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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

February, 2011

Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Envirtech S.p.A.
Dr. Furio RUGGIERO President

www.envirtech.com

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Envirtech: in brief

Established in 1999, European Private Company (Italy) Oceanography, Environment, Marine surveillance, Maritime Security ISO9001:2000 Certified NATO Clearance Prototypes Laboratory: ITALY – Venice Factory: ITALY - VIDOR (TV)

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Core Business

Core Business
• • • • • • • Oceanographic Systems, surface and deep water Oceanographic and meteo sensors Low power consumption data loggers (IP based) Underwater acoustic systems SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) on very large or geographic base Early warning systems CDMA/UMTS/GPRS/GSM and others public network based systems in addition to VHF/UHF/LEO/VSAT systems Official Inmarsat solution provider, skilled on Inmarsat-C, D+ and BGan (satellite IP based solutions)

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Envirtech knowledge in the Subsea segment System engineering for deep-sea application (Feasibility, Design, Construction) Marinisation of “off the shelf” or custom devices: sensors, electronics. Development of custom data acquisition and communication software IN ORDER TO Cover all technical requirements of an underwater environment

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Moored and drifting Buoys – AUGUST 2010

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

NOAA/NWS - March 2008 – 39 station array DART II TECHNOLOGY

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

TSUNAMETER IMPROVEMENT DART II TECHNOLOGY

(source NOAA)

• • • •

PMEL-recommended modified electronics to reduce false alarms and spiking due to acoustic feedback Mooring analysis to reduce mooring failures Easy To Deploy (ETD) Participating in the validation of proposed GTS/BUFR format for real-time messages as requested by Australian

Bureau of Meteorology (this is an international format used by Envirtech Buoys too)

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

TSUNAMETER TOPICS DART II TECHNOLOGY

Issues to address

• Occasional Date Sticking in Standard Mode • False Events • Abnormal Paroscientific Drift • 14 over 39 (35 %) Buoys off-mooring. 3 of them with mooring line cut • Unknown adrift cause for most of them • About USD 375,000 to replace each buoy

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

TSUNAMETER ISSUES - DART II TECHNOLOGY
2006-2008 Tsunameter Mooring Failures Station Date Failed Hull Depth (meters) Age (days) Cause

46405 42408 21417 44402 41424 44402 46419 42408 41420 21417 41420 21415 46410 42408

01/31/06 04/01/07 08/31/07 11/25/07 12/10/07 01/11/08 01/11/08 01/23/08 03/20/08 08/22/08 08/22/08 09/28/08 12/04/08 12/11/08

2.6D04 2.6D33 2.6D38 2.6D07 2.6D15 2.6D53 2.6D14 2.6D31 2.6D13 2.6D38 2.6D10 2.6D37 2.6D17 2.6D22

3500 3258 5516 4334 5256 2435 2775 3258 5659 5510 5659 4744 3773 3350

563 351 39 89 622 2 537 247 718 114 59 429 861 115

Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Wear Lost Unknown Cut Unknown Cut Unknown Unknown Lost Cut

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Envirtech Solutions for Tsunami assessment and early warning

Envirtech Tsunami Warning Solutions
UM Underwater Module SB Surface Buoy DC Data Center

Poseidon Class Tsunameter

Envirtech MKIII Tsunami buoy

Tsunami Waves Assess. Dispatching, warning, Public broadcast, horns

Vulcan Class Tsunameter

Envirtech Deep Sea MKII-1 – GPS BUOY

MODELS
Waves ETA, Height Inundation

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

UNDERWATER MODULE

UM Underwater Module VULCAN CLASS

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

MeTAS – Envirtech Vulcan Class Benthic Station

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

MeTAS – Envirtech Vulcan Class Benthic Station

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

MeTAS – Envirtech Vulcan Class Benthic Station

Hydrophone (0Hz - 20kHz) (-92 dB ref 1V/ubar)

Seismometer Housing

2 x Pressure sensors (7000 m full scale) (1mm accuracy)

Titanium Vessels (6000 mwd)

Altimeter (0.3 - 50m)
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Envirtech: leading last projects

WHEN TO USE A VULCAN CLASS Underwater Module
1. It is a customizable sea bottom remotely operable laboratory 2. Real time seismic data + hydrophones + pressure 3. Tsunamigenic source near the sensors

