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IEA

STATISTICS

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International
Energy Agency

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2010
Coal Information provides a comprehensive review of historical and current market
trends in the world coal sector. This reference document brings together essential
statistics on coal. It therefore provides a strong foundation for policy and market
analysis, which in turn can better inform the policy decision process toward selecting
policy instruments best suited to meet domestic and international objectives.
An Introduction, notes, definitions and auxiliary information are provided in Part I.
Part II of the publication provides a review of the world coal market in 2009, while
Part III provides a statistical overview of developments, which covers world coal
production and coal reserves, coal demand by type (hard, steam, coking), hard
coal trade and hard coal prices. Part IV provides, in tabular and graphic form,
a more detailed and comprehensive statistical picture of historical and current
coal developments in OECD member countries, by region and individually.
Part V provides for selected non-OECD countries summary statistics on hard coal
supply and end-use statistics for about 40 countries and regions worldwide.
Complete coal balances and coal trade data for selected years are presented
on 16 major non-OECD coal-producing and -consuming countries.
Coal Information is one of a series of annual IEA statistical publications
on major energy sources; other reports are Electricity Information,
Natural Gas Information, Oil Information and Renewables Information.

(61 2010 08 1 P1) €165
ISBN 978-92-64-08420-9

-:HSTCQE=U]YWU^:

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2010
with 2009 data

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY
The International Energy Agency (IEA), an autonomous agency, was established in
November 1974. Its mandate is two-fold: to promote energy security amongst its member
countries through collective response to physical disruptions in oil supply and to advise member
countries on sound energy policy.
The IEA carries out a comprehensive programme of energy co-operation among 28 advanced
economies, each of which is obliged to hold oil stocks equivalent to 90 days of its net imports.
The Agency aims to:
n Secure member countries’ access to reliable and ample supplies of all forms of energy; in particular,
through maintaining effective emergency response capabilities in case of oil supply disruptions.
n Promote sustainable energy policies that spur economic growth and environmental protection
in a global context – particularly in terms of reducing greenhouse-gas emissions that contribute
to climate change.
n Improve transparency of international markets through collection and analysis of
energy data.
n Support global collaboration on energy technology to secure future energy supplies
and mitigate their environmental impact, including through improved energy
efficiency and development and deployment of low-carbon technologies.
n Find solutions to global energy challenges through engagement
and dialogue with non-member countries, industry,
international organisations and other stakeholders.

© OECD/IEA, 2010
International Energy Agency
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IEA member countries:
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea (Republic of)
Luxembourg
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States

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The European Commission
also participates in
the work of the IEA.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I - I.3

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I: INTRODUCTION
1. Introduction ............................................................................................................................................... I.9
2. Definitions ............................................................................................................................................... I.11

Energy sources and flows ................................................................................................................................. I.11
Units and conversions ....................................................................................................................................... I.15
Factors related to specific fuels ........................................................................................................................ I.16
3. Sources and notes .................................................................................................................................. I.17

General notes .................................................................................................................................................... I.17
Price data .......................................................................................................................................................... I.18
Quarterly energy statistics ................................................................................................................................ I.19
Data sources ...................................................................................................................................................... I.19
4. Country notes.......................................................................................................................................... I.21
5. Geographical coverage .......................................................................................................................... I.27
6. Abbreviations, conversion factors and calorific values ..................................................................... I.29

PART II: WORLD COAL OVERVIEW
1. Summary .................................................................................................................................................... II.3
2. Production ................................................................................................................................................. II.5
3. Consumption ............................................................................................................................................. II.9
4. Trade ........................................................................................................................................................ II.13
5. Prices ....................................................................................................................................................... II.19
6. CO2 emissions (2007)............................................................................................................................. II.25
7. Coal Upgrading: (An extract from an IEA Clean Coal Centre Report) ............................................... II.29

PART III: WORLD COAL OVERVIEW
1. Production

Table 1.1:
Table 1.2:
Table 1.3:
Table 1.4:
Table 1.5:

World hard coal production ......................................................................................................... III.5
World coking coal production ...................................................................................................... III.7
World steam coal production........................................................................................................ III.8
World brown coal production..................................................................................................... III.10
OECD production of coke oven coke ......................................................................................... III.12

2. Consumption

Table 2.1:
Table 2.2:
Table 2.3:
Table 2.4:
Table 2.5:

World hard coal consumption .................................................................................................... III.15
World coking coal consumption ................................................................................................. III.18
World steam coal consumption .................................................................................................. III.20
World brown coal consumption ................................................................................................. III.23
OECD consumption of coke oven coke ..................................................................................... III.25
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

I.4 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I

3. Trade

Table 3.1: World and seaborne coal trade ................................................................................................... III.29
Table 3.2: World total hard coal trade ......................................................................................................... III.29
Table 3.3: World steam coal trade ............................................................................................................... III.30
Table 3.4: World coking coal trade ............................................................................................................. III.30
Table 3.5: World hard coal imports - regional aggregates .......................................................................... III.31
Table 3.6: World brown coal imports - regional aggregates ....................................................................... III.31
Table 3.7: World hard coal imports - selected countries ............................................................................. III.32
Table 3.8: World brown coal imports - selected countries .......................................................................... III.32
Table 3.9: World coking coal imports - regional aggregates ....................................................................... III.33
Table 3.10: World steam coal imports - regional aggregates ........................................................................ III.33
Table 3.11: World coking coal imports - selected countries ......................................................................... III.34
Table 3.12: World steam coal imports - selected countries ........................................................................... III.34
Table 3.13: OECD coke oven coke imports ................................................................................................. III.35
Table 3.14: World hard coal exports - regional aggregates .......................................................................... III.36
Table 3.15: World brown coal exports - regional aggregates ........................................................................ III.36
Table 3.16: World hard coal exports - selected countries.............................................................................. III.37
Table 3.17: World brown coal exports - selected countries .......................................................................... III.37
Table 3.18: World coking coal exports - regional aggregates ....................................................................... III.38
Table 3.19: World steam coal exports - regional aggregates ......................................................................... III.38
Table 3.20: World coking coal exports - selected countries .......................................................................... III.39
Table 3.21: World steam coal exports - selected countries ........................................................................... III.39
Table 3.22: OECD coke oven coke exports .................................................................................................. III.40
4. Prices

Table 4.1:
Table 4.2:
Table 4.3:
Table 4.4:
Table 4.5:
Table 4.6:
Table 4.7:
Table 4.8:
Table 4.9:

Japan coking coal import costs ................................................................................................... III.43
EU coking coal import costs from selected countries ................................................................ III.43
Japan steam coal import costs ................................................................................................... III.44
EU steam coal import costs from selected countries .................................................................. III.44
Steam coal export costs .............................................................................................................. III.45
Coking coal export costs ............................................................................................................ III.45
Coking coal prices for industry .................................................................................................. III.46
Steam coal prices for industry .................................................................................................... III.47
Steam coal prices for electricity generation ............................................................................... III.48

5. Coal for other uses

Table 5.1:
Table 5.2:
Table 5.3:
Table 5.4:

OECD coal-fired and total electricity generating capacity ......................................................... III.51
OECD coal use for electricity production and heat sold ............................................................ III.52
OECD coal use in coke ovens .................................................................................................... III.53
World consumption of pulverised coal injection (PCI) coals ..................................................... III.53

6. Figures

Figure 1:
Figure 2:
Figure 3:
Figure 4:
Figure 5:
Figure 6:
Figure 7:
Figure 8:
Figure 9:
Figure 10:
Figure 11:
Figure 12:
Figure 13:
Figure 14:

World steam and coking coal production ................................................................................... III.57
World steam and coking coal trade ............................................................................................ III.57
Coking coal price CIF Japan and CIF EU member states (US$/t) ............................................. III.58
Steam coal price CIF Japan and CIF EU member states (US$/t) ............................................... III.58
Steam coal price US FOB vs. US domestic (US$/t)................................................................... III.59
Steam coal price CIF EU member states (US$/t) and US exports (mt) ...................................... III.59
OECD total primary energy supply ............................................................................................ III.60
OECD coal consumption and indicators .................................................................................... III.60
Japan steam coal supply, imports, GDP annual growth rates ..................................................... III.61
EU member states steam coal supply, imports, GDP annual growth rates ................................. III.61
Hard coal production by region .................................................................................................. III.62
Hard coal consumption by region............................................................................................... III.62
Hard coal imports by region ....................................................................................................... III.63
Hard coal exports by region ....................................................................................................... III.63

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I - I.5

PART IV: DETAILED OECD COAL DATA
Directory of part IV figures and tables ............. IV.3
OECD Total .......................................................... IV.5
OECD North America ......................................... IV.15
OECD/IEA Pacific .............................................. IV.24
OECD Europe ..................................................... IV.33
IEA Total ............................................................ IV.43
IEA North America ............................................. IV.52
IEA Europe ......................................................... IV.61
Australia .............................................................. IV.70
Austria ................................................................. IV.79
Belgium ............................................................... IV.87
Canada................................................................. IV.96
Czech Republic ................................................. IV.105
Denmark ............................................................ IV.114
Finland .............................................................. IV.123
France ................................................................ IV.131
Germany............................................................ IV.140
Greece ............................................................... IV.150
Hungary............................................................. IV.158

Iceland ............................................................... IV.165
Ireland ................................................................ IV.172
Italy.................................................................... IV.180
Japan .................................................................. IV.188
Korea ................................................................. IV.196
Luxembourg ...................................................... IV.204
Mexico ............................................................... IV.211
Netherlands........................................................ IV.218
New Zealand...................................................... IV.228
Norway .............................................................. IV.235
Poland ................................................................ IV.243
Portugal ............................................................. IV.252
Slovak Republic ................................................ IV.260
Spain .................................................................. IV.267
Sweden .............................................................. IV.275
Switzerland ........................................................ IV.283
Turkey ............................................................... IV.290
United Kingdom ................................................ IV.297
United States...................................................... IV.306

PART V: NON-OECD COAL DATA
General notes ......................................................... V.3
World coal supply and end-use statistics 1980,
1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, and 2005 to 2008 ............... V.5
National coal balances and trade statistics:
Brazil ..................................................................... V.14
Bulgaria ................................................................. V.16
China, People’s Republic of.................................. V.18
Chinese Taipei....................................................... V.22
Colombia ............................................................... V.24

Hong Kong, China ................................................ V.27
India ...................................................................... V.29
Indonesia .............................................................. V.31
Israel ..................................................................... V.34
Kazakhstan ........................................................... V.36
Romania................................................................ V.40
Russian Federation ............................................... V.42
South Africa ......................................................... V.45
Ukraine ................................................................. V.48
Venezuela ............................................................. V.52
Vietnam ................................................................ V.54

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I - I.7

PART I
INTRODUCTION

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

and national energy publications.9 1. consumption. in tabular and graphic form. Readers should consult this IEA/OECD publication for detailed information on methodology. by region and individually. trade and prices. INTRODUCTION IEA Coal Information 2010 is the latest edition of an annual publication intended to provide sound market information on coal to policy and market analysts. national statistics reports and other material. In addition. It covers world coal production and coal reserves. This monitoring and reporting of historical trends and current energy market situation provides a strong foundation for policy and market analysis. This edition of the Coal Information publication will also acquaint the reader with work at the IEA Clean Coal Centre . a more detailed and comprehensive statistical picture of coal developments in 30 of the 311 OECD member countries. IEA Coal Information 2010 brings together in one volume the basic statistics compiled by the IEA on coal supply. Part II of the publication provides a review of world coal market developments in 2009. Part IV provides. III and IV are derived from the quarterly publication Energy Prices and Taxes. so is not included in any OECD data for the 2010 Edition.a group set up under the IEA’s Technology Implementing Agreement Framework. Part I provides important documentation that will assist the reader in correctly using the data in this publication. Chile became an OECD member on the 7th of May 2010. and in particular a report on coal upgrading. calorific values used for preparing national energy balances. Complete coal balances and coal trade data for selected years are presented on 16 major non-OECD coal producing and consuming countries. trade and prices. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . consumption. coking). and to understand the details of statistical methodology and collection practices related to the coal data. The Energy Statistics Division of the IEA Secretariat works closely with national administration to secure consistency in all time series. The finalized data provide the basis for IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and Energy Statistics of OECD Countries. steam. Part V provides for selected non-OECD countries summary statistics on hard coal supply and end-use statistics for about 40 countries and regions worldwide. 1. It also includes information on coal by-products. hard coal trade and hard coal prices. Price data in Parts II. data coverage and data sources. and exchange rates used for the reporting of prices in US dollars are presented. coal consumption by type (hard. This effort is supplemented by surveys of energy industry publications.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I . Part III provides the reference tables to the Part II review on coal production. Users of this publication are directed to the Methodology Section of those publications for more detail on individual nonMember countries covered in the publication. with particular regard for IEA product definitions and reporting conventions.I. The resulting synthesis is published in Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries and Energy Statistics of NonOECD Countries. OECD data are taken from IEA/OECD databases of Energy Statistics that are based on annual and quarterly submissions from OECD Member countries to the Secretariat. to better inform the policy decision process toward selecting policy instruments that are best suited to meet domestic and/or international objectives. The non-OECD data are based upon information collected by the IEA Secretariat. and those employed in all sectors of the coal industry. official national submissions to the United Nations in Geneva and New York.

is to improve the quality of energy data by harmonising definitions for energy sources and flows. called InterEnerStat. Stia Nunes and Dr. rue de la Fédération 75739 Paris Cedex 15. including itemized import and export data are available on CD-ROM.org. International Energy Agency 9. which provides unlimited access through an annual subscription as well as the possibility to obtain data on a pay-per-view basis. Annual energy data are collected by the Energy Statistics Division (ESD) of the IEA Secretariat. A few examples include: transformation sector becomes transformation processes energy sector becomes energy industry own use INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . and to the OECD Balances section headed by Ms.iea. The purpose of this group. Roberta Quadrelli. along with world supply data.org The IEA is currently working with a group of 24 international organisations that collect or use energy statistics. The Secretariat would also like to thank the IEA Clean Coal Centre. Wendy Chen contributed to Part II. headed by Mr. Julian Smith. Sharon Burghgraeve is also gratefully acknowledged. and on the IEA website at http://www. Enquiries. and in particular Dr. John Topper for providing the feature article excerpt. As a result of this work. a data service is available on the internet. Details are available at http://data. Karen Tréanton. OECD coal statistics in the ESD were the responsibility of Mr. Jean-Yves Garnier. In addition.10 . Part III and Part V. the IEA has made some small changes in the terminology that do not affect the definitions.iea. Ms. France Telephone: (33) (1) 40 57 66 31 or 40 57 65 41 Telefax: (33) (1) 40 57 66 49 E-mail: coalaq@iea.org. Editorial and desktop publishing support from Ms.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I OECD coal balances and statistics. Robert Schnapp had overall responsibility for this publication. thanks are due to the non-OECD Member countries section headed by Ms. Also in the IEA Secretariat. Information on ordering CD-ROM and other energy statistics publications is available at the end of this book. Further information on reporting methodologies is also available on the IEA Web site. comments and suggestions are welcome and should be addressed to: Robert Schnapp or Julian Smith Energy Statistics Division. Mr.I.

Classification of different types of coal into practical categories for use at an international level is difficult for two reasons: Divisions between coal categories vary between classification systems.9 GJ/t) on an ash-free but moist basis and with a mean random reflectance of vitrinite of at least 0.11 2. the term “Coal” includes all primary coal types (including hard coal and brown coal). In IEA statistics. based on calorific value. It should be stressed that this classification system is based on the inherent qualities of the coal in question and not on the final use of the coal. The IEA has adopted these definitions of hard coal and brown coal in this book and in other publications for presenting statistics relating to coal production. gas coke. ii) Brown coal . caking and coking properties. volatile matter content. DEFINITIONS Energy sources Coal Coal is a family name for a variety of solid organic fuels and refers to a whole range of combustible sedimentary rock materials spanning a continuous quality scale. coal tar. The IEA does not have a separate category for PCI as the term defines a particular end-use for coal. and oxygen steel furnace gas). coke oven gas. Although the relative value of the coals within a particular category depends on the degree of dilution by moisture and ash and contamination by sulphur. peat and coal products (including patent fuel. national coal statistics reported by the IEA in this book and in other publications have been adjusted to be consistent with the IEA definitions noted above. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . BKB. both national and international.Non-agglomerating coal with a gross calorific value less than 5 700 kcal/kg (23. PCI is included in steam coal (except for Japan where it is included with coking coal). As far as possible. In this way the classification system attempts to be objective and simple to apply. Primary coal used in pulverised (or granular) coal injection in blast furnaces is commonly abbreviated to PCI (or GCI) coal. fixed carbon content. or some combination of two or more of these criteria. (In this book PCI includes GCI). coke oven coke. For convenience.9 GJ/t) containing more than 31 per cent volatile matter on a dry mineral matter free basis. Coal quality can vary and it is not always possible to ensure that available descriptive and analytical information is truly representative of the body of coal to which it refers. The International Coal Classification of the Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE) recognises two broad categories of coal: i) Hard coal .6. blast furnace gas. this continuous series is often divided into four categories: ! ! ! ! Anthracite Bituminous coal Sub-bituminous coal Lignite/brown coal In cases where data are presented in Mtoe or Mtce in this book and sourced to OECD/IEA Energy Balances. these factors do not affect the divisions between categories.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I . Data presented in this book may be different from that presented in the national publications of individual countries because the countries may have adopted a different coal classification and reporting system that better suits their particular national needs. phosphorous and certain trace elements. trade and consumption.Coal of gross calorific value greater than 5 700 kcal/kg (23.I. chlorine.

Belgium.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I Furthermore.9 GJ/t) on an ash-free but moist basis. France. principally coking coal. dried brown coke. Finland. naphthalene). The brown coal is crushed. Note that for the countries listed below.g. brown coal or other primary solid fuels. Japan. Coke oven gas is obtained as a by-product of solid fuel carbonisation and gasification operations carried out by coke producers and iron and steel plants not connected with gas works and municipal gas plants. sometimes with the addition of other materials. BKB are composition fuels manufactured from brown coal. Mexico. in order to improve the information base for coal market analysis and projections. Peat Coke oven gas Peat is a combustible soft. Portugal and the United States. New Zealand. Coke oven coke Coke oven coke is the solid product obtained from the carbonisation of coal. Korea. Also included are recovered slurries. fines and dust and brown coal breeze are also included. benzene. Peat briquettes. Oil Shale mined and combusted directly is also reported as lignite. porous or compressed fossil sedimentary deposit of plant origin with high water content (up to 90 per cent in the raw state). subbituminous coal is included in steam coal and not brown coal.Australia.12 . (Shale Oil is reported as Other Hydrocarbons) ! Sub-bituminous coal: non-agglomerating coals with a gross calorific value between 4 165 kcal/kg (17. easily cut. Gas coke is used for heating purposes. of light to dark brown colour. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Coal tar can also be the result of low-temperature carbonisation of brown coal. ! Steam coal: all other hard coal not classified as coking coal. Coal of this quality is also commonly known as thermal coal. ! Coking coal: hard coal with a quality that allows the production of coke suitable to support a blast furnace charge. which normally would be reported as a feedstock to the petrochemical industry. Patent fuel Patent fuel is a composition fuel manufactured from coal fines by shaping with the addition of a binding agent such as pitch. Iceland.4 GJ/t) on an ash-free but moist basis. Semi-coke. dried and moulded under high pressure into an even shaped briquette without the addition of binders. Coal tar Coal tar is the liquid by-product of the destructive distillation of bituminous coal to make coke in the coke oven process. steam coal also includes sub-bituminous coal .4 GJ/t) and 5 700 kcal/kg (23. Gas coke Gas coke is a by-product of hard coal used for production of town gas in gas works. these two categories of coal have been further sub-divided in IEA/OECD Coal Statistics from 1978 as follows: Hard coal Hard coal is calculated as the sum of coking coal and steam coal. at high temperature.I. the solid product obtained from the carbonisation of coal at low temperature is also included along with coke and semi-coke made from lignite. Coal products Derived solid fuels are products resulting from the transformation or manufacturing of hard coal. Except for these 11 countries. Brown coal briquettes (BKB) Note that for 11 countries (listed above). Coal tar can be further distilled into different organic products (e. toluene. steam coal for all other countries in the world is equivalent to the sum of anthracite and other bituminous coal. ! Lignite: non-agglomerating coal with a gross calorific value less than 4 165 kcal/kg (17. middlings and other low-grade coal products not further classified by type. Brown coal/lignite Brown coal is calculated as the sum of subbituminous coal and lignite.

Oxygen steel furnace gas Oxygen steel furnace gas is obtained as a by-product of the production of steel in an oxygen furnace. as they appear in the basic energy statistics. Data on heat became available in different years for different countries and thus aggregated country data should be used with caution. and derived fuels such as coke oven coke and blast furnace gas are included in the calculations. However.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I . See the introduction to Energy Statistics of OECD Countries for further details. lignite/brown coal. derived products manifest themselves as positive outputs in the relevant transformation process used to create them. Heat and electricity Data collection has been expanded to obtain more disaggregated data on inputs and outputs of ‘combined heat and power’ and on ‘district heating’. importers. Statistical differences Transformation processes Transformation processes record the transformation of one kind of fuel or energy into another with both inputs and outputs being measured. while included in the balances. Generally. the split of total electricity production between main activity producers and autoproducers is available only after 1973. whether or not customs clearance has taken place. Imports and exports Imports and exports comprise amounts having crossed the national territorial boundaries of the country. recovered on leaving the furnace and used partly within the plant and partly in other steel industry processes or used in power stations equipped to burn it. Coal balances are presented in detail in Parts IV and V. energy transformation industries and large consumers. Given that this balance is restricted to coal Total primary energy supply (TPES) is made up of production + imports . and generally they should be less than the inputs. and the third shows final consumption broken down into various end-use sectors. which results in a net negative entry in the transformation flow. For Australia. for the United States no data are available for autoproducers prior to 1989. The gas is also known as converter gas. i. One tonne of coal equivalent is 7 million kilocalories. hard coal. In Part IV. Both primary fuels such as coal and peat. or oil.I. inputs from other fuel types (such as pitch for patent fuels. Coal in transit is not included. for instance: INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . both of which differ from a full energy balance. peat. Japan and New Zealand electricity data refer to fiscal years. do not appear in production. LD gas or BOS gas. The energy balance flows detailed below have the following functions. Flows: energy balance and associated products. A stock build is shown as a negative number. nor will electricity generated. shale oil. the second shows the transformation processes and energy industries.e. and a stock draw as a positive number. Table 5 presents uses in the rows and selected years in the columns. Total electricity production includes production from both main activity producers (formerly known as public) and autoproducers. Total primary energy supply Each table is divided into three main parts: the first shows supply elements. Data is presented in millions of tonnes of coal equivalent (Mtce). Production is calculated after the removal of impurities.exports ± stock changes. etc. Statistical differences includes the sum of the unexplained statistical differences for individual fuels. This may bridge several transformation processes. Stock changes Stock changes reflects the difference between opening stock levels on the first day of the year and closing levels on the last day of the year of stocks on national territory held by producers. it is recovered on leaving the furnace. However. It is important to note that derived products such as coke oven coke and patent fuel. It also includes the statistical differences that arise because of the variety of conversion factors in the coal and oil columns. and may appear in other tables: Supply Production Production is the production of primary energy.13 Blast furnace gas Blast furnace gas is obtained as a by-product in operating blast furnaces. gas and renewable inputs to blast furnaces) will not be recorded.

Both main activity producer1 and 1. Included here is. The main transformation processes reported either make a derived coal product or by-product and have been described earlier in the Energy sources section or are mentioned below. They may be privately or publicly owned. Energy industry own use contains the primary and secondary energy consumed by transformation industries for heating. electricity transmission and coal transport. Energy industry own use ! In a complete energy balance. 19 and 35. Other transformation Other transformation covers non-specified transformation and transformations not shown elsewhere such as coal liquefaction. No. or heat plants. coal tar and coke oven gas would be reported as a positive output to the coke oven transformation process flow.I. Autoproducer undertakings generate electricity and/or heat. other parts might be used to generate electricity and appear in electricity transformation. all fuel inputs to electricity production are taken into account. ! The coke oven coke will largely be used to produce pig-iron in a blast furnace. 4 / Rev. not the process efficiency loss. ! Energy inputs from other sources. own use of energy in coal mines. 2. 2008. for example. Electricity plants are plants which are designed to produce electricity only. so the net negative value in the blast furnace transformation flow will tend to be approximately 60% of the total energy inputs. 3. ! The resulting coke oven coke. including electricity will not be reported in this particular instance. so will be reported where used and mainly as an input to the blast furnace transformation process. ! The by-product blast furnace gas will appear as an output in the blast furnace transformation flow. Group 091 and Classes 0892 and 0721]. Heat pumps that are operated within the residential sector where the heat is not sold are not considered a transformation process and are not included here – the electricity consumption appears as residential use. Note that for autoproducer CHP plants. This is not the case in the coal balance. autoproducer2 plants are included here. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Losses includes losses in gas distribution. wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. . a significant amount of energy is consumed in the process of making the pig-iron. flaring or venting of manufactured gases. United Nations. These quantities are shown as negative figures. so the number displayed in the electricity transformation flow is the fuel input. However. 06.14 . as their primary activity. ! The blast furnace gas (and coal tar and coke oven gas) will likewise be reported where used. International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities. but rather map the flow of coal. traction and lighting purposes [ISIC3 05. Losses Electricity and heat generation Consumption Electricity and heat generation can refer to electricity plants. while only the part of fuel inputs to heat sold is shown. 4. the electricity generated would be converted to the appropriate energy unit and reported as a positive output in the applicable electricity transformation flow. Some of this will appear in the relevant consumption flows. If one or more units of the plant is a CHP unit (and the inputs and outputs can not be distinguished on a unit basis) then the whole plant is designated as a CHP plant. so numbers may not be indicative of true efficiencies. They may be privately or publicly owned. Heat plants (including heat pumps and electric boilers) are designed to produce heat only. which is sold to a third party under the provisions of a contract. Note that the sale need not take place through the public grid. Series M. combined heat and power plants (CHP).COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I ! Coking coal used to manufacture coke oven coke would be reported as a negative input to the coke oven transformation process. pumping. Fuel inputs for the production of heat consumed within the autoproducer's establishment are not included here but are included with figures for the final consumption of fuels in the appropriate consuming sector. New York. Main activity producer generate electricity and/or heat for sale to third parties. Total final consumption (TFC) is the sum of consumption by the different end-use sectors.

ISIC Division 23 Transport equipment ISIC Divisions 29 and 30 Machinery comprises fabricated metal products. one could adopt a single equivalence for each major primary energy source in all countries. Note also that totals may not be the sum of their components due to independent rounding. agriculture/forestry [ISIC Divisions 01 and 02]. The set of particular national calorific values that allow for the conversion of energy sources from original (physical) units to Joules are presented in the table on page 31 in Part I.e. machinery and equipment other than transport equipment ISIC Divisions 25 to 28 Mining (excluding fuels) and quarrying ISIC Divisions 07 and 08 and Group 099 Food and tobacco ISIC Divisions 10 to 12 Paper. 68-75. Transport includes all fuels used for the transport [ISIC Divisions 49 to 51] of goods or persons between points of departure and destination within the national territory irrespective of the economic sector within which the activity occurs. fishing [ISIC Division 03] and nonspecified consumption. 45-47. electricity generation. blast furnaces and industry). 36-39. production. etc. In this report some data are reported in terms of tonnes of coal equivalent (tce) because this unit is more INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . commercial and public services [ISIC Divisions 33. 53.I. etc.15 Industry consumption is specified in the following sub-sectors (energy used for transport by industry is not included here but is reported under transport): Iron and steel ISIC Group 241 and Class 2431 Chemical and petrochemical industry ISIC Divisions 20 and 21] excluding petrochemical feedstocks Non-ferrous metals ISIC Group 242 and Class 2432 Non-metallic minerals such as glass. 84 (excluding Class 8422). Other covers residential. Regional aggregates of industrial consumption should therefore be used with caution. For example.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I . 8588. This problem can be approached in many different ways. A ton of oil equivalent is defined as 107 kcal (41. 41 868 kJ/kg (10 000 kcal/kg) for oil. exports. Units and conversions Conversion (to toe and tce) Most IEA/OECD publications showing inter-fuel relations and projections present such information in a common energy unit. 56. For coal and oil. coke ovens. and between calorific values of these fuels in different countries. 55. 77-82. The use of net calorific value is consistent with the practice of the Statistical Offices of the European Communities and the United Nations. 29 307 kJ/kg (7 000 kcal/kg) for hard coal. This unit is used by the IEA/OECD in its energy balances. 31 and 32 Note: Most countries have difficulties supplying an industrial breakdown for all fuels. The difference between net and gross being the latent heat of vaporisation of the water produced during combustion of the fuel. cement. ceramic. The balances are expressed in terms of net calorific value. imports. The Secretariat has therefore obtained specific calorific factors supplied by the national administrations for the main categories of each quality of coal and for each flow or use (i. In these cases.868 GJ). The main objection to this method is that it results in distortions since there is a wide spread in calorific values between types of coal and individual coal products. 52. e. net calorific value is usually around 5 per cent less than gross and for most forms of natural and manufactured gas the difference is 9-10 per cent. the non-specified industry row has been used. 90-96 and 99]. 58-66. a convenient measure because it is approximately the net heat content of one ton of average crude oil.g. pulp and printing ISIC Divisions 17 and 18 Wood and wood products (other than pulp and paper) ISIC Division 16 Construction ISIC Divisions 41 to 43 Textile and leather ISIC Divisions 13 to 15 Non-specified any manufacturing industry not included above) ISIC Divisions 22. the ton of oil equivalent (toe). The change from using the original unit to tonne of oil equivalent implies choosing coefficients of equivalence between different forms and sources of energy.

coal used in blast furnaces. in many cases totals shown in the tables may not be the sum of their components due to independent rounding. imports.e. Heat Information on heat is supplied to the Secretariat in terajoules. at a rate of 1 TWh = 0. and final consumption are calculated using the energy content of the electricity. photovoltaic. tide. .086 ÷ 0. so 1 TWh = (0. coal used in coke ovens.9 0.33) Mtoe.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I widely used in the international coal industry.16 .086 Mtoe.9 1. Conversion factors for average net calorific value for each OECD member country for 2008 are shown in the table on page 31 in Part I. coal used in industry and coal other uses are submitted annually by national administrations to the Secretariat. Factors related to specific fuels Coal Separate net calorific values for coal production.9 0.086 Mtoe. However.e.).0 1. 1 TWh = (0. exports. multiply the gross heat content by the appropriate following factor: Natural gas Gas works gas Coke oven gas Blast furnace gas Oxygen steel furnace gas 0. Also. the primary energy equivalent of nuclear electricity is calculated from the gross generation by assuming a 33% efficiency. Gas In the IEA/OECD publication Energy Statistics of OECD Countries all data on gases are expressed in terajoules. inputs to power plants. The relation between tonne of oil equivalent (toe) and tonne of coal equivalent (tce) is therefore: 1 tce = 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY 1 terajoule = 0. i.086 ÷ 0. trade. are accounted for similarly using 1 TWh = 0. unless the actual value is known.I. A tonne of coal equivalent is defined as 7 million kilocalories.7 toe Note that billion refers to thousand million (109).1) Mtoe. Hydro-electricity production (excluding pumped storage) and electricity produced by other non-thermal means (wind.0 Electricity Figures for electricity production. i. To calculate the net heat content of a gas from its gross heat content. etc. on the basis of their gross calorific value. In the case of electricity produced from geothermal heat the primary equivalent is calculated assuming an efficiency of 10%.00002388 Mtoe.

The IEA Secretariat is working closely with the Chilean Administration. Preliminary 2009 data . for incorporating Chile into OECD totals in the 2011 edition. Data marked as ‘c’ mean that the data are confidential due to country specific regulations. Energy flows data reported for 2009 (shown as 2009e) are preliminary estimates based on the submissions received in early 2010 and on quarterly submissions to the IEA from member countries. The fuels listed as “Solar.’ mean that data are not available (either not collected or not submitted by national government). final data for 2009 and preliminary 2010 data will be published in the 2011 edition of Coal Information in July 2011. data for Chile have not been included in OECD totals for the 2010 edition and will continue to be included in Latin America with the OECD nonmember countries. Additional information on methodologies and reporting conventions are included in the notes in Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2010 Edition and Energy Statistics of OECD Countries 2010 Edition. Data marked as ‘x’ mean that they are not applicable or there is no meaningful explanation of a value there (for example. Data from 1970 include the new federal states of Germany. the price cannot be shown if there was no trade or if the consumption in the country is forbidden). German statistics refer to the former Federal Republic of Germany. Selected coal data for 2009 for some non-OECD countries have been estimated by the Secretariat. Statistics of non-OECD countries presented in this publication are based on available data at the time of publishing and may differ from the final non-OECD data to be published in Energy Statistics of NonOECD Countries. Chile became a member country of the OECD with effect from 7 May 2010.17 3. The main effect of these revisions has been to revise the reported consumption of coal in the iron and steel industry. Data marked as ‘.. As a result. wind. Korea. for the Czech Republic. Qualifiers Data marked as ‘e’ are estimates of the IEA secretariat. Since the preparation of the annual statistics publications was well on its way at that stage. PCI is not separately specified. Treatment of blast furnace coke and PCI data Data on coke used and pulverised coal injected in the blast furnace (PCI) are harmonized for all OECD countries in order to ensure that steam and coking coal consumption data are consistently presented and that comparisons between countries for consumption are meaningful. Final 2009 data on solid fuels and manufactured gases will be submitted by OECD Member countries to the Secretariat in annual questionnaires in late 2010. tide” include wave and ocean.I. Prior to 1970. SOURCES AND NOTES General notes Energy data for OECD countries in IEA Secretariat databases begin in 1960 with the following exceptions for coal: for Hungary data begin in 1965.2009e Data reported for the year 2009 in this publication are preliminary and presented as 2009e. rather it is included with steam coal for all countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I . data are available from 1971. unless otherwise noted. Mexico and the Slovak Republic. It should be noted that in IEA statistics of coal trade and consumption.

PCI consumption is reported in this book as a coking coal in order to be consistent with the Japanese practice of including imports of PCI coal with coking coal. Accordingly. Values recorded at the import stage are the sum of cost.e. The rules for regrouping coal categories are consistent with the definitions used in the annual IEA/OECD coal statistics. exclude seaborne or international transport. Prices for .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I (except Japan). only average prices covering different qualities are collected. Price data Energy prices are published quarterly in the IEA/OECD Energy Prices and Taxes.g. Background information covers duties and trade regulations. differences in definitions between countries are explained in the notes published in Energy Prices and Taxes. IEA data on coal prices are managed in two sub-systems: They vary not only in content but also with respect to the data collection methods. Definitions and the correspondence to national and European classifications are discussed in detail in the quarterly IEA publication Energy Prices and Taxes. For Japan. international comparisons of coal enduse prices may be misleading. If average prices are not available. This includes coal imports for reexport with or without processing but excludes transit trade. ! show prices actually paid. (In the end-user price tables. In these cases value added tax is refunded to the customer. As far as possible the concept of ‘general imports and exports’ is used. A standard coal quality for international comparisons of end-use prices is not possible given the wide variety of coal qualities in domestic and international coal trade. The standard approach to reporting end-use prices can be summarised as follows: ! include transport costs to the consumer. Inter-country price comparisons are made on the basis of a standard currency unit. A certain amount of regrouping and unit conversions is necessary once the basic data are compiled. Data comments INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY relate mainly to calorific values of specific coal trade flows. Inter-fuel price comparisons for one country are usually made on the basis of prices per heat unit such as a tonne of coal equivalent.9). usually in the form of a tax credit. i. e. along with the calorific value of these average qualities. September and December) from national customs statistics import and export volumes and values. but include inland transport costs of the exporting country. The definitions of coal categories and the volume and value units used in each of the above source systems vary considerably. Australia and Canada) or provided monthly to the IEA by the Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat). Although a standard approach to reporting the data has been developed. End-user prices End-user prices are collected quarterly from national administrations and other relevant bodies and supplemented with data extracted from national publications. This classification is based on the fact that most PCI coal is of a steam coal quality and not coking coal quality. United States. and ! include taxes which have to be paid by the consumer as part of the transaction and which are not refundable. and to national coal definitions. Detailed notes concerning these price series are published in Energy Prices and Taxes. the conversion factor used for converting gross calories to net calories for natural gas is 0.I. Comments in Energy Prices and Taxes on certain data items as well as general background information are developed systematically. Derived price data The information collected on prices is converted by the IEA Secretariat into a variety of secondary data in order to facilitate its analysis.18 . ! Import and export unit values ! End-user prices Import and export unit values Import and export unit values are calculated quarterly (March. Therefore it is not shown as part of prices. net of rebates. Prices are compiled for steam coal and for coking coal. June. The basic data are collected from monthly national trade sources (Japan. This excludes value added tax paid in many European countries by industry (including electric power stations) for all goods and services (including energy). Values recorded at the export stage (FOB). US dollars. Also please refer to Energy Prices and Taxes for the detailed description of price mechanisms in each country and country specific notes. As a result. prices of a selected coal may be chosen.. insurance and freight (CIF) but exclude import duties.

This database of annual statistics for OECD countries covers generating capacity and electricity production from main activity producers and autoproducers plants.19 regional totals are calculated as weighted average of available price data in the region and therefore prices shown should be considered only indicative. derived fuels and related manufactured gases. and - Coking coal and steam coal imports and exports for major OECD countries. LPG and naphtha. nuclear. Natural gas iii) IEA/OECD oil and gas statistics This database of annual statistics for OECD countries covers crude oil. - World steam coal and coking coal trade. but not limited to. renewable municipal waste. It includes information on electricity production by fuel type and supply/demand balances for electricity and for heat sold to third parties from different types of power and heat plants. refinery feedstocks. It includes detailed supply/demand balances. NGL. as well as information on coal trade by origin and destination. NGL and feedstock imports from 47 origins and exports to 24 destinations. hydro and other sources) imports. exports and (apparent) consumption in 30 OECD member countries. and The main data from this system are published annually in the IEA/OECD publications Oil Information and Natural Gas Information. The main data from this system are published annually in the IEA/OECD publication Renewables Information. supply and demand and trade of the major energy forms mainly in. as well as derived oil products. i) IEA/OECD coal statistics The information contained in this publication consists of: This database of annual statistics for OECD countries covers all primary solid fuels. trade. - Crude. trade by origin and destination and stock levels and changes. the OECD area. The annual historical data in Part III of this report are taken from the IEA/OECD databases of energy statistics which are based on annual submissions from all OECD Member countries.I. (separately from combustible fuel. wind. solar photovoltaics. - Balances of supply and consumption of OECD member Countries. Oil ii) IEA/OECD electricity statistics - Production of crude oil and NGL for the major producers in the world. and - Trade data for main product groups. Electricity - Electricity production. nonrenewable municipal waste and industrial waste. and total (including inputs of origin other than crude oil and NGL). iv) IEA/OECD renewables statistics Coal - World hard coal and brown coal production. tide/wave/ocean. - Imports from 28 origins and exports to 20 destinations.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I . accurate and detailed statistics on quarterly production. The main data from this system are published annually in the IEA/OECD publication Electricity Information. stock levels and changes. imports from 44 origins and exports to 30 destinations. - Refinery balances for crude oil. refinery intake and output. Data sources Historical data (1960-2008) Quarterly energy statistics Readers who are interested in very recent data should consult the OECD/IEA publication Oil. geothermal. June and September each year. It includes detailed supply/demand balances. solid biomass. The main data from this system are published annually in the IEA/OECD publication Coal Information. This database of annual statistics for OECD countries covers hydro. v) IEA/OECD energy statistics This annual database integrates data from the four IEA/OECD statistical database systems listed above to INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . refinery feedstocks and natural gas. gas from biomass. NGL. It contains detailed supply/ demand balances for each fuel. final consumption. solar thermal. March. This book provides rapid. - Complete product balances of production. Gas Coal and Electricity Quarterly Statistics which is published in January.

The prices and taxes are published quarterly in IEA/OECD Energy Prices and Taxes. vi) IEA/OECD energy balances Overall energy balances are constructed annually for all OECD countries from the basic energy statistics described above. The overall energy balance data are expressed in a common energy unit of tons of oil equivalent (toe) and presented in a standard matrix format. Detailed country notes referring to historical data can be found in this publication.20 . expressed in original units (e. The main data from this data system are published annually in the IEA/OECD publication Energy Statistics of OECD Countries. the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC) in Tokyo and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome. The main data from this data system are published annually in the IEA/OECD publications Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries and Energy Balances of NonOECD Countries.g. It includes detailed statistics on production. from direct communications with national administrations. the Organización Latinoamericana de Energía (OLADE) in Quito. GWh). metric tons. trade and consumption for each source of energy. industry contacts and from published sources. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY viii) Energy statistics of non-OECD countries The annual historical data for non-OECD countries presented in Part IV of this report are taken from IEA/OECD databases of energy statistics of nonOECD countries. . from data provided by other international organisations (the United Nations in New York. These databases are compiled from data submitted annually to the IEA Secretariat in questionnaires from non-OECD Member countries of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE). The balances are published annually in the IEA/OECD publication Energy Balances of OECD Countries in which detailed country notes referring to historical data can be found. etc). vii) IEA/OECD energy prices and taxes The statistics are discussed separately below. TJ.I. Detailed country notes referring to historical data can be found in these publications.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I provide a summary of energy supply and demand for each OECD country.

Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. Sub-bituminous coal is included in steam coal. Sub-bituminous coal is included in steam coal. For the 2002 data. lignite inputs to main activity producer heat plants are included in final consumption. Information set out below will assist readers to interpret data for particular countries and aid in the comparison of data among countries. The amount of gas works gas is negligible and it is mostly consumed by households. it is not possible for the Canadian Administration to submit disaggregated series for all of the coal types. Starting in 1979. Production includes the recuperation of coal from coal dumps.I.g. these inputs are included in main activity producer electricity plants. the Australian Administration has started to use a new survey methodology which has caused shifts in the structure of industry consumption. The Canadian Administration is planning to further refine its reporting. Consumption in wood and wood products is included in paper. gas works gas is reported with natural gas because it is distributed in the same network. The Australian Administration is planning to revise the historical series. Austria Historical revisions by the Austrian Administration have resulted in some breaks in series between 1989 and 1990. The last lignite mine closed in the second quarter of 2004 and lignite usage for power generation ceased in 2006. pulp and print from 2001 onwards. (e. COUNTRY NOTES In many cases data submitted by Member countries to the Secretariat do not conform to the standard reporting methodology or have other particular characteristics. July 2007 to June 2008 for 2008). The drop in BKB production in 2004 was due to a fire in the main production plant. Between 2002 and 2006. Other bituminous coal includes hard coal briquettes: “Trockenkohle” is included with BKB because of its high calorific value. Canada Due to the unavailability of data.21 4. Belgium Sub-bituminous coal data refer to recovered coal products. Due to a Canadian confidentiality law. Data on blast furnace gas for electricity production by autoproducers begins in 1986. Before 1978. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. Production of other bituminous coal ceased on 31 August 1992. The decrease of bituminous coal and coke oven coke in the iron and steel industry in 2002 is due to the closure of several plants. the IEA Secretariat has estimated some of the missing series. Domestic production and consumption of anthracite is reported as bituminous coal. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Australia All data refer to the fiscal year. Since 1994.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I . The use of coke oven gas in the chemical and petrochemical industry ceased in 1996. The data for 2007 onwards are given directly as reported. non-energy use of coke oven coke and hard coal is included with final consumption sectors prior to 1978 and 1980 respectively.

other bituminous coal started being extracted at a deeper level. non-energy uses are included with consumption in the respective final consumption sectors. hence imports of coking coal and production of coke oven coke and coke oven gas started in that year. In 1995. A large increase of steam coal imports in 2003 is related to a drought in Scandinavia. BKB inputs to gas works plants stopped in . consumption was estimated by the Secretariat. Additionally. peat production is highly dependant upon favourable weather conditions and pricing of other fuels. Denmark In the 2004 edition. Thermal power plants were operated more intensively to replace hydro-generated electricity that is consumed in the country. breaks in the series may occur between 1990 and 1992. Due to economic restructuring in the end-use consumption sectors in the late 1990s (large state enterprises subdividing and/or privatising and the utilisation of new technologies by businesses). CHP and heat production.I. In 1997. Beginning in 1996. SESSI. Revisions by the Czech Administration have resulted in some breaks in the series between 2001 and 2002. The decrease in peat and other bituminous coal usage in main activity electricity plants was due to record electricity generation from hydro plants. Figures for quantities used for non-energy purposes became available from 1970. more coal-generated electricity was exported to other countries in the region.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I Czech Republic Data are available starting in 1971. For 1989 to 1998. town gas production ceased. Thermal power plants were operated more intensively to replace hydro-generated electricity that is consumed in the country. Prior to 1993. End-use consumption data were submitted by the Czech Administration starting with 1996 data. as well as in industry. more coal-generated electricity was exported to other countries in the region. Finland A new survey system and a reclassification of the data lead to breaks in the time series between 1999 and 2000 for most products and sectors. Due to the reclassification of several sectors by the German Administration. consumption of colliery gas is included with the use of coke oven gas by autoproducers. this particularly affects BKB. Sub-bituminous coal is included in other bituminous coal. the Czech Administration reported gas works gas in autoproducer CHP. The new survey INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY system is more detailed and has improved product coverage especially in electricity. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. Sub-bituminous coal is included in steam coal. Additionally. Prior to this. Production of gas works gas ceased in April 1994. the Secretariat has estimated industry consumption based on Consommations d’Energie dans l’Industrie. A large increase of steam coal imports in 2003 is related to a drought in Scandinavia.22 . Final consumption in industry is estimated by the Secretariat from 1986 to 2001 for some products. The increase of other bituminous coal inputs into main activity producer electricity plants from 1993 to 1994 was due to coal replacing imported electricity and hydro power. which increased the calorific value of this coal. Production from other sources of other bituminous coal in 2004 are coal slurries. which may cause breaks in the time series between 1989 and 1990. BKB data for 1994 are Secretariat estimates. coke oven gas consumption in chemical and petrochemical stopped. France Prior to 1985. there may be breaks in the time series in these sectors. Germany German data include the new federal states of Germany from 1970 onwards. Likewise. major revisions were made by the Danish Administration for the 1990 to 2001 data. Data for 1990 to 1995 were estimated based on the Czech publication Energy Economy Year Book. The first coking plant started operation in 1987. Also in 1997. lignite and coke oven coke. What was previously classified as subbituminous coal until the 2008 edition is reported under lignite for all years. Sub-bituminous coal is included in steam coal.

Lignite has been used in main activity producer CHP plants since 1997. This led to an increase of 2. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. coal tar is a by-product of coke ovens. A reclassification causes a break in the series for own use of peat from 1989 to 1990.I. In 1991. all electricity production from autoproducers is reported with main activity producers. Low production of peat in 1985 was due to a poor “harvest”. Production of gas works gas ceased in 1997. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal.7% for oil compared to the previous data. Japan For four consecutive years. figures from lignite are given using the same methodology as in the Bilancio Energetico Nazionale. Due to a change in the survey system. The use of this domestic coal in main activity producer electricity and CHP plants has also been reclassified to lignite/brown coal. Due to the sale of an autoproducer power plant. From 1986 onwards. breaks in the series occur for coke oven gas and blast furnace gas between 1997 and 1998. However. Final consumption increased in 2000 due to a new iron and steel plant coming on-line. The production of gas works gas ceased in 1987 due to fuel switching to natural gas. Likewise. Iceland Prior to 1970. Ireland Production data for peat briquettes (reported as BKB) are available from 1975. From 1999. for the 2000 to 2002 period. all industrial activities were reclassified on the basis of ISTAT/NACE 91. but not currently reported. the Italian Administration defines electricity production from autoproducers as including generation from producers consuming more than 70% of their own production. Patent fuel data from 2007 is confidential.5% in 1990 CO2 emissions calculated using the reference approach while the sectoral approach remained fairly constant. Up until 2003. Some oxygen steel furnace gas is reported under blast furnace gas for 2007 and 2008. Hungary Data are available from 1965. A new main activity electricity plant using imported bituminous coal was brought on-line in 1991. The first set of revisions received in 2004 increased the 1990 supply by 5% for coal. Icelandic data for 2008 and 2009e were estimated by the Secretariat in the 2010 edition. For the 2006 edition. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. Breaks in the series for coke oven gas from 2007 are due to a change in statistical source. the IEA received revisions from the Japanese Administration. the IEA received INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Italy From 2000 onwards. This has implied some transfers of activities which may result in some anomalies between 1991 and earlier years. The industrial classifications used by the Icelandic Administration were changed in 1987. Breaks in the series may occur between 1998 and 1999 for coke oven gas and blast furnace gas. the production of sub-bituminous coal has been included with lignite/brown coal due to the low quality of the coal. Other bituminous coal inputs to main activity producer electricity plants increased from 1986 due to three new generating units at Moneypoint coming on-line. but is not currently quantified.23 1997. Consumption of non-renewable municipal waste and other solid biomass as a reductant occurs in German blast furnaces. Sub-bituminous coal is included in steam coal. breaks in the series may occur between 1997 and 1998 for final consumption. other bituminous coal includes anthracite. 2% for natural gas and 0. final consumption includes inputs and outputs to heat production. the Italian Administration defines electricity production from autoproducers as including generation from producers consuming more than 70% of their own production. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I . Greece Electricity production using hard coal ceased in 1989. From 2000 onwards. The time series for coke oven coke transformed into blast furnace gas and consumed for energy purposes in the iron and steel industry have been adjusted by the IEA using standard modelling.

Luxembourg no longer uses coke oven coke and blast furnace gas. As a result.1% higher than those of the previous edition. Sub-bituminous coal is included in steam coal.6% higher than those calculated for the 2005 edition while the 2003 emissions were 1.g.24 . data are reported on a fiscal year basis (e. however. Consumption of imported coke oven coke is reported under non-specified industry. Due to the impact these successive revisions have had on the final energy balance as well as on CO2 emissions. Starting in 1990. The most significant revisions occurred for coke oven coke. The working group completed its work in April 2006. especially for inputs and outputs to electricity generation and consumption in the iron and steel industry. the net calorific values for coal have been recalculated by the IEA secretariat based upon gross values submitted by Japan and conversion factors used by the IEA. Sub-bituminous coal is included in steam coal. Starting in 1990. the sectoral approach CO2 emissions have increased for all the years.I. In the 2010 edition. the IEA was in close contact with the Japanese Administration to better understand the reasons behind these changes.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I revisions to the coal and oil data which have had a significant impact on both the energy data and the CO2 emissions. Korea Data are available from 1971. the data have not been finalised. Japan has reclassified part of the coal inputs to coke ovens as inputs to blast furnaces. Coal injected in blast furnaces (PCI) is classified as coking coal in order to be consistent with Japanese trade statistics. The Korean Administration is planning to revise the historical series as time and resources permit. Data on sub-bituminous coal were estimated by the Secretariat based on statistics of the exporting countries. These changes were mainly due to the Government of Japan's efforts to improve the inputoutput balances in the production of oil products and coal products in response to inquiries from the UNFCCC Secretariat. Data for coal and coal products from 1971 to 2001 are based on information provided by the Korean Administration. From 1998. differences in hard coal since 2004 are primarily due to deliberate stock build by final consumers. Many of its conclusions were incorporated in the 2006 edition. Some import data is unavoidably attributed to the penultimate country of transit rather than the country of origin. naphtha. blast furnace gas and oxygen steel furnace gas into autoproducer electricity plants include the amount used to produce electricity with TRT technology (top pressure recovery turbines) which was previously included in industry. Luxembourg Steel production from blast furnaces ceased at the end of 1997 and as a consequence. Oxygen steel furnace gas data are available from 1982. With the 2008 edition. but some further revisions to the time series (especially in the industry and other sectors) were submitted for the 2007 edition. as well as information from the Yearbook of Energy Statistics 2002. These revisions affected consumption rather than supply in the years concerned. To address this issue. inputs of coke oven gas. Coal tar production exists prior to 2007. however at different rates. residential use of coke oven coke is included in commercial/public services. Sub-bituminous coal is included in steam coal. Data for 2002 have been reported on a different basis. The Mexican Administration submitted data directly by questionnaire for the first time with 1992 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Mexico . the sectoral approach CO2 emissions for 1990 were 4. the Japanese Administration established a working group in March 2004. Asymmetric statistical Data are available starting in 1971 and are partly estimated based on the publication Balance Nacional Energía. From 1982. For example. Industry and Energy). the Yearbook of Coal Statistics 2001 (both from the Ministry of Commerce. and Statistics of Electric Power in Korea 2001 (from the Korea Electric Power Corporation). Coke oven gas and blast furnace gas used for energy purposes in coke ovens prior to 2002 and in blast furnaces prior to 2007 are reported in the iron and steel industry. Patent fuel series have been estimated by the Secretariat up to 2001. the inputs of coke oven coke to blast furnaces as well as the final consumption of coke oven coke in the iron and steel industry have been estimated by the IEA Secretariat. blast furnace gas and petroleum coke. causing breaks in the series between 2001 and 2002. April 2008 to March 2009 for 2008).

Netherlands In the national statistical system of the Netherlands. Off-gases then drive the CHP plants. Data in Commercial and Public Services includes national statistical differences. Portugal Since 1998. leading to decreases in supply and consumption of coking coal. some breaks in series may occur between 1991 and 1992. coke oven coke. April 2008 to March 2009 is shown as 2008. A new survey system in 2001 leads to major breaks in series for most products. Poland Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. based on estimates provided by the Central Bureau of Statistics. coke oven coke and coke oven gas ceased in the late 1980s. Data for coke oven gas and blast furnace gas are reported for the first time in 1999. Consumption of blast furnace gas in the chemical industry stopped in 1993 while chemical industry use of coke oven gas INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . As a result. Sub-bituminous coal is included in steam coal. Other bituminous coal includes lignite. The iron and steel industry closed in the first quarter of 2001. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas. this own use for heat production (autoproduced heat) is reported under the relevant industry sub-sector. production from other sources of other bituminous coal represents a stock of "smalls" washed for re-use. As of 2000. in IEA statistics. Sub-bituminous coal is included in steam coal. The breakdown of anthracite. Import origins and export destinations are derived from partner reports.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I . Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. A reorganisation of government departments during 1987 led to the cessation of certain data series. For 1984 to 1986. It is used for agricultural purposes only. From 2002. There are some breaks in series between 1992 and 1993. Prior to 1989. although produced in New Zealand. pulp and print includes furniture. mining and quarrying is included in agriculture and construction is included with commercial/public services. In final consumption. Slovak Republic Data are available starting in 1971. non-energy use is included with industry consumption. New Zealand Where data refer to the fiscal year. The decrease of bituminous coal production in 2005 is due to a fire in one of the coal mines. Sub-bituminous coal is included in steam coal. these data are reported as coke oven gas as a by-product of pyrolysis in the multi-hearth-furnace. is not used as a fuel. coking coal and other bituminous coal has been provided on a preliminary basis and data will be revised. some industry data are reported in nonspecified industry for confidentiality reasons.I. Peat. Production of gas works gas ceased in 1988. sub-bituminous coal is not used. sub-bituminous coal inputs into autoproducer CHP refers to coal that is merged with ironsands and limestone to form the inputs for the multi-hearthfurnaces. from the kilns and melters. and as blast furnace gas obtained Norway Production of coking coal. Spain Other bituminous coal use in the iron and steel industry ceased in 1991 and started again in 1996. However.25 data. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. gas works gas in the commercial/public services and residential sectors is gradually being replaced by natural gas. Paper. Consumption of BKB also ended in 1991. kilns and melters to produce direct reduced iron (Glenbrook Steel Site). use of fuel in manufacturing industries for CHP production is considered to be consumption in transformation processes. Coal exports consist of re-exported volumes. resulting in several breaks in series between 1987 and 1988. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. Until 2001.

.26 . The 2008 data are provided from an improved questionnaire. Prior to 2002. Turkey Production of gas works gas declined in 1989 due to plant closures. Privatisation of state owned coke ovens in recent years resulted in incomplete information on coke oven gas distribution.I. oil. The breakdown of industry for 2000 was estimated by the Secretariat for gas. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. Puerto Rico. Guam. United Kingdom Consumption shown for commercial/public services includes consumption of some non-specified data. industrial consumption of gas works gas is reported in non-specified industry to prevent the disclosure of commercially confidential data. For the period 2002 to 2007. Autoproducer inputs to waste heat production that is sold are reported in the respective end-use sectors and not in transformation processes. residential and commercial and public services for other bituminous coal. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. Historical data may be revised to fit new understanding in future issues. data on consumption result from a new survey and are not comparable with data of previous years. data. the consumption of substitute natural gas is included with natural gas while its production is included with gas works gas. Since the Energy Information Administration and the US Department of Commerce do not collect separate data on patent fuel exports by country. electricity and heat. Significant INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY changes occur in consumption patterns within the iron and steel industry and coal mining. the last plant closed in 1994. Some coal used in cement kilns is reported under construction instead of non-metallic minerals in 2008. the Virgin Islands and the Hawaiian Trade Zone). The breaks in consumption time series since 2006 are due to an improved consumer survey. Use of gas coke and gas works gas ceased in 1994. Switzerland From 1999. Gas works gas production and consumption is included with natural gas starting in 1974. Sub-bituminous coal is included in steam coal.S. Due to government regulations in industry and residential sectors in particular. From 1985. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. Data between 1990 and 2007 were revised for coke oven coke and other bituminous coal in the 2010 Edition. This practice ceased in 2007 for economic reasons. 1999.S.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I ceased between 1993 and 2000. total exports of patent fuel are included in the exports of other bituminous coal. territories (i. Imports and exports also include all U. there are numerous breaks in series for the U. United States United States includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Lignite mining was halted indefinitely in 2008. Natural gas inputs into gas works gas stopped in 1999. This also occurs across industry. there has been a shift from the use of domestically produced coal to imported coal and natural gas. Prior to 1994.e. particularly in 1992. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. Due to problems in reporting. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. Care should be taken when evaluating consumption by sector since inputs of fuel to autoproducers are included in final consumption for some years. 2001 and 2002. Coal tar as a by-product of coke ovens is not currently reported. the consumption of this fuel was reported with other bituminous coal. the United States reported "synfuel" production as patent fuel. Sweden Other bituminous coal production is coal recovered during the quarrying of clay.

France. Bulgaria. Switzerland. Austria. Sweden. Germany. Portugal. Spain. Italy. Belgium. Croatia. the Czech Republic. Turkey shall preserve its position concerning the “Cyprus” issue. Sweden and the United Kingdom. Italy includes San Marino and the Vatican. Note by all the European Union Member States of the OECD and the European Commission: The Republic of Cyprus is recognised by all members of the United Nations with the exception of Turkey. Latvia. Luxembourg. all these countries are included since 1990 despite different entry dates into the European Union. IEA regional totals include only IEA Member countries and therefore exclude non-IEA Members shown in italics below. Spain includes the Canary Islands. Turkey recognises the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Poland. Japan.27 (EU-27) includes Austria. OECD Pacific comprises Australia. Martinique. Denmark excludes the Danish Faroes and Greenland. The following countries are included in the regional aggregates. Iceland. Romania. New Zealand. Korea and New Zealand. Ireland. Hungary. Malta. Turkey reserves its position as stated in its declaration of 1 May 2004.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I . Ireland. France includes Monaco but excludes the French overseas territories Guadeloupe. Portugal. Canada. Bosnia and Herzegovina. the Netherlands. 1. Japan includes Okinawa. GEOGRAPHICAL COVERAGE Australia excludes the overseas territories. Denmark. Belgium. Poland. Lithuania. Portugal. Luxembourg. New Caledonia and French Polynesia. Turkey and the United Kingdom. Portugal includes the Açores and Madeira. Greece. OECD Total comprises Australia. Finland. Ireland. Korea. Sweden. the Slovak Republic.-Pierre and Miquelon. Switzerland does not include Liechtenstein. Non-OECD Europe includes Albania. United States includes 50 States and the District of Columbia. Estonia. but currently excludes Chile which became an OECD member on the 7th of May. Italy. Note by Turkey: With respect to the Cyprus question. OECD Total is the sum of the three regional aggregates. Spain. Please note that in the interest of having comparable data. Cyprus. Luxembourg.27 5. Italy.I. St. Hungary. all 31 OECD member countries are also member countries of the IEA. Mexico. Netherlands. With the exception of Chile. Denmark. Mexico and the United States. Hungary. Iceland. Japan. Greece. The European Union . Belgium. 2010. Czech Republic. Greece. Turkey. Germany. Slovenia. the United Kingdom and the United States. The information in this report relates to the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus. Iceland and Mexico. OECD North America comprises Canada. Spain. Czech Republic. Please note that all OECD Pacific countries are also members of IEA and therefore we refer to it as OECD/IEA Pacific. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Finland. Netherlands. Finland. Guyane. Gibraltar. Norway. France. There is no single authority representing both Turkish and Greek Cypriot people on the Island. Bulgaria. Slovak Republic. Cyprus1. Switzerland. Poland. The information in the report under the heading Cyprus relates to the southern part of the Island. Germany. Until a lasting and equitable solution is found within the context of United Nations. The Netherlands excludes Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles. France. Norway. OECD Europe comprises Austria. Slovak Republic. Reunion. Denmark.

however is included under Latin America for the purposes of the 2010 edition. Malawi. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights. Brazil. Ecuador. Kyrgyzstan. Haiti. Cayman Islands. Mauritius. Israel6. Kenya. Venezuela and Other Latin America. Ukraine. Chile joined the OECD on the 7th of May 2010. Uruguay. United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Honduras. Lesotho. The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. Congo. Guinea-Bissau. Republic of Moldova. Qatar. Latin America includes Argentina. Central African Republic. 7. Somalia. Côte d’Ivoire. Bhutan. Cuba. Martinique. Burundi. Other Africa includes Botswana (until 1980). India. Gambia. Guinea. Former Soviet Union5 includes Armenia. Namibia (from 1991). Belize. Zimbabwe and Other Africa. Liberia. Saint Lucia. Gabon. Suriname. . Mauritania. Guatemala. Sao Tome and Principe. Turkmenistan. Malaysia. Laos. ! Africa: Saint Helena. Philippines. Namibia (until 1990). 3. Africa includes Algeria. Palau (from 1994). Bolivia. ! Asia and Oceania: Christmas Island. Estonia. Togo. Aruba. Falkland Islands. Jamaica. Chad. and Turks and Caicos Islands. South Africa. Please note that the following countries have not been considered due to lack of data: ! Non-OECD Europe: Liechtenstein7 (except for oil data). Niger. El Salvador. ! America: Anguilla.28 . Cook Islands. Kazakhstan. Mali. Mozambique. Chile3. Guadeloupe. and Uzbekistan. Latvia. Solomon Islands. Senegal. British Virgin Islands. Data for Montenegro are included under Serbia until 2004. Azerbaijan. St. Colombia. Samoa. Nauru and Niue. Sierra Leone. Tonga and Vanuatu. Malta. Fiji. 4. Oil data for Liechtenstein are included under Switzerland. 2. Peru. Thailand. 6. Montserrat. Panama. Bahamas. Iraq. Georgia. Ethiopia. East Timor. Middle East includes Bahrain. Comoros. Myanmar. Nicaragua. Benin. United Republic of Tanzania. Chinese Taipei. Puerto Rico4 (for natural gas and electricity). Burkina Faso. Lebanon. Netherlands Antilles. Ghana. Cameroon. Singapore. Papua New Guinea. Montenegro. Sudan. data is shown by country only. China includes the People’s Republic of China and Hong Kong (China). Indonesia. Botswana (from 1981). Maldives. Grenada. 8. Mongolia (from 1985). Nigeria. Montenegro8 (after 2004). Kiribati. Seychelles. Nepal. Lithuania. Vietnam and Other Asia. Cambodia (from 1995). Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. Barbados. After 1990. DPR of Korea. Rwanda. Dominica. Data for Serbia include Montenegro until 2004 and Kosovo until 1999. 5. Cambodia (until 1994). Bermuda. Morocco. Tajikistan.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). Egypt. Macau. Russia. Islamic Republic of Iran. Trinidad and Tobago. Kitts and Nevis. Oman. St. Mongolia (until 1984). Romania. Angola. Syria. Oil statistics as well as coal trade statistics for Puerto Rico are included under the United States. Pakistan. French Polynesia. East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law. Data is shown only under Former Soviet Union until 1989. Uganda and Western Sahara (from 1990). Djibouti. Other Asia includes Afghanistan. Eritrea. Equatorial Guinea. Reunion. Zambia. Brunei Darussalam. Tunisia. Saint Pierre et Miquelon. French Guyana. Kuwait. Democratic Republic of Congo. Sri Lanka. Other Latin America includes Antigua and Barbuda. Paraguay. New Caledonia. Cape Verde. Serbia2 and Slovenia.I. Saudi Arabia. Vincent and the Grenadines. Swaziland. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Asia includes Bangladesh. Dominican Republic. Madagascar. Costa Rica. Jordan. Belarus. Guyana.

. CONVERSION FACTORS AND CALORIFIC VALUES Units and technical abbreviations t kt Mt toe Mtoe tce Mtce kcal MBtu GWh USD : : : : : : : : : : : metric ton = tonne = 1000 kg thousand tonnes million tonnes tonne of oil equivalent million tonnes of oil equivalent tonne of coal equivalent (= 0. x : : : : : confidential estimated not available nil not applicable INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .29 6.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I .I. ABBREVIATIONS.7 toe) million tonnes of coal equivalent kilocalories (103 calories) million British thermal units million kilowatt hours US dollars CIF FAS FOB GDP GCV PCI TPES : : : : : : : cost.0 : negligible c e . insurance and freight free alongside ship free on board Gross Domestic Product gross calorific value coals for pulverised injection Total primary energy supply EU FSU OECD UN : : : : European Union Former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics/Soviet Union Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development United Nations 0 or 0.

S.546 0.S.2642 0.6 long ton (lt) 1016 1.016 1 1.1337 3.893 -4 1 4.289 35.8 0.0551 x 10 -3 1 2.02381 0.I.1868 x 10-3 1 10-7 3.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I General conversion factors for energy TJ To: Gcal Mtoe MBtu GWh multiply by: From: 1 238.84 x 10-4 1.02859 0.001 264.97 1 5.159 7.102 x 10-3 2.0 6.785 0.0 1 3 Cubic foot (ft ) Litre (l) 3 Cubic metre (m ) Decimal prefixes 101 deca (da) 10-1 deci (d) 102 hecto (h) 10-2 centi (c) 10 -3 milli (m) 10 -6 micro (µ) 10 -9 nano (n) 10 -12 pico (p) -15 femto (f) -18 atto (a) 10 3 10 6 10 9 10 12 10 15 10 18 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY kilo (k) mega (M) giga (G) tera (T) peta (P) exa (E) 10 10 .388 x 10-5 947.252 2. gallon (gal) 1 0.0 short ton (st) 907.0063 0.8327 0.46 x 10 -4 2000.54 x 10 0.0 -4 5.931 x 10-4 GWh 3.984 1.1023 2204.0038 U.2 220.1868 x 104 107 1 3.454 4.52 x 10 860 8.615 159.9072 kilogramme (kg) pound (lb) 0. gallon (gal) 1.163 x 10-3 Mtoe 4.001 9.2046 tonne (t) 1000 1 0.229 0.0 34.48 6.0 0.6 x 10-5 Conversion factors for mass kg To: t lt From: multiply by: 1 0.3147 1000.6 3412 1 st lb TJ -8 0.968 1.201 1 0.K.2 0.1605 4.3 0. bbl From: ft3 l m3 multiply by: U.968 x 107 11630 MBtu 1.1781 1 28.0 x 10 1 Conversion factors for volume gal U.220 0.0283 0.K.2778 Gcal 4.30 .0045 Barrel (bbl) 42.120 2240.8 2. To: gal U.0353 1 0.

31 2008 Country specific average net calorific values [kJ/kg] Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States Anthracite Coking coal 32 432 25 184 27 700 30 000 29 054 27 842 25 619 23 483 29 300 29 300 27 654 27 131 19 322 28 100 27 861 29 134 29 073 29 308 27 049 29 290 29 300 30 500 29 000 31 430 28 050 30 984 27 714 28 261 23 483 28 671 29 467 27 930 30 020 30 000 29 523 28 813 29 107 SubOther bituminous bituminous coal coal 25 700 27 935 25 781 25 514 24 487 25 200 26 000 25 630 25 743 25 717 28 050 27 838 26 587 24 476 24 911 29 300 23 483 24 736 27 590 28 100 22 589 25 451 25 146 23 280 27 400 28 100 24 189 24 965 26 536 18 478 22 200 17 799 24 880 16 578 20 934 19 405 20 980 11 756 18 000 19 433 Lignite Peat 10 470 8 978 8 370 14 464 12 834 17 000 9 022 6 545 7 534 19 820 10 468 14 100 20 000 14 280 8 684 11 560 6 780 20 100 7 765 14 195 8 800 10 200 9 714 12 500 - Patent Coke oven Coal tar fuels coke 31 003 29 308 32 000 31 400 20 049 28 000 30 875 27 348 25 650 29 000 27 696 27 389 27 800 29 300 29 300 28 000 28 650 29 507 29 485 26 670 29 000 27 930 27 214 26 521 28 500 28 500 28 752 28 050 28 740 30 290 28 080 28 100 29 302 28 310 27 469 41 800 37 236 37 000 38 000 35 482 37 000 41 900 36 604 - BKB 20 995 19 303 20 097 23 431 21 324 14 201 20 000 18 548 20 100 17 471 23 000 18 736 - Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I .I.

! Sub-bituminous coal is a non-agglomerating coal with a gross calorific value between 23 865 kJ/kg (5 700 kcal/kg) and 17 435 kJ/kg (4 165 kcal/kg) containing more than 31% volatile matter on a dry mineral matter-free basis.g. Iceland. Japan.this is referred to as energy industry own use. e. ! Coking coal is reported in the category coking coal. in the third dot point above). Mexico. e. in commercial and public services and in households .7 tonnes of oil equivalent (toe). coke oven gas used to heat the coke oven. mining and construction. The term “Total Coal” refers to the sum of hard coal and brown coal after conversion to a common energy unit (tonne of coal equivalent . the term “consumption” is commonly understood to include all four of the above end-uses. New Zealand. in tonnes. coal used to produce carbon electrodes for the aluminium industry In the wider community. One tce has an energy content of 29. Finland. measured in physical units.3 Gigajoules (GJ) or 7 000 kcal and corresponds to 0. However. Portugal.g. in this book the term “consumption” refers only to use in the final consumption sectors (i. ! Lignite is reported in the category brown coal. Defining coal consumption Energy statistics are compiled and presented to take account of the complexity in the way fuels are used and to avoid double counting.this is referred to as use in transformation processes. ! Other bituminous coal and anthracite are reported in the category steam coal.tce). when publishing these data. Oil shale combusted directly is reported in this category. The conversion is done by multiplying the calorific value of the coal in question (the conversion factors are submitted by national administrations to the IEA Secretariat each year) by the total volume of hard and brown coal used.I. The correspondence is as follows: ! Hard coal: this is the sum of coking coal and steam coal. Coal is used in four possible ways: ! As a primary input to produce electricity or a secondary/tertiary fuel that is used elsewhere or sold .e. steam coal used to operate the power plant ! As a fuel consumed in manufacturing industry.g. Misunderstandings can arise when statistics on coal consumption are used because of the particular terminology used by energy statisticians. trade and consumption according to a technically precise classification based on the quality of coal as follows: ! Coking coal is coal with a quality that allows the production of coke suitable to support a blast furnace charge.32 . However. Belgium.e. i. South Korea (Republic of Korea) and the United States where it is included in steam coal (because of its relatively high calorific value).g. steam coal used to produce heat in cement kilns.this is referred to as use in the final consumption sectors. in transport. steam coal used to produce electricity ! As a fuel used to support (but not used in) a transformation process . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . ! Sub-bituminous coal is reported in the category Brown Coal except for: Australia. France. e. ! Other bituminous coal and anthracite are non-agglomerating coals with a gross calorific value greater than 23 865 kJ/kg (5 700 kcal/kg) on an ash-free but moist basis. in agriculture. the IEA adopts a simplified classification of hard coal and brown coal.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART I Coal classification The IEA collects statistics on coal production. coking coal used to produce coke in a coke oven.this is referred to as non-energy use. steam coal used to produce industrial process steam ! As a raw material . ! Lignite/brown coal is a non-agglomerating coal with a gross calorific value less than 17 435 kJ/kg (4 165 kcal/kg) and greater than 31% volatile matter on a dry mineral matter-free basis. e.

1 PART II WORLD COAL MARKET REVIEW INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II .II.

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! steel production increased by approximately 68 Mt. gross electricity production decreased by the OECD average.4% (or 195.2% from 2008 making 2009 production levels the lowest since 2004. On the consumption side. there is approximately 144 years of coal available for supply. Though other factors may have contributed. In addition.3 Mtce. However. while generation using coal decreased by 10. decreased by 5.6% decrease in 2009. OECD coal consumption fell by 9.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II . continuing the growth of the last 10 years where 2009 production was 54% higher than 1999 levels.4% (or 51. increased generation fuelled by natural gas by 4.2% decline in gross electricity generation and the 4. the divergence of coal consumption patterns between OECD and non-OECD economies in recent years became particularly pronounced with the recent financial crisis which commenced in the 4th quarter of 2008.5 Mtce to 1 291.3 Mt. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . This manifested with amongst other things.4% in 2009.2% in 2008. total global coal production increased by 2. the proportion of electricity generated from coal in the United States decreased from 48.2) This contrasts sharply with the People’s Republic of China whose: ! hard coal consumption grew by 15. This was paired with a 2. which was responsible for 40. with coking coal consumption in the OECD region declining by 19. This is the lowest level of OECD coal production since 2003.4%.0% in 2009.8 Mtce. so while total U.9 Mt.4 Mt. In addition.9%. except for Japan. the decline in coal consumption was greater than the OECD 4.6% in 2009 to 1 449.0% or 402. This level has not been seen in the OECD countries since 1995 and it was the largest year-over-year decline experienced by the OECD countries since OECD data began in 1960.1 Mt. while production from coal decreased by 10.7% or 237. hard coal production increased by 3. which was higher than the entire production for any other country. The largest decline prior to this was 2. a pronounced decrease in total primary energy supply (TPES) for OECD countries of 1. Gross electricity production in 2009 in the OECD (including generation from pumped storage plants) was 10 295 TWh. production from natural gas increased by 4. Coal and peat used to generate electricity in OECD countries decreased by 3.9% and overall generation fell by 4. the United States experienced an abundance of unconventional natural gas extracted from oil shale reserves.4% to 157.II. as the iron and steel industry was especially hard hit.2%. SUMMARY OECD coal production dropped by 6.1% to 6 902.1% or 41. The downturn in the construction and automobile industries dramatically reduced demand for iron and steel in the OECD countries. Brown coal production. and ! pig iron production grew by over 15%.S. ! hard coal production grew by 8. the United States. a decrease of 4.8 Mt or 19.2%.0 Mt. followed by a record 4.2%.6% of the electricity produced in the OECD in 2009.7 Mt) when compared to 2008.6% in 1992. (Part III Table 2. This was driven almost entirely by growth in hard coal production which was 66% higher than in 1999. The analysis of proved coal reserve data (Table II. coking coal consumption decreased dramatically in the OECD region by 37. As a consequence. In 2009. This ensured that globally.3 1. Consequently.5 Mt) to 913. the drop in coal consumption can to a large extent be explained by the global recession and slowdown in economic activity.3) indicates that at the current level of production. However. however. a little above its 2002 level.4% decrease in gross domestic product (GDP).6% decline in TPES.8% in 2008 to 45.

coal remains the largest source of world CO2 emissions.7% in 2001.6%.1) steam coal consumption was up 243. the share of primary coal directly combusted for electricity generation (in tonnage terms) had reached 83.8% in non-OECD countries. This is mainly due to the rapid expansion and development in non-OECD countries. combined with a decrease in usage of lower value brown coals. 1. Commodities tied up the world’s bulk carrier fleet and shipping costs rose to a historic high in May 2008 only to collapse to around 5% of this value when the global downturn started to impact. import volumes do not exactly match export volumes. In the OECD.II. electricity shortages in South Africa and a temporary halt to Chinese exports to ensure domestic needs. This is because there was increased usage in higher value coals.7% of global coal consumption in 2007 compared to 26.4) to 909. The subsequent downturn in transport and commodity pricing was cushioned by unprecedented demand for imports by the People’s Republic of China.3 Mtce in 2009.1 Mtce in 2009. and prices returned to around their 2007 levels. while coking coal imports decreased by 4.3%) than the global production mentioned in the first paragraph (2.9% in 2009 (Table II.9% lower than the 1990 level of 1 523.3% or 156.6 Mt (5. .6% of the world total in 2009.2% to 199. coal-related emissions increased more rapidly in the non-OECD countries.2% to 232.1 Mt (Table II.6% decrease in OECD coal consumption.1 Mt (Table II. In addition. Some of the numerous factors influencing price included: tight supply during a period of record annual consumption. Total hard coal imports volume rose from 907. In 2008. The commodities boom in the early part of 2008 had a massive effect on coal prices with average CIF import steam coal prices increasing by 77% in Japan and 68% in the European Union.1% in the OECD.12). world hard coal consumption increased by 4. Because of differences in coal classification by trading partners.6 Mtce.4) which follows a sixyear trend of annual increases averaging 5.14).2 Mt to 926.3 Mt (Table II. Global consumption above appeared to grow faster (3. Amongst the broad classifications of coal. Steam INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY coal imports increased 4.15).7). difficulties in assigning trade to specific destinations. Steam coal exports increased by 26.1% (Table II. while coking coal exports decreased by 10. washing and upgrading of coals is increasing.10).8 Mt or 3. The last time the OECD had lower annual consumption was 1995 and the 2009 level is 4. compared to 60. coal-related emissions were still following long-term trends and increasingly used for power generation as opposed to other industries and sectors whose shares have declined sharply in the 36 years since the inception of the IEA.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II Total global coal consumption increased by 3.0%).29.0% or 28.8%.33 Gt greater than those from oil and over twice those of natural gas (Figure II. World brown coal consumption decreased by 5. Several techniques are discussed in the Coal Upgrading feature article on page II. flooding of mines in Australia. The OECD region consumption share has slipped to 29.3 Mtce to 1 449. (Table II.8% in 2008. Once more.6 Mt (2.3) and world coking coal consumption was up 19. and because trade is not instantaneous.6%) despite the downturn in OECD countries mentioned earlier.5 Mt – an increase of 2.6). OECD total coal consumption fell by 153.1%). (Part III Table 2.4 . and were again led by high growth in the People’s Republic of China whose coal consumption reached 40. exacerbated by a 9.8). Regarding CO2 emissions in 2007.7% (Part III Table 2. (Part III Table 2.2 Mt Global hard coal exports grew by 0. which were still noticeably higher than prices five years earlier. CIF import coking coal prices increased by 108% in Japan and 57% in the EU.4 Mt in 2009 (Table II. down from 33.

1% or 5. However.4% (compared to 6.2 later in this narrative. or a 41. In 1973. (Table II. world hard coal production increased by 3. dropping its brown coal production to below that of Turkey. India. and provided in more detail in Tables 1. Colombia and Ukraine. The global economic downturn began to impact in the 4th quarter of 2008.7 Mt over the 2008 level. since then its share has continuously declined as more non-OECD countries have increased their hard coal production.1% (or 144.9% (or 294. Hard coal with a higher thermal value (varying from coal to coal and depending on the degree of preparation) is economically suited to international trade. Hard coal production fell in every other OECD producer including Poland and Germany – both for the sixth year in sucession.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II . Vietnam and Korea DPR. In 2009.3% (or 51.3 Mt) growth in 2009.5 2. OECD brown coal production decreased from 616. but declined in South Africa. the OECD accounted for about 50% of the world hard coal production. world total coal production (hard and brown coal) increased by 2. inclusive.0 Mt to 586. a 6.6 Mt (or 4. driven predominantly by the People’s Republic of China.7 Mt or 6. production increased in the People’s Republic of China. Australia and the United Kingdom were the only two OECD countries to report increases in hard coal production in 2009.2 Mt to 326. which still displayed growth of 8. However. while the Russian Federation’s brown coal production decreased to 68.6 Mt.7% for production in 2009.4%. which returns it to levels last seen in 2004. World production for hard and brown coal are summarised in Tables II. following six years of strong growth that averaged 6. Brown coal (lignite and some sub-bituminous coals) has a much lower thermal value (the amount depending on the coal type and its water content) and is suitable largely for power generation locally or to a lesser extent for briquette manufacturing. While OECD production increased throughout the INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . was 1 979.3 Mt. Indonesia. Growth for the years 2003 to 2008.9 Mt. Of note.4 Mt to the lowest since the year 2000. Brown coal production declined by 5. Total world hard coal production (including recovered slurries) reached 5 989.5% in 2008) and followed a period encompassing seven years of record growth.7 Mt in 2009 from 1 532.4% decrease from what had been a record level in 2008.1 Mt) in 2009 to 6 902.1 Mt) was dramatically reversed in 2009 with a decline of 98.1 and II. Hard coal production OECD hard coal production declined by 98.II. the Russian Federation. Germany’s brown coal production decreased by 3. Overall. it was not immediately obvious in 2008 data due to the commodities boom in the earlier parts of the year.0% per annum. The steady increase between 2004 and 2008 for the OECD hard coal production (reaching a new production peak in 2008 of 1 532. PRODUCTION Developments in world coal supply in 2008 and 2009 World coal production and use is broadly grouped by the two main coal types – hard coal and brown coal.6 Mt. Kazakhstan.5 Mt) in 2009 (Table II.1 and 1.4% increase over 2002 levels.1) an increase of 195.2).8%).4 in Part III. Among the major producing non-OECD countries. It continued to be driven by growth in production from the non-OECD countries with 6. with characteristics making some coals suitable for metallurgical (coking) uses. while non-OECD production fell 22.2 Mt.1 Mt in 2008.

3 Mt.31 to V. Indonesia2 produces well over 80% of the hard coal mined in South-East Asia annually (with another 15% coming from Vietnam) and it was the fifth largest hard coal producer in 2009 with coal production reaching 263.3 228. Imports grew dramatically from 40. Indonesia is also the second largest coal exporter worldwide behind Australia and the largest exporter of steam coal since 2005.8 25.7 526.6 96.3 247.4 Mt higher than the rest of the world combined.3 222.2 488.4 2008 2 734. Hard coal production in the People’s Republic of China has experienced a remarkable recovery since the late 1990s when the government instituted a series of company consolidations and mine closures.5 59.3 Mt to 137. When finalised.9 54.5 38.2% of non-OECD production.8 17. surpassing Australia. The People’s Republic of China1 now accounts for 49. Over 99% of the non-OECD coal production is accounted for by 10 producing countries.8). Table II.1 28. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY figures with Chinese counterparts.2 84.4 235. it contains a very high ash quotient and is almost exclusively consumed domestically. but not so much for the drop in hard coal figures as their entire brown coal production would be only a minor proportion of their annual growth in coal production. the total global economic reserves of brown coal are about 268. For more information on coal in the People’s Republic of China.18 to V. Nearly 24% of the OECD production is in the Pacific region (up from 22% in 2008) and the remaining 9% is in the OECD-Europe region.2 Mt in 2009.8 247.4 1 007.7%) above its 2008 level.6 28. its production reached 2 971.7% to 526. growth in hard coal production was 41. which allows the country to meet the fast growing demand for coal to generate electricity and make steel.1 335.6 223.9 93.1 32. revised downwards from estimates in the prior year.8 42.2 Mt in 2009.3 Mt to 22.0% from its 2008 level.0 72. while exports decreased from 45.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II ’70s and ’80s. as a major coal exporter. This was largely due to the prodigious expansion of the Chinese market since 2002.9 32.3 2009e 2 971.1 252.4 Mt.0 Mt (8.0 Total 5441.8 billion tons.2 78. India is the second largest non-OECD hard coal producer and third in the world.9% from 4 261. For more information on coal in Indonesia.1 90.4 80.1: Major hard coal producers* [Mt] PR of China United States India Australia Indonesia South Africa Russian Federation Kazakhstan Poland Colombia Ukraine Vietnam DPR of Korea Canada United Kingdom Other 2007 2 466.4 324. up 12.2 263.0 18.8 18.0 5989. see pages V. Qualities 2.6 .3 73.6 * Production includes recovered slurries.5 88.1 Mt and follows a 7.6 325. see pages V.0 Mt in 2008. their trade balance moved from net exports of 5. an increase of 237.5 23. The largest OECD coal-producing region is OECDNorth America.7 42. the People’s Republic of China moved from the second largest hard coal exporter in 2001 to the sixth in 2008 and ninth in 2009. .4 106. Their production has more than doubled since 2000.0 Mt (Table II.0 98.9 Mt in 2008 to 4 556. However. Hard coal production in the non-OECD countries increased by 6. India hard coal production increased by 7.5 5794. to net imports of 114.7 217. with 67% of the OECD production (down from 69% in 2008). but became the second largest in 2009.5% increase in 2008.33 in this publication and also the IEA’s Energy Policy Review of Indonesia publication released in November 2008. it is still worth noting that the non-OECD countries excluding the People’s Republic of China only grew by 57. Although it dominates South Asian production. its share of world production declined to about 40% by 1990 and by 2009 it had reduced to 24%.9 58.6% of world hard coal production and 65.8 Mt (Table II. In 2009. the amounts could be noticeable in terms of brown coal figures.II. Bearing in mind that the downturn was more pronounced in the OECD economies.7).21 in this publication and also the IEA Cleaner Coal in China publication released in April 2009.7 454.4 981.4 918.3 69. It should also be noted that the IEA Secretariat currently incorporates lignite and sub-bituminous coals in hard coal figures for the People’s Republic of China while it is in the process of determining accurate 1.3 Mt. In 2009. Brown coal production Based upon the most recent study from the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR). When also taking into account that the People’s Republic of China was the sixth largest hard coal importer in 2008.

However.1 45.3 38. Coal resources. Table II. and probable (or indicated) reserves.1 36.2: Major brown coal producers [Mt] Germany Turkey Russian Federation United States Greece Australia Poland Czech Republic Serbia Indonesia Canada India Romania Bulgaria Thailand Other 2007 180.8% to 586. The amount of coal in place and in some cases the amount of mineable coal is influenced by national resource measurement criteria. This largely stems from the requirements of capital markets for improved transparency in reserve estimation where project financing is being sought. while the non-OECD’s production decreased 6. under current market conditions. Germany. Greece. all of which affect the practical recoverability of the coal. especially price. In other words they take into account what current mining technology can achieve as well as the economics of recovery (mining. in particular the regularity.II.5 49.7 38. Probable reserves have been estimated with a lower degree of confidence than proved reserves. Not all resources are recoverable using current technology.2 35.8 2009e 169.9 32. The production of brown coal decreased in 2009.9 70. the spacing of exploration boreholes and other exposures. based on exploration results and the degree of confidence in those results.7 65.8 913. there was a considerable discussion on the adoption of internationally recognised standards for reporting reserves. OECD brown coal production decreased 4. For example: ! Resources refer to the amount of coal that may be present in a deposit or a coalfield. reserves and production Definitions Quantification of mineable coal is based on a consideration of geological. Almost all lignite is mined by opencast operations. (Germany. down to levels last seen in 2002.3 76.6 57.0 57.0 88.4 35.0 18.4 59.1 71. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .7 37. to date there has not been any adoption of international standards. the drop in 2009 brown coal production.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II . and it must be borne in mind that for this reason. transportation and other relevant recovery costs such as government royalties.2).8 82.4 72.6 Mt.0 Total 953.7 36. some generally recognised definitions that can be applied. brown coal (lignite) is an important source of energy supply. During the 1990s. In several countries. however.3 Following its 1989 peak.6 Mt. However.6 27.4 18. This does not take into account the feasibility of mining the coal economically.7 47. Bulgaria. Proved reserves will therefore fluctuate according to economic conditions. was a result of decreased electricity demand due to the global economic downturn. brown coal production declined steadily until 1999. ! Proved reserves are those reserves that are not only confidently considered to be recoverable.8 Mt to 913. thickness and quality of seams. largely as a result of contractions of demand and supply in central and Eastern Europe. direct comparisons are sometimes not possible.3 Mt (Table II.8 28.4% to 326. all three of the largest brown coal producing countries in the world. Production stabilised from 2000 onwards.7 30.8 64.7 64.7 and thermal values can vary considerably between different deposits. Reserves constitute those resources that are recoverable.2 92.3 66. but also can also be recovered economically.0 35.5 38.0 2008 175. some former Yugoslav countries. Poland.6 964.9 71. Australia and Hungary) significant shares of electricity production are fuelled by lignite. down 5.4% from 964.7 72.2 17. The basis for computation of these resources varies from country to country.6 34.5 68. Of note. Nevertheless. There are. and coal prices).2 65. India and Canada. and geological discontinuities such as faults or folding.5 68. brown coal is used to generate over half the country’s electricity production (Estonia (using oil shale). and almost all is used for electricity production in local plants. Estimates take account of coalfields’ geological characteristics.3 65. Slovenia.5 34. Turkey and the Russian Federation) produced less brown coal than in 2008.4 38.0 34. mining and economic criteria. Serbia and Montenegro. ! Reserves may be defined further in terms of proved (or measured) reserves. although smaller amounts are used in some countries for industry and to produce briquettes for home heating.7 86. Romania. the Czech Republic and Greece) and in others (Romania.9 29. mainly as a result of an increased use for electricity generation in countries such as Germany.

1 957. The range of definitions of coal resources and reserves.1 112.3 555. An estimate published by the World Energy Council (WEC) in 1978 set proved coal reserves at 636. IEA Coal Research.5 255. proved coal reserves tend to be concentrated in the countries which rely on coal for domestic energy or export revenue.7 984. Thus.International Energy Agency.6% of world reserves and the same four regions contain 86.3: Proved recoverable reserves in 2008 and 2009 production [Mt] Region OECD Europe OECD North America OECD Pacific Proved recoverable reserves 2008 Hard coal Soft brown coal Total 18 447 237 607 41 111 52 340 33 336 44 050 OECD Total 296 983 Transition Economies of which: Russian Fed. Thus.3). 123 691 69 946 People’s Republic of China Asia of which: India Latin America of which: Colombia Africa and Middle East World Hard coal 70 787 270 943 85 161 134. Geographic location of proved coal reserves Although coal resources are widely distributed around the world3. Coal Information 2010 Coal reserve estimates In its most recent study. The 2008 proved recoverable reserves represent over 144 years of production at current levels.2 228.3 1 433. 2008 saw considerable changes to 2007 proved reserves.1 billion tonnes. June 2000.2% and 21.5 728 436 268 759 997 195 5 989.6 913.2 560. almost 80% of proved coal reserves are concentrated in just four regions.bgr.9 Sources: Reserves .5 68. particularly for hard coal reserves which increased by 17.1 129 726 426 709 93 943 91 607 217 634 161 553 180 600 11 000 191 600 90 076 76 372 14 187 4 342 104 263 80 714 9 032 5 298 5 073 - 14 105 5 298 Production 2009 Brown coal Total 421.8 . a part of the resources was reallocated to reserves as they became economically recoverable.3 33 123 9 33 132 255.6 2 020. OECD-North America and the Transition Economy countries controlled 27.bund. Another estimate published by the WEC on reserves at the end of 2002 set proved coal reserves at 909.0 406. Asia.9 296.3 6 902.II. and Africa.0 0.4 871.8% of the proved coal reserves.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II Table II.9 72.2 342.8 77.6 100.8 billion tonnes. This is even though production from 1978 to 2009 is estimated to be 152.3 billion tons from 2008 (Table II.2% of proved reserves are in the People’s Republic of China and 10.0 380.8 1 058.8% of reserves.6 34.4 586. About 19. mainly due to increases in the People’s Republic of China. OECD-North America contains 32.2 billion tonnes which was an increase of 7. London.5% in Asia (excluding the People’s Republic of China).4 billion tonnes. 3. world proved coal reserves are 57% larger. Looking at hard coal reserves.9 6. or 360. Also. as the prices increased.6 207.9 73.6 526. an overview of the national classification systems is provided in an Appendix to Major Coalfields of the World.7 64. than they were 31 years before. Even though it is difficult to compare the estimates from two different sources.8 2 971.Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR) www.de Production .1 billion tonnes. It is also important to note that world hard coal total resources are estimated to be 15.0 2 971.8 billion tonnes higher.4 83. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .4 0. the increase observed between the end-2002 coal reserves and the 2008 coal reserves suggests that. the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) estimates the current proved recoverable global coal reserves at 997.65 trillion tonnes or over 15 times proved reserves. respectively.2 587.0 0.

Brown coal is used almost exclusively domestically. OECD consumption OECD coal consumption for 2009 is estimated to be 1 449. the United States. then 86.8% of global consumption. OECD coal consumption had increased by 5.8 Mtce to 3 449.2%).6%).0%). In OECD-Europe.0%. following a 6.8% decrease from the level of consumption in 2008. the Russian Federation and Japan. hard.9% of total world coal consumption. increasing by 9.2% over 1990 levels and accounted for 33. In 2008. converted to a common energy unit – in this case million tonnes of coal equivalent (Mtce).2% of the world coal consumption is accounted for. 76. Table II. coal consumption is estimated to be 394. Total coal. This is an increase from 74. a 10. Consumption also increased in other major coal consuming countries including India (9. followed by 7. which minimise the transportation costs of the energy contained in these products.6% of global coal consumption.6% from the 2008 level of 1 602. a decrease of 5.1 Mtce.9% and 4.3 Mtce. accounting for 29.9% under 1990 levels.2 Mtce in Germany or 10. In the United States.4 shows total coal consumption for selected countries expressed in Mtce. steam and coking coal in 2007.1%) and Kazakhstan (15. coal consumption is estimated at 695. This was driven by Japan’s consumption drop of 17. Chinese Taipei (6.1 Mtce in 2009.3 Mtce in 2009. Korea. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .5%. and lower moisture and ash levels.II.7% less than the level in 2008. Non-OECD consumption Total coal consumption in the non-OECD countries continued its strong growth. and Ukraine (18. a decrease of 9. If a second set of five countries is added to this list – South Africa.6 Mtce in the United Kingdom. Consumption was up in China (including Hong Kong) by 15.9% from 3 139. India. Because of special coking qualities and their higher calorific value. these coals comprise the vast majority of coal that moves in international trade. discussed in this section. Hard coal consumption Hard coal consumption covers coking coal and steam coal greater than 18 600 kJ/kg. 2008 and 2009. Total coal consumption in the OECD-Pacific was 319.3% of world consumption of coal is accounted for by just five countries: the People’s Republic of China. Germany.6%). which strengthened its position as the largest coal-consuming country in 2009. (Countries for which sub-bituminous coal is included in hard coal are listed in the box on page 32 in Part I).3% from 2008. respectively.9 Mtce or 47.2% from 2 040.2%. Total coal consumption Although competitive cost coal resources are relatively abundant world-wide (contributing to coal’s use in many countries.0% in 2008 (Table II.7% decrease 1.6 Mtce.7 Mtce in Italy. The largest decline in consumption was 11. 10. CONSUMPTION This section reviews consumption of total1. Australia and Poland. when compared to 2007. principally for electricity generation).3 Mtce.1 Mtce or 10.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II . This was mainly due to the People’s Republic of China.0 Mtce to 2 350. refers to the sum of hard coal and brown coal. while consumption in Australia and New Zealand declined by 3.9 Mtce in Poland and 5. while consumption declined in the Russian Federation (10. The dramatic downturn in 2009 brought OECD coal consumption 4. 6.9 3.4).

