TIL. Compare also hXlauw. In Attic prose ikni^o. (slXo). eiikao^ai. EA^. 14. vellico. 9. 393 .

435. 92. : : E NEB 2. SI. iviajtstv. inevTJvo&s. 8. ENIIISl. 269. rivagiad^riv. U. 2. perf. only in composition. agrjQSv. TivxM. r^fi- 303 aor. dlw. II. Dion. ENIZnSl). Pac. Odys. Antig. Trach. xarsvrjvoB's. II. — from ANEOJl. 5. pass. Pind. The with 470. as from evrjvo^w. Herod. Odys. 1733. Catapl. 2. : Soph. Call. 3. Pind. 27. Anacr. LuIonic cian. : ' evLOTiov. to kindle. TtTsvx^Tov. Soph. perf. rjvagov. 14. 19. 219. ENEKSl. Pind. Odys.1. 365 Horn. aor. 93 : fut. 43. Odys. ivrjvod'a. 80 . Poetic. fut. to sit. 20. fitjudofim. 134. 26 ^sch. II. 98 2 aor. . 137: fut. Odys. Ivt^^w^t^v unaugmented. bvstiov and evvBTtov. 62 . Choeph. to chide. ivdgi^a unaugmented. aQaQluxw. 296: 2 aor. 139 to traffic. 3. Scut. rffXTioXtfcfa. Poetic.even ifiTioXdc) (ifXTtoXrj. ivaigo {ENAPSl). perf. 11. 8. Compare avrjvo&sv. 137. Soph. sell. rest upon. — Mid. 62. 347. 563 : ttoAt^xoc. 8. . ivaigofxai. . 10. The form ivrjvo^s is a new imperfect. ivsTtco see (pigo). ^vagidfiai. iv. to slay. ef^sfirjxoy. Pyth. 365. 871 . 263: aor. Epigr. 4. Epic. Hes. pass. 1036.— present iviTtra must not be confounded 838. 6. II. II. 10. ri^noXri^ai. iixnokrifiai. Aj. ENErKSl. ivavco. 107. and ivvinco rarely to tell. ivagi^a (evaga). had elapsed as time. pass. Apol. later i^TtenoXr^xa. Hym. and Hym. see avo. evi\^o and iviamjaa. Aj. Phil. 339 Soph. Col. 16. with the exception of two passages. 643. 11. Soph. 1 : 978 1. Poetic. 15: rivagiaa. Nem. say. Soph. 1. 358 . ivagiaor. fiifxasv. 1. 1. iviajtco. dtldis. 4. to kill. see (pegcD. 158. Antig. MAfL. iviTiTca (EIIJ2. ncoXico). 276. buy and Soph. insvrjvo&e. ivLTtxco. ifiTtoXrjaco. II. transitive. 4. and |o. ivicfTtoifxi^ bvlctis. Eurip. despoil. Arist. Sup. 280. ^ ENEIKSl. 2 perf. imperf.

elvoiv in composition ever doubles the v .. Lysias. ivodiog. to reflect upon. see ivd-siv. — Observe By inserting s before n. to kaa (da). reproach. to 670 put on clothe one^s self. see evino. — Not 15. ivd^v^rjaofxai. rjviTtdnoi^ (i). II. 415: perf. XANA SI {yiixavda) ylABSL. 198: 2 II. Plat. 154. We NIKJl suppose. to put on another. clothe. that quinque has to nsfine. (AANBSl) to . upbraid. 905 6. k'aa (aa). ought generally. — Further. ENE9JI. — Mid. (iv. 338: aor. ivied'vixri' ivd^v^iofxat fut. Goettling has According or EMnSl '. sometimes passively. (never iwdXiog. self. nENQJl XAJSl. eaoai^ eaoag. ENDSl be- that the Latin inquam has the same relation to ENIIfL or EMUSl. 473 be confounded . ived'vfirj&tfv. ivima and 590. 546 . if not always. ^v&ov. Odys. ENinSl is connected with after and that it was formed from the analogy of i&sXm from &sXo}. 11. 45 aor. aor. as EJIJI WSLS ^ Ell Sty the compound ivinm. ivevinelv. inasmuch as it cannot be satisfactorily shown that compare eivdhog. 17. that the theme vslxog. consider. 120. to say. 1. one's 14.) for ivocXiog. evviffjLL ENIZnSl. 5. iven(a. &c. 245. e'aaov. fut. 15. 16. Others suppose that it is compounded of the preposition iv and EnH. AAMBSl came {iXdfi(f&r)v). with Buttmann. written also ivivJnov. with iviTtTo. 396. jEsch. see agx^fxai. ENIUAIISI). diogj ivrjvo&a. II. {ENinSl. after the {ninovd-a) Buttmann. ivsvinxov or svivtaTZov. hiaao) 15. to Poetic. to also 23. Thuc. ivvina. fiat actively. to say. But the form ivvento (vv) goes against this hypothesis. : Mem. d^vjios). Xen. Theog. pass. . 369. to have a long antepenult. Agam. Cratyl. 140 Hes. Odys. and ivvvo (ESI). chide. the theme EI7II became ENnSL analogy of HAOJl (nEOfi). see ivsito. evvvfiac. 1. Odys. Poetic. . see eveno). for £V7fv ivlanuv or ivianuv. 28 : imperf. ivLTtro. 1. vsixsat. 2. that is tv Fcttw. ivvodiog.

23. 3.ir^v. Ach. 72 . 250 pluperf. imperf. r^vcox^ri' xa. inoLvgov. 13. II. snislvva^ai. 4. 10. ijtaivico. 596. hence ysl^gov. Pind. Compare Latin vestis velum ENOOS2. Poetic and Ionic. pres. iSgtaaa. ^iatov or ^etiov. sjiavgco. 464: aor. Vit. Herod. yififiaia. to enjoy. 11. 19. — svvva& Herod. Bion. (iv. to celebrate a festival. 16. Cyr. 417: 2 aor. Theogn. 6. I covered. ivo^^kso : i^axiaag. theme was fEJl. 65. (?). to enjoin. Srf^L&vijLOs. 405: perf. 60 imperf. see dxiofiau eoXrirai. vex. II. II. iogjdaai. 23. see ziAAo. 649. 56 fut. Arist. iogrd^o.enav ivvvf. see slXbcd. Mid. 229 . inavgaa&at. 353 ATP — : : . eXvvov. : : 5. formed with respect to the first component part (ivocd-) after the analogy of doxrioi- ao(pog. ysaxla. '^vtoxXovv. ivTsXXofiai. imperf. — eXaio. 21 perf. 515. Herod. 57. Hes. Xen. 11. agitate. Hom. 141 aaofiai (aa). inisvvva^ai. and the compounds ivoatx&ov. 5. to profit by. 64. Odys. for II. flyio. see alvico. ^vco^^rff^oih Dem. Taga^ixdgdios. 392 fut. ^vco. 1079. II. II. Pind. iogidaco. to enjoy. English vest. inavgiaxa and inavgioi (ijii. and hadfir^v. 3. xaTusivvov. Op. 20. ivoalyaios. 242. and eaixai. fut. 6%Xos). yrj/ua. 12. Pyth. hit. The original {sa&i^g). aofiai. lo'^rafov. to annoy. 573. request. infin. 13. : : : iTtaiveo. i7iavgtaxo(xai. Dem. 334. see atv ico. to shake. 3 plur. Ill. 2. for 18. 150. Isoc. SI). have the advantage or disadvantage. ioXtfio. mid. iad^riv (ao). sifiat Nem. pluperf. yEOTQu. hence the noun svoais. aTtavgrjaor. inavgdiiriv. 24. Odys. ivoxXi^oa. stvoaicpvXlov. 135. iTtavgsiv. 733 fut.^Xr^aa. 7: aor. 3. 29 aor. Ionic ogrd^co. k't^fxr^v and iiafirfVy II. ai. Epic.

pass. hence iniaxafiai. in his Lexilogus. 8. 6. 7. 1. and compare it with the English understand (under. to Mem. 17 . 1. by inserting x before «. 2 sing.at. 3. 3. '^TtiOTdfir^v. inlaiija&s. 991: aor. but not connected xXaaxata from xXdaxtjg (xAaw. fut. iTtifisXijaofxai. 88. inlara Epic inlaTtj. for enlajaaah ^sch. 469. inlaTUixo. stand). 97. 22 aor. inidTa^aL learn. 134. The accent of the present subjunctive and optative is thrown as far back as possible. pres. Mem. compounded of ini and I2TH2 fiai). 5. perf. iTtsfxskrj&riv. ^iA«). by a series of arbitrary changes derive it from Vaafit as follows I'arifii. German verstehen {stehen). Verbal inciish^Tios. 6. Soph. U. rimatiaTo or iniaxiato^ imperf. 89. 15: fut. 8. 3 plur. ^ : STtifxskr^&ijaofxat equivalent to inifis^'tjaofjiai. Find. ^Trttfr?!d^^v. 41 4. fl//Sl. care for. however. — . Thuc. . Eurip. it as a modification of icplaxafiai from icplaxrjfXL (eTtl. Buttmann. Ionic for rinlaxavxo. wider standi and imperfect. 15. 927: fut. pass. 28. also axsa to break). daxiofiai from Saxriq (JAJI). Compare svx^do^m from and axdojxaL svxhrig («v^o- — from from axt] {AAIL). Eum. iniaxaia&s. Nub. 2. ijtavgso. Ionic iniatibiifiay for iTilaiMfiai. iniatcovtat' — imoTaio. it is natural to suppose that the original form of inlIn fact. know. pass. — with nlaxig (ttc/^w). vaisxdco vaiixriQ . iniTdaao. iXaBut as IJSl was originally axQio) from iXaoxi^g {iXdrn). Others. It seems. knower). Others consider dfitav imply sniFtoxoiQ. laxafittL. see ToiaciG). I'aafim. Brtifidfxcav. (StaaxQEO) from ^oaaxriQ {^odco). from (vaia) /z/J2. Cyr. Herod. that iniatafiai is no more related to Xaxa^aL than polite is to noXixrjg. proposes a new theme beginning with n. Xen. Herod. inflected like laiafiat in the present : {Eni2TA£l). imperf. Xen. Herod.— 142 : : STtlfX Hippocr. Hel. as iniaxriTai. 15. the nouns eniiaxfaQf intlaxufiUL was sni ^taxotfAui. ijirivgofir^v. 2 aor. 2. Xen. Cyr. Xen. 86. iTtii^iXofiat and iTtifxskiofiai (ijii. iTtifisfiilrffiat. Theogn. iniaxaivxoThis verb is derived from the substantive Eni2TH2 (equivalent to indaxmQ. 6. ind. Xaxtjfii). i7tioTrjaoiA. 1081 subj. Arist. Col. to take care of. Nem.

1. 1. 814: 2 aor. 285. 10. 73. 15 . The dependent moods Eontofiat. imperat. 29. 12 . Pind. ajtstv. 2 aor. to fir^v. imperf. 4. 6. kansad-ai. 321 imperf. 5 . simply to follow. imperat. 239 inEOicov. see TeXXa. passive. 9. Theset. ajioifiriv. nsguinoXen. 16: fut. be after. soKa^ai. Pind. Xen. 8. Pyth. to be employed. 563.l\. II. 3. sania&o). iamad^a. ivinco. 350. 7. 123 . eanoljXTjv. snofiai is etymologically connected with the . icpsTifaytov. 149: aor. Herod. II. 5. 426. Herod. 2. eaneadai. Hel.826. 3. A. The imperfect kanofifjv is usually considered a second aorist with the anomalous augment «. saTrolfirjv. Isth. But the rough breathing of the augment. ano^ivos. ioTiOLfirfv. be after' any 2. Find. is not always ao- — . Olym. 2 aor. 12. Further. 12. from eanofiai. 2'61 \ Herod. — : 143 En£2^ ETtco. Hom. 9. sItcoThuc. 32. SLTtov. 'ianfa&ai or kania&aLy kanofisvog are generally subjoined to ianofiriv. 60: fut. Pind. ristic. 26. etaxcn). 10. 15. —Mid. 2. TrsgdTtofjiai. innoadai. 5. otkov. for anov (aneo). ancofiaL. ianofiffv — Soph. seem to go against this arrangement. 423. 115. to be handled. Odys. Aj. opt. Pind. infin. 0710 V. — Mid.for i-. II. is suspected by some critics. Pyth. 1. eajtov. .— ine^ iTtiTsXXo). The present ionofiai. the meaning of kanofxr^v and the dependent moods euTitafiai. The compound nsgLSTtG) has also pass. 67. II. Mem. infin. imperf. 207 Bizofiai. 6. 70. TtsgUcpdr^v. treated. also sanofxai (compare diddaxo). 5. Herod. 330. Olym. The mid. see EIUSl. sifjofiai. &c. II. imperf. Pyth. nBgdipoixai as fir^v. to say. Odys. : imperf. thing. tfTTcto. usually as aorist. with the accent on the penult (?). dXvaxo. Phcen. Soph. subj. iterative. 2 sing. ansa&ai. Trach. Eurip. see Tvy^^dvcD. 4. Plat. 26 . the necessity of admitting that this augment remains through all the moods and the accent of the infinitive I'onea&ai (also eonia&ai 1). (kdTto^riv) sjt'SdTiofxrfv. Hym.

3 sing. to pour out. igalfiav. 1: aor. elgyda&riv always : passive. Hym. imperf. Doric. Xen. sigyvviii. 3. — igda (a). 69 : imperf. desire. 3 plur. ^vveg^co. slgyatofxr^v : aor. Odys. 149. 317. for sigyvvfiL. do. T^gdadr^v as active. 5 : aor. Troad. Athen. to work. found Aj. 2. 10. 16. Soph. dvvrjrai. 1. not very common. only in composition. %|«. Plut. Herod. 1369 aor. Hom. opt. Pind. Theoc. French suivre. 6. Pyth. EPrSl. to love. 1 1. Pass. subj. 2. Pyth. pass. protracted from igcia&s {'^gdsads). 3. 1113. mid. 39. 282. Xen. Aj. pass. Pyth. Thuc. 136: perf. . 341. %<9?^v. confine. 21. fir^v. not fut. 4. igydaouai. i^gdfn^v. 8. Soph. 993 . egdco. Pind. Epic. II. fut. 164 bqueg ax a I. analogous to XaxT^rai. 16. 206. pass. Bion. 1052. imperf. idigyvvfit. be passionately fond of. : — l'^«T«t. 446. Ages. in the present. to shut in. Xen. 123: aor. The active may be connected with the Latin opus. Epic. 3. II. II. also iigyo. sgycD. egy^iai. igdoiiai. for iqaxm. II. Herod. pass. 3 sing. inflected like laiafiai. Mem. Soph. Pind. elgyaad- egyvvfjLi (sgyco). indie. igaadrjaoixat as active. Soph. 75: imperf. (for sQxvtm). Doric. 3. egxon^oii. 14. Arist. Tyr. EPFQ). 109: perf. Pind. perf. kigyvvv. 4. English seek. rigdodfirfv (aa). see theme of aor. — See II. pass. 16. egafxai. 4. : i^sgdo. eigyaafiai actively or passively. Eum. 8: imperf. 3. Aj. opera. Arist. ^sch. pass.223. Eurip. aa&€. Pyth. 76. 14. the to do. 11. i^TJgaaa. 967 : fut. 94 Ach. 238. 20. igdcj. Conv. Poetic for igdco. See — — also sgafiai. 852.144 egafjL I'ttw Latin sequor. 34: aor. 411. 3. Vesp. Odys. 2plur. 593: I'^|a or sg^a. igyd'Co^ai (sgyov. figaov. elaBlgyvv^i. to be loved.

4. 10. 179 with the ending . 1 45 : imperf. sg€i 145 pluperf. k'g^o. 693. Herod.Esch. 890. 924: 2 perf. 4. i'gdov and egdov. Antig. 17. pass. Mid. Epic. igyad^ofiriv. II. 1. pass. II. Apol. kgsBLvov.. iEsch. 14. Tyr. it arceo. 23. 234: aor. and Ionic. Del. . igsida. imperf. 354. togyuv. 3. eg^^o) {EPFAOSl). . II. Soph. iQi]Qi8aTai and eQi^QsivraL. prevent. Soph. Odys. 437 2 aor. 3 plur. to prop. 3 plur. 152: aor. Phil. 145.. egsiaco. See also iegya. igesivofiai as Odys. eQytj As and arceo. rigeiodijv^ as middle. Herod. Call. for iogydai. ygsLOfiai and igrjgsiofiai. 320: pluperf. Loc. to do. sg^a. fut. 309. 3. to ask.. — tgdiaxov. II. hence ^aqyov. II. . See also gei^w. 3 plur. Herod. mid. Compare Eng. Herod. 666 fut. 127. active. The lish work^ German Werk. 481 II. sgyixai^ ansgy^ai^ sgya&ov. Sept. : — It seems to be etymologically connected with the Latin? to ugxeta. Odys. 4. 38: perf. in Hesychius. i^gstodfi^Vy — II. rjgsiaa. iotjoidaxo andi 13 . igsldofiai. 296 : aor. 284. 10. in composition ciusg^a. 350. transitive. Herod. 17. in the Elean inscription ya^tqyoQ. debar. 2. little or no relation tO' egda and sg8a} (EPFJl). 315 Herod. 1 1. 11. sg^ofiai as passive. Poetic 503. Eum. See also probably has aU^w. 233: imperf. iEsch. fut. 272: 2 pluperf. Epic. sg^a. igssivo (igio). 1. to lean upon. eogya. 3 plur. II. 305. II. Batr. — I>^«to. 5. 283.. 2 perf. 1406: aor. — of the first aorist. 1236: aor. 2. iterative. 6. igyd&ov. mid. Plat. sacrifice. 103:. 9. Epic. Horn. original theme was ^EPTSl. — Mid. 2. 13. 48 Odys. the original form of ugyo). Soph. to shut out^ exclude. : 124: 99 2 : perf. iSg/siv. pass. 137. Sept. 7. perf. Ionic iogyea. Odys. 5. Odys. 2. aor. raid.

rjgsiipa. igtjgiyfiaL. II. 329. Argon. sgEvy^ai. 62 1 Hippocr. 1. 47: 2 aor. pluperf. 4. overthrow. b. . 241. Hippocr. burst. tear. sgsvoa. Pind. compare ov&ag. 'PAFSl. igsvoai. 1. and perhaps with the Latin ruber. broken in pieces.95. Hippocr. w ith igio. perf. II. Cyr. : 2 aor. 3 sing. to fall down. Pind. 10. roth. opt. Cyr. II. carried off. 14. ruddy. 3 igigcnTo. 394. 295. perf. 7. igioixac as active. Odys. 4: aor.) iguTia {EPinSl). 469: perf. Igtvyo^ai. . Arist. rjgixov. fut. to rend. part. burst. 3. 332. from qlnxM. 5. : — : German Etymologically connected with the English red. to ask. to cast down. Xen. pass. II. 3. to have fallen. the future of II. egsi r^Qrigtiarai. 11 14. Odys. sing. Apol. igjjgLTta. 1397. impelled upwards. 4. i^gixov commonly intransitive. 128 1. pass. 3 sing. : Vesp. 358. igev&co and igv&alvc) (EPTGSl). Apol. : TJgiTiov intransitive. Latin uber. pass. II. Orph. to redden. frag. Epic and Ionic for igvyydvo. Hippocr. igTJgsLiifxathter: pluII. pass. igsG). 1. be rent. the theme of (Compare igeina). torn. — Mid. igsv^ofiat. 15. For the commutation of &. break in . English udder. mid. pieces. See also Igvyydvco. 65 aor. 7.— 146 perf. Xen. Soph. 18. II. fut. Olym. II. aor. igiTzivzi. 88 . pass. Hipis pocr. dvrfgsiijjdfirfv Epic. Epic. 79i: 2 aor. mid. and d. 17. perf. 2. gini]. 15 2 aor. 76 2 perf. not to be confounded stgca. 649 frag.484. also igvdgaivo) (igvdgog). rjgsL^a. and igvdi^va. 4. 11. igsvdsLTfv. 1 : aor. : igsLxco • (EPIKSl). intransitive. to say. also rjgi^oi. 7. Pyth. to 184 . rjg^QSivTo. 1142 riqriQBioro. It may possibly be connected with Q^yvvfii. igsiyja. : : It is probably connected with qlmw.

Apol. 1. also tgaa. the 2 pers. Arist. 874 Phil. 574. Ran. igcoTOLco. 12. perish. Hel. 89 aor. Arist. to ask. II. : Theoc. 1 plur. dnosgaa. crawl. eqsio (f'^iso). 83 fut.. quarrel. igidfiatva. rjggrfaa. anou) were probably wtt op F« «/?> anoffsg^ EQOsiE (v/ In its usual acceptation it corresponds a ELS.. pare %QQ(a. igtaofiai. Orest. egito. 62: imperat. riggriTca. Hesychius. 49 fut. As to ask. Hes. 1. fut. II. 6. Isth. igjtvoas (v). 31 : for igii^o. fEPSl or FfQQ(». igoifir^v. Tyr. Epic for iQSMfxsv. ygo^iriv. igldriva. 283. 500. (SiXQQsT. 434-5. sggo {EPSl). 348. 152. Ages. 1. to creep. : perf. igidaivo) and igiB^alvco. of the subjunctive of this verb is found in prohibitions. II. The Epic anof'gari (^ ). fxtjd^ av&ig sgnvtco. Compart. Ran. 21. Soph. causative. 225 : aor. igtSrjaaoOaL as active. 792. 80: aor. in the Etymologicum Magnum. imperf. original ^sQQfvsi. in fin. II. 23. — 4. 2 aor. 1192. Xen. to provoke. igijgtafiai as present. to contend. to eggijaco. II. firj^iv ^a^gav ansX&jjg. 329: perf. Eurip. (Sig^jg. and not to the present EPOMAI. wash or hurry away. for the common (qov. EPOMAI. aor. Odys. hence (SeQQtjg. 488. 260. Sgxpco. go away. iEsch. respectively. Eum. igea&ai^ igoi^ievog. 1. signvaa^ Arist. 1329: aor. to force or sweep away. 4. it is cJear that the dependent moods belong to the aorist tjqoiaijv. igijaofiat. 5. go to destruction. rjgiaa. for SgitG)^ II. frag. 4. Find. Etymologically connected with the Latin serpo. igt^o. Xen. igi^o- fiat as active. 611. ^tgTjdivH. — See 576. sgcofiat. II. 6. s\}h']. sgg a 147 fQflofifv. 15. ugnov^ Soph. Vesp. : Ran. The rest is borrovv^ed from also sigofxai. Arist. after fxri Arist. 11. : question. fut. in The theme was — — 4* . 1075. — Mid. 16. mid. 22. Thesm. Theoc. 6 igov. 23.

move.1 48 (Qvy it with the Latin erro . 1. to come: : 2 perf. ijgv^a. self. 351 Mid. 10. 2. 21. 4. 3 sing. imperf. 507. iterative. infin. 11.- The sg^ofiat Latin servo seems to be parent of igvco and qvofiai. watched. see igsv&c). 321. disgorge. — Hes. agvoa {ao). to draw. connected with verro {to sweep away). SQVTO as aorist is passive. to II. igvc9 —Mid. 11. to erud. 490 . II. Epic £ihj}. 178 : aor. II. 530. 199. igvOalvco and sgv&gaLvcD. 304. 2 sing. Cycl. igvxdvo and igvxavda). mid. fut. deliver. igvxofiaL as active. Vesp. eqvuo. 152. 484. to draw to one^s Odys. 8. 429 . 1. aor. confined. 3 sing. aor. II. 61. egvod^riv (aa). 5. pres. 5. II. 422 draw. 15. '^qwto. H. 854 rjXv&ov Poetic. 1207. 490. 125. etgva^ai. Odys. 913. igvxco {EPTKAKSl). etgvfiriv. 466. to fut. mid. — : : scgvov. long igv^o. aor. egvco {v). — : 138. 3plur. igvaofiac (oo). slgvad'Tiv. 25. ivas aaaxs. to come. Qocpsa. and elgvadixr^v are referred to tgvTcei.454. Theoc. Poetic. II. 4. Apol. EAOSl). 6. egvov. Compare and sorbeo. imperf. guard. sigvfiai. without the a. keep back^ detain^ 8. Eurip. U. 523: 2 aor. sk&oifxi. 1. likewise from EPTMI. Theogn. i^kvda. Anab. as a causative verb. 10. : aor. impede. Xen. solvo. iXd^uv. II. sigvaa. iXd^av. igijofxriv. ructo. 1. 10. rescue. It is an onomatopyy etymologically connected with the Latin erugo. 25 2 (if) 258: — The forms elgva.ovd'a rarely rilvd-a. protect. rigvxdxov {y). jEsch. Xvio. 5. fut. {EAETSSl. Epic. pull. iksv(jOfiai. imperf. eXd^B. igvofxai. 1208 8Qva&ai. . eXd-co. Odys. 22. Theog. Arist. 403 also igvofjiai without the o. bqvto. 2 aor. commonly ^kd^ov. II. from EPTMT. EATGSl. go. 459 . for igvxoy Odys. 12. 14. 8. : v. II. Prom. seems to be igvyyavo {EPTFSl). fut. 76. — «^i. ijgvyov.

later idov^ai and (pdyo^ai -saai. — ^v^ov. 19. 145. 2 sing. Xen. 2. Athen. it is As to rjkv&ofiEP in Goettiing's (Theog. The present i'gx-ofiai is a modification of EAOSl. II. — (payioig. 20. 118. II. fut. II. 13. II. also igico^ to ask. 7 Xen. infin. II. Of the i]Xv&s full form of the second aorist only ^Xv&ov. 433 — from. to eat. 303 : desist. 81. igorjaa. 7. 3. Soph. s(i{isvai. almost barbarous for qxiyoig. and iXi^Xvzs for iXrjXv- ^«T£. EPSl^ igcosa see hqco^ sgofiai. 8. 4. 20. usually edited rjXv&afisv. : : 4. sXobiv. opt. Arist. 345. part. Nub. II. 13* 2 aor. (igcorj. 22. drive back. 12. Odys. Lys. 1 plur. Anab. gio). Epic and iXriXov&as. dlriXovd^as 17. Athen. for iXriXv&a^sv. for 1. 137. give ivay. ihjBoxa. Cyr. 1081. 4. Anab. Doric for tjX&ov. For For the change of the commutation of X and q. II. 23: perf. pass. syncopated. 17. sStfda Epic. 1. 24. iXdwv. eXr^Xv&otriP. 1. Plat. ecpayov. hO : subj. s^oixai. Trach. 202. igarjaaas . form ta&oi is obtained by annexing ^w (for the usual . syncopated for eds^fvai (I'dsiv). Ionic for rjad'T^fiivog. pres. for eXtjXvdafisv. Epic. see Siga. sXaoifii. 9. 542: 2 aor. to tell . Epic. II. — ^ikrjXovd^^sv. T^gdr^aa. give way. perf. part. 74. and sgga. 28. move. 71 perf. Athen. II. Epic iSrjSofiai. U&oifii. Xen. causative.8. rjSsaOr^v. Laconian n^M. Phaedo. aor. rJXv&fg^ are found. forsook. left. ndaxw. see uXil^on. sXam. 9. 8. Theoc. 58 2 perf. igeorfas. 179 : opt. Odys. opt. sometimes soda and eSco [^AFSl). 13. to flow. 23. 105. The Phocylid. 2 aor. 129. cause to Theoc. iad'Tfixsvo?. 660). Odys. sSTJdsaixat. hasten. Epic. 1. 56: aor.sad^L 149 . & igcoj intOjj-. oQvixfq ' IIAOSl. Theog. iad^icj. 49. pass. Arist. Hes. 660. 15. fled 57. 4. 213. 75: fut. 13. 2 plur. 2. Hesiod 2 — Also eXi]Xvixsv Hephaest. compare ogvi^tg. II.

E2SI. to give an entertainment. fodder. <IiAI\fl. Saxon hitan. imperf. 400. Mem. to do good. feast. 467 : perf. Anthol. 2. rarely pocr. eloicdxa. Plat. 565: aor. to he. 20. 6. Apol. svda^ to sleep. Dem. Hippocr. 57 : aor. to the root of Idco usual form so&Ioj is a prolongation of Ba&a. Athen. Xen. 14: perf. Ages. avvidriv. Athen.). iait- dofiai. £t6TLafj. svrigyhrixa and svsgyhrixa. sdTto^ai. 440 aor. Mem. 3 478. 769. fiai. feed {fed). ta-x^w. 1212 : perf. see 87to. Odys. evrfgyhrifxac 2. 2. iajLoiao (a). see dvddvco. in Hesychius compare ytm). 10. 10. Isoc. see eiiii svads. Herod. Con v. evvrjdrfv. Athen. Epic and Ionic for svvdtco. put : to sleep. Arist. Dem. elandOrfv (d). 26 aor. : make merry. 52 : perf. 4. food. Xen. avsgysT^oa. Xen. Arist. Lysias. to benefit. fut. Dem. ioTTJxco (lajriiiL. EiaTLOr aa. r^vSov. iandaoiiai. as middle. see lajruii. . pass. Dem. . evvda (evvrj). 7 svYigyhriaa and svegyeTriaa. JEsch. iaiTJ^oAer. svegyBjico (sysgyhrf?). — the Latin edo. 6. 26: pass. 233 . imperf sddov and fut. fut. Vesp. and svsgysTTffiaL. 8. 1. HipSoph. 69 . to put to bed. Xen. — Mid. 1218 fut. It is etymologically connected with . Ly: fut. aor. Agam. intransitive. fedan. evvdofiat. Herod.: 150 e&a) or d&o)) BdTto ' The thus td-d(o. 28. curg. 469. de For iarrjio). 4 . €vvrj(fa. svvrjaco. Verbal evegyeiriTios. English eat. kaxidco (iaita). Its original form was p£<5c. Mem. evrigysTBov and svsgyExsov. entertain. Nub. 4. 2. § 25.at. to feast. eazrixa)^ to standi rare. 329 . hence y to ij a. 5. 4. evdijaco. Rhes. 337. — Mid. to sleep. Col. pass. 1571. 1. 29: Eurip.

found only once. 32 . 21 Hippocr. svgrifiai. fut. rjvxofiriv and ev^ofirfv. UXESn). 147: pluperf. Horn. 9. 417: imperf. rivy^ai. sx^ofxai. a defective II. Soph. 610: 1603 aor.: s%a ivgiaxco ( ETPJ2). 3. to roast. 15. 1. exa (EXQ. rj^d'y^ga. Plat. 7: fut. 679 (written also ix^gavTsos). 1. 4. Eurip. exd^agovVerbal i^^agfiat as passive. Thuc. See — seems to be etymologically connected with the English hate. 3. . 366. Odys. Soph. fut to have. Aj. Trach. 2XHMI.8: fut. Odys. Xen. ev^o^aij to pray. to find for one^s Nub. ix^atga (EXO^FS2). Odys. frag. to find. r^vyfjirfv. Anab. 728. 1105: perf. 5. Thuc. bIxov. to have a noisy contention with. kx^o^oTtijaai (sx^odonos). Thuc. in Suidas. Verbal svgr^Tsog. 2. svgTJxoifjii^ Soph. zsog.518. 45. Cyr. 59 . mid. : Herod. imperf. pass. 1133. 1. 1. inf. 93. svgofxr^v^ later evgdariv. Epigr. 4. Andr. — Phaedr. Eurip. Xen. Soph. Pass. used Soph. aor. Agam. Aul. Aj. b^o and gx^oo. Athen. Epic. and Odys. evfiai.Xen. Here. self Xen. ^x^ofir^v. 300 : aor. syncopated. evgrjaa. sv&ets. 44 perf. svgidrfv. Cyr. 615 40: 2 aor. Apol. Anab. Soph. Eurip. aor. 2. 546 . 48. d(pev&6LS. ZXESl. boast. 1280: 2 aor. svgrixa. Arist. 2. 459. singe. 389 : perf. 8. Xen. hate. 5. 6. Tjcpsv^ai. Verbal svxTeos. 44. Mid. Dem. ev^dfir^v. It ^sch. ev^o^uat. Antig. svaa. 151 20 : perf. aor. pass. . to eX^co. svgrffxai. Phil. pass. mid. 1. evxxo. Taur. Soph. 4. evgov. Call. fvp7/(yo^a«. Tyr. 2. £va). 15. 22: perf. — only in the present. imperf. also dnex^dvo^ai. r^v^duriv . 14. 17: aor. svgtaxofiai. Poetic. Aj. 1087: fut. Anab. 9. 5. 2 aor.to hate. pass.

Prom. 1387. 73 188 aor. Plat. from EnOXJl. 5. sl/6^riv and 6/rjaoixai. r/i//oi/. o/etv. : pass. eaxriiiai^ Dem. %??xa. {xard. and the derivatives f'|<?. endure. §§ 5. Tyr.466. . Epic for axe&siv. 1204: 27 2 aor. must be re- assumed theme 2XIIMI. Thuc. sometimes used Odys. of. Rep. 8. so/ov. 62. Soph.— 152 stpcn Anab. avvoxcoxas Epic. 4. a/edoLfzi. 425 Odys. 7. 235: Xen. Ionic for Herod. Ph^dr. lyixiog. 223 : perf. perf. a^S. '^yjrifiai. a^sadai. iyjijdco. s/ofxai. xa&sxiog : who ayjo 2. iyjTJaofjiai. r^ips. 3. . 5: perf. Odjs. 7. fut. 1. (o^oxSg) 2. imperf. 537. also aaxeSov . imperf. : 1. Xen. imperf. Herod. aor. II. '^iprjd^rfv. a^oiiiac hold by. a^sTios. Cyr. Apol. a/iOs^ oxsOslv. 21. : . 1. II. whence also ox^g. . infin. 5 . £|w. diiaxov ' 118. ei'xsf. 7. 284. 340. Rhes. pass. 184 8. 602 . pass. Athen. was 'exSL. paroxytone. 355 1. frag. 58. 6. axsOcov. a^h. Dan. found only once. get hold fut. 12. a^cofiai. II. 12. Poetic. Pyth. 36 II. Ionic as to form. Anab. 3 plural. 13: aor. compounded of avvox(07i(ag. 41 perf. 6. axol^riv. Athen. Elec. 1. Anab. to hold one's self. II. Arist. class I'xco with the Latin veho virtually connect ayoi to which veho seems to be related. ^sch. were closed or defended. Soph. — It seems to ETKaxoLTo. d/otrfv.2 aor. Pind. o/ov. 1 1 . axs&8Biv. — eipov^ . I'y/ee. Lys. axcov. iax^^riv^ Eurip. Compare The hence original form fut. nkuxoi). II. 9. 157. Arist. 23. is referred to ferred to the — Xen. 1. Anab. 126. sa/r^fiat. iaxoiiriv. 309 . 3. 2. . boil. part. 16. 9. 6. But see Rem. Arist. whence also oxBg. Ionic for sl^^f Herod. but diaaxf]. Soph. 3. ini and OXSl.— • Mid. Xen. 1. 3. sxrog). c>x^d(o. Verbal ixjios and Ach. 1 {^fl^X) 24. 259 Plat. 4. Athen. 1. to cook. 1013. rjxpr^aa. 3 sing. 31 . be a pluperf. passively^ as Herod. 6. 9. 218. imperf. didaxf]. pass. avviixpa. perispomenon. Elec. the other reading. border upon. pass. Eurip. rarely yxpa. with the rough breathing. 11: 2 aor. Hel. axofisvog. 48. : Plat. 19 perf. h^rig. — Those it with (^EUQ. 3 sing.

see d(pk(ovTai. 9. Arist. Apol. yad^tipovai. mid. infin. Itaov. cause to sit. 15. to sit. 149. Uvvvtii- and Uvvvco^ later for Uo transitive. 295. 295 fut. Odys. 100. sat a I and sXctTai. 10. 7. hence pres. 9. put on. : as imperfect. 134. soai ((^o). set. Uco. 9. Fyth. 6. Antig. 7. rjiJisvog. 'ESI. 3 plur. imperat.363. 263 . Thuc. 134. 57: imperf. 549.54. isaadfitfv. 657. in Hesychius. II. to clothe. 3. Eq. Ale. 11. 1.!]. iSgvco. also xad^rf- —See flat. 66. Dem.— Mid. xa5fi//£a). 455 perf. 4. 3. eiao^ai and saofiai (aa). as 3. 2. 1169. to sit. 58. 19. erect. ««To and biuto. for ^vrai. The original theme was ^EJl. The forms e^rjg and i'^r} (contracted from ilafg. 190 : aor. ^fxat self. yivvov. 3 plur. 355: pluperf. 10. and the new imperfect i^riv. tda (ZHMI). 807 present. for tjvto. ecovxai. Eurip. 794 aor. 11. see iti^l. See also s^ofxai. saas and siaag. stcfa or a'aa {oo). 345. Find. — . ty^^ Soph. pres. to be. Odys. dcpiri^a. Find. lt««) of the imperfect suggested ZHMI. Eurip. . 406. f^. Sup. 4. 11. aor. to seat. ^ad'ai. and lt??i/ only in the first person singular. 2 sing. 470. : : Anthol. place. 'ESI. mid. ^rjaco and ^rjaofiai. 7. 14. fut. 277.^361. implying e^sw. Elec. whence the imperative ^^^t. Anthol. Herod. mid. 323 . 3. to send. imperat. pluperf. Herod. 1. Srjd-i. si- and iadfiriv (ao). 414 3. 5. to live. perf. It^<ya. r/oo. Soph. to seat 07ie's II. elaov. (yd^rfv II. rl^ir^v . to place. ^i2. 13. Odys. 126.ffvv ai. 486. 'ESI. 163. 3 plur. sat. teas sitting. 2. transitive. Pjth. see slfxi. build. see Svvv^i. 153 Xen. Flut. k'aaau dadfisvos and iaodixsvos.

370: 1. Soph. 15: aor. 15: aor. to imperf. 16. Ti&tjjj^i. Thuc. 36 . S6vvvfii reflexive. 1 1. to ous. pres. iZia&Tfv later. aor. foo. ^svy {ZEXm. imperf. 1.154 UvyvvixL and Uvyvvco yoke. ('^^uoi^i). Anab. Cyr. pass. Xen. etymologically connected with the Latin jungo. Mid. infin. 255 perf. If«(ra^?^v. Odys. 3. 6 aor. Ale. Cyr. 145. U. Thesm. from dido)fxt. f«c3. 51. 1. 392. jEsch. intransitive. 4. pres. '^^r^xa. ^evyvvfisv. iEsch. ^evyvv^iaL transitively. 11. be vigorThuc. ing the age of puberty. i^svld^ffv. commonly Prom. pass. 5. Anab. fut. 112: Herod. I'focra rare. ^aaa. 3. Arist. Herod. 492. 1229. II. ^sao. Cycl. s^adfiai. aor. TJ^riaa. 59: perf. a^sofio^i. Eurip. Compare Epic protracted from dgojoifit from dgd(o. Eurip. dtdovvaL. 7. ri^do he at the age of puberty. Agam. i^vp]v. Anthol. Eurip. 6. Herod. {r(^ri). T^l^rjaa.^&rfv. Soph. ^covvv^a and tovvvca (ZOJl). Antig. 1. fut. — : Xen. yoke. Tidri(xivai. to lead. 778: perf. 826. : 29 : perf. ^ev^ofiai. e^coaoL. ^osv (s^oev). to join. 654 perf. II. to be approachfut. to gird. fut. 44. i^sv. 12: aor. sXiv^a. rare for ^da. to boil. ieco. II. think. 13. 6. 21. Tyr. also yl^daxco. 2. 157. H. II. s^eoa. Epic and Ionic for ^ao. Mid. consider. 181. pass. ^ft/|«. : pass. Compare It is 6. Hippocr. : : ri^woi^i. : — 14. rfyTJoo- . 1. Xen. 1640: sUvyiioLi. 8. Cyr. 1. live. Thuc. s^coxa. 1 : ZTPSl). 6. aor. Epic for ^cu/vvVat. Anthol. 9. aor. iJ/Jw/it iqyio^ai {ay a). jugum. 1 sing. pass. 16. English join. Thuc. Xen. 120. fut. pass. Xen. opt. 2. Sup. 4. s^coov. 947 aor.

fffit 155 fiai. 5. 9. to be pleased. rjarai. TfXdaxG) (dXdofiai). has the force of part. Plat. come. 353. 3. 3. to be collected. riyqfxivog (Doric a/T^^tVog). Xen. 23. 251. also wander. II. pass. pleasure in. as perfect. 3. to Anab. transitive. Dian. 2. to active. tively or passively. seems tjfiai. Mid. 550 in the sense to consider^ the present . 281 . 207 . 7. ijSofxai. Latin inquam. i^/sgsMfirfv. Ran. act foolishly. 7(^1 ((profit). 634 .457. take ^W?^i/ as middle. 2. Tyr.rfv rare. 4. riiiai. 1072 . intransitive. 5. 620. : . de Aer. 18. ^ 34 3 sing. riXaoxd'Cco. 1 plur. 127: 2. by some referred to this verb. for iiaxco. 5. 5. in the phrases r^v 8' i^6. Odys. place . be unsteady. move. Herod. . return. 448. Soph. rjtaxco. Eq. said he. II. 880: fut.aivofiai as active. TJsgiOotxai (dstgco). to wander. '^^sgsd^ofiai and '^ysgsofiai (a^sigco). 231 . pass. 9. II. 453 : aor. 10. i^iaxo^isv however i'lGxa. to ^}. At hen. had come. '^adfi. Xen. came. Av. returned. imperf. 8. 25. Thuc. Arist. Xen. from ^xo. 332 . 470 . Eurip. 26. ini^sgsdofxr^v. said I. Arist. rj^r^fiai. . Plat. to hang. also xdOrffiai. Odys. part. pleasures. Antiph. as pluperfect. fi. TJScD 11. delighted. to seat. Hel. ijdovTa. 11: aor. II. 6 : imperf. dirj^^riTai passively. ac: 40 perf. Theoc. 21. 'AJSl). 1. 8. to sit. 108: imperf. 11. assemble. flee from. Epic. Phoen. say I. to wander. neut. ^ d' os. riXaivco (dXdo^ai). T^ad^jjaofiaL as middle. ^ — Mid. in this verse may be imperf. colloquial. Cyr. Call. fjxov. it Dem. plur. Ax. ?]i/. Arist. has been related. to have come. Hippocr. 304. Epic. see 'E12. escape. 37 imperf. II. — to belong to to sit. 2. please^ very rare in the (dvddva. mid.

4. : 2. e. 161 II. be worsted. 90: fut. 38. 18. Epic. 3. rjfivaa. causatively. 10 aor. 336 . is used by the Lys. 95. Theoc. 64. Tsdr^la. 3. Pind. II. Anab. 3. 281. 9. to bow down. contracted : Attic Poetry. Tyr. 3. X^aXXt causatively. produce. Pind. 3. 40. d'aXriaoiiai later. Arist. •&dio^iai. II. to -O'dooG). as present. 2. to cause to grow. 18. Thuc. fut. 259. Xenophon. and the Orators. perf. Xen. a defective perf. loill give birth to^ Brunei's Analect. Phil. rjfivcj II. Hym. Cyr. the forms with aa are used by the Tragedians and Thucydides those with tt. d^daaaov. he said. Antig. 63. to bloom. d^aXida.. . 42 Soph. 194. 2 aor. nor. Hel. 2. 5. d-adaaa. Aj. stoop^ fall. Doric for d^rfso^uai. part. 355. 1400 aor. Cyr. flourish. 129:^ . frag. dressed. 1539 Herod. Odys. 23 Generally speaking. 25. — (v rarely v). 3. Olyra. edalov. Odys. 8. : 166 TlflVO But ^. 8. 22. Epic Poets without the appendage d' os. 3. Eurip. : Xen. imperf. by Aristophanes. 69 : pluperf. d'dlXco ( OAASl). fiai riTTrjao- commonly rfixridriao^ai. d^aXida. pass. 5. 3. tJttcov)^ to be infefut. Pind. . Epic for d^dlXo). II. 1242 . Odys. 419 (5) — : perf. sink. Soph. vnsfxvrjfivxs. yaar^piaL or {JTzrifiaL. 7. Cyr. 1 6. 148 . 33: 1. defeated^ conquered. Pyth. izsdr^XsLv as imperfect. caused to . Xen. : riaOri^avog Ionic iadr^fjiivos (ioOrjs)^ clothed. 678 .. 3. 1. 6. Horn. imperf. Apol. 373 perf. 32. Anthol. Theoc. are bent down. Lys. Soph. /-• ^ '^aodofiai or i^TToiofxai (rj(j(jc)v. in sit. 491. 1. Verbal rjacfr^jios or ^rr^/Tfo?. daXXrjcfo. 16. 450. 27. Doric Ti&uXa. mid. Soph. '^aaijOr^v ori^TTTJer^v.

Pyth. : : : : &dac>a). Aj. 770 : fiit. Soph. . 5. ha(pov. 1141. 8. xedi&^ai. 3. 1 1 1 028 aor. II.: 16. Pars. — Mid. hdcpriv. zfaor. fut. Plat. aor. Sept^ perf. 2 aor. 2. see d^vijaytco. Herod. : Cyr. Odys. 2. 123. to bury. sOsvov. d^dofiai. Thuc. 6. pass. 38 ? Verbal Poetic. — Ts^aXvla. to astonish.74: 3 fut. rare. 72 . iddodiAi^v. Odys. 24. Epic and Ionic. . adaaadat. 20. Odys. : 22: perf. 4. 23. d'sivG). idedadftT^v. II. to gaze behold with admiration^ behold^ : a Doric verb. 564:.. 81 5. d^dofxat. II. 418: aor. d^daofiai (a). 2 Odys. II. 2 aor.. to milk. Nub. 72 Odys. Tacpcav... 1. fut. jsOdiiJOfxat. Thuc. Osvcs. 108. Theoc. 14 . : sOsiva. Verbal d^anxios. Aj. d'av^ULvo (d-avfia). edsivovy Ach. 5^^. Theoc. 7. Anab. Msch. Tf^rjXvla. Arist. pass. d^dyjo). Soph. 2 part. 4. to bury^ fut. pass. &rjaai. JEsch. d^dnxco {OA^Sl). 191. see d'adoaco. flourish. to smite. Epic. Xen. 166:. TsOrfTia as present. Xen. 1. I'^ai/^a. infin. pass. see d^ditjco. Horn. iQdcpQriv dafifiat. Athen. to suckle. 168 Odys. Arist. Epic for 9. for d'av^id'Cco. d^sariog. 65. to be astonished. 105 11. 58 to . fut. d^sddofiat (a). 15. also to suckle. 89 : aor. Tsdrfjtas.4. 577. chius. Thuc. in Hesysuck. Hel. 17. iTsdrJTtsa. 243: 2 pluperf. : perf. 2. GASl. perf. 6. pass. iOsdOriv passively. d-qaal^riv^ d^daai. fem. 1140. (d^deodat). 481 430: imperf. Pind. d^sdofiai. 157 perf. at. to 1. Xen. lidacpa transitive. pass. 7.&SIV groio. Ach. infin. Soph. 370 aor. Epic fiavio). d'^oOat 4. 26 aor. 208. 0^NS2. 149.. 19 2 aor. d^svS. 23 aor. Arist. d^oLv- 0A0S1. 12. 18. 5. Hym. iOr^adfiriv. behold. 0A0II.

Cycl. 3. it may be. d'rieo^ai (ddo^ai). regular : fut. Athen. 35. Hes. Hes. 9 NASI). 23. &sgofiai. as v^ith the hand. : dXdao. Hym. d'egajtsvco. see Jidrffii. to run. fut. d^Xdo. perf. mid. 4. Thuc. Antig. aor. (OEYJl). 546. frag. Prim. Mem. II. 23. Tsdilrixa. Cyr. TievGOfiaL usually passive in sense. warm fut. ioariaa. ediyov. 97 : : fut. Av. to serve. to pray that ma fut. subj. 757: perf. 9 . Odys. devdofxai. 11. 1086 2 aor. d^vrjaxo Doric ledXay^ai. 271 .: . 54. II. Oavovfxai. OsgaPlat. Ale. Soph. to put. diaoavTo. fut. 17 . 205. the same as id^iXa. 824. behold with admiraHerod. and part. 1. {0ANSI. 480 aor. II. found only in the aor. 12. behold. 158^ ^bXo Osvs. to tion. 1. Poetic. 7. die. imperf. burn. i^rir^adfir^v. heat. court. 306. Op. JVem. pass. 507: 2 aor. one's self. adigriv as middle. diydv. adldaa. 1. to be dying. Odys. Orfrfaofiai. JEsch. 19. Arist. to touch. pass. Arist. 41 Hippocr. d^Lyydvo) (OIFSl). Ts&iXrjxa belongs to he condemns it. 8. d^iXo. Herod. 22. : : Etymologically connected with the Latin tango (root tag-). According to Phrynichus. the Alexandrian dialect . 687 Heracl. to obtain by prayer.4. 6sv£Lv^ Oevdv (divav). Eurip. 61. Rhes. dsgio) 17. ^sgansvaovTccL is transitive. 229 d^iaaaoOat. 331: Mgao^ai. Soph. sdsov. Odys. to 6. (Osgco). 1. diyuv. Athen. Xen. Av. to bruise. Horn. Ionic. 7. 5. 18. Eurip. mid. OaviofLac. break. 390. fut. Hip. 3 plur. . Pind. Tadiaofiat. 1. OslTJao. Xen. Osaadfisvo?. Oi^ofxai. gaze at. 30. the perf. 20. d'ics. 18: aor. Col. 10: fut. Apol.

Tsdoivdfiai. — . Anthol. Soph. pass. : aor. Prom. rsdvdvai. debilitate.. jEsch. frag. xBOvrj^o^at. Cyr. Tyr. Col. Herod. see Rem. 3. also rsOvrj^co. in Hesychius. aor.36. adga^a. Eurip. 294. jQuaoM. 863: aor. 4. &gdcicio (ragdaaa)). to he tumultuous. 212: aor. haOvdeiv^ OvsSg. / feasted. d^gvKTco see rgicpo). iOoiviaa (as 1. — Mid. 1025. Ooivdofiai. Eurip. hgvcpriv. edavov. Hes. TsdvaOi. 2. rsdvairiv. GPEXSl. to feast. 248 : fut. aor. mid. 5. Hippocr. 1706: 2 perf. to feast. 159 Agara. to disturb. frag. as present intransitive. Ionic x^r^vV.mksSS^ 19 . idgvq)dr^v later. 9. d^oLvdcD. Eurip. : . Xen. Soph. 550: perf. 129: . d^od^o. i if from -i^o). II. 15: 2 aor. IdgdxOriv. pass. rough. Cycl. 2: 2 aor. ts2 pluperf. 346 : pluperf. It is formed from Tugdaaa by metathesis and contraction. Rhes. Eurip. Lysias. : OOP : intransitive. TaQaaaa. for dadaoo^ in Attic Poetry. This form gives jgax^s. SI. 6. upon. Cycl. 7 equivalent to doivdofxai from Ootvdeo. ridvaa. uneven. pass. The change of t into & may be considered an anomaly. § 68 : Rem. Ion. TQaaoaeo. II. break in pieces. dgd^ai. II. Oga^ovfxai. Scut. xixgrixoL. 628 perf. 812: fut. pass. Perhaps the original theme was OPAXSL. 42: perf. explained jagd^oixat. feast upon. iEsch. see Ogadxo. feast Eurip. 1279. idoivaov intransitive. dgvTtTo^ai. ^ 68. Soph. Prom. to entertain festively. 244. Ages. — GPE0SI. 363. to put to sdgvipa. see r^i/o. (OPT0J2). Anthol. idoivrjdriv Odys. idoivr^adfirfv. d^oLvdtco. 2. Xen. 377 aor. &Q(xaa(a. as middle. Epic. 7. 4. 95 : aor. crumble. xiOvT^xa. 982 imperf. Cycl. 8. JEsch. zsrgjj^^siv as imperfect. Mid. OoLv-qaoiiaL and doivdao' fxai (d).

5. fut. Ovao (y). 231 perf. Call. 8. jEsch. to send. frag. — occasion. 38 Xen. 8. Athen. aor. 1. Hym. see zi/^o. 877 aor. Cyr. 1062. Arist. jiOv^ai. 197 (twice). dgvxpofiai. 2. Eum. Arist. II. 21 . 792. 12. 10. and Arist. be dainty. Troad. edifaa. Xen. heal. 8. 11. on some special . 84: imperf. Arist. OvofjiaL. to Arist. 54. i6vadfi7]v. Xen. Heracl. ment. 3. 342. tdaofiac (d). to sacrifice. 7. Conv. 25. 10 . Odys. 49. 413: perf. Eurip. on . 82 ? See also dvio. Anab. Tsdgvfi^ai. iaad^riv.: 160 dg(o<s airs. 2. Choeph. &vsiv {v). JEsch. IdB^riv passively. Nub. Lys. edogov. Pyth. The 7. 18. \ dvco. Find. 11. Ova. (0OFJ2. to rage. tala. 2. — 1141. 16. 446: fut. 9. Plat. outrun. fut. rush. d'ye) and Ovva (v). 0Y0SI. OFOS2). jEsch. 2. ^vaof^ai penult of the present is passive in sense. move rapidly. II. Sup. 1237. Ach. Ovaofiai. 891 Eq. Eurip. 32: aor. Prom. 443 : . Imak^. some important purpose. Arist. Odys. tdo^aL. . 22. Eurip. Anthol. . to cure. : be fut. . Elec. 560. nagdvaa {v). jEsch. Mid.2. 1. 1. Av. Thesm. 1163 &gcoaxG} : perf. 9. or for TeOvfiai. 874: 2 d'VLG) aor. 327 aor. tdXXco {lAAIl). is Anab. Ovao). 8dv6a. Oogiofiat. to dissyllabic. Oogovfiai. jump. — : : 242. II. 179 80. generally long. 1281 i is long in consequence of the augthe 8. Anthol. Tsdvxa. fut. pass. Herod. hvOrfv (if). fut. rush. re^idered vain. pass. pass. 180. sOvov and eQvvov. move rapidly. Poetic. spring. 25: aor. Herod. sacrifice formally. for to leap. iT^Aa (t). Mem. 1232: aor. Verbal Ovtsos. Hom. spoiled. 1. Xen.

