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Momentum, Work, and Energy Practice Unit Exam

1. At what point in its fall does the KE of a freely falling object equal its PE ? at the start of the fall halfway between the start and the end at the end of the fall at all points during the fall 2. A crate is pulled 6.0 m up an incline with a force of 50 N. If the PE of the crate increases 250 J, the total work done against friction in moving the box is 0 J 50 J 250 J 300 J 3. If the KE of a given mass is to be doubled, its speed must be multiplied by 8 2 square root of 2 4 If the velocity of an automobile is doubled, its KE decreases to one-half doubles decreases to one-fourth quadruples A weightlifter lifts a 2000 N weight a vertical distance of 0.5 m in 0.1 s. What is the power output ? 0.0001 W 0.0004 W 10,000 W 40,000 W As an object slides down a frictionless incline, the sum of the gravitational PE and the KE the object will decrease increase remain the same 7. The work done on a 10.0 kg mass to give it a speed of 5.00 m/s is 50.0 J 2.00 J 125 J 250. J

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8. A 20 kg mass moving at a speed of 3.0 m/s is stopped by a constant force of 15 N. How many seconds must the force act on the mass to stop it ? 0.20 s 1.3 s 5.0 s 4.0 s 9. A 2.0 kg mass falls freely for 10. m near the surface of the Earth. The total KE gained by the object during its free-fall is approximately 400 J 200 J 100 J 50 J 10. A net force of 12 N acting north on an object for 4.0 s will produce an impulse of 48 kg*m/s north 48 kg*m/s south 3.0 kg*m/s north 3.0 kg*m/s south

11. What is the spring constant of a spring of negligible mass which gained 8 J of potential energy as a result of being compressed 0.4 m ? 100 N/m 50 N/m 0.3 N/m 40 N/m 12. The work done in raising an object must result in an increase in the object’s internal energy kinetic energy gravitational PE elastic PE Which term is a unit of power ? Joule Newton Watt Newton*meter

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14. A rocket with a mass of 1000 kg is moving at a speed of 20 m/s. The magnitude of the momentum is 50 kg*m/s 200 kg*m/s 20,000 kg*m/s 400,000 kg*m/s 15. An unbalanced force of 6.0 N acts eastward on an object for 3.0 s. The impulse produced by the force is 18 N*s east 2.0 N*s east 18 N*s west 2.0 N*s west 16. What is the magnitude of the velocity of a 25 kg mass that is moving with a momentum of 100 kg*m/s ? 0.25 m/s 2500 m/s 40. m/s 4.0 m/s 17. ? What is the maximum distance that a 60 W motor may vertically lift a 90 N weight in 7.5 s 2.3 m 5.0 m 140 m 1100 m 18. Two objects unequal in mass falling freely from the same point above the earth’s surface will experience the same acceleration decrease in PE increase in KE increase in momentum 19. A 20 kg object is moved a distance of 6.0 m by a net force of 50 N. The total work done is 120 J 300 J 420 J 1000 J

20. A 2 kg object is thrown vertically upward with an initial KE of 400 J. The object will rise to a height of approximately 10 m 20 m 400 m 800 m 21. Which is a scalar quantity ? acceleration momentum force energy

22. A simple pendulum whose mass is 1.00 kg swings to a maximum height of 0.200 m above its lowest point. Neglecting friction, the KE of the pendulum bob at the lowest point in its swing is 0.980 J 1.96 J 9.80 J 19.6 J

23. A bullet fired from a rifle emerges with a KE of 2400 J. Neglecting friction, if the barrel of the rifle is 0.50 m long, the average force on the bullet in the barrel is approximately 600 N 1200 N 2400 N 4800 N 24. Which is a vector quantity ? power weight energy mass

25. If an object weighing 1.00 N falls a vertical distance of 4.00 m, the object’s loss in gravitational PE is 1.00 J 9.80 J 39.2 J 4.00 J 26. A 2 N force acts on an object. If the momentum of the object changes by 120 kg*m/s, the force must have acted for 8 s 30 s 60 s 120 s 27. is A 20. N block falls from a shelf 3.0 m above the ground. Its KE at 1.5 m above the ground 20. J 30. J 60. J 120 J 28. If the KE of a 10. kg mass is 80 J, its speed is 1 m/s 0.125 m/s 8 m/s 4 m/s

29. A force of 70 N must be exerted to keep a car moving with a constant speed of 10 m/s. What is the rate at which energy must be supplied ? 0.14 W 7.0 W 700 W 7000 W 30. A 2 kg mass moving along a horizontal surface at 10 m/s is acted upon by a 5 N force of friction. The time required to bring the mass to rest is 10 s 2 s 5 s 4 s 31. kg Two carts of masses 5.0 kg and 1.0 kg are pushed apart by a compressed spring. If the 5.0 cart moves westward at 2.0 m/s, the magnitude of the velocity of the 1.0 kg cart will be 2.0 kg*m/s 2.0 m/s 10. kg*m/s 10. m/s 32. Two carts resting on a frictionless surface are forced apart by a spring. One cart has a mass of 2 kg and moves to the left at 3.0 m/s. If the second cart has a mass of 3 kg, it will move the right with a speed of 1 m/s 2 m/s 3 m/s 6 m/s An 80. kg skater and a 60. kg skater stand at rest in the center of a skating rink. The two skaters push each other apart. The 60. kg skater moves east at 10 m/s. What is the velocity

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of the 80. kg skater ?(neglect frictional effects) 0.13 m/s west 7.5 m/s west 10. m/s east 13 m/s east