7 tonnes of oil equivalent (toe).6 5.0 Mt.1 9.3 342.7 Mt to 2 639.9 79.1 7.6 11.7 10. in industry.0 11.6 101.3 Gigajoules (GJ) or 7000 kcal and corresponds to 0. mostly as district heat).tce).6 10.3 151.1 16.1 145. 9.8 11.8 49. The conversion is done by multiplying the calorific value of the coal in question by the total volume of hard coal and brown coal used.0 24.e.9 10. agriculture and transport).4 Mt.2 91.4 89.8 15. to 5 163.2 23.3 1 641.9 10.0 54. The energy content of one tonne of coal equivalent is 29.3 5.1 42.1 10. Steam coal consumption Steam coal has three main end-uses: ! by far.5 1 593.0 406.1 22.6 41. most steam coal is an input in the power sector to produce electricity and heat (which is then sold to third parties.6 10.9 12. In 2009.9 86.4 11.2 1 629.5 European Union Total IEA Total OECD Total non-OECD 463. World steam coal consumption was up 5.9 43.6 17.9 2 030.8 84.1 1 602.1 778.1% in OECD-Europe.2 47.6% in 2009 to 5 924.0 372.6 77.5 11.3 Mt.10 . Non-OECD steam coal consumption increased by 10.1 10.5 9.4 161.2 119.4 4 898. Steam coal consumption in the OECD countries decreased by 8. Consumption in OECD countries decreased by 9.6 3 139. ! small amounts are being used as PCI coal (pulverised coal injection) in blast furnaces and as well as for blending with coking coal.6 5.6 12. Poland and Turkey.6% to 4 388.9 9.2 23.1 Mt.2 10. It increased 15. Coking coal consumption Coking coal has three main end-uses: ! by far.1 28. . while the nonOECD hard coal consumption increased by 10. (TPES) INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY The world hard coal consumption rose an estimated 4.7 429.3 World 4 559.7 20.0 6.8 14. Japan.5 52.2 12.3 21.0 4 742.6 79.5 2 340.0 14.1 Non-OECD countries PR of China India Russian Federation South Africa Chinese Taipei Indonesia Kazakhstan Ukraine DPR of Korea Thailand Brazil Vietnam Malaysia Hong Kong (China) Israel Serbia Bulgaria Romania Philippines Other non-OECD 1 855.5 OECD countries United States Japan Germany Korea Australia Poland United Kingdom Turkey Canada Czech Republic Italy Spain France Greece Mexico Netherlands Denmark Slovak Republic Finland Other OECD Note: The term total coal refers to the sum of hard coal and brown coal after conversion to a common energy unit (tonne of coal equivalent .4 10.4 56.0% in 2009. to 1 378.5 29.5% in OECD-North America.2 18.0 82.6 11.9 13.4 19.3 3 449.9 13.0 Mt. measured in physical units.9 169.6 26.7 112.6 12.3 Mt.0 36.7 4. ! some coking coal is used as an input in the power sector to produce electricity and (which is then sold to third parties.e. this occurred in Germany.0 53.2 48.4: Total coal consumption [Mtce] (Selected countries) 2007 2008 2009e 791.II.0 12.9 18.5 60.8 50.8 60.4 Mt) in India to 536.8 135. and 2.6 79.5 10.3 28.7 54. ! as a fuel in the final consumption sectors for the production of heat and/or steam (i.6 165.0% in OECD-Pacific. steam coal consumption decreased by 9. residential.3 2 917.4% to 1 536.9 Mt.5 37.0% in the People’s Republic of China from 2 295.5 19.9 57.1% in 2009. most coking coal is used as an input for the production of coke oven coke in coke ovens.8 6.7% to 3 784.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II Table II. It also increased by 7.4 9.2 30.0% increase by Korea and 2.8 378.6 17.0 11.5 5.4 26.7 59. Steam coal consumption decreased in several of the major consumer countries including the United States.7 5.9 20.0 695.3 162. mostly as district heat).3 1 438.1 9.6 42.0 59.7 13.9 Mt.5% (or 37.7 58.8 18. Viewed on a regional basis. i.8% by Australia offset decreases in Japan and New Zealand.7 29. commercial and public services.8 136. the Russian Federation and South Africa.2 138.0 40. in tonnes.6 43.0 1 449. Consumption refers to total primary energy supply.2 27.3 5.8 21. A 9.

The steel industry is a major consumer of coal for use in the production of pig-iron in blast furnaces.4 Mt in 2008. as consumption similarly decreased by 19. and hence a coke. as will usage of alternative carbon sources in blast furnaces. Coals for pulverised coal injection (PCI) World consumption of coking coal in 2009 is estimated to have increased by about 2. as PCI. residential. of a particular quality. Japan. Part III). animal meal and PCI. Second.2% in 2008. coke oven gas. New technologies for the production of steel that bypass the blast furnace involving the direct reduction of iron ore are expected to further weaken the relationship between steel and coking coal consumption.e. to some extent.0% from 127. Third. The next five major coking coal consumers are: India. Part III) decreased significantly by 19.3 Mt of coke oven coke was consumed. Coal used in this way. Ukraine and Korea. The choice of coals for use in steel-making has been a prime concern of the industry. and in the late 1970s. coking coals command a price premium over steam coals reflecting a higher carbon content. First. coking technology and coke application technology for blast furnaces. the People’s Republic of China accounted for 58. Outside of the economic downturn. In some cases.0 Mt of coke oven coke was produced and 106. Coking coal is defined as a hard coal with a quality that allows the production of coke oven coke suitable to support a blast furnace charge. Coking coal consumption in the OECD (Table 2. coking coal consumption has generally been declining in the OECD since the mid1980s.1 Mt in 2008.6% of world annual coking coal consumption. non-coking coals (referred to as soft or semi-soft coking coals) can be included in the blend to make coking coal. Coal used for PCI is generally of steam coal quality. consumption of coking coal and coke oven coke.4 tonnes of coking coal and thereby prolongs the life of coke ovens by reducing the amount of coke required to be produced. agriculture and transport). there has been a general migration of integrated steel manufacturing from the OECD to the non-OECD countries. it can also be used in foundries as coke breeze in sinter production. is losing ground to electric arc furnace technology which does not require coke. is derived from the consumption of pig-iron and less directly from the consumption of steel.1 Mt in 2009 as demand for steel plummeted. One tonne of PCI coal replaces about 1. Improvements were made world-wide in coal blending technology. Together they accounted for another 25. other coke oven plants are at coal mines or at town gas plants. in the OECD countries. It also lowers the quantity of coke required to produce pig-iron. (Tables 1.3 Mt. Coke oven coke production and consumption Coke oven coke is produced in coke ovens from coking coal that may be sourced from a single coal mine or produced from a blend of coking coals sourced from different coal mines.11 ! small amounts are used as a fuel in the final consumption sectors for the production of heat and/or steam (i.II. Pig-iron is subsequently converted to steel in an oxygen steel furnace. Production decreased dramatically by 24. semi-soft coking coal and non-coking coal were partly used for the first time.5 and 2. This is important because INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II .4% to 157. despite some recent growth in 2004. the steel industries in the OECD countries are experiencing technological evolution where traditional integrated steel production. In the second half of the 1980s.6% to 761. Although coke oven coke is mainly consumed in the iron and steel industry in blast furnaces for the production of pig-iron. heavy fuel oil injection into blast furnaces. Several factors have combined to weaken coking coal consumption. plastic pellets.5. it is estimated that 103. such as charcoal. the Russian Federation. so steam coal is displacing coking coal. pulverised coal injection—a technology for injecting coal directly into the blast furnace to provide the chemical reaction agents necessary to convert iron ore to pig-iron—became more prevalent. Traditionally.1 Mt or 19. commercial and public services. which relies on coke oven coke. In 2009. natural gas. particularly in Japan with the expansion of the steel industry in the 1960s and following the oil price shocks which led to the significant substitution of heavy fuel oil by coal in some blast furnaces. as well as in coke ovens themselves to support coke oven coke production. and to a lesser extent. provides important economic benefits to the steel-maker in addition to the immediate benefit of a lower fuel price.2. In 2009.7% from 132. Hence. Almost all coking coal is transformed into coke oven coke in a coke oven and used in blast furnaces for the production of pig-iron. in industry. Most coke ovens are located at iron and steel plants.5% of global coking coal consumption up from 52. this is due to the growing use of pulverised coal injection (PCI). 2006 and 2007.

This approach to coal classification for statistical reporting purposes recognises that PCI and other similar coals can also be blended with coking coal to form a coal that is still suitable for coke making. the Russian Federation and Germany) accounted for 61. below 10% total moisture.12 . which often involves additional costs to meet stringent environmental standards. However. whereas PCI coal is classified as a coking coal by the following countries: Australia. It should be noted that in IEA statistics of coal consumption. a wide range of coals—from anthracite to high volatile—are utilised. PCI is classified by the IEA Secretariat as a steam coal (as most PCI coal is generally of a steam coal quality and not coking coal quality) for most countries.6% of all PCI consumption.4 in Part III for other countries and historical data. PCI consumption is reported in INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY this book as a coking coal in order to be consistent with the Japanese practice of including imports of PCI coal with coking coal). Belgium. As imports and exports data for PCI coal are not available separately. However.9% from 2007 (Table II. (For Japan. Korea. . Japan. PCI coal is classified as steam coal in the statistics of the following countries: France.0%. their consumption declined by 3. Data for some non-OECD countries (PR of China in particular) are not available. United Kingdom and the United States. Germany. Total PCI consumption declined in 2008 by 1. Luxembourg and Turkey. For this reason it is difficult to compare steam and coking coal supply in some large users of PCI or to match import data with export data for the same partner countries for steam and coking. Table II. Indicative qualities for PCI coal (air dried) are as follows: below 7% ash. PCI consumption statistics suggest that PCI consumption worldwide is increasing as steel industries in the Non-OECD countries refine their steel making technology and add new processes such as carbon injection. World totals are Secretariat estimates. Includes granular coal injection for some countries. low alkalis and low phosphorus. The four top consumers (Japan.5). In terms of volatility.II. Italy.3% due to the economic downturn. with Japan’s consumption dropping by 16. it should be noted that member countries are not consistent in reporting steam and coking coal import and export statistics to the IEA Secretariat because PCI coals are included in coking coal data by some countries and in steam coal by others. the IEA Secretariat is not able to “correct” trade data reported by member countries to ensure that the series of steam and coking coal trade and supply are consistent. The performance of PCI technology depends on the quality and consistency of the pulverised coal used in the blast furnace.5: PCI used in blast furnaces (major consumers in thousand tonnes) Japan Korea Russian Federation Germany France India United States Netherlands United Kingdom Italy Australia Spain Sweden Belgium Turkey Slovak Republic Colombia 2007 11 594 6 284 3 500 3 115 3 110 2 377 1 959 1 593 1 242 1 030 808 769 532 450 293 468 198 2008 9 705 6 997 3 996 3 071 2 636 2 493 2 482 1 353 1 170 1 102 825 661 515 478 444 406 255 Total 39 322 38 589 See Table 5.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II many coke ovens are reaching the end of their useful life and significant investment is required to replace or to maintain them.

1 29.7).13 4. due to exports to Europe during the commodities boom.1% -15.4.5% -24.4 30.5%.0 98. and 3.5%.3 25. Table II.5 Mt in 2009.8 943. Detailed coal trade statistics for the main non-OECD countries are presented in Part V of this book.II.1 925.6 (1) Rounding.2 Mt increase in exports. who had a 6. Because total world imports do not equal total world exports for the same period (as trade is not instantaneous) a balancing item has been introduced in Part III. Trade is now estimated to be 940. Tables 3.2 27.8 22.8 574. TRADE Hard coal trade World hard coal trade grew by 0. Table 3.5 58. The convention adopted in this book is that world trade in coal is considered equal to the sum of the exports of all countries.14 and 3.6 65. 3.6).7 229. Canadian hard coal exports decreased by 10.6% -25.7 50.6 2008 252.4% or 27.7 Mt in 2009 and remains the second largest hard coal exporter in the world as demand in the Asia-Pacific region grew by 18.7.7 Mt in 2009.0 73. up 3.4 28. Exports Australia remains the world's leading coal exporter with total hard coal exports reaching 261.2 69.4 24.9 46.3% 18. Exports decreased by 22.Pacific Europe Africa + Middle East North America Latin America Balancing Item 2008 2009e 937. due to large increases in demand in the People’s Republic of China.1 Mt to reach 229.6 23.8% after an increase of 3.2% to 28. 3.8 Mt. recovering slightly from 2008 levels.3. As a consequence. Exports from the United States in 2009 returned to 2007 values of 53. differences between coal types (coking and steam) and assignment of source and destination “non-specified” coal results in some discrepancies between Table 3.8 34.16 in Part III.4 Mt after a spike to 73.7 46. which were the lowest level since 1998. and Colombia remained the fourthlargest coal exporter.6 22.6 97.5 67.2 Mt in 2009.5 Mt to 22.4 297. reaching 69. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .2 has not been allocated to the regions. the sum of imports of coal by region may not coincide with world trade.2 2009e 261.8 60.0 254.2.8 Mt in 2008 (Table II.3 42.9 Mt to 66.16.3 Mt.7 31.4 45.8 484.7 Mt in 2008.5 66.6 197.5 943.4 31. of which most became Chinese imports.4 18.1 64.2 202.5.14 and 3. and Tables 3.6: World hard coal trade [Mt] World Asia . Detailed statistics on imports and exports by origin and destination for the OECD countries are presented in Part IV. The Russian Federation’s exports of hard coal increased by 19. 3.5% or 6.5 19. Table II.0 36.5% in 2008 (Table II.9 53.8 Mt in 2009 compared to 937. dropping the People’s Republic of China to ninth behind Vietnam. Indonesia continues to show export growth with an increase of 13. Canada rose to become the seventh largest coal exporter as exports from the People’s Republic of China decreased for the sixth consecutive year. this time almost halving.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II .3 57.1 Growth (%) 0.7 116.6 940.0 Mt in 2009.9 53.7: Major hard coal exporters [Mt] Australia Indonesia Russian Federation Colombia South Africa United States Canada Vietnam PR of China Kazakhstan Other Total(1) 2007 243.9 53.2.2% to 116.8% NA Note: There is some uncertainty in the regional breakdown of trade because the balancing item in Part III. South African exports grew by 11.5% -14.3% or 3. Statistics for hard coal exports and imports presented in these tables are shown for selected countries with historic data in Part III. However. Tables 3. Colombian coal exports increased by 2.9 Mt in 2009. and remained the world’s third largest hard coal exporter.

9 32. France.4 23.8 Mt in 2009.2 25.PR of China .2% for steam coal.Poland excludes one third of all exports to Germany and all exports to Austria.Venezuela excludes to Colombia Asia: .2. in order: Japan.9 26.0 15.0% and coking coal trade fell by 10.1% increase over 2008 imports (Table II.2 40.8 59. Seaborne trade was slightly higher compared to 2008.3 49. preliminary estimates indicate that total world hard coal imports which can be allocated were about 926. Table II. Some countries. Japan (See Box on Japanese coal trade classification).COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II Imports Although final data for coal imports does not allow for allocation of all reported coal exports to countries world-wide.Colombia excludes to Venezuela . World seaborne coal trade was 858. Seaborne hard coal trade between 1987 and 2007 has increased at an average rate of 7. 13 decreased from 2008 by a combined 15.DRP Korea . and Tables 3.2 2009e 641.5 38.g. steam and coking coal are calculated similarly: Europe: . Seaborne coal trade The methodology used to estimate seaborne trade is described in the accompanying box.6% 1.8). Slovak Republic excludes continental Europe main rail and inland waterways shipping routes.g.4 22. Poland and the Slovak Republic and exclude intra-Soviet Union trade North / South America: . However.6%.0 67.14 .9 14. Hard coal.Zimbabwe excludes neighbouring countries excludes neighbouring countries 2. e. former Soviet Union and former Yugoslavia .5% combined.4 43. The top five ranking coal importing countries in 2009 are. India and Chinese Taipei.4 14.3 907. the People’s Republic of China. Netherlands. Statistics for hard coal exports and imports presented in these tables are shown for selected countries with historic data in Part III.8: Major hard coal importers [Mt] Japan PR of China Korea India Chinese Taipei Germany United Kingdom Russian Federation Turkey United States Netherlands Italy Spain Brazil Thailand Other 2007 187.9 19. of which 641.6 2008 184. Korea.16 in Part III.9 31. e.3 Mt and as a consequence.0 14.8 Growth (%) 6.5 Mt in 2009.2% and coking coal trade grew by 7. Of the top 20 importers.0 45.5. 3.0 24. also report such coals as coking coal imports but other countries include this trade in their . India’s imports grew by 14.6 242.3 43.0 58.Vietnam excludes to DRP Korea excludes to People’s Republic of China excludes neighbouring countries except the People’s Republic of China excludes to Thailand excludes to Cambodia Africa: .0 19.2 23.16. the People’s Republic of China moved from sixth on the import rankings to second.1 194.9 14. .9 Mt was steam coal and 217. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Methodology for estimating seaborne coal trade Seaborne coal trade is estimated as exports from all countries with the following exceptions. Romania.4 19. the Czech Republic.7 166. Australia includes some steam coal (soft or semi-soft coking coal.5 (1) Rounding.6 59. in 2009. Hungary.3 99. differences between coal types (coking and steam) and assignment of source and destination “non-specified” coal results in some discrepancies between Table 3. This trend was not matched in 2008 when steam coal trade declined 0.Former Yugoslavia excludes intra-former Yugoslavia trade Former Soviet Union Republics excludes all exports to Austria.6 848.8% for coking coal and 5.0 858. Tables 3. 3.5%.9).0% -10. Table II.0 51.3 Mt.II.9 2009e 164.3 46.14 and 3.9 21. trade in steam coal rose 6.8 Total(1) 903.0 88. Bulgaria. Germany.United States excludes to Canada.0 103. Mexico .5 30.1. the Slovak Republic.3 38. This marks the 11th consecutive year of growth for seaborne hard coal trade. Czech Republic.4 17. The annual volume of world and seaborne trade since 1986 are shown in Part III.Canada excludes to the United States . a 2. Hungary.India .1% or 73. The People’s Republic of China’s imports grew 240.2 926.Belgium.0 Mt was coking coal (Table II.7% to pass Chinese Taipei.South Africa . Greece.7 60. used for blending or as PCI) in their coking coal statistics. the Czech Republic.9: World seaborne hard coal trade [Mt] Steam Coal Coking Coal Total 2008 605.9 217.0 25.9 196. Table 3.5 20.3 15.2% The breakdown between coking and steam coal statistics in world coal trade is affected by the practice of some countries.1 21.0% from 40.Myanmar .8 137.4 20.7.14 and 3.

3.4 -1.3 Growth % 4. the Russian Federation.5 443. Indonesia further increased their world steam coal market share from 25.9% in 2009 (Table II. Consumption growth in the AsiaPacific market has supported international steam coal trade in the recent past and this trend has been particularly pronounced since the economic downturn.0 69.9 67. irrespective of its ash content.11). exports from Indonesia.4% -7.5 105.3% to 28.9 38.3 25. is classified as a steam coal. is not allocated to the regions.5% -23.9% -20.10: Major steam coal exporters [Mt] A note on Japanese coal trade classification In the official Japanese trade statistics collected by the Ministry of Finance (MOF).19 and 3. export statistics in this table have been adjusted to reflect this practice and are inconsistent with data in Part III. In practice. Bituminous coal with more than 8% ash can be classified as either a steam or coking coal.21.1 4.3 percentage points). Indonesia Australia Russian Federation Colombia South Africa Vietnam Kazakhstan PR of China United States Canada Other 2008 173.4 Mt (Table II. Bituminous coal with not more than 8% ash (on an air-dried basis) is always classified as a coking coal. In 2009. This represented 8.3 83.5 16. South Africa and Vietnam rose in 2009. while overland trade is only 8. seaborne trade. Due to the practice of some OECD countries classifying steam quality coal as coking coal imports.2 136.4% of all coal production.1.3% -28. This means in 2009.3 19.6 2009e 200.6 22. imported coal is initially classified according to its inherent properties.8 Mt or 3.19 and 3.0 Mt. in 2009 international exports were only 13. In 2009.3 41. Asia-Pacific imports represented 62. that Kaltim Prima coal (classified as a steam coal in Indonesian export statistics) is always classified as a coking coal by MOF.1 percentage points) as Australia and Indonesia both produced record exports.10). Steam coal trade Total world steam coal exports increased by 26. Kazakhstan.8 59.8% (down 0.9 41. and the United States experienced declines in their steam coal exports.3 13.3.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II . steam coal imports in the Asia-Pacific market increased by 22.3 Total(1) 684.3 226. down from 88.Pacific Europe North America Africa + Middle East Latin America Balancing Item 2008 676. despite its possible use as a power station fuel.3 Note: Uncertainty in the regional breakdown of trade exists because the balancing item in Part III. whereas the People’s Republic of China.4 19. export statistics in this table have been adjusted to reflect this practice and are inconsistent with data in Part III. Table 3.2% (up 2. This results in a discrepancy between reported world imports and exports of coking and steam coal. then allocated to either the category steam or coking coal.8 12. Also of note. Tables 3.7% of total international coal trade.2 Mt.1%. Tables 3.11: World steam coal trade [Mt] World Asia .0 115.0 41.7 2009e 708. Sub-bituminous coal. although dominating international coal trade. Part III).4 20. Due to the practice of some OECD countries classifying steam quality coal as coking coal imports.21. Colombia.7% of international trade.2 21.8 35.6 6. Australia.0 362. according to the judgement at the discharge port.6% of global production. Table 3.4 66.6% in 2008.6 Mt (Table 3.15 steam coal import statistics.4 42.7% of international trade.4 208.4%. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . % Less than or equal to 14 Less than or equal to 23 Others Classification coking coal coking coal Steam coal Overland coal trade Coal traded overland internationally in 2009 was 82.5 percentage points) and 9. This contrasts with 1985 where overland internationally traded coal was 182. the Russian Federation and Colombia followed with respective shares of 19. Australia. or 81.8% 22. On the other hand METI (the Japanese Agency that submits trade data to the IEA) collects import data from coal users and classifies coal on the basis of its free swelling index (FSI) and percent Volatile content as follows: FSI greater than 1 greater than 1 others Volatile content. Table II. 14.5 711.9 31. Table II. this means for example. was only a factor in the transportation of 12.6% of total world steam coal trade in 2009.4% NA Note: Uncertainty in the regional breakdown of trade exists because the balancing item in Part III.4 Mt or 39. up from 53.1 9.II. is not allocated to the regions.8% (up 2. to reach 443. In terms of tonnage.

7 232.4 (1) Rounding. The largest supplier to the North American market is Colombia. The third-ranked Indonesia remained relatively stable with 29.5 16.9 44.4 17.8 Mt of steam coal were imported to Latin American countries. .3 Total(1) 699. the major European importers were the United Kingdom (33. Table II.5 0.Pacific Europe Latin America North America Africa + Middle East Balancing Item 2008 2009e Growth % 261. Italy (16. Colombia.II.8 33.1 19.5 129.4 is not allocated to the regions. and France (10.1 2. 3.18 and 3.7 Mt). The 2009 main steam coal suppliers to this market were the Russian Federation.0 Mt).3 Mt from 2008 (Table II.21.3% -3. receiving 112. Tables 3. the People’s Republic of China.3 Mt). In North America.9% -36.21 in Part III.3 NA Note: Uncertainty exists in the regional trade breakdown because the balancing item in Part III. Statistics for coking coal imports presented in this table are shown for selected countries with historic data in Tables 3.2 33.5 13.18 and 3.5 29.18 and 3.9 37.7 14.14).9 Mt in 2009.6 1. although exports decreased by 11. differences between coal types (coking and steam) and assignment of source and destination “non-specified” coal results in some discrepancies between Table 3.2 29.1 32.9 Mt – up 3. South Africa. Indonesia. Due to the practice of some OECD countries classifying steam quality coal as coking coal imports.12. the Netherlands (16.down from 33.3 Mt in 2009 (Table II.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II Japan remained the world's largest single market for seaborne steam coal. Indonesia.9 19. Spain (15.5 21. The largest suppliers to Latin America are Colombia. Table 3.5 102. Australia.10. Table II.2 Mt. Total North American steam coal imports were down by 9.6 29. South Africa.9 4.9 16. Poland and Australia.4.3 727.0 1.5 75.6 4.2 82. Tables 3.9 Mt).5 Mt in 2008 to 102.6 4. down from 38.6 Mt).12).3 33.1 138.4% in 2008. (over 60% of which went to Brazil).5 13.9 Mt).16 .19 and 3.3% 6.3 (1) Rounding. and the United States.20 in Part III.5% of total world steam coal trade . The United States has become the second-ranking coking coal exporter with volume of 33.6 13.2 Mt in 2009.0 13.1 71.5% lower than in 2008.6 Mt. and Tables 3.9 18.20.4 2009e 125.9. Within the region.0 14. 3.5 45.14: Major coking coal exporters [Mt] Australia United States Indonesia Canada Russian Federation Czech Republic New Zealand Poland PR of China Belgium Other 2008 136.2 37.1 2.0 Mt). 7.13: World coking coal trade [Mt] Japan PR of China Korea Chinese Taipei India United Kingdom Germany Russian Federation United States Netherlands Italy Turkey Spain Thailand Malaysia Other 2008 126.4 56. Turkey (15. Germany (32. Coking coal trade In 2009. the Russian Federation and Vietnam.5 Mt in 2009.6 15. Statistics for steam coal imports presented in this table are shown for selected countries with historic data in Part III.8 Mt. 3.7 -11. the major steam coal suppliers to this AsiaPacific market were Indonesia. export statistics in this table have been adjusted to reflect this practice and are inconsistent with data in Part III.0% 45.20. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY World Asia .8 29.19 and 3.1% -35. steam coal shipments decreased by 23.5 36. Total world coking coal trade decreased by 11.1 Mt in 2008.11.6 232.5% -43.8 122.1 Mt).12: Major steam coal importers [Mt] Table II.5 1. This market represents 29. and Chinese Taipei (56.9 2009e 112.3 and Tables 3.9 Mt – a similar decrease to the 10.3 37.3 130. differences between coal types (coking and steam) and assignment of source and destination “non-specified” coal results in some discrepancies between Table 3.9 1. down 14. 9.5 53.2 2.5 Mt of exports. Steam coal exports to the European market were 208.3 16.9 Mt). Other major recipients in the region were Korea (82. the United States.9 Total(1) 258.3% to 232.7 3.13).9% to 31. 3.4 Mt – up 6. It should be noted that Indonesian exports are not true coking coals.3 15.6 26.2 3.7 Mt compared to the previous year (Table II.4 11. In 2009. The People’s Republic of China’s steam coal imports grew from 33.5 Mt in 2009. followed by trade between Canada and the United States.7 1.9 38. Australia remained by far the largest exporter of coking coal at 125.0 22.7 15.2 3.

9.2 Mt).3 3. In 2009.20. Imports in the United States dropped by 90.4 3. On its own.6 Mt) and Chinese Taipei (3. 3.7 3. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .2 Mt in 2008.4 Mt).1% of world coke exports.2 3.15: Major coking coal importers [Mt] Japan PR of China India Korea Brazil Germany United Kingdom Turkey France Chinese Taipei Ukraine Italy Netherlands Belgium Slovak Republic Other 2008 57.0 Mt) were the main exporters.2 Mt) and the Russian Federation (3. Italy (3. remained a net exporter with imports of 10.7 Mt).15).COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II .20 in Part III. with nearly 63.0% of the market in 2008.1 7. 3. and remains the world’s largest single market in 2009 for seaborne coking coal despite exports to Japan falling to 52. Statistics for coking coal imports presented in this table are shown for selected countries with historic data in Tables 3. This market fell from 27. Coke statistics for the non-OECD countries are not available for 2009.5 20.9 Mt in 2008 (Table 3. Australia and Canada. and the Russian Federation. and the Netherlands (3. Poland and the Russian Federation. Coke oven coke trade The OECD countries’ imports of coke oven coke more than halved between 2008 and 2009 as imports dropped from 18.9 Mt). Within the non-OECD countries. In 2009. Japan accounted for 47.5 Mt in 2008.7% of supply.8 7.1 2009e 52.3 6.2 4.4 9. Korea (20. Coking coal trade to the European market was 71.8 Total(1) 207.4 5.0 Mt).1 (1) Rounding.0 2. the People’s Republic of China accounted for 38. followed by Indonesia. the United Kingdom (5.9 Mt of which went to Brazil.6 Mt).5 Mt in one year.4% of the market. the Ukraine (3. These five countries accounted for 84. differences between coal types (coking and steam) and assignment of source and destination “non-specified” coal results in some discrepancies between Table 3.7 23.4 21. Part III) to 9.8% of OECD coke exports.2 Mt) were the main importers.3% of the world coking coal exports to 19. the Czech Republic. down from 4.9% to 130. Latin America had imports of 13.9 21. Although coke imports and exports both decreased slightly in 2008. Australia. France (3.11.1 Mt.1 4. Within North America.3 6. Brazil (1.0 2.7 Mt.9 6.4 6.2 Mt (Table II.2 4.17 Coking coal exports to Asia-Pacific are estimated to have increased 6.1 3. Within the region. which dropped dramatically to 45.18 and 3.4.2 34. the People’s Republic of China’s coking coal imports rose from 6. Japan and the Czech Republic were the top exporters in 2009 accounting for 80.1 10.9 199. Coke exports from the OECD countries fell from 12. Germany alone accounted for 34.22. About 3.13.6 3.4% from 3 269 kt to 315 kt.1 24.8% of the OECD coke imports in 2009.9% from the 2008 level (Table 3. 8.5 Mt in 2009. Other major importers in the region were India (23.8 Mt in 2008 to 9.1 Mt).4 Mt). Japan’s share of this coking coal import market fell to 40. Part III). the People’s Republic of China (12.6 8.5 Mt).6 31.18 and 3. as a region. a decrease of 27.9 Mt in 2009. Canada.4 2. Poland.9 Mt) and the Ukraine (1. Within the region. coking coal trade is primarily between Canada and the United States. The major coking coal supplier to this regional market in 2009 was Australia. the non-OECD countries.6 Mt and exports of 19.2 Mt).1 Mt of coking coal was traded in the region in 2009. The main coking coal suppliers to this market in 2009 were the United States. and Tables 3.2 Mt of coking coal.9 Mt to 34. Turkey (4.0% Table II. while India (1.2 Mt in 2009. As a consequence.6%.II.2 6. The main suppliers to this regional market are the United States. the United States. the major importers are Germany (6.

.

3% in 2009 to USD 97.32 Japan 70.59 97. a decrease of 10. the price includes the transportation cost of moving the coal from the producing mine to the point of exit. coal price statistics published in the industry press are used to summarise short-term spot steam coal price trends.74/t in 2009.6% -27. in particular by oil.59/t in 2008.6% from the level of USD 72. although this was a two-year increase of 58. Export unit values summarised in the table below. Data received are published in the IEA quarterly publication Energy Prices and Taxes. These data indicate broad price movements as they are averages of all qualities of coal without regard to the end-use of the coal or to the contract terms and conditions under which the trade occurs.6% higher than in 2007.3% 76. This was after an increase of 67. Table II. The average cost of steam coal imported into Japan was USD 112. Colombia.6% -19.4% 67.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II . to an average of USD 120.21 137.6% in 2008 from the 2007 level of USD 82.39/t. Also of note. PRICES This section provides analyses of customs unit values and end-user prices reported by OECD Member countries: ! Customs unit values are average values derived from customs’ administrations total volume and total value data.74 Change 2007 to 2008 Change 2008 to 2009 65. ! End-user prices are those paid by end-users in the power sector and in industry.5 in Part III and are “free on board” (FOB) for Australia.e.42/t in 2008. International steam coal prices Customs unit values Steam coal import unit values The estimated cost of steam coal imported by the OECD countries surged on the energy commodity price spike experienced. were still 33.16: Steam coal: Import unit values CIF [USD/t] 2007 2008 2009 OECD 72. which despite the economic downturn and reduced demand. and are reported by Member countries in a quarterly reporting system which the IEA’s Standing Group on Long Term Co-operation initiated in 1981.84/t in 2007 (Table II. it excludes the international transportation cost. However. the rapidity of the rise and fall in prices in 2008 ensured yearly averages were well below intra year price highs experienced across spot markets.79 99. Indonesia and INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .19 5.6% Export unit values Export unit values reflect the price of coal at the point of exiting a producing country.79/t in 2008.5%. The cost of steam coal imported into the European Union averaged USD 99. In addition to the official price statistics presented.6% less than the average price of USD 137. current US dollars). and detailed in Table 4. there is a high correlation between prices published by the industry press and national coal price statistics.32/t.42 112.92 125. However. Unless otherwise stated. Although not “official” in that they are not provided by member countries.II. Thus.8% -10. prices diminished by 19.39 EU 82.16). prices are reported in US dollars in the year specified (i.84 120.21/t. which showed an unprecedented increase of 65.4% in 2009 from the average price level of USD 125. 27.

3 is the divergence of the Atlantic and Pacific pricing since early 2009 as emerging and established economies reacted differently and according to their needs in the financial crisis. when CIF prices for Northwset Europe and Asia were 172% and 128% higher compared to their respective values a year earlier. The chart illustrates that import values and export values tend to fluctuate in tandem—suggesting that.7% -30. .4% -13. Spot steam coal prices Figure II. they dramatically increased to reach a new record peak in July 2008.3 and Figure II. Until then. The value in FOB countries includes the cost of loading at the port of exit. The US FAS prices have increased in both 2008 and 2009.2% 89.99 Change 07 to 08 08 to 09 80. The trend illustrated by Figure II.5% sulphur) was 44% higher across 2008 at USD 329/tce compared to USD 234/tce average in 2007.II. After that date.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II South Africa. steam coal competes directly with heavy fuel oil in the power generation sector.76 81. Since then. 2008 prices had increased by two thirds on a quarter by quarter comparison with 2007.61 62.11 60. particularly semi-soft coking coals and coals suitable for PCI ensured Australian prices were slightly more robust. The difference theoretically relates to average international transport costs. In comparison.19 80.3% 29.1). The intent is to show the average difference between export and import values for three major coal exporters and two major coal importing entities. beginning in the late summer of 2003. the average import cost of crude oil increased by 45. over the long run.17: Steam Coal: Export unit values (FOB/FAS) [USD/t] 2007 2008 2009 Average to all markets Australia Indonesia Colombia South Africa FOB FOB FOB FOB 51.2 summarises long term trends for Japanese and European Union import unit values and Australian.6% -52.06 92. international transportation rates remain relatively constant.2% -59.91 57.9% 72.6% Average FOB export unit value (in US dollars) for Indonesia. It is therefore appropriate to compare imported steam coal and other selected import energy commodity prices on a raw calorific basis (Figure II.20 . Colombian. where differences were roughly double what they were only two years earlier in 2006.3 indicates a surge in CIF (imported) steam coal prices. and increasingly natural gas. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Comparison of import and export unit values Figure II.29 58. It also shows the sharp increase in FOB unit values from major exporters.48 120. It should be noted however. and South African export unit values. Comparison to oil import values In some OECD Member countries. Colombia and South Africa decreased dramatically in 2009 as the resource boom of 2008 ended (Table II.76 51. Demand for Australian coals. with the exception noticed at the very end of 2008. these prices are shown here to illustrate short-term and more recent steam coal price movements. the average import cost of steam coal remained steady for the last three quarters of the year after a decrease from 2008 prices in the 1st quarter of 2009 and the last quarter of 2008.1% 108. Also apparent from Figure II.26 60. in conjunction with the majority of their exports entering the more robust Pacific market.5% with a third quarter 2008 average cost of USD 592/tce. Price statistics are estimated by The McCloskey Group and published in McCloskey’s Coal Report on a weekly basis.17). Though there are not official IEA statistics. The estimates are based upon surveys of actual spot transactions in the importing and exporting regions.33 19. along with corresponding rises in CIF import values in the key Japanese and EU markets. In 2009.8% US FAS 52. Table II. Regional variations of import values are influenced by seaborne transportation rates as well as differences in underlying coal qualities and costs.4 summarise movements in average monthly spot coal prices in two coalconsuming regions and two coal-producing countries. and “free at shipside” (FAS) for the United States.03 55. while it is excluded in the data for the United States. beginning in late 2003 and culminating in July 2004. that natural gas plants in particular tend to have higher efficiencies (more saleable power generated per unit of input energy). and 304% and 241% higher than values in January 2006. although higher prices in 2009 were combined with a decline in export quantities.23 115.27 88. prices gradually declined to reach 2003 year’s end levels by the end of 2005. The Rotterdam average spot price of heavy fuel oil (3.

respectively (Table II.3% In the EU.19: Coking coal: Export unit values (FOB/FAS) [USD/t] 2007 2008 2009 Change 2007 to 2008 Change 2008 to 2009 Australia 84.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II . and followed on from the massive 108.19). if viewed as a baseline.16 194.73 197. while matching prices from other fuels (as shown in Figure II. These three periods from 2002 to 2004. average customs unit values for coking coal import prices increased by 7.40 EU 125.39 129. Prices in Australia remained 71.8% 57.29/t after a 57.77 131. during which time they have increased by USD 40 to USD 50 per tonne. Table II.3% -12.2% increase where average coking coal prices more than doubled in 2008 (Table II. the average customs unit values decreased slightly in 2008 by 5. show two distinct peaks in 2004 to 2006. This trend.8% in 2009 despite the financial crisis.18).83 US 98.2% 51. USD 129.13 198.5%. and interestingly suggests that prices in 2010 are once again rallying.29 108.3% higher than 2007 prices. from USD 197. International coking coal prices Customs unit values In Japan.0% higher than in 2007 at USD 143.84 187.10 148. The lower price periods between 2002 and the present follow a fairly straight line. Whether the recent prices in 2010 are still subject to this pattern of behaviour depends largely upon the economies and rising consumption needs of the People’s Republic of China and India.18: Coking coal: Import unit values (CIF) [USD/t] 2007 2008 2009 Change 2007 to 2008 Change 2008 to 2009 Japan 88. then 2006 to 2008.43 184.83/t and in the United States. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .5% Coking coal CIF prices incorporate fluctuations in shipping rates.II.1) may also indicate psychological thresholds for pricing.4% increase from 2007 prices.21 This is the first time that the Asian index has been higher than the Northwest Europe marker either for a significant period or by a significant margin. and the ability of Australia and Indonesia in particular to meet burgeoning demand.2% 7.84/t to USD 187. Table II.4% -5. coking coal export unit values decreased from record highs for Australia and the United States by 26. and finally 2009.3%. and then 2008.77/t was 32.6% -26. In 2009.2% and 12.87 143.

They are. closely correlated with average CIF crude oil prices. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Australia FOB South Africa FOB Colombia FOB .II.22 . Steam coal and crude oil are IEA average and CIF import values. by definition comparable to customs unit values for steam coal. however. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices and Taxes.2: Steam coal import and export value comparison (USD/t) 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Japan CIF EU Member States CIF Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices and Taxes. Steam coal excludes intra-EU trade. which are. it is not unreasonable to compare customs unit values for steam coal with spot prices of heavy fuel oil.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II Figure II. As a consequence.5% sulphur. Figure II. 3. Heavy fuel oil is Rotterdam spot market value.1: OECD international trade values for steam coal and oil (USD/tce) 600 550 500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Crude oil (IEA CIF import cost) Steam coal (OECD CIF import cost) Natural gas (pipeline) Liquified natural gas (LNG) Heavy fuel oil (Spot Rotterdam) Notes: Spot prices for heavy fuel oil are not directly comparable to customs unit values for steam coal.

McCloskey’s Coal Report Figure II.23 Figure II.3: Delivered steam coal prices in Europe and Asia (USD/t CIF) 225 200 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 McCloskey Northwest Europe CIF McCloskey Asian CIF Source: The McCloskey Group.II.4: FOB port steam coal prices in South Africa and Australia (USD/t FOB) 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 South Africa (Richards Bay) Australia (Newcastle) Source: The McCloskey Group.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II . McCloskey’s Coal Report INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II - II.25

6. CO2 EMISSIONS (2007)
World CO2 emissions from fossil fuels increased by
105.5% between 1971 and 2007, going from 14.1 Gt
in 1971 to 21.0 Gt in 1990 and 29.0 Gt in 2007. Over
the same period, coal-related emissions increased by
135.1% from 5.2 Gt in 1971 to 8.3 Gt in 1990 and
12.2 Gt in 2007 - by then accounting for 42.2% of
CO2 emissions from fossil fuels (Figure II.5). Coal,
since 2004, is the leading source of world CO2 emissions ahead of oil and natural gas. Since 2002, CO2
emissions from coal have grown by 6.1% per year (or
630 Mt/y), over 75% of which has come from rapid
growth in the People’s Republic of China.
Figure II.5: World CO2 emissions by fuel

of the formerly centrally-planned economies of Central
and Eastern Europe, which led to a rapid decline in
output from inefficient industrial sectors and restructuring of these economies. Other important factors include
the use of more efficient technologies, fuel switching
and renewable energy sources. Rapid expansion of
non-OECD economies since 2000 ensured emissions
increased on average by 5.5% between 2000 and
2007, with coal emissions increasing by 6.1% per annum over this period. Also of note, analysis of this
period precedes the commodities boom, and the subsequent global economic downturn, during which coal
use continued to grow.
Figure II.6. Global change in CO2 emissions
(2006-2007)

15

800

10

Gt CO2

700
600

5

Mt CO2

500

0

400
300
200
100

Coal

Oil

Gas

Other

Source: IEA/OECD CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion

In 2007, the growth in global coal emissions was larger than the combined growth in natural gas and oil
combined. Coal emissions increased by 534.7 Mt,
while gas emissions grew by 261.6 Mt and those from
oil grew by 135.5 Mt globally (Figure II.6). OECD
countries contributed 14.5% of global growth in 2007,
with the remaining 85.5% of growth in emissions
coming from non-OECD sources.
The annual growth in the emissions from fossil fuels
averaged 2.1% between 1971 and 1990 while it averaged 1.0% between 1990 and 1999. This lower pace
of growth after 1990 is in part related to the collapse

0
-100

Coal

Oil
OECD

Gas

Other

Total

Non-OECD

Source: IEA/OECD CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion

Coal-related emissions in the non-OECD countries
became responsible for the majority of coal-related
emissions from 1992 onward. The non-OECD countries more than tripled their coal-related emissions
from 2.1 Gt in 1971 to 7.8 Gt in 2007, whereas the
increase in the OECD was 42.6% from 3.1 Gt in 1971
to 4.5 Gt in 2007.
OECD emissions from fossil fuels increased from
9.3 Gt in 1971 to 11.1 Gt in 1990 and 13.0 Gt in 2007,
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

II.26 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II

which represents an average annual growth rate of
0.9% between 1971 and 2007. As a result, the share
for the OECD countries in total world CO2 emissions
declined from 66% in 1971 to 53% in 1990 and 45%
in 2007 (Figure II.7). This occurred as the share of the
non-OECD countries in total world CO2 emissions rose
from 30% in 1971 to 44% in 1990 and 52% in 2007.
Figure II.7: World CO2 emissions by region
30

52%

14

10

30%
4%
66%

3%

3%
53%

Other
Annex I

6

45%

2

Other
Annex I

NonAnnex I
Other
NonAnnex I
India

NonAnnex I

Other
NonAnnex I

Gt CO2

4

44%

15

Annex I

Annex I

12

Brazil
South Africa
India

China

Brazil
South Africa

Russian China
Bunkers
Fed.

0

Bunkers

Russian
Fed.

1990

2007

Source: IEA/OECD CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion

0
1971
OECD

1990
Bunkers

2007
Non OECD

Source: IEA/OECD CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion

One of the most important recent developments in
the world economy is the increasing economic integration of large OECD non-member countries, in
particular Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, the
People’s Republic of China and South Africa, the socalled BRICS countries. Already, the BRICS represent over one-fourth of world GDP, up from 18% in
1990. In 2007, these five countries represented 30%
of global energy use and 33% of CO2 emissions from
fuel combustion (Figure II.8). These shares are likely
to rise further in coming years if the ongoing strong
economic performance currently enjoyed by most of
these countries continues, as many commentators
expect. In fact, the People’s Republic of China, the
Russian Federation and India are already three of the
four countries that emit the most CO2 emissions in
absolute terms.
CO2 emissions have been clearly linked to economic
growth as shown in the example of China, where
strongly increasing electricity production is the main
driver for record high CO2 emissions. Coal consumption for electricity generation more than doubled in
China between 2001 and 2007. The impact of this is
visible in Figure II.9 where OECD coal-related CO2
emissions increase from 4.1 Gt in 1990 to 4.5 Gt in
2007, however the relative share decreases from 49%
to 37% as non-OECD coal-related emissions increase
from 4.2 Gt to 7.8 Gt in the same period.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Annex I countries are: OECD nations (with the exception of Chile,
Mexico and Korea), the European Union (with the exception of Cyprus
and Malta), Belarus, Croatia, Leichtenstein, Monaco, the Russian
Federation and the Ukraine.

Figure II.9: Coal-related CO2 emissions by region
12
10
63%

8

Gt CO2

Gt CO2

20

5

16

8

25

10

Figure II.8. The growing importance
of the BRICS countries

51%

6
4
2

40%
60%

49%

37%

1990

2007

0
1971
OECD

Non OECD

Source: IEA/OECD CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion

World CO2 emissions have also been influenced by
changes in international energy prices. Oil had been
the largest contributor to world emissions until 2003,
even though the upward trend was interrupted by the
oil shocks of 1974 and 1979. Even after the decline in
oil prices after 1985, growth in emissions was mitigated because consuming countries adopted more energy-efficient technologies and behaviour, and some
fuel switching. Oil, as the main contributor to OECD
emissions, generated 42.3% of the CO2 emissions in
2007 down from 43.3% in 2006, as natural gas

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II - II.27

consumption continued to increase (Figure II.10). As
the OECD countries started diversifying their energy
consumption after the two oil shocks, the share of oil
in the CO2 emissions gradually declined and fell below
the 50% line in 1980.
Figure II.10: OECD CO2 emissions by fuel
60%
50%
40%
30%

to manufacturing industries and construction increased by 75%, from 1.6 Gt in 1971 to 2.8 Gt in
2007. Emissions due to the other sectors (including
transport) were almost cut by half between 1971 and
2007, falling from 1.2 Gt in 1971 to 0.7 Gt in 2007.
As a result, the electricity and heat generation share of
world coal-related CO2 emissions increased from 46%
in 1971 to 71% in 2007. On the other hand, the share
of CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and
construction fell from 31% in 1971 to 23% in 2007
despite the 75% increase in emissions. The decline in
the share of other emissions was stronger, falling from
23% to 6% over the period.

20%

Figure II.11: World coal-related
CO2 emissions by sector

10%
14

0%

Oil

Natural gas

Other

Source: IEA/OECD CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion

Within the OECD, coal is the second largest source of
CO2 emissions. Between 1971 and 1985, coal was
used as the main substitute for oil and its share of
emissions increased, especially between 1978 and
1985, from its lowest point (31%) to its highest point
(39%). After 1985, the share of emissions from coal
declined regularly and by 1994 essentially returned to
its 1971 level (34%).
World coal-related CO2 emissions due to electricity
and heat generation more than tripled between 1971
and 2007, from 2.4 Gt in 1971 to 8.7 Gt in 2007
(Figure II.11). During the same period, emissions due

Gt CO2

Coal

12

6%

10

23%

8

14%

6

27%

4
2

23%
31%

71%
59%

46%

0
1971

1990

2007

Electricity and heat production
Manuf acturing industries and construction
Other*

* Other includes residential, transport, commercial/public services,
agriculture, other energy industries and non-specified other sectors.
Source: IEA/OECD CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II - II.29

7. COAL UPGRADING
Selected condensed excerpts from a report by
Dr Stianeth Nunes of the IEA Clean Coal Centre.

! reduction in the amounts of various trace elements
present in most cases; and

CCC#156, October 2009. ISBN 978-92-9029-476-4

! more consistent coal quality.

Copyright © IEA Clean Coal Centre

Of note is the fact that forms of quality control are
already in use in international markets, and their application could be broadened and applied to national
markets.

The IEA Clean Coal Centre is based in London and is
a non-profit organisation operating under the IEA
Framework for International Energy Technology Cooperation. The full report is available at:
http://bookshop.iea-coal.org/reports/ccc-156/82234

Introduction
Coal upgrading technologies cover a wide range of
processes that can be applied to improve the quality of
coal to meet market requirements. These can include
raw coal pre-treatment, crushing and sizing, and
cleaning or beneficiation. Coal upgrading is used to
produce a saleable product and add economic value to
run-of-mine (rom) coal. More recently, it has been
recognised that coal upgrading can also bring considerable environmental benefits. These include reduced
emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), sulphur dioxide
(SO2) and particulates, through the supply of cleaner
coal of consistent quality to downstream coal utilisation processes.

Upgrading coals
The overall benefits of upgrading coal include:
! lower ash and/or moisture content in the coal;
! raised heating values;
! reduced transport volumes (and hence cost);
! reduced sulphur content (in many cases);

Coal washing
As much as 60% of rom output from a modern mine
may be reject material. Pyrites may need to be removed to reduce the sulphur content in order to comply with air pollution requirements. Furthermore, contractual agreements may require a maximum level of
ash content to reduce inert or adversely reactive material in the feedstock. Most preliminary treatment facilities are constructed near the coal production sites
as waste removed from the rom coal is more readily
disposed of at the site of the mine. The site of use may
also be located close to populated areas.
Bituminous coals and anthracite, which account for
two-thirds of the world’s coal production can be upgraded. Of this, a third is currently washed. Among
the largest producing countries, most coals from the
USA, Australia and South Africa are already washed
and cleaned close to the economic limit. There is potential in the People’s Republic of China, India, the
Russian Federation and some other countries that
process smaller amounts to increase the use of coal
treatments.
The use of clean coal reduces environmental pollution, with reduced emissions of CO2, sulphur and particulates. Cleaning the feed coal reduces the costs of
investing in flue gas cleaning facilities. For example,
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

II.30 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II

a study in Germany found that the investment required for cleaning coal to reduce SOx emissions was
one tenth that of installing flue gas desulphurisation
(Jung and others, 2002). In the case of washed coal
technologies, it is necessary to consider the processing
of recovered solids. This is essential in order to meet
strict environmental standards.
Thermal efficiency is increased by using coal that has
been beneficiated. Older coal-fired power stations in
the People’s Republic of China and India have thermal efficiencies in the range of 27–29%. By contrast,
new power plants using clean coal can achieve a
thermal efficiency as high as 45%.
Lower capital and operating costs are a significant
benefit of using cleaner coal for power plants. The
actual kilowatt-hours generated can be 10% higher
and operating costs 2% lower when using cleaned
coal over rom coal. Additionally, it has been claimed
that there is a proportional decrease of up to 8% in
overall operating costs for every 10% decrease in the
ash of the feed coal. For a newly built 1000 MW coalfired power station, the saving achieved by using
clean coal could be USD 120 million.

Drying low rank coals
The key aim in upgrading coal through drying is to
increase efficiency, which is expected to be accompanied by lower emissions. The drying methods can be
placed into different categories, although there are
others that have not been considered in detail here due
to their lack of commercial development. Prototype
technology, using waste heat to remove moisture from
coal has the potential to increase plant performance
and reduce air emissions.

Drycol
The Drycol process uses electromagnetic radiation of
microwave wavelengths. The process uses 100 kW
magnetrons generators that have been in use for some
time for the drying of woodchips, food and textiles.
Thus the Drycol process uses existing technology
which is already used in other industries and is aimed
at drying the fine coal fraction.
The fine coal is conveyed through a drying chamber
in which microwaves heat and dry the coal. The microwaves heat the coal uniformly to not more than
90°C, rapidly evaporating the moisture from the coal.
This process does not alter the coking qualities of the
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

coal, and also avoids oxidation and combustion. The
fine coal is subsequently mixed with larger grade coal.
In order to produce a final aggregate with defined
moisture content, the water content of the fine coal is
carefully controlled.
There are a range of benefits to the Drycol process.
For example, it does not use water, which makes it a
suitable alternative in locations where the supply of
water is an issue. A range of impurities can be lessened, with benefits for steel producers. Sulphur content is reduced, so that SOx emissions are in turn lowered. Alkali content, namely potassium, is lower so
coke usage by steel makers may be reduced. Phosphorous content is reduced; reducing downstream removal. This reduces costs and introduces the potential
to use raw materials with higher phosphorous content
including cheaper coke blends and use of higher
phosphorous iron ores. The drying of coal can be performed during off-peak hours, minimising electricity
costs.

Fluidised bed drying with internal waste
heat utilisation
Internal waste heat utilisation or WTA (Wirbelschicht-Trocknung mit interner Abwärmenutzung)
technology has been developed by RWE Rheinbraun
in Germany. Two variants have been investigated: the
closed cycle and the open cycle concepts.
An efficiency increase of more than 4 percentage
points is promised, depending on the moisture of the
raw lignite. It is encouraging that investment costs are
not expected to increase compared with conventional
lignite-fired power plant (Stamatelopoulos, 2007).
The open cycle concept was chosen to be implemented in the first WTA prototype and has been integrated in the Niederaussem power plant in Germany.
The lignite-fired, conventional boiler technology of
1000 MWe Neideraussem Unit K power plant (owned
by RWE Power), is an ultra-supercritical PCC installation with an efficiency of more than 43% (LHV).
The unit was commissioned in 2002. There are two
further units, based on the same technology, under
construction at Neurath, consisting of 1100 MWe
capacity. These are due to be in commercial operation
in 2010 (Elsen and Fleischmann, 2008).
The National Technical University of Athens has carried out a study on the effects of drying Greek lignites. The study investigated the influence of the predrying (WTA) technology on the performance of a

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II - II.31

power plant fired with low quality lignite at ultrasupercritical steam parameters (Kakaras and others,
2006). The analysis shows that the expected efficiency of a 700°C power plant burning low rank coal,
such as Greek lignite, is up to 42% when using a conventional lignite drying system, and up to 50% in the
case of using a pre-drying system based on the WTA
technology. In comparison to the current, state-of-theart efficiency value of 36% for a Greek power plant,
the calculated feasible increase of 6–14 percentage
points indicates the potential of the ultra-supercritical
plant, with the WTA pre-drying.

Mechanical-thermal dewatering process
Mechanical-thermal dewatering (German abbreviation: MTE, Mechanisch-Thermische Entwässerung,)
was developed at the University of Dortmund as an
energy efficient process to reduce the water content of
lignite prior to combustion. The MTE is a combination of thermal and mechanical moisture extraction.
The raw coal is slightly pre-pressurised by a press
stamp and then hot water is distributed evenly on its
surface by sprinklers. Saturated steam is introduced
into the chamber and the hot water flows through the
coal releasing nearly all its heat content. The coal
temperature rises to 150–180°C. Water pressed from
the coal leaves the chamber at around ambient temperature. The process is repeated, using pressures up
to 6 MPa.

Integrated drying gasification combined
cycle
The Integrated Drying Gasification Combined Cycle
(IDGCC) uses the hot gas from an air-blown fluid bed
gasifier to pre-dry the coal under pressure and hence
cool the gas, before filtering out entrained particles
and burning the gas in the gas turbine cycle. Increased
generation is achieved in the gas turbine by the additional mass flow of the evaporated moisture passing
through the turbine. Substantial capital cost savings
result from the integrated high pressure drying. The
advantages of IDGCC include:
! particularly suited to reactive, wet coals which are
generally low value;
! substantially lower and stable fuel costs – brown
coal is only used minemouth unlike black coal
which is tradeable and has fluctuating prices;
! significant reduction in CO2 of around 30% compared to the current best Latrobe Valley boiler
plant;

! efficiency at around 40% higher heating value
(HHV) (from gas turbine/steam turbine) compared
with 33% for supercritical boiler plant;
! savings on water – IDGCC uses only 50% of usual
cooling water levels of boiler plant; and
! suitable for pre-combustion CO2 capture for near
zero emissions in future.

Lignite fuel enhancement system
Lignite Fuel Enhancement System (LFES), is being
tested as a prototype dryer technology. The coal dryer
operates continuously and uses waste heat to remove
moisture from coal. Typically, about 45% of the fuel
heat generated by a conventional pulverised coal fired
power plant is lost in the condenser, another 20% exits the stack. The LFES exploits this heat, which otherwise has little use because of its low quality.

Dry separation technologies
Dry coal processing has a number of advantages over
wet coal processing. As no water is used, no moisture
is introduced into the product stream by the process.
Furthermore, dry beneficiation does not involve the
expense of buying water, especially important in regions where water is scarce. However, dry processing
is relevant when only limited improvement of coal is
required. It can also be used as an adjunct to wet
processing to improve the efficiency of the latter.
The dry separation of coal can be achieved by a number of means. Methods include separation by the use
of friction, magnetic properties, electrostatic separation, microwave separation, pneumatic oscillating
tables, air jigging, air dense medium fluidisation and
bed beneficiation. The factors that affect the choice of
method include the density, size, and shape of the
feedstock coal. In addition, the magnetic conductivity,
electrical conductivity, radioactivity and coefficient
frictional properties need to be considered. Two processes that have been commercialised are pneumatic
beneficiation (oscillating table and air jig) and air dense
medium fluidised bed (ADMFB) beneficiation.
Losses from discarding top and bottom cleanings,
which can total more than 10%, can be reduced by
using air jigs to recover the lost coal, increasing the
turnover and extending the effective life of the mine.
Modern air jigs expand the envelope of dry coal processing and improvements to the technology have been
made over the last 10 years. This means that it is now
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

II.32 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II

economic to process what would have previously been
discarded coal. Furthermore, the removal of sulphur
and ash prior to burning has a number of other advantages. The heat value of the coal is increased, reducing
coal consumption and any requirement for costly
sulphur-scrubbing technology is reduced.

Ultra-clean coal processes
A number of developments have occurred in the field
of clean coal technology. This section describes three
processes that are at, or near commercial realisation to
allow the direct combustion of coal in a gas turbine
for power generation. These fuels increase the power
output, reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Most of
the mineral matter (ash) in coal must be removed before it is injected into the gas turbine for this type of
system to run successfully, which means that it is unnecessary to treat combustion gases. Likewise, erosion of the gas turbine blades is reduced if the mineral
matter is removed prior to combustion.

CENfuel process
CENfuel™ is a pure coal produced by acid treatment,
which removes ash and heavy metals. The separated
impurities can be marketed. The product can be used
as a clean fuel for boilers and to reduce mercury emissions from conventional power plants. CENfuel™ is
also an excellent fuel source for direct firing and in
carbon-based fuel cells.
Twenty-five years of laboratory and pilot testing have
been performed with more than 100 000 t of CENfuel™ produced in Europe, Asia and the USA. A
demonstration plant is in operation in West Virginia,
USA, which was built on a reclaimed surface mine.
This plant has reduced ash content from 25.38% to
0.59%. The energy yield is also increased from
25 MJ/kg for the raw coal to 35 MJ/kg for CENfuel™
on an HHV basis (Freeman, 2003).
The emissions are comparable to those of natural gas,
with CO2 SOx, fluorine and NOx emissions all low.
Other pollutants that are not yet covered by legislation
are also reduced, providing a degree of protection for
the future.
The process involves milling the raw coal down to a
size of 2 mm or less. Inorganic impurities, such as
silica, aluminium and heavy metals are removed with
fluorine-based acids. The acids are recycled reducing
operating costs. The acid treatment is carried out at
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

low temperature and pressure, which allows for the
use of low cost plastics. This also reduces the risk
associated with scaling up the process for larger operations. The high grade silica obtained can be used in
glass making and ceramics. Carbon obtained can be
used as activated carbon and graphite, which may be
utilised in aluminium processing. In addition, processing removes abrasive impurities allowing the particle
size to be reduced further with relative ease in order to
suit any required application. For example, the CENfuel™ product can be “micronized” to micron-sized
particles. Raw coal with up to 40% ash can be converted into pure carbonaceous material, with as little
as 0.1–0.7% ash (Freeman, 2003).

Hypercoal process
Hypercoal has reduced ash and alkali contents. The
raw coal is treated with organic solvent, which is
flashed-off and recycled. Insoluble minerals and undissolved coal form a high ash by-product coal, which
can be used in conventional pulverised fuel plants.
The by-product coal typically contains about 30% ash.
The yield achieved is approximately 80% of the feedstock on a dry ash basis. Most alkalis are removed,
which is important for gas turbine usage. The Hypercoal process can utilise most types of bituminous and
sub-bituminous coals, although the latter have lower
yields.

UCC process
Ultra-clean coals (UCC) are coals with a low ash content. UCC can be produced by a chemical leaching
process. This works as a series of steps that converts
the minerals to soluble forms and then removes them,
to a point where the total ash content is less than
0.2%. The dissolved minerals are then precipitated
predominantly as calcium sulphate and calcium aluminium silicates for safe disposal or utilisation in
other industries, such as building materials and ceramics (UCC Energy, 2008).
UCC, although based on coal, is not a substitute for
conventional coal in conventional power generation.
Its major application is in areas where conventional
coal cannot be used. It is an alternative for heavy fuel
oil and natural gas. UCC is cost competitive with
these fuels on an equal energy basis. The UCC process is suited to most hard coals and is therefore of
strategic importance to developing countries with indigenous coal supplies, but limited in other energy
resources. Additionally, the process will be of interest
to other major coal producing countries.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II - II.33

Although the major application of the UCC product is
as a fuel, it can also be used as a clean carbon source
for metallurgical processes – for instance, in carbon
anodes for aluminium production. Mineral byproducts from the process may also have industrial
application, although little work has been done in this
area to date (ACA, 2008b). The advantages of UCC
include:
! reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of 20–30%
from the generator when compared to a modern
conventional PC fired power plant and 10–20% on
a complete lifecycle basis;
! provision of a coal-based generating system that
achieves high efficiency power generation from
smaller gas turbine combined cycle units which
can be located remotely or used in a distributed
energy configuration; and
! a system where the UCC fuel can be produced in
large plants close to the mines, where the fuel can
be stockpiled so that any disruptions to fuel production do not disrupt the generator (unlike IGCC
where the gasifier and turbine are closely linked)
and where the cost of the fuel is based on the relatively low and stable price of coal.
As UCC is a high purity chemically-cleaned coal with
low ash content, it can be fired directly into gas turbines for high efficiency power generation in combined cycle plants. UCC can achieve 50–55% efficiency, while most coal-fired power plants in, for example, Australia have 33–35% efficiency and the
newest stations may operate with 40% efficiency.
Since gas turbines can be located close to the site of
electricity use, efficiency is further increased (UCC
Energy, 2008).
White Mining Ltd has a pilot programme with CSIRO
Energy Technology that has been designed to achieve
UCC production rates of up to 350 kg/h, running in
the Hunter Valley, New South Wales, Australia. This
pilot has produced UCC for assessment for turbines in
Japan. The process uses alkali/acid digestion, with
moderate temperature and pressure to dissolve the
minerals out of the coal without the loss of coal
properties.
The University of Nottingham in the UK is conducting research funded by the Engineering and Physical
Sciences Research Council. Hydrofluoric acid (HF)
has been found to be effective. Stoichiometric quantities of HF can be used, because it can be regenerated,
thus reducing costs. The processing can be performed
in a water and ethanol mix (Steel, 2007).

Briquetting and pelletising
Both industrial and domestic briquetting and pelletising are useful forms of coal upgrading. They provide
fuel that can be varied in size for domestic use, for
small boilers and for industrial purposes. Briquetting
has also been used for providing fuel to moving bed
gasifiers.
Briquetting and pelletising have a number of key advantages, including decreased emissions when burned
and suitability for transport if required. Weaker briquettes may be produced if used on-site. Furthermore,
coal can be upgraded, either using low rank coal or
coal fines as a cost effective feedstock. Briquetting
may be performed without a binder if the feedstock
allows agglomeration in the absence of a binder. Alternatively, a binder can be used, but this increases the
cost significantly as binders are one of the more expensive components of briquetting.

Research and development
of low rank coal
Low rank coal (LRC) covers lignites and subbituminous coals. They constitute over half of global
coal reserves. They are often cheaper to mine, as
many deposits are found in thick seams with relatively
shallow overburden cover. However, LRCs lack a
market position due to their low energy density and
high moisture content and their difficulty in handling
because of their self-heating propensity. In the past
this has constrained their utilisation to localised areas
requiring only short-haul transportation. However, the
expansion of coal markets, notably in Asia, is expected to stimulate mining of LRC, particularly those
with relatively low sulphur and ash contents.
The quality of LRC varies according to the ash and
moisture content which determine the net specific
energy of the coal (Figure II.12). Indonesian LRC, for
example, has a comparatively low moisture content,
of 25–28%, and a relatively low ash content, usually
below 7%. The specific energy range is 10–20 MJ/kg.
LRCs are highly reactive in combustion, gasification,
liquefaction and other chemical processes. The upgrading of LRCs would reduce the water content and
reactivity, facilitating their transport and storage.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

II.34 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II

Figure II.12 Comparison of quality of LRC’s
(Allardice, 2000)

utilising low pressures and low temperatures, generally resulting in lower costs. However, there are several issues with group B technologies. High energy
consumption due to the latent heat of evaporation and
phase transitions require high energy inputs, and large
heat exchange equipment. Furthermore, the greater
likelihood of spontaneous combustion under storage
conditions requires additional safety measures. The
upgraded brown coal (UBC) process of group B is
thought to overcome many of these problems.

Processes in Indonesia
Indonesia has an abundance of LRCs, but their moisture content make them difficult to utilise. A number
of projects have been undertaken and some of these
are heading towards commercial-scale production.
These developments include:
Kobe Steel Ltd has been developing UBC since
1993. The approach taken is to use slurry dewatering
as used in coal liquefaction. This is a five-step process
using light oil to remove water from brown coal:

The technologies for upgrading LRC are presented in
a classification scheme based on whether the technology is reactive or evaporative. A detailed examination
of these categories may be achieved by considering
pressure (kPa) and temperature (°C) (Figure II.13).
The pressure boundary line represents the saturated
vapour pressure of water and thus separates evaporative and non-evaporative processes. The temperature
boundary at 200°C divides reactive and non-reactive
processes. Virtually all LRC undergo pyrolysis at
200°C and above.
Figure II.13 Process condition map of LRC upgrading
(Sugita and others, 2005)

Of the four categories of upgrading technologies in
Figure II.13 (A-D), group B subsumes processes
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

! pulverisation of the LRC raw material;
! the pulverised coal is mixed with recycled oil,
typically petroleum light oil and heavy oil to produce a slurry;
! the slurry is heated in an evaporator;
! oil is recovered by decanting; and
! the upgraded coal is briquetted for transport.
Typically LRC have highly porous structures which
carry high water contents. In slurry dewatering, the
water is removed from the pores and is replaced by
heavy oil. This increases the heating value of the coal
product and has the added benefit of providing hydrophobic behaviour.
Meanwhile White Energy is constructing a 1 Mt/y
plant in Tabang, in eastern Kalimantan (Indonesia) as
part of a joint venture with P T Bayan International
Pte Ltd. The process to be used involves crushing the
coal, drying and then briquetting. The reduction in
moisture content with this process is significant, from
25–55% down to 6–8% resulting in a stable product
that has increased energy density. Gross calorific values increased from 17–20 MJ/kg to 24–25 MJ/kg. The
low sulphur and ash content of the original raw material is maintained and represents an economic and
environmental asset. The brown coal briquetting process claims a number of key benefits:
! higher energy content, which increases heat and
the useable energy content, by 30–200%, creating
valuable power generation efficiencies;

5 Mt/y K-fuel refinery in Kalimantan. allows easier handling. Evergreen Energy and the Sumitomo Corporation have investigated the viability of a 1. which is designed to work at the coal mine site. K-fuel burns at a higher temperature and as a result increased NOx emissions are a potential downside. ! lower spontaneous combustion risks due to the increased physical and chemical stability of the upgraded coal. as more efficient burning results in lower CO2. ! low upgrading costs provide favourable conversion economics so that the product is competitive with bituminous coals. Investment is also being made in a coal liquefaction scheme in eastern Kalimantan. which may require low NOx burners to be utilised (NEC. 2007). Furthermore. ! lower transport costs due to the removal of moisture. This leads to the pores within the coal particle collapsing. LNG and oil supply. The four companies involved are PT Nuansa Cipta Coal Investment of Indonesia and Posco Engineering. 2008). forcing out the water. Kenertec and Samsung Securities. from 15 MJ/kg to 23 MJ/kg. thus reducing the moisture content by up to 64%.14 Flow diagram for an improved brown coal liquefaction process (Silalahi and others. making the lignite raw material pliable (Jacobsen. Other emissions are also reduced. from South Korea. Figure II. However. and ! reduced emissions. the K-fuel process is cheaper than the installation cost of postcombustion pollution control measures or other alternatives for the control of pollution to a similar degree. ! significantly reduced levels of dust compared to unprocessed sub-bituminous coal. SOx. The process uses high temperature and pressure. During the process some of the tar is forced to the surface which it coats and prevents the reabsorption of water. 2005) INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . resulting in up to a 30% decrease in load weight.5 billion. storage and transport. The process increases the heating value by up to 52%.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II .II. in place of a complex chemical process. South Korea and Indonesia Energy signed a deal in 2007 which has a value of USD 8. The mercury content is reduced by up to 56%.35 ! mechanical process. NOx and Hg emissions. covering coal.

Conventional unit operations and equipment are integrated within the process which is implemented as a continuous flow design. hydrogen production and cogeneration of steam and electricity. the expertise and experience gained will be invaluable for Indonesia which aims to increase the role of coal liquefaction to 2% of primary energy consumption by 2050 (MEMR. NOx and Hg. the CTL process produces coal tar oil (CTO) as an intermediate product. In addition. and ! increased feed coal flexibility to use LRC as fuel. coal can be converted into synthetic fuels. hydrotreating to produce syncrude.14. ACCPD produces high quality Syncoal from low rank Western coal. is a single stage process but consists of four operations. the process has been optimised to improve product yield.36 . have had a strategic alliance with Sasol-Lurgi of . The initial aim is for 30 000 bbl/d production by 2010 from an investment of USD 2 billion. Evergreen Energy (mentioned above). the low emission coal-char-fuel can be used in power plants. ! reduced water content results in a reduced stack plume. The design involves three main processes which are: coal drying. The second stage will involve 70 000 bbl/d of production. energy efficiency and operability. Thirdly. The scheme will be implemented in two phases. ! heat rate improvement due to fuel heating value increase. The emissions associated with this stream are sufficiently low to meet the requirements of the Clean Air Interstate Regulations. 2006). South Korean firms will supply half of Indonesia’s coal by 2016. by using an inline hydrotreatment unit installed downstream of the hydroliquefaction unit. By exposing coal to a hydrogen-rich environment at high temperature and pressure. The BCL process is thought to be one of the best direct liquefaction processes developed in Indonesia for low rank coals (Silalahi and others. yet capital costs are also reduced. coal liquefaction is an expensive process. Convert Coal Inc (CCI) have developed a novel coal-to-liquid (CTL) pyrolytic process. coal. The syncrude product can be used as the raw material in petroleum refining. high oil yield is achieved by using a dispersed limonite catalyst in the hydro-liquefaction unit.5% (Sheldon. depending on oil production volume and costs. but may become more competitive. Moisture content is reduced to 1% from an initial 25–55%. Downstream processes include the clean-up of water and pyrolysis gas. ! reduced CO2 emissions due to heat-rate decrease. the sulphur content is decreased to 0.5–1. which come into effect in 2010 in the USA (Skov. Currently. 2008).COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II The scheme will eventually produce 100 000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of liquefied coal. facilitating further decomposition of the heavy fraction. having low sulphur and nitrogen content. equivalent to a tenth of Indonesian oil production in 2007 (BP. which in turn is hydrotreated to produce syncrude. the advanced coal conversion process demonstration (ACCPD) has been described by Couch (2002). However. Additionally.5 billion. The first stage is an effective and efficient slurry dewatering process. feed coal weight. pyrolysis and CTO recovery. where the recovered steam is used to preheat the slurry. This scheme will be supported by a USD 2 billion rail infrastructure project in eastern Kalimantan. formerly KFx Inc. CTO fractionation.3% from an initial 0. 2005). such as Powder River Basin INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ! reduced emissions of SO2. On the other hand. The Syncoal process upgrades LRC by a combination of thermal processing and physical cleaning. Finally. There are a number of key benefits to the CCI CTL process: South Korea is keen to invest in Indonesia. a high quality of product oil is achieved. The brown coal liquefaction (BCL) process. etc. 2007). power generation and in the chemical industry. The principle aim is the production of a synthetic oil substitute which can be used for transport. since there have been delays in the supply of coal to South Korea from the People’s Republic of China and Australia. which has important implications for Indonesia since its own oil is diminishing. the oil yield is increased by recycling the de-ashed oil into the liquefaction reactor. ! decreased auxiliary power due to lower combustion air flow. 2008). an improvement from 12–21 MJ/kg of the feedstock. Western Syncoal LLC. In the case of the former product. which provides a concomitant increase in heating value up to 28 MJ/kg. requiring an additional investment of USD 3. The two main issues with Syncoal are the levels of dust produced and the tendency of the product to undergo spontaneous combustion which indicates that on-site use may be preferred. Secondly. This converts LRC containing 30–35% volatile matter into two products: syncrude and a low emission coal-char-fuel. shown in Figure II. Processes in the USA ! coal moisture recapture means less water is required.II.

The ultraclean coal products do not compete with coal. South Africa. Evergreen Energy. which is convenient for handling and transport. Australian Coal Review. The combustion efficiency of CWM can be up to 98%. Koumanakos A. Sources ACA (2008b) Clean coal technologies in Australia. CWM can provide an alternative to liquid fuels.htm Barton. World Coal. alternative markets are being sought. Winckl J (2002) Recent development in beneficiation of coal with high sulphur content. The upgraded product has reduced moisture content and increased heating value. Johannesburg. Fleischmann M (2008) Neurath F and G set new benchmarks. both in terms of mercury content and the amount of carbon dioxide produced (NEC. 29–34% water and less than 1% chemical additive. 12 (5). Schwerdtfeger J. CWM costs are claimed to be lower than crude oil and natural gas. reducing expenditure on imported diesel. Agraniotis M (2006) Concept study for a 700°C power plant: using poor quality brown coal with ultra supercritical PF boiler.com/statisticalreview London.bp. 32 pp (Oct 2006) INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . suggesting that switching from oil to CWM is not considered acceptable (Minchester. The cost of de-rating and boiler maintenance will have to be balanced against the cost saving of using CWM rather than diesel or other liquid fuels. There are ten CWM plants in the People’s Republic of China with a total capacity of 1% of coal use.37 Germany since 2003. mechanical and thermal dewatering (MTE). National Technical University of Athens Mechanical Engineering Department Thermal Engineering Section. IEA Clean Coal Centre. improved from 19 MJ/kg to 27 MJ/kg (HHV).000 t/y of K-fuel utilising coal from nearby mines. which avoids the need for a boiler. First. large industrial boilers and industrial kilns. 23-26 (Jun 2008) Freeman G (2003) Getting the most from coal. 47 pp (Jun 2008) Couch G R (2002) Coal upgrading to reduce CO2 emissions. 40-46 (Oct 2000) BP (2008) BP statistical review of world energy. The emissions from combustion are reduced.com. The only risk is that greenhouse gas emissions penalties are introduced which selectively target existing brown coal plants. 28 (6). This upgrade allowed for the production of 750. Available from: www. UK. 45-47 (May 2003) Jacobsen P (2008) Evergreen Energy advances proposed coal refinery project with Sumitomo and major Indonesian mining group. 2008c). Athens. In terms of combustion costs. CCC/67. 3 pp (Jan 2008) Jung R G. near Gillette. The CWM consists of 65–70% coal particles. as a source of heat (so no other source of energy is required). BP plc. The combustion of CWM can potentially save 30% of the cost of fuel compared to direct coal combustion. Grammelis P.australiancoal. CWM is largely used in the boilers of oilfired power plants. which is similar to oil. which in turn gives rise to lower carbon dioxide emissions. but rather with oil and natural gas. which is important in the People’s Republic of China because it reduces imports of these fuels which are expensive. (10). some 6–8%. Processes in the People’s Republic of China Coal water mixture (CWM) is a coal-based liquid fuel. A number of demonstration cleaning processes have been described using a range of approaches. by high preparation costs of the CWM and boiler de-rating. Conclusions Coal quality is central to good thermal efficiency. at least in part. 8 pp (Aug 2008) Allardice D (2000) The utilisation of low rank coals. UK. such as integrated drying gasification combined cycle (IDGCC). Due to overcapacity. 2004). Wyoming which was completed in November 2005. Third. low rank coals may be able to meet this demand with the proper application of coal upgrading technologies and processes. it uses a portion of the feedstock. 72 pp (Oct 2002) Elsen R. Australian Coal Association.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II . In June 2004 KFx Inc announced the initial upgrade of a plant at the Powder River Basin (PRB). London. Available from: www.II. Doukelis A. it uses established technology. Modern Power Systems. The process claims a number of key advantages. this will be counteracted. With increasing global demand for coal. pp 77-83 (Mar 2002) Kakaras E. This could be significant in Southern China where diesel is used in large quantities. However. mainly sub-bituminous coal from the Powder River Basin. Australia. ACT. Riegermann W. Second. New power generation and coal drying technologies. These technologies are planned to be ready for the next generation of power stations and have substantial prospects for implementation with low rank coals. fluidised bed drying with internal waste heat utilisation (WTA). it can be scaled up in size. This is well above the level of demand.au/cleantechAus. Meanwhile FMI Cowboy Coal are using a fluidised bed reactor to upgrade LRC. In: Proceedings of the XIV International coal preparation congress and exhibition. Drycol and lignite fuel enhancement system (LFES) offer major improvements in efficiency and reductions of greenhouse gas emissions. including its possible use in smaller industrial boilers that currently use diesel oil.

USA.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART II MEMR (2008) Recent developments in Indonesia’s mining industrial situation and policy. USA 13 pp (Apr 2007) Stamatelopoulos G N (2007) WTA offers big efficiency gains. Available from: www.pdf Paris. Otaka Y (2005) Demonstration of UBC process in Indonesia upgrading of low rank coal.whitemining.II. Okinawa.au/uccbackground. Houston. Deguchi T. Makino E. World Coal. Available from: www. 17-21 (Dec 2007) Steel K M (2007) The elements of cleanliness.nextgenenergy. Katsushima S. Prepared for presentation at AIChE Spring National Meeting.org/textbase/work/2008/ aseantrainingcoal/indonesia.htm Sydney. Australia. London. DC. Tamura M.nextgenenergy. Washington. IEA Clean Coal Centre. Shigehisa T. 9 pp (Oct 2005) Skov R E (2007) Syncrude and syncoal production by mild temperature pyrolysis processing of low rank coals. Japan. 27 (12).iea. 54-60 (Sep 2005) UCC Energy (2008) A new fuel for direct firing into high efficiency gas turbine generators to give greenhouse gas friendly power generation from coal. CCC/87. 44-48 (Dec 2007) Sugita S. Western Syncoal LLC. 12 pp (Mar 2006) INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Silalahi L H.org Lakewood.org Lakewood. Coal and Safety. DOE/FE-0496. International Energy Agency (Feb 2008) Minchener A J (2004) Coal in China. (24). 3 pp (Dec 2007) NextGen Energy Council (NEC) (2008c) FMI’s Cowboy Coal TM upgrading technology. USA. 5 pp (Aug 2008) .com. TX.38 . In: Proceedings of the international conference on coal science and technology. Makino E (2005) Current status of coal liquefaction project in Indonesia. UK. Modern Power Systzems. NSW. Available from: www. 3 pp (Jul 2008) Sheldon W R (2006) Advanced coal conversion process demonstration. White Mining. 16 (12). France. 59 pp (Jul 2004) NextGen Energy Council (NEC) (2007) Evergreen Energy K-Fuel. USA. Available from: www.

1 PART III WORLD COAL OVERVIEW INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .III.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .

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COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .III. PRODUCTION INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .3 1.

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III.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .5 Table 1. Rep. of Congo Egypt Morocco Mozambique Nigeria South Africa United Rep. of Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe Other Africa Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Peru Venezuela 1973 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 55483 10362 12337 27780 26350 104407 1186 64 25090 13571 2578 1829 2325 415 156630 221 9991 12 4642 131985 530064 1114744 1117322 333 130 565 394 327 62352 940 2806 160 451 1015 1374 2834 33 50 71610 8018 20173 27721 20190 94492 883 60 18027 18625 3089 1930 288 193121 177 12838 18 3598 130097 710178 1332044 1335133 3 138 680 207 176 115120 1 570 2768 196 390 1748 1125 4164 41 42 122346 7666 34310 26401 17055 88849 592 57 16381 22543 5193 101 2279 507 191642 237 16091 13 3605 94111 735935 1380721 1385914 23 437 121 775 35 140 173500 15 511 3104 317 400 1661 1291 8766 127 40 158572 2357 37673 22415 11199 76553 169 25 58 7979 17217 6933 2424 303 147736 281 14612 11 2745 92762 853647 1448738 1455671 794 126 526 40 90 174800 4 377 5345 332 276 637 2183 21375 97 2189 191055 1 637 38621 17738 8495 58858 1 6317 5720 9320 3214 292 137166 13497 2248 53037 858627 1395524 1404844 898 93 650 38 20 206211 44 152 4693 344 305 240 1038 25651 51 4064 239429 375 33805 14855 3804 37376 2964 4150 11344 3643 632 103331 11317 2392 31198 893972 1383243 1394587 948 96 58 31 16 3 224200 79 194 4260 585 259 159 366 38242 17 7885 300190 109 29086 13254 617 28018 95 2832 10755 5021 1471 97904 8548 2170 20498 962440 1472253 1483008 967 120 25 12 3 8 244986 75 150 3621 678 25 528 544 59064 43 7195 299715 29 29900 13394 452 23762 21 2824 11487 5516 2395 95223 8353 2319 18517 991473 1493893 1505380 889 124 25 4 41 8 244774 80 64 3447 682 141 219 674 65596 107 7338 324571 32812 12894 422 24185 158 2886 12514 4574 3995 88312 7873 2462 17007 981690 1503841 1516355 810 128 25 24 8 247666 85 14 3237 707 110 228 243 69902 112 7647 325375 1 32840 12663 277 19068 117 2773 11478 4656 3282 84345 7314 2601 18054 1007222 1520588 1532066 858 132 25 38 8 252251 90 1 3039 748 110 355 667 73502 142 6174 335242 27961 11001 200 14971 72 2519 10548 4303 2641 78035 6953 1879 18374 918716 1422867 1433415 1036 116 24 24 8 247297 68 168 3748 968 164 350 622 72903 128 3680 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .1: World hard coal production (1) (thousand tonnes) Australia (2) Austria Belgium(2) Canada Czech Republic France(2) Germany Hungary Ireland Italy Japan(2) Korea(2) Mexico(2) Netherlands New Zealand(2) Norway Poland Portugal(2) Spain Sweden Turkey United Kingdom United States(2) IEA Total OECD Total Algeria Botswana Dem.

(1) For further information. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .III.6 . of Iran Non OECD Total World 1973 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 77 451 361 76588 111000 150468 211184 268280 311428 404461 428358 454358 149 304 1852 6814 35547 62784 143601 195789 223845 23198 34106 40000 35693 23700 22500 26864 27160 23860 100 121 346 802 1062 1075 480 595 1290 70 105 357 302 10 11 43 40 12 468 993 1019 1075 6 17 9 9 9 1143 1569 2238 2745 3638 3095 4871 3643 4124 39 325 1261 1226 1287 1351 2877 2353 3398 3327 2574 1858 472 235 83 5 2990 5200 5594 4638 8350 11609 32396 38910 42546 117 511 151 108 74 277 418 436 443 417000 620150 837272 1050734 1342859 1231074 2158908 2320207 2466428 351 267 223 143 194 118 9 27 215 7172 8060 8657 4446 359 281 x x x 156 75 x x x 137 55 88 576 388 400 x x x x x x x x x 1103 34 7 5 9 14 x x x 128000 80754 74886 82788 92010 93538 x x x 1495 183 104 49 45 37 x x x 237514 162411 152538 209213 210418 217878 x x x 475 14 9 84 82 158 x x x 143483 74002 61601 60007 61439 58739 x x x 200 74 69 73 109 160 510600 553000 569000 x x x x x x 903 925 1106 835 1084 1246 1330 1529 1634 2008 840 488550 235107 25098 1476 319 1124 9 3738 3609 38826 476 2734421 41 x 11 106200 55 222432 176 59465 198 x 1590 2009e 840 526145 263336 28552 1686 337 1173 12 3257 2356 42143 1786 2971413 199 x 78 96246 136 228602 84 54809 68 x 1560 1117927 1465759 1811866 2041527 2249135 2213447 3447984 3709635 3925143 4261901 4556122 2235249 2800892 3197780 3497198 3653979 3608034 4930992 5215015 5441498 5793967 5989537 (1) Hard coal represents higher grade coal and includes coking coal. Rep. see notes and definitions in Part I. (2) Includes sub-bituminous coal. anthracite and bituminous coal. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .1: World hard coal production (1) (continued) (thousand tonnes) Bangladesh India Indonesia DPR of Korea Malaysia Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Philippines Chinese Taipei Thailand Vietnam Other Asia PR of China Bulgaria Romania Croatia Serbia Former Yugoslavia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Russian Federation Tajikistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Former Soviet Union Islam.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 1.

2: World coking coal production (thousand tonnes) 1978 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e Australia Belgium Canada Czech Republic France Germany Hungary Japan Mexico New Zealand Norway Poland Spain Turkey United Kingdom United States IEA Total OECD Total Algeria South Africa United Rep. Rep.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III . of Tanzania Zimbabwe Brazil Colombia Venezuela India Indonesia DPR of Korea Malaysia Mongolia Chinese Taipei PR of China Bulgaria Romania Georgia Kazakhstan Russian Federation Tajikistan Ukraine 37668 40086 54835 64631 79375 3805 4036 3484 13780 14151 24371 27660 28624 18553 17403 16465 14383 10824 4664 4114 3388 1821 439 52239 56036 51401 44577 31686 861 883 592 169 8659 6943 3921 3085 3089 3713 2963 1645 11 173 319 578 1553 227 160 174 40845 31495 31143 28793 28714 1800 1333 907 279 2964 2435 2247 1824 929 15110 10050 2608 1600 599 92201 117716 89463 93259 77166 293387 307014 285318 279574 259909 296472 310103 289031 282537 261554 3 23 9718 10605 11142 9308 10165 1 1 946 991 269 612 621 1317 1545 1407 499 106 705 716 745 775 681 13938 18055 25847 36088 28803 103 286 1767 3415 3836 2500 2543 107 3 52604 68222 68370 85657 147846 2134 1828 3825 1482 349 x x x 574 x x x 29983 12756 x x x 85458 55645 x x x 7 x x x 62283 25783 103750 28164 8136 18862 2214 1644 17222 735 255 54287 233055 235269 3204 813 15 587 22088 4114 123748 13 10687 51035 27844 128310 26613 7136 15171 1792 2446 14071 648 274 46444 241113 242905 1640 690 210 514 23584 10702 280648 10981 55505 23166 123989 26000 7748 13113 1914 2766 14573 631 266 44599 233685 235599 1584 657 136 517 23747 24484 228 338972 12204 54027 23051 142646 28126 7674 13753 2058 1923 13636 684 266 47307 256015 258073 1608 617 144 522 25581 29264 154 379135 12407 57441 21534 140108 28344 7512 10554 1889 2362 12024 858 307 57367 259436 261325 1638 579 260 541 25318 29468 155 384962 14086 54402 19776 130600 22980 5900 9064 1793 1902 8540 619 246 46559 226410 228203 1606 714 260 579 55 32192 29481 12 155 412389 1 12766 55911 18228 Former Soviet Union Islam. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .III. of Iran 139250 143534 134985 678 842 1006 x 910 x 930 x 1025 x 1039 x 1266 x 1242 Non OECD Total 224705 250177 250329 316312 285444 245058 408570 480632 529446 532451 565591 World 521177 560280 539360 598849 546998 480327 651475 716231 787519 793776 793794 x 760 x 914 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .7 Table 1.

of Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe Other Africa Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Peru Venezuela 1973 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 55483 10362 12337 27780 26350 104407 1186 64 25090 13571 2578 1829 2325 415 156630 221 9991 12 4642 131985 530064 1114744 1117322 333 130 565 394 327 62352 940 2806 160 451 1015 1374 2834 33 50 31524 3982 6022 10318 16076 38456 60 11084 18625 1757 128 161626 177 11505 18 1163 120047 592462 1025030 1025030 138 680 207 176 104515 1 570 1777 196 390 203 1125 3448 41 42 67511 4182 9939 9936 13667 37448 57 12460 22543 1480 101 1960 333 160499 237 15184 13 1358 91503 646472 1095403 1096883 437 121 775 35 140 162358 15 511 2835 317 400 254 1291 8021 127 40 93941 2357 10013 8032 9378 31976 25 58 7979 17217 3970 1846 303 118943 281 14333 11 921 91162 760388 1169164 1173134 794 126 526 40 90 165492 3 377 4733 332 276 138 2183 20600 97 2189 111680 1 637 9997 6914 8056 27172 1 6317 5720 7675 1661 292 108452 13497 1319 52438 781461 1135615 1143290 898 93 650 38 20 196046 43 152 4072 344 305 134 1038 24970 51 4064 135679 375 5641 6719 3804 18514 2964 4150 9130 1999 632 86109 11317 1657 30943 839685 1150188 1159318 948 96 58 31 16 3 220996 79 194 3447 585 259 144 366 37655 17 7885 171880 109 2473 6118 617 12847 95 2832 8963 2575 1471 83833 8548 1522 20224 915996 1231140 1240103 967 120 25 12 3 8 243346 75 150 2931 678 25 318 544 58550 43 7195 175726 29 3900 5646 452 10649 21 2824 9573 2750 2395 80650 8353 1688 18251 946874 1260208 1269781 889 124 25 4 41 8 243190 80 64 2790 682 141 83 674 65079 107 7338 181925 4686 5220 422 10432 158 2886 10456 2651 3995 74676 7873 1778 16741 934383 1247826 1258282 810 128 25 24 8 246058 85 14 2620 707 110 84 243 69380 112 7647 185267 1 4496 5151 277 8514 117 2773 9589 2294 3282 72321 7314 1743 17747 949855 1261152 1270741 858 132 25 38 8 250613 90 1 2460 748 110 95 667 72961 142 6174 204642 4981 5101 200 5907 72 2519 8755 2401 2641 69495 6953 1260 18128 872157 1196457 1205212 1036 116 24 24 8 245691 68 168 3034 968 164 90 622 72324 128 3625 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Rep. of Congo Egypt Morocco Mozambique Nigeria South Africa United Rep.3: World steam coal production (1) (thousand tonnes) Australia (2) Austria Belgium(2) Canada Czech Republic France(2) Germany Hungary Ireland Italy Japan(2) Korea(2) Mexico(2) Netherlands New Zealand(2) Norway Poland Portugal(2) Spain Sweden Turkey United Kingdom United States(2) IEA Total OECD Total Algeria Botswana Dem.8 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 1.III.

It includes anthracite and bituminous coal. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III . (1) For further information. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .III.3: World steam coal production (1) (continued) (thousand tonnes) Bangladesh India Indonesia DPR of Korea Malaysia Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Philippines Chinese Taipei Thailand Vietnam Other Asia PR of China Bulgaria Romania Croatia Serbia Former Yugoslavia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Russian Federation Tajikistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Former Soviet Union Islam.9 Table 1. of Iran Non OECD Total World 1973 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 76588 92945 124621 175096 239477 289340 149 304 1749 6528 33780 58670 23198 30270 37500 33150 23700 22500 100 121 346 480 595 1290 70 10 11 43 40 12 468 6 17 1143 1569 2238 2745 3638 3095 39 325 1261 1226 1287 1351 3327 2574 1751 469 235 83 5 2990 5200 5594 4638 8350 11609 117 511 151 108 74 277 417000 551928 768902 965077 1195013 1107326 351 267 223 143 194 118 7172 6232 4832 2964 10 268 x x x 156 75 x x x 137 55 88 576 388 400 x x x x x x 529 34 7 x x x 98017 67998 64199 x x x 1495 183 104 x x x 152056 106766 101503 x x x 475 7 9 x x x 81200 48219 33757 x x x 200 74 69 510600 409466 434015 x x x 903 83 100 75 170 336 2005 77 380877 132899 26864 802 105 993 9 4871 2877 32396 418 1878260 9 x 5 71807 49 153708 84 36841 73 x 400 2006 451 404611 171305 27160 1062 129 1019 9 3643 2353 38910 436 1981235 27 x 9 79806 45 156391 82 38388 109 x 504 2007 361 428777 194581 23860 1075 148 1075 9 4124 3398 42546 443 2087293 215 x 14 81131 37 160437 158 37205 160 x 595 2008 840 463232 205639 25098 1476 164 1124 9 3738 3609 38826 476 2349459 41 x 11 92114 55 168030 176 39689 198 x 324 2009e 840 493953 233855 28552 1674 182 1173 12 3257 2356 42143 1786 2559024 198 x 78 83480 136 172691 84 36581 68 x 318 1117927 1215582 1561537 1725215 1963691 1968389 3039414 3229003 3395697 3729450 3990531 2235249 2240612 2658420 2898349 3106981 3127707 4279517 4498784 4653979 5000191 5195743 (1) Steam coal is also commonly known as thermal coal. (2) Includes sub-bituminous coal. Rep. see notes and definitions in Part I.

10 . of Macedonia Serbia Slovenia Former Yugoslavia 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 24121 32894 38380 45990 50752 67293 67152 67737 65613 72400 64000 3328 2865 3081 2448 1297 1249 8135 16515 26543 30659 36360 35358 36259 36104 36552 34909 34975 75965 89086 94636 78983 57163 50307 48772 49518 49732 47537 45415 2764 2560 1839 2333 1401 296 366409 389726 434037 357468 192756 167691 177907 176321 180409 175313 169857 13301 23198 35888 51896 57662 63887 69398 64787 66308 65720 64722 25925 25142 23500 17332 14772 14033 9570 9952 9818 9404 8986 1190 1286 1892 956 172 14 100 27 143 208 247 161 231 213 246 251 260 254 260 39215 36866 57746 67584 63547 59484 61636 60844 57538 59668 57108 5804 5796 5731 4766 3759 3648 2511 2201 2111 2423 2573 3003 15454 23572 21070 14808 12154 10933 10094 9309 2873 2494 7754 15027 36392 44683 52825 60876 56170 61936 72902 76801 70491 12948 42783 65701 79914 78471 77619 76151 76429 71291 68659 65750 590105 699433 849185 806243 625976 614122 616705 616174 621843 615961 586631 590105 699433 849185 806243 625976 614122 616705 616174 621843 615961 586631 33 1324 3494 6051 3958 4959 6553 5727 5669 5737 6257 5668 61 40 35 368 3320 5110 8040 14074 22146 24247 30228 31285 33980 32421 34692 148 3672 5598 13820 27110 30735 36723 38488 38187 7000 10000 12000 10660 7600 7243 7746 7946 6478 7235 8956 6043 6562 3729 5115 7412 7945 9090 9908 10800 27 43 38 23 112 367 393 414 433 453 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 361 1525 5188 12421 18416 17708 20878 19001 18239 17982 17706 1802 951 1804 2206 3985 811 1420 2150 2071 80 30 64 64 64 85 116 26459 29946 30657 31532 30636 26314 24686 25651 28418 29009 27174 17679 27104 37924 33737 40762 29004 31106 34923 35780 35861 30606 x x x 19670 1640 7439 9119 10145 10609 11686 9540 x x x 18 7 x x x 6644 7249 7516 6881 6639 6509 7630 5040 x x x 45800 40540 37006 35100 36780 37148 38709 38281 x x x 5583 4884 4480 4540 4522 4535 4520 4430 31874 40913 68072 x x x x x x x x INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .4: World brown coal production (1) (thousand tonnes) 1973 Australia (2) Austria Canada Czech Republic France(2) Germany Greece Hungary Italy Japan(2) New Zealand(2) Poland Slovak Republic Spain Turkey United States(2) IEA Total OECD Total South Africa Brazil Chile Colombia India Indonesia DPR of Korea Mongolia Myanmar Philippines Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Albania Bulgaria Romania Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia F.Y.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 1.R.III.

see notes and definitions in Part I. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .11 Table 1.III. (2) Excludes sub-bituminous coal. For further information.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .4: World brown coal production (1) (continued) (thousand tonnes) 1973 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e Estonia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lithuania Russian Federation Tajikistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Former Soviet Union Israel x x x 22486 x x x 3443 x x x 2140 x x x x x x 134385 x x x 450 x x x 9280 x x x 6200 157000 163000 157000 x 303 12433 3740 280 83317 27 2296 2980 x 470 11727 2558 321 87786 13 802 2500 x 390 14591 3798 286 73668 15 354 3003 x 429 14095 4221 276 74148 23 232 3126 x 452 16544 4291 358 71143 23 186 3282 x 429 16117 4872 437 82530 23 163 3092 x 427 15007 5278 474 47 68158 12 175 3200 x 444 Non OECD Total World 248095 286564 333355 375130 293815 292687 307111 318274 331785 348836 326649 838200 985997 1182540 1181373 919791 906809 923816 934448 953628 964797 913280 (1) Brown coal represents lower grade coal and includes lignite.

principally coking coal.5: OECD production of coke oven coke (1) (thousand tonnes) 1973 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 4983 1719 7774 5370 9383 11881 41614 400 1082 7665 52300 318 2021 2655 20 282 16938 269 1500 4475 533 1251 17776 62803 4991 1729 6048 5250 8725 11120 35492 247 975 8264 47463 2965 2447 2455 13 349 19598 216 1598 3900 1188 1937 10060 41850 3603 1751 5964 4684 8328 8691 30171 607 7410 48621 5253 2924 2958 5 313 15828 275 1909 3440 1203 2711 9276 25992 4495 1725 5420 3708 7125 487 7197 21926 672 6356 51118 8800 2384 2736 13516 230 2340 3211 1084 3158 8350 25053 4617 1448 3696 3283 4963 920 5566 11102 1033 5185 44778 10593 2148 2888 11578 331 1861 2438 1149 3131 6274 21545 3739 1385 3104 3242 3411 910 5234 9115 937 4504 41220 12288 2100 2116 8972 371 1706 2470 1146 2925 6206 18876 3808 1388 2856 3305 3412 894 4445 8397 614 4574 42645 8935 2002 2238 420 8404 1846 2662 1411 2992 4364 15168 3634 1398 2895 3199 3428 870 4689 8372 921 4688 43733 9888 2048 2162 419 9613 1856 2839 1188 3213 4629 14881 3634 1424 2607 3098 3258 865 4465 8441 1017 4727 44437 9926 2058 2163 425 10168 1748 2742 1194 3335 4477 14697 3636 1410 2309 3040 3399 860 4488 8242 999 4485 41034 10857 2074 2086 406 9831 1582 2646 1176 3976 4359 14194 2727 1281 1235 2189 2295 738 2700 6176 746 2767 38086 9632 1763 1382 416 7095 1573 1963 987 3422 3693 10108 IEA Europe OECD Europe IEA North America OECD North America OECD Pacific 127197 113901 100835 127197 113901 100835 68173 47100 30676 70194 49547 33600 57621 55432 57482 85533 85533 28761 31145 64413 63563 63563 24828 26976 59988 54512 54512 22118 24218 57247 50497 50497 18473 20475 55808 52761 52761 18080 20128 57674 52631 52631 17795 19853 58422 51848 51848 17234 19308 55933 38053 38053 12297 14060 50861 IEA Total OECD Total 252991 216433 188993 178707 148379 133877 124778 128515 128848 125015 101211 255012 218880 191917 181091 150527 135977 126780 130563 130906 127089 102974 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States (1) Solid product obtained from carbonization of coal.12 . (1) Also includes coke and semi-coke made from lignite.III.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 1. used mainly in the iron and steel industry. (1) For further information. see notes and definitions in Part I. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .III. CONSUMPTION INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .13 2.