Eurip. fem. dedi- cate. : : : perf. 42 : aor. II. sdga). dxoq {rixog). ta/rftjco.|fo? (Ft F« jc. to shout. Xen. 45 . hence Compare FtF«<. — Mid. 11. 388 : aor. Plut. Hippocr. 4. id/cD and laxio). Elec. 8. 1339: aor. pass. Id^ojovaa presupposes a theme in Odys. 4. idgvdr^v and Idgvvdriv usually as middle. Hepre- rod. IJSl. In the Epic and Ionic dialects. 4. Herod. idgvaco (v). Heracl. 3.(f o?). Idxriaa. 256 : fut. rixog. imperf. pass. 6. 6. 316. tdgva and cate. 2. Cyr. 1. screaming around. lo- fut. 482 965 1523 aor. (Econ. a building. 625. 707 . Phoen. • — -WW. We Romaic II. II. 17. Dem. build. Aj. consecrate as a temple. 124 : perf. Av. as present. Idgvofiai. 12. Soph. II. ^ 17. "Eq. ISgoOy to sweat. see EUSl. 14* . Thuc. avuvvtai contracted from avieovtai {an- dovTtti). 2. Arist. Arist. II. to hasten. and finally idxca. 4. Xen. 2. if>9^i/^ Arist. iBgvaa. Xen. establish. 7.: isfia 161 Herod. 2. H. 1191 : perf. . 'IJPTNJl (tt«. 11. 39. idgvfxai. Bac. 134: imperf. Bax/og. 3 sing. /5ax-). 2. 217 Eurip. ibga}- aa. 119. de present were in -aw Aer. leizat {dill). Etymologically connected with vdag. idgvaoiJLai. fem. 1. Idgwaa {Idgaovaa). it is contracted as if the as opt. iaxov. a^anito. laxvch. 3 ferred to its equivalent eladiiriv from 'ESI. 597. 236. fut. part. 44. suppose that the original theme was fAXJl. English water. 4. Thuc. *'/a>t. fut. sweat. for aviMviaif as future. ^(x^(o (§ax-. 24. Eurip. II.fw. l^gdaca. 15: aor. rixia. idgv^at. 154. like /?t/?«(M from /?«w. place. part. 4. to place. IdQOJOvtag. dvlaxog (a Ft«/o?). 19. Eurip. 274. to seat. Thuc. Herod. 78. Latin sudo. erect Verbal tdgviiog. Arist. 10. Orest. protracted from Idgrnvrag (IdgaovTag). Ran. wet. 809. Cyr. for Idgovaoe.^vLa. i8gvddfjLfiv. dfji(pia. IdgMr}.

d^ai. 18. institute. 1405. idS. Isth. Hel. place. elxa. rf(SOfiaL. II. with good writers are much more common than the remaining forms of the aorist ^xa. (EIl\ to send. 574. icpsr^xa. 523 10. 11. — On the other hand. sink. Mid. 11: 2 aor. Dem. eg. 49 : aor. 121 . Eurip. : perf. perat. Mid. (lio). 'E£2). 76 gadai. Vesp. The forms Ulg. pass. 125. ^xa only in the indicative. Ran. infin. Tiao. Odys. 479. Msch. Hier. Thuc. 14. 7. to seat. stfiriv. 18. II. critics. 1. Tfo Xsig. 4. U(o II. 292 fxai. : 209 perf. Herod. fisduco.— 1. Phoen. ufiai. — one's self. with the rough breathing. 823. Soph. 2. Arist. : aidriv and Wriv. 18 . also opt. ^xe. Ven. 23. The singular ^xa. ^vvarixa. Epic also eaa. sir^v. . 162 This verb u(o Many modern is the middle of tl^i. to send. . dviaa. 1376 fut.— 119. Xen. htv. it^v. 3. 34 fut. 258. Xen. eao). 271 . Herod. hasten on. 6. to send. Arist. to sit. establish. 1 1 See also a^jt^^i.. ^xag. 8. 622: 2 aor. II. pass. 8is. 1. Sfiat. hi. I^ov. dvEdai^i. Tyr. Antig. lec (iff). Eurip. 265: aor. II. S. 21. composition. im338 Odys. 565: imperf. — . fut. eifXTiv and l'^?/v. Eum. . 469 . ^v. however. avvLHVf Theog. See i'rffiL : also Ttadi^o. 18. 1. II. 18. i^xdfit^v rare in the Attic writers. Epic stfxa only in 108. 1521. 966 8. II. Odys. refer it to Xripn. the singular . also intransitive. 76: imperf. and accordingly write I'e^wt. Anab. to cause to go. 162. sfjLSvog. 1 629 : aor. aaaifii. Herod. i^ofiai. dcpii^xa. Xen. pass. ^xav. Find. 4. Soph. Eurip. ov (bo. 1000. used only in the indicative. Tyr. Arist. Vesp. in which case and l^dvo) (Ito^at). 7. 1. low (lsov). to sit. to go. idrjao- SLvai. to send Verbal hios. Elec. 422. settle. that is. II. let are often written they are referred to I'w. 1. desire. 4. 355. imperf. 5. and the 3 plur. see dcpirifiL. Dem. Soph.

230. acpl^o^ai. 3 sing. Trach. 3 sing. Epic. Odys. See also Rem. subj. : part. Epic also IXdo^iai and ikdiiat. btj. ^g. ttqooIto. 78: 6. Idvvdriv. . aor. Hes. 1. 9. The fut. 567. II.ai. set referred the former. 10. for or rather Xow (Xtov). 32. to 1. 550 . Epic. Poetic. Scut. 10. act. Hes. 1 16. imperf. Hom. IxTo. Tyr. 6. ixco (I). 20. — 3 Odys. 127 . Slc. 5 rarely tXio^at and Ueoofxai. ^v is > 163 See also not used in the indicative. Xsaav. 270. — sfoxa. Hym. ixviofjtat (lxcs). and the l'?. II. r|operf. mid. II. long II. II. : — . see mid. idva (v). favorable^ jfair. 6.414. 10. 165. otcpewrToii avtovrai. 3 plur.100. «y^^. long a. oiviaai(jii to *£Ji. . to come. 1 Xblv. 5. 798 fut. however. 317: aor. come. h]g. Odys. 2. II. to direct straight forioard^ iOvva. 3 plur. — ' Odys. 1. for aveXviai (not for the present avievzai).p. Soph. pass.: tXa& of the 2 aor. Xr^v Rem. opt. dcpiy^ai. clearly are by some belongs to ldvv(o (Idvg). 4. Magn. Mid. 2. to propitiate. Epic also for for for w. § see 72. Mid. 1. Hom. ilxa. pass. 9. II. 'Ep'icXsv I'w. Epic only. Odys. idvaa. 118. 12. aor. 5. acplrjfii' II. as wind. for Etymol. to come. for eIvtoii. v. or «l'w. Herod. ^sch. 1. . — See dcpixviofiai. rip. 197: aor. 2. sitive. avrjTiev. 10. ^ 54. Xen. Prose v^^riters use the — : : : — compound fxr^v. perf. 2. acpixo- also ixdva. perf. Epic for I'xsto. II. Herod. acplrjfii. : to rush straight forward. 2 aor. 475. Soph. 773 . 420. The Florentine Codex has civstavTai. 3. fyfA. IxdvofiUL as active. analogous to acpicavtm. aor. avtoa. II. II. Sup. for ttqohto. oivi]rj. II. mid. 362. 23. sing. 142 imperf. II. 2. 552 perf. 34. Anab. 122. perf — twvtai. 2 aor. Theog. txofirjv. II. 370. idvvo^ai tran16. to place^ put^ seat. 1. II. 229 fiai. . voc. 29). 11. 2 Herod. lycdvoi (ixo). rjqilEiv. Hym. — — eaoj. Plat. tiqo'leiv. See Buttmann's Lexilogus (avrjvo&ev. 33. T^ov. 2 aor. Txov. IXdaxo^ai. 29 2 aor. txo. 3 plur. 254 imixdvov as aorist. 481 inUBvog adjectively.

poetry ic(d(xc nojoiofiai. also the following. Call. 9. 52. 7. 3 plur. dat. 4. 19. Horn. Theoc. Epigr. — See 100. Herod. Theoc. See also inlatafiai. 7. 203 22. I. as 15. HTASI. iXTf/i 7. a Doric Theoc. 5. 441 2 sing. 10: fut. suppose that it was suggested by I'aaah the 3 plur. Hes. iTndfxT^v. Apol. later Epic lla^dfxriv. laavii. imdfirjv. LfxigOriv as 14. . laxov. and subj. 14. Pyth. Ikd- 'I AHMI (IkdofiaL). Op. Uifxaifu as present. Pind. {12A SI. 359. for si2a or frAAo. 3.: 164 Leg. 143 . mdfxevog. EIJ^. Odys. 10. act. II.64. iEsch. Lysias. 365. in the present and imperfect. 1608: fut. formed from IJSl after the analogy of 86%a from donioi {JOK/l). for Ifietgo). pass. 1 plur. 1 1. 5 Apol. Hym. Mid. inflected like tWa^a*. a bird. 1. : aor. 2. — : ^iBigoiiaL as active. Pyth. IfjLscgo 21. Tnalr^v. pass. 1093. 1. 41 : aor. 98. 165. STtrriv Doric anxdv. 4. Udadr^v passively. 15. part. 6: ddfitfv (aa). insro^rjv. See also Rem. nirjvaty jizds. 279 imperf. § 70. to fly. Ikijxo present. The early writers commonly use nhofzai. opt. active. 431 aor. ^olic Sapph. later Epic IXdiO' . ilrfdi. 380 : perf. 20 3 sing. 799 . 41 . fjiai. Prom. know. sing. . Aul. Eurip. 46. Compare aadofiai from aarj. IXdaofiai (a). Nem. . 31. 99 2 aor. 146. Ifisigdfxr^v. mid. of oida. — 3. TirdaOaL. and in TtTSixat. taafisv. 44. aor. 27. . {'IMEPSl\ to desire. iixsggo. II. Plat. taavTi. : ijiTdfitiv. Old a). 11. 16. 15. 208 : 2 aor. . for itaxto. This verb is derived from the noun I2A or I2H. Odys. tarig. TtTrjaofjiat. imperat. imperf. 808 1. Odys. TAAo. 34 ladTi. — — tdTco. inTHMI). 115. 163. Odys. to be propitious. as iTiiafxai (jihofxai. Odys. Pind. Vesp. Arist. II. instead of Xma^ai. to verb. Others aat] from «ai or AJJl. inoxaofiriv. Odys. 1. Leg. Pind. iXddi Theoc.

fut. 18: pluperf. Cyr. 203) Xok^ ifjsvdea nokXa Xeyoav stviioigiv 6fiol<x. Anthol. fut. to cause to stand. Xen. 14: Soph. LcfTavo. where o^uola may be said to be suOdys. imperfect intransitive. 10. LOTr^fic {laidcoy i^jjrjxco. idxifxco. 16. drS. 103: imperf. ! Theoc. eaidfjiai Tim. 4. Xen. Herod. : was rare. erect for one's Arist. Soph. Xen. — Mid. (a vexed passage). eaxrixa as present intransitive. iaiddriv (a). Rem. place. self. 62 aor. 4. iaxm. 2. 240 3. latdo) set up^ erect. to stand. 19. Xen. intransitive. both ancient 1718. The subjunctive and optative passive may take the accent . eaxrfv intransitive. 7. idTrj^o^ai. axrjvat. did not know the true state of the case. 834. Phil. : iaxTJxsiv or etajTJxstv as 1. ox-qxa. 2JT^J2). Ldxafiai. {UTASl). 5. the original form of laxruAi. 37. generally transitive. i'axov means tkei/ said. inasmuch as it is implied in Xam. dx^Ot. pass. 1463: 2 perf. 33 aor. and modern. Tyr. 3. § 68 2 aor.icfTtf 165 . idTairfv. . 2. 2. 11. 4. 53. Thuc. later also saidxa transitive. pass. Cyr. raise. 18. for taidco. are of opinion that the later Epic poets misuri' derstood the Homeric passage (Odys. Dem. iarS. 697 8. 6. : 89 perf. laxsv ocvtjq Exaaiog. iaxdetv as imperfect intransitive. Hel. Thesm. 3. ' standing. telling many falsehoods he made them appear like truths. shall stand. and Apol. Xen. 106. Thuc. Longin. : : I stood. 22. 22. axahjv. Cyr. satadt. iaxdvai. made a wrong — inference. Many critics. every man labored under a mistake. 2. 1. as present intransitive. Verbal dxaxios. attributed the fact to a wrong cause. airjaa. larr^fii. 19. 167. Ax. also laxdva. 4. 4. ^ 68 2 pluperf. : 1. 1. 4. 17: 24 perf. Plat. 807. 1. Rem. 31 perfluous. 25 . iWoi/. 396. Herod. de Sublim. Xen. Cyr. 139. loxdo. Thuc. axrjaofxat. also iauj^a. axds. aor. — See Xen. eoTTfaa. iox-qcid^riv Hel. Cyr. 2. eaiaa. also transitively to set up. 6. conjectured. Plat. to stand. 8.

aTaaxov. is intransitive. 708. 3. 17: imperf. 16. 3 plur. II. 2 aor. taxsaxai. Hippocr. 5.12. Ran. 535. &c. 36. see vjita/viofiai. Theoc. irifxi. 2 sing. iEsch. 11. 5.56. 83. check. 11. Epic for saTtjoav. edj^el if the last syllable permits it as. subj. 1. 'tataaav. II. 941 . imperf. 22. to have risen up. &c. grasp. &c. Antig. 160. In some compounds whose middle &r}v («). to go. 574. idxvavov[xaL as passive. from eatav or axdv. Prom. Call. the perfect active may be translated as a real perfect as dviaTtjfiL. haiaeiv. 1. I'a^^cj (f^»). — — — . make lean. Herod. 1 plur. ice^vioixac (l^xco). withhold. 1112. 3 plur.24: fut. 297. iaxvaivco (l(fxv6s). 3 sing. hinder. dry up. ta^dvo) 14. a/rida). 4. I'ffxaas later. ed^rixa. as avaxd for avaaxa for uvdaxrid^i. to attenuate. 196. — — — . The only forms which prove the existence of Iw are ^vyiov . see LG). . seize. 3 sing. Cyr. used only in composition. laxvava. 598 3 dual atrjtxov 17. ciq)laTr)Tai. 269. &c. 2 aor. were standing. 3 sing. Min. 9. . 307. English stand. 239. 304 fut. dve'axTjxa.166 on the antepenult. repress. IvVtor. to rise up. pass. 1. Hippocr. 3 plur. 331. stay. Diaet. 1 plur. II. de Salubr. sifii. Odys. perf. acptoLfii. : Ill. to set up^ dvlaxay. Plat. 24. axi^tj for axjj. it 9. ax^rjg for axjjg. Ionic for iaxd&tjv (a). 3. Odys. to have^ hold fast. 217 18. opt. ^vviaxoljo for ^vviajalTO. pass. Herod. perf. . taxoLvdo) (ta^^o). for axafisv. aor. see ^sdirifii.cii. iterative. Epic axitofiBv and axslofisv. stehen. opt. 182 only in composition. Anthol. German Dem. restrain. 19. ta^^vdvOriv. II. as in %«. aor. Ionic i(S)(yyiva. II. II. The theme 2TAfl is etymologically connected with the Latin sto (root sta-). : — — — . pass. axd for axrl&tf for airlxov. and 387 to check. Arist. II.273. sax a a a v. § 11. 2 sing. another form of subj. sty. Odys. Epic for tairjaav. dfio). 1 aor. For fiefxsApol. Soph. As to 2 aor. is now edited saiaaav. 89.: mid. 15. Xen. sisto. aor. 30 imperat. for iaxdBuxavxai. Ti^kvo?. 8. 18. 18. Xaraaicov. iterative. 193: subj.

xadijfxsvos. KAJSl. ^^ai). Verbal . Hel. ixadi]gdii. xdOcofxai. Anab. Xen. sit down. xadagovfiai. Eurip. to sleep.) . &/C. hb&uX. 5. 167 (isd^lsi. xsxddagfiai. (Econ. xadebovlater xadsdTJaofiaL. xdOr^ao. 1. 558. imperf. Thuc. Xen.20: aor. 2. xadevdrfaa. later Epic for oca^Xd^o. 27 Leg. fut. Poetry also xade^oixriv. xadoLfxrfv. 1. later. pass. that may. Hippocr. . Xen. later for xdd-rjaaL opt. perf. 304. xadevdov or xadi^vdov. ocayxXd^a. aor. Anab. 8. 1 plur. Plat. 7. 200 Diogen. see xuLvvfii. . 72 (Aristipp. exade^o- Thuc. xaOs^ofiat (xaxd. fxE&ioifih lib) ' they is. Conv. to purify. 1597: fut. Anthol.611. xadrjaOai. iEschin. xadevdco (xaxd. pass. 91. Arist. fjiai. 1 1 . 18. ixaOdgOriv. Plat Phaedr. i^iei. Xen. Eq. Plat. liiSfiSTifisvog. Eccl. 6 fie&a xd&Tj. 3. ixadrjfi'^v 4. e^o^ai). 149. as imperfect. Anab. sit to clean one's self. 2. 104. ixaOiadr^v as : middle. 2. fxs&l(o. 2. 9. Anab. 1. 1. 5. fut. 2. Verbal . 644 fut. ^d'Ca. ixddsvSov. Xen.rfv. As to fxsS^lfig. aor. Lys. Cyr. pass.. 754. fxriv. : Laert. 9. xadsoOrj' aofiai as middle. be referred they may be accented fn&ulg. xdOrffiai (xaid. usually as aorist. which see. Ran. xaOsvSrjoa. Col. 7: pluperf. TcadagTios. by a change of accent. xadagS. 5. 8. Hippocr. 35 .6: aor. xa^if(like xexXjjiis&a from yaXia). 5. com' . 2 sing. Xen. Xen. He- 33. to sjf. Xen. Thuc. evSco). II. x\rist. Tcadaiga (xadagos. in 14: imperf. 7. down. 40: fut. 104. pass.ca0fv^)?Tfos. ixddr^ga KAOAPSl\ and ixdddgu. to racl. 18. Cyr. or xadrjfiriv Arist. Soph. perf. GEcon.C. — Mid. fii^iol- &. 2. cleaii. 16 aor. 3. : xadTi and to (Xl. ocaOaigo^ai^ Xen. Arist.

Poetic als^ sxea. ycaOi sing. Pind. 1. 6. xadL^rjaofiai. 42: pluperf. 1 Xen. Xen. 24. Ran. Xen. 1. monly written ita&oifis&a' imperat. for the kill. Plat. Soph. 82. Q. 1054 : aor. exavaa. Poetic. 20. xuivvfiat {KA//SI). 12. Lys. pass. to burn. aor. thus xad-fioc. II. 74 Cycl. xixava. ixddiaa. Hel. 1. Odys. to set. Bion. Herod. Thuc. II. 40 . Olym. Eurip. 97 . Psal. : traction. Arist. 5. xavco. 176 . 21 fut. 530. Eq. 785 : — 190. aor. Plut. with the accent on the penult contrary to the analogy of verbals in fi6g. xaiva {xthvco). also to sit. 1. ixavadfxr^v and ixT^d: — . Theoc. Doric xadi^co. 288 perf. 849 . Xen. 4. 5. 4. ornamented. Poetic. pass. 545. . II. ixsxdafiT^v. 68. 3. Xen. II. 21. xfxai/xa. Hel. to excel. 1. Cyr. imperf. it common xtxiayavovtsg xaia {KAT£2). xaTaxsxavoTfg. fut. aor. to Hercul. Epic exria or exeia. Doric ixddi^a. Mid. later TcaSi^o (xara. Arist. kindle. Ionic ocaTLdco.h. also xdo long a and without conset fire to. Rhes. 2. 911 5 : 2. . 4. 16: aor. 90. Epic and Ionic. 4. in 7. Anab. 3. 51. 2 Septuagint. fut. Eurip. ^sch. 37 perf. Cyr. ixdriv (a). xd&ov. xixav^iai. 9. Agam. . 457 2 aor. xavaco and xavaofiac. be distinguished. Eurip. surpass. xixaafiai. 725. some of the ' re- 2 perf. 4. x£xa(jfiivos and x€xa8fiivog. 36. 106. 9 . 7. 5. to sit. ito). ixavdriv. We may suppose that the noun xoafiog is formed from the theme KA/ISl. 464. 1. 3. cent editions. Col. 231 perf. Herod. 19. fut. Anab. Phaedr. Arist. Mid. 1075: 2 Theoc. xaOiaa. 24. implies a See Schneider's note on the passage. 1. 7. : : aor. Odys. Odys. pass. Arist. xadt^ouai. Thuc. 80. : xsxdadai. xaa-fiog.: 168 for x(x&f}ao. 546. Xen. zaOico. ixaivv^T^v. place . ixadiadfiriv usually transitive. to be adorned. sxavov. xoa^og. II. 2.

1 . Tcufiiofiai. : : 467. -6tos or -ozos. Apol. Ionic for ysAtjVTai. fut. 164: opt. — Eurip. II. Mid Verbal xkr^Tsog. 1. Eccl. rarely xaxij^a • 15 . ycajOL liYiv transitively. 62. — 864 : aor. xsxXfjo. II. 169 1. xex^fxai. to call. 30: perf. 16 . 253. Thuc. 3.a {KAAQ^ KAAQ). Tcdfiva spend one^s (KAMS2.k'nhfiY. 168: 2 perf. 3 plur. ocaXijfxsvai for xa}. Xen. 16. Xen. y. II. 4. 2. 234 y. Arist. 402. Etymologically connected with the Latin calo^ English call. xXji^sd^a. Dem. II. 10. ixXjjdr^v. fut. Aj Hippocr. Apol. 1368. Thuc. Arist. 23. 2. Odys. Hec. Hel. 93 <?«. ycaXov Tca^iofiac. 15. 2. time in. grow iceary. from xakia. Herod. 341. 802. iterative. 2 sing. be sick. KMA SI). 9. 6. Soph. xakivdiofiai (xvXlvdco). 59 2 aor. 202 II. Herod. xsxfxrixa. Thuc. xdXri^L. 4. 3. part. to breathe. xsxfxi^ag. exdnvaaa. 1140. 3. 1 plur. 2. 18. 3. summon to a court. to break in pieces. Epic. xaria^a. xaXsi as passive. 9." .a. 3. 125. mid. 11. 232. 562. aor. Arist Plut. perf. Soph. . 580 Soph. 3. infin. 3. Herod. to call. : — l^ai. Cyr. 52 . . fut. pass. Epic (xey xufiov) xExdixo). 1.ijciofxai. rarely sxaModr^v. 6. 2. Epic. Lys. II. ixa^opiv as active. also xudfisvos. pass. 119. : ^aUaa. 22. II. 2 sing. Anab. Thuc. 7C€>c}. 1514: pass. sxafiov. 6. 88 xaksa . xaxdyvv^L and xoLxayvva (d/vvfxi). 338. xaxd^a aor. Plat. Xen. Soph. 2 3 fut. to roll about. Phil. xufiovfiat. xaXiaxETO. 12. pass. not Attic. 260 perf. II. pass.akt A«. 1. Xen mid xsTtlEaiai. xsxitXiBoxov and xuX^axov. 480 aor. 1. imperf. Rep. Eurip. Orest. 46: aor. KAIITSl. ixaXsadfXTfv. fut. 6. part.rjvai. 15: perf. 3. 34 2 aor. 9. fut. ly. to labor. Trach. Anab. II.

xu/5^uXhv. Apol. 3 sing. subj. 2 aor. pres. xctT^aXsiv. xatafu^aig. Epic 5. also xwra yovv. 2 perf part. V05. xatyovv. 698 . 164: fut. TcaravaXiaxG)^ see dvaXiaxco. 500. 2 sing. see xaio. Olym. . Hes. xayyovv finally. : 88 icsSoMviai. xsLfxai. for dxsddvvvfn. Find. 19 Herod. Op. ixsddaOi^v. to pant. KA0E£2. with Tcaid. 4. to down. 657. 570. 664. • : 73. xaT£.170 Tcaxa 2 perf. see xard/vv^t. xaTa/gdo (xard. to be imperf. for . 8. xctva^aig. 7. Lysias. xaia^gi^aei.^ga. 468. 156. Epic. 159. 22. Antig. xeddvvvfAL {aa). rarely xdirfya. part. pass. 1. xa^^d^co or xa%yXd^co {XAAJ£2). tcaia^AFJl. — xaTsayM. 5. to bubble up. pass. aor. 1114: aor. The infinitive of the compounds takes the circumflex on . Herod. . xdco. xaxpa|a*?. 7. Impersonal xaia^^gd. 2 aor. Anihoh 6. ^or. {KEJASl). connected with the Romaic xoxXd^oj. xsxaq)r^6s as present. pass. : ^tatsd^txg. 2. Lysias. lie Epic and Ionic xiofiai (KES2. Apol. xapp«|at?. like xaxa^aXuv. xatsa/fig. pass. Odys. for HUTu^aig. sufficient. swell.276: ixidaaa pluperf pass. part. II. xexibaajo. 2. (Econ. Hippocr. xavd^aigt the actu' al form. by dropping the second p and changing the other into v. It is formed as follows original theme F^r'iZ. xaTsd/rjv. 3 . xsdavvvfxsvog. protracted from ntdavTai {xsddovxqi). 70. )^gd(o)^ Ionic for aTto/gdco. for the common dno^^gri. xavd^aig. It seems to be an onomatopT/. pass. KEISl). see evvvfit. li. xiofiai. 3 plur. Compare svads from avddvo). xsolixrfv. xatidya. part. II. xeiao^ai. aor. 1. 5. for xatu^(xg. Apol. Herod.. II. 691. xilao. xsifisXen. 510 67 imperf ixeifiriv fut. Soph. 15. TcarasLvvov. opt. — xwtm/w. Ionic xaiii^ya. xstodai. Hippocr.

xsgS. . oisgso). : Etymologically connected with the Latin curtus. Hip. part. xsgovfiat. Epic for yslaaiy . 10. xtlojvTai. 2. JEsch. xcaw 7. subj. Arist. . 3 sing. 241. Pind. to order. 175. 8 Pyth. xskyjooixai.^ifiai. 8iax(7a&(ti' yMT^v. didxsifiai. edited also yslrai. subj. 23. : 56. Odys. Nub. 21. 167 Hes. xtatai and Odys. 19. xeXofiai. the second future of xfco. 4. Plat. xeXdco. 1. Xen. English shear.fi inai. — Mid. 14. jtsw.532. pass. in an ancient inscription. xHo and The * xeco^ I will 342. 952. 41 Ionic 3 plur. for tysivio. lie down. xixagfxai. Scut. Odys. 4. Soph. . 14 Subj. II. 16. 1295.— ' xbXo . HslaTcti. Etymologically connected with the Latin pello. request. xeXsvTLdo (xsXsvco). 10. 1. to xslXo (KE^S2). Eurip. Plat. . Inscript. 12. 804". fut. ixsigdfjii^v. 9. 146. Boeckh's Corp. for diaxiio^ac. ixagrfv. Soph. exeXaa. Hes. Saxon SCI/ran. to cheer on. 2. Poetic. also Tcsgaa. — imperf 3 sing. fut. 296: aor. Hel. Pers. 102. as a ^sch. 254 3 plur. Sup. Poetic also exegaa. Odys. Buttmann supposes that xf/w is contracted from xse'w. Ionic for auvxai. Epic. Herod. after the analogy of yUHog for Kliovg for ylhog. Herod.32. 2 sing. Rep. short. iterative for i'ysuo.265. 5. 13. 826 . Epic. Mosch. 146: 2 aor. pass. ship. 340. Scut. 7. 3 plur. xf/w. 1. Compare drita. as if yELo&ai were contracted from aiwdau — Horn. contracted from xii]iai.147. by dropping the a. to shear ojie^s own hair^ixxX. xsigo(xai.19. Pind. see xiXofiat. fut. 32 : aor. Plym. Anthol. 19. ixsgadixrfv. Trach. KcnanHo^ai xf tat. 11. xsksvTiocjv protracted from xekevxiav (xeXsvTidcov). ixiaro or ixsluTo. 125. 24. pass. 527. ixegdriv. regular future of KEIfL or KESl would be yEioM. Phifido. exslriodiiriv. exsiga. — — TiEoysTOy Tcsiga (KEPJl). Odys. to shear. 330 aor. II. Apol. Trach. 77. exhort. aor. come or bring to : land. 1426 aor. 102. Graec. 1196. xixXo^ai. 171 the penult as didy. 2. xrjxaL. 419: perf.

i7^v and 4. ixegaov. : . xsxigSa/xa and xsxsgdrixa. Epic to prick. 4. 4. : Xen. This form gave rise to xixXofiai used by the later Epic Poets. Herod. Anthol. The forms xex^oT^at. 72 . 3. Tyr. 1115. xsgadfiai. — - vdo. 3 plur. txsQu&rjv. Hes. 716. 5. II. imperat. Athen. puncture. Odys. 341. xsgS. regular. Pind. fut. xsgdavia. xigand ixgdOffv (a). Nub. 364 — : : . 164. xsgdvvijfxL and xsgavvvo (xegdco). ixsgdaa. ixsgdr^aa. Arist. Anab. 29 . pass. to mix. II. 8. Phil. mid. xsvaai for xevTrjaai. Compare ^gdaom. Xen. imperf. 390: aor. ixsgdaOtfv ixgrjdrfi^. II. Ionic 29 Soph. to gain. 24.346. 36. xsgdco. 500. 9. 2. . 15: aor. 1. infin. Olym. later xsgdrjoa. 1. Hippocr. Mid.508. 35 . Odys. 853: pluperf. xBVTsco {KENTQ). xsxXofisvog. Athen. 1185. part. xsgdaiva (KEPJ^SI. Arist. 113 2 aor. commonly xixgd^at Ionic xixgr^fiai. 2 aor. 7. 159. 1. Verbal ixsgdcfdfiTfv transitively. 13. xf^aand xigais. 470. subj. Trach. xsgcovTat as if from xsgafiai. 9. 3: fut. 172 : X€VT ixsycXofxr^v. 13. xsgdofxac transitive. as present. 152 aor. 203 . Herod. Plat. dg. pass. xiofiai. xegSava. Dem. 8. 337. pass. 11. 4. Apol. Herod. ixigddva. 2 plur. 393. 23. xsxX6i. xigvq^L. 33 . 3. 152 perf. in Hesychius aor. Anab. Soph. See also xsgdo. 4.. Odys. KEP^AN£2). Epic. aor. 3. to mix. 5. Scut. as Apol. xgariog. xsgdao (a). 13 Epic and Ionic (sxgr^aa) iTtcxgrjaai. and contraction from ixQu&rjv are formed by metathesis aBxEQafiui. Athen. Polit. Athen. Odys. 147. 2.33: imperf. 662 . perf. Ionic xsgSrjaofiai. Ionic ixsgdr^va. : ixsxgdfX7]v. see xscfxat. Odys. xexg7J(iag. like dvvcovraL from dvvafiai. 15. 1292. Plat. 260 ixsgaofitfv. II. 2. xsgav. as wine and water. 11. xsgdaaOs protracted from xsgdods (xegdsade). 332 . a. 5 . 1. Plut. Isth.8. part.

II. xigva&i.3: imperf. 6. 17. iEschin. 28. xLvi^drjaoixac used as middle. axsSdvvvixt. 3.Lai — — is either reflexive or passive. see dnsxt^av. xlxXtjoxg). Sept. one's self 14. 187 . care for. 4. for xsgdvvv^i. 119 . 19. 14 . Eurip. 348. Isth. regular. II. ^6Q'. -C3(ji. 7. xrjdrjaco. Epic xigvdfisv for xigvdvai. 10. dov) xBxvda. to sorrow. Odys. 353 : aor. 302 xixsvda as present. — Mid. 140. 9. xtgvdg. xLxoi' 173 to ycevOco. Poetic. in 7. 24. pass. 281. for xehdvvv^a. II. xlgvafxaL. 52 imperat. Odys. mid. fut. infin. 16 6. Hec. Odys. 16. imperat. Tyrt. Odys. ixy^dscfdixr^v. for xa}. and ixigvr^v. 5. KIKS2. xe- 8. -^sch. 3. ixsxsvdsLv as imperfect. xLy^dva. / shall move 1. exsvaa. xidva^ai. see xi/dvco. 916. 4. Hip. Msch. Odys. 9. part. 22. also move II. Cyr.seems to be etymologically connected II. xijdsaai. 3. 4.. Pind. xivqaoi. 15* Poetic. see xela. Eurip. xigvdco and xigvrnxi. II. xrjdco XAAZ£2. Odys. 14. xlvsco. II. 2 sing. myself. 15. to — Xen. Epic also (xsxv2 perf. 182. Sept. 173: imperf. 2o4. the Tragedians . Nem. Epic Tcsvddvco (KT0S2)^ xsvao. afflict. : Epic. trouble. Herod. : with the Saxon hydan^ English hide.263: 2 aor. 217. 240 : 2 perf. 98. Plat. 55 : xddrjooixai. The root KTO. xiSvi^fit. fut. 31 . 118: 2 pluperf. is or / shall be moved. Ale. Ixivv^iriv. 139. II.i(o. present middle. to move. Theaet. (KAJS2). Herod. conceal^ : 453 aor. The fut. Poetic. xsxrida as xrjSofxat. 1. 547. . hide. to vex. Odys. MoYic xlgvai?. Pind. Mid. x£%ld8ay see xico. ixigvaov 78. axvdov. 3. — Mid. 550 fut. to sorrow. xLxdvca (KIXHMI). Xivvfxai. Epic for xiveouai. The fut.

930: exXay^a. 52. 342. 477 . 385 active. mid. 26. aor. Com584: aor. xixTJaofiat. 16. 1250: fut. 131 Theoc. 46 : . 947. xtxfj^evos. Soph. only pound [iSTExtad^ov. 18 . it is absurd to suppose that there is any sense to it. When a poem has the form of ** a Swallow's Egg" thing. 91 II. 12. KAHrSl). ixt%7fadixr^v. xsxldy^oixai. : 284 2 aor. aor. xixslriv.a^tt?/v. 17. pres. II. to lend. xisiv. 190. 27. 1482: 2 aor. to xXayyaivco and xXayyia {xXd^co). 1. 58: aor. II. EXLxov and £xt/?^r. 441 2 aor. 188. 504. 30. to lend . Poetic. 9. xico. II. Cratyl. 714. shout. 284: fut. explained dgsv. sxLov usually as aorist. ycLxr]fi£vail xLxsis. xl6v. 15. Choeph. 35 imperf. 258. Eum. to borrow.1 74 xij^g Ale. Vesp. 2 aor. infin. — : : 187. 24. imperf. after the analogy of and eiov. pare davsi^a). mid. cxtla is by some referred are not prepared to say that it means any to this verb. II. xgr}(yG). 1. KAArrsi. Plat. Mid. We xixgri^i (XQ^co). xcoLfic. Sup. xia (KIAGJl).iai. JEsch. later Odys. in Hesychius. Odys. bark. Antig.) part. iEsch. 6. Epic also xi^yjaco. 15. (or pres. 138 . xLxdvo ^lac diS 2. Theoph. 680. ixiad^ov (I). II. also tclxscj : imperf. 50 . xtxgaDem. 672. Herod. to 3.^^?/(. Scut. 357. II. Char. II. 1. ^at. Eurip. Dem. Elec. xis. Epigr. — Anthol. ixixgdfirfv. Hes. to go. 1. . to find. Arist. dav£t^of. reach. 311 7. II. Odys. ixi^avov and iycL- X^ov. xiojv Icov takes the acute on the last syllable. 11. 5. Arist. clang. 3 sing.. Mid. 112: JEsch. : in the com- The part. from flfn and n^l. 348 . — Thesm. 817. . 1. . scream. 379. xf/^7//xa£. sxQriaa. 219: — mxQviad^ai. pass. II. xldy^co. 11. {KAArSl. Apol. l. 16. sXot^Ev. to xld^co fut. Pers. also xiyx^^vco. 2. 2. TJvfy'AEv. perf. borrow. 1. aor. Eurip. 274. 4. Anthol. Poetic. xl^sccj (xi^S). xt'laxo. Epic.

to call. 21 Mid. 11. to he bathed in teai^s^ ^sch. xsxXsifxai. Nub. 1. Arist. IxXeicia. 654 fut. 18: perf. . part. xfxXayyw. 929. : : : xXdo (a).iriv transitively. Xen. Arist. KAHMI. 1081. 828 perf. pass. 222 . fut. Sept. pass. see xaXico. xXavoo. 34 . sometimes transitivelv. 457. -^sch. pass. pass. Xen. Char. Arist. subj. Anab. xsxXavao^ai. Thuc. 7. fut. 6. implying ainlayxoC' It is an onomatopy. y. 153: perf. 3. pass. 6. sxXavaa. : xaTaxXiilf 1290. Herod. 505 . xsxXavfiat. aor.xXsi 175 sxXa/ov. 1436. Arist. Anab. 23. 546. in Dindorfs edition xExXdy/co. 281 : aor. close.k'n'ka'y'ya as present. 341 3 fut. xixXr^ya and y. 1062: 2 perf. KAA£2. long a and without : weep. xexXslaofiai. xkaiofxai. 929. Choeph. Dem. to break. Eq. ixXavcid(. OG) and TckaTJaa. Trach. Soph. to shut. 2. also xXairjcontraction. 4. Theoc. connected with the Latin clangOy English clang. for xaiaxXiiaei. Vesp. aor. ixXsiGd/xriv reflexive. Cyr. 6 : aor. ixXdod-qv. cry. 1490. xXavaofxac or xXavaovfxai. 2. xXeloco. 7. 920 aor. 121 (2) Arist. Theoph. Soph. 1071. TcXaico {KAATSl). 7. xXds. 128: dno6. Lys. 3 sing. Odys. 37 2 aor. as Thuc. Anacr. —Mid. xk- xXeixa. sxXdcfa. commonly — xexXstcffiai. 101.Xds. to also xXda. Ran. Xen. frag. Lys. implying Xen. 198: aor. Aul. pass. : 7. Pac. perf. 3 fut. pass. Tyr. 2. ixlava&i^v later. 6. App. Epigr. xexXav^ai. 2 perf. 440: aor. Anab. Sept. TcXsLo. 731. Xen. 5 . Eurip. Bekker's Anecd. ixXstaO^r^v. . later and doubtful ycixkav afxai. Vesp. 36: 13: aor. Vesp. 4. Arist. Msch. Anthol. perf. xXsLOfiai. Arist. xixXaaixai. Anthol. 16.

kxXio or bxXeo (for ixXsso). 4. exX-qiaa {ao). Isth. VOC.176 xUl Etymologically connected with the Latin daudo. Poetic. : . 5. 35 . 1 fut. Herod. to Hes. 84: 2 aor. xXjj^o contracted from xlrilto. Apol. Apol. Doric 'ixXa^a. xXsipco. exXxfaa. xiyAafi^ai(1). to stcttl. Etymol. Thuc. whence the Ionic xXrjioi. 5. also exltf' (xXsico. perf. ixXiq)&r^v. Eurip. Soph. xXjjo contracted from xXrjLa). 4. 990 See also xX^^tj. Ionic. Pind. Thuc. 57. 33: imperf. xixksfXfxaL. Soph. 7. 176: perf. |a. Xen. See also xXrjc). Hym. 37. : name. xXjjaa. 1. fut. 13: aor. Herod. 246. Soph. Av. exXjiaa. xixXocpa. Herod. 7. 681 2 aor. pass. 1. call. Arist. TtXico perf. 3. exXrfov. 356 aor. Plut. 18: aor. 267. xsxXtjlpluperf. to shut. Herod. Odys. 4. Herod. pass. 304: fut. Eccl. 1153. 165: : — : xsxXTJia^iaL and xsxXyji^uai. 4. 2. pass. Apol. 202. Theog. Arg. to celebrate. 1137: perf. Verbal xXstitsos. 7. Cyr. II. pass. 1. Theoc. ixXijiG&riv. xXeo^ai. 31. Theoc. perf. Herod. 1007. Its original form was xXrjig). 6. inniTfjdfpmai. xXsTtTco (KyiEIIJl). 4. Xen. rather Ionic. sxXeov. see xXico. Cyr. Horn. name. 1. : : : Phil. 1. 12. Orph. 338. 667. Tyr. Hel. 8 Doric xXa^co. Arist. TcXsyjofiui^ Arist. pass. 2 sing. 4. pass. 618. : — imperf. ixXriLdfjiriv. xXrfiG) (xXeico). Odys. 32 celebrate. Apol. exXsyja. Soph. Rhes. IxXd5. xXr^L^co 905. (Jixai and ixXijic^fxai. 1 65. 117: aor. 24. — 3. 32 aor. xXet^a) Doric. 4. to shut. to celebrate. probably xileFiw. xlsio). and xXstco. cJavis. . Aj. 129. {Asig. Magn. xXia). call. 24. Antig. Xen. 48 Pass. pass. sxXanov later Ttr^v. xXyoa. to celebrate. Olym. 4. 7: aor. for yJxXffifiai. Pind. fut. 129: imperf.

Antig. exviadiiv as middle. 4. Trach. 340. 10. Plut. 1766 2 aor. 3 : perf. See also xvda. fut. Arist. ll. pass. The Doric forms xAw^w. 2 plur. Vesp. incline. to lean. — : . xXvd-i ov xexlvd^i. II. to pinch. sxXa^ce. 37. 26. Theoc. Soph. Doric sxvi^a. Soph.2iS an adjective. 86: 2 aor. incline. xXtvovixai. 7. 3. Lys. Pyth. xUPoetic. Anthol. 965 perf. also aor. syMvriv (^). Col. 360: 2 aor. TchvS. 18. The xXvco {KATMI). Cyr. 2. Arist. tcsxX^xa. xexXt^ai. aor. 1.38. 533. 11. 906. Plat. xvdo for the regular xvala. axvr(od^riv. 62 1 : aor. IW?/- aa. 56. Mid. 94: perf. 1207: imperf. Arist. sxXlva. II. 3 see xdfiva. Doric ixXa^dfii^v. 59. pass. xvL^co. Thuc. exvLoa. xbxvlOfxai. II. Arist. ycsxXrffiat. 973: aor. Plat. ixkifadixrfv. claw. to bend. A v. axXvov as aorist. Plat. 7. mid. xXv^evo9. 973 aor. xXvxe or xexXvTs. renowned. II. : KMASl. 60 : aorist. xsxvrfafjtai. Latin cU7io is evidently the same as yMvta clivus is connected with it also the Saxon hlinian hleoniarij and the English lean. Pind. Plut. Theoc. 2. as Theaet. Soph. pass. xv-qad-ai. tear. Ran. 3. Odys. ^cvT/'cro. 5. ixXa^dfxrjv are written also Tikivci) (7). 1286. pass. ixhrdfir^v. to hear. 52. Arist. pass. txXid^riv ixXivd^rfv pass.XVI? 15. 1198: aor. 977: mid. Eurip. axvri contracted from exvae. fut. 910: . to scrape. 12. 14. Gorg. Theoc. 284. 3. * Lys. fut. 638: Arist. 177 77: perf. Poetic. 135: 1226. Hel. celebrated. Arist. Athen. See — also xvL^co. Vesp. 3. part. imperat. pass. 42. Arist. 213: perf. 17. 107: imperf. Odys. — vofiat. reflexive. : aor. aor. Arist. fut. infin. pass. sing. 11. Q). xvi^^a. 10. Xen.

334. xomofxai. 1223: 2 perf. II. xsxogsa^iai. 5. xogvaaoiiat reflexive. 27. 18. — Mid. Arist. bewail. Orph. 466 : aor. (i). 623. . Hes. not Attic xsxogr^to satiate. 14. to raise dust. 11. Xen. Xen. to arm. xsxocpa. strike. to this Lith. Hel. . muster as strength. xexoTta Epic. — ^ae. 1. xovtaco II. II. 4. nBKoviGixaif verb. 18. 4. — 2. 3. pass. perf. 372. sxoipa. Herod. Thuc. 25 . 6. resound. Op. Theog. collect. 8.8. Eurip. Epic Herod. 25 . Mid. belongs to the regular ycovi^M. 11. heap up. xovafit^a. 1156: aor. xixo^^ai. Pers. sometimes subjoined Theoc. 61 : aor. smite one's self for grief. Eurip. perf. Phil. 87. (KOPT0SI. ixovlad- reflexive. (K0PEJ2). 9. (aa). 18. 'novio^ai. xoTtTo aor. II. yvdo) and xvl^co. Odys. xovvicj. 30. 112: 2 perf. fut. 479. perf. Hip. pass. 60: 2 aor. see voioj. pass. xsxogr^as as Mid. 3. 5. aor. seem to be etymologiconnected with the English knife. II. dle. aor. ixogsa&rfv as midSoph. Epic. fut. 379: aor. xogd-vofiat (v). perf. 11. fjiai reflexive. Theoc. 2. knock. aor. to cut. 8. 5. ixogv^a Doric. 212. Conv. xogvs). 3. 6. see voec). ixovlaa. 85. ocoscD verbs. xovLaofxai. xsxoyjofiat. Ran. to 13. ixogsaa.178 These two cally 7(0SG). xogevvvmiddle. ixorpoifirfv. 2. aor. (Econ. 13. Poetic. 5. lament. II. pass. xoyjo. Thuc. Epic. 1. Hes.287. Planud. Odys. part. II. Troad. 98 xog&vvo and xogd-va. to butt as a horned animal. 13. (KOUJl). 7. 163. 145. ixoTtriv. raise up. The perf. II. 820 : fut. xogiaa. 7 : 37 : pass. ixovdpriaa (?/). Xen. Anthol. — : xogvaaa 273 Pass. xogsyvvfXL xogicj. Msch. sprinkle with dust. : Mem. — Mid. to rattle^ ring. ixogd^vva. 26 3 fut. to pass. xovico (t). fiTfv xsxovlfiai. ixogsadfxrfv (aa). II. 2.

101 : xgdavxai (da). xrjgvaaoj. II. Horn. xgava. 9. xgd^a {KPAJTD. but 2 plur. to butt.383. 311 fut. syncopated. 2. 419 : aor. II. Epic. Msch. k^qv^ (crier). xBxgaya as present. to cry aloud. 4 132: aor. : : : xo/vo • perf. Arist. Eurip. fut. 11. Hip. (x^G))f ^0 trickle down. KQuyov. imperal. ixgrjrfva. KPASl. Pind. Pyth. 487. 1. Eurip. xsxogv&fiivos. 3 sing. II. crocio. 279: aor. Odys. 10. 20. 258 2 aor. fut. Soph. : : . xoTsaofiat (oa). 3. 141 . 3 sing. yrJQvg. iEsch. part. complete. Cyr. 4. 19. 2. Andr. 14. Eq. ixgdvOriv. xo^^vsaxov or xoxvSsaxov (v). ixsxgdysiv as imperfect. imperf. ixgaiaivov. 3 sing. 747 : aor. 41 . 198 xgaiatva. : 9. II. 428 2 perf. Sup. not Attic sxogv^dfiT^v. X0T8O and xoiaivco. xoTSouai as active. 943 . 3. 1455: aor. Odys. 626. Plut. 397. pass. xsxgdavTO. Hym. perf. ^sch. Epic axgrfva. imperf. 2. 5.^ xgao) II. Saxon hrcsfn or hrefn {raven). Anthol.). 21. 223 : — fut. yrjQVb). Aj. 143. 177. as an adverb. commonly xsxgd^ofiai. Sup. 2 sing. Arist. ixoTSOfir^v. Xen. rule over. a prolongation of xgaiva. Vesp. xsxQa/sxe. xgaviofiat as passive. Latin corvus. II. II. 1. 2 aor. ixogvadfxrjv (aa). . imperf. Arist. II 23. Arist. Poetic. neut. Epic. part. Eurip. 369 Odys. part. ixgddvdrfv. 4. 179 10. mid. 223 . Arist. 4. xsxoTt^m. II. Poetic. Hippocr.37: perf. Agam. ixoTsadfir^v (aa). exgayov. 415. Sept. to be atigry. 375 aor. xgaivo (KPAN£2). English crow. 5. 18. sxgdva. xixgavvai. 107. xgd^co. pass. Vesp. yiivQax^h 2 . 25. Theoc. Hym. cry. croak. 616 pluperf. 196. xe3. II. to finish. pass. 255: 2 perf. Hom. see xsgdvw^c. vociferously loudly. 1236 2 pluperf. Mid. It is an onomatopy^ connected with x^w'^co. 456. ixozsoa. Theoc. 485 : aor. hoqu^. Ran. 115: perf ^ass. II. xo^wvt}. pass.

::

180
^^gifiafiai, to

x^f^

^

hang, be in a state of suspension, be hanging, inflected like laxa^iai, opt. xgsfxaifirfv and xgsfioiixTfv, Arist. Nub. 870 ; Vesp. 297 imperf. ixgs(xdfirfv, II. 15, 18: fut. xgsfi7J60(xai, Arist. Vesp. 808. See also xgsfxdvvvfii, xgrj-

xQEfiTjui, the active form, occurs in the part. xgsfidvTsgy

Athen.

1,

46.

xgsfidvvvfiL (xgsixdco), to hang, suspend, fut. xgsfid-

aa

(a),

xgsfxS, Arist. Plut.
:

312:

aor. ixgsixdaa,

Arist.

Nub. 229
7, 4,

Anab.

intransitive,

xgsfxdvwfiaL, to hang, usually xgifxa^ai, which see aor.
17.
:

— Mid.
;

aor.

pass.

ixgsfxdaOr^v,

Xen.

ixg£fia(jdf.ir^v reflexive

sometimes

transitive,

as

Hes. Op. 627.
7, 83.

KQSfiobJ, fut. protracted from nQEfjoj {xQf^daa), x^ffidco), II. The simple theme ygsfidco is not used by the classi-

cal writers.

xg-q^vdo and xgjjfxvr^fXL, for xgsiidvvv^i, part, xgr^Mid. xgrjfxvafiai, iEsch. fjLvdg, Pind. Pyth. 443.

Sept. 229

:

imperf. ixgrifivcovxa,
6, 39.

xaj txgri^vavxo,
2
aor. exgixov,

Horn.
II.

Hym.

KPIZQ,
16,

to creak,

shriek, squeak,

470: ^Y^ed, xkxglya

as present, Arist.

Av. 1521. xgivo {I), to separate, judge, decide, fut. xgivEo, xgLva, Hippocr. Jusjur. ^ 1 ; Soph. Col. 79
aor. sxgiva,

Xen. Hel.
perf.

1,

7,

38:

perf. xsxgixa,

Dem. 283
1663
:

:

pass, xixg^^ai, Eurip. Phoen.
ixgiOriv (^),
3,

aor.

pass.

Pind. Pyth. 8, 121 ; II. Hippocr. de Art. ^ 15.
cide, dispute, choose,

— Mid.

98.

Epic ixgivOr^v, Verbal xgnios,
xgivofxai, to de-

select, interpret as

fut. xgivsofxai, xgcvovfjiai,

— See

Med. 609

:

aor.

Odys. 18, 149 ixgtvdfiriv, Odys. 4, 778

a dream, ; Eurip.
;

8, 36.

also dnoxgivo^ai.


XtH
It is clearly


:

181

connected with the Latin cerno, crevi, cretum.
to hide,

xgvTtTco

(KPTBS2),
7> 3,

conceal^

fut.

^cgvipcD,

12: aor. axgvyja, Thuc. 2, 34: perf. pass. xixgvfi[.iai, perf. ycexgv(pa, Hippocr. Soph. Tyr. 1398 aor. pass. ixgvcpOrfv, Thuc. 2, 39 3 fut. Tcexgvifjoixat, Hippocr. 2 aor. pass. exgy^-qv the usual aorist passive, Soph. Aj. 1145. Mid. Verbal xgvTuio?, Soph. Antig. 273. xgv7tT0f.iai reflexive or transitive, Xen. Anab. 1, 1,6; Soph. Aj. 647 fut. xgytpofxat, Soph. perf. pass, xeTrach. 474 ; Eurip. Bac. 955 aor. ixgvxpdfir^v, Soph. Anxgyfifxai^ Dem. 836

Xen. Cyr.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

tig.

246.
1,

24, usually regarded as a second imperf. iterative, II. 8, 278. Soph. Aj. 1145, the 2 aor. part, xgv^slg is edited also x^vEurip. Bacch. 955, for tcqv^tj^ cpslg, implying KPTfPfl. See Matt. Gram. vat, the Codex Palatinus has xQV(f)7Jvcii. § 193. Obs. 3 (5th edit. 1832). It is not absurd to suppose that tcQvmco is a modification of xaXvTtib) see aXe^<a.
aorist active.

lnQv^oVy N. T. Luc.

xQvmaaxov,

'

xido^ai, to acquire,

fut.

xiTJoo/xai,

Soph. Trach.

and exx-q^ai as present, to possess, have, Thuc. 1, 33 JEsch. Prom. 795 aor. pass. ixiTJOr^v passively, Thuc. 1, 123 aor. mid. ixTi^ad[X7iv, Soph. Aj. 777 : 3 fut. xexr^aohave, Eurip. l^iai and ixTrjaofiai, shall possess,
471
:

perf.

xixirfixat

;

:

Ale. 181

;

Plat.

Lach. 21.

'

Verbal

xtt^tco?, Plat.

Rep.

2, 13.

i(Ei(Ti]a&s, Isoc.

3 sing. Xen. Conv. 1; 2 plur. 37 opt. xsxTij^rjv, Plat. Leg. 8, 7; 1 plur. xsxTi]fis&a, Plat. Rep. 6, 15. Also opt. 3 sing, xsxtmto, Xen. Ages. 9, 7 3 plur. x«xTw>f^a, Eurip. Heracl. 282.
xsnTrjjai, perf. subj.
:

;

xTstvo
3,

{KTENn, KTANn, KTASl),
Epic
also xiaveo,

to

kill,

slay, fut. XTsvio, xtsvS,

Herod*

30; Thuc. 3, 58; II. 18, 309: aor. ixrstva, Soph. Tyr. 1392: perf. sxrdxa and sxiayxa.

;

182
later, Aristotel.
;

TCTlll

also ixjovr^xa rare, Xen. Hier. 8 aor. pass. ixTddr^v Epic, and ixjdvdtiv later, Odys. 4, 537; Anthol. 14, 32; 2 perf. exiova the usual perfect active, Xen. Anab. 2, 1, 8: 2 aor. exTuvov Poetic, II. 2, 701 also (from
3,
:

;

exxdv Poetic, xtw, xidfuvai or xid(jl£v for xxdvai, xids, Soph. Trach. 38 fut. mid. xxavso^at as passive, II. 14, 481 2 aor. ixidfxi]v Poetic, xidadai, xxdfxsvos, as passive, II. 15, 437. 558; ^sch. Pers. 923.— See also Rem.
: :

KTHMI)

§72.
nTBwuBv, 2 aor. subj. Epic for xiMfisp, dissyllabic in pronunciation, Odys. 22, 21G. It is connected with xalvM, and Latin ccsdo, cudo, English
cut.

Its

cut

;

primary meaning seems to be hence to kill, slay^ put to death.
is

— We suppose
;

to

smite, strike, beat,

further

that xTslvb)
one.

the causative of -^v^axta, to die
tirog, to die

construction ano&aviiv vno

hence the hy the hand of any

xxi^uvog (xTito, KTIMI), r/, ov, Epic, built, founded, a defective 2 aor. mid. part, w^ith a passive signification ; used only in composition, ivxTifxsvos,
II.

2,

569.
(xxslvco), to kill, only in

xTivvvfiL

and xrivvvco

com2

position, ditoxxlvvv^L,

Xen. Hel.

6, 5,

7

;

4, 4,

Plat. Gorg. 53.

anoHTlvvvfisv, subj. 1 plur. for Compare Gorg. 53 rather doubtful. xai, from axeddvvv^i.
;

anoxTLvvv(Ofisv,

Plat.

otiEdavvvoi, axsddvvv-

xxvTiico

to sound, crash, Poetic, II. 13, ixxvnrioa, Soph Col. 1606: 2 aor. Mid. xxvnio^aL as active, exxvTtov, II. 8, 75.

{KTTUSl),
aor.

140:

Arist. Plut. 758.

xvito

and xva, to he pregnant, II. 23, 266 ; Arist. Lys. 745 also to bring forth, later, Palaeph. 2, aor. ixvr^1. 5: fut. xv7\(So, xvijaoiiuL, Hippocr.
; :

xcofia

18S

aa, Arist. Thesm. 641 ; also sxvaa causative, to impregnate, iEsch. frag. 38 : perf. xsxvrixa, Anthol. 7, 385.
xvtaxco,
to

conceive,

— Mid.

xviaxofjiai

as active,

mid. ixva a ^ir^v or ixvad^iriv (ad), II. Hes. Theog. 125. xvXLvdo), xvXivbsco^ and xvXlo (i), to roll. Soph. Antig. 590 Arist. Vesp. 202 ; Xen. Anab. 4, 2, 3 fut. xvXivdr^ac) rare, Herodes Attic. Pag. Triop. 35 aor. ixvliaa, Arist. Thesm. 767; Pind. frag.

Herod.

2,

92: 6, 26
;

aor.

;

:

:

2 (i^sxvhctaev)
Cyr. 5,

:

perf.

pass.

xsxvXidiiai,

Xen.

50. See also xaXivSiofiai. xvvio {KTSl), to kiss, fut. xvvrjaofiai, Eurip. Cycl. 172: aor. sxvaa (aa), Arist. Ran. 788; II. 8, The compound ngoaxwico, to ivorship, is 371.

3,

1

:

aor. pass. ixvkLodi^v,

Soph. Elec.

regular

as aor. ngoasxvvriaa, Poetic also jigoai' ; xvaa, Soph. Phil. 533.

