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Links and reaccepts from Rumex (acetosa and acetosella) and Oxalis Acetosella

Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage.—Fresh sorrel leaves are refrigerant and diuretic. An infusion is useful in febrile and inflammatory diseases, and in scorbutic diseases. They may likewise be used as a salad, or boiled like spinach. The leaves, eaten freely, have produced poisonous effects, owing to the potassium binoxalate they contain (see Amer. Jour. Pharm., 1887, p. 7). In poisoning by this agent the same treatment should be pursued as for poisoning by oxalic acid, viz.: the free administration of chalk suspended in an abundance of water; this should be followed by an emetic or stomach-pump, and subsequently by lenitives. Wrapped up and roasted, the leaves form an excellent application to indolent tumors, wens, boils, etc., hastening suppuration. The inspissated juice, applied on leather, is said to form an effectual but painful cure for tumors, and the improbable claim has been made that it will cure incipient cancers. Acting upon this hint, the following preparation has been used as a remedy in cutaneous cancers, viz.: Take of burnt alum, 1 drachm; citric or tartaric acid, 2 drachms; oxalic acid, 2 drachms; rain-water, 1/2 pint. Mix. To be applied by means of a camel's-hair pencil. Related Species.—Rumex Acetosella, Linné, Field or Sheep sorrel, has a leafy stem, from 6 to 12 inches in height, with lanceolate-hastate, pleasantly-acid leaves. The flowers are small, reddish, in panicled racemes. Valves ovate, scarcely enlarging in fruit, destitute of granules. Stamens and styles on separate plants; styles adherent to the angles of the ovary. This weed is found in abundance throughout the United States, growing in pastures, waste grounds, and worn fields, flowering all summer (G.—W.). A strong tincture of the fresh plant (℥viii to alcohol, 76 per cent, Oj), in doses ranging from 1 to 30 drops, has been suggested by Dr. Scudder (Spec. Med.) as a remedy where there is a "tendency to degeneration of tissue," and he states that whether "in syphilis, scrofula, or cancer, the indication for its use is the replacement of tissue with lower organizations." The urinary apparatus and renal secretions are influenced by it.

Rumex Acetosella. (Sheep Sorrel)

Rumex acetosella

strain it and place in the sunshine in a pewter dish. the indication for use is the replacement of tissue with lower organizations. It makes no difference whether it is called syphilis. the use has been so limited.Preparation.—Take the common Sheep Sorrel when in bloom. Ord.—Geraniaceae." A tincture of the Sorrel has a very decided action in those cases where there is a tendency to degeneration of tissue. to Alcohol 50° Oj. but its medicinal action in this respect has yet to be determined. and if we can believe the reports given. bruise well in a mortar. x. scrofula. or cancer. the following formula being employed : "Cancer Balsam. It influences the secretion of urine and urinary apparatus. from gtts. It is then ready for use. It is employed locally in the treatment of cancer. and should be put up in sealed boxes or closely stopped bottles. Rumex vesicarius . • Oxalis acetosella • Oxalis corniculata • Oxalis stricta • • Oxalis tuberosa Oxalis violacea • Rumex acetosa • Rumex acetosella • The whole herb of Oxalis Acetosella. 1870. Its use in the treatment of cancer has been quite extensive. to ℨss. in order to prevent evaporation. A full description of this method of treatment will be found in the Eclectic Journal for May. it has proven fully as successful as any other remedy. Linné. and add a small quantity of water. Nat. and let it evaporate to the consistence of honey. To what extent it opposes the process of degeneration we are unable to say. then press the weed so as to obtain all the juice. Dose. page 142.—Prepare a tincture from the fresh sorrel. COMMON NAME: Wood-sorrel. ℥viij. but it deserves a thorough investigation.