.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .15 Table 2.1: World hard coal consumption (1) (thousand tonnes) 1973 Australia (2) 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States(2) 27292 34422 39980 49299 51739 60830 67874 68169 70670 70834 71780 2856 2871 3178 4159 3392 3724 4054 4241 4188 3837 3171 17169 17004 15576 16153 12394 11046 7551 7183 6518 5887 4529 17556 21361 21522 18886 15900 22503 20451 21240 12812 12326 7847 27780 23937 22030 20060 14180 10717 9221 9890 9760 9428 7919 3146 9669 11935 9992 11003 6641 6293 9172 7908 6836 6778 3035 5692 5318 5648 6540 5193 4598 7612 7075 4986 5722 40289 48080 36507 28791 22611 21801 21142 19071 20512 19122 14595 105801 96385 93466 86965 74224 68963 63952 65538 70097 64067 53525 651 545 1750 1380 1480 1121 563 463 710 523 85 2137 1695 1043 971 1402 1280 1341 1851 1965 1907 1334 1 12 69 65 65 101 117 108 138 109 97 822 1066 1586 3198 2689 2944 2870 2588 2377 2236 1885 11603 17024 21894 21327 17446 18013 24240 24798 25118 24910 19117 81690 87699 109391 114960 133564 153190 176974 179098 187000 184189 164780 16329 27790 42505 44776 44634 66548 82272 84709 92044 102723 106101 305 346 199 197 217 171 111 153 109 99 26 2894 3973 5317 6881 10243 12290 17556 17459 17482 13677 16417 4794 5973 10276 14032 14281 12740 13009 12648 13445 12685 11872 2317 1768 1810 2002 1938 1779 3935 3909 2832 3197 3025 772 951 1118 749 1018 1035 795 637 678 695 538 122097 163778 156570 120231 107823 83371 80438 86130 85336 82668 75949 805 604 1050 4397 5708 6154 5476 5467 4742 4156 4678 5834 5373 5809 5879 5330 4656 4983 5148 5021 4651 4327 13260 16531 25198 26047 27488 32804 32948 29395 33090 23982 20047 1060 2138 4158 3709 3444 2861 3070 3235 3192 2774 1838 258 315 640 481 245 173 178 141 182 162 155 4595 4630 6189 8146 8548 15526 19421 22798 25350 22720 22246 133527 123610 105980 106722 75916 59839 61779 67341 62777 57935 49322 492567 608038 682608 736926 782788 892126 953585 941276 955157 951307 856248 IEA Europe OECD Europe IEA North America OECD North America OECD/IEA Pacific 502596 502597 510123 513017 127628 Austria Belgium(2) Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland(2) France(2) Germany Greece Hungary Iceland(2) Ireland Italy Japan(2) Korea(2) Luxembourg Mexico(2) Netherlands New Zealand(2) Norway Poland Portugal(2) IEA total OECD total 548217 548229 629399 633372 151679 531470 531539 704130 709447 193686 489234 489299 755812 762693 211037 417379 417444 798688 808931 231875 370773 370874 914629 926919 282347 368033 368150 974036 991592 331055 385500 385608 962516 979975 335885 390150 390288 967969 985451 352546 356266 356375 963633 977310 360943 309658 309755 864095 880512 345686 1140347 1329295 1429286 1456083 1447942 1567749 1673124 1683901 1710665 1680842 1519439 1143242 1333280 1434672 1463029 1458250 1580140 1690797 1701468 1728285 1694628 1535953 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .III.

16 . of Tanzania Tunisia Zambia Zimbabwe Other Africa Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Panama Peru Uruguay Venezuela Other Latin America Bangladesh Hong Kong (China) India Indonesia DPR of Korea Malaysia Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Philippines Sri Lanka Chinese Taipei Thailand Vietnam Other Asia PR of China 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 63 93 1226 1005 632 689 819 866 856 856 789 466 815 912 1041 969 922 887 862 1036 170 167 156 169 136 132 162 171 182 193 185 477 894 1192 1340 1540 1820 1777 1713 1708 1671 937 70 16 90 151 96 66 125 167 151 155 43 582 635 1110 1774 2665 4018 4938 4926 5019 4463 2690 587 288 106 58 56 9 10 23 16 3 20 64 77 413 143 289 151 94 55 20 3 8 8 8 8 8 152 167 215 215 200 60408 86961 125870 124900 147205 157135 175403 177880 183591 182026 180593 1 15 4 44 79 75 80 85 90 68 33 21 21 15 941 618 471 375 148 128 140 58 14 1 176 2758 2614 3026 5355 4494 4297 3698 3521 3306 3104 3788 222 278 379 454 444 702 751 903 1140 1207 3075 1072 1425 1247 1367 1439 1058 1383 1454 1573 1790 1363 2842 6354 9870 10650 12080 13457 14270 13764 15068 15300 15227 1711 1678 1792 3720 3391 4590 4571 5726 5721 7726 6654 2859 4135 4630 4825 5608 4231 4173 3815 3697 4351 3449 1 1 1 1 2 2 25 1 45 90 126 153 63 15 12 22 14 18 23 224 17 80 93 476 704 728 763 781 22 215 588 616 660 672 591 61 12 135 183 190 201 211 63 52 55 72 60 32 36 48 33 13 32 32 51 60 4 86 74 107 149 389 708 1075 850 1180 1073 883 32 4 1 1 1 2 2 2 53 42 42 355 7 181 52 52 62 50 53 235 243 235 98 563 642 660 742 946 897 1257 861 12 3 5523 8928 9109 6058 10824 11403 12261 11345 12369 73410 108622 154347 211533 278553 338729 430693 459871 500094 545360 591718 129 237 771 1943 4746 5600 15445 23717 27499 33772 33785 23580 34456 42200 37793 24340 22241 24235 24860 20267 22636 25637 13 76 517 1936 2303 3298 12728 13147 16519 17717 15858 480 595 1290 70 105 357 302 319 337 74 221 223 80 15 38 145 155 163 170 175 78 83 17 81 129 430 410 424 438 461 488 1270 1667 2954 4245 4723 4045 7714 7894 10111 8390 7528 40 303 2416 2570 2998 8597 9906 10070 11127 11794 9396 1 8 5 93 70 68 72 41 3572 5956 11085 17230 26167 42055 54711 56783 59358 56971 60278 1 94 212 250 2315 3684 8479 11104 14051 15863 14696 2770 4052 4990 3951 5917 7808 14510 16152 16623 20386 17331 220 657 345 303 221 564 782 617 681 732 1400 414180 626010 803907 1050895 1316745 1214798 2098830 2305093 2454333 2683179 3085576 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .III. of Congo Egypt Kenya Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nigeria Senegal South Africa United Rep. Rep.1: World hard coal consumption (1) (continued) (thousand tonnes) 1973 Algeria Botswana Dem.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 2.

IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .R. of Iran Israel Lebanon Syrian Arab Republic 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 89 160 220 302 6136 6999 8277 6046 3443 3379 4361 4259 4916 4637 3247 74 97 97 49 52 54 49 40 29 192 300 52 8490 12009 14705 9351 5065 2649 3041 2796 2950 2048 366 x x x 592 629 672 712 665 x x x 1150 143 623 1057 987 1081 1121 1096 x x x 129 142 67 3 57 18 14 78 x x x 137 55 218 67 62 93 151 35 x x x 32 20 11 49 46 66 63 28 2540 3790 5089 x x x x x x x x x x x 552 3 1 3 2 10 x x x 200 6 x x x 2389 1125 504 168 132 83 76 47 x x x 382 85 87 56 70 130 129 30 x x x 1323 44 27 18 16 48 119 87 x x x 85806 61195 47000 58561 65401 65302 63778 73795 x x x 4014 505 830 887 817 813 835 89 x x x 917 252 97 120 130 162 162 122 x x x 1303 372 130 284 396 379 324 220 x x x 4510 1315 181 167 194 131 198 15 x x x 240033 163266 142222 141438 145771 142034 148763 135913 x x x 1044 14 16 90 88 166 184 84 x x x 670 x x x 139440 86898 65887 63614 68237 68196 70382 57391 x x x 2740 81 69 73 109 160 198 68 490220 529110 543430 x x x x x x x x 1 948 1783 1444 1061 1546 1879 1810 1939 1973 1754 1585 2927 3720 6568 10591 12124 12991 13294 12940 12642 1 1 180 200 200 200 200 200 109 1 1 - Non OECD Total 1103331 1443087 1758798 2008356 2194261 2130320 3195067 3466720 3673926 3966533 4388339 World 2246573 2776367 3193470 3471385 3652511 3710460 4885864 5168188 5402211 5661161 5924292 (1) Hard coal represents higher grade coal and includes coking coal. of Macedonia Serbia Slovenia Former Yugoslavia Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Estonia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Republic of Moldova Russian Federation Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Former Soviet Union Bahrain Islam.1: World hard coal consumption (1) (continued) (thousand tonnes) 1973 Albania Bulgaria Cyprus Malta Romania Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia F. (2) Includes sub-bituminous coal.III.17 Table 2. see notes and definitions in Part I. Rep. (1) For further information.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .Y. anthracite and bituminous coal.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 2.III.18 .2: World coking coal consumption (thousand tonnes) 1978 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 7216 2006 7524 6776 12567 12980 41881 213 1740 9909 58724 2009 4053 2953 414 25847 423 2180 4863 1227 3429 14988 68885 7049 2371 8010 7321 12166 7 14570 50293 384 1695 11237 70203 3987 3973 3521 8 432 25272 363 2336 5407 1654 3407 11628 61457 5476 2391 8086 6483 11365 6 11332 47825 1043 20 7 10165 73456 6959 3837 4061 6 394 17745 370 2790 4908 1620 4825 11122 37246 5932 2337 7157 5023 9941 711 9669 42216 971 13 14 8633 64934 11735 2911 4391 219 18127 313 3136 4456 1515 5335 10517 35269 5874 1908 4737 4417 6648 1650 7739 33993 1402 7 6966 59796 16305 1875 4893 17405 455 2745 3312 1646 4658 8487 29934 4799 1877 4045 4461 4972 1284 6543 24462 1280 14 6658 57081 19415 932 4054 13332 497 2597 3556 1772 7042 8824 25963 5354 1899 3263 4289 4334 1401 6222 22193 808 14 5630 56530 20883 676 4699 11157 2738 3463 1377 5585 6569 20893 4678 1892 3753 4550 4334 1073 5978 21690 1301 19 6089 57672 20734 841 4391 12977 2850 3556 1897 5929 7044 20902 5354 1901 3448 4774 4099 1418 6144 23000 1460 30 6197 58205 21736 1019 4703 13642 2854 3667 1604 5816 7170 20524 4548 1863 2912 4987 4301 1077 6700 20013 1432 50 5925 57386 23835 975 4419 13012 2617 3453 1586 6878 6931 19989 3640 1693 1664 3784 3555 1069 3543 15447 1022 46 2768 52244 20107 1899 3402 9832 2391 2502 1440 5322 5688 14042 IEA Europe OECD Europe IEA North America OECD North America OECD Pacific 145144 154753 140055 129439 108644 145144 154753 140075 129452 108651 75661 68778 43729 40292 34351 79714 72751 47566 43203 36226 67949 81247 85897 82820 81975 92795 92809 30424 31356 81295 81338 81352 25182 25858 82767 84754 84773 25452 26293 83084 87123 87153 25298 26317 85295 83119 83169 24976 25951 85769 61338 61384 17826 19725 75991 IEA Total OECD Total 288754 304778 269681 252551 224970 204514 189287 193290 197716 193864 155155 292807 308751 273538 255475 226852 205460 189977 194150 198765 194889 157100 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Turkey United Kingdom United States INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

Y.R. of Tanzania Zimbabwe Other Africa Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Guatemala Jamaica Peru India Indonesia DPR of Korea Mongolia Pakistan Chinese Taipei Other Asia PR of China Albania Bulgaria Romania Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia F.2: World coking coal consumption (continued) (thousand tonnes) Algeria Egypt Morocco South Africa United Rep. Rep.19 Table 2.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III . of Macedonia Slovenia Former Yugoslavia Armenia Georgia Kazakhstan Republic of Moldova Russian Federation Tajikistan Ukraine Former Soviet Union Islam.III. of Iran 1978 1980 1985 50 975 7018 946 990 4869 385 705 40 15757 3857 16 1386 52304 25 1921 5734 x x x x 1447 x x x x x x x 93 894 7158 991 801 6154 454 716 49 15441 4286 98 1513 66822 25 1926 5228 x x x x 3402 x x x x x x x 1226 1192 6000 269 826 9602 427 745 50 28149 5000 716 2562 62873 33 1553 7825 x x x x 4689 x x x x x x x 129250 131534 123985 1107 1700 1344 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 1005 632 689 819 866 856 856 789 1339 1540 1820 1777 1713 1708 1671 923 65 5675 4220 2569 2975 2765 2589 2353 1224 1 1 612 621 813 690 657 617 579 714 1418 1121 589 558 789 987 961 1181 692 10489 11094 9936 9742 9379 10376 10345 9207 492 715 714 703 700 694 675 673 775 681 587 514 517 522 541 497 180 188 212 220 260 52 55 72 60 32 36 48 33 37 51 44 39491 39409 35852 39041 41083 46010 46544 55454 107 5143 1040 101 175 180 147 164 65 228 154 155 155 1102 1085 950 565 311 466 1200 552 4150 4208 5236 4919 4810 4600 4597 3352 43 80373 140501 119758 282365 339626 381149 387528 445657 62 1854 1693 1325 1051 947 751 434 10 5082 5047 2257 2963 2738 2883 1951 312 592 629 672 712 650 747 338 117 70 67 1 x x x x x x x x 10 686 6 29983 10853 10294 10699 11874 12108 13710 12293 2 1 53885 50669 43938 44991 44622 46529 42200 46126 7 2 2 2 2 2 54508 31642 30581 29821 30311 30296 27722 21269 x x x x x x x x 986 1388 1605 1450 1489 1395 1467 1347 Non OECD Total 228782 249285 259066 299768 307817 269768 436883 496656 545734 546855 604235 World 521589 558036 532604 555243 534669 475228 626860 690806 744499 741744 761335 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries . IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

20 .III.3: World steam coal consumption (1) (thousand tonnes) 1973 Australia (2) 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States(2) 27292 27373 34504 43367 45865 56031 62520 63491 65316 66286 68140 2856 500 787 1822 1484 1847 2155 2349 2287 1974 1478 17169 8994 7490 8996 7657 7001 4288 3430 3070 2975 2865 17556 14040 15039 13863 11483 18042 16162 16690 8038 7339 4063 27780 11771 10665 10119 7532 5745 4887 5556 5661 5127 4364 3146 9662 11929 9992 11003 6641 6293 9172 7908 6836 6778 3035 5692 5318 4937 4890 3909 3197 6539 5657 3909 4653 40289 33510 25175 19122 14872 15258 14920 13093 14368 12422 11052 105801 46092 45641 44749 40231 44501 41759 43848 47097 44054 38078 651 161 1750 1380 1480 1121 563 463 710 523 85 2137 533 550 505 475 312 1 12 49 52 58 87 103 89 108 59 51 822 1066 1579 3184 2689 2944 2870 2588 2377 2236 1885 11603 5787 11729 12694 10480 11355 18610 18709 18921 18985 16349 81690 17496 35935 50026 73768 96109 120444 121426 128795 126803 112536 16329 23803 35546 33041 28329 47133 61389 63975 70308 78888 85994 305 346 199 197 217 171 111 153 109 99 26 2894 1480 3970 8368 11358 16880 16618 16463 12702 14518 4794 2452 6215 9641 9388 8686 8310 8257 8742 8266 8470 2317 1760 1804 1783 1938 1779 3935 3909 2832 3197 3025 772 519 724 749 1018 1035 795 637 678 695 538 122097 138506 138825 102104 90418 70039 69281 73153 71694 69656 66117 805 241 680 4084 5253 5657 5476 5467 4742 4156 4678 5834 3037 3019 2743 2585 2059 2245 2298 2167 2034 1936 13260 11124 20290 21591 24176 29248 29485 25839 29423 20529 17545 1060 484 2538 2194 1798 1089 1693 1338 1588 1188 398 258 315 640 481 245 173 178 141 182 162 155 4595 1223 1364 2811 3890 8484 13836 16869 19534 15842 16924 133527 111982 94858 96205 67429 51015 55210 60297 55607 51004 43634 492567 546581 645362 701657 752854 866163 932692 920374 934633 931318 842206 IEA Europe OECD Europe IEA North America OECD North America OECD/IEA Pacific 502596 502597 510123 513017 127628 Austria Belgium(2) Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland(2) France(2) Germany Greece Hungary Iceland(2) Ireland Italy Japan(2) Korea(2) Luxembourg Mexico(2) Netherlands New Zealand(2) Norway Poland Portugal(2) IEA Total OECD Total 393464 393476 560621 560621 70432 391415 391464 660401 661881 107789 359795 359847 715520 719490 128217 308735 308793 764337 772705 149900 277978 278065 884205 895563 201052 286695 286798 948854 965734 248288 300746 300835 937064 953682 252801 303027 303135 942671 959134 267251 273147 273206 938657 951359 275174 248320 248371 846269 860787 269695 1140347 1024517 1159605 1203532 1222972 1363235 1483837 1490611 1512949 1486978 1364284 1143242 1024529 1161134 1207554 1231398 1374680 1500820 1507318 1529520 1499739 1378853 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 2.

21 Table 2.3: World steam coal consumption (1) (continued) (thousand tonnes) 1973 Algeria Botswana Dem. of Congo Egypt Kenya Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nigeria Senegal South Africa United Rep. of Tanzania Tunisia Zambia Zimbabwe Other Africa Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Panama Peru Uruguay Venezuela Other Latin America Bangladesh Hong Kong (China) India Indonesia DPR of Korea Malaysia Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Philippines Sri Lanka Chinese Taipei Thailand Vietnam Other Asia PR of China 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 63 466 815 912 1041 969 922 887 862 1036 170 167 156 169 136 132 162 171 182 193 185 477 1 14 70 16 90 151 96 66 125 167 151 155 43 582 635 1110 1774 2665 4018 4938 4926 5019 4463 2625 587 288 106 58 56 9 10 23 16 3 20 64 77 413 143 289 151 94 55 20 3 8 8 8 8 8 152 167 215 215 200 60408 79803 119870 119225 142985 154566 172428 175115 181002 179673 179369 1 15 3 43 79 75 80 85 90 68 33 21 21 15 941 618 471 375 148 128 140 58 14 1 176 2758 1623 2757 4743 3873 3484 3008 2864 2689 2525 3074 222 278 379 454 444 702 751 903 1140 1207 1657 1072 624 421 246 850 500 594 467 612 609 671 2842 200 268 161 986 3521 4528 4385 4692 4955 6020 1711 1224 1365 3228 2676 3876 3868 5026 5027 7051 5981 2859 3419 3885 4050 4927 3644 3659 3298 3175 3810 2952 1 1 1 1 2 2 25 1 45 90 126 153 63 15 12 22 14 18 23 224 17 80 93 476 704 728 763 781 22 215 408 428 448 452 331 61 12 135 183 190 201 211 63 13 32 32 51 60 4 86 25 57 112 338 664 1075 850 1180 1073 883 32 4 1 1 1 2 2 2 53 42 42 355 7 181 52 52 62 50 53 235 243 235 98 563 642 660 742 946 897 1257 861 12 3 5523 8928 9109 6058 10824 11403 12261 11345 12369 73410 93181 126198 172042 239144 302877 391652 418788 454084 498816 536264 129 237 771 1943 4746 5600 15445 23717 27499 33772 33678 23580 30170 37200 32650 23300 22140 24060 24680 20120 22472 25572 13 76 517 1936 2303 3298 12728 13147 16519 17717 15858 480 595 1290 70 105 129 148 164 182 74 221 223 80 15 38 145 155 163 170 175 78 83 17 81 129 430 410 424 438 461 488 1270 1569 2238 3143 3638 3095 7149 7583 9645 7190 6976 40 303 2416 2570 2998 8597 9906 10070 11127 11794 9396 1 8 5 93 70 68 72 41 3572 4443 8523 13080 21959 36819 49792 51973 54758 52374 56926 1 94 212 250 2315 3684 8479 11104 14051 15863 14696 2770 4052 4990 3951 5917 7808 14510 16152 16623 20386 17331 220 657 345 303 221 564 782 617 681 732 1357 414180 559188 741034 970522 1176244 1095040 1816465 1965467 2073184 2295651 2639919 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III . Rep.III.

Y. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . of Iran Israel Lebanon 1995 2000 89 135 187 240 6136 5073 6724 4192 1750 74 97 97 192 300 52 8490 6781 6880 4269 18 x x x x x x 403 143 x x x 12 72 x x x 137 55 x x x 31 20 2540 388 400 x x x x x 552 3 x x x 200 6 x x x 2389 1125 x x x 382 85 x x x 637 38 x x x 55823 50342 x x x 4014 505 x x x 917 252 x x x 1303 372 x x x 4510 1315 x x x 186148 112597 x x x 1044 7 x x x 670 x x x 84932 55256 x x x 2740 81 490220 397576 419445 x x 948 83 100 75 158 2927 3720 6568 1 1 180 2054 49 392 623 218 11 x 504 87 27 36706 830 97 130 181 98284 14 35306 69 x 274 10591 200 Syrian Arab Republic 1 1980 1 1985 - 1990 - - - 2005 2006 3310 3312 52 54 78 58 1057 987 3 57 67 62 49 46 x x 1 168 132 56 70 18 16 47862 53527 887 817 120 130 284 396 167 192 96447 101149 88 86 33793 37926 73 109 x x 360 450 12124 12991 200 200 - 2007 2008 2009e 4165 4203 49 40 67 97 1081 1121 18 14 93 151 66 63 x x 3 2 83 76 130 129 48 119 53194 50068 813 835 162 162 379 324 130 198 95505 106563 164 182 37900 42660 160 198 x x 578 287 13294 12940 200 200 3237 29 54 15 758 78 35 28 x 47 30 87 61502 89 122 220 15 89787 84 36122 68 x 1 238 12642 109 - - - - Non OECD Total 1103331 1193802 1499732 1708588 1886444 1860552 2758184 2970064 3128192 3419678 3784104 World 2246573 2218331 2660866 2916142 3117842 3235232 4259004 4477382 4657712 4919417 5162957 (1) Steam coal is also commonly known as thermal coal. (1) For further information. It includes anthracite and bituminous coal. Rep. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .III. of Macedonia Serbia Slovenia Former Yugoslavia Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Estonia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Republic of Moldova Russian Federation Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Former Soviet Union Bahrain Islam. (2) Includes sub-bituminous coal. see notes and definitions in Part I.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 2.22 .R.3: World steam coal consumption (1) (continued) (thousand tonnes) 1973 Albania Bulgaria Cyprus Malta Romania Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia F.

23 Table 2.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .4: World brown coal consumption (1) (thousand tonnes) 1973 Australia (2) 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e Poland Slovak Republic Spain Switzerland Turkey United States(2) 24121 32894 38380 45990 50752 67293 67152 67737 65613 72400 64000 3328 3274 3868 2504 1743 1381 1272 754 95 87 76 95 275 276 195 220 206 290 317 281 249 8058 15911 26653 30260 36734 40465 39760 36701 44364 43044 39046 75965 79822 83854 71772 52300 50372 47622 47973 48577 45381 44547 2775 2570 2418 2094 1516 355 36 37 51 67 91 372497 391753 432521 364050 194811 169942 177892 176378 180560 174833 169869 13000 22692 36214 52053 56962 64564 70096 64598 66373 64632 64401 26896 25849 24583 19005 15529 13893 10247 10181 10088 9930 9325 38 45 36 53 9 14 25 24 1299 1385 2041 1089 196 30 8 8 4 4 7 100 27 28 84 2 4 3 3 3 3 4 20 156 103 69 33 46 50 35 58 25 18 143 208 264 207 250 261 276 280 261 255 260 34282 35308 57565 67391 63196 59488 61589 60800 57529 59651 57075 12784 16039 15784 12481 7221 4213 3307 3168 2935 3374 3266 3062 14691 23242 20776 15054 12850 11550 10103 9579 2431 1352 13 8 6 39 86 85 75 66 7642 15801 35301 46178 52471 64406 57315 60786 72827 75894 70491 12948 42129 62063 79023 80764 74265 76136 75785 71851 70443 64560 IEA Europe OECD Europe IEA North America OECD North America OECD/IEA Pacific 553550 609463 717769 659789 461280 553550 609463 717769 659789 461280 21006 58040 88716 109283 117498 21006 58040 88716 109283 117500 24364 33129 38644 46197 51002 IEA Total OECD Total 598920 700632 845129 815269 629780 624086 624606 615709 631181 622832 588807 598920 700632 845129 815269 629782 624090 624609 615712 631184 622835 588811 Austria Belgium(2) Canada Czech Republic France(2) Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan(2) Luxembourg Mexico(2) Netherlands New Zealand(2) 441802 441802 114730 114734 67554 441282 441282 115896 115899 67428 435206 435206 112486 112489 68017 449092 449092 116215 116218 65874 436690 436690 113487 113490 72655 420941 420941 103606 103610 64260 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .III.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 2.III.4: World brown coal consumption (1) (continued) (thousand tonnes) 1973 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e Algeria Egypt Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Other Africa Brazil 1280 2788 6991 4786 Chile 61 40 35 India 3762 5059 7913 14985 Indonesia 163 4422 DPR of Korea 7000 10000 12000 10660 Malaysia Mongolia 5687 6054 Myanmar 27 43 38 Philippines 4 3 Singapore 1 1 2 Chinese Taipei Thailand 361 1525 5132 12457 Vietnam Other Asia 2206 4200 People's Republic of China Albania 810 1420 2150 1843 Bulgaria 26311 29704 30657 31778 Cyprus Malta Romania 17690 27364 38404 36872 Bosnia and Herzegovina x x x 19670 Croatia x x x 743 F.Y. (2) Excludes sub-bituminous coal. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . of Macedonia x x x 6808 Serbia x x x 45800 Slovenia x x x 6058 Former Yugoslavia 31356 40516 68217 x Estonia x x x 25954 Kazakhstan x x x 3443 Kyrgyzstan x x x 2140 Latvia x x x 3 Lithuania x x x Russian Federation x x x 134047 Tajikistan x x x 450 Ukraine x x x 7983 Uzbekistan x x x 6200 Former Soviet Union 157138 163030 157015 x Israel 303 5040 22298 5598 7600 3914 23 3 62 18496 80 30873 40635 1640 188 7293 40550 5219 x 14561 3630 287 82065 27 3000 2947 x 470 6813 24824 13755 7243 5142 59 3 4725 17586 73 25844 29313 7437 80 7702 37106 4914 x 13232 2438 339 1 88257 13 793 3473 x 390 5734 30239 25697 7746 5367 85 3 5005 21046 77 24870 1 32961 8865 83 7470 35323 5143 x 14804 3586 452 3 73156 15 409 3112 x 429 6259 30808 27794 7946 5562 111 3 5410 18852 77 25775 1 37627 9873 84 6823 37367 5185 x 14028 3973 436 3 73929 23 233 3304 x 452 5847 34654 32445 6478 5759 113 3 5718 18121 1811 77 28687 1 36613 10315 65 6966 37359 5198 x 16810 4066 472 70147 23 194 3448 x 429 5523 31846 31084 7235 5680 115 5640 18492 954 98 28530 1 37497 11372 61 7730 38590 5134 x 15704 4589 474 80769 23 189 3320 x 427 14 7 3 1 5670 206 34692 30690 8956 2 5087 117 6320 17706 1804 71 116 27150 1 31593 9160 1 5259 38376 5115 x 15030 4922 474 47 67754 12 161 3428 x 444 Non OECD Total World 1980 1985 247976 285674 334411 383502 296499 301555 311681 321938 331819 341077 320389 846896 986306 1179540 1198771 926281 925645 936290 937650 963003 963912 909200 (1) Brown coal represents lower grade coal and includes lignite. sub-bituminous and oil shale. see notes and definitions in Part I. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .R. (1) For further information.24 .

III. principally coking coal. used mainly in the iron and steel industry.5: OECD consumption of coke oven coke (1) (thousand tonnes) 1973 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 4983 2681 8429 5454 5913 96 877 14783 37220 414 2317 13 7099 51800 356 3235 2173 2657 20 826 14212 306 2422 5349 1900 185 1251 17034 64235 5077 2674 6542 5519 6244 116 1224 13180 32691 261 2243 16 8 7379 45795 3086 2282 2494 2363 13 849 17849 317 1642 3917 1618 131 1954 7296 37446 3520 2993 5789 5212 6472 68 1218 10353 29657 55 2000 34 22 7258 44859 5359 1854 3022 2539 6 881 14671 401 2126 3758 1494 82 2803 9209 26553 3300 2403 5265 3412 5713 40 1272 7714 21127 42 1183 30 29 6413 49564 8800 1447 2528 2339 529 9854 240 2833 3365 1422 43 3256 8244 25230 3952 2354 4287 3682 3857 43 1192 6219 14879 12 990 18 6 5656 41640 10593 521 2951 2454 500 8294 296 1964 3131 1496 31 3201 6517 22180 3456 2436 3928 3429 3144 40 1443 6119 14982 1 804 47 5041 41029 12288 3591 2027 559 5762 323 1815 1923 1495 27 3592 6114 21085 3001 2751 2951 3361 2949 34 1416 5043 12209 4 751 33 5271 42919 9276 3166 2082 420 356 3399 5 1984 2027 1701 20 3428 5001 16547 2825 2793 2863 4139 3191 35 1420 5594 11880 3 736 26 5099 44117 10202 3223 1903 419 420 3948 4 2209 1932 1433 19 3648 5257 17041 2852 2762 2422 3633 3208 38 1414 4669 13105 2 775 34 4983 45167 10477 3240 2148 425 437 3905 4 1797 1935 1478 22 3816 5243 15666 3643 2716 2942 4595 2886 35 1360 4735 12360 1 735 21 4250 40776 11557 3553 2145 406 448 3289 4 1715 2136 1405 24 4097 5102 15428 2727 2449 1631 2820 2381 26 1004 3418 9303 639 20 2485 37964 9870 1 3386 1579 416 294 2678 3 1752 1778 840 22 3696 3732 9364 IEA Europe OECD Europe IEA North America OECD North America OECD Pacific 129219 112780 105703 129219 112796 105737 69689 42965 31765 71862 45459 34787 57159 53971 53744 84773 84803 28642 31170 61664 67900 67918 25862 28813 56185 61575 61622 24514 28105 56773 53382 53415 19908 23074 55616 54387 54413 21180 24403 57563 54163 54197 19299 22539 58921 52385 52406 20023 23576 56382 39711 39731 12184 15570 50977 IEA Total OECD Total 256067 209716 191212 175079 149947 142862 128906 133130 132383 128790 102872 258240 212226 194268 177637 152916 146500 132105 136379 135657 132364 106278 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States (1) Solid product obtained from carbonization of coal. (1) For further information.25 Table 2. (1) Also includes coke and semi-coke made from lignite. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . see notes and definitions in Part I.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .

.

III. TRADE INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .27 3.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .

.

9 271.2 174.0 0.9 1.8 - - 0.1 276.6 27.1 210.0 464.1 154.6 445.6 242.0 - 5.6 205.2 5. Data in rows Australia to Total OECD (except for above mentioned columns) are export statistics.8 261.8 940.4 40.0 186.4 9.9 566.2 454.0 358.9 357.3 14.2 478.6 608.1 1.0 0.8 474.1 3.6 43.0 118.0 195.1 2.8 0.1 22.8 46.8 246.2 38.9 5.3 284.0 200.8 8.8 672.9 199.2 5.0 0.0 -18.8 287.0 0.0 49.3 926.2 62.6 10.5 - - - - 9.2: World total hard coal trade Japan Other OECD Australia Canada Poland United States Other OECD Total OECD PR of China Colombia Indonesia Kazakhstan Russian Fed.1 1.3 134.4 24.3 19.3 216.0 556.6 164.5 0.6 0.6 708.2 7.8 0.0 580.5 5.8 3.8 1.1 18.9 32.3 1.8 9.2 0.7 297.6 253.1 155.0 28.7 36.3 174.5 548.4 4.1 2.4 0.3 172.3 532.2 3.8 -0.8 940.8 26.3 222.2 446.4 4.1 8.8 606.2 0.9 - -1. The sum of coking coal and steam coal may not add up to total hard coal due to rounding.2 202.0 13.1 8.3 191.5 384.2 2.1 0.5 0.1 198.9 20.2 858.5 - 30.6 288.2 15.9 69.9 498.0 1.0 10.7 181. Notes: Notes: Notes: Notes: Notes: Latin Balancing World item America America Europe(1) Mid.9 361.2 1.8 89.3 153.4 5.4 0.5 0.7 718.4 190. Data in column World are export statistics.9 199.1 0.1 7.4 3.2 217.8 - - - - 0.6 205.7 1.1 - 0.7 7.8 380.3 728.1 0.3 385.3 26.0 286.1 653.5 478.0 442.5 4.8 Table 3. which may also result in discrepancies among tables 3.1 7.3 166.2 259.6 217.3 252.3 6.6 171.3 848.5 85.0 - - - - - - -0.3 172.0 460.2 1.0 1.9 3.29 Table 3.9 30.4 225.8 2.5 1.7 339.6 0.7 47.0 0.8 527.2 183.9 190.4 117.5 0.3 12.9 779.5 3.1 -0.4 0.7 53.5 164.2 30.1 8.6 641.8 1.1 61.2 317.1 24.3 492.0 12.2 463.1 8.3 193.6 130.6 1.8 5.8 0.9 160.8 274.4 364.5 27.4 27./exp.0 4.7 73.8 298.9 7.3 0.0 1.5 7.7 540.8 0.0 0.2 248.6 0.5 439.0 0.6 595.2 0.2 185.2 34.0 320.1 73.4 0.6 421.1 109.6 450.7 7.9 811.2 7.3 0.7 Europe 28.6 229.4 34.8 9.6 292.1 369.7 186.5 143.6 22.7 1.4 and other trade data in this publication.3 0.0 -18.9 196.5 302.9 197.8 15.5 143.8 12.0 148.6 422.8 16.2 0.6 1.7 1. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .7 10.9 172.4 247.5 182.9 -12.8 Data in columns OECD Europe.1 - 0.0 14.3 130.0 936.3 172.2 201.5 15.2 36.8 66.6 0.1 651.1 187.III.3 1.5 14.4 116.4 1. Japan and North America are import statistics.1 68.2 0.0 287.1 646.8 409.5 0.1 937.9 753.1 196.2 to 3.7 407.6 12.1 574.8 2.7 38.8 10.2 4.8 0.4 185.5 1.9 0.3 337.5 133.7 605.2 232.9 174.4 0.0 299.0 57.6 163.2 2.9 4.3 181.0 31.0 13.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .9 18.2 2.4 869.3 26.4 22.1 513.2 512.2 34.5 180.7 149.6 12.8 154.4 14.6 2.3 1.7 365.2 832.0 0. East 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 Asia Exporters (million tonnes) Africa + OECD North Other 120. imp.8 204.0 29.8 186.3 2.2 1.7 6.1: World and seaborne coal trade (million tonnes) Steam coal 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Coking coal Hard coal Total Seaborne Total Seaborne Total Seaborne 269.7 305.3 60.4 481.0 0. (1) Includes Former Soviet Union and Former Yugoslavia.2 0.0 220.3 23.7 270.7 6.9 3. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics and Secretariat sources.0 3.0 28.9 1.4 171.0 635.0 0.0 466.0 267.1 542.4 679.6 10.8 14.4 356.6 493.5 101.6 444.9 2.2 675.0 0. All other data are based on national and international sources and estimates.6 96.4 31. South Africa Other non-OECD Tot.0 - - - - - - -2.

3 0.2 3.8 35.2 - - 0.7 0.3 3.2 PR of China 12.6 0.7 4.8 136.1 -19. East 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 Asia Exporters Australia(2) Canada Poland United States Other OECD Total OECD PR of China Colombia Indonesia Kazakhstan Russian Fed.9 6.7 33.6 0.8 0.1 - 0.0 - - - - - - - - 0.9 34.3 0.9 40.0 Canada 2.1 0. (2) Includes exports of soft and semi-soft coking coal used for pulverised coal injection (PCI).1 - 0.0 708.4 6.6 0.5 0. which may also result in discrepancies among tables 3.1 0.1 0.3 4. Japan and North America are import statistics.7 2.7 0.5 1.9 125.3 0.7 0.8 11. All other data are based on national and international sources and estimates.9 35.2 0.0 0.8 3.4 0.0 0.6 36.5 Data in columns OECD Europe. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics and Secretariat sources.1 8.4 61.8 -13.5 1.6 7.4 181.0 0.6 0.4 1.9 Total OECD 93.30 .5 0.1 22.6 0.8 - - 0.0 35.9 190.1 6.3 5.1 0.6 13.5 13.2 0.2 to 3.4 81.5 9.9 31.1 8.1 25.0 -1.1 0. Data in column World are export statistics.4 18.7 1.4 21.6 1.2 - 0.2 0.6 115.5 1.3 -1.5 234.9 30.9 37.5 4.1 Other OECD 0.3 0.4 0.3 676.3 1.3 2. The sum of coking coal and steam coal may not add up to total hard coal due to rounding.8 1.0 - - - - 1.9 105.2 6.6 4.7 -1.3 16.8 49. South Africa Other Non-OECD Tot.2 209.7 6.3 1.0 0.0 26.9 6.1 4.7 -14.0 1.7 - -0.6 12. The sum of coking coal and steam coal may not add up to total hard coal due to rounding.2 0.5 57.5 0.5 201.6 22.3 - 0.8 1.2 45.5 0. (1) Includes Former Soviet Union and Former Yugoslavia.9 0. East 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 Asia Exporters (million tonnes) Other Africa+ OECD - - 0.2 67.2 0.0 0.1 1.1 0.8 11.9 0.8 4.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 3. which may also result in discrepancies among tables 3.6 4.6 1.7 78.7 2.3 0.2 112.6 0.3 Russian Fed.5 0.1 14.0 3.0 3./Exp.1 - - - - - 0.1 1.4 -15.0 14.6 37. (million tonnes) Other Africa+ OECD Europe 29.3 26.2 15.2 0.1 7.0 43.3 -0.7 United States 0.5 5.0 -1.5 9.7 9.7 58.0 0.2 5.7 1.1 179.2 61.1 0.1 66.1 13.5 6.7 47.9 - - - - - - 0.9 4.5 3.1 0.9 1.3 1.5 137.9 175.7 1.0 - 4.3 -0.9 1.0 9.5 - - - - - 0.9 10.1 - 1.2 - -1.0 4.6 0.1 8.2 2.5 12.0 0.5 0.5 1.8 41.7 21.0 Indonesia 11.6 1.1 0.2 16.4 and other trade data in this publication.0 0.9 3.3 261.7 8.4 36.8 12.2 33.7 1.5 0.6 188.1 1.5 0.6 1.2 4.6 13. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .8 23.3 84.8 0.5 - - - - 0.5 2.4 0.4 0.2 42.0 200.2 4.8 0.3 4.2 -0.3 133./Exp.0 5.1 South Africa 0.2 - -0. 128.2 24.9 0.9 Colombia 1.6 2.3 0.3 9. Data in rows Australia to Total OECD (except for above mentioned columns) are export statistics.1 13.4 29.9 -5.4: World coking coal trade Japan Other Notes: Notes: Notes: Notes: Notes: OECD North Latin Balancing World America America Item Europe(1) Mid.4 0.1 19.1 0.6 4.6 33.7 27.0 15.0 7.1 - - 0.6 0.3 5.0 -27.1 - - - - - 0.1 0.5 - - 4.3 0.2 0.III.2 6.1 0.4 2.8 1.4 27.29.3 - - 4.5 Poland 6.8 232.0 0.3 8.0 - - - - - - -0.2 -0. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics and Secretariat sources.6 - - - - 3.6 Other Non-OECD 1.5 .0 -6.9 44.5 1.9 -0.7 13.9 3.2 1.2 - - 0.5 11.9 35.7 2.8 1. Data in column World are export statistics.5 11.7 1.3: World steam coal trade Japan Other Latin Balancing World Europe Australia 90.8 3.1 18. Data in rows Australia to Total OECD (except for above mentioned columns) are export statistics.7 2.6 29.4 1.2 5.3 57.2 to 3.1 12.0 15.3 0.1 0.6 0.9 1.9 29.7 8.9 1.3 0.5 0.0 0.7 1.5 1. 9.5 5.1 17.7 0.0 1.2 2.7 32.3 1.4 - - - - 0.0 - 2.3 66.2 1.4 2.4 52.3 2.9 0. Table 3.2 - - - - - - - - -0.1 4.1 9.3 6.0 0.1 0.1 4.2 5.0 0.2 37. Imp.6 0.2 29.4 Notes: Notes: Notes: Notes: Notes: OECD North America Item America Europe(1) Mid.1 2.1 330.2 0.4 0.6 Tot.8 36.7 -1.9 7.0 3.2 5.6 - 0.6 69.1 41.2 85.2 1.7 4.6 0.4 and other trade data in this publication.2 5.0 0.7 26.7 2.4 2.9 4.2 7.4 10.3 Data in columns OECD Europe.0 55. All other data are based on national and international sources and estimates. Imp.5 6.1 1.2 64.3 21.4 31.4 - -27.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 - - 0.3 73.7 9.5 20.3 -4.4 0.2 0.2 2.5 1.5 4. Japan and North America are import statistics.6 2.8 61.3 10.6 42.0 - - - - - - -0.9 38.9 53.0 - - - - - - -1.8 Kazakhstan 0.4 173.

Soviet North Union America World OECD Non OECD Latin America Asia 338869 262819 76050 159314 12500 344148 262166 81982 156068 10900 371490 280843 90647 156862 375651 285891 89760 159224 491352 307323 184029 488177 327736 472569 324362 443951 Aus. Soviet North Union America World OECD Non OECD 15985 13638 2347 14697 15 - - 1273 - - 16604 13347 3257 14988 15 - - 1601 - - 16656 13266 3390 15222 - - - 1434 - - 16165 12370 3795 15002 - - - 1163 - - 18855 10964 7891 15454 2576 - - 825 - - 19385 13769 5616 16783 2600 - - 2 - - 15093 11217 3876 13048 2043 1 - 1 - - 13119 10290 2829 11351 1765 2 - 1 - - 10517 8125 2392 8722 1793 1 - 1 - - 10586 7259 3327 7965 2348 2 - 271 - - 11286 7299 3987 8231 2321 469 - 265 - - 10258 6753 3505 6505 2244 967 - 542 - - 10962 6480 4482 5198 1505 2211 - 2048 - - 12643 7840 4803 5029 1473 3676 - 2465 - - 16259 8223 8036 4563 2427 4525 - 4744 - - 16781 7297 9484 4766 2421 3567 - 6027 - - 18218 10425 7793 3118 1659 8197 - 5244 - - 19908 10789 9119 3391 2148 9228 - 5141 - - 17590 8029 9561 3133 2184 6544 - 5729 - - 16623 8729 7894 4287 767 6772 - 4797 - - 15990 7352 8638 4984 714 5042 - 5250 - - 20556 10410 10146 5924 589 8144 - 5898 1 - 21492 12102 9390 5432 656 9578 - 5825 1 - 15810 6521 9289 3986 566 4632 208 6393 - 25 Note: Prior to 1990 excludes trade within the Former Soviet Union and Former Yugoslavia. + N.31 Table 3.6: World brown coal imports . + N. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .5: World hard coal imports .Z. Africa Table 3.III.Z.regional aggregates 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e (thousand tonnes) Europe F. Africa 15562 10284 137406 - 3803 15953 11632 145327 1 4267 13700 19493 11161 165891 1 4382 12100 17135 12651 170062 1 4478 172336 106521 16846 13348 178397 7 3897 160441 179082 86656 15667 13751 188952 1 4068 148207 176485 66125 17087 12806 196070 1 3995 311397 132554 154780 45945 15180 13733 210374 1 3938 461431 330417 131014 159575 41610 16536 15101 224093 - 4516 492508 351032 141476 169254 42896 17086 15676 242895 - 4701 503346 362164 141182 174606 35657 19140 18043 250122 - 5778 532292 383824 148468 183250 32820 21472 18973 269782 - 5995 538314 389152 149162 187816 33847 25549 19421 264359 - 7322 538958 393861 145097 179582 24040 26842 19689 281882 - 6923 609131 442891 166240 203253 34460 32493 19684 311042 - 8199 651030 475660 175370 221284 35578 42254 17762 324843 - 9309 665360 474534 190826 213885 29556 35943 18601 357135 - 10240 710094 502504 207590 226925 39057 43301 19193 371706 - 9912 770730 539372 231358 246667 33922 41524 21794 415813 876 10134 789691 539602 250089 244865 32265 48872 21436 430803 1084 10366 854702 574728 279974 267134 37869 56181 22011 459563 1236 10708 903291 586022 317269 271091 38780 48723 25633 507582 729 10753 907202 582690 324512 261803 45917 46267 26550 516039 606 10020 926485 523076 403409 225393 32240 34624 24652 601537 706 7333 Latin America Asia Aus.regional aggregates 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e (thousand tonnes) Europe F.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .

selected countries Belgium France 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e Germany Spain UK (thousand tonnes) USA Canada Russian Fed.selected countries Belgium France 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e Germany Spain UK (thousand tonnes) USA Canada Russian Fed.8: World brown coal imports .7: World hard coal imports . India PR of Chinese China Taipei Japan Korea 16437 8521 16857 17165 8715 10554 2007 13311 x 2100 2471 10685 90392 9133 13309 14960 8886 9781 1585 14345 x 2970 1941 14022 90916 18279 11065 12114 13304 8766 11685 1936 17477 x 3700 1743 17455 101241 22657 12658 15943 11071 10569 12137 2587 14522 x 4410 2290 16852 101509 24216 14761 19389 13580 10455 14783 2449 14169 53210 6046 2003 18527 106918 23729 14421 21792 15423 12988 19611 3075 12567 46911 5272 1368 18444 112675 29094 14014 21989 15452 14279 20339 3450 13003 39723 6495 1630 22139 110626 30781 11894 14231 13090 12726 18400 6631 8468 28200 7330 1428 25345 112053 37381 12659 12190 15483 11504 15088 6880 9366 27198 10556 1209 26721 121477 41009 14099 13190 15052 13408 15896 6533 9735 22734 12512 1635 28698 127354 45831 12814 15758 16348 11994 17799 6464 11740 20081 13175 3217 30907 130372 46074 12796 13604 20031 11340 19757 6792 13504 20715 16440 2013 35777 136217 51997 12634 18424 22249 14554 21244 7868 16494 21800 16535 1586 35083 130044 53586 10836 17841 22678 20098 20293 8204 16129 16044 19700 1673 38669 138615 54569 11347 18980 27948 21649 23446 11271 18790 25518 20930 2178 40708 150340 63724 12681 15960 33511 18916 35542 18672 20141 27820 20548 2661 43074 154616 64967 9906 18142 32607 24514 28686 16060 13987 20866 23260 11258 46570 161306 72051 9390 16768 34917 21552 31891 22614 13451 25217 21683 11098 49529 166418 73607 9790 19460 39536 24473 36153 24635 12797 22259 28484 18614 54757 180804 78963 8804 19851 37105 24756 43968 27506 14104 22390 38586 26172 55455 176977 76758 8056 20391 42132 23704 50529 32691 15868 25742 43081 38106 57061 179100 79707 7415 18958 46287 24439 43365 32865 10399 23441 49794 51016 59344 187004 88285 7436 21285 45427 20967 43875 30913 11093 30992 59003 40340 58019 184192 99584 7321 14445 38475 17038 38223 20408 8212 23514 67744 136957 60278 164780 102981 PR of Chinese China Taipei Japan Korea Table 3.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 3.III. India 257 60 2478 2 - - - x - - - - - 264 49 2162 2 - - - x - - - - - 226 49 1883 - - - - x - - - - - 267 57 1990 - - - - x - - - - - 276 69 2083 1 - - - - - - - - - 276 2 3428 - - - - - - - - - - 244 2 3640 - - - - - - - - - - 226 - 2991 - - - - - - - - - - 212 48 2623 265 - - - 5 - - - - - 195 53 2132 481 - - - - - - 59 - - 227 42 1950 136 - - 467 - - - 241 - - 219 37 2151 - - - 965 89 - - 442 - - 196 32 1944 - - 46 2163 22 - - 2010 - - 159 37 2053 - - 41 3630 3 - - 2435 - - 219 52 1796 - - 80 4441 10 - - 4701 - - 207 59 1997 - - 79 3486 242 - - 6017 - - 205 23 848 - - 121 8074 - - - 5244 - - 188 42 35 - - 107 9117 127 - - 5141 - - 190 40 17 - - 114 6426 170 - - 5726 - - 206 36 9 - - 128 6641 253 - - 4797 - - 289 37 53 - - 191 4848 341 - - 5250 - - 317 51 27 - - 108 8033 270 - - 5888 - - 282 67 28 - - 119 9456 275 - - 5821 - - 256 91 10 - - 130 4498 280 - 71 6320 - - INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .32 .

Africa 159611 127699 31912 59123 - 5879 9903 82079 - 2627 164203 129116 35087 60688 - 5612 11248 83700 - 2955 178687 142611 36076 64117 - 6335 10691 94548 - 2996 177466 140855 36611 63718 - 5943 11335 93672 - 2798 171198 136493 34705 61961 124 4719 11846 90289 7 2252 169114 136519 32595 58107 120 4769 12288 91566 - 2264 166756 130869 35887 58145 124 4848 11878 89345 - 2416 164220 129411 34809 54714 291 4681 12087 89944 - 2503 174306 132507 41799 56733 3297 4467 12238 94722 - 2849 180282 133802 46480 59187 8176 4129 12343 93961 - 2486 181436 136637 44799 59582 7319 4833 12721 94292 - 2689 183772 136901 46871 62847 4887 4301 12158 96855 - 2724 177150 135787 41363 63661 3402 5647 11845 89183 - 3412 168822 130064 38758 56468 2351 5106 11120 90736 - 3041 178465 138570 39895 59805 2961 5843 11232 95102 - 3522 171744 132756 38988 55522 2605 6078 11030 93089 - 3420 175554 133810 41744 53320 1642 6522 10786 98866 - 4418 176363 130276 46087 51075 4342 4828 11228 100527 - 4363 198308 140361 57947 56701 6830 5416 11200 113520 - 4641 193964 135459 58505 57158 7770 5831 11127 107569 - 4509 195633 139284 56349 60048 7932 5786 11020 106231 - 4616 207325 144131 63194 62859 8568 4837 12197 114505 8 4351 207911 145372 62539 62126 8625 4866 12659 115835 7 3793 199098 116649 82449 41946 4658 3155 10605 135294 4 3436 Latin America Asia Aus.10: World steam coal imports .Z.33 Table 3.9: World coking coal imports . Africa Table 3. + N. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .regional aggregates 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e (thousand tonnes) Europe F.regional aggregates 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e (thousand tonnes) Europe F.Z. + N.III. Soviet North Union America World OECD Non OECD Latin America Asia Aus.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III . Soviet North Union America World OECD Non OECD 179258 135120 44138 100191 12500 9683 381 55327 - 1176 179945 133050 46895 95380 10900 10341 384 61627 1 1312 192803 138232 54571 92745 13700 13158 470 71343 1 1386 198185 145036 53149 95506 12100 11192 1316 76390 1 1680 320154 170830 149324 110375 106397 12127 1502 88108 - 1645 319063 191217 127846 120975 86536 10898 1463 97386 1 1804 305813 193493 112320 118340 66001 12239 928 106725 1 1579 279731 181986 97745 100066 45654 10499 1646 120430 1 1435 287125 197910 89215 102842 38313 12069 2863 129371 - 1667 312226 217230 94996 110067 34720 12957 3333 148934 - 2215 321910 225527 96383 115024 28338 14307 5322 155830 - 3089 348520 246923 101597 120403 27933 17171 6815 172927 - 3271 361164 253365 107799 124155 30445 19902 7576 175176 - 3910 370136 263797 106339 123114 21689 21736 8569 191146 - 3882 430666 304321 126345 143448 31499 26650 8452 215940 - 4677 479286 342904 136382 165762 32973 36176 6732 231754 - 5889 489806 340724 149082 160565 27914 29421 7815 258269 - 5822 533731 372228 161503 175850 34715 38473 7965 271179 - 5549 572422 399011 173411 189966 27092 36108 10594 302293 876 5493 595727 404143 191584 187707 24495 43041 10309 323234 1084 5857 659069 435444 223625 207086 29937 50395 10991 353332 1236 6092 695966 441891 254075 208232 30212 43886 13436 393077 721 6402 699291 437318 261973 199677 37292 41401 13891 400204 599 6227 727387 406427 320960 183447 27582 31469 14047 466243 702 3897 Note: Prior to 1990 excludes trade within the Former Soviet Union and Former Yugoslavia.

11: World coking coal imports .12: World steam coal imports .34 . India PR of Chinese China Taipei Japan Korea 6575 4041 7614 2246 3097 6257 - 5635 x 2100 529 2717 66445 4874 7532 2200 3437 6492 - 5589 x 2970 224 3490 63935 9247 6838 8165 2248 3643 7082 - 6255 x 3700 50 4687 71128 11237 7064 7769 2281 4000 7998 - 5917 x 4410 303 4921 68689 11651 7132 7848 1706 4169 8614 - 4491 - 5854 250 4237 64935 11287 6426 7660 1057 4652 9196 - 4744 - 5272 408 4350 61839 15572 5795 7457 1357 4343 8385 - 4848 - 6325 400 3748 57898 16381 4748 6904 987 4572 8602 - 4681 - 6936 - 3915 57104 17321 4444 6747 1093 3893 8065 - 4467 3237 9874 - 4032 60301 16902 5267 7300 1427 3244 7754 - 4129 2215 9378 - 4390 59799 17151 5325 7387 2189 3318 8245 - 4833 1708 10617 - 3946 59479 18226 4328 7235 2536 3745 8072 - 4301 1274 11745 398 6033 59098 17395 4195 7052 4299 3905 8646 1050 4597 292 10023 103 5636 53649 17979 3953 6950 3519 3548 8020 1065 4041 2 10992 263 5375 54880 17227 3818 6543 4608 3755 8462 1547 4296 200 11063 339 5158 57081 19575 4169 6942 3984 3424 7723 2091 3987 - 11107 277 5373 56625 17899 3363 6405 5174 3425 6315 2207 4315 - 12947 256 5272 58435 20003 3220 5577 5504 3321 6474 1556 3272 - 12992 2605 5274 57744 20315 3577 6798 6875 4043 6345 1987 3429 - 16925 6830 5078 60884 21808 3533 6255 7152 3571 6551 1603 4228 866 16891 7195 4968 56530 20627 3490 5995 8692 3622 6775 1533 4253 167 17877 4663 4872 57672 20081 3247 6191 9627 3682 7482 1515 3322 - 22029 6219 4483 58205 22532 2993 7239 9255 3371 6349 1580 3286 1450 21080 6857 4757 57386 24083 2379 3584 6448 2058 5164 947 2208 1450 23465 34731 3352 52244 20630 PR of Chinese China Taipei Japan Korea Table 3.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 3.III.selected countries Belgium France 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e Germany Spain UK (thousand tonnes) USA Canada Russian Fed.selected countries Belgium France 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e Germany Spain UK (thousand tonnes) USA Canada Russian Fed. India 4480 9243 14919 5618 4297 2007 7676 x - 1942 7968 23947 9862 4259 5777 12760 5449 3289 1585 8756 x - 1717 10532 26981 9032 4227 3949 11056 5123 4603 1936 11222 x - 1693 12768 30113 11420 5594 8174 8790 6569 4139 2587 8605 x - 1987 11931 32820 12565 7629 11541 11874 6286 6169 2449 9678 53210 192 1753 14290 41983 12442 7995 14132 14366 8336 10415 3075 7823 46911 - 960 14094 50836 13522 8219 14532 14095 9936 11954 3450 8155 39723 170 1230 18391 52728 14400 7146 7327 12103 8154 9798 6631 3787 28200 394 1428 21430 54949 20060 8215 5443 14390 7611 7023 6880 4899 23961 682 1209 22689 61176 24107 8832 5890 13625 10164 8142 6533 5606 20519 3134 1635 24308 67555 28680 7489 8371 14159 8676 9554 6464 6907 18373 2558 3217 26961 70893 27848 8468 6369 17495 7595 11685 6792 9203 19441 4695 1615 29744 77119 34602 8439 11372 17950 10649 12598 6818 11897 21508 6512 1483 29447 76395 35607 6883 10891 19159 16550 12273 7139 12088 16042 8708 1410 33294 83735 37342 7529 12437 23340 17894 14984 9724 14494 25318 9867 1839 35550 93259 44149 8512 9018 29527 15492 27819 16581 16154 27820 9441 2384 37701 97991 47068 6543 11737 27433 21089 22371 13853 9672 20866 10313 11002 41298 102871 52048 6170 11191 29413 18231 25417 21058 10179 25217 8691 8493 44255 108674 53292 6213 12662 32661 20430 29808 22648 9368 22259 11559 11784 49679 119920 57155 5271 13596 29953 21185 37417 25903 9876 21524 21695 18977 50487 120447 56131 4566 14396 33440 20082 43754 31158 11615 25575 25204 33443 52189 121428 59626 4168 12767 36660 20757 35883 31350 7077 23441 27765 44797 54861 128799 65753 4443 14046 36172 17596 37526 29333 7807 29542 37923 33483 53262 126806 75501 4942 10861 32027 14980 33059 19461 6004 22064 44279 102226 56926 112536 82351 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

III. used mainly in the iron and steel industry. (1) For further information.13: OECD coke oven coke imports (1) (thousand tonnes) 1973 Australia 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e - - - - - - - 51 44 7 - Austria 1055 986 1274 815 718 981 1402 1282 1438 1464 851 Belgium 1110 1261 676 822 1259 1108 152 68 217 850 516 Canada 357 267 340 339 818 631 88 997 757 1384 426 - - - - 320 602 510 705 735 519 516 Denmark 129 112 75 41 45 47 36 39 35 39 21 Finland 832 1229 1231 786 274 505 505 518 572 534 240 Czech Republic France 3646 3000 2147 1109 885 1448 1525 1461 1071 1310 744 Germany 4497 4202 2693 2001 2601 5987 3793 3687 4693 4347 3168 Greece 45 35 53 32 11 1 4 3 2 1 - 1207 1468 1486 478 351 5 205 51 27 16 3 Iceland - 16 34 30 18 47 33 26 34 21 20 Ireland 13 8 22 29 6 - - - - - - Italy 82 101 134 115 745 506 848 715 426 228 - Hungary Japan - - - 261 493 2467 2500 1806 1999 1293 413 Korea 38 121 106 - - - 341 314 551 700 238 3247 2292 1854 1447 521 - - - - - 1 Mexico 150 122 121 124 437 631 390 323 274 337 208 Netherlands 677 832 405 360 649 515 341 479 509 186 67 - - - - - - - - - - - 577 531 700 534 522 543 382 391 442 455 279 52 Luxembourg New Zealand Norway Poland - - - - 34 16 117 96 119 85 38 102 157 13 34 - 6 - 1 4 1 Slovak Republic 922 130 268 456 178 155 260 516 455 415 275 Spain 459 553 209 172 846 137 136 155 136 204 121 1495 453 386 318 484 328 393 217 266 319 146 158 127 77 27 24 27 20 26 22 24 22 - - 40 - 182 722 414 454 442 216 274 53 - 374 304 640 483 909 1009 1069 722 178 978 598 524 694 1648 3430 3202 3690 2232 3269 315 Portugal Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States IEA Europe 20242 17422 14261 9859 11329 14116 11958 11872 12677 11938 7475 OECD Europe 20242 17438 14295 9889 11347 14163 11991 11898 12711 11959 7495 IEA North America 1335 865 864 1033 2466 4061 3290 4687 2989 4653 741 OECD North America 1485 987 985 1157 2903 4692 3680 5010 3263 4990 949 38 121 106 261 493 2467 2841 2171 2594 2000 651 OECD Pacific IEA Total 21615 18408 15231 11153 14288 20644 18089 18730 18260 18591 8867 OECD Total 21765 18546 15386 11307 14743 21322 18512 19079 18568 18949 9095 (1) Solid product obtained from carbonization of coal. (1) Also includes coke and semi-coke made from lignite.35 Table 3. see notes and definitions in Part I. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III . principally coking coal.

Soviet North Union America World OECD Non OECD 12734 11919 815 12290 - 37 107 300 - 12388 11710 678 11745 - 32 - 611 - - 12285 11194 1091 11237 - 7 - 1041 - - 11486 10710 776 10700 - 10 - 776 - - 15532 10022 5510 10306 4657 79 - 490 - - 14749 10905 3844 11128 3445 55 - 121 - - 13028 9800 3228 9966 2919 55 - 88 - - 10872 9533 1339 9520 1323 29 - - - - 7540 7029 511 6984 505 51 - - - - 9443 6872 2571 6979 2462 - - 2 - - 8525 5719 2806 6210 2303 11 - 1 - - 6092 4869 1223 4938 1152 2 - - - - 5883 4096 1787 3805 1782 293 - 3 - - 5125 3330 1795 3300 1727 47 - 51 - - 4837 2866 1971 2874 1790 55 - 118 - - 5126 3159 1967 3112 1593 161 - 260 - - 3582 2234 1348 2202 919 242 - 219 - - 4399 1378 3021 1743 1533 229 - 894 - - 5778 1475 4303 1771 565 309 - 3133 - - 7048 1941 5107 2087 799 351 - 3811 - - 9183 2309 6874 2245 828 430 - 5680 - - 11595 2266 9329 2222 848 678 - 7847 - - 16920 3487 13433 2243 1005 1781 - 11891 - - 17569 2020 15549 1873 1089 660 368 13546 - 33 Note: Prior to 1990 excludes trade within the Former Soviet Union and Former Yugoslavia.III. Africa - Table 3. + N. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .15: World brown coal exports .regional aggregates 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e (thousand tonnes) Europe F.Z. Africa 350142 250931 99211 55590 35400 103448 5084 12039 92219 46362 354569 249047 105522 48844 37700 98990 8938 16792 101452 41853 387531 267936 119595 49932 46400 118021 11146 17718 99983 44331 390005 269849 120156 46380 39800 124314 14176 19089 99155 47091 504671 275708 228963 45057 139934 126918 15371 23593 103732 50066 491589 291078 200511 37372 104936 132913 18590 29471 120792 47515 485311 282416 202895 34281 92050 121120 16930 41769 127012 52149 439855 262671 177184 34250 63598 95881 21441 40360 132540 51785 451497 270712 180785 42033 53662 96432 22613 49427 132245 55085 494613 298612 196001 46253 49630 114322 22553 63935 138036 59884 516646 301776 214870 42789 48574 116539 28398 77504 142446 60396 544796 315094 229702 43977 50876 112318 32685 81468 158801 64671 551529 320605 230924 46432 49240 106283 35969 83884 167889 61832 548155 300048 248107 40261 46889 86609 36760 97642 173194 66800 615050 315492 299558 41914 67995 85092 43321 117840 188491 70397 668670 317455 351215 49788 72661 73692 46428 162391 193970 69740 660689 310909 349780 42030 69548 62612 43854 166514 206266 69865 718461 315913 402548 37788 84830 67176 52392 193271 210959 72045 757773 329161 428612 39737 96772 69098 57650 205677 220334 68505 813787 342916 470871 36108 115139 73163 60833 222921 233642 71981 866372 344241 522131 37372 122313 72852 69396 261112 234016 69311 925594 367092 558502 37768 131211 83789 71995 288818 245602 66411 943186 389940 553246 30020 145007 105201 73761 273895 254750 60552 943618 372426 571192 26931 144392 81706 73140 286561 263852 67036 Latin America Asia Aus.Z.regional aggregates 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e Non OECD (thousand tonnes) Europe F.14: World hard coal exports . + N.36 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 3. Soviet North Union America World OECD Latin America Asia Aus.

37 Table 3. stan PR of China India Indonesia South Africa 34940 25904 77543 91937 5084 - x x x 9817 160 942 46185 30222 26740 72186 101152 8938 - x x x 13530 170 892 41700 32340 31732 86203 99618 10121 1025 x x x 15646 200 1037 44170 28943 32817 91457 98669 12487 1689 x x x 15338 160 2546 46931 28065 31000 95912 103396 13505 1834 56051 51480 22217 17290 100 4871 49900 22464 34103 98809 120183 16379 2196 37402 51963 12722 20001 110 7615 47357 22542 28165 92955 126242 14614 2309 40500 42459 7342 23363 130 16058 52059 22968 28274 67602 131752 17616 3825 25881 33821 3101 19815 100 18239 51711 27695 31695 64736 131201 18437 4135 23100 26000 4106 24194 673 21905 54838 31868 33993 80329 136702 18274 4242 26263 20768 2400 28617 651 31322 59676 28920 34448 82076 140856 24781 3617 25341 20840 2289 36485 478 36443 60224 29466 36530 75788 157557 27580 5105 23493 24857 2374 35331 540 41727 64200 28055 34183 72098 166796 30061 5908 24042 23294 1881 32297 823 47206 61300 24102 33539 53001 171861 29932 6828 27709 17025 2138 37437 1156 55318 66235 23245 32082 53006 186962 35391 7930 36737 28933 2320 55057 1292 57324 69910 23029 29618 44066 192178 38868 7560 41553 27357 3729 90125 1903 65071 69210 22623 26804 35805 204334 36510 7344 43497 22849 3092 83887 1517 74009 69231 20119 28280 38896 208749 45644 6748 54625 27290 2912 93986 1627 89817 71531 19684 25746 43351 218426 50902 6748 68616 24273 3883 86613 1294 104621 67946 19369 28064 45095 231311 53607 7143 86006 25455 3666 71676 1989 127442 71442 16735 27989 44860 231296 61968 7286 91391 27432 3457 63211 1554 171434 68747 11900 30422 53359 243588 64575 7373 98054 29498 3621 53111 1627 196986 65867 8461 31513 73688 252189 67761 5953 97470 42699 4794 45288 1655 202593 59997 8373 28326 53380 261745 69454 3627 116203 22718 5291 22794 2171 229658 66921 PR of China India Indonesia South Africa Table 3.selected countries Poland Canada 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e USA AusCotralia lombia (thousand tonnes) Vene.Ukraine zuela Fed.Russian Kazakh.16: World hard coal exports .Ukraine zuela Fed. stan 1 - 37 - - - x x x - - - - 1 - 32 - - - x x x - - - - - 7 - - - - x x x - - - - - 10 - - - - x x x - - - - 193 9 70 - - - 3134 - 1433 - - - - 1275 10 45 - - - 2979 - 348 - - - - 1063 9 46 - - - 2896 - - - - - - 909 29 - - - - 1321 - - - - - - 719 51 - - - - 232 266 - - - - - 368 - - - - - 2171 202 - - - - - 45 11 - - - - 2059 232 1 - - - - 37 - 2 - - - 883 223 - - - - - 23 - 293 - - - 1620 109 - - - - - 13 - 47 - - - 1604 73 - - - - - 9 - 55 - - - 1592 147 9 - - 65 - 15 78 83 - - - 1245 299 - - - 210 - 41 120 122 - - - 783 87 3 - - 157 - 36 109 120 - - - 1317 184 2 - - 349 - 27 117 192 - - - 315 211 2 - - 1435 - 8 140 211 - - - 552 212 - - - 1413 - - 251 179 - - - 539 248 - - - 2941 - - 364 314 - - - 584 225 - - - 4278 - 1 1516 265 - - - 649 283 1 - - 7404 - 68 427 233 - 368 - 684 356 17 - - 7497 33 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .III.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .selected countries Poland Canada 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e USA AusCotralia lombia (thousand tonnes) Vene.Russian Kazakh.17: World brown coal exports .

38 .18: World coking coal exports .III. Soviet North Union America World OECD Non OECD Latin America Asia Aus.regional aggregates 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e (thousand tonnes) Europe F. + N. + N.Z. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 3.19: World steam coal exports . Africa Table 3. Africa 166686 144745 21941 23834 13000 174310 146920 27390 22506 19000 71306 - 3074 49605 5867 69382 - 3635 55032 191276 161929 29347 21788 4755 21000 83895 - 3331 56246 191948 164800 27148 5016 21286 20000 87800 - 2987 55714 209032 162292 4161 46740 19781 39348 84425 - 3759 58086 201968 3633 169976 31992 16485 24136 87432 - 4333 66059 3523 203048 161704 41344 16339 31664 77034 - 4592 68331 5088 186032 161109 24923 17422 14077 68967 - 5979 74722 4865 196261 158390 37871 15843 24848 70007 - 7259 72540 5764 196144 169662 26482 18219 10692 75819 - 9484 75625 6305 195057 170142 24915 14826 8078 76758 - 10704 78558 6133 198820 175094 23726 12982 9865 77406 - 8211 84706 5650 185733 165753 19980 10273 6723 71075 - 8090 84405 5167 185376 161877 23499 10456 6601 58092 - 14366 93329 2532 189410 168603 20807 9747 7715 58166 - 11348 100690 1744 200954 164995 35959 8301 14792 49967 - 20194 106727 973 187765 156604 31161 7643 9508 42503 - 20894 106458 759 198425 159546 38879 6767 9868 43755 - 28427 109024 584 196428 167676 28752 6761 12632 48196 - 15199 112723 917 213038 185601 27437 6663 10774 52711 - 16106 126227 557 220916 180273 40643 8092 10867 50149 - 29046 122032 730 239534 196284 43250 7301 10436 55872 - 31911 133178 836 258644 210734 47910 6007 14187 65242 - 33141 139485 582 232330 188525 43805 6062 11865 55207 137 31159 127277 623 Asia Aus. Soviet North Union America World OECD Non OECD Latin America 183456 106186 77270 31756 22400 32142 5084 8965 42614 40495 180259 102127 78132 26338 18700 29608 8938 13157 46420 37098 196255 106007 90248 28144 25400 34126 11146 14387 43737 39315 198057 105049 93008 25094 19800 36514 14176 16102 43441 42930 295639 113416 182223 25276 100586 42493 15371 19834 45646 46433 289621 121102 168519 20887 80800 45481 18590 25138 54733 43992 282263 120712 161551 17942 60386 44086 16930 37177 58681 47061 253823 101562 152261 16828 49521 26914 21441 34381 57818 46920 255236 112322 142914 26190 28814 26425 22613 42168 59705 49321 298469 128950 169519 28034 38938 38503 22553 54451 62411 53579 321589 131634 189955 27963 40496 39781 28398 66800 63888 54263 345976 140000 205976 30995 41011 34912 32685 73257 74095 59021 365796 154852 210944 36159 42517 35208 35969 75794 83484 56665 362779 138171 224608 29805 40288 28517 36760 83276 79865 64268 425640 146889 278751 32167 60280 26926 43321 106492 87801 68653 467716 152460 315256 41487 57869 23725 46428 142197 87243 68767 472924 154305 318619 34387 60040 20109 43854 145620 99808 69106 520036 156367 363669 31021 74962 23421 52392 164844 101935 71461 561345 161485 399860 32976 84140 20902 57650 190478 107611 67588 600749 157315 443434 29445 104365 20452 60833 206815 107415 71424 645456 163968 481488 29280 111446 22703 69396 232066 111984 68581 686060 170808 515252 30467 120775 27917 71995 256907 112424 65575 684542 179206 505336 24013 130820 39959 73761 240754 115265 59970 711288 183901 527387 20869 132527 26499 73003 255402 136575 66413 Note: Prior to 1990 excludes trade within the Former Soviet Union and Former Yugoslavia.Z.regional aggregates 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e (thousand tonnes) Europe F.

Ukraine zuela Fed.20: World coking coal exports .selected countries Poland Canada 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e USA AusCotralia lombia (thousand tonnes) Vene.Ukraine zuela Fed.Russian Kazakh.39 Table 3. stan PR of China India Indonesia South Africa 13976 21431 49874 49323 - - x x x 2988 - 86 5867 13639 22436 46882 54733 - - x x x 3579 - 56 4755 13381 27609 56200 55881 - - x x x 3241 - 90 5016 11467 28677 59083 55228 - - x x x 2896 - 91 4161 11226 26851 57568 57750 - - 31573 - 7775 3473 - 286 3633 9767 28786 58645 65450 - - 15633 - 8503 3840 - 493 3523 10781 23124 53910 67561 - - 24322 - 7342 3700 - 892 5088 12829 23921 45044 73941 - - 6729 4247 3101 4283 - 1696 4843 10694 27066 42941 71496 - - 17367 3375 4106 4906 254 2099 5764 12296 28564 47255 74291 - - 8693 1999 - 6744 329 2411 6305 9886 28722 48036 76968 - - 6538 1509 31 7487 188 3029 6133 9138 30092 47314 83462 - - 8450 1371 44 4601 272 3338 5650 6506 28353 42722 83312 - - 6440 271 12 4855 385 2850 5167 6635 28946 29146 91996 - - 6400 184 17 5246 774 8346 2517 5290 28386 29780 99161 - - 7300 393 22 6470 624 4254 1744 3813 26914 23053 104935 - - 14431 361 - 11445 879 7870 970 3521 22964 19539 104526 - - 9196 309 3 13295 163 7436 759 2710 23716 20039 106814 - - 9470 374 24 13135 158 15134 584 3036 23847 24349 110815 - - 11935 280 417 5757 114 9328 917 3151 26710 26001 123896 - - 9983 282 509 5260 46 10800 524 3601 25203 24946 119312 - - 10007 330 530 4344 107 24595 672 2363 26674 29198 131164 - - 10019 299 118 2543 36 29332 811 1683 26643 38599 136924 - - 13614 376 197 3457 109 29575 557 1725 21404 33803 125243 82 55 11235 473 157 1463 203 29481 599 PR of China India Indonesia South Africa 40318 Table 3. stan 20964 4473 27669 42614 5084 - x x x 6829 160 856 16583 4304 25304 46419 8938 - x x x 9951 170 836 36945 18959 4123 30003 43737 10121 1025 x x x 12405 200 947 39154 17476 4140 32374 43441 12487 1689 x x x 12442 160 2455 42770 16839 4149 38344 45646 13505 1834 24478 51480 14442 13817 100 4585 46267 12697 5317 40164 54733 16379 2196 21769 51963 4219 16161 110 7122 43834 11761 5041 39045 58681 14614 2309 16178 42459 - 19663 130 15166 46971 10139 4353 22558 57811 17616 3825 19152 29574 - 15532 100 16543 46868 17001 4629 21795 59705 18437 4135 5733 22625 - 19288 419 19806 49074 19572 5429 33074 62411 18274 4242 17570 18769 2400 21873 322 28911 53371 19034 5726 34040 63888 24781 3617 18803 19331 2258 28998 290 33414 54091 20328 6438 28474 74095 27580 5105 15043 23486 2330 30730 268 38389 58550 21549 5830 29376 83484 30061 5908 17602 23023 1869 27442 438 44356 56133 17467 4593 23855 79865 29932 6828 21309 16841 2121 32191 382 46972 63718 17955 3696 23226 87801 35391 7930 29437 28540 2298 48587 668 53070 68166 19216 2704 21013 87243 38868 7560 27122 26996 3729 78680 1024 57201 68240 19102 3840 16266 99808 36510 7344 34301 22540 3089 70592 1354 66573 68472 17409 4564 18857 101935 45644 6748 45155 26916 2888 80851 1469 74683 70947 16648 1899 19002 107611 50902 6748 56681 23993 3466 80856 1180 95293 67029 16218 1354 19094 107415 53607 7143 76023 25173 3157 66416 1943 116642 70918 13134 2786 19914 111984 61968 7286 81384 27102 2927 58867 1447 146839 68075 9537 3748 24161 112424 64575 7373 88035 29199 3503 50568 1591 167654 65056 6778 4870 35089 115265 67761 5953 83856 42323 4597 41831 1546 173018 59440 6648 6922 19577 136502 69372 3572 104968 22245 5134 21331 1968 200177 66322 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .selected countries Poland Canada 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e USA AusCotralia lombia (thousand tonnes) Vene.21: World steam coal exports .Russian Kazakh.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .III.

40 . (1) For further information.22: OECD coke oven coke exports (1) (thousand tonnes) Australia 1973 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e - 122 11 574 334 22 1 - - - - Austria 82 2 5 1 1 1 4 3 5 6 3 Belgium 469 768 847 915 557 293 20 179 102 107 114 Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France 368 80 22 193 334 300 154 103 178 120 229 3467 2450 1927 1451 1409 948 913 956 807 830 530 - - 1 - - - - - - - - 24 5 13 1 2 - - - 3 3 3 1012 870 553 383 307 711 643 701 796 993 26 10197 7692 6038 2945 287 75 75 88 122 167 105 Greece 31 - - - - - - - - - - Hungary 103 - - - 420 183 53 211 269 251 154 Iceland - - - - - - - - - - - Ireland - - - - - - - - - - - Italy 628 747 451 201 130 123 229 220 215 239 276 Japan 600 2068 4055 1880 3428 2593 1674 1966 1382 944 935 Korea - - - - - - - - - - - Luxembourg - - - - - - - - - - - Mexico - 79 95 4 1 2 2 3 3 3 - 680 702 880 829 1025 562 358 810 566 227 77 - - - - - - - - - - - Norway 51 36 122 5 - 2 2 - - - - Poland 2780 1770 1639 3662 3331 3691 4624 6310 6337 6118 4809 Germany Netherlands New Zealand Portugal 16 - - 11 74 80 - - - - - Slovak Republic - 13 23 - 58 59 138 138 140 183 164 Spain 2 3 11 42 81 744 610 1047 1053 624 199 274 Sweden 11 114 77 41 67 29 35 26 27 33 Switzerland - - - 4 - - - 7 - - - Turkey - - - - - - - - - - - 665 1265 1163 435 264 381 119 168 257 185 146 1266 1879 1018 519 680 1039 1585 1466 1310 1777 1186 United Kingdom United States IEA Europe 20218 16437 13750 10926 8013 7882 7823 10864 10699 9966 6880 OECD Europe 20218 16437 13750 10926 8013 7882 7823 10864 10699 9966 6880 IEA North America 1634 1959 1040 712 1014 1339 1739 1569 1488 1897 1415 OECD North America 1634 2038 1135 716 1015 1341 1741 1572 1491 1900 1415 600 2190 4066 2454 3762 2615 1675 1966 1382 944 935 OECD Pacific IEA Total 22452 20586 18856 14092 12789 11836 11237 14399 13569 12807 9230 OECD Total 22452 20665 18951 14096 12790 11838 11239 14402 13572 12810 9230 (1) Solid product obtained from carbonization of coal. see notes and definitions in Part I. principally coking coal. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . (1) Also includes coke and semi-coke made from lignite.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 3. used mainly in the iron and steel industry.III.

III.41 4.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III . PRICES INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

.

66 129.2: EU coking coal import costs from selected countries 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total(1) (all sources) 58. most imports of Indonesian coal are recorded by customs as coking coal even though most of the coal is not used in the metallurgical industry.52 45.22 51.45 86.82 141.53 60.83 39.91 58.11 56.92 54.44 43.71 193.09 72.29 (Average Unit Value.20 59.81 52. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes (Table 21 and Table 19) INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .49 59.11 47.94 52.37 61.66 50.64 62.03 206.00 59.01 37.11 61.05 Africa Russian(2) Federation China 47.82 55.32 43.21 44.59 46.43 Table 4.68 50.81 137.97 55.96 116.68 112.35 516.21 57.48 50.65 69.79 52.77 66.90 61.52 47.74 39.17 43.45 91.91 223.58 45.64 113.83 108.37 51.73 197.61 234.54 61.49 64.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .59 56. CIF.34 66.00 47.16 63. As this coal has a lower unit value than coking coal reported in other categories.45 51.44 64.52 57.09 65.26 61.76 55. tend to understate the total average unit value of coals imported into Japan for metallurgical use.03 59.52 58.98 59.56 246.45 56.34 61.35 160.06 39.03 56.20 96.31 35.89 58.88 54.13 42.97 47.95 175.80 93.10 38.05 67.03 49.20 62.38 63.02 58.08 57.44 126.85 137.72 60.22 57.21 South PR of It should be noted that as a result of the import coal classification system used by Japanese customs authorities.11 51.99 Russian(2) Federation 53.80 61.75 110.58 50.86 55.78 Poland 56.75 60.01 159.07 42.42 200.24 59. (2) Former Soviet Union prior to 1991.12 109.02 58.45 220.27 56.84 187. US$/t) Australia Canada USA 53.73 71.81 51.33 47.98 46.50 51.29 60.73 61.74 220. Calculated average prices may not be comparable (1) from one year to the next due to differing components.69 39.96 42.55 50.63 59.13 49.95 39.40 88.74 57.45 250.47 245.98 100.87 67.93 49.65 47.91 256.39 60.54 243.52 47.98 42.18 81.93 163.III.93 51.91 55.04 106.24 108.44 106.89 51.54 50.09 54.24 55.94 49.86 125.08 54.01 40.33 45. the volume of imports reported by customs in this manner was not so large as to significantly affect the total averages.81 57.32 308.89 135.57 100.58 55.13 58.77 63.05 125.68 61.42 57.10 88.24 (1) Weighted average based only on imports for which prices are available.80 54.03 60.31 76.15 147.41 86.67 55.90 189.85 70.05 45.73 51.71 138.80 54.51 55.78 46.48 64.49 51.88 49.40 (average unit value.12 64.18 45.24 52.22 46.05 61.56 56.32 64.39 55.78 40.97 58.72 57.99 54.18 96.02 52.91 123.35 38.53 55.12 39.46 47.15 54. the data presented in the Total column in this table.98 114.85 96.63 114. Prior to 1991.53 48.98 67. from 1991 onwards.09 x x x x x x x x 54.65 57. Table 4.1: Japan coking coal import costs Total(1) (all sources) 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Note: 58.69 47.21 39.13 198.40 52.95 36.62 45.43 184.61 159.92 118.76 57.05 81.61 125.77 63.31 71.61 54.54 48.64 47.44 51.55 51.52 127.83 36.96 43.39 58.34 92.14 41.22 61.61 78.19 50.55 59.09 53.08 58.46 41.18 84.15 62.84 59. CIF.56 57.64 53.14 52.30 50.43 51.84 60.95 55.09 42.01 61.22 South Africa 36.34 221.99 47.88 53.38 53.63 45.61 57. US$/t) Australia Canada USA 52.53 54.90 66.27 71.03 73.20 61.64 54.73 49.57 58.49 47.69 105.07 61.07 52.82 59.65 64.56 56.36 46.39 51.86 55.49 57.97 39.82 139.65 61.47 41.

68 553.59 38.12 48.85 32.67 41.76 46.35 52.50 138.62 Federation 45.24 38.35 34.94 37.84 50.65 63.07 78.23 51.74 47.05 106.93 42.37 61.57 38.56 32.59 42.03 131.69 51.28 121.37 45.73 63.65 41.02 161. CIF.49 45.20 45.69 46.32 36.28 Africa 42.28 46.14 45.45 44.41 150.75 149.85 49.38 40.92 48.39 Australia 49.60 124.26 820.28 59.65 54.74 Australia 48.01 38.29 37.05 45.34 104.34 42.59 40.46 30.88 73.50 86.22 65.04 43.59 37.83 42.76 42.26 40.96 46.92 125.67 45.93 44.60 63.69 36.54 67.72 36. (2) Former Soviet Union prior to 1991.52 45.48 47.14 68.03 48.60 41.04 44.68 43.16 36.99 40.91 71.78 46.65 39.64 56.36 51.58 47.95 48.94 61.78 52.68 37.54 39.95 78.22 42.18 45.03 36.88 44.65 61.90 44.52 103.16 138.63 x 186.06 48.20 72.99 48.98 66.30 51.25 46.75 43.64 50.05 58.65 35.87 50.18 54.18 43.13 156.47 45.68 43.23 30.54 44.78 45.40 107.26 68.64 x 77.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 4.93 43. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes (Table 16 and Table 14) INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .62 43.29 46.43 46.21 x 80.07 95.76 42.32 36.31 44.26 46.62 39.21 137.18 52.52 39.99 151.24 30.05 40.73 40.97 50.68 49.47 48.05 49.13 50. CIF. US$/t) USA South Russian(2) 53.23 40.30 45.87 34.96 38.10 36.25 33.64 66.93 79.27 69.79 99.12 566.84 37.69 48.48 x 596.10 123.50 24.35 PR of Canada China 45.31 42.20 61.32 37.99 40.52 43.24 80.69 42.61 35.45 40.34 35.48 32.74 45.85 40.68 35.III.43 35.92 Table 4.55 42.58 41.23 113.46 105.03 49.80 82.61 34.71 103.52 44.05 44.96 33.34 33.48 46.62 91.99 41.12 34.3: Japan steam coal import costs 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total(1) (all sources) 48.20 73.68 39.79 42.59 37.38 60.22 51.61 93.29 46.80 36.24 45.46 67.29 (average unit value.06 (average unit value.10 62.72 34.75 82.32 49.51 45.79 56.49 87.27 49.17 52.07 38.76 (1) Weighted average based only on imports for which prices are available.32 66.96 34.38 48.29 45.91 52.48 62.89 33.46 61.73 184.47 46.36 49.42 112.35 47.03 127.58 31.44 46.82 38.95 36.87 52.05 49.69 34.25 PR of Poland Colombia China 47.07 52.26 52. Calculated average prices may not be comparable (1) from one year to the next due to differing components.28 55.11 36.32 94.83 69.59 47.95 36.50 42.43 48.30 35.73 39.34 75.48 39.93 51.30 31.10 Africa 44.65 94.39 35.60 49.19 44.44 .36 47.67 42.63 42.36 46.33 70.91 42.10 58.13 43.06 65.82 52.50 37.02 66.78 33.69 46.66 Federation 44.81 49.67 47.40 109.86 36.51 50.90 71.69 41.55 39.42 41.92 43.30 44.25 142.50 34.14 50.78 53.22 42.00 67.25 35.86 46.01 114.4: EU steam coal import costs from selected countries 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total(1) (all sources) 49.40 54.03 35.33 36.41 40.04 125.88 47.90 63.08 97.95 34.46 45. US$/t) USA South Russian(2) 52.86 47.07 46.39 39.

44 209.01 52.72 46.31 40..90 37. .13 50. .47 105.37 57.15 34.03 51.82 31.36 30. .84 34.67 194.46 47.20 24.59 51.46 45..75 42. . Latin America Coal & Power for Colombia prior to 2003.13 38.24 25.55 45.25 37.38 32.80 50.51 51.91 115.77 38. . .55 37.50 93.04 41.23 103. .88 33..43 27.06 x 53.29 84.41 166. . .98 25.29 Colombia Indonesia S.50 24.53 39.09 32.. Canada and the US.83 165.76 51.00 47.11 48.. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .77 22.06 88.18 42.53 198.39 34.91 100.05 29.86 47.14 63.34 39. .16 79..54 26. .50 .24 50.08 52.65 38.69 44.61 31.37 98.60 37..15 .29 51.61 62.90 44.99 Table 4.25 60.41 50.93 37.51 97.68 37.. .41 59..07 29.51 32.73 39. .34 40.37 45.04 46.27 42.52 50..06 41.00 53.66 36.42 92.42 25.80 102.09 36.. .47 32.90 35..99 31.53 30.05 36.81 32. 42.72 24.71 40.51 53.89 33.44 46.37 96.97 31. .18 37.54 72.35 35.84 148.00 38.79 44.77 46. 31.82 48.97 (Average Unit Value..98 32. (2) Low ash bituminous.84 45. .52 47.70 40.90 41.23 45. .31 50. 31.94 52.79 215.23 57.02 113. .14 49.10 x 99.87 48.19 34.69 25.64 33.11 35..23 41.26 109.73 48.67 32. .51 194.63 24..99 50.63 47.41 143.14 48.00 25.18 51.35 41.59 25.02 31.72 31.87 193.94 34.50 47..93 67.71 39.27 24.27 48.86 49.20 30.78 38.60 89.17 39.26 Total ..55 50.01 43.37 84. .41 26.37 38.29 98. Coal Americas. Africa Total 37.10 31.27 43.76 30.39 157.44 30.09 37.36 30. Calculated average prices may not be comparable (1) from one year to the next due to differing components.84 43.90 35.56 38.92 Total Japan EU(1) 49.03 43.59 49.45 34.86 28. .41 44..86 28.00 54.66 39.72 89.23 46. 42.52 36.37 40.61 40.18 43. .14 98. .99 45..59 32.35 38.73 43.91 43.03 48..71 29..91 36. Energy Publishing Inc.19 70..11 54.02 38.10 50.02 32.80 35.58 45.00 35.24 41. injection grade to Japanese steel mills Sources: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes (Tables 23 to 27) for Australia..17 66.70 37.38 23.08 37.61 89. .24 48.92 57. .94 83.25 26.66 52.97 EU(1) 40..58 95.5: Steam coal export costs Exported from: To: 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Australia (FOB) Total Japan EU(1) 35..53 111.63 28..79 64.49 38. US$/t) Canada United States (FAS) Total 56.99 26. Total ..35 51.88 x 50.40 31.33 50.50 40.33 Japan 43.48 55..43 88.66 39.III. .71 42..97 42.01 29.42 49.90 51..22 36.39 28.05 46. .81 33. .15 38.72 49.64 Total (2) . ...01 49. .74 100.84 32.04 106.11 44.04 (1) Weighted average based only on imports for which prices are available.93 40.23 40.59 132.02 21.45 35.23 102.47 33.47 44.67 46.53 44.09 55..11 56.76 81.82 48.93 34.6: Coking coal export costs Exported from: To: 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Australia (FOB) Total Japan EU(1) 44.46 49.85 32. .69 33.. Indonesia Mineral and Coal Statistics 2004 for Indonesia prior to 2003.99 36.16 37.72 20.53 25..75 44.19 60.51 37.61 55.45 Total 41..15 53.00 44.01 28.37 22.23 43.26 33.45 47. .22 38.85 80.48 39.51 27.07 168.40 91.03 35.58 51.75 33. Africa Minerals Bureau for South Africa prior to 2004.89 51.74 143.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .49 30.72 48.94 36.98 48.56 47.47 45.. Africa Total 29.96 47.05 50.84 30.93 114.99 40.21 166.45 42.22 38.19 29. .99 45. .03 88....99 40.98 51.71 47..98 41.12 49. Xavier Provost. .47 26.09 34. for Colombia and Indonesia 2003 onwards.16 36. .54 41.85 31.19 44.76 120.82 24. .84 98.72 29.06 76. S.75 129.25 124.41 59.19 34.85 31.30 81.46 94.05 37. Republic of S.63 31.40 34.36 40.56 46. private consultant since 2004. .77 181.85 44.60 32.27 94.55 51.00 29.76 39. US$/t) Canada United States (FAS) Total 37.49 27.63 39.24 32.99 34..37 44.40 42.40 Colombia Indonesia Total ..89 29.. .78 46.45 Table 4..26 34.10 35.94 67.28 43.60 40.75 36.32 34.44 48.34 52.94 (Average Unit Value.46 39.75 53.

.03 .32 31..03 .. .. 47. ..88 .34 . . . 65.49 .51 56..33 72. 55..62 . 57.66 247.79 .42 64..02 .84 62. . .. .01 59.26 .. . .. . . ..... . .23 .50 62. . 196. . 56. .12 62... 125.52 . . 382.62 63.. 54.. ..67 .. .. . 105..... .. 51. .43 . .... 258.88 58.. . .. 89.. .19 ... 100.. .57 .. .55 60..13 . . . .. 59.82 ... 110.. .... 58.70 ..11 ..20 45.. 66..84 ... . 91.91 2009 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States ...55 .. .69 60.. 55...85 .90 220.. . .94 .... 64. 48.88 ..00 207.. . . 50.......66 2004 ..56 102. . 94. 154. ...67 ..29 ..26 . 63..73 ... 70..48 ... 66.20 2001 24.87 . 50. ... . 107. . .. 56.95 . .... .15 . 54.53 169. . ..50 . . . 69..50 60..95 58.92 .. 39.. ... 286. ..42 56.61 83. .94 42. 51. .40 54. . . 63.42 . .29 . .. ...70 61. . 49. 70.95 112... . 101.70 49.22 46.82 ... . . .08 . 58. ...51 64.. . 93...50 68.09 120... .99 . .... 131. 81.... .. ..23 .46 32. . . 62.. 60.. ... 203..73 . 49. ... . ..11 . .62 . ..29 103. ... ..57 73.41 . 48.78 . .. 99...94 2000 29.. . .44 .06 53.72 60. 94.78 45. 200. .79 72.26 ..... .... . .24 . . .64 . ... 52.02 . . .. 97.. 71.03 . 69.. ... . .. 103.93 47.52 2005 . 117..43 .05 .. 57.44 . . . 38.99 48..01 44.52 57.32 . ... 58. 56.53 .84 127. .. .. . ...90 27.04 59.. . ..... .. . ..47 .85 .. .81 ...36 .05 . ..07 110. . 82. .... .67 .00 69...07 . ...64 .. 59. ... . . 49..26 58... . . . . . 158.73 . 61.93 . . .63 72..... 61.. .52 2006 .46 .. . . . . 68.. . .34 ...73 ... 155.57 ... 92.12 . .. ..17 .. ... .62 207. .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 4. 105.. 101.. . ..65 .31 63..92 38.01 2003 ..74 ... .. . .. 80. 106. 80.60 . ..26 45..... 62. .. 86..19 108.. . 62..55 ...77 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . . 101. ..73 38..66 ..30 . 221.86 57. ..65 ... ... . . .... .. 225.25 ... .48 48. .10 2002 . .. 58.. ...13 . . ..11 . .56 55... . .13 197.37 41.21 ... 243.. 152. 51.. ....24 .28 .. . ..10 31. . 86..57 64..79 . 72....58 .. .. .55 . . .55 . ... 46. . .93 37. .. .61 . . 47.. . .. 50.. .31 . .. .. .. .58 2007 . ..57 . ...... .. .67 ..69 .19 .90 .... 60.. 61. . . . . ..93 ... 55. 199.78 ....46 71..16 28. 64.00 ... .. .. 60..43 56. .III. 118.7: Coking coal prices for industry (US$/tce) 1978 1980 1985 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 29.. 108.73 ...70 .15 2008 . . . .55 54... . .. 175...02 63.. . 52... 116.49 .88 68.... .... .. . ... . 53.07 . ...89 119. 111. 52.38 66....02 116..65 106. 269..... . 56.21 .. 55. 51.85 . .72 .67 62.29 127.14 50. . 148...92 .. 51. 124. 58.. . . . . . .. .. .. ..96 104.. .. 114.75 ...08 37. .... .02 . ..65 ...99 .... .35 .32 ..19 .... . 57. . .. .43 72.82 . .. 109. ... . 161.. ....60 ...96 . .05 43.. 51.....51 .. .. 126.91 .. 128. 52. . . 50. 57. ....40 ... .. . . . . ... 50. 95. 105. 47. .