It is not absurd to suppose that it is etymologically connected with the Saxon cyssan, German kussen, English kiss.

xvuTCi

(KT0SI,

xifcpoc;)^

to stoop ^ fut. xvxpo),

com-

monly
71
:

(pa,

Av. 146; Plat. Euthyd. aor. sxvyja, Xen. (Econ. 11, 5: perf. xsxvArist. Lys. 1003.
xvi/^o^at,
Arist.
:

XV go (v), to fall in with, meet, chance^ Eurip. Hip. 746 fut. xvgdc). Soph. Col. 225 aor. exvgaa, Herod. 3, 77. Mid. xvgoiiai as active, II. 24,

:

530. xva, to he pregnant, see xvicn. KTSl, to kiss^ see xvvio. xoixd^cD (xSuos), to revel, celebrate in song, regular aor. ixafiaaa, Doric ixS^a^a, Eurip. Here. Mid. xofxa^o^ai ap180; Pind. Nem. 2, 38. parently as active, xcoixdaoijiai, Pind. Isth. 4, 124; Pyth. 9, 157.
:


184
Aa/3«

AABH^
Xayx(^vco

see Xafij3dvo,

{AAXSl, AHXSl, AEFXn),

to obtain

by 14; Herod. 7, 144: perf. slItixol and 'kkloyx^-t Doric aad;^a, Soph. Aj. 1058; Col. 1235; Thelot, fut. lrj^of,iaL,

Ionic Xd^ofxai, Plat. Rep. 10,

oc. 16,

84

:

perf. pass. sHrf/ixac,

Dem. 873

:

aor.

pass. iX7J%driv, Dem. 990 : 2 aor. IXaxov, Verbal kr^xTsos, Isaeus, 176. 5, 21.

Thuc.

iXXnxov, 2 aor. Epic for 'ilaxov, Horn. Hym. 4, 86. l^laxia, 2 aor. subj. Epic, to cause to partake^ 11. 7, 80.

Xd^ofxai

and
xALrist.

Xd^vfxai, Poetic

for

Xaii^dvco,

II.

4,

357

;

Lys. 209.

XdBo^ai, Doric for XijOofxat. SI, see Xavddvco, la-adla for Acctrxa, -^sch. Sup. 872; Sept. 186. XdycEco, Doric for Xr^xico, Xdaxco,

AAG

AAKSl,
Xafi^dva)

see kdctxa,

{AABSl, AAMBSl, AHBH),
1, 7,
;

to take,

fut. kijipofxac,

Ionic Xdfxxpofxai, Doric Xaxpovfiai,

Herod. 1, 199; Theoc. 1, 9 Thuc. 1, 77; Ionic leXdjii^xa perf. pass, ellrf^ixai, somerare, Herod. 4, 79 times IsXr^fjifxai, Ionic XiXafxfiat, Xen. Con v. 3, 13; Arist. Eccl. 1090; Herod. 3, 117: aor. pass. ilrjfdriv, Ionic iXdfjKpOr^y, Soph. Trach. 810; Herod. 2, 89 2 aor. 'da^ov, Soph. Tyr. 276. Verbal At^tttIo?, Arist. Eq. 603.— Mid. Aa/^^Savo^ai, to take hold of, Eurip. Heracl. 48 2 aor. ika^ofiriv, Soph. Col. 373.
4: perf.
SLkrjcpa,
:

Xen. Anab.

:

:

tXXa^ov, eXXa^ofirjv, 2 aor. Epic for sXa(Sov, fXa^ofjrjv, Odys. 1, 298; 5, 325. —XsXai^ia&ah^ aor. mid. Epic for Xa^sa&m, Odys. 4, 388.
XufXTtsToayv (kdfiTTco), shining, a defective participle,

protracted from kaj-inejcoy (-dcov),

II.

1,

104.


Xa<pv
XavSdvG)^ Poetic also
escape notice,
Eccl.

185
to lie hid,

X^da (^^0S2),
:

Soph. Tyr. 1325
I'AT^tra
;

fut. hjaco, Arist.

rather rare, Thuc. 8, 10 ; sometimes causatively, to Xen. 1 aor. pass. lAacause to forget, Odys. 20, 85 part. eTtiad-qv Doric, to forget, Theoc. 2, 46

98

:

aor.

Cyr. 1,6,

:

;

XaoOsv, unnoticed in song, forgotten, Pind. frag. 86 3 fut. pass. XelTjoo^aL as middle, / will for:
.

get,

198: 2 aor. UaOov, Thuc. 4, Xen. Mem. 2, 3, 11; some133 2 Mid. as middle, to forget, Herod. 3, 46. times
Eurip.
Ale.
:

perf. likr^da,

Xavddvoiiai,
'

Poetic also krjdo^ai, to forget,

II.

9,259:

fut. Aj^'tfo^oce,

as passive. Soph. Elec.

a^ai, Epic also
5,

Odys. 1, 1249 perf. pass. XslrfII. kskaaixai, Soph. Elec. 342
:

308; sometimes
;

834

:

aor.

ilriad(xrfv

equivalent

to

sXaOov,

Apol. 3, 737; Doric iKdadixriv, Mosch. 3, 2 aor. ikaOofir^v, Msch, Sup. 731.

63:

^
.

,

XsXa&ov, 2 aor. Epic for I'Aa^oi', causative, to cause to forget, 11.2,600: but opt. XsXd&oifii, Apol. 3, 778, has the regular meaning. XfXa&ofirjv, 2 aor. mid. Epic for eAa127. —Hes. Theog. 471, opt. XeXd&oiTo '&6fiT}v, II. 4, equivalent to the active Xddoi. XsXu&a, iniXiXd&a, 2 perf. Doric, as middle, to have forgotten, Pind. Olym. 10, 4. ixXsXd&(ov, 2 aor. part, adjectively, caMs/??.^ /or^e^fulness, oblivious, Theoc. 1, 63; with the accent on the pe-

_nult. This verb
lateo.

is

etymologically connected with

the

Latin

Xdoxco
aor.

{AAK£2),
:

to speak, gabble,

Poetic, Eurip.

Andr. 671

/

Pac. 381 : eldx-qaa (a), Arist. Pac. 382, but d. Nub. 410: 2 aor. f Aaxoi/, Soph. Trach. 824: 2 perf. Xslayca, Epic lilr^xa, as present, jEsch. Prom. 407; II. 22, 141 2 aor. raid. Xslaxofiriv Epic, Horn. Hym. 2, 145. See also Ai/o, to say, telL
fut.

?.ax7Jao^ai,

Arist.

:

XsX(xxv'la,2 perf. part. fem. for XuXi}xv7a, Odys. 12, 86.

kacpvado, to devour, see diaxa, 16*

;

186

lax(o
see Xay^^vco, see koa,

AAXSl,

A A SI,
229
:

to bathe,

Xaco, to see, Epic,

Horn.

Hym.

2,

360

;

Odys, 19,

imperf. Idov, Odys. 19, 230.

It may possibly be etymologically connected with the English interjection lo! equivalent to Uov ! see! behold!

Xdco, to wish, see XS.

Xiyo, to say, tell, regular : aor. pass, always iXexOr^v • fut. mid. Xe^o^xai as passive, Eurip. Ale. 322. The perfect XeXsxoL is not found.
e •

This verb
loquor
is

to be nothing

connected with Xdonca (AAKR), which seems more than an onomatopy. Further, the Latin connected with Xaazoa, and consequently with Ae'/w,
is

Xiycj, to

enumerate, gather,
:

collect, select^ choose, II.
:

23, 239

fut.

Xi^a),
:

Odys. 24, 223
ecXoxa,

aor. sXs^a,
:

Dem. 328 perf. pass. siXsy^iai, sometimes XsXsyfxat, Dem. 650 Herod. 7, 40 aor. pass. iXixdr^v, Xen. Mem. 3, 2 aor. iXi/rfv, Dem. 1208. Verbal Xsxii5, 2
Thuc.
8,

44

perf.

:

:

o?. Plat.

Rep.

3,

19

;

5, 6.

— Mid.
:

ally as active, II. 8,

508. 547

fut.

Xiyo^ai usuXk^o^at, Doric
II.

Xslovf.iai,

125.

— The forms uXoxa,
iXiyr^v

Call.

Min. 116:

aor. iXs^dfxr^v,

2,

eiXsyfiaL or XiXsyixai,

are found only in composition, But fAsavvsiXo^a, dvXXkXey^ai, xOiiv, II. 3, 188. iXsyfirjv, 2 aor. mid. as passive, Odys. 9, 335; 3 sing. XinTo transitive, Odys. 4, 45!. Not to be confounded with the corresponding forms from AEXJl.
iXs/d7]v,

as avXXiyco,

natural to suppose that the meanings to enumerare modifications of the general idea to utter a SOUND, SAY, TELL, which idea is as physical as any other.
It is
ate,

&c.

AErXSl,
XeiTio

see Xayxdvo,
Xiintdvo)

and

17:
later,

fut. Xstyjo,

{AIIIS2), to leave, Thuc. 8, Soph. Phil. 1084: aor. k'XsLxpa
:

Pythagor. 70

perf. pass.

XiXeL^^at, Xen.

si7tofiat. if not a sXXtnov. to to rest. and Xo/og. ?. syncopated. for iXslnsTo. and Xslnoi. Herod. Anab. 1 1 Xen. Mid. for iXslcp&Tjv. 4. yaraXix&ac. Xsketyjofjiac. Xsixo {AEIXMSl. 15. Antig. fall short of. lingo. li^o^ai. It is hardly necessary to remark that this verb is connected with the Latin lambo. 14. 413: aor. 186 . pass. 2. — Mid. 24. The nouns Xe^og. Eurip. iXei7i6fif}v is transiXe'xjo. Apol. an ambush. see XtXaiofxai. one's self. Usi^a. 19. Op. 2 aor mid. are derived from this theme. Compare also the Latin lectus. Not to be 24. ihno^r^v. 7. Odys. 252. Xelx^oiiaL^ XiXeLniiai. defective. Apol. 5 3 fut. for to leave for shnov. pass. part. 617. confounded with the corresponding forms from Uyco. bed. Verbal XsiTtTsog. II. iXe^dixr^v. 45. Hes. 2. formed in imitation of the old Epic forms 5t'xTo. -y Xiyfisvog. At'lo or Xi^so. 1034. lingua. pres. II. 2 aor. 164. to be left behind.360. Hes. XeVirmai. imperat. lectulus. 3 : 187 Thuc. imperf. aXdcpdriv^ pass. 3. 143 2 perf. The form Xi^ndvta is etymologically connected with the Latin linquo. Xsvaaco (Aa«). iEsoh. Sup. part. 19. 106: 2 perf. &c. 1385. Odys. 4. Xsluxixm dudi Xelix^m. to lie doicn to rest. 904: 2 aor. 2 sing. aor. Herod. 2. 3. 198. 650. Soph. English lick. 1325. to lick. Eurip. 1. lay. Xiyjo or sXenTo. aor. Apol. pass. Xelonta^ Xen. to see. Saxon ligan.— : Ux^ Cyr. 196. 453 Odys. Epic. — AEXOMAI. cause to sleep. 4. 50. sleep. Af|oi/. 826. be inferior. Anab.394. put £Af|a. with the English leave. : .598: infin. 1. Odys. aor. 9. 2. 2 — — — tive. Odys. 21. 635. English lie. playing loith the tongue as a serpent. 134. aor. II. sXeiTTTo. mid. : Here. syncopated. 2. aor. 2. sometimes transitively. Xsx&at. the imperf. illcp&rjv. 14. 160. fut. Theog. legan. 2. mistake in copying. 1. Eum. II. AEX£2. shjiov. 1. AIXMSl). as aorist.

XiXififiaL transitive. XiXatofiai (AIAAS2. 24. 4. It is etymologically 813 : perf.(9?^v. part. iadfii]v transitive. Observe that the I of the root is dropped and pluperfect compare nmXog from nlvvfa. 196 eager. to supplicate. — XrfL^ofiai fiat (oa). fall. ihdadrjv as middle. ?. Apol. aor. in the perfect XifiTtdvoi.mky connected with the Latin libet. Herod. to turn aside^ separate sy chilis. Mid. 373: aor. The like. Xdco). 86 Odys. also to drop. 174. 96 : pluperf. possibly be connected with the English Xlaaoiiai and XtTop. 4. one^s self. Med. root Xm. kfiTcsG). see Xayxdvco. 646. to desire earnestly. 4. II. ksXriia^ai and XilrfOfxaL. AfAtj^p^v. pass. Thuc. II. rare in the present active: perf. to twang. AlZSl 125. Xr^Odvco (krjdco)y ixXriddvo). 25. Troad. 76 perf. . 41. . 7. 253 II. see Xavddvco. to 4. — 420 aor. desire : earnestly^ also crave. 23. Epic. 1 18 1. carry off forcibly. rob. 47 II. Apol. Apol. Mosch. II.sUr^fiai. }. 256 . hasteiiing. Odys. 112: fut. 3.28. Uiy^a. 11. 4. 20. fA?^(aa) and ilr^adfii^v. 6. see ka^jj^dvco. fA7^£(. Eurip.543. kid^eo. 221. Xrilao' Herod.rjdo. 28 aor. in HeMid. 4. libido. 20. : : for Xdaxco. . ^Esch. 380. see XeiTto. etymologically connected with xXtvoj. 4. Xinxa). mid. Epic. sink. 15. pass. 349. or AirrSl. to cause to forget^ Odys. . 1. Sept. . XsXidafiriv. 13. Xid^ofxai. 379.: 188 A?^i3fi} AHBSl. 18. Theoc. 355. IrittfjD^ to pillage.ai. 401. Herod. 8. Epic AHXSl. . pass. XeXirifihog means 465 : pluperf. II. 3.

Odys. may assume then A A ^SL as the original form. 47. 5.Xvfxa Arist. 3. 1. — See also Ao«. ihadfir^v (U). 4. Odys. Op. it As to i'Xov. . 4. transitive. {ATMANIl). Lysias. — See is also Xoio). (iXosTo). 72. 406. imperat. 189 Thesm. iXovvjo (iXo- ovTo). a Xen. ikovfisv loov.£kv[A. II. Hes. ild£vv. Arist. infin. 4. Arist. Aof. 4. Cyr. : aor. 1 plur. 10. lAoi/fisvog (Xooi^isvos). Hym. 10. 221 s}. skov. kovico. part. regular. 6. Min. to bathe. Xoiaao^ai. 3. II 23. usually subjoined to this form. 657. Op. injure. to outrage. We Xmvto. reflexive. 838. Poetic in the ac3 sing. ilosaa (aa). ihioi^triv. Xen.acifiac. 290. Cyr. Hes. Xova^ai. Xoca. iXovzo firfv (iXoo^riv). Xviiavov^ai. Odys. iXoeov. imperf. transitive. 60 3 sing. Vesp. 3. in Hesychius. — Mid. 73. sometimes passively. fXov^fv. Xovco. 313: aor. XvfjiatvoixaL sult. Xovso for lova. to bathe. XeXv^iavjai. 14. Hym. Arist. 112: aor. koco. Nub. Call. 9. Odys. plur. Xovad'at. Herod. 3 sing. 1375. 216. Cyr. mid. Xova contracted from Xoico. 6. 120. Xovico. imperf. Plut. 24 : perf. Xoofiai. Horn. iXov(^r)V. 11. 1. Xovf^ai. 394: 2 aor. Xov. tive. II. — Mid. This verb is connected with the Latin lavo^ lautum. Aoi/imperf. to bathe. Dem. 361 . 252 : aor. 747. Epic. satisfactory to refer would on the whole be more them to Xoco. 282.oeaodn7}v. Xov (Xoov). 1. Plut. 520. ?. implying theme AASl. Xen. infrustrate. Xovfxai. 35. fut. 826 : fut. 526. 125. Xov/usvog. 3 plur. Herod. Xoso. This form not much used in the present and imperfect. 3 Hom. 570. protracted Xwovxo. reflexive. the original theme of Xoico. 118. Xoead^ai. Odys. 6. imperf. 658 Athen. Odys. to bathe. 16. 3 plur. 11 . : . 4. Arist. sometimes passively. (ikoofjisv).

II. iXvfjidv&j^v passively. 28. AfAi/xa. 1163. to maltreat. pass. 37. X^g. 435. Xo^do^ai. usually to ransom. 21. iEsch. Xvio {v) as passive. XsXdjSruxai passively. Xrjis. pass. 15. 981. Etymologically connected with the Latin solvOf solutus. 80 3 sing. 1. 8. Thuc. Vesp. Cyr. to desire earnestly. XiXvuai. 55 330: 1 : aor. aor. Verbal Xvxio?. 80. Plat. Xvvto as passive. 'PTjfl {igva) compare also English slack. imperat. 114. 2 aor. Theoc. 24. : : : — 8. Xv&l. Plat. 3 sing. anEX(a^)]&7}.. has been disgraced. kvaofxat. Med. 13. Xj}. untie. fut. 6. [laifida {MA II). 28. — (v). Xco. Anab. 12. 407: aor. 18. Arist. iXa^rid-qv passively. Aj. 290: Herod. MAG SI. Athen. frag. . Tyr. Soph. : xXv^i. 2 aor. mid. 13. 6. Pind. Thesm. Xcofiss. II. 425. Xslvfiai. Xen. to loose. 6. 2.— f96 ' iMi • pass. Phil. Xa^rjciofxai. Xv^riv II. 1. contracted from Xda. Arist. passive. pass. 232. 7. 1. either passive or reflexive. For the prefix so-. compare sorbeo. A«v. II. 992 perf. mid. Gorg. 2. ing. Lys. Soph. Crito. iXaSriad^riv. see fiavd^dvo. pass. 217. Qoq>s(o servo. 103: aor. opt. English loose. ikvfirivd^r^v. Athen. mid. 238. 1207 3 fut. 1162. Athen. 1. long a. release. Herod. 16. XcovTi. II. 8. 77. 9. 55. infin. as if from yJTMI. Arist. 3. iXv&r^v (t)). Xvofiai. — See Xrjy. 6. 7: perf. II. kvaco (v). 808 perf. perf. 28. Choeph. 5. is aor. to . kvo. Xen. iXvadfiriv. nazalvao^ai is apparently passive in xajaXvaaifxTjv likewise apparently Odys. Doric for d^iko. 1105. insult. fut. 21. also XiXacofxai. Xen. 7. 146. Soph. 3 plur. Cyr. according to the Scholiast. 958. — Eurip. part. 6. Dem.. 1. akijaa. 11. like XslvTo. Xelv6oiiai. Ellendt prefers the latter mean- M. Mid. sense. 44 .

ifidvr^v as middle. Arist. Thuc. ifx-aifxr^aa. Aj. 726 to : middle. inflected II. Scut. 15. touch. madden. II. 561. Arist. 31: aor. 269. Soph. 11: 2 aor. fiuificaMv. ^avov^ai. Antig. 226 . 17. Eurip. catch. Odys. 190: aor. 15. Poetic. -cowrrog or -looviog. Soph. Hip. to learn. to feel after. 75 . 3 plur. ifiaadixriv (ao). opt. 50 13. Odys. 216: 2 perf. 191 13. Soph. 3 sing. fxavrjdofiai as — fiaioiiai {MASl). 790. Soph. to be rave. 40: fut. Mid. 513. Herod. 110. d^7Jao(xai. 287: fut. 367. 1142. Pind. [idgvarai may have a long penult. 15. Herod. Odys. 5. 20. to fight. fxdgva^ai. MAHSl). mad. fjiaivcj (MANSl). fxav&dva see firfxdofxai. 542 Apol. t^fia&ov. fut. Soph. Aj. contracted from fiad'iofjiat. II. 13. 1143: 2 aor. imperat. Hes. 490. II. Xen. fut. Theoc. : part. Phoen. fut. 1262. seek. Epic. [xffjioivrffjLai Epic. Anthol. 362. fiagvotfir^v. : {MAS12). 1. II. II. MAKSl. ^aSoph. 18. II. 742. Theoc. . fisfjii^va as present middle. fisfidd^r^xa. sfiagi/dfxrfv^ Eurip. ind. 77. i^rivd^riv Epic. Trach. (xdgTtTO) {MAPnSl. Verbal ^a^T^iios. Aj. 3. Mem. later. 2 [jidgvaixai. [xdgvao (fidgvaao). pass. 4. -(owaa. mid. 10. Odys. 670. 109: perf. Vesp. raving. 284 perf. 429. 137 aor. like laxafiai 4. 60. 11. 78.liagn rage. ^atvoftai. 6. 13. II. 1. to be mad. Thesm. in the aor. 8. fiad-svfxai Doric. 86. pass. efiagyja. present and imperfect. fiaificoaai. probe. 11. Aj. Poetic. 475: imperf. sfia&ov. subj. : aor. 11. 1229 aor. seize. 3. 2. to take \old : of. fxdao/xai {aa). sfir^va. 5. 160. understand. fidgxpo). only in the compound : ixfiaivG). Nem. 2 fut. II. 513. protracted for fiaifiwai {(^uifjdovai).

Theogn. 1. rarely ixsfxd^^eo^iai. 231. ifxa^^sadfir^v {do). 209. 25. avfifiE[i(xx^o(iiv(av is written also ov/i/ua/«critics. Hes. 1. Scut. f • pass. e^anov and ^sixanov. Scut. 22.^sch. also fia/rjaofiai Epic. fiifxagTZov. Op. new pres- Compare avrjvo&sv. 466: aor. from ylyvofiai. for Some — aafisvav. 444 2 aor. Hes. 104: fut. Verbal fxaoTt^c). Sept. fiTjxdofiai. Xen. Soph. write aor. or strong- he eager. Hes. fxac^Tioav. 127. . 431. %Evx(a<. fia^ovfxai Attic. 1. fiifiovu evidently belongs to this theme. . f^axsiofiEvog and ^a%Bov[iBvog. II. a defective Epic part. ye/ova. Cyr. s^dajila. Theoc. if Soph. 1. Epic (iadTico. Phil.siiirjiiov. Cyr. II. a reading not supported by manuscript authority. 7. MA SI and MENQ. from -eoco. Hes. II. fidofiai as active. 14. 3 sing. II. ficoso as 1 .403. 366. fisfiacos. Anab. : fxa^^sjios or fia^^riTeos. Plat. pres. equivalent to fiaaxcycov from the regular ^aaxiyoco. mid. 769. AJSEOSLy aQaQiaxa). 482 . 1253 perf. Herod. 64. 7. fii^aiv ent. Soph. agrigBV. 298. Col. 7. 252. 245 : 2 perf. 73. 1. ly. 2. Epic. Odys. 686: 2 pluperf. II. Mem. 7. 5. 14: aor. Aj. — part. 17. Herod. fXBiidxriiiai. ifisfidsiv as imperfect. ixaxso^lat. fisixdicj. pluperf. 2. 7.192 : fiaciT Soph. for the usual ^s^txQnov. 66. 2 perf. Epic and Ionic also fxa^eofxat. Compare ye'yaa. whip. in Goetling's edition. 17. 202. 622. 74. is an imperfect from a ifj. Scut. 20 infin. Isoc. lash. Poetic. Scut. ifiax^oaTo for Ipiaxioattxo. and therefore worth little. to fight. protracted from fiaaiLcov (fxaaTtdov). — fiifjLvijaxco. fisfiagjia. Theoc.272. . fxa. 245. scourging.^sciofxai. 5. Xen. the sake of uniformity. 1 7. to ' to desire earnestly. 471. fidxo^ai. ^coad-ai. — Mid. also without the g. fiifiova and fzifxaa as present. intend. 11. 836 . infin. to scourge. Xen. 768. See also Doric. Hes. i^Bfiagnto. — The 2 tetsvxstoVj from perf. Xen.

Athen. Corinth. usually referred to MENU. aor.led-vaxoaai. plan. MOP SI). 622 : fut. lisiis&vafiat. Ionic. meo. fx£(A£ii^ivos Ionic. Cycl. Apol. 3. 62 Odys. allot. 10. pass. 240. 1119. to send off. is god. 2 perf. da-. 1. fis&va&rjv. 78: aor. Eurip. uiut). perhaps it once had the digamma. Some editors. Poetic. Anacr. ruler* fiidav has usually the fxs&ti]fiL (^erd. meditor.). Ulysses . 3. intoxicate. 384 . 167. to divide. fxsTrjao^aL as passive. Ale. 108 35. 8ddaavg. lacryma . 2 aor. iEolic for jLtsdva&rjvai. 1 1 . to get drunk. i^id^vaa. fxed-rjaco. OTecpavb)&i]v. to get drunk. 17 . Arist. . 1. infin. II. part. frag. 278 4 4. distribute. 4. as in irffxt: perf. Op. think of. e^fiogs as middle. — II. Odys. . 51 : perf. 9. to rule. aUg o^w xQvov. defective. II.— ixsig :: 193 This theme may possibly be connected with the Latin moveo. 650. 78: [ledav perf. snt'/Q(xq)r)v. Xen. Herod. x\ntig. Herod. to concern one's self about. 9. fxeda). Mavors. fi£&vco (if). II. pass. write ^s&va&^v. the original form of Mars. to get drunk. and perhaps with the Latin medeor. MAF^^Further. XixoLog AJJl. syllable. SLaevex^V^ ^^ the inscriptions (Gregor. "OXvaasvg. inasmuch as the accents are omitted. may be connected with it. fut. part. to fied^vaxco (i. pass. with the circumflex on the last As to the infinitives ysvvij&tjv. The participle and 2. For the commutation of 8 and I. machinate. mind. odor. 79. Athen. 21 . Vesp. 4. Soph. (. fjLS^id'etxa. 276. oleo. the impetuous The Latin mens. they prove nothing.i£&vo). [zidoiiai. 35. 5. Epic. Mid. II. apud Athen. Etymologically connected with fi^^dofiai. aor. 1252. See also fxa&vco. 5. fiiXo). compare "Obvaafvg. MEIPSl {MEPSl. 2. iiilo^ai. 2. &c. let go. without manuscript authority. 18. k(x' ' ' (O/IJl). ifisd^va&r^v as middle. fxedijaoixaL. Cyr. 9. also la. h'fifxogsg. ^edscov. whence fievog. force of a noun. — See mid. pass.


194
345.

; '

iiax

— Mid.

fistgofiaty

to obtain, transitive,
perf.

II.

9,

616; Hes. Op. 576;
sonal eifxagxat,
it

pass.

3 sing, imper1

is fated^

Dem.

435

;

part.

sifxagfiivos, fated,

ordained by fate, Soph. Trach.

169;

also fxefiogr^rai, (xsfiogrf^ivos
1,

and
it

fxefiogfii-

vos, Apol.

646; Anthol.

7,

466. 700: pluperf.
loas fated,

pass. 3 sing, impersonal si^oLgjo,

Dem. 293

;

also fisixogrfTo, Apol. 1, 973.

sfifioQavTi,

2

perf.

3

plur. Doric, in

Hesychius.

(xifio-

Q a XT at, perf. pass. 3 sing, in the sense of sfi^oQs, Plat. Loc.

2;

implying

MOPAZSL.

— Efx^QaxaL
'

Efi^gafiivTj for

dfxaQixsvr], in

for u^aqjai, and Hesychius; formed as follows;

MElPIl,
VT]
'

e^ccQittL, f(xaQiA,svf},

like cpx^slQa, tip&aQfiai, icpdaqfii-

by metathesis and epenthesis, i'^/Sgarai, s/n^Qafievfj. Compare ufi^QOTog from «-, fiogrog 7]fi(3QOTov from afiagTccvo) cucumya^^Qog from ydy.og usarj^^gla from fxsaog, rjfisgci ber ^ French coucombre, Latin cucumis or cucumer ; number^ French W07n6re, Latin /iw/werws. (iipga^ivwv for elfiagformed from MEPJl by changing ^ fiEvtav, in Hesychius Compare ^eUelv, fiekkeiv ^dyiov, fiiya, Latin magis, into /5. magnus, English big. Etymologically connected with the Latin morior, mors
'
'

;

'

{^ogog).

fieklco, to be

about
aor.
1,

to

imperf.

eixsXXov
3,

Dem. 292:
Xen. Cyr.
fiai, to

do any thing, to intend, delay, and rj^ellov, Thuc. 7, 20 ifxiXXTfaa, and T^ixskh^aa rare,
;

15

Hel. 5, 4, 65.

— Pass.

fiiXko-

be delayed,

Xen. Anab.

3, 1, 47.

Verbal

luXXr}TBo?, Arist. Eccl. 876.
liilo), to

be an object of concern, to concern, also to care for, rare in the personal form, Odys. 9, 20 ; II. 10, 92; Soph. Antig. 873; Aj. 689: fut. ^eXr^aco, II. 5, 228; 20, 137: 2 perf. ^£>?/Aa as

present, Epic, II. 2, 25 ; 4, fi7J}.£tv as imperfect, Odys.
Xt^tsos,
tive,

353
1,

:

Plat.

Rep.

2, 8.

— Mid.
II.

151.

2 pluperf. I^fVerbal ^f-

[xiXoixat as ac-

Eurip. Hip. 60,

109;

Hel.
1,

Col.

1138:

fut.

fieXTJdoixal,

1161; Soph. 523: perf. /wf-

fisra
fiiXr^fxat

195

perf. (.isixeXrjfxriv

as present, later, Anthol. 10, 17: pluas imperfect, later, Theoc. 17,
Aj.

46

:

aor. pass. part. fieXr^d^sls

cared for, Soph.

1184.

— See

as

active,

having
iTtif^i-

also

Impersonal
concern,
perf.

ixsXet,

it

concerns, is

an

object of
5,

fxi^jf, fiikot,

hsXetco, ^iXeiv, ^ikkov, im-

I'^fAf: fut.

[xslrjast,

Xen. Cyr.

4,

17:

aor. I^f A?/tff,
fisfiskrixsvai,
sfxsijLskTJxsi,

Xen. Cyr.

6, 3, 19: perf. [xe^elrfxs,

lASiisXtfTcos,

Dem. 1350:

pluperf.

Xen. Hel.

3, 3, 9.

fxifx^Xixai, perf. mid. 3 sing. Epic, II. 19, 343; Hes. Theog. 61; 2 plur. fiifilSXea&e, Apol. 2, 217: pluperf. 3 sing. fis^^XsTo, II. 21, 516. Formed from fiilo), by metathesis

and epenthesis

;

see

^)i(oax(a.

f^ifAova,

see ixifxvTjaxco. see MA£1, iihco, fisvco, to remain, wait for, await, fut. Herod. 8, 62 ; Xen. Cyr. 4, 4, 5
fiSfjLvoixsvos,

ixsvico, fisvS,
:

aor. sixstva,

Thuc.

5,

40:
very

perf. fisixivrfxa, Isoc. rare,

fjLSfiova

Eurip.

Aul.

116: 2 perf. 1495. Verbal

IxsvsTEos,

Thuc.

2, 88.

The 2 perf. ^sfiova must not be confounded with the corresponding form from MASl, MENU. Etymologically connected with the Latin manco, English
re-main.
lisg^riQiCco, to

ponder,

reflect, devise, fut. fisgfxrigL^a),
11.

Odys.
Vesp.

16,
5.

261

:

aor. ifxsgfiTJgtia,

1,

189; also

infin. fjtsgfirfgiaat, dTtoiisgiiT^giaai, to

doze, Arist.

fiSTafzskst (fisid, fiiXei), it repents, like the simple

fiSTUfxiXofiai (ixsid, neXo^ai), Ionic
to repent,
fut.

^fra^fAfo^at,

part. fxeTafis?.ria6fievos as passive,

Xen. Mem.

2, 6, 23.

Impersonal ^sja^ilsrai, (israfiskead'ai, Plat.

Demod.

3.

196
(.UTLtfiJii,

^m
Ionic for ixs&u^^t.

fir^xdofxat

or goats,

(3IAKS2, MHKS2), to ^sch. frag. 54: 2 aor.
perf. fis^rixa as present,

bleat, as

sheep
II.

sfxdxov,
II.

16,

469

:

2

10, 362.

s^i^riKov, imperf. from a new present, Odys. 9, 439. via, 2 perf. part. fern, for /xf/UJj{x 8 five See also aQaglaxca.

it

Kvla,

II.

4, 435.

fiT^^^avdoixai (f^r^x^'^v)^

^^ contrive,

machinate, de-

and Poetic ^r^xot^vdco, Soph. Aj. 1037: fut. fxrixoLvjjaoixai, Xen. Mem. 3, 11, 9: perf. fxs^rixdvT^fjtat actively or passively, Xen. Hier. 11, 4; Cyr. 8, 3, 1 ; Soph. Trach. 586; Dem. 604 ; Isoc. 27 aor. sfjii];^av7jadfxriv, Xen. Ages.
vise
;

rare

:

2, 5.

Verbal

ixTf^avr^Tsos, Plat.

Gorg. 80.
{firjxoc-

fArixcivotxivxag, part,

protracted from urixav^vxag

vaovxag), Odys. 18, 142. Connected with the Latin machina, machinor.

fiialvo)

[MIANIl),
:

to stain, dye, pollute, fut. [iiavco,

Antiph. 638 Hel. 1000;

aor.
4,

if^idva

and
:

ifiirfva,

Eurip.

141: perf. ^fpa^jca later, perf. pass, fisPlutarch. Tiber. Gracch. ^ 21 fiiaofiat, Thuc. 2, 102: aor. pass, i^idvd^riv, Soph. Col. 1374.
II.
11.

^luvd-riv, aor. pass. 3plur. Epic for (xlav&sv {ffiidv&rjaav), Compare 2 aor. 3 plur. syvcav for i'yvov (Jyvta4, 146.

aav), from yLyvoioyxo. fiiyvvfjLi

or
II.

^lyvvco or ^iayco
iilayco
is

mingle;
4,

35;

(MUTSl), to mix, the oldest form, Pind. Nem. 3, 270: fut. ^t|«, Soph. Col. 1047:
:

Msoh, Choeph. 546 perf. pass, fxeXen. Cyr. 1, 3, 10: aor. pass, i^ixd-qv 2 aor. pass, e^iyriv as middle, Soph. Tyr. 791 3 fut. pass, fis/xi^o^at, as middle, Arist. Av. 698 Verbal fiixzios, Plat. Tim. 21. Hes. Op. 177.
aor. a^L^a,
fii/fiat,
:

:

Mid. ^iyvvixat or [XL(jyo[.iat, to mingle with, join one^s self to, have intercourse with, fut. ^t|o^at, Odys. 24, 314.


fllfiV

197
3
sing, syncopated,

fiUta or sill XT 0, 2 1,433; II. 11,354.

aor. mid.

Odys.

Etymologically connected with the Latin misceo, mixtus, English mixj mingle.

^unEo^aL^ to imitate,

fut.

ixifiTjitoixai,

Eurip. Rhes.

211

:

perf.

fisf/.tfir^fxaL
;

actively or passively, Plat.
aor. pass, iixtfijjd^riv

Cratyl.

66

Arist.

Lys. 159:
1
:

passively, Plat. Leg. 2,

aor. mid. ifxifXT^odfiriv,

Dem. 420.
[itixvrjaxco

Verbal

fxtfiriTsos,

Eurip. Hip. 114.

fiLfivd^c), for fjiifivco, fiivG),

{MNA£2)^
14,

to

Odys.
ca,l\,
to

169

:

fut.

^vt^Vo,

cause to remember, remind^ II. 15, 31 : aor. a^vq'
i^vrjadifv as
:

1,407:

aor. pass,
3,

middle,
fjtsixvrlctO'

remember, Thuc.
27.

90

3

fut.

pass.

remain mindful, Xen. Cyr. 3, remember, recollect, call to mind, mention, Odys. 15, 54; Epic also fifdofxai, to remember, Theoc. Epigr. 14: fut. fivrjcfOfiac, II. 4, 172: perf. iieiivrniat as present, to remember, Soph. Tyr. 1401 aor. Verbal iivt^otbos. ifivrfddfiriv Poetic, II. 4, 222.
ixat as middle, will
1,

— Mid.

^ufjLVTJaxofxai, to

:

Plat.

Tim. 72.
mid. imperat. 2 sing, as
/^cJeo

fiv(0E0y pres.
1,

896; compare

from MAJl.

— (ivaofisvog,
Epic,
II.

if

from -ww, Apol.
pres.
:

part, protracted

from fivwusvog (fivaof^evog), Odys. 4, 106 fivojovro or ifivaovro, imperf. 3 plur. protracted from efivwvTo (e/uvccovto), II. 11, 71; 2, 686. (xsfivrjai, perf.
sing,
for fisfivrjoai,

2

contracted

fidfivrj,

21, 442

;

18: imperat. 2 sing, fiiiivso for fisfivrjao, Herod. 5, 105: part, ^sfivofisvog for nsfivrjfiivog, Archil, frag. 1: subj. fiBfivojfisS^a, 1 plur., Soph. Tyr. 49; Odys. 14, 168; perhaps the only person in use: opt. fisfxvjjfirjv, II. 24, 745; 3 sing. fisfivjJTo, Arist. Plut. 991. Also 2 sing. fisfiVMo or ^tfivoto, Xen. Anab. 1, 7, 5 3 sing. iis(j,vmto, Epic fisfivsMTo, Xen. Cyr. 1, 6,3; 11.23, 361; 3 plur. fizvalaxo, Ionic for ^uf^rati'To, Find. frag. 277. This verb is etymologically connected with the Latin memini, memor, memoro, English remember.
15,
;

^ifivco,

Poetic for fiivcD, iEsch. 17*

Agam.

74.

:

198
liivvd-a

fiLvv

(MINTSl,

fisLov),

to
11.

diminish,
15,

make

less,

also intransitive, to be less,

492; Hippocr.

aor. ifitvv&riaa and iixcvvd^iaa, Hippocr. : perf, IxB^Lvvd-qxa^ Hippocr. : aor. ifxivv&r^v^ Hippocr.

Connected with the Latin minor, minus, minimus, minuo, diminuo, English diminish.
^idyco, see [xiyvvfiL,
fivdoixac, to
to courts 1000,

remember, see ^i^vqaxco, Odys. 16, 77; Herod.
ngofivriadfxsvog,
it


1,

fxvdofxai,

96. 205:
2,

aor.
6,

ifivfiddfirjv,
:

Xen. Mem.

36 in this sense Epic language.
fxv7](jxa),

is

not restricted to the
iiL^vqcixo^ai,

fxrijaxo^ai,

for

iJit^v7J(yxco,

MOA SI,
liogyvv^i,

Orph.

Hym.

76, 6; Anacr. frag. 69.
ifiog^dfxriv,
frag.

see ^X66xco.
fjLogyvvfiai,

for

ofxogyvvfiL,

Mosch.
edition.

2,

96; Simonid.

108,

Gaisford's

fiv^o, later fjLvtdc)

218. lowing.
11.

4,

and fiv^io, to suck : aor. ifiv^rf(^a, Not to be confounded with the folmutter, grumble,
(to cry fiv [xv,

^v^o
4,

{[XV fiv), to

Arist.

Thesm. 231,) aor. sfxv^a and s^ivaa, II. Hippocr. Not to be confounded with 20
;

the preceding.
[xvxdoiJLat
fut.
[iriv,

{MYKSl),

to

bellow,
9,

fxvxrjaoixai,

Anthol.
:

Odys. 724 aor.
:

10,

413:

i^ivxriadifxvxriaa,
II.

Arist.

Anthol. 6,
18, 12,
It
:

Nub. 292; 220 2 perf.

later

aor. act.

[is^ivxa

as present,

580 2 pluperf. ifxsfxvxecv as imperfect, Odys. 395: 2 aor. s^cvxav, II. 749.
is

an onomatopy

;

compare the Latin mugio, Romaic
lips or

fiovyxQi^(o, [iovyKoq)Vooj, ^oyxoj or (Sovyxoj.

fivo

(if),

to close the

eyes,

Athen. 8, 34:
to

aor.

sfxifoia
:

and

efivaa,

Hom.

Batr. 192; Soph.

Antig. 421 perf. fxsixvxa, II. 24, 420, not confounded with fiifivxa from fxvxdoixat.

be


vs[.ia

199

-

iV.

vaisraG) (vaihri?^ vato), short a, to inhabit^ or to be inhabited^ situated^ Epic, Odys. 9, 21 ; II.

4,45.
yaterawaa,
(vaiEToiovaa),
II.

part.

fem. Epic, protracted from

vam^aa

2, 648.

Compare
II.

adco, iadm,

from a«ow.

yatexaaaxor,

imperf. iterative,

2, 539.

vaio

(N^£2), to inhabit, Trach. 40: fut. vdao[iaL
aor.

settle,

Poetic,

Soph,

evaaa {aa)
:

(aa), Apol. 4, 1751: causative, to cause to dwell,

4, 174; Pind. Pyth. 5, 94 perf. mid. vivaa^ai, Herodes Attic. Sim. Reg. 8: aor. pass, ivda&rfv, II. 14, 119; Eurip. Med. 166: aor. mid. ivaodfxriv {ao) reflexive, Hes. Op. 637. Eurip. Taur. 1260, dnevdaaato seems to be equivalent Arist. Vesp. 662, xativaa&s is to the causative svaaas.

build as a city, establish, Odys.

novi^

edited xccTsvaa&sv for xaTEvda&rjaav, the reading of the best manuscripts.

vdaao or vdzto), to stuff, press close together, fut. vd^a (I), in Hesychius aor. fVa|a, Herod. 7, 36. 60; Odys. 21, 122: perf. pass, vkvaa^ai, Ionic vivay^ai, Arist. Eccl. 840 ; Theoc. 9, 9 ;
:

Hippocr.

NASI,
vdo
perf.

to dwell, see
II.

valo,

21, 197; Odys. 6, 292: imvdov and vaiov, Odys. 9, 222. Arist. Ran. 146, act vojv is now written dslvav, from
(a), to flow,

dsivaog (ae/yw?), ever jlowing.

vstaaofxai, see vlat^o^ai,
vsLycia, to reproach, chide.

vsixiaa, II. 10, 59. 38. 3, vifico, to distribute, think, consider, pasture, transitive, Soph. Elec. 150: fut. vsfxS, vsixrjtsa, Plat. Phileb. 156; Eurip. Epist. 5, 77: aor. sveifia, Thuc. 3,
fut.

Epic,
II.

158:

aor. ivsixsaa (aa),

48

:

perf. vevifxrixa in composition,

Xen. Cyr.

4,

200
6,

vsofi

45
:

:

perf.

pass, vsviixi^fiai,

21
7,

aor. pass, iv € ^r^Orfv

^nd

4,

27

;

Eq.

7, 36.

— Mid.

Dem. 956.

Xen. Anab. 7, 3, Xen. Hel. Verbal vsfirfTsos, Xen.
ivsfiiOrfv,

vifiofiai,

to allot to one^s self,

inhabit, feed or pasture, intransitive imperf. evs11, 635: fut. fiofiffv, Epic also vsfiiOofiriv, II.
vsixeofiat, vsixotifxaL,

Herod.

1,

173; Dem. 579:
ivsifxdfiriv

perf. vsvsfii^fxaL,
ivsfiTfadfir^v,

Isoc.

298
;

:

aor.

and

Athen. 12, 58. viofiac, contracted vsvfiat, to go away, return, usually as future. Epic, II. 18, 101. 136; Theoc. 18,
8, 21

Thuc.

56; 2 sing, vslul (visai), Odys. 2 sing, viriai, II. 1, 32.
v£(pia) (vscpos,

11,

114;

subj.

NE0S2)y

(pa, 4,

to

be clouded,

to

only in composition, ^vvvslower, Eurip. Dan. frag.

Arist. Av. 1502: perf. ^wvivocpa, Arist. 142; 349. via), to swim, Herod. 8, 89 fut. vevaovfxai, Xen. Anab. 4, 3, 12 aor. svsvaa, Thuc. 2, 90; Find. Olym. 13, 163: perf. vivsvxa, Plat. Rep. 4, 16.

7;

frag.

:

:

evvsov, imperf. Epic for Vvtov, II. 21, 11. kindred noun vavg, ship, that is, floater, sioimmer, and the Latin navis, connected with no, nare, presuppose a digammated theme, fJl.

The

NA

VBO, to heap up, Herod. 4, 62 aor. evrjcia, Eurip. Cycl. 387 ; Thuc. 2, 52: perf. pass, vivrffiat and
:

vivrf6fiai,

— See
135
;

Xen. Anab.

5, 4,

27

;

Arist.

Nub. 1208.

also vr^io, vrivkco,

vBvittTai, perf. pass. 3 plur. Ionic for vevrjiTui, Herod. 2, 4, 62.
;

via and vrlSa, to spin, Hes. Op. 775 Plat. Polit. 29: fut. vrJGio, Arist. Lys. 519: aor. evr^aa, II. 20, 128 perf. pass. vhriafiuL (?), Etymol. Magn.
:

(voc. vYiydjEov)

:

aor.

pass.

ivrjOrfv,

Plat.
7,

Polit.

23
vfiio

:

aor. mid. ivr^adixr^v as active,
vriveco,

Odys.

198.

and

Epic and Ionic

for

vea, to heap

vosa (FN Oil). Call. Epic. 638 aor. 16. ivoTfaa. Odys. For the omission of y before for gnosco. II. 42 . for 9. II. vijOco. viipco. to feel sleepy. 68. vivcjfiaL as active. impersonally. 5. perf. The original form of this verb was FNOEJl.. Etymologically connected with tbe Latin nix^ nivis. 230. Ivvaxaoa. 138. vr^vico. perceive. 949: aor. — The to think. 1 163 aor. evLipa. aor. ivG)G:dfirfv. Theoc. 9. Herod. II. 147: aor. vitco. Arist. v. Attic dialect. vvcud'Co. nivesco. 263. viTZTo^at. nivo. Herod. vsvor^xa. vrjxa. vrjxojxai. fut. Plutarch. Char. 7. 24. later ivvaia^a. Odys. ivTJr^aa. : to or feet. compare the Latin nosco nascor or gnascor. Arist. 178: : vcipo^ai. Theoph.. Op. vLipco. Eccl. iviiriad^riv Herod. iviyjdfiriv. 1 . Av. 50 : transitive. 1104: aor. i/tfo^ai 219 and : Odys. Dell. 6. 1. Sup. see vriio. 1141: fut. Arist. 765 vfV^^^at. 275: later swim. Arist. mid. hicpdriv. svixpa^ : Eurip. Av. — Mid. Ach. as the hands 19 aor. pass. VVdT up. to fut. 139. II. : . vevaxa. Compare the compound a-yvoico. ivevSfiriv as active. 47. 137. 201 23. Arist. cover with snoiv. regular in the lonians have evcoaa. p. ningo. Hes. see via. 1. 1. &c. vltito fut. 235. 428. (NIBS2). to snow. Hippocr. 62 . vLTtTo^aL viaofiai is rare in pure Greek. and vsiaaofiai. drowsy. Poetic. for veo^ai. vitpa. aor. 7. Ach. 25. ivr^^dfXTfv. commonly 375. Athen. Odys. vrjlofxai. Saxon snaw^ English snow. 6 53 . 3. wash. to spin. 7. 18. The form 10.

to smart from a bite. s^safxai. ^rigaiva {^ijgos). Ionic co^eoa. frag. 6. 85. pass. commonly ^vgofiat. S^r^aa.. ivo. 5. pass. 27. Hippocr. Ionic i^rjgriv a. 5. 32. Vesp. aor. Eurip. Ionic o^idG). Epigr. 9. 686dv(ffiat as present. Odys. Herod. Odys. Theog. perf. fut. pass. 81 Alcidam. Cyr. 6. mid. odd^o. ada^ov.: smell. to scrape^ 5. have the smell of. Poetic.. 29. 13. Herod. — Eurip. : It is probably o'Cg) connected with the Latin odi. mid. fut. Arist. Thuc. imperf. 109 109 aor. : aor. to emit a o^TJaa. i^r^gdva. Conv. i^TJgaafiai. i^rigdvd^riv. ^vvvsepio. l|v(yoc^?^v transitive. 3. 202 « |f« |ffi). . to shave. but iyivajf (v). s^eaa (do). Horn. II. Plat. : perf. to bite. 11: Hippocr. Beller. 60 perf. 2. Hippocr. 1. Soph. 14. e^vda. 4. (OJS2). Arist. Xen. 21. scratch. 575: aor. . 245 perf. 708 : aor^ Gida^di^r^v. Hes. 423 aor. 2. : aor. ^rfgava. 1059. Hippocr. odium. to be angry. Odys. II. 617. codvdaro. i^vadr^v. 1. regular. oSSdsLv and aSadscv as imperfect. see vscpsco. : : perf. fut. made angry. 179. 14: aor. 8. todvaadixr^v (aa). mid. 86. pass. ^r^gavovi^iat. 62. coBay^at. 22. Xen. Rep.: odada as present. but causatively. 109 . OJTS2. 2 538 Hippocr. frag. Anthol. Anthol. 9 2 pluperf. perf. Odys. Cycl. 5. 7. Athen. 7. Mid. 456: aor. to dry. mid. s^vafiat. 18. : odd^ofiat (oSovs). II. oSa^rjt^o^at as passive. 345 : fut. Odys. to polish. frag. ^vgico and ^vgdco.

153. ot^dsis. Nem. Apol. : OL^oyiiaL.453: aor. 2. : Eurip. to swell. Cycl. . 5. 3. Hom. 302 : aor. 408 Odys. 554 : otdaivco^ oldico. &^7ia. 558 11. oif^iat. Arist. oiU- vo^ai. 4. II. Hym. equivalent to oldaivco. . . The Epic form avaoiyeaxov (avafotysoicov) favor of a digammated theme. : : 203 oleo. olIo. 1. Poetic. imperf. Theoc. 1. part. II. bewail. 323. 3. (oi'a&rjv. pound avoiyo). 78. 609 13. 1286: aor. Odys. oi^a)'C(o 4. 9. 547 — Pass. 938 364 . to yield. Odys. 152. 1204. Xen. Connected with the Latin odor. 502 Eurip. 5. Pind. olSdco Arist. give way. 1. to icail. 817. aor. o^ioi^o^ai. Op. II. which see. ot- Theogn. later modfiijv. EIJJl. OLOfxat. Anthol. mid. . 403. 2. Odys. 1. oOofiai. — olyoixriv and myvv^iriv. 8. 298 Eccl. 1297: aor. always oui. 6. olddvo is to cause to swell. Ran. aor. pass. to (oifjioc). Hip. 6uro. oldTJao). Eurip. : . II. 2. and olSdvo. to : and think. . Hes. 852 fut. perf. odofirfv^ 11. pass.— oioiA. commonly Qf|a. Pac. Poets revolve (r). to know. be miserable. II. 5. 809. — Mid. see tive. Ale. 1210: perf. Dem. Prose 574 II. usually causative. to care about. 1. 1. is one of the facts in oida. The form oia has sometimes T. ot^vaa. : aor. 940. «^o|a. oiadfirjv (t). licDX^us. intransi1166. may suppose that its original form was foiyco. Bac. 7. Eurip. 3. mind. Mosch. 5. 50 (Econ. Hippocr. pass. U. oiofxaL and o/'w oi into o'l 59: imperf wro>^v. 10. Hel. 56 perf. 2. Epic. Xen. part. 9. II.248.61. ' thus.43. later olfiS^a. The Epic II. olrjaoiiai. fut. 181 : im- oi/o and ofyvvfii. aor. mfir^v and w^wt^v. 645. to open. fut. Xen. writers use the com- We It may be connected with u>c<a.342: aor. o'CZva. Cyr. 2 sing. «|a. 19: imperf. fut. lament. Dem. (oB-qoa. 1.

fut. Odys. frag. Pyth. Herod. 7. Tyr. Dem. 2. 16. 3. 28: perf. Antiph.^rjaofAai perf. olfxai. 30 . 6. to destroy. ohadatvo also ohaOdvco {OAI20£1).. ^ 15 . met/links. to be gone. Anthol. 227 . II : 10. 673 . slide. 350 2 perf. not oi'-xaxoi. [^inl ** to the ancient grammarians. 5. the analogical form would be O'Hoixdt or o-xoiHo. 4. 4. oUaco (aa). «Af<ra (aa). have perished. Dindorf has 'ola form ol^at is used paren- / think. aXtadov. OISl^ to bring. Aj. Ionic olxrffiac. bXsofiai. olaXa as middle. aor. fut. for ol'w. 252 : perf. Op. oXXvfiai. imperf. Archil. in my opinion. it contains the Attic reduplication. oAwAfxa. 1." OL^ofiai as aorist. 896 . 178. ofioXoyovixivov^ where however Attic urbanity avoided in Buttmann.204 Odys. 65. Soph. The perfect ol'xataci presupposes OIXO ft. 1 1 238 Hippocr. oL. Herod. ot^o^ca. : rarely oXl- addto. from algioj. done. Soph. 896 In prose olaXsLv. to perish. 79 6Ua>. 739. But then. Hippocr. 4. see (pega). to think. 51 Epic also OTxa. Soph. oXS. rifiixo). 448 Ale. the forms ployed only in cases of conviction M^riv According were em. 49. Find. sometimes toxcoxa Arist. Athen. see OLo^ai. dnoXXvai. 24 fut. oXov^ai. — The syncopated Arist. Ionic oXsv^ai. oXXv^L and oXlvco {OASl). 746. Aj. Anab. 34 . aUadrfda. Mid. Antig. 2 aor. Hes. 255. mid. to slip. circumflexed. oixo — Lys. frag. coXtaOr^xa. . 7. de Art. a/ofiriv as : sometimes as pluperfect. 156. 24 Xen. aor. lose. after the analogy of avv-o%(ox(6g from avv-ex(a. 893. Herod. Vesp. rarely aXaXstv. OLO. Soph. to be un2 pluperf. Soph. Odys. 136. thetically. ifiv-rjfivxoi. as the Attic reduplication shortens the radical syllable (compare uQ-aiQTjxa. dTioXXv/jiat. ness of positive assertion. axriuai. 3. 2. Thuc. According to Buttmann. equiv alent to oi'xoxa. this way the harsh- perfect. 71: perf. : : : : : — — . Eurip. Elec.

2 aor. JEsch. 1174. frag. coXo(pvgd^iriv. — olof^svog oXocpvgo^ai (i/). 18. oXocpvgovfiac. ofxovvTwv. Herod. Vesp. Soph. ofivvfu 14. help. 0M0£1). Phaeth. destructive. 6. Laconian for 6ficof^e&a. 612: perf. oiioaco later. Eurip. covr^oa. commonly : to swear. OAil. to wipe off. 278 fut. oXisaxsy. covfjdrfv. Doric ovi- . present and imperfect Eurip. 2. II. ONHMI). 822. pernicious. mid. oXocpygOels middle. 1. 1029. laxriiJiL to benefit. part. in- flected like fut. pres. — Mid. as Cyr. implying oXsto. 153. pass. 1. and ovXofAsvog. Eurip. pass. Prom. 19. Mid. 1. 7. d^og^d^riv. 219: aor. Xen. . 135. Compare maivm for inaitK. 6ix6d7}v and coixoaOrfv. pass. iterative. in the 6. II. ofiog^ofxat. 15. 209 . Thuc. Lys. '573. : oixogyvv^L fut. Xen. Hip. Thuc.2. pass. -h. «wo^|a.Lco^oa^aL. 4. part. cofxoaa. Xen. and ofxvva (0MI2. 11. 6: aor. — oiiovvTsg. 18 15. Orest. Eurip. -ELxai. Heracl. 560. 415 {O o^og^o. Lys. ofxagxObIs as middle transitive. pass. Phocyl. 1044: aor. Odys. 3. Dem. Hip. 816 iEsch. 8 perf. mid. ovriocii. dXofxriv. Eurip. see okkvfit. Antig. Eurip. 10: aor. fatal. SI). II. fut. 183. 14: aor. 2. A»ab. fut. imperf. Xen.— : ovLv 205 : 218. 59 Tjr. 1174. to lament^ bewail. mid. part. 653 aor. b^a^o^ai and 6i. II. from OMOfL. doubtful. 2. Eurip. 2 aor. 5. 78. 269. subj. 7. Agam. 55. II. Anthol. 6^Lc6fis&(x. Soph. as middle. wj/a^T^i/ 32: aor. Hel. Theoc. 1290 aor. part. 829 : aor.526: fut. 12. Anab. Lysias. ocTioixovvTcov. part. Arist. : . mourn for. 2 (2). Arist. ofiSfioxa. as an adjective. 6iioad^riv. 13. MO FT — : ovLvriiii {ONAn. Phoen. : Dem. oiiogyvv^ai transitive. 201 23 : aor. 399. oixovfiai. Rhes.