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

UNDERWATER MODULE

UM Underwater Module POSEIDON CLASS

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Poseidon Class Underwater Module up to 6000 meters seabed NIOT INDIA – SOA CHINA – NDWC THAILAND

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Poseidon Class Underwater Module up to 6000 meters seabed

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Battery / Electronic Housings

Pressure Tested at 600 bar

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

UM – Poseidon Class Tsunameter – Schematic

Data I/O P Pressure Sensor + Temperature Acoustic Transducer COUNTER TILT SENSOR

CPU TSUNAMI ALGORITHM (Mofjeld) DATA LOGGER

MODEM

Lithium Power Pack

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

UM – Poseidon Class Tsunameter – SOFTWARE UM – Poseidon Class Tsunameter – SOFTWARE

The software functionalities provided by the UM are as follows: • 3 operations state: Maintenance Mode, Normal Mode, Alarm Mode; • In Normal Mode the software acquires, logs and processes every 15 seconds pressure data to detect events over the normal tide signal; • Automatic switch in Alarm Mode in case of detection of an event and automatic sending of pressure data via acoustic link; • Return to Normal Mode after 3 hours

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

UM – Poseidon Class Tsunameter – SOFTWARE UM – Poseidon Class Tsunameter – SOFTWARE

• Hourly acquisition and logging of UM Status Message composed of
– – – – – – 4 averages on 15 mins of the tide data; Seawater temperature; Status sensors of Electronic housing; Status sensors of Battery housing; Heading and Tilt sensors data. Sending in Normal Mode every 1 hour, 2 hours, 3 hours, 4 hours, 6 hours (depending on the user settings). – Re-transmission protocol for missed data

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

UM – Poseidon Class Tsunameter – SOFTWARE UM – Poseidon Class Tsunameter – SOFTWARE

• Management on Poll from data center – Pressure; – Seawater temperature; – Status sensors of Electronic housing; – Status sensors of Battery housing; – Heading and Tilt sensors data; – Management of commands to
• Set alarm detection threshold; • UM Status Messages time schedule; • Switch UM in Maintenance, Normal and Alarm mode;

• Management of bi-directional acoustic link with the Surface Buoy to send messages and to receive commands and data poll.

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Pressure Event Detection Algorithm
Mofjeld Algorithm: it allows to detect variations of the water column in the typical Tsunami waves period range (2-90min)

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Detection Algorithm Optimization
The Mofjeld Algorithm summarized hereinafter
(Time in hour)

can be optimized reducing the tide prediction error and decreasing the detection time adopting a Neural Network Algorithm with a learning period of 10-20 days of acquisition data

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

UNDERWATER MODULE

UM Underwater Module Buoyancy and recovery

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Poseidon Class Tsunameter and Relay Buoy

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

UM and Buoyancy Line
FREE FALL – POP UP SYSTEM

Net force in free fall: 886 N fall: Max speed at installation: 1.05m/s installation: Net force at recovery: recovery: Max speed at recover: recover: 857 N 1.07m/s

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Buoyancy Line

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Poseidon Class Underwater Module up to 6000 meters seabed NIOT - National Institute for Ocean Technology - India

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Poseidon Class Underwater Module 6000 m w.d. NIOT - National Institute for Ocean Technology - India
P [mmH2O] 16750 16740 16730 16720 16710 16700 16690 16680 16670 16660 16650 16640 1 11 21 31 41 51 61 71 81 91 101 111 121 131 141 151 161 171 181 191 201 211 221 231 241 251 261 271 281 291 301 311 321 ALARM MESSAGE #01ALL001,0,06,41,00,10,08,2006,16702,16702,16706,16708,

The system sensitivity and promptness have been verified with controlled test in a pool, decreasing rapidly the water level or moving the system respect to the water surface of few mm (30mm) to simulate a “small” tsunami wave in open ocean
P [mmH2O] ALARM MESSAGE: #01ALL001,0,13,51,00,10,08,2006,13681,13681,13680,13674,

13710

13700

13690

13680

13670

13660

13650

13640

13630

13620

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Poseidon Class Tsunameter: Sumatra Tsunami September 12, 2007

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Poseidon Class in South China Sea - SOA CHINA

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Poseidon Class Tsunameter: Sumatra Tsunami October 25, 2010 P-Waves

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Surface Buoy (Tsunami Buoy)

SB Surface Buoy (Tsunami Buoy ?)