scalytoothed root-stock.—W.—There are other species of Oxalis possessing analogous properties. It is inodorous and has a pleasantly acid taste. Root edible.—Europe. sometimes called potassium binoxalate (HKC2O4). Related Species.). delicately veined with purple. The leaves are numerous. growing in woody and shady places. Oxalis corniculata. but in neither case to excess. and sold under the name of salts of sorrel (sometimes under the name salt of lemons). with rounded lobes entire. of a yellowish-green color. Stamens 10. The antidote to poisoning by any of the species of Oxalis. hemorrhages. They all have ternate leaves with obcordate leaflets. Acetosella. History and Chemical Composition. for the purpose of removing ink spots and iron marks front linen. • Oxalis . Useful in febrile diseases.—Wood-sorrel is a small. and hemorrhages. and R. Medical Uses. with 2 scaly bracts near the middle. or Sheep sorrel.Botanical Source. Linné. chronic catarrh. violacea. and indolent ulcers. or it may be infused in milk to form whey. and Dosage. persistent. monadelphous at the base. The Rumex Acetosa. gonorrhoea. Externally. seeds several. the syrup of an astringent. and flowering from April to June. but frequently purplish beneath. the bruised leaves or inspissated juice have been found useful as an application to scrofulous. with an elastic testa (G. possess similar properties (which see). and oblong. sepals 5. and with the exception of O. violacea. as the Oxalis stricta. pubescent. No. urinary affections.—Peru. gonorrhoea. on account of the potassium binoxalate they contain. malignant. acaulescent herb. with a creeping. bear yellow flowers. vesicarius. hairy stalks. is a mixture of chalk with water. alternately shorter. 68. Linné. R. The scape is longer than the petioles. Oxalis acetosella. The flowers are white. and 1-flowered. which is somewhat impaired by drying. and in scurvy. they close and droop at night-fall. acidulous juice expressed from the leaves. 5-celled. on long. The acidity is due to the presence of oxalic acid in combination with potassium forming acid potassium oxalate. has been employed in catarrhal troubles.—Wood-sorrel is indigenous to Europe and this country. Capsule 5-lobed. In some parts of Europe this salt was formerly separated from the plant. Linné. palmately 3-foliate. or the herb may be eaten. It can now be conveniently prepared from oxalic acid.—The several varieties of sorrel are cooling and diuretic. and O. yellowish at the base. or by oxalic acid or potassium binoxalate. or Garden sorrel. perennial. weak. Action. style as long as the inner stamens. Oxalis crassicaulis. radical. This species has properties similar to Oxalis Acetosella. it may be used in infusion. This salt is poisonous when taken internally. leaflets broadly obcordate. and scentless.

three folioles. Classif. Sp. Decandria pentagynia. filiform and pilose. erect. New York. juicy. erect. In Canada. Cuckoo Bread. and have all similar properties. Sour Trefoil. Leaves cespitose. L. petioles and scapes long. which have mostly yellow flowers on a stem. flowers large. obcordate. which is stemless. attenuant. with a sharp acid tastes. but they are connected by the European varieties. are small scentless plants. pilose. It blossoms in summer. Description. Cespitosa. smaller. white. on long slender filiform hairy petioles. Oxalis violacea Genus OXALIS. Acid. Nutans. five alternate shorter. This plant is scattered in both continents. white. Many other species are found in North America. antiputrid and diuretic. 2. leaves with three folioles. Useful in decoction as a cooling drink in inflammatory disorders. persistent. White sorrel. These appear almost different species. has yellow blossoms. with two small adpressed bracts on the middle. but in America seems confined to the boreal and mountain regions. very broad. with retuse petals. sanguinolaria of Louisiana. Stemless. Nat. 3. seeds with an elastic axilla. Boiled in milk they form a good acid . with large. 4. in woods. refrigerant. broad obcordate pilose. monadelphous at the base. but ciliated. violacea. Minor. subsessile. Common Woodsorrel. slightly connected at the base. fevers. Montana. two or many seeded. Order of Geranides. piles. creeping. Ten stamina. Leaves broad. Oxalide alleluia. flowers bluish-white. Roots perennial. more or less pilose. and a yellow spot at the base of each. with some little fleshy knobs. dehiscent at the angles. ciliated. except the O. flowers nodding. with bloody spots inside. not very broad nor pilose. On the Catskill and Alleghany mountains. Mountain Sorrel. &c.• Oxalis acetosella • Names. Corolla of five petals. The O. and has purple blossoms. The five longest stamina equal to the styles. with obtuse petals. History. (figured here) with small leaves. groves. five locular cells. capsule pentagone. small erect flowers. &c. glaucous beneath: scapes similar and equal to the petioles. creeping. broad. New England. and hedges. leaves nearly radical. Fr. Properties. putrid diseases. scapes uniflore. They are all called Wood-sorrel. and short leaves. Calix five parted. It has many varieties— 1. Five styles and stigmas. nearly glabrous and reticulated. Vulgar. one terminal flower. ciliate. Oxalis acetosella. with purple veins. such as.