65 : aor. agsov. to derive ovofjL fut. 172: fut. IJS2). Eurip. call. 47 aor. Ach. Rep. 327. ouvoa (if). 1 1. for ov-eo&s. iEsch. ovo^tj488. Hom. ovijao. Med.! — 206 vafxai. said of the man. to see. 1 1 . Poetic. Arg. transitive. 2. oTtoTCEO}. to insult. Rep. 3 . regular: aor. Plat. oTtvLco. 13. 0IIS2. Herod. see ogda. ovop^aLva. 25 aor. 484 2 aor. covaadfxrfv later. 240. 255. ovaifirjv. ovozd'Cco. oipof. 2. ovoaoliai (da). II. Odys. Ionic ogico. reproach. always oyjsi. 4. 1368 . : ovTJaofzat. 184. find fault icith. also cDvijiiriv. 217. without the i. 2. II. Find. Isseus. Ionic. iSgdxa. ovo^ai {ONSl. Orph. ogdco (OIIS2. 2 sing. II. Anthol. Sup. Trach. avoaOr^v equivalent to avoadfiriv. Dem. Arist. think ye it a slight matter. 10. Odys. ovojdtopaL. iagaov. 2. 148: fut. 570 aor. Here. II. ovijodai. II. inflected like dtdouat in the present and imperfect. 4. Pyth. also ovvfia^a MoWc. 3 . 33. 4. rare and Poetic iogdxa. 2. 17. Pyth. : Epic also avdprjv. 7. 378. Herod. Arist. ovTJ^svos. equivalent to ovopat. to marry.iat. : fut. 324. mid. pass. Odys. ovaoOai. 11. 136. 1. Plut. ONS2MI). Herod. benefit. imperf. 24. 82 : fut. 2. 19 Soph. 2. ovvead^s. 352 perf. Hym. 2 aor. EUS2. infin. Odys. 6. Plat. Pind. act. 7. despise. doubtful. commonly Epic. 17. 429 : fut. 241. Ionic Sgav. 173. 2. 9. ovTJfisvog! ovofid^G) (ovofxa). also ovv^d^ofiat ^olic. a new present from ojicoTta. avoadfir^v.4. Eurip. or ogsov. covdfiTjv. to God bless him name. think lightly of. Herod. covofir^va. 379. ONOSl. 36. : : ovijvai. ovvo' pavka vco. : . for ovopd^a. 11. 1025. 2 plur.

1. Eurip. Soph. very rare. Latin aira. agogov. subj. 3. 8. to stretch out^ : ogiyo and ogiyviffii. Theog. Soph. 712: 2 perf. to see.— See . contracted after the Doric manner ogrjai compare ^v&uai for ^v&ij] from fiv&esai. The form ogrjai comes directly from ogdo^ai thus. II. see ogofiui.2. 56 . 1. 45. Epic. 20. Hes. • ' ogvvfxi and ogvvcy {OPS2). Latin oculus. perf. see also EIJJ2. warn. 16. Xen. 13. aor. pass. see EIJSl. 6. : 2 7. 4 and Poetic. 532: inoyjafn^v. Pind. 902 1. ogcogixf^Tai 2. II. II. oqixiaae. 2 sing. 99 . Odys. Sfxf^iai. Msch. oyjdfir^v. perf. 846 : aor. Etymologically connected with the Latin rego. 1060: aor. The obsolete OnSl is connected with ocpdal^og. 998: aor. Xen. wary. 12. Prom. II. 197 63 . Idoixr^v. Med. Epic. Col. bgso^ai.^aT0 Epic. : ogdofiai as active. por-rigo. sagdfxat and Thesm. desire. — Mid. ogr^at or ogrjai. 1. Anthol. Mem. 33 Dem. optra. sldoixriv. cogixOriv as middle. 17. Pind. 24. to see. 314 jEsch. to rouse.o0>O 207 98 . Odys. 353 3 plur. ogcoga as present : : . 22. Def. 16. Epic. oncoTta Ionic 125 . aor. Doric. 15. 178. English care. Hes. 506 : fut. 496 . perf. ogs^a. fr^oi/. oge^ofiac. : . a-ivare. : ogsyofiai. T^ov. ward. Op. -ovQog (as in yrjnovQog)^ -(OQog (as in nvXagog). English right. ouTlXog or It is oTirlXlog. 6 2 aor. nogioj {to see. oxTaXog. to stretch one^s self forward^ Eurip. 4. 1121. II. 11. 351 : fut. 3 plur. Herod. look after). Antig. he-ware. Olym. Mem. 834: pluperf. Soph. not absurd to suppose that oQam is connected with -noQog (overseer). Theoc. Hel. 423 2 aor. 58 : 2 aor. — Mid. pass. 25 . guard. 15 fut. 13. ogyji^u. 26: aor. Plat. 48. ovqoc (watcher). frag. Thuc. Antig. II. 32.-^^f|a. 14. (oge^dfiTiv. 343. cocpdriv. oqueui. ogrifiL (ogdo). Verbal oTrifog. Pers. ^gaa. rarely cogddrjv. 6pfi)^f. raise.

ogags: fiat as present. 810. Soph Col. 8. 3 sing.(d7^v. 5. 3. 271. Herod. 78. 590 imperat. 12. ogvyrjaofiat : written also 6gv)^i\oo^ai. 31. 158: pluperf. oigoge 13. mid. 23. 18. ogcogvy^riv and agagvy^iriv. 23. perf. 13. 6gvv(. 2. 4. 7. Theog. Herod. 8. 20. ogov^ai. The passage en\ d^ arsQfg iad^Xol oqovto may be compared with Inl d' avriQ ia&Xog oqmqsi. Odys. — 2 aor. imperf. forebode. 1. Anab. Plutarch. Herod. 6gwQr}r(xi. : : 2 fut. 659 ogagv^a. 185 . •aaxogcigvy^a. H. Hes.250: infin. 551. foresee. has the force of the perfect. Xen. Arist. to exercise watch over. rush. 9 . 140: perf. 6gv(iG!co or ogvTJco (OPTFJl). aigv^a. Odys. . to to see mentally. 377. it is intransitive. 14: aor. 264. oguigvyinai and agvyfiat. 539. also «^i^'. formed from Or/Jl after the analogy of nioaoj from and iviaoo) from ivimm {ENinJl). JEsch. II. see.^^«?^v. 158: 2 aor. rouse. pass. In-ogovTo. ogofxac (ogvvfiL).204. and perhaps with the English raisCj o?'ior. 398 . 3. Herod. 471. 279. 7. 3. mid.iat. XL 5. pass. II. 1622. 186. agvyr^v. 2. 3. 2 aor. 2. Xen. subj. Sept. Aj. og&aif II. 1141 perf. and oqoeo contracted ogafv. 11. II. 8. mid. ogao. cgv^co. pass. 186. II. to dig. 3 sing. syncopated. 8. 60. p. Anab. Epic. 87ii6gofiai. 5. Av. Anab. oaaoi^tr^v. 112. Odys. 2 aor. and rise. 212: fut. agv^dixr^v. 2 sing. fut. also ogsofxr^v from ogeofxai. 5. 474: part. 3 sing. c}gv. oq&qhv and ^gcygBiv as imperfect middle. to cause to 1. 19. 524 See also ogofxai. 14. pass. : 326. perf. aor. oaao^aL (OnSl). Odys. 1. 105: imperf. 3 plur. 154. mmu {llEIIJl). 8. ago- ojQTo. oQi^svog. 104. — — It is etymologically connected with the Latin ruo (ogovm). II. Soph. 11 aor. imperf. to rise.208 : ogoii middle. — Mid. that is. 87 2 pluperf. rush. superintend. p/v. 90: II. pass. 394 be dug. 2. 11. 389. II. from o^sofxaif II. : Xen. It is II.

18* . iovgrfxa. 172. oacpgri' dofxai. glorify. 1257: fut. Dem. Dem. Hippocr. ocpsklco. II. ovrrjOi^v. pass. T. 7. : : ovidfievos as passive. 14. Galat.rfaa. that ! would to God ! Latin utinam ! ^sch. codcpgofiriv. 1111: 2 aor. . Arist. : fut. — ovido (OTTHMI). Ionic adcpgd^rfv. Epic II. 152: aor. infin. 5 : pluperf. 6a(pg7fadui]v later: 2 aor. 1. 179 . 7. I ought. 32. ovveads. to owe. Herod. Corinth. 537 2 aor. 1157. the imperf. 24. 8 . mid. GxpstXrixBtv im- plying perf. Athen. 2 aor Epic — Op. ovxa. Pac. eofpsXov or ocpsXov. : to smell. 55 fut. pass. 402 aor. 48. 3 sing. Dem. imperf. (O^EASl). used only in expressing a wish. or as. : 19. Arist. 1. 866 aor. s}(p£L?. ocpdXo must. enlarge. dacpgdvdrfv not common. mid. 4. II. iovgsov and ovgsov. part. to increase. 84 . Med. 1. Soph. uds. § 39 perf. to flow) by inserting the kindred diphthong ov after F« It is etymologically connected with the Latin urina. see ovivTffii. de Loc. aids. (ovrdiv). equivalent to cocpflov. 375 . formed from p^ew (the original theme of ^g'w. Epic for the regular ovrd^o). Hippocr. Lys. wcpdov or ocpiXov has the force of ?i particle. 39: aor. aor. perceive by the smell. ovgijaco. Athen. 200 Thuc. 4. II. 525 2 aor. Arist. 469 22. Arist. ocpsiXrjaa}. In the later writers the 2 aor. 4. mqxdov is 6(piXXa). cofslh^xa. 12. 254 . iovgr^aa and ovgijaa. mingo. to wound. ovgia.ocpsX oocpgaivofxai^ rarely oacpgdofxat 209 (O2J0PJ2). see oXXvfxi. Pac. Ach. Tyr. Prom. 5. 8. ovidfisvai or ovxd^sv. ovXoijlsvos. N. wcpBlXov. lies. Eurip. 1266: aor. it may be preceded by for wcpdov. 3. commonly ovgjjcfoixai. II. assist. 764. 80. ovTrfda. mid. 13. II. 8. ovgijOriv. 24. in Homin. : : We suppose that the original theme of ovqso) was fovQfcj.

62 651 15. in aor. 3. naico. Arist. 2 aor. 1125: perf. fut.30. inatadfiriv transitive. oxOrjaas. and part. coxdrfdav. II. contend. sTtaiaa. 184 Xen. Athen. see nijyvv^t. 691. The- og.403. Anthol. ocpiUetev. Nub. co<p}. pass. 383: aor. 12. 2. 403. ciTli nai^co. Arist. to be guilty. 90 perf. eip(o. Med. Ionic for (oq>Xe. 16. Arist. embossed. Hes. : 459 : aor. later Inai^a. wcpXEE. nenaLTca.r^- xa. naXaico. 3 sing. 15. 62 : aor. pass. Athen.7is7taLaixivos. fut. Dem. pass. pass. . 11. ifx. Eurip. Arist. 3. nsTidr : Choeph. 11. Odys. sing. 4. Pind. 5. 101. to wrestle. 2 aor. ctcpXav. ocpXijaco. 4. ocpXcov. U. eTtdXaiaa. 558. Nub. also zri- naiyiiai. 1217: perf. N. -^sch. 34 Dem. Lysias. 19 . Thesm. 343: perf. 470 fut. 86 aor. 9. 1227. T. 2 : aor. naXalao. fut. Arist. owe. 26 . indignant. 2. Anthol. luaica. Epic. 46. Plat. 4: BTtaixd^v later. Ach. : 488 : perf. com- pare f^w. 112: perf. ocphaxdvco (O0AJI). 16. nASQ. Antig. 8.570. Thesm. oxdi\(jai. eTtaiad^rfv. Herod. Xen. to feel vexed. Soph. pass. Matt. . Cyr. Verbal naLaxios. acpXijaa rare. mTtaiaixai. 4. Xen. found only 15. mid. to strike. in the indie. Isth. Pers. 2. 3 Odys. Sisyph. see ndaxco. 947.: 210 . opt. 7. 6. 4. Conv. Anthol. naiaco. Tcinatafiac. stamped. Anab. later also nai^a. niTtaixa. Dem. mirS2. 334. 12. mjidXatxa. : perf. 3 plur. Anthol. and : naLrj^co in Attic Poetry. to play. ocpkstv. sport. ^Esch. 1. 2. 90: aor. 409 composition. aor. 211 . Ttai^ofiat or itai^ov(xai. 12. jest. ocpli . incur as a penalty. 542.

64. later. syncopated. Elec. sing. 650: 2 aor. brandish. 2 perf 2 23. {HAS SI. 595. Lucian. 355 . ^schin. oivos). Magn. tremble. insult. Herod. TtahlXoyico. — 3 : tated. (ijisTZovdecv) insnovd^i^. aor. feel. see TtaTsofiat. 612: perf. nsnovd^a. 3. ndXXoiiaL. Ttsitagcovri^ai. pass. quoted 2 pluperf. imperf. to he agiSTiTfXa. inaXiXXoyriTo^ Herod 1. Anthol. II. 1624: 2 perf. Epic ninrid'a {nena^via). 228 sTtr^aa rare and doubtful. 3 sing.. : 211 aor.: . to shake. ndaxo aor. aor. agitate. Arist. 658. opt. perf. 280 2 aor. 3 sing. 149. 1257: aor. Dem. pass. Cyr. Xen. part. 555. ninoa&s. naXio. 15. imfldfiriv. ^sch. mid. for naXalaeis. Soph. pluperf. Dem. 320: perf. ev. 411 Eurip. like uho from alXo(xm. 410. 3. ajtad^ov. 17. 710: 2 aor. d^nsnaXcov Epic. 465 . be affected. 5. nenaXfiai. Etymol. 2 aor. pass. neiaofiat. see TIOPSl. Tyr. ijtagcovrj&r^v. to repeat. Mid. Agam. pass. It implies lIAylAIl. Ttdaaod^ai \na). nsTtagavriyca. Jov. 9. Tta^x Xaidfiai. 5. HHOn. Call. 686. Ttagdvr^aa and sTcagavr^aa. to act improperly when under the influence of wine. 612. 8. see IIASl. 7iE7tovd^(6g). part. Odys. 118. 2 is perf. nAPSl. Eccl. 645. for nsnov&aif. Soph. 7. (avv. Tidaaad-at (jtd).. indXriv later. Dem. Col. to suffer. benefited^ well treated with. inaXaiad-riv^ naXriasiB. 8. iiiJisnagcovrifxaL. Anab. : aor. nsnalav. Xen. Odys. 105. ndXXa (tlAAH). fut. 53. pass. Soph. l/rag<oveov and iuagotvsov. — avvEV7isTiov-&Mg plur. 11. The Doric 2 perf ninoaxcc shows that the x one of . HEN 9 SI). 4 Dem. 10. 524: aor. very rarely ninoaxoL Doric. Elec.21. 10. Choeph. nagoLvio (ndgoivog. ^sch.

4. Mem. Hel. aofiai (a). Soph. eitavaa. Scut. sTtavperf. and by transferring the aspiration of . 81 3 fut. 5. ' naxs The steps are nAOJl. 2. iTtavadfir^v. cease. nsjia' to taste. si'xo). pabulum. Herod. ndaofiai («). 1040 Thuc. nsTtdafirfv implying perf. navdo^ai. from JIJAXJI. indad^ir^v. 202. onioj. naa&o) (like diddaxM. from AASl that is. The theme IIAJI seems to be etymologically connected with ^6ax(a (?). 1. Mid. Elec. 533 . Msch. ' Ttavco. 3. Latin pasco. 464. stop. bequest of the & cannot be supported by analogy. 191 Pind. 24. find. Plat. Gorg. Hes. Choeph. pass. Soph. 449 . which amounts to the same thing. nindfiai as . nazio^at from the regular Ttaisa. to mid. . pass. Ttin avxa. 1275. Soph. AATKfL)t compare the Doric ogvix^g for oQvi&sg from ogng. 1. II. 1. pass. nav&TJaoixai as middle. or -Trjg. Herod. 478 1 d^r^v and enavad^riv as middle. present. jEsch. or. Theog. ei'axa^ aXvoaoi). perf. Not to be confounded with Soph. TtsTtavaoiiai as middle. to cease. Dem. to such persons -as find it extremely difficult. thus noc&axo). it presupposes a verbal noun in -ttj. — It is formed from JIASI after the analogy of mdonai. the impossible. ndo/io Some suppose that axw was appended to the root . Poetic and Ionic. 167. UAOMAI. Antig. 37: 1036: pluperf. : : : : — : stop. to cause to cease. Thuc. 2 sing. Eum. to pronounce th as in thin. nsTtavfiai. 642: aor. UASl. Etymologically connected with the l^^im patior^ passtis. 3. if not absolutely — • At any rate. Phil. The imperat. Xen.6: aor. Dem. navcio. naoxw highly satisfactory to deaf and dumb scholars. Antig. Soph. Sept. Verbal Ttavaiios (del Ttavsa&ai). Col. Hes. 6. repress. : fut. 3. fut. 91. navo^ai. stop. aor. eat. navs is often used as middle. dfxat. eat. fut.212 the radical letters. Verbal Ttavaiio? (pet naveiv). 177: acquire. fut. to possess. UAH.9^ to x. see Ttaziofxat. Ttarioixat {UASl). to taste. 93 fut. and dropping the remainder. 795 aor. J^sch. Xen. ndperf. 151. II.

1296: perf. 940. to persuade. mid. 159. nsTtoid^oii^v. as passive. Hym. 5. II 4. nBtao^ioLi. 1 4. 398. 6. Anab. English faith. 55. Tyr. 1. obey. BTtuaa. II. ins|a^?^ J/ reflexive. iEsch. Xen. Ttsid-ofiai. It may possibly be etymologically connected with the Latin Jido. 184 2 perf. 9. nid-qaa. hence to believe. dfiai. Thuc. 3. Pers. and proposes nlovvog' Pindar. 176. 7. uEneLas imperfect. Ach. 341. Dem. seems to prefer neni&ojv. nsmd^ov comes another : : . frag. sTtSTid^ur^v and UBTtd^riv Anthol. pluperf. fut. 194. in Hesychius aor. 199. 3. to shear. nsni^cav is equivalent to nsnoidcog. 67 . 7 II. suade. From the 2 aor. to persuade one^s self. 6. 369: aor. 6. niTisiyca. 13. Anab. Jides {nloTtg). . 279 perf. Soph. 14. pass. pass. new fut. Ttstxco and Ttsxrio. Theoc. : — . 275. Verbal TtsLaxios (8sL TtSL&sa&aL). Theoc. fut. Pyth. Hec. 14: perf. Mid. Soph. sTidadfir^v. 9. 1. trusting. dTtonensxTai. 697: 2 aor. Jidus {niaios.. 1. ijiMfxriv Poetic. however. niavvog). 2 aor. 8. em^a. Hermann objects to this use of nsni&eov. 14. 21. Pind. Horn. 4. 67: perf. 769 Arist. 294: aor. TiSL&cj (III0S2). Xen. II. 6. pass. TtsjioLd-a. comb. Xen. smd'ov Poetic. 19: aor. pass. inini^^EV.— From the Epic 2 aor. Aj. 223. inid^rfaa. iTtsca^r^v. The form Ttsujia) presupposes a verbal noun in -xrig from the simple ntUta (nEKJl). 100 . equivalent to neioo. 4. Soph. : : : 28. 22. fut. Odys. to trust. Nub. 40 991 2 aor. nsicfco^ Eurip. TtsTtid'TJao II. nsTtsLdfiai. Doric ns^S. trusting. 115 Epic also 7tim&ov. ivill obey. as present middle. 1356: aor. sTtid-ov comes a new fut. m&rjaas. i7tsx&r}v. Anthol. 2 inBnoi&BifiBv. TtsTtsyfxai. 2. 98 aor. 6. Isth. -^sch. nnyt 213 Pyth. Dem. Antig. 321. Anab. — 122. part. 4. Pind. will perEpic (from the root m5^-) for Pind. 4. 103: pluperf. aor. Arist.

qptAew. TtsLvda (d). nsigdco. Dem. Epic and Ionic TtsigTJt^co. 12. 4. to hunger. iTtsigrfcia. Aj. Soph. 5: perf. Arist. 920 2 aor. Epic. Trach. 135. 1256: aor. 8. 49 aor.. Col. 506. Herod. 2. TtegS. 461 aor. Hym. Mid. . Herod. ijtsigaadfiriv. neTtkrifiai. Mem. Isth. Eq. in Attic Poetry. niXayog tisqm may be compared with xvto pierce. IIAASl). — Teas (Set Jisigdad^at). 461. be hungry. to be etymologically connected with the Latin English spear. equivalent to the active. as Tistvjjv for nuvav. Arist. pass through. ejtsLga. prove.449. Theog. pass. 108: : aor. respectively . Pind. regular. mid. Prom. Eurip. Odys. to approach. Odys. Soph. 22. Arist. y. asi into Arist. Eq. 24. pass. fut. Xen. except that it contracts as.434. It seems nsXda) (jteXas. bring near. 3. II. neXdav (itsXdv). 441 II. 137. fAaia nelQ(av. Ach. 175 perf. 12. Italian sprone (whence Romaic omgovvi). Rhes. from nsv^io). nsigdaofiat. 10. Thesm. as if from nsivrjfii. Soph. nstgaivco. Thuc. transfix. veru. ijteigdaa. pass. 255. 438. nsigco Xen. 44. 794: 2 aor. fut. 183. {IIEPSl). 3 sing. 1453: Verbal nsigaaor. 14. Hes. infin. Nub. iTtXrjfir^v. 94. 44 . II. pierce. : 1. 25. Odys. Aj. 8. sTtsigrjd^rfv. also nsXdd^oi (d). neTtsigavTai. nHgdaco (d). spur. infin. 103: perf. 58. neLgdo^cci generally 301 Herod. cpiX^fi8vai. nenag^aL. 896 . 4. pectcn. 8. 43: aor. 193 . Thuc. pass. in Attic Poetry. indgriv. pass. and nelgs xiXev&ov. 4. 58: perf. pass. 556 . 2. Compare nsvx^i^fisvut. Odys. to approach. ijtXddriv (a) as middle. fut. sTtsigad-qv as middle. nsTtsigdfiat. jEsch. BJtslgriva. Horn. 7ieivi]fi£vai. Eurip. Soph. : Epic for Ttsgatvco. 20. ?/. : — . 7. 2. 6. II. 34. to cause to approach. . 214 nsiv Etymologically connected with the Latin pecto. to try. Rhes. 4. Epic.

Arist. II. contracted £71 A«i. Cyr. syncopated. . was. imperf mid. 20 aor. Leg. 394. 506. euigaGa. TisgacvG) (jtigag). 4. 72. 3. : : — GXb). Hes. 18. Ran. 174. . to sorrow. : Arist. II. pedo. 594. niXo^ai^ equivalent to the active. Arist. 674 perf. neXo^Tjv. II. fut. thou art^ II. 22. syncopated. 7taghj(io]iai. Ttdgda. Latin pello. II. 7. Xen. nsQinXofZEvog. i7t£7i6gdsLv as imperfect. 86 : aor. — — . (pihj[xevat. surrounding. 65. — Epic infin. niXo. 10: 2 aor. heis^ II. IlAASl. and 71 « Ac V. 164. Etymologically connected with xe'Uw. 4. see Ttdaxf^see IIOPSl. lueXo^riv. 61 Verbal TiegavTeos. 1 . enmXofisvog. Ttsni^rj^ai. 23. Plat. 646 . Xen. eTtagSov. dnondgdw is written also unonaQdoJ. 3 sing. 526. Hel. -Esch. 2. mid. Olym. 9 : fut. 12. 7t£7tgc)fxivri. TtfTTf ^ccxa. Arist. 11. inegava. infin. aTtigriaa. Scut. 9. I'ttAsto. Plat. Thuc. Odys. nXofiBvogj 24. Arist. 418 . see ninqd- jtegdofxai. Soph. 3 sing. 7. Vesp. 1305. Find. ' 2lF is formed by syncope. 9. en^Xov. regular. Poetic. 261 II. Epic and Ionic 7isgrjac}. syncopated. pass through. 392: 2 pluperf. imperf. fut. 284 imperf. Aj. I'nXso. perf. 1. 71 6710 GO'S. pass. Eq. Pers. 39. : . nsgdo. Vesp. nsv&rjixevai. as if from nevd-ri- TtiTtgcoTai. 7iX8a(a. enXs. Arist. pres. revolving. Mid.nsgB The theme JJAASl thesis. to For the Epic nfqdav^ ensQiian (cja). Nub. — . Soph. 7. like II I. iuegdvd^riv. 3 imperf. : . 833. as present. Gorg. TCBv&eco (tzsv&os).219. 1. part. 2. Ttknxca. 5. and more commonly used. Ttsgava. Odys. see Tceaao. 639 2 perf. oi* rather metafrom niXata thus. 2 sing. niXov. 21. put an end to. 54 . 7i£7tog8a as present. 7iE7tegdv&oii. : aor. pass. to complete. Tyr. to be. to go over. which they properly belong. 7tsgd(fG} (a). neXdo). Nub. 11. 1. for stieXs. 6. HENOil.

II. sjtegaa. Pass. nEnH cocus. mid. English cook. infin. as aorist. nsQ&ai. see nsTdofiac. mid. Arist. Plut. to cook. 62. II. 668. : fut. nsgvds.384. enscpdi^v. Arist. whence Tisg&co. 12. pass. sack as a city. Eurip. 9. Isth. perf. 22. 2 708. is etymologically connected with the coquina. Athen. bake. Poetic for niTtgdaxcD. Anab. 16. Eurip. Eurio. II. nigvafiai. 1134. 29. 7t8gaofiat as passive. aor. Phil. syncopated. Phoen. Pyth. imperf. Vesp. pass. perf. 7iig(Jco. 2. Soph. mid. inixdaa (oa). (UEIIJl). jiSTcixadfiai. Odys. pass. Xen. Ttsiafiai. 1. 7iBx6. 729 2 aor. 4. 271. Eq. : : . STtsxpa. 1126: pass. 788 II. TtSTtsijLfjiai. 4. as passive. like 'laiaaxs — 2. later itBTtxa II. 15. Suidas voc. dvaTTSxS aor. to be etymologically connected with the Latin TCsgtsTtG). — Prose II. II. nigvaoKS. from Xairmi. Pind. fut. 24. 752. 24. 1. analogous to idgaxi^v from 2 fut. BJtgadoiiriv as passive. 2: 2 aor. to expand. The theme Latin coquoy kitchen. angaQov Epic. nsxdaa (d). iTtsgvdfir^v. nsgdoixsvos. TtexTco. 7. 176: imperf. 15. Poetic. also inufjdrjv. an onomatopy. writers use the regular nogdeco. Ttsgdoixai. Pind. connected with the Latin pedo. imperf. part. -as. 17: fut. 114: aor. Arist. nkgvriiii {negdco). iterative.11. nocgdrjao^ai. 1. Pass.: 216 implying 2 digyio^ai It is ' nsgd^ aor. Taur. nexdvvij^L later and nexavvvco {UETJl).— . 141 : 1. II. Attic nsTtxdfjiai. 343: Ttsxdo. It seems per do. 374 enegOoiiriv as aorist. Odys. aor. cake. digest.81: aor. 45. 523 Herod. to lay waste. niaaco or Arist. see eTto. Nub. Cycl.

Aj. nsio^ai. 38. Herod. inr^^dfirfv. Cycl. Cycl.83. Anacr. Rem. loraaat from ioTcifxai. later mjaaco or tiiJttg) to fasten. Find. Plat. fix. nixaaai. see Ttwddvo^au (ZL^freeze. Pac. it is fair to suppose that long. like xoi^aaai. . : Pind. for niiofiat. 302. 0ENS2. syncopated. 111 pass. Tyr. : — 19 . Doric nejioi^ ya. 90 fut. ijtsTtrjysiv as imperfect middle. 2. pass. — 134. Ttjjywfiai transitive. TtSToico. — See aor. by others. Olym. into mtaoai from nsrdoftai. pass. II. Herod. 6. nyiyvvco. Phsedo. fxr^v to fly. 6. Arist. Aj. 3. frag. 5. 40. Op. and Tthdfxai like tWa^at. 2 pers. transitive. stifl'en. Soph. stand fast. 128: Anacr. 217 iTtsidadi^v. IIETSl. Hes. 1 2 pluperf. 3. iTtrj- X^Tfv not 31:2 Eurip. 9. Ttimco. II. 7t£v&ofiai. odviaaaif Alexandrian for noifxa. Theoc. 135 . pass. aor. 6. to he fixed. 190: 2 perf. Eurip. Eurip. 7is7irj/fxai later: aor. common. 4 perf.2. Thuc. 693. imrSl). enri^a. Ale. 23. 7: aor. Tieidofiai. 807: aor. nsn-qya. See also iJiTa^ai. Ven. sing. : and rSl. see TiTJyvv^L Tiszoivvvfit. see nscpvov. 77 : 2 aor. 497. from nixa^ai. 137. Mid. jiEsch. Pind. to fly. 17. TteiTJaofiaL. which implies that Anacreon had nothing to do with it. \\]^e It is by some changed into ne'iaaaai. ijieTcia&r^v. Rep.nriyv aor. odwix. fut. ijiToniia&ai. Pyth. Eum. Etymologically connected with the Latin pateo^ pando. 283 821 . 22. Soph. 8. nri^G). But as this Anacreontic ode was written when the language was in its decline. jiTOfxsvog. § 17. HETA SI). pass. Xen. iTrdyrjv the usual aorist passive. Ttiotfir^v. 8. its is There no end author considered the penult of nixaaab to proposing such emendations. as present middle. 7. Ion. see nszoivvv^u nil fiat : (UETSl.

pass. 4. paxiUiis. 1155. fiavso. 837 Soph. to cause to approach. pass. copated. 378. II. to press. Prom. Ach. 1 1 : aor. bring near. 334: fut. 781 Eurip. Hes. to press with the hand. pass. pole. : perf. aor. 63 Hippocr. N. Epic for miinXa^ai. Odys. 24. 525 : : ijtTJfxr^va. pessulus. aor. catch. 174: pres. iTtidoOriv. grasp. ad 11. in the Index. II. Therefore the i was dropped and the v lengthened. . 4. 842. IIHMANSl). UHOJl. Athen. 12. 19. Soph. ini]' Msch. aor. 108. palus. 679. Phaedo. 508. nisaco. The theme jJArSL pango. proach. 9. 93.>'. aor. take of. Hippocr. Arist. pass. 3 sing. The analogical form would be nriywho or m^yvmio. nilvdco (itsidco). — is i'nrjxTo. to injure^ fut. fidvd^ffv. Op. 13. Col. and jiSTtu/fiai not Attic. Jigo. 21. to apEpic. Herod. nrifiavtljai. see tislOc). 35. Ttu^a. . Herod. Mid. T. 703.. nis^eofitvog contracted nis^sv^evoc. Hippocr. Herod.379: also Bekker's Anecdota. nrffxavov- fxat reflexive. John. like tWa^af. squeeze. mid. Hes. Ttid^aa. nlXva^ai. Latin vallus. But according to the ancient grammarians the diphthong vt cannot stand before a consonant. Ttidrjoas. 154.ri«'^fi. Romaic naXovxi. inie^sov tracted £. (nrji-ia. 2 aor. — II. ijiuaa. ni^nXdvo^ai. o^vvr^v. 9. Theoc. 218 m^&o) nr^yvvTOi pres. daivvTo. pass. in Dindorf's edition nt]- nrjaaa. mid. neniso^ai. 3. and con- iuLixOriv not Attic. like latano or dvvaiTo. mid. 4. Plat. see Ttijyvvfii. connected with nuaaaloq. Aj. 3: Hippocr. formed by annexing -no to the root nr^yw-. not Attic iuu^a. Epic and Ionic nu^to). nyj. syn- II. 3 sing. hold inta^a and imaaa. opt. 11.. Theog. TCT^i-iavco. Aul. part. fut. : aor. Ttid'Co (nii^o). imperf. English peg. 6. Hippocr. ntifxacvco see Tidaxo. See Eustath. 1 1 : inieodr^v. 146. ^svyvvrjv. and compare Xdvio.

iizgrjad^riv. nl^Tcgri^L to burn. Plat. present and : Av. 21. Arist.— HeII. Hippocr. Herod. itgriaG). imperfect. Xen. 8. aor. 22. iTiXrjfir^v as passive. as to ifininlrjfii. iTtsjzXTJfii^v. full. Arist. 646. 1. subj. 21. 7. TtXr^axsos. 4. The present and imperfect drop the first when. and 144: 7iS7igrf6fiai. act. with the -ai. Compare ffxf^aVi/iifft from axf<5«>'yi. Xen. 9. English Jill. Plat. Sept. 16. Verbal : Rep. 14. nXiog or nXicng. 7. and like jtcfiTTgdco {IIPASl)^ rarely TtgijOo. 4. Mid.7iQrjfxi. II. Anab. 4. 39. for i^ninXa&i. 9. : neTtgr/iiai Herod. in com- 2 aor. 820 : aor. 880. The same remark applies also ifini7iQr]fiL. : 10 . plenus. II. enXriadriv. plu7imus. 1. 23. 2. like loiafiac in the to fill. for tngriaa. niitlria^ai. — ifinmXslg. from ffininXeai. Odys. 6. Xen.|Ut. pass. sTtgrjaa. pleo. fi position. noXvg. 6. 157: perf. ifini7iXr)&i. pass. Eurip. sTtXtfaa. pass. Arist. 348. pass. in the Attic dialect ijikTJfxriv is reflexive. Cyr. Hip. Latin plus. TtsnXr^xay ifXTtajtXrfxa. part. Troad. 5. -nXruii. 36 Thuc. Hippocr. Theog. Ionic also TtiunXsa. 3 sing. pass. 15. II. Hes. Hel. nsTigTJaoixai. 689: fut. nXijac). Herod. — . TtSTtgijxa.— . 29: 3 fut. 7. ni^Tt TtifiTtXrifii 219 {nAA£l^ inflected Tti^Ttkdco). : Eurip. populus (with the reduplication). BTt^mXriv. 2. Plat. 87 perf. perf. 688 . Anab. 311. S5Q. imperat. Lys. not as ifxnlfi7iXrj}ii. nlfinQTiai. 14: perf. 87 499. rod. 5. 2. Hippocr. Theog. aor. pres. for the analogical tti^ttqi]. 434: aor. Gorg. plebs. Anab. 4. 26 : fut. Hes. imperf. TttfiTtlai^aL. nXrjgrjg. VTronlfingrjoi. 691 aor. : Lysias. 146. 3 pluperf. Rep. 1310. Eurip. 17. another ^ comes to stand before the first syllable . 893. aor. Epic termination Vesp. sngsaa. rarely im^TtXcov (-aov). Herod. Hes. Etymologically connected with nXrj&oc. vTtoneTzgrixa. See also nlfXTtXriui. 2 sing. iTiXr^adfiriv transitive. nliJ. 6. iEsch. pass. 8. pkrusque. loxaaai in the present and imperfect. Heracl. Scut. Theog.

Ttoxeo?.. Vesp. TtiTtiaxo (IIIJl. monly considered as a present. hum. perhaps an Find. II0J2). Xen. 624 aor. evautaa. TiSTtcoxa. de Loc.' " Connected with the Latin poto. 29 L . iTttadfirfv later Epic. Nicand. Con. Hippocr. Verbal Leg. Plat. 71S7TVVOO. &c. English J?re. pass. Dem. XL 16. (IIINTJl. Compare to ^va. Latin mina. 825. 2 . The theme niNTJl is formed from llJNTSL by simply ini serting before v." says Donaldson. 140. 6. btzlov commonly niSLv. Hes. 29 infin. for miinXrini. Odjs. nauvvodai^ : 23. part. UNTJl). for ntuv. to give to drink. advise^ jEsch. tvise. Soph. iitodrfv^ iEsch. TiLOfiat 4. 34 66 : aor.. Theogn. to be 24. hiho (with the reduplica- — tion). later nLvvaaco der intelligent. Pind. Col. 23. are generally subjoined to nvia. Anthol. discreet. 11. nioLfic. iniad-riv later Epic. mid. pass. i. ni6v. aor. 877. 2. nlofiUL comattempt at synizesis. Choeph. 147. Nau- mach. 14. drink. The forms ninw^aL. also TtLovfjiac rare in the early au- Soph. Ther. 729 pluperf. " But I can see no reason. nivco (IIISI. 440 . I drink. I. niaco (i). : : niTtXco. * wkosc pleasant water I will drinky when I weave a hymn for warriors. in Homin. Pind. 536 : 7: : perf. nenvv^kvo?. . monly long thors. Ttsnofxai. ^ 39 fut. Ther. fut. to ren. brown. *' for making this an excepThe meaning [of the passage jag tion to the general rule. infin. 377 . Hes. : perf. § 38 aor. Nicand. pass. iQUTHvov . me commonly 1401 Arist. Pers. 108: aor.: 220 mvv Etymologically connected with nvg. 622. pass. 1489. ninvif^ai as present. Op. STienvv^Tlv (v) as imperfect. 11. sTttaa. to water. Isth. rare and doubtful. 6. nidi. BTtLTckov. in Homin. nslVf 2 aor. 830 II. 1 . short Ttia.* Eurip. Scut. de Loc. Hippocr.. frag. Tyr. ntva). Tiivvaxo. Olym. comperf. 210. v^vov] is. imperat. 77. Cycl. 32 animated.

104: aor. 36. 427 2 aor. 697 . 7rs7rgdao[xat the usual future passive. ne- TjQoia&ai often equivalent to the aor. 5. nsTtgdxa. 163. Soph. nixva (UETIl). 7 Pass. 620 perf. — . 51 : 3 fut. Compare xsgavvvfti. Thuc. 22. Verbal ngaxio?.. Arist. Poetic. II. 4. pass. 4. Aj. Col. — The use anodcoao- perf. part. 384 II. Elec. jiixvds. Epic. in 7. perf. TtegdacD (d). 31 fut. TTgaS^rjvai. 66: 2 perf. Antig. Aj. infin. 1. 7. ingdd^riv (d). Ach. pass. and TtSTtrrfcos. 9. 126. nixvovxcov. rare the early authors. -arog or -orog. 3 plur. part. Epic 419 infin. nsTTTfwg. Dem. 3 plur. iusQaacx. Leg. Athen. 21. Odys. Odys. 252 nsgdv). 5. sneaa commonly sTtsaov. 303 . 5. BTtixvavxo. — For the Epic is mQuaa. to fall. Herod. '6x0?. fut. nkngd^ai. Thuc. 21. -via. Con. Pind. Pind. ngoaTtLXvofxsv. 824: aor. 4. nlxvdv for iTtlxvaaav. Eurip. 13. nsTXQafiat. Ionic TtiTtgijaxoj nsTtgrifiat. 11. frag. Ttgoamxvovxss. pass. -cSrog. — TtLTtto) (HETSI. 15. Anthol. corresponding form from and nixvri^i (jtsxda). neaov^ai. sTtegdaa (oa) Epic. Anab. pass. 503 Apol. 2. for ninxa. 19* . iTigij&rfv. The TtiTvdo) part. Tiimcoxa. Attic writers fiai. 713. Xen. 11. Epic. Pyth. Xen. . and inQu&tjv are formed from nsgdm by metathesis and contraction. Plat. 7. 387: perf. 20. 454: aor. to fall. : . fut. Soph. nTESI. Soph. 832 Attic 7t£7tTcos. II. 828. 734. imperf. The forms ninQuojiajj nenQuHa. TiiTTgdoxa) (jtsgdo. to expand. nsgdav {jiegdasiv. 7. HTOSl). 112. Soph. Odys. Call. 8. : : ngad-qaoiiaL rare. 3 sing. : TtLTV g2i to sell. STtsrov Doric. Nem. from anodldojfui. unsdofirjv. infin. Olym. : ^schin. Tttxvd. II. pass. nsTtTtfTcoias. 428. Trach. IIPA SI). pass. 21. resolved neasofiac Epic and Ionic. rare and later TtiTtrrfyca. 735. for Ttsxdvvvfjii. 392: imperf. nsnTrjMg must not be confounded with the nirjaato.

pass. — Donaldson siteness is edits nlxvovxtt (pres. nsTtlrf&a as present. Poetic. 2. nXd'Co 11. ^ASl). commonly nXevao^ai or nkevaovfiai. tell. 478 also to show. 1286: aor. 72 perf. 307: aor. nAAri2. imperf. ngonlTVBi. Thuc. mid. -tl. 97. the existence of which. fut. Soph. 1. 1732. enlay^a. -oiv. ninX^vxa. 2. . pass. pass. Elmsley's emendation. to be fall. abound. TtXd^ofxat. Apol. -ovvrsg. Mid. — 11. supporters produce the forms Heracl. 53: aor. 132: aor. 5. 7 perf. part. . see nXrlciaa). 6. -slg. 2. iEsch. Pers. 11. Soph. 10. as if from nirvsoi. 24. ijiXdyx^rfv dis middle. Eum.99. Mid. Thuc. 312: aor. nsTtXsvafiai. nixvtavxa. ijtSTtXrjd^scv as imperfect. 3. Originally «J»^Fji. 2. Hes. tt 9 « pa 1 >{ m. Odys. InXaLy^dfiTfv later Epic. to . Scholiast. 272: 2 perf.sva&r^v not classical. Soph. Pind. Pers. part. to sail. : 271. 15. 11. sniTvov as aorist. The forms nlxvta. 620 661. are written also nnvoj. 1. Med. however. nlxvovai. 39. Eurip. Phil. until niTvelie. nitveig. Col.) nixvovxa^ 2 aor. sniivovv. Anab.: 222 mcpa 691: 1754. i7t?. TtXdy^o^ai. nltvajv. see Tttva. Dem. Elec. STrXsvaa. Odjs. in Dindorf's edition nQonltvcov. 12. to say. IIAHm). Isth. no test of genuineness. Aj. 92. Pers. TtLcpavaxG) ((pddxco. 1. 655. -ovai. implying mxvdoi' its considered doubtful. iEsch. Odys. nXsvoo. 886 59. to wander. TtXriaaa) or TtXTJtTco {IIAArSl. JEsch. 461. will always be niTvovfisv. as from nuxv^v would be more exquisite but exqui. 21. fut. Theoc. 38 2 pluperf. : nXrjd'c) {UAASl). 3. — see m^itXri^i. 202. {IIAArrSl). 261. Msch. Apol. Dinarch. Eurip. Xen. IIIS2. 7ii(pavaxo[xai and 7tiq)dcixofiat. nhvei. niivovKg. — Eurip. HAA SI. nXr^d^co. nU(o {UAETSl). 617. 22. Theog. to cause to wander.

Hes. nsnlriy (av. 648 . ninXriya sometimes is nsQdi passively. 1221: . Herod. Ttvso) 223 255 : strike. nXwea. pass. ejilvva. 8. 50. nkvvofiat reflexive. breathe. 12. fut. 4. to blow. Andr. iitinXas. aor. 5 4. 555. 1218: aor. 1064. ninXv^ai. Athen. {UNETSl). I- commonly nvsvao^iat Eurip. 31. nlaa. nsithj^ofiat. 31 Horn. Odys. Bnlvdriv (v). 23. 532. 3. 162. sjiXtf^a. Op. : frag. in composi: tion ijtldpjv (a). 1. 525 Verbal 7rA)^xT£og. — ^ at. 363. . or nvsvaovfxai. 225 . II. nvsvao. pass. Call. 1579 perf. Hym. 15. 86. Mid. and i^snXi^yrjv. puts it into the in ridicule of the mouth of Euripides is supposed to have been Tragedian for introducing it at Hel. mXrix^^^ rave. Odys. anXaaa. 4. 72. Thesm.. aor. "The use of ninlMna by Aristophanes [Thesm. U. Cer. Av. 1350: 2 aor. Tsos. nXvvov^ai^ aor. edits nsnXivxoTa. nsitXriyo^riv Epic. part.81. 504 . Hippocr. nkTcXriy^ai. Arist. Thuc. aor. Plut. 40. 6. to wash as clothes. Jov. nenXriya. especially by the later writers. as ycaxsTiXdyriv. Odys. 878] who . Epic and Ionic for jrAfw. pass. Eurip. fut. fut. 47: 2 aor. 3. pass. Athen. 3. 8. for -dytiv. Mid. Call. 99 . sninXrjyov or ninXrj'/ov. 8. II. 272: 2 aor. 53. inkri^d^riv. 284 Ran. 5. Thuc. iTtirj/riv. 5. Arist. Arist. 9. — xaisnXrjyrjv II. Dem. The 2 perf. — in Homer. Herod. nkado^ai. 18. nXvva. 1259 perf. 3. nhj^a). ninXoTta. Eq. 7. perf. Ach. 240 . 73 : — : : Arist. Dem. STtXcov. Troad. 183: 3 fut. Dem. Odys. Aul. pass. fut. 264. Arist. nXiiaao^ai also TtkrjyvvDinarch. 660 2 perf. Doric iuldyriv (d). 2 aor. 2. to sail. Msch. 12. Herod. 3. iTiXvvdfitfv. Herod. . 264. 125: aor. 248: aor. 11. 14: 2 aor. Ttenlriyov Epic. II. 23 fut. Arist. 69. Eurip. a new imperfect. pass." where however Matthiae Ttvio Carmichael. — nXvvo. 22: Verbal nXvaor. from a new present nsnXrjyco.

to exact retribution. 4. fiat. ITNTSI). Hippocr. 74: choke. po'efa. Xen. Taur. nsTtvsvxa. noiijTrjg. 385: perf. inosiasv. Xen. 3. nenodTjxa. see dfXTtvvo). itoB-qaa. 7toXei. Dem. 475: aor. enoli]oev.Odys. 100: aor. 3. . : in nosco. 600 . TtoOsao^ai. do. Hel. Hippocr. 1. II. 511 : : 2 aor. long v. Mem. 1. 219. Boeckh's Corp. Xen. iTtoiTtvvaa. vt^ithout the i. (I). 9. — The noun And infin. to desire. is of frequent occurrence ancient inscriptions as inorjocxTav. to Athen. invsvoOriv hter. enoOriaa and iitoOsaa. 2. nsTtviyiiai. miss. punish. as the primary meaning of nuaxm is to ex- perience an emotion or sensation^ the primary meaning of must be emotion . no&rjIuBvai. 417. noLTtvvco : fut. suffocate. The form . regret. Ttoisco and noso. nsnoirjaoixai. 17 8.-r-See also dfZTtvvco. TTOirjao^at as passive. Epic. Phaedr. strangle. Xen. fut.: 224 nviy : Phaedr. 12. Inscript. have already attempted to connect this verb vi^ith the Saxon blowan. pass. Ttvi^a. 14: pass. English blow. mid. in Hesychius 1431. 1. TZOivdofiaL (jtoivri). 7toLvdao[. TtLvvaxco. 710 &og 7ro5o? is derived from UAOJl (nEOfL.iaL (d). fut. II. We TCVLya perf. envi^a. 24. Isocr. 30. Vesp. (ttoXs^os). Hel. 32 perf. 8. 25 . 110. noLnvvco. pass. TCosco. 11. Plat. Arist. Hel. tclvvgxco. to bustle about. aor. fut. Arist. 3. to make. (nveo. 522. nouv. UENOfL). ijtviyjjv ()). Ttvi^ov- Athen. see nodco. regular. pass. 7. Add to this fact the analogy of the Latin 103. TtoOio (jiodos). nvevaa. mid. 57. Eurip. 2. Epic. feeling. 106: aor. as if from 7io&rjfii. 1. UNTSl.u^co and nioXsfutG) Epic for noks- . Ran. noiuv. Anthol. Plat. 526 3 fut. 11. for eTioiTjodiTjv. 883 fut.

Arist. II. to 225 223: fut. vijOrfv. Theog. also TtoTeofiaL not Attic. — fut. Poetic. Pind. Mid. rather Poetic : aor. 985 . 5. convey. nsTtovr^as present. 2. pluperf. 3. show. regular. TteTtgaixivos. it loas fated. nzoU: war. Perf. -^sch. and HAP SI. {nPAPSl). cause to appear. Xen. ti^ess. march. 6. inoperf. Anab. in to cause active. Apol. TtSTtogetv and nsTtaguv Epic. ningcjiat. 6. II. Pyth. Tcenovrniai. Herod. 820 . pass. 3. 9. 268 jEsch. novjjaofxat. nOPJl or nPOn. . Odys. inovsaa. make known. 43 : : Doric ijiovdOrfv. carry. suffer pain. 6. noveaco. fight. fut. 4. 3. 10. Xen. 105: perf. Hes. ancpig jtBThe form TlAPfL may safely be naQtlv^ evdsl^ai. pareo. destiny. 377: perf. fate. produce by labor . Isoc. 17. to do. as Verbal novrfTsos. ngd^co^ . arjiiijvai. middle. 196. 11. Pac. Pind. Soph. 1509. liai. to go. Anab. Xen. part. disfut. 123. 4. Soph. 123. and TtToksiii^co. . to fly. 519 part. to labor. connected with the Latin pario. Tyr. Eurip. is fated. ngdaaco or ngdnco nOQ. aor. 667 2. fiai Odys. Ttotdofiat. Prom. Antid. to give. 13. novijoo. Hippocr. 250. sometimes to cause pain. 22 aor. Hesychius has nsnagsvaLfiov. nsngcoTo. noXe^l^o 328 aor. — * nogsva. novko^ai as active. Pyth. Isoc. Pind. 447 2 : aor. Cyr. nsnovr^xa. neitgcoiikvri as a subpass. iTtovr^ad^MTiv. 3 sing. STTogov. ^f|a. 2. Prom. enogevOriv as middle. 343 . p. Trach. 464. pass. decreed by fate. : aor. 24. ivcpgaaTov. II. Poetic for Ttixo- the regular see ittva. Hel.: perf. inovi^aa. ijtsTtovTJfjirfv 63 : as imperfect. II. 1 5. Hippocr. 22. 41 . 3 sing. to go. feel fatigue. 1233. novea (novog). pass. 7.: ngaa ^£0). 17. 309: pluperf. — stantive. . Olym. 921 to infin.

to IIP I AMAI^ see ni^Ttgri^L. to he prosperous or unfortunate. 645 : Ttgao aor. lonians change « into tj throughout. 927 . to ill. as ngrjaoco. ngiaao vog. always ac: companied by 1396. . frag. pass. require for one's self. Herod. will get off unpunished. Hel. In connexion with certain adverbs (as tive is intransitive. 2 — ijigaldfxr^v. Pac. Ran. the ac- do well or ill. ningaxoL. 1027 23 : have done well or Pind. Ttgotaaofxat. — ' IIPA£1. buy. in which case Ttingaya is its proper perfect. Arist. navTmv (ov. Dem. 1261. 2. Hec. nsTtgici^ai. eugaxdriv. ngtdfiS' rest is borrowed from aviofiai. to offer an extended hand (for charity). nkngayiiai^ Eurip. 36 . m^Ttgrnii. ngotcfaofxaL only in composition Tcaiangotaaoixai. 786. 972 perf. TtingayixaL^ perf. 5. 100: perf. Pyth. 1. to naxmi). 19. The ngtaodai. Xen. for ndvTa tav. 2 and aor. 37. to saio. Soph. : Xen. ov. 4. Tigico. Thuc. ngooxvvso. Plat. 4. sTtga^a. ngicofiat. Ttgico (i) and Ttgi^o. Cyr. Arist. Plut. Soph. 287. ngdactofiai. pass. 1. Tyr. Thuc. do any thing with impunity. 28 : 3 fut. Arist. Tcgo^s^ovXa^ see ^ovXofiai. 28. pass. iTtgidixrfv. hy nature. Thuc. Nub. 4 aor. pass. 4. TisTtgdya intransitive. 845. to exact as money. Vesp. iTtglodriv^ : Arist. Xen. Col. 5. nsngaya has the force of the perfect middle ninqay^uL the antecedent of wv is put in the genitive by attraction . niTtgdaxa. 23. not. 931.: 226 Soph. eTigtaa. Dem. Verbal ngaxisos. 1439. aor. 8. see xwio. Arist. niwhich shows that the penult of this verb is also long sv. 1135. Archil. TtsTtgdlofiai. pass. 1038: aor. ngd^ofxai. The •nqriya. 134. Theog. 2 fut. 3. 6. gnash the teeth. 2. ngiai^riv. see Ttgr^dco. Mid. Tyr. Hel. to beg.

7tTV(jOjj. 3. v^Qt^Eiv. see nlnjco. TCTvaa. Arist. fut. II. : nxr^^co. 4. 141 aor. 1466. aor. see noXsixi^a. oddly enough. pool. Ttragsig^ Hippocr. part. feign an excuse. Thc Ety mologicum Magnum (voc. ngocpaOLov^ai. Ran. crouch from fear. 5. nQonrjXaxl^si nQOvyeXsTv. sometimes causatively. /o ^erperf. insult. Hippocr. 474. 14. 33. abuse. Imagov. Arist. Ran. moXsfii^cD. sjnrf^a. swamp.TtTvo) 227 defective Ttgovaskso). 653: . -via. fut. ^sch. marsh. pass. 54 : pass. see TtTrjaoo to iTtiafxai. Anab. mud. TtgovasXovfiev. 8. form ngovyeXftv is obtained by dropping a and changing f Buttmann. TiQOTTTjhixl^Eiv. Aj. 94 2 aor. 730 part. ngom^Xaxl^a). UTHMI). Col. Hec. IITOn. 647 2 aor. We may therefore assume ngoofsBy dropping p. npoa. 9 : see nop SI. 5. 3 dual jiiiJTtfv Epic. Soph. Thuc. Epic. 438. 7igov(paoLod[xriv (jcgosipaaLod^riv).ai (v). 40 . Prom. TiTvco. 416: aor. Eum. part. {UTAKSl. ngocpaaicdiv passively used. on account of its apparent agreement with a word of a similar meaning. Soph. Thuc. Tiidgv^fiat (^IITAPSl). Xen. The 2 perf. 12. we obtain ngoaiXsi.. UTAH. 136: 2 perf. 8. UTHKSl. : ' 7iQoasXi]voi) Its equivalent has TrgovaelXs'lv Xe/ovai ro v^qI^siv. 7tgo(paai^ofiai (Ttgocpadig). to sneeze. to 1 and Poetic. Hesychius has nQoa iXsi. : . Ttiijaaco. jEsch. which is derived from ntjXog. : part. be terrified. Eurip. to make pretexts. TLTAQ. nEnrrjag the corresponding form of must not be confounded with nlmw.: 197: aor. to spit. Antig. ngovaeXoviABvos. ngovaeXXelv. objects to this derivation into . 354. plur. 252 also Isoc. TxrjXog) suggests I'Xog. 7ismri(6s. 180 2 aor. Anthol. : 171. snivaa. smtf^^a.'. to fear. 2 aor. II. nQonrjXaxiCo) {nqo. 2. -mos. pass. rify. fut. ejiraxov. The Xsm. Odys. -^schin. Anthol.

228 aor. iterative. 18. jEsch. not ndgog ys fjtsv oint x^a/iilimperf. 4. 'PAr£l. 2 aor. ^Eig' also 1. 494. 60. 5. regular: perf. Odys. and ijtvgsaa. putris. hear. 998: perf. Hym. 6. 402. sggdva. to cause to decay. 4. 490. .371. Ttvxd^o). 88. STCvaa. II. — Mid. Hes. Epic. Cycl. fut. 61. pass. to inquire. to go about. (if). an onomatopy^ connected with the Latin spuo^ English TtvOco transitive. II. ncoksofxai {niXo). 2. Prom. 20. 10. 11. nvvOdvoiiai {nETBSl. galva see gi^yvvfii. 811. P. : Odys. fut. invdofirfV. 624: 313. 385. Epic nsTtvdofiT^v. — TKaXsaxsTo. to make dense. to have a fever. Horn. nsTtvaixai. aor. Etymologically connected with the Latin puteo. Col. 150: . Pu^JSI). puter. Hippocr. Xen. 11 . jivgi^a. ncoXTJaofiai. TtSTtvxaSfiivos cover up. to rot. Op. aor. Eurip. 781 fut. Ttvaco (i>). gavco. 11 ninvaaai. intransitive. Thuc. fut. nvdco irtTvodriv. 174: aor. Theog. frag. for itEJivxaa^ivo?. nvgiaacD or nvgijrco. Poetic for nenvaoti. Hip- pocr. 350. by Poetic also nzv- tear?} inquiry. II. 30. iTivge^a. Verbal navaiios. frag. Sapph. : UTSSl). II. Call. part. 374. Sophist. itevao^ai and jcsvoov^ai. 2 sing. Plat. 988 Cyr. Agam. pass. Eurip. : sprinkle. 6. perf. 5. ncoXiai (TKaXimi). fut. 51 : 2 aor. 1 Epic sggaaa. ^Esch. pass. TCvdo^aL. 1. but nvas {v). TiwAfi" stands for Compare Odys. for ncaXso. mid. Ionic sggrfva. Thes. Odys. Soph. Itttvt^v. 23. to (PANSl. 8. 328. 381. dofxai. to go. 11. Hes. It is spit. II. rot.