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Envirtech EASY TO DEPLOY Tsunami Buoy MKIII

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

EASY TO DEPLOY (ETD) SURFACE BUOY
The Envirtech SB is an easy to deploy “SPAR” buoy “SPAR” characterized by a tall and thin configuration. It floats upright in the water and it has a small water plane and a large mass. This configuration tends to be a stable ocean platform. Adjustment of the water plane area and the mass allows spar buoys to be tuned so they tend to not respond to wave forcing.  Length:  Buoyant diameter:  Focal Plane:  Weigth in air:  Net Buoyancy: 12,250mm 1,450mm 3,500mm 1,450 kg + Payload of 200 kg 2,700 kg

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Envirtech Tsunami Buoy MKIII

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Envirtech Tsunami Buoy MKIII

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Envirtech Tsunami Buoy MKIII

4 BATTERY BOXES

1 ELECTRONIC BOX

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Thai crew assembling Envirtech Tsunami Buoy MKIII

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

South China Sea – Mark III Tsunami Buoy

The special way to assemble the acoustic modems assures the best bidirectional data transfer rate.

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

South China Sea - Envirtech Tsunami Buoy MKIII

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

DC – Data Center

MOORING LINE

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Mooring Line

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Mooring Line

Single point inverted S-type mooring S-type structure composed of 100m of metal cable 100m 400m of polyester rope 400m 2150-2600 polypropylene rope 2150-2600

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Cases of Analysis
CASES Current:

Surface speed (m/s): Speed at 50 m depth (m/s): Speed 500 m depth (m/s): Speed 2000 m depth (m/s): Speed at seabed (m/s):

1.02 0.25 0.24 0.21 0.13

Two extreme conditions have been considered: Condition 3 (Beaufort 11) Wave Significant height Hs (m): 18.5 Mean zero-upcrossing period Tz (s): 15.5 Wind Speed (m/s): 30.0 Current as above profile Condition 4 (>Beaufort 11) Wave Significant height Hs (m): 20 Mean zero-upcrossing period Tz (s): 16.0 Wind Speed (m/s): 80

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Main Results of analysis
polyester polypropylene

CASE

water depth (m)

max offset limit offset (m) 1408 1417 1428 1466 1112 1128 1136 1163 (m) 1560 1560 1560 1560 1330 1330 1330 1330
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Tmax (N) 21092 17675 21045 20472 22423 21536 24723 17853

s. f. 7.30 8.71 7.32 7.52 6.87 7.15 6.23 8.63

Tmax (N) 22296 19863 22938 22952 22952 22726 25787 20861

s. f. 6.91 7.75 6.71 6.71 6.71 6.78 5.97 7.38

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

2700 2700 2700 2700 2300 2300 2300 2300

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Detailed design of mooring line

Main parts: 100m of 26mm metal cable 100m 400m of 42mm polyester 400m rope 2150-2600m of 42mm 2150-2600m polypropylene rope Net Lifting force is  200kg of pp line  28 kg of deep buoy
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DC – Data Center

DEPLOYMENT

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

UM Installation

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

UM Installation

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

UM Installation

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

UM Installation

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

UM Installation

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

BUOY INSTALLATION

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

BUOY INSTALLATION

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

BUOY INSTALLATION

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

BUOY INSTALLATION
SAT link with Data Centre WIFI link with ship

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

DC – Data Center

DC Data Center

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DC – Data Center – Buoys Data Management Architecture

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

DC – Data Center – Buoy Management Architecture

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DC – Data Center – Buoy Management Software Thai system – UM1 - Pressure vs Time – January 2011

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DC – Data Center – Buoy Management Software Thai system – UM1 - Pressure vs Time – Event on Feb 5, 2011

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DC – Data Center – Buoy Management Software

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

DC – Data Center – Buoy Management Software Web Site for maintenace purpose – world wide accessible

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DC – Data Center – Data interchange