62 ..81 . 119.78 45.69 .. .73 .92 63.47 Table 4.93 57.35 128..18 ... 69.76 36..16 86.. .. .23 81. 77.. . 60. 52. . 62.04 105.08 67. . . 15.79 . . . 54..42 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III . .97 .. . ......70 .26 59. .. . 66. 57... . .. .. .. .. .. 56. .81 65.12 ..23 32.05 71. 97... . 192. .47 91.74 .. 74.91 94. . 119...... ... . 78. 243.44 119. ..72 .33 . 69. 58.. .84 55. 64.. 71. ....90 70..60 . . . . 78.. 135. 29.28 41.43 .76 46....28 50..12 ..... 145..43 35. ... . 60.96 .63 54... 48. ..06 58..39 70. .. 53.39 .35 62. . 50.46 .43 ... 57.8: Steam coal prices for industry (US$/tce) 1978 1980 1985 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States .77 .08 19. 45.50 61. 181.12 57.90 47.99 99.46 77.32 . .30 84.. ..81 .13 .26 73.61 . 56.67 .. 160. .14 31..80 .93 . .. 50. . 96. 27. 28.. . .75 64.85 ...33 . 249.56 .10 61.00 2003 .48 ... 47..74 . . .02 . .. . ...18 142. ....71 86.. .... 48.... .39 121. .48 ..50 . .52 93. 70. 7.23 39.. 149.25 .31 . .77 . 98.29 .45 44. 76...13 53.... 97..24 53. . . 249..81 ...85 2001 27.06 81. .. .85 35..72 ..III.39 51. .59 2007 .. .. .. .09 62..49 .46 45. 65.....51 151. .48 152. 55. .31 .92 .....83 42.... . .79 .74 61. 56.94 41.. . .... 24. 93.01 . 61. ..68 ...42 2008 .. ..... ... ..47 105.61 98.82 98. . 62. . .05 126.13 .73 59.64 69.. 171. .49 40...95 125.83 37...98 50..29 .98 ... . . .95 .20 185.. .. .. . .36 ..88 ..85 115.. .59 .. 146.84 70.65 56. 166.33 ...... . 140. 75. ..08 39. ..90 77.45 79.. .74 36.. . . 57. 26. .54 63.. ...68 109.. 53. . . 58. . . ..49 .31 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .. .. 56...64 38.31 2002 . ... 89.87 42.19 .45 2006 . 252. .73 52... .. .75 61. ..68 74. 55..96 62. .90 49. 54. 95. .62 43..91 .. . 49.19 ... 72. 83..93 37.76 2004 ..60 2009 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States ..34 89.. .89 38.02 113. ..22 167. . ... 51......50 74..71 99..40 ..93 53.43 64. .. .51 .42 .83 .. . 27..29 52.. .26 68.. . 111.46 .. . . 37. . 49. . .55 68..90 200.28 . 29. .48 97.. 100. . .....98 75.09 . . . .21 65. 43..20 . 51... 56. ..64 ..17 61.. 203. 113.78 53..26 2000 ..61 38.. .53 61. .12 . 50.17 ... ... . .23 39. 92.. 178.01 48. 8. . 64.. .. .94 72.09 45...26 51. .78 .53 47.43 . . . 75.67 88. .31 119.20 29.40 107....57 ... 45. . . 163... 62.80 107...45 129. .26 . 110.98 44.32 ...03 78..94 96.84 60...96 ..40 120. 33.50 66.93 145.76 . 46.62 .85 . .. .... .12 57.71 .59 2005 .. . . 96.76 33. .23 65.13 67.16 57.84 .23 .... 70. .46 .....62 124.....73 ..... ..03 .... .00 56. . . 55.25 . . 57.73 .47 .... 59..88 .61 38. . . 31.. .67 52... .59 87. .33 .00 .32 37...25 79.. . .62 62.. .63 72. 28. ...77 . 71. 11.25 66... 97.... 82. . .41 .47 49.29 40. . . . . ... .73 ..51 116..98 38. 110.76 . ..41 63..36 . ..04 .. ......87 .13 .66 .. ..69 39.05 75. .98 . .68 58. . . 129.42 . . 68. . 90... 97. 81...86 139.38 .51 40.99 32...41 95..56 72.29 58.. .. . .74 .46 65.63 47.. .39 46. . ... .53 130..63 ... . 87.69 35.. 89.69 51.

51 . 31. 65.95 .43 ..69 .30 64.26 .48 .72 51. .15 . . .. . 44.00 . 15. 26..47 .52 2003 ..60 61.02 31.96 62... 41.96 . .73 ..28 ...93 30.77 .99 .00 ..90 8.. 39..51 . .. 86.49 ..01 58.. .38 ..87 86. 38..04 68. 127.14 74..19 . .29 . . 41..02 23. 51.. . . .37 ..64 61..31 100..05 80...32 .40 169. 51... .. 92.71 43. . 22.73 44. .39 65. 68. 53. .. 70.. 35..42 . 112. . 51.13 37. .. . 90...66 63..12 102..19 40.....70 56.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 4.. 41. .. 48.54 55.94 . .01 . 39..46 .98 59.. .50 . .20 41.22 79..58 . 65. .82 84...49 47.91 ..07 31. .65 .06 .. 51. .. . . .. 40.34 . . . . 57. 62..68 47. 82...33 ...58 82.41 49.88 .75 91....31 .26 .45 ..16 43. .23 . 62.45 56. .. 40. . 113.. 83. .. 46..93 99..78 52. ..48 . ..44 154.79 .. . .27 92...... 75..83 49...61 .. .02 .. ..... . . ..56 36.III.99 70.43 105.04 . 128. .45 ...80 56. 49.65 72.20 31..27 .92 .25 23. 45.03 58... .22 148. ...72 101.18 54. . 26. . .. .49 .99 . ..55 .. 56.. 48.89 63. 27. . .72 .58 2004 .. 49.. .50 100.95 65.94 53..25 153.19 53..04 52. 50. . ...21 22. .07 56.32 . .11 42.38 77.89 65.78 45.83 .83 .. .61 ..63 . 76. 111. 69. 41...13 24...41 63.21 87.89 32.88 10. .. 72..51 48.59 48. ....82 2006 ..33 ..27 .06 33.31 44.. 42.53 84.35 68. 57. 79.29 47... 58.40 .. . .53 122.. 34.33 44. 42..31 44.. . 50. ..58 ...69 ...52 50. 49. .36 82.47 .73 .83 .. 48.. 39.. .84 .35 46.99 71..84 48.. ...97 . 36.45 .. .45 55. ..94 42.48 . 89. 98.40 41. 44.19 162. 87.79 .54 .... . 96.41 80..35 141.10 .20 24. 50. ..47 176...61 ... 43..19 . 76..47 .35 57.15 78.46 21. ...23 .. . 86.88 .37 . ..88 57.. 40..21 83.93 55.. 112.17 ...10 20.65 73. .66 87. 55. . 53. .. 26. 34...95 . 31.62 51. 64..44 111.18 29.38 . 54. 54.. 49....91 57.02 20..85 96..45 . 24..00 46. . . .67 . 55...68 68.93 65... ... 16.21 94. ..10 32.39 4. . ..85 33. 94.77 . 57.47 . 96... 33.21 143.10 .. 129... ..64 .69 . 46.75 66..17 ... 79. 43..23 82. 59..79 .. .. . 110. 96...39 2001 19.02 .. 47.19 55.. 88. .97 . 54.09 .11 .24 .88 91. 44. 63. .26 4.27 65. .... ..56 .08 37. . 54.81 69. 59.85 50.42 ..88 ... .98 35... . 80. 78...53 67.. .20 71. .68 54. 55. .92 . .94 .45 46.. 17.86 77.. 55.61 11..97 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ... 52. . .15 56. 44.61 34. 53. 69.43 .02 23.36 28. 85..90 ....82 50.11 75.70 105..92 2009 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States .44 33. . .. .... 38...11 67. 55. .19 77.. 112. .56 128. .33 ..77 .85 ...96 2000 14..30 42.. .. 33..55 .54 21.32 90....66 . .31 43.16 . 62.62 93. 39. .. .86 34. 33.. . .66 . ..60 63. 97.64 70. 56.35 171.65 36. 49.40 2007 ..15 89..63 .34 43..92 57..46 68... 90. 101.....53 91.29 81.. 41.86 .27 38.09 95.27 22.60 50. .95 20. . .. 164.08 .50 32. .14 .45 49.99 . .. . ...34 163. .. 51.23 6. ..82 .67 2002 29..86 2008 ..19 .84 .58 2005 ....98 42. .73 .13 . 3. 53. 39.21 44...74 .51 . . ..31 100. . .. 66.08 57.80 .51 ..19 ...83 173.44 ...20 .37 90. .90 35..99 ..42 .9: Steam coal prices for electricity generation (US$/tce) 1978 1980 1985 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 10. 44. . .87 ..55 50.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .III. COAL FOR OTHER USES INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .49 5.

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13 23..79 32. 0.11 7.44 89.68 15.49 278.66 29.22 19.. 5.50 .64 17.54 2. 1. ..45 2.51 ..28 10.44 16.81 29.81 56.53 5.56 115.09 0.47 ..38 17. 0.36 7.66 56.51 6.15 73.92 1. 0.80 16.56 16.40 . .86 10. 1990 to 2008 (GW) 1990 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 24.07 13.14 104. 11..07 . 1.18 0.26 123.14 15. 0.07 28. 1.38 16.37 1.99 315.53 33. 4.12 40.25 8.32 38. .13 27. Note: Includes autoproducers for all countries except Japan.19 16.94 3.41 .61 1011. 10.69 14.02 16.78 .88 55.36 93..49 93. 11..75 8.50 58.35 88.04 1.58 13.65 117.89 4. 4.07 28.52 32.03 40.76 7.48 2.51 20.27 17.12 0. 0.13 1. ..17 7..01 5.95 17.43 .67 31.50 14.82 139.73 6.39 30.22 81.54 5.22 103.73 3.79 14.21 733.51 13..58 41..50 995..51 Table 5.57 83.32 73.38 126. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Information INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .80 9..82 85.18 27.1: OECD coal-fired and total electricity generating capacity.56 7.05 30.28 9.76 127.30 19.47 .80 22.32 60...63 2.73 ..37 2. .02 27.70 116.69 8. .88 9.89 21.41 97.11 0.84 .40 98...40 41.82 . 0..87 9. 0.53 79.51 7.14 13.29 .32 32.28 14. 0.55 134..81 1.74 12. 4.05 25.87 7.42 2.17 307.45 16.99 7.24 12..COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .84 84.50 16.07 28..45 ..71 70.20 .42 34. 5. .57 8.21 2007 2008 1990 29.26 10.97 7..24 34.99 1.20 3.24 28.81 1.86 1.94 19.80 . 0.47 2.08 1.88 9.09 1.61 16.67 31.59 .57 7.56 194.40 315.. .23 24. 5.11 1.III.36 14.72 131.89 2.97 .95 2007 2008 53.90 19.62 986.17 3.21 10.66 53.12 0.77 1. Note: For further information.22 40..24 .96 Coal 2006 29.59 Total 2006 51.64 .92 7. 1.56 12..60 Note: Includes multi-fired units.60 279.67 34.69 58.23 23.37 .81 1.98 8..19 315.58 5.38 . 43.46 8. see notes and definitions in Part I.67 57.37 2.63 280. 11.10 .40 .38 30..85 9.13 19...23 42.62 1.19 19.

2 25.0 10.8 2.7 1.5 54.6 74.9 530.3 417.3 279.1 14.9 5.5 46.2 0.3 8.4 86.6 8.6 11.5 49.6 20.5 1.8 1320.9 28.7 20.7 438.4 3.6 71.5 52.8 335.3 8.2 4.9 4.7 321.6 7.8 104.3 16.0 0.1 217.9 99.7 2.1 4.5 9.8 Note: Note: Note: Note: Note: "Coal" refers to all coal types.4 61.2 3.2 763.9 70.0 218.3 7.5 19.2 16.4 115.9 848.7 8.8 595.5 5.1 531.9 8. For further information.7 4.7 46.9 6.7 91.3 86.9 98.9 1.7 56.4 501.8 335.2 4.0 20.1 2.9 438.7 636.1 17.5 11.2 9.4 9.5 12. and derived fuels (including patent fuel.5 25.8 4.0 1.0 6.9 9.0 123. coke oven gas.9 11.1 1.7 14.1 2.2 50.3 31.1 21.4 26.5 21.5 25.2 10.8 1.8 979. blast furnace gas and oxygen steel furnace gas) as well as peat.8 9.7 39.9 0.9 24.7 5.9 2.5 15.7 329.0 5.3 4.4 36.6 8.5 9.2 103.4 342.3 1.9 3.1 1.5 71.4 7.9 2.8 848.3 2.2 3.3 1.5 35.3 2.3 565.8 37.0 1130.1 56.3 0.2 77.6 4.1 89.7 2.9 378.8 35.7 74.9 0.3 16.2 707.5 15.9 9.3 20.1 4.3 16.6 745.8 6.3 0.1 35.2 2.5 68.5 30.8 115.7 6.4 8.9 29.7 33.0 20.8 364.0 3.1 4.4 1333.6 748.4 345.4 3.1 0.3 1.1 0.3 322.1 11.4 3.9 6.1 33.1 737.2 753.1 19.9 2.3 20.3 74.8 65.2 351.7 9.0 1070.0 4.0 4.0 718.7 16.9 8.6 7.7 95.7 51.1 2.III.1 7.9 2.6 5. peat briquettes and oil shale.0 672.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Table 5.9 3.5 10.0 70.2 1291.7 4.6 22.9 3.0 4.8 638.8 6.2 13.0 61.9 3.7 4.0 1.0 58.1 329.9 2.6 2.1 1.6 3.3 82.8 41.0 1322.1 2.9 364.3 97.0 20.1 87.5 349.1 2.7 56.9 753.4 10. coke oven coke.8 11.5 8.4 4.3 717.6 103.4 6.0 2.4 4.8 598.5 16.2 0.5 2.0 8.1 41.0 46.1 345.3 2.4 742. coal tar.9 0.1 4.9 1.6 0.2 33.4 2.4 1256.8 754.1 764.7 60.9 6.9 205.8 51.4 349.1 1.2 5.9 1305.9 342.3 1288.8 2.5 1296.4 22.6 1.1 8.1 4.7 980.9 0.0 2.2 378.0 15.1 16.6 69.5 42.5 2.1 11.6 702.0 5.3 1284.1 716.6 1126.0 3.6 103.5 0.0 2.9 0.3 8.7 756.7 54.7 45.3 740.0 1.0 6.0 2.1 0.4 60.8 1249. gas coke.1 6.6 3.7 1068.7 5.5 0.8 1.1 163.2 12.7 2.2 20.0 115.8 0.1 7.7 215.6 86.0 309.4 16.8 385. see notes and definitions in Part I. Quantities have been converted to Mtce units using calorific values largely submitted in annual questionnaires to the IEA Secretariat by OECD member countries.6 5.4 3.2 36.8 10.1 57.1 322.0 1309.9 668. BKB.6 1317.9 17.4 0.9 11.8 3.8 7.0 2.7 1.4 IEA Total OECD Total 638.7 12. primary (including hard and brown coal).2 1.3 765.4 11.7 1.52 .5 8.3 0.9 10.8 385.3 321.9 0.5 8.6 2.2 2.5 706.2 1.1 44.9 11.3 21.8 68.9 2.3 28.7 54.2 12.1 2.5 351.1 221. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .2: OECD coal and peat use for electricity production and heat sold (Mtce) 1973 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 19.7 1.3 IEA Europe OECD Europe IEA North America OECD North America OECD/IEA Pacific 279.0 50.

824 2506 2287 996 11045 4663 1240 427 689 487 .6 38.1 172.5 3.4 5.1 0.0 199.5 5.8 184. 1121 1814 198 2266 2841 808 450 3110 3115 1030 11594 6284 1593 468 769 532 293 1242 1959 198 2377 3500 825 478 2636 3071 1102 9705 6997 1353 406 661 515 444 1170 2482 255 2493 3996 31234 33344 32810 35475 36850 39322 38589 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries.0 3.8 5.0 10.4 2.4 3.7 5. .6 2.2 234. 1458 2462 2530 1198 10936 3031 1040 390 681 277 . 585 2300 443 .2 5.7 60.6 0.1 1.9 4.4 1..3 4.7 4.8 13.0 8.5 60.3 5.9 18.1 0.5 168..3 0.7 2.0 87.4 4..3 31.4 3.1 67.8 231.5 3.5 2.0 15.5 2.0 5.4 3.8 12.9 3.3 288.6 3.9 3.5 2.4 7.8 10.4 62.0 2.4 6.0 24.4 7.2 26.8 59.7 1.3 * For further information.3 2..1 35.1 1.7 1.5 0.3 4.2 0.8 4.3 9.0 201.9 1.2 3..8 59..3 1.2 171.6 15..4 3.4: World consumption of pulverised coal injection (PCI) coals Australia Belgium France Germany Italy Japan Korea Netherlands Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Turkey United Kingdom United States Colombia India Russian Federation Total World (thousand tonnes) 2001 2002 1990 1995 2000 ..7 18.3 4.5 2.0 2.9 20.1 59.3 10.6 65.6 1.7 10. 767 200 487 .9 1.3 5.9 15.3 7.5 4.6 7.7 2.1 1.2 0.1 5.2 4.4 3.4 4..0 10.9 3.4 57.9 3.2 4..4 5.9 4..9 7.1 29.2 1.4 21.5 18.8 4.9 59.0 249.9 10.9 1.8 4.5 0.6 1.5 2.5 3.9 3. 882 2501 336 2428 259 807 642 2534 2641 1628 10416 5065e 1468 412 649 548 .7 9.7 181.2 5..2 65.7 174.2 6.3 12.8 4.0 333.3 6..8 4.5 24.3 5. ..7 2.9 2. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries Table 5.8 2.4 11.0 12.1 246.9 172. 1040 2251 2293 1139 11165 3741 1203 511 764 462 .5 336.2 11..3 46.0 5.3 5.53 Table 5.0 0. 456 2924e 231 2111 319 . see notes and definitions in Part I..9 10.7 7.0 16.9 4.7 2.8 6.9 5.6 1.7 0.5 1.3 6.7 37.6 1.9 2.1 2.4 0.2 6.8 18.3 1.9 7.6 56. 513 1310 1730 170 5252 . 1039 1519 233 2160 2683 790 514 3193 2975 1818 10670 5852 1324 470 511 493 .5 5.5 1.3 5.6 1.5 0.1 174.6 16.5 2.9 18.4 3.8 1.4 3.4 4.2 2.3 0.4 0.5 5.7 0.4 16.3 0.7 2.8 3.9 3.9 10.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III ..6 1.7 3.3 1.4 2.6 18.4 4.5 1.4 0..4 2. 726 2563 215 2328 238 655 712 2439 3060 1223 11097 5005 1330 404 542 471 .4 1.7 13..4 1.5 2. 245 .3 7.3 2..III. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .7 13.4 20.8 2.2 8.8 4.3 0.8 14.8 6.7 4.6 10.4 25.3 1. .7 9. .6 13. 895 2405 231 2059 410 881 522 2936 2770 1678 10440 5481 1522 388 717 506 .9 4.2 6.2 4.5 175.3 1.7 4.6 4.0 4.1 2.5 4.5 11.0 8.2 14. 859 2305 1843 1230 8286 2181 845 313 .4 2.2 5.7 15.5 172.1 292.3 4.1 0.8 13.2 0..2 8.2 5. 680 219 . 210 .5 170.6 4.4 1.0 4.4 15.6 4. 764 2836e 231 2119 309 11538 21435 30044 30828 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 .4 1.1 2.7 4.8 11.3: OECD coal use in coke ovens* (million tonnes) Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States IEA Total OECD Total 1973 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 9.6 11.2 3.6 175.1 0.0 3.4 2.3 0.

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III.55 6.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III . CHARTS INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

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III.57 Figure 1: World steam and coking coal production (million tonnes) 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 Hard coal Steam coal Coking coal Figure 2: World steam and coking coal trade (million tonnes) 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 Steam coal exports Coking coal exports INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .

III.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Figure 3: Coking coal price CIF Japan and CIF EU member states (US$/t) 250 200 150 100 50 0 CIF Japan CIF EU member states Figure 4: Steam coal price CIF Japan and CIF EU member states (US$/t) 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 CIF Japan INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY CIF EU member states .58 .

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III . US domestic (US$/t) 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 US domestic US FOB Figure 6: Steam coal price CIF EU member states (US$/t) and US exports (million tonnes) 45 160 40 140 120 30 100 25 80 20 US$/t Million tonnes 35 60 15 40 10 5 20 0 0 US export volume CIF EU member states INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .III.59 Figure 5: Steam coal price US FOB vs.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Figure 7: OECD total primary energy supply (Mtce) 9000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 1973 1980 1990 Coal Oil 2000 Gas 2006 Nuclear 2007 Hydro 2008 Others Figure 8: OECD coal consumption and indicators 2005=100 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 GDP Industrial production Coal supply Electricity generation INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Total TPES 2009e .60 .III.

GDP annual growth rates 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% -5% -10% -15% Steam coal import Steam coal supply GDP Figure 10: EU member states steam coal supply. Imports. GDP annual growth rates 25% 5% 20% 4% 2% % change 10% 1% 5% 0% 0% -1% -5% -2% -10% % change GDP 3% 15% -3% -15% -4% -20% -5% Steam coal import Steam coal supply GDP INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .III.61 Figure 9: Japan steam coal supply. Imports.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III .

+ N.62 . Africa .III. + N.Z.Z.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III Figure 11: Hard coal production by region (million tonnes) 6500 6000 5500 5000 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009e Europe Former Soviet Union North America Latin America Asia Aus. Africa Figure 12: Hard coal consumption by region (million tonnes) 6000 5500 5000 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009e Europe Former Soviet Union INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY North America Latin America Asia Aus.

63 Figure 13: Hard coal imports by region (million tonnes) 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009e Europe Former Soviet Union North America Latin America Asia Aus. + N. Africa INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .Z.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART III . + N. Africa Figure 14: Hard coal exports by region (million tonnes) 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009e Europe Former Soviet Union North America Latin America Asia Aus.III.Z.

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COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .IV.1 PART IV DETAILED OECD COAL DATA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

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such differences are explained. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . in the case where a country has no or very few coal exports. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel 2. 1 Chile became an OECD member on the 7th of May 2010. Data for 2009 are provisional with the exception of Tables 7. OECD Europe. Use of coal for selected end-uses 7. For example. 4. Coking coal exports by destination 11. 2. Coal production by type 4.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . Data are converted from unit prices to tonnes of coal equivalent (tce) using the country specific calorific values. IEA Total. 5. or present as an individual country in Part IV of Coal Information. Energy supply. 12 and 13 where data for 2009 are final. The conventions used by the Secretariat in presenting energy data are also reported.3 DIRECTORY OF PART IV FIGURES AND TABLES Part IV of Coal Information contains detailed statistical information on coal for 30 of 311 Member countries of the OECD and for regional aggregates (OECD Total. Coal balance 6. The content of current figures and tables is described below. Consumption is used as weight. 6. In each table. Figures: 1. The figures and tables of regional aggregates are presented before the country tables which are set out in alphabetical order. 3. Steam coal exports by destination 12. Hard coal imports by origin 10.IV. Final consumption of energy by fuel 5. the related tables (on volumes and values) are omitted. Coal trade by type of coal 9. Total primary energy supply by fuel Coal supply indicators Primary coal supply Coal consumption Electricity generation by fuel CO2 emissions by fuel It should be noted that not all tables are shown for all countries. Data for each OECD and IEA region and country are illustrated in figures at the beginning of each section. OECD North America. Prices for regional totals are calcu- lated as weighted average of available price data in the region and therefore prices shown should be considered only indicative. In particular. hard coal is the sum of coking coal and steam coal. Tables: 1. In Part I. OECD/IEA Pacific. GDP and population 3. Conversion factors are also included for reference. so is not included in any OECD aggregate data for the 2010 Edition. IEA North America. Coal export values by destination Interpreting energy data and comparing statistics between countries is made difficult by differences in definitions used by countries in the collection and reporting of data. Coal import values by origin 13. readers are strongly advised to read the country notes. This is followed by detailed statistical information presented in several tables for each region and country. US$ refers to dollars used in the United States of America. IEA Europe). Fuel prices to end users 8.

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COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .IV.5 OECD TOTAL* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 9000 140 8000 120 7000 100 6000 80 5000 4000 60 3000 40 2000 20 1000 0 0 Coal 1800 Oil Gas Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 1600 1600 1400 1400 1200 1200 1000 1000 800 800 600 600 400 400 200 200 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 12000 Coal/population Coal/GDP 1800 0 2009e 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 14000 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 12000 10000 10000 8000 8000 6000 6000 4000 4000 2000 2000 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other Coal Oil Gas 2008 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Peat is included in coal for all figures.

38 0.3 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.8 6.73 230. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .55 0.38 -2.14 111.22 642.27 3. Energy supply.87 43.0 100.07 1258.41 846.81 -1.88 1455.88 Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 296.78 2792.51 1008. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.08 1378.0 100.3 5.85 6.20 213.13 806.25 1189.88 1009.91 70.24 14.44 902.9 4454 .40 2.54 0.48 -2.44 -1.07 0.27 0.90 -0.68 0.49 968.71 37.26 14.4 100. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil. (2) As index.93 845.47 9.2 82.38 247.28 621.95 967.07 34.62 250.18 86.78 1.26 1181.4 2008 30504 0.81 -1.93 - 6398.05 310.27 1159.12 10.13 -0.64 835. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.02 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.32 1042.7 6.26 154.74 615.28 -1.30 304.47 231.0 2007 30371 0.24 43.02 24.16 328.60 207.59 2761. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 5320.60 3.64 89. 1980 14786 0.08 2.43 9.19 4.74 0.. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.11 45.14 206.47 201.85 0.76 261.26 24.17 161.37 -1.94 13.03 - 1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.72 7746.24 0.11 932.9 6.66 4.64 0.69 2.32 1.4 2009e 29769 0.63 1199.03 2.31 112.09 8.38 2745. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.64 100.87 7387.95 2. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.33 122.63 161.33 1270.6 95.67 2.33 1611.51 88.88 0.90 151.79 133.93 218.IV.2 95.17 1.36 0.2 88.01 0.0 156.71 1525.83 14.52 740. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 290.7 91.82 265. wind.8 10658 112.21 586. 10230 97.60 5. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.07 13.19 -0.64 0.4 165.63 11..9 5644 60.40 666.24 2.29 1126.45 1204.34 155.37 8.34 832.20 1205.98 (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.88 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.50 0.30 0.7 1990 20022 0.25 1195.26 2.71 1815.49 2642.69 327.15 2.76 30.32 614.0 127.10 1. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.4 10676 110.92 43.86 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1.34 282.5 96.56 1018.51 -2.00 136.80 846.8 100.96 229.54 1173.9 6.81 197.33 -1.68 228.55 1642.0 9614 100.36 258.05 1110.05 -0.45 3003.94 1548.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD TOTAL 1.61 -0.96 8.58 1786.10 1025.08 7476.0 .68 235.35 315.51 0.55 2907.16 8. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 12210 0.32 1.81 207.07 0.9 6.1 7560 77.59 7843.09 1.03 699.77 - 5787.33 2.6 .47 890.75 1.38 0.67 281.79 2985. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.53 2.16 1.87 143.76 249.40 -0. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .27 -1.31 0.04 8.10 158.94 2.84 7.74 2.90 1.85 1803.0 2000 25979 0.43 0.39 964.8 6.27 1.41 -4.04 1650.

51 461.76 1754.99 Comb.14 1675.55 781.05 2.54 16.96 2.82 -1. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.21 83.69 1060.77 4.58 1701.46 1.14 1574.19 0.73 1213.74 994.24 678.64 29.39 29.24 694.93 13.78 53.34 186.84 18.42 0.93 4399.76 0.04 177.21 104.68 1286.32 2.56 x 1.10 32.27 320.19 43.80 255.07 3. wind.56 1.83 504.11 24.76 527.71 378.48 3.33 352.53 213.65 184.48 118.41 1013.42 0.24 57.93 -4.02 42.05 256.79 26.68 -3.01 1253.54 5.36 17.27 50.28 412.39 19.02 -2.40 1295.70 -0.27 102.17 293.12 3.38 1.18 96.41 228.60 444.72 2.66 142.68 3.04 -1.67 170.37 0.76 372.22 0.54 5.18 380.97 50.62 21.34 5371.41 843.05 1171.18 386.55 -1.45 6.74 1257.95 98.38 10.01 11.48 15.27 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 989.03 58.01 1.76 991.16 4.12 147.16 74. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .93 31.78 -17. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 1.43 354.80 36.23 0.59 4185.35 3.19 -2.92 11.00 144.35 -2.45 156.05 552.24 181.04 10.14 391.87 5.42 132.42 419.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .73 1022.67 227. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.83 192.98 70.84 1.27 199.59 1. wind.62 5150.52 63.64 3.16 0.08 24.41 0.53 -0.35 1.52 1339.02 4.56 0.28 42.24 169.38 0.30 0.60 -1.22 0.50 24.99 305.99 6.68 84.05 41.73 4.94 68.64 31.42 -1. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.77 0.83 4.73 0.43 72.96 1734.80 177.14 1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.67 472.22 399.12 286.02 89.77 219.17 2255.60 15.78 5.51 358.89 0.57 362.54 0.61 353.93 99.86 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.44 220.81 5.02 -5.75 1. wind.43 187.40 1.85 519.04 582.90 550.48 71.02 2. tide Electricity Heat (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.22 4.36 -2.99 3.90 203.64 0.18 2. tide Electricity Heat of which: Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.94 0.85 330.31 321.02 3.13 2.24 107.06 360.23 0.98 2573.88 0.29 5279.10 980.89 7.84 26.26 9.04 368.72 5.42 4.00 8.56 1.29 169.82 1013.29 1.18 199.36 -5.15 85.23 1.38 1.90 1.14 8.21 314.53 43.58 0.IV.11 202.13 6.57 100.09 206.41 237.60 26.15 1611.58 15.45 0.20 113.21 2672.65 8.76 13.44 26. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.59 3.14 5.54 23.33 350.14 42.76 360.63 29.99 171.42 302.36 10.92 502.41 0.97 395.67 1.01 314.52 0.41 2.97 1.07 95.73 0.18 197.39 2.24 736.43 104.32 10.81 -6.81 670.40 13. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 38.52 225.00 0.38 5.69 97.61 618.33 22.18 380.43 197.15 4.76 50.80 2237.02 123.89 374.16 0.22 15.09 2.03 0.30 341.21 347.46 0.25 812.93 5.22 3.18 1.28 1112.95 1.92 1048.45 7.00 7.04 12.43 3.33 197.30 19.33 282.56 5.32 183.30 466.00 1.08 24.14 1363.01 0.17 5.14 1666.78 0.7 OECD TOTAL 4.98 4.47 6.09 19.24 0.25 3.04 4.28 211.80 1053.41 154.98 505.26 -0.44 0.72 35.30 946.58 0.26 151.69 Comb.94 2705.01 0.91 3.14 -0.09 0.94 0.86 0.94 1.04 265.15 Comb. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.80 13.11 0.68 1623.64 1076.94 3.37 352. wind.89 -0.80 0.52 1110.84 5.46 -2.91 240.01 126.59 0.02 387.61 15.63 -0.65 138.29 1.01 844.98 13.74 1.07 0.61 407.26 1135.00 1.60 3.04 782.15 5.46 60.01 11.85 361.89 26.17 28.07 406.55 21.24 207.60 2253.85 5351.93 1135.32 117.70 1.27 1. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 4007.39 2.22 1333.64 791.99 73.90 24.64 22.01 3.65 3.91 120.32 3.35 0.69 1.30 0.36 1.95 1.10 2615.39 0.16 -0.97 345.04 225.

. own use -33.9 7.7 61.8 4.2 171. sub-bituminous coal.7 25.6 -92..7 156.6 132..7 .0 .3 -367.7 3..4 -0.5 -1.3 10.2 1388.4 20. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes..1 -40.2 -2.2 35. BKB.2 -70.4 -80.0 475. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).5 -2.6 0. agriculture.9 -1378.3 -67.3 -0.2 -93.9 63.3 -1289.2 -1291.4 -1333.2 -78.5 -13. .3 19.6 -0..7 -386.5 -308...4 -5.9 -53.7 -0. coal tar..3 -130. -1. -0.3 3.1 -361.1 199.5 1372.3 2.6 5.6 1525.8 .8 1650.8 -117.1 0.9 -26.4 1..0 -79. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.7 .7 32.7 -38. as well as peat. .5 x -0.1 -0.2 -3.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD TOTAL 5.1 -14.0 41.7 5.3 -1202.7 -2.6 -1. -2.6 -286. x x 407..9 -0.9 -0. .9 0.6 -1003.0 1.9 22.8 -76.5 -4.0 .5 546. .8 8.2 137.3 3.7 20.0 1520.5 28.0 -20.9 -82.1 -99.3 1.9 -158. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.2 17. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .1 1. other bituminous coal.2 199. -17.8 1378...4 2.1 .7 -21..0 56.4 0. and pub..3 83. Main activity producers (1) -638.6 236. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke..4 544.8 -20.0 22. .4 3.4 0.1 63.4 .3 -25.6 1467.3 24.3 -1256. -3.1 -848. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.9 -1.3 Statistical difference 21. transport and other).0 -214.5 4.4 11.0 -7.6 16.9 -617.3 -1.8 1.6 3. coke oven gas.5 -0.6 1383. services Residential Non-energy use 10. -1.1 1. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.1 Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Losses Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.5 -21.3 16.0 -38.2 .0 -1. . -1.0 105.2 -974.2 169.1 0.1 -44.5 3.4 .9 Electricity and heat gen.0 -0. .7 427.2 -20.2 227.6 -3.3 .7 -3.3 -63. coking coal.8 -1.5 11.0 . gas works gas.3 95. coke oven coke.9 -1176.3 11.. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.4 0.0 -2. x x Total transformation -781.2 -2.9 255. peat briquettes and oil shale.1 -1415.2 -42. 3. primary (anthracite.2 .7 -2.5 2. - - Energy ind.1 -1.6 24.IV.6 1478.3 -1..3 -18.2 24.7 -17.8 18. . -1.4 -2. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.8 -785.0 0. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 1169.7 31.2 16.1 -19.9 312. .4 -0..4 -1352. .4 82.8 0..3 4.6 .2 -6.4 6.6 354.5 Autoproducers Gas works -12.2 193.3 -6.7 x Primary supply 1204. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm.0 - Other transformation(3) - - - 0.9 26. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).6 (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.9 21.2 -4. and residential.0 173. (2) briquettes.1 0.2 -1. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel..7 .8 -21. 2.5 30. gas coke.5 98.2 3.. .8 -1249.1 32.1 11.3 4.0 -8.6 226.8 330.4 1.3 121.6 -6.0 0.7 -2.8 60.5 1548. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal..7 26.4 1611...4 -5.3 -3.8 4.2 -74.6 -1070.4 -10.8 -26.7 -12..1 2.6 1455.2 -3.

00 0.08 14.07 2.71 -3.07 0.28 12.11 0.23 0.09 -0.98 -4.30 10.57 10.99 1.17 3.49 0.97 3.47 2.94 1219.41 6.20 631.16 - 205.25 -1.23 0.65 8. pulp and print Other industry Res.05 10.08 0.25 9.99 9.92 -1.24 30.91 0.94 9.11 0.39 28.59 13.33 1374.00 7.90 6.70 31.30 -7.53 0.00 6.84 5.68 0.71 0.38 0.12 14.65 2.94 0.09 -1.23 0.13 0.63 0.61 585.45 0.10 11.02 2.64 7.24 0.04 0.47 1231.84 0.95 275.92 19.01 0.24 9.48 -0.26 10.12 0.01 -2.53 30.04 10.04 622.71 571.03 17.97 2.73 161.15 12.00 7.28 - 255.18 14.12 0.74 1340.95 2.62 0.22 0.38 8.00 103.08 0.47 28.23 189.17 1.23 -0.12 (1) Residential.01 19.01 0.19 6.81 122.40 0.88 9.20 9.57 0.19 0.47 427.07 35.81 25.23 194.89 10.01 1.73 0.09 13.24 0.23 14.10 0.09 580.50 8.63 -11.00 6.82 9.09 -11.64 26.68 -4.08 1207.88 6.11 1.91 1499.41 -1.23 198.52 8.12 14.33 0.62 2.02 15.67 11.55 15.25 2.49 -3.99 14.15 568.52 1529.88 8.10 10.36 5.42 19. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.04 26.18 0.20 171.67 -1.64 701.93 -8.18 9.11 -8.84 10.68 - 666.12 -15.47 -5.47 6.65 0.51 0.08 3.19 49.00 8.14 1.35 961.05 -1.87 7.32 -1.02 0.06 13.26 0.81 7.86 13.35 0.58 1.55 41.09 2.47 42.80 32.52 1245.75 8.50 33.75 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.01 -3.10 0.68 -15.44 577.28 0.26 161.31 17.17 3.13 8.37 651.67 49.16 624.00 22.48 11.01 0.66 4.34 8.41 57.27 13.06 0.81 1314.73 1.12 7.02 8.41 119.56 0.62 110.37 160.98 -1.31 17.76 0.33 23.73 18.08 0.69 33.13 -2.19 0.56 -23.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .64 0.14 -8.34 0.38 0.09 3.24 7.87 -5.24 18.80 15.82 7.40 10. pulp and print Other industry Res.81 156.13 0.29 -0.77 13.68 1507.72 -1.82 0.26 17.25 0.16 9.06 25. pulp and print Other industry Res.86 2.32 -0.62 1.32 0.67 0.98 1.28 15.63 12.39 0.89 31.76 -3.44 0.66 96.92 4.80 1.04 1.01 13.79 31.48 18.70 25.78 1.02 -6. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 913.40 2.19 0.97 39.05 2.22 -1.26 2.00 0.78 -0.22 3.98 2.59 -1.21 1.30 11.85 10.08 2. commercial and public services.91 0.26 -9.75 2.18 587.36 -1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.65 0.95 25.83 92.91 17.29 130.12 581.88 73.02 33.91 228.83 5.26 0.70 10.00 6.94 9.32 21.46 13.71 96.83 815.78 -1.67 624.41 -1.52 -1.34 1500.39 14.69 101.73 0.35 5.71 0.32 1257.25 14.07 6.77 2.30 9.37 6.37 10.14 6.32 9.95 572.84 575.49 36.50 4.21 93. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.82 27.85 1201.96 410.24 292.05 1.01 0.91 -2.58 -1.37 28.55 1010.21 8.62 0.22 194.01 580. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .51 29.53 - -1.17 1204.39 1.21 2.9 OECD TOTAL 6.16 22.82 1227.65 4.21 100.85 0.49 5.75 2.10 -8.15 0.69 2.60 -4.83 31.00 11.68 1238.57 13.36 0.14 1.50 563.98 12.05 137.87 25.23 12.35 3.09 3.51 -11.27 609.01 12.33 34.21 615.74 0.32 4.32 3.IV.37 0.40 51.

. .29 345. .54 312.46 214.. 5. coal tar. . .. .. .44 25.73 20.91 62. ... .. . ... .71 125... .. .95 427..34 4. .56 157.29 461.... .25 176.. . .14 520. . For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. . ...70 546. . ...01 13.70 517. ..18 19. .30 379. ....40 375. ..78 .33 136.72 386.. . . . ..14 0. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas ... ...41 325. .08 0..47 140...76 361..01 10...04 15.10 0. . .33 0.69 377..97 209.43 7.35 338...75 0. . .18 538...74 175. .. . .02 0.06 12. .16 308.39 158.. . .. . . .. . Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 173. . ... .. .. . For industry (US dollars / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas ... .12 17.50 148. . .83 158. . .08 0..62 131. . .. . IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .88 1. .. .... ..02 14. .89 4.42 505.10 13.94 113..61 179..55 264.53 169..22 9.74 141. . . ..46 265. . ..27 162..87 1. .. .. .96 367. .. ..08 480. .70 84. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.23 19...57 0... . . . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.. . ..60 293... .83 0. . . .88 1.91 187.30 23. .. .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD TOTAL 7.14 355.90 235.72 4. 1.69 . .64 4.. . ..67 131. . .30 370..65 1. . .32 0. . patent fuels. .95 161. .56 475.75 0.46 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal. . . ..10 0. for example: coke.. . ..54 345. .26 124.71 186.05 12. .10 21. . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. .... . .89 144... Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas .. .. (2) For steam coal. ...60 171.....05 0. .. .. ....10 . ...90 152. ..20 544.12 19.00 23.... ... . .. .. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8..08 286.23 103. .... . . . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries..93 0... .44 6.. .49 328.. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.40 200....13 19. .80 347. .16 3. ... briquettes.28 514.35 135. . . .. .IV. . . .66 132. . Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas .00 5.04 1.58 5. .78 348.. . . .02 294......53 401...10 0..67 0. . . .83 142.... .87 5.........

Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. People's Rep. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) Hard Coal Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 165001 270255 307323 351032 442891 574728 586022 582690 523076 98987 29796 11598 909 10948 6619 79 25075 116 136369 43475 20623 695 5219 5025 87 44013 686 136493 49608 16250 774 3141 2570 65 43205 305 133802 52923 17183 2985 37 6573 32737 667 138570 67155 17972 3388 2 3125 24038 398 139284 68690 15484 4562 3 4053 17773 403 144131 74253 17796 4678 3246 18654 299 145372 72665 16319 4366 2532 23294 384 116649 51104 12263 3791 183 2521 19908 937 420 2566 5249 5612 1211 50 103 5342 4216 5624 2803 177 714 3213 8569 5099 5339 137 4843 3643 3267 22 990 2456 9557 140 6327 991 4825 26 454 80 92 9194 222 10622 90 6369 713 815 40 251 5880 163 10659 284 5992 674 1059 494 5789 338 11027 542 5492 648 1023 75 878 2760 284 16500 1174 3824 198 544 31 627 66014 4556 970 243 6716 16292 2285 9296 980 133886 30433 4051 462 3526 15429 2394 26912 2718 170830 34664 9885 327 2124 13084 2428 35894 3686 217230 51101 13926 1517 845 15620 713 33335 2134 304321 77808 10649 2393 437 18590 593 21907 4307 435444 101184 7641 1214 436 14941 196 12983 3569 441891 105245 9976 1368 457 10866 204 11261 5494 437318 107864 9054 1519 585 8523 404 21431 7050 406427 121071 6769 2136 417 6703 1575 16933 5953 534 11967 3012 9163 2663 2083 306 32671 2915 157 7166 6287 10450 1000 33156 9517 1752 150 6426 15372 14281 11656 39460 10474 687 3506 1860 743 34741 29428 23066 46337 20887 891 5041 1572 5674 31370 53857 66637 55514 69545 2696 5343 3310 5008 30244 57167 69054 49170 73809 2237 5036 3199 7104 26725 55954 68803 40262 74163 2741 3501 2821 5918 15608 52063 58429 32178 73819 1915 1843 3533 5482 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.11 OECD TOTAL 9. (2) For years prior to 1990. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. People's Rep.IV. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China.

China. Coking coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) Total Exports Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.12 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD TOTAL 10.IV. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Africa & Mid. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 107072 152492 162292 169662 168603 180273 196284 210734 188525 90281 1283 3860 5410 8972 714 245 8393 43380 2503 286 10 3347 193 387 5126 3257 840 18 498 1402 157 123513 1582 5031 6360 8609 950 7 13 62 10228 59198 7014 498 5206 232 369 4183 4283 1564 5 2232 5777 110 122399 1351 7450 4018 50 330 8494 877 28 3 8734 55410 7852 3 5273 99 805 3681 4499 1568 3 2869 8230 772 127906 125 1897 5890 4039 871 9 1249 6177 999 1 1287 39 3 7824 53979 15654 10 517 5766 239 896 434 2657 3267 2006 3 3681 7612 775 127377 122 1844 4551 3501 214 1005 6629 4891 1075 48 4 7381 52798 15305 1406 4745 95 538 198 1570 4163 2128 46 3954 8626 540 124623 1547 3594 4134 944 1172 5061 4658 674 19 1 6507 52688 12277 2125 9336 1367 2353 3109 1596 3357 6606 1498 128451 1583 3363 3299 1024 8 719 5645 2805 580 30 6595 57550 11482 1565 10034 19 2264 2820 3323 1741 3826 6708 1468 139664 1036 4702 3266 949 219 965 5530 4100 276 675 50 68 5945 60460 14398 2192 9929 78 3452 2584 3870 1825 257 4503 6770 1565 115011 1612 3444 2168 650 73 755 4019 3836 62 46 3874 49491 19052 1171 6983 36 1666 219 1748 2122 1426 137 4140 5333 948 8840 2121 1186 218 232 1348 521 951 69 2194 23138 7958 2772 769 2080 1646 1564 1829 192 1041 3287 30609 8867 3155 1009 5179 50 3915 1068 2621 860 963 2922 41063 11064 5451 1672 9831 127 2455 947 1517 317 1366 6316 37791 10695 7713 1211 10795 56 505 1825 1869 265 1051 1806 46195 9288 8937 1392 17081 194 146 881 2513 3500 437 1826 57181 10870 9270 1951 20334 273 543 2789 2704 3563 496 4388 58504 10869 7595 1736 25876 281 1998 2664 1992 2198 682 2613 66181 11842 2736 835 26148 146 368 1687 1313 19296 687 1123 7951 5841 9284 693 3435 9455 10652 12566 7333 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . China. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Africa & Mid. Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 49931 105530 113416 128950 146889 163968 170808 179206 183901 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 40497 275 2660 8782 274 4620 4095 6755 4157 1 540 1552 1732 356 52 1285 167 15 237 21 244 90 79 1081 1427 82613 2 1001 2856 8508 1378 8297 3669 3461 5228 1278 28 1622 5070 18173 7942 107 44 6539 429 805 79 1630 1896 295 275 1846 155 93807 2 1216 3778 10083 2282 5857 2815 3859 5451 33 2248 5051 30637 4352 3 188 9559 1 401 1 1572 198 762 1040 81 15 2097 225 105848 12 1050 3480 4541 1874 6195 3089 2049 7364 1 374 20 1636 4122 40735 13462 50 5194 336 304 1977 404 2350 861 11 216 3901 240 123180 1643 1467 13524 864 2594 1228 3413 16478 112 322 7 1208 1430 51874 13730 164 373 3556 16 677 117 348 1217 2327 255 20 110 3866 240 137340 2204 845 13951 946 1371 927 3644 16842 133 330 88 509 155 60978 21157 30 4918 1506 82 417 126 411 667 1464 366 17 2866 390 136938 2330 772 13418 1377 1053 450 3438 18312 172 254 91 869 941 60912 16041 96 5218 3944 85 387 291 486 578 1189 404 2 1 3567 260 148408 1930 1503 17558 937 778 340 3977 12857 142 216 59 1458 1864 69501 20465 81 1340 4278 80 358 591 646 556 1663 489 250 34 4270 187 140428 24 1977 803 7454 829 676 281 3376 8997 152 144 51 556 1451 64967 33909 119 2928 4818 238 786 1066 541 250 78 77 177 3611 92 384 11 76 32 82 129 54 14542 91 6336 93 998 253 212 2695 2229 1635 14604 345 6866 1 48 1058 49 1057 642 2554 1621 363 22207 190 7953 1 1 1257 381 1099 1230 3420 1672 5003 23121 22 10034 2 2469 2623 828 1438 1440 3303 962 26318 231 13208 17 1567 321 931 192 1206 4077 4357 211 33867 206 16235 16 746 679 1151 2487 1464 3241 7489 153 30611 443 18559 22 733 177 73 1737 1421 1901 5157 388 38182 6 20302 20 828 672 2 645 816 10121 1755 3015 9050 8375 5005 895 588 310 3 187 5291 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .IV.13 OECD TOTAL 11.

53 96.59 189.20 66.14 196.44 Steam coal(3) 51.32 58.58 92.30 40.13 96. (3) Bituminous steam coal only.76 112.71 54.13 38.34 112.24 68.14 .72 97.26 210.28 42.34 64.99 139.48 48.44 66.07 138. (2) Former Soviet Union until 1991.71 107.63 41.37 67.36 94.58 50.26 61.59 78.82 98.20 71.93 67.05 54.32 139.36 81.14 33.58 57. (1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights.84 120.49 103.48 52.92 87.18 101.64 185.78 49.11 Note: On occasion.56 242.31 140.04 129.75 59.15 95. Prices exclude intra-EU trade.85 191.32 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 52.44 122.10 118.16 245.68 113.40 97.98 263.63 48.38 65.10 141.96 102.28 39.26 61.60 117.81 105.12 115.57 54.23 40.26 71.79 61.11 49.15 111.62 32.65 77.88 45.98 106.24 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 57.35 174.69 75.31 73.19 200.98 35. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.37 60.76 33.IV.94 108.20 85.25 102.45 52.25 49.28 82.23 65.38 72.60 44.32 36.78 133. CIF.80 62. Russian Federation starting in 1992.64 70.05 98.79 129.38 45.01 137.89 104.03 63.54 61.58 44.74 40.50 60.19 42.77 104.17 43.03 63.23 158.21 54.84 46.82 125.96 30.23 107.06 79.08 137.89 50.05 80.45 67.52 219.85 63.42 66.98 235. Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights. 50.18 211.28 116.50 53.34 58.34 50.35 43.49 169.35 65.56 64.80 32..95 40. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .50 108.34 82. shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs.13 77.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD TOTAL 12.47 106.99 63.65 55.14 51.68 67.31 92.18 62.59 97.79 88.77 33.80 45.56 71.81 47.26 66.55 69.00 59.90 83.92 119.94 82.22 .27 56.95 60. Coal import values by origin* (average unit value.65 156.24 165.39 98.87 34.15 110.94 109.43 53. Prices exclude intra-EU trade.77 114.98 64. US$/tonne) Coking coal (1) 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 62.14 160.69 140.13 60.47 109.31 85.47 126.68 90.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .IV. Peat is included in coal for all figures.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .15 OECD NORTH AMERICA* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 4500 140 4000 120 3500 100 3000 80 2500 2000 60 1500 40 1000 20 500 0 0 Coal 1000 Oil Gas Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 900 800 800 700 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 600 600 500 500 400 400 300 300 200 200 100 100 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 6000 Coal/population Coal/GDP 900 700 2009e 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 8000 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 7000 5000 6000 4000 5000 4000 3000 3000 2000 2000 1000 1000 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other Coal Oil Gas 2008 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.

36 -0.64 167.09 -2.53 107.08 54.43 744. 2000 11260 0.96 749.3 77.5 8.82 52.77 -0.28 83.89 346.51 3.64 803.06 697.1 85.0 100.08 468.66 327. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.94 1502.46 0.70 0.19 -0.2 87.48 59.89 100.57 132. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.30 - 1.0 100.49 949.96 67.46 11.18 7.45 1.78 1327.97 -0.25 256.7 9.08 - 3712.03 88.4 8.09 0.27 100.82 930.04 -0.3 2868 . (2) As index. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.60 39.1 8.07 -0.94 3.96 598..75 0.79 1.93 117..97 -0.88 - -1.6 109.40 148.45 -0.54 83.22 -0.25 421.17 56.30 - 123.57 827.11 - 3901.26 73.85 144.71 -0.18 1357. 2009e 13163 0.42 0.60 963. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.3 9.96 0. Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.8 132.22 25.15 79.30 440.18 3.06 1305.2 . 2007 13319 0.3 5229 .84 -0.06 -1.61 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.11 18. 2008 13382 0.73 7.00 773. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil..87 51.64 9. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .94 103.26 111.67 30.4 132.50 317.33 1497.84 - 87.57 287.71 1.66 817.1 5254 . IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .51 - 81.16 79.. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.51 - 134.30 13.57 - 84.64 7.37 110.4 9. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.98 2.33 885.2 92.80 3. Energy supply.01 - 3207.86 -2.26 957.56 21.07 - 2989.17 - 80.47 955.59 113.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD NORTH AMERICA 1.62 82.89 686.1 106.98 - 77.69 685.78 86. 5037 .60 -1.72 - 65.75 -1.0 4828 .52 98.IV.67 854. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 4892 0.82 - Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.20 1411.70 144. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.16 .31 1.2 92.13 571.74 653.53 - 125.87 957.34 411.01 23.36 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.21 0.48 843. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.50 72.17 737.37 - 135.57 - 71.88 774.90 26.50 54.40 359. 1990 8060 0.71 1.21 -4.96 - 71.07 3.29 350.9 9.28 448.07 21. 1980 5932 0. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.0 106.6 2273 .29 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 0.18 350.10 -0.86 2.07 487.31 - -2.44 0.46 112.30 1574.91 1..68 1. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.35 - 1.02 -0.96 44. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 109.06 -1.92 7.5 119.29 444. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 2774.34 21.07 1.56 150. wind.3 3801 ..19 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 109.46 505.50 2.10 - 3978.03 - 3813.01 58..77 737.19 11..73 - 1.

49 70.24 63.32 1.13 178. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 9.19 -1.33 2.48 2.30 0.67 77.30 131.91 4.07 -2.08 1.84 11.73 78.25 1429.76 0.95 1.10 293.24 608.48 4.56 514.21 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.54 0.52 1338. wind. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.61 430.99 Comb.55 112.23 1.04 48.66 2.35 99.57 0.66 1.77 1.15 966.06 160.84 11.38 227.21 22.99 49.57 -1.00 329.62 -1.72 114.94 112.55 -2.11 347.02 28.04 0.95 1.21 271.54 118.88 771.76 -0.IV.91 27.51 7.40 -4.45 21.91 1.62 53.13 186.80 83.19 27.41 679.16 3.20 1.27 -19.80 232.06 47.60 128.05 -4.34 -2.49 249.65 0.07 2.43 34.30 0.15 184.63 8.05 2.87 3.87 94.03 140. wind.38 0.71 163.26 9.95 11.17 151.88 48.36 208.34 1.27 34.98 2619.97 170.63 54.01 -4.19 185.36 1.00 260.85 0.96 21.51 2.82 2.52 0.94 61.47 1.92 0.06 11.88 2.01 362.35 114.46 1421.06 0.43 2.50 0.19 53. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.00 73.29 23. wind.19 35.14 656.58 2. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.36 0.71 364.41 1.40 0.18 163.06 703.11 547.33 2715.59 1.91 0.50 175.18 0.23 3.03 0.02 52.76 0.01 0.52 120.80 -0.24 279.14 541.35 80.92 0.59 4.40 -1.20 0.86 49. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.27 220.93 56. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .73 118.59 262.63 96.53 0.43 509.35 24.22 24.13 548.20 Comb.24 -0.55 196.17 OECD NORTH AMERICA 4.65 453.02 1353.71 4.09 0.22 35.83 Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.29 266.79 2.79 1.14 1147.74 2.23 445.66 561.40 26.97 71.96 88.96 195.28 0.56 556.31 2.88 170.74 10.95 61.05 45.06 117.54 139.01 202.63 0.03 10. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.87 79.83 190.67 0.19 0.49 1000.96 541.55 133.86 2.79 25.52 0.67 3.12 509.71 28.73 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .71 1155.18 58.16 151.15 1.13 237.06 167.33 50.67 1.51 184.94 1.19 0.14 2188.66 94.89 4.28 1.14 2.08 204.95 0. wind.04 169.51 34.11 1.19 -1.82 -1.49 -2.03 2.77 0.38 50.35 1.33 24.53 0.89 195.74 1.04 64.45 552.98 0.32 5.58 16.37 107.11 1051.41 0.47 2193.19 108.47 569.20 22.63 211.27 -1.97 387. tide Electricity Heat 647.16 177.70 2672.51 23.59 1.27 0.39 0.04 5.58 0.96 0.43 2657.18 632.33 5.39 25.90 591.65 Comb.59 -1.75 94.12 1.61 237.74 165.21 235.71 3.01 254.67 13.52 242.28 956.47 -4.49 1.05 1.00 5.03 99.70 78.96 179.72 26.68 22.74 98.97 0.19 0.46 1.64 26.15 556.10 98.49 0.34 53.18 150.77 123.48 53.22 244.09 0.15 6.60 0.24 2.51 86.53 0.09 -0.17 1.60 454.05 555.94 9.45 37.02 8.00 342.81 0.41 798.93 53.35 3.57 29.90 1.85 0.92 319.47 1014.07 153.72 995.77 1130. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 59.81 524.52 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 657.49 1039.24 0.19 67.61 -2. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 2123.37 -0.53 7.37 3.55 58.48 387.52 2.36 2. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.81 1.40 64.85 0.48 932.15 2.

4 0..0 .5 -96.5 -25. gas works gas.5 -774.0 2.. - 5. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.1 x 0.3 -592.2 2.7 - -8. x x Total transformation -363.4 11. .3 1.6 2.3 6.5 48.2 10.8 571... .3 (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.8 94. coal tar. .4 -55.1 36.7 -1. 26.2 5.5 0...7 17.5 x Primary supply 468.6 2. coke oven coke.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD NORTH AMERICA 5.8 -13.7 -764.3 804.7 -0.8 17. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.7 50..8 38. transport and other).5 Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.0 .1 6.7 86. agriculture.5 -2..5 -17.5 -9.5 869.3 827.8 3. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.9 2. -1.7 -2..2 12.1 -2.1 -27. -1.4 1.0 11.2 10. x x 114.6 -5.5 9.3 4. services Residential Non-energy use 0.4 833.2 2.6 -2.5 3.2 1.9 4.5 2.7 -2.2 12. 3.1 -5.0 -0.1 - -2.0 -20.1 32.1 - -1. - - 20.0 -18.9 -467.7 -619.8 88.4 -3.1 16.8 -12. -2.1 0. . coking coal.IV.5 53.9 -74. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.9 7.7 7.. (2) briquettes.2 -9.5 671. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel. 3.2 697. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 495.6 54.5 1.3 .4 71.0 0.7 10.6 - -18.7 -14. -4.0 4. and residential.0 -758.0 -4.8 -784.6 -2. .3 883.9 15. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.1 -42.5 2. and pub.0 -8.0 -127.18 . .6 12.9 823.7 .3 7. primary (anthracite.8 -13..0 -1.5 -5.8 -9..2 1..2 0.1 0.5 -4.4 - 0.7 -438.1 53.0 -0.3 -2.2 1.5 11.8 - -438.4 Losses -0. other bituminous coal.4 11.0 7..7 . coke oven gas and blast furnace gas). Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .4 13..2 -763. .7 49.2 -3. -8.5 52.3 37.8 -25.0 11..0 -2.7 -5.5 50.8 -321. Main activity producers (1) -321.3 843.. .8 - - - - - - - .7 -3. - - Energy ind.2 -3.6 . Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.2 3.9 737.5 0.8 - -18.8 11.2 -82.0 6. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.4 1.8 22.9 -98.3 12. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm.1 -3..2 3.2 5.8 -75..9 -12.4 2.9 -5. as well as peat. coke oven gas.1 817.2 - .4 -5.9 -2. BKB.7 -1.8 22.8 -9..7 - 1.8 Autoproducers Gas works Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) -0.3 -0. .5 49.8 -4.8 -19. ..7 3..6 -4.1 -742.9 5. .4 -10.2 -1. . (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.0 - - - - .0 . blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).5 2.1 10. own use -8.4 .6 -11..1 -745.6 -764.. peat briquettes and oil shale.2 - - - - - .0 Statistical difference 18. gas coke.3 .3 - -29.9 -1.5 -748.0 -598. sub-bituminous coal..2 Electricity and heat gen.1 -6.1 77.

00 0.17 0.34 - 109.98 784.59 0.49 103.53 953.67 1.37 15.71 75.73 110.33 965.06 0.01 46.24 2.62 127.10 41. pulp and print Other industry Res.10 5.24 -6.18 646.17 53.71 0.65 -5.73 790.20 43.79 1.29 897.89 101.93 - (1) Residential.51 13.14 3.77 -4.55 0.48 7.93 - 43.31 0.20 37.17 2.81 23.64 1.29 4.42 -4.08 0.10 8. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 496.22 110.09 0.88 7.48 1.85 1.32 0.96 11.41 - 26.13 - 25.32 2.45 2.31 -0.29 3.83 -1.25 10.08 7.95 25.12 -5.30 0.20 1.09 108.79 -2.00 5.78 3.74 0.42 -0.34 -8.49 108.84 10.64 - 0.09 114.56 - 25.32 7.25 0.24 0.98 -4.87 7.16 112.37 0.73 - 26.77 1.70 2.42 6.01 0.41 0.91 2.67 0.70 66.06 0.60 -6.39 37.64 0.05 -16.73 10.14 - 7.34 4.14 115.91 782.15 4.89 1.38 418.36 31.88 2.79 108.12 0.68 808.24 0.00 5.57 1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.16 116.72 951. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.23 0.00 5.01 0.13 786.28 101.94 1.51 119.94 41.26 895.79 2.42 3.90 - 1.35 39.85 845.26 12.00 0.85 1.70 0.00 5.01 0.73 -0.50 13.01 0.76 -2.21 0.06 0.89 7.47 6.60 0.96 -1.49 653.40 1. pulp and print Other industry Res.25 - -4. commercial and public services. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .21 0.58 - 719.88 6.02 7.99 100.59 0.44 959.57 -4.26 4.32 2.47 0.04 3.38 12.36 1.92 79.39 0.34 11.77 1.00 5.75 -2.47 12.26 23.62 1.85 94.71 14.65 11.19 -0.49 1.53 3.08 0.16 - 31.39 0.05 0.10 2.33 0.00 803.74 6.06 0.29 2.37 13.36 902.82 12.06 0.60 3.83 39.76 107.36 0.79 0.18 110.28 0.19 - 113.04 7.26 0.09 9.71 - 43.18 0.03 0.81 1.19 -3.47 7.IV.16 0.86 2.04 0.29 0.67 1. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.17 0.37 23.24 418.48 38.58 - -2.04 11.65 7.19 OECD NORTH AMERICA 6.39 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .56 1.23 12. pulp and print Other industry Res.10 1.46 10.33 13.27 8.24 0.25 0.66 1.24 0.10 1.56 860. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.90 109.

. . ... . . . 1. . .. .. . . ...36 1. . .. . .. .93 7.40 4.. . . ...18 3. .... .85 16.03 1.. .86 74..23 30.46 96.. 0.45 11.. . ..... . .22 5. coal tar. .79 0..93 3. . . patent fuels.. . . . (2) For steam coal... ... . .82 32.93 17..04 4.. ... . .. .67 38.20 ..87 19. ..27 80. .97 22. ..... . . .15 50.59 43..15 0.... . . .02 71. .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD NORTH AMERICA 7. .80 4. . . .03 1. .38 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal. . . . . IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .94 54.93 34. ..29 47. . . . .. . . Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas .03 1. . ..17 64.... for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.30 66.75 25. . . .24 53. .. .59 56.. . ..93 49.14 2..37 14.53 39.31 0..04 5.91 127. ...04 0...89 4...86 50.71 66.54 50. . Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas . ...69 82. ... . . .. . .09 3...91 0. .. For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.00 15.90 5.. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8. . ..04 50.91 4. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I....14 17. . .78 0.76 127. . . ..83 26..11 38.. .49 72.. .... . coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne. .80 4.03 5. .96 96. . .71 24...97 ...04 4..40 17.02 9. .54 75.76 41....12 23. . .36 1.. . . .62 .. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 16. ...76 49.. ... . .43 44. . .. . ...86 74. .. .11 0. .71 43.17 1.87 29... . ... ..70 35. .... For industry (US dollars / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas ...95 1.88 58..90 55. .20 64. .93 0.. . .IV.... . . .44 1.79 42. . for example: coke. .. .62 97.03 85....46 3. ...78 93.... ......00 1... .22 1... .. Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas .... ....15 2. .. ..71 4. briquettes....27 0.57 0. . . .. ..05 26.63 37. .. .

People's Rep.21 OECD NORTH AMERICA 9. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. People's Rep.IV. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 17499 16940 16846 17086 32493 56181 48723 46267 34624 6024 5924 - 6778 195 6491 - 4719 122 4497 - 4129 4129 - 5843 1511 4296 - 5786 72 1461 4133 - 4837 1469 3322 46 4866 1580 3286 - 3155 962 2193 - 100 92 100 - 36 - 7 113 - - - 11475 933 49 645 8796 - 10162 35 367 8391 6 12127 22 883 5 9639 - 12957 192 2015 5095 39 26650 1226 693 14787 6 50395 6529 799 1 8906 236 43886 4684 488 1 5647 32 41401 785 464 5 7231 1 31469 3759 256 200 5481 - 996 56 539 824 - 1296 277 5 2994 924 1675 23 174 6928 651 61 92 1960 72 57 25303 2855 256 1152 4252 28 21 48 25387 3323 401 98 3731 46 41 26113 3193 1127 226 54 2161 - 9 18101 1954 286 157 59 1207 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) Hard Coal Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . (2) For years prior to 1990.

* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. China.IV.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD NORTH AMERICA 10. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Coking coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 40450 77198 84425 75819 58166 50149 55872 65242 55207 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 36030 1103 5410 1468 560 3069 19925 1173 929 68 265 838 453 409 360 - 65617 3443 6360 3823 709 7 13 54 5734 29639 3950 498 2975 98 244 2460 1310 1716 2474 110 67287 5538 3988 50 127 4880 708 28 6536 26588 2908 3 3975 99 753 3156 866 1957 4355 772 61410 3807 4039 715 3233 433 36 5054 22688 6615 517 4068 83 188 2313 1161 1895 3831 734 45136 2717 3501 288 2782 1211 65 48 4467 12937 4947 740 2143 42 198 2331 642 2403 3134 540 38266 30 1596 4134 795 1652 2607 70 19 4153 7523 4573 612 2297 54 1397 426 2186 2681 1461 41635 125 1424 3299 435 2176 2789 30 4202 8430 5228 546 2895 10 401 915 1563 483 2263 2953 1468 47933 294 1650 3266 210 661 2451 2482 126 174 50 68 3690 9864 6042 1335 3670 78 1552 876 1406 523 257 2658 2985 1565 37261 280 1829 2168 25 73 389 2058 2033 31 46 2372 7274 6003 693 3488 31 889 219 161 1432 434 127 2126 2132 948 4420 1942 205 218 200 673 1 914 24 243 11581 6139 782 457 38 1051 872 869 353 1020 11934 6327 357 586 50 1559 614 872 300 229 1040 14025 6826 1600 1165 127 1528 350 667 548 1214 9805 5564 1440 682 22 56 443 269 496 833 11272 5519 1220 869 959 75 382 739 211 54 1244 14237 7262 1234 1453 800 209 500 652 140 100 1887 17309 6886 1203 1370 1439 1588 648 935 478 181 2581 17132 7649 77 693 1869 294 440 701 4508 160 741 - - 5204 384 3225 611 - - 814 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Africa & Mid.22 .

23 OECD NORTH AMERICA 11.IV. China.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 10808 34228 42493 38503 26926 22703 27917 39959 26499 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 10341 27 8782 309 38 528 22 243 356 27 5 4 30080 1 712 8508 2286 1208 978 595 1138 7 335 3633 2847 2489 44 2793 143 626 786 230 8 275 283 155 35375 1 2178 10083 3321 1758 384 15 1322 4451 4007 719 188 3982 1 62 1386 282 21 15 1005 194 34116 950 4541 1905 530 621 1648 829 3449 6179 3800 3015 25 1562 2111 8 191 2705 47 25401 429 13524 70 564 522 456 79 4425 2275 373 643 74 343 441 55 1016 112 20592 363 13909 348 360 195 569 1379 918 156 593 267 250 1052 233 23497 75 483 13386 72 176 584 1009 74 135 2099 980 148 2278 258 1 1578 161 35879 1144 17555 139 185 1263 1256 66 440 287 2542 1913 522 3279 109 391 990 144 149 34 3352 119 23549 24 602 7447 218 71 1111 729 152 217 2390 3767 752 2682 801 149 1 2344 92 95 11 1 82 1 - 4148 78 2575 421 176 110 506 2 280 5891 177 3820 530 682 522 108 5 47 4385 153 2033 1 562 271 1099 207 59 971 22 825 49 9 66 1814 176 3 71 927 190 367 5 1 74 4420 95 2 1 172 1069 2212 789 12 68 3953 409 72 73 1715 961 421 302 2816 6 1 630 816 962 256 145 372 - 1227 2 554 297 - 127 134 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. Africa & Mid. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 . Peat is included in coal for all figures.24 .IV.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD/IEA PACIFIC* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 250 1400 1200 200 1000 150 800 600 100 400 50 200 0 0 Coal 400 Oil Gas Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 350 350 300 300 250 250 200 200 150 150 100 100 50 50 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2000 Coal/population Coal/GDP 400 0 2009e 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 2500 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 1800 1600 2000 1400 1500 1200 1000 1000 800 600 500 400 200 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.

15 - 105.70 22.46 16.01 563.75 160.83 420.87 42.1 6.50 2.05 - 140. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.0 1587 .82 9..99 33.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .8 88.93 4.IV.26 - 2..23 159.21 173.05 1184.57 187.6 99.93 30.56 0.4 81. 1772 .65 - 132. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 2507 0.19 202. wind. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.55 478.95 7.0 100.62 175.25 206. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.94 46.71 2.43 1.66 1.73 - 45.36 5.67 14.44 2.91 193.71 169.17 2.45 - 2.90 32.45 (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.55 2.6 109.25 OECD/IEA PACIFIC 1.60 0.55 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.87 - 142. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.5 108.20 1.70 - Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.88 3. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 44.38 0.83 18.61 119.52 1..59 6. 2000 5653 0.04 3.48 5.68 3.59 42.70 523.03 0.2 728 .64 110.16 0.19 187.47 3.83 99.47 190.10 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.7 1820 ..01 100.61 152.22 7. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.44 3. 2008 6500 0.75 1.47 - 4. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 581.22 92.97 204.80 0.6 3.2 79.1 563 .5 .16 0.66 -0.15 91.09 20. Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 3.64 159.08 5.21 197.99 16.80 3.4 1127 .20 62.02 14.0 107.50 209.03 - 901. 2007 6509 0.84 205.01 2.34 60. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.10 1216.16 14.8 97.36 -1.82 1.09 1.39 144.35 2.61 94.49 - 4. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.11 - 128.38 93.62 2.46 65.42 0.33 72. 1990 4739 0..22 0.04 499.68 319.61 11.86 265.9 6. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.53 151..86 - 663.57 0.03 92.46 21.4 101.17 2.07 8.07 1242.66 - 47.26 485.51 - 144.94 0.19 23.34 4.19 201.35 - 1.44 14. Energy supply.15 2.32 144.38 20.69 23.05 93.02 152. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .62 337.34 418. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.46 23.98 46.79 12.59 2.03 -1.77 -1. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.51 1.9 84.56 64. (2) As index.6 6.79 67.32 0. 1980 3172 0.30 13.05 1255.87 6.20 7.69 - 102.19 201.55 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 46.20 2. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ..97 - 138.11 11. 2009e 6276 0.41 128.2 110.2 1846 .01 - 63.1 4.04 15.89 197.82 90.21 120.53 21.13 - 65.1 6.56 12.06 0.24 4.01 0.89 5.17 327.0 100.1 3..88 2.

00 81.33 29.39 7.54 0.35 91.59 28.56 2.85 29.20 -2.95 2.25 6.00 0.03 5.35 0.91 5.58 72.87 49.38 0.59 294.83 14.06 0.13 2.03 133.00 76.00 0.37 0.24 7.11 113.11 Comb.97 3.41 1.88 0.45 2.97 40.42 85.07 0. tide Electricity Heat (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.69 2.91 0.33 173.15 1.04 240.31 442.13 202.20 2.66 2.92 3.04 63.49 70.27 2.80 25.33 2.64 0.19 205.90 5.04 58.88 11.63 0.97 6.84 -15.96 35.87 2.28 229.73 30.15 0.00 78.03 60.28 37.15 49.72 19.95 50.58 43.48 1.96 0.68 3.63 0.08 1.01 112.34 1.43 7.31 0.58 0.03 0.00 111.18 10.45 0.87 105.03 19.00 0. wind.91 196.22 4.84 -6.72 0.61 - Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 83.15 0.04 84.08 240. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 424.73 47.51 69.79 5.68 0.38 3.40 28.24 11.10 0.71 26.68 1.73 0.09 63.22 88.38 0.19 74.10 4.50 1.32 0.50 1.90 -1.87 29.45 0.42 1.06 2.20 2.64 1.22 0.60 49.04 112.24 29.27 24.13 40.98 0.43 0.47 14.17 46.58 4.56 0.85 1.49 0.54 13.02 11.02 0.26 1.15 64.64 -3.62 1. wind.24 0.04 2. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.64 1.32 0.24 65.31 0.57 3.14 109.14 74.28 1.60 26.04 452.28 0.40 0.41 793.27 58.74 14.71 0.83 24.00 - 206.14 200.21 -1.31 57.40 0.36 9.51 0.98 9.08 0.55 0.06 - 0.00 3.80 122.24 57.62 34.15 2.46 37.44 206.00 110.48 0.82 0.04 65.97 22.62 8.26 450.19 105.00 199.95 54.00 1.60 3.16 13.20 1.82 0.61 5.92 57. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 5.62 59.45 25.30 1.21 12.98 1.08 4.80 0.13 Comb.98 202.20 0.37 11.55 14.35 0.51 22.86 13.10 205.19 - 234.55 9.33 80.43 - 173.54 61.28 7.98 2.14 2.12 824.67 2.99 13.53 12.67 51. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.13 201.48 55.20 0.96 50.32 1.99 60.75 1. wind.23 11.26 .26 0.86 4.95 32.39 372.23 57.97 - 111.62 4.97 183.21 2. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 2.81 0.03 79.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD/IEA PACIFIC 4.43 30.01 2.76 1.29 2.64 5. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 1.85 2.29 43.77 10. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.68 0.54 2.00 1.15 615.48 -11.84 0.82 29.47 2.48 -2.00 134.24 9.87 104.67 0.32 12.13 32.17 0.IV.88 29.10 0.69 1.78 1.31 6. tide Electricity Heat of which: Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.42 -0.24 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.57 63.36 470.15 2.10 155.39 198.29 0.04 67.18 101.14 3.16 2. wind.31 0.17 48.10 3.82 0.83 70.25 2.57 109.47 0.19 0.60 53.01 109.52 0.31 0.78 2.52 23.08 0.33 0.14 0.96 Comb.84 5.86 1.47 821.62 38.92 15.46 6.23 4.78 -1.40 -3.32 4.25 91.65 3.21 0.20 0.69 9.46 417.75 0.87 -2.80 0.41 48.04 50.50 100.75 1.25 16.63 0.89 2.52 24.22 0.10 116.03 9.01 157.05 0.14 5.26 3.29 10.26 4.07 12.57 121.98 0.00 4. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .04 51.46 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.32 0.36 11.90 - 1.93 60.37 298.51 17.15 193.28 -3.14 130.29 791.06 12.92 2.33 3.02 6.07 31.04 22.88 1.78 0.38 0.61 1. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.11 0.

6 -18.4 5.9 0.9 14.3 5.2 -254.9 -0.2 26.8 -0.0 327..2 6.6 -7. as well as peat.5 12..3 38.3 0. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).4 -147.9 -4.5 1.6 -26.1 27.. coke oven gas..2 -0.1 -5.0 Statistical difference -2.3 11.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .1 36.0 0.3 60.8 -37. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.4 .3 103. agriculture.2 243.8 -0.6 3..0 16.4 -98. x x Total transformation -75..8 2.0 -1.9 -0.9 -9.5 - -0.3 Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Losses Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.0 -1.0 . .9 -177.7 5.2 -124.4 59. 2.0 10.0 0.8 -6.IV.4 10. . primary (anthracite.1 0. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.4 -202.5 0.1 -2.0 - - -0.5 -0.3 144. transport and other).4 -250. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.5 -9. services Residential Non-energy use 0..0 -0.0 4.6 265.. BKB.2 (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.7 4.0 1. coking coal.4 0.2 1. 3.4 -0.2 1.2 -23.8 - .27 OECD/IEA PACIFIC 5.5 342..8 -200. .2 -36.7 -0. Main activity producers (1) -37.3 3.2 -10.8 197.7 -0.3 - -34.9 Autoproducers Gas works -3.9 0.8 -238.5 -39.1 -0.2 -40.6 8.7 -7..0 319.7 0.6 - Other transformation(3) - - - - - - .4 51.2 11.5 -221.0 1. gas coke. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.5 2.4 -0.4 -259.8 20.5 -0.1 5.5 15.8 -14.1 -45.8 3.2 193.5 .9 54.1 -0.6 24.6 -0.3 -218.1 -163.2 .3 - - . 1.5 -2.6 -37.8 11. .0 -2.0 0. other bituminous coal.9 1.8 -0.6 70.4 -75. ..2 252.1 74.3 x Primary supply 128. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.5 13. coal tar.5 -257.3 61.0 -31.7 5. 2.2 11.6 1.7 2.4 57. .1 -16.5 4.9 -18.1 -2.4 2.2 ..5 -0.9 5.5 -86. .3 -2. peat briquettes and oil shale. coke oven coke...1 Electricity and heat gen.5 1. 2.6 12. -9.0 -6.8 -1. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.5 .3 0.1 -34.9 0.3 2.6 . (2) briquettes.9 -41.8 -0. .1 0. .9 5.8 245.0 -35.6 0.7 170.. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).3 12.0 4..9 8. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 94.6 330.9 0.7 2.8 34.0 11.8 127.7 4.9 1.7 236.1 -199.5 1.7 -0. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm.9 -4.8 -36.9 3..1 1.1 - - 0. . -6.9 0.1 ... (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.8 0.. sub-bituminous coal.7 337. and residential.9 337.7 -6.1 2. own use -3.5 2. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.6 24. .3 -86. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.0 -4. gas works gas.1 1.4 64.8 -11.1 -35.. x x 46.2 -27.1 0.3 0.4 57. and pub. - 4.3 -11.5 4.6 20.5 55.8 -1.0 0. - - Energy ind.5 1. 5. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.5 -8.1 x 3..5 .4 0.9 -1..1 -35.1 -1.8 . . 0..

pulp and print Other industry Res. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .61 0.50 17.16 192.72 -3.10 67.45 16.92 5.69 0.09 0.23 0.25 6.04 -3.20 0.83 30.97 2.95 8.05 - 46.77 67.64 0.07 1.01 0.91 2.76 2.88 208.01 0.00 5.81 1.71 0.08 4.11 12.28 .30 2.23 -3.12 3.00 - 6.22 0.05 2.30 4.05 152.05 - 3.49 - 128.79 4.01 12.56 15.65 5.15 43.16 0.36 18.22 0.28 1.37 2.IV.64 27.02 0.37 1.52 4.17 0.39 0.32 26.23 0.45 0.79 29.93 5.02 16.30 11.57 30.92 - 83.35 4.01 - 267.00 0.31 66.00 6.81 5.90 0.22 0.90 4.95 64.28 0.77 68.11 -5.22 0.71 2. commercial and public services.68 193.86 18.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD/IEA PACIFIC 6.55 1.65 0.63 2.58 - (1) Residential.27 2.92 13.08 - 67.08 4.34 72.41 4. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.18 0.02 0.55 -2.82 77.21 - 30.99 144.30 67.35 3.97 - 82.12 20.25 1.30 13.01 0.92 37.99 2.54 3.04 0.09 - 248.97 11.26 12.69 61.79 61.17 220.81 -11.42 12.02 201.88 2.73 6.63 12.12 0.97 0.89 25.43 66.85 0.25 216.21 0.34 0.01 - 275.80 204. pulp and print Other industry Res.96 1.76 0.02 - 252.01 1.42 0.08 - 67.10 0.23 16.97 4.26 4.27 2.01 204.19 7.48 11.54 12.29 204.02 67.27 0.67 0.30 67.67 10.86 4.12 1.09 13.08 1.10 0.32 5.57 2.80 1.33 - 1.43 0.27 0.00 0.01 - 82.34 1.02 - 81. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. pulp and print Other industry Res.55 66.15 13.66 11.66 5.13 0.29 11.46 31.19 -0.00 0.49 - 2.20 2.27 0.22 11.32 0.02 -20.00 0.49 2.66 1.03 0.95 4.37 0.16 0.06 - 65.34 1.19 17.51 2.07 -1.64 8.17 0.22 5.25 0.41 0.08 68.72 0.04 7.29 0.83 28.69 3.00 0.93 2.03 0.06 - 68.78 1.19 0.81 30.06 0.75 4.33 0.86 8.64 2. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 57. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.02 0.78 0.22 77.50 - 4.87 61.89 11.36 2.14 - 0.90 4.66 61.46 0.30 0.33 6.05 - 72.17 - 67.25 0.84 -6.35 65.25 - 85.33 12.58 1.68 0.24 30.47 -0.88 0.48 4.53 24.20 44.00 0.96 0.18 0.17 - 85.77 0.

.33 245. .. ....33 231. . . .74 118. ...31 171.. .. .. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 59. ..60 165. .12 236. .31 2.71 2..61 . .. .86 39..77 252.. ..08 233... Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas .42 0.. . .97 0.. .. .. . . .. .. .89 1.. . .. . .. coal tar...03 77. Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas .95 74. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.91 237. . ......68 230. for example: coke. . . . .. . ..28 78. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I...COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . . ..34 73.64 59.90 39...18 123. .67 26..72 229... . .. .51 193..IV. ...04 74. . For industry (US dollars / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas .... .. . . ... . coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne....93 1.. .71 0.. ..61 41..60 227.. .... .04 165.33 95..07 249.38 . . . ..94 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal. . . . . .. . . .25 7... . .... ... ... .. .39 250. . .82 110.. .. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . . (2) For steam coal...05 98. .58 228.64 107. ...02 2..73 175.. .96 2.... ..... . ...40 0..83 69. . .. .72 113.28 3. ..89 106.68 231.73 0.40 250. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.. .12 135. .. .. .00 25.. .. . .06 223. .02 118.... . .97 238..93 191..87 55. .. . . ..... .. . . . patent fuels.. . .12 127. . .35 0.. .83 134.. 0. .29 OECD/IEA PACIFIC 7.95 259.. .01 1..47 2. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8..71 150. ..77 70. For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.02 77..13 98. ...79 243.. . . .52 129. . .98 73. ..44 235.. .00 2.. .00 74. . . .51 47. ... ... . .. . .12 5....34 0. briquettes. .73 32.. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas ..29 156. .90 122. . .46 177. .36 126....00 2..84 79. .. .. .. . . for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV. . .. .. . 0...12 258.

Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Hard Coal 55041 110580 130654 173185 214064 260043 276018 284382 268467 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 52885 25299 11304 398 429 10406 11 77367 33741 19321 14729 401 76229 39565 13316 10275 225 76950 39880 13007 7541 298 76656 45398 9389 2841 367 77753 46606 6995 200 329 80745 50896 8637 253 138 81476 50862 8313 1716 201 72878 40329 9348 2380 296 420 2360 2244 14 1211 103 5086 2775 - 2802 153 668 3055 6150 20 5327 52 4629 3437 2741 38 9555 5886 603 2498 27 92 8903 9 10622 25 4038 26 5810 9 10659 134 4203 6 5631 10 11027 48 3589 79 1814 24 16500 2143 31 13 2156 668 105 1 - 33213 19238 2249 1980 14 54425 24852 8170 5751 138 96235 43431 11604 1 7780 319 137408 67166 9944 2396 637 182290 88179 6632 698 663 195273 92844 8684 73 298 202906 100648 8319 1282 426 195589 112286 6015 324 1 513 157 149 563 2427 306 5508 1020 157 314 3504 94 806 7057 3402 150 501 13065 56 8323 6493 3189 1496 478 32680 14185 3448 5497 1012 443 29304 18 43227 51 10429 2886 203 27690 19 48616 584 13393 3025 47 24872 21 50139 710 13513 2745 231 14743 43722 1316 12544 3523 1115 China.30 . Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. People's Rep.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD/IEA PACIFIC 9. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. (2) For years prior to 1990. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. People's Rep. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics.IV.

China. Africa & Mid. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.IV. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . Coking coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 31085 49698 58086 75625 100690 122032 133178 139485 127277 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 29156 374 1173 191 1319 22651 1330 10 992 593 469 54 42003 16 2106 2055 29559 3064 1380 1186 516 2121 - 44087 1054 30 1917 25 1181 28822 4944 725 694 702 912 3081 - 54513 123 1524 2310 204 2752 31291 9039 703 129 896 535 1608 3360 39 74135 122 1833 3739 2619 2914 39861 10358 666 2279 1767 992 46 1451 5488 - 78994 1994 377 3329 1843 2260 45165 7704 1513 7009 1570 1170 1098 3925 37 79781 1923 284 3444 2287 49120 6254 1019 7139 1735 1258 1563 3755 - 85757 2927 304 3056 1618 150 2255 50596 8356 857 6242 2464 1302 1845 3785 - 72067 1572 366 1487 1376 1502 42217 13049 478 3495 620 992 1712 3201 - 1929 164 981 32 675 32 45 - 7695 958 1990 312 2042 595 688 99 192 688 131 13999 1291 2798 323 4895 2256 454 500 560 734 188 20881 3448 3851 459 9831 710 597 850 317 818 - 26345 4988 6273 10773 1554 1371 265 1051 70 34194 3699 7717 225 16122 194 71 499 1774 3289 383 221 42745 3608 8036 498 19534 273 334 2289 2052 3423 396 2302 41163 3983 6392 366 24437 281 410 2016 1057 1720 501 - 48797 4193 2659 142 24279 146 74 1234 612 14788 527 143 - - - 231 210 8844 10652 12565 6413 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .31 OECD/IEA PACIFIC 10. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.

IV. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . China. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. Africa & Mid.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD/IEA PACIFIC 11.32 . Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 5533 39339 45647 62413 87804 111986 112428 115268 136575 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 4809 150 682 458 1489 320 932 778 28917 771 2557 508 591 125 226 15326 5453 2464 455 441 - 37656 129 1149 934 125 133 26569 3633 4236 205 155 29 328 31 49573 1116 1076 276 61 121 366 34556 9662 1562 264 110 44 25 142 192 66577 428 142 434 72 110 284 428 47449 11455 2550 16 1445 83 55 1499 127 87658 278 741 59599 20239 4762 301 82 1069 69 425 93 83378 54 160 1202 129 254 58813 15061 5069 797 85 986 101 600 67 88785 41 684 527 66959 18552 818 187 80 545 253 71 68 96356 151 62577 30142 2176 934 376 - 204 76 128 - 8758 3761 93 577 99 2189 2039 - 7991 158 3046 47 528 33 120 2443 1616 - 12840 5920 695 110 1023 3420 1672 - 21227 10034 2469 2623 1373 1429 3299 - 24328 55 13205 1495 320 826 4072 4355 - 29050 111 16233 744 507 82 671 3229 7473 - 26483 29 18559 661 177 420 1480 5157 - 35248 20302 827 672 9158 1499 2790 520 1664 - - - - - - 4971 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .33 OECD EUROPE* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 3000 120 2500 100 2000 80 1500 60 1000 40 20 500 0 0 Coal 800 Oil Gas Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 700 700 600 600 500 500 400 400 300 300 200 200 100 100 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 4000 Coal/population Coal/GDP 800 0 2009e 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 4500 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 4000 3500 3500 3000 3000 2500 2500 2000 2000 1500 1500 1000 1000 500 500 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other Coal Oil Gas 2008 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Peat is included in coal for all figures. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .IV.

01 2. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.01 121.0 100.86 130.66 1046.34 3.5 4.59 44.24 545.64 10.1 2009e 10330 0.13 7.71 20.0 169.48 -1.75 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 0.96 44.44 905. wind.61 160. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 1964.15 3.65 11.38 473.89 129.73 6.23 -2. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.59 3.15 446.4 97.31 192.80 127.88 Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 141.30 3.52 14.5 88.40 276. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .63 662.82 0.97 607.38 35.08 368.07 4.37 109.71 - 2134.59 344.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD EUROPE 1.92 - 2289.79 89.21 -1.88 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.93 24.36 36.14 -2.56 -0.07 341.85 1.7 103.01 66.91 2.39 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.79 51.45 23.68 45.17 -1. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.25 539.29 2.8 3602 113.51 87..23 4.42 466.51 0.27 -3.90 -3.55 - 0.79 0.4 245.26 116.0 75.24 543.77 2458.30 448.80 326.0 4. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.56 125.4 4.30 123.39 0.98 0.51 137.05 -3.42 -2.99 653.67 92.71 0.54 2609.2 1990 7223 0.05 127.45 924.88 859.98 2.74 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.27 518.9 2000 9065 0.38 54.32 149.34 623.37 -1.90 0.42 0.76 421.30 0.61 116.53 293.47 15.3 4.62 30. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.42 2.30 (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.74 0.58 905.71 559.80 0.37 179. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.29 196.92 848.61 -5.1 .34 . (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.90 1.0 100. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.78 100. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.15 -3.9 2008 10622 0.97 15. (2) As index. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 136.22 -1. Energy supply.76 31.66 61.14 8.53 3.03 2478.89 3.1 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.74 8.46 4.47 10.7 97.83 90.71 -1.44 0.0 2007 10543 0.99 8.55 75.50 0.32 61.73 -2.8 1980 5682 0.4 93.32 496.47 6.97 85.07 0.92 0.24 348.74 96.34 63.77 17.17 -1.78 649.45 147.90 0.49 0.8 1618 60.11 14.21 160.07 433.64 132.46 50.85 0.4 226.48 -1.62 0.87 1.8 3582 114.95 188.00 343.34 93.37 291.9 4.05 0.59 983.8 4.7 101.18 14.95 14.44 4.85 1. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 4812 0. 3421 98.0 3200 100.71 -2.73 11.44 154.49 0.35 98.56 607.68 24.13 -5.1 2632 82. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .3 4.2 2049 68.06 3.45 277.46 294.98 92.95 363.07 1.41 2.90 4.51 590.69 222.41 455.75 630.21 1.71 2.6 81.39 479.69 42.43 398.15 87.91 -4.90 -4.47 439.71 20.01 9.79 5.IV.76 1.65 2602.27 27.14 640.

31 1.89 1831.03 19.36 2.49 165.99 2.68 17.46 20.32 0.33 1.25 0.39 -5.25 11.95 382.78 81.55 18.44 -18.57 1.14 99.12 42. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 1460.52 1.76 24.21 203.87 1.82 2.18 150.33 88.16 0.79 233.60 78.02 1.85 2.55 65.13 7.31 442.77 66.77 0.28 20.44 119.01 209.90 2.43 825.45 10.92 2.33 11.14 9.51 164.00 20.67 8.62 6.25 272.36 75.43 19.93 1.42 -4.56 0.55 2.10 8.86 108.53 1.57 2.30 159.64 173.27 2.83 20.09 428.84 1.26 116.78 -4.85 7.26 1. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.10 400.10 0.93 12.02 24.26 72.00 5.50 802.13 99.06 45.01 Comb.09 1.44 0.01 58.87 23.50 0.41 2.57 13.38 509.72 77.79 0.93 3.76 0.38 31.06 97.11 72.36 0.65 66.60 0. wind.81 214.72 1.71 23.86 10.02 56.80 -0.43 126. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.03 96.18 153.14 0.89 16.11 379.34 2.69 107.33 51.26 0.66 3.29 58.99 1.63 27.69 1.44 0.65 372.85 -0.58 397.56 2.99 3.48 75.14 3.97 93.29 2. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.16 0.88 0.21 806.51 -2.84 5.23 45.80 5.64 93. wind.01 440.47 6.81 377.18 78.93 146.06 123.79 400.18 -0.45 132.11 6.87 465.85 173.06 85.46 497.03 0.38 16.49 13.01 9.50 2.38 0.92 -1.83 22.62 455.01 61.36 1.33 2.85 0.87 157.67 -4.64 0.57 0.71 0.31 0.05 -0.88 1.86 -0.90 376.65 1.89 1.04 0.24 19.66 169.10 215.04 90.45 3.49 105.87 39.15 17.72 2.24 63.35 25.72 488.77 69.11 26.35 0.98 0.28 14.03 81.89 28.71 409.05 0.61 4.08 9.73 0.42 41.10 92.51 1. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.70 -1. tide Electricity Heat 532.05 66.76 237.96 4.87 128.12 54.17 Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.82 -2.41 2.54 50.49 0.93 79.29 111.16 0.64 0.86 40.48 9.55 8.14 139.08 107.42 149.03 53.08 31.23 2.65 0.30 0.90 0.04 0.39 50. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 26.42 138.80 24.57 0.22 297.02 144.63 287.15 449.12 140.20 0.93 49.43 451.20 0.60 0.25 1.41 1543.09 72.14 100.00 32.92 1.41 169.16 64.78 460.99 18.10 1.37 0.96 331.03 31.69 17.00 4.51 0.20 82.27 79.18 11.60 1. wind.67 -1.89 3.58 3.31 1590.49 1.79 3.15 2.76 16.01 7.20 145.76 80.78 177.35 -2.36 39.76 167.67 3.78 -2.62 2.17 115.81 206.21 -3.63 Comb.66 165.53 467.06 0.99 43.16 -3.65 1.58 0.46 824.44 1829.95 8. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.87 81.32 19.22 0.67 Comb.79 2.83 1.21 9.69 1.90 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 248.59 3.87 45.42 0.37 2.86 345.02 35.59 15.IV.63 43.00 428.75 -8.24 110.97 3. wind.85 2.51 5.03 128.59 59.03 176.18 153.25 12.89 366.11 155.96 142.12 1.69 3.90 9.07 81.56 2.93 3.94 27.52 4.12 14.95 16.49 -18.91 63.18 2.47 32.46 1.50 787.01 461. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .83 -1.17 2.45 0.23 0.79 26.04 105.57 290.04 488. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.04 -0.12 7.44 29.96 17.07 136.09 0.31 0.43 2.85 -5.81 68.96 7.73 3.39 0.30 369.67 1857. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 1.23 448.26 0.65 735.36 1739.43 809.45 59.01 123.60 0.01 468.44 90.42 104.23 100. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.32 11.09 246.52 0.17 5.20 148.01 474.76 12.60 153.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .35 OECD EUROPE 4.09 -0.50 38.80 6.90 29.25 0.83 3.28 106.39 48.07 0.79 214.16 64.64 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.29 3.