Xen.^Eschin. iggvrixa. gs/&stg. 9. or perhaps F^fpw. 77. pass. as ^BBOfifvog. 17. Thuc. 1. 32. Cyr. 9. II. 536 . 4. Anthol. 7. 5. Xen. iggd^^rfv doubtful. Athen. 1191 aor. Thes. — 5 : 159: 2 aor. part. sgga^a. part. Anab. Ionic for geofisvog. 94 aor. 7. Thuc. 12. perf. : — also EinSI. PTSl). Epic. fut. Eq. 1602. 3 plur. Herod. later 5. Hel. pass. 4. pass. 5. aor. active. 6. gvyjoo^iaL as ac1. pass. . 526 gevaa. Etymologically connected with the English rain. sggsvaa. Phil. l^^fo^T^v. iQQoidatai. 125. 7. e^ga&^aL and aggufif^iai (?). Col. pass. Schol. II. 140. to say^ perf. formed from EPrSl by metathesis. iggvr^v as 2 fut. from Com- 'PESl. : to flow. 431. 1. geiG). Verbal gr^jsos. Arist. pluperf. ad II. pare ^fjva. 216. 96: aor. perf. 1. 'PErSl ^ gsco (PETSl. 20 . sigr^xa. 1. 539 is : aor. Eurip. Qsovfisvog. 214: fut. pass. Ionic dgrj&rfv and slgsd'rfv. 2. 612. Xen. 6. 187. But EPril was ^EPrSl' therefore the original form of qi^oa was F^c^w. grj^^wfii. 7. II. Isoc. etgri^aL. to do. 229 pass. II. gd^co. if Hel. -ai/roct. Soph. Cyr. voc. pres. 414: perf. Thuc. Soph. ' iggadazaL 134. pass. 139 aor. fut. Hesych. Its original form was qs foj. pass. gsvaofiou. PEFSl). frag. Xen. 6. 34 . Dem. 156: 3 fut. Isoc. Latin rivus. dgTJaofxat as future passive. 431. imperf. 8. Pjth. Find. 20. iggdv&riv. 21. eggs^a^ Poetic also k'gs^a. for grjaoo. for Ighco or tg^co. Thuc. 354: sQQadctTO. -avaai. Soph. 16: aor. gs^o (EPFJl. 3 plur. Herod. pass.: fs» perf. tive. Odys. Eurip. qsxtijq. iggjjd-TfVy 19. but only in the indicative. English river. brook (gva^). pass. 5. 6. gdaaco (PAFU). sometimes f^^f^?/v. Thuc. See gr^&S. Pass. Compare the English wrought wrighty with the kindred words QsxTfjg. Poetic. 12. : Col.

agg-qyiiai very rare. aor. eggrf^a. Qiy<ar) for Qiyol^ as if from -aw. Soph. : : Arist. 476 passive. 2. break^ German brechen. : 4 fut. aor. giipa. %>|a- Herod. from a new present. pass. iggt- QiyM. Arist. to shudder. According to Trypho (§ 11). giyrjaco. (Tqco. 2 perf. — Mid. Plut. cpQiaaw. 257. pass. 4. infin. pass. in griyvv^i grjaacD. English ivreck. subj. 17: aor. to say. It is moreover connected with the Elean inscription. plur. iggrjx&j^v rare. 8. Hippocr. Plat. Arist. II. giycoacj. break. Cyr. 224: aor. hence fgarga for qi^tqu. 1. 92: fut. Plut. Soph. Aj. . Xen. 23. and EPOMAI. torn. fem. fut. Antig. to shiver ivith cold. and gLTtiico (PI0£2). gen. 12. . rigeo. 230. 18. iggiyeiv ent. yaaa. : Pind^ iggt- Nem. 351 aor. 3 sing. may suppose that frigus. tive. Xen. Enalish fright. Simonid. 5. Mem.' 230 Its original gr^r^ form was ^PJESl. 535. : Connected with Qiyow. 5. 3. 188. 10. 353 2 pluperf. part. II. yriaa. to be broken. dat. rigor. 775. 155 opt. to ash. Tyr. for Qiyol (giyorj). eg^l/ovti. the original theme was ^Pirsi. giyovv. 4. 1 280 . Scut. 52 as imperfect. Soph. agglyoL as presII. Xen. Qijio. infin. 1 . 228. fear. QiyMv for giyovv. Odys. 1607: 2 perf. Hes. Alcaeus used p^TjJt? for gjyico (^PIFSl). connected with the Latin frango. 5. : : QLTtrcs 4. 1. part. and to griyvvo) (FArSl. 26 (Gaisford's edition). 99. Herod. II. Anab. Poetic 571: fut. to throw. Poetic. Vesp. Odys. cast. 5. 846. The original theme was fPArsi. Hippocr. Soph. 216. PHrSl\ Dem. giyovvTcov. 446: part. eggaya as iggdyr^v. Gorg. rag. 8. gj^yvvfiat usually transi- gijlofzat. 3: fut. qiywaa for Qiyovaa. 5. firjv. 3 sing. 546. — We gtyoco. Odys. sing. and the Latin frigeo. Hel. and perhaps with <jp^a^w also with the Latin ora^ whence orator (^?jrw^). 85: perf. Eurip. 8. 137: 2 aor. Herod. Col.

245. Arist. 1276. iggoc^r^xo. iterative. Trach. whirl iggoi^riaa. later Epic. 1.— gaw : 231 Here. to be strong. Epic. 201. 12. sggoaa. Hes. protracted from Qvnci). Xen. 'FTJ2. imperf. contracted from — Qvanfo. Soph. gvao^ai (y). Qtmccaxov. Thuc. 830 2 aor. II. to defend. 1282. for igqlcpdai^ Pirid. Dem. 2. Aj. Soph. * 3 sing. 3 plur. perf. gvjtdvS. 5. Epic. Ages. 79 : : eggiH^ai. 662: but perf. 281. 4. 33. pass. 568 plu: perf. with the usual meaning of the imperfect. pass. 601: pluperf. ^PSir£l. . Lysias. 6. 18. Thesm. 730. 'POSl. 15. (5 V 71 0). HQVbj. 515. gvTtatvo. iggao&r^v. see gio. Qva&ait 3 sing. Horn. Hippocr. U. Theog. 87. iggvadfir^v. Poetic. frag. whiz. perf. Pyth. s^gixpa. imperat. 6. perf. see gcivvvfiL. part. noise. Epic. 11. iggicpdriv. ^schin. 234. Arist. 'PTJl. pass. See also i^voj. 1352. II. 106. sggicpa. pass. Soph. Hym. to flow. 29. 24. gvo^ai. 115. Theog. Soph. Tyr. 27. Tyr. 319 . see geo. Dem. iterative. 829 : : aor. Odys. rescue. Find. : gifodfiriv. Odys. fut. pass. farewell. Epic. infin. 719 . pass. Loc. Aj. 419. Hes. iggccpr^v igicpriv. 37 . : sing. Isoc. 2 sing. 8 aor. Cyr. pass. sQ^wao. aor. 23. to strengthen. perf. Lys. with a whizzing Soph. to imperf. 835 it is written also qoI^soxe. 562: aor. gcovvvfxL and gavvvco (POJl). iggcoix-qv as imperfect. pass. 'igQwa^s. igQOJo&ai. see grj/wixt (sggaya). imperf. Qvnowv protracted. rare and Poetic egiyja. 15. qs- Qtcp&ai. 23. Odys. Anthol. 17. 2 Xen. infin. gvTtdco. 349 2. 141: perf. II. Av.. Anthol. goiUco. II. 11: aor. 2 plur. fut. Dem. from -da. rapidly aor. (^). 141 im- sQQvro as aorist. as if from 'PTMT. to flow. 279 . . infin. iterative. Plat. QvaxEv. to be dirty. pass. eggofiat as present. to make dirty. as if Qoi^aaxs. Latin vale. QvaTo (qvvto). 15.

ado. Epic. snarl. Hippocr. Hippocr. preserve. preserve. Athen. — imperat. 13. CO aa ' tive a(X(o. adovai. Romaic a^aQvU^oa. GtaaaG). Medic. sarfga^ Soph. caoco (adco) . 21. to sift. 238. Call. Rev. Epic. Arist. (jsar^gas^ Doric aead- — to perf. aor. 116. 1. iadw. to save. 23. The same remark applies also to the imperaad(o. 17 N. 1. coco. adco. T. Compare the Latin sulvus. 866. serpo. only 3 plur. to grin. Vesp. add). aor. 21. aacoao^ai reflexSee also <yac?. salveo. Scut. 13 . English save. commonly aaat ((ydovdi). The original theme was probably aapw. Theogn. Theoc. ^ 8 perf. otj&co. to 3 : plur. Odys. 2 perf. wash. asarffiat and (^iaria^iat. and iadoj. It fem. Epic. Not to be confounded with the preceding. forms of adov. Hes. pass. 83. 3 sing. Odys. pass. 185 fut. 363. 2. which by protraction become aaw. part. 409. 3 sing. See also Xd(o. instead of aoa. iadeo). gas. 901. II. aalTtilco {ZAAIlirrSl). 200 . Herod. sarfda. 13. 309. adoi. 8. for asatigvla. for a«ov and cWou The contracted (ffaso. 22 : iadaaa. chiefly in the part. for adov (auoi). mid. Epic. 7 : perf. ozadXniayiai later. sweeps aor. I'qtko. 3. Xen. imperf. — : and 230. fut. 268. eaco. ive. iooca compare vaisidcaaa from vaieiuoi. Probably connected with the English sieve. to sound a trumpet. Anab.. II. iaaco&riv. 5. 16. 1. de Vet. safe. aor. Odys. 2 tig. Latin erro. to save. opt. sift. 8. sq^m. verro. Del. a6^co. Anosar^ga as present. Tyrt. 232 (SOLig aaigo (ZJtPJl). iadlTiiy^a. . 2. 2 sing. iadov would be aw. asar^gvla. later laaXuKSa. may be connected with avQ(o. 500 .

Xen. Aj. Phaedr. and 2TII. pass. 636. go out. Arist. a defective aor. pass. 167. eaavaat as present. pursue. 26 . Herod. aheixa. 403. 6. Anab. 134: aor.: divco 233 a^hvviii and a^svvva {2BESI). 59. 4. 18: fut. 23. U. II. 199. 1. Hel. Leg. Op. 8. Xen. iaiq)&7^v. k'a^i^v as middle. Pyth. Pyth. reverence. II. ioi^iaa. Laconian — for idctvtf. Hel. 8. 208. Mid. Athen. II. Epic. ae^o^ai. pass. impel. <^£(p&eiaa. Pind. 3 plur. to shake. 11. Horn. Hym. 1. 25 : : 13. 9. 1724: he is gone. 471. aTt-eaaova. Hel. 12. to forbear out of respect. mid. die out. pass. aor. Herod. CE^daaaxo. pass. Orest. 39. imperf. 584 aor. . Xen. 8. Cyr. 77 aor. 2 aor. Soph. 189 : aor. 943 Col. 20* . aa^eaa. icorship. 8 el3sts. 20. mid. pass. : — extinguish one^s self. aor. pass. Antig. ajSrjvai. Antig. Hes. 5. Doric eo^dv. pass. 3 sing. moved with sasLOa. Thuc. to hasten after. aor. 613: aor. ia^iad-riv. 5. 1. Xen. Eurip. -^sch. 11. aevo^ai. 13: aor. asLo. Agam. Epic. Parmenid. Plat. : iasLadfiriv reflexive or transitive. 8. Theoc. 63: perf. a^saco (aa). 8. run. 417. 375 . 13. be extinguished. to 7. to frag. o^TJao^ai. 888: perf. Poetic. Theoc. for ai^co. fut. 3. to move. part. 3. Isth. aor. Eurip. 11. 2 aor. a^hvv^ai and o^evvvofxac. 76. to extinguish^ Find. 52: perf. asj3co and ai^oixat. Pind. as^L^dj and cse^i'Co^aL. sojBrixa as middle. avaaaslaaxs. 808 perf. 175 . 361 . iaeio^j^v. — iaosiovTo. ias^La&riv as active. 588 : fut. lavd^riv and laavd'riv as middle. Soph. Mid. 2. eaasva and aeva. Soph. Epic. Plat. II. fem. 4. Lys. 2ETSI Poetic. 13. 294. azro5. 20. imperf. sajisafiat. iterative. 1302. pass. perf. dead. drive. 4. revere. 1. Col. urge. aiasicifiat. Soph. aeido. 3. 6.

awndaouai. axsSdvvvfxL and axedavvva (2JKEJAI2). 5. 9.iaLvco. Pind. 3 sing. 148 2 aor. crid^fo 133. aeat^^aa^ai. idxsdaafxat. mid. 12 : 2 aor. aiconrjacj. 73. -as. iaav16. — See pres. pass. Pind." 74. iEsch. see ado. . pass. aiaiixixaL rare. mid. transitive. 208 . to keep silence. JEsch. 54 3. 476 fect eaavfiai. to c-qi. Boeckh. 39 . 645: pres. Xen. — . 737 commonly Soph. 14.. 3. laeph. also xeddvwixt. 9. for oEvsTm. 98. 31 . 6: perf. Trach. Inscript. Doric for asaiconrjfiai. 1257 : fut. edited also aiydaouai. Its original form was perhaps S^ETSl. to scatter. 879 . frag. mid. 154. axeSa. part.. fut. 3. . axsddaco (d). Eq. 130. 25 : aor. Prom. as if from ZETMI. 17. axtdvriiii. to mark. 15. part. 11. We may further suppose that the Homeric expression ots atvano was ois o F«vatTO. 2. ajjipc). aearina as pasII. 25 : aor. 447. OBVTai. Odys. 29.88: Olym. 5. avy^^vog. ioxiSdaa. 519. aicoTtdco. 585. 554: aor. corrupt. Theogn. 11. perf. Arist. Agam. Pasive. pass. pres. 1. fut. Thuc. II. Tyr. 3 sing. to rot. Herod. afacondfxai. 7. 1308. — See 'vo. kaxeBdad-riv. 17. 234 8. iadnrfv. xidvrifiL. 13. 20. later alvco. 1005 others refer it to the per-^Esch. to be rotten. 233 &c. 'VTo. 255: 2 perf. 4. iatvdfxr^v rare. Xen. aor. regular Herod. act. : 3 . 8. perf. Ionic aivEoixai. II. 67(71(0 (Uu^nSl). 135 . liriv. : also aovfiac. as from HTMI. 2. perf pass. subj. pass. iaavfisvo?. II. Thuc. 1. Soph. . Dem. sift. Isth. fut. asva463 . see ZKEAAil. otvo^ai. axsddvvvaLf d laaxsddvvvai. fjLrjv. I:KAASI. jEschin. Herod. to injure. ots aivaito is also edited ot' iaatvaixo. : arj&a. 13. Anab. 1. Hip- pocr. Cyr. 463. regular. 2. . Eum. aLOTiTJao^ai.

II. also m^yvvro See We this verb with . UKAASI. 481 — fut. Xen.^£w. have already attempted to connect English scatter^ spatter. see IJKEAASl. to vieic.: . 13 .. II. the root oxsti. . Thuc. de Art. in Hesychius. pass. 62 : : aor. eaxXjjxa as . Plat. 361. saxXriv. 160. 875 Hippocr. Cyr.may possibly be connected with — OnJl. axiXVesp. d Locaxsddvvvjai. — . see also Rem. mid. Athen. 2 dno^TjQOtlvoi. iaxsyjofiaL passively. 7. 17. axoTtico or dxoTiovfxai. iaxecpdriv rare. 16. Mem. 12 : 652: fut. 3. see axoitico. 11. Rep. 60. 3. . axedccrviai like nlfinQriOi. Theog. -«Tog. axsTtTOfiai. like i-^iXriai) from axsdavvr^ai (with the the analogical form would be axsddvvvtoci. 6. axlBvri^L. Hes. II. to he dried up. Arist. Prom. like dvvriim from dvvdfjiai. : saxriXa Epic. iaxkr^cos. Hippocr. Hesychius active. : : (jxoTt Plat. Anab. 11. as middle. Mid. pass. The rest comes from the sdxXrixa. iaxtdvoiadriv. 58 aycsdrxvvvrjTtti. 37. ZKAASl). 2. iaxsipdfu^v. to see. Phaedo. pass. oxXai^v. iaxlrids. saxs^fxai tran3. opt. from nriywfii.. Phaedo. later (jxkTJdofxat. subj. consider. to dry up. 1. 3. 53 2 aor. Verbal axsmios. Apol. It will be observed that the elements of oKinio^ai (root axsn-) are the same as those of the Latin specio (spec-). pass. Anthol. sitively or passively. ZKEAAIl {ZKAAD. 23. perf. Mem. Xofiat. axkrjvat. 3 sing. ctxskovfiai. jEsch. 308. 7. Plat.37: ^ 19 3 fut. for axsddvvvfii. sometimes aximo^ai. Mid. intransitive. 3 sing. dnoaxXalf}. 191 : perf. eaxlr^v. Xen. explained dnoddvot. 6. Xen. as middle. It is contracted 235 old ending -oi. or rather dvvsrjtai. 6. 17. aor. Poetic. The present anfmofiai was probably never used by the classical Attic writers. aor. Xen. to wither. aor. middle. 57 2 perf. Further. aor. pass. 2. 3.. contracted from pres. axtdva- — fiai. axiyjofxai. §72. part.

aoaai. anoint. ic^fxT^adfiriv. Thesm. 1. 477 . sanagfxai. 9. 134. ajsi^G} {2TIBSI). 392 Eurip. Eurip. 27. make coin- IlTAi2. 7. 458 . — : ty. 73 . dTCslaoiiai. Ofidowhich in the present is not Attic. 151 aor. equivalent to asvofiai the aovxai. oojf. pull. 9: aor. pass. and formed by contraction and protraction. 389: aor. Thuc. Med. 25 imperat. sdTtscga. pass. 4. Tyr. Herod. Mid. middle of 2JETS2 jEsch. 7. 769 perf. 4. 6. Herod. fut. 124. anivdofiai. Thesm. ia^rixOriv from the regular (jfirj^co. Min. doa. Vesp. aovoOs. to draw. aovvrai. aovddG). idTtd14G8: aor. ajtsga. laueiaa. Doric iafidadfiriv. aoofxai contracted aovfiai. to conclude a treathol. Herod. ioTtdadrfv. 4. CTiELv. fut. to offer a libation to the gods. sajtadfiat. : perf pass. II. Arist. Xen. Apol. 13: perf. 209 . 9. Ran. Mem. 110 : aor. to tread. 928: andaco (a). edTteiafiaL. : anivdco. 16. Arist. (jneiaa). transitive. 3. -drai. eaTCuadfiriv. Arist. pass. iamigdfxriv gr^v. 4. aaitdxa. Call. Dem. aneadai. • : Sept. JEsch. it may be referred 681. 1028. 5. eansLafiai. subj. Anab. sansLxa later: perf. aov. AnMid. mid. Vesp. Ran. Herod. pass. 1140. 1.. 16. Soph. aovads. Arist. see eno). 424. for 00)^0. Athen. eandaa. 3. 7. fut. 292. doj^s. 393. Elec. Arist. Xen. 236 a[zdco. cntdco. — fiat. pass. '-^g. Eaiirida. 111 aor. Anab. 564. ajidofxat transitive. Anab. Aj. Arist. Mid. Arist. Ach. Pers. pass. 442: — ansigco aor. : (ZUEPSI). see laTtifu. iaTtstadr^v. 32. 2. Xen. press . 79 Xen. 31. 1206: 2 aor. Dem. down. aiiao to smear. to save. It borrows the aor. 13: perf. aor. As to gocool. Soph. andaouaL. rub on. sanaaiiaL. to ado. 2. 3.

2. Soph. 288. ioxsgr^za. Eurip. 487. 6. oxeXeco. Eurip. 95 . to be in want Col. 3. Prom. Ionic for ioTixXaxo. axsg-qaoiioLL as passive. Poetic and Ionic. to go. Inscript. axsyd^o and axevd/ofxat. 287 . Prom. II. 2. Aj. eaxstla. 4. Poetic for aravd^co. pluperf. Col. Herod. Xen. 99. axeva^L^G). 69. (2JTIXS1). 5. pass. ^Esch. fut. rig or fit out. aor. 5. as if from 2TAAAASI. 1. 4. 5. 14. 656 aor. Arist. 376 : : i(txig7fcia. 132. ^sch. 5. Soph. Taur. 3047. 63 . set out. Inscript. but not continued action. for ansaTockxaai. 13. 19. Bac. see axova^^i^a. 20 . 89. part. 7. Herod.CTsg pact. Odys. 3053. 690. to sigh. Mid. Taur. 5. eaxixov. Vesp. arsvd^co. 3 plur. Scut. : axeXS. pass. Thuc. axsgio and cxBglaycco {2JTEPS2). to 13. Antig. if iaxl^ijixai as from Soph. iaxigr^fxai. Soph. : : — iaxaXadaio. mid. Trach. 474 fut. Anab. 7. Poetic. pass. aiiXXco (^2TEA£1). 258. Xen. 4. 7. Antig. saxaXxa in composition. lies. mid. 6. 154. Pind. 874. iaxstXdfirfv. Xen. 890. Cyr. Olym. eaxaXfiat. 64 Epic iaxigsaa. groan. perf. fut. 4. : equip. 467 perf. 262: perf. axegrjcio). fut. 3 perf. saxaX^ai. 4. ioxdXrfv usually as middle. to sigh. axsgsis rare and Poetic. GTBixco 237 : soTstxpa. also axigo[^ai expressing a state or situation. ZTIBE^. Mid. 23 aor. 7. iaxdXdriv. pass. 821. go. Phil. Soph. iaxsgrjd'riv. : to send. Hel. commonly cixsgiaxofiat. Xen. 2. eaisL^a. Soph. . axsgiofxai. Hel. array. 776 189 aor. : : — . to deprive. 4 2 aor. 399. pass. Hel. perf. 1. 5. II. axikXofxat. 277: 2 aor. Compare eogyav from EPrSL. 16. Soph. Odys. Eurip. Xen. Thuc. 3 plur. aor. Anab. 6. (axha). Boeckh. Dem. iaxsva^a. axevo).— an-ioTaXitav. 23 Cyr. Boeckh. (Sxevd^co : aor. 13: 2 aor. 623 aor. Odys.

axgB(pco. Eurip. 18: aor. axogevvviiaL and axogvvfiat transitively. GTOvaxit(o. strew. 63 perf. Theog. pass. £axgaf. ocTcoaTSQsla&s. fut. aTogicio. 132: Mid. 1117. iaTogeaa. 3. 344. 2 plur. Thuc. axoghvif^L and arogvvfxL (2JTOPJI). 308. (iair^fxt. -^ Mid. Soph. 3. (TTfv to out. 33 1 03. 784. 31 . 781. 238 of. eaxgexpa. 2 sing. Eccl. 2JTPOS1). q)Ofxai. 3. 3 plur. 83 . 1128. 78: aor. iaxgdcprjv. Corinth. rarely eaxgdcpdriv Ionic. mid. 2. he pledges himself. dTBVTai. for gtoqw&l. gisa&s). 2. pass. ^sch. pass. Pers. 844. axogS. for dTsvd^G). Theoc. (contracted from oteAndoc. Arist. also axg6vvv[ii. and dT£va. Xen. want. Theoc. 7. 6. see axH^co.([^ofiai. Xen. 4. turn one^s self back as if to flee. axgiyjofiat. Thesm. lay out. affirms. Anab. saxgocpa. 27.. Theoc. diovaxitofiai. threatens. strives. Herod. to stand. Hes. pres. iaiogicyOrfv. Arist. Scut. : : 26: perf. 6. 16. 597. axgiAj. — See : aor. idxagsad^riv. Xen. go with4. 33 Arist. 4. Eq. to spread. Epic. 481. II. 49 atTJxa : imperf. The aorist is borrowed from the passive. he or have been deprived of. 3. 159 2. 2 aor. axgsyjo). 4. 2. 74. Arist. Conv. fut. Poetic. I. 16. twist. 3. 12. 14. 15 aor. 2:TIBSI. wishes. axevvTat. 130. aTsvio. Anab. Hip. to turn. to turn one^s self. T. 13. Athen. Hippocr. kaxgitpOriv rather II. N. II. eoTrixa). Xen. Anab. 6. Etymologically connected with the Latin adjective sterilis. Pac. 23. 7. 1. Etymologically connected with the Latin sternOf English strew. Athen. 3 sing. Rom. 1176: aor. 6. imperat. 516.i[^iai. — . axgavvvfii and axgovvvco (IJTOPJl. fut. Epic II. later. GTOQVv. II. .

II. iavgr^v. avvsv7t£7tov6Sg. 6. dread. 2. Latin verj'o. iaiv^^rjOr^v. Nigrin. to shudder at. dvgt^ofxai. play on the ^ 10: aor. 869. mid. BCcpayiiaL. kill. Agam. B6(pa^a. 6 2 aor. 672. 21. iavgi^a. lg^<a. Odys. savga. 1065: perf. axQmvvv. oeavgxa (diaasavgrixa). iEsch. perf. cvgiXco and avgixTco. to slay. avvo^^coxcyg. aiavgiiat. Plut. Sept 2 aor. iacpdxOriv . iavgdfir^v. Here. . eajvyriaa. Athen. Lucian. sarv6a. 53 aor. 2. 532: aor. axvyii : : aofxat as passive. Av.29. Athen. iEsch. aor. : perf. d(pdZo or ocpdxxo (2J0^ri2). Xen. cxvyea) (UTTFSI). azgaao).31: fut. Lys. pres. pipe. 380 Herod. 9 : perf. 11. draw. terri Odys. fut. avvavxdco. mid. Theoc. pass. Theoph. later eavgiaa. aor Epic sarv^a. Lucian. 2. 2iOY. rod. iorvyrixa. 692 Apol. 2 sing. Soph.7. eaxvyov. He 47 aor. Tyr. imperat. Harmonid. 691 : 512: perf. mid. see dvToico. aoiTvxa.: acpai ' 239 29: aor. 51 perf. 2. Anab. to be in a state of priapism. 689 . 598. gtv^ccl^l causatively. 17. 2. Athen. by cutting the throat. Theoph. dvaaeavg^ai. 8. 694 fut. 11. fiai. Char. see nda^o). 502. sgna. see I^cj. : : It may be connected with aalQco. aTteaTvyrixa. fut. pass. Soph. Eurip. later 4. pass. for oTQawv^i. pass. pass. to hiss. See also ioTQoadfjir^v transitively. dTvofiai (v). 56 aor. would render hie. 9. Arist. whistle. to 2. 921 Med. pass. errOy serpo. 602 aor. ^sch. Char. ecngco' aaigcoda. Prom. 1256. Anthol. 10. hate. Col. — : dTogivvvfii. acpd^co. Eurip. Arist. § dvgco. 2. Athen.

7. 23. 146. Call. give up. perf. to save. 1. and Cj^afo. there. perf. another form of aa^w. 622 Dem. 5: 2 aor. Arist. fut. . 70. trip up. axdaa. 6cpaX Herod. Odys. 14. dipaXoviioLi reflexive. fo cw/ open. aaoiiai. T£Ta. acoco). Trach. icKoadfir^v. English . 2 sing. 23. Hel. 2. Anab. to save for one^s self. to take. Odys. v^f<. {20AAH).. — See fut. ado. aSaofiat 25 : — : reflexive. : : iaxuadfiriv. 591 . 4. 5. : . 15. cause to fall. in Hesychius aor. take thou. 740. mid. aaoo. odo. iacpdXriv^ 1 45 Xen. 5.ifao fail . aaa. Apol. pass. Anab. 74 : perf. /^^ loose. Xen. 2 aor. frag. Dem. de- acpaX6. in an ancient inscription (Boeckh. 42: fut. i(Scpdyriv the usual Xen. h. ed/oiaa and eaxdda. part. 7. 363. 454. Soph. Eurip. 4. (jiaaxa. Plat. a (a (a. 104: aor./«v. 107. : Doric ecKpdXa. T. 9. Ale. 2. Aj. d^idstv.. 4 aor. after awaw. II. Eurip. o. fall. TAFLl and TASl. mid. — II. sometimes aiacofiai. acKpaXfxai. 1457. Find. Anab. 58 fut. 355 also : aor. 7. pass. aiocodfiat. pass. 7. Soph. lavvia. 1. 430 Pass. to leave off. saoda.: 240 rare. ally transitive. aorist passive. fut. Critias. 409 Xen. c>X£t^v. to acpdkXo ceive. Nub. . 452. aor. Conv. see s^^. Hel. for Dem. aor. Mid. 612. imperat. Nub. fut. 8. (yS^ofxai usuiaoOtfv. 347. 1 . 219 2 aor. 2. 7). Tyr. a&co. abandon. 4. Arist. Nub. 621. T^ (contracted from zots like ^t/ from ld{). the analogy of iqvm. 17. Thuc. Epic. sacpriXa Etymologically connected with the Latin fallo. 26. Olym. 56 . II. Phoen. oa^co (aaoa. pass. aoa. pass. 1. 9. Arist. Xen.

13. : flexive. 112. : : — TETaxaTUL. II. Hes. . 4. Ionic. Cyr. Thuc. 10. 4. — Mid. 116. Orph. fut. Odys. pass. aor. 463 17. jX^Go^ai. 1. 11. frag. 97. Thuc. Theog. virtually connection with ^lyydvia. 829: perf. 3 sing. xixa^a. ha^a. 298: II. see Rem. hdlaaa II. Swedish Those who its admit class it with the Latin tango. arrange. 9. zfTotaor. 448 Ages. Odys. Soph. Poetic. Ixdyriv very rare. Glasgow. 5).11. 521. hdvvaa (aa). Archil. Av. 637 2 aor. fut. 3 fut. Eurip. is 241 connected with the English take. pass. Mid. . 228: 2 2 II. dare. TBxXdvai. 433 hXriv. Tdaaofiat or xdxxo fiat reflexive or transitive. 888 perf. : 393. jXas. TfxPvT^wg. 409. Etymologically connected with the English ToifjLvo.— : xa(m This verb taga. xh'jvai. The compound iTttxdaaofiaL has fut. 390. 17. 17: 3 fut. 83. English touch. TXalriv. . Tavvaofiat (aa). 1821). 4. TSTXrfxa. TavvG) (tslvco). ixa- vvad^-qv (aa) reflexive or transitive. frag. Anab.. havvadr^v as middle. 21. 8. Lith. 2. txa^d^r^v. Eurip. 336: perf. TDcvviai. 166. suffer. aor. 18. xavvofxai usually re4 : aor. xsidwafxat. xsxavvaaofxat later. 17. TexXaOi. 8. . jhlaa. . 177 aor. 14: aor. Aj. mid. 7 aor. The same is true of 21 . II. as from Odys. Epic xavvco. Ta^co. Dem. see also Rem. Xen. 2. II. incert. Xen. to stretch. to : TANTMI. toil. short v. xdcK^co or xdxxo ( TAFSI). Sup. 142 (Variorum. perf. pass. lavvaco {v). Anab. 319. § 72. Xen. 9. Arist. pass. 3. rk^Oi. endure. 2^fiai. . pres. 156: aor. order. but common with Attic writers (Xen. II. T^AASl and TAASl^ to bear. TSTlairfv. § 68 {ao). Msch. pass. 32 : perf. xaxd^o^ai. 174. pass. venture. perf. pass. Sept. 1. Epic. 8. ixdxOriv. xX6. 3 plur. see te^vco. imxd^ofiaL as passive. Ionic ^Iso javvvc)' fut.

Pind./^ 7. hdOffv. to spring up. see TBivco OAfPSl. ^ see rtxro. liai. xeXso. 699 . 73. Xen. (TENS2. . Herod. raise. 1. Soph. pass. 457. produce. aor. 4: perf. Antig. — pluperf. 3 plur. Pind. Tsgdco. TAS2).340. to stretch. jslsao) {(^o). Phil. 23. Xen. commonly ivTEXXo^ai. Nem. 1. to perform. see TAFSl. Antig. jekovVerbal tsIbotbos. Ale. Tyr. 240. 40 . hstva. the sun. 1 Apol. exist. 7. 1138 Also intransitively. rarely EVETEiXa. mid. teXXco (TEASl). Olym. Epist. Plat. mid. TBxiXsa^ai. 23. ridrfTia. 716 perf. Tsigco > (TEPSl)y to rub. xha^ai. Thuc. comaor. 284.ji^ ^EvteXXcs commission. afflict. 5. 4. It occurs chiefly Olym. in composition. iEsch. pay. 60: aor. to finish. 122.. Gorg. 1. Arist. II. Xen. 1. TEKSl. 3. 124. Plat. 93 : fut. 201 . 13 Pind. Plat. Tsxaxa in composition. Odys. to be. irsXsadr^v. frag. TEXlo^xai. 232: aor. as 2. 63. 415. Soph. Olym. ivETSi^dfirfv. 559. to enjoin. 831 . Phil. Theoc. 8. rise. 9. 4. 126. to be astonished. Herod. 1. ETtLTeXecfTEos. 1205: : tsvS. Ionic TASl.':>. II. Isoc. Mem. Soph. 47 perf. fut. 22. : . 218 {euevteXXg)) : perf. Eurip.19. Soph. pass. Tsiilsxa. Cyr. Soph. 1. Mid. Pind. 4. . rslco. 31.w' Etymologicallv connected with the Latin ienao. Anab. ^J<^ . aor. "'\. Thuc. hiXsaa (aa). fut. Tsliofxai. fut. 252 Antig. pass. ijETaxaio. ivThal^iai always : — — passive. 132: aor. Soph. 4. Verbal Tajios. Elec. xeXsco. . plete. 70. 5. 46 . pass. Pyth. 2. extend. Thesm. 242 Tua the following. Agam. 27. 108: perf. sTEiXa. form.

292 in the exHesychius explains it t«^. 11. ir^ri&r. 2. 802 : aor. to delight. 55: 2 aor. pass. Rep. jizfjirfixai. 143: 3 fut. TfXQuafiEv. See the — pres. 23. plur. 156. II. 105 . — — Mid. mid. 369 : aor. Toifxvofxac transitively imperfect. Verbal tfXTfiios. Hel. 2. higfOr^v. hsfxov. Cratyl. Tsfist. . 3 dual. ixagTtoixijv and xexagnoiiriv Epic. in Sophist. to enjoin. Op. 1281 aor. 231 . iTtszBikdfxi^v. Hes. eTteTSzdXfxr^v. hdgnriv as middle. rarely ha^ov. TQansiofifv. Te^ia^ rsfiS.v as middle. 565. 327. — Eurip. 346. Herod. 8. pass. 12. xsjfxrjcos as passive. 14: 2 aor. hsgxpa. pass. hsfivsTO. Mem. Odys. Elec. xigipofiai. mid. 300. 2. 901: aor. Soph. enjoy one^s self. 1 . Ts^vco {TEMSl. Col. xegxpo. 243. 70 . ix£gyjd[ir^v. 2 aor. 99 Odys. Odys. Epic. later Epic. Thuc. 624. Hel. 3. 691. pass. Epic iidgfpdr^v. 564. II. Antig. 6. 441 14. 3 sing. 555 : perf. written also rs^si. 23.TSQTt 243 II. 24 . .. 7. mann pass. Plat. Xen. Orph. rarely ixafiofir^v. T€Q7ta). ^ETtitsXXo. : : — delight. be sated. Soph. Epic and Ionic Ta>v«. 8. 381. Herixjixfjiriad^ov. perf. Herod. 9. T^MS2). hfxrjdrfVyThuc. perf. 2. pass. Jusjiir. 2 aor. hs^oixriv. to feel 41 . 4. Xen. 513. subj. TSTfiijaofxai. 480. 5. 82: 2 . present and Odys. 2. as middle. 16. Rep. 26 : 2 aor. 3. p. amuse. Thuc. iniTelXoiiaL as active. 10. ^ 2 Plat. 707. Soph. pass. iisTfiETo. 4. Plat. iEschin. 81 . Epic for xaqniafisvy Odys. 1. ApoL 9. Also. Troad. 24. xiifxrixa : in composition.). 1. 818: Odys. Herod. 1. pluperf. Arg. to rise^ as II. II. b (Steph. — liifxrja&ov. 314 pression jqando^tv svvt}&svTs. 188. Hip9 perf. 13. like ixixXeio. Mid. . 366. also TfXTJya. edits subj. Plat. 5. 2 aor. Eurip. a celestial body. part. 5. jegno^ai. 1. BTthsLla^ 11. 636. II. 1. Odys. 3. command. pocr. — Mid. 39 : fut.

19. 247 : aor. 2. Theoc. 4. 245. Apol. Scut. 519: aor. 709. sive. Hippocr. 14. — — 2 6. Epic. 16. Odys. rev^co (TTXJ2). 221. TEYXS2. II. 12 aor. 96. II. fut. 22. Anthol. infin. Herod. Tsrsv^ijoOai. bore. pass.oLfxi. TSTsv^oiiaL. Odys. JEsch. iTsgadixr^v later Epic. 6. TsrgTfxoi. rnvoxoixai. to dry. jegarjvai. tst^v/ol as pasOdys. hsgaa later Epic. aor. : 5. Thfics. rsv^a. infin. 293 subj. rsrgavia^ rsjgavS.: : 244 Tsgd make dry. 1. equivalent to 13. TST{j. aor. to perforate. 208. to arm one^s self. Epic and Ionic Tsgaoixai. hkxgriva. 3 fut. Anthol. 61. Hom. tSTfxov or eTSTfxov (TEMS2). jegOTJfxevai. II. Ther. tjvxov. — hiv^dp^riv transitive. 1405. 3 plur. perf. Ionic hevxO^v. mid. 6. 296 mid. 15. iiETfvxato and TeievxciTo. perf. 3 plur. pass. rvyxavM. 751 aor. hsv^a. Arist. . aor. a defective 2 aor. pass. jsTv^fxai. Nic. 3. TETXEIl (TftJ/og). . see jvy^^dvco. mid. fut. may 16. Odys. slfil. Thesm. hvxOriv. 423 perf. Odys. Hym. va. hsgariMid. 12. 18. act. 374 . Nic. : : lies. TSTvxdixrfv. 1. 4. Tsv^ofiaL transitive or passive. 5. Eng- lish dri/. 244: perf. 207 II. be drying. 529. . pass. It possibly be connected with the Saxon drig. See also the following. Epic. rsgaaivo^aL. are found intransitive. II. to dry. 693 : Tsg(faLVG) (tigbofiai). The rest is borrowed from TCTgda. see dgdaaco. to prepare. Ionic. see Tcrvaxoixai. 98. Ther. to become dry. Tsrgaivo {TPASl). Agam. See also tv^x^vo. nearly II. pass. 240. II. 15 opt. to find. 22: pluperf. Odys. TSTvxsLv. aor. srixO^riv forms Thvyfiai. 12. 63. 653: The aor. 25. jsTsvxocTui. hsTgdvOr^v. to happen. 104. — Mid. Odys. 366 . . II. heigfivafir^v transitive. pass. 6. 345. make.

: saddened. Mem. 5. idifxriv. Ms. TsOstfiat. hdxr^v. XucpvaasTrjv.— riOff . iT7J%6riv 2 aor. Soph. ifiefiijitov. 573 aor. d^S^iai. 14: imperf. 8. 59. 447. 410. Pind. Theog. 2. 1007. htdow (hideov). Compare &^C. 8. Dem. II. Mem. Dem. vex. . Arist. pass. The like diojitsTov. 10. Soph. 3 aivay. 444 perf. to put. Soph. Hippocr. Find. pass. pass. TIESl. TTfTaofiai. Verbal Mzios. to Xen. iEsch. with -rov for -ttji'. 4. 265. 4. ztiTafie- Hes. Xen. jSTtri^ai. to be deprived. 406. XacpmasTov. Tidyjaofxai. 271 aor. imperf. II. fut. for diojichriv. rare. 714:2 aor. (T^KSI). isxirim as passive. . 13. 333. Elec. iOrfxafiriv not Attic. vos. iniopvaov. Anab. 4. Tyr. 6. 133. : TLdrifxL (j id SCO. 10. former is rejected. Eurip. Dem. Tsdetxa. Thuc. 581. pass. Op. part. 163. Thuc. because it belongs to jstevxoc which*cannot be used as imperfect. Col. d'ljdo^at. 1029 2 perf. 2 perf. 15. 1448. 19. 52 2 aor. Ma). Hes. 1 26 . Elec. Odys. 245 tstsvxoiiov or Tstevxsrov. Hippocr. Plut. 15. Arist. also agrjQSv. (Mao) Mo. Mtg. place. sdrfxa only in the indicative. Herod. 63 fut. : : : heOriv. 11. imperat. from aqixqla-nia. Pyth. de Art. 9. Hes. : : TAFSI. 13. T3/. Herod. 1311. Poetic. Eurip. MaOai. 21* . 1200. d^S. The latter comes from a new present. TLdia (d'Eco). to melt Eurip. Nub. aOriv. 7: perf. 35. dejected. vexed. Find. Mf^svog. 1. Hel. 6 Soph. 4. d^ov. TrjTdodai. II. Elec. Col. — : : MtfiTfv. regular: aor. Mir^v. 437. Sup. [xai transitive. jids4. Theog. xidsi (tlOss). II. § 15. 146. Demad. TsOeifiaL. 346. mid. 14. Eurip. Nem.807. 480 Xen. Aj. ^({xasv. to sadden. Mivat. tstlt^^svos. 4. 530 aor. Prom. Troad. afflicted. Thr^xa as middle. Pyth. 3 dual. Soph. see T-qyco - melt. 1. d-i^aco. pass. to put. place. 1034. 30 perf. Mid.

17: opt. Tivofiai and Ttvvvfiai or xivviiai. 7. 1 plur. for irl&Eov. oLTtoTiajBos. 16. II. infin. : pass. Epic for Tt^gVa^ II. 19. 122. 5. 14. Find. vol. 155. Of the aorist middle only the indicative i&Tixdfiriv and the — participle d^rixdfxevog are found. atone for. frag. 9. composition. 285. rid-rjfiEvaL and Ti&ifisv. radical' d^sa II. 4. 485. ^a. commonly zs^oixat. expiate. 19 2 perf. ing persons. Ionic for iii&rjv. Hes. 34. — — — ixl&Ba. mid. rare in the classical authors. The &sovai. 78: part. Thesm. nQoa&soito. Ttj/o (tio). TiXTo {TEKS2). to pay. 1036: perf. Teioxa. 3. 23. irix^rfv Eurip.237. jidofiac. Xen. 3 sing. xioco (I). ri^o). Orest. tJicc. ^S^sch. S^elofisv for &wfisv. Herod. II. 5. Ionic ^iono. Odys. to avenge one^s self punish. S-o7to in composition. 279 . 1907. 1. Hippocr. hs^a rare. Epic. i^s'w 83. 1. exicfOL. II. 2. aor. Horn. 543. t&r]v is not used in the indicative. 1. II. e&r}xav. 163: aor. Dem. for dBivm. Arist. 44 2 aor. Soph. Xen. occurs in the compound 3 plur. tbtlVer(jfiai. : — : — . . 182. the singular of the 2 aor. 7. 113. 33. subj. 23. Xen. hlad^riv. active. Aj. Rep. pass. 127: 2 aor. Tt^7?>£j^o?. Mid. Arist. ngo- 1. 509 Cyr. perf. Inscript. Herod. fut. later. ^ifxt-vav and &E^sv. sti&saai. 244: infin. 10. hsxoixriv Poetic. Compare imperf 1 sing. 323: fut. bal TLcfTSog. or rather m^(ov from TL^em. Herod. Mid. 2. 3. Anecdot. Tsrs/fiat later : aor. bb hexov. are much more common than the remainOn the othei*tiand. Av. Anab. £«. TBiixam. pass. beget. 2 aor. 38: 2 fut. Odys. hiadiiriv. 4. 291. Hym. p. Lac. 2. 24. Aj. II. Hel. 42: perf. TixiofiaL rare and Poetic. 651. and^«/w. Dan. T€xsLa&at very rare. t&rjxs. Theog. Epic for ^w^wt. Olym.5. ^£/oixai.. as Vesp. Xen. 77 Eurip.83. II. 758. 1. 9. 836. at least by good writers. Villoison. Find. Boeckh. 23 aor. Arist. II. Soph. 7. Dem. with good writers. 308. infin. : 246 rixT The singular s&rjxa. Pyth. 53. to bring forth. . 3 plur. Graec. 3. and the 3 plur. 553 . 1193. pass. gvv&oTto for awd^uxo. Arist. 2 aor. Lys. B&r)xag.

Arist. 3. 15: aor. 283. 8. II. Epic. Theog. xfi^ycj (xifxvco. 23. 276 : 2 aor. Soph. — The smooth xsxvxoixriv. II. Antig. Ttigdo {TPAIl). 3. Pind. i'T|a??|a. TPO£2). 24: 2 aor. 9. 428. hlt^a. 390: aor. Tcov) xExvxstv. fut. 53. pass.to cut. Theog. to honor. to perforate. 418. II. didaaao) didax-). 558: 2 aor. terehro. fut. Etymological ly connected with the Latin terebra. see TAAASl. 467. 7. 4. xixlfxat. hgaaa. 15. to wound. deliberate. 390. 977 aor. mid. Hesychius. Odys. : perf. 12. draw. xixvayco^riv. also Xfjirj<foo. explained hgcsaev. TAASl. mid. 77. Odys. — Dem. Tugaaxo {TOP SI. Phaenom. TLjaLvofiat transitive or reflexive. zhgcofiat. 13. pass. aor. Xen. 680: also TeTgaiva. 33 : perf. imperf. 94: 2 aor. 259 . 2. Epic. 354. pass. (ixarfya) Tixjjvas. pass. Tgcoaco. 4. Pyth. take aim at. pass. to stretch. II. Cyr. 146. 11. pull. very rare. Hes. Teigrffiai. 21. Xen. pass. Theoc. perf. ix(jid: . xixfii^xa). aor. xloiioll as active. see xe^vco. 4: fat. Epic. Hes. 4. bore. i^ The rough mute x X. fut. 2. and jtsxadov. Odys. 16. Mosch. 8. 41 . 342. — Mid.fa^(w. Hel. changed (root into its corresponding Compare from . 415. 21. 1. 22. II. TMASl. 81 1120: aor. 4. Apol. Odys. jhogev. II. Tim. 23. 66: 2 aor. Tvtvoyco^ai (zsvxo. arrange. rgdaofxai as in 85 Xen. 22 . 12. 1. hfxa^ov. Mid. Simonid. TTXSl)^ to prepare. 13. passive. tcsxadoixr^v XLG). is active xixvaxo . ittfo (i). 2. 18 (Gaisford's) Arat. Anab. t^7/|«. 142: aor. 21. 11. Plat. xsxlfiivos. — See Lys.: Ttratvo (rsLVo). hgrfda. 428. II. hgjjd'riv. iTgco&ijv. {xexvII.

synonymous with tv^bIv. to flee. 236. 127: aor. 337 : to pierce. and the adjective trepidus. from TP^rS2. Ionic jgdncD. hgecpd-qv rare. infin. later h^riyriv. pass. as grapes. 10. — Hes. Ionic jgdnofxac. rgansLOfxev. (TOP II). 4. 202: perf. 381. 12: 3 fut. I'to^ov. Xen. rgsTtofjiai. English tremble. he wounded. see tit^woxco. Lys. connected with the Latin causative The terreo. — Toaaai (Tvy/dvo). Herod. Ionic ixgdcp&i^v. in Hesychius 2 aor. the rest may be borrowed It is from the simple jgio. 2iOr. Nub. 92: fut. ing voice. II. 11. t^Ittcj. mid. jexga^^ai. pass. Arist. 5.. 858 rarely Tijgacpa. Pyth. II. Hym. 10. 1052: aor. Aj. see rgdyo. TETXSl. to /i(rw. 2. 5. 52. Tgsipo). 2 aor. TgaTieco. Anthol. : aor. TTXfi. Herod. 20.: 248 Toge yriv. and found only in the com- pounds insToaae. 43 . 480. 685 7. pass. 324 perf. : : — . hfirf^afxr^v transitive. Horn. pass. jEigocpa. Tgifico (Tgea). TPASl. 4. 302. . 4. 4. Thuc. iTtLJodaacg (JEolic for imxoaaas). 187 2 aor. Herod. Hel. Togio fut. Dem. middle. II. 2. Find. probably a modification of Tulwt or jsv^ai. Tgdcpco. 7. Arist. hgsxpa. equivalent to iTtdieov. shall speak with a piercFor tstoqsv. TSTogrjaco. iigdnr^v usually as 5. 743. Hym. see Tsgno. Pac. 4. 178: hogr^ota. Arist. Ionic hgaxpa. 2. It is part. see rtrgda. 43. Soph. Apol. Scut. Dem. 3. a defective aor. the same is simple TQ8'(o as the Latin tremo. 283 : Tog^aOf Horn. 421. irgdjisov. another form of rgiTZco^ Epic. 11. see Tgicpco. trod. hgauov Ionic and Poetic. to turn one's self. fut. rsTgdiyof^iai. II. to tremble^ imperf. 301. 7. Herod. hgsfxor. Mid.

3. : 2 aor? pass. perf. Arist. and Herod. Anab. Xen. 3. jgsxo fut. 13. 304. to run. 13. 422 . common. frag. reflexive. 3. Herod. Hel. Ach. for jgiipoifii. opt. a&ge^a rare. d'gi^ofiai. 78. 7. 237. eigd(priv. feed. Rep. Antig. 10 aor. Xen. 660: aor. Vesp. 351 2 Odys. Eq. II. 5. 105. 6. 58. Odys. 2. 155: perf. put to flight. pass. 7. Anab. 50. 5. 3 plur. Eurip. 1. 3. fut. Eurip. 8. 186. 1569: perf. Ionic as to form. Compare Hes. nourish. 2 aor. 19. JPAMSl). 15. s&Qsipf. 23. d^giyjofiai. in the Etymologicum Magnum. 657. 1 8. rarely dga- Athen. Cyn to (0FE0S2). CEco. Xen. 1 sing. dedgdfxtfxa in composition. Plat. synony- — mous with quoted. Mid. Xen. 555 — fut. 93. Hippocr. Dem. 207 : 2 aor. Col. perf. hgeipafitiV is 16. in which case it has aor. : 6. jgdcpo. Soph. to have accumulated round. rgiyjo^ai. TgE(pcd sometimes Soph. Arist. exgacpov as passive. Thuc. 55 : . and Hes.— TQSx : 249 Xen. mid. 60 : fut. xid^gafiixat. 5. Cyr. tgdcps. II. 138. — Odys. Nem. 13. Olym. etqutiov is intran* TETQcicparai. 3. dadgd^rniai. 8. Find. 1005. Aul. 82: ^gitfjo. 5. hgaTio^i^v always reflexive. id-gicp&i^v not : aor. Theog. 5. 18. JPEMQ. Mag. : pass. 1. if not an imperfect. 1. 15. 3. Odys. 28 4. ixgsyjdfxrfv generally transitive. 2. — tQsqtoiVj pres. id-gstransitive. 368. Anab. rgifofiat reflexive. 10. Rep. 16. also hgo(pa intransi live. rezgafi{jLat. Find. Hec. Ionic Tgdipofxat. ed^gsxpa. 86. perf. 5. ihgocpa is found intransitive. must be transitive. 20 aor. The middle is also used transitively in the sense to turn. Herod. 4. 54 aor. Pyth. : Verbal d^gsnrsos. pass. commonly (dgafiiofiai) dgafjioijNub. The perf. Find. tpdfiriv Xen. 1351: perf. Xen. : ^a^. 2. Thgoq)a. Plat. to adhere to. sitive. {OPEXSl. ^co.

575. Tgi^a). Odys. : to eat. happen to be. 4. to chirp. Plut. 20 : aor. TPY0JI. Col. Plat. nlofiai. Horn. Soph. Odys. II. 1. takes the meaning to happen. eivxtjaa. exvxov. to obtain.(TPirJl). Anab. Arist. 106. pass. hnsvxta. see d^gvjtxco. hsTsv/eu Ionic. Tgv^o. 101 II. . pass. II. 1. 12. 44. hga^a rare. — See also dgofidco or dgoixdo. 13. hvyxavov. igv/ooiiai. (payo^ai. Odys. pass. TBxgiyag. TSTg~iya as present part.5: imperf. happen^ chance. aor. 412. 2: Herod. Anthol. hv^V^a Epic. Thgv' fiai. 32. — See . pluperf. ^sch. Pass. scream. Theaet.o(iai. nsgtd'gsHa. 64 perf. Trach. mid. 47. chance. 155 perf. 27: perf. rgv^G) (v). Arist.ov^ Xen. Athen. Odys. 3. rgvo {if)^ to afflict^ ivear out^ Soph. this verb has Thuc. Anab. 334: perf. ergayov. Soph. Xen. 314: 2 pluperf. fut. xgciyco {TPAFSl). happened. dQ(xfj. 23. happen to be. 2. 22. 9.^dvcd (tsv/c). sivyja. . 88: 2 perf. Tsigv/cofiai. Tcrios. Odys. 6 . chance. Tgd^ofiat. 655. 18 didgo^a Epic and in composition only. Xen. 546. 371 : 126 2 aor. hit^ happen. rvTUijao). Batr. : In the sense tsTvxrjiioc Tvyxarca. Herod.jgvoic). 24. ldgap. commonly TSTv^rixa. Cyr. fut. 1. 9. hgi^ov. 248 : fut. 23. 17. 60. screech. Tergco^fxai. to strike. 714. 2. Arist. -oios. 4. 11. Prom. 3. 14. 2. Batr. Xen. Cyr. 5. aor.387: perf. fut. 1. 4: aor. iisTgi/scv as imperfect. Herod. to — : TVTtia (TTIIS2). Thevxa not common. hv^ov. Thuc. 4. 4. fut. 14 2 aor. '[v/. TTXH). also zgsfico. Arist. Mimnerm. after the analogy of edofiai. 1. 3. Vesp. 5. pass. jgio^ to tremble^ aor. another form o( rgvo. Vesp. Av.: 250 2 T^fw : 2 perf. 778 . 124: — M. hgsda (aa). xsv^ofAai. II. Antig. 780. dvadi8goVerbal d^gsxiios. Hom.