CLUSTER

Dispatching Server

DMZ

DB DB

Leased Lines Leased Lines INTERNET INTERNET

GTS // PTWS1 GTS PTWS1

(1) See WMO/GTS BUFR/CREX Template for Deep-Ocean Tsunameter Data

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DC – Data Center – Data interchange

WMO NEW FORMAT - ESTIMATED NOVEMBRE 2011
BUFR/CREX TEMPLATES FOR TSUNAMETER DATA AND DART BUOY SYSTEM MESSAGES DATA DESCRIPTORS FOR VARIOUS DEEP-OCEAN TSUNAMETER SYSTEM MESSAGES (DART BUOY = DEEP-OCEAN ASSESSMENT AND REPORTING OF TSUNAMIS BUOYS)

The common and specific items required for the various types of tsunameter system messages are described as follows. Descriptors in red are not YET available in the WMO Manual on Codes. Common items for all tsunameter system messages 306027 Specific Items for Tsunameter Surface Buoy Position Daily Report 306028 Common Items for Standard Hourly and Tsunami Event Reports 306029 Specific Items for Standard Hourly Reports 306030 (normally six hourly messages of four 15-second observations at 15-minute intervals are reported in one transmission block) Specific Items for Tsunami Event Reports 306031 Tsunami event report message ID 2-digit sequence number allocated to the report for each tsunami event New descriptor required 0 01 053

Common Items for Tsunami Event Reports and Extended Tsunami Event Reports 306031

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DC – Models and Tools

DC
Models and Tools

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Envirtech Solutions for Tsunami assessment and early warning

Early warning TOOLS and DSS
TSUNAMI Early Warning
TSUNAMI ETA, waves height estimation

Estimated FLOOD MAP

Eartquakes International network connection

Local or Web Tools

MODEL BASED ON TSUNAMOGENIC SOURCES LOCATION AND EARTHQUAKE POSITION AND MAGNITUDE

MODELS based on DTM to estimate land flood depending on Tsunami waves height

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Tsunami Early Warning Tools: TRY IT RIGHT NOW !!!

Tsunami early warning using earthquake rupture duration

http://s3.rm.ingv.it/warning/warning.html Italian Civil defence financed project – INGV/Lomax
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Envirtech Tsunami Decision Support System

Tsunami DSS hardware Layout

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Envirtech Tsunami Decision Support System

Tsunami Estimation Model (Developed by European Commission - JRC)

OCS – Online calculation System

TAT – Tsunami Analysis Tool

GSD - Global Scenario Database 2 Tbytes database based on 136,000 Calculations on a grid of 10,500 possible tsunamigenic sources (0.5 x 0.5 degree grid) for earthquakes magnitude between 6.5 and 9.5

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Envirtech Tsunami Decision Support System

TAT – Tsunami Analysys Tool Output (Developed by European Commission - JRC)

Calculations for any possible Tsunamigenic Source in Indian Ocean (based on Historical data)

ETA and Height of tsunami waves

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

DC – Models and Tools

TSUNAMI BUOY (GPS BUOY)

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Envirtech directional wave buoy: Envirtech DEEP SEA MKI-2 HIGH PRECISION MULTICHANNEL MULTISATELLITE GPS BUOY

Multi-satellite (GPSMulti-satellite (GPSGLONASS_GALILEO), GLONASS_GALILEO), multi-frequency, simultaneus multi-frequency, simultaneus multi-channel (more than multi-channel than 70) receiver, centimeter 70) receiver, centimeter level accuracy .. level accuracy WMO-IOC recognized sea WMO-IOC recognized sea level data gathering level data gathering method. method.
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Envirtech directional wave buoy: Envirtech DEEP SEA MKI-2 HIGH PRECISION MULTICHANNEL MULTISATELLITE GPS BUOY

Envirtech Deep Sea MKI-2

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Microwaves Tide Stations for tsunami early warning

Envirtech manufactures Wmo compliant no stilling well microwaves TIDE STATIONS able to collect in real time any low frequency sea motion Progammable up to 1 sample per second. Embedded tsunami Early warning algorithm Solar and wind powered Bidirectional data transmission to control center via Inmarsat mini-C, VHF, V-SAT for early warning Data diffusion via Web, GTS, CDMA, Edge, Umts.

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Southeastern Pacific Tsunami Warning Solutions

Thank you for attention Envirtech S.p.A.

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