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Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

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Presents Akālī Hazūrā Singh Nihaṅg’s

Loh Prakāsh
Bhāī Partāp Singh, Suṅdar Singh Amritsar 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

With the kind permission of: Jathedar Baba Kulwant Singh, Takht Abachal Nagar Sachkhand Hazur Sahib. Jathedar Iqbal Singh, Takht Harimandar Sahib, Patna. 96 Croṛī Jathedar Baba Joginder Singh, Shromani Guru Khalsa Panth Akali Buddha Dal Panjva Takht.

Loh Prakash .Akali Hazura Singh Nihang . .1925 Takht Hazur Sahib in the 19th century.

3 This is the modern date of Vaisakhi. The last verses were heard by Banda Singh Bahadur and were written from Sanskrit sutras1 preserved by a sect of Sadhus. Svami Harnam Das in his commentary (ṭīkā) of Sarbloh Granth Sahib also records the early recensions of the Sarbloh Granth Sahib at 1 2 A short aphoristic summary of the teachings of ancient India created to be memorized and later incorporated into ancient Indian scripture. Hazur Sahib. A manifestation of the Divine. Jathedar Joginder Singh ‘Muni’.Loh Prakash . From manuscript evidence we can conclude that the bulk of the Sarbloh Granth Sahib was commenced around 1698 AD at Anandpur Sahib and completed in approximately 1708 AD at Hazur Sahib. in approximately 1699 AD (1756 VS) according to the Gregorian calendar. now called Langar Sahib at Hazur Sahib (Takht Abachal Nagar. Nanded). in actual fact earlier dates are given in primary sources of Sikh history. who are said to have handed them down from the time of Guru Gobind Singh’s previous avatār. in Hazūrī Maryādā Prabodh.2 Rishi Dusht Daman. The sutras are still in a private collection with a family at Hazur Sahib. describes the traditional exegesis (kathā) from Sarbloh Granth Sahib at the Takht Sahib.1925 Foreward It is oral tradition that the Sarbloh Granth Sahib was completed at the Sarbloh Bunga. .3 The tradition is corroborated by the fact that Hazur Sahib and the Gurdvare in the surroundings area have a number of extant manuscripts of Sarbloh Granth Sahib. VS is the Indian calendar of Vikrami Sammat that is approximately 57 years more than the Gregorian calendar. The Takht Sahib conserves a number of late 17th and early 18th century recensions. and this would therefore coincide with the momentous event of the formation of the Guru Khalsa Panth. The Holy Granth contains ‘The Praise of the Khalsa’.Akali Hazura Singh Nihang .

the manuscript evidence is compelling and with a strong tradition there is no doubt about the authorship. Guru Gobind Singh has given various creative and attribute names to Akal Purakh. just as Guru Arjan Dev accepted the compositions of Bhagats. Thus.Akali Hazura Singh Nihang . The following lines are the invocation at the commencement of Akāl Ustati. which is a replica of the signature verses (daskhat) of Guru Gobind Singh: ੴ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਤਿ ॥ Ik Oaṅkār Satigur prasādi. Pātisāhī 10. there are other manuscripts with 1698 AD colophons.Loh Prakash . one manuscript is preserved by the Udasi Sampradāvāṅ at Bhankandi and there is also another at Mukatsar Sahib. ੈ . Bhatts and Sufi Fakirs while compiling the Adi Granth Sahib. Copy of the manuscript with exclusive signatures of the Tenth Sovereign. Svami Harnam Das Udasi of Kapurthala made an extensive study of Sarbloh Granth Sahib and has indicated that it was completed by Guru Gobind Singh himself. At the Chhauṇī of Mata Sahib Kaur there is an extant manuscript of Sarbloh Granth Sahib which also has a colophon of 1698 AD/ 1755 VS. ਅਕਾਲ ਪ੍ੁਰਖ ਕੀ ਰਛਾ ਹਮਨ ॥ Akāl Purakh kī rachhā hamanai. and the Nabho Katho vālī bīṛ from 1698 AD. The Lord is One and he can be attained through the grace of the True Guru. Equally he has described God by names like Māhāloh or Sarbloh (the All-Steel) representing the protective and destructive power of the Divine. In addition.1925 Hazur Sahib. In the Jāp Sāhib. He also argues that if it contains the compositions of some other poets as well then they were accepted by the Guru. ਉਿਾਰ ਖਾਸੇ ਿਸਖਿ ਕਾ ॥ ਪ੍ਾਤਿਸਾਹੀ ੧੦॥ Utār khase daskhat kā.