Arist. Nub. see Tj^VG). to raise smoke. : 7. to bark. Arist. 48 aor. 7. Dem. TSTVTtrr^uai. 42. aor. fut. pass. Ion. smoke. 162. 251 Herod. Arist. V7tSlA. vTtia/vsoixac (vno. ivTZzofiai. Odys. s/a). 16. pass. Vesp. 221. T^ANSl). Herod. Sup. to promise. Arist. 9. 654 aor. iivxpafiriv. sxvnov rare. and Dim. (0T0J2). to'. fut. 6. smite one^s selffor grief to bewail. Soph. Dem. Herod. JEsch. 1379. • TBTVTtav (not tsivtzcov).lVX£. Phaedr. — Etymologically connected with the Latin stupeo. long burn. JEsch. vTisaxi&r^v. vq)avcoy vcpr^va. pass. 347. 5. 2. Lys. to yield. Xen. mid. 25 Soph. 361 : fut. VerTVTtirjaofjiac as passive. Col. 1009. 445 : perf. TsiviifAai and aor. ^7}v as active. Mid. vuiax^^^ai. Poetic and Ionic vTtlaxoixai. pass. ^ Arist. aor. Dem. vipaivca (vcpda.v(pai . 2. 1255: 2 part. vTtstxc). . Plat. as a dog. Odys. Eurip. Herod. vyiav^. iiv(pf^v (v). 1271. in Hesychius jEsch. 767. Ran. good Latin vale. Odys. to bal Ti/TTTT^rfo?. 165. bi/e.V7]l. vyidva. Xen. 104: vTtoaxrjoofxai. Hippocr. 40. ivcpai v. 64 Dem. mid. Ionic vyiriva. 186: 2 aor. 457: perf. 40. fut. vycdvd-rjv. Prom. 38. vylaivs. Doric vcpava^ . pass. to yell. ji&vfxfxai. iTVTttfv. imperf. Antig. : 8. 8. 2 aor. Mem. 1256. 16. 2. Hippocr. 25. Anab. v7roa. 10 aor. to be in good health. 61: . 3. : : de Art. 5. ^ 2 aor. Thuc.^«. 61 : aor. Eccl. 2.^sd'i^Ti. 227. 877: imperf. Call. Mid. Sup. rare. — see slxco. Theoc. pledge one^s self. : to* weave. 16. vkdov. 222. vXdoOdys. : ^- vyiaiva. 70. vneaxoiiriv. vXdoxa and vXda (a). d'vyjai.

303: ^evl vcpayyca. 122. Suidas writes it v<fi^q)aaiiai. Soph. 111. Anab.aL. Schaef. 2 aor. Hal. 13. Etymologically connected with the English weave. 91 Xen. : — — : . to show one^s self. 29 : aor. to show. 325: : 0JIN£1). tries to defend it. and. woof. shine. pass.252 vcpaa Eurip. 105. vcpaa^ai^ Herod. 586: fut. Mid. vcprivd^riv^ Xen. 5. would appear. § 16 (p. what is worse. Soph. found only in the Epic 3 plur. Hes.f«w (XTJl). Dinarch. Nub. ((fda. to rain. pass. Hel. . Composit. 7. vcpdo). which see. nkfpaa^ai. The aor. (paivop. 10: Herod. 14. 587 middle. Dionys. web. pass. 3. II. pour. 203. transitive. (pavivfiat. Tim. scpr^va. : vo (v). to mid. fut. pass. 2. 7. 215. II. Verb. to shine. 3. 40 perf. Xen. Xen. Xen.) : perf. -avaai. perf. Op. weave. Tyr. 5. jEsch. 6. va&i]v. Plat. Herod. 14. to appear. v(pdiv&riv. perf. pass. with the Attic reduplication. Arist. OArSl. he appeared. 3. was also vcpvcpaofiai. cpav6. 1485: 2 aor. i(pdvrfv as 11. 7. Herod. -avxaL. pass. 2. Herod. 11. vtpaLvofxaL 3. 9 2 perf. ecpavov. ^tfa. fut. ecpdvd^riv not common. nicpaofiac. vcpoaat protracted from vcpaoL See also vcpalvco. fpaivoi see i<sei(o. : rain upon. Etymol. Taur. dTtoTtecpayxa. 1118. 1. aor. Odys. II. 3. to Magn. 2. 9. nicpr^va as middle. 3. (pdveaxs.Thuc. aor. See also (pda. Venat. Pind. Olym. aor. 1. cpavov^ai. pass. pass. 5. fiaL as passive. Epic iterative 3 sing. 7ts(payxa in composition. 64 . vVo- Perhaps connected with. 550 fut. avvvcpayxa^ later. 814. {ycpdovCL). Prom. 35 . Soph. aor. Odys. Hel.. Odys. Arist. 10: perf. Nub. vaco (v). vdfxai. 6Qi perf. 47: — Mid. Mem. Antig.

13. 22. Odys. (psidofiat Hel. 944 2 aor. see 0ENSI. also necpi^oo^ai Epic. for (pavrirj. 14. aor. 5. 215: 2 aor. to feed. transiuve. 17. {0IS2. carry. Epic for (pccvjj. 140. 30 . II. 13. imperf. fie[4aa. 1497 . nicpavrai. 9. ni- (pvov or S7ts(pvov. 105. 22. yiyaa is ' MENU. 2. Phil. fut. 1. 73. 0ENJI (psg^a. 19. to bear. to show. 34. 16. Plat.200. mid. to spare. 3 sing. rjfL. Horn. opt. 15. 6. iv-qvo^a. infin. to kill. 0ENSI and 0AS2. 3 sing. Soph. fut. These two forms follow the analogy of rENJl. 1184: aor. 17. II. Elec. 11. (profit. 21. Herod. II. (pdaxcD. 447: 3 fut. Hym. TtEcpajaL. 4. 0ASI. see y^^wt. also (dvma) infin. Epic. the theme of qiovog. 638 Soph. Hip. 155. ENETKH. pass. 313. ENEKSl. 2 dual (pav^ad^ov. yeyora. 829. Soph. to shine. 15. 346. II. 1. 13. dvaaai very rare. Tyr. ENEIKSl). ^af (ct). Further. 502 : — also (paivco. 157: perf. Odys. — qoa- dv&T}v or e(pauvS^rjv. TtKpoLvoxa. 3. Ttsfidiad^ai. nscpdo&ai. 22. opt. Odys. perf. (povij. TiKpavaxc). (pstao^ai. Inscpog^Hv implying 2 Eurip. necpLdoiiiriv. Epic. Erjx. nicpog^a. 2 aor. 3. Ionic ijvsixa.: (pigo 253 Tyr. 2. Herod. subj. 550: perf. i^vsyxa. See Not to be confounded with the following. 172 . 3 plur. 180 . Epic. (0IJS2). II. 277. — f<jpaV- subj.217: 2 aor. 20. 827 nicpvav (not 7iscpv6v). 363 . pass. Epic. necpvco. (icpavofxriv) . Odys. II. mcprjaofxat as middle. by protracting «. 531. 111. II. necpvsfisv (necpvuv). -rjai. Tyr. 101. : qjavoLTjV. . pass. aor. bring. (pigco (pigi^fii. 75 : 2 pluperf. Xen. pass. Aj. i(p7^voifxr]v transitive. 3 fut. MAIL. Dem. (paG). 4G8. 22 . ^jj»'. Soph. ol'oa. Trf^f 13. aoixat. Epic for cpego). fut. fte^ovu. Odys. perf. Soph. for q)nvoTfii.

does not come from (ffvya. perf. Arist. 6.67. 403 Vesp. 860. Xen. (pigofiai usually oidiios. Odys. perf. perf. (pddt. 7. 2 plur. Eurip. Nav. to utter q)Ev.. 12 rarely oidfxai. 621. 3 sing. pass. Mid. 18: aor. 18. Col. 20. t(ptv^ag. 76. . Herod. 4. avevrjveyxraL {avd. II. 1. Epic. . Anab. 154: infin. perf. to say. compare bear. Col. also part. 1360. Soph. 3 sing. Arist. cpsv^oaai ov cpev^oviiai. 7. oiaofxai. Herod. Xen. th?Lt IS. imperat. 13. Hel. 12. ivrivsy^ai. transitive. Aj. infin. The passage KA2'' cpsv cptv. — : 814: (Econ. Ion. olas^Bvai. Inscript. -(Ts. ' (pavya {0rrSl. fJuhnnog. pass. p. cpairiv. 21. Odys. Connected with the Latin fero. fxv fiv. Thuc. . . 66: fut. 840 Ttscpsvyoir^v^ Arist. but from the interjection (psv. xl fiv^sig . pass. fuga {cpvytj). wear. part. (figte.iai. aor. pass. XOP. to flee. TTf^jf/^fVos transitive. — syncopated for q)SQSTf. 4). avEvsvsy XT a I. 08^svlxri. 1340 . having escaped. 173. : Arist. moan. 56 . Bihnnoq. necpv^oTss. Soph. 1094: 2 aor. Connected with the Latin fugio. 2. ETP. 447 2 2 perf. ivrijf/xTwt). 171. 9. or oi'asiv. Ionic Iv?/- vsi/fiai. 969 ive^^d^ijao^ai. to bear or bring for one's self fut. in another Attic inscription (Boeckh. in an ancient Attic inscription (Boeckh. ^TZS2).may be compared with MN1I2. acpvyov. Verbal ^fvxTfog. 7. Elec. II. Dem. 1. Soph. 994 — iEsch. 3. ']^vsx&rfv. otod'ijaoi. -iio). Plut. aor. 1307. Also inavsvriviiyxtai.— : . and wroTv^a from oioidt. pres. Ran. 482. ^ev. fut. Thesm. Poetic. BsQEi'ixT} oitff. 7ts(psvya.181. aor. Iv-qviyixai^ Eurip. rjvsyxov. 191 4. Hippocr. Parasit. Soph. olaiFind. English For the commutation of (p and (S. Soph. II. § 2: aor. Dem. Pyth. 231. Verbal Mid. from ENEriiSl. Tyr. 4. -qveyxd^a^v^ Ionic T^vsixdfxriv. Hel. for o7am. after the analogy of w/^w^m from oi'ixoi. Athen. 120. (pa. II. Xen. Lucian. 4. 22. Agam. 259). 19. 1. pass. il tovi scptv^ag. porto (cpoQiog). (priiJLt {^ASl)^ Doric (pd^i. 1. 8iaq)sv^aad^ai. Ionic T^vslx&rjv^ Herod. imperat. 6 .

10: 2 aor. subj. Tim. 5. Thuc. 7. {(pdfiyv as Generally Poetic. 119. 500 (pdad-a. (p&daa. Phileb. 562 imperat. 16.v. 10. imperf. destroy. Hes. . Xen. 5 ] 1. 290. 346. II. Verbal (pajkos.fatus. II. 51 : subj. imperat. Plat. Find. as active. 8(p&axa. (p&rjvai. 422. present g)&uv(o and imperfect i'ip&avov have w in the and « in the Attic. 1. 3 plur. 437 opt. Plat. : . part. Odys. Epic. 14. commonly (pd'rj(yofiac.ecpdoa. 6. 11. — for icpdrjaavj II. ^imperf. Doric aor. 568. 48. fut. Xen. 10. II. ^^20. nsTticpdrai later Epic. perf. fpd'dvc} vatis (ngo-cpT^ttjg). 713. (pTJaco. The dependent moods A fama. 383 . 1. in sense. eq)d(ir. (p&dfievos as active. ^V Cyr. Epic II. Dem. Plut. 100. (p&sII. Odys. —Mid. €(p&daa. Nem. (^00 ASI). (pda&ai. 33 Doric : \\€pda(o : and cpaaa. 314. 11. cpd^alriai. 5. 127. q)&co. (pd^egoco. 16. 16. 1. : 11. Etymologically connected with the Latin for. Doric s(p&a^a.fari. gS. 56: aor. Epic Soph. —9)^'/?. II. Anab. 861 rare for q}dalT]. Hel. Odys. Hel. cpdvai^ (fdg ecpriv • also cpdaxco. 19. : affirm. 10. 1. fut. 8. 3 sing. to anticipate. (f&ds. 14. 1. (p^T^rj. the imperfect icpriv. mid. part. 3: 33. 70 ^. pass. ecpdrfv like sarriv. (pavai in the trimeter tnena q^dvai fiixgov oifjialiegov has apparently a long penult. 3 sing.— . (pda&co. 187. 84. 99: perf. 150. infin. (p&ib)fie%\ . to corrupt. 2 aor. "^ (pdfiai. Find. 24. of the present are generally (if not they follow. 239 2 aor. ^. usually as aorist fut. for q)&w^sv. 1102. 498. Xen. Apol. ecprjaa. 115. (pQei 255 to say. 13. 5. 7. II. Nem. (pdo. Op. always) aoristic^ that is. 6. q)&fj. aorist. II. part. fdo&s. Theoc. (pdad's. 8. 128. Arist. nscpaa^dvos. 1. then. cpdacji. 168. Theoc. tpd^alTfv. cp&dv. f^. Xen. II. 2. (fd^SLQo {0GEPSI). 5. 5. Isoc. 200 . Trach. 7. Epic for (pjj. . 9. 2. very 16. nagaqi^alrjai. Dem. Odys. q)&6(oai. (fd^svos. : The Epic Epic writers.

Ionic for ducp^uQovTo. Odys. Soph. (pdlvco (q)dLco). Col. Odys. Soph. 20. Soph. aor. 272. to perish. II. 429 infin. 778. (p&sia&oa. 962. (pdladco. 6. imperat. 122. (p&ivfc is transitive. 133. Soph. 18. i(p&dgrfv. (pOiv scpd^Hga^^huc. Aj. q)&87a&ai. — . 610 Odys. II. 100. to (jd^/w that Svva has to for cp&Ui. destroy. <pdico 2-5. Aj. as — pluperfect passive. 5. dvr^axEi' (p&slijg. he con- sumed. 3 plur. (pd^sgioixai. usually intransitive. — . (pd la &ai. opt. 11. II. pass. II. Thuc. 340: pluperf. 87. pass. 90. (pdiadat. 18. Med. (pO loo fiat. 246. Odys. (f&uo. \ater i'or (pdla&w. Soph. II.— : 256 625: aor. ecpdl^riv. 1414. icpOtfir^v. 13. (pdlxo. 667. Eurip. 11. 23. 110. Apo\. pass. 359. II. 172. (f&ivovai for (p&lovai. iEsch. 331. pluperf. like laxn-i^riv. 407. mid. 67: perf. 20. Ionic form. eip&oQa is also used intransitively. Tyr. 15. icpOldi^v (i\ Odys. The 2 perf. consume. 173 opt. Hesychius has <f>&si. disq)&aQ£aio. €(p&oga (duepd-oga)^ Soph. 51. . Herod. 226 . to be ruined. 69: perf. subj. Tyr. mid. 754. 128. (p&sgovfiat^ and (pdagiofxai. fut. 384: 2 aor. 330 . Thuc. 3 sing. (pdifxrfv (i). 2 aor. ecpdidov. 306 fut.24: 2 perf. £q)&ag7ca. 108. but not in the Attic dialect. Odys. laxa-'io. 3. pass. 5. Elec. 14. dnicpQidov Epic. 20. II. : This form has the same relation 5t'ty. Herod. 13. 42. 9. fut. scpd^i^ai. II. II. 1. Soph. to icaste. 251 aor. pass. scpdiaa. 820. (pdta. 161 . Elec. 1. sink as to health. 3 plur. to perish. -frat for -T^rar. part. 8. y(9t>£vos. scpd^agfiai. Epic for (pdla^ai. perf. 9. pass. q)&(XQdrig' cp&ri' GOVT a I. Elec. The analogical form of the 2 aor. 3 sing. implying (fdita and ipOIIMl. €(f)&d~ Qttxai. 3. Odys. (0GIMI). would be q)&ufiriv. Soph. 1027. : Eum. 446: 1027: (pdcaa. diaip&aQT^aovTai. 765: 2 aor. mid. 2 aor. Also Theoc. 13. See also (pdiva. 8. (pdtoiiai. 8. 10. 8. 1.— Mid.

. 5. to boil up. 3. pass. 1. Arist. : fut. dva7t6(p?. Cyr. 2. 148: : 28 aor. Call. Doric cpldaco. {0EBJI. 3. II. cplXdfisvog. Arist. nicpkaafiai. 7isgt7zeq)k€vafiat. burn. Poetic. fcpTXdfxrjv as active. to scorch. cpo^os). 128. i(pXdadrfv. anicpXoaav may be referred to this (pXvG). de Genitur. to fear. Nem. § 9. Lys. 583. 10. pass. Soph. acpo^riad^iriv later and doubtful.aafAai. cause aor. Anthol. burst asunder. Prom. pass. mid. (poPrfdjjaofiat as middle. Hym. 738. 0AAZSI {0AAJJI). kcpoS-qdriv as middle. 270 123. (po^rjaofiai. 117. Apol. Rhes. mid. verb. Xen. regular Etymologically connected with the Latin paveo. j^ to rend. (po^ea. from ^TAIl. . Aj. Nub. Pass. perf. another form of d^kda. 5. blab. pavor. Choeph. 61 Horn. Theoc. swell as with lust. (pXdao. necpoPT^fiai. ^ Pind. 990 cpiXtj^svai. Hippocr. nscpLirjaofiat. 17. II. II. Theoc. fpXsykdca (^cpXeyG)). 21. Hel. frighten. Epic. (r). Anacr. 21 1 (pkva. 47: fut. 117 imperat. 18. . to bruise. mid. • Archil. (pXsyidoixat. 11. Xen. subj. 77. pres.. 784: fut. 23. ixai as passive. transitive or intransitive. Arist. 351 . to fear. ^Esch. frag. necpXaa^at. 396 perf. 1099. EcpXdca. 5. pass. 5. (po^eo^ai. cptlai (analogically (plXm). II. aor. 11. Plut. entertain. aor. to terrify. 150 perf. 3. 104. (pcXijao' Odys. part. : Eurip. 7. ^Xdco. 2 aor. to love. whence the compound nsgicpkvco. 4. Latin uro or ardeo. : ecpXaaa. 139: aor. ecpXadov. : Herod. (fU(a(i(xt. —Mid. 265. 39. scpXvda. Epic aor. . 5. iEsch. pass. 4. 361 : aor. Del. {^lASl). 504. as if from (piXrjfiii II. 18. 3. infin. 22. yo/3f (piXeo 257 regular: 3 fut. — Apol. 3. also sfXv^a. pass. to 21 1.

7. previously named. (pgd/vvfiai 2 aor. Antig. 45. (pgdSaaas. 1 4. (pogia {(psga). implying (pogrj^i. 6.). 1 133. Odys. implying fgadda. ifpgacfdiitfv (aa) Epic. 30. aor. Theoc. Arist. 101 : : pass. Dem. 500 Verbal (pgaariog. 537. s(pgvla. icpogr^- and 15. Bion. present 7isq)Qi. perf. Pind. aor. to be Thuc. Odys. Tte(pgvy^oLi. g)OQsr}fii. 2. 1. (pgdaaco or (pgdrrco rarely (pgdyw^i. 62.— 258 (page . Thuc. Hes. icpogsGa. regular: GOL SlOV. 9. Arist. 22 aor. 15. Herod. 2. shudder : rough. infin. to carry. 97 5. Nub. pass. 35. 2. Thuc. 84. Soph. 364: 5. explain. 501. 71. Soph. for ngontcpQaaftivog. Op. Arist. 511 66 aor. 559 new 2 perf. to tell. pass. fence. II. 34 perf. 352 : aor. fut. II. 241. Theog. Arist. 84: 2 aor. Epist. 162. 19. 3. B(pgvxdriv. Sept. and inicpgabov Epic. £(pga^a. pres. Pind. 5 Mid. Hel. Doric tpgv^^. {if) . nifgixa. iEsch. Ttsipgaxa. Nem. Ran. nscpgay^ai. — Mid. : : : : . part. usually transitive. (aa) Epic. 107.- cpgd^o^iai. 74 : aor. parch. (pgvyo) and (pgvTTca. Isoc. 3. (pgdaofxaL perf. pass. 3 sing. perf. transitive. 11 . TiEcpQlxovTag (i). i(pga^dixT]v . 16 fut. ecpgi^a. nQonscpQudfiivog. ecpgaaa. Isaeus. Nem. 5. 63 (pgiaoa or cpgixxco at. pass. 336: to stop up. Plat. in Hesychius (pgaSdov. to consider. part. (0PIKJ1). to roast. from a Pind. fut. 74. 188: nicpgaafxai. icpgdadrjv as middle. aor. Ttscpgadov 1. (pgdto for cpgaXa. 5. Pyth. 1. 8. Athen. II. wear. (fOQTjVtti and (pogi^fiEvai. ecpgd^O-qv^ Xen. 19. Soph. (Antid. pass. 256: perf. pass. 310. perceive. aor.xa. II. 312. 330: aor. Antig. icpgdy-qv later. — to : aor. 6. (poQsrjaiv. (pgdaco. 42: perf. ind. Isoc. 4. Hes. {OPAJSl)^ Tyr. 653. Thuc. {0PAr£2). frag. II. Vesp. 566 . pass. Theoc. nscpga- Ofxai. shudder. 7. 325.

14. see (psvyo). The ^TPAfL beget . 2 plur. another form of (pevyoy Soph. 21: aor. 79. Antig. pass. (pvXdaaofiai. necpvag. formed from (t>TAAthe analogy Svmx&b from avwyta thus. Soph. Prom. i(pvr^v. 238 : 2 perf. spring up. rarely as middle. Xen. Thuc. to guard against any (pvyydvo. Bcpvaa. mid. necpvgdo^ai. perf. 1113. Epic. 5. pass. 5 4. II. Etymologically connected with the Latin frigo. to J ' be. pass. forms from Nem. (pvco. 13. to fut. 18. i(pvgdriv. pass. 732: 3 fut. 15. grow. . < KSl after pres. q)vijvat. Find. 2.. inscpvyiHv as imperfect middle. 14: Msch. as present middle. 2. : are regular thus. 5. TiQocpvXaxTS. 477. pass. to be begotten. aor. 4: 2 aor. Soph. (pvciop. thing. ecpvgriv later. to be by nature or naturally. perf. Epigr. 6. ngocpvXaxe' Ts. ecpvgaa. 7ti(pvxa. Odys. Mem. 485. (pvr^v (y). to be. grow. mix. 3. ecpifv usually as present middle. 1. ' ngocpvXax&s (cpvXax^s). regular. fut. for 7tQO(pvXoiuasts. Ionic (pvo. 7tQ0(pvXax-&s. Ages. to produce. not Attic. Hippocr. necpva. 1. pass.ai. 871. necpva. Phil. 19: 7ts(pvxa usually as present middle. (fVQuata. — produced. to be born. Herod. q)vs. -aTos. Odys. Palaeph. cpvga (v). 538. 293. 438: ' aor. jEsch. Xen. 104 : 2 aor. 132. Col. 7. Mid. Epic Horn. Soph. 79 : pluperf. (pva 259 Horn. grow. Elec. (pvvai. 0YrS2 and 0rZS2. (pvofiai. to be born. imperat. 4. 1. (pvsis. ecpvv. The rest is borrowed from the active. Theog. 7tiq)vgfiai. 94: 2 aor. (pvXdoaoi or yvAarTw {^TAAKil\ to guards (pvXd^co. Odys. 3. to be. 288. Bipgyy-qv^ Anthol. 149 (pvaa (v). 396 : 2 aor. Theoc. 3. Agam. 16. to spring up. 6. Ab . 6. insfpvxHv. Hym. to knead. Tyr. . II.

Eurip. 15. to loosen. 4. bereave. retreat. fut. 2 aor. 13. Arist. Odys. 764 Av. 367 aor. 270: 2 aor. Op. deprive of. Epic. It is etymologically connected with the Latin verb cedo. 40. deprive. ycs^dgTixa as present. 334 inf. also xsxadjj6(0 causative. Vesp. Corinth. noiifa or nodta {nOR). Xen. Lucul. present and imperfect not used : perf. — The present middle xf^'Qoi^ai was probably considered a barbarism. XoCg) {XA/I£1). compound avaxd- way. from a new present. pluperf. fui. x^kdaco. 344 . as active.«a^ov causative. fut. 148. mid. Mid. transitively. Gregor. rsivxia^ai. also xexagijaco. nsqivxa). 153. aor. — Hes. II. 497. l/a- . rejoice. Herod. 4. compare TSTVxEir. Theoc. For the change of x from TiTvoxofiai ' into x. II. part.^7^^a^?/v not Attic. 34. Cyr. Poetic. : {XAPSl). mostly Epic. Aul. as active. ^aivco.*^^itv X. 16: fut. will cause to give up. x<^tcD nEcpvxtj. 152. fut. Cycl. XExadofiriv. i^dgr^v as active. II. 128. 1 sing. : 312. Pac. Xen. 7. x^oo^ai {aa). ijiicpvxov. 200 . 5. 7. to cause to give up. xs/dgi^fmi and xf/ap^aat as present. fore). 249. xf/a^T/Vo^at. 153: 2 aor.iriv.: : 260 13. 98: aor. Xakdo. ixaigrfcia later. Arist. imperf. 249. 21. dia^daaadat. etymologically connected with the Latin fuo (whence It seems to be the parent of — . II. 1743: 2 II. for de'xofxai. see xdcjxco. Plutarch. 399 (Kuhn's). £. 11. Odys. to give : commonly /afo^at. yield. 2 perf. pass. Theog. xf. Epic. It is — Hippocr. I. x^gjjaofiaL later. 4. pass. ^ 25 perf. /doaodoLi. II. xs^agr^as as present. contracted from n^cpvxEa.31: 2 aor. ixcpvaoixai. 1. 14. Jio. Arist. mid. 291. xsXag6i. 1. used only in the ?G). 2. facio (?). Xo^^gco #*t^ to xaigrjaa. Anab. 1. in Suidas : aor. II. dexofjat.

5.^aAf7raAvo^(af. 192. ^dkaxa. acceptable. 5. xix^va as present. Xavov^ai. Odys. Hym. ixagLodfxTfv. 392: aor. Arist. 2.(dka^a. Crito. ^aXeTtaiva (. gape. 297 aor. 1. Isoc. 6. 9. Ach.^aAf7rav6.3. xsxdvdsLv as imperfect. Soph. fut.Xtttti 261 (^aa). imperat. 243 Xen. to be offended. gape. 16 aor. Arist. sxolvov. usually as an adjective. and perhaps goose. Av. German gdhnen. Xen. pass. 10. 1. 2.^aki7ir^va. 1. — Pass. present. XANSl. perf. 39: perf. 272 2 aor. XavUvo {XAjn. 207. 5. 941 aor.^atVfi) (XAS2. 24 . 991 aor. II. Hym. 1264. hisco. Doric i. ixsxrjvsiv.^ft(?o^a£. 1227 2 perf. 133. 10. He- 90. : : : Arist. 17. 3. i. 3. grasp. Cyr. 51 2 pluperf. gander fut. 3. Apol. 10: perf. later . as imperfect. i%aks7idvdrfv as active. hold. usually written kind of onomatopi/. cacare. Lys. : con- Hom. the request [of the Euboeans] was complied with. see xdaxa. It is a Ach. Arist. to gape. 34: 2 perf. xaXsnaivoiiai as active. II. mid. Arist. XANSl). connected with x^jv. 1. 18. XENJSl). xixavSa as present. Mid. 386 X^ooL : : : : : aor. xi^o (XEJS2). . Arist. 2 perf. x^xngiafxivog. 16. 18. ov. rj. Aj. ixakaad/jiriv transitive. x^fJop. Hippocr.ai. fut. commonly : x^- aovnai. tain. to gratify. anser). Mem. xcj^^JveTc. Pind. 2. Plat. fut.^aAf7rog). Thesm. Vesp. fo 6e treated to harshly. rod. 1. JEsch. 2 pluperf. Anab. Odys. «M acceptable service was done. 14. Anthol. xf. . XOLgi^ofiai. 1003: Horn. xs^dgiafiai. 4.^ocAa<7^mt. English yawn. 8. ixakdadi^v. /agioviiai. XANJSl. Prom. 3. 3. Latin hiOf (x^v. 4. Pyth. 253 2 aor. Xen. Plat. 96: . Cyr. 24. frag. /o 6g open. pluperf. 1. II. pass. 3 — . Rep. sing. xe6. sxeoa . — Xen. fut. pass. II. Xdaxa. 4. ixsxrjvri. Herod. sxaSov.^«^taTo impersonally. sxf.

2. 570 perf.^o8a.^f«. Bac. German schossen. Soph. . Arist. rarely /f t(po«. Orest. not absolutely absurd to suppose that the form x^oocito 1057) was coined by the poet for the purpose of making a chime with finxianno. ^^ets. Sup. Mem. fut.^la. Arist. Isaeus. 2. xixvuai. 96 aor. 4. . analog. Eurip. perf. xs/eigcofiaL : . 5. It seems to be etymologically connected with . s/sa^ .(£co. : : 1057.(vxa. 470. 10. e/svda. uawq gen. This verb may possibly be connected with a>cf5(xvvv/ui. 314: 2 aor. . 53. 5. 210: Xen. Eq. II. Ach. %iov. tcs^^vxu. 526. 456 Epic ixBvd^^v. Joel. 9 Epic. contracted from Theoc. 149: aor. Eurip. 385. 443 fut. 24. Arist. 3. yeddvvv^i. See also axedavvvfu. 4. Epic Hes. ixeoajxr^v. Ix^^riv (v). Tckx^a^ai. Eurip. 242 Phil. aor. 1170 2 perf.^i«. . 4. syx^vvxa. 1 3. 68 : aor. 320 Thesm. : . Eq. Vesp. Av. x^oixat like the present. Arist. : passively.fiw. 477 II. 96 aor. Arist. mid. /svofiai. Soph. Xf^ci* Latin sagitta. iEsch. Arist. Eccl. 8: perf. Choeph. xs. Odys. Thuc. Pac. Saxon huer (ewer)^ English shed (Saxon sced)f shoot. . 415. 19.262 and xHQ €x^(iov. or exj^ciJira. 81 rare and doubtful s^vc^u. It is (Arist. ixetgcoadixriv. to pour: fut. : 92 : perf. 222 later . i/vixxi. Odys. Odys. 10. shot. Arist. : xiofiat. 472 681: fut. Septuag. Av. . to handle roughly^ treat with violence. ix^tgadriv passively. pass. Anthol. %si^ like the present. part. x^igaaofiat. : . Arist. Herod. Elec. Epic. Epic ^svaa. 269 . II. 3. X^Gi (XETS2). 23. Arist. sometimes passively to be subdued^ Eurip. 1168. transitive. 5. drjv (v). II. — Mid. . ix. pass. Vesp. 4. 28 aor. 40. Thuc. mid. Col. Cyr. pass. 401.^fVG}. Op. Xen. ixedijirfv. 141 . 439 . Xugooiiat (x£ig). to subdue . 773. Vesp. Planud. 1469. iyxiovTu. 169. h'/sva.

xf. 155. to aor. fut. perf. a Olym. see xlxgri^i* give an oracular response.:: ^gao) ^ 263 XA^ZSl {XAJ[JSl). Herod. xsxokcofiai. Pind.' pass. 17. Plat. XgdofiaL. 1. 1. Epic.Isf'i^i&^^X. 1001 : perf. II. i/oXcj- be angry. Ctes. yogsvaco. Arist. xeygriiiai generally 7. ward off. 11. Dem. frag. 206 to incense. to dance. xoloofxai. part. 1. related to aU^co. 520 x€xgi]OOjiaL. 296 : aor. 3 sing. xs/kaSas. 1510: aor. Xen. fut. to use. 7. pass.to sicell. 6. Pyth. 3. 2 perf. 69.^ Xgda. generally : Herod. xixaXoyyiOL. exoXadriv as middle. ixgr^odfit^v. pass. uq^- yoi. 13. to lend. 2. 4. Xogsvooiiai. 48. Herod. rare in the early authors. mid. 1. II. 1279 o^iai. Leg. Dem. xf. ex^oa. Dera. 11: aor. afjvvco. Plut. Arist. l\. Thuc. pass. pass. sound loudly. 318. ^ - Cyr. 5. to Thesm. 9. 14. to be incensed. 103. Dem. xf/Xadb). 310: II. 14. hence infin. Find. aor. avert. : pass. sxgoLiafiov. new present. impersonal Tcsyogsviai. ysxlddoiv. also x^vvvfii : : dam . regular 3 fut. dvaxsxaxa.^oAft>(yo^at as future middle. part. regular: fut. which see. 12. heap up. perf. 421.^ AatJstr. 941 transitive. bubble up. . 7. Herod. adfjLTfv. ixogevadfiriv as active. Odys. help.. Cyr. ^okaaof^iai. 137. 144 3 fut. 3. angry. Xoco. xfperf. 2. UQK80). ixgrjadriv transitive. 3. it is With respect to sense. render angry. 795 perf. xgaLafiTJoo. Dem. Verbal ygj^aisos^Xeu. ( and xavvvo. mid. Xen. fut. 139. ^ . 145: aor. . »«4u'5 ^ 4. pass. 7. %ok6(D (xokos). 3. — Mid. xqM^F-^^^ Arist. 16. II. ixgoLcofir^aa. 9.>qJ . 837: 2 aor. ixGyaOr^v. XPAIUMSl. Nub. Theoc. 11- 1. 36: fut. 217: Xogbva (%og6s). 138: aor. 20. 297. 73: aor. Herod. Mem. to Xg(i'^ (d). II. 16. Epitom.Iill :di%:^ A-Al to assist. %aaa.

.^grfLao. Tyr. pass. Phil. to deliver an wish. Lys. frag. 5. Tcexg^y^a (?). 138: perf.: 264 164: Thuc. xgsirj. 520 (never sxgr^v). yJx9^' aor. equivalent to %gdco. tov . Scut. pollute. perf. pass. 5. . Hes. impersonal.{gsfi /grjoo). 516: fut. 1. XQJ}} opt. Xgot^^. 10 xQftav. 382 . and aor. 1625: aor. — — . . 13. 3. Hel. XvvG). The part.* n^^ ? ^^ VJ <v . 20. Here. l^Q'^^aa. Ari'st. 7. 32 perf. 348. 46. Call. color. xgrjaof^at. to need. fut. 1. see XOO. there is need. xi^grniai xs^^grfOfiat.^f «. 1. 915: fut. 141 : aor. 2 pers. xgrjvai and Xg^^i part. ixgouaOriv {ou) rod. w ?-. perf. Herod. pass. Trach. 408 . pass. Herod. Mid. Xg^^f^ /povvv^t and XQ^'^^^^i ^o Eurip. to xq^^> necessity^ Eurip. pass. Phoen. it is necessary.. %g£G)v. nexQnfiai. Xgii^f^. stain. 260. Herod. xQ^v occurs as a noun. 497 later {XPOS2). 456 Herod. Heracl. aor. 19: aor. Thuc. Odys. Aul. 17. s/gifoa. exgcoaa. 1062: fut. Theoc. the uncontracted form of XQV^^f Ionic. Soph. 1059 . Aj. 96. 51 . : Athen. personally. sing. XQV^^f ^IslL Loc. : Herod. XgriL^co. Nub. 828. 555 . for/p«r«. 8. Eurip. 150: fut.^^«wV. 18: aor. 21. later for xio. Anthol. infin. 14. and — Xgrj {XPASl). xgdofxai. 81 . Odys. Ach. Arist. i^^gs^iaa. 164 . s^grias. Soph. 4. Mid. xgV' Xg^v OH.^poi|oixai. • -.^g^v or Soph. xfj^^i^^eVo?. Eurip. imperf. XG)VVVfll. 38. 7. X9V? ^"^ XQjia&a. 10. ofiat. Eurip. Planud. II. beg. also oracle. Hec. XgsfASTi^cj and XPEMIZi2\ to neigh. to need. . 12. 6: aor. Hefut. subj. 1. Eurip. see the compound dnoxgrj* The inf. XQ^^^^ occurs also as an indeclinable : — noun. ixgaadr^v. 133. to consult an oracle^ Herod. 778 Cratinus apud Suid. i. thou needest. XTI2. Med. 4. Eurip. ixgrjaOr^v.41: later. see .

palus {paxiUus). commonly cida).a. 5. Xen. 12. have already assumed fjiosi as the original theme For the commutaof this verb. Taur. 427. 6. . iaadriv. Thuc. 1. to buy. : 7. Hippocr. soo^ai. yjrjaco. 2. 206. p. nugw. i^smxa. Eq. ipr^cpiaofiat. 5. 6. fut. fi/>?/(. aTteoj&rjv. Isoc. 1035: aor. Cyr. iyjijq)ixa. Odys. pass. commonly iyjrfq)Ladfirfv. Trach. veru vello. yjT^cpi^oiJiai to vote. Plutarch. Eq. pass. (^dtjaco. part. Ant hoi. (ovnaoixaL. 987 Lys. English pole . Aj. compute. compare naaaaXog. AnihoL 11. : — : Arist. 69 300 . Xen. yjaa. Herod. 135. Eq. Arist. 167: perf. 90 Epic and Ionic ©ca. Xen. 7. 7. 36 . Thuc. : : Hel. Dem. 2. xjjdo^ai reflexive. fut. 414.. 15: aor. pass. yjrfcptovfiai. 3. Dem. for ngoataag. Verbal xpr^cpLaTios. vallus. 189. commonly 171 : to calculate. Arist. . 488 Herod. Plut. — ngmaag. Lys. pass. 263 23 : fut. 678 . Herod. Eurip. imperf. wji^wai^^ji'. pater ^ vitricus . 4. Xen. to push. Anab. Arist. 170: fut. 4 perf. Eccl. Isoc. 572. to rub. Mid. 48 aor. 48: aor. Hel. 311 fut. 449. icoveofirfv and (oveofiriv. coveo 265 ^. 9. also xpricpi^o later. 168. Ionic Sctfiai. pull. 9. We aviojjLai. xprjaofiai. Avist. Arist. xpjj. decree . perf. w) and n. 909 : imperf. Lysias. Xen. 4. . 1231 aor. iyjrjcpiaa. Arist. 1. 35 . Anab. xp^v. Pac. ddia (J10S2). yjT^cptadyjaofxac passively. 1. tion of F (v. ecoaa. nai^g. ixpriadiiiriv. aor. . ixpr^floOrfv passively. Soph. Thuc. Compare English push. commonly iip7Jq)iafjiai actively or passively. 910: fut. Xen. 5. Cyr. Soph. 6. eaxa. for aor. expaov. 18: aor. 4. 12. (xjjfjcpos).

aor. Inscript. ai'(^. Laert. infin. 406 Mem. . 2840. voc. Mort. Etymol. vemtrn. Magn. Its original theme buy and to sell are correlative . mid. Boeckh. icovr^ddfirfv or (ovrfc^d' fxriv chiefly later. Dial. pass. Hippocr. 7. iavr^drfv passively. it is not absurd to suppose that ^oivto^ai is etymologically connected with the Latin veneo. Lucian. mid. 2. Dem. vendo. 2. 66 (Aristipp. The same confusion is observed in aiidao). Doric for is wyija^jiat. iovr^O^vat Instead later.).266 Qveo 140: perf. 975. tiw. Xen. subj. And since to words. 12: aor. probably favsofiai. classical writers almost always use ijtgid^r^v from IIPIAMAL : — mvdai]Tai. of icovr^ctdfiriv. 4 . aio. 1 . audio. Diogen. aor. iSvr^iiat actively or passively.

APPENDIX .

j^ i -A ...- ..X -lAi .

for uQiaxov. (From Boeckh's Corpus Inscriptionum Grsecarum. ^*'^ AriTovg "AQtaaToav a' s&rjxs xal rs Bola you KaXXU- Xna xal 'Ayaai&ia. o .) 1. 2.^ — Line 1.... . (A)fTO(. iov8a(f>^^*^^^ 23* ^ . . oTgadaa TtOTU^OV Ttai adsvsXaa Ho vvaaio 5 xae i7ioii€dov Tcai &agov Ho agx^aika xai aBgaOTOd xoLL ^ogdayogaa xai xXsiToa Ho divjovod 10 xai agiaio^a^oa xai V.. '^^ 1^^ ^V. Hvis Hod andLxoa au u Hoa cpiko(i) ' (agt)(iaTov a edsTcs xai te ^oia xai x^aXkix ^ Xea Tcai vlk. (ag <piXvi. agiaaiov. iSfjiiv .>n^. with aa. an&noa."^-. for aq>&iTog.^ nt^i^ APPENDIX I ANCIENT INSCRIPTIONS. . contrary to the common rule. og. a)yaaid£a d^vyaxgaa og cicpdnog oust tl.

d'soa Tv^a cfaoTia 8i8 on e^^v. JBog&ayogag. the same as ^Og&ayogag. and without the O'^gav. — this inscription 1.^ 270 APPENDIX I. Ttac dtoa exUHavTOL 8eK2Jat rod afxsvIIHsa BxsXeacia a- aoi yag eTtsvKHofxsvoa rovt ygoUHov * ntxl Aiog. for the common agxia 'AgxsalXoc. xat *'AdQaaTog aoel BoQ&ayogag xal KXsltog 6 2lvT(avog 10 aul ^AqLOTOfjiaxog //. Odgojv. mo^sdov. supposed to be 3.K cfLxaivLat tuv fol Tccav Tcai rakka navr a dafiiogyooi nagayog . '£xq)dvT(o de^uL to5' dfitiKfsg ayaXfitx. from ^Agx^olXag. In X. for aftsficpsa. aoi yccg insvxofisvog lovz* sTaXsaas Fgocfxav. xal 2&EVEXag o ' Tyaolov - ^ 5 xat 'iTiTiofiedwv ital Odgav 6 'Agx^alXa . Xmgy equivalent to ^AgxiXaog. without the aspirate aspirate. — compounded of and 8. K2 for S. with 6. vvaaio. 5 a<S Ttgo^svoi ^iiyxov agfio^tdafxod ayaOag Xoa ovaxaa aitixog OEogt Tvxct ' SawTig did-'^ *' . one 7r. iiH stands for ^t. — — — 5. and KH for afievIlHsa. Line 4.

TaU«. 3. for tw oiXku. woman's name. a crasis. Saotis. — 1. daftiagyog. dldari.ANCIENT INSCRIPTIONS. (nvxov. Ttlav ical raXXa tiolvt- a. to Sicmnia. 8. Inscriptio Sigea. (»-v. /fafiiagyog JlagayoQ' VH 5 ag ngo^svoi Mlyxav. a — — — 6. ^Ayd^ag^ ^EnUmgog. Doric for drjfiiovgyog. 5. gciTiog Tov Kayat xgaTTJga Ugonovvr]- xaniataiov xal ^&fi- 5 a tov. Xog. KgrjTTJg' 5 1'' 6v ig ngvxavitov Ifivrjfia JStyet- a 8s xal VTioxgr]T^giov x- 8o3xa svat. Lower (pavoSixo e[Jll (pavoStxo sifiL TO H TOQflOX sgiioxgaToa to ngoxo vedLo gaxsoa TO TtgoTcovvr^ xayo xguTsga 5 (510 xgr^Tr^g xanidTaTov xai HsOfi 5 ov £s ngvxavsLov x a 8s xai vitox doxa fjLveixa aiysv gr^TTfgiov x 7t €vai eav ds tl naax eno at rid^ov £s o fxsXsSaivsv (fi)£ o cfiystsa gvTavqLov 10 sdcoxsv avxs evatv ^avodlxov sifxl xai fi 10 £i(S£v HaiaoTCod xai Ha8eX(poL 0avo8txov elfil xov TovgfiOK- 'Egfioxgdvovg tov Ilgox(hvrjaiov. Upper inscription (Ionic). for Mlyxmv. without the aspirate IL — — 4. ' Line by dlSaai.r* at -^d-fiov ig Wj fieXedairsiv . ^inA inscription (Attic). 'AgfioUSufioQ. 'Ovdxag. agfio^i8aiioa. Doric for woman's name. chief magistrate. a 2. 2ixaivla. Sa^xig.\ . "^T n- ^Eav 8i jt ndaxfis.

xocnlaraTov. for by crasis. for iTgoxowrialov. 3. is the same as the r] and In the Attic. in the Attic inscription. — another form — by 9.) apTo?. Kal ji ino- 10 edaxev ^yxctsvoLV. (See rov avrov is to be read TauTov • flfj. i^T' '^Vf'&fy^^ It is clear that this verse is an iambic trimeter acatalectic. . and that crasis and elision are left to pronunciation thus. The form aFvTo is a prolongation of « pTo.. gacpsa rat xaSalsouo aixs Fsraa '. ^'lyeirjg. Compare p^cw (§'«w)." - ^ ^' aus n^i' . crasis. 4.1 avdgidg. — fovgBca (old orthography fOP£0). — common — 10. the characters // and Si correspond respectively. SiysLug.-— \ ^-'-" Latin or English h. for ol adfX(pol. from below. "«'. plur.^ tavtov Xl&ov Bifz' avdgiag xal to acpiXag./roJ 10. to ft) H . avuBivaiv. . for corresponds to vnoyQf)T^Qiov xdoaa. — — with one v. a in the Attic Ionic inscription. xa* e/w. with the aspirate.A 272 QViav^iov '^'" APPENDIX i. — Jlgo- — 6. rovgixoxQiitEog. a mistake for s^ojca. mistake for aiyssvat. for tov 'EgfiOxQarsog. the aiv.^*»J Hiysirjg. — voc. for for aiyssv- adsXcpol. . xovrjalov. ituyco. (t)o aFVTo Xi&d Bfii avSgiad xac to acpsXaa . sl'fi* avdgLcxg. Observe that inlojaxov in the aiyEvsvai. In the Ionic inscription. xov avTov Xl&ov sl^t uvdQiug xal to aqiiXag. " l'4-i^ ll^Qtimm^X^'' Inscriptio Eka. 10 eiaev AXaanog xat adsXcpoL Line 2. Atoionog. SX^JTi '15X0^^5 '^*^^^ 01 a Fgaigk ioig FaXeioia xat roid sg FaoLota ctvvfxa^La x sa exajov fbtsol agxoL 8s xa rot ai 8s tl 8soi airs Ysnoa auis F ^ agyov dvvsav x aXaXoid la t aX xat na 5 Q noXsfxo at 8s txa avvsav zaXavrov x " agyvgo anoTivoiav tol 8t olvvmoi tol xa 8aXs^isvoi kaTgsLOfiSvov at 8s jig xa y . the original form of avrog. 5. xat inlaxaTOV.

for icaddaXrjfiEvco. aXaXoia. — 9. In this inscription. — — xadaXsfisvot. xaXaviov av /Jii agyvgov anoxivoitv xm 'OXvf^ntco xm xaxaxa yt- ded^XrjfiivM X«xQsv6fiSvov.svm. — xsXsaxa. ixX-^iOfiai. passively. for vsvorjfiai. I'yganxai (Oppian. i^irixdvMxo {Hippocr. JEolic. for Ju. for sygafifisvoi. enaXXiXoyrix-o (Herod. dat. aXk^Xoig. implying nom. 7. yaxa-ds8TjXrjfj. yadrjXsoixo. and that for ys^gaf/fiivM. old for xsXsaxrig. ygdcpogt — analogy of ngayog from ngdoaia (llPA8. for nsg'. that is. 7TolT]fiai. — — Hesychius.) Boeckh accents xol'. ntgl. a crty of Arcadia. to be divided rat. El ds xig gdf/fiaxa xavil xaiadijXolxo. in the Etymologicum Magnum. for KuddT^Xioixo. aXXa. 2. thus a. 3. ygacpsa. siog. sing. nsnoirjixai. xodl. for 'oXvftnia. is. from — after the connected vi'ith iifitgsla. ^olic hr'Ugaand that for the common '^Jjgaisvg. Compare Fagyov for nag. for aXX'. xm 'vxavx\ xm ivxavxa. Here t<a does not drop i. xoivxavx. xa xs ctXXa xcd ns- 5 gt TioXiiioV el ds fxr] avvuBV. for Ha. syga^svoi. iyXc^xxiafiai. rsi). ti'is sxrjg si'xs EXsaxijg sVxs d^f^og iaxi. like xavxl (for xavxca) for xovxo. El ds xi SioL li'ts snog nis tQyov. 118). — Kttxadi]X(oixo. eigocpa. Hsxaxov. di. Compare s^Xdoxrjya. for avfxfiaxla. Cyneg. sxaxor. the aspirate is not used . in 10. aX. i'yXvfjfiai. avvBtev av aXXr^Xoig. contracted. 472).ANCIENT INSCRIPTIONS. xaxadt}Xsofx«L. avv(xaxia. xol seems to be the demonstrative to strengthened by /. (for xovxdl'. HsgFaoioia. § 22). — — 6. f Af tfra 273 £V£% aiT£ Safioct bvt STttagoi oc 10 oiTO TOivzoLVT syga^svoL 'll qrirqa rolg ^HXelotg ttal xoig 'Hq- ttQXOL 5' oiv xovxl. that enidgay. plur. — oXwnioi. Tttf. sgFaoioia. that is. Line 1. from For the omission of the reduplication compare vorjfiai. 1. 3. after the analogy of xovxl. ifivrjfiovsvica. below. from egFaoioa. Hercsa. fygafifisvm. derived from 'Hgala. xodtt. for aXXdXoig-. 10. eg)isQ(l(o av ivsx- 10 oixo Tw ivxav&a ysyga/jfisva). the plural of rot (line 3). — — — I'gyov. svx. — H Hiagog %ag€7tT/0Gi ffiag(oa) agi00TodaiiO€( . for ivx\ svxl eniagoi. 4. See xai. sgFaoioa. de Art. ygd(f(a. (eaxl).

that is. without the aspirate H. iliagov. aQLoaroda^oa. /tninmnfiniine^... odb).. jvgavy for Tvggrjv. 8oi ayoid'o xac l4gxivs(ag to5' tOTi^asv Batrja^ <Jw iyyvg 6- dya&ov xal .. 5t.. Agiaa%68a^og. Line iyyvg ' 2. for Isgog. anvXa. ' el ^Egxofievov 'Tnaxodrngog 'AgLaaxoyihtiv inorjadxaVf Oij^alo). contracted from Jd. for — Hodoi. 25. 2. tvyvo'. Iciqog laQog Xagonivog. with aa.^a^o- 16. agxsvsoa toS edisasv Bdrea svyva Ho .. eyyvg. for 'ligav. — Line 1. Hiagog.. Line ntvog.. — — o. Hiagov Toi 8l o Seivoiisveoa xai TOL dvgaxooioL Tvgav ano xv^aa ^vgaxoaioi 'idgav 6 JsLVO^iviog xtti Toi Tw Jl Tvggdv ano Kvfiag. lo&aXog Bomxiog 6 UoXa . Tvggrivdy sc. — 1... — a mistake for .. depending upon near the road* ... lo&akoa o TtoXa . j^a^oTivoa. .— 374 APPENDIX lotQog XaqoTiivog.. lagog I. ^ ^oLOTLoa a^a tgxoii{svo) vTtarodogoa agia(SToy(^eLTOv) iitosdaTav d'e^aio .. 3....

for the common inorjavcTrjv. aor.. a^a oacot totz okkcDVL . — — — 29. agiaaxoysnov. sx^^ ^^^ ^^^ common it 3. 0s6g. Ztjv. Further modifications. in this inscription becomes AI^. 30. tsVOS oXvVTtLO Zrivog "OXvfiniov. — diFt. OL was jagyuYoi. 4. ol ^Agyeioi> avid^saav Here Tugy . . . hence At Pi. Doric. norjas 37. 3 plur. with the digamma. we obtain F-2'. . lagyttoi avsd^sv tw ^il tmv Kogivd^o&ev. sao ave&ijxsv . deus^ dium. Dis. XMiX 31. Still we may — safely suppose that the original form of ^Agyuog was Agysi^ogy hence the Latin Argivi. Qototf iia Ttoeas Kotog fis .ANCIENT INSCRIPTIONS. with aa. for avi&saav. avs&ev. without the aspirate H. ' A I F^. ^AE fied the dative of A12:. 275 Line 2. and changing « into i. we have :Si6g. vnatodogog. inorjadiciv.. divus. . By dropping A. Ady Ala ^ this nominative modi- also Latin Dies-piter.. It is not certain that TagysiFoi stands for rot ^Agyuot. hence Aiog. ds^srac tov Hogq.ov ds^nai JOV ogxov. 39. 'cagy(jEVF)oL avs&ev toi diFi tov ciogtv&o&ev tm JlI jav Kogiv&o&sv. 3 dual. which in Greek letters would be /0F> strikingly resembling the Hebrew n*)j^^. The root of the oblique cases of Jupiter is Jov. 2 aor. Jupiter Jovis. . The original form of Zsvg was By dropping 2.

iag avi&rjXEV . . 416. TwnoXXtoii. by crasis for xw 'j^jicXXavi.ksvoxafiiaiG ovxa vvv xoLi xaXkcf. The character // here the character Ji stands for O long. . (About B. is It is in .276 >^ APPENDIX I. not a breathing ATTIC INSCRIPTIONS. xa xs naga a xoia £}. C. the Ionic dialect.^g£fiaxov xac xa sx xea 8£xax£a B7tei8av ngadei loyiaaodov 8s H(o) (l X)oyLaxat Hoa xgtaxovxa Hoivsgvvv xa ^oXs avxoxga ocpsXoixsva XOLO Bsolc aycg(i) a avvayoysa 8(s) xoX Xoyiclxov xog saxo ano8ovxov (8s x) s 10 a xgs^axa Hot ngvxavsa (isxa xsa ^oXsa xai sxoaXsLcpovxov S7t£i(8av) 1 .) (s8)o%(j£v TEL ^oXet xai xoi dsfxoc ycsxgoTZLci STigviavevs ^vaad'eoaa s (y)gafifiaTSve avTisid^sa eTtsaxais ycaXXiaa bltzs anodovaL xoia d-soia (T)a /pf^ara xa ocpskoixsva £7t£t3e xei ads vataL xa xgLd^tkLa TaAarT(a) avsvBvsyytxai (S^LOLxoa sa noXiv Ha scpascpiaxo vofii Heix£8{a)7to a7io8i(^8) ^^gsf^iaxov 5 (o)voLi 8s ano xov a ea a7io8ooiv eaxLv xoLO Oeoia ecposcpian^s) va. 'n'iH 76. saxt xovxov (t) ov . ClfiCt ^WO) 7M71- Line 3.

aa %aa xaOansg roa tov Hi 15 i^iaju^y^ m ag H TOV Tsa adsvaiaa [jLoi Hovroi ds jafiisvovTov sfi TtoXsi sv Toi 07tiad(o8o) ja TOV Osov /^6^0Mra \^v Haca ^^^.^r dvvaTov xai oaiov xai ovvavoiyov TOV xai avyxXsiovTOv xai ovas^aivsaQo ratf Ovgaa to OTtidOodofjio V Toio TOV Tsa adsvaiaa Ta^iiaia naga Ss tov vvv Ta^iov xai tov i snio TaTov xai tov Hugonoiov tov sv TOia Hugo noia Hoi vvv 8Laxsgilo{ai) ^^^. 277 ano^odiv ^eiscfavTSd xa is nivaxia xai ra ygajx fiaisia xuL safjL 7t(o aX) ajtocpULvovTOv ds Xodt €c ytyga^ixsva la ye ygaix(xsva at » m% Hot rs Hug(£ta x) Hoi Hugonoioi xat si ria aXXoa oiSsv la ^laa ds a7toxva[xsv£(iv to) viov Tov xgs[iaTov Horafi nsg rati aX}.4.. noXsi xai nagadsxciaadov Hot Tafjuat Hot Xa^ovTsa naga tov vv(v) agxovTov xat sv ctsXsi avaygacpaavTOv di(x)aia navTa xad^ sxacfTov ts TOV Osov ra xg^l^ccxa Honooa sdTiv sxacfTot xat ovfiTtavTov xscpaXaio V xogi(i TO TS agyvgiov xat to ^gvOf-ov xat to Xoiuov avaygacpovTov H 25 01 aisi Taixiai so arsXsv xat Xoyov dibovxov tov TS ovTOv .^gsfxaTov 24 . 20 V ajtagiOfisaaodov xai anoadsdaodov jwara svavTiov Tsa PoX(s) toc x9^ a (s)iA.ATTIC INSCRIPTIONS.^. .

xat xa ix xrjg dsxaxrjg.'. /SovXf] xai tw 5ij^(o ' Ksxgonlg iTrgvTavsvs.278 APPENDIX I. insid^ 'A&tjvala i« xgiaxlha Takavioi avivriviyxim ig noXiv a iip^qiiaio t'o^lafiatog rj^idanov' 5 ovcti ds ano xwv xgrjfiuTOiV a ig anodouiv iaiiv xoig d^toXg i^rjcpiafis- va. cjv . * : .^^7?'|uaTa '" tw ocpsdofisvcc. iTieidav Ttga&jj ' Xoyiad- a&biv ds 0I Xoyiaxal IJog xgidxovxa Iloivsgvvv xd ocpnXo^iua ^ovXtj xoig &eo7g ' axgi- g avvayiayrjg dt xojv XoyiaxSv i) avxoxgdxag saxto • duo- ~ dovtav ds X®^ 10 a XQW^^^ insiddv Txgvxdvsig fisxd xrjg ^ovXrjg xai i^aXsicpovxcov djiodijoatv ^tjx^aavxeg xd xs nivdxia xai xd ygajjf^axsla xai idv nov dX- . HvTisl&ijq insaiaTSiy KaXUag dns tj] ' uTtodovvai ToTg ^solg IOC .f^7j^aTw»'. xd XE naga xoig 'EXXrivoxa^laig ovxa vvv xai xaXXa a iaxi XOVKOV X^j. Mvri~ ald^Boq i- ygufifiUTSvs.^^)f^aTa sd to veogiov xai ra tbl^e TOcd ne giodL xgsddai ^gs^iad^Lv) *'£dotsv jj] .^xai TOP Ttgoaiovxov joia d^sotcf xai sav avahaxerac xutu tov s ir vtavTov Ttgod lod Xoyiaxaa ri a(v) xaisvOvvaa a\A ^lAt^iiviv didov TOV xat ix TtavaOavai A i (o)v 86 TiavaOsvata toX Xoyov SlSovtov Ttsg xada Hot Ta Tsa adevaiaGi T(a) de aisXaa ev aid ava-ygatpctoat ([jLi)6vovT£a xaa la xgs[xaTa ra Hug (a Hot tl) 30 {d'ev)xov sfi TtoXsi jafxtuL eneiBav da ?i ano dedofieva sl tolo Osoia (la) ^% hs (.