and this only 10 ounces of the super oxalate of potash. the oxalic acid. is best remedied by the speedy administration of chalk. but rarely perforated. These infusions have. however. gelatinous liquid. suspended in water.—This article. which are pleasant medical preparations. by prompt treatment. and an infusion of sorrel. These symptoms. vomiting. and in some instances oxalates have been found in the tubuli uriniferi of the kidneys. two cases recovered after a half ounce had been swallowed.henriettesherbal. The same lethal symptoms may be produced from salt of sorrel. though the stomach may contain a dark. Some cases die in from 10 minutes to an hour. Still. A dose of 60 grains killed a boy (Taylor). The above-mentioned boy died in 8 hours. burning of the parts over which the poison passes. an extremely feeble pulse. producing. gastro-intestinal lesions. very cooling. Medical Uses and Dosage. They are often substituted to common sorrel and sheep sorrel. with the rapidity with which death takes in small quantity.: they are now. an inability to assume the upright posture. given excellent results in diphtheria and certain sore throats when used simply as a gargle. either of these forms insoluble oxalates. however. bladder.—Oxalic acid and the oxalates poison the nervous system and the blood. unless in great attenuation. however. would even be hazardous. intense pain. acting as cooling diuretics. and urethra. A good conserve and syrup of oxalis leaves were made.whey. cloth and paper. acid taste. magnesia may be used. a circumstance that can not readily be accounted for. is an unfit agent for internal administration. since 100 pounds of leaves give only 30 pounds of juice. collapse. 175). but they must not be eaten to excess. http://www. and stupor. Poisoning by oxalic acid. praises the action of oxalic acid in lagging functions of . Again. for making a bad and dangerous imitation of lemonade. as well. Death takes place in varying lengths of time. because they contain a violent poison. Koch regards it as a heart poison. and similar substances containing the acid in combination. The mucous coats are softened and loosened. death being produced by a slow poisoning. The post-mortem changes are a whitened oesophageo-gastric tract. or oxalate of potassium. sumac-bobs. appearing like disorganized blood. especially a bloody material. The symptoms are an intensely pure. when they are inflamed and painful. They may also be eaten in sallad: they are peculiarly useful in diseases of the kidneys. superseded by currant jelly and other preparations of acid fruits. Webster (Dynamical Therapeutics. oxalate of ammonium. The blood is excessively red. Such a procedure is certainly dangerous. which is sold and used by the wrong name of Salt of Lemons.html Action and Toxicology. will point to oxalic acid as the cause. persons have been known to live for 22 days. though it has been given in doses of three-quarters of a grain every 3 hours in diphtheria. when chalk can not be had. and for taking off ink stains from linen.

are recommended in these conditions. on my recommendation.the spinal cord due to over-exertion. others have employed it with success in similar affections. and insomnia. and several forms of cutaneous disease. thereby resulting in intensive pains. and again with a small portion of creosote added. One or two grains of the 6x trituration every 4 or 5 hours. neutralized by caustic potash. . sometimes alone. The saturated solution. For a number of years past I have used a saturated aqueous solution of it as an external application in cutaneous cancer. forms an excellent application to discuss indolent tumors (J. King). marked lumbar weakness. acne. since which. scald head. A solution of oxalic acid in water promptly removes iron stains.