His exegesis is highly important as it records the traditional interpretation of the sacred verses. inside the Takht Sahib itself. 2003. commemorates his service as the head Granthī.1925 The non-temporal Purusha (All-Pervading Lord) is my Protector. ਸਰਬ ਲੋ ਹ ਕੀ ਰਤਛਆ ਹਮਨ ॥ Sarab Loh kī rachhiā hamanai. All of these names have been employed in the Sarbloh Granth Sahib (The Scripture of All-Steel/All-Light). 3 Vols.Loh Prakash . The Loh Prakāsh was written by Akali Hazura Singh Nihang in 1925. ੈ The All-Destroying Lord is my Protector. The Praises of the Khalsa (Khālse dī Upamāṅ). . Birmingham: Sikh National Heritage. Sri Dasam Granth Sahib. he was the head Granthī at Takht Hazur Sahib. ੈ The All-Steel Lord is my Protector. In his publication. ੈ The All-Steel Lord is ever my Protector. ਸਰਬ ਲੋ ਹ ਜੀ ਿੀ ਸਿਾ ਰਤਛਆ ਹਮਨ ॥ Sarab Loh jī dī sadā rachiā hamanai. Akali Hazura Singh discusses the famous verses of Guru Gobind Singh. so much so that a Golden plaque. from the Sarbloh Granth Sahib.Akali Hazura Singh Nihang . Akali Hazura Singh was respected highly.4 We can clearly see that the names given to Akal Purakh are attribute names and that Guru Gobind Singh ji is worshipping Akal Purakh and no Indian deity. ਸਰਬ ਕਾਲ ਜੀ ਿੀ ਰਤਛਆ ਹਮਨ ॥ Sarab Kāl jī dī rachiā hamanai. 4 Translated by Surinder Singh Kohli.

’ ‘Khalsa is God’s own legion. unalloyed.5 It is said that Bhagat Kabir used this word for those who reject meaningless rituals and are attached in true love with their Creator alone (Kaho Kabīr jan bhae Khālse Prem Bhagati jih jānī)6. 655.E. 2007. History of Sikh Gurus Retold: 1606-1708 C. with direct contact and responsibility of the owner. . There is no difference between God. Khālse meṅ hau karo niwās’ ‘The Khalsa is my special form. 772. The Khalsa is manifest due to the Supreme-Soul’s own wish.’ ‘Khalsa is the one who experience the bliss of the Super-Soul. Tradition also holds that Bhagat Kabir’s shabad was modified from Khulāse to Khālse by Guru Gobind Singh.Akali Hazura Singh Nihang .1925 The Sarbloh Granth Sahib is essential to understand the concept of the Khalsa Panth. He has employed it extensively in the Sarbloh Granth Sahib: ‘Ātam ras jo jānahī so hai Khālsā dev. I reside in the Khalsa’ ‘Khālsā Akāl Purakh kī Phauj. land or property invested directly for the ruler used to be called ‘Khalsa’. Pragaṭio Khālsā Paramātam ki mauj. The spiritual and temporal meaning of this word appealed to the Tenth Guru. Prabh mai mo mai tās mai raṅchak nāhin bhev. me (Guru Gobind Singh) and him.’ 5 Surjit Singh Gandhi.’ ‘Khālsā mero rūp hai khās. Also see Lanka Sundaram. p. In the Deccan and during the Mughal rule. The word ‘Khalsa’ is Persian in origin meaning: pure. p.Loh Prakash . 6 Adi Guru Granth Sahib. Mughal Land Revenue System.

1925). as some misled Snatan revivalists are trying to claim. 7 Akali Hazur Singh Nihang.1925 Please note that in Akali Hazura Singh’s exegesis.Loh Prakash . 26. Loh Prakāsh.Akali Hazura Singh Nihang . orated by Guru Gobind Singh. (Amritsar: Bhai Partap Singh. not Shiv ji. pp. the Khalsa is the liberated form of Nirankar (Prāpati Niraṅkarī sivrūp mahānaṅ. and the Das grāhī-Das tiāgī (Ten virtues to hold – Ten vices to renounce) for the Khalsa.7 The publication also contains the verses narrating the Gurgaddī passing to the Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Khalsa Panth.). Sundar Singh. . the importance of Vāhigurū mantra. 23.

It is still present at Hazur Sahib in the Bunga of Mai Bhago. .Akali Hazura Singh Nihang . Photographed by Kamalroop Singh in 2005.Loh Prakash .1925 The first folio of the Sarbloh Granth Sahib given to Mai Bagh Kaur (Mai Bhago) by Guru Gobind Singh.

He humbly requests that a King or rich Sikh should take up the service of printing the Sarbloh Granth Sahib. Kamalroop Singh 8 Akali Hazur Singh Nihang. He states that the Purātan Buddha Dal Singhs considered the Sarbloh Granth Sahib to be by authored exclusively by Guru Gobind Singh. Das. Akali Kaur Singh Nihang. (Amritsar: Bhai Partap Singh. Sundar Singh. provides us with valuable information. If there are any errors forgive me and please notify me. and that there were only about ten manuscripts in the whole of India.8 His immortal words came true when Panth Pātshāho 96 Croṛī Jathedar Baba Santa Singh completed this great service for the Guru Khalsa Panth Sahib. Of special note is the Foreword to the ‘Loh Parkāsh’ in which the Savant.1925 Akali Kaur Singh Nihang in his youth. p. 1925).Loh Prakash .Akali Hazura Singh Nihang . Dr. 2. Loh Prakāsh. .

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