279 yfygnfi^iva oX ts ysyga^fiiva* aTioifmvovKov ds rot ae oi UgoTtoiol yal si Tig akXog cildev ' rafilag ds anoxvaficvtiv TO- VTWV Ttav XQ'']fJi'OiTav oTav TiSQ Tag aXXag ag^oiS aa&ansQ rovg tm TOV Hi 15 // TOV T^g 'A&rjvalag' ovroi OTTia&odofico Tct ds TafiisvovTOJV iv noXei iv TMV &SOJV xQ'^fJ^otTa oaa dvvarov xal ooiov.mvEa&(o- V Tolg Twv TTfg 'A&ijvalag Ttxiiiaig ' xai Twv enia- naga ds rav vvy Ta^mv '^ m'^t^H^ TaTMV xal Twv Uqotioimv twv XBiqI^ovgi- iv ToXg Hisgonoig 6i vvv dia- 20 V (xnaQi&fzijada&cov xat aTtoaTtjaaa&av t« xgi^fiaTa ivavrlov Trig ^ovXij- g iv TioXsi. xal ix Uttva&Tjvai(av ig nava&T^vaia tov Xoyov didovTWV^ xa&dneg ra- oi t« Ttjg Idd^ijvaiag ^uvovTsg ' Tag de ai^Xag iv alg dvaygdtfjovat t« xQW^^^ tj tw hgd Ti- 30 divTWV iv noXu oi Tafilai * insiddv ds dnodsdofiiva Totg S^eolg Ttt -wu J . xal sv&vvag didovKov. ATTIC INSCRIPTIONS. kocI avvavoi- yovToov xltl GvyxXsiovTtov Tttf ^VQtxg TOV onia&odofiov xal avari- (j. xal idv ti dvaXlaxrjrai xaia TOV iviaVTOv. xal nagadB^da&cav oi Toifilai oi XaxovTsg notga twv vvv agxovToaVf xal iv Tfi ar^Xj] avaygaipavrav dlxaia navTUf xa&* exaoTov Twv S^ewv Ttt . xo^gh 10 TS agyvgiov xal to xgvolov cpovitav • xat to Xomov dvayga- 25 oi aid Tafilat ig ari^XvjVj xal Xoyov didovitov twv ts ovtcov Xgri(xdT(av xal Twv ngoaiovTfov lolg &so7g..|f^jj/u«Ta onoaa ioTiv sxdoTM xal av^ndvTiav xBcpdXaiov. ngog Tovg Xoyiardg. Xo&i Tj .

for Ha. sni atystSoa dsvrsgaa TcgvxavBvoasa aOXoOejaia nagsS^o) &£ ea TtoLvadsvaia ra fisyaXa (piXovi BevaisL xv8a xai avvag^oaiv aOevaiaa nohados HisgoTfotoLO xax (f) .. — before a consonant. 408.. a mistake uvsvi^vsyxTai. for 8.^o . a mistake for axgia. a. exaaioi. for the modern }ta&' I'xa- 23. 4. the aspirate.. vtxscK . 147.. for Ilsxaaroi.280 XQrifiaxa. comlis. Line 1. out the aspirate. for avaas^aivsa&ov... for IJaia. 17. to vbwqiov xat t« tsIxi] Tolg negiovai XQV^^^'' Xgri^otoiv. avoifiaivsa^ov. B71L TBCf OLVBldod XgiTBd TtgV xav(B) voaBd IlBXXBvoxafiiaia nagBdods rcBgixXBi . — — without 22. with5. (About B.) adsvaioL aveXoaav stzl yXavxinnov ag/ovTOs xac S7ti TBd ^oXsm st TcXeysvsa HaXauva ngo(Toa) eyga^^ajBVB jafiiat Hugoy xQ^fxarov xsa ads vaiaa TcaXXiaTgaxoa ixagaOovtoa Tcai x^^ vag%o(v) Tftf nagsdoaav ex rov Ssfio £7ti STtsrstov (pcfsipKfafiSvo TO Tftf aiavTidoa Ttgorsd ngvza vBvodsa He(XX e^voTai^uaid nagedoOe xaXXifia^oi Hayvoatoi ixagui ngaatieXiSsc HimtoKS Tscf aiioa sdods adsvaiaa noX^ia) 5 3oa . 20.. — — — x«^ anoatsaaa&ov.. — f xaarov.. £(5o|€v eXXsvototfiiaia. ^. axQia. viavTov SivkXoL Hsg/isi xat ovvag^oaiv bo tbv BXaXOfX^BV . 6. — 29. — for fivsaid^soa.. — common avsv^vsxrai. — fiviai^^oaa. for the for ^joy.. that is. 9. without the aspirate. anoadEa&aa^ov. a mistake pounded of auy and arjfialvw. s. C.. ig APPENDIX I. aia.

Tota avTOKJ eX^evoraijiiaKf scf T€v dio^sXiav . HsvBsxaxsi xsa ngvxavsiaa aw Hs XXsvoxa^iaia nagsSods ngo^asvot a(pidvaioi xai avvag^oaiv axgaxsyoi s/a sgsxgiaa svxXstdst avo^ioXoy siia v.... Tcat avvag^oaiv ..... ersgov -.. BTsgov TOia OLVTOid HsXXs avxoia HeXXsvoiaiiiaKS voTUfiia^ia) 10 HsgiiovL adods ag^ovji sa nvkov . T(f) €7Ct o xsxgoTttdoa nsfinrsa ngvTavsvoasci HsXXsvo Tafiiaid Ttagsdods nsgixXst ^oXagysi xat av vagxoaiv s(a) Tsv dio^sXtav ..... £7tL Tsa ksovTidoa Hextbs ngvravevoasa Tgtrst s^agai rsa ngvTaveiaa 15 eXXsvoxaiiiaia Ttagsdods Siovvaioi xvSadsvaist.......- ..ii^i oydost xat stxoaxst xsa ngvxavstaa HsXX 24* :... svaxsi xsa ngvxavs^i) aa HsXXsvoxa^iaia d'gaaovi ^ovxaBsi xat agxoaiv .ATTIC 28Y Xagysi Os ycai avvag^oaiv HntTtoia aiToa edo STsgov (SLT06 TOi(S Hntnoia sSods .. . xgixsi xat Ssxaxet rsa ngvxavstaa HsXXsv ox agitata nsgtxXst ^oXagyst xat av vag%oaiv '""^^^ v>"M&ii\» t r^liJmEl" t)» . ^'..^^......^^ . ''iV ' STtL Tscf ax TtsgixXsi a^iavTidoa zejagTsa ngvTavsvoasa HslXsvora liiaid TtagsSods a(i) xoXagysi xat av vag%odiv 10(5 HinnoLd eSods .. srsgov row avxoia HsXXevoTa^Laia sci rsv dio^ahav s8o6s ..>:..

. XXsvoxufjitaca ngvxavuaa Hs xev Sio^eXiav 'd'g(ci) aovL l^ovxadsi xat ovvag^oaiv . dTtovdiai q)XvH xai avvag)^o 61V .. Ttgvxavstaa HeXXsvo ....... x£L avxsc sfisgat HeXXev ox aetata (paX avdoL (a) XoTTsxedav xai avvag^o^iv 10 imH^xxH xai dsxaxec xed axov Hinnoic ... ... 20 .. B^dofiBt xai £ixo H£XX£voxa^tat(y ax£t x£(S 7tgvxav£Laa xaXh at £VOVV^(j£l x) at avvagxoaiv ..... x£xagx£L xai £Lxo6x£l x£d 7tgv(xa) vtiaa H£XX£voxaiiLaLa £dod£ BiovvdioL xvda6£v AvTi ?atft xai ovvagxodiv 4m9 ^w Hexxei xai xgiax oa(x£i) .APPENDIX £V0TafitaLc( I.... sni Tsa avxioxtdos s ^dofiss ngvtavsvoasd TtefiTtrsi zed ngvxavHa a 7tag£8(o) i^- d'B dLovvcftoi xvSadsvaLst xat avvag/oatv sa xsv e^doiisL xscf Uyv^ scf Sio^shav .... xsxagxei x xafiLaia 7tgo(%(i£) 25 voc acpidvaioL xai avvag^oaiv at BLxoaxu xea ngyxaveiaa HsXksvoxafjLLata £V7tok(L8l (pidvaLOL xai a) ovvag^oaiv .... .. TgiaxodTei ts(S ngviavsiaa xa s/ aa^io a vo^oXoysde HeXkevoTafiiai avaixLoi a^sTTtoL XUL TtagsSgoi (jt) oXvagaxoi ^oXagyec . £7tL x£0 Hntnodoovxidoa oybo£a 7tgvxav£voGi£a dod£xax£L x£a 7igvxav£ tad H£X(X£vo) xafiiaia 7tag£8od£ 7tgoxa£voi afiSvatot xat aw agxodtv .

TgiTSi Tcat stxoaxsL xsa Tigviavsiad HsXXs vojafiiaia edoOe diovvaioc xvdaOevaiei xat a vvagxo6Lv .. xai (Svvagxodiv .gag . HexTSi xat ci(vv rgtaxoarsi Tscf ngviavEiaa H eXXevoTa[xiai(i sSoOs dgadovi ^ovTaSsi .... ATTIC INSCRIPTIONS. sxxu xai xgiaxoax . 283 30 Tftf TtQVTavHad HeXXevoiaixtata edods d-gaaovt poviaSet xai avvagxoaiv . .... . 35 ..... agtcfTocpavei ava ... .cat agxo6L)v ..... ga(T£i) . agidxox ft .. .... ....oyeaa(To) .... .. BXTBL xai rgiaxocdsL Tsa ngvja vsiaa TOL sx aa^o avofio}.. • . . ... eni xea sgsx esid(oa) svuTSd ngviavevoded Sodsxaisi Tftf ngviavsLaa HeXlsvoTafiiat(f sSode ngo^^asvoi acpLdvaioi x at (Svvagxodiv .. £711 Ted TtavdiovLdod dsxaxect Ttgviavsvoas sXlsvo^Taiitaid a svdsxarsL xea ngviavstaa sdods) 7tgo{x^ svoi acpidvacoL) xai avvag/ocsiv ..£v(oxaiiiaL .. x£(paXawv agyv €1 xsa 7tgvxav£Lac( H£X(X£yoxa[iLaid gio (Svintoiv ... (a)TgaT£yoL<s sa aa(xot 8sx(^txgaTst ayi'ki naCLcpovTi (pgsaggioL .. vLxsgazot xv8avTLdsL Tgug . xat avvagx)o6Lv .. EvovviiEL . ......... 40 ... xgLTSi x at SLxoarst xsa ngvxavHaa HsX}.... fi a . a ........ • . .. ag^ot .. ....

dsxdxfj x^g XXrjvoxafilaig ^fcV- ngvxavdag nagedo&rjj 'j&- ngoUvoi 'A(pidvatoj xal avvdgxovaiv^ axgaxrjym i^ Egixglag EvxXddj] avo(ioX6y7}^a .... Xnnoig alxog ido&t] . .. EvdxTj xrjg ngvxavsi- ag 'EXXrjvoxafilaig Ogdacovi Bovxddrj xal avvdgxovaiv ... ?3 xovaiv. NlxTjg .al avvdgTl. i/jtjcpiacxiisvov tov d^fxov. UQaaiisXddr] '/xa- gul. "Exegov xotg avxotg 'EXXrjvoxafiiaig. iegonoiolg x«t' iig jtjv exaTOfi^rjv vtavTov AivXXco 'Eg%Lsl xai avvdgxovaiv ... ^'Extgov xdlg avxotg 'EXXrivoxafilaig ig ido&rj . 15 'EXXr}voxafilaig nagsdo&r]..... 'EXXrjvoxa^iaig nagedo^ IJegixXsl XoXagysl xal avvdgxovaiv ig Exxr]g tfjv dioi^sXlav .. .. 10 "EgfiMvi ido&rj agxovxi ig IlvXov . amolg 'EXXtj- Enl xijg Axnagsdo&tjy afiavxidog xsxdgxr^g ngvxavsvovaijg 'EXXrjvoxafilaig JlsgixXsl XoXagyst xal ovvdgxovaiVy dl- tog Xnnoig ido&rj .. 'Ad-rivalag UoXiddog . TglxT] xal dsxdxr] xrjg ngvxavdag 'EXXrjvoxafilaig UfgixXd XoXagyst xal avvdgxovaiv ...... "Exsgov xotg voxafilaig ig jtjV dioi^eXlav ....... Enl Trjg Olvrjidog Tgnrjg ngvTUVs- vovatjg 'EXXrfVOTd^laig nocgsdo&t]. racial Ugojv XQW^^^^'*' xog MaQcc&wviog xat ^vvaQX^vTsg 5fi 'A&rivalag KaXXiatqa- naqidoaav ex toov insTsloiv.. "Exsgov Toig avxotg 'EXXrjvoxcc^laig. xtjv dico^sXlav Enl xrj- g Kexgonidog S^T].. Aiovvalto Kvda&rjvaiEl xal avvdgxov- aiv ........... 'Enl xrjg Asovxidog ngvxavsvovarjg... nifxnxtjg ngvxavsvovarjg. IlsgLxXsl XoXagyel xal avvdg- XOVoiVf Xnnoig alrog ido&r) . i' av^Xwaav inl rkavxiTiTtov ctgx^^'^og xou inl rrjg (Sov- KXeiyiv fjg 'AXaiBvg ngoiTog '^^'S iyQa^fidievs. xglxji rifiEga xr^g ngvxavslag.. 'A&rjvaiag JloXid- 6 dog ..... Enl 3*5 tr^g Aiavxidog nQoitrjg ngvTavsvovarjg '^EXX- r)voTa{iloiig nagsdo&i] KaXXifidxM 'Ayvovalta. 'Enl atjg tijg Alytjldog dsviigag ngvravsvov- "A&Xo&ETaig nagedo- &ri ig JJava&i^vaia id (xsydXa 0lX(ovi Kvdad^rjvatu y....284 A&rjV(x7oL Xrjg fj APPENDIX I.... Xnnoig acTog ido&r]. 'Oydorj xal dia fl>XvsX sixoaxjj xrjg ngvxaveiag ^EXXrjvoxafilaig 2nov- xal avvdgxovaiv .

'Enl 'limod^oovjidog oydorig TtgvTavsv- ovaijg......7jg oXvagaTM XoXagyst..... ....... ^gsaggla .. Tf^ avtjj amvi Bovtudr} xal avvdg%ovaiv ri^iga 'EXXfjVOTafxlaig <Paldvd^(o ^AX(ansx7j&sv xal avvdgxovaiv. 'EXXrivo- tafiiaig nagedo&r) Ugo^ivco 'Aqiidvaiio Tfjg xal avvdgxovaiv ........ "Extt] xal Tgiaxoatfj 30 tijg ngvxavdag 'EXXrjvoxafxtaig ido&i] xijg Ogdawvi Bovxddrj xal avvdgxovaiv .. TeidgTr] xal sIxoot^ ngvxaJiovvalb) Kvbadi]vaiu xal avvdg- vslag 'EXXrjVOTa^laig iddd^fj xovaiv . *Enl 'Egsx^V^^og ivdxrjg ngvxavBVovarjg... ^a^ . ajj?... . dojdsxdiT] rrjg ngvTavelag. .... ^Agiaxoxgdxu ... axgaxriyolg iv 2'dfiM.. Je^ixgdxsi 'AyiXiel . avvdgxovaiv ig t^v dKa/SsXiav 'jE^dofiij Trjg ngvtavilag 'EXXrjvoiotiulaig ig Ttjv diOi^tXlav Ogd. S^ri • Em Trjg AvxioxlSog ngvTavsvov- Ttiumji T^? Tigviavtlag. "Exxt] xal tgiaxoaxj] fiov xrjg Tigvxavsiag xd ix 2d- dvaftoXoy^aaxo . Ilavdiovldog dexdxT}g ngvxavEVOvarjgi evdexaxTj trjg Enl Trig Ttgvxavdag. 'EXXrjvoxafilaig ido&t] Hgo^iv(o 'Aq)idvai(o xal avvdgxovaiv . Tglxi] xal Bixoaxfj xijg ngvxavdag. Tglxri xal sixoaxfj xtjg ngvxavdag 'EXXtivotafiiaig ido&rj Aiovvaia Kvdad^tivaiii xal avvdgxovaiv ..... dudBxdxj] xrjg ngvxavdagy 'EXXijvoxafilaig ido&f] Ugo^evM ^Acpibvaita xal avvdgxovaiv . . (la ... TBjdgxrj xal slxoaTJj trig 25 via 'Aq)idvai(o ngvTavsiag 'EXXrjvotafjilaig EvTioXidi 'ATijg (fiSvalm xal avvdgxovaiv ..... . Nixrjgdxa ^Agiaxocpdvsi • • • • Kvdavxidj] rgirjgdgxM • • • • Ava ..ATTIC INSCRIPTIONS.. nagedo- Jiovvaico Kv8a&Tjvaisl xal . dliov Xnnoig .. "Exttj xal dsxd- ip T7}g ngviavsiag 'EXXijvoTa^laig Ilgo^ixal avvdgxovaiv .. '^'Exxri xal xgiaxoax^ rrjg ngvxaveiag 'EXXtjVoxa^laig ido&t) Ogdacjvi Bovxadrj xal avv- dgxovaiv ........ 'EXXrjVoxafilatg .... 266 20 TQtaxoatrj irjg ngviavslag toc ex 2'dfiov avotfioXoyr^&ri 'EXXtjvo- tufxla 'AvocitIo) 2'q)rjTxl(o xal nagedgco H£^d6fj.. 'E^dofii] xal slxoaTJi vtlag 'EXXrjvoiafxlaig ngvTa- KaXXia irjg Eixavvfiel x at avvdgxovaiv . . ..... IIaaiq)uvxt 35 ............ Evoivvfiu .

&c... fioi.... cte^oj'. for iv 2a^(a.... ... ga d iievEdxgaxo n 10 aXXrivsvd aids tov noXecov . nal awdg/ovaiv . dvg . avTLfia^od sv&vvo fiagad'coviod .)£Tay£V0S £X xo iXrid . .. ..caA TO d^agyqXicovoa [xr^vod to sttl i7t7toda(jtavTO(S agxovTod ev driXoi 8s ad'T^vr^dL ano BTCiysvoa ag^ovToa fisxgt to d'agyi^XLcovoa firivoa TO S7ti iTtTtio ag^ovTod xgovov oaov exadTOcf av Tcov rigxsv oca Bio 5 dcogod oXv^TtLodogo dxaix^coviSria syganiiaTSvev ano x<^g^(^OLvdg o agxovTOct idLOTrfd d'eoysvod axagvevd fis^gt TO sxaTO^^atcovo d fzrivod TO em innodafiavTOd ag^ovTod dodiy svrjd dcodtaSo ^vns Taiov sviavTov em xalXso ag^ovTod sntysvi^^s fi. the aspirate. 37. dicpvioi . without 34. sa aawithout the aspirate. xBioL . . 34. » . sx accfio.. fxaa/xo.. . 39.. KscpciXaiov ccgyvgiov avfinav .. e^sgai. no doubt pro26. V * ... for Line 9...« • xal avvoLQXovaiv . — 20. iivxoviOL . toxo ansBo^d) av loi . 23. for IIextbi..... IIet^qov... . TTivioi . 35..APPENDIX • 1. t^dofiei. sxtsi. degicpioi . nounced as one word. 40 . . — — — — — 158 Xeo agxovxod f^s^g t {A).. for ix 2afxov. ^'Emji xat TQittxoarjj irjg nqvxavdag '^EkXfjvoTafilaig . 14. raSs STtga^av aiKpiycTvovsa a&rivaLov ano .. svdBxartLy for Ilsvdexani.. for llf^tqai..

2^vg^ I'Tjvioi ... .... %g6vov oaov Enaarog aviav olg /I16- rjgxfv... aaa BrfXioa vjtsg dr^Xiots Slc...... 0X8s tuv iditotav tov toxov dntSoaav * ^Aglatof 15 V AriXiog vnkg 'AnoXXodcogov ArjXiov ... . yXavxsTO drfho ...... • * TtpoxXitjg A^Xiog.. Olvuloi e| i^ 'ixagov .co d'egiiaioi f| lycago Trapa xav nokscov . ^tttxfi^wvidrig eygafifidtixieVf otTio Xa- giaavOgov agxovTog iSKottjg Osoyivovg 'Axotgvivg (isxgv tov kxatofi- ^amvog fiijvog tov inl 'innodufiavtog agxovtog.. tva . toxov ansdoaav ... .. KuoL ..... Ko^Avtlfxaxog Evd^vvov .. xzq>dXaiov toxov nagd tuv noXtav . qr Me- vsatgdtov 77........ .. 2(oaiyivrjg Zoaaid- dov Avnstaiwv iviavtov inl KoiXXsov agxovtog' ^Eniyivi^g Mstayivovg ix IXrig.. ... {7ce)(paXaLov to . ... .... tvc? .... oivaioi £| lytago ... .. oi(8)e agLazo 15 (v) driXioa Tcov idia^Tov) to t(o)xo ajiedoaav vjtsg ajtokXodogo 8^X10 .. • .. vipoxXsr^a Tads sTiQa^av *Afi(pixivovsg 'A^rjvalav ano KaXXsov aQXOVTog ( jov &agyrjXi(jjvog fitivog tov inl Innoday... * Mvx6~ viot lOL .... \ QST' ...... vi«^^xl' ^ 4 o Magad^wviog ........ &-€...ATTIC INSCRIPTIONS. 10 aXXrjvsvg* A'lSs tuv noXsav .... 'ir^tai . 5 dagog ^OXvfAniodoi^ov .'.aviog ciQXOVTog iv J^Xm lxr}vog ds ano ^Eniyevovg agx^vtog ^bxqi> tov d^agyrjXiavog tov inl 'innlov ag^oviog... OegfialoL 'ixdgov . ga .. irjrai ... 2l(fVioi . Ssglcpioi . fWff A^Xiog vnig rXttVXbtov Ar^Xiov ...

.... ndgioi .. or the diphthong ov. sSet noXsov to to(x)o ov aviaa stcl rffxsTsgaa . vsX no . Observe.. veX . A .... Segfiaco f| ixago . Tcagioi ..... Olvaioi Ixdgov tij- . about 30 years after Euclides. TOV aide TCOV noXscov tov toxov ox ansdoGav S7tl TTl a ri^eTsgaa agxr^a T£TTa(g)c)v btov TCOV adf^vr^ac mi agxov- xakXso ^agtaavdgo iTcnoSaiiavToa dcoxgaTido sv driXoL 'i de STtiyevoa TtaXaioVknio nvggdtOd &c.... C. 2l<pnoi . av V 5 Tcov TSTTagco STCDV xeioL aicpvLoi .....%«^A^tt> 'i. 2vqioi...... * vi'3Ufi\ ^m^^f...... . that O represents either o... . fivxovioi TT^vLoi .... • • ' de *Eniyiyovg. .*?Uxo-j^\' . jXds Twv noXsMV TOV agx^ig toTtov ov edsi aviag Inl t^? ^^STsgag anodovvaL . 370. Mvaovioi . . oivaioL f| ixago ... They contain all the letters of the new Attic alphabet....... that is. Oeqiicuos^ 5 t «$ 'ixaQOV ..• APPENDIX I.... no ... 158 aids xcDv jT^ci (B).*K•:^ \ . ... xal ovx anidoaav rmv tsttoc' V hav • KBioh . . ag^riG anodovat .. Ti]vioi . . the archon. xai ox aneBo6 dvgioi .a-i^ .. SoiygaiLSov X(a ' iv Ji^- o.. Aids Twv noXsojv tov toxov ovx anidoaav tov inl g ri^BTtqag agxrig tsttuqcov iitav inl aq^ovTUiv A&r}vi]aL ' KalXioVf XaQiadvdgov. 'innoda^avTog.. JIaXatoVf 'innloVy Jlvggai&oVi fcc.. . These two inscriptions were cut about B....

.... HaXnid s&svj . Ttaidea aOsvatov (pav^^ad d av ..... .... Line 7.. C.) ' ai^ava . . . for Hoi. . . 430. 170.. avdgaa ^iB^i noXia Hede nod^ei xat 5 \ 10 Ttgoa&s noTSidaiaa Hot d'OLvov £[jl ng ggo . . . ^ . iMnia aspirate. . ao .^_l^...... gq ... 10 ngoa&B Iloisidaiag oi S^dvov iv ' ng .. • T. .... .. . vaX .. B^Ogov d ot fi£v s^ocL xacpo fxsgoa H * . .^(jaTO (?o . .. v7ts8£. Tovds 7toT£L8aiaci aixcpi nvXaa eA . lxxi. (About B. for Hvnsdsxaato. — without the aspirate. . old orthography (See Gruter's Corp. is a modification of the original fsXnia.. • • .. . implying eXnl^w.. ^ iX^QWV d' oi fih B^ovat xdcfiov fiigog.^oa TiLOTOxaxav ..) («7io. 5 ttl&rjQ fisv ipvxag vnsds^aio.i noudtg ^J^d^r^vamv ipvxdg S' av . • . lavT dgsjriv ncu nax . .. .^^ . . .•' ATTIC INSCRIPTIONS. for iXnid'. for dnriXTtia^ivwy from dnEXnl^o) HEAniZO. . . 5 aid'sg fisfi (pavxoLci . 5.... p. In one of 8..*. Inscriptio PotidcBa. . ^aavT agsTEv xat naj f. iXnida. .\ thixog niaioxdirjv iknid^ e&svt . vnedsxoono. Inscript. VL-HBV SVTtolSfl . — HsXmd. with the the later inscriptions we find acprjXniafisva.. . asfxaiv .... vUfjv BvnoXifi .. 01.. i t.^ vxX . . xai Ttgoyo . . v^ >*^^* Y^ >• • *'*'^^ Twy^fi UoTSidalag n^cpt nvXag £^ . H .. iXnl^ca). uvdgocg fih noXig ^ds no&si xal 5 . . T£i.

d'toa . daXa.290 APPENDIX I. ' TLOvxoLV ayadav aXsva 8a cx>Q • • • XovToa sdo^s TV dafjLv £{g) ^ofjLSviov ayeSixov — -'p- (pLxao rfoXsia ait aXs^av sifiev (x) t(^g) 5 Sgscaa ngo^Bviov 71 evBgysxav jaa noXioa ^ofxsvLCDv xri avTOv tct^ ^ci{y) ovos (xrf) ytri sifxsv avrv yad xrj Fvxiaa sitaaiv ycq aacpaXi 10 (av) ri a(x)shav xr^ aaovXia(v x) . 'AXsva ag- XOVTog tdo^e tm di^fia ^£qXO}itvl(av AyidLxov /la'u4XE^av- q>ljov Aiolia an' 5 dgsiag ttqo^svov slvul x- ai Evsgyhriv Trjg nohcog 'EqXOfiBvlcov ical avxov xat iay- ovovgf Hal uvai amm yijg xal oixlag maaiv x«t aacpdXsi- 10 av xa* aTiXnav xal aavXiav xttl xaia yrjv xal xaxa ^ukaTia- . Osog Tv/riv ay a&T^v. BCEOTIC INSCRIPTIONS.<aTa yav xtf xaxcx.x(TcC) V xri TtoXsfjia) xri xri {ig)a(ya)a Lo{a) ad ^^ aXXa onoxra (xri) xva aXXva ngo^evva 15 svegyBxi^a. 1504.

xal eival oi yrjg xal oixia- g enaaiv xal atiXeiav xal aavXiav xal xaxa yi^v 10 xal xata -d-dXaaaav xal noXiiiov xal sig^vrjg ovai]g. B- oitoxagxovvxwv ..B(EOTIC INSCRIPTIONS. (6)so(y tvxol{v otf 8a^o) otb (At) ag^ovTod s8o^e ^oicDTov xai svs TOi 8a[ioi Ttgo^Bvov sifJLSv 5 gysxav va^av a|t ov^cD xag^^adoviov xai eiixsv Fot yoL<s xai FOLxia 6 STtadiv xat axaXiav xai adovXiav xat xayyav 10 xat xaTi^'aAaTTav xai noXs^o Tcai igavact laaas (/3) OLOTagxiovTov ... xctl 291 siQiivijg ov- t« alia onoaa xotg aXXoig ngo^ivoig xal 15 ivegyiTttig. Otog jvxr)v JafioxiX^ ovg aqxovTog ido^s Tw drjfico Ttgo^svov uvai BoKoxmv ncu ivt- 5 gyhfiv N(a^av ^Ahov^ov Kagxv^onov. . V xal TToXifiov Kul arjg....

£vas nag sv q)idiav Tcq Ttadixksiv xi^oiieiXov (poxscas xr^ da(jio xr^ 10 TsXstv Xvaida^co ^kovvclov xacptaoSogco xi^g^vua xolxto yja dvvagxcD ag^ovzos [xsivos ocAaA xo^evico Fagvcov noXvxXsios 15 xaiiias ansdaxs ev^aXv ag^s Safxco (poxeu ano xas avyygacpa) TO xarakvnov xaxTo xpacpia^a TO dafia avskofievos rag aovy ygacpcos rag xifisvas nag acocpt xrf 20 Xov X7f Bvcpgova (poxsias nag 8iovvG>iov xafidodoga x^gavH xaTO a x-q XvaiBa^iov 8a[iOT£}. Inscriptio Orchomenia.APPENDIX I. d^vvagx(o ag^ovTos fiSLvos d's iXovOia ag^iagos sviisikcD xaiii a? sv^cdXv agx^^oLfj-cj (poxsu XQ^ OS aitsdcoxa ano rag aovyygafa 6 Tteda Tcov noXsfzagxcov xtj tcov xaiOTtracov aveXoixsvos xas dovyygacpos xas cpgova xtf zri xi[A. 1560.ios ns da TCOV noXaiiagxcov x-q tcov nTacov 25 agxovTos sv sg^ofxevv d^vvag^co fjiei vos aXaXxoiievLo ev de FekaTiq ^a .

293 0^10 voLxao ag^sXao) fisivos Ttgaro Xoya ev^cokv FsXarii^v 30 los nag ras ycq t7^ noXi sg XO^BVLcov bulBsl xsxofiidiri ev^a TtoXios to Savstov xed'SLctas anav dv xuTias oiioXoyias rag ovT ocpeiXBTri vag^G) ag^ovTos fieivos ObiXovBlo Tiri avxv bti ovOsv nag xav noXiv aAA ans^^i navra negi navTos 35 X7^ anoSedoavOt tt^ noXi tv bxovtbs xas onoXoyia? sl^sv noxi dedofis vov xgovov Bv^aXv anivoinas FSTta nsTtaga ^ovsctdt aovv TLffs mnva diaxa FixaxL ngo^arvs aovv riyvs ^bl 40 Xiris ag/L xco ..^povo o Bviavxos o ^iBxa Ovvagxov ag^ovxa Bg^ofiBvivg ano ygaq)Bodri 8b bv^oXov xax svtavxov Bxactxov nag xov xay^iav Tcq xov vofia vav xa xB xavfiaxa xov ngo^axcov xtf 45 xav riyav xtf xav ^ovav xr^ xav mnav xri xa xLva ada^a icovOi xr^ xo nXBiQos (jibi anoygacpBoOco 8b nXiova xov yBygafi fjLBvov Bv xri (Sovy^^ogBLdi rf 8b xa xis (ngax)xri xo bvvo^lov bv^oXov 0(pBiXB(x 50 o a noXis) xov Bg^o^iBviov agyovgio (fivao n)Bxxagaxovxa bv^oXv xaO Bxa axov Bviavxov x-q xoxov (pBgBxo 8ga(xiias 8ovo)xas fivas Bxaaxas xara fiBiva {Bxaa)xov xrf Bfingaxxos Baxo Bvj3(oXv 55 . a noXcs) x(o)v Bgxo(iBvi{o)v 25* ..BCEOTIC INSCRIPTIONS..

ftfjvog I. ^Agx^agog Ev^ulov tafilag Ev^ovXm 'Agx^^oifiov ^mxel xgiog anidojxu ano zr^g avyygoiffrig 5 fiBia twv TioXefAagxoiV xal oiveXofiEvog tav xaroTiTaVf tag avyygacpag tag XBifisvag nag' Ev- q>gova not ^SLdlav xal IlaaixXrj xal Tifiofiedov 0(oxiag. xal nagd Aiovvaiov KT^cpLGodagov Xaigtavi- a xal Avaidafiov AafiOTdXovg T« Twi' noXtfidgxoav nal tojp (is- xuto- nxmv. iv ds 'EXartla Me'Ofio- voliov Agx^^dov. xal Jiovvaiov ipiq- Krjq)iaod(6gov Xaigoovioiy Hard to q)iafjia tov d^fiov. /^rj- vog AXaXxofisvlov. (xrjvog ^AXaX- / xofisvlov. *'Agv(av IloXvxXsovg 15 Tttfilag d^fioi fprnxu dnidmxs Ev^ovXto 'Agx^dno trig avyygacpijg yjT^cpiafia TO TcaTuXomov. Ttj noXet 'Og- Ensid^ xexofiiatat Ev^ovxrjg 30 Xog nagd noXscog to ddvsiov dnav xard rdg o^oXoyiag xdg -lE&Eiaag Ovvdgxov agxoVTog firjvog OuXov&lov xal ovt' (xpslXttai aviia noXiv. tfi m 35 xal dnodedaxaai noXu ol exovisg . xaTa to TOV drinoVf dveXofi^og tag avyygoKfdg zdg xeifievag nagd 2(a(pL- 20 ' Xov not Evcpgova ^taxiag. yal Jr^iio- 10 TsXriv Avaiddfiov. dXX"* ov8iv nagd f^v dnixu ndvia nsgl navtog. Ovvocgxov agxovTog.294 APPENDIX Qvvdgxov aQXoy^og. 25 **AgxovTog iv ^OQXO(iBV(a Ovvdgxov. Ost- Xov&iov. ^rjvog ngcjTov. Xoyia Ev^ovXto 'EXaieiaia xal XOfisvlcov .

xal x6 nXrld^og (i^ anoygacpia&a ds nXsiova xwy ysygafifiivtov iv xrj avyxoigiqaU' ^Eav de xig ocpstX- TigdxxTj x6 ivvofitov Ev^ovXov.^paa(tf Ttage/ofisvod xai xotvsi ocac th noXu xad tStav toks ivTvy^avov^iv avTot avaSsSsxTut 8s xai x-qv dr^Xicov -^sagodoxLUv xav aya 10 d^u Tv^ei dsSo^dat xsi ^ovXbl xai TcoL 8r^ixoi enaiveaai ts avxov . Ttgo^dioig avv aUl xt- 40 Xiaig ' agxsi tov xqovov o iviaviog 6 fiSTu • OvvaQXO^ clgxovta 'Ogxofisvloig wtto- ygaq)sad^aL ds Ev^ovlov -aaT iviavxhv exaaxov naga tov xafiiav xal xov vofiwvrjv. Tenian. ^ 7tgvTavB(jov yvci^)ri ejisidrf a^i fiavioa afi^xoviov avrig ayadoa eaziv xat svvovci tcdl dr^icoi 6 Toi Tffvtav xai Siaisksi . 2329.) BCEOTIC INSCRIPTIONS. 50 exft) ^ TioXig xav 'Ogxoixsviaiv dgyvglov ^vdg Tsxxagdxovxa Ev^ojXca xa&' lx«axov iviavxoVf xal xoxov cpsgixoj dgaxfidg dvo xijg fivdg exdaxrjg xaxct firjva I'axo) Exaaxov xal sfingaxxog Ev^ovXco 55 ^ noXig xav "Ogxofiivlav. xa xe xav^axa xav ngo^ocxcov xal 45 xcSv atyujv xal xwv ^owv xal xojv Xtitkov ' xav xiva aarjfia loai. lag ofioXoylag ' 295 livai nqoq dsdofj^sBifj vov xQovov Ev^ovXco inivofilag. ThxaQdy §oval avv Xnnoig diaxoalttig Bi'xoai.

ri ' 'Ensidrj 'j4fx. xai OL c(TS(pava)(tac i9'(a)AA(o)i/ ciTS(pav(ot tv t) isgcjL TO Tov Ttoasi^covoci xai Tf^a afKfLTgLTt^cf agexria svbtcbv xac 15 Bvvoiaa xtia ua xov dr^fiov rcov avxov xat xov6 ex yovovd avxov ngo^evovd xoll €v Tfiviav SLvai 8e .. avadtdsxTat ds xai t^v &eaQodoxlav t^v jYiklmv ' aya- 10 &ri Tvxj].296 APPENDIX I. Ttal dLuisXEl XQ^iag Ttoivrj naqsxo^svog xat t^ noXsi xa&^ idlav xolg ivTvyxapovaiv avTM..^ fiMViog ^Ay-^oavlov avr]Q ioTiv xai Bvvovg aya&og tw drjfia) 5 Tw nai Tfjvlwv. ngviavtav yvw(j. egysxoLcf xi^d noXecoa SsSoaOat 3s xai TtgosSgtav sv xoia aycodiv 20 Old dvvxskei r^ noXid xai Ttgoao di^ dov Ttgod fxov xTp/ ^ovXrfv xat xov eav xov Ss'qxai avaygaxpai xai axriaai sic xo isgov xov (no) xai xr^d a^cpixgixria 8s xo8s xo y)Tiq)Lcf^ia sia axr^Xriv (Aa) 'd^LVTjv 25 cisi8a)vo0 . dsdoxd-ai Tft) tij ^ovX^ xai otj^m ETiaiVBoai ts avtov xai axBCfavwaav &aXXov aiscpuva iv t- w isg^ TO TOV noasid^vog xai Ttjg ^AncpLTqhrig aQttrig I'psxev xai 15 Evvolag Triviav irig sig ' top drjfiov tmv fdvai de avTOV xai Tovg ix- yovovg avxov ngo^ivovg xai tvBQyixag xrjg noXeog ' dsdoa&ai ds xai TtQOsdgiav iv xolg aymatv 20 oig avvxsXst ^ noXtg xai ngoao- ..

triv 297 ^ovXtjV xal tov 5^Avot/Qaipai> idv tov dsTjiat.^fv ri exoLVG)vri<ssv Tt^a itga^ioa sXsyx^svTOd Ss xai d'vdaov tov avdxcD xai xgiOevToa avvadix st(v) fxsTa [xavna eSo^s fivXaasvaiv xai STCsxvgoaav at Tg€ia (pvXai ra [lavna tov TtaxTvco xai Ova 60V TOV dvaxo TtgodTsOrivai fxavadoXXcoi xai ra 15 XTfifxaTa snoXricfev r^ noXia dt^i^odirf enagact . 350.^f«pwv vo^oi Byvodav iivXaaeics n ka^ovTod cfcodsvTOd aw tcoi agri voixTffjLSvov TOV Lsgov xai (lavaoXXov tov evsg ei ti<s Tcai ysTecD sgsvvav notr^aadOai aXKoa [xs TB{ct) 10 . aeoi. $ov TtQog fiov.IONIC INSCRIPTIONS. C.) ersi 7t£[X7tToi aQxa^sg^svci ^aaiXsvovxoa [xavaacoXXov s^aidgaTtsvovToa fxavtra tov Ttaxivco STtt^ovXevdavToa fiavadoXXai toi sxax €v ofiv(o) Tcol legat tov diod tov ka(iPgavvdov d'vcuria eviav 5 mrid Tcat Ttavr^yvgioa eovcfrfcf xai [xavaaXXov fisv du fxavLTa Se avTov Ttjv dixriv ev . xj}^(f)ia^a 5s rods TO uq axriXriv Xl- divriv not GTrjaai eig to Isgov tov JIo- 25 asidwvog nal t^$ 'A^cpngltrjg. e. ^m IONIC. (About B.

2. i^wXij yive- a^at i^al avTov xal wvg ixslvov ndvtag. stXfjcpa. egsvvav non^aaa&at. contracted from 'Agxa^ig^eog. sing. indgag Tag tovdg Totg ngLafie'voig /mtJxs xvglag fiTjdsva Blvai. (Rem.) slXrixoi. naxTvoa.r]fisvov vo/icn. for Jlaxtvsw. The syllabic augment is lengthened into after the analogy of its imperfect nagrjvSfiow 14. from nagat]. * xal fi^Ts ngoTL&ivai imxpricpl^uv BL ds Tig TavTa naga^aivot. sdo^s MvXaasvaiv. 1. sing. the same as the common auTgansvoviog. part. sing. nagtjvoixrj^ivov. gen. gen. xal inExvgaaav al rgBtg cpvXal. Mavha.298 Ttoir^aafjisvT^ APPENDIX xovxcav jad I. ^ 19). ^vaxrig . gen. Compare 11. pass. perf. i^ai^ga-UgTaUg^v? ^^^ gen. from Mavhag. "AgTa^ig^svgj Line In the common dialect — from naxTvrjg. si' xtg ' xal SXXog fiBTsa- 10 x^v rj ixoivojvrjasv TTJg ngd^iog iXiyx^iVTog ds xal Ovaaov tov 2vax(a xal xgi&ivjog avvadixstv fiSToi Mttvka. xa Mavha ^ noXig tov IlaxTva xal Ovaaov tov 2vax(a ngooTsd^ijvat MavaaojXX(a. d^valrig iviav- 5 alrjg yal navrjyvQiog iovarjg. gen. Maviioi 8e avxov dlxtjv Xa^ovTog iv x^>'Q^v voiJ. vofisca. xai Mavaa(oXXov fih ata&ivTog avv rw Ju. 3. syvcaaav MvXaaslg Tragr}- TOV Ugov xal MavaawXXov tov svsg- ystsb). § ? — (Rem. im- plying nom. ^vaxta. — — — 7. &c. -ov. sing. xal tu 15 xTi^fiaTU in(6XfjaBv TtoiTjaafiivrj tovtodv drjixoalt]. ovad TOid Ttgiaiisvota [xr^xs £7ti\iJ7^q)i Tcvgiats eivai xai fiT^rs ngoTiOsvai (irfdsva h 8b xia rai/ra naga^atvoi s^cokr^ yivs adat xat avxov xai xovd sxsivov navxaa EtH nifimta AgTa^eg^Evg (SaaiXsvovtogi ' MavaacjXXov i^ai^gansvovTog Mavha tov Jlaxtva) inipovlsvaavTog MavaaaXXto xw 'JExavofiva iv Tw Uq^ tov /jiog tov ytafx^gavvdov. nsvovxog.

ixdoTO) (1570. Before the preposition elg and the article tag* elg a word beginning with 2. At when the end of a word. ^i. E. 453) ty (isyagav ( sy fiVQivrja ix Mvgivtjg b) By fivQQivovTria 2. 93) . 299 the preposition /?. tylv&svxav — — Msydgav 175) — (168. g. cfffTTjAaff -— €t? ffTTjAa? ( 1 08 . The full form of this preposition. E. it often The preposition ex before g. iv is very often changed into the next word begins with a labial {n. — (Boeckh. Compare idff atriXotg the article lag before the same word Taaiijilaa for (3044). -4). 450) When the word governed by ix begins with x is chang- ed into.^. sydoTOj ix — Aia^ov (139) — (525) (Boeckh. c) ix i^v^QiTiaa 4. the preposition sometimes drops a. EX aa^o — ix 2'(Xfiov (147) it 3. sx Mvggivovxrjg Na^r: p. Changes of 1. a. — — ix ^^aXocfuvog (2907) ^v^gnlag (3049) «|. A. ty ^svdidsioav ey diovvatoiv sy Xta^o — — ex Bsvdidslav ix /I lovvaiav sydoasia.REMARKS ON THE INSCRIPTIONS. Nav. IV before a labial. T»j/i M^ noXiv TO)/i /u6/< noXimv no^EL — (105) — twv (75) — no&ei (170) T1JV noXiv noXsoav fihv . 6. a) ixlv&ivTcjv ix p. Athen. E. Athen. ?? grjveiaaf for ix 'Privdag (158. REMARKS ON THE INSCRIPTIONS. in. is changed into «/. g. E. E. g. cp). iy Xifisvoa ix Xtfiivog — (157) (157) ixdoasig. /5. g. is found before a consonant. 5. Changes of 5. Frequently ix and the noun governed by one word. s^aXufjiivoa are written as S^llQOV ix JSVQOV (2347.

.mmj noXsi appendix iv noXiL i. not unfrequently palatal. g. 46) jay x^Q^v 9. 8. afievcpsa dfie(i(f>ig^ (3) xXsov^QOToa KXsoi^PQOTog {165) oXvvnio 'OXvfMTilov {30) ^OXv^inico (11. —— h. iv xvxXca xaigav (101) (IQO) xal (101) xal (1052) tov ygafifiaTea (84) Toy yga^f^UTsa Hiegoy XQ^f^oiTOV Ugojv XQ^h^Ttav {147) jdv xojgav (2905. x). N takes the place of r before a ava^x^? (1001) avavxija iyyvg (22 1794. Bvsvxafisvov — — dxsXBiav xal (1052) evygaipai XavxavovT(ov — (401) — (93) — Xayxavovtwv (2556) ivsyxafisvov iyygdipuL Further.300 tfi . -iwv a word is very often changed into j(oy naiQbiV sy xvxXoi. ' Further. the middle of a word. the middle of a word. Sometimes iv before a palataj remains unchanged even in E.. g.s(i (pavxota fih ipvxdg (170) HOTUfl 7TSQ — — OTaV TISQ — — — — — 7. A) > Bvyva snavysXXBiai -^ inayyiXXsjai (107) i^ . E. Sometimes iv before a labial remains unchanged even in E. (x.-* ».> . g. Before a palatal N before a palatal. not un frequently iv takes the place of E. g. 99) oXvvniot M before a '«»tipw^ — — — — y. g. ay xat Btay xai aisXsiay xai — — — «V — imv — — J'. N at the end of E. (J^) (76) iailv ttcqI ( 101 ) soTiii nsQi avTOV ngo^svov (1052) avTOfji TiQO^svov exXiysiv nag' avrov (101) (ylsysi^ nag avTOV av ^ovXBVirjQtai ( 124) ffi l3ovXsvtr)giiav JOV I5(0fi6v (160) TO(X ^OflOV %6v (fOgOV (75) TO/i CpOQOV (j. avvfiaxia — sXav^avsv — avfifiaxloc (11) iXdfi^avsv (71) labial.

EvnEl&Tfg (76) olg ( Tsi ^oXEi i'do^E tjj /SovXjj edianEv 26 . it often drops the v s • as sottjXtji. as naXiv- Changes of 11. 6) iv ^Jidaivi iv iv air'iXrj (ibid. . as often found before a consonant. p. Nav. if 301 will be easily accounted we suppose that N or r before a palatal had the sound of NG. (i) is 10.OL ia aiyyoi £0 avXcoL Ea OTTjXtj — — — — — (87) 2a^b} (147) iv 2'iyya) (171) iv avXio (2447. for ovaati^aiviad^tav (76). the Prepositions iv is and ovv.) Before ai^Xj] (jttJA/. It it is is often omitted before a vowel. These orthographical phenomena for. IV at the end of a word before a liquid (A. EyQafifiatsvs svnEi&Ea — anodovvSti (76) Ta^iaai Hoia — ra^laoiv 139) — EdoxoEv (76) ovxeevulv — bdaxs ^vhhevolv (8) Eins anodovat. 13. into that liquid. 408).REMARKS ON THE INSCRIPTIONS. ' for iv aTrjXrj (S7). by a vowel preposition uvv sometimes drops v before a followed as uvasixaivfo&ov. On E. Athen. N before changed a Liquid. EiairjXriij Sometimes 12. for avacfoayLaauivav IV movable {iq)EXxvaiiy6v). The two consonants (3137). E. ea aidcovi (a oay. ToX XoyiOTov ToX Xoyov often TMfi fUia&OJOfOiiV Tf|tt fivoKxv — Toy Xoyov (76) TWy — Mvolav (143) itJv — Tb)v Xoyiarav (76) (JLiadwOfbiV (82) Sometimes XiiTcav remains unchanged before a liquid (Boeckh. as uvvucpgocyiuaixivoiv. sinEv ' — iygafifiaTEVEv. The preposition iv before 2: often changed into cor. N . v is dropped and becomes u as for iv (213). E. g. Sometimes it remains unchanged even before a followed by . g. the other hand. g.

for vno Xvy. Not unfrequently aXaXoia. 4) TM/Mvog — Tov (3044) — (3044) olyxa TOvgfxoygciTSog ' (8) rcoavXo) davXcn ayojvog TtindgT] ijj indgji . Sappho. is ends in a diphthong. vol. most commonly before E. In fact we find vnoXXvtia^av. the second dropped before the two words are united by crasis. A rough mute E. <jp) sometimes doubled middle of a word. E. vowel v) of that diphthong E. is often doubled before a consonant . g. We 17. Doubling of Consonants.). to. oancpo. 18. a word is written with a simple consois nant when commonly that consonant doubled. When the preceding word (f. g. xavxd — (2557.d^aVj in the following pentameter verse We made long by ^ rgiaaov vnoXXvua^nv ygaiJjjittTiyoa TsXta (2169) jQiaoov vno Xvad/Sav Fgufj^atixog TiXim Crasis and Elision. 2 t. «AA' s/gafxsvot i/Qaix^s'va llgoyovvrjalov inofxidov 'inTTo^usdwv 15. agiaarov aQiaaioda^oa TsXeaoxaa TsXEOiag ( 166) aaaxXrjTiiodagoa ''Aai(Xr]ni6da)Qog (879) agiaaToq^avTja — — — — — is ^AgloTcav ( I 'Agiaiodajaog (13) ^Agioiocpdvrig (1638) in the 16. g. 14. ^Jancpw. aa(p(pov aacpcpo or — ^AJicpiavog or b. g. ) 302 APPENDIX I. B. aX — (11) — (H) ngoxovsaio — (8) ocga^doTa — aQQa^dtatu (160) — (2) aXXaXoig. II. suppose that. B) — rov Eg^oicgdisog — tw (2557. a short syllable was often position by doubling the following consonant in pronunciation. 1029) find also aacpo for (Millingen.. aip(piavoa 7cXso&&ia ^Anniavog (427) — ^dncpov (1927) xa&&saav — adi&eaav (2169) — KXsoT&lg (2211. p. plat. xxxiii. in poetry. (^9^.

that (2321) xovxETi. q)gadaiaL vvficptav to avrgov s^rjgyaaaTO (456. 21. ov ' as xal — We . but this is evidently a mistake is xa^ov. iota is subscribed as only when it is at the end of the syllables to be contracted . 8) 19. Tig. E. We xaTCt. El. nalg di Mevoivog as axgi ocv ^o> ovaav xav xaxa yrja xai Tifiijab} (808) ovaav xal xatd yrjs xal Tifi^Qta a' cyf^t aV ^w . for xal ei'xooi find xai^ov.g. a) (pgadaluL Nv^cptav xuvTgov i^rjgydaaTO Eifii sifil 8s agiGToxXfja nugauva nata ds fxsviovoa (749) d* AgiaTOxXrjg IIsigaiEvg. for xa/ f/zoV (3588. TO aFvTo Xi&o £fiL avdgiao xai to acpiXaa (10) dvdQidg xal to oq)iXag tov avTov Xl&ov Hfil ravTOV Xl&ov q)vXr}V si'fi dvdgidg xal to acpiXag xExgonidov (q/cji edgaas q)vXriv KexgoTiidwr sgy(o i'dgaa^ 7} aya&a (85) dya&d TOKOvdt avdg(av TOiavS' avdgav ^ovXija (xs noXia onnoiav avTia afiagTYji (173) noXig onnoiav aviig ufiagr^ 17 cigsiaa ipricpoa saTtjOS tvd^aSs oari vs(a (426) ysvova xs txaxi xat agsirja ^ovXrjg fi -d-* Aguag iprjq>og i'airja' ivd^ads. . The . see then that in case of crasis. for xaJ oIhetl (3019).. for xal dcp* vipovg. Crasis and Elision were very often left to pronunciation. in the same inscription we find xacp vipovg. for xal Biia. for xal aX Tig (2554) xd'xoai. 20. ydvovg exaxi xdgsjrjg oaij via. REMARKS ON THE INSCRIPTIONS. ^ indgr] (3044) oi adiXtpoi (8) Ta^yetot— rot ^Agyfioi (29) Tw ^AnaXlavi (39) T(07i6XX(arL xal iyw (8) xdy(6 ydnloraTOV xal inlaxotTov (8) '^Ttagrj 303 adiXcfoi — — — — x^5 (Doric) — (Doric) — — — Ti^nl jtaqp' xat fV (2554) xa2 ini (1688) «(jp' vi^ovg xat vj^ov? (3588) X«t "^^Tf/ity (2554) xal inaiviofxev (3047) X'^TiaiVBOfisv (Doric) 7lOLQTf(llV — conjunction yal drops at before the diphthongs «t.