5 -0.0 -3. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm.7 -0.8 51.3 -303.1 Electricity and heat gen..3 12.6 3. -2.8 42.1 0.3 -0. -2.7 -9.6 . x x 246.8 -5.9 1.9 143. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas). x x Total transformation -341. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.7 -42.2 -30.8 -1. agriculture.6 -5.5 11.3 17.4 79.6 -356. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.5 -6.7 2. . 1.5 20.1 2.. services Residential Non-energy use 9. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.5 -14.1 .6 4.0 -431.5 -7.9 -77.0 -3. .4 -1.0 0..3 -11.2 -37.4 -0.0 -329.5 .6 630..8 -421.4 27.2 126.3 2.9 466. . Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 579. gas coke.3 . .0 0. own use -21.2 -75. . .7 195.0 -0.8 2.0 -33.6 -46.6 257. -18.0 13.7 -59.1 13.2 26.4 -8.8 0.3 -1.1 -28.0 16.6 398.1 .0 -20.8 ..0 24. -1.7 -4.7 -2.1 -7. (2) briquettes.2 .1 -14.5 214.7 -5.6 0.8 -39.3 Autoproducers Gas works -8.8 -0.6 24. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.4 267.5 173..9 -13.8 3.7 -0.0 0.4 168..5 97.8 16.3 -13.5 -351.1 68.1 -10.2 -1.3 -19.4 2. and pub. .2 59.5 -18. coal tar. 1.3 x Primary supply 607.0 23.2 79.9 -6. coke oven gas.9 -17.4 -48.3 -1. and residential.9 0..5 -53.36 . transport and other).1 -0.4 446.2 206.1 -1.6 9.1 -7.2 -1.7 0. -6. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ..2 -21.4 1.3 70..0 0.9 Statistical difference 5.0 -2.5 4.2 -1.9 -305. sub-bituminous coal. gas works gas.4 -10. BKB.4 x -3.4 -1..4 479..4 -38.1 110.9 1.4 241.8 4. -2.6 -18. Main activity producers (1) -279.0 39.8 0.6 88.2 -331. coke oven coke.0 0.0 -2.3 1.9 Other transformation(3) - - - 0. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.2 2. .2 81.2 -385.3 0.9 17.8 9.8 51.8 -50..9 -5.8 -32.4 -386.5 8.8 -49.0 -9.8 608. -1.4 11.4 1. other bituminous coal.7 -3.2 -6.4 -1.7 662.2 -60.6 -0. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).9 49. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel. .8 Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Losses Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.2 -1..6 -37.4 19.9 .3 -1.4 100.0 -4.8 14.6 5.3 -0.7 241...8 66.2 -34.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD EUROPE 5.8 -335.3 -258.2 -322.IV. -3.9 -0.4 2.. peat briquettes and oil shale.5 6.6 105.0 4.1 -27.6 (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.7 3..0 3.0 -33.4 516.8 .1 .0 20.7 -3.8 16. primary (anthracite.0 .6 -1. . ..1 -364.6 1.. as well as peat.. .5 0. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.9 1.1 -10.5 -13. - - Energy ind.9 0.6 -0.8 -1.2 -18.8 -3.4 19.4 .1 -0.4 -2.0 97..7 3.4 7.0 0.1 -7.5 -3.4 3. coking coal.7 305.3 3.0 249.0 .. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.8 -367.4 -0..7 -310.

46 1.01 0.18 2.41 -2.13 0.83 40.41 2.39 -0.47 9.71 -5.73 -2.22 4.63 0.02 441.14 0.52 -1.22 0.71 34.19 -0.52 14.44 13.78 2.26 0.79 13.94 1.87 -3.24 0.56 24.56 - -2.25 5.80 232.24 -1.41 0.69 29.95 0.14 - 92.71 39.41 0.26 -9.45 0.08 359.02 12.22 3.40 3.44 26.32 3.89 359.73 68.81 13.08 3.26 2.34 6.64 9.37 5.06 -7.13 -2.09 1.82 72.61 0.95 -10.75 0.50 0.57 -1.00 8.47 9.26 -3.36 7.84 1.52 8.93 0.44 (1) Residential.20 -0.55 -2.49 16.28 0.02 2.26 0.59 4.58 441.06 9. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.11 0.45 7.01 0.03 0.29 5.94 7.88 6.98 1.84 13.55 7.65 4.03 -5.64 1.45 18.77 12.57 3.25 69.23 0.06 134.01 286.95 2.09 3.24 4.39 0.83 5.78 0.17 10.64 12.70 223.65 0.21 0.26 0.IV.87 -17.25 12.78 1.56 1. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .55 0.88 0.46 0.04 0.63 0.04 27.04 4.40 2.08 37.75 -0.87 0.74 0.19 0.14 7.20 9.85 279.84 -0.95 135.63 39.48 3.52 2.01 0.01 233.23 87.00 0.25 -3.68 7.60 0.86 145.82 0.55 343.20 73.33 6.58 8.04 435.81 0.66 16.73 1. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 360.57 2.91 107.63 28.48 -4.09 415.04 1.15 13.20 -9.27 - 129.22 84.11 7.76 2.47 -2.84 244.68 -4.29 6.35 12.00 0.92 1.31 19.09 3.37 OECD EUROPE 6.10 49.99 0.82 -7.27 -0.56 4.44 4.99 0.52 0.35 6.14 -8.75 1.07 31.80 47.81 -0.49 8.64 1.34 0.01 0.99 3.35 -2.46 0.36 17.34 8.58 398.80 0.22 -0.41 -0.09 2.22 12.23 12.55 0.50 0.67 9.72 1.00 0.07 28.34 0.80 404.41 40.33 6.83 242.04 436.13 13.01 0.96 -8.14 13.02 4.00 8.26 1.08 69.69 404.38 0.02 0.12 7.13 0.07 -5.13 2.95 8.44 108.40 10.95 9.05 1.46 8.37 -4.52 -1.96 24.75 2. commercial and public services.43 4.94 -2.51 398.37 1.16 252.14 -0.05 278.48 7.07 224.91 -2.44 1.26 12.79 235.18 11.24 -15. pulp and print Other industry Res.23 83.97 3.25 0.97 2.21 400.19 273.96 0.11 0.72 2.06 9.88 0.28 409.48 11.14 243.91 2.19 -2.52 394.21 217.57 0.01 -2.87 - 591.47 1.73 -6.58 0.87 0.70 -11.88 436.43 -3.01 0.04 0.91 -5. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.20 -3.21 0.42 203.24 1.49 6.79 462.10 0.72 0.23 81.07 2.34 7.35 6.68 5.33 214.84 17. pulp and print Other industry Res.37 403.24 -2.01 1.15 300.49 57.64 208.08 24.44 1.00 0.59 15.86 1. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.51 9.92 0.02 0.14 6.76 2.17 3.37 10.46 7.50 0.65 -9.23 14.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .83 659.19 0.12 0.18 1.30 2.36 5.29 32.08 0.91 12.40 48.61 0.78 -14.01 1.13 0.06 0.04 449.32 -1. pulp and print Other industry Res.18 9.52 13.49 8.65 0.00 5.26 -6.26 1.70 10.12 3.37 -23.57 0.62 0.72 0.35 13.97 64.84 7.64 8.51 -7.26 410.00 -8.12 14.08 303.75 8.

01 11...18 13. . For industry (US dollars / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas . . .89 0. .02 11.44 52.23 12.. . .02 38..06 6.04 12. .. ... .. .12 12.30 22..11 56. .28 241... .40 168. .. .. .. .67 5. ... ... * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I..25 150..74 0...46 42.94 18..88 39.77 34. . .... ..12 14. .01 0.. .. .98 196. .73 19.37 41.. .28 0.49 4. .. . . . .... .87 0.06 8.. For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. . ..23 75..88 26. 5. . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.03 60.95 30...98 40. ... .... . .. .. .. . .. . . for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV. . .. ... . .49 168..38 5. .. .47 25. ..66 32. . . . .94 93.87 70.54 0.74 0. ..05 8..10 14.. .. . . patent fuels.95 0... .24 1.29 0. .29 56. . .03 175. .40 5. . (2) For steam coal.52 1..08 0..09 0. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas .. . .42 7.. . . .17 117..14 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8.. .. .02 234..10 0.. ...10 12.. .. ..95 49. ...51 20... .56 235. .IV... . briquettes..56 68. .87 21..58 0.... .37 179.01 59.07 0.54 0. .64 59.51 249..74 56.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD EUROPE 7.65 0..82 177. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 97.69 156.. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas . .. .. .. .. .08 51. .90 47..45 27.56 4. .. .52 24. . .46 143. ... . ..78 . .11 ....32 195..19 1. .....76 28.31 0. ... .28 0.. .. ..58 34..43 1....99 1... ..... . coal tar.70 0..77 227.28 227. ... . . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.. .. .53 0.31 213.. .. . . . . . . .87 0.25 46. .. . . for example: coke.. ... .. . ...28 9.05 19.46 160.69 122.00 48.52 248.82 77.65 53. 1. .38 . .. .. .00 19..62 205. . .22 7.13 12. ....56 22.01 8. .. . . .. . .15 33. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne..07 27. .48 1.43 23... Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas .14 7.80 5.. .. . ..

People's Rep. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Hard Coal 92461 142735 159823 160761 196334 258504 261281 252041 219985 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 40078 4497 294 909 10550 6190 79 8745 105 52224 9734 1107 695 5219 5025 87 22793 285 55545 10043 2812 774 3141 2570 65 28433 80 52723 13043 4176 2985 37 6573 21067 369 56071 21757 7072 3388 2 3125 16901 31 55745 22012 7028 4562 3 4053 13440 74 58549 23357 7690 4678 3246 15079 115 59030 21803 6426 4366 2532 18292 183 40616 10775 1953 3791 183 2521 15335 641 206 3005 5498 50 256 1441 5532 1 24 46 158 2419 4979 12 85 214 206 526 22 990 2418 2 140 441 388 2327 26 418 53 - 291 206 65 2331 713 815 40 112 70 154 150 1789 674 1059 488 158 328 494 1903 648 1023 75 799 946 260 1174 1681 198 544 614 52383 2955 816 243 6716 15647 2285 499 980 90511 11160 1435 462 3526 15429 2394 16541 2698 104278 9790 832 327 2124 13084 2423 20504 3548 108038 7478 307 1517 844 15620 713 20460 1776 140263 9416 12 2393 437 18590 593 4724 3664 202759 6476 210 1214 436 14941 195 3379 2670 202732 7717 804 1368 457 10866 203 5541 5164 193011 6431 271 1519 585 8523 399 12918 6623 179369 5026 498 2136 417 6703 1375 11128 5952 21 10814 2863 8544 236 1544 26339 1895 6852 2783 9060 194 26099 6115 1475 5920 2307 11231 2409 32967 7285 687 1831 364 242 1887 22500 8230 42828 15298 891 3081 560 5159 2009 28536 20555 55207 57964 2696 1091 396 4784 2506 31761 17115 48586 60015 2139 1305 174 7011 1812 29820 15471 38425 60424 2687 1340 76 5687 856 33962 12753 30576 61118 1856 636 10 4367 China. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics.39 OECD EUROPE 9. (2) For years prior to 1990. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .IV. People's Rep.

Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.IV. Africa & Mid.40 . Coking coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 35537 25596 19781 18218 9747 8092 7234 6007 6041 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 25095 1283 2383 6331 154 54 4005 804 286 1426 125 122 5126 1826 387 18 89 573 103 15893 1582 1572 2680 241 8 2439 851 134 125 4183 637 254 5 1182 - 11025 1351 858 203 1697 144 3 1017 573 52 3681 649 3 794 - 11983 2 1897 559 871 9 534 634 362 1 1287 3 3 18 10 995 156 896 117 2657 58 310 3 178 421 2 8106 1844 1 214 717 108 1061 1010 4 323 53 538 1570 65 494 100 4 - 7363 1517 4 944 80 208 604 1 94 30 1367 2299 142 73 - 7035 1458 16 1024 8 25 16 580 106 9 1863 1905 25 - 5974 742 125 949 9 23 501 17 1900 1708 - 5683 1332 43 625 474 427 31 5 777 1587 70 10 302 - 2491 15 520 5 1951 3862 861 4 861 2136 4676 1249 100 284 100 1249 1694 6157 790 48 217 5102 1641 143 529 62 2 2 903 729 70 298 361 199 199 32 32 252 13 239 7951 5841 4080 78 - - - 1 106 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD EUROPE 10. China. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.

Africa & Mid. Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 33590 31963 25276 28034 32159 29279 30463 23979 20827 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 25347 275 2633 274 4161 4095 6035 3171 1 540 1530 52 938 167 15 237 21 244 90 74 149 645 23616 1 1001 1373 1378 3454 2461 1975 4042 15 21 1287 1211 107 1282 286 179 79 389 1666 287 1122 - 20776 1 1216 1471 2282 1387 2815 1167 4942 18 793 600 61 3 1341 339 1 186 198 275 864 52 764 - 22159 12 1050 1414 1874 3214 2559 1152 5655 1 374 20 686 307 50 617 311 304 151 404 129 809 11 1054 1 31202 1643 610 864 2382 1228 2415 15884 2 322 7 468 923 164 363 603 117 5 1217 441 172 20 1351 1 29090 2204 482 42 946 745 567 2708 16273 133 330 88 509 155 30 612 417 126 144 667 145 297 17 1389 64 30063 2255 235 32 1377 821 274 1652 17174 172 254 91 541 806 96 1 869 387 291 228 578 203 303 2 1389 32 23744 1930 318 3 937 639 155 2030 11601 76 216 59 491 1577 81 812 358 482 255 556 128 92 101 847 - 20523 1977 201 7 829 307 210 2265 8268 144 51 556 1234 119 1202 238 786 265 541 101 78 77 176 891 - 85 31 54 1636 13 77 3 188 1355 722 10 1 1 16 375 3 316 4982 37 1 4944 923 2 3 16 2 4 896 176 17 1 1 4 2 13 1 137 397 16 1 275 4 16 85 175 5 22 22 40 86 118 20 2 15 1 80 8158 6711 3778 893 34 13 3 60 186 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .41 OECD EUROPE 11. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. China.IV. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.

82 161.62 187.85 174. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.62 39.91 71.64 47.69 75.27 149.65 156.61 125.66 276.52 137.32 127. (3) Bituminous steam coal only.83 33.93 112.18 142.14 104.69 49.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV OECD EUROPE 12.65 82.81 242.16 238.35 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 67.45 45.01 137.22 61.12 45.65 56.97 129.11 92.08 150.50 60. 86.35 81.26 71.60 45.51 90.36 94.24 159.16 245.22 33.74 218.54 61.92 110.47 107.33 40.91 43.71 146.41 114.10 197. Russian Federation starting in 1992.64 98.79 167.75 219.77 86.97 35.27 69.46 158.75 93.45 Steam coal(3) 52.47 126.20 51.06 44.61 61.05 87.19 180.82 86.07 66.71 63.32 139.81 57.81 235.74 141.29 167.31 86.86 126.18 44.34 86.01 58.00 45.91 . shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs.71 84.66 112.02 73.98 67.38 2611.42 102.72 59.20 243.10 118.55 39.20 66.12 109.64 68.18 142.28 552.15 80. US$/tonne) Coking coal (1) 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 65. Coal import values by origin* (average unit value.72 65.92 .56 68.IV..91 219.54 58.04 37.45 133.10 185.29 64.44 57.69 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 52.46 109.05 54.50 73.31 66.41 67.68 83. Prices exclude intra-EU trade. (1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights.08 137. (2) Former Soviet Union until 1991.97 Note: On occasion.29 43.89 113.77 114.99 109.03 113.26 61.02 82.03 63.98 63.00 59.36 52.42 ..45 34.69 45.05 135.33 112.39 160.11 138.75 198.24 35.59 69. 50.40 119.13 84.02 78.65 58.07 138.84 46.07 63.42 43. Prices exclude intra-EU trade.59 78.09 42.76 42.95 61.63 76.04 49.09 61.56 95.24 68.18 81.13 97.30 41.49 47.83 82.03 103.12 99.53 67.78 49. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .27 138. Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights.51 35.06 132.43 52.53 96.22 79.50 108.24 68.14 106.76 223.82 123.50 94. CIF.44 146.88 78.03 52.03 57.07 31.00 65.55 140.

43 IEA TOTAL* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 8000 140 7000 120 6000 100 5000 80 4000 60 3000 40 2000 20 1000 0 0 Coal 1800 Oil Gas Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 1600 1600 1400 1400 1200 1200 1000 1000 800 800 600 600 400 400 200 200 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 12000 Coal/population Coal/GDP 1800 0 2009e 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 14000 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 12000 10000 10000 8000 8000 6000 6000 4000 4000 2000 2000 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other Coal Oil Gas 2008 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . Peat is included in coal for all figures. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .IV.

87 2855.68 226.04 8. 1980 14402 0.91 2.88 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.89 1.11 966.63 207.57 1169.96 8.52 1.87 7127.55 0.31 0.52 0.48 -2. wind.07 33.73 0.29 832.63 11. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.30 302.87 -1.21 1637.52 0.05 303. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.44 .96 227.50 -2. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.9 6.79 206.44 190.66 1538.06 1150. 2007 29601 0.15 615.49 1520.86 - 6222.16 8.50 238.02 842.95 3.39 -0.05 740.73 34.26 2.42 -1.72 7480.87 -1.25 1082.8 5574 . IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.60 3.31 29.66 4.38 246.28 136.73 641.10 1.29 0..48 29.9 127.39 898.16 806.89 207. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.29 2859.46 586.23 1002.02 0.36 -1.44 848.35 -1.62 0.. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.24 0.32 961.64 231.0 100.98 0.03 0.2 10401 .19 153.34 279.33 926.59 2602.3 7440 .52 0.26 1075.2 7.82 1600.07 13.81 12.29 1028.05 -0.44 1442.79 130.55 85.45 845.56 24.61 -0.2 6.05 0.29 993.0 9410 .26 1716. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.59 7584..86 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1.08 2.76 259.8 88.45 8.29 -1.57 157. 2009e 29045 0.3 91.19 614.50 0.32 31.25 1088.47 110.1 6. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries ..09 14.36 265.84 7.05 307.20 213..12 10.05 89.12 1. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 288.08 7265.15 2.85 1.15 1083.41 1196.IV.44 1261.66 0.36 -3.67 3. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.77 140.68 2758.8 157. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.67 279.02 1247. Energy supply.8 .16 -0.40 2.26 -1.39 890.31 109.58 316.62 249.19 4.41 29.6 81.25 1. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.83 621.0 100. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 11962 0.49 0.83 7..16 2745. 2008 29722 0.61 8.06 1375.52 154.39 1745.27 1736.26 2.07 0.07 1166.13 -0.93 217.66 1600.36 256.19 2668.90 -0.4 97. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 5243.2 101.63 0.9 6.33 114.45 2527.51 962.88 - Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.72 - 1.94 1.40 666.38 150.30 1.6 10382 .41 0.43 9.28 0.27 0.01 1025.10 828.07 100. 2000 25334 0.29 3. (2) As index.01 145.73 230.04 70.8 165.74 - 5649.60 5.01 197.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IEA TOTAL 1.9 7.08 24.1 95. 1990 19563 0.61 842.03 699. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.90 30.88 Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 293. Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.38 -2.01 1.74 2.6 4415 .91 87..98 (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.05 1011.87 13.29 0.85 6.49 2. 9960 .25 316.8 6.94 2.24 2.7 95.24 14.68 233.18 152..9 100.76 1202.

45 0.50 195.51 19.89 347.24 104. wind.01 1210.33 4.73 5.48 0.53 206.65 2220.18 371. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.33 0.70 -17.98 2.77 42.18 1.32 1.70 64.65 0.77 793.36 -2.81 29.35 2.64 63.39 1086.18 2.01 10. tide Electricity Heat of which: Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.07 405.00 8.84 -1.73 1682.95 1666.52 5.27 315.68 23.93 197.03 5205.79 7.21 2564.86 2181.54 255.70 Comb. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.34 3.11 291.22 0.47 -1.78 115.51 3.02 21.81 0.65 1.30 48.72 3.10 10. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 1.38 416.34 24.37 16.56 -1.56 1.95 349.35 993.99 0.00 12.90 1.05 1133.91 119.11 0.10 327.26 10.17 -2.24 -0.17 1.40 0.25 346.75 8.01 307.55 6.19 63.92 0.99 2525.46 0.37 0.90 0.03 0.10 0.80 387.55 6.64 2.51 83.78 1109.51 219.75 511.99 -0.02 0.54 218.07 131.19 169.88 536.81 500.56 1.16 2.99 300.18 2.07 1.14 1604. wind.27 399.32 1042.48 -1.92 0.42 -1.74 1213.19 4.77 31.68 1.00 7.12 -0.91 3.00 191.68 167.73 1169. wind.48 5007.51 166.48 63.59 26.02 3.33 346.86 2463.33 278.61 0.79 3.44 3.87 66.50 18.38 1.10 109.34 196.14 10.IV.83 494.14 1599.70 -3.21 84.74 225.27 1.49 3.90 371.68 4.69 988.45 IEA TOTAL 4.78 15.64 1043.57 21.61 347.13 -0.47 3.40 -2.04 175.91 11.12 367.98 6.60 102.40 39.97 339.72 0.13 1343.90 2.54 3.06 2600.36 0.89 50.84 0.38 1030.52 1307.62 19.17 338.05 5.10 -1.08 29.60 968.76 12.78 -4.93 13.13 43.14 Comb.52 0.98 0.28 1079.88 26.78 45.30 186.93 97.74 0.04 769.78 137.02 2.98 494.66 21.56 0.65 386.09 204.70 5.91 4.47 24.07 1109.71 285.27 3. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.31 26.69 0.05 33.40 13.43 22.87 209.91 822.41 0.59 4089.88 0.65 128.06 0.48 349.51 768.40 0.04 35.34 185.14 97.67 160. tide Electricity Heat (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.09 5.24 98.57 4.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .14 378.14 223.97 0.65 3.18 365.63 38.36 113.64 439.15 1537.27 223.78 505.02 3.00 1.37 58.41 144.30 929.19 1.61 965.82 11.40 1.96 377.65 202.39 0.11 17.29 3.13 0.43 104.21 311.67 462.14 196.18 349.59 4.07 32.00 0.37 26.55 x 1.60 5190.40 822.03 538.30 454.23 1.35 6.43 153.38 405.01 173.77 726.32 114.00 5.82 -0.82 1.25 253.28 1.04 574.05 2.31 0.02 5.25 0.00 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.14 1522.88 4279.66 173.17 15.63 4.85 26.70 0.94 3.24 170.71 3.06 1.62 15.66 28.40 612.99 -2.76 1.61 36.95 2.91 261.91 238.68 1571.50 29.23 144.69 4.79 -6.21 340.38 4.27 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 971. wind.53 664.10 14.89 197.77 4.34 1.55 46. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 3949.71 1035.35 -3.55 10.82 -1.36 24.98 1004. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.98 Comb.17 68.27 96.14 211.32 22.28 -5.03 5110.37 22.13 226. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.10 0.04 24.68 1247.55 306.12 8.04 67.05 4.87 0.26 149.19 38.98 19.18 1.16 95.60 4.16 89.94 166.95 187.54 5.12 5.18 94.32 31.11 3.67 361.70 54.65 1.40 1254.09 1.97 954.48 2179.07 457.95 189.56 1626.73 4. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 31.18 347.42 299.42 353.02 -5.25 -0.59 774.61 5.01 673.18 364.42 352.67 0.80 13.22 1292.13 2.54 122.18 1.69 1.66 132.19 0.41 2.85 100.56 2.01 688. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .78 0.42 386.45 57.77 0.63 0.55 15.69 85.

-1.7 -26.5 541.1 0.6 -52.0 -1000.0 0. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).4 -0..0 -2.2 3.9 Electricity and heat gen.7 -3.9 -1. .0 - Other transformation(3) - - - 0.7 . Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.5 327.7 -17. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 1166.6 -0. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.8 1380.3 2.6 103.8 -42..8 -0. primary (anthracite.0 -38.0 -308.1 -0.2 -1241. (2) briquettes.. .2 1375.7 -37. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.3 11.5 -21..7 -67. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm.0 -19. 2.1 1516.4 3.4 1.4 -44.9 .0 -20.4 -0.3 -3.5 4..2 225.1 0.7 57..3 24.8 4.8 173.7 -2.5 1381.9 22.7 32.3 Statistical difference 21. - - Energy ind. and pub.6 -3. coking coal.0 .4 -2.6 5.5 -14.5 3..6 3.8 8.6 -0.9 197. agriculture.8 -76.7 -0. x x Total transformation -780. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .2 35.2 169.8 470.IV.7 -1344..5 30. own use -33.4 -5. -1.2 1520.0 1. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways. . x x 405.7 20.5 Autoproducers Gas works -12.3 -1404.0 -1173. BKB.4 .3 1600.5 x -0.5 -158.4 -0.9 16.2 24.3 19. coal tar.6 0.2 -386.6 -91. 3.5 28.3 4.2 -3.2 166.2 189. -1.1 -99.7 .6 -1068.5 2.1 2.0 253.0 -1284.3 4....5 98.0 -7.1 1. other bituminous coal. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.2 -77.0 -79. .2 -74.4 0.8 -1.1 312..3 -1...2 137.2 17.1 -42.7 -1370.0 .3 -19.3 95.8 -116.7 -974.9 63.6 223. coke oven gas. . Main activity producers (1) -638. gas works gas..7 -20.0 18.4 -13.9 -0.4 .8 4.3 -6.7 25. -0.9 425.7 x Primary supply 1202. .4 -1196.7 31.0 0. .1 235.7 -21.4 -1278.8 -2.6 5.2 -20.9 2.5 2.3 -1249. .2 .3 24.0 1. gas coke.2 -2.4 .7 -21.9 -367.1 80.4 0.3 -63.7 1442..1 Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Losses Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. . coke oven coke.46 .2 -286.2 .3 -1.4 1538..3 3.2 -93.6 1.8 26.0 1458.1 . -1.3 16.6 -1.8 -785.4 -80. peat briquettes and oil shale.5 -2..8 0.9 26..0 10.7 58.0 1470. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas). services Residential Non-energy use 10.7 -2.9 22.1 11.2 -10.4 -4..4 20.0 196. .0 57.3 -129.4 0.6 1.6 352.5 -2.0 62.2 -3..COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IEA TOTAL 5. sub-bituminous coal.1 1. and residential.2 -6.3 1364. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.2 -70.9 1637. transport and other).8 -1322.0 41.2 11.1 32.8 -26.9 7. -3.3 .3 -24.9 -82.9 541.3 83.0 -214.2 -3.6 -6.6 130. -2.1 0..5 11.0 -8..1 -848. .9 21.1 -1.1 -1.7 153.0 .5 -0..2 -4. as well as peat.6 16.2 -1.4 -12.0 0.8 -617.6 (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.3 3.4 6. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.4 -5. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.9 -361.3 121. . -17.

51 -11.09 3.73 160.70 10.26 0.67 624.75 2.51 29.60 5.60 -4.98 -4.12 0.00 2.19 0.65 2.66 4.87 6.01 1.40 51.33 1363.69 2.36 5.11 1.39 28.39 10.16 19.59 13.96 410.28 10.53 30.11 -8.08 2.84 11.93 1186.49 15.22 3. pulp and print Other industry Res.57 13.32 3.72 13.83 92.22 193.80 31.34 0.05 137.25 2.40 10.26 160.26 -0.01 0.24 0.18 6.91 1486.76 0.78 1217.26 0.84 1212.23 193.16 22.39 1.11 8.19 6.24 7.10 0.98 1329.62 10.28 - 252.19 0.29 130.83 575.24 1228.33 23.23 14.71 0.93 -8.81 156.55 41.69 11.56 0.91 225.67 -1.16 624.15 568.46 -3.12 7.23 -0.29 12.01 -3.87 25.16 7.27 1204.73 0.83 815.62 0.27 609.11 25.11 0.97 3.57 0.12 0.71 0.91 6.09 -1.95 22. commercial and public services.08 1203.63 0.78 1.97 1304. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.50 563.40 2.14 6.12 14.67 49.63 -11.48 -0.18 1.95 271.23 189.98 14. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.04 622.93 8.27 13.14 1.37 6.34 1483.49 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 913.61 585.18 30.13 1.78 -1.01 0.21 2.49 36.04 1.37 159.09 580.38 0.30 9.32 -1.37 28.68 0.77 2.47 28.05 -1.26 2.75 2.70 31.68 -15.84 0.09 -0.20 631.71 95.96 9.35 15.21 93.63 11.68 1490.92 4. pulp and print Other industry Res.39 0.IV.65 -1.32 3.50 32.88 6.44 577.73 1.47 2.73 0.64 0.97 39.32 3.41 119.98 26.98 2.75 0.41 -1.00 0.56 1.09 -11.98 1.50 6.47 IEA TOTAL 6.23 0.12 13.35 0.10 10.78 -0.11 0.01 12.26 -9.48 11.07 2.52 8.33 34.49 5.18 17.86 2.82 9.88 73.01 0.21 615.22 -1.80 15.69 100.12 581.02 15.00 0.80 1.92 19.68 -4.12 (1) Residential.13 -2.75 8.83 5.64 0.24 9.09 13.11 25.83 31.99 -1.75 7.84 5.10 -8.50 8.61 1242.23 0.36 0.24 0.20 9.65 4.95 1231.60 1195. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.28 12.25 -1.37 0.24 18.64 7.79 31.53 - -1.51 13.19 0.05 2.06 25.07 0.82 7.91 -2.95 2.41 9.65 0.18 587.86 10.28 0.25 12.18 0.66 96.13 33. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.71 571.22 0.53 1006.34 10.88 9.97 2.94 0.47 -5.30 -7.64 701.55 -23.48 11.01 -2.05 3.95 572.06 11.62 2.94 9.33 0.64 0.32 9.00 102.45 6.08 0.01 0.92 -1.62 1.95 10.47 42.65 -5.86 13.32 -0.15 0.23 197.02 -6.72 -1.05 18.85 0.62 110.81 122.09 2.05 1.01 8.17 1.34 8.24 288.88 8.45 19.16 9.99 1.91 17.40 0.30 21.23 0.29 12.57 10.51 0.38 0.08 14.08 3.38 957.20 170.08 0.41 -1.52 1512.03 17.31 17.55 18.44 0.17 3.73 -3.30 14.41 57.12 -15.91 0.37 651.47 427.38 8.52 -1.33 6.10 0.87 7.58 9.13 0.82 27.80 0.89 31.07 35.21 99.46 9.93 -3.62 0.99 12.58 -1.16 - 204.17 3. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .55 4.53 0.31 17.99 9.01 580.14 -8.02 33.12 26.68 - 666.03 0.41 6.25 0.00 11.37 10. pulp and print Other industry Res.22 49.13 7.36 -1.70 25.23 12.73 7.

...... .40 200.02 14. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV. . Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas .33 7. .67 131. .93 0. .72 386. .... Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas ...06 12. . .. .78 ..17 4. .. ..80 499.60 171..18 293. 5.10 20. ..95 4. . .87 1. ..40 325. ..48 508. . . .. . ... . .54 264... .. patent fuels..24 176.62 131.15 308. .99 5..53 345.. ... .. . . Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 173...97 399.50 148. ..14 355. . . ... . ..73 20..66 152. . . . .30 370.. . . .40 312.. .23 19.. .78 342. . .48 .88 1. . Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas ..22 103.46 214....74 0. For industry (US dollars / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas . ....46 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal.01 294.. .10 13.27 162.. .05 12.. ... . For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. . ...83 0.44 .74 0..10 0.73 344. .. .57 0... . .87 1.. . ..10 0. ...00 286.. coal tar.19 140. . . .. ...40 135.90 516..12 19. ...76 361. .08 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. . . . .. . . .. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . .44 25.81 424.28 345..01 10.52 6.61 179.. . .67 372.83 187..94 161..84 136. . . . ..79 113. . briquettes. .53 169...... .92 541.03 1.22 9..35 338. .02 0... .30 23... ... ..... . ....94 457. . .13 18.12 17. ... . ...26 124... .. for example: coke.. .23 514.50 144.. . . .. .18 18.34 4.72 4.33 0. . .91 62.74 175. .38 541.... . . .27 375. ...08 0.. ..06 3. . .... .32 0..05 475..14 0.04 15.. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.65 1. .56 157.... . . .. . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. .67 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IEA TOTAL 7.. ...... .36 372. .00 23.90 83.05 0. . ..79 141.10 0..89 124. .IV. .... 1. .. . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8. (2) For steam coal..75 235.70 186. .44 263. .49 328.02 208..23 470. .83 158. . . .. ... ..01 13.80 532. .69 142.24 5..02 132. .. .18 158. . .... ..53 5. .96 367. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I..

People's Rep. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. (2) For years prior to 1990.49 IEA TOTAL 9. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. People's Rep.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .IV. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) Hard Coal Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 164431 269596 307030 350149 440358 566998 580425 578320 516975 98417 29796 11598 909 10948 6619 79 24605 116 135759 43471 20428 695 5219 5025 71 43710 686 136252 49608 16128 774 3141 2570 52 43199 305 133795 52923 17183 2985 37 6573 32737 660 138556 67155 17972 3388 2 3118 24038 391 139265 68690 15484 4562 3 4053 17773 384 144101 74253 17796 4678 3246 18654 275 145322 72665 16319 4366 2532 23244 384 116603 51104 12263 3791 183 2521 19862 937 420 2566 5249 5512 1211 50 103 5342 4216 5532 2803 177 714 3213 8569 4999 5339 137 4843 3643 3267 22 990 2456 9557 140 6327 991 4825 26 454 80 92 9194 222 10622 90 6369 713 815 40 251 5880 163 10659 284 5992 668 1059 494 5789 338 11027 542 5492 648 1023 75 878 2760 284 16500 1174 3824 198 544 31 627 66014 4556 970 243 6716 16292 2285 9296 980 133837 30433 4051 462 3523 15429 2394 26870 2716 170778 34664 9885 327 2124 13084 2428 35842 3686 216354 51101 13108 1517 845 15609 713 33298 2124 301802 76734 10111 2393 431 18590 589 21162 4288 427733 94805 7130 1214 436 14922 178 12614 3377 436324 100621 9697 1368 389 10863 197 10736 5484 432998 107214 8730 1519 585 8523 404 20236 6991 400372 117450 6605 2136 417 6703 1575 15879 5902 534 11967 3012 9163 2663 2081 306 32671 2915 157 7166 6287 10450 1000 33156 9517 1752 150 6426 15372 14281 11656 39460 10474 687 3506 1860 743 34740 29418 23066 46337 20821 891 4985 1572 5674 31368 53664 66637 55514 69545 2696 5343 3282 5008 30242 57118 69054 49170 73809 2237 5036 3199 7104 26725 55122 68670 39135 74163 2741 3501 2821 5918 15607 51248 58366 31892 73819 1915 1843 3533 5482 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.50 .IV. Coking coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) Total Exports Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. China. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 107072 152492 162286 169662 168603 180273 196284 210734 188525 90281 1283 3860 5410 8972 714 245 8393 43380 2503 286 10 3347 193 387 5126 3257 840 18 498 1402 157 123513 1582 5031 6360 8609 950 7 13 62 10228 59198 7014 498 5206 232 369 4183 4283 1564 5 2232 5777 110 122399 1351 7450 4018 50 330 8494 877 28 3 8734 55410 7852 3 5273 99 805 3681 4499 1568 3 2869 8230 772 127906 125 1897 5890 4039 871 9 1249 6177 999 1 1287 39 3 7824 53979 15654 10 517 5766 239 896 434 2657 3267 2006 3 3681 7612 775 127377 122 1844 4551 3501 214 1005 6629 4891 1075 48 4 7381 52798 15305 1406 4745 95 538 198 1570 4163 2128 46 3954 8626 540 124623 1547 3594 4134 944 1172 5061 4658 674 19 1 6507 52688 12277 2125 9336 1367 2353 3109 1596 3357 6606 1498 128451 1583 3363 3299 1024 8 719 5645 2805 580 30 6595 57550 11482 1565 10034 19 2264 2820 3323 1741 3826 6708 1468 139664 1036 4702 3266 949 219 965 5530 4100 276 675 50 68 5945 60460 14398 2192 9929 78 3452 2584 3870 1825 257 4503 6770 1565 115011 1612 3444 2168 650 73 755 4019 3836 62 46 3874 49491 19052 1171 6983 36 1666 219 1748 2122 1426 137 4140 5333 948 8840 2121 1186 218 232 1348 521 951 69 2194 23138 7958 2772 769 2080 1646 1564 1829 192 1041 3287 30609 8867 3155 1009 5179 50 3915 1068 2621 860 963 2922 41063 11064 5451 1672 9831 127 2455 947 1517 317 1366 6316 37791 10695 7713 1211 10795 56 505 1825 1869 265 1051 1806 46195 9288 8937 1392 17081 194 146 881 2513 3500 437 1826 57181 10870 9270 1951 20334 273 543 2789 2704 3563 496 4388 58504 10869 7595 1736 25876 281 1998 2664 1992 2198 682 2613 66181 11842 2736 835 26148 146 368 1687 1313 19296 687 1123 7951 5841 9278 693 3435 9455 10652 12566 7333 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Africa & Mid.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IEA TOTAL 10. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . China.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 49931 105530 113416 128950 146885 163965 170800 179206 183901 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 40497 275 2660 8782 274 4620 4095 6755 4157 1 540 1552 1732 356 52 1285 167 15 237 21 244 90 79 1081 1427 82613 2 1001 2856 8508 1378 8297 3669 3461 5228 1278 28 1622 5070 18173 7942 107 44 6539 429 805 79 1630 1896 295 275 1846 155 93807 2 1216 3778 10083 2282 5857 2815 3859 5451 33 2248 5051 30637 4352 3 188 9559 1 401 1 1572 198 762 1040 81 15 2097 225 105848 12 1050 3480 4541 1874 6195 3089 2049 7364 1 374 20 1636 4122 40735 13462 50 5194 336 304 1977 404 2350 861 11 216 3901 240 123176 1643 1467 13524 864 2594 1228 3413 16478 112 322 7 1208 1430 51874 13730 164 373 3556 16 677 117 348 1217 2327 255 20 110 3866 236 137337 2204 845 13951 946 1371 927 3644 16842 133 330 88 509 155 60978 21157 30 4918 1506 82 417 126 411 667 1464 366 17 2866 387 136930 2330 772 13418 1377 1053 450 3438 18312 172 254 91 869 941 60912 16041 96 5218 3944 85 387 291 486 578 1189 404 2 1 3567 252 148408 1930 1503 17558 937 778 340 3977 12857 142 216 59 1458 1864 69501 20465 81 1340 4278 80 358 591 646 556 1663 489 250 34 4270 187 140428 24 1977 803 7454 829 676 281 3376 8997 152 144 51 556 1451 64967 33909 119 2928 4818 238 786 1066 541 250 78 77 177 3611 92 384 11 76 32 82 129 54 14542 91 6336 93 998 253 212 2695 2229 1635 14604 345 6866 1 48 1058 49 1057 642 2554 1621 363 22207 190 7953 1 1 1257 381 1099 1230 3420 1672 5003 23121 22 10034 2 2469 2623 828 1438 1440 3303 962 26318 231 13208 17 1567 321 931 192 1206 4077 4357 211 33867 206 16235 16 746 679 1151 2487 1464 3241 7489 153 30611 443 18559 22 733 177 73 1737 1421 1901 5157 388 38182 6 20302 20 828 672 2 645 816 10121 1755 3015 9050 8375 5005 895 588 310 3 187 5291 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. Africa & Mid. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.51 IEA TOTAL 11.IV.

IV. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 . Peat is included in coal for all figures.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IEA NORTH AMERICA* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 4000 160 3500 140 3000 120 2500 100 2000 80 1500 60 40 1000 20 500 0 0 Coal 1000 Oil Gas Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 900 800 800 700 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 600 600 500 500 400 400 300 300 200 200 100 100 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 6000 Coal/population Coal/GDP 900 700 2009e 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 7000 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 6000 5000 5000 4000 4000 3000 3000 2000 2000 1000 1000 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.52 .

48 59.74 -0.43 939.97 9.54 877.0 100.19 -1.1 85.92 11.92 679.14 0.46 681. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.14 100. 1980 5554 0.16 1281.45 845.71 954.25 788.73 39.64 830. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.56 817.93 0.1 132.80 12.3 134.19 -1.20 - 3606.07 51..53 IEA NORTH AMERICA 1.35 -0.67 342.7 107.31 -0.86 0.75 0. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 4647 0.31 1431.98 - 75.48 890.89 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.2 11.83 11.92 888.51 252.42 0.44 743.78 85.55 1368.43 -0.82 807. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 106.46 -6.55 6. 2009e 12450 0.46 0.98 466.00 -0.5 111.94 132.19 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 105.69 1.14 887..57 - 69.73 - 1.28 341.40 277.07 -0.25 567. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.98 1.75 255.51 - 79.21 56.42 18.11 6.98 487. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .67 30.58 234.89 1. wind.52 3.27 11.51 - 131.64 -2..96 65.15 81.01 23.78 1.70 - Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.09 75.70 7.36 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.57 -1.4 11.04 54.21 - 3726.50 346..9 76. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.4 87..19 88.86 2.57 - 82.80 1264.2 91..66 2.37 651.03 - 2853.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .17 - 79.30 324.6 ..69 2.57 -0.21 3.71 78.78 -0.0 4631 .40 110.33 112.51 704.01 56.0 92. 2008 12613 0.10 3. 2000 10624 0.7 4995 .37 - 132.72 0.19 1354.82 692. 1990 7608 0.88 7.IV.21 12.9 2801 .30 - 120.30 334.28 76.41 346. 2007 12560 0..96 44.77 113.01 0.31 121.29 337.92 117.70 3.34 313.06 - 3033.01 20.14 87.92 770.64 11.89 78.87 598.98 505.53 12.78 1.90 - 1.07 107.52 1269.72 1.31 151.06 - 3460. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .23 100.28 1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.52 100.20 -0. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.85 -2. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.09 -0.71 -0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.53 - 123. (2) As index.01 1.96 - 69.94 2.07 -2.04 - 3643.1 10.31 - -2.15 54.26 64.93 746. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 2698.7 11.40 70. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.15 18.87 -0.78 421.72 - 64.02 0.9 10. 4784 .1 11.0 108.40 132.18 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 0. Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.11 1190.32 885.88 - -1.0 4966 .0 3685 .35 103.30 - 1.4 2236 .0 100. Energy supply.78 737.47 52.5 119.9 10.51 171.22 724.45 138.84 - 85.

83 184.92 1074.63 1314.56 46.28 0.13 2.00 258.29 1.28 342.57 229.25 0.75 1.43 2492.66 928.53 1.73 0.42 1098.70 0.52 232.13 506.23 -0.35 74.97 107.04 -2.51 28.78 45.66 2. tide Electricity Heat 627.22 230.47 -5.86 1.19 32.73 77.40 239.04 102.57 -4.28 286.03 0.52 181.05 119.63 69.82 2.87 78.16 0.38 3.14 - 2.73 3.20 506.63 52.41 758.32 1.69 2.00 1.62 195.82 0.20 539.35 108.25 882.58 3.78 2.35 231.63 0.01 3. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.04 39.84 16.47 0.64 0.27 32.65 24.39 24.40 494.97 Comb.82 1.50 17.10 421.16 137.10 0.68 0.53 5.30 0.82 11.50 29.92 74.34 59. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 59.37 18.19 57.13 -0.21 258.30 0.51 32.61 56.29 -19.02 -1.33 12.27 211. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.56 -1.11 18.32 162.10 -0.20 1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.41 0.09 0.46 404.16 165.64 123.34 0.50 1326.61 72.56 3.16 49.02 -2. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.42 21.43 32.10 1.68 1.77 0.06 163.74 2.86 2.74 1.85 56.06 0. wind.61 930.59 0.57 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.45 0.46 1.95 3.38 2.36 13.49 1.83 880.33 2552.89 189. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .98 0.48 114.28 0.11 8.03 0.IV.55 8.49 239.78 144.19 Comb.81 1098.59 247.91 341.84 1.81 1.57 0.15 1.66 348.79 1.23 47.57 53.33 116.62 64.79 50.04 162.74 2.08 191.06 127.96 1.35 0.17 137. wind.70 -0.31 -2.62 62.03 137.86 590.89 164.15 914.89 531.29 1.39 2.14 2094.79 51.80 96.38 216.07 26.27 158.57 4.95 50.72 543.94 0.22 178.98 2479.18 614.20 27.28 7.28 2.88 0.76 3.48 972. wind.96 532.52 0.33 -1.91 181.05 35.18 - 77.37 -1.02 1244.94 0.02 2.17 0.66 1.31 2.82 -1.00 336.96 45.52 -2. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.73 4.37 -1.62 9.98 15.25 11.31 27.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IEA NORTH AMERICA 4.56 199. wind.24 270.18 135.96 189.09 0.47 170.94 1.21 47.92 3.07 18.57 0.29 0.00 324.45 940.78 558.48 374.29 252.18 137.14 624.55 236.12 731.46 429.29 7.88 224.36 1.48 1.06 489.06 670.53 183.32 2.04 5.30 129.45 36. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.77 120.84 98.03 0.33 -4.56 1248.56 62.05 0.07 1.10 83.42 88.92 375.79 86.58 -1.13 1.14 499. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 2.87 21.06 37.66 Comb.22 185.73 98.84 646.43 472.95 50.52 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 639.47 166.54 .58 118.76 533.65 94.01 1.44 0.40 11. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 2066.76 -0.90 553.63 4.48 314.70 2514.34 1.01 -4.27 2.83 0.81 0.73 -0.11 506. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.58 4.05 21.03 2.06 1.50 175.47 2075.67 -3.77 23.29 170.18 158.09 980.91 183.74 59.95 1.90 11.39 17.84 1.28 -1.83 518.07 30.01 0.02 18.75 26.24 48.19 44.97 5.30 189.83 9.98 1.68 107.50 427.26 99.58 92.58 112.67 1.71 -2.44 5.95 0.70 42.76 88.14 0.41 1.66 1.97 92.35 0.65 -1.83 Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.

.7 11.7 . BKB..8 -12.6 2.1 11.6 47.2 -3.6 -2.4 0.3 -5.8 (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.0 -0.6 -735. .6 52. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 492.7 10.9 2.. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.5 2.0 -1..6 -27. -4.3 6.4 - 0.7 -763. gas works gas.6 20.5 x Primary supply 466.7 22.7 875. - - Energy ind.2 9. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.6 9.. - 5.0 4.1 5. and residential.7 46. .9 -1.4 -4.7 -10..3 7.6 -74. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.8 6. -1.9 -13.0 Autoproducers Gas works -0..9 -5.4 -9.1 74. primary (anthracite. -1.9 Statistical difference 18.7 - -438. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).5 0.5 -9.2 - - - - - .5 - -7.5 7.9 92. x x 112.4 0.2 2.7 - -17. .7 816. .5 - - - - - - .4 83.5 11.7 -2.1 - . . ..COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .8 -19.4 3.3 7.. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm.9 861.6 -1.6 830.4 13.5 0.2 1.2 5.2 1.4 10.7 3.1 -3.9 6..3 -740.3 -4.6 -4.1 - -1. peat briquettes and oil shale.2 .0 13.9 16. 3.0 .4 3.5 2.1 -747.3 4..3 1.3 .4 69. x x Total transformation -363.9 5. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.8 - Other transformation(3) - - - - - - .8 9.6 50.1 807.8 3..6 -3.6 49. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.8 -8.0 -776... other bituminous coal.7 -2.0 .8 -5.8 11.3 817. agriculture...9 51.0 -4. . 26.2 724.2 567. coking coal.6 12.9 -9. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.5 2.9 10.9 -20.4 -9.1 -2.7 -321.4 -5.0 2.8 -82.1 -41.2 10.5 1. coke oven gas. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.3 -2.2 -18.5 2.9 -2.9 4.7 .IV.2 3. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.2 -96.1 x 0. transport and other).9 -2.4 -466.4 12. coal tar. .8 -1. -2.9 -97.7 -75. services Residential Non-energy use 0.7 .9 7.0 .7 -438.8 -1. .5 48.5 669.4 0.7 -127.1 35.3 -5..9 - -28. as well as peat.0 -753.8 86..0 -595. and pub.1 46. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .7 -13.3 37.5 Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Losses Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.1 - -2.2 -1..0 0. gas coke. own use -8.0 -55. 3.4 828.7 -0..8 -617.6 -12.2 0.5 2. -8.5 -2.2 -739. (2) briquettes.4 1.1 0.5 -6.8 -589.7 -4..1 -3.5 .2 -756.0 -1..6 - 1...8 -13.8 28. sub-bituminous coal.8 692. .7 -5.55 IEA NORTH AMERICA 5.9 16. - - 20. Main activity producers (1) -321. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.5 -26.8 - -18.6 2.8 -25.5 45.0 -8. .2 1..8 33. .2 9.2 12. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).6 -756.2 16.1 Electricity and heat gen. coke oven coke.3 -17.8 796.

26 4.34 11.18 110.92 75.33 948.00 0.01 5.62 127.60 0.90 - 1.28 835.19 -0.85 776.06 5.19 - 113.08 0.25 0.88 7.45 886.47 12.72 7.IV.39 0.45 4.09 9.62 -2.73 - 25.75 -2.90 109.29 40.04 3.29 0.84 10.12 -5.62 1.70 -5.27 - 30.01 0.95 0.18 5.77 -4.08 0.30 2.51 4.83 39.14 115.24 0.58 - 715.54 0.66 71.65 11.53 3.81 22.53 937.70 2.71 14.48 7.47 7.73 10.12 -4.24 -6.96 10.82 12.09 114.79 1.21 851.17 2.05 -16.10 3.67 1. pulp and print Other industry Res.01 46.66 891.09 0.94 41.85 1.89 101.89 7.41 0.04 0.03 0.49 103.91 2.17 0.27 8.42 6. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .14 - 7.10 5.42 -4.38 11.32 0.38 418.24 0.22 110.16 116.67 0.73 -0.76 107. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 496.37 22.73 7.18 2.65 66.25 0.39 37.17 53.26 884.26 22.45 2.51 119.79 5.42 3.72 938.25 5.01 0.06 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.19 -3.77 - 43.10 2.94 1.23 12.98 24.99 100.64 1.10 41.73 3.91 6.32 2.06 0.17 0.56 .65 7.33 13.70 - -2.79 108.36 1.47 0.26 12. pulp and print Other industry Res.45 2.60 3.20 - 25.52 1. pulp and print Other industry Res.34 - 109.51 13.25 767.67 1.10 8.52 649.04 11.57 -4.48 2.89 1.21 642. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.92 -2.06 0.85 94.89 - 25.42 30.01 0.56 6.30 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.80 15.29 3.10 1.37 0.82 7.07 769.67 772.49 108. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IEA NORTH AMERICA 6.39 0.23 0.71 0.06 0.78 1.80 -1.74 - 40.55 6.33 0.46 10.31 0.12 0.10 1.34 -8.77 1.35 38.39 0.06 793.85 0.59 0.24 418.40 1.21 0.93 - (1) Residential.26 0.20 1.00 0.85 1.70 0.63 4.48 37.44 942.88 2.59 0.31 788.28 101.87 7.24 0.36 0.64 0.64 - 0.28 0.42 -0.24 0.37 13.50 12.73 110.05 0.16 112.55 - 24.25 10.20 37.09 108.96 -1.28 - -5.60 -6.31 -0.24 2.32 7. commercial and public services.

.. 0.76 127. .51 28.91 0.93 34.. . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I..04 50. . .56 0.. . . .. ...81 16. ...76 49. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas .... .. . .... . . . . . .. .. . ..93 54. ..03 1.. . ..04 0. .79 3. .. .67 15. . ... . . .49 72.. .. . ..02 71. . ...80 4.. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. ..21 9. . . . .87 4. . . IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . .79 0.. .. Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas . . ..89 96. . .. .... .22 4.. .93 16. . . .98 14.30 66.67 34. .22 11. .36 1..88 58.04 5..92 0. ..44 1.. . .22 1. .30 2.69 82.18 36.85 74. . ..12 23.83 26. . .80 29.54 75.97 44.78 0. For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available... . . . for example: coke. . ..57 IEA NORTH AMERICA 7. ... ..50 5..84 127. ..66 5... Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8. .. ...87 19...38 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal.27 0. .71 24.87 4. ...03 1. . . .86 74. .00 35. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV. .IV.. . ... .. . .. briquettes. . ...09 3..COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . .... . ..90 47.24 53. . .. .95 1.59 38. ..17 1..70 66. ... .89 4.. ...77 93.. .. ..05 22.71 55. ... .26 80.14 17..12 6.23 51..16 64.63 25. .72 . . .18 5...... ...36 1. .. (2) For steam coal.... ....67 4... . coal tar...93 2.43 44. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.03 85. Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas .03 4. ....97 22.. .62 97. ...56 46.....46 96..11 0.03 1. . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.....08 2... . . .. .26 16.70 32. . 1. ..76 41. .63 31... .20 64... . .. ... ..07 3.. ... patent fuels..14 0. .62 .29 47.82 37...26 43.. .72 38. ..00 1....75 23. .. . . .. . . .13 3.. . . For industry (US dollars / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas . .31 0. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 15.

(3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IEA NORTH AMERICA 9. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) Hard Coal Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics.58 . Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 16929 16350 16618 16268 30061 48559 43264 42006 28620 5454 5454 - 6188 6188 - 4491 4491 - 4129 4129 - 5843 1511 4296 - 5786 72 1461 4133 - 4837 1469 3322 46 4866 1580 3286 - 3155 962 2193 - - - - - 36 - 7 113 - - - 11475 933 49 645 8796 - 10162 35 367 8391 6 12127 22 883 5 9639 - 12139 192 1197 5095 39 24218 152 155 14090 6 42773 150 288 1 8537 96 38427 60 209 1 5142 32 37140 135 140 5 6036 1 25465 138 92 200 4427 - 996 56 539 824 - 1296 277 5 2994 924 1675 23 173 6928 651 61 26 1904 72 55 25110 2855 256 1152 4252 21 46 25338 3323 401 98 3731 46 41 25281 3060 226 54 2161 - 8 17286 1891 157 59 1207 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. People's Rep. (2) For years prior to 1990.IV. People's Rep.

* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Coking coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 40450 77198 84419 75819 58166 50149 55872 65242 55207 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 36030 1103 5410 1468 560 3069 19925 1173 929 68 265 838 453 409 360 - 65617 3443 6360 3823 709 7 13 54 5734 29639 3950 498 2975 98 244 2460 1310 1716 2474 110 67287 5538 3988 50 127 4880 708 28 6536 26588 2908 3 3975 99 753 3156 866 1957 4355 772 61410 3807 4039 715 3233 433 36 5054 22688 6615 517 4068 83 188 2313 1161 1895 3831 734 45136 2717 3501 288 2782 1211 65 48 4467 12937 4947 740 2143 42 198 2331 642 2403 3134 540 38266 30 1596 4134 795 1652 2607 70 19 4153 7523 4573 612 2297 54 1397 426 2186 2681 1461 41635 125 1424 3299 435 2176 2789 30 4202 8430 5228 546 2895 10 401 915 1563 483 2263 2953 1468 47933 294 1650 3266 210 661 2451 2482 126 174 50 68 3690 9864 6042 1335 3670 78 1552 876 1406 523 257 2658 2985 1565 37261 280 1829 2168 25 73 389 2058 2033 31 46 2372 7274 6003 693 3488 31 889 219 161 1432 434 127 2126 2132 948 4420 1942 205 218 200 673 1 914 24 243 11581 6139 782 457 38 1051 872 869 353 1020 11934 6327 357 586 50 1559 614 872 300 229 1040 14025 6826 1600 1165 127 1528 350 667 548 1214 9805 5564 1440 682 22 56 443 269 496 833 11272 5519 1220 869 959 75 382 739 211 54 1244 14237 7262 1234 1453 800 209 500 652 140 100 1887 17309 6886 1203 1370 1439 1588 648 935 478 181 2581 17132 7649 77 693 1869 294 440 701 4508 160 741 - - 5198 384 3225 611 - - 814 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. China.IV.59 IEA NORTH AMERICA 10. Africa & Mid. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IEA NORTH AMERICA 11. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.60 . (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 10808 34228 42493 38503 26922 22700 27909 39959 26499 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 10341 27 8782 309 38 528 22 243 356 27 5 4 30080 1 712 8508 2286 1208 978 595 1138 7 335 3633 2847 2489 44 2793 143 626 786 230 8 275 283 155 35375 1 2178 10083 3321 1758 384 15 1322 4451 4007 719 188 3982 1 62 1386 282 21 15 1005 194 34116 950 4541 1905 530 621 1648 829 3449 6179 3800 3015 25 1562 2111 8 191 2705 47 25397 429 13524 70 564 522 456 79 4425 2275 373 643 74 343 441 55 1016 108 20589 363 13909 348 360 195 569 1379 918 156 593 267 250 1052 230 23489 75 483 13386 72 176 584 1009 74 135 2099 980 148 2278 258 1 1578 153 35879 1144 17555 139 185 1263 1256 66 440 287 2542 1913 522 3279 109 391 990 144 149 34 3352 119 23549 24 602 7447 218 71 1111 729 152 217 2390 3767 752 2682 801 149 1 2344 92 95 11 1 82 1 - 4148 78 2575 421 176 110 506 2 280 5891 177 3820 530 682 522 108 5 47 4385 153 2033 1 562 271 1099 207 59 971 22 825 49 9 66 1814 176 3 71 927 190 367 5 1 74 4420 95 2 1 172 1069 2212 789 12 68 3953 409 72 73 1715 961 421 302 2816 6 1 630 816 962 256 145 372 - 1227 2 554 297 - 127 134 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth.IV. Africa & Mid. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. China.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .61 IEA EUROPE* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 3000 120 2500 100 2000 80 1500 60 1000 40 20 500 0 0 Coal 800 Oil Gas Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 700 700 600 600 500 500 400 400 300 300 200 200 100 100 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 4000 Coal/population Coal/GDP 800 0 2009e 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 4500 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 4000 3500 3500 3000 3000 2500 2500 2000 2000 1500 1500 1000 1000 500 500 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other Coal Oil Gas 2008 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.IV. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Peat is included in coal for all figures.

01 9. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.99 466.. 1980 5676 0.03 2473.7 101.5 88.87 1.92 0.31 2.90 0.16 -1.44 4.79 3.05 0.34 62.07 341.13 -5.28 903.64 446.56 125.5 81.37 607.53 293.54 2602.66 60.79 0.26 0..40 276.30 448.21 160.55 75.29 3.20 -1.45 277.15 623.07 433.01 121.30 123.46 10.65 11.85 0.39 479..26 116.51 3.61 116.32 496.30 (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.18 14.71 - 2132.76 421.61 -5..93 24.44 0.77 2450.98 92.70 -1.48 -1.92 - 2286.45 904..50 0.64 20.37 291.38 0.46 50.25 539.69 3.71 20.39 0.27 518. (2) As index.9 75.90 -3.91 -4.13 7.43 0.9 1616 .95 5. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.99 343.24 545.98 2.27 27.45 147.13 11.12 0..96 44.86 130.36 36.77 630. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.29 196.05 -3.79 858.05 127. 3404 .15 3. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.IV.37 -1.32 60.68 45..49 662.0 100.07 1.21 1.0 100.95 188. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.90 -4.2 2046 .74 - Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.73 6.15 87.5 93.48 192.71 0.78 649.2 2628 .75 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 0.51 0.0 3192 .0 4.41 454.91 2.64 10. 2007 10532 0.71 -2.14 -2.5 226. 2009e 10319 0.80 0.27 -3.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IEA EUROPE 1.65 2594.73 -2..41 2. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .09 17.01 2.69 222.38 35.7 97.62 30.32 149. 2000 9057 0.49 0.83 3.38 53.89 3.61 160.59 3.37 179. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .95 640.43 10.69 41.62 .80 127. Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.2 4.17 -1. 1990 7216 0.69 7. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.42 2.88 Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 141.31 923.18 368.81 3.52 14.83 653.8 103.23 4.4 97.48 -1.37 109. Energy supply.50 86.74 96.68 23.49 0.88 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.87 15.8 3570 .79 50.63 294.55 - 0.38 473.97 85.34 93.64 132.78 89.1 4.35 98.1 .6 4.1 4.66 1045. 2008 10610 0.80 326.07 0.54 398. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 4808 0. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 1963.15 -3.82 0.98 0.59 44.81 847.44 153.43 -2.0 169.99 8.58 344.85 1.5 245.90 0.22 -1.24 543.68 24.39 0.95 363.82 90. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 136. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.01 65.46 4.50 137.23 -2.79 5.56 607.89 129.67 92.23 348.14 8.90 1.76 31.08 9.78 100.6 4.71 2. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.56 -0.47 439. wind.8 4.71 559.57 982.6 3586 . consumption/GDP (2) Elec.74 8.51 590.

82 2.15 448.89 1.26 1588.26 116.29 132.28 54.21 -3.84 1.41 2.58 29.07 16.20 148.44 -18.26 72.95 142.81 0.31 440.51 0. wind.58 0.65 1.15 2.72 1.81 214.32 2.56 26.00 5.13 99.57 2.12 7.03 2. renew/waste Geothermal Solar. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .IV.52 16.37 3.18 152.29 159.20 145.18 149.87 1.83 -1.78 459.16 64.90 375.87 464.63 246.01 123.98 237. wind.95 19.62 454.55 53.09 428.05 68.69 1. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.07 805.82 2.16 2. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.84 -0.18 152.03 20.73 110.82 176.26 1.21 9.77 -4. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.03 96.42 -4.18 1.20 82.14 100.19 0.00 20.71 3.22 297.46 81.86 215.53 466.37 1.02 1.64 29.41 2.36 0.33 0.54 206.65 23.68 0.50 1.78 -2.17 111.69 18.49 0.96 330. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.59 59.55 0.23 45. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.39 50.64 69.07 0.88 17.89 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 248.01 7.03 90.24 0.67 3.10 8.83 153.14 9.58 49.43 2.92 1.77 177.65 371.76 0.08 -0.38 75.86 345.12 42.10 1.44 90.84 108.46 823.01 57.81 3.46 496.67 18.83 0.74 20.17 2.37 801.49 78.94 81.85 2.66 23.85 -0.63 Comb.99 1.96 214.47 2.01 209. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 1.43 13.72 487.44 2. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.07 41.50 -2.12 1.01 440.22 19.99 3.25 0.11 72.90 123.68 65.65 1.03 66.10 92.20 81.74 166. tide Electricity Heat 532.64 165.18 -3.11 6.30 79.13 0.65 169.38 149.68 -1.19 0.03 31.79 2.79 233.06 45.95 8.71 128.07 164.38 31.93 2.88 1.77 157.42 104.04 -0.82 -2.56 2.39 17.44 0.04 487.79 26.36 39.84 5.55 4.09 58.01 7.06 85.11 377.56 48.00 427.68 -4.29 9.01 0.40 15.14 0.18 78.03 128.80 5.07 81.90 9.32 0.51 173.01 Comb.85 0.57 1.47 32.80 6.18 -0.87 39.54 50.99 43.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .10 0.01 461.07 0.79 6.56 0.28 106.29 12.12 14.56 1.74 20.14 139.27 807.79 0.17 5.69 107.19 1825.17 1.58 396.59 3.88 0.55 734.10 155.89 2.42 138.59 17.25 271.99 2.45 2.09 72.31 1.01 468.02 0.19 0.14 0.57 0.67 Comb.14 99.93 10.70 -1.85 7.69 23.21 3.87 45.34 0.50 5.01 9.22 74. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 26.86 16.56 409.99 0.80 -0.81 377.46 8.89 366.47 786.73 3.45 0.33 1.47 14.01 473.52 0.10 0.64 99.44 0.18 0.21 0.96 140.38 508.01 1.29 2.42 1854.49 1.85 2.38 43.39 105.43 66.28 14.59 6.31 88.62 12.14 11.64 0.45 1.78 23.16 24.39 -5.50 35.24 18.93 145.71 0.57 77.69 1.22 22.08 107.71 0.37 0.00 4.42 50.35 16.78 0.12 12.64 93.64 400.14 3.45 10.15 Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.89 28.02 59.32 11.22 1736.30 368.92 -1.92 2.56 2.75 -8.76 80.97 93.65 0.49 -18.86 40.16 64.64 173.37 4.50 38.40 19.63 IEA EUROPE 4.97 203.63 287.04 126.02 56.41 169.26 79.10 0.17 115.35 25.85 1.30 824.49 105.81 1.75 0.49 66.06 19.64 1.41 1541.42 0.25 11.93 400.02 0.58 1828.85 -5.49 4.08 9.30 0.55 3.25 3.24 63.00 32.04 -0.43 0.94 17. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 1458.70 2.64 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.20 0.07 136.95 382.43 451.02 0.96 7.66 1.72 290. wind.86 97.20 2.02 144.94 27.89 60.44 119.43 165.08 31.93 4.04 26.23 447. wind.25 1.91 63.21 11.

9 Statistical difference 5.9 Other transformation(3) - - - 0. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. (2) briquettes..3 12.8 608. gas works gas..8 -5. -1.6 0.7 305. 1.3 -0.2 26. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways. .7 -9. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.8 -367.2 -37.4 19.2 -30.4 2.3 0.4 x -3. .3 -0.. .7 0.1 -364.6 88.8 . as well as peat.8 66. - - Energy ind.9 23.1 -7.3 17.6 630.5 4.5 -7.5 -14..9 39.8 466. . BKB.1 Electricity and heat gen.0 .8 4. peat briquettes and oil shale.6 5.0 -20.0 16.. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm..1 -1.4 ..6 -0.1 -27.8 16. .8 0.1 -7.6 -5.0 -0.9 .5 24.0 -2.3 -13.9 -77..8 -1.9 49..COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IEA EUROPE 5. agriculture.2 2.8 -0.1 0.3 479.5 -3. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.8 Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Losses Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.1 -14.9 1.0 -4..2 -322.7 -0.4 -0.0 .8 -3.5 -0.0 0.6 .1 -7. -18. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.4 267.4 2.3 126.4 -386.3 x Primary supply 607.6 9.0 -3. -6. -2.0 13.0 -33.5 -6.4 11.4 3.4 -8..5 -13.6 257.8 50.3 3.1 -0.7 -59.4 168.3 -19.5 11.2 59.8 -421..0 -329.4 3.3 -11.5 214.7 -0.5 8.4 -0.. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .5 -18.0 3.3 .4 241.8 2.1 81.0 -2..4 -46.3 -258.8 16.9 -13.2 -18.8 1.4 7.3 -1. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 579.9 -0.6 -37.0 0.2 27. -3.5 -53.7 -3.7 -2. x x Total transformation -341.9 17.7 3..9 4.4 1..1 -75.7 2. .4 -2.8 51.3 446. primary (anthracite.6 -0.9 -17. own use -21.9 -6.2 -34..1 -10.6 1. Main activity producers (1) -279.9 1..3 Autoproducers Gas works -8.8 -335.3 2.9 -5. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).0 97. .8 -50.2 -385.2 -21. coal tar.6 -18.5 4. .0 -3.64 .7 -4.6 (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating. coke oven gas.1 68.2 -48.6 -356. sub-bituminous coal. services Residential Non-energy use 9.4 19. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).. transport and other).2 -60.6 -1.0 0. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.4 99.5 0. coke oven coke.IV.5 -351. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.1 13.2 -331.4 -1.8 9. other bituminous coal.0 0.. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.8 -49.1 2.5 173. -2.2 -1.1 -0. and pub.6 105.7 3.0 -9.7 195.2 .2 79.7 241.8 .7 42.0 249.2 -6. x x 246.7 662.7 -5.9 -305.2 -1.5 6.3 -1. and residential.5 20.0 -431.8 -1.0 0.5 398.. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel..4 -10..4 .7 -42.6 -39.4 -1.9 0.2 205.8 0.4 516.4 -1.8 -32. .9 143.1 -10.1 -28.0 0.3 1. . -2.0 20.3 70.2 -1. .4 -38.3 -1.0 23. .1 .1 110.3 79.8 0. gas coke..8 -3.2 -1. 1.4 1. -1.3 -303.5 97.. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.8 3.7 -310. coking coal.9 -33.1 .1 .8 14.

01 1.03 0.91 -2.12 0.18 9.61 0.46 7.45 7.57 -1.23 14.01 0.58 398.36 -2.09 415.97 2.14 -8.47 0.57 2.40 10.48 11.36 7.12 13.56 - -2.93 0.14 7.94 -2.72 2.80 279.00 -8.09 2.13 0.19 0.88 6.57 0.20 5.64 1.35 13.52 8.79 235.24 -2.44 1.44 13.18 1.40 5.80 404.64 8.34 -3.04 435. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.19 0.06 9.61 0.17 3.06 -7.44 4.15 217.08 3.08 24.63 0.73 68.92 0.43 -3.64 9.65 4.20 -0.91 -5.13 -2.80 13.28 409.21 0.50 0.74 0.56 24.04 1.44 (1) Residential.37 403.34 0.49 8.23 87.52 2.04 436.34 6.86 145.58 441.94 7.01 0.81 0.97 1.24 1.83 40.51 -7.72 1.52 394.46 4.51 398.09 3.91 12.48 0.95 9.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .71 34.49 6.79 13. pulp and print Other industry Res.11 0.41 0.33 6.80 47.09 1.13 13.37 5.43 4.08 303.32 3.75 244.51 9.12 14.01 233.93 3.20 -9.76 2.12 10.26 1.40 3.19 -0.89 359.68 7.14 - 92.23 81.73 -2.11 4.22 12.20 73.01 0.95 8.36 17.24 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.44 18.84 -0.96 24.04 27.48 7.26 410.03 243.95 135.55 0.41 -2.25 12.01 0.21 400. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .01 0.59 4.26 12.84 1.52 8.13 2.01 1.18 11.78 1.47 -2.25 0.20 -3.49 16.02 0.06 9.68 5.32 -1.91 2.47 1.52 -1.23 83.26 -3.42 203.99 0.59 -6.68 -4.52 0.07 2.26 0.24 -15.96 -8.26 0.71 39.55 0.60 0.08 359.82 -0.97 64.01 0.48 3.24 -1.80 0.34 7.56 1.88 0.39 -0.46 0.08 37.31 19.10 0.55 7.78 0.14 6.55 343.19 2.70 232.86 1.88 436.23 12.87 0.28 0.00 0.06 134.84 7.95 2.15 300.57 3.75 12.25 69.87 0.73 1.22 -0.21 0.02 12.10 49.37 -4.95 -10.57 0.79 462.62 0.26 -9.71 -5.64 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.65 -9.36 5.41 -0.44 26.20 9.95 4.72 0.69 29.41 2.74 5.08 69.11 0.05 277.92 1.02 441.37 1.04 0.22 3.88 0.38 0.34 0.41 40.47 9.IV.19 -2.59 15.09 2.83 242.40 2.99 0.35 6.78 -14.00 0.44 1.45 0.46 1.44 108.00 0.26 2.75 8.75 1.26 0.11 7.82 72.19 273.39 0.22 84.00 2.34 12.01 -2.69 404.63 0.76 2.47 9.00 8.87 3.26 1.70 10.13 0.52 14. pulp and print Other industry Res.41 0.00 0.70 -11.75 2.49 8. commercial and public services. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.87 - 591.14 13.42 57.07 -5.98 224.33 214.37 10.14 0.70 223.84 13.02 4.96 0.18 4.12 -0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 360.58 0.55 -2.91 107.23 0.58 8.03 -5.35 6. pulp and print Other industry Res.05 1.84 17.27 - 129.63 39.03 3.03 3.29 31.64 12.13 0.87 -17.48 -4.00 5.27 -0.52 -1.82 -7.12 7.95 0.70 0.16 252.94 1.04 449.67 9.64 208.25 -3.33 6.22 0.37 -23.73 -6.08 0.72 0.63 28.01 286.29 6.46 8.64 1.46 0.07 31.83 659.80 0.66 16.07 28.75 -0.40 48.78 2.65 IEA EUROPE 6.65 0.

. coal tar. ... For industry (US dollars / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas .90 234.44 52.. .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IEA EUROPE 7.64 227....39 1. .87 196..05 8. .... .. . ... . .. .66 32..39 234...08 0. .88 1.. . . . .. .73 19... .81 77.. ..12 12.12 14.17 213..34 1..IV. for example: coke.51 20... . . ...58 0. . ..88 26. . .87 70. . .....46 143. .28 0.80 177.49 4. .70 0....24 241. . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. .14 7. . briquettes. . Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 97.65 156.54 53. . .. 1.78 ..... .42 7. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV. . ..04 12.. . patent fuels.09 1..07 27...23 75. .24 0..11 . .19 56. Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas . .. .74 0..10 12.56 68. . Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas . . . .56 4. ...54 0. .. .. . . . . ..... ... (2) For steam coal... .. . . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8.. . .00 48. . .06 6.. .74 0... ..76 28.89 0. .. .. .24 227.52 24. ..87 21. .58 34..02 38.60 205. ....48 168. .67 122.01 11.94 49. .06 8.31 0..88 59..25 46.07 0.. .. . . ..87 0.90 47.23 12.. . . .10 14. .77 34.. .. .22 7. .. . ...74 5..28 0.....10 0.67 5. . . .15 150.45 160. ...... .. .40 5. . .00 19.95 30.... . .87 0.53 59. . .14 117.02 56. .... . ...43 23.49 249.45 27. .93 93.30 195.. . . . . . .01 0. . . . .. .....02 11..95 0.. ...35 168..00 175.53 0. . ..46 42.. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.05 19.66 .54 0.08 51. .... . ..49 247.. . ..14 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal.28 9... 5.56 22.. . . .. .. . coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne..94 18. .37 41.15 33. ..23 179...18 1. .30 22. . ... .52 1. . Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas . .. .67 56. For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.18 13. . IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ... .37 5..47 25.. ..88 39.09 0..89 40. ..13 12. .. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.. .01 8..65 0.. .03 60.

(3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . People's Rep. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. People's Rep. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Hard Coal 92461 142666 159758 160696 196233 258396 261143 251932 219888 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 40078 4497 294 909 10550 6190 79 8745 105 52204 9730 1107 695 5219 5025 71 22793 285 55532 10043 2812 774 3141 2570 52 28433 80 52716 13043 4176 2985 37 6573 21067 362 56057 21757 7072 3388 2 3118 16901 24 55726 22012 7028 4562 3 4053 13440 55 58519 23357 7690 4678 3246 15079 91 58980 21803 6426 4366 2532 18242 183 40570 10775 1953 3791 183 2521 15289 641 206 3005 5498 50 256 1441 5532 1 24 46 158 2419 4979 12 85 214 206 526 22 990 2418 2 140 441 388 2327 26 418 53 - 291 206 65 2331 713 815 40 112 70 154 150 1789 668 1059 488 158 328 494 1903 648 1023 75 799 946 260 1174 1681 198 544 614 52383 2955 816 243 6716 15647 2285 499 980 90462 11160 1435 462 3523 15429 2394 16499 2696 104226 9790 832 327 2124 13084 2423 20452 3548 107980 7478 307 1517 844 15609 713 20423 1766 140176 9416 12 2393 431 18590 589 4676 3645 202670 6476 210 1214 436 14922 177 3379 2618 202624 7717 804 1368 389 10863 196 5521 5154 192952 6431 271 1519 585 8523 399 12918 6564 179318 5026 498 2136 417 6703 1375 11128 5901 21 10814 2863 8544 236 1542 26339 1895 6852 2783 9060 194 26099 6115 1475 5920 2307 11231 2409 32967 7285 687 1831 364 242 1887 22490 8230 42828 15298 891 3081 560 5159 2009 28536 20555 55207 57964 2696 1091 396 4784 2506 31761 17115 48586 60015 2139 1305 174 7011 1812 29820 15471 38425 60424 2687 1340 76 5687 856 33962 12753 30576 61118 1856 636 10 4367 China. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. (2) For years prior to 1990.IV. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China.67 IEA EUROPE 9.

* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.68 . Africa & Mid. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .IV. China. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IEA EUROPE 10. Coking coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 35537 25596 19781 18218 9747 8092 7234 6007 6041 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 25095 1283 2383 6331 154 54 4005 804 286 1426 125 122 5126 1826 387 18 89 573 103 15893 1582 1572 2680 241 8 2439 851 134 125 4183 637 254 5 1182 - 11025 1351 858 203 1697 144 3 1017 573 52 3681 649 3 794 - 11983 2 1897 559 871 9 534 634 362 1 1287 3 3 18 10 995 156 896 117 2657 58 310 3 178 421 2 8106 1844 1 214 717 108 1061 1010 4 323 53 538 1570 65 494 100 4 - 7363 1517 4 944 80 208 604 1 94 30 1367 2299 142 73 - 7035 1458 16 1024 8 25 16 580 106 9 1863 1905 25 - 5974 742 125 949 9 23 501 17 1900 1708 - 5683 1332 43 625 474 427 31 5 777 1587 70 10 302 - 2491 15 520 5 1951 3862 861 4 861 2136 4676 1249 100 284 100 1249 1694 6157 790 48 217 5102 1641 143 529 62 2 2 903 729 70 298 361 199 199 32 32 252 13 239 7951 5841 4080 78 - - - 1 106 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.

(2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.69 IEA EUROPE 11. China.IV. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 33590 31963 25276 28034 32159 29279 30463 23979 20827 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 25347 275 2633 274 4161 4095 6035 3171 1 540 1530 52 938 167 15 237 21 244 90 74 149 645 23616 1 1001 1373 1378 3454 2461 1975 4042 15 21 1287 1211 107 1282 286 179 79 389 1666 287 1122 - 20776 1 1216 1471 2282 1387 2815 1167 4942 18 793 600 61 3 1341 339 1 186 198 275 864 52 764 - 22159 12 1050 1414 1874 3214 2559 1152 5655 1 374 20 686 307 50 617 311 304 151 404 129 809 11 1054 1 31202 1643 610 864 2382 1228 2415 15884 2 322 7 468 923 164 363 603 117 5 1217 441 172 20 1351 1 29090 2204 482 42 946 745 567 2708 16273 133 330 88 509 155 30 612 417 126 144 667 145 297 17 1389 64 30063 2255 235 32 1377 821 274 1652 17174 172 254 91 541 806 96 1 869 387 291 228 578 203 303 2 1389 32 23744 1930 318 3 937 639 155 2030 11601 76 216 59 491 1577 81 812 358 482 255 556 128 92 101 847 - 20523 1977 201 7 829 307 210 2265 8268 144 51 556 1234 119 1202 238 786 265 541 101 78 77 176 891 - 85 31 54 1636 13 77 3 188 1355 722 10 1 1 16 375 3 316 4982 37 1 4944 923 2 3 16 2 4 896 176 17 1 1 4 2 13 1 137 397 16 1 275 4 16 85 175 5 22 22 40 86 118 20 2 15 1 80 8158 6711 3778 893 34 13 3 60 186 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Africa & Mid.

Peat is included in coal for all figures.IV. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 .70 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV AUSTRALIA* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 200 180 180 160 160 140 140 120 120 100 100 80 80 60 60 40 40 20 20 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 400 1981 1986 Oil 1991 Gas 1996 Nuclear Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 2009e Coal/population Coal/GDP 90 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 80 350 70 300 60 250 50 200 40 150 30 100 20 50 10 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 300 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 450 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 400 250 350 300 200 250 150 200 150 100 100 50 50 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.

01 100.66 5.40 - 99.55 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 37.72 165.80 56.14 22.47 - 40.59 57.62 5.88 82.5 8.0 2007 505 0.96 10.95 10.19 2.26 37.46 0.83 5.64 - 38.11 185.72 122.89 113.0 100.73 - 187.43 -0.8 6.12 5.39 3. wind.03 42.68 1. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.75 7.8 107.1 93.31 2. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.76 10.94 45.64 64.67 30.99 20.84 7.77 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 36.7 2008 516 0.54 - 185.89 - 64.4 69. (2) As index.80 48.13 - 177. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.38 -1.37 79.85 1.50 74.1 95 59.64 93.24 51. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.61 - 140.72 3.01 0.67 10.42 0. 1980 210 0.97 44.18 49. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.51 32.98 4.00 - 4.31 3.52 -0. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 81.03 - 123.07 1.27 72.12 - 154..27 2.0 2009e 532 0. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.57 21.57 2.33 - 4.1 106.90 - 62.40 - 130.40 3.0 257 115.1 95.47 14.7 251 111.78 36. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.08 -0.88 2.00 23.40 7.71 AUSTRALIA 1.85 2.72 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.28 20.75 0.2 154 79.2 7.2 8.95 9.46 2.71 9.68 67.2 87.38 -1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.60 9.61 0.35 21. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.66 91.44 17.88 30.3 103.4 2000 400 0.37 1..99 120.24 -0.63 93.35 21.74 0.85 3.64 1.2 94.0 210 100.43 39.60 204.80 79.93 65. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .65 181.04 1.52 - 4.65 40.3 107.5 64 . Energy supply.07 0.6 8.26 1.04 -0.55 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.42 4.41 91.75 135.59 0.27 - 2.55 1.08 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.0 .53 7.09 31.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .00 189.79 27.0 100.6 5.17 113.1 91.76 2.3 8.7 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.61 - 100.8 87.25 172. 246 111. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 175 0.IV.08 1.99 - 103.52 32.84 1.84 - 136.12 1.27 20.29 - 142.83 -0.66 1.16 1.48 24.39 19.29 36.95 - 138. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.36 21.3 1990 281 0.49 - 4.00 - 127. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .44 68.47 13. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.47 14.

55 2.79 2.79 5.07 6.66 e 0.26 52.08 6.76 11.99 6.66 - Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 18.06 5.01 36.05 8.91 8.54 3.15 0.12 1.32 18.84 5.74 0.71 3.30 2. wind.04 0.84 0.85 3.13 6.38 - 109. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.45 1.99 6.81 1.77 -1.07 e 0.13 35.69 3.11 8.23 8.58 5.90 4.39 4.72 4.24 5. wind.38 0.69 5.85 - 25.87 1.96 2.69 5.13 37.08 0.67 11.01 6.13 0.14 41.65 0.46 5.48 1.38 4.45 3.13 8.01 0.20 25.68 2.08 7.22 7.84 1.03 9.89 49.09 -0.79 - Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 2.67 4.51 9.83 -0.15 0.13 0.07 2.13 2.00 0.05 34.09 0.12 5.55 e 2.23 3.50 3.88 -0.47 3.80 0.10 29.67 0.00 9.01 0.06 0.12 7.63 2.89 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.65 5.21 0.72 0.22 26.81 0.12 21.87 - 99. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.18 3.41 4. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 1.85 Comb.15 0.98 0.53 0.03 -0.46 - 37.50 2.22 6. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .99 7.13 2.44 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.35 5.12 5.39 5.66 3.28 2.95 0. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.73 - 80.67 0.43 38.64 0.35 2.56 6.74 4.37 1.01 6.99 - 27.22 10.27 1.54 2.03 0.00 0.63 -4.33 13.54 7.63 2.35 6.32 3.93 7.65 0.29 5.60 0.68 7.86 2.82 0.20 0.29 1.34 2.38 10.47 0.11 2.12 15.00 0.18 4.85 5.47 11.43 12.26 0.52 5.01 5.27 - 33.72 .79 7.89 8.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV AUSTRALIA 4.31 -5.49 0.00 30.32 -0.52 -8.15 38.26 0.01 0. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 56.70 0.39 22.96 4.34 18.38 Comb. wind.29 0.18 0.36 6.42 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.01 0.45 - 1. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.40 5.56 0.77 53.67 - 1.12 -0.35 14.22 2.46 5.60 4.18 0.15 Comb.36 - 24.35 -14.99 38.32 5.15 3.12 3.06 6.07 0.10 3.45 - 66. tide Electricity Heat 21.01 0. wind.94 0.86 1.14 38.84 4.27 2.00 0.42 2.00 0.92 1.59 16.50 1.97 3.02 1.04 5.20 0.43 0.35 1.03 3.15 8.83 11.75 4.90 0.53 0.06 - 2.77 0.81 1.66 - 1.73 2.61 0.01 6.03 1.12 4.53 51. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.46 7.16 0.32 13.35 5.56 3.29 12.76 0.57 11.89 - 1.03 18.01 23.42 5.04 0.63 3.22 - 106.08 24.54 2.76 0.00 e 0.63 5.63 0.19 - 36.80 -1.16 0.58 2.92 - 107.54 39.71 -0.89 0.75 0.04 0.74 -3.08 0.38 4.62 7.67 0.92 0.49 5.45 1.81 6.58 0.98 1.04 0.68 0.56 39.25 2.31 5.93 5.09 1.05 2.80 6.36 -0.68 5.02 0.40 - 38.07 10.20 6.22 0.IV.42 18.16 0.97 5.21 0.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV - IV.73

AUSTRALIA
5. Coal balance*
(Mtce)

Production
Imports
Exports
Stock changes
Primary supply
Statistical difference

1973

1980

1990

2000

57.5
-25.2
-0.0

74.1
0.0
-39.7
4.6

151.6
-96.1
-5.5

235.1 e
-173.5
7.1

32.3

39.0

50.0

-

0.0

0.1

Average annual
percent change
73-90
90-08

2007

2008

2009e

324.8
0.0
-235.4
-10.2

331.2
0.0
-246.6
-1.9

337.3
-256.1
-1.6

5.9
8.2
x

4.4
5.4
x

68.8

79.2

82.8

79.6

2.6

2.8

-0.4

-0.5

-2.5

..

x

x

Total transformation

-25.2 e

-32.4 e

-43.4 e

-62.1 e

-72.5

-73.7

..

3.3

3.0

Electricity and heat gen.
Main activity producers (1)

-19.7
-19.7
-

-28.8
-28.1
-0.7

-41.3
-40.4
-0.9

-60.0 e
-59.4 e
-0.7 e

-70.8
-70.7
-0.0

-71.9
-71.9
-0.0

..
..
..

4.4
4.3
-

3.1
3.3
-16.8

Autoproducers
Gas works

-0.1

-0.0

-

-

Coal transformation(2)

-5.4 e
-0.2
-2.4 e
-2.8
-

-3.6 e
-0.2
-2.2 e
-1.2
-

-2.2 e
-0.0
-1.4 e
-0.8
-

-2.0 e
-0.0 e
-1.5
-0.5
-

-

-

..

-

-

-1.8
-0.1
-1.7
-0.0
-

-1.8
-0.1
-1.7
-0.0
-

..
..
..
..
..

-5.2
-8.3
-3.3
-7.3
-

-1.1
5.5
1.1
-22.2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

..

-

-

Energy ind. own use

-

-0.6

Losses

-

-

-0.5

-0.5

-0.9

-0.9

..

-

3.5

-

-

-

-

..

x

x

7.1

6.0

6.1

5.9

5.3

5.8

..

-0.8

-0.3

Iron and steel
Chemical
Non-metallic minerals
Paper, pulp and print

6.6
3.0 e
0.4
0.9
0.3

5.7
2.9 e
0.3
0.8
0.3

5.8
2.1 e
0.3
0.8
0.3

5.7
1.8 e
0.2 e
0.7 e
0.3

5.1
0.7
0.4
1.0
0.3

5.6
0.7
0.4
1.1
0.3

..
..
..
..
..

-0.7
-2.1
-2.4
-0.7
-0.3

-0.3
-5.7
3.1
1.8
-0.4

Transport(6)

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

..

7.6

2.0

Other(7)

0.4
0.1
0.3

0.3
0.2
0.1

0.2
0.2
0.0

0.1
0.1 e
0.0 e

0.1
0.1
0.0

0.1
0.1
0.0

..
..
..

-4.0
1.8
-14.6

-6.2
-6.0
-8.8

-

-

-

-

-

..

-

-

BKB plants
Blast furnaces
Coke ovens
Patent fuel plants
Other transformation(3)

Final consumption

(4)

(5)

Industry

Comm. and pub. services
Residential
Non-energy use

-

(1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.
(2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke,
(2) briquettes, coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).
(3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.
(4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry, transport and other).
(5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.
(6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.
(7) Other includes commercial and public services, agriculture, and residential.
* "Coal" refers to all types of coal, primary (anthracite, coking coal, other bituminous coal, sub-bituminous coal, lignite/brown coal)
* and derived fuels (including patent fuel, BKB, coke oven coke, gas coke, coal tar, coke oven gas, gas works gas, blast furnace
* gas and oxygen steel furnace gas), as well as peat, peat briquettes and oil shale. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using
* calorific values reported by the respective countries. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

IV.74 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV

AUSTRALIA
6. Use of coal for selected end-uses*
(million tonnes)

Steam coal
Total electricity and heat
Main activity producers
Autoproducers
Patent fuel/BKB plants
Coke ovens
Blast furnace inputs
Gas manufacture
Industry
Iron and steel
Chemical
Non-metallic minerals
Paper, pulp and print
Other industry
Res, comm & pub serv (1)
Non-energy use
Coking coal
Total electricity and heat
Main activity producers
Autoproducers
Patent fuel/BKB plants
Coke ovens
Blast furnace inputs
Gas manufacture
Industry
Iron and steel
Chemical
Non-metallic minerals
Paper, pulp and print
Other industry
Res, comm & pub serv (1)
Non-energy use
Brown coal/lignite
Total electricity and heat
Main activity producers
Autoproducers
Patent fuel/BKB plants
Coke ovens
Gas manufacture
Industry
Iron and steel
Chemical
Non-metallic minerals
Paper, pulp and print
Other industry
Res, comm & pub serv (1)
Non-energy use

Average annual
percent change
78-90
90-08

1978

1990

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

24.24
20.89
20.53
0.36
0.04
3.17
0.37
0.15
0.88
0.28
1.49
0.25
-

43.37
38.20
37.75
0.45
4.85
0.34
0.13
0.97
0.35
3.06
0.15
-

56.03
51.10
50.91
0.19
4.69
0.10
0.09
0.79
0.33
3.39
0.04
-

62.52
56.75
56.75
0.83
4.68
0.10
0.09
1.17
0.41
2.92
0.05
-

63.49
57.77
57.77
0.79
4.71
0.02
0.09
1.19
0.46
2.96
0.04
-

65.32
59.60
59.60
0.81
4.68
0.02
0.09
1.12
0.44
3.02
0.04
-

66.29
60.02
60.02
0.83
5.20
0.02
0.09
1.15
0.42
3.53
0.03
-

4.97
5.16
5.21
1.82
3.59
-0.73
-1.34
0.83
1.89
6.15
-3.93
-

2.39
2.54
2.61
0.39
-15.28
-2.25
0.94
1.04
0.80
-8.86
-

7.22
7.22
-

5.93
5.93
-

4.80
4.80
-

5.35
5.35
-

4.68
4.68
-

5.35
4.55
-

4.55
4.55
-

-1.62
-1.62
-

-1.47
-1.47
-

30.47
27.32
26.32
0.99
2.85
0.31
0.26
0.04
0.00
-

45.99
44.14
43.07
1.07
1.78
0.07
0.03
0.00
0.05
-

67.29
66.34
65.25
1.09
0.96
-

67.15
66.29
66.29
0.90
0.00
0.00
-

67.74
67.09
67.09
0.69
0.00
0.00
-

65.61
61.67
61.67
0.65
0.00
0.00
-

72.40
61.77
61.77
0.61
0.00
0.00
-

3.49
4.08
4.19
0.62
-3.84
-11.23
0.96
-

2.55
1.88
2.02
-5.78
-18.11
-

(1) Residential, commercial and public services.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV - IV.75

AUSTRALIA
7. Fuel prices to end users*
1978(1)

1980

1990

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

(US dollars / tce)

For electricity generation
Steam coal
Heavy fuel oil
Natural gas

10.83
67.03
..

14.47
144.85
..

29.05
..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..

Steam coal
Coking coal
High sulphur fuel oil
Low sulphur fuel oil
Natural gas

..
29.69
67.03
..
34.33

..
29.57
144.85
..
56.81

..
..
..
..
95.78

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

For industry

(Australian dollars / unit) (2)

For electricity generation
Steam coal
Heavy fuel oil
Natural gas

8.91
80.22
..

11.97
174.24
..

35.11
..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..