/i€^a Xagi^iofis&cc (.) Nominative Plural 24. that is usual form of the dative plural of xafxlag lafiiaov (138 139). . The ending es of the nominative dual of nouns in gen. never found with iota subnever a&rivtjiai. that is ^ivysi. -aiofiat. 25. of the Doric future. nfaeofiai. adrjvTjoi. ^oot&aal(o for TiQoXsiiplco for ^oa&uom {^orj&i^ato). -oov^m. b) TtHfis&a x£vus^t(ov ev axiegolg ^aXdixoig Dative Plural 22. -oEOf^ai. g. according to the preceding paragraph. that is 'a&^vtjoi. aafia nvorjv ds aid^TjQ tla/Ssv naXiv oansQ sdtoxsv (1001) awfia ' nvoT}v 5' ai&tjQ tXa/Ssv ndhv ooTifQ tdwxEV sixova TTjvds ars&rjxs (pOQvajaa naia o rqiaaoa (1582) slxova Tijvd^ avs&Tjxs (PoQVOTOiq naUg o Tqldxog xeifit&a xai svaB/Sscav ev oaifgoia &aX(Xfioig (2055. from ^oi]&£(o (2554) nQoXsupb) {ngoXslipb)). that is axsXei. E.304 APPENDIX I. B. The The . in aai. are often resolved into -acw. from axsXog (150. 26. from x'^Q'XofiocL (3048) 28. ^sv/8. in rjg from Nouns in evg. A) B) Doric Future. is xufiia- 23. axsXs. from ngdaato (3048) for . -asofie&Uf . Nominative Dual in u for rj from Neuters in og. sog. g. -to^aiy for ifxfi8VE(o from ififisvoo (2554) 27. ifxixEvloj -gco. is contracted into h. E. A. The Doric dialect often changes the ending of the future of liquid verbs into /w. Compare {ne'aofiai) nsaovfiai. and Adverbs in rjai. -aso^ai. (158. at.^«pt?oi. E. -aeovTL. from oqhI^oj (1688). from i^tvyog (150.faotaoii«^a). The endings -aw. We find ol nXvvtjg. The new endings -asofiep. script adverbial ending r^ai is thus. from ngoXslTKo (2554) nga^lofisv for nQa^ov^fiV [nQci^ousv). oQxi^ico for oQxi^w {oQxl^o)). og. g. from the noun o nXvvsvg (455). which may be changed into ~ai(o. for oi nXvvrjg or nXvveig.

from ovvuya) (2448). — (2374) — nadalgb) (2374) — (2347) indgag — (2953) ugaio — (247 1907) avaq)alr(a xuTalfjoj inocigo) al'g(o . -aevvTtti. r^g&o) from algw. g. g. as av- Aorist Active of Verbs in aivca. The into -v^i. intitgoivs avsq)riV6 xa&rjQCCVTOJV icatuQUL indgr]. avvdya. sffTuxela.REMARKS ON THE INSCRIPTIONS. as ha-ih (d-&). BcBotic third Person Plural in -v&i. for -via. -asv- diaivasvvTi for diaXvaovvii {diaXvaovai). contracted into E. i'o&if Tiidi.) is found in the English indicative . -asovxaL 305 may be ^s&a. iniTSteXsiisla. g. as (pd&i. from diaXvoj (2671) VTtag^tvvTi for vnaQ^ovPTv {v7idQ^ovai)j from vnaqx^** (2671) 29. avra/ctyoxela. 32. 80)01. -vet. 3 sing.v'la. common avvayriyoxu (3595) the full form of avvay^oxa* The reader will perceive that when the author erroneously stated under aya truvayaya^^ttet stood for pluperf. The endings -tjvu or -ava. This fully establishes our E. -tjQa or -aga. Even the future passive changes o^m into ovfxai.) we find the participles the common enirsXsitvXa. -aevfiev. § 56. imperat. Boeotic dialect changes the pronominal suffix -vn E. rule (Rem. ende-th {evde-^)* Compare -&l of the 2 sing. 2. Xortjfuif inscription (II. find also perf pass. are always found without the iota subscript. -oevvti. imperat. from dnodidoojiL (1569) from H^l (ibid. from iniTsXsM.) The element {&) of analogical ending of the third person singular {-&!. active . III.) contains the indicafor the tive avvaydyoxce. 3). truvxynye^ta. vax^rjoovviai for avvax&i^aovTaL. In a Doric inscription (2448. -oEVftat. There is no such pluperfect as * that ayayi^tm* 26* . anodsdoav&i ifov&L — — aTiodsdoavtif EoovTi. for laxay. from inixQalvco (2237) We 31. Tigs. The same ovvayrjyoxvla or avvaytjoxvTu. he went on the supposition that Matthiae (to whose Grammar he referred) could easily perceive the difference between a verb and a participle. ojoi. algco. Perfect Active Participle in -sia. I. 30.

In inscriptions cut during the E. as. naQ^X^vTW iovtm — — naQfxovTMv. In an iEolic inscription (3524) fiasvfx&Tjv. -r^v. from ajioaTskXo) (1845) noiovvioiVy from noisco This ending is evidently the same as the Latin -nfo . subscript is generally omitted. sniyQacprjv. sunto (toVrw). STtiyQoccprjV. ji. In inscriptions cut before the Roman period. p. ovTsd^tjV. which shows that it is conWe may tracted not from -a'av. g. be accented the ys- v^d-rjv. tw tuiaIoc. 38. to we find ovrs&rjv. in for -vt(ov. Hasve.(&rjv. but from the Doric -div. imperative active takes -via for -viojv. g. plur. The authography i a. common ivTS- da^vtxOrirai. for •&r]vai. 540). faciunto {jlOlOVVT(o)' hifinitive of Verbs in -aw. therefore safely reject the orthography -av. some of the recently discovered Attic for -vice. amanto [q)dovvT(o). The contracted form of the infinitive of verbs in -aw is found without the iota subscript. In APPENDIX I. from nuQix^ (1699) iovTOJv (ovrojv). g. . Nav. 35. of the E. E. as also the absurd expression 8lq>^oyyoi xazaxgrjaiixal. tifidv from ii^d(a (2569) nsQiogdp from TtsQiogdoj (2919) Iota Subscript. was introduced long after this ceased to be pronounced. the iota subscript. rwt rafiiaif for our jjj ^ovX^. ysvrjdrjvai. improper diphthongs.306 33. as ttji ^ovXrji.1 (1699) (1845) dnooTsiXdvTwv. g. See also fis&va&Tjv under (je&voxw. w. -vtco Imperative 3 pers. is a regular letter. inscriptions. Athen. the iota a/a. In some of the Doric inscriptions the 3 plur. ysvrj&rjv. aTsq)uv(a&rjV. so called. docento {didaaaovzoi). enLyQa(prjvaif aTe(pav(o&^vai. 37. aiecpavco&rjv. Aorist Passive Infinitive in 34. 36. -va is used E. -Xtjj -aiw (2782) 39. ^ovXtJ^ yvfivaalto Roman period. ysQovaia. anooTsiXdvTOti noiovvifa — — from Hy. Ttagsdrjcpva — TiaQsdtjcpvla (Boeckh.

as domino. 42. Corinth. uIqs&tJ — (1841 . of the 2d declension . see Inscription 93 1704. dixocaoivg) oiHi^aovai. ocXXuxrj. the preceding dixduaig nalg. JEtolic aiOy oia. g. E. g. is contradicted 7r?J. 606). navraa navaa) {oixtjaovah t^ps- (^diJtaoavTg. g. dva/Qixqirj. avais&jj (3640) svSfvt]. 1850) . however. as root. efiixEfsoiai vtovai) fidlaa — dixdaug nouaa — ndaa {navrg — — or ^waa ndg. axsqxivm (3523) (3640) ixxXrjaia (ibid. ava.) xovg ^aaiXslg TtQog Tolg ^aalXijag c) . that the i under rj. without the i subscript. actually found in ancient inscriptions of undoubted authority (Boeckh. onriy ndvTti. Totg dlxaig ei'xovag XQvaiaig — rag (3640) — XQVoiag (3524) — xaid (3640) argondyoig — argaTayovg. ^EXnivlxb) XQVosa). therefore. narg. . oiif^aoiai. — ngog (216^. o. In the second declension. consequently His theory. Tw ddfxcj. ndaxr] — xa — — — tw — ddfiw. alQBdfj (2166 avaygacpjj. § 116. 7i% . the ^olic dialect lengthens respectively. is always found mis. ova. for the common ending ovg. 'eXttivIxm /Qvasca. however. 3053). 1843 . the . 1841 1843. sing. ndaxj] ivdsvr]. that in some of the less c subscript was often (not always) omitted. 7id&7]. It must be observed. even during the flourishing period of the Greek language especially in the dative singular of the second declension (Gregor. 43. In the first declension. on condition that. [iovaa ova- «. is improperly omitted.) doxjj. onrj. the I subscript under r] is improperly written in those forms of which no actual nominative. oia only when they arise (xva. E. is extant. from a. out of 44. E. According to Buttmann (Larger Gram. oi. 2448) Compare the Latin 41. in the forms njj. Doric oTia. paoiaa) We in the may therefore assume that the common aa. and the third person singular of the subjunctive active. sq) dat. p. When v is dropped before into ai. dvuTS&rj nd&t]. aia. It is perfectly clear. epfjievtovai {(xaoviaa^ paovaa. by onrj. ai£(pdv(o td exxXrjala 86xrj. it uses oig. ^olic and Doric dialects.REMARKS ON THE INSCRIPTIONS. cultivated dialects (as the JEolic). dixag sixovag xdiTOig vopoig xovg vofiovg otQatrjyovg (ibid. n. 8). 307 40. ova become. The formula iq)' Ztf. the ^Eolic dialect changes ag of the accusative plural into aig.

— — from "/ 1565 1565) (4 ( xfofia^vdog gaipa^vdog tgccya^vdog — — xa^codog — — (ibid. the same as fidiog I'dtog. 3058. a — peAwTtT^i' piAsi. xa^' idlav. oixla (1562. tag. from Rem. aya&ovg. fsXuTia pcTTO? p€To? — enog (H) — hog (11 1569). Zsvg. in the Heraclean tables. 4). city was pa^o?.) its original form which was changed ^ — ^Eldiua. Compare Latin viduus. 6(jd' hf). — amovy from — (10) — from Baxsvag. *'ldiog was sometimes pronounced Xdiog. . and nQsiysvidvg for nQeiysvrdg {nQsa^svidg) are found in some of the Cretan inscriptions (3050. in the Heraclean tables. for in I'ttj.) — jgaymdog gaipcodog {\h\d. .?. cccxxvii.V — ) 308 APPENDIX I. "A^iog. in the Tenian inscriptions. laoTiXsia ptaoTsAta — . C id tog. nsvrasTfjQLda. (Compare "oUsvg. is . xdvg. with the rough breathing. grJTga (H) p^ttT^a potxta. 2335). otx/a foixia gdxQoi. and 1.) also nsvTa\-ET7]gida. a as 'a^Icjv. name for Jil. This shows that the accusative plural of all the declensions formed by annexing g to the accusative singular thus Tovg. Hgctoiog X s t oi? ^HXsloig. Tovg for jovg. *'A^og is derived Axos (3050). po I — — (^1562] 1563) ol. d'noai (1569) ptxart iaoisXla. ayaddg come from zovg. 45. city is other name of this "Oa^og (Stephanus Byzantinus). 14. The from ayvvfiL (pa/w).) (ibid. in a later inscription (Gruter's Inscript.) . a man's ^axsvfai — (1639) from Jiog (29) difi — from (H) SQjr«oiotg — an Elean (11) from pa gyov — (11) man's name (1569) fagvwv — from ICav^Kov. hence the formula sq)sir]i that is. — (2329 (i'xaxi. In fact. (1569) from "ElaTuatog. pof sgyov *'AQV(av. a native of Elatea. in the expression ita& idiav. the same pavltwv — apVTo "AqyuoL (29) agysifoif doubtful avXa p dog avXcadog ( 1583) for Baytsvoc. ^Hlslog. p. a native oV'A^og. aya&ovg. 1564) fvxia. that is. 'jSAofTfta/o). This word was also pronounced hog. 'Hgnoloig. Boeotic tti&aQMdog {\5S3) ici&aQa^vdog . Digammated Words aviog in the Inscriptions. with the aspirate. dya&dvg. into "Oa^og. that is. 1563.

REMARKS ON THE ALPHABET. .APPENDIX II.

ydfifia. ^de. (1. it was generally represented by EL E. yafifxa. ^tj&f yl^iX. &c. but this is unsi. and called '* the Greek alphabet. xgsfiaxi^sv jEi ad^svaiai — — TQsa — — oqxXo^svaj SQ/aaxo — — nqa^si — — TtQVtavsa TtoXsa.) Ha. thus. Grsec. From arrangement . dixXs&. the same as the Oriental. Graec. is often represented in the usual way (El) even in Attic inscriptions cut before the archonship of Euclides. 403). snfiddv. a. C. 3. compare the old Greek Samaritan see also the first alphabet. aia — . it corresponded to the rough It was often omitted. also with the .) From il. In the old Greek alphabet. a&svaioij nagsdo&s svnsi&sa. breathing (daatHa) of the later Greeks. had the power of the Latin H. snsaxuTB snid^svaij fisXsdaivEv. ^. oi. g. s. &c. are essentially the ovav. The HisQOTtoioi. In the new Attic alphabet it represents s. important. (4. 6q)SiX6jXEva. insaxdtsi (76) inid^stvai. their forty-three inscriptions in Boeckh's Corp. however. In the new Attic alphabet. ol. wAya.) dslja.. same . in the old Greek alphabet. ^^&. ^av. Ileds. From the form of the letters with the Hebrew coin-letters . noXsig. slgynaxo (75 160) (® > fisXtdalvsiv.) ovxoi. ddXs&f (2. p. /J^ra. The is This diXia. (Rose's Inscript. that is. 7]. the character E represents the vowels «. During the Alexandrian period.310 1. XQVl^^^^^^''^ ®^) suBidnp. Attic (called also the Ionic) alphabet is the same as that used at the present day. TQslg 160) nQVxavsig (76) . The old Attic alphabet is found in Attic inscriptions cut The new before the archonship of Euclides (B. xiv. SXcpa^ iSTJTa. numerically correspond to the Oriental Slfq). {juadij) occupies the place of aiyfiu (adfiEx) . alg (ibid. 4. ' APPENDIX was 11. &c. From tradition. old Greek alphabet evident. as aXecp.) (3. Inscript. H. however. nga&jj (76) xp 'A&rjvctlcc (76) character H. or si. thus. The diphthong si.) 2. JF/of. $t ylfieX. oaiov (ibid. ^Ad^rjvaioi.) letters &c. t]. the names of the letters. oaiov — — IsQonoioly oaa (76) a. or the diphthong si. ^'. naQsdo&rj (147) ( Evnsl&rjg." E.. Iloaa IIovxoi.

(fi &. ewdgog. Eipofitti) — sUHsixiv — — xaTHsKaaiov oKHi(fao^ai> such cases the rough mute arises from the connection of the smooth mute with the aspirate //. sxtsi. from rglg. 20). the aspirate //. of two successive words. as it was at the beginning. xaTHHtxaeqo' Vf^^^> ^^X f'^ofiai. ovx sipofj-ai. agga^dojoa (160). Hsfxega) xa&aigi(o — xaTHaigeo allHiefii {ano. Also the barbarous word Sanhedrim. never found in connection with p or (74).iv. the rough breathing is suffered to retain its place thus. noXvi'atwQ (noXvg. XaTtog) . {x» fp> ^)> ^"^ the combinations KH. IIH. from xara. snHIIsiJ. from avvedgiov {avv. thus. HvTidQyvQOV Hsxiei. eg)' tjijXv. oKIIHs(fOOfiai. 6.REMARKS ON THE ALPHABET. n. is 71a- When a smooth it aspirate H.. g. which mode of writing is incorrect inasmuch as it repeats the aspirate //. H TH dfxiQfiEgog. pp. The aspirate // is Thus. write xad-' txaaxov. It is fair therefore to suppose that the JIvggog. originally acpltjixL — dtKHsfngoa {dsxa. * Polyhymnia^ from noXvg^ vfxvog.' — We In fact we find nagsdgot (147. It is clear therefore that in . (138). 1637) 5. instead of x«^' sxaaxov. vnaQyvgov (144 139) 'A/^aavdgog (147. Nevertheless. for our "Priylvoig. and the second began with E. eV. we svHodia iQiHsfiinodioa — — TQLrjfjmodiovg. for nagHtdgoiy that gidgco. agga/SdcoTovg. 21). compounded of nagd and edga. Kct& Bnaaxov (76. Hu^i) (xaia. Hayeaavdgoa 311 . in order not to disturb the usual orthography of the second word. may suppose however that the aspirate // was as frequently omitted in the middle of a compound wc/d. enhydrus^ from iwdglg. Thus. we GTOV. In the old language.) E. The aspirate find H was from also used in the middle of a word. '^fuv) ovx ^ipofiUL [ovx. anoggaivovjai. the first ended in a smooth mute. (See below. and that the latter disappears after the change. nvggoa (167). ^funodiov (160) ivodlaf odog (26) Compare the Latin enhi/dris. we find gsyivota . respectively. compounded of iv and vdmg polyhistor. 7. however. «xt/?. sxaaiov sq) i]{jiv {inl. anogguivovxai. t) came in contact with the was changed into its corresponding rough mute disappeared. g. Ilaigto) The same change took place when. — — • Vf^iga. H£(4SQatf sfiSQui. mute {a. s'dga). were sounded like x.

properly speaking.resembling the first half of //. gv&^iog. pp. resembling the second half of // was employed by the Grammarians to denote the smooth breathing [ipd^). as nsvta}" tTi]gida (see above. Vol. The ancient Grammarians placed the rough breathing also over q after a rough mute (&. that i^sX&fj. which. Thus. I. did not use it much thus. The diphthong is is. 11. the Jilolians did not " oi AloXslg ayvoovai Trjv daasTuv. si'nr]. that is '^iJgaxXrjicav (Eckhel. (x«r' dnfg). in the Heraclean Ionic inscription (2919).) . 144. Grsec. compounded of ns'vTs. from 10. which coincided with one of the later forms of E (Inscript. for ///. 153). p. for xtx&ixrtfg {xaTIlajiig)j oi<pixia&ai {allllixsa&ai). dnixso&txi {uno. and sxog for hog. time of Euclides.). pp. 8. who delighted in smooth sounds. ovx V^^toh (^oKIItdejai)- — . The Romans after . ennprjcpiaei. the character |. even in inscriptions innpr^fpiaji.) — Pyrrhus. This character is found in the name f-i^^tfo)?. in — — inscription. "A^'^vrjOL (158. firjvog. n. became a vowel. ri. an Tables. 5). ovx '^dtrai. This being further modified produced the Byzantine rough breathing ('). indicated the rolling sound of g by placing an h it as gaiprndla. 114. was employed to denote the rough breathing. Vol. (93. the character // became a vowel. II. We . in the new Attic alphabet it is always the same as our that is. g. Also. by a series of changes analogous to those of the rough breathing. x) . ixso&ui). After // Also. 148. it stands for long E. Vol. According to the Grammarians. In process of time this character became ^. We observe here that the smooth breathing is not found in any 'idgievg. rhapsodia^ rhythmus^ g after a smooth mute (t. dq)Q6g and the . as agQ^Tog. only the second one was rolled hence the orthography qq. Anecd. When Q was doubled in the middle of a word. This character. A) 9. method. in Tarentine and Heraclean coins. they pronounced xaidnsg . as ]rr]gaHX7]icov. 246 et seq. cp. The character ^. In the course of time. Anecd. Graec. 122. II. xangog. orthography g was introduced by the later Greeks in order to indicate the rolling sound of q at the beginning of a word.312 APPENDIX II. that the lonians. Jlvggog. E. as (Villoison. e^eX&eif uubi. became {"). x) as ^govog. cut after the not unfrequently represented after the old by EL E. required no representative. See also Villoison. — I ' smooth breathing over "'AiQsvg. g." use the rough breathing suppose further.

as we have already stated. 79. anodovai diax^Qt^oaiv. Cratyl. and (Af'ya. and the latter ov. to. the adverb ov. was subjoined to it The epithet ipiXov. It cannot be satisfactorily proved that the early Greeks ever gave it the sound of /i. The diphthong Jl. lovxov ovx. g. 8) clearly that. In the new Attic alphabet. 10.REMARKS ON THE ALPHABET. A. 1565. 23 Athen. A&rjvocloiv. only in the accent. (Plat. o nixQov. GMOivoi. especially in the words ovTog." Nothing about the rough breathing of ov. not. (158. no. diuxEiQi^ovaiv. g. it by the later Greeks in order to from the character denoting the rough breathing {daaelu). large. The diphthong ov however is often represented in the usual way (Of) even in inscriptions cut before the archonship of Euclides. coincided with one of the later forms of i' (see above. — anodovvai (76) — (76) — hxdaiM (160. ^waLvon. The epi. the character represents the vowels o. ngog ov.) aspirate. it represents o or ov. idiojTrjg. In the new Attic alphabet. w. 10. . Cratyl. or the diphthong ov. g. Smum. 23.) 16. that is. * . oniododo^o HexauTO. comparatively later character SI. ovde. The shows • 12. differed from ov. The . by or. 76) anoq)aiv6vT0)v. » 185. ovde. 13. not (Plat. twv noXewv. 4. 328] ' ov o^vT^gov. the former was pronounced " Tov '^'O^ttjQov I'viot diog&ovvTai.) JIT. not « yjdov. in his time. The w true fjLiya. anocpaivovTov. small. sxaaioi kxaaiov. ovx. During the Alexandrian period this diphthong was generally represented by OT. ovx or ox. which. E. %oi dffj. 23 Athen.01 'MxajofinidM. HexaTovntdoi. that is. were introduced in later times. B)(160) — tw (140. is 15. and had reference to the comparative size of these 27 . tou oXwmoit roi da^ioi. the introduction of method. 313 following passage from Aristotle (Elench. oTiioS^odofiov di^fxa) 14. true name of the vowel E is «!. ov. thets fiixQov. 76) — — Uqwv (160 158. smooth^ not distinguish O. for TM ^OXvunio). (99. tovkxiv Iho. IIiSQov toj. In the old Greek alphabet. even in inscriptions cut long after sometimes represented after the old E. where. aT07Tb)g HQrjxoia 'to jusv ov xazanvdexai roiig eXi'/xovrag Mg Xvovoi '/itQ avio tjj TiQoobjSla XsyovTsg to ofi^Qb) [II. 79). names of these two vowels are ov and w. Jl. 11). 837. o long is represented by the E. where. Jbi dduo). (Swfioi.

xctl ^Qcex^vofitvov same ^QaxvvovTig. w are represented by some of the Boeotic inscriptions. in the Boeotic dialect. 99.314 vowels cj.sv. short the Boeotic sound of this diphthong became general. Julius. for nlavxf^^ from nlavxagt Plauchas . Flavia (3695. On the other hand. or B. j(Eschylus . a. — . it was sense of the term. . liyovTsg. JEschrondas . 1) it was pronounced like French ou. Thus aEa^Qovdau (1599). TiQoaTi&ivTfg amol tw T di^QOVM to fiiKQov 0. at. 2944. 1. — We — — U V Ov^Qog or B^gog— Verus (1318 Valerius (192. by ae. oi. E. as Aloxvxu^wdugj comcddus . Ognav^ovlog. doovUa. have already observed that in the time of Dionysius (about It is observed A. inscription (as 1102). cptjoi. Ohrj. b) aiXtxoviog. During the most flourishing period of the language. After the Alexandrian period. firjKvro^tvov ds iJ. OT was not a diphthong in the strictest (j. D. either by OT. Thrasybulus. (Pla^ux — — . both vowels of the diphthong OT were most probably distinctly heard. y. In a. Aiovvaos (1599). w. OT. nXavxas (1647). from JiovvIt is clear therefore that the early Greeks oog. long. SIT 18. ^' voaog. the diphthongs AE. The Romans repsometimes used AE. The Boeotians however sounded or like a simple vowel. Further. as Yovthe Greeks usually represented the Roman Further. Eustathius (ad II. Oovyvdldrjg. O) were not unfrequently made smaller than the rest (see Boeckh. On this subject. Thucydides . vovaog TKXTU Toiig *'l(ovag. (Eta . by or. t^«/w<5oV. in ovlrj. OE. for JiovvaM. 2055.ttxa ttjv "HQUnludov naQadoaiv. further that the Romans represented OT by U. if we suppose that O was called f^ucgov because it was smaller than the other letters. for all the 17.T}xvvovTfg. fzi]}ivvofisvovg to O tJ] TTQoaXrjtpEi roii T. e . resented the Latin . Jl. 191) AT. for Alax9f*)vdag. b) OvalsQiog or BaXsQiog Flavius. for ai. g. then we must admit that Jl was called fisya because it was larger than the rest. as. OT. oe . most probably like oo in moon (long). book (short). the Greeks of the Roman period repliog. to vkt] ovki] xat to vd(a(j ovdojQ'^^ words which imply that. agyovQiov. OE. JIT. which is not a fact. Dionysos. 10) remarks. We it cause they simply imply that the character o is smaller than cannot suppose that was called funQov merely bewas often made smaller than the other letters in the round letters {o. ovniQ avdnaXiv ol Boifaiol noiovGi. 102). in ovdmQ. resented the Greek diphthongs AT. aovv. Thus. APPENDIX II. Xog.

when the Attic dialect (2154. efadsv. it is evidently a modione of the forms of the PhcEnician (or old Hebrew) (See Gesenius's Hebrew Grammar. Cratyl. CH. the old words a para. et seq. §§ 1 3. sv was pronounced like f/9. K. With fication of Vau. afisv- JIHsa. (Plat. 24. Originally T had no name Athen.x) by T. It has already been stated that the prototype of Oriental ). 79). T. we sometimes meet with : p — We X • tax. It is (pigm. trag(Edus. and that it was called Jlyaixfxn merely on account It has also been remarked that T is its corresof its form. in of the Phcenicians. nil. ode or oda is represented also by rhapsodia. before a vowel was repre22. 20. The next step was to represent these rough sounds by the combinations TH. 2181. and in one of the Cretan inscriptions (Boeckh. d[j.REMARKS ON THE ALPHABET. ygoIlHovj the Greek ^. the form of the digamma is C. w(5»j. n. 10. * EV O. as F. thus. it was in certain words substituted in its place. xoT. nEPO. 315 The . . 0. 3050). i^y (p. observe here that in ponding vowel. TH.) the Heraclean tables. instead of the absurd combinations ai. (Compare s ipdov-) . 23. p. the epithet ipdov. diphthong SIT ^aipcadla. x^^Q- ^^ this however there is no positive proof. This shows that. 5". After the diswritten r.) was dying. which is sometimes mistaken for the abbreviation g for at thus. This is not a mere hypothesis. When it was used as a vowel. 542 Boeckh . The Latin combination sented either by tv or b/S as Severus. PH. which has This often been mistaken for one of the later forms of character is the prototype of the numeral $-. insvxofisvog. xs". KH. snsvKIIofievoa. is the 19. imitation for dtog.) . xa pp«|at? were in later times written avuTU. 23 appearance of its prototype p.Ff4(peg. or like the Roman ev. (Rem. for (See also Priscian. 2'£vi]Qog or ^'sjSrJQog. called and it was simply 21. x- J"^o(pwv. evadev. was appended to it by the later Greeks. X. not absurd to suppose that the early Greeks. for our Compare the Latin ^ExcpdvTM. respect to the character T. KEP. represented the rough mutes Thus they wrote TE02:. O . /?. b. for in a very ancient inscription we find sxIlHavioi. xavd^aig. <jp. smooth.

26. Villoison. the expression of Dionysius. The prototype of e is evidently the Oriental tOIt is not absurd to suppose that the Phoenician sound of this letter was something like tic. as "A^r'ival^t for 'A&r. At first it was considered a superfluous letter. We cannot suppose that it was ever pronounced like /jy:. in the strictest sense of the term.fUadsTcct. " ^av~ xjj Tw GTOfiaii daavvstixi. are modifications of //and K. With respect to the names ^<]t« and ^T. for fieXl^sWe observe here. to Athens.TSii^lf* APPENDIX II. and the latter by ^l and x {nal. xol). it represented The . and that the Greeks for a long lime considered it a superfluous letter. p. The prototype of s.is the Oriental '^. however. from adta they formed aacoy fjaa. — — . because they could not distinguish it from T. on the 3d Inscript. for ^I'cpog. cpl. these 25. 5. xiv. pp. ^f. Gram 1. • . The Dorians generally employed the combination 2zJ for Z' as. S. There is reason. because the Greeks always avoided this combination thus. ^ and ^rjxa would have been more correct. 613.316 . because the combination T^ was always avoided by the Greeks. the ^Eolians used xa for | as. xasvog for ^ivog (Gregor. In process of time it became the representative of XJS*. axicpi^si. from 'A&ijrocij -tjvag. § 14 Sext. <P. de Compos. p. x'h the former was suggested by nl. many In character ^t represented the combination (/jJS'. in Hesychius. vol. however. flourishing . Inscript. the former is evidently a modification of Tatxdi]. for supposing that in most of the less cultivated dialects it was equivalent to K2:.vaodE. 27. Z. and the latter of ^aiv which shows that the early Greeks confounded the names of these two letters . never u'Cm. Thus.) After the Alexandrian period it was probably pronounced like English z. Corinth. oxicpUxg. Anecd. II. ifQa. we find diK2ai for 8tlak from de'xofxai (Boeckh. During the most period of the language it was most probably pronounced like ^z/. — 28. ^iq)cag." implies that in his time it was not a double consonant. 661) further. 3). that adverbs in -«^£ are formed by T«t. Compare uxicpog.) After the introduction of 0. (See Dionys. (j. Inscript. ^lopl^ei. At any rate. combinations were dispensed with. (See Rose's Grgec. Z Empir. X. 121. 30. of the less cultivated dialects.) As to the names of these letters. 29. corresponds to the Oriental Zain. annexing -ds to the accusative plural of the primitive. advers. Hal.

/?. ^' as. Ina. h. Qai/j(hdla. The a. it was suggested • Thus. and the ^oargvxog See also Boeckh. The Greeks pronounced it like aZ/^ua. itprjcpiaiO' Hence the following rules. 403). § 14. In most of the less cultivated dialects. p. Vol. like x^. The original form of a///ua (corresponding to the Ori- ental Samech) was Lj . pronounced ^l. a palatal into. ^'. x. for xp (Gregor. In the Attic dialect. y/t. the JEolians used na ^'Agrxip. Putsch. . pp. dialect. for ngo^svog. 9. r?>^. 613. Gram. g. 31. ^'Agana. C. 5 Villoison. aspirates (y.) With respect to the name of this letter. Graec.) Compare such Latinized words as apsis^ rhapsodia. advers. the same as the old Hebrew Shin. g. p. most probably because they disliked This figure the sound SH^ peculiar to its prototype ^Am. The original form of ^aV (corresponding to the Oriental Shin) was 2.^. ^2. Anecdot. modified became S. the prototype of ilXiy^ivog of Euripides (fragm. for TIsloip. TZ-S". respectively. 317 as. 1. Compare ^.REMARKS ON THE ALPHABET. script 8 . . niXonc. 616 Villoison. Sext. 2. ygvnog (139) aviygacp-aav — from (160) fboK-asv. I In process of time. of course. underwent no change before (3) before a E. the latter rule became general that is. we invariably find X2. Latin S. JOKSl (76) — from (145) nagadfx-aaa&ov — naQixde^da&mv. Further. and a labial into n. de Compos. Thes). or TTt. 417. (Dionys. for a. in Attic inscriptions cut before the archonship of Euclides (B. sdo^v. — by (pi. Hal. 33. — Rule changed I. Anecd. gen. avaygucpoi Rule II. 10 . II. 121. and were by the later Greeks sounded like xa and na respectively. ^. Corinth. the same as the s. y) before a was was changed into (p. &c. seen in — This scriptions (as the Elean). sdox-asv XovviXsx-aoifisv doxsa. Vol. a palatal before a was changed into x. — . E(paeq>iaTO. cp A and labial (n. ^vveXe'^afjEVf ^vXXiyoj YQVCp-a ygvip uviygayjuv. II. It is figure slightly many of the most ancient inCompare the Samaritan Samech. 32. TiQoxoevoa. Empir. . during the most flourishing period of S. from naqadixo^ai (76) — yQvn-g. p. from ««/. their The Athenians. iji . — from ^vveXsy-aafiev. 121 Diomed.

g. QTixg. Sa^nH. 166. and looks as much like its prototype as g does like F. 170).318 " APPENDIX II. the sound of the Oriental Shin is represented by . it is a modification of ^dv (j^). and called ^afinl. With respect to the later numeral character '^ found only in manuscripts. and also in the earliest manuscripts. the Alexandrian Grammarians) merely because it had the appearance of an abbreviation for C (one of the later forms of ^) and 77 that . ^^VQattoolav. The supposition. The letter Konna (corresponding like to the Oriental p ) was by the Greeks pronounced Kanna. 35. in our Greek alphabet. seen in some of the later inscriptions. and consequently never stood next to nil. a. Septuagint. Its name. (Boeckh. and that the characters ^. the epithet of Bav. that in the ^. that ^afinl means " the character cal system which stood next to nl. In the numeri2:dv * it stands next to Ji stands between p and T. By the 37. Xv 9 odoQxaa. for shin. p. new Attic alphabet. The Latin is the same as the Greet Konna. — JlvyoSogxag. from which confusion of names one might infer that the early lonians used only // aly^a. 81).^ff* thus. if you please. that it is usually followed by the vowel o. Its modified became C. 10. Hal. Eckhel. g. E. It was chiefly used by the Greeks of Italy and Sicily. is compounded of ^«V and 771. were originally two clear therefore that a and and that the early Greeks confounded the ^ It is also well known that the alyiiu latter with the former. Athen. Vol. and the early Dorians only It is hardly necessary to remark here. 139. al/fioc. It is observed further. form is C (a modification of c)j seen in some of the latest In the inscriptions. 2av. because '^ was never used as a letter of the alphabet. of the lonians and other tribes was called 2:dv by the Dorians (Herod. avga cp oaiov I. Dionys. that the character 7>^ was so called by the later Greeks (or. It is different letters. § 14. probably be- cause their vocal organs were not well adapted to Oriental sounds. for rhesh. • is. it 36. al/fia occupies the place of ^aV. as to its prototype 2'aV. The combina- Q C . and is as The fanciful as the compound ^jiya^fia. de Comp. C resting upon 77." is not satisfactory. latest — 34. /aev. are each called — . 1. most reasonable hypothesis is. ancient Italians it was sounded like (K).

23.) The later Greeks as Kolviog. 112. which thus branded were respectively called xonnarlai. for Quintus. 30.) for 90. Nub. San-branded. Konna stands and 2a[nu for 900.REMARKS ON THE ALPHABET. . (See Greek Grammars. — The characters 9 and 2 were used also as brands (yavfiUTa) on horses. cpigta). and accfifpoQai (a«V.) 38. (Priscian. and has the power of a single consonant. 438. represented the Latin qu by xo (2870. 11. p. In the later numerical system.) 39. Athen. 543. (Arist. tion 319 QU is equivalent to Oriental p ' (kw). 298 . Koppa-branded.

from AITHMT. jSTTagdxovta. by dropping y and lengthening — '. 269. formed from alQscD by changing t into y. pass. Vol. (Boeckh's Inscriptions. Ionic for'AgTa^ig^ijg. the theme of gtjyrvfii. xa). Verbal adjective u/(jsiog. and changing w into io). and vnvog {llvnvoa) We cannot suppose that it was daQddnxbj from ddntto. (456. nQoaygri^fiirm (3524). As to ^«/w.) For the insertion of a alter $ compare Latin maxsumo^ for maxumo. -aa£(o. for dnsaTaXxa^sv. formed from APJl. after the analogy of di^tjfisvog from dl^T]fiai. pass. nsuagdxovTa.) nsTTugsg. (2691.) aygm. it is formed from 'PArsi. iEolic the a/Qs&EVTsg (2166). from i^sgyd^ofiai. in the BcEOtic inscriptions (1569). The latter form may possibly be pres. (2919. because there is no affinity between t and y. for i^sigydaotto. . jhtagsg. a-. the penult. 'AQiaaiaai^g. mus.) Compare tuTtixa from XaxrjixL {srAii). noi<a. Compare uyQvnvog. pass. from maxu* (Montfaucon's Antiquity. with the rough breathing. from axQodo(j.) aqpsjTwAxa/ifv. for part. ' compounds It is aviaygsTogf nalLvdygsTog. from «xovw (AKOII). implying eaTockxnfisv. see noiita in the Compare niavgsg. p. later. Catalogue. by inserting y after a. part. REMARKS ON PARTICULAR WORDS. (2852. for the common nQorjQTjfiivov the doubling of ^ is an ^olic peculiarity. i^aL&ganevo) or e^afXTgansvo). occurring in the for ouqeoh. -ov.ai.) ilrigydaaxo. for the common auTganevMy to be a satrap. common algs&evreg * perf.APPENDIX III. aor. a. 2919. II. the theme of algica. for (xG.

I. In the place. A.. The Syntax. * * * other. ISOitlatn 0trea. On the whole. is equally happy. fjartforir. 12mo. Has recently published the following works. too. which are its marked characteristics. anomalies are excellent . and of a clear and logical mind.''^ pp. are as good as any I have ever seen. I believe. fulfils the demands which are made by the present state of this science.— SOPHOCLES' AND FELTON'S SEEIES OF GREEK TEXT BOOKS H. in respect to length. and the author's translations of the examples under the rules. Mr. of ^^ By E. aorists and second appear in a Grammar. Professor of Greek in Yale College. a. introductory to tlie STUDY OF THE GREEK LANGUAGE. In the second part. The lact of his being a native Greek. and it is gradually passing into general use in our schools and academies. HUNTINGTON. Sophocles' Greek Grammar have come to be well understood. WooLSEY. author Greek Lessons. for the first time. 284. D. to each spirit of and there first a decided unity pervading the work. happy manner in which by which so many seeming anomalies are explained. from long and laborious mend 1 . The parts seem is I well suited. m. The merits of Mr. Seventh edition. I know of no elementary Grammar and those of second which T. A GREEK GRAMMAR FOR THE USE OF LEARNERS. more completely than that of Mr. The clearness and condensation. was struck with the the laws of euphony are laid down. Sophocles is well known as a gentleman of extraordinary attainments in Greek literature. Sophocles. Sophocles. added to his familiar acquaintance. will strongly recomit to instructers. the tables of perfects.

To such a man. . the Greek is far from being a dead language. We have no hesitation in saying. for the sake of classical learning in the country. Second notice by Nortli American Review^ Juhj^ 1840. Mr. a work of great original research. eminently fraught with and generally arranged with skill." and with a confidence and clear- ness that no other can. at the same time. provements upon that stances of filling Grammar was noticed in a former The second edition contains many imadditions . some important some in- out the forms more completely than before. simple and philosophical that — . The Syntajr is at once and the whole work is constructed on happy medium which makes it an invaluable book of reference for the advanced scholar. this Grammar is unsurpassed by any in the English language and we hope. for thoroughness and completeness. for lucid order and terseness of expression. an advantage that be more highly appreciated. W. In his mind. S. 2 SOPHOCLEs' AND FELTON's study. I shall not fail to commend it to the use of my pupils and I do not hesitate to recommend it for general use. that escapes the notice will studied in connection with of the learned Hellenists of other nations. and. And when he com- poses a does it grammar of the ancient language of his country. full enumeration of exceptions. its words excite the living images of country and of home. The first edition of this number of this Journal. not from books alone but he writes with the conscious- ness of "inward Hellenism. I am particularly pleased with the copiousness and pertinence of its examples^ and its very It is learning. The rules of the Syntax are worded with admirable precision and the examples to illustrate them are taken from the best authors. Many a delicacy of expression. that. the feelings native to his heart. Tyler.— . isfactory to far more sat- me than the usual way. the sentiments belonging to his nationality. the more the modern Greek is its ancient mother. . that it will come into extensive use. many a refinement of construction. Sophocles' manner of preis senting the second aorist and the second future. must be perceptible to him. with the ancient classics. he . . gives him a great advantage over the authors of most of our grammars. . a simple and easy introduction for the beginner. Professor of Greek in Amherst College.

has appeared from the University Press at Cambridge. the fact its Grammar first of classical teachers. and in many of our best classical schools. I am well pleased. The editor has generally referred. Mass. and it has been adopted as a text book at Yale and Harvard. and of the second perfect and second aorist. Sophocles' Greek Grammar. place that . Asa Drury. I have no hesitation in recommending it to general use.. Sophocles has that accurate knowledge of all the niceties of the Greek language. though brief. lence of the arrangement. The clearness and precision of the rules. It appears to be a work of great care and research. — S. With the laws of euphony. Philadelphia North American. simple. the grammar prepared by Mr. and the tables of anomalies. and the felicitous selection of ples. Its value has become widely known. to the Greek Grammar of Mr. valuable. in his notes. We have already called the attention of teachers and students to the work. Extract from Professor Felton's preface to the Greek Reader. the excelexamwork at the head of the numerous elementary Grammars of the Greek language. Sophocles. and if he has not reached entirely the point at which he aimed. I have no hesitation to the notice its in recommending Sophocles' Greek Indeed. because he is satisfied that it is the Grammar best adapted to the wants of American classical schools. with some attention. President of Washington College. the preference is justly to be awarded to him.— — — GREEK TEXT BOOKS. and well arranged. which can hardly be expected of any other than a native Greek and without disparagement to the valuable labors of other able scholars in this department. Mr. — Grammar. S I have examined. that are at present used in the United States. The Syntax is full. The author has spared no pains to make the work perfect. I consider the chapter on versification. of its having reached publication. he has succeeded in supplying us with a work better adapted to the wants of the community than any of its predecessors. A second edition of this in a beautiful style of typography. ^ 1» •* . Sophocles. ToTTEN. D. is third edition in so short a time from its a proof that D. merits are already apprecia- ted. Professor of Greek in Waterville College.

April. pp. 422. Stereotyped. except to change the arrangement so far as to bring the extract from Herodotus directly before that from Homer . Sophocles. A GREEK READER FOR THE USE OF SCHOOLS containing selections in Prose and Po: etry. C. by C. followed by brief notes. from the hands of one of the most distinguished in the United States. Sophocles.. 2d edition.. and nothing has been added except a selection of one page from the Greek epigrams. Felton. For the use of beginners. and the deficiencies of the Lexicon have been carefully supplied. offered to the public two of the very best elementary books on the Greek 'i . so known. a. Grammar. A. No al- teration has been made. 1843. m. within a year or two. is grammatical forms. The publisher had already. by the same author. IIG.4 II. 12mo. This work is designed by the author to take tlie place of the First Lessons in Greek. This It is a useful work for beginners in the Greek Grammar. ticularly to the The text of the second edition of the Greek Reader has been revised. Sophocles' and felton's GREEK LESSONS. m. with English notes and a Lexicon : adapted par- Greek Grammar of E. adapted to the author's Greek By E. has just issued from the press. author of a " Greek Grammar^^ ** Greek Exercises.. m. Greek scholars This work. A. contains a series of well selected sentences to illustrate the of the words used. terseness and skill. The far as notes have been corrected and enlarged. a. and the book — North American Review. Eliot Professor of Greek Literature in Harvard University. and a vocabulary The arrangement is judicious. A. and broken into shorter paragraphs. M. pp. both with regard to the words and definitions. with a KeyJ^ \Smo. marked by the author's usual precision.

oratory. he has rendered the cause of Greek learning another very essential service. with its peculiar character. A. Herodotus and Thucydides will afford him a refreshing draught at the very fountain of the odes of Anacreon will amuse him by historical knowledge while the extracts from Euripides their light and playful fancy and Aristophanes will serve to give him a taste of the Grecian drama. by their satire and humor the selections from Xenophon will engage his attention by the simplicity and elegance of their style. written in good plain English. It is such a work as might have been expected from a gentleman of the taste and scholarship which distinguish Professor Felton containing some of the choicest The selections from the choicest portions of Greek literature. by E. Sophocles. Not only so. either in this or in anyother country. and Anacreon. On the whole. and poetry in its different forms of the ode. . and Xenophon.GREEK TEXT BOOKS. O language which have ever appeared. together with the Lexicon. nor. We allude to the Greek Grammar. the epic. much glimpse of any one in particular. dialogue. history. and instead of being written in the Latin tongue. The extracts from the different authors are neither so long. on the one hand. weary the learner with too on the other. Professor Felton has not hashed up ^sop. . adapted to an admirable Greek Grammar. fables of ^sop will interest the young learner by their pointed wit the dialogues of Lucian. as such notes used to be. The notes to each author are prefaced with a brief account of his life. and awaken a desire for a more perfect acquaintance . an admirable introduction to the study of the Greek writers. and First Lessons in Greek. . In publishing the present work. as to thing. and in Jhe 1* . same by hurwithout giving him more than a of the to fail of interesting. . they are. and presented them to the student in the form of mince meat but he has given enough of each author to initiate the learner into his peculiar manner and style. and Herodotus. and the drama. by good judges. and Lucian. so short as rying from author to author. the work cannot fail of being pronounced. but he presents him with something from each of the different departments of Greek literature — fable. so much of it as it becomes the student to be acquainted with before commencing the study of his works.

nor do we at all think the With regard to his next author^ . and al- though of rather a small singularly distinct. Lucian. the models of all later eras. in our esti- mation. we are delighted. These three selections give a very complete specimen of all the vari- . nor ever has been. With Professor Felton's extracts from Xenophon. although from those in general use. being the masterpieces of that age. notwithstanding his popuyoung. clear. with all also. . in its plan. and ending with the characters of the five Greek commanders taken off by the base treachery of Tissaphernes. blends fiction. the spirited and graphic second^ the authenticity of the gravest history. yet he we cannot go larity with the is quite so far .^Esop are the best and most elegant of his beautiful collection editor has inserted too many. The work which lies before us. the portraits of Clearchus. modes of human speech — the Ancient these remarks. to the formation of the infinitely diversified Greek." and how he conquered the oppressive thirty.6 SOPHOCLEs' AND FELTOn's it cannot fail to contribute admirable scholars in that most perfect of all hands of apt teachers and learners. and varying somewhat. not a favorite of ours. the very best of the whole. has been culled out. by Professor Felton. instead of the usually extracted puerilities about the wondrously loquacious childhood of the Persian prince. and The fables selected from . We legible. and the general accuracy of his style. of Menon. which. we have the Thrasybulus when he sat " sublime on Phyle's brow. the least able and least interesting of all his works and he has done well in giving place to the beautiful episode of Abradates and Panthea. is slightly. and the death of Cyrus. as specimens of historical portrait painting. that purest and most entertaining of all ancient writers. He has done well in not limiting his selections to the Cyropsedia. From the Anabasis. — Congregationalist. will excellent. entirely different. and which has called Ibrth is a new selection of extracts from the most cele- brated Greek writers. all the interest of the wildest ate situation of the commencing with the desper- Greeks after the battle of Cynaxa. from any heretofore known on this side the Atlantic. premise that the Greek type face. as regards the passages selected. stirring tale of From the Hellenics.

highly character- . which are too difficult for any youthful readers and we greatly applaud his admission of a specimen of Greek oratory to this goodly array of sages and historians. nor slum- bered on the twain-topped Parnassus. complete the prose selections. so singularly set aside by all compilers of Greek ReadThen we have some sweet odes of Anacreon and Sapers ? pho's Venus then that most lovely lyric of all ages. 7 ous powers and various beauties of this accomplished general and statesman. the Plague and the Speech of Pericles. or any other Greek reader we have seen. untranslatable. another from the Orestes of the same author. — the Hecuba of Euripides. A portion of the Sicilian expedition has been chosen. however. bathed his soul in the rich streams that have flowed thence. we agree generally with Mr. . that Professor Felton has differed the most widely from former selectors. of a spirit thoroughly imbued with the spirit of old classic poetry — who. and a part of the superb funeral oration of Lysias. though hundreds have tried their hands at it and then the magnificent war-song of Callistratus.GREEK TEXT BOOKS. In the omission of Plutarch. but a man of taste and fancy. which we have no hesitation in pronouncing. and that we think with judgment. we are quite with him. and done himself most honor in the difference. one exception of that in the Iphigenia ai which we wish he could have found room to insert." has. In his preference of the Anabasis and Hellenica to the mere Cyropeedia. and philosopher. if he has neither " steeped his lips in the fountain of the horse. from Thucydides. it is true. a decliner of nouns and conjuga- tor of verbs. Felton. the untranslated." After these. and keen appreciations of all beauty caught from the godlike contact. and risen from his bath full of high tastes and glorious sentiments. as vastly superior to the collection in Jacob's. in his poetical selections. in our estimation. but why from the Odyssey. we have a long extract from . the Dana? and Perseus of Simonides. at least. It is. and author. . He commences with a selection from the Odyssey Ulysses and Polyphemus— a beautiful one. " In a myrtle branch my sword will I bear. A single long extract from Herodotus. with the Aulis. He has here shown that he is not a mere book-worm. Professor Felton? Why not from the great glowing Ilhad. the noblest. We prefer his passage of Thucydides to those in common use. of all his lyrics.

which one of the best and completest school books we have ever seen. GREEK EXERCISES AND KEY. This is Felton's Greek Reader.^^- — — 8 istic Sophocles' and felton's of the poet. r2mo. only counselling them to take advice with Prof Felton himself. re-print it at all. *' to Sophocles' Greek Grammar. We recommend it to the consideration of our own school authorities. Sophocles. and re-print it honestly. preamble by a brief each extract. The life. to Thu- cydides and Aristophanes. Mere . A. lish with an Eng- and Greek Vocabulary. and concludes with a Lexicon of all the words. notes which follow are chiefly distinguished to A portion of the Plutus of Aristophanes follows. from ^sop and Anacreon. so that the student may use it with no other book but his grammar. being at the same time more condensed in form. as the same is class with the rest. if they London Examiner. master's hand. but with a . *' Greek Grammar^' and Stereotyped. Neic York Quarterly Review. it is illustrated by notes and historical explanations. Like the editions we have just de- scribed. giving a slight notice of the writer's character. the characteristic beauties or peculiarities of his composition and manner. IV. but full of feeling and poetry. and style and discussing shortly. containing in one short volume a course of reading. Several of these preambles possess a very high degree of excellence in a literary point of view. list of this not One little volume which finds its way into the article. author of By E. It resembles the collection of Professor Dalzell. in prose and verse. and of considerable intrinsic value. and evince clearly how much the mind of the editor was with his subject. fixed in the Grammatical rules can be perfectly understood and memory only by means of such exercises. adapted pp. are themselves not only very instructive. A.^'' Second edition. is to Greek Lessons. 195. The design of the present work furnish the learner with a series of exercises adapted to the rules of the Author's Greek Grammar. M. may perhaps be specially singled fall into at the it head does out.

In order to become well acquainted with the structure of a language. so as to make a more complete introducReader in other respects. to the notice of instructors. I hope Mr. Sophocles.) is the best of the set. This work affords the learner important facilities in his first attempts to write the Greek. the pupil is left to select the words. in at least . as well as to inflect and arrange them properly. S. it is certainly an im- mense improvement on preceding works. Mr. to the from other books of Latin and Greek Exone important respect. H. Extracts from Letters written to the Publisher by Professors Sturges and Butler. all however. — In another column will be found an advertisement of the excellent school-books introductory to the study of the Greek language by Messrs. A Vocabulary like this. A and lighten their labor. viz. and a vocabulary. Hanover Indiana. 9 translation will never form acconiplished scholars in any language. these works we have already spoken. in which he can readily find the words to be employed. Huntington. which will doubtless serve greatly to facilitate part of the edition. will fulfil his design of enlarging his First Lessons. Dear Sir: Subsequent and more thorough examination of Felton and Sophocles' series of Greek books has only confirmed my opinion of their very great merit. It presents him with a series of exercises grammatically arranged. has no superior in our country. that after a sufficient series of exercises in which the words are given. at least by adding — tion to the more reading matter. and as it has been prepared by a scholar who. as it supplies a want which has long been felt. Hanover College. The rules . (which has lately fallen into my and hands. which has just been issued from This appears to us to form a very valuable addition the press. in English and Greek. volume will be highly valued. we must practice writing it.— GREEK TEXT BOOKS. Sophocles and Felton. I am . To furnish the means of doing this. an English-Greek vocabulary is subjoined to the exercises and this part of the list. We commend Greek Exercises" Philadelphia North American. contains a Key for the use of instructors. — Connecticut Coiirant' New School Of Book. work. excepting the " Greek Exercises" by Mr. August 9th. we do not recollect to have seen annexed to any similar we observe. in fitness ibr such a the " task. not sure but the Exercises. it seems excellent. It differs ercises..

as those have done in Latin. CRUSIUS. IN PRESS. In short. Huntington series of : Prof. STURGES. 8vo. as consider these books as forming the have ever seen. OF THE POEMS OF HOMER AND THE HOMERID^. I may be made in the " First Lessons" and the Lexicon is defective. Prof of Languages Hanover College. I I do this with the greatest pleasure. And will be published about the Ist of October. Louisville College. Andrews. Kentucky. political and military condition of the Heroic age. From the German of G. (no mean praise) and will certainly mark an era in Greek study in this country. Prof. . TRANSLATED AND REVISED BY HENRY SMITH. in which is its utility works must be ranked with the Latin series of Prof. Mr. acknowledged by all. these M. best introduction think improvements NOBLE BUTLER. Composed with constant reference to the illustration of the domestic. The best evidence of my good opinion is. in one volume. A COMPLETE GREEK AND ENGLISH LEXICON. Yonrs truly. religious. and containing an explanation of the dillicult passages. Louisville.. CH. that I intend to introduce them among my students. to that noble language. Certainly no reason can be assigned why composilion should not be tried in the Greek language as well as in the Latin.10 Sophocles' and felton's in the first part are far superior to examples any to be met with elsewhere. July 10th. Indiana. and the admirable praxis in Greek composition and vocabulary are novelties in a work of this kind. Sturges has requested me to give my opinion of the I Greek books which you have published. Professor of Greek in Marietta College. and of all mythological and geographical proper names. of Languages.

selecting such words. entering into the interpretation would test the manner in . that it and desirable to bring this Lexicon before the bookseller ging sales I who should undertake it. certainly has some good claim to be treated as a separate dialect. I think. he has made a good school Lexicon. because there mentary with which the student can provide himself. the student may supersede the use of commentaries. The the Lexicon of Crusius following extracts from Letters to Prof. So far as I am able to judge. in many of our Colleges and American public. and think it fortunate that this task is undertaken by one who seems to have so good a knowledge of German. the Homeric Lexicon of Crusius. I exambefore it should be put to the press. ined Crusius. Prof. draw sure and information about the words in and the Epic style being as distinct from that of Attic prose. Prop. and this to have the power of putting the German into appropriate English. have examined your translation of the preface and of parts of the Lexicon in the letters A and E. fitted for practical purposes on the one hand. With this Lexicon and the simple text. for examination. Felton of Harvard. which Homer we now study in this College. and Mr. as the style of Chaucer from that of our time. Dear Sir :— You did me yesterday the favor to leave with me. as. Dear Sir. 1841. — of all the difficult places In the tlomeric poems.<^JREEK TEXT BOOKS. possessing that brevity which a school Lexicon needs. If any should Lexicon for a particular author. express the hope that you will go forward and print object to a is work. New Haven. m ^ . or even of Attic poetry. I In conclusion. not omitting when the best scholany explanation will be useful which is at all tenable. I no com- am. In the Odyssey. and your translation of the same. they should recollect that there no accessible Lexicon from which our full young students can . WOOLSEY. and that the would probably meet with encourahigher schools. owing to their importance or their which he has executed his task. therefore. which you stated to be only the first copy and to need revision As far as time allowed me. Henry Smith. difficulty. 11 . # . truly Yours. and on the other. Sophocles. Smith show the estimation in which is held by Prof. April 7th. is such a Lexicon would be particularly valuable. and ars differ in their explanations of a passage. THEODORE D. VVoolsey of Yale College.

. I have compared as many articles as the time permitted. A. Has a general assortment of the most approved editions of Classical and School Books. and which continue to form the tastes and warm the imaginations of the young in the present age as they did in Athens twenty -five centuries ago. r . wiih as much attention as the short time I have had it in my hands allowed. in the study of these great poems which have exercised so wonderful an influence upon the minds and hearts of men. Hartford. Your translation of the Homeric Lexicon.12 GREEK TEXT BOOKS. with the original. Smith. that in my opinion you have been singularly successful in translating the German into felicitous English. Crusius is distinguished for his philoand particularly for his profound knowledge of the poetry. H. Cambridge. FELTON. Felton's opinion of the merits of the Homeric Lexicon of Crusius. 180 Main Street. E. April 10th. SOPHOCLES. will be States. Dear Sir: — I have examined your manuscript translation of the Ho- meric Lexicon by Crusius. abundantly manifests. I am confident. as his elaborate edition of the Odyssey. hope your work will be published in such a form as its high character There is no doubt in my mind that ii will at once take its place among the most useful and distinguished classical works that have With great respect. I C. published in Homeric 1837-39. Mr. and of the importance of the publication of Prof. and I do not hesitate to say. I fully agree with Prof. appeared in the United States. both to teachers and pupils. HUNTINGTON. 1841. with the German language. a It most acceptable woi'k to the classical scholars of the United will render very important aid. Smith's translation to the American student of Homer. No. Yours. deserves. C. The original work was an who were invaluable contribution to the resources of classical students acquainted logical attainments. Prop. thanks of the literary public for having accomplished so well a most difficult and laborious as well as impor- You will certainly be entitled to the tant undertaking.

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  Evangelinus Apostolides Sophocles Tsangarada. Harvard College. Holworthy Hall. Massachusetts  . Thessaly. on the slope of Mount Pelion. 1804 – 17 December 1883. Cambridge.

    MARTIN KELLOGG Vernon. 15 March 1828 – 26 August 1903. Waldeck Sanitarium. California . San Francisco. Connecticut.

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