Steam coal
Coking coal
High sulphur fuel oil
Low sulphur fuel oil
Natural gas

..
25.19
80.22
..
38.52

..
25.22
174.24
..
64.06

..
..
..
..
157.84

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

For industry

(1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.
(2) For steam coal, coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne; for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes

8. Coal trade by type of coal*
(Mtce)

Total imports
Hard coal
Coking coal
Steam coal
Brown coal / lignite
Peat
Coal products(1)

Total exports
Hard coal
Coking coal
Steam coal
Brown coal / lignite
Peat
Coal products(1)

1973

1980

1990

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009e

..
..
-

0.00
0.00
0.00
-

-

-

-

0.04
0.04

0.04
0.04

0.01
0.01

-

25.21
25.21
..
..
-

39.73
39.60
32.15
7.45
0.12

96.07
95.54
55.58
39.96
0.53

173.46
173.45
96.43
77.02
0.02

226.49
226.49
120.48
106.01
0.00

226.95
226.95
116.02
110.93
-

235.43
235.43
127.55
107.88
-

246.55
246.55
133.15
113.40
-

256.09
256.09
121.79
134.30
-

(1) Coal products includes products derived from coal, for example: coke, coal tar, briquettes, patent fuels.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries, IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

IV.76 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV

AUSTRALIA
10. Coking coal exports by destination*
(thousand tonnes)

1978(1)

1985

1990

1995

2000

2006

2007

2008

2009e

Total Exports

31029

49382

57750

74291

99161

119312

131164

136924

125243

Total OECD
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States

29145
374
1173
191
1319
22640
1330
10
992
593
469
54

41695
16
2106
2055
29251
3064
1380
1186
516
2121
-

43802
1054
1917
25
1181
28579
4944
713
694
702
912
3081
-

53792
1524
2310
204
2752
30774
9032
703
129
896
535
1608
3325
-

73195
1833
3739
2619
2914
39174
10358
666
2194
1767
992
1451
5488
-

77778
1994
377
3329
1843
2260
43949
7704
1513
7009
1570
1170
1098
3925
37

79350
1923
284
3444
2287
48689
6254
1019
7139
1735
1258
1563
3755
-

85364
2927
304
3056
1618
150
2255
50203
8356
857
6242
2464
1302
1845
3785
-

72067
1572
366
1487
1376
1502
42217
13049
478
3495
620
992
1712
3201
-

1884
164
981
32
675
32
-

7687
958
1990
312
2042
595
688
99
192
680
131

13948
1291
2798
323
4844
2256
454
500
560
734
188

20499
3448
3851
459
9555
710
597
850
211
818
-

25756
4988
6273
10588
1554
1058
174
1051
70

32690
3173
7717
225
16122
194
71
499
1229
2856
383
221

41162
3052
8036
498
19534
273
334
2289
1473
2975
396
2302

40652
3866
6392
366
24229
281
410
2016
1057
1534
501
-

48797
4193
2659
142
24279
146
74
1234
612
14788
527
143

-

-

-

-

210

8844

10652

10908

4379

Total Non-OECD
Brazil
Chinese Taipei
Egypt
India
Israel
Romania
Oth. Africa & Mid. East
Other Latin America
China(2)
Other Asia & Oceania
Other Europe and FSU
Non-Specified/Other

(1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.
(2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong, China.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV - IV.77

AUSTRALIA
11. Steam coal exports by destination*
(thousand tonnes)

1978(1)

1985

1990

1995

2000

2006

2007

2008

2009e

Total Exports

5522

39259

45646

62411

87801

111984

112424

115265

136502

Total OECD
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States

4809
150
682
458
1489
320
932
778

28847
771
2557
508
591
125
226
15256
5453
2464
455
441
-

37656
129
1149
934
125
133
26569
3633
4236
205
155
29
328
31

49573
1116
1076
276
61
121
366
34556
9662
1562
264
110
44
25
142
192

66574
428
142
434
72
110
284
428
47449
11452
2550
16
1445
83
55
1499
127

87658
278
741
59599
20239
4762
301
82
1069
69
425
93

83378
54
160
1202
129
254
58813
15061
5069
797
85
986
101
600
67

88785
41
684
527
66959
18552
818
187
80
545
253
71
68

96356
151
62577
30142
2176
934
376
-

193
76
117
-

8748
3761
93
577
99
2189
2029
-

7990
158
3046
47
528
33
120
2443
1615
-

12838
5920
695
110
1023
3420
1670
-

21227
10034
2469
2623
1373
1429
3299
-

24326
55
13205
1495
320
826
4072
4353
-

29046
111
16233
744
507
82
671
3229
7469
-

26480
29
18559
661
177
420
1480
5154
-

35248
20302
827
672
9158
1499
2790

520

1664

-

-

-

-

-

-

4898

Total Non-OECD
Brazil
Chinese Taipei
Egypt
India
Israel
Romania
Oth. Africa & Mid. East
Other Latin America
China(2)
Other Asia & Oceania
Other Europe and FSU
Non-Specified/Other

(1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.
(2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong, China.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

IV.78 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV

AUSTRALIA
13. Coal export values by destination*
(average unit value, FOB, US$/tonne)

Coking coal

(1)

1990

1995

2000

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

47.72

44.23

32.85

48.84

88.94

98.27

84.16

194.87

143.83

Exports to:
Belgium
Canada
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Netherlands
Norway
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other OECD
Non-OECD

51.66
x
x
x
47.00
46.30
x
x
46.76
46.98
50.32
x
x
48.27
50.15
x
50.25
47.25
x
x

44.65
x
x
x
43.07
43.41
x
x
42.06
43.37
44.75
x
49.00
48.65
48.95
x
44.26
45.13
x
x

31.01
x
x
x
33.37
30.46
x
x
34.97
31.64
34.10
x
x
34.81
38.71
x
32.55
33.80
x
x

52.40
x
x
53.57
46.79
52.50
x
32.97
51.40
45.51
52.07
x
x
51.15
55.50
x
52.53
53.67
x
x

104.61
x
x
125.25
96.94
99.12
x
x
102.14
83.74
98.18
x
x
98.95
117.03
x
108.84
100.80
x
x

102.26
x
x
114.87
100.91
117.71
x
x
116.96
94.04
102.32
x
x
111.44
114.40
x
92.04
104.06
x
x

89.48
x
x
104.79
89.99
102.27
66.59
x
99.64
79.50
92.15
x
x
95.80
96.65
x
77.14
91.38
x
x

193.95
x
x
303.82
193.92
240.18
x
x
229.97
193.79
213.20
x
x
231.74
275.66
x
237.21
200.63
x
x

133.96
x
x
151.00
193.51
165.59
x
x
174.51
165.07
196.55
x
x
160.60
146.05
x
161.37
149.63
x
x

Steam coal(1)

38.34

34.99

24.27

37.65

48.86

47.05

51.11

92.23

80.03

Exports to:
Belgium
Canada
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Netherlands
Norway
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other OECD
Non-OECD

38.42
x
32.29
x
33.82
37.74
x
x
x
40.03
36.31
x
x
32.00
x
x
x
35.45
x
x

33.43
x
24.73
x
32.97
29.61
x
34.14
37.75
36.85
33.03
x
31.12
x
37.85
x
x
x
x
x

20.72
x
17.01
x
19.14
x
24.07
21.21
21.30
24.72
20.65
x
x
21.16
29.22
x
27.11
20.98
x
x

63.04
x
22.50
x
29.77
51.32
x
28.34
31.26
38.45
42.90
x
x
26.26
42.91
x
36.39
35.39
x
x

x
x
44.09
x
45.88
x
x
29.92
x
49.42
60.71
x
x
42.82
67.75
x
x
54.27
x
x

67.08
x
55.39
x
46.28
42.03
x
x
x
50.59
50.50
x
x
51.11
66.81
x
x
46.30
x
x

x
x
x
x
44.93
x
x
75.25
x
54.61
49.60
x
x
71.08
60.32
x
x
x
x
x

153.74
x
x
x
75.81
x
x
129.29
x
103.23
86.94
x
x
122.95
109.33
x
x
125.83
x
x

x
x
87.04
x
67.68
x
x
x
x
88.54
78.94
x
x
44.47
90.88
x
x
65.52
x
x

Note: On occasion, shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high export costs.
(1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV - IV.79

AUSTRIA*
Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100)

Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce)
60

120

50

100

40

80

30

60

20

40
20

10

0

0
1971

1976
Coal

7

1981

1986

Oil

Gas

1991

1996
Nuclear

1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001

2009e

2001

Coal/TPES

Renewables

Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce)

6

6

5

5

4

4

3

3

2

2

1

1

Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce)

0
2009e

1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001

70

Coal/population

Coal/GDP

7

0

2009e

Production

Coal supply

Exports

Imports

1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001
Electricity and heat

Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh)

80

Other transformation

Industry

2008

Other use

Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2)

70

60

60

50

50

40

40

30

30

20

20

10

10
0

0
1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001
Coal

Oil

Gas

Hydro

Nuclear

2009e

1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001

Other

Coal

Oil

Gas

2008

Other

*Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Peat is included in coal for all figures.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

IV.80 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV

AUSTRIA
1. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel*

TPES (Mtce)
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas
Comb. renew/waste
Nuclear
Hydro
Geothermal
Solar, wind, tide
Net electricity trade(1)
Heat(2)

1973

1980

1990

2000

2007

2008

2009e

30.68
5.53
17.30
4.72
1.02
2.30
-0.19
-

33.08
5.22
17.26
5.94
1.62
3.53
-0.49
-

35.40
5.85
14.77
7.40
3.54
3.87
0.01
0.02
-0.06
-

40.74
5.13
16.69
9.31
4.49
5.14
0.03
0.10
-0.17
-

47.50
5.47
19.01
9.97
7.28
4.51
0.05
0.41
0.81
0.01

47.49
5.20
18.16
10.67
7.74
4.66
0.06
0.42
0.60
0.01

46.32
4.32
18.04
10.84
7.69
4.80
0.06
0.48
0.10
0.01

Average annual
percent change
73-90
90-08
0.85
0.34
-0.93
2.68
7.57
3.10
-6.89
-

1.65
-0.66
1.15
2.05
4.44
1.04
14.15
17.98
-

(1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.
(2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries

2. Energy supply, GDP and population*

GDP (2000 bil. US$)
TPES/GDP(1)
Population (millions)
TPES/population(1)
TPES/GDP(2)
Coal and peat supply/GDP(2)
Elec. consumption/GDP (2)
Elec. generation (TWh)
Industrial production(2)

1973
99
0.31
7.6
4.04
145.9
208.6
93.9
31
43.5

1980
120
0.27
7.5
4.38
129.1
161.4
100.5
42
53.2

1990
149
0.24
7.7
4.61
111.5
146.2
105.1
49
69.9

2000
191
0.21
8.0
5.08
100.0
100.0
100.0
60
100.0

2007
222
0.21
8.3
5.72
100.6
91.9
98.3
62
133.2

2008
226
0.21
8.3
5.70
98.5
85.5
96.4
64
135.6

2009e
223
0.21
8.3
5.56
97.3
71.9
..
66
119.6

Average annual
percent change
73-90
90-08
2.45
2.35
-1.57
-0.68
0.07
0.46
0.77
1.18
-1.57
-0.68
-2.07
-2.94
0.67
-0.48
2.78
1.49
2.83
3.75

Average annual
percent change
78-90
90-08

(1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$, TPES/population in units of tce/capita.
(2) As index, 2000 = 100
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries , OECD Main Economic Indicators

3. Coal and peat production by type*
1978(1)

1980

1990

2000

2007

2008

2009e

Mtce:
Coking coal
Steam coal
Brown coal
Peat

1.35
-

1.20
-

0.91
0.00

0.42
0.00

0.00

0.00

-

-3.25
-

-

Mt:
Coking coal
Steam coal
Brown coal
Peat

3.08
-

2.87
-

2.45
0.00

1.25
0.00

0.00

0.00

-

-1.88
-

-

(1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries, IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV - IV.81

AUSTRIA
4. Final consumption of energy by fuel*
(Mtce)

Average annual
percent change
73-90
90-08

1973

1980

1990

2000

2006

2007

2008

23.73
2.84
14.21
2.58
0.99
3.11
-

26.63
2.77
13.94
4.09
1.51
4.06
0.27

28.18
1.90
12.65
4.36
3.12
0.01
0.02
5.25
0.87

33.65
1.25
14.74
6.12
3.56
0.01
0.09
6.42
1.47

38.78
0.92
17.32
6.69
4.54
0.01
0.14
7.16
2.00

38.33
0.86
16.87
6.38
4.75
0.01
0.15
7.31
2.00

38.40
0.84
16.27
6.75
4.92
0.01
0.16
7.32
2.12

1.02
-2.33
-0.68
3.14
7.00
3.14
-

1.73
-4.42
1.41
2.46
2.57
2.61
12.07
1.86
5.04

Total industry
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas
Comb. renew/wastes
Geothermal
Solar, wind, tide
Electricity
Heat

7.46
1.06
3.19
1.68
0.05
1.49
-

7.04
1.30
1.42
2.27
0.30
1.74
-

7.39
0.91
0.96
2.33
0.87
2.21
0.11

8.61
0.89
0.81
3.00
1.20
2.54
0.17

10.30
0.72
1.12
3.35
1.54
3.28
0.29

10.56
0.70
1.09
3.41
1.65
3.42
0.28

10.57
0.67
1.12
3.50
1.62
3.37
0.29

-0.05
-0.90
-6.80
1.96
18.45
2.35
-

2.01
-1.64
0.84
2.28
3.55
2.37
5.34

Total transport
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas

5.53
0.16
5.12
0.03

5.84
0.02
5.49
0.05

6.95
0.00
6.46
0.14

9.40
0.00
8.62
0.33

11.88
10.81
0.28

12.10
10.95
0.28

11.51
10.16
0.35

1.36
-21.12
1.38
9.94

2.84
2.55
5.39

Comb. renew/wastes
Electricity
Residential
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas

0.00
0.22
8.17
1.54
4.33
0.62

0.00
0.28
7.28
1.29
3.11
0.59

0.01
0.34
8.28
0.92
2.44
1.11

0.02
0.43
9.27
0.31
2.46
1.94

0.39
0.40
9.56
0.15
2.30
1.72

0.48
0.39
9.04
0.11
1.94
1.64

0.60
0.39
9.27
0.12
2.00
1.68

5.41
2.73
0.08
-2.97
-3.33
3.51

26.44
0.83
0.63
-10.76
-1.08
2.31

Comb. renew/wastes
Geothermal
Solar, wind, tide
Electricity
Heat
Comm & public services
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas

0.93
0.75
0.71
0.06
0.02
0.07

1.21
1.08
2.62
0.15
1.20
0.43

1.98
0.01
1.46
0.35
2.50
0.03
0.56
0.27

2.04
0.05
1.74
0.73
3.30
0.04
0.53
0.48

2.27
0.09
2.09
0.94
3.64
0.03
0.53
0.93

2.26
0.10
2.07
0.92
3.31
0.02
0.39
0.69

2.33
0.11
2.08
0.95
3.79
0.03
0.60
0.82

4.54
4.03
7.70
-4.11
21.96
8.32

0.90
12.95
2.00
5.68
2.33
-1.06
0.43
6.47

Comb. renew/waste
Geothermal
Solar, wind, tide
Electricity
Heat
Non-energy use
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas

0.56
1.76
0.00
1.56
0.19

0.83
2.30
0.00
1.56
0.73

0.11
0.01
0.01
1.12
0.40
2.22
0.01
1.70
0.50

0.11
0.01
0.04
1.55
0.56
2.26
0.01
1.89
0.35

0.09
0.01
0.05
1.25
0.75
2.57
0.02
2.17
0.39

0.08
0.01
0.06
1.28
0.78
2.48
0.02
2.12
0.34

0.08
0.01
0.06
1.32
0.87
2.41
0.02
2.01
0.38

4.15
1.39
12.38
0.50
5.85

-1.67
2.61
10.74
0.95
4.33
0.45
2.29
0.92
-1.56

TFC(1)
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas
Comb. renew/wastes
Geothermal
Solar, wind, tide
Electricity
Heat
of which:

(1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

IV.82 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV

AUSTRIA
5. Coal balance*
(Mtce)

Production
Imports
Exports
Stock changes

Average annual
percent change
73-90
90-08

1973

1980

1990

2000

2007

2008

2009e

1.5
4.4
-0.1
-0.2

1.2
4.0
-0.0
0.0

0.9
4.5
-0.0
0.4

0.4
4.4
-0.1
0.4

0.0
5.9
-0.1
-0.3

0.0
5.6
-0.0
-0.4

4.9
-0.0
-0.6

-2.7
0.2
-17.0
x

-35.9
1.2
4.6
x

Primary supply

5.5

5.2

5.9

5.1

5.5

5.2

4.3

0.3

-0.7

Statistical difference

0.0

0.0

-0.0

-0.1

-0.0

-0.0

..

x

x

Total transformation

-2.4 e

-2.3 e

-3.3 e

-3.1 e

-3.7

-3.3

..

1.9

0.0

Electricity and heat gen.
Main activity producers (1)
Autoproducers

-1.2
-1.0
-0.2

-1.2
-1.0
-0.2

-2.4
-2.1
-0.3

-2.0
-1.6
-0.4

-2.4
-1.9
-0.5

-2.1
-1.6
-0.5

..
..
..

4.0
4.2
3.3

-0.7
-1.4
2.5

Gas works

-0.1

-0.1

-

-

Coal transformation(2)

-1.1 e
0.1
-1.0 e
-0.1
-

-1.0 e
-0.9 e
-0.1
-

-0.9 e
-0.7 e
-0.1
-

-1.1 e
-1.0 e
-0.1
-

-

-

-

-

BKB plants
Blast furnaces
Coke ovens
Patent fuel plants
Other transformation(3)

-

-

..

-

-

-1.3
-1.2
-0.1
-

-1.2
-1.1
-0.1
-

..
..
..
..
..

-1.1
-2.1
3.0
-

1.7
2.3
-3.6
-

-

-

..

-

-

Energy ind. own use

-0.2

-0.1

-0.7

-0.7

-0.8

-1.0

..

6.1

2.1

Losses

-0.1

-0.0

-

-

-0.1

-0.1

..

x

x

2.8

2.8

1.9

1.3

0.9

0.8

..

-2.3

-4.4

Iron and steel
Chemical
Non-metallic minerals
Paper, pulp and print

1.1
0.7 e
0.0
0.1
0.0

1.3
1.1 e
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.9
0.6 e
0.0
0.2
0.1

0.9
0.5 e
0.1
0.2
0.1

0.7
0.3
0.0
0.2
0.1

0.7
0.3
0.0
0.2
0.1

..
..
..
..
..

-0.9
-1.6
-1.3
7.5
4.4

-1.6
-2.9
-0.1
0.2
0.5

Transport(6)

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

-

-

..

-21.1

-

Other(7)
Comm. and pub. services
Residential

1.6
0.1
1.5

1.4
0.2
1.3

1.0
0.0
0.9

0.4
0.0
0.3

0.1
0.0
0.1

0.1
0.0
0.1

..
..
..

-2.9
-4.1
-3.0

-10.0
-1.1
-10.8

Non-energy use

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

..

12.4

2.3

Final consumption

(4)

(5)

Industry

(1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.
(2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke,
(2) briquettes, coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).
(3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.
(4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry, transport and other).
(5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.
(6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.
(7) Other includes commercial and public services, agriculture, and residential.
* "Coal" refers to all types of coal, primary (anthracite, coking coal, other bituminous coal, sub-bituminous coal, lignite/brown coal)
* and derived fuels (including patent fuel, BKB, coke oven coke, gas coke, coal tar, coke oven gas, gas works gas, blast furnace
* gas and oxygen steel furnace gas), as well as peat, peat briquettes and oil shale. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using
* calorific values reported by the respective countries. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

00 2.28 - -1. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.01 2.82 1.06 0.08 0.13 0.86 1.03 0.66 0.99 2.25 -1.05 0.83 AUSTRIA 6.29 0.21 83.07 0.03 0.00 0.11 0.21 0.04 0.02 0.05 - 1.06 0.09 0.88 - 1.89 - 1.19 0.09 0.90 1.00 1.06 0.08 0.22 - 1.72 2.09 0.01 0.69 -1.28 0.09 0.77 -3.01 0.01 0.13 0.22 21.09 0.28 1.10 0.70 -1.00 2.42 1.29 1.28 - 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.25 - 2.00 0.22 0.00 0. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.63 - 2.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .99 0.11 82.00 - -1.04 0.36 0.01 - 0.78 2.00 1.09 0.03 1.27 1.42 1.97 1.98 1.IV.34 - 1.86 - 1.03 0.84 0.12 0.00 0.45 1.01 - 2.01 0.00 - 0.03 -22.04 0.00 2. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 0.38 1.16 0.75 -2.03 12.00 14.85 1.04 0.43 0. commercial and public services.10 -4.19 0.07 0.01 0.05 0.59 15.03 0.01 - 0.05 -15.00 0.37 0.17 0.51 - -17.94 0.01 0.00 0.23 1. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.69 -8.90 - 1. pulp and print Other industry Res.93 20.03 -3.14 0.00 1.02 0.19 -1.05 0.32 - 1.89 1.90 1.20 0.37 0.21 0.04 0.34 5.00 0.00 0.92 - (1) Residential.09 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.21 0.04 0.74 1.12 0.02 0.00 0.94 0.10 0.12 1.08 0.15 0.06 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.75 0.31 0.89 1.00 0.35 2.04 0.16 1.47 0.06 0.70 0.80 -12.34 2.90 - 1.00 0.37 2.02 0.09 0.04 0.66 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.50 2.13 2.88 1. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .02 0.14 1.01 0.30 0.09 0.14 0.15 0.

00 0. 131. 167.83 .07 0. Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 93.32 1.06 0. 203.93 160.03 1.46 5. 121.00 0. 90.00 0.15 104. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.31 4.96 ....67 64.66 ..23 0. ..IV.84 .20 1.10 .06 1.62 ..00 1. .19 69.84 .07 1.. 70.45 . 128. 142. .94 51.92 2.. 346. (2) For steam coal.06 1.74 .54 3. 346. . ..85 4. 73..36 .23 0..70 132..02 1.38 3.08 ..00 0.01 0.01 0. 178...87 . coal tar. 0.64 115.28 . .87 .25 . For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.. 305.00 0.72 1. briquettes. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8...14 . 87.73 .53 234..80 157.28 ..31 ..05 154.32 1.58 . 92. 258.99 4..76 119.00 0.07 0..66 .. 101.99 1. 129.23 2.75 .00 0.45 146. 284..01 0.92 180. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .. 459.35 0.24 176....... ..... 141.86 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV AUSTRIA 7.92 . for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV. 86.08 1. 108.20 .67 100. 118.15 74.48 0. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.35 249. 490..18 4.08 . 100.38 2.23 164. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.84 . .38 .28 . 190.60 .06 0.07 164.36 1.12 1.96 ...62 .00 0.. 70.07 0.78 58.50 192.06 0..48 ..14 .19 0.25 160.. . 73. 249...75 . 243.05 0. .. 355.60 0.79 199..00 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal. 83. 334.. for example: coke.. patent fuels.33 . 145. 168. . .85 2. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. 351.89 .10 ..53 2.26 54.41 4..01 0.. 98..94 122.60 3.68 .00 0.05 .82 80. 99..74 58.92 4. (Euro / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 172.55 4.95 .14 110.65 2..06 ..88 78. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 4.18 0..71 2.01 2.96 120. 127.03 5.01 0. 74.41 .72 4.08 0.00 0.84 ..02 0.02 0. . 172. 128..00 0. 143.57 56.14 100... Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 1990 173.42 5.85 .39 .65 190. 0.67 . 181.00 0..31 5.12 .05 2..69 .19 .79 2.06 .05 0.33 76. .20 63.98 92.95 .48 0..

(2) For years prior to 1990. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China.IV. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. People's Rep. People's Rep. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Hard Coal 2307 3599 3609 2994 3409 4121 4428 4063 4085 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 2006 662 205 470 - 2483 652 147 784 503 - 2376 746 566 456 - 1778 1778 - 1738 1187 551 - 1806 910 604 292 - 1860 850 605 405 - 1931 1044 377 510 - 1661 1011 650 - 669 - 397 - 608 - - - - - - - 301 8 260 - 1116 66 57 949 19 - 1233 29 1189 9 1216 15 10 1087 9 1671 307 6 1358 - 2315 905 19 1317 14 4 2568 909 26 1449 55 - 2132 944 28 1050 16 2424 1114 39 469 286 16 33 - 25 6 - 95 - - 53 1 2 121 7 1 53 41 - 4 26 445 25 - China.85 AUSTRIA 9.

.... .... 116.71 . .. ....22 148. . .. 66. .52 185. ... . .44 . . ..COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV AUSTRIA 12.. 84... . . . 242. . .. 401..80 .. . ....43 472.. ..62 .... ..57 . ... .33 . .33 85. . ...34 165.. . .10 95. . . . .....53 .27 165... . 90.. . . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.80 44. .. .. .. . .. .. .05 Note: On occasion.83 295. . . . .. .30 ... 214..00 135. . . . .92 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) ..09 ..81 170..79 106. .19 . 63. .. .74 159. ..27 116... . Prices exclude intra-EU trade..57 133.. . . . . ..72 73.... .12 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) .60 505.20 68.. . .. .... 98..48 . .11 . US$/tonne) Coking coal (1) 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 . 117.58 .. 206. . 321... (3) Bituminous steam coal only. . ..18 106. ..86 .75 1198.63 114. .. .. Steam coal(3) .. 133..90 70. . .50 .. .. shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs. .. . . CIF. . .. .32 141.50 45.. .11 .. ....... (1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights.. ..85 ... .. 307. .. .07 .99 291.. (2) Former Soviet Union until 1991.... 43... .. .06 98. .61 115.63 173.29 155. . 144..IV. .. Russian Federation starting in 1992... Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ... .. . Coal import values by origin* (average unit value. . .52 100. Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights. 175..70 129.16 81. .... .. 406.. . 177. Prices exclude intra-EU trade. ...57 85. 128..11 .. .39 206...62 118. 9110. .. .

87 BELGIUM* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 90 140 80 120 70 100 60 80 50 40 60 30 40 20 20 10 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 20 1981 1986 Oil Gas 1991 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 18 18 16 16 14 14 12 12 10 10 8 8 6 6 4 4 2 2 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 100 Coal/population Coal/GDP 20 0 2009e 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 90 140 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 120 80 100 70 60 80 50 60 40 30 40 20 20 10 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other Coal Oil Gas 2008 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Peat is included in coal for all figures.IV.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .

79 30.37 6.05 0.97 1.1 93.29 - - 0.95 17.19 - 4.00 0.07 0.9 6.31 10.28 2.40 0.36 10.2 84 111.18 - -34.69 - 1.81 16.09 1.64 3.6 47.38 16.82 86.2 2008 269 0.67 1. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 127 0.6 2009e 263 0.53 - 81.00 0.39 84.76 143.01 0.05 0.78 121.81 3.65 4.63 17.09 1. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .95 -0.96 0.06 32.0 2007 266 0.7 1980 153 0.04 3.30 10. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.98 15.55 10. (2) As index.92 102.02 -0.56 0.6 1990 187 0.0 6.05 -1.04 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Energy supply.81 4.6 259.23 0.5 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.03 0.69 - 0.68 -1.70 15.13 2.65 11. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.19 3.25 33.37 10.9 .09 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 0.95 -2.96 3.9 2000 232 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.40 21.09 79.83 0.6 7.4 80.4 88 112.00 0.15 0.83 20.00 - - -5.00 0.34 12.IV.03 0.05 0.09 83.48 17. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.06 0.20 0.46 - 83.36 2.16 100.36 - 0.14 0.23 19.84 - 1.08 15.7 7. wind.1 93.91 0.21 34.46 6.95 -0.03 -0.28 33. 90 96.29 -0.98 - 2.09 - 66.10 25. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 3.1 35.63 9. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.33 -2.08 4.47 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.59 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV BELGIUM 1.00 0.87 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 3.75 23.72 0. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.52 9.95 0.32 2.09 45.81 1.59 1.8 7.0 100.58 32.88 .86 -0.31 10. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.93 0.00 -0.52 0.00 - - -5.97 39.50 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.90 - 4.14 21.0 53 70.8 167.58 11.30 0.67 0.92 - -35.69 6. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.0 83 100.04 2. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 65..67 85.95 0.38 - - 0.15 -0.5 219. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .7 92.55 -6.0 100.44 9.43 2.2 47.73 0.32 - 68.9 85.08 -4.28 0.06 3.6 41 65.7 6.2 8. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.2 70 85.00 0.

00 2.86 - 12.42 11.32 15.68 -7.57 - 1.08 0.16 1.02 6.10 -5.31 0.34 0.24 5.30 2.60 1.93 1.12 13.20 12.02 9.65 1.17 15.42 2. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.00 0.47 15.12 0.30 0.02 6.63 - 0.37 3.12 0.20 - 7.34 3.79 0.26 1.52 3.14 4.73 0.74 4.67 1.72 0.92 0.03 10.83 -3.12 15.52 5.42 1.31 1.75 0.20 0.87 5.80 1.98 3.10 15.23 0.00 2.54 0.87 0. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.34 6.65 0.75 4.06 0.46 -1.93 14.78 -1.93 0.94 0.92 1.01 2.69 11.72 31. tide Electricity Heat Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.51 1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.33 0.11 1.29 0.27 3.41 0.59 0.73 2.56 -5.51 15.01 0.68 2.02 4.59 Comb.78 3.53 0.64 1.30 -2.27 5.83 0.63 8.11 11.88 0.80 6.06 7. wind.14 1.78 - 13.55 0.69 1.23 1.94 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .21 12.16 3.80 0.18 1.39 4. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.15 0. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.78 Comb.06 0.63 0.52 0.58 4.19 8.61 15.79 -4.16 0.44 6.11 1.69 0.30 0.68 -0.81 5.57 3.68 29.70 58.00 9.15 11.96 0.42 1.56 0.46 16. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.43 6.57 15.67 0.10 12. wind.50 -0.85 1.26 2.00 10.99 -4.05 23.29 6.12 6.41 5.48 3.32 0.65 2.32 59.58 60.50 1.51 1.53 -1.45 0.15 28.25 2.53 0.86 6.22 4.01 2.08 10.59 4.21 11.11 5.00 2.59 1. wind.71 2.68 0.19 2.07 10.86 0.75 4.18 13.05 24.03 4.47 7.22 0.79 0.20 1.87 4. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.69 0.47 1.74 0.08 -0.95 0.00 7.02 4.33 -6.18 0.56 2.18 0.59 0.50 4.79 1.94 0.33 1.00 7.40 2.33 1.21 0.56 -0.29 1.03 0.12 3.00 3.28 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.60 - 9.07 10.28 0.53 -1.65 4.02 6.30 2.01 0.52 - 12.75 - 2.41 4.70 0.11 0.33 2.72 2.92 1.18 4.95 -6.75 0.49 29.14 0.79 0.52 0.56 45.46 3. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 48.30 2.20 0.95 1.99 4.02 4. wind.61 9.68 56.80 4.70 1.48 0.94 0.03 8.45 5.21 1.00 2.15 -2. tide Electricity Heat of which: Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.15 0.76 0.42 5.72 0.50 0.56 0.00 4.74 1.82 0.03 3.13 0.02 6.00 8.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .39 0.IV.26 0.60 0.89 BELGIUM 4.07 10.64 6.61 0.01 0.06 11.22 0.02 5.02 6.32 3.01 10.90 0.89 4.20 6.31 4.58 0.55 2.78 1.58 0.28 5.00 1.95 1.54 4.33 19.27 18.53 - 11.44 28.46 46.69 9.04 9.23 1.00 2.00 2. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.01 10.54 0.58 0.29 -1.02 4.10 11.

- - Coal transformation(2) -4.7 -0.0 -2.4 2.0 2.9 e 0.2 -1. .7 1.8 -0.2 2.6 0.0 . -2..8 -1.6 -34.8 -1.2 -0.2 .0 0.2 . x x Total transformation -8.3 -3.5 0.2 4. gas works gas..3 Gas works -0.3 15. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes. -2.3 6. ..6 e -0.9 e 0.4 e .7 -6.6 -0. pulp and print 5. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.1 e 0.6 -1..1 3.IV.3 0. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 9.0 0.9 -2.1 0.. - - Other(7) 3.8 0.. coke oven gas.6 -0.0 0.. -8.6 2.5 -4. and residential.2 7.6 - - - - 0..1 6.2 0.3 -0.0 e -0.2 0..3 11. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas)..4 7.7 15. ..5 0. BKB.9 -3. coal tar..8 Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.6 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV BELGIUM 5.1 0.0 16.5 -1.4 e -6. - - BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) - - - - - - Energy ind.3 -1. Main activity producers (1) Autoproducers -3. .5 0. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.7 ..4 -9. .0 -6..0 4.0 e -2.0 1. sub-bituminous coal.6 e -2.0 7.0 e -4.1 Electricity and heat gen.1 0.7 7.0 1.2 Transport(6) 0.1 . gas coke.3 0.0 -1..5 0.2 -0.7 0. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.3 -4.1 -0.5 -6. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas)...2 0.8 Statistical difference 1.9 e -1.9 -8.3 2.0 .0 5. as well as peat.7 1. -1..8 -0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .6 -6. other bituminous coal.3 0.1 3.7 -2.9 -3..8 e -1.0 ..8 0. x x 8.8 -5.2 .0 - 4.7 x Primary supply 16. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.7 -1.6 0.4 -0.1 1.0 -8.8 -0.7 -0.8 -4.3 6. 3.9 e -0.1 -6..2 -1.4 0.9 e -2. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal. -2.5 - -4.1 1.7 -4.5 0. and pub.3 0. 0.4 0.9 e 0.90 .9 - -5.5 -0.0 -1.2 0.5 1.7 0.1 11.5 1.2 -0.5 -0.2 0. .3 0.. . own use -1.8 -0. agriculture. .7 e -5.1 -3.8 -5. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.1 1.3 -0. peat briquettes and oil shale.3 -3.2 0.5 -4...1 2.0 e -2.5 4. .0 - - - - - . - - Losses Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Comm.1 3.2 6. coke oven coke.8 -1.3 e -0. .0 - -5.1 e -9.7 e -0.8 -5.4 -0.0 3.5 - - - - - - .0 -0. services Residential Non-energy use (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.5 -6.8 e 0.0 -0. . coking coal. (2) briquettes..5 . (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.0 - - - - .6 -1.0 0.1 -2.2 -9. .1 20.2 -3. primary (anthracite.7 11. transport and other).3 -2.2 0.4 1.2 x -34.0 -1.3 -2. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.

86 - 3.19 -6.20 0.00 - 7.29 0.28 0.87 0.01 3.32 - 0.76 4.75 3.45 3.28 0.21 0.98 0.29 - 0.05 3.25 20.36 0.58 10.41 3.21 0.70 - 7.77 - -5.37 - 3.23 0.03 0.01 0.66 0.00 6.00 4.12 0.26 3.37 0.00 - 3.00 0.28 0.09 0.01 0.13 0.49 -5.IV.29 0.17 0.91 2. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .12 0.98 0.44 0.01 0.28 0.03 0.37 4.07 0.48 0.01 0.00 0.02 7.61 2. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.44 4.16 7.36 0. commercial and public services.16 0.00 - - 0.02 1.00 - 2.22 - 0.41 1.01 0.09 0.16 - 4. pulp and print Other industry Res. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 8.43 0.03 2.22 0.74 -8.05 0.87 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.37 0.05 2.01 0.05 -1.00 0.30 0.04 0.52 0.05 - - 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .82 - -0.54 0.40 0.04 - (1) Residential.10 0.14 0.53 -8.00 - 7.96 -6.28 0.04 0.91 BELGIUM 6.08 0.20 - 0.05 0.98 1.08 0.19 0.10 0.03 2.32 0.00 0.48 0.05 0.08 0.36 13.10 0.07 2.30 - 4.47 -0.15 -7.01 0.87 -5.53 1.31 0.26 0.28 0.28 0.57 -6.19 0.03 2.39 -4.62 -6.47 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.59 -0.10 0.04 0.18 0.34 0.29 3.40 0.43 2.06 0.22 0.18 0.98 0.22 3.17 0.04 0.42 -0.05 0.00 0.95 1.19 0.57 -6.07 0.66 0.03 - -4.28 - 0.64 6. pulp and print Other industry Res.01 3.25 2. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.12 0.18 0.05 0.32 0.00 0.63 - 9.76 -5.22 0.22 -32.07 0.

.93 0... .33 14.15 x c 89..92 1. .66 ..60 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV BELGIUM 7.42 51.79 . 51. for example: coke. .36 .30 1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.67 66..38 .10 42.89 0...72 91.10 0.25 3.62 c .70 2.30 0.54 196.41 61.15 177.51 1.60 For industry (Euro / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 31.17 7.00 0.69 34.42 62.84 0.28 0.79 c 105.32 0. x 220. x 300.07 0.12 59.67 7.36 x c 82. 0.88 2.01 0.80 119.23 0.31 x c Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 18.79 42. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8..06 0.64 48.03 0..37 7.68 x c 50.00 0.03 1.38 4.. .05 0.92 . coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.68 105.22 130.23 102..89 55. 71.57 c .17 1.28 0. patent fuels..13 7.91 2.74 300.06 1.73 72.08 66.09 24. x 294.13 4. 72..60 91..77 x c Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 29.61 0.03 1.87 66.19 x c 100. briquettes.03 1.11 1.56 130. x 289.84 10.15 c 64..92 0.27 0.24 0.10 1. 109...12 0..93 x c 99.17 105.53 .05 1.54 382.28 6.15 2.88 11.49 10.83 7.51 128.79 6.61 72. x 301.23 7.08 0. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 53.07 x c 171.06 0. x 423. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.67 .67 65.77 37.22 196.49 4. (2) For steam coal.23 117.89 36.13 96. .17 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal.02 .53 65.50 1. 117.95 129. .. . .53 4.79 117.08 0.49 3... . 1.08 0.43 35.01 1.57 435..IV.22 .12 8.60 0.97 c .17 5.59 1.32 c .33 15.61 . x 444.. .68 0. .21 129.76 . . IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ..89 3.76 1.82 6.09 0.02 112. coal tar.19 1.88 . x 279.76 123.21 6.47 0.64 0.14 3. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.51 128.02 114.99 3.18 0.34 49..13 102. 47.10 7.40 x c 55.60 6. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 7.20 0.37 8.29 x c 55... x 251.76 c . .12 3..66 3.68 0.40 For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.09 1..96 0.97 324. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.62 63.39 1.07 0.24 11. x 247..98 0.. .31 c .

or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. People's Rep. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.IV. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Hard Coal 7007 9320 14761 14099 11347 8056 7415 7436 7321 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 3490 209 148 59 1751 392 22 833 15 4663 16 94 1028 540 2951 - 7132 1015 236 690 105 32 4897 - 5267 1614 205 20 66 3171 15 3818 1109 678 74 1898 - 3490 1647 351 23 1468 - 3247 1739 175 1326 6 2993 1624 60 1221 65 2379 336 14 1293 4 15 46 - 34 - 157 - 176 - 59 - 1 1 16 6 1 732 - 3517 26 2316 105 129 72 4657 205 28 1067 59 39 671 246 7629 388 66 721 242 67 981 60 8832 1283 20 301 318 66 983 75 7529 2354 12 118 225 76 309 48 4566 490 88 299 38 367 45 4168 581 11 97 6 38 403 46 4443 631 141 49 632 46 4942 444 159 83 102 745 185 606 233 30 112 51 2078 73 28 292 170 6 4365 234 1 36 299 269 4855 154 111 17 81 - 167 431 11 3028 705 19 3 23 - 27 4 2260 786 143 19 - 15 27 275 1641 1010 17 1 24 209 1931 551 218 10 1 1 105 1326 1504 95 124 69 China. People's Rep.93 BELGIUM 9.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . (2) For years prior to 1990.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV BELGIUM 11. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.IV. China. Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 122 1075 724 818 1340 1069 1464 1213 2370 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 122 61 1 21 1 13 6 18 1 - 1021 2 317 345 14 2 79 87 21 7 28 18 101 - 724 1 360 67 5 61 179 4 43 4 - 818 352 204 50 182 25 3 2 - 1340 2 609 495 7 40 136 6 15 15 15 - 1068 270 365 23 389 2 1 15 3 - 1462 263 409 1 46 737 2 1 3 - 1213 293 208 24 582 12 92 2 - 2366 2 719 650 93 774 5 28 4 3 88 - - 54 2 52 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 2 - 4 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. Africa & Mid. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.94 . East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.

51 163...64 43.10 295.14 80.68 126.14 66..88 44.49 .94 39..69 90.05 166.24 101. (1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights.93 66. 105.28 95.91 89.53 139.49 . 57.05 82.88 66.58 43...33 163..93 136. 59.59 .. 79. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. 131.92 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 50.39 .68 Coking coal (1) Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Note: On occasion.01 48..77 45....80 254. .34 135.12 84.09 . . .03 75. 52. 49.85 120.67 63.46 .17 43.66 48.65 53.15 67.93 57..30 56.. 73.06 97.92 35.98 68. 31.74 44. .63 132.63 67. US$/tonne) 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 63. Russian Federation starting in 1992. 63.96 58.49 51.IV.10 139.82 .33 73.05 97. Coal import values by origin* (average unit value. . .19 100.32 72.22 69.60 . 54.94 172..40 51.. 68. .56 ..17 71.61 63.40 62.. 41.24 309.83 70. 69.61 .98 108.15 73.41 42.65 40...95 653. 270.33 .91 58. 141. shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs.30 .23 75.75 102.54 63..80 37. 195...64 64.. Prices exclude intra-EU trade..43 139. . 78.54 .44 184.12 148. 158.55 66.26 146.92 44....87 .27 ...91 .65 199. 72.17 128. Prices exclude intra-EU trade.81 150.00 60.05 78.18 36.33 152.14 . .14 96..22 314..36 .00 241.95 82. (3) Bituminous steam coal only.58 109..08 62.64 .29 125.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .28 63. 140.18 .46 114.76 91. 57.83 45. ...66 49.24 .57 57..23 90.78 . CIF.95 BELGIUM 12.18 .93 72.97 . 49.. .57 140..13 150.57 47.60 . 58. 104.. 133.92 ..51 153. 48..51 285.29 70..50 ..04 229. . Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . 75. (2) Former Soviet Union until 1991.. 46.94 .03 .87 . Steam coal(3) 45.53 . Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights. 67.32 . 38.75 272.

96 .IV. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV CANADA* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 450 160 400 140 350 120 300 100 250 80 200 60 150 40 100 20 50 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 70 1981 1986 Oil 1991 Gas 1996 Nuclear Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 2009e Coal/population Coal/GDP 50 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 45 60 40 50 35 30 40 25 30 20 15 20 10 10 5 0 0 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 700 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 600 600 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 500 500 400 400 300 300 200 200 100 100 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Peat is included in coal for all figures.

5 69.36 - 28.08 0.5 10.83 17. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .92 14.50 34.72 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.17 9.3 107.9 270 51.22 2.82 27.80 90.99 0.71 36.54 0.07 10.18 - 23.69 36.31 34. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 227.67 -4.77 -0.71 100. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.8 87.11 34.74 110.23 1.68 109.64 35.2 115.29 -2. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.98 4.42 33.15 126.55 27.37 - 1.46 65.16 5.98 34.41 3.37 0.10 44.5 101.10 37.0 100.52 7.34 4. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.2 1990 544 0.1 2000 725 0.07 17.36 0.46 0.5 11.15 6.18 - 0.78 - -0.01 30.31 78.44 - 23.8 482 69.32 126..78 3.23 124.43 -1.98 46.44 33.66 6.77 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1.0 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 3.9 11.66 10. 623 84.38 - 2007 2008 2009e Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 388.80 - 381.80 113.10 111.70 22.8 373 56.28 0.0 100.5 10.4 69.72 - 275.0 56.50 30.69 27.22 134.67 45. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 325 0.IV.53 - 2009e 858 0.52 - 27.02 16.43 106.34 - 14.77 1.7 651 94.16 5.04 - 2000 359.48 -3.3 642 100.51 -19.12 141.99 - 357.0 606 100.92 4.65 84.82 - 13.08 21.18 11.65 -1.09 33.04 - 6. Energy supply.62 2.43 -1.7 10.55 - 28.00 -0.71 37.13 4. consumption/GDP (2) Elec. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.69 1.20 45.35 0.7 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.60 2.75 5.14 1.92 2. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec. (2) As index.14 17.44 1.05 0.05 16. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .45 32.98 - 5.00 - 24.81 45.07 9.35 - 298.91 20.52 4.47 1.15 0.64 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.91 -1.91 - 22.47 -4.14 30.87 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 13. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.63 21.36 13. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.07 3.24 -0.0 2008 870 0.73 141.29 1.9 110.97 CANADA 1.67 115.3 1980 412 0.38 -3.34 20.07 2.8 117.25 11.25 34.86 -3.66 - 28.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .03 0.86 30.67 24.0 2007 867 0.89 4.76 -1.44 88.98 9.77 110.07 28. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 13.34 -1.24 1.34 9.07 - 19.3 .02 15.25 7. wind.99 0.39 3. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.53 137.72 - 27.41 53.82 23.30 1.79 20.7 11.7 102.04 e -4.3 11.14 -4.82 9.21 30.42 32.1 89.

06 4.75 2.96 0.64 8.38 24.03 5. wind.18 47.89 4.16 4.00 10.84 1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.04 -0.54 1.76 9.21 13.49 Comb.31 0.15 0.46 108.48 1.09 - 1.16 281.53 0.07 -1.87 9.56 0.13 0.73 0.77 72.07 75.22 11.66 16.09 32.18 0.03 24.98 1.95 0.06 e 3.04 16.92 81.71 20.19 0.01 5.15 0.98 .02 2.11 14. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.04 7.08 -0.60 37.17 0.25 3.17 1.67 1.05 4.45 3.00 42.06 0.74 1.01 28.79 79.44 10.80 4.64 0.01 Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.40 76.60 10.49 66.77 0.02 77.79 1.48 1.98 39.04 17.10 72.15 288.13 20.72 2.14 0.61 14.09 0.20 -3.01 e 17.40 41.56 42.50 45.28 40.92 0.64 19.49 0.00 8.15 13.00 75.28 4.73 1.18 127.68 -2.25 15.22 8.82 11.74 -0.78 1.01 4.46 0.13 33. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .75 11.08 18.47 227.49 6.69 15.39 0.06 16.65 18.73 0. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.00 0.72 0.19 2.24 4.14 7.87 16.70 2.86 10.38 -2.86 4.08 -0.20 2.56 3.71 1.38 22.83 15. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.76 61.17 1.59 9.62 16.43 0.25 5. wind.30 13. renew/waste Geothermal Solar. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 2.70 2.42 26.34 1.07 33.48 29.91 24.26 11.21 1.33 2.30 15.01 19.85 11.04 0.57 17.87 -5.14 221.01 0.27 26.01 1.01 5.56 23.80 0.42 - 63.75 10.84 59.05 2.67 10.95 0.18 -4.39 75.07 6.52 27.67 12.34 0.66 3.91 270.82 0.89 10.48 2.80 23.60 27.22 0.07 8.20 79.75 3.72 1.33 6.02 115.00 44.99 0.43 67.13 32.95 8.89 5.13 0.95 0.06 0. wind. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 187.14 74.92 8. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.04 0.88 27.20 0.60 57.84 16.19 0.33 Comb.30 20.07 0.95 6.56 4.82 23.15 5.31 60.81 1.02 6.65 18.52 46.23 293.52 5.84 82.94 21.52 6.09 1.74 1.40 36.44 - 8.48 7.22 27.79 0.63 0.08 10.65 19.61 - 2.42 10.47 16.04 3.14 71.73 6.30 3.37 0.35 5.93 8.15 81.89 2.33 13.46 0.01 21.43 1.77 1.18 13.00 1.53 0.51 5.85 16.95 6.57 1.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV CANADA 4.92 0.60 0.78 0.56 44.15 77.46 63.46 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.14 -3.41 98.55 Comb.42 51.05 128.44 4. wind.70 24. tide Electricity Heat 65.18 114.27 61. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.19 2.54 1. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 7.09 33.64 0.03 11.27 51.95 1.78 4.40 61.45 2.21 0.00 31.47 14.IV.11 -4.99 1.80 1.14 3.32 130.74 46.35 2.90 78.74 -11.00 8.60 -0.05 2.25 1.59 11.61 4.72 14.65 14.65 0.12 1.33 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 48.49 28.70 8.73 e 10.33 61.96 0.

0 -30.2 -0.9 e -1.7 e 0.1 .6 -2. primary (anthracite. .7 -39. - 5. as well as peat.5 6.5 -27.8 e -41. - - Other(7) 0.1 0.6 e -1.6 e - .0 - 4. other bituminous coal.. coke oven gas..2 2.5 2.1 -0.1 -35. -3.8 -1..6 0.5 54.4 e -35.2 13. - - -2.2 -7.6 -30.1 - 0.2 6.4 e -0. -11.8 -2.8 0.0 1.1 0.2 8.0 e 15.4 6..8 e -2.99 CANADA 5. BKB.3 e -31. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.3 6. x x 7.8 Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Losses Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Comm. .4 e - -1.7 0.9 4.4 7.7 0.. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I..3 x -0. Main activity producers (1) -11.1 .0 0..1 -0. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry...0 -0.0 -0.7 15.3 43. gas works gas.. own use -0. pulp and print 6.9 0.7 3.0 -26.1 49.3 5.0 6.2 - Other transformation(3) - - - - - - .7 - -1.4 -14.4 1. x x Total transformation -14.0 -39.5 -21.0 0.1 e -0.0 -30.0 29.8 2.2 37..0 0.1 1.5 6. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).6 0. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.3 .7 1.8 - -0.8 Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.9 2.6 - 0.9 0..3 0.5 e -0.0 0.1 0.2 21.. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.1 0. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).4 - . and residential.6 -2..1 - - - - - - .6 -35.9 - -21. Coal balance* (Mtce) Production Imports Exports Stock changes Primary supply Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 16. services Residential Non-energy use (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.1 48.7 45.7 1.8 - Transport(6) 0.3 e 0.4 e -0.6 0. .3 34.5 Electricity and heat gen.7 2.0 0.4 e -0. transport and other).4 Statistical difference 0. -3.1 -0.4 1.4 5.2 -0.5 30.0 0.2 4.1 0.9 10.7 37. ..6 e 1.6 2.7 0..5 -24.2 - - - - - .8 e -1.0 - -2.0 -0...6 0.3 -33. peat briquettes and oil shale.6 -0. agriculture.1 4.8 e -1.0 3.7 .5 -0.9 -11.4 -11..0 .1 4.6 e 0. 5.3 3.3 e 0.5 49. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.2 -2.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .5 0.0 .4 -0. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.0 0.2 - -1.5 0.3 15.1 17.IV.9 0. (2) briquettes.1 e 0..9 1.5 1. . .1 0.6 5.. coking coal.1 e . .0 -10.3 e -37..2 0.1 -0.0 -33.1 0. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.3 Autoproducers Gas works - - - - - - .6 -1.5 2. coal tar. and pub. coke oven coke. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries..1 0.8 e -1. sub-bituminous coal. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.8 e -24. -2.3 - -1. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . ..8 30.0 -27.8 -0. .2 -0. 4.0 0. . - - Energy ind.9 e -1. 2. gas coke.5 x 21.0 -4..0 0. . .

64 0.28 0.09 0.07 0.42 9.02 0.69 0.30 e - 4.41 3.03 0.84 -4.17 0.86 12.04 -0.42 1.92 6.46 -2.16 13.01 2. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY 39.04 0.22 0.42 1.51 10.30 1.16 0.77 4.14 43.41 9.18 7.98 - 5.84 -3.69 0.06 0. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.69 44.05 - 13.36 44.09 40.42 2.56 1.77 -11.47 40.25 - 30.74 0.89 - 13.06 0.67 0.06 0.01 .12 -1.10 0.64 0.02 1.60 -3.04 15.95 29. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.72 8.33 16.70 35.16 36.44 0.26 18.100 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV CANADA 6.98 2.21 12.33 e - 4.46 4.16 44.34 2.26 - -2.74 - -0.76 39.22 - 1.26 0.26 29.74 1.26 0.42 45.04 45.04 8.00 - (1) Residential.72 7.29 e - 4.01 1.21 13. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.01 1.02 0.78 6.30 10.02 -0.12 0.71 0.10 0.25 -4.61 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 11.e 1.34 5.01 .29 0.IV.03 0.69 14.29 0.03 6.44 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.23 - 4.07 0.47 -3. commercial and public services.55 4. pulp and print Other industry Res.75 15.03 1.22 0.07 0.01 .26 39.44 8.20 5.26 0.47 7. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.97 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.02 0.08 40.02 0.20 0.06 0.14 - 7.47 -4.42 0.95 - -3.17 12.10 0.04 0.23 2.36 0.29 4.53 16.80 0.e 2.17 0.08 0.04 0.00 - 4.02 0.34 6.02 5.10 0.26 35.41 0.86 1.09 - .99 4.30 2.98 14.23 1.03 0.08 0.06 0.e 2.61 12.19 0.41 -8.95 0.20 0.

. .IV.56 206. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8..81 28.18 6.14 24.71 17..10 0.25 2.40 10.50 . coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.26 0.07 23.07 30. .51 .49 49.08 18.00 0. patent fuels.32 21.39 .41 .47 . 243. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 14.25 13.. .86 22.50 50.15 6. .09 e 8.73 .83 21.70 51.16 144. Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 51..11 34.98 62. 493.25 4..39 2. 381..09 .88 51. .89 61... 133.73 285..04 .45 26.55 . .. 76.22 30.11 e 10. .54 87.00 . 416.66 24...21 .21 8... IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .85 . ...10 .28 24.43 e 0. 63. .01 3...84 .. ...62 79..18 e 0.13 5.89 26..22 9.62 . for example: coke. 0. 93..41 3.90 280.24 0.30 .32 4.14 0.00 0..56 .74 64.64 13..37 4.90 20.93 14. 211. . 65.02 .74 . 404..18 6. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.. 149.. briquettes.05 10..70 175.13 14.89 77. . 73. 321.62 e 4..09 . .28 200.58 114.34 14.50 18.17 . 301.67 ..00 2.75 .37 49.29 25. 277.07 0.24 .08 73. 268.56 .. ... .71 4.81 252.97 29..58 .15 14.40 ..73 1..29 10. .50 ..13 31.22 32.24 0.49 93.25 24.88 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.88 . 352.59 16.94 0..94 0. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 37...11 3. 308.. . . . . 43. 610. .30 42...91 . .. 285.63 30.18 27.20 4.13 .20 81.. Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 43. 0.. 97. 69. 48..30 .40 e 2.83 12. 473.17 .63 4.74 1..20 18.40 15.01 ...70 240.23 248.83 5. .82 71.10 0..11 24..03 0. 315. 50.03 0.45 62..33 15.91 0.87 22. 417..97 190.12 29.84 13...95 14.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . 226.99 9. (2) For steam coal.14 0. coal tar.14 170.10 26.73 0.53 104. For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.61 58. .91 10.08 0..76 0.43 48.92 22.91 14.12 29. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.15 4.08 23..36 . .101 CANADA 7.66 . 206. 148.21 0.55 178.17 .53 27.68 e 1.21 6.46 272..19 162.37 26.21 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal.52 7. For industry (Canadian dollars / unit) (2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 37..17 27.95 50. ..14 e 2.68 .65 3. .. .

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV CANADA 9. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China.102 . Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 14250 14579 14169 9735 18790 15868 e 10399 11093 8212 5454 5454 - 6188 6188 - 4491 4491 - 4129 4129 - 4296 4296 - 4253 e 4133 e - 3322 3322 - 3286 3286 - 2208 15 2193 - - - - - - 7 e 113 e - - - 8796 8796 - 8391 8391 - 9678 9639 - 5606 5095 - 14494 14090 - 11615 e 8537 e - 7077 5142 - 7807 5 6036 - 6004 200 4427 - - - 39 - 511 - 155 61 26 91 71 16 e 2120 e 200 e 299 e 443 e - 968 279 64 624 - 1456 226 20 64 - 1149 157 41 30 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.IV. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) Hard Coal Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. (2) For years prior to 1990. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. People's Rep. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. People's Rep.

Coking coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 13017 22483 26851 28564 28386 25203 e 26674 26643 21404 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 12217 147 164 10934 668 150 154 - 20585 62 352 123 33 17026 2041 195 313 330 110 19684 6 41 379 72 159 16569 369 519 102 51 645 772 25327 261 58 370 104 968 15495 4280 517 459 161 337 155 257 1171 734 22440 374 585 792 1170 12085 3851 385 408 338 819 1093 540 20791 494 372 1680 1177 7225 4441 274 994 175 1080 1418 1461 23321 345 592 1733 1126 8430 5099 230 1047 631 226 957 1437 1468 22750 421 567 1452 164 1078 8598 5072 693 598 233 234 955 1120 1565 15539 258 117 533 464 6650 4441 142 837 832 317 948 800 600 200 - 1898 899 496 38 31 130 235 69 1969 1108 129 224 300 208 - 2853 1078 1264 46 50 267 148 - 3107 1471 1324 312 - 3801 1584 1220 220 69 373 211 54 70 3893 1429 1132 140 70 463 478 181 - 5071 935 119 242 3615 160 - - - 5198 384 2839 - 794 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth.IV. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e 3353 1449 1234 74 356 140 100 - 611 e - e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . Africa & Mid. China.103 CANADA 10.

104 . East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. China.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV CANADA 11. Africa & Mid. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY e e e e e e e e e e e e e . Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 971 4895 4149 5429 3696 2786 e 3748 e 4870 6922 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 971 27 309 492 83 56 4 4389 78 328 56 384 203 26 34 1516 1469 28 112 155 2706 479 18 64 1933 18 194 5082 13 164 86 255 2483 1719 315 47 3419 151 55 14 1244 1767 80 108 2139 1375 534 230 e 3216 6 2094 908 55 153 4444 366 2236 1658 65 119 5800 2192 3375 141 92 - 506 506 - 218 98 120 - 347 140 207 - - 350 e 348 e 2 e - 532 172 358 2 - 426 81 144 201 - 1122 45 822 255 - - - 1225 - 277 297 e - - - Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth.IV. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.

Peat is included in coal for all figures.IV. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .105 CZECH REPUBLIC* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 80 120 70 100 60 80 50 40 60 30 40 20 20 10 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 70 1981 1986 Oil Gas 1991 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) Coal/population Coal/GDP 60 60 2009e Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 100 Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 200 90 180 80 160 70 140 60 120 50 100 40 80 30 60 20 40 10 20 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other Coal Oil Gas 2008 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .

06 -1.60 - -0.106 .3 6.98 - 8.9 6.10 -2. 82 135.55 10.0 82.28 -0.76 15.1 64.37 1. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.0 2000 57 1.16 0.98 - -3.9 2008 79 0.60 10.2 83 157.83 11.6 .1 88 159.5 89.5 65.98 33.4 6. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.69 0.49 -2.06 0.76 28. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.3 84.27 - 67.29 -0.46 1.03 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 0.13 -0.45 -0. e e e e e 1980 49 1.04 0.IV.77 2.47 1.01 10.84 12.98 0.3 5.14 9. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 41 1. (2) As index.51 50.92 5.71 0.91 5.30 0. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.14 -0. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.09 0.65 44.51 4.81 10.88 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.95 2.20 -0.60 -2.22 49.50 30.32 - 7.57 37.4 53 .40 10.60 17. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.42 -6.34 83. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.51 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.03 78.02 63.59 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 18.45 -0.67 5. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.14 -0.22 -1.15 47.81 6.3 6.25 3.6 41 .70 4.62 1.50 1.81 10.38 13. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 14.72 124.31 - 7.9 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1.02 -1.07 47.72 50.57 9.33 4. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.03 62.46 -2.75 4.49 135.1 62 120.09 - 57.38 8.40 30.46 7.60 3.17 3..49 4.78 0.72 - -0.89 6. Energy supply.04 -1.66 21.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV CZECH REPUBLIC 1.26 0.84 0.78 4.4 85.85 10.45 -2.55 10.4 5.30 -2.38 10.45 -4.72 0.59 20.9 180.11 79.48 3.12 9. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .35 0. wind.01 -1.42 - -2.94 12.04 26.1 228.00 65.12 - 7.54 - 5.95 80.68 0. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .51 5. e e e e e 1990 55 1. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.50 155.17 13.0 2007 77 0. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.10 45.53 -1.44 0.20 0.84 13.92 0.01 10.19 - 69.2 149.86 - 7.54 -2.58 0..32 89.26 0.54 19.72 0.26 10.04 10.26 3.08 13.64 - 5.73 - 7.14 16.01 9.40 37.65 10.28 -0.1 2009e 76 0.23 -0.41 0.4 6.0 73 100.25 0.45 0.25 0.5 100.0 100.30 -2.5 72..14 6.60 100.98 - -3.44 -2.90 5. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 64.54 22.50 14.14 13.60 88.0 100.78 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.

87 2.20 0.26 8.50 11. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 44.63 0.20 2. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.66 0.09 0.00 1.91 -0.72 0.90 5.87 1.59 4.59 3.28 8.03 0.01 8.00 3.69 4.24 Comb.86 5.47 -10.04 e 0.67 3.30 38.77 1.00 1.08 0.64 12.71 0.23 0.67 -2.12 0.29 0.38 3.86 e 0. tide Electricity Heat Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.08 0.13 2.03 2.17 -1.62 - 49.05 9.13 3.55 0.97 2.37 0.74 1.93 - -1.37 0.07 1.04 2.05 3.38 -1.70 0.22 -0.47 3.97 1.65 8.47 - 0.00 0.78 2. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.28 0.86 - 3.11 2.12 1.59 0.01 1.75 0.05 1.85 0.27 1.93 0.78 1.04 8.33 1.18 16.03 2.07 3.07 0.78 - 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . wind.14 2.01 8.71 6.42 8.65 1.59 0.91 0.59 3.23 2.42 9.00 1.87 -2.27 9.51 26.57 0.13 0.53 0.53 3.73 -6.47 2.70 6.17 2.90 2.63 0.40 0.107 CZECH REPUBLIC 4.25 0.72 2.56 2.01 1.18 2.66 6.00 1.04 0.06 - TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.73 4.99 38.26 0.60 1.54 4.05 - 0.73 - 22.28 10.45 2.48 3.70 - 3. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .33 13.02 1.39 -2.54 13.57 2.66 2. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.25 - 0.46 0.76 1.71 -1.41 0. wind.IV.74 -0.34 5.22 - 4.84 0.10 0.01 11.33 e 0.33 6.80 16. wind.51 0.18 3.89 3.78 27.07 0.34 0.60 -2.64 0.14 3.29 e 0.02 1.33 0. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.29 7.04 1.25 -2.51 0.58 1.99 0.06 10.23 10.18 1.00 7.14 - -3.22 8.93 0.92 4.71 e 0.73 9.64 1. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.14 0. tide Electricity Heat of which: Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.05 8.04 -2.51 0.70 1.39 e 0.84 19.25 0.26 0.05 3.81 1.45 0.34 6.02 1.74 2.32 1.50 0.01 8.75 40.39 11.07 2. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.45 - 7.45 0.23 35.67 2.68 -6.18 3.12 0.36 - 0.12 0.11 12.93 0.85 3.73 -12.60 -0.92 3.20 0.73 - 0.05 3.90 1.65 4.78 4.23 0.68 2.31 1.96 5.40 4.12 11.31 - 26.01 7.10 0.54 13.60 0.48 0.93 3.70 3.65 3.51 0.46 2. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.03 5.26 0.55 10.36 4.33 13.59 0.08 8.05 0.31 - 6.06 9.58 4.88 3.03 4.18 0.64 3.27 1.01 25.89 0.64 - 0.16 0.32 4.79 3.25 1.76 9.74 2.20 2.01 7.14 2.80 1.01 12.58 1.56 0.88 0.35 0.00 1.73 1.18 -14.08 0.42 0. wind.11 0.26 13.63 1.07 0.19 -8.22 0.10 1.33 5.07 -8.96 4.17 8.96 0.65 10.65 Comb.32 1.95 47.05 5.40 2.

(5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.7 -0..3 4.. coke oven gas.6 -1.3 0. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.3 -12.2 -22. services Residential Non-energy use 0.3 -7.4 -4.2 2. . coke oven gas and blast furnace gas). - - 1.1 26.0 -1. Coal balance* (Mtce) 1973 Production Imports Exports Stock changes 54..1 .4 e 9.4 1.3 .6 0.5 -1.5 0.1 e 10.3 e Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) -10.1 - -1.3 -1. -9. 0.2 e -22.6 0.8 0.3 1. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.7 0. as well as peat.8 -20.9 e 6.8 1.7 -2.2 -10.1 1.6 -0.1 9.0 5. gas coke.3 e - 0.2 -1. -2. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.8 e - -1.0 -1. and pub.1 6.. coal tar.9 30.8 .7 .7 -3.0 -0. .1 - 0. Main activity producers (1) -11.5 e -17.5 0.8 2.7 -2.3 -0.3 -26..6 Statistical difference 1.9 -2. .9 32.1 - 9.. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).0 Primary supply e e e e Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 57..5 0.1 e -0.0 -20.2 11.4 . .0 e -1.0 0.6 e -7...8 -4.9 66.0 1. ..9 -18.7 4.4 -0.4 - - - - - - .0 2. . coke oven coke.9 0.1 e 0.3 0.9 e - -15.3 51.6 e -1. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.0 6...3 -0.1 3.2 -0..0 e - -1.3 0.4 e -3.3 0. x x Total transformation -24.0 e 0.3 4.1 3.1 - .2 -3.3 e 0.8 44. own use -1.3 Losses -0. (2) briquettes.9 -0. 3.2 -0.0 . - - Energy ind. and residential. -3.8 47..1 0.3 19.4 e 1.9 -12.8 0.6 2.0 0.7 e - - - 0. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm.0 -1.9 e 0.6 1.9 e -11.8 e -0.8 0.1 0.3 3.1 Electricity and heat gen.3 e 16.0 -22.0 3.6 -0.7 -0. .6 -18.3 -7.9 x 50. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke. BKB..4 0.3 e 8.. agriculture. .4 28.5 -1.5 -8.1 e -0.0 -0.1 e -20.4 e -23... gas works gas.3 2.1 -8.1 -7.6 -0.3 1.3 -4. other bituminous coal.2 -0. coking coal.7 e -0.7 -12.5 0.5 - -0.1 0. x x 27.4 e - -2. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.8 0..0 -1.7 0.3 15.0 16. -1.2 0.6 -0..4 e -23.9 2.7 e 1.4 Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.3 -0. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.4 -1. .0 -1.3 - 0. .2 -24. transport and other).1 e -0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .5 e -15.5 .8 30.9 2.8 .8 0.5 e 1.4 -6.5 -0.2 4.1 .5 -6.0 -2.4 -2.3 x -2.5 .7 2. primary (anthracite.. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.9 Autoproducers Gas works -2.4 - -1.0 1.0 e -2.108 .2 1..0 0. -0.IV.5 -0.8 34.8 2.0 e -1.9 -7. .0 e 9. -2. sub-bituminous coal.7 -14. .9 -2.7 -6. - - (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.5 -0.8 -0.9 e 0.5 e - -20.7 3..1 e -0. peat briquettes and oil shale.2 ...0 30.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV CZECH REPUBLIC 5.0 e 0.2 -1. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.5 26.2 35.0 -0.

16 0.10 - -2.62 40.49 3.75 - 4.41 0.67 -6.02 0.67 7.42 -9.35 1.23 1.49 0.83 -1.49 - 47.46 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .12 4.64 3.21 0.20 - (1) Residential.62 1.43 -10.22 - 45.39 0.97 40.24 17.81 .11 -2. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. pulp and print Other industry Res.04 0.56 -19.03 3. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 9.26 -7.39 -12.09 2.06 1.97 1.39 -6.58 5.01 0.90 3.54 2.24 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .16 0.08 2.25 - 47.94 2.74 - 50.17 - -4.71 -1.36 3.13 3.55 -3.25 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.57 12.12 - 5.10 4.48 0.08 0.94 0.33 1.IV.97 37.47 0.38 40.46 -0.95 - 10.56 0.04 0.33 4.23 0.15 37.95 37.04 0. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.79 0.30 -3.e 7.34 2.30 4.10 -6.26 1.94 8.58 -2.30 - -1.18 0.29 -2.54 2.36 - 71.12 - 5.00 - 4.32 -2.109 CZECH REPUBLIC 6.00 -9.04 1.79 0.23 0.14 0.03 1.34 - 4.58 1.60 0.79 0.12 0.51 -0.45 1.31 15.04 6.37 41.49 2.23 -0.18 0.95 10.75 1.56 3.02 0.76 0.11 - 4.15 0.89 3.58 0.03 0.21 0.20 1.93 -3.04 0.26 0.17 0.64 3.44 1.68 -7.05 0.66 4.31 -1.05 0.24 0.96 -1.86 0.28 0.04 0.66 e 1.35 4.e 0.59 3.20 0.07 - 0.44 -3.04 0.13 1.29 1.89 - 5.54 e 1.50 0.26 - -3.40 1.75 0.64 2.05 1.76 - 81.32 37.20 0.62 39.11 1.85 1.40 1.26 -5.57 e - 9.34 -2.58 42.03 0.54 1.21 2.33 4.67 0.96 0.61 - 12.30 - -1.01 -2.13 3.e - 4.20 0.79 4.19 0.86 2.14 0.11 - 48. pulp and print Other industry Res.29 0.55 -9.21 - 5.96 6.71 38.40 e .97 -6.33 - 4.90 1.49 1.82 0.83 -14.21 36. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.51 3.05 0.32 0.57 0.77 43.18 0.01 0.26 0.83 0.10 0.82 0.07 1.60 0.03 0.04 1.25 0.52 -5.83 -16.13 -0.27 3.93 2.65 0.33 8.85 e 0.31 0.94 3.58 0. commercial and public services.35 3.74 0.97 4.90 -5.02 0.51 -10. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.35 16.38 36.80 -3.19 .48 1.75 3.36 2.

09 0. c 7.171 0.47 4.. c 321.65 e 12..36 1.42 477.820 4.64 3.54 52. 5.77 312. 52. Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas ..718 2. 3.497 9. 1.60 5. patent fuels. coal tar.07 26.531 7. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .78 3.20 .65 e . .78 5..66 0.....059 For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.IV.09 0. 0..41 4..23 1.59 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal.58 1.487 .11 0.38 4. 11.29 1.307 5.89 0.83 0.65 c c 321.90 410. ..29 2..74 c 152.77 0.99 1.171 0.99 2.11 2.02 0.08 0. 1.. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8..91 2.59 1..42 0.87 0. c 209. c 5.61 0.03 6. c 212. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 0. 20.69 For industry (1 000 Czech crowns / unit) (2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 0.91 1. c c ..861 7. 2.64 248..18 .03 1.18 3. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.31 4.79 0.93 0..877 2.05 1.054 1.704 c c 4.00 3.66 8.07 21. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.02 ..95 2.964 5.. 0. Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas .33 5.21 e .777 10.020 . . c c . .01 0. 52.25 2.95 377.93 3.42 2.16 1.718 .26 5.792 6.54 1.06 0..792 .47 c c 212.09 0.. . .01 5.10 2.87 c c 209.15 1.02 7.49 111..29 52.81 6.65 0.18 180. (2) For steam coal..98 1..04 2.90 0..64 .134 2. 94.65 10.085 c c 5.. 24.86 .42 5.34 304.86 6.02 .09 2..110 .82 c c 152.020 .531 .44 52.88 81..48 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV CZECH REPUBLIC 7.90 0.86 113..06 2. . 114.56 0. .62 111.88 1. c 6.69 4.66 0..902 7.49 .36 243.77 0.96 50.65 c c c 260.21 2.68 0.487 8.73 81. briquettes..88 7.03 1. for example: coke.768 10.73 0.17 1.020 . coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.51 1. .12 7.006 c c 6.307 .650 c 4..00 0.93 227.93 4.95 .33 2.020 .00 0.83 2..060 1.488 c c c 6..558 1.235 0. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 10. 0.02 0.22 0.947 c c 7.73 1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.22 0.54 3..308 4. .86 2..964 . .21 e 2.20 94.. .36 .49 .

* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other 274 e 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 1378 e 2282 2690 e 1094 1997 2553 2285 1787 217 217 - 976 976 - 1064 1024 40 - 1103 1103 - 777 1 684 61 - - - - - 31 - 877 869 - 1021 1 965 1 1 1489 25 1369 1 1 1182 40 1052 - 1010 13 770 3 6 2 - 3 50 - 3 90 - 90 - 219 5 - - - - 890 e 890 - - - - - 274 e 274 e - 1378 e 1378 e - 2282 2282 - 1800 e 1800 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.111 CZECH REPUBLIC 9. People's Rep. (2) For years prior to 1990. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) Hard Coal Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. People's Rep.IV. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV CZECH REPUBLIC 10.IV. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other e e e e e e e e e e e e 4504 785 28 10 3681 - e e e e e - - - 61 61 - - 307 307 148 148 - 143 143 - 212 e - 78 - - - - - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Africa & Mid.112 . Coking coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 5934 e 5086 4504 5180 e 3427 4419 4781 4138 3222 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 5934 600 59 69 5126 80 - 4874 652 6 4183 30 3 - 5041 1650 50 1 850 896 1594 - 3427 1244 744 538 901 - 4112 910 450 1367 1385 - 4633 850 463 1863 1457 - 4138 328 405 1900 1505 - 3079 996 8 772 1303 - Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. China. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.

Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 394 e 319 498 1835 e 2459 2098 2027 1949 2447 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 394 6 100 1 36 237 6 8 - 284 38 89 2 2 64 79 10 - 498 e 40 220 e 32 198 e 6 2 - 1000 458 1 59 304 178 - 2442 331 1033 43 102 931 2 - 2094 888 566 66 111 463 - 2024 970 278 96 271 409 - 1949 944 300 100 200 405 - 2422 1090 199 89 695 338 11 - Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth.IV.113 CZECH REPUBLIC 11. China. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Africa & Mid. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e - - - - 17 17 4 2 2 3 3 - 25 25 - 35 e - 835 - - - - - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV DENMARK* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 35 700 30 600 25 500 20 400 15 300 200 10 100 5 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 14 1981 1986 Oil 1991 Gas 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 12 12 10 10 8 8 6 6 4 4 2 2 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 60 Coal/population Coal/GDP 14 0 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 80 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 70 50 60 40 50 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.IV. Peat is included in coal for all figures. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 .114 .

00 0.90 -0.15 5.04 0.5 39 105.13 2.23 1.06 14.00 28.4 112.0 100.53 6.63 0.03 0.33 163.1 4.48 5.94 92. wind.01 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 -0.58 4.00 -0.01 27.0 36 100. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.15 - 24.5 104.73 10.89 0.06 5.08 0.92 0.90 2.18 0.16 5.00 26.46 -0.67 9.12 0.01 25.6 197.82 1.20 5..5 4.97 100.49 0. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.0 5.IV.4 .03 0. Energy supply.28 5.53 0.77 8.00 0.82 120.7 92. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 90 0.26 0.00 -4.0 100.4 2009e 173 0.87 0.03 - 27.55 5.3 4.08 0.76 23. (2) As index.39 1.7 105. 1980 101 0.91 - 0.5 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1.6 27 56.9 2008 178 0.67 0.18 (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.14 -2.29 -0.5 5.7 36 105.39 -1.65 5.89 1.00 0.80 4.5 4.3 19 . (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.0 2007 179 0.14 0.9 26 74.00 0.41 13. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.35 2. 36 88.3 92.17 0.99 -4.51 0. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.40 181.51 -2.27 5.34 8.51 65.00 0.82 4.00 0.38 6.30 -8.95 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.0 92.115 DENMARK 1. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.08 6.2 233.90 2.00 0. consumption/GDP (2) Elec. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 27.49 5. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat - - - - - - - - - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat - - - - - - - - - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.1 5.39 18.59 5.14 94.2 88. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .18 0. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.2 90.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .11 0.87 0.16 5.00 0.. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .84 0. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.46 -1.02 -2.09 1.17 5.32 4. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.00 0.69 11.37 -0.00 -0.63 89.60 1.02 0.65 10.6 1990 124 0.15 5.48 0.5 2000 160 0.00 0.70 10.30 5.39 -1.24 0.9 86.00 7.

13 0.45 - 0.34 -0.61 0.77 3.10 4.35 0.81 0.44 21.61 0.65 - 6.38 9.31 - 4.23 4.24 1.08 0.26 0. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.46 0.11 0.38 0.86 0.00 2.03 2. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.88 - 3.74 0.20 0.00 0.00 1.72 0.35 5.23 0.08 1.52 - 1.87 0.09 0.80 8.58 2.56 1.00 3.17 1.14 0.01 1.11 0.44 1.66 0.32 2.05 6.03 5.42 9.63 -8.29 0.69 5.72 - TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.09 0.10 0.94 0.01 9.38 - 5.00 1.22 21.03 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .68 0.67 -0.91 3.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV DENMARK 4.22 4.01 1.02 1.35 1.24 0.96 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.98 0.04 0.01 0.00 1.42 - 0.18 8.07 2.59 0.27 2. wind.01 0.22 0.32 1.98 0.10 0.87 -3.32 4.17 0.00 1.04 5.60 - 6.02 0.80 0.65 0.49 0.18 1.41 1.16 1.17 0.IV.04 0.00 3.65 3.57 9.04 6.00 1.01 3.38 0.17 0.90 0.91 0.19 1.02 - 0.45 0.02 0.01 0.02 4.55 0.37 1.19 0.39 2.60 - Comb.90 - 5.33 2.97 1.01 0.36 7.18 -1.35 0.72 -0.30 2.99 3.09 0.31 0.12 0.116 .57 6.02 0.83 14.10 3.43 0.81 0.60 Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.82 0.81 0.43 1.32 1.23 1. wind.25 2.31 0.10 2.01 4.10 5.31 0.93 4.81 0.00 1.05 0.27 2.55 3.19 0.71 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 3.46 0.39 - 0.02 1.69 -3.09 0.12 0. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 21.32 - 6.37 6.27 10.17 0.48 19.36 8.49 -6.81 0.38 18. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.11 3.94 0.72 0.83 -7.32 8.01 0.48 0.47 0.02 0.07 22.01 4.97 0.84 18.96 0.62 1.01 1.31 0.46 0.48 2.19 3.01 0.43 - 0.32 0.59 0.56 0.02 7.11 0.66 16.18 -11.02 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.31 1.12 0.01 3.08 0.99 -3.64 2.26 0.07 0.75 0.77 0.53 -5.69 0.00 1.72 0.42 - 0.90 4.05 6.66 6.71 0.01 1.34 0.12 3.16 1.23 1.94 0.00 1.51 20.88 0.40 Comb.13 -3.74 0.45 0. wind.20 -1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.88 0.48 0.24 0.98 0.20 1.51 0.90 0.49 1.24 -0.35 0.19 0.62 2.46 1.85 0.23 2.59 - 0. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.38 1. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.85 0.08 0.28 2.31 9.04 2.31 1.26 0.91 0.60 Comb.43 - 1.13 3.42 0.37 9.11 4.85 - 4.29 21.57 - 4. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.42 0.97 0.16 2.15 3.70 1.66 0.44 1.91 1.04 5.98 - 21.28 -4.02 0.79 1.79 9.64 - 0.30 3.04 9.00 0.75 0.08 1.79 0. tide Electricity Heat 4.88 -4. wind.67 2.93 0.11 0.95 2.00 0.40 1.

6 -3. own use - -0..0 0.. .1 0.1 -0.0 -5.0 -0. sub-bituminous coal. .1 0. - - Other transformation(3) - - - - - - . coke oven coke.3 6..1 -8. coke oven gas.0 0.1 -0. . services Residential Non-energy use (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.3 - -8.3 -5.9 -0.0 0.4 8.3 0.0 -6.3 .1 -0.1 - . (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.4 0.0 . gas coke.5 -0.5 0.0 -8.IV.0 0.2 - 0.0 0. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.5 -14.2 0..7 7.1 0..0 - - - - .1 0.6 -0.5 - - - - - - - .2 5.0 -0.3 Statistical difference 0. Main activity producers (1) Autoproducers -2.. (2) briquettes. 7..2 0. .7 5.7 -0.0 - - - - . -2. 2. BKB..2 -0. .1 -8.8 18.0 0.3 -8..0 -0. other bituminous coal.1 . .6 5..4 0. .5 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .7 -0.1 0..7 x Primary supply 2. - - Other(7) 0. pulp and print 0.0 0.0 -2.0 x -1.8 -0.7 -11. gas works gas..1 -18. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke. . (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.3 -0.. coal tar.9 -0. 7.3 0.4 0.1 -2... - - Losses - - - - - - .3 0.2 -5..5 Gas works -0.5 -0.2 Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.4 -3. - - BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants - - - - - - .0 0. Coal balance* (Mtce) Production Imports Exports Stock changes Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 2..6 2.0 0. .3 -6. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.7 0.0 0. - - Energy ind.0 0.3 -0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV ..0 0. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.1 0..2 -0. x x 0.1 -5.9 5..0 -7.1 7.2 - 0. primary (anthracite.8 -0.1 Electricity and heat gen.4 0.8 8..2 - .8 7..7 - -2. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.1 -5.1 0.2 -6.0 -3. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).1 0.2 9. .3 8. x x Total transformation -2. transport and other).. .3 -2.0 0.7 6.5 -5.5 .0 0.1 - 0.7 5.1 8.6 0. coking coal.6 - Transport(6) 0. and residential. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.0 6.0 0. 1. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal..0 - - - - - . as well as peat.117 DENMARK 5. agriculture.2 0.7 -2.0 0. - - Coal transformation(2) Final consumption(4) (5) Industry Comm. peat briquettes and oil shale.2 -1.0 0.5 0.5 5. . coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).2 -0.. and pub. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.

07 - 6.84 6.68 6.07 - 9.118 .09 0.75 -0.06 - 4.02 0.21 0.64 6.08 - 7.57 9.86 5.29 5.06 0.84 -17. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.38 0.21 0.55 7. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.65 4.13 0.02 0.30 0.99 9.17 8.03 - 6.18 0.18 -8.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV DENMARK 6.22 0. commercial and public services.19 6.93 0.07 -1.54 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.35 7.02 0.55 0.68 0.95 - -2.91 5.25 0.00 - 6.IV. pulp and print Other industry Res.06 0.02 0.09 -1.31 0.01 0.94 8. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . pulp and print Other industry Res.55 -3.91 7.90 0.88 -1.05 0.43 5.02 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 5.00 0.09 0.01 - 9. pulp and print Other industry Res.17 0.34 0.02 0.99 4.47 0.06 0.40 9.22 0.30 0.23 0.87 -7.44 -3.94 0.85 5.00 0.69 0.47 0.20 0.00 0.00 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - (1) Residential.

. 3186 c .88 8.06 0.. .06 0.54 0.. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.05 - (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal..08 0..05 5.79 6.09 5.28 c .09 0. 0.01 8.00 (Danish crowns / unit) (2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 2005 . x . ...88 0..46 0..03 6..00 0. c .31 0.. .94 x . coal tar.51 5. . c .05 5. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. .11 c . IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .05 5. .14 8.13 - 0. x .05 0.02 0.35 6.16 - 0.13 0.31 6.. .. 280....... c . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8.42 7. x .04 6..06 ..COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .42 c .05 0.96 c . c 76.00 0.05 - 0... c . 360. ......09 0.... x .93 8.16 0... 453.38 7.. c .50 ..73 2. c . c .39 x 69.119 DENMARK 7.. briquettes.54 585. 922 c .16 0.. 2584 c .. .. x .. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 2006 2007 2008 2009 55..08 0.16 8. x . x .. x . . c .46 5.. x ... x . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. .. 3900 742 x . 258. 353. c . 2664 4031 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.86 118.79 0.61 5.. for example: coke.54 0. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 2..05 0. 2654 c . . coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.. c . c ..59 0.05 0.04 7. .10 0. x . (2) For steam coal. 0. 1830 538 x 1133 .13 0. c ...05 0. . 162....09 - 0.00 0...28 119..68 c .08 - 0.70 8... * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.10 0.46 x 145.. .83 6. .29 95. 315.58 .. .27 c ..38 0. 538.IV... c 262 918 c .83 .06 0. x ..04 5.59 5. 1817 c . 108.10 0. c 421 x 528 .19 c . patent fuels. 2317 c .. c For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 2000 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 1990 .

* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. (2) For years prior to 1990.IV.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV DENMARK 9. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) Hard Coal Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 6110 12457 10255 13009 6416 8688 8122 7569 6711 - 6 4 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6110 177 307 6 941 3078 145 2 8 12451 2484 328 38 14 2056 1311 2271 30 10255 1127 646 39 52 972 592 3223 8 13009 917 3 1 3476 30 2423 26 6416 143 2311 3 177 8688 290 3 529 29 274 129 8122 144 6 357 3 6 324 7569 10 159 11 344 409 6711 3 100 516 158 57 2057 1482 1116 382 3493 1078 59 2 3 812 1672 1295 3 - 1537 631 3062 2040 164 - 2475 288 2099 2252 168 - 1680 2243 2604 109 - 2019 1075 2710 130 - 868 528 50 29 332 3496 62 e (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. People's Rep. People's Rep.120 . Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China.

China. East Other Latin America China(2) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. Africa & Mid. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.121 DENMARK 11.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .IV. Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports - 57 54 25 123 110 183 156 64 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States - 57 54 3 - 54 9 14 31 - 25 10 7 8 - 123 76 34 13 - 110 29 79 2 - 183 102 81 - 156 129 27 - 64 32 32 - Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth.

(2) Former Soviet Union until 1991. . .. .122 . .04 68...65 40. ..81 .. ..94 47. 36. (3) Bituminous steam coal only. .. ... . (1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights..51 67.. . shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs.06 67.40 Coking coal (1) Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Note: On occasion. 62. ...29 46.89 25. .62 535.19 ..20 138..34 74.. . ..54 .01 40. Prices exclude intra-EU trade. 390...51 .10 57.93 32. Prices exclude intra-EU trade.22 42...34 . .47 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 43.20 113.. . 59.06 ...29 61... ..15 75.. .51 .46 59. 153..83 . . . 89. . ..57 ... .53 31. .65 109. .10 62.... .. .96 .. .. ...83 ... ... 51. . .02 38.. . . Steam coal(3) 46.38 70. . . 36. . . . ...86 136. . . 41.. Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights.78 36.. .. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .23 59. .84 59.99 434. . 30.. US$/tonne) 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 93.. ... ..95 56.67 50.93 65. .. .. .00 .. .65 52.36 74. 78. . . .34 ...66 39. .. ... .51 390.20 ... 52... ..31 43.. ... .. . . . .. 80.. . ...... CIF. 31.30 73... ..03 .66 .52 .52 31.07 ..COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV DENMARK 12....... .. . .65 60.57 39.37 76. .83 45.. ...46 75. 52.... .. 95. Coal import values by origin* (average unit value. . Russian Federation starting in 1992.24 72. . 82.IV.... ..88 .. . .11 57. . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.. . .29 59. . .67 56. .11 .65 35. 154... . .. ..27 59. . 625.. ..

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .123 FINLAND* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 400 60 350 50 300 40 250 30 200 150 20 100 10 50 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 14 1981 1986 Oil Gas 1991 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 12 12 10 10 8 8 6 6 4 4 2 2 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 100 Coal/population Coal/GDP 14 0 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 90 80 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 70 80 60 70 60 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other Coal Oil Gas 2008 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.IV. Peat is included in coal for all figures.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .

IV.71 13.0 100.86 -1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .65 18. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 30.33 5.00 1.98 3.07 18.52 4.50 11.10 0.61 1.50 4.63 1.124 .63 1.52 7. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV FINLAND 1.13 108.96 12.57 0.55 4. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 0.96 2. 72 100.00 52.03 2.53 - 35.35 1.60 13.6 54 64.55 2.75 1.94 5.33 5.. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.05 3.5 26 38.2 8.6 2009e 143 0.55 1. (2) As index.63 7.14 3.8 7.0 83.78 4.3 127.54 8.97 0.15 4.38 0.07 50.02 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.21 -1.32 10.12 6.84 87.59 1.34 -2.25 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.45 -1.98 9.35 126.6 2000 122 0. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.99 2.34 5.14 7.17 47.7 2008 154 0. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.56 25.2 1980 73 0.01 1.74 0.03 1.9 81.26 0.21 3.71 8.21 2.14 7.95 0.00 8.86 4.3 102. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 60 0.21 0.0 100.17 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1.75 8.3 .54 7. Energy supply.33 0.73 5.33 10.39 0.7 6.21 1.64 -0.15 - 40. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.92 5.86 0.50 4.89 91.0 70 100.9 86.46 0.5 113.41 -1. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.10 4.48 87.9 95.32 1.46 Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 2. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.08 0.6 77 126.45 - 1.36 7.29 0.37 1.73 1.31 - 45.28 13.80 0.41 5.2 91.3 9.86 100. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.72 12. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.0 8.21 -1.02 1.48 4.04 1.0 2007 152 0.72 1.19 5.21 0.6 81 125.94 8.47 4.5 41 48.81 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.56 0.87 7.52 3.50 10.44 133.15 1.28 12.3 8. wind.89 9.65 2.3 9.0 72.28 -2.48 0.47 -2.00 1. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .41 1.8 1990 99 0.54 0.2 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 3.5 90.04 2.72 1. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.09 3.38 5.9 160.

91 0.66 5.03 2.97 38.05 0.43 1.93 1.23 13.56 0.12 1.51 - 0.05 0.41 3.31 0.07 4.30 0.10 2.03 6.13 1.00 10.99 0.61 0.91 11. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.96 0.17 3.IV.34 5.64 5.20 1.01 5. tide Electricity Heat 9.51 Comb.04 6.28 6.91 1.76 1.77 1.71 0.72 1.32 2.00 0.48 12.02 0.63 3.68 - 1.05 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.93 2.76 - 1.15 5.08 1.00 1.64 31.68 1.05 12.74 0.03 0.55 0.00 0.31 1.15 4.56 0.05 7.00 10.11 8.61 0.70 1. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.99 2.06 0.31 3.57 0.99 0. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.48 0.02 1.63 0.04 1.86 27.41 5.04 35.01 0.93 4.59 1.75 -0.63 0.26 1.43 7.31 1.23 1.90 1.67 1.89 2.54 1.64 3.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .08 2.64 10.08 7.34 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.49 0.87 2.74 0.48 6.13 0.09 1.27 5.02 0.08 1.08 0.26 1.72 0.74 34.35 0.02 2.63 1.52 3.24 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.41 1.35 11.04 1.93 2.58 14.78 2.60 1.11 0.00 9.80 - 2.57 1.11 1.70 0.22 0.17 12.85 - Comb.56 6.60 2.90 -2.15 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 3.02 6.09 2.15 -0.27 6.29 0.93 0. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.02 1.32 1.29 0.70 0.51 16.00 3.82 2.05 0.62 0.13 1.43 - 0.89 4.74 16.03 2.04 0.55 1.77 2.07 6.01 6.16 4.39 0.44 0.55 1.60 2.00 0.00 2.77 2. wind.125 FINLAND 4.00 2.43 2.97 - 5.44 3.95 -6.66 4.12 2.05 0.22 0.57 2.04 18. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 27.83 1.46 1.32 1.98 1. wind.82 0.09 7.31 0.00 0. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.93 - 0.32 0.52 0.80 1.25 16.40 6.15 4.38 12.13 37.61 1.37 6.01 -0.63 1.67 -2.02 0.28 - 1.34 1.20 4.43 1.52 4.09 7.43 0.59 - 5.11 0.60 14.88 1.61 6.00 1.32 -1.24 2.03 0.35 0.89 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.96 -7.28 2.10 1.76 1.29 3.02 0.84 0.97 17.36 -3.51 1.58 - 1.02 3.19 31.01 2.80 0.79 1.00 10.04 1. wind.42 - 4.58 0.36 1. wind.45 0.04 2. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.63 1.57 3.62 4.23 0.71 7.44 -1.98 14.62 6.47 0.05 0.58 1.07 -0.36 38.29 -8.09 1.00 0.94 2.43 6.03 6.04 1. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.54 6.56 0.38 0.13 0.05 0.00 7.62 0.51 5.80 0.64 0.83 5.44 - Comb.64 2.06 1. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .57 1.50 4.00 2.60 6.55 0.76 5.52 -2.00 2.02 6.78 5.45 Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.

3 17. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.0 -1. . coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).5 -0. 2. BKB.0 0..6 7.0 4.5 1.0 0...6 7.5 -0.0 -0. services Residential Non-energy use (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.7 - 1. and residential.4 1. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.7 e -0.2 -0.4 .0 1..0 -0. Main activity producers (1) Autoproducers -1.0 0. pulp and print 1.6 Transport(6) 0. coking coal.5 1.5 e -0.0 - . agriculture.0 0.6 -3.3 -0.2 0.0 - - - - - . 2. 3.5 -0.7 7. .3 e .7 e -0. transport and other)..0 2. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .4 Gas works -0.1 0.5 -0. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.6 1.5 e -0.5 1.0 0.4 e -0. -8.6 -0.6 e -6.1 - -0.. - - Other(7) 0.7 0.0 -0.2 0.5 e -0.0 -0.5 -4..6 3.9 -4.1 7. x x 1...4 1.3 0.1 -2.9 -7.2 0.0 .6 0.0 1. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).0 0. coke oven gas.1 5.7 -5.3 14. coke oven coke.9 -4.1 e -5.4 .4 e 0. and pub. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation..5 -0.7 5.3 x 3. (2) briquettes..0 0. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.4 e -0.2 0.5 1. . - - BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) Energy ind. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.6 13.4 -7.126 .7 4. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.0 .4 -7.3 1.3 e -5.3 e -5.. .0 1..3 -2.2 - - - - - - - . - - Losses - - -0.6 e -0.1 x -2.0 0.2 1. (7) Other includes commercial and public services. .0 -0..0 . own use - - - - -0.3 2. Coal balance* (Mtce) Production Imports Exports Stock changes Primary supply Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 0.5 -0.8 -0.0 Electricity and heat gen.0 0.1 -0.1 Statistical difference -0.2 -2. peat briquettes and oil shale.5 e -0.4 -0. primary (anthracite.6 2.5 e 0.1 0. .0 5. - - Coal transformation(2) -0. gas works gas. as well as peat.1 1.0 - 1. 6.5 -17.0 - -0.7 -1.4 -5.0 -0.2 20.6 e -8.0 0.2 0. . 5. - - Final consumption(4) (5) Industry Comm.3 10. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry... .0 0.2 0.5 0.4 -0.3 -0. sub-bituminous coal.4 3.3 -4.3 0.4 1.5 -0. coal tar. gas coke. .0 0.1 0.4 0.7 5.2 - .4 0.7 -4.7 e 0..7 -8.0 0.4 e - -0.0 0.2 0. .6 2. .6 6.5 e -0.7 Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.1 3.3 .2 2.8 e 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV FINLAND 5.7 22.8 e 0. . other bituminous coal.2 1.IV. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal....7 1.6 6....3 0.3 -7.3 7.7 e 0.1 - -0.0 0.0 5.0 0.9 - - - - - - .0 0.0 -0..7 - -4.4 e - -0. x x Total transformation -2.1 0..0 0.0 - - - - - .1 -0.

91 3.05 0.IV.28 - 1.76 0.08 0.33 -0.20 0.96 -8.71 - 1.33 3. commercial and public services. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 5. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.60 -1.05 0.02 0.10 5.18 -14.17 0.24 - 1.41 0.11 1. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.82 -0.24 3.09 0.02 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. pulp and print Other industry Res.24 - 1.20 2.49 7.50 -85.17 0.61 16.02 0.66 5.54 6.50 3.08 - 4.02 0.02 0.65 0.09 0.01 0.09 0.12 - - - - - - - - - - (1) Residential.00 - 5.71 0.42 1.08 1.20 0.28 1.74 -7.91 2.57 4.66 3.28 - 1.09 0.24 - - 2.91 3.00 - 3. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.18 0.26 -16.15 0.07 1.01 0.31 4.22 -14. pulp and print Other industry Res.00 - 6.00 0.52 0.40 1.07 0.67 0.65 -8.34 -1.16 0.18 0.18 0.29 -0.47 5.90 0.94 3.34 0.46 0.20 - - 0.88 3.02 - 3.127 FINLAND 6.32 0.77 0.08 0.20 - -1.01 0.02 0.01 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .01 - 3. pulp and print Other industry Res.33 6.00 - -0.28 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .46 0.04 0.

77 5.25 420.51 111.88 0.51 Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 31.04 Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 51. 370.02 0.00 0. 71.47 96.72 173.12 301.57 5. coal tar.01 0.11 103. 79.23 .70 42.70 217. 375.82 164. 172.79 128.71 105..21 208.53 5.47 108. 352.03 1. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8.80 4.62 .18 40.62 69.25 192.30 158..COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV FINLAND 7..02 0.38 .00 0.00 0.36 267. 67..98 .63 5.38 205.02 0.38 .42 4.48 115.45 77.61 69..47 84. 286.58 97. 148. for example: coke.62 120.59 225.41 4. 127.33 249.26 3.02 0.64 4. 492.38 79. 360..38 127. 0..68 254. 0. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.32 0.48 .78 .IV..00 133.13 44.00 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal. 316.35 130.21 300.11 67.29 .24 0.00 0.00 0..63 177.93 149..56 307.84 96.68 146.74 71.12 101.32 .08 164.58 1.68 187.02 - 0.61 .80 .68 .16 289. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 3.47 41.88 303..18 40.02 0.50 2.40 133.02 .50 6.07 4..32 127. 158.49 0.34 78.34 .92 198.25 .90 122. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.02 72. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 51.09 382..00 0..00 0.07 0.74 ..76 61. briquettes. patent fuels..52 For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.45 77.01 257.74 264.63 196.08 3.30 . .04 82.02 72.53 192.52 5.. (2) For steam coal.24 0.01 0.01 0.90 161.82 5.78 147.23 197.. 461.11 .128 ..21 6.13 89. 256...65 .19 286.82 232..80 148.03 175.81 For industry (Euro / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 31.29 1..50 4.28 0..67 88.52 258..20 292.53 148.84 . 78.40 2. 127.63 195.76 394... .96 4.02 0.85 0.94 166.01 - 0..85 .35 . IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .82 58. 96.90 .20 4. 130.68 232.13 .60 153. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.65 235.89 .85 102.01 0. 360.52 0.48 5.01 - 0.12 141.08 4.27 5.66 85.63 . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. 115.70 239.81 203. 322.71 158.47 99.89 0.70 42. 69.16 59.04 0.01 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.26 261.52 5.93 1.52 6.20 1.95 0.95 1.

Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .129 FINLAND 9. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 4789 5089 6101 5821 5072 6684 6670 5672 5936 - - 711 203 45 - 1651 602 695 27 1258 100 2 705 360 - 1073 249 434 2 324 - 1418 559 529 315 - 1077 292 393 392 - 959 223 293 372 - - - 463 - 305 22 - 91 - 64 - 2 13 - - 71 - 4789 4089 3 - 5089 404 56 2407 1 1018 4 5390 2609 253 41 - 4170 51 1899 88 460 - 3814 1313 51 5611 530 9 467 48 5252 270 7 39 24 4595 88 141 47 4977 189 3 71 7 697 - 347 852 - 100 334 1905 148 - 203 24 1240 176 29 - 2448 2 - 323 274 379 3558 23 - 88 4811 13 - 68 194 254 3770 33 - 74 13 4598 19 3 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.IV. (2) For years prior to 1990. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. People's Rep. People's Rep. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) Hard Coal Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .

19 69.11 .. .34 .46 ..08 58. .19 .. . 57. . 52. . 77.. .60 138. . ..40 326..73 . (3) Bituminous steam coal only.. 30.22 . . .. .06 . .76 148.76 ... 58.. 68. (1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights... 59.82 350.53 . .73 . 60. 71.76 124. 40.... . .76 55.83 .30 32. .. 129..99 .. . 44. . .71 44.. 147.58 .32 . . 52. .....74 85. .59 .64 134. . . 82. . . . .. 63.. 79. .46 .....28 53... .48 152.26 Note: On occasion. . Prices exclude intra-EU trade.75 136...84 ...78 62.54 153.... .. ... 34.94 . 258. (2) Former Soviet Union until 1991.34 ...130 .25 ..02 92. . .. 87. Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights.39 78.IV. .. 200.. 61.. ... .94 60.. ... 51. ..37 .. 124. ..38 .32 ...COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV FINLAND 12. . 215..46 139.47 192.80 67. 164.94 95..21 86... shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs..80 121.70 . 125.46 149... . . .04 150.. ....30 ..75 89.... 82..26 . .. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ..54 392...74 .42 . . 46.94 . ..32 ... .65 72..86 72. 124. .26 195. . .14 164. 73. US$/tonne) Coking coal (1) Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Steam coal(3) Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 . ... 54. .89 . 166.45 62. . .. 129...33 ..54 . 79.. 60..25 49.. 57. Prices exclude intra-EU trade.83 .49 53. ... Coal import values by origin* (average unit value.... . .94 216.30 76. 135..32 . CIF.. . .. Russian Federation starting in 1992. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. .47 131. ...95 .59 .

IV. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Peat is included in coal for all figures.131 FRANCE* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 120 450 400 100 350 80 300 250 60 200 150 40 100 20 50 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 60 1981 1986 Oil Gas 1991 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 700 Coal/population Coal/GDP 60 0 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 600 600 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 500 500 400 400 300 300 200 200 100 100 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other Coal Oil Gas 2008 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .

1 4..52 0.14 1.8 97.23 13.99 19.3 5.25 - 0.43 - 3.37 53.97 117.71 0.7 75.32 55.18 0.11 16.77 0. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.54 0.49 5.8 257 75.2 5.0 536 100.82 9.61 0. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 703 0.08 2.97 17.66 16. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.05 2.61 0.49 154.132 .0 2007 1509 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV FRANCE 1.0 100.11 17.02 0.11 1.27 60.15 -2.07 0.0 366.7 570 99.99 0.IV.91 12.2 83.95 163.38 2.60 -1.08 15.4 564 101.47 -0.2 79.61 -6.16 0.90 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 4.93 6. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.8 2009e 1497 0.34 41.18 15.30 -0.73 - 4.49 117.49 119.50 2. wind.94 0. Energy supply.14 0.15 19.1 163.19 51.88 0.35 - 273.94 92.40 1.37 - 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.58 - 359.30 - 0.9 2008 1515 0.98 5.00 0.61 7.77 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.83 -5.91 92.92 152.86 0.75 1.98 1.8 5. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .80 8.96 46.07 3.9 72.84 -1.29 -2.86 56.0 1980 861 0. 537 87.95 54.83 0.43 -1.18 12.50 108.8 .34 1.9 1990 1092 0.88 30.5 417 88.71 28.4 95.85 -4.40 - 319.29 58.96 19.1 58.88 37.83 135. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 4.80 8. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.0 100.56 - 1.98 - 380.25 113. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.30 -0.11 -3.25 0.17 - 4.95 163.54 0.60 - 0.18 - -7.18 4.10 -5.97 -2.8 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.68 - -17.80 14.71 18.9 183 69. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .17 1.54 -4.87 119.16 0.45 14. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.68 19. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.10 - 1.56 8.9 2000 1328 0.39 118.4 337.7 5.71 7.35 22.87 2.81 21.37 0.69 116.25 63.90 - 361. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 257.64 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.99 151.07 -0.93 20.31 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.78 1.62 1.23 1.62 89. (2) As index.28 - 0.86 -4.54 6.85 0.60 0.16 0.55 1.16 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1.84 28.33 - 3.20 - -7.50 0.3 4.30 - -17.0 98.25 64.80 0.54 - 376.93 100.77 171.10 -8.1 5.91 0.69 54.24 64.65 -4. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.37 13.42 - 0.17 - 0.

95 0.37 16.69 0.63 0.81 25.24 2.07 1.24 31.30 20.32 28.32 0.08 e 1.34 204.30 6.00 0.07 29.01 13.01 7.11 -4.17 -5.19 6.65 3.37 e 15. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.36 13.02 43.93 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.92 1.00 3.76 113.50 11.16 19.04 1.07 9.91 29.55 5.22 19.30 -1.31 7.59 235.16 0.53 12.74 0.133 FRANCE 4.81 1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.16 0.64 2.41 -0.18 -6.01 0.32 0.06 53.33 9.09 34.65 0.87 2.09 0.63 60.62 239.16 0.01 54.44 1.99 10.01 25.64 2.63 58.99 7.16 15.03 47.46 45.85 0.26 5.17 0.95 3.40 0.55 236.15 Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.03 42.80 27.30 19.12 3.72 20.64 20.45 e 9.95 12.67 137. wind.23 124.25 7.09 63.85 32.47 42.12 0.74 18.90 0.63 4.13 61.28 8.48 5.99 0.42 0.44 0.84 12.67 5.37 2.77 2.71 52.59 1.85 - 0.53 0.04 0.41 0.54 0.26 0.12 27.05 52.78 17.17 13.06 19.16 0.48 1.80 0.01 -1. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 10.04 0.03 21.09 51.44 58.78 23.82 -3.67 10.54 13.63 45.18 0.20 7.72 9.33 115.29 0.60 0.63 2.14 -1.63 12.94 13.91 25.67 0.44 4.84 17.37 Comb.82 6.54 2.14 17.32 - 58.69 0.52 0.03 37.99 3.19 18.82 7.58 3.06 2.01 Comb.50 - 46.55 61.61 11.29 4.15 0.47 28.36 19.02 12.54 0.32 46.39 0.37 9.35 - -1.06 111.16 0.00 64.05 17.28 Comb.34 5.90 13.72 2.07 -10.09 65.89 -1.68 232.93 47.25 1.29 -0.71 0.IV.84 0.67 6.00 15.51 12.11 0.29 - 47.03 63.43 15.11 0.09 - 49.22 2.81 0.92 0.52 -0.88 108.22 6.12 2. wind. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 203.01 0.00 65.91 12.62 1.66 18.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .71 14.56 43.08 8.50 10.67 -23.39 5.15 6.28 11.00 2.84 0.02 0.29 0.06 -7.14 5.57 8.72 0.02 47.87 7.06 8.99 -8.86 18.89 2.82 0.81 7.86 7.53 56.77 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.17 0.97 6.37 201.45 5.85 0.81 0.10 20.30 0.37 -1.40 16. wind.10 1.20 6.03 -3.12 11.06 -1.75 19.10 1. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.91 6.07 -2.26 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .00 1.69 16.88 0.26 3.75 1.37 0.84 4.66 0.32 2.48 3.15 31.11 0.66 27.59 11.64 -0. wind.41 0.20 0.39 9.13 11. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.70 9.94 53.23 16.20 34.34 2.03 11.13 0.18 4.12 2.72 - 47.12 2.41 0.04 0.65 9.18 0.35 1.01 16.54 - 47.66 4.04 1.75 0.16 - Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 35. tide Electricity Heat 59.52 61.49 5.02 15.70 13.58 0.79 30.71 5.11 107.04 18.00 18.33 5.61 5.28 4.17 8.11 0.55 10.79 2.17 18.53 10.48 0.87 4.14 14.19 15. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 3. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.73 0.21 16.26 0.24 2.04 52. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.58 -0.05 1.

-1.6 0.2 11.4 4.4 0.. pulp and print 10.8 0.8 0. (2) briquettes.5 0.8 e c 0..6 .3 8..0 -3.8 -14.3 - - 0.5 .5 -0.2 e 0. - - Coal transformation(2) -7.1 5.6 -8.1 -2.7 -7.5 3.2 1.2 0.5 0. gas coke.8 19.4 - -1.5 4.3 0. primary (anthracite. gas works gas..8 -1.2 -0. other bituminous coal. - - Other(7) 8...7 -3.0 - - - - .0 1..0 e 1.7 0.6 -1. and pub.0 -0.6 -7.9 e -3.1 6..2 e -0. .6 0. -7.8 -0.4 -1.4 19.9 e -3.4 -7.3 5.4 2. .7 -0. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 25.7 -10..4 . Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.4 18.3 -2.1 -0.5 0. -3.9 e -0.3 -2.1 -31.1 30.4 e Transport(6) 0.2 3.5 19.5 Statistical difference 2.8 -2.6 -2.6 0.7 e -2.1 0. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.1 x Primary supply 41.9 -7.9 21.2 14.4 0. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation. as well as peat.2 -0.5 1.6 0.1 Gas works -0. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).5 -0. own use -2. ...5 19..7 Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.5 -0.9 e -16.1 0.7 -1.8 0.4 -4.1 8.5 -2.1 -6.6 e 0.0 28.2 21.4 e -14. x x 18. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.. Main activity producers (1) -14.2 -1..0 e 0. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.2 -0.3 3.. coking coal.0 -6.4 e 0.. .1 .6 Losses -0.1 .2 0.2 -1.1 e 5.9 -1.4 -16.134 .7 - - - - - .1 - -4.1 x -19..1 -2. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.3 0.8 -0. -1. sub-bituminous coal. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.3 0.9 2.1 -7. -1. -2.0 -1. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.9 -1.5 0.IV.6 0.4 e -6..9 -9.6 Electricity and heat gen.3 -1.8 47. peat briquettes and oil shale.2 7.9 0.5 1.5 -12.9 -5.8 0. .7 4. x x Total transformation -22.1 -1.9 -0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .6 e -0..3 Comm.8 e -0.1 -7.3 0.5 0.0 -0.1 5. .8 e -13. . .4 e .3 -0. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas). coal tar.9 .4 e -3.3 -4.8 - -24.7 -0.5 5.5 ..2 -4.8 0.5 -8.2 6.5 -0.4 -1.1 -1. BKB. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.1 Energy ind.5 18.0 -3.7 12. transport and other).4 14.2 2. ..8 -3.2 0.2 -3.3 e -1. -6.5 e -12. . agriculture.5 0. and residential.1 - - - - .6 -2. - -5. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.4 -1. .1 0.8 e 1.2 e 0.9 -1.9 0.1 - - . - - Autoproducers BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) - -9.1 -10.. coke oven coke.3 6. services Residential Non-energy use (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.0 -3. .0 -3.0 11. coke oven gas.0 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV FRANCE 5.5 2.3 4..8 15..9 -8.9 4.0 -17..3 e 0.

36 0.09 -4.20 0.14 0.07 0.76 1.55 0.11 2.31 -2.01 0.62 2.39 0.19 0.99 2.46 0. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.27 0.81 0.71 0.02 22.62 - 12.59 0.98 5.19 4.41 -6.68 1.04 - 0.38 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.42 9.68 0.46 0.17 20.42 8.07 - -1.55 0.75 5.56 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 31.01 -2.80 - -17.03 2.60 22.27 0.34 1.62 7.50 7.17 1.01 1.04 0.47 0.85 -1.65 - 15.91 1.35 0.54 6.49 0.49 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .39 0.09 0.05 0.72 0.95 - 6.00 0.92 10.99 - -2.70 5.94 0.68 0.62 -3.16 1.02 2. pulp and print Other industry Res.14 5.03 2.38 1.43 -13.74 -2.37 2. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .35 0.42 -2.83 0.03 7.48 - -4.09 0.14 -5.84 0.31 8.50 0.97 0. commercial and public services.93 0.59 1.89 0.54 2.58 0.44 0.04 - 0.37 9.67 9.76 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.34 0.04 0.85 - 5.87 3.75 0.94 -17.16 16.05 0.55 1.12 11.50 17.74 -1.20 0.52 - 6.01 2.88 6.04 0.00 4.97 -5.51 0.50 3.10 - -2.04 0.98 - 9.04 0.09 8.48 - 13. pulp and print Other industry Res.09 - 19.76 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.15 0.27 0.54 - 6.15 0.84 0.43 0.23 0.48 - 12.05 0.07 0.10 -5.07 - 2.31 9.09 2.70 - 14.41 2.05 - 0.73 0.135 FRANCE 6.31 0.07 0.39 -10.93 - (1) Residential.04 0.98 12.25 0.26 10.09 4.54 - 2.97 0.42 -3.63 0.IV.02 -2.09 1.41 2.22 5.58 -6. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.08 - 0.88 - 6.04 - 0.17 0.25 -4.65 -7.57 -8.99 0.48 - 14.37 -1.19 0.55 - -2.03 0.43 0.67 0.62 0.05 0.

60.25 0.22 0..13 0.33 0.39 0... ..15 0..81 11. 58.. 82..27 232.18 117.02 0..59 20. (2) For steam coal. 84. . 128.76 1.23 0.57 107. 61.67 . .96 0. 106..84 0. 113.08 0.61 260. .70 265.44 . 37.13 285.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV FRANCE 7. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 15.30 .33 . .12 0.01 0.. . . 0. .03 1.22 8.73 61.81 .. 137.08 309. 90.28 .38 .46 131.34 17..79 415..39 3..92 0.11 101.82 297.35 (Euro / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 2005 .88 0.35 .24 12...01 1.27 0...11 19.. ....02 0.73 472.36 39.31 .74 307.17 .50 ..82 51.79 .21 .98 .20 0.. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.49 .04 1.43 128..94 421.01 6.11 . ..09 .24 19. . 153. .73 37.22 . 197.85 322..96 243.00 3.56 19. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.. 32.08 0.82 302.93 302.55 292. 137..02 1.77 0. 42. .36 138.48 45. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 2006 2007 2008 2009 56..47 94.44 320.70 315.. .55 .71 1.49 105.61 0.06 0.53 0... 82...41 19.136 ..00 0. 119.53 51.05 0..44 . .57 ..53 . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.03 0.95 17.90 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. 41.53 18.44 11.. for example: coke..89 328.01 316.50 18.15 0.51 12.17 10.04 1. .67 308. coal tar.40 54.42 11. .47 20.93 398. 57.93 .37 0. 207..73 9.93 296.03 1.04 128.. ..95 0.09 ..17 0.41 .86 0. . 3..11 0..03 1.75 30.21 .02 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal.02 . 128.07 401. briquettes.15 21.09 113.. 40..04 0. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV..12 64..37 14. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8.77 0.18 18.51 256. For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 2000 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 1990 . patent fuels.67 0.69 0. 94.77 6.57 267.05 0.22 315.88 341. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.99 7. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . 61..03 0. 148.84 6.08 0.. 88.15 13. 93.05 . 67.20 62.53 0.82 .05 0.57 6...55 140.41 ..01 .23 .75 16.84 66..02 1. 148.27 212.37 0.62 97.19 217..80 0. .40 58.05 0.66 0.80 .95 257. 76.53 12.IV. . .00 10.12 193.02 380.15 . 106.11 27..46 0.29 194. 127.

(3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. (2) For years prior to 1990.137 FRANCE 9. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 23441 18835 19389 13190 18980 20391 18958 21285 14445 8316 987 4364 1311 1 1462 - 7773 1949 351 1853 185 38 3307 - 7848 2071 637 817 254 4019 50 7300 2310 51 900 3891 87 6543 2818 577 182 2667 1 5995 3896 371 1 1670 26 6191 4071 468 1549 25 7239 4985 378 1461 19 3584 968 107 168 2137 156 191 - 1 89 - - 30 30 1 - 130 154 14 - 29 2 78 - 38 198 55 105 12 36 - 15125 785 2217 3441 891 36 98 11062 850 410 1162 883 204 678 280 11541 1480 50 718 141 311 2586 222 5890 276 221 159 77 53 5 12437 1022 98 881 61 425 1125 14396 1829 103 68 927 33 330 1224 12767 2011 115 47 375 1 313 2144 14046 1334 166 56 106 2611 2186 10861 1824 56 206 40 1512 2288 6643 853 161 46 2 6444 75 28 1776 2033 863 777 560 24 900 900 2100 302 21 707 156 13 524 1043 6 5694 383 935 140 100 17 2221 584 4239 1124 35 460 153 1049 263 1805 36 3971 1033 477 157 19 129 1956 2 3317 1628 10 435 66 44 3 1044 1 2953 788 127 19 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. People's Rep. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) Hard Coal Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. People's Rep. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .IV.

IV. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Africa & Mid. China. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 449 976 585 392 89 123 166 165 9 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 443 51 264 8 17 53 8 42 - 700 1 25 4 412 46 22 2 15 105 20 48 - 573 8 15 343 36 56 2 95 1 10 6 1 - 392 1 1 250 20 24 5 70 6 15 - 88 5 75 1 7 - 118 33 1 84 - 166 62 4 1 99 - 164 70 8 86 - 9 5 1 3 - 1 1 266 266 11 11 - - - - - - - 5 10 1 - 1 5 - 1 - Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.138 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV FRANCE 11.

.07 .82 47..58 146.95 .. 122. CIF.29 37.70 .36 230.. (3) Bituminous steam coal only.95 64.53 239.. .02 71.52 46.139 FRANCE 12.60 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 47.95 68. Russian Federation starting in 1992.00 186.14 .. 44..53 113.37 .63 212.56 . 125. . 53..34 77. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I..85 ..36 .48 124. . .. ... 76. 80.16 . 33. shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs.23 64.84 30..77 139..64 50. . 121..06 50. 76.IV. ..33 142.16 121.07 ..68 52.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV ...44 134.48 . 116.98 45.82 289.11 . 118.79 49. 68. 67.74 .51 204. 45..13 76.69 70.89 86.. 83.. 77.89 62. US$/tonne) Coking coal (1) 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 65..94 33.49 135. .65 62.. . 164.46 109.53 .92 118.26 75.16 109.. . 81. ..65 62.18 ..55 34.34 . 65..63 76.92 84.05 115.01 . .08 75.98 ..73 135.. 125.99 .72 50. . 65.42 49.88 79. 84.73 140.57 215.44 . Prices exclude intra-EU trade. 163...77 48.10 ..26 72.95 Note: On occasion.28 36..83 75.75 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 65.83 92. 34.61 .97 . 205. 107.86 38.55 47. (2) Former Soviet Union until 1991.00 75....69 .61 117.84 32.99 .73 80. 136.51 92.. 157.61 48.24 55.24 126..17 Steam coal(3) 50.97 146.04 .04 258. .97 . .35 37.14 61. 46.. ..61 46.29 . 169.04 .11 68...55 55. .24 64.69 133. ...21 36..63 57.30 ...74 46.30 230. Coal import values by origin* (average unit value...47 . (1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights.02 . Prices exclude intra-EU trade. .23 72.95 42.47 .26 .22 165. 47. 66.21 64.92 101. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .. 60.20 80... 34. 157.. Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights.28 121. 34.61 .81 .

Peat is included in coal for all figures. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 .140 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV GERMANY* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 600 120 500 100 400 80 300 60 200 40 20 100 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 250 1981 1986 Oil 1991 Gas 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 200 200 150 150 100 100 50 50 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 700 Coal/population Coal/GDP 250 0 2009e 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 600 1200 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 1000 500 800 400 600 300 400 200 200 100 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.IV.

6 98.42 - 510.71 3.6 80. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.79 -13. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.95 377.8 100.12 18.52 73.06 -0.41 - 10.66 15.59 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 -0.26 -2.67 0.22 82.31 0.57 1. (2) As index.86 52.46 - -7.44 7.45 -2.01 183.1 257.11 -0.51 175.64 34.6 115.85 9.6 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.91 2..82 149.43 35.63 173.88 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.03 0.18 -0.14 36.13 -0.83 90.18 1.2 86.00 475.79 - 8.43 18.4 6.85 56. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.25 82.96 3.03 -0.3 6.5 118.0 2007 2069 0.86 - -1. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .06 181.99 -1.47 205.01 455. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.1 1980 1226 0.46 79.15 13.18 179.23 63.01 478.78 90.1 5.6 631 121.86 100.52 164.04 38.31 -1.3 2000 1900 0.02 0.6 1990 1543 0.59 148.62 11.1 .14 2.69 0.16 1. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 478.78 78.14 199.51 167.08 - 55.6 466 75.51 1.14 109.22 20.91 169.06 27.33 128.3 186.34 33.02 -1.14 102.43 109.50 1.71 40.95 (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.02 -1.35 6.2 5.54 -0.28 - -7.04 13. wind.69 -7.1 5.61 8.9 548 91.5 300.89 35.63 - 44.08 -3. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.45 55.14 0.2 630 120. 591 99.84 55.65 5.3 5.04 -2.26 0.47 -1.43 113.21 -0.29 -0.19 0.0 6.32 -2.54 - 10.94 0.67 158.24 37.52 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 52.38 -0.11 - -1.15 52.77 -4.36 1.58 31.0 572 100.97 106.57 0.71 -2.87 1.00 481.0 100.86 18.25 201.69 -7.IV.06 5. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.23 82.0 100. TPES/population in units of tce/capita. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 51.57 4.12 6. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .4 374 70.7 125.47 0.89 2.75 10.97 52.6 93.55 0.28 2.51 -0.10 226.30 5.94 -2. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.47 103.31 - 9.47 -0.55 8.57 0.55 3.141 GERMANY 1.78 33.01 0.23 102. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.91 3.57 123.55 88.46 389.2 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.09 -3.27 53.9 2008 2095 0.71 2.14 0.23 2.01 0.42 -0.05 0.84 121.89 - 56.90 16.26 -0.09 0.76 109.97 5.34 0.33 79.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .32 2.88 - 502.98 115.03 21.43 180.23 82.71 -2.56 6. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2. Energy supply.98 357.79 1.78 - 2009e 2028 0. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 1039 0.80 50.73 - 44.42 78.

07 -1.39 32.13 8.98 1.52 4.22 26. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.19 1.51 17.68 0.08 16.16 2.14 1.68 12.38 1.57 21.05 8.44 73.38 23. tide Electricity Heat e e e e (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.44 12.33 41.47 -1.90 1.43 326.23 66.87 0.83 9.78 -0.68 -3.40 2.27 1.88 0.142 .91 2.22 4.72 0.20 28.43 5.11 0.97 21.68 -1.14 5.57 0.77 3.83 33.17 11.52 - 80.04 7.52 2.17 143.76 1.38 39.33 3.07 0.08 0.32 - 77. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 345. wind.18 0.57 24.27 112.90 10.29 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.78 - -0.76 4.01 83.13 83.99 17.98 28.22 0.14 0.43 17.47 -24.91 32.02 0.53 31.95 Comb.51 64.57 39.00 92.37 Comb.26 1.02 -2.35 27.18 10.84 20.26 0.70 9.21 -2.82 0.48 e 4.14 1.82 5.52 28.91 1.85 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.53 12.52 7.73 126.21 86.79 1.43 8.29 2. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.70 -5.02 14.40 9.75 0.83 133.27 53.94 - 63.17 9.23 3.00 -5. wind.34 10.07 0.21 0.06 29.36 1.46 13.62 4.86 25.32 2.77 34.51 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 51.27 0.05 0.55 0. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 1.05 4.64 5.21 5.22 9.90 -0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .17 78.28 14.81 0.03 -0.27 35.48 13.95 0.89 5.14 25.67 0.41 7.63 40.29 6.00 6.67 5.51 12.15 32.62 41.09 10.66 0.21 5.38 32.23 0.17 40. wind.36 61.13 35.31 27.02 55.42 - Comb.84 355.16 58.00 1.96 13.02 8.85 20.47 35.25 -3.44 7.45 1.76 3.49 35.92 190.10 24.54 0.29 70.87 -0.59 0.61 3.02 76.91 13.60 336.29 81.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV GERMANY 4.35 3.99 344.78 1.07 331.05 24.17 2.20 -0.30 75.57 14.56 3.02 14.15 17.16 59.50 38.39 17.44 48.14 10.98 0.26 0.82 94.42 149.03 8.45 64.18 0. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 1.74 6.01 35.98 3.55 1.51 -1.79 14.52 - 78.61 2.81 78.41 9.93 9. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 1.47 2.64 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.03 3.IV.42 30.75 4.01 0.06 25.95 93.68 -8.03 97.77 163.95 0.68 89.56 5.15 2.49 -0.79 71.84 40.09 78.52 0.29 0.36 3. tide Electricity Heat of which: Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.05 20.13 0.46 0.17 0.04 21.13 26.60 3.46 47.23 159.59 2.81 -2.62 35.84 9.43 17.39 17.06 0.31 15.89 25.55 -0.94 0.06 -0.30 37.80 0.21 20. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.10 0.80 2.29 -4.12 -7.01 0.06 37.60 25.54 7.47 73.95 2.60 8.01 e 16.59 1.62 1.82 9.22 14.65 1.22 2.72 4.86 - 2.55 24.04 24.20 1.98 0.31 22.59 4.50 0.10 -2.19 -15.62 2.51 8.40 64.11 15.47 78.11 20.25 0.05 3.50 31.05 -0.00 87.76 351. wind.32 1.15 0.18 2.72 85.13 83.73 0.67 1.02 16.60 16.73 21.96 175.33 10.45 5.60 9.10 29.22 0.81 0.98 41.74 1.44 7.63 0.92 24.78 12.90 80.26 51.39 12.65 26.15 5.81 46.72 48.38 - 85.59 24.44 -12.65 5.95 2.50 3.

..6 -4.9 -1.6 e -129.0 - .4 1.6 -0.2 -13.5 0.3 Autoproducers Gas works -3. peat briquettes and oil shale.5 e -16.1 0.1 66.2 .2 35.6 x -4.6 -115.7 -3.3 10.1 1.3 20.5 Coal transformation(2) -8.. Main activity producers (1) -104.5 e -7..7 (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.7 4.9 0..4 e 8.4 29. .1 8.1 e -127.2 38.9 - - - .0 46. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm..9 -7.6 .4 1. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.3 0.6 -0.4 -17.1 -99.7 17.9 -4. coke oven coke.6 78.5 Statistical difference 0. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).1 71.5 -12.7 103.5 0.9 67.0 0.8 13.8 -95.2 e -0..6 -4.5 -0..8 0. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.4 e -98.9 -1. as well as peat.5 204. .3 -115.1 -6.0 16.1 0.7 .4 0.3 -103.4 . and residential.2 0. . transport and other).3 7.2 - 32.1 201. .5 .4 -0. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry. 1.9 37.4 9.2 e 1. -1.6 121.4 0. gas works gas.8 5. - - Energy ind.8 0.2 2. -5. -2.6 -1.2 123.9 1. x x 75. .7 -0.2 0.0 - - .3 BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) - -2.3 -12.6 2.6 -1.3 .9 86..143 GERMANY 5.0 -0.3 2. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.4 -1.6 31.3 e -106.5 -2.2 -10.1 0.0 e -1.7 0.6 -2.1 -7.6 -4.5 5.3 1.6 -0. primary (anthracite.1 -95.8 3.0 -6.5 20..2 1.8 1.6 e 0. x x Total transformation -115. -5.6 2. 0.1 0.8 -94.9 6. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal..5 45.6 Losses -1.8 0.8 -0. coking coal. other bituminous coal.8 115.5 -87.4 0.9 e 0.2 -7. .9 -10.0 -0.6 -22.2 4..0 - - - - - .4 -15..8 -0.5 0. ..7 -1. .6 . own use -6.1 13.6 1. coke oven gas.0 0. (2) briquettes.4 . coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).0 -6.8 0.4 .3 28.8 11..9 -3. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 202. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.7 -1.1 e -2.4 1.6 -4.2 0. . -1. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .8 12.0 53.1 -102..4 -0.4 -2.IV.9 0.. .6 x Primary supply 199.5 -0...4 -8.. coal tar.3 1.5 0.1 0. gas coke.9 -9.9 -3.7 -0..5 -3. 0.2 Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.8 -2.3 -7. .6 0. -24. services Residential Non-energy use 2.5 183.8 -26.0 0.4 0. agriculture.9 1.1 -2..8 -1. and pub.2 -10.7 8.1 -21.2 -1. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.8 -4.2 12.3 1.2 -7.4 2.4 -11.0 - -7.. sub-bituminous coal.1 174..2 0.3 23.3 -5.2 Electricity and heat gen..8 e -0.4 9.8 e 6.3 3.3 -0.1 10.6 e -110.8 e -91.0 e 1.3 e 9.4 -1.9 e -98.5 -1. .5 - -11.1 -1.2 1.3 -0.3 9.8 -0.0 21. -3.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .5 e -1.0 3.5 9.6 6. BKB.

34 1.28 2.28 0.65 0.17 1. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 45.81 11.14 20.27 1.10 40.88 24.28 10.89 -14.81 7.85 38. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.18 0.46 5.42 - 22.86 3.90 209.20 2.24 3.26 2.17 2.78 26.21 0.21 0.32 1.18 -18.53 0.98 -21.67 -7.08 0.03 0.51 2.43 -3.08 34.79 104.58 - -3.01 0.75 33.75 -1.13 0.14 0.76 7.67 0.07 8.65 0.46 13.05 -8.08 10.77 35.68 0.48 0.02 10.43 0.49 0.51 0.19 12.58 -5. pulp and print Other industry Res.IV.21 1.04 176.73 6.15 0.15 0.07 -2.57 130.37 0.34 0.11 2.79 -4.44 0.38 162.10 0.46 210.12 1.06 -0.38 10.32 9.68 0.36 - 364.24 10.05 0.98 10.00 2.34 0.49 0.25 1.04 10.16 10.46 165.42 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.09 3.43 0.55 0.94 157.20 1.88 8.11 18.06 -0.71 - (1) Residential.05 37.59 21.76 8.43 0.77 2.00 12.77 3.79 3.70 0.57 1.18 - 21.01 9.12 14.23 -4.09 2.03 0.57 -5.74 2.06 -3.91 -1.45 0.00 11.26 11.56 11.24 - -0.90 - -4.39 2.75 5.83 160.77 18.28 0.63 35.97 0.89 165.88 6.83 11.04 174.28 163.06 43.37 - 23.98 3.31 0.07 2.36 0.09 - 24.04 180.86 0.40 0.41 0.58 5.05 13.39 155.09 2.73 0.64 - 383.42 1.24 -4.93 158. pulp and print Other industry Res.01 0.69 11.87 11. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .53 2.68 0. commercial and public services.42 12.14 -19.01 44.72 11.09 0.73 1.30 1.76 35.12 2.55 0.55 1.50 38.14 2.02 0.56 167.66 10.15 0.19 0.99 -1.92 -2.13 -0.13 0.03 -0.41 0.33 0.84 41.94 161.36 0.76 -11.07 36.56 1.56 0.70 0.56 0.33 1. pulp and print Other industry Res.48 -3.88 0.78 1.95 1. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.55 0.92 0.87 - 169.76 0.17 224.58 1.17 0.00 0.07 2.17 -2.64 0.25 -0.67 3.02 177.61 0.01 - 42.02 0.40 1.44 - 20.31 0.05 227.43 -11.00 0.20 1.03 1.06 44.57 0.89 1.25 - 0.00 - 44.71 0.76 1.15 0.47 0.02 0.63 0.43 0.64 3.05 47.89 13.13 0.53 -10.95 11.01 0.15 2.22 18.00 10.38 32.02 20.35 0.06 7.144 .96 7.88 34.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV GERMANY 6.66 2.38 -2.29 - 41.93 13.50 33.00 -11.60 10.53 2. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.39 3.

36 391.49 119.83 183.61 0. 265..64 33. 295.21 173.03 0. coal tar. 62. 312.27 .63 15.74 5.07 .76 130.91 . 123.94 31.55 117. c .47 300.43 1. 0. 243...24 34.08 141.93 .77 66.43 122.25 302.28 0.52 3.89 271.94 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal.38 .78 .15 91.01 0.50 0. 287.00 3. For industry (Euro / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 85. .01 3.58 .73 0. 109.IV..50 .81 8.53 0.53 .32 0... 145.00 0.75 .81 120.02 4. .76 63. .00 1.90 .48 9. 104. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 21.53 12.92 .. 83. Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 98. c .91 74.. 154.96 1. Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 101.61 1.44 51.83 ...COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .07 . .59 3.74 24. 216.70 146..56 20.16 .84 4. c . . 404.25 8..32 0.75 1.43 12...75 115.65 .. c ..00 0..21 ...15 106.. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ..96 42.99 12.92 252. 281.01 12.71 0.97 74.94 119.19 231.50 166.25 120. .68 118.16 .00 0.56 22..05 0.88 .28 . c .86 7.48 . c ..20 0.54 0. c .27 20...10 0..16 32.20 .53 32. c ... patent fuels.36 26.98 29.34 80. c .99 37.02 3.145 GERMANY 7.09 2.69 10.32 0.76 1. 122.89 0..66 . 145.12 .92 16. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8.01 4.60 80.78 133.13 282.38 28.20 0.54 38.14 13.. . 187.83 ... c .84 41..83 0..03 0.00 0. briquettes.65 5.11 0.33 .76 . 78.47 408.58 46.90 203..91 42..14 60.58 141.. for example: coke.62 4.25 26.35 38.15 0.04 0.27 0. 65.26 0.70 100.23 .93 ..91 5. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.76 14.00 0..31 71.13 185.02 102.28 0.. .80 0.48 64.73 205.35 . c .26 . 154.67 45.. 1.. 111. .13 98. c .91 0...58 . For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.93 111.. 422. 91.12 5.53 0. .47 0..99 6.18 64.95 104.83 1.. 79.00 0.87 153.63 0.02 181. (2) For steam coal. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.29 0.28 11.00 1.. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 83.00 10... 314.23 9.78 42. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.21 0.18 106.52 62..38 266..26 0..06 2.71 46.32 0.. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.

People's Rep. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV GERMANY 9. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 12865 15547 13580 15052 27948 42132 46287 45427 38475 2435 48 553 89 2235 4 82 20 26 102 1706 58 25 28 116 48 2 1427 434 20 1 147 613 210 4608 3414 865 50 257 19 8692 3985 1666 2 962 1640 10 9627 4778 1663 1036 1802 - 9255 3804 1449 753 2400 - 6448 2565 611 295 1597 - 20 1725 363 1638 177 1252 1 1 - 2 1 - 176 64 103 84 114 150 70 14 182 488 37 142 194 430 336 420 10430 763 428 152 2041 554 399 637 13312 720 235 346 2709 180 1072 918 11874 1094 45 248 2583 284 689 637 13625 505 83 922 3116 36 2066 988 23340 301 1061 6744 37 432 1236 33440 763 13 8224 418 74 36660 848 97 10 5638 1463 - 36172 772 46 13 5091 8 2973 65 32027 1042 498 14 3761 65 2827 117 21 1108 96 4231 9 19 3196 166 3742 8 128 38 4512 157 1451 84 995 194 4228 199 13 193 3 - 67 2719 149 4577 937 341 114 4625 4008 8506 8609 2825 5809 7539 8907 6349 4485 8327 9120 5272 6293 4890 9193 3327 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. People's Rep. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) Hard Coal Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China.146 .IV. (2) For years prior to 1990.

IV.147 GERMANY 10. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Coking coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 13354 5701 4002 730 3 - - - 110 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 12335 213 1897 5020 2480 375 286 975 447 234 18 89 198 103 5640 146 960 2446 1600 486 2 - 3902 717 1443 859 465 415 3 - 730 1 481 1 1 238 7 1 - 3 1 1 1 - - - - 5 5 - 1019 15 520 5 479 61 61 100 100 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 105 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. Africa & Mid. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . China.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .

Africa & Mid. Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 5737 3539 1510 1120 276 199 310 519 201 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 5381 15 2123 944 1574 7 32 14 467 18 6 38 60 32 51 - 2293 51 1022 3 1 525 9 25 7 157 71 1 67 354 - 1186 6 678 3 81 5 28 1 48 45 1 42 5 38 205 - 1120 12 853 2 144 6 32 11 60 - 275 98 82 75 1 6 3 3 1 5 1 - 191 22 71 87 2 1 2 6 - 301 55 72 4 111 1 45 1 5 2 5 - 507 14 110 3 328 1 1 15 20 1 8 3 3 - 29 7 1 2 1 1 1 2 3 3 2 4 2 - 53 53 963 13 6 1 943 324 5 3 316 - - 1 1 - 8 3 2 3 2 2 - 4 2 2 303 283 - - 1 7 1 10 168 Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.IV. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.148 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV GERMANY 11. China.

45 182.62 . Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights.05 76.42 34.IV.04 46.72 51..07 151. 76. 96.49 67.06 66. .. 158. 67.53 80.67 66.. Coal import values by origin* (average unit value..93 .72 240.12 81.44 41.39 35.44 153. 152. .66 .35 32.10 67. 193.06 45...11 104..39 137. . .. 147.31 73.25 55.21 72.98 67.16 43.78 .49 138. .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .44 .56 .74 180.45 .15 217.34 144. 37. 89..72 133.88 62. 130.72 538.. Prices exclude intra-EU trade.45 61. shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs. . 85. 85.84 Note: On occasion.27 . US$/tonne) Coking coal (1) 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 63.09 .53 33.45 48. .04 40.13 105.68 60. 44. 131.19 131..23 64.69 68.56 69. 43. 152....91 82.92 90. .53 .85 37.86 Steam coal(3) 57..93 62.41 91..54 73.79 132..10 154.65 47. .39 ....70 85..06 . CIF. (2) Former Soviet Union until 1991.20 47..66 63.69 62.87 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 62.16 53.11 64.76 67.21 129. 81.75 120.37 57.24 46.07 282.99 69.38 64. .10 74.38 152.19 .33 66..05 .40 . Prices exclude intra-EU trade.73 116.47 63.57 104.38 41. 199. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.66 228.97 93.. 157.89 .83 102.74 113..74 73. .61 65.05 .48 135.24 46. (1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights.93 ..38 78. (3) Bituminous steam coal only.57 34..149 GERMANY 12. 136. 69. 68.52 ..22 72. 89. Russian Federation starting in 1992.09 172..87 53.84 100...86 50.55 76.97 60..00 33.76 139.00 88.22 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 55.. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .. 87.. 430.07 .48 70. .48 51. 117..59 126.62 .25 31.03 .54 135.67 75.59 73.55 .89 151.16 61.16 98.08 .77 110.56 140...69 73.68 67.81 . .87 223.27 . ..30 .09 33... 65.

Peat is included in coal for all figures. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV GREECE* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 500 45 450 40 400 35 350 30 300 25 250 20 200 15 150 10 100 5 50 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 14 1981 1986 Oil 1991 Gas 1996 Nuclear Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 2009e Coal/population Coal/GDP 16 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 14 12 12 10 10 8 8 6 6 4 4 2 2 0 0 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 70 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 60 120 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 100 50 80 40 60 30 40 20 20 10 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.150 .IV.

26 2.73 4.3 2009e 171 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .0 53 100.2 2000 127 0.78 1.15 3. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.17 - 11.24 11.89 - 66.50 0.60 0.76 0. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec. (2) As index.30 10.24 0.23 9.18 74.9 63 102. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.30 1.46 22.66 15.78 3.0 2007 170 0.IV.01 - 21.20 1.22 0.98 - 11.04 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.08 0.3 23 75.96 0.9 3.42 0.35 2.3 2.87 3.4 48.96 99.49 11.86 71.6 1980 94 0.44 - 8.63 - 1.87 82.7 48.1 1.01 1.83 5.49 - 1.6 73.64 0.69 - 41.7 65.90 - 63.0 2008 173 0.69 79.82 - 23.5 63 100.89 23.53 -2.68 0.61 - 11. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.0 100. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.33 17. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 77 0.08 - 30.27 0.22 9.151 GREECE 1.05 10.74 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 21. wind.43 1.25 11. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .57 8. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.04 1.86 83.54 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 3.76 4.72 - 7.3 95.41 0.93 12.32 0.63 11.02 0.5 67. Energy supply.95 0.7 96.6 1990 101 0. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .28 0.9 .46 11.54 - 43.0 100.69 12.5 83.42 5. 55 91.90 3.4 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1.30 10.01 12.09 - 38. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.8 2.5 15 56. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.31 - 65.50 0.38 0.00 0.05 0.05 6.64 0.32 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.59 3.49 1.52 17.17 1.16 - 0.69 0.44 0.52 0.72 - 64..17 12.91 21.54 100.95 -1.70 4.40 4. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 3.58 0.00 - 43. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.24 1.2 3.55 11.75 - 11.45 0.71 19.80 1.02 0.46 2.22 - 10.23 1.7 62.2 3.95 -1.62 22. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.8 112.97 - 4. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 16. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.00 0.8 38.2 35 83.20 - 51.20 -0.22 0.25 11.45 0.2 3.16 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.03 0.12 -1.

55 0.17 1.02 0.08 31.01 0.22 2.31 6.06 3.27 0.64 0.06 3.70 0.74 9.18 1.97 0.45 0.11 0.08 2.16 6.19 0.76 20.16 1.07 0.75 0.92 2.53 2.06 3.00 0.88 12. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 12.38 1.25 4.18 - Comb.64 2.65 0.01 3.54 1.84 0.44 0.27 1.12 0.15 0.03 5. wind.02 11.03 3.00 0.69 1. tide Electricity Heat 4.14 9.05 0.80 1.64 1.43 5.40 0.97 - 0.82 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.14 5.00 1.49 - 6.08 3.92 - 4.23 6.85 0.25 0.35 -0.68 0.78 0.69 2.00 3.76 2.42 3.65 6.45 3.78 0.15 0.00 0.00 1.00 4.35 0.55 0.20 0.56 2.58 0.03 10.71 1.73 0.38 0.11 - 10.40 0.56 - 0.01 2.39 7.25 2.40 0.75 0.24 0.64 0.29 0.03 6.74 10.27 6.03 0.23 1.00 1.00 .02 4.12 1.99 4.24 2.35 0.64 0.27 25.34 3.18 2.30 0.44 0.54 - 7.34 1.17 -0.05 6.57 20.69 1. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.51 2.44 0. wind.06 30.17 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .67 3.80 0.72 13.01 0.64 - 0.03 -6.00 7.13 1.25 0..71 0.33 0.81 6.36 1.38 -17.11 0.78 0.00 0.35 0. 0.31 1.00 0.17 0.IV.20 0.45 - 20.43 - 2.03 7.00 4.22 2. wind.01 0.08 1. 0.00 0.03 2.42 1.93 0.25 17.45 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.97 0..18 0.65 0.14 0.21 1.96 9.63 -4.00 1.38 - Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 2.12 0.00 0.19 1.09 10.04 30.63 1.02 2.37 3.54 1.69 1.29 - 5.90 - Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.06 29.42 2.92 7.69 0.56 - 15.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV GREECE 4.61 -27.00 .06 1.77 0.08 2.00 0.98 1.00 0.35 0.30 -5.23 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.31 0.18 - 9.00 2.58 0.72 3.00 0.66 - 6.17 5.03 7.00 0. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.05 Comb.01 2. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.03 3.04 1.01 1. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.67 11.21 0.52 0.23 0.12 4.69 11.34 1.59 0.02 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.53 0.52 - 13.77 0.14 0.40 0.01 0.57 2.99 0.30 5.86 - 2.96 0.152 .58 7.01 1.00 0.00 2. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.15 0.25 0.90 - 1.78 0.15 2.23 0.56 0.57 Comb.84 0.12 0.28 0.20 0.43 1.76 0.33 1.91 - 5.95 0.75 10.00 2.46 1.01 0.00 1.54 0.51 1.50 - 26.06 0.52 0. wind.10 0.30 1.06 1.02 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.17 0.01 0.19 0.02 0.87 0.46 24.20 1.00 0.13 -5.80 21.17 0.96 0.40 0.25 6.40 0.53 1.03 7.00 0.14 1.72 0.63 0.00 0.64 0.08 19.88 - 6.91 0.63 0.57 19.95 0.74 - 6.05 5.

1 8. Coal balance* (Mtce) Production Imports Exports Stock changes Primary supply Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 2.0 - .0 -0. peat briquettes and oil shale.1 0. pulp and print 0. other bituminous coal.0 ..1 0.. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas). - - - - - - - - .2 1.. sub-bituminous coal. coal tar. -6.9 - -11..7 1.7 11. 6. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.4 .2 - - 0.9 12.5 0.8 -9. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel..3 - - - - - - . (2) briquettes.0 Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.5 0. services Residential 0. .. 5. primary (anthracite. own use -0.0 -2.8 0.1 0.0 0. 9.1 -6. .7 -4. . as well as peat.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.8 -3. agriculture.. .8 9. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .9 -4. transport and other).9 e -9. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.0 Coal transformation(2) -0...0 -0.6 0...3 0. Main activity producers (1) Autoproducers -2.8 - -9.0 x 0.7 BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Losses Final consumption(4) (5) Industry - - - - .2 -0.0 -0. .0 0.2 0.0 0.0 - -0.1 4.0 0.2 1.6 0.3 0.1 0. coke oven coke.2 0..0 0.7 1. - - (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating. gas works gas.4 0.0 .1 e -0.7 - -11. -2.0 -0. .1 e 0.6 36. .3 11. and pub.5 0.0 0. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.5 - 0.6 11.0 - -0.5 0. gas coke.0 - 0.0 - 1.2 -0.3 x 3.0 - 0.. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.9 11.1 0. ..0 - - - .2 0.6 . (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.1 0. (7) Other includes commercial and public services. - - -0.1 - - - - .3 5. .IV.8 0.8 4. -17.1 0..0 0.0 - -0.9 -11.7 -11.7 -11.3 - .7 0.8 - -11.1 0.0 11.6 - -5.0 - 0.8 - 0.0 -0.. .4 0.0 0.0 -0..4 - . coke oven gas.2 - 1.4 -6..1 12.0 0.7 1.9 -11.2 Statistical difference -0. BKB.0 0.1 e 0.0 -0.0 0.8 Electricity and heat gen. x x 0.1 e -3.7 -0.8 0.2 -7.0 0.0 .1 1. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke. .1 e 0. coking coal..6 -0.9 -6.0 - -3.5 12.0 0.1 11.8 - Transport(6) 0.. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).0 -0.1 - Other transformation(3) - - Energy ind..0 0.0 0.0 -0..5 -0.4 -11.5 -0.0 0.5 8. . and residential... 9.0 0.4 - Other(7) Comm.8 - Gas works -0.1 10.1 -0. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I..8 -27. x x Total transformation -2. 1.2 0.7 Non-energy use 0.153 GREECE 5.0 4.0 0.9 -11.

07 - 0.25 -5. pulp and print Other industry Res.12 1. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .25 5.53 50.46 0.43 0.04 0.01 - 64.00 0.54 2.43 0.20 0.46 -2.83 52.09 0.00 - 20.14 0.53 0.21 0.46 0.13 0.02 0.69 6.22 0.13 0.01 1.37 0.01 0.35 0.13 0.96 0.86 63.34 1.75 - -5.05 0.00 - 0.14 0.83 19.83 0.00 - 1.89 0.31 0.41 0.30 0.00 - 0.09 -3.12 0.52 0.38 0.30 0.18 21.29 - 0.IV.34 - (1) Residential.38 0.06 0.00 - 0.10 69. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.87 65. pulp and print Other industry Res.03 - 7.36 0.26 0.35 0.16 0.154 .26 64.66 -3.56 63.11 -5. commercial and public services.34 -11.52 0.29 0.96 -0.57 0.66 0.24 0.63 64.27 0.71 0.00 - 1.03 - 70.35 0.19 0.52 0.43 69.21 0.30 0.56 0. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.74 19.00 - 66.14 2.58 64.60 63.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV GREECE 6.87 0.02 0.38 1.21 - - - - - - - - - 21.56 0.55 8.96 1.71 0.05 50.54 -8.37 65.38 1.21 1. pulp and print Other industry Res.48 -2.22 0.96 63. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.09 0.15 0.11 8.38 0.86 0.27 -6. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 0.31 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.00 - 64.

.52 .01 0. c .18 295.... ..05 0. .42 . .15 . 74.34 0.. c .82 .. . .03 - - 0. .. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.70 322. . for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV. .. .56 0. 276...04 1.. .00 0.63 . 49. coal tar.56 0.53 0.28 .04 .64 .34 0. c ...00 - 0. . . Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas .03 ..31 1. 470...98 .67 0. 351.54 0. .. 346...00 - 0.30 343..53 0..75 243. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 0. 20.00 0.57 0.00 .16 440.. x .07 288.50 ...59 0....59 0. c Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 8.16 0.. 240..00 0.IV.. 441.55 0....40 . .35 .. .. . 58.. c .87 323. .59 0.. 301.. .28 1. ..71 ..38 0.97 251. ..81 . . . .01 0..12 For industry (Euro / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas .68 343.51 0. 265. 346..03 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I..11 .04 0. c Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 93. 118.00 0.01 0. briquettes.. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8...53 . .... .15 0.. .28 0.14 .. .15 . patent fuels. .42 ... for example: coke.19 .00 0. ..11 317.. 0..... . 249. .34 0.02 0. .. 116. c . 170. c .29 500. 7..03 1. ... c . 74.15 0.. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. 355.. .00 0.53 .05 0..COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .. x ..13 0. c . c . . 99..54 For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.87 . . 116.15 0.05 0..62 . 8. x 119.. x 13.01 0. x . ..01 0.01 - 0. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.06 0.16 1. ..00 0.35 .44 211... .01 0..72 .. .01 0. (2) For steam coal. 17....10 261. .. .00 0.. 0. ..16 1.14 153..155 GREECE 7.00 - - (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal.. x .00 0..00 . c .. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. People's Rep. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China.156 . People's Rep. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Hard Coal 349 2040 1380 1409 1245 383 605 664 165 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 213 159 54 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 136 48 1 75 - 2040 588 2 17 61 1136 - 1380 35 4 1409 36 - 1245 110 - 383 73 605 67 664 66 76 165 23 12 - 207 29 - 1017 324 - 1123 250 - 119 205 447 321 43 - 71 11 225 3 - 72 18 36 412 - 110 18 51 329 14 - 131 11 - China. (2) For years prior to 1990.IV.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV GREECE 9. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics.

.59 69. .. .73 37. (1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights.. .. . 29... ...COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV ..16 .84 54.43 . Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights. 201. . ... . . . .. ... ... . 120..67 .30 Note: On occasion. . .42 .. .66 54... (3) Bituminous steam coal only.94 380.. 45... ... . .72 70. .. . . 43. ..20 33.44 117.28 402.10 255. . 42. ..37 .. .... . .. 24. 97..... . 252. shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs.70 310..74 288........ 288. US$/tonne) Coking coal (1) Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Steam coal(3) Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 40. . Russian Federation starting in 1992..79 78.157 GREECE 12.16 69.93 40.42 . . .85 .58 . . . ..73 306.. .37 133. .30 41.. .72 . .. . 99. 178.. 79. . . 198. . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. 77.. . .. . . .06 ... .. .. 52... ..73 .28 ..71 .. .88 .61 304..36 .. .... .. .14 195..94 . 341.. 69.32 29. ... . . ... ... Prices exclude intra-EU trade. .47 42.12 . ..21 .. .. 131. 179... .. . .03 . 76.. Prices exclude intra-EU trade.52 54....49 ..49 . .95 32.31 . ..07 .. . . 346.. .. .02 58.. .12 . . Coal import values by origin* (average unit value.. 198.89 46..31 . . ..... . CIF. ..... ...IV..00 40.. ... ..06 . . .. 64.... . . . . Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ... . .. . . 112.40 31.. .. (2) Former Soviet Union until 1991.84 306. . 75. . ..... .. ..

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV HUNGARY* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 120 45 40 100 35 80 30 25 60 20 15 40 10 20 5 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 14 1981 1986 Oil 1991 Gas 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 12 12 10 10 8 8 6 6 4 4 2 2 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 45 Coal/population Coal/GDP 14 0 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 100 40 90 35 80 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 70 30 60 25 50 20 40 15 30 10 20 5 10 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Peat is included in coal for all figures.IV. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 .158 .

08 2. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 31 0.18 5.09 - -3.34 9.86 25.85 1.78 136. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.4 115.03 0.50 5. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector. (2) As index. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 30.0 2007 61 0.3 e e e e e 2000 47 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.7 40 155.0 100.29 11.47 13.80 82.82 - 9.27 -0.99 15.13 - 2.9 2008 61 0.03 - 9.80 -0. Energy supply.31 - -12.14 - 0.79 0.5 .01 2. 36 128.29 1.42 - 2.44 -3.71 5.4 2.64 5.2 170.01 0.03 0.7 40 155.57 - 40.50 100.42 11.77 81.39 0.. e e e e e 1980 39 1.03 0.17 5.2 3.54 0.2 316.03 10.96 - -4.72 9.47 10.94 8.14 4.51 0.7 3.67 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 0.34 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.53 - 2.28 -0.11 0.37 -2.48 0.49 - 37.37 - 35.14 1.03 -0.89 8.6 263.80 -0.62 10.9 18 .95 123.48 - 35.04 15. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.17 - 0.87 8.66 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.18 1.34 -1.89 5.79 1.40 - 8.59 10.39 11.69 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .73 0.00 0.91 0.58 1.12 0.7 104.92 4.37 -2.33 - 14.72 - 4.40 15.42 - 38. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.62 13..39 2.26 - -0.0 e e e e e 1990 44 0.08 5.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .91 - 40.02 0.76 10.93 12.69 -3.72 11.4 60.7 91. wind.30 0.57 0.0 100.50 12.88 -0.51 3.76 0.39 5.9 2009e 60 0.15 3.61 10.20 - 0.58 -5.02 0.96 0.6 53.02 0.99 10.6 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.0 3.05 0.14 0.4 3.4 28 68.95 4.77 -1.44 1.69 -2.18 4.7 89. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.IV.94 5. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .17 17.0 3.88 25.55 78.93 10.98 0.24 - 0. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.0 35 100.159 HUNGARY 1. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.1 3.8 62. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.28 -3.68 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1.01 0.15 0.12 1.74 0.9 88.03 0.6 24 70.12 0.92 131. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.99 - -12.50 9. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.59 -5.80 4. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 0.

11 1.88 0.15 2.12 7.09 0.00 0.29 2.19 0.28 4.00 1.38 1.16 1.07 28.49 -30.81 0.53 0.50 5.79 1.43 -0.46 1.09 1.18 2.21 -7.01 1.69 0.58 0.37 -12.24 1.74 0.67 10.42 0.02 0.09 3.60 0.88 0.88 0.61 3.43 3.74 4.70 0.58 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 3.16 0.85 0.42 0.98 9.67 0.17 0.00 4.15 0.00 1.02 1.51 4.18 3.48 1.65 1.77 26.47 6.95 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.23 -2.20 0.86 0.08 1.15 4.12 0.70 26.74 1.41 0.71 3.13 0.91 8.23 5.80 0.01 3.21 0.41 1.33 0.57 4.30 14.26 0.98 0.04 -1.48 0.97 2.99 1.68 0.74 0.44 9.98 0.70 2.62 0.54 0.13 1.65 2.59 0.12 5.58 - 2.35 0. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.34 0.27 1.32 0.90 -5.23 0.79 3.62 - 4.95 -1.24 0.95 2.09 0.00 6.56 0.04 0.IV.17 8.48 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.12 3.160 .07 -2.59 1.24 0.09 0.73 0.74 9.28 1.38 0.46 29.11 0.43 10.83 6.00 1.39 0.48 1.03 -3.80 -3.00 4. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.15 8. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.11 0.54 4.37 2.34 -2.13 7.03 0.78 12.43 9.49 1.96 0.61 -8.20 0.41 0.00 1.22 1.55 0.86 0.28 0.51 2.22 1.28 5.80 0.98 0.27 2. wind.81 -0.19 0.19 0.12 0.77 0.08 0.11 0.01 0.30 1.27 0.01 4.09 -6.42 1.52 2.52 -0.12 0.40 3.42 0.76 Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.21 0.77 2.68 3. wind.13 0. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.11 0.53 0.70 0.03 2.30 0.44 2.19 2.89 4.65 0.80 - 4.79 3.15 7.48 0.15 9.46 -1.62 0.00 0.88 2.43 3.80 0.09 0.99 0.89 Comb.32 0.11 0.54 2.71 0.32 6.04 0.47 0.00 1.50 0.77 7.67 2.10 0.08 0.70 9.51 30.08 0.33 4.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV HUNGARY 4.29 0.20 -0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .66 0.75 0.08 1.69 0.15 9.05 4.33 0.00 0.10 5.64 -2.11 3.95 4. wind.00 4.93 0.00 1.27 24.64 0.46 0.86 0.30 0.17 0.72 9.33 2.76 0.33 0.01 0.00 4.15 7.23 4.51 -8.73 0.81 -14.66 10. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.36 2.76 2.06 0.61 0.14 2.58 1.41 0.45 0.29 1.03 1.61 5.20 1.30 0.18 0.31 0.22 0.37 9.61 3.13 0.85 9.35 1.00 1.83 -10.44 4.27 0.15 1.49 0.24 1.86 Comb.66 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.26 22.00 6.51 0.32 0.08 -12.48 11.33 0.62 2.00 6.03 2. tide Electricity Heat 8.04 0.73 0.00 1.00 0.86 6.95 0.28 3.32 0.98 2.46 -4.31 1. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 23.94 Comb.05 -3.66 2.23 1.79 0.54 0.81 4.79 0.43 3.16 4.41 -1.41 0.85 1.00 1.34 2.95 4.48 1.81 -16.88 2.56 0. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.00 1.18 0.81 2.63 3.06 0.04 2.27 -0.84 0.00 4.88 0.51 0.10 2. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.30 3. wind.20 0.31 7.43 0.

. as well as peat. -2.0 - -0. .0 . (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.0 -0.3 0..2 0.5 0.4 2.7 0. sub-bituminous coal.1 - Transport(6) 0. . (2) briquettes.9 -9. .9 e -0.0 0..1 - -3.5 4.7 0. 3.5 0.1 -0.2 0.. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).4 Electricity and heat gen.2 .0 -0.4 -0.9 e 0.2 0. - - Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Comm. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.7 5. -1.0 0.7 -0. coal tar..9 -6.0 .1 -3.4 0.5 e . -6.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .0 -0.0 0.3 -12.8 -5.9 e 0. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.0 -0. BKB. - - Coal transformation(2) -1.5 e 0. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).8 e -4.6 - - - - - - - .3 e -0.8 0..2 - 0.6 -16..4 -0.9 e -7.1 - - - - . (7) Other includes commercial and public services.2 1.1 0.4 -28.1 -0.3 3. -0. coke oven gas... ..2 Losses -0. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.4 -4.7 -0.8 1.0 -3.2 5.1 0. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 8. ..3 e 0.4 -3. . gas works gas..0 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -2.2 - -0.0 .5 e -0.2 -0. .6 -5.5 -4.1 1. -30. ..4 4.4 -0.1 .8 3....6 e -3.5 2.2 - . (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.0 1. - - BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) Energy ind. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.5 -2.0 e 0.1 -0.0 0.2 - -0.0 0.4 e -0.1 0.5 -0.5 0.0 8.3 -16.2 -4.5 e -0.6 -0.3 - Other(7) 2.0 0.4 e -0.2 0.1 -3.3 12.6 e -3.5 -0.5 0.4 -0.4 -6.3 - -2.2 Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.1 -4.2 2. -0.8 e 0.3 9.8 0.0 -0. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.0 -25.7 0.1 2. .5 -3. and residential. transport and other).3 -2. x x Statistical difference Total transformation -6.6 2.0 -3.. other bituminous coal.7 -1.5 e 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.4 Gas works -0..2 45.8 -12.3 0. pulp and print 2.0 0.5 -2.8 0.7 .8 0..1 3.4 - - - - - - .1 -0.1 0.6 2.7 1. x x 5.3 e 0.. . (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.1 -2.0 -0. own use -0.7 -8.2 -0.0 2.3 e 0.4 -0.7 -14. .5 -1.5 0.0 0.0 0.2 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . gas coke. and pub.1 2..3 0.IV.8 0..1 -0.0 -0. peat briquettes and oil shale.5 e -4.0 e 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -8.2 0.161 HUNGARY 5.3 2.0 - - .3 1.0 0..0 x Primary supply 11.2 - .1 -0.0 -0.6 e -0. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.5 -1.. -2.7 0.5 4.2 -0. primary (anthracite. coke oven coke.0 2.6 x -4.0 0.5 2..1 -0.5 4.0 -0.6 -7. .9 2. Main activity producers (1) Autoproducers -5.2 -2.4 -0.5 -0.3 0.4 0.9 e -0. agriculture.8 0.5 4.5 -0. services Residential Non-energy use (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.4 -0. coking coal.

42 2.08 0.91 -20.09 9.02 0. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.01 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.26 0.29 17.55 0.28 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.01 0.53 0.11 - 0.25 - 9.46 - 2.22 18.55 - 10.01 14.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV HUNGARY 6.00 0.00 0.84 -9.02 13.06 0.19 0.97 -8.18 - 13.10 0.27 0.77 -33.30 1.36 - 10.21 0.46 1.74 -3.04 0.26 0.53 14.00 0.04 0.27 1.04 -10.38 -13.21 0.00 0.00 0.73 9.00 0.00 0.15 0.68 1.78 9.17 0.46 -11.81 0.61 0.09 0.00 0.21 0.25 9.24 -20.38 0.16 0.20 0.15 -9.01 0.00 0.14 0.11 - -3.14 0.90 -1.00 0.06 1.04 0.32 -2.97 0.16 - 0.00 0.30 - 1.18 - 19.43 1.00 0.70 -9.54 -2. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 - - - 0.01 0.23 0.48 0.26 - 26.03 -17.67 0.00 0.IV.23 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.57 -10.81 0.00 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .02 0.39 -3.78 0.19 0.38 -23.09 - 0.01 0.28 1.42 - 10.27 2.63 -8.43 - -4.04 0.72 -13.34 0.28 - 0.75 0.18 9. commercial and public services.91 -9. pulp and print Other industry Res.00 0.00 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.51 0.06 - 0.18 2.00 0.15 0.04 - - - 1.02 0.21 0.81 9.53 0.20 1.65 -1.01 0.64 - (1) Residential.89 13.00 3.00 0.35 - -2.28 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.96 0.93 9.162 .01 - 1.50 0.46 - 1.65 0.73 0.74 1.53 9.81 - 1.01 0.00 0.

44 77.04 0.. 222..96 0..04 0.714 c .906 68. 243..67 . 33.147 1. 485. coal tar.34 c .038 c . c .89 .922 ..559 c .08 c .85 0.28 0.00 - 0. c ...IV..825 Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas .04 1...06 0..33 0. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . 88. 103..03 1. c 36.38 268.11 0. c .48 0.37 0.70 85.635 6.50 c 105.13 0..700 5.57 1.41 0. 80. 65. ...01 0.04 2.64 0.00 0. 82. 57.69 ..743 38..548 For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.700 c 6.00 0.22 2. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.32 1.81 c . 0.35 0.23 0...54 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .812 107.00 0.00 0. c .950 .163 HUNGARY 7. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I..90 1.79 0. .. c 95.37 ..01 . for example: coke..43 0. 2..740 2. 399.081 94.430 . 0.372 2.00 0.252 .34 454..863 .26 0.95 350.00 0. 107.15 0.17 0. (2) For steam coal.. c . 50..26 1.27 .290 . 324..495 129. c .963 .01 2..43 0.21 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal.194 30.91 99.54 1. 81.95 1.28 585. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. 90... .917 c 3. c ..33 76. c . .. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8.43 0.33 90.78 51. 107. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 2.21 0. 283.82 .47 c 77. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.64 0.03 - 0.66 60.06 2..217 c 41. . .46 0.19 0..08 1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. 384.00 0..66 100.73 1..85 0.920 123.060 .788 3. 102...26 475.22 0. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas .. .246 28.47 0.454 c .03 0.66 .10 0.43 3..00 0.77 1.. 459.46 0.43 1.01 0.27 0. patent fuels. c .16 . .12 0.. 324...35 0.64 .22 1..74 2. 0. .47 0...65 Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas .40 1.00 0..40 0. c . briquettes.58 0. c . 0.31 c ..56 For industry (1 000 Hungarian forints / unit) (2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas ...00 0.39 0.67 c .45 2.92 c 70.. 66. ..191 c . c . 8.35 0.19 0.42 0.60 64. 304.49 0.

Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 Hard Coal 817 478 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 817 - China.164 . Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 610 1418 e 1234 1759 2000 1931 1304 478 - 610 - 1418 e - 1234 800 251 51 - 1260 32 449 154 105 - 1469 64 462 119 486 - 1440 18 72 236 96 839 - 973 368 22 379 23 817 e - 478 e - 610 e - . Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV HUNGARY 9. (2) For years prior to 1990. People's Rep. People's Rep. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China.IV.e 1418 132 - 225 295 - 251 87 - 132 47 - 156 25 - - - - - - 499 67 216 - 531 96 139 - 491 91 119 5 331 37 54 7 - - - - - 216 - 294 2 - 251 25 - 233 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics.

18 0.14 0.10 0.02 0.06 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .16 0.08 0.18 1981 1986 Oil Gas 1991 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 0.00 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 18 Coal/population Coal/GDP 0.06 0.5 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 16 2. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .12 0.04 0.0 6 4 0.10 0.5 10 8 1.08 0.0 14 12 1.165 ICELAND* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 9 14000 8 12000 7 10000 6 8000 5 4 6000 3 4000 2 2000 1 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 0.0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other Coal Oil Gas 2008 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.IV.00 2009e 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 2. Peat is included in coal for all figures.04 0.14 0.02 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0.5 2 0.12 0.16 0.

18 0.97 1.76 100. wind. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat - - - - - - - - - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat - - - - - - - - - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available...3 60.48 3.2 86.21 6.81 3. 2008 12 0.01 1.27 0.74 31.16 0.99 7.51 0.25 2.3 15.86 6.14 0..89 0.07 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 3.0 100.14 1. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 4 0.58 - 5.41 0.51 5.69 - 7..6 72..60 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.98 0.09 1.01 1.47 3.3 23.38 0.52 1.2 16 .0 100.54 87.78 2.91 - 2.69 0.1 64.67 1.5 72.2 69.00 0..62 3.2 7.23 -0.8 2 .43 -1.48 6.03 4.89 0.38 81.70 86.2 9.25 0. 1990 7 0.07 1. Energy supply.12 1. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 1.53 123.3 160. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.61 - 7.97 26.46 - Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.50 - 2.44 0.26 1.11 1.9 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV ICELAND 1.43 0.8 3 .8 5 .7 1.01 1.73 136.6 84.0 8 .48 - 4..51 0.9 12 .51 -0.166 .3 22. 17 .53 4.3 11.03 0. 1980 5 0. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .45 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.51 - 6.01 4.3 24.60 0.0 115.09 0. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .07 1. Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 3.. 2007 12 0.16 1. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.96 -0. (2) As index.20 0.99 0. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.48 116. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. 2000 9 0. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3. 2009e 11 0.4 30.00 0.59 0. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.63 0.82 0.00 0.82 0.IV.

64 0.10 0.32 - -0.15 0.34 0.09 0.04 - 0.28 - 3.06 0.23 - 0.25 - 1.54 0.10 0.69 1.65 1.31 2.06 0.45 0.08 - 1.20 - 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.85 0.00 - 0.10 - 0.78 0.00 0.04 0.11 0.03 0.IV.26 4. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.31 - 1.71 0.55 -13.02 0.89 0.44 10.01 0.30 - 0.02 - 0.60 0.99 0.52 3.20 0.53 3.27 0.57 - 6.57 6.08 0.02 0.01 2.16 0.38 0.56 3.32 3.44 0. wind.03 0.18 0.67 1.13 9.16 0.03 - 0.03 0.25 3.02 0.01 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.18 - 0.86 0.63 0.35 0. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.00 0.46 0.18 - 0.82 0.04 0.48 0.17 - -2.00 0.78 0. renew/waste Geothermal Solar. wind.00 0. wind.85 5.03 1.02 0.64 - 1.14 0.76 0.82 31.38 -7.06 0.30 - 0.56 0.167 ICELAND 4.12 0.38 - Comb.00 0.83 0. wind.02 0.07 0.52 0.10 - 0.02 1.13 1.05 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .43 0.63 0.56 6.18 0.42 6.62 -1.02 - 0.45 - 0.01 - 0.14 3.44 9.29 - 3.34 2.01 0.04 0.42 - TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.86 - 1. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.00 0.00 0.00 - 0.02 0.88 7.06 0.83 0.25 - 0.06 - Comb.04 1.44 0.11 0.44 - 3.10 0.20 0.16 0.81 - 3.12 0.24 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.71 1.41 0.02 3.13 0.21 0.68 4.23 0.43 - 0.07 0.17 - 0.12 1.85 0.03 0.03 - 0.27 0.16 1.13 0.87 0.03 0.37 0.52 6.28 0.25 4.30 - 0.91 2.43 0. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 1.60 0.12 0.30 0.07 0.16 0.91 0.13 0.16 0.09 - 0.09 0.24 - 0.34 0.14 0.02 0.92 6.11 0.02 - 2.67 1.58 2.15 0.25 0.00 - 0.77 0.27 - 0.11 7.23 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .07 0.18 0.21 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.00 Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.06 2.19 - 6.35 0.81 -8.05 2.18 - 0.00 - 1.09 0.01 0.48 - Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.12 - Comb.04 0.70 -2.30 0.16 0.08 0.48 0.09 0. tide Electricity Heat 0.30 0.53 1.50 0.58 0.78 0.

lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.. and pub. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes. Coal balance* (Mtce) 2008 2009e Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 Production Imports Exports Stock changes 0.1 - 0. - - - - - - - - . BKB.0 - 0. transport and other).0 0. coal tar. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm.. . (2) briquettes.1 - 0....0 0. . services Residential Non-energy use - - - - - - .IV.1 0. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.. Main activity producers (1) Autoproducers - - - - - - . . - - Energy ind.1 0. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.2 0.0 - - - - - .0 0.3 x 1. .1 0. coking coal. peat briquettes and oil shale. - - Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants - - - - - - ..0 - 0. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.2 0.1 .0 0..168 . (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation. primary (anthracite. . sub-bituminous coal.0 - 0..1 0. coke oven coke... 31. - 1.0 - 0... x x 0. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas). and residential.1 0..7 - 0.0 e - .1 0.1 0.1 0.2 - 0... gas coke.0 0. ...7 Statistical difference - - - - - - . Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.. . gas works gas. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .0 0.0 - 0. .1 0. other bituminous coal. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke. - - (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.0 - 0. - - 0.. own use - - - - - - . - - Losses - - - - - - .2 0.7 -0.6 - Final consumption(4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. . - - Electricity and heat gen. .1 0.1 31. agriculture.. .3 1..1 0.1 - 31. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).. - - Gas works - - - - - - .7 x Primary supply 0.1 e - 0. x x Total transformation - - - - - - . as well as peat.3 1. coke oven gas. - - Other transformation(3) - - - - - - . ...2 7.1 e 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV ICELAND 5. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.

10 0.11 0.01 0.03 - 0.02 - 0.09 0.06 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.05 0.77 7. pulp and print Other industry Res. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.01 - 0.06 .01 0.169 ICELAND 6.05 - 0.IV.09 0.05 0.09 - 0.01 0.10 0.01 0. pulp and print Other industry Res. pulp and print Other industry Res.01 - 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 - 0.70 0.03 0.77 7.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .09 0.09 0.01 0.06 0. commercial and public services.05 0.77 - - - - - - - - - - (1) Residential.10 - 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.e - - 7.02 0.09 - 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.e - - 0.70 0.05 e .01 - 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.05 0.70 - - 0.e .11 - 0.11 0.

.02 0. . . . . ..03 0.... . .01 0. . .. .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV ICELAND 7.. .10 0.. . ..06 0... . .10 0. patent fuels. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 0. . ....01 0.... . . ... for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.04 0... .. ..13 0. . .... .170 . .01 0..05 0.. .. briquettes. .... Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas .. - - - - - - - (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal.. .... .. . 2009e For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. . .... Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8..10 0.. .. ... .. . . ..03 0. . ... Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas ... ...09 0....04 0. ... coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne. . . ..03 0.. . . . IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY - 0. .11 0.. . . .IV. .. ... . .....03 0. . For industry (Icelandic krona / unit) (2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. .12 e 0. . . . .11 0.. . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.... coal tar. . .02 - . ... Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas ...03 0.. .. ... . .01 0. . . for example: coke. ... . ..05 e 0. .16 0...14 0. ... . . ... . . ..10 0..... .. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries..13 0. . .. .. .. . . ...... . ..00 0..00 . . .... . . .14 0. .02 e ..01 0..09 0. . .02 0.09 0.. . .. . .. . . . . . . ... .. ... . .. . . . . . .... . ... . ...06 e 0. . . ....... .. . (2) For steam coal. . . .. . . . .01 0.... . - 0. .....05 0.10 0... ....08 0.

IV. (2) For years prior to 1990. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. People's Rep.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . People's Rep. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 Hard Coal - 69 65 65 101 108 138 109 e 97 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD - 20 4 16 - 13 13 - 7 7 14 7 7 19 19 30 24 50 e 50 e - 46 46 - - - - - - - 6 - - - - 49 3 42 2 52 52 - 58 11 37 10 87 6 4 48 19 89 19 18 52 108 68 3 7 20 10 59 e 59 e 51 51 - 2 - - - 10 - - - - - China. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other 2008 2009e (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.171 ICELAND 9. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

Peat is included in coal for all figures.IV.172 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IRELAND* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 180 25 160 20 140 120 15 100 80 10 60 40 5 20 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 6 1981 1986 Oil 1991 Gas 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 35 Coal/population Coal/GDP 6 0 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 50 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 45 30 40 25 35 30 20 25 15 20 10 15 10 5 5 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 .

07 144.15 4. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 0.76 6.40 3.15 0.8 5.29 3.46 170.38 0.12 0.94 -1.52 4.4 4. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.19 4.75 10.4 3. (2) As index.00 0.0 29 142.11 2.72 -0.21 0. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 9. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.00 - 19.38 10.77 2.49 0. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.11 0.50 -4.28 -2.52 0.08 0.02 1.7 262.26 Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 0.95 9.15 4.67 0.1 14 31. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.77 3.06 1.3 2008 137 0.09 0.38 0.90 -1. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.32 1.06 5.19 1.10 0.6 235.92 75.34 0.20 3.97 5.95 0.42 0.92 0.45 2. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.73 7.3 205.01 - 21.5 2000 97 0. 27 136.09 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 25 0.3 118.4 4.84 0.39 2.05 5.4 116.91 0.5 4.2 7 .87 2. 1980 34 0.96 4. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.81 2. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.1 60.00 0.77 1.6 .96 59.99 6.88 1.0 11 17..4 58.4 63.83 0.29 11. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.173 IRELAND 1.02 1.03 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.16 4.33 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries..42 0.1 1990 49 0.0 100.40 3.56 4.0 2007 141 0.4 28 144.39 0.02 5.23 3.56 -0.11 8.7 120.1 3.15 100.40 0. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .20 0.7 93.43 76.06 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.46 1.27 4.96 6.06 - 20.2 2009e 129 0.0 24 100.24 0.01 0.00 0.0 100.37 0.01 0.30 0. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.11 -1.82 -4.01 - 11.78 1.16 - 21.10 - 14. Energy supply.42 3.05 0.03 6.47 - 2.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .21 196.79 -3.IV.40 0.50 0.18 6.24 0. wind. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .02 2.08 0.57 3.64 -7.5 4.82 77.02 2.73 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.79 -3.2 87.26 7.12 0.85 27.35 3.12 0.93 4.2 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 4.09 2.

16 Comb.00 0.11 2.51 0. wind.60 - -3.18 1.22 - 5.00 1.64 0.00 2.74 6.15 0.58 1.02 0.98 - 0.23 1.10 1.80 0.61 1.90 9. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.78 - 6.00 0.54 0.56 0.00 0.50 0.90 0.28 - 2.28 - 2.06 - 10.18 - 17.51 1.44 0.00 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IRELAND 4.00 0.28 0.52 6.80 8.14 -2.44 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .59 0.00 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.04 0.80 0.17 4.75 10.95 - 3.70 -0.36 0.06 0.34 - 4.19 5.36 0.19 3.29 - 0.29 Comb.17 0.48 3.26 0.02 -5.55 - 3.09 0.89 0.47 0.83 0.10 0.29 14.24 0.00 0.62 1.02 0.29 0.33 17.17 0.63 1.20 0.03 2.90 0.03 0.00 0.29 2.74 -4.51 0.24 0.06 0.69 0.03 0.31 3.00 0.77 0.99 2.94 0. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.02 0.16 1.73 1.89 0.37 - 19.44 - TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.IV.14 2.85 4.90 0.00 0. tide Electricity Heat 2.81 0.00 3. wind.23 0.90 - 6.00 0.32 6.79 0.06 2. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 2.99 2.71 -0.85 0.58 1.49 - 18.27 - 3.00 1.61 - 2.42 0.08 0. wind.27 27.50 0.00 3.57 0.32 0.97 -5.60 1.74 1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.07 -3.28 0.80 2.82 5.01 0.61 0.00 1.56 4. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.44 0.33 0.22 0.34 2.15 0.34 0.29 0.55 0.04 0.34 0.30 - 0.73 - Comb.85 11.94 - 2.63 0.02 0.04 0.39 - 2.20 1.00 0.18 - 17.57 0.49 2.04 0.83 0.13 0.04 4.04 - 3.43 0.60 - Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.00 0.08 2.56 2.10 - 3.81 2.51 - 0.62 1.33 4.29 0.25 - Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 1.20 - 2.30 1.174 .85 0.19 0.96 25.80 5.57 0.76 - 9.48 0.28 0.61 25. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 7.74 0.30 0.09 3.00 0.50 - 6.41 7.20 2.08 0.43 - 4.08 2.01 0.91 4.12 0.87 4.00 0.00 1.05 2.36 0.19 - 0.33 5.00 1.66 8.26 0.55 0.22 2. wind.19 - 0.63 0.47 6.61 0.00 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.56 2.01 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.30 0.95 1.90 0.01 -3.22 1.15 2.01 0.10 2.27 0.99 2.43 0.82 6.01 4.52 0.50 - 0.06 1.17 0.01 4.98 0.89 0.14 0.33 1.46 - 15.82 11.00 0.07 0.78 1.00 0.44 0.04 0.10 0.43 0.84 11.49 2.57 0.81 0.17 0.01 4.00 0.38 - 2.67 0.03 0.02 0.19 1.00 3. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.07 0.12 10.00 3.00 3.41 7.37 9.97 0.11 0.40 0.

175 IRELAND 5.2 -0. coal tar.6 0.1 -0. sub-bituminous coal.8 - Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper..0 0..9 -0.0 0. - -1. .0 1.2 - 0.7 - - - - - - .0 -0.0 -0.7 0.1 Statistical difference - -0.7 Electricity and heat gen.3 1.8 0.3 -1.. coking coal.0 0.0 -2.. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.6 . coke oven gas.8 0.IV..3 -2.7 8. .7 Losses - - - - - - .6 -2.0 3.0 0.7 -6.4 2.0 -2.7 -2.6 -0.7 -5.0 -0.1 0.1 1.3 -0.8 -0.2 - -3.1 -0.0 c -0.0 - 0.6 0.8 2.6 -1.3 - -0.5 0. peat briquettes and oil shale.0 c .0 -0..0 - -0.7 -1.9 - -0.7 7.8 0. gas works gas. x x 1.3 0.0 ..1 0. . . . coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).0 -0. x x Total transformation -0.1 1.2 - 0. .7 -0. - - Coal transformation(2) Energy ind.2 1.0 -0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .5 2.0 - 0.7 5.8 3. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes. .3 -2. as well as peat.2 0. agriculture. - - 1. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry..9 -0. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I..2 2.0 -5. 6.5 1.8 -0.0 1.0 2.4 2.8 2.0 -0. - - (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.9 4.0 0.4 -0.0 0. (2) briquettes. ...3 -2. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.2 Gas works -0.1 0. 10.0 .9 2.0 0.8 .8 -2.1 -5.2 -0.0 -2. 6.3 1.2 0..0 0.4 6.0 0.0 0.4 -0. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.0 -0. and residential.1 .4 . Main activity producers (1) Autoproducers -0.7 0.6 1. - 5. - - BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants - 0.0 0.1 -0.1 - 0. .4 x -4. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).9 -0.1 0.7 -0.. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel. services Residential Non-energy use - - - - - - . transport and other). 3. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.3 2. .9 0.4 -0..2 0.0 -0. gas coke.3 1.2 0.4 0. own use - - -0.9 -2. .0 -0.6 - Other transformation(3) - - - - - - .. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.0 2.. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways..0 - - - - .4 x 2. BKB.2 -0.2 - ..7 0. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm..7 -2.0 -2..7 -0..0 0.8 2.0 0.3 3.. and pub.7 -2..1 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .8 -0. 2..1 -0.0 -0. primary (anthracite. ..2 0. Coal balance* (Mtce) Production Imports Exports Stock changes Primary supply Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 1. other bituminous coal. coke oven coke.7 0.1 - -0.

* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.16 0.06 0.20 0.01 - - - - - - - - - 0.40 45.01 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.04 0.16 0.30 -2.36 - 2.11 1.46 - 3.82 1.36 9.21 0.83 -0.05 - 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.33 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IRELAND 6.04 0.04 - 0.16 0.96 0.04 0.82 0.01 0.17 0.97 - - 0.37 19.94 2.01 0.98 -0.04 0.03 0.04 0.24 1.59 2.01 - 0.33 - 2.02 0.176 .19 0.03 0.04 0.35 - 15.01 - 0.31 - 2. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.35 2.69 1.03 0.69 0.01 0.88 45. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .09 0.87 2.19 7.34 0.03 0.04 0.19 0.25 0. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.04 - 0.05 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.IV.18 1.30 - 2.01 0.02 - - -2.28 0.38 1.23 -5.18 0.05 - 2.97 1.29 2.11 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.01 0.82 -2.94 -0. pulp and print Other industry Res.25 - -1.83 -7.04 2.03 0.99 - (1) Residential.00 0. commercial and public services.54 0.02 0.

01 0.46 0.. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .01 0. briquettes.00 2.05 .00 0..01 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal. x 102. for example: coke.38 0.04 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.01 0. 63. x 309.14 2. c ..01 0. x 151.03 - 2.94 .02 c 1.97 0. 479. . 123.16 c 69.08 . x 180. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.. .21 210.37 90.24 .90 2.03 2. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.02 0.02 0.31 250. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8.02 0. . coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.67 89.19 . x 247... x 397.26 103..51 c 60.20 . x 261.01 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.11 82. 376.00 0.00 0.07 .47 2.08 .02 . . (2) For steam coal. 403..24 . 301.19 1. x 330..73 77.84 2.04 0.00 2. x 115.59 . 0...82 .177 IRELAND 7.32 .89 152.00 0.01 1. 507.03 0..22 253. c ..14 0.40 418... 88.15 2.94 .21 . . .. 189.50 .23 c 81.01 0...64 c 68.35 .00 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.07 .. c .68 ...00 0.. patent fuels...19 0.91 ..14 .00 0.84 . 257.02 0.10 0.35 .02 0.97 1.02 c 0..01 2.03 0.83 0.01 0..87 .42 0. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 0. c . .42 229.06 . x 306.02 0.90 .IV.01 0. 161.. x 120.38 2. 348.49 c 112.. . x 323. x 367...33 . Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 2006 2007 2008 2009 .. 0.47 56. coal tar.. 254.04 0..03 387...42 .80 2.00 - 0. For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 2000 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 1990 .83 32...81 .03 0.83 0.44 2.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV ...46 2. x 168.97 34.39 2..03 0.02 0.42 2.40 c 94.29 .01 c 2.82 273.80 0.90 .42 107.20 1.36 .04 0. 362.. 42. .02 0.. x 326..04 79.12 c 48.. 290.. x 336.04 0....99 1. 371.00 0.32 . 421..03 0.01 2.44 ..02 c 128.03 0. . x 91.. .85 0. x 268.02 0..02 0.89 85.92 247.03 (Euro / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 2005 .26 ..03 0.53 .

People's Rep. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries.IV. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 565 1918 3081 2858 2747 2587 2253 2502 2072 - 7 6 - 14 2 2 2 5 - - - - - - - 1 3 - - - - - - - 565 6 331 214 - 1911 76 2 65 735 390 329 122 3067 21 430 302 1277 115 2858 118 3 300 101 1031 5 2747 292 176 123 452 - 2587 62 5 36 2253 387 1 235 40 73 36 2502 394 260 81 142 36 2072 240 49 - 11 3 5 70 117 7 667 17 71 15 5 140 955 43 226 5 71 904 327 418 55 1091 779 375 8 231 322 633 488 38 779 479 294 37 1223 156 337 67 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. People's Rep.178 . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV IRELAND 9. (2) For years prior to 1990. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) Hard Coal Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China.

618. ..69 70. 142.. 177.20 ..10 . . . . ...09 69. . .. . . 41. . ... 97.. ...47 . Prices exclude intra-EU trade. Steam coal(3) 70.41 . 70. .85 80. .. 97. 84. Coking coal (1) Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Note: On occasion.05 86. . (1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights.... shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs. .76 .. 114.93 ... .. .09 .. .. .. . .15 143. ..52 72. Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights. 67. 123. .... .76 69. .72 . Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ..... 98...08 . .34 81.. .99 85.. 234. . 83.54 .80 .99 95.. 99. ...40 . 100... . . . (3) Bituminous steam coal only.43 355. . 161. . 77. 36. . . ... .41 .73 .. ... US$/tonne) 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 107.. . ..62 713..63 178. 106.. . ...44 .51 41. .. .41 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) .. . ... .. .. . (2) Former Soviet Union until 1991.. .41 104.. . .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV ...54 .08 148..68 .45 .. 71.55 42.. ..34 . 233.72 100........ Russian Federation starting in 1992.....73 ... . .. Coal import values by origin* (average unit value.77 ... 96..55 .06 82....... 256. 64.. .. . . CIF. ..78 125. Prices exclude intra-EU trade.49 .32 . . 98.. . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I..72 . .79 .... .15 .. .09 57.25 794... 126. .179 IRELAND 12. .... .53 .07 84.....28 .07 101. . . .. .IV. 85. ..14 36. ..14 102.30 55. . .25 62. . .90 74.. ..22 412..93 . . . . . .. 149.91 101. ...... ..

Peat is included in coal for all figures.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV ITALY* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 200 300 180 250 160 140 200 120 150 100 100 60 80 40 50 20 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 30 1981 1986 Oil 1991 Gas 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 25 25 20 20 15 15 10 10 5 5 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 350 Coal/population Coal/GDP 30 0 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 500 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 450 300 400 250 350 300 200 250 150 200 100 150 100 50 50 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.180 .IV. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 .

30 1.46 - 0.11 7.14 0.94 124.03 55.71 0.9 4.34 2. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.9 144 62.8 3.3 92.31 96. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.89 - 3.87 0.24 0.8 1980 739 0.6 2009e 1128 0.06 0.16 - 0.92 - 232.66 91.7 3.64 -0.26 - 2000 245.3 94.03 17.35 1.7 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.29 - 0.69 - 251.02 0. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.69 126.0 270 100.0 213 86.8 120.22 56.34 3.17 1. (2) As index.21 59.0 100.2 2008 1176 0.57 129.20 95.88 5.01 - 0. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 170.8 .82 5.7 314 97.26 10.00 20.05 32.01 0.4 122.75 - 209.11 - 0.17 11.13 - 1. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.00 1.0 136.37 20.9 85.56 3.47 6.22 5.61 -0. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.07 - 20.77 2.11 8.1 86.91 16.46 1.43 6.17 4. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.9 4.02 0.64 -0.30 6.31 113.45 - 2007 2008 2009e 255.4 4. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.IV.03 7.48 95.05 0.11 132.77 3.59 -0.43 - 0.7 3.08 82.66 0.72 4. Energy supply.89 92.07 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 0.21 59.30 54. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.72 -1.70 1.07 - 20.4 3.30 100.96 - 0.27 -1. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 576 0.45 17.90 119.08 0.9 183 77.67 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.51 99. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 0.6 308 101.3 104.3 138.08 0.20 - 1.26 103.59 5.6 2000 1097 0.29 7.4 123. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.0 100. wind.52 99.29 8.181 ITALY 1.54 -0.09 e 5.28 0. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.12 - 0.84 6.97 108.22 59.09 1.57 5.32 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .05 0.97 24.62 4.01 4.27 -1.47 23.9 105. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .34 - 0.31 0..81 -1.54 2.00 - 0.80 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries. 286 79.81 -1.96 5.01 1.0 2007 1188 0.22 56.61 3.14 - 0.46 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1.85 23.89 4.21 0.89 - 4.6 1990 938 0.40 0.25 56.91 0.23 3.24 0.24 0.98 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.11 - 186.69 100.91 1.75 3.89 28.

05 37.63 22.36 9.10 4. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.00 33.44 1.91 18.95 12.01 6.96 0.69 58.46 4.99 92.17 0.52 57.18 34.70 1.37 2. tide Electricity Heat of which: Comb. wind.78 0.90 3.29 3.80 1.22 1.99 55.IV.10 8.35 9.72 0.01 5.83 -2.52 0. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.73 0.01 7. wind.18 10.86 1.71 28.01 6.41 2.06 4.41 58.04 5.25 22.37 - Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 27.28 39.24 0.78 0.71 12. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 3.10 0.24 0.37 - 184.14 14.21 -15.26 0.30 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.67 28.41 2.99 6.49 22.94 0.45 6.90 e 4.78 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.05 8.54 - 200.39 18.02 7.73 1.74 0.14 0.09 0.41 17.05 40.19 -2.61 0.86 0.23 12.71 0.40 4.50 2.26 3.23 1.29 0.182 .48 11.07 8.22 16.79 9.52 12.93 0.83 - 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV ITALY 4.25 0.92 3. wind.06 19.30 12.10 38.46 38.34 0.88 0.29 22.65 5.83 0.17 0.33 - 0.37 46.84 -1.23 0.86 1.32 0.06 4.54 21.12 2.37 0.96 2.06 24.78 30.30 0.59 41.49 9.48 91.14 13.29 0.13 1.57 3.54 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.59 0.80 3.41 0.50 21.88 3.19 0.29 6.58 2.25 15.11 14.30 0.01 0.49 17.76 2.51 15.01 1.10 54.94 4.90 -4.20 4.21 0.28 -5.87 0.95 0.63 - 164.59 60.31 13.15 0.63 24.24 12.14 1.82 1.14 13.33 15.05 3.20 4.21 26.40 9.89 0.77 91.44 -0.89 12.24 10.41 3.13 -4.79 43.78 1.43 - 56.05 50.71 -4.54 12.38 0.35 0.55 -0.04 0.53 Comb.05 - Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.63 10.66 55.65 0.37 0.69 0.54 18.12 -0.14 1.33 38.47 197.87 3.26 42.49 1.26 0.83 37.35 17.83 11.25 0.01 26.66 99.42 9.31 0.70 4.03 1.65 53.23 2.96 4.38 0.30 56.72 45.21 -0.17 11.73 2.20 1.11 -8. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.13 1. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.07 38.03 0.42 1.32 4.05 0.79 0.30 3. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.40 0.50 2.30 0.22 0.39 2.20 1.24 58.53 1.69 11.09 0.81 0.55 - 48.60 16.92 14.19 - 4. tide Electricity Heat 55.18 12.53 0.33 -0.02 33.94 (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.30 3. wind.39 190.39 0.10 10.12 58.63 - 54.23 10.82 88.01 1.69 1.47 60.74 9.21 21.19 20.48 - 51.00 4.04 4.03 87.09 9.16 - 0.54 58. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 137.00 4.83 87.65 3.24 -0.46 7.66 10.11 6.38 15.26 7.60 0.40 6.32 - 4.79 11.52 22.22 0.41 1. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .78 3.27 3.57 23.12 - 146.48 2.65 0.94 4.64 3.76 5.24 12.

.7 0.7 - - - 0. .4 -1..5 0. coke oven coke.0 e -2. sub-bituminous coal.7 -0.9 e -9. transport and other). - - Energy ind.0 - .6 0.2 2. gas works gas.4 19.6 16. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I..0 -0.8 2..2 -0.0 .8 -13.1 -0.8 1.5 3.2 e -2.4 -0.0 .0 18.0 e -1.. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas). .5 -16.2 - -9.0 0..3 17.0 - - - - .6 - -3. .7 -2.2 2.1 23. services Residential Non-energy use (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating. and pub..0 0.9 0.1 0.7 2. 11.1 10.3 -1. -8.9 -15.2 -2.0 0.1 -16. x x 4.7 0..4 11.0 0. .5 0. other bituminous coal.0 -2.3 - Transport(6) 0.2 .7 4.1 -0.7 20.0 0.0 Electricity and heat gen. gas coke.8 0.2 e -0. own use -1. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.4 -10.0 0.6 .8 e -19.8 Losses -0. - - -3. .6 -0. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas). (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.0 4.0 1.5 -0.8 -0. and residential.1 e -1.2 e -19.0 -4.9 -1.9 0. agriculture..8 -1.4 e 0.6 -0.5 0.0 Coal transformation(2) -3. pulp and print 3..5 0.4 -0.2 -6.8 e -15.2 -1.7 e -2. .5 0.5 -0. - - Other(7) 0.5 3.8 - -3.1 2.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .4 -0.0 e -2.3 2.0 -1. .6 Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.9 -0.0 3.8 3.5 x -7.1 0.3 0.2 0.6 -16..5 2.1 e -1. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.0 23.1 -11.. .0 - - .1 0.0 0. -1. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 0.2 -0.4 -0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .9 24. as well as peat.2 -0..0 3.1 -0.2 0. - - Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Comm.6 -9.1 0.6 0..4 - 2.1 0.3 0.7 -16.. coal tar.2 0.6 Statistical difference Total transformation -4.IV.8 0.4 -17.7 -0.9 -8.2 0. (2) briquettes. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.6 . 0.. primary (anthracite. 1.5 -2.0 0. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries. peat briquettes and oil shale.4 0. x x -13.2 - 4.9 -0.5 0... coking coal.5 17.3 0.2 1. 1. Main activity producers (1) Autoproducers -1.5 3.0 11.0 -0.1 0.183 ITALY 5.2 e -1.8 1.6 0.7 e 0. .5 e .8 4.2 -0.8 -2.3 -0.1 . - - - .4 - -0.0 .9 0..9 x Primary supply 11.8 e -2..3 Gas works -0. BKB. 6.1 -0.9 e 0.9 17. coke oven gas.9 -1. .9 - -6.2 - - - - .0 0..8 3.0 - - BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) -3..2 0. .3 - -2. . (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.0 0.9 - . (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.8 - 2. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry... (7) Other includes commercial and public services..1 - -3.1 18.2 0.7 -15.1 24.7 -20.9 -0..

06 - 11.92 16.15 - -2.01 0.00 0.87 - 2.84 0.76 -11.00 0.01 - 18.06 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.45 0.02 0.06 0.01 0.95 0.94 15.79 1.IV.23 5.20 0.27 -1.00 0.09 5.54 1.00 1.07 -0.61 - 6.22 6.91 9.51 2.99 16.00 0.53 0.01 0.97 -8.01 0.40 0.90 0.96 16. pulp and print Other industry Res.53 2.26 2.08 19.46 14.00 0.00 0.12 -1.00 0.03 - 1.00 0.38 0.01 0.22 0.31 0.14 1.46 0.00 0.42 15.01 0.16 1. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.00 - -1.91 0.81 0.54 0. pulp and print Other industry Res. commercial and public services.03 0.91 17.00 - 0.06 0.02 1503.07 0.02 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.05 -11.02 0.07 -1.00 0.77 14.78 10.61 -1.23 5.27 1.00 0.01 - 18.94 0.03 -2.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV ITALY 6.01 0.03 0.01 - 0.03 0.03 0.56 -1.06 1.66 6.06 0.00 0.77 0.15 1.17 - -26.01 0.30 1.07 -2. pulp and print Other industry Res.30 -9.00 0.04 0.22 0.17 1.17 - 9.63 8.01 - 0.71 15.90 0.16 0.01 - 18.00 0.01 0.89 1.14 -1.92 16. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .03 0.02 - 0.53 9.20 5.06 -4.08 0.52 9.00 - 18. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2.07 2.23 6.17 0.00 0.65 0.68 0.88 0.93 5.00 15.69 10.80 0.09 1.01 - 14.55 5.02 0.01 0.26 0.07 - 12.00 - 0.92 0.49 -2.52 0.63 5.91 0.52 0.00 0.94 0.36 9.61 16.20 0. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.24 0.184 .90 - 8.41 - (1) Residential.22 -1.20 1.15 -13.05 0.32 - 1.99 -0.

42 For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.90 18.46 80.13 83.04 38..31 .04 c c 122..69 32.96 62.68 69..23 55. 278.68 6.51 152.88 136. coal tar..78 0.26 161.50 98.25 .22 12.26 0. 341.12 0.93 c 58.23 97.65 16.. 345.91 23.28 0.90 . 64. 76.91 0.00 0.24 0.13 c c 62.IV. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.63 0. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.00 0. 469. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 41.. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8.37 132.44 .49 . 0.94 . 307.95 58.19 .20 0.42 23.16 433.20 0.28 129.27 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal..80 c c 74.34 c c c 58.20 82. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 11. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. briquettes.05 29.64 86.11 16..33 14.82 129.21 0.75 For industry (Euro / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 16.59 117.63 .73 353.20 43.01 29.23 18.59 358. 346.79 63.. 340.96 .20 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.05 0.15 17.33 .04 0..00 .00 0.01 0.62 22.22 0.48 . 134.00 0.00 0.71 24.75 0.03 5.00 - 0.33 16.01 0.98 83. 97. (2) For steam coal.32 62.51 54. 311.07 c c Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 27.11 76.09 c c Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 70.61 10.83 19..00 0.53 0.64 230.22 0.19 381..67 9.63 67.23 108.06 103. 122.07 502.84 64.00 23.90 .12 .12 0...31 .90 c c c 83. 440.21 80.94 .84 23.01 442.04 0.14 89.45 c c 79.73 273.73 361.13 19. 345.46 53.06 38.51 23.56 35.39 7.67 11.00 0.96 163. patent fuels..16 134.72 401.93 0..11 3.11 18.66 0...53 63.57 22.21 0.42 17. .83 c c 169.51 37.24 0.15 116.95 .14 10.32 72..78 0.95 23.79 22.05 155.58 6.65 78.15 90.94 56.19 c 83.55 57.39 17.24 6. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.185 ITALY 7.04 c c 95.57 132.22 199.24 c c 100.78 6. .05 69.23 0.23 0.11 .90 239.03 37. 36.48 124.72 98. for example: coke.25 41.. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .11 18. 0.54 c c 54.72 283.75 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .

Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Hard Coal 12458 22213 20445 18485 19015 24632 24953 25099 19438 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 10007 1347 2537 1525 3027 - 10248 1973 12 1734 839 5541 - 8648 1045 212 804 158 6236 12 7052 2002 1090 17 3868 - 7198 2463 1280 3281 - 5988 2216 966 88 2672 - 6289 2135 1084 98 2972 - 6071 2093 984 2971 - 3149 733 423 1921 - 1036 535 112 37 15 131 35 11 64 - 174 - 19 27 - - 23 - 46 26 2451 1437 52 - 11965 260 1150 3518 26 11797 109 507 4800 148 11433 1120 110 1 360 4681 3 11817 1141 1 912 4 - 18644 881 105 198 58 18664 951 81 662 19028 830 283 1646 16289 306 200 1117 960 2 180 6641 150 40 310 290 4884 609 140 - 479 148 31 3487 689 22 302 - 369 1759 1919 3548 993 56 1115 - 2034 8734 4779 814 706 335 - 2112 7885 5178 803 577 340 75 2429 7212 4596 892 633 396 111 2305 6555 4054 882 431 111 328 China. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China.IV. People's Rep. People's Rep. (2) For years prior to 1990. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV ITALY 9.186 . or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics.

35 .76 46.84 75.23 74.. 165.16 92.82 58.12 873.65 .02 112.36 163.68 54.02 232..51 78.67 37..08 77.. US$/tonne) Coking coal (1) 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 61..51 132.91 57.35 .49 74.05 188..53 52. shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs.39 42.IV.. ..... Coal import values by origin* (average unit value...75 . Prices exclude intra-EU trade.17 160.. 62. 144. 74.09 86.39 57.42 40.84 50.07 74. 49..04 . 58.00 101.39 88.49 .. 56.. .37 .24 . 111. 54...25 137.24 131. . 77...46 150. 87. 152.38 45.62 47.89 .81 . 46.68 62.. 64.85 45.76 . .34 71.57 68.68 113. 128.54 45.35 67..47 70.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .34 53. (2) Former Soviet Union until 1991.67 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) .92 55.32 115.23 .97 144. 82.03 159. 114..71 130.09 66.04 488.. 145.03 .11 .07 . 427.10 44.. 67.31 .74 .02 .06 31.19 40.61 .16 103.63 56.14 .07 .18 Steam coal(3) 51. (1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights. 440.38 62...62 .44 93. 588. Prices exclude intra-EU trade..20 69..50 .19 .48 216.48 37. ..06 44.35 81. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.59 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 57.23 .00 143.05 118. 125..54 51.32 57.16 86.60 240.19 .05 .34 56.99 .87 Note: On occasion.55 77.44 48..90 2798. . 72..61 242. Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights. 67.32 126.187 ITALY 12.04 72.04 . CIF..33 481.51 111. 565.91 311.. 148. 68.53 . 35. (3) Bituminous steam coal only.92 63. 85. . . 51...60 216.14 . 91.54 73. .81 119.24 103. 131.32 752... ..21 153. Russian Federation starting in 1992.26 36. 1441.43 .51 476.69 50..77 37....34 126.71 .70 ..99 47.67 . Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .04 74.45 158. 88.50 113. 69. 87.18 .74 68..

188 . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV JAPAN* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 180 800 160 700 140 600 120 500 100 400 80 300 60 200 40 100 20 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 180 1981 1986 Oil 1991 Gas 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 160 160 140 140 120 120 100 100 80 80 60 60 40 40 20 20 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 1200 Coal/population Coal/GDP 180 0 2009e 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 1400 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 1200 1000 1000 800 800 600 600 400 400 200 200 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Peat is included in coal for all figures.IV.

9 4.62 1. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .84 100.8 5.3 5.6 573 66.95 - 0. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.66 9.14 127. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 2219 0.18 166.35 119.15 3.21 108.23 0. 1040 83.67 82.38 - 2.16 126.59 93.23 8.21 -0.04 - - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 8.32 86.61 8.25 3.21 e - 736.25 1.36 -0.9 836 98.87 1.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .97 0.72 7. wind.98 - 2.10 9. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.17 0..9 .59 10.30 e - 708.90 10.6 5.04 - 6.51 98.5 90. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.87 2.72 11.93 -0.18 1.20 110.02 - 6.61 7.64 10.77 -0.3 1075 105.33 118.57 104.38 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.20 0.28 8.59 109.9 92.0 1049 100.9 2008 5166 0.5 465 56.96 - - - - -1.52 288. Energy supply.0 100.35 138. (2) As index.57 30.6 92.39 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1.69 145.09 7.94 11. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries . US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.02 - 7.8 125.0 100.03 1.31 0.20 - - - - -1.99 0.9 1990 4122 0.6 1980 2801 0.0 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 3.57 19.9 5.67 0.66 355.14 127.67 2.33 3.67 1.97 2.189 JAPAN 1.6 102.06 328.12 119.26 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.7 96.76 89.33 e - 676.74 63.14 127.37 364.1 4.1 107.22 9.43 1.79 8.18 117. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.50 1.0 2007 5203 0.49 -1.26 -1.45 357.15 306.12 75.86 1.75 10.55 86.85 1.58 -1.08 333. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 457.30 10.7 5.5 2000 4667 0. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 8.5 2009e 4912 0.09 4.85 - - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.91 1.34 162.37 3.1 1125 108.08 0.77 -0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.04 13.03 - 7.33 - 492.63 115.28 0.8 89.11 - 627. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.75 0.6 89.12 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.IV.18 85.41 3.3 105.7 99. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.15 9.86 3.72 4.08 95.83 30.56 1.75 -1.71 1.67 - 2000 2007 2008 2009e 741.58 0.20 129.01 96. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.15 123.

95 35.09 37.63 1.06 2.82 7.15 0.04 149.22 -0.45 5.09 19.73 1.90 40.32 0.51 0.52 3. wind.32 -0.70 35.76 -8.31 69.97 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV JAPAN 4.75 0.68 0.15 115.47 0.89 2.15 5.96 45. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 334.86 47.65 13.86 23.06 20.57 48.80 - 130.47 109.58 0.22 0.42 265.66 3.03 0.74 34.69 0.20 11.56 0.86 - -0.16 2.17 0.58 3.50 2.77 29.00 -4.50 1.81 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.34 -0.77 34.50 - 5.35 0.53 2.62 0.28 3.41 44. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.55 244.75 0.40 4.36 2.70 0.43 - 140.24 - 102.31 - 139.32 1.35 0.76 0.85 13.17 -2.58 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.44 40.47 2.43 13.94 18.12 43.38 0. wind.35 0.28 69.42 3.09 0.09 4.61 37.50 5.62 3.57 -17.25 2.35 0.09 11.54 0.32 - -0.31 67.77 120.64 0.73 28.68 46.26 20.33 3.50 58.04 331.28 32.31 - 77.26 29.31 0. wind.75 56.41 3.50 37.56 51.68 3.56 59.57 59.82 116. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.50 100.74 44.05 96.35 46.44 - 125.94 0.65 10.17 0.15 428.43 4.07 1.16 0.27 30.51 0.85 2.63 29.81 0.70 35.29 0.38 5.06 40.53 223.84 26.77 3.190 .03 42.18 0.03 37.75 26.43 0.27 - 146.87 36.11 10.73 59.05 93. tide Electricity Heat of which: Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.12 31.72 -0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .44 - 142.03 0.61 0.06 3.61 - 0.29 493.95 1.16 8.02 -0.86 455.07 Comb.03 85.54 12.93 -1.68 52.29 56.23 20.29 0.90 2.11 1.77 5.49 2.05 0.29 0.66 -2.30 0.83 14.99 0.80 0.92 44.61 22.03 0.70 12.38 -0.82 488.52 - 116.61 40.85 21.00 -2.00 44.65 0.94 -0.16 1.55 0. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 9.26 -0.78 60.87 0.68 - 6.03 41.12 0.25 33.27 2.17 Comb.73 118.24 0.56 0.40 278.68 299.99 44.81 3.51 0.34 0.38 0.58 - Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 58.03 6.48 0.29 1.04 65.21 52.97 2.51 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.15 40.73 7.57 0.60 41.98 39. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 1.80 0.12 3.59 22.79 - 111.87 36.27 0.34 - 118.87 12.27 0.73 124.77 52.00 0.33 29.93 0.66 0.67 92.06 25.18 20.36 33.88 63.26 0.76 0.82 1.37 10.03 38.50 12.38 3.10 113.07 54.75 0.31 49.11 75.94 0.35 -4.15 1. tide Electricity Heat (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.93 3.81 244.06 0.16 - 3. wind.11 1.96 2.04 88.30 3.67 12.48 0.03 51.27 0.03 43.26 28.06 0.26 10.04 52.04 98.77 493.41 6.16 - 123.46 - 0.35 -4.00 3.40 22. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.68 0.50 12.16 262.35 -0.79 13.81 60.IV.32 70.57 4.46 23. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 3.46 - Comb.24 49.62 123.90 6.90 43.77 42.

2 17.IV.6 70.3 15.9 e -25. BKB. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.3 0.. peat briquettes and oil shale.3 e -95.0 ..5 -3.0 -0.3 x 2.7 -0.6 -36..1 Comm..9 0.. 4. 1.3 2. . (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.9 e -62.6 e -0.2 -1. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.5 -11. as well as peat. ..4 e -24.0 -25.2 139.7 e -25.5 -11.. gas works gas.1 -69.6 e -22.1 - .0 e 0. .9 - - - 0.9 0.6 59.7 -79.2 38.4 -86. - -0.0 -11.3 0.9 -1.1 0.7 1.4 -3.3 -27.4 4.7 26.7 -3.6 -0. pulp and print Transport(6) 0. sub-bituminous coal.1 e -20.5 -1.0 44.6 -1.4 7.0 -8. .1 0.9 2.6 . (7) Other includes commercial and public services..1 -25.2 -4.1 -17.8 e 3.8 30.8 0.7 23.2 -7. services Residential Non-energy use (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating. -0..6 e -109..3 6.6 e -49.8 -0.4 40. x x Total transformation -47.6 -1.4 e 4.5 46.0 23. ... .5 3.9 -1.2 Electricity and heat gen. . blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas). coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).1 - -91. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation. transport and other). - - Other transformation(3) - - - - - - Energy ind.5 1.0 -33.1 44. -3. (2) briquettes.5 138. coke oven coke.7 -0. .5 0.1 e -13.0 -4.0 2.5 -3. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .5 e -3.9 Autoproducers Gas works Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants -2.7 - .1 0. 3.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .1 -0. coking coal.1 e -115..6 -0.2 1. and pub.8 - - - - - - .0 e 1.1 162. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.5 0.7 e 0.0 2.0 - ..3 -12.7 85.8 3.1 2. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 25..6 .8 -23.6 6. .0 -2.3 -2.5 - . - - Other(7) 2.7 0.1 - -15. Main activity producers (1) -17.2 167. 2.9 8.2 e - 29.0 e .5 0. .6 ..4 1. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.6 6.1 1.9 0.8 1.6 0.1 39. gas coke.. x x 28. other bituminous coal.2 Statistical difference -2.7 e -0. agriculture. coke oven gas.0 146.4 0.8 -2.5 -17.2 17..5 e -24.9 5. own use -3..5 -3.7 -9.6 37. primary (anthracite.2 - 4.1 145. -9.6 0.9 -1.3 15.0 -8.6 0.9 x Primary supply 82.0 -2.1 .191 JAPAN 5..4 -1.7 -0.6 -0.8 e 3.8 - 0.0 -0. coal tar.9 7.1 -57.4 -1.1 164.8 -0.3 -29.2 2.7 45.8 0.5 Losses Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.3 - - - - - ....1 - -22.5 e 4.1 -0..4 -74.5 2.6 .. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.1 19.4 166.4 104. . lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel. and residential.5 - -0.9 - 0. . -0.7 2.1 109.4 -7.6 3.3 -1.

24 3.83 1.23 0.31 2.80 - 13.89 14.07 2.82 - 128.80 94.05 26.25 81.40 3.62 16.39 2.82 - 126.06 0.97 10.93 3.68 22.00 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.21 9.67 3. commercial and public services.47 - 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV JAPAN 6.83 - 121.11 6.34 43.92 - 120.33 5.57 7.50 80.45 0.01 4.04 6.35 0.52 36.46 0.13 2.03 31.43 89.01 0.12 1.40 2. pulp and print Other industry Res.01 - 64.03 0.55 16.57 0.45 0.93 59.45 0.36 0.50 3.61 - -0.23 10.54 2.58 - 50.83 8.01 - - - - - - - - - (1) Residential. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.72 55.53 4.03 0.88 57.52 0.94 - 56. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.39 46.72 1.52 0.37 0.32 6.29 83.36 0.20 2.67 11.33 -3.67 - 58.35 85.71 0.46 -10.53 8.38 11.59 - 57.57 17.IV.89 -1.80 90. pulp and print Other industry Res.37 7.21 47.87 -9.29 23.80 10.39 1.53 15.12 4.45 2.32 0.32 - 5.05 1.51 4.06 9.34 2.29 0.19 0.192 .38 4.44 - 57.54 4.20 6.71 - 0.44 92.04 10.11 64.89 6.53 47.16 12.90 0.58 3.68 -1.70 3.04 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .30 6.67 48.08 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.13 0.46 16.38 0.42 8.57 8.18 11.52 11.46 0.04 0.67 0.25 - 57.11 5.84 0. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.65 16.10 0.94 - 58.08 8.31 4.12 0.19 9. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 11.41 3.34 0.08 45.32 9.91 17.76 11.86 0.02 96.

81 2. For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.63 50.. . ..00 1.00 1.731 38. 71.53 68.769 . 349.58 79.. . 302. .03 136.69 97. .39 0.573 51.00 0.08 107.51 139.93 2..35 103.170 23..41 54. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.49 0...37 68. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV..06 0. .23 72.83 73. .48 411.840 .706 .02 70.50 152.09 332. 426...88 104. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8.14 95...792 21.09 101. ..53 .99 73. .330 11.97 1. ... . . briquettes. .48 74.665 9.00 1.230 27. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ...91 207..69 .128 9.34 165.920 4.60 159.006 68.208 8.02 129.29 2.066 12. . 101.94 0.92 ..53 ..190 .16 55. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 58. ..60 81.. .409 53.200 4.576 24.99 58.49 219.41 146. .01 1.. for example: coke.95 0.47 82. .06 0.220 53. 11..740 44.98 108.99 . .13 167..94 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal.74 - 104.23 182.00 2.87 109.15 312..41 158.00 136.95 0.810 ..990 24.285 97..08 162.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 ..26 156.740 3.. patent fuels.930 14.68 1.177 32. .120 10. .58 2.040 19.22 689. . coal tar.662 44. 81. .IV.655 50. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 1990 90..07 1.68 45.35 195.68 0..84 151. .280 56..02 2..06 145.528 48. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne. 151.29 163..18 164..840 13. 59.25 4..290 23. 54.. .193 JAPAN 7.30 87.530 15.66 1.66 566.46 338.052 65.780 16.196 .580 60.00 0. ..183 11..24 2... Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 11.39 0..11 90.42 55.58 1.00 0.925 57.730 8. .736 29.31 . .377 80.413 .46 342. (1 000 Yen / unit) (2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 15.313 18.42 .89 45.99 51.25 104. . 320..00 0. . .96 351.99 65..COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .76 160.10 112.99 167.03 0. - 69.43 0.800 7.466 13..37 36.67 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. ..93 0.62 220.58 ..66 55.50 54.. (2) For steam coal.26 102. 0.99 69.97 0..59 353. .98 423.07 352.00 1.02 255.99 81. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. .00 0.

People's Rep. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . People's Rep. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.IV.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV JAPAN 9. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Hard Coal 52858 93449 106918 127354 150340 179100 187004 184192 164780 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 50876 24149 10895 398 429 9956 11 69242 30116 17221 12829 401 64935 34505 11290 7367 225 59799 31470 8756 5217 291 57081 34757 5292 1422 367 57672 34929 2906 80 329 58205 36526 3603 1 138 57386 36006 3241 584 201 52244 27779 4979 738 296 420 2360 2244 14 1211 103 4586 2775 - 2802 153 668 2955 4950 20 4255 52 4585 2741 2394 38 6774 5677 603 2104 27 58 5807 9 10622 25 2939 26 3638 9 10659 134 3491 6 3290 10 10978 48 2956 72 501 24 16500 1418 9 1982 668 105 - 24207 14138 780 960 14 41983 21346 6920 4516 138 67555 33967 9448 5630 315 93259 55147 8297 2230 575 121428 70835 5866 160 660 128799 78045 7625 2 291 126806 77211 6869 1238 426 112536 81907 2708 124 - 513 157 149 390 2427 306 4091 1020 157 314 2504 94 409 2003 3402 150 501 5856 56 4948 2958 2656 1273 448 12470 8908 945 3300 944 443 13658 18 21294 51 6496 2251 139 9942 19 22559 283 7750 2270 13 9336 21 23268 101 6650 1533 153 6390 10477 696 8549 1684 1 China. (2) For years prior to 1990.194 .

98 88.87 44.04 x x 163.61 . .34 50.38 59. (3) Bituminous steam coal only.12 37.90 193.20 71..85 62..80 93.98 96. . 553.45 x x 114.35 x 116..49 121.81 39.33 70.72 55.35 Note: On occasion. 596..24 Steam coal(3) 50...56 256..06 103.03 39.65 x 80.26 49. 151.92 .10 123. Coal import values by origin* (average unit value.02 61.00 x 67.10 x 105.54 48.95 46. .65 221.97 47.92 125.10 88. 159.60 100.23 125.04 .71 234.90 56.37 49.27 x x 66.68 . .05 x 87.42 112.13 198.20 x x 52.21 120. . (2) Former Soviet Union until 1991.49 48.43 184.45 34. CIF.39 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 52.01 45. .31 39.64 66.62 56.88 x x 62.15 64.05 200.26 x x 53.49 x x 61.40 88.54 54...06 x x 59.IV.65 44.01 100..27 71.48 x 48.77 .11 57.10 63.61 72.17 47.34 77.03 66.75 x 189. (1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights.90 63.46 x x 52. 159.46 61.59 51. Prices exclude intra-EU trade. .46 72.44 106.32 100.96 106..35 91.68 50. 246.79 .72 190.99 43.195 JAPAN 12.42 224.59 x 47.69 x 35.27 43..61 x 45.20 125. x 65.48 55.40 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 55.69 96. 516. .45 206.48 62. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.37 x 250.. US$/tonne) Coking coal (1) 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 60.73 63..03 112. Prices exclude intra-EU trade..82 30. Russian Federation starting in 1992. 308.90 54...57 109.32 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .45 51.20 52.26 124.68 63.85 34. . ..34 .05 . Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights.91 x x 105.34 113. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .59 34..99 73.52 .23 48.62 104.60 x x 186..69 37. shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs. 820.49 33.28 127.

IV.196 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV

KOREA*
Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100)

Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce)

800

350

700

300

600

250

500

200

400

150

300

100

200

50

100
0

0
1971

1976
Coal

100

1981

1986

Oil

1991

Gas

1996

Nuclear

1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001

2009e

2001

Coal/TPES

Renewables

Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce)

90

90

80

80

70

70

60

60

50

50

40

40

30

30

20

20

10

10

Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce)

0

1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001

500

Coal/population

Coal/GDP

100

0

2009e

2009e

Production

Coal supply

Exports

Imports

1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001
Electricity and heat

Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh)

450

600

Other transformation

Industry

2008

Other use

Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2)

500

400
350

400

300

300

250
200

200

150
100

100

50

0

0
1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001
Coal

Oil

Gas

Hydro

Nuclear

2009e

1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001

Other

*Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Peat is included in coal for all figures.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Coal

Oil

Gas

Other

2008

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV - IV.197

KOREA
1. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel*

TPES (Mtce)
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas
Comb. renew/waste
Nuclear
Hydro
Geothermal
Solar, wind, tide
Net electricity trade(1)
Heat(2)

1973

1980

1990

30.78
11.61
19.01
0.16
-

58.87
19.26
38.07
1.29
0.24
-

132.98
36.51
71.05
3.89
1.04
19.69
0.78
0.01
-

2000
265.22
56.35
141.49
24.29
1.97
40.57
0.49
0.06 e
-

2007

2008

2009e

317.35
80.20
134.93
44.50
3.92
53.21
0.45
0.02
0.10
0.02

324.21
89.67
128.03
45.44
4.28
56.20
0.38
0.02
0.13
0.06

326.78
91.84
130.70
44.01
4.54
55.01
0.35
0.03
0.25
0.06

Average annual
percent change
73-90
90-08
8.99
6.97
8.06
9.87
-

5.08
5.12
3.33
14.63
8.16
6.00
-3.97
13.09
-

(1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.
(2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries

2. Energy supply, GDP and population*

GDP (2000 bil. US$)
TPES/GDP(1)
Population (millions)
TPES/population(1)
TPES/GDP(2)
Coal and peat supply/GDP(2)
Elec. consumption/GDP (2)
Elec. generation (TWh)
Industrial production(2)

1973
81
0.38
34.1
0.90
76.8
136.3
32.3
15
..

1980
128
0.46
38.1
1.54
92.5
142.4
51.8
37
14.2

1990
296
0.45
42.9
3.10
90.5
116.9
64.7
105
42.7

2000
533
0.50
47.0
5.64
100.0
100.0
100.0
289
100.0

2007
734
0.43
48.5
6.55
86.9
103.3
108.0
426
156.0

2008
751
0.43
48.6
6.67
86.8
113.0
109.9
444
161.4

2009e
766
0.43
48.7
6.71
85.8
113.5
..
443
160.0

Average annual
percent change
73-90
90-08
7.94
5.32
0.97
-0.23
1.35
0.70
7.53
4.34
0.97
-0.23
-0.90
-0.19
4.18
2.99
12.23
8.32
7.67

Average annual
percent change
78-90
90-08

(1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$, TPES/population in units of tce/capita.
(2) As index, 2000 = 100
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries , OECD Main Economic Indicators

3. Coal and peat production by type*
1978(1)

1980

1990

2000

2007

2008

2009e

Mtce:
Coking coal
Steam coal
Brown coal
Peat

11.35
-

11.71
-

10.82
-

2.56
-

1.90
-

1.82
-

1.66
-

-0.39
-

-9.42
-

Mt:
Coking coal
Steam coal
Brown coal
Peat

18.05
-

18.63
-

17.22
-

4.15
-

2.89
-

2.77
-

2.52
-

-0.39
-

-9.65
-

(1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries, IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

IV.198 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV

KOREA
4. Final consumption of energy by fuel*
(Mtce)

Average annual
percent change
73-90
90-08

1973

1980

1990

2000

2006

2007

2008

24.98
9.26
14.14
1.58
-

44.70
13.92
26.76
4.02
-

92.72
16.74
62.37
0.96
1.04
0.01
11.60
-

180.55
11.93
114.11
15.61
1.82
0.06
32.33
4.70

202.97
12.51
112.29
23.28
2.92
0.01
0.05
45.62
6.29

210.14
12.79
115.45
24.01
3.22
0.02
0.04
48.06
6.56

210.77
14.26
111.10
25.11
3.47
0.02
0.04
50.02
6.74

8.02
3.54
9.12
12.46
-

4.67
-0.89
3.26
19.87
6.92
5.92
8.46
-

Total industry
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas
Comb. renew/wastes
Geothermal
Solar, wind, tide
Electricity
Heat

9.17
0.56
7.52
1.09
-

14.73
1.92
10.01
2.79
-

27.54
4.36
15.57
0.10
0.41
7.10
-

53.98
11.12
15.72
4.11
1.51
18.48
3.04

58.06
10.93
11.22
6.24
2.32
0.00
0.00
23.28
4.08

59.44
10.81
10.43
6.73
2.55
0.00
0.00
24.64
4.28

61.68
12.12
9.23
7.81
2.70
0.00
0.00
25.54
4.28

6.69
12.88
4.37
11.67
-

4.58
5.84
-2.86
27.11
11.08
7.37
-

Total transport
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas

3.57
0.02
3.54
-

6.83
0.00
6.78
-

20.79
20.67
-

37.48
37.23
-

41.75
40.73
0.65

43.16
41.92
0.82

41.19
39.68
1.02

10.92
10.94
-

3.87
3.69
-

Comb. renew/wastes
Electricity
Residential
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas

0.02
8.85
8.55 e
0.10
-

0.05
13.23
11.85 e
0.72
-

0.12
18.49
12.34 e
2.74
0.66 e

0.25
21.48
0.81 e
5.54
8.90

0.06
0.31
26.84
1.58
4.93
11.82

0.11
0.30
26.36
1.43
4.44
11.75

0.21
0.27
26.85
1.50
4.50
11.76

12.93
4.43
2.18
21.34
-

4.46
2.09
-11.03
2.80
17.32

Comb. renew/wastes
Geothermal
Solar, wind, tide
Electricity
Heat
Comm & public services
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas

0.19
1.27
0.14
0.86
-

0.65
3.64
0.14 e
3.00
-

0.56
0.01
2.18
12.42
0.04 e
10.09
0.19 e

0.09
0.05
4.56
1.53
24.59
13.25
2.58

0.07
0.00
0.04
6.45
1.95
25.50
5.52
4.55

0.06
0.03
6.66
1.99
26.22
5.21
4.71

0.04
0.00
0.03
6.91
2.10
26.42
4.73
4.50

15.43
14.33
-7.29
15.56
-

-13.44
7.99
6.62
4.28
-4.12
19.09

Comb. renew/waste
Geothermal
Solar, wind, tide
Electricity
Heat
Non-energy use
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas

0.27
1.62
1.62
-

0.50
4.37
4.37
-

0.07
0.01
2.01
9.61
9.61
-

0.22
0.01
8.39
0.14
35.76
35.76
-

0.47
0.01
0.01
14.68
0.26
45.37
45.37
-

0.49
0.02
0.01
15.51
0.29
49.43
0.55
48.88
-

0.52
0.02
0.01
16.28
0.37
49.68
0.63
49.04
-

12.47
11.04
11.04
-

11.43
1.24
12.31
9.56
9.48
-

TFC(1)
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas
Comb. renew/wastes
Geothermal
Solar, wind, tide
Electricity
Heat
of which:

(1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV - IV.199

KOREA
5. Coal balance*
(Mtce)

1973

1980

1990

2000

2007

2008

2009e

11.7
5.0 e
2.6 e

10.8
22.5 e
3.2 e

2.6
54.9 e
-1.1 e

1.9
77.9
0.4

1.8
87.9
-0.0

1.7
89.9
0.3

0.8
23.2
x

-9.4
7.9
x

Production
Imports
Exports
Stock changes

9.5
0.6
-0.2
1.6

Primary supply

11.6

19.3

36.5

56.4

80.2

89.7

91.8

7.0

5.1

Statistical difference

-0.0

-0.4

1.2

0.9

0.3

0.1

..

x

x

Total transformation

-2.2 e

-3.5 e

-18.8 e

-42.3 e

-65.1 e

-72.7 e

..

13.5

7.8

Electricity and heat gen.
Main activity producers (1)

-0.5 e
-0.4
-0.1 e

-1.2 e
-1.2
-0.0 e

-8.5 e
-5.6 e
-2.9 e

-33.7 e
-29.9 e
-3.7 e

-54.5
-48.6
-5.9

-61.4
-55.0
-6.4

..
..
..

18.5
16.4
25.9

11.6
13.5
4.4

Autoproducers
Gas works

e
e
e
e

Average annual
percent change
73-90
90-08

-

-

-1.7 e
-0.2 e
-0.0 e
-1.5 e

-2.3 e
-1.4 e
-0.2 e
-0.7 e

Other transformation(3)

-

-

-

-

Energy ind. own use

-0.1 e

-1.4 e

-2.1 e

-3.0 e

-

-

-

-

9.3

13.9

16.7

Coal transformation(2)
BKB plants
Blast furnaces
Coke ovens
Patent fuel plants

Losses
Final consumption

(4)

(5)

Industry

Iron and steel
Chemical
Non-metallic minerals
Paper, pulp and print

0.6
0.6 e
-

Transport(6)

0.0

Other(7)

8.7
0.1
8.6 e

Comm. and pub. services
Residential
Non-energy use

-

-10.3 e
-4.9 e
-0.6 e
-4.8 e

1.9
1.3 e
0.7
0.0
12.0
0.1 e
11.9 e
-

4.4
0.7 e
0.1 e
2.9
0.0 e
12.4
0.0 e
12.3 e
-

-8.7 e
-7.8 e
-0.6 e
-0.2 e

-10.6 e
-8.8 e
-1.8
0.1

-11.3 e
-9.4 e
-1.9
-

..

-

-

..
..
..
..
..

11.1
21.7
28.5
7.0

0.5
3.6
7.1
-

-

-

..

-

-

-2.6

-2.9

..

17.8

1.8

-

-

..

x

x

11.9

12.8

14.3

..

3.5

-0.9

11.1
3.1 e
0.2
4.4
-

10.8
4.7 e
0.1
4.2
0.0

12.1
6.4 e
0.1
4.4
0.0

..
..
..
..
..

12.9
1.4
-

5.8
13.1
3.1
2.3
15.8

-

-

..

-

-

0.8
0.8 e

-

1.4
1.4

1.5
1.5

..
..
..

2.1
-7.3
2.2

-11.0
-11.0

-

0.5

0.6

..

-

-

(1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.
(2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke,
(2) briquettes, coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).
(3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.
(4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry, transport and other).
(5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.
(6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.
(7) Other includes commercial and public services, agriculture, and residential.
* "Coal" refers to all types of coal, primary (anthracite, coking coal, other bituminous coal, sub-bituminous coal, lignite/brown coal)
* and derived fuels (including patent fuel, BKB, coke oven coke, gas coke, coal tar, coke oven gas, gas works gas, blast furnace
* gas and oxygen steel furnace gas), as well as peat, peat briquettes and oil shale. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using
* calorific values reported by the respective countries. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

IV.200 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV

KOREA
6. Use of coal for selected end-uses*
(million tonnes)

Steam coal
Total electricity and heat
Main activity producers
Autoproducers
Patent fuel/BKB plants
Coke ovens
Blast furnace inputs
Gas manufacture
Industry
Iron and steel
Chemical
Non-metallic minerals
Paper, pulp and print
Other industry
Res, comm & pub serv (1)
Non-energy use
Coking coal
Total electricity and heat
Main activity producers
Autoproducers
Patent fuel/BKB plants
Coke ovens
Blast furnace inputs
Gas manufacture
Industry
Iron and steel
Chemical
Non-metallic minerals
Paper, pulp and print
Other industry
Res, comm & pub serv (1)
Non-energy use
Brown coal/lignite
Total electricity and heat
Main activity producers
Autoproducers
Patent fuel/BKB plants
Coke ovens
Gas manufacture
Industry
Iron and steel
Chemical
Non-metallic minerals
Paper, pulp and print
Other industry
Res, comm & pub serv (1)
Non-energy use

Average annual
percent change
78-90
90-08

1978

1990

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

19.88
0.52
0.52
18.29
0.84
0.68
0.16
0.22
-

33.04
7.71
7.71
20.70
4.59
0.17
0.08
3.53
0.00
0.80
0.05
-

47.13
36.16
36.16
1.22
9.76
0.27
5.31
4.19
-

61.39
52.72
50.21
2.51
2.01
7.09
1.19
0.13
4.75
0.04
0.98
-

63.98
55.14
52.60
2.54
2.33
- e
7.29
1.35 e
0.13
4.69
0.04
1.08 e
-

70.31
60.90
58.34
2.56
2.09
- e
7.85
1.39 e
0.14
4.99
0.04
1.31 e
-

78.89
68.65
65.77
2.88
2.29
- e
8.24
1.58 e
0.13
5.18
0.04
1.31 e
-

4.32
25.23
25.23
1.04
15.15
-10.91
29.42
-12.19
-

4.95
12.92
12.65
-11.51
3.31
13.15
3.00
2.15
15.64
2.75
-

2.01
2.01
-

11.74
11.74
-

19.42
16.38
3.03
-

20.88
15.40
5.48
-

20.73
15.11
5.60 e
0.25
0.25 e
- e
-

21.74
15.45
6.12 e
0.17
0.17 e
- e
-

23.84
16.84
6.66 e
0.33
0.33 e
- e
-

15.84
15.84
-

4.02
2.03
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1) Residential, commercial and public services.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

-

-

-

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV - IV.201

KOREA
7. Fuel prices to end users*
1978(1)

1980

1990

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

(US dollars / tce)

For electricity generation
Steam coal
Heavy fuel oil
Natural gas

..
..
..

..
190.61
..

..
99.47
..

..
209.68
..

58.44
..
285.40

54.73
..
371.11

63.96
..
380.89

96.49
..
525.46

87.54
..
352.07

Steam coal
Coking coal
High sulphur fuel oil
Low sulphur fuel oil
Natural gas

..
..
..
..
..

32.73
..
190.61
..
..

61.03
..
99.47
..
..

58.36
..
209.68
216.62
..

66.77
116.53
330.54
326.78
305.16

61.12
120.23
412.77
427.59
385.23

75.29
110.12
419.55
436.51
428.40

124.80
247.02
526.36
549.77
388.52

94.12
169.43
365.32
400.04
372.93

For industry

(1 000 Korean wons / unit) (2)

For electricity generation
Steam coal
Heavy fuel oil
Natural gas

..
..
..

..
152.225
..

..
92.585
..

..
311.681
..

56.432
..
375.833

49.119
..
454.149

56.055
..
455.166

100.149
..
743.727

105.229
..
577.122

Steam coal
Coking coal
High sulphur fuel oil
Low sulphur fuel oil
Natural gas

..
..
..
..
..

18.743
..
152.225
..
..

40.740
..
92.585
..
..

62.210
..
311.681
321.999
..

64.479
112.530
445.095
440.030
401.855

54.853
107.902
516.531
535.074
471.430

65.984
96.501
512.681
533.407
511.948

129.536
256.398
761.811
795.691
549.912

113.138
203.671
612.352
670.553
611.317

For industry

(1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.
(2) For steam coal, coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne; for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes

8. Coal trade by type of coal*
(Mtce)

Total imports
Hard coal
Coking coal
Steam coal
Brown coal / lignite
Peat
Coal products(1)

Total exports
Hard coal
Coking coal
Steam coal
Brown coal / lignite
Peat
Coal products(1)

1973

1980

0.65
0.61
..
..
0.04

4.96
4.84
3.87 e
0.97 e
0.12

0.17
0.17
..
..
-

-

1990

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009e

22.46
22.46
11.13 e
11.34 e
-

54.93
54.93
18.42
36.51
-

67.00
66.69
19.45
47.24
0.32

71.97
71.68
18.93
52.74
0.29

77.86
77.31
21.73
55.58
0.55

87.87
87.17
23.22
63.94
0.70

89.87
89.63
19.89
69.74
0.24

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1) Coal products includes products derived from coal, for example: coke, coal tar, briquettes, patent fuels.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries, IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

IV.202 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV

KOREA
9. Hard coal imports by origin*
(thousand tonnes)

1978(1)

1985

1990

1995

2000

2006

2007

2008

2009e

Hard Coal

2169

17131

23729 e

45831 e

63724 e

79707

88285

99584

102981

Coking Coal
Australia
Canada
Czech Republic
Germany
Poland
United Kingdom
United States
Other OECD

2009
1150
409
450
-

8125
3625
2100
1900
-

11287
5053
2026
2908
-

17151
8410
4251
2324
7

19575
10641
4097
1419
-

20081
11677
4089
120
-

22532
14362
5034
252
-

24083
14856
5072
1132
-

20630
12550
4369
1642
-

-

500
-

3096
1099
-

2172
712
-

2341
49
633
-

1313
725
31
-

160
-

9006
5100
1469
1020
-

e
e

59626
17344
766
538
3

65753
14799
1059
71
7

75501
23347
1450
44
-

82351
30379
3307
200
1

160

1417
-

20210 e
5277 e
2503 e
2197 e
68 e
-

15646
20697
3933
635
64

17748
25336
301
5643
755
34

15536
26362
609
6863
1212
78

8353
33245
620
3995
1839
412

China, People's Rep.
Colombia
Indonesia
South Africa
Former Soviet Union(2)
Russian Federation (3)
Other FSU (3)
Venezuela
Vietnam
Non-specified/other
Steam coal
Australia
Canada
Czech Republic
Germany
Poland
United Kingdom
United States
Other OECD
China, People's Rep.
Colombia
Indonesia
South Africa
Former Soviet Union(2)
Russian Federation (3)
Other FSU (3)
Venezuela
Vietnam
Non-specified/other

e
e
e

e

100 e
1200
12442
3506
1250
1235
-

e
e
e

e

1000 e
397 e
5054 e
-

e
e
e

e
e

1072 e
44 e
696 e
347 e
28680
9464
2156
1
2150
4

e
e
e
e

e
e

7209 e
3375 e
3535 e
533 e
223 e
30 e

e
e
e

e

2781 e
209 e
394 e
34 e
44149
12019
1647
166
62

e
e
e

(1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.
(2) For years prior to 1990, or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics.
(3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV - IV.203

KOREA
12. Coal import values by origin*
(average unit value, CIF, US$/tonne)

Coking coal

(1)

1990

1995

2000

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

..

..

42.41

68.79

110.75

114.69

105.43

198.33

135.92

Imports from:
Australia
Canada
Czech Republic
Poland
United States
China
Colombia
South Africa
Former Soviet Union(2)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

40.71
44.36
..
..
55.50
39.97
..
..
41.71

58.24
60.15
..
..
144.12
111.54
..
..
82.15

106.89
106.32
..
..
138.42
121.09
..
..
124.34

112.87
125.78
..
..
135.17
108.61
..
..
95.28

103.16
109.12
..
..
123.05
107.69
..
..
102.14

212.42
225.52
..
..
301.67
275.89
..
..
280.59

158.33
168.02
..
..
175.06
161.91
..
..
121.84

Steam coal(3)

..

..

28.67

48.21

55.76

51.73

61.19

88.66

79.76

Imports from:
Australia
Canada
Czech Republic
Poland
United States
China
Colombia
South Africa
Former Soviet Union(2)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

32.70
32.59
..
..
23.75
28.72
..
32.05
28.59

48.77
58.71
..
..
30.33
51.54
..
..
57.14

58.85
95.90
..
..
31.96
59.44
..
..
58.14

54.91
59.40
..
..
32.11
56.63
..
..
54.19

60.28
67.51
..
..
29.67
69.56
..
71.15
71.32

93.33
83.70
..
..
95.92
113.59
..
76.36
116.34

91.04
80.70
..
..
47.11
106.18
..
104.72
89.02

Note: On occasion, shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs.
(1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights. Prices exclude intra-EU trade.
(2) Former Soviet Union until 1991, Russian Federation starting in 1992.
(3) Bituminous steam coal only. Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights. Prices exclude intra-EU trade.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

IV.204 - COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV

LUXEMBOURG*
Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100)

Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce)
7

120

6

100

5

80

4

60

3

40

2
20

1

0

0
1971

1976
Coal

4.5

1981

1986

Oil

1991

Gas

1996
Nuclear

1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001

2009e

2001

Coal/TPES

Renewables

Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce)

4.0

4.0

3.5

3.5

3.0

3.0

2.5

2.5

2.0

2.0

1.5

1.5

1.0

1.0

0.5

0.5

Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce)

0.0

1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001

4.0

Coal/population

Coal/GDP

4.5

0.0

2009e

2009e

Production

Coal supply

Exports

Imports

1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001
Electricity and heat

Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh)

18

Other transformation

Industry

2008

Other use

Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2)

16

3.5

14

3.0

12

2.5

10

2.0

8

1.5

6

1.0

4

0.5

2
0

0.0
1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001
Coal

Oil

Gas

Hydro

Nuclear

2009e

1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001

Other

*Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Peat is included in coal for all figures.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Coal

Oil

Gas

Other

2008

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV - IV.205

LUXEMBOURG
1. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel*

TPES (Mtce)
Coal and peat
Oil
Gas
Comb. renew/waste
Nuclear
Hydro
Geothermal
Solar, wind, tide
Net electricity trade(1)
Heat(2)

1973

1980

1990

2000

2007

2008

2009e

6.33
3.48
2.29
0.31
0.01
0.25
-

5.08
2.61
1.48
0.61
0.03
0.01
0.35
-

4.88
1.62
2.12
0.61
0.04
0.01
0.48
-

4.74
0.18
2.82
0.96
0.06
0.01
0.00
0.70
-

6.03
0.11
3.54
1.72
0.14
0.01
0.01
0.49
-

5.88
0.10
3.51
1.56
0.15
0.02
0.01
0.53
-

5.57
0.08
3.32
1.59
0.14
0.01
0.01
0.42
-

Average annual
percent change
73-90
90-08
-1.53
-4.40
-0.45
4.05
2.37
3.95
-

1.05
-14.18
2.85
5.32
8.26
3.59
0.56
-

(1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.
(2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries

2. Energy supply, GDP and population*

GDP (2000 bil. US$)
TPES/GDP(1)
Population (millions)
TPES/population(1)
TPES/GDP(2)
Coal and peat supply/GDP(2)
Elec. consumption/GDP (2)
Elec. generation (TWh)
Industrial production(2)

1973
7
0.90
0.4
18.04
385.8
5603.2
150.1
1
63.8

1980
8
0.66
0.4
13.97
284.4
3853.7
166.2
1
55.4

1990
12
0.39
0.4
12.76
168.2
1475.8
118.9
1
79.5

2000
20
0.23
0.4
10.79
100.0
100.0
100.0
0
100.0

2007
27
0.22
0.5
12.56
94.9
47.4
87.4
3
121.7

2008
27
0.22
0.5
12.03
92.6
42.9
85.7
3
115.1

2009e
27
0.21
0.5
11.18
88.9
34.7
..
3
96.2

Average annual
percent change
73-90
90-08
3.40
4.46
-4.77
-3.26
0.50
1.38
-2.02
-0.33
-4.77
-3.26
-7.55
-17.85
-1.36
-1.80
-4.62
8.53
1.30
2.08

Average annual
percent change
78-90
90-08

(1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$, TPES/population in units of tce/capita.
(2) As index, 2000 = 100
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries , OECD Main Economic Indicators

3. Coal and peat production by type*
1978(1)

1980

1990

2000

2007

2008

2009e

Mtce:
Coking coal
Steam coal
Brown coal
Peat

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Mt:
Coking coal
Steam coal
Brown coal
Peat

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.
* Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries, IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

IV.20 0.16 - 5. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.03 0.59 0.35 - 1.11 3.62 0.73 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.06 - 3.73 0.11 0.39 0.57 0.54 0.16 3.16 - 0.00 0.51 0.75 2.08 -0.13 - 0.05 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV LUXEMBOURG 4.94 4.09 5.26 1.00 0.70 0.00 0.88 0.89 2.09 e 0.20 2.22 -5.55 1.71 Comb.35 0.72 -1.57 4.04 - TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.18 -1.39 3.60 0.02 - 0.01 0.04 1.71 0. tide Electricity Heat 2. wind. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.33 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.20 0.36 0.05 0. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.80 0.53 0.86 8.00 0.25 0.02 0.25 - 2.35 0.04 - 0.93 -1.34 0.43 0.91 0.16 e 0.02 0.47 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .93 - 4.11 0.04 -3.03 - 0.64 2.81 0.91 -10.10 0.32 - Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.78 2.00 0.58 -6.18 0.01 0.43 0.40 2.03 0.08 5.30 - 1.59 0.04 4.77 0.00 0.35 0.02 - 0.01 0.01 0.07 0.98 0.10 -9.99 - 1.85 0.03 - 8.02 0.52 -3. wind.11 0.51 - 4.06 0.68 0.17 1.08 - 0.52 0.04 5.16 0.30 0.47 3.29 - 2.40 0.33 0.00 0.65 0.35 1.09 e 0. wind.00 0.00 0.35 -3.36 - 3.89 0.44 0.23 2.24 0.02 0.03 - 0.02 0.00 0.35 - Comb.02 - -1.03 -2.02 - -1.45 0.87 - 1.83 0.06 - 0.15 -3.68 0. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 4.07 0.00 0.11 0.05 0.06 - 0.00 0.10 0.62 0.47 0.08 0.76 0.02 0.01 0.82 0.37 0.16 e 0.03 0.02 1.61 - 1.09 0.02 0.46 0.18 2.01 0.49 1.206 .10 3.18 3.60 0.98 0.15 5.64 0.05 0.22 - 3.06 0.10 1.81 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.35 0.01 0.00 0. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.17 0.93 2.33 - 0. wind.04 0.12 8.51 0.03 - 0.16 0.02 0.06 0. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.11 0.05 5.52 0.05 0.05 - Comb.08 0.94 1.86 0.34 1.17 - 3.08 0.02 0.05 0.17 - 5.02 0.09 0.16 - 0.11 0.08 1.87 1.02 1.85 -10.01 0.21 1.05 0.13 0.57 - Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.10 3.05 -0.33 0.44 - 4.12 3. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.

x x 1.6 1.7 - - - - - - - . (7) Other includes commercial and public services.1 . coal tar.2 - - - .. coke oven coke..2 -0.3 e 0.5 - -10.6 - - - - .2 0..0 0. .. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.1 - 0.4 x -14...6 0. -3.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .0 0..2 0.1 - -4.1 0.0 0..1 0.4 1.0 - - - - - .8 e -0.2 - 0.1 -4.5 0. -5. . transport and other).6 -0.6 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .5 1.. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 3.. own use Losses Final consumption(4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. -3. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel. -9..0 0.5 e -1.0 0.2 x Primary supply 3.8 0. services Residential Non-energy use - - -1. agriculture. - - -0.3 - 1...7 -9.4 -14. - - (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.4 -0.0 - - - .0 0.207 LUXEMBOURG 5.1 - .0 1.5 2.0 0.6 - 0.1 - 0.1 - 0. -5.. -3. peat briquettes and oil shale.1 e -0. .. - - - - - - - - .1 - 0.9 e -1. (2) briquettes. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.0 0. - - -0.2 - 0.5 -5..3 1. sub-bituminous coal. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.. . coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).8 0.. .9 -5.4 - -0. .2 -0. . and pub. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).6 -13.IV.. coke oven gas..6 1.5 e - -0.5 -0. and residential. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm.2 -4.2 0. . BKB. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal. as well as peat..1 -0.. Main activity producers (1) -0. other bituminous coal.6 -0. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.8 e - - - - - - - . primary (anthracite.3 - - - - - - - . . Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. - - 0.1 0.1 - Electricity and heat gen.0 0.7 - - Autoproducers Gas works Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) Energy ind.1 -0.1 0....2 Statistical difference 0.1 0.2 -0. gas works gas. x x Production Imports Exports Stock changes Total transformation -1.1 - 0.5 - - - - - - . gas coke. .0 - - . Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries. coking coal.0 0.8 - - - . .0 2.4 -10. .

04 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.20 0. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. pulp and print Other industry Res.00 - 0.04 0.04 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.17 0.48 -7. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 0.15 0.02 0.06 - -7. pulp and print Other industry Res.45 -19.05 0.03 0.11 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV LUXEMBOURG 6.11 0.55 - -3.50 0.10 0.10 - 0.20 0.02 - - - - - - - - - (1) Residential.75 -3.50 0.04 0.10 0.01 - 0.42 -5.42 - - - - - - - - - - 0.11 0.50 0.13 - 0.07 - 0.17 0.IV.208 .16 0.02 0.11 0.72 0. commercial and public services. pulp and print Other industry Res.08 - 0.27 -12.15 0.

x x 195.00 .. 125. x x ... ..53 For industry (Euro / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas .. .. . x .... .12 0. . .IV..80 .08 0. x x . .11 0. ..... x x . . . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.26 1. . x x . 3.. coal tar....60 ... . ..18 0.17 0.. .. x 108. 340... Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas .... . 337.62 0.. .34 .. .. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8.. .. ... Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas . - - - - - - - - - (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal. . . ... x 94. . .26 ... ..... .. .. x ..49 0..209 LUXEMBOURG 7.. . .. . IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .. x x .00 0.. (2) For steam coal. . .20 1.10 0...11 0.. .01 0.03 0. .42 0.... * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.37 For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available..97 . . .41 .00 0.. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 3... 299. .. . .. x x . x x 130. 131. ... . .15 0.. . x x . .. . .02 2... coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne. .10 0. . . . x .....30 ..11 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . . for example: coke. patent fuels.. .11 0.20 0.. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas . . .. x x .73 ... briquettes.17 0... .. . ..11 0. x x ... . .. .. 312. .... .01 0.05 0.81 . 134... ... ..36 0.. .36 0.. . .19 2. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV. .. x .73 .10 0.15 0.16 0..00 0. . .... .46 . 131. . .03 0.. ...63 0. . x x .. .

or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. People's Rep.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV LUXEMBOURG 9.210 . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. People's Rep.IV. (2) For years prior to 1990. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) Hard Coal Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 495 199 197 217 171 153 109 99 26 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 495 299 12 1 6 199 52 33 32 197 1 34 217 10 100 171 5 52 153 4 97 109 1 57 99 2 51 26 1 25 125 52 72 10 - 138 24 - 107 - 114 - 52 - 51 - 46 - - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .211 MEXICO* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 350 300 300 250 250 200 200 150 150 100 100 50 50 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 16 1981 1986 Oil Gas 1991 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 14 14 12 12 10 10 8 8 6 6 4 4 2 2 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 300 Coal/population Coal/GDP 16 0 2009e 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 450 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 400 250 350 300 200 250 150 200 150 100 100 50 50 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other Coal Oil Gas 2008 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.IV. Peat is included in coal for all figures.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .

81 5.79 8.24 4.11 11.2 259 107.33 105.10 2. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.5 101.73 2.3 1.212 .68 2.47 5.13 69. wind.79 3.0 115.34 - -2.09 0.88 6.71 1. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.11 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 5.40 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 3.0 2007 759 0.20 0.06 10.0 116 67.7 2. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.07 7.2 91.28 0.03 10.7 37 .21 22.07 1.6 263 108.76 0.2 59. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.73 0.3 67 56.33 9.75 148.12 1.37 3.88 3.39 67.13 - 2.0 100.91 12.0 197 100. (2) As index.93 2.35 109.06 0.1 111.51 1.87 1.27 0.99 8.89 1.38 102.99 2.64 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.49 1.90 6. 253 99.31 53.11 - 251. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.46 0.23 3.00 143.68 142.8 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 3.64 6.04 - 135.99 0.43 4.IV.51 6.01 10. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .96 - 1.2 87.89 9.35 - 1. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.02 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.8 .09 - 3.38 81.90 42.5 1990 453 0.09 2. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 75.07 110.08 - 173.76 - -0.17 - 206.04 3.79 46.19 -0.66 33.24 4.2 2008 769 0.8 50.84 9.57 - 2.20 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.5 2.57 2.47 5.88 3.0 102.84 13.81 8.21 9.46 - 1..44 5. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 2.95 114.52 2.92 - 1.40 1.26 -0.16 70.14 - 252.67 0.46 - 1. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 245 0.09 - 2.5 58.26 11.34 - -2.11 100.42 103.6 2.3 2.59 - 1.93 4. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.30 11.65 4.97 - 2.00 -0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV MEXICO 1.05 -1.06 4.8 71.31 -0.3 2000 637 0.14 - 258.91 3.29 0.38 92.77 5.82 2.77 3.28 8.41 94.35 3.35 9.34 106.65 6.48 - 2.80 - -0.12 0. Energy supply.07 27.96 3.37 2. consumption/GDP (2) Elec. 1980 378 0.5 69..0 100.25 0.55 12.47 4. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .39 14.99 1.7 2.47 - 2.31 -0.36 65.32 98.3 2.78 128.22 -0.35 107.62 46.23 0.13 117.6 2009e 713 0.

renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.89 2.61 10.13 23.29 56.15 8.15 2. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .50 6.97 89.73 0.54 - 0.29 0.75 10.90 10.78 1.19 24.00 108.06 19.23 4.91 3.13 5.68 1.06 1.98 1.03 9.01 2.52 - 40.39 2.13 5. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.64 - 42. wind.36 17.22 - 41.43 9.91 0.43 1.00 0.92 - Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.68 - 32.02 5.56 0.66 12.81 5.74 12.61 0.16 15.86 10.03 - 1.83 107.84 - 8.03 73.81 9.61 17.45 - 162.38 18.11 3.24 8.74 0.97 7.18 2.93 17.92 0.IV.24 -0.55 2.13 2.63 0.71 10.46 2.06 0.07 12.76 40.44 4.42 0.56 - 38.19 10.35 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.05 66.62 5.77 1.23 2.80 1.12 4.49 6.09 1.34 1.47 2.11 0.73 9.67 1.20 3.29 8.61 1.82 9.70 18.00 9.64 15.88 0.85 1.91 0.11 - 42.94 15.35 10.213 MEXICO 4. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.10 21.13 24.87 3.51 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 6.57 32. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 3.68 14.58 0.13 - 164.88 0.01 67. tide Electricity Heat 20.22 73.27 7.70 13.78 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.97 0.12 -0.25 12.83 11.22 - 31.33 2. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 56. wind.73 - Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 17.04 4.15 25.23 10.83 5.84 3.14 24.08 - 3.77 - 8.88 70.52 Comb.39 1.24 0.15 25.00 - 7.23 5.15 24.82 7.34 12.30 2.38 8.68 0.53 4.17 1.62 1.71 - 37.02 - 3.41 2.36 4.00 9.54 13.79 11.97 10.17 2.16 0.16 1.60 1.73 1.06 2.31 - 139.25 -1.75 2.66 - 51.49 -1.67 0.76 -0.14 0.34 9.59 - 4.29 8.46 -1.47 0.86 1.16 20. wind.72 17.37 - Comb.69 10.35 5.62 13.05 15.36 2.75 5.53 2.65 13.57 - 0.17 4.05 4.02 - 118.86 3.45 9.04 12.40 1.67 4.51 2.27 3.96 31.89 3.54 3.20 0.94 5.06 9.85 - Comb.19 2.94 6.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .93 2. wind.71 0.49 12.02 5.69 0.28 8.00 1.94 2.04 0.75 103.39 2.71 12.69 -0.64 0.31 0.31 10.15 4.40 0.62 6.65 51.02 70.64 0.13 3.15 2.74 1.96 5.79 0.19 0.10 3.37 3.32 3.18 0.92 - 157.80 5.67 2.75 9.67 4.24 0.02 74. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.42 0.99 7.88 - 94.61 14.83 1.66 4.

. .4 -0.. peat briquettes and oil shale.1 - - -2.7 2.4 - - - - .8 13. 23.4 Statistical difference -0.IV.5 - 6.5 -0.9 -0.0 -0.2 . and residential.2 -0..6 -7..8 -6. gas coke.1 - 1. (2) briquettes. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .7 3.2 - Transport(6) - - - - - - .6 3..3 -0.3 6.2 0.8 3.1 Electricity and heat gen.8 0.214 .1 -0.7 e -0.6 10.7 -0. .6 0... 10.0 -0.9 -2. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.8 1.0 0.6 -2. .0 -0. - - -0. gas works gas.4 8. . and pub.2 .2 -0..2 2.0 -0.6 -6.0 - 2.0 - 2.6 4.9 3.2 0. coking coal. other bituminous coal.1 -7.0 -0. Main activity producers (1) -0.7 Losses -0.3 2.6 - -6.8 -7. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.2 - ..1 0.0 .1 4. - - Other(7) Comm.1 -0.6 -1.5 0.0 -6. own use -0. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.4 -0.2 -0.1 - . -1.5 23.1 6.3 -0.0 2.0 2.4 5..9 .0 10.8 -0..0 0.1 -7. BKB.. coal tar.1 - -0.9 e -0.4 7. - - Non-energy use - - 0.2 7. ..6 -10.8 e -11. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel. x x Total transformation -0...1 -0.4 0.0 2.1 -0.0 - Autoproducers Gas works Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) - - - -0. - - -0.4 - -0.9 x 2.8 2...2 - 3. primary (anthracite.2 - Energy ind.2 - - - - - - - .3 -0.1 2. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.1 -0. x x 2. - - Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.2 4.2 -0..7 -0. services Residential - - - - - - . . Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.4 0.0 9.2 1.5 -1.1 x 2.9 -10.0 -0. .7 12.0 - - - . Coal balance* (Mtce) Production Imports Exports Stock changes Primary supply Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 2.5 7.7 2... . as well as peat.0 - - - - . 0.9 -0.4 -0..7 e 0. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. . .3 - 2. transport and other). coke oven gas. -6. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).9 - -0.0 2.1 - 1.7 1.4 -0.. .9 0.7 13.0 .8 4.3 2.0 - 2.. agriculture.2 4. 0.0 1.. pulp and print (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating. sub-bituminous coal.. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV MEXICO 5. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).2 1. . (7) Other includes commercial and public services. coke oven coke.0 -0.0 - 4.

92 1.00 - 0.36 9.92 14.79 - 16. pulp and print Other industry Res.84 0.IV.00 - 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 - 3.00 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.77 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.57 1.00 0.00 - 0.66 0.46 14.74 5.31 - 12.215 MEXICO 6.86 - - - 0.70 14.93 - 0.97 3.62 14.26 - 16.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .57 0.19 - 16.00 0.97 3.00 - - - (1) Residential.84 10.70 10.98 - -2.97 - 2.00 0.88 14.00 - 0.66 14.30 - - 6.68 - 0.05 3.98 0.31 0.02 1.61 - -5.68 0.30 0.72 -2. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.84 - 1. commercial and public services.57 9.89 - 0.97 - 11.74 - 4.66 1. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.90 -5. pulp and print Other industry Res.19 0.84 1.67 5.70 1.00 0.02 - 0.26 0.93 0.91 2. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.49 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

.20 38..05 68. 269...05 4.70 . briquettes.84 282. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.30 4.180 1. 0.00 0.938 3. For industry (1 000 Mexican pesos / unit) (2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas ..82 3.001 0.80 264.. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas .91 x .53 x . 2.19 .96 x . (2) For steam coal... 336. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.786 .33 245. 0. 1. 0. 68.00 0.01 0.000 .20 209.25 3.... IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .971 ...418 x .14 0.00 0..585 4. .04 3.05 .92 0.742 x ..000 x .81 0.39 0.. 4.418 0..793 x .00 0.22 0..831 x .. 86.79 174.090 .250 x .07 3.089 0.690 4.01 0..00 0. 277.05 .69 122.08 0.26 174.00 0.. ..63 .29 4.181 .34 0..12 70.90 48.00 0.717 0.01 0.000 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8. 4. 1...IV.39 48. 4.91 .22 0.91 78.01 0.961 0.91 10.00 - (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal. 124.41 10. - 0. patent fuels.00 0. 3. 176.96 .53 0.301 1....00 0.00 0.68 5.446 1. for example: coke.12 0. 179.760 3.000 x . 0.69 86. 209.12 .00 0.01 0.157 .53 5. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 0.08 0.69 62..62 33.702 0..834 . coal tar. 0.07 Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas x . 0.01 0. 3. 7..COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV MEXICO 7.000 0.43 1. 10.99 80..462 2.793 .50 328...00 0.04 0. 3.. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.. 10. 1.157 0. ...00 0.29 .42 .94 64.00 0.05 0.090 2.000 0.38 5.456 0.00 0.82 0.89 5.889 x . For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. 13. .00 0.. 0.951 4.24 4..00 0.216 .81 0.63 13. 116. 2.35 3.77 x .250 0. 38. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.38 0.10 154.89 x ..20 116.502 2.00 0...35 5.90 x .57 5.761 3.. 7.000 0. 266.39 x .25 . for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.19 306.00 0. 0.85 0.00 0.11 2.85 1.69 x .675 Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas x .01 0.000 . 296.

Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China.IV. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. People's Rep. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Hard Coal 570 590 228 818 2432 7622 5459 4261 6004 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 570 470 - 590 195 303 - 228 122 6 - - - - - - - 100 92 100 - - - - - - - - - 818 818 - 2432 1074 538 697 - 7622 6379 511 369 140 5459 4624 279 505 - 4261 650 324 1195 - 6004 3621 164 1054 - - - - - 1 66 56 - 2 193 28 - 2 49 - 832 133 1127 - 1 815 63 286 - China.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . (2) For years prior to 1990. People's Rep. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.217 MEXICO 9. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV NETHERLANDS* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 120 250 100 200 80 150 60 100 40 50 20 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 30 1981 1986 Oil 1991 Gas 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 2009e Coal/population Coal/GDP 14 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 12 25 10 20 8 15 6 10 4 5 2 0 0 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 120 Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 200 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 180 100 160 140 80 120 100 60 80 40 60 40 20 20 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.IV.218 . Peat is included in coal for all figures. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 .

92 93.21 36.94 4.91 -1.89 1.97 1.95 - 110.58 1.30 49.2 74.5 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.01 1.42 41.25 44. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.00 0.8 53 69.50 149.41 -0.49 4.4 6.15 2.25 16.98 2.28 122.85 1.00 - 1.4 6. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.40 -3. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.61 0.10 43.46 0.9 6.57 100. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat - - - - - - - - - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat - - - - - - - - - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.0 100.2 99.48 1.56 0.0 1990 282 0.57 0.55 0.66 93.85 47. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.52 40.26 1.7 72 81.57 0.0 100.13 - 104.04 - 93.60 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 0.0 2008 449 0.68 42. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .4 7.00 95.0 .7 108 110.63 0.6 2009e 437 0.51 3.00 0.0 2007 440 0.9 6.0 1980 226 0.9 65 77. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .34 6.29 0.00 1.0 90 100.46 0.02 -1.61 0.08 -0. (2) As index.27 15.10 0.39 1.30 0.50 4.46 7.48 2.61 11.8 97. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 188 0.7 92.69 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.53 -0.IV.57 4.50 0.54 44.71 0.0 105 109.86 2.219 NETHERLANDS 1. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.2 95.66 6.0 84.22 43.41 2.8 94.56 1.8 2000 385 0. wind.62 12.02 0.02 25.02 -1.32 1.76 33.4 102.1 6.99 49. 112 102.82 12.01 0.41 14. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.62 -2.32 - 114. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.6 6.01 1. Energy supply.56 -0.40 1.01 0.16 - 113.81 0.01 0.06 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.33 14.60 -0.05 49.47 13.6 82.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV ..25 16.32 3.55 -2.34 1.3 88.59 173.16 46.32 10.01 0. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 88. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.26 16.95 5. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.17 - 91.5 155.83 11.

26 0.84 0.82 32.41 0.52 0.03 2.13 14.02 3.09 -1.85 4.12 20.44 81.07 2.27 -1.03 0.09 3.35 11.33 0.21 10.54 0.28 1. wind.26 - 0.55 -0.60 0.39 10.72 0.03 13.20 1.21 -2.32 10.07 0.60 -12.81 16.55 87.63 2.47 0.00 1.33 0.56 1.19 5.08 - 19.03 0.20 17.07 1.11 2.21 -6.03 0.01 0.40 7.13 10.97 25.IV.90 -5.01 0.80 22.21 0.15 1.90 4.31 0.34 0.20 10.26 0.83 1.01 2.03 0.41 18.30 29.82 - 1.30 16.33 0.95 0.34 0.89 0.34 6.46 88.19 5.32 -0.52 27.13 82.00 17.86 2.65 0.03 13.32 0.04 2.77 10.23 12.20 14.18 1.35 2.47 0.51 0.03 3.68 0.19 5.90 -1.31 -0.16 7.07 0.55 2.72 3.00 0.56 5.01 0.00 17.74 1.41 5.05 0.33 0.29 12.49 6.92 0.67 -7.00 9.20 13.05 0.19 - -0.01 0.59 1.69 0.35 2.30 -3.73 1.40 0.99 0.29 0.20 14.34 13.47 0.80 10.98 0.48 0.40 0.22 11.04 0.00 2. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb. wind.51 17.12 16.21 3.15 8.05 - 70.41 7.91 0.64 0.92 3.50 0.77 -16.23 0.29 8.31 0.00 4.91 -0.01 4.22 1.45 18.21 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.01 2.29 4.25 0.38 0.56 1.45 0.53 - 1.06 0.85 10.01 0.30 0.33 9.220 .11 18.09 10.87 13.33 - 9.73 of which: Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.90 0.87 2.60 - 0.00 3.08 11. wind.22 - 10.24 29.88 15.44 -1.47 3.07 0.53 17.34 13.03 0.08 -4.31 2.96 3.18 1.43 0.45 - 16.06 4. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.09 16.80 0.52 3.00 2.55 33.06 0.88 -1.66 0.07 - -1.00 3.71 -3.58 1.03 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.58 2.14 18.55 2.45 - 77.52 0.47 - 17. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.44 6. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.20 2.32 3.70 33. tide Electricity Heat Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 68.68 3.57 2.01 16.63 9.83 1.99 0.36 37.80 - 1.80 8.02 3.06 -0.41 39.30 1.65 31.80 16.13 0. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.64 7.82 1.12 9.24 32.41 3.80 19.53 0.03 0.59 0.67 15.64 2.29 30.79 11.15 2.19 0.05 0.23 0.09 5.61 0.05 0.34 1.68 0. wind.43 1.52 1.32 2.03 0.79 34.04 0.51 1.03 0.06 0.26 7.11 2.70 12. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.17 0.79 - 17.18 1.02 12.00 4.91 2.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV NETHERLANDS 4.99 3.09 3. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .28 3.73 6.08 9.19 0.54 - 15.24 2.14 1.02 - 1.01 0.05 1.54 2.03 2.03 0.86 1.16 14.06 0.79 20.04 0.19 13.00 1. tide Electricity Heat Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.12 19.96 -0.30 0.03 13.75 10.73 - 12.49 0.73 0.25 0.11 34.

Coal balance* (Mtce) Production Imports Exports Stock changes Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 1. .4 -0.3 -8.1 5.1 -1. services Residential Non-energy use - - - - - - . . coke oven coke. .0 .5 -1..3 -8.8 -3.5 - -3.7 -0.0 0. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.2 11.2 - -2.1 -8.0 0.4 - -0.9 -0. coke oven gas.1 0. 5.2 - 1.6 e -1. .9 e 0.8 10.2 e -2. gas coke.0 0. - - -2..2 23..3 .5 12.0 - .1 -2..2 -3. own use -0.4 .5 e -9.1 -7.1 0.3 7. primary (anthracite. .2 - - ..2 - .6 e -0.3 -2.6 e -0.3 -10.6 4.0 - - - -1. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.0 0.6 4.9 . 2.2 -0..4 -2.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2 -2.6 -0.. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm.. coal tar.1 -1.6 0. Main activity producers (1) -1. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).7 e -1..7 20.6 Statistical difference 0. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.6 - 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .0 0. - - - - - - - - Energy ind.0 0.0 0. as well as peat.4 0.0 Autoproducers Gas works - Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) -0.8 e 0.9 x 0.5 e -0.0 e -0.4 1.2 -8.1 Losses -0. -5. .5 10.8 -7. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries. coking coal.0 0...6 -6. gas works gas.2 0.3 -0.9 -0.4 0.6 -0.0 0.7 17.8 e 0. other bituminous coal.4 3.3 -0. . transport and other).7 6. (2) briquettes.8 -6.0 0.6 -1. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.2 0.3 -10.0 0. and pub.3 -4.7 - - 0.8 e -4.0 0.7 0. -10. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.0 0. and residential..3 0.1 0.9 0.2 0.1 - -2.6 0.4 - -8.1 - . .0 .6 (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.7 0.6 2.7 0.7 e Electricity and heat gen.0 x Primary supply 4... ..6 -2. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas). agriculture.1 - 0. 10.5 8. .7 e 0.8 -5. x x -10.4 Total transformation -1.5 0. .1 0.3 -0.1 - - - - - . x x 1.0 0.2 12.5 .1 0.0 - 1. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.6 1. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.4 4.5 0..IV.8 0..5 18.0 0.1 -0.0 1.9 -0...COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .3 0... - 2.5 1.8 -0. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel..3 -0.1 - -1.9 - Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. peat briquettes and oil shale.0 .. - - 0.5 -1.9 0.0 -1.1 -12. 12..3 -0.1 - 0.221 NETHERLANDS 5.9 -0.1 16. . 1.1 2. sub-bituminous coal. BKB.5 2.9 e -9.3 - 1.8 11.1 -9.2 1.4 12..3 -0.0 1.0 -4.9 -7.3 -0.0 -7.3 1.

48 -11.01 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.05 e 0.00 0.42 3.01 0.IV.33 -0.02 - 0.22 8.01 0.11 1.17 17.05 0.31 8.01 0.e 0.74 8.44 - 0.05 0.27 8.59 15.01 e 0.e 0.03 0.79 -0. commercial and public services.36 0.07 0.05 0.04 0.02 e 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.01 0.11 0.22 0.74 14.01 e 0.06 1.04 .02 - 0.39 3.69 8.01 4.56 e 0.05 1.01 0.59 0.07 0.70 3.35 0.55 22.09 e 0.222 .06 0.98 e 0.65 -4.06 0.85 1.03 0.28 - 4.68 .00 3.04 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.47 e 0.03 0.23 .08 7.75 19.02 0.39 3.77 -11.00 4.03 e .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV NETHERLANDS 6.03 - 8.00 4.07 - 0.36 1.01 0.03 0.59 8.00 0.06 0.03 0.03 - 8.27 .26 8.00 4.07 0.64 8.03 0.00 0.31 -12.e - 4.00 .e 0.05 0.07 0.00 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .06 0.70 3.03 .62 e 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.29 - (1) Residential. pulp and print Other industry Res.48 .06 0.95 -1.68 8.70 1.03 - 8.04 e 0.29 e 0.00 e 0.01 e 0.26 4.57 - 2.04 -1.23 - -5.04 e 0.e 0.01 - 14.05 3.01 8.93 -17. pulp and print Other industry Res.e 0.01 0.95 3.e 0.06 e .21 6.33 - 0.03 0.23 8.16 1.00 0.07 0.85 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1.01 0.06 0.59 .02 - 0.27 8.00 0.e 0.02 - 0.03 0.85 -0.01 0.12 -0.06 0.01 0.02 0.e 0.06 e .e 0.04 e 0.e 0.01 - 0.07 - 9.98 - -0.00 0.03 - 8.72 8.69 0.04 0.02 e 0.00 0.03 - 0.21 -9.

92 359. . .54 20.00 0. . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8...74 62.94 . x 396.57 6.. . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I..68 3. .02 0...27 17..82 123. .99 65. patent fuels.00 0..55 71..50 129.13 20.14 ...31 2...34 131.01 0.. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 40. . .20 58.. 109.68 0. .24 0.09 .08 . .95 8. x 323.66 8.78 16.63 . ..18 . . 86. . . .98 (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.10 0..92 10.IV..95 .07 .. .72 173. ...91 51.27 18.74 154. x 295.04 0.. .39 . . .12 4. 103.04 1.42 4.51 11.58 4.75 180.. . .223 NETHERLANDS 7. x 329.28 22..02 6..02 1.. 113.86 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV ..34 61. .84 16..73 . for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV. .. .04 126.05 0.. .73 6.33 0. x 156. briquettes.99 1.92 7.99 138.77 115. .76 14. .. 56.91 388.30 0.11 0..31 0....96 ..66 7.47 4.67 18.07 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal.14 418.03 0.18 2.46 16.56 6..06 3. .. ..49 63. 0. .84 151..99 347.... ..64 23.. 68.87 367.94 131.. ..04 0. 97. . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.36 0. .. x 286.23 4. x 280.00 0. . 0. coal tar.52 ...23 .20 14.03 0.42 .76 105... .14 0..53 168.25 89. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 4. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.62 10.23 6.26 2.37 0.. for example: coke.31 0.18 0.. x 416.04 8.33 . x 279. . . 131.. x 328.63 57.55 8.38 3..69 .01 0.63 0.20 3. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.96 0.19 0..53 .08 1.93 71.19 4.36 9..71 0... ..59 0. ...76 326.88 13.17 56.. .72 100.04 10.46 21.93 2.82 18.25 62.46 4.03 3.23 0. x 255. x 236. .85 133. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .32 6.39 17.99 0..59 6..69 .37 .46 77. .60 147.. . .15 3.. ... 103.46 . 57. . ..59 18. .21 0..98 14.61 18. .33 0.03 0.98 (Euro / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 2000 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 1990 40.05 ..09 19. .47 ..43 . (2) For steam coal..69 97.

COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV NETHERLANDS 9. People's Rep. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.224 . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. (2) For years prior to 1990. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. People's Rep. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China.IV. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Hard Coal 5038 11607 17440 17134 22539 22844 26035 21157 19906 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 2853 961 89 782 376 644 1 4169 1027 35 6 455 315 7 2255 48 4603 449 426 462 98 3110 4 4936 432 514 15 368 2378 10 4864 1902 366 319 1621 1 4558 1437 607 1 1274 - 4366 1097 610 1237 11 4297 579 584 1667 71 3049 299 258 1550 408 - 21 - 1 6 46 1 - 16 214 989 - 10 441 204 - 384 815 40 - 326 26 1059 - 248 17 1023 20 88 534 - 2185 529 55 62 703 264 166 14 10 7438 1898 141 64 155 949 2 3105 68 12837 5176 72 1043 3023 237 12198 2293 34 795 9 2731 76 17675 1110 19 1246 9 1242 365 18286 390 2 29 237 16 163 210 21669 660 169 21 136 1087 1052 16860 256 91 96 61 1389 772 16857 313 67 2 2 520 1078 309 57 16 1 162 878 10 5 152 1514 133 1436 32 19 - 462 2450 1034 2167 41 79 20 7 271 4989 2644 5287 174 90 157 72 62 5923 3152 6430 1419 141 92 20 48 7500 1866 6838 2081 108 103 - 201 5634 1186 4418 2715 41 - 6 7910 674 4292 1973 10 10 - China.

East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .225 NETHERLANDS 10. Coking coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 13 103 - 8 938 45 - 23 28 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 13 13 - 103 72 9 3 19 - - 8 8 - 938 10 928 - 27 4 23 - - 23 23 - 15 15 - - - - - - 18 18 - - 13 13 - - - - - - - - - Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . China.IV. Africa & Mid. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.

China. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.226 . East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 475 1336 2512 3218 8621 9813 11882 7505 4704 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 475 231 9 228 5 2 - 1296 222 23 45 67 216 41 96 10 123 158 295 - 2448 469 2 2 261 1410 48 7 3 26 7 213 - 3199 168 333 2466 5 8 22 5 60 2 130 - 8590 1 148 318 7466 3 53 315 19 267 - 9703 1 36 41 95 7 1532 7315 60 48 45 9 7 165 14 39 11 278 - 11837 59 27 138 937 9770 67 15 65 6 50 146 13 16 8 520 - 7404 79 147 1248 5132 50 3 20 56 165 157 15 21 311 - 4693 42 7 57 996 3182 51 26 103 2 4 70 153 - - 40 40 64 61 3 - - - 110 16 13 81 45 15 3 1 26 101 5 11 15 25 45 11 6 5 - - - 19 31 - - - - Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV NETHERLANDS 11. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.IV. Africa & Mid. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

.13 .01 .06 182..71 51.73 .20 28..24 75. Russian Federation starting in 1992.60 102.55 242. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .14 127.09 68.26 29. shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs. 61. .41 .. 70.. .89 29.04 130. 62.83 88.51 .90 62.91 Note: On occasion.15 103.61 40. 127.97 101...39 .14 .46 120. 86.99 42.40 100.25 126.22 74.07 106... 136.13 30.31 .66 54. .24 ..93 141...31 79.55 45.86 65.72 269.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .45 50. .19 59.. 76. (1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights..34 145. .78 130..15 53.32 43.72 43. 152.63 58.72 220.01 77..77 46....87 53. 94.08 .82 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 52.93 ..55 . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.71 47..60 49.86 68...30 . 128...89 76.21 127.25 64.25 . .98 . (3) Bituminous steam coal only.38 30. 45.19 214.96 50.39 31.46 51. US$/tonne) Coking coal (1) 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 60. 155. 159.08 147.IV. .227 NETHERLANDS 12.89 52..78 .61 .75 198..33 46.39 . .04 76.. 33. Coal import values by origin* (average unit value. 68.57 79.09 65.37 42.75 41.15 100.24 .. 161.08 30.87 54.81 .10 70.87 78.41 191. . 86.59 48..57 94. . 91.08 32. 95.10 .56 . 75.. 88.46 57..11 121. 60.50 98..97 .18 235.33 .00 . 56. . 78.14 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) 60..28 .36 352.70 125.59 .91 51..84 187.98 Steam coal(3) 52.67 .98 116.55 . (2) Former Soviet Union until 1991. 304. 55.. Prices exclude intra-EU trade. CIF.. Prices exclude intra-EU trade. Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights. ...29 94. 128.24 47.54 55. 30.31 131. 108. . .64 108.94 76.12 133.99 104.60 .43 . 46.06 93..25 43... .62 . 55.93 139.55 144.31 67...39 31.91 54.. 132.33 143.65 39..06 125..

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 .0 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 50 Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 45 40 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 35 40 30 35 30 25 25 20 20 15 15 10 10 5 5 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.0 1.5 05 0.IV.0 1981 1986 Oil 1991 Gas 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 2009e Coal/population Coal/GDP 3.5 4.5 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 3.0 0.0 2.5 2.0 1.0 5.0 3.0 1.228 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV NEW ZEALAND* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 140 30 120 25 100 20 80 15 60 10 40 5 20 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 6.0 2. Peat is included in coal for all figures.0 0.

7 116.05 23.51 0.36 0. 1980 33 0.31 8.27 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 0.3 86.60 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.99 5. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.14 0.35 3.08 86.13 1.59 78.3 5.81 4.90 3.23 3.32 1.32 - 1.39 3.53 - 12.46 - 18.18 -0. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.46 2.12 -0.13 - 2.21 1.9 6.95 1.16 - 1.IV.98 2.85 2.1 87.26 - 2.80 5.21 2. wind.05 3.15 - 0.4 23 73.15 100.37 1. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 0.4 73.21 - 1.01 0.14 1.3 44 110.8 44 111.229 NEW ZEALAND 1.55 1.64 2.13 -1.8 19 .9 196.3 5. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.90 1.0 3.12 - 1. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.55 -1.65 0.17 2.97 4.8 1990 40 0. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 33 0.5 5.01 0.28 0.85 0.96 0.55 -1.16 7.5 105.0 2007 67 0.18 1.69 2.26 3.73 1.76 1.08 - 1.57 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.21 - 0.08 2.39 4.26 - 39.74 0.79 -0. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.35 0.3 2008 66 0.18 1.61 2.3 5.89 - 8.86 77.25 - 1.54 - 8.46 5.53 0.72 1.37 4.66 0.40 1.19 0.62 2.12 0.01 1. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.0 39 100.38 -1.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .7 32 82..83 2.61 (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.36 2.8 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1.66 0.84 2. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.25 0.1 4.05 23.58 1.57 0.74 3.45 3. (2) As index.84 1.92 2.2 144.70 0.00 0.77 0.64 0.42 8. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .84 1.36 4.19 2.01 0.0 100.92 0.60 -0.95 86.72 -1.71 1.10 - 0.64 -1.79 5. Energy supply.21 2. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .7 129. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 11.48 2.6 89.33 1.10 0. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.91 1. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.91 1.46 1. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.0 100.25 0.62 5.29 0.90 2.74 2.40 0..04 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.76 0.20 8.22 1.9 2000 53 0.5 .20 101.07 - 0.46 3.02 5.25 -1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.2 156.74 -0.04 25.99 1.49 8.12 - 38.43 1.4 2009e 66 0.43 1.88 2.01 2.17 1.07 1.00 2.10 - 1.78 2. 43 101.05 24.69 3.3 123.13 0.62 80.01 16.

31 - 0.77 - 3.55 0.00 3.20 0.01 7.30 0.70 0.40 - 13.05 -0.00 0.81 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.00 1.06 1. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.01 0. wind.13 1.23 0.85 5.01 1.38 -2.44 0.88 4.13 1.33 0.00 0.39 3.07 0.99 0.33 - 1.74 0.19 1.16 -2. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.80 3.58 2.01 6.11 0.20 1.56 0.33 0.06 0.01 1.62 0.74 - 17.35 5.06 2.99 1.26 1.87 1.03 0.45 0.39 1.24 0.01 4.06 2.41 0.92 0.24 4.17 0.35 0.51 2. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.20 1.26 0.17 0.85 1.23 4.81 1.01 0.04 0.00 0.00 1.13 0.68 0.230 .32 4.08 1.15 0.IV.91 2.17 e 0. tide Electricity Heat 2.13 Comb.48 0.08 0.88 8.94 0.85 0.20 1.02 0.13 0.67 1.92 0.69 1.52 0.75 0.14 0.13 Comb.97 3.73 0.39 0.56 1. wind.01 0.09 3.28 1.45 0.54 0.19 0.01 1.98 1.67 0. wind.02 0.14 0.11 0.27 0.13 0.92 12.06 0.34 - 0.34 0.99 0.28 0.38 0.09 0.49 0.34 0.44 4.09 0.57 Comb.07 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.61 0.64 3.91 0.35 2.70 0.08 0. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.53 1.27 0.20 1.40 - 2.07 1.82 8.11 2.71 0.63 1.13 2.49 2. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.46 0. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 8.50 0.17 -10.01 0.14 0.37 - 4.55 1.01 4.00 1.63 1.75 - 2.14 -15.08 5.33 -8.61 - 11.39 1.76 0.27 0.01 4.12 0.19 0.04 0.33 0.87 0.01 4.69 - 3.05 6.72 -13.07 2.26 0.72 13.17 0.21 0.16 0.01 1.62 0.06 3.02 0.72 14.74 0.71 0.83 8.01 0.17 0.45 0.00 0.46 9.41 0.64 0.66 2.78 1.16 0.07 2.90 0.15 0.14 0.61 1.60 0.36 0.00 7.62 -2. wind.07 1.44 3.20 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.71 -3.73 - 17.11 7.67 0.96 - 9.03 1.95 0.12 0.63 2.53 1.62 2.00 0.05 1.29 - 17.22 0.31 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .15 0.13 0.64 0.03 0.60 0.81 - 5.09 0.81 0.14 0.35 - Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 2.29 0.44 0.04 0.11 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV NEW ZEALAND 4.71 -0.01 2.12 - 0.86 7.10 1.04 -5.00 1.12 0.78 0.72 - 2.06 0.31 1.94 - 4.94 0.34 0.27 0.01 0.00 0.07 7.70 4.90 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.73 - 4.62 0.73 0.70 -2.45 0.77 2.22 0.96 0.28 3.18 0.08 0.84 3.78 6.46 0.52 1.05 0.81 - Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.03 0.89 1.80 - 5.29 -8.05 1.15 5.71 0.98 5.41 - 18.95 7.09 e 0.46 0.71 0.87 0.30 0.26 0.13 1.15 0.92 0.

. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.2 0.1 - 0.0 0.8 1. as well as peat. .5 2.1 -0.2 0.1 3. 1.1 0.6 -0. .. . - - - - - - - - .9 .1 0.2 - 0. -3.2 - 10.1 -0.3 -0.1 0.2 -8. .3 -0.2 -6.0 -0.. and residential....6 Electricity and heat gen.4 0.2 0.6 - 0.1 2. peat briquettes and oil shale.2 26. services Residential Non-energy use - 0....0 -0. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.1 0.9 -0.1 0.2 4.7 Gas works -0. gas works gas.2 0.1 0..9 0.5 -2.1 0. coke oven gas. x x Total transformation -0.0 0. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).9 ..2 0. coal tar. -2.1 -0.6 -0... 0. . x x 1.0 - - -0.0 0. (2) briquettes.2 0. coke oven coke.0 - -0..2 2. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm.8 0. .2 .0 -0.1 -0. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.2 1.8 0..0 -0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .. own use - -0.6 1.5 -0.4 .2 0.7 -1.3 -0.0 0.7 - ..7 -0. . BKB.9 3.1 -0... (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.3 1.7 x 4.6 -0.2 -0.8 -0..0 .0 - - - - .2 - -0.. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry. .IV.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .3 -1. - - Coal transformation(2) -0. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.0 - - - -0.5 - -0.1 1. .2 -0.3 x 1.0 0.0 0.1 1.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.0 -0.1 0. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.5 - - - - - - . .4 12.4 3.0 -0.0 - -3.2 -0. and pub.5 10.1 -8.2 -1.5 2...5 1.231 NEW ZEALAND 5..7 - 0.0 0.0 0.2 -0.4 0.0 -0.0 -0.0 12.4 2. - - 0.8 0.5 -0.0 .5 -2. transport and other). .0 0.2 0.0 - - - - . primary (anthracite.3 -1.7 -1. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).3 -1.5 -2. - - Losses - -0.2 0.6 -2.3 0.0 - - -0.2 0. other bituminous coal. Main activity producers (1) Autoproducers -0. - - (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.3 Statistical difference - -0.0 - .. agriculture. sub-bituminous coal..1 0.6 2. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.0 1. coking coal.3 4.1 - Final consumption(4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Coal balance* (Mtce) Production Imports Exports Stock changes Primary supply Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 1. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.6 0.3 -0.1 . -3. gas coke. - - BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) Energy ind.4 14.

32 -2.08 - 0.58 - (1) Residential.01 0.04 0.87 8.02 0.02 0.76 0.08 - 0.20 - - 0.52 - 1.77 0.22 0.59 0.21 0.42 12.26 0.05 0.59 0.30 9.22 0.45 -7.01 0.02 0.39 0.73 5.26 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 2. pulp and print Other industry Res.83 1.23 0.08 0.11 -4.02 - - - - - - - - 0.06 - 0.28 0.18 0.61 0.74 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .13 0.77 0.91 2.232 .18 0.13 0.10 -3.50 3.05 - 0.22 0.96 0.00 0.13 2.01 0.52 0.83 0.61 0.01 0.16 - 3.59 -4.89 3. commercial and public services.11 3.45 -11.55 0.17 0.96 1.16 - 2.02 0.52 0.05 - 3.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV NEW ZEALAND 6.78 0.18 0.30 1.94 2.17 1.18 - -1.06 - 0.16 0.26 0.59 0.28 2. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.49 0.59 0.13 4.22 0.42 0.76 0.04 - 0.55 0.43 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.03 0.23 0.78 0.28 0.41 0.32 4.13 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.01 0.IV.10 - 1.13 - 3.17 2.16 0.01 0.09 0.41 2.10 7.72 - 3.16 1.27 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.03 0.12 0.77 0.85 0.20 1.14 - 3.27 0.05 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.01 0.28 0.30 0.22 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.45 - 1.01 0.23 0.

46. 0. 129.90 0.05 - (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal.95 .80 0.60 - 2.55 c c 290.01 0. . . (2) For steam coal.41 2.03 0.59 . Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e .00 . (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.55 0. c c 382.00 .55 0...03 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .23 c 90.24 . .. patent fuels.... briquettes.62 . c c 157.57 2. . 132.65 .80 - 0.19 . 41.01 0.57 2.00 0. . 131.09 2.36 360.45 0..45 c c 295.62 c c 494.. for example: coke. 235.51 0.IV..76 .04 737.00 - 0.06 .90 c c 599. .90 - 0. .32 0. (New Zealand dollars / unit) (2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 2005 c c c For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 2000 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 1990 c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 34. 61.75 c 242.68 ..32 0.01 0..90 0. .79 2.51 - 0.45 284.00 c 126.14 c c 268.47 c c 155.36 c c 393.79 - 2.12 c c 812.94 c c 596..68 710.. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 2006 2007 2008 2009 c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 36. coal tar. .54 0..05 . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. c c 713.60 1..79 2.45 0.41 - 2. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.60 1. - - 0.32 - 1.01 0.00 - 0.07 0.80 0..54 330.71 . coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.09 2.. .28 c c 581. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ...62 c 162.57 - 2..01 - - 0.09 - 2...75 162.09 2.60 145.. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8.09 2.233 NEW ZEALAND 7.07 0.81 .. c c 308. 41.51 0.04 0.41 2. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.46 288..44 0.07 - 0..

East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY e e e e 431 e 431 e 1583 556 579 448 - e e e e 393 e 393 e - - 511 117 208 186 - - 1657 e e e e 2034 . (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV NEW ZEALAND 10. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. China. Africa & Mid.234 .IV. Coking coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 11 315 336 1334 1529 2720 2014 2561 2034 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 11 11 - 308 308 - 285 30 243 12 - 721 123 517 7 35 39 940 122 687 85 46 - 1216 e 1216 e - - 7 7 - 51 51 - 382 276 106 - 589 185 313 91 - 1504 526 545 433 - - - - 231 - - Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth.

6 1.5 1.8 0.0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 160 Coal/population Coal/GDP 1.5 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . Peat is included in coal for all figures.0 1.0 2.2 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0.5 1.6 3. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .8 1.0 2009e 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 45 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 40 140 35 120 30 100 25 80 20 60 15 40 10 20 5 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other Coal Oil Gas 2008 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.0 0.235 NORWAY* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 50 140 45 120 40 100 35 30 80 25 60 20 15 40 10 20 5 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 4.0 0.IV.2 2.0 1.5 0.4 0.5 1981 1986 Oil Gas 1991 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 4.4 3.

5 44.23 11.07 116.44 12.28 - 2.99 -1.33 90.00 - 3.53 -2.31 - 14.54 12.79 5.91 86. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.2 136 92.89 16. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.85 4.76 5.27 -0.15 0.07 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.31 0.95 0.94 -0.85 1.00 1.20 3. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 0. wind.52 2.5 59.62 2.78 6.84 10.82 1.42 0. Energy supply.00 -2.79 -0.08 13.44 1.5 127.70 0.08 -3.3 73 32.10 0.3 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 3.33 3.20 4.22 1.39 1. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.94 6.30 -0.64 - 26.51 (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.65 1. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 20.0 2000 168 0.10 16.95 -0.1 60.52 -3.40 130.95 1.47 14.5 8.22 4.6 172.16 0.1 . 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries . 132 89.0 84 45.51 0.54 0. (2) As index.05 0.68 - 14.11 5.64 - 4.1 6..12 -1.18 - 0.05 -0.18 - 0.0 100.83 - 3.89 96.5 2008 201 0.26 4.30 4.79 1.0 140 100.06 42.236 .37 1.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV NORWAY 1.15 - 2.1 1980 91 0.29 4.94 17.81 - 1.30 - 0.88 -1.08 0.28 -0. consumption/GDP (2) Elec. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.0 5.21 4.23 100.03 36.63 - 4.80 12.16 0.IV.8 8.2 122 71.0 100.51 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.13 1.7 86.13 - 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.24 0.8 115.99 -1.29 - 0.15 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.9 1990 117 0. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.23 0.7 8.3 142 92.34 0.40 0.07 0.89 1.23 0.8 7.87 0.30 10.17 1.9 2009e 199 0.13 - 0.1 85.5 139.19 4.0 2007 197 0.5 126.06 - 30.76 8.40 3.04 6.03 39.14 138. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.95 17. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.95 1.2 7.53 - 4.61 - 3. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .11 -1.92 1.4 212.74 7.56 -0. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 67 0.11 -1.23 0.94 1.15 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 0.07 37.88 15. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.

52 1.26 4.25 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.33 3. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 19.00 6.08 0.29 0.02 0.69 0.53 0.54 2.19 - 24.75 0.83 1.72 22.35 2.91 - 8.01 7.35 29.97 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 3.84 4.88 0.24 0.63 0.57 6.08 5.57 -0.27 0.94 1.00 0. wind.59 0.63 - 0.34 0.08 5.47 0.07 -4.48 13.28 11.15 - 0.57 - 9.71 0.01 0.41 0.02 0.62 0.06 3.24 11.50 13.82 4.25 3.38 0.14 9.28 0.23 - 0.78 - 1.10 1.38 1.67 0.01 6.00 4.09 3.91 1.34 0.63 0.36 1. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.05 2.46 0.01 0.26 0.84 9.02 9.03 2.79 0.22 0.95 - 0.28 -5.32 29.52 13.25 0.64 - 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .83 0.28 1.IV.62 1.19 0.22 3.13 0.85 6.80 1.26 0.26 Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.37 - 1.55 0.09 1.72 0.35 2.04 1.03 - 1.21 0.47 - 22.12 0.19 2.48 0.13 0.91 4.85 0.62 6.07 2.87 4. tide Electricity Heat 8.70 0. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.58 -0.24 1.83 4.04 2.32 0.58 - 1.00 1.08 2.45 0.03 3.49 0.55 0.00 0.99 1.72 - Comb.61 6.91 1.30 0.13 4.92 0.20 0.44 0.49 - 0.24 - 2.60 0.81 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. wind.08 5.26 2.57 2.01 0.45 0.06 6. wind.48 0.07 3.35 0.68 0.82 0.78 6.33 0.01 0.19 0.01 0.03 3.28 3.08 1.00 0.80 5. wind.46 0.53 0.17 0.36 10.58 1.74 3.89 0.05 - 4.01 0.96 0.13 2.18 29.85 1.30 0.40 - Comb.25 3.71 13.00 0.98 2.04 2.73 5.34 0.89 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .48 2.81 1.91 1.50 0.69 0.33 0.08 5.43 2.237 NORWAY 4.08 4.03 9.04 0.63 0.77 2. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.24 0. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 1.98 - 0.03 2.01 0.39 0.44 0.87 0.03 2.76 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.10 0.01 0.04 2.38 0.84 7. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.00 0.86 6.81 0.06 2.19 1.57 0.72 0.24 2.12 - TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.04 9.72 0.12 1.54 6.56 0.63 2.91 12. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.33 0.81 - Comb.01 -0.60 0.03 3.16 10.86 1.00 0.29 0.44 0.81 0.00 0.80 12.09 0.62 1.92 -12.55 5.21 - 4.03 0.08 5.79 7.11 28.08 1.22 1.55 3.18 1.00 0.04 9.11 10.06 -2.92 0.79 6.94 12.47 0.34 1.15 0.79 - 5.62 0.

5 3.0 0.1 e -0.0 -3.0 - - ..2 -0.1 0.0 -0.0 -0.1 - 1. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke.4 1. .1 1.6 1. (2) briquettes.0 -0.8 e 0. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I..0 -0.9 0. .0 - - - - .1 0.6 Statistical difference 0.3 -0.1 0.2 0.0 -0. other bituminous coal. services Residential Non-energy use - - - - - - .1 - -0. Coal balance* (Mtce) Production Imports Exports Stock changes Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 0.9 e 0.1 e - -0..1 0.1 e .3 -0. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm. .1 0. -1.0 -0. coke oven gas. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation. . gas coke.. agriculture.3 0.0 -0.0 0.9 x 14.0 0.1 0.3 1.0 - -0..3 0.1 -0.9 - Autoproducers Gas works Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) - - -0.0 - -0.7 -2. 3.9 0.0 1. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.0 - -0.4 1.5 - 0. sub-bituminous coal.1 0. .5 1.2 - Final consumption(4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.0 -0.. coke oven coke.3 -1.1 e - . BKB.1 e -0.1 2.1 0... . - - 0.9 .1 e -0. .0 -0.4 e 0. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas)..IV.0 .4 -0.1 -2.3 -0.1 3.4 0. .9 - - - .2 0.0 -0. coal tar.2 0.9 1. -2.2 1.8 0..2 x Primary supply 1.1 1.2 1.2 - - - - - - - ..4 1.0 -0.. peat briquettes and oil shale.1 -0.1 - - - - - .8 -3.2 0. own use -0.. and pub. ...1 e -0. . - - -0.1 e -0..9 0.5 - -0.1 e -0. 0. primary (anthracite.1 -3.0 -0..1 0.4 - 0.1 1.3 - 0..1 0.1 -0. - - (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.0 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . and residential.5 0.2 3. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal. Main activity producers (1) -0. coking coal.0 -0.2 0.6 0. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.0 - -0.8 -0.3 -0..1 e 0. -9.. x x 1. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.2 -0.2 - 0.0 -0.9 0.4 0.1 -0.0 0.. -0.2 - .1 -0.0 -0. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).2 1.9 0.3 0.8 1.2 -0.9 -12.0 0. ..0 -0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV NORWAY 5.1 e -0.6 3.3 3.1 - 1.0 -0.1 1.4 e 0.0 - .2 -0. - - Energy ind. . x x Total transformation -0.3 1.1 e -0.238 .0 0.. as well as peat.4 2. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.0 - -0.5 3. transport and other).7 15.0 - -0.0 -0..0 .0 - - - - - -0. - - Losses -0..9 Electricity and heat gen.8 0. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes. gas works gas.3 1.

64 0.02 0.02 0.96 0.21 0.00 0.59 0.19 - 0. pulp and print Other industry Res. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.25 0.26 -0.24 3.31 0.41 0.02 0.19 0.00 0.01 0.03 0.00 - 0.47 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .75 0. commercial and public services.19 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.57 -3.14 0.21 - 0.48 0.67 0.00 - 0.01 - 0.02 0.03 0.64 0.11 0.44 -2. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.93 - -0.35 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.75 1. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 0.19 0.12 3.84 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.11 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.03 0.239 NORWAY 6.03 0.69 0.84 6.00 0.28 0.70 0.42 0.02 0.41 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - (1) Residential.74 0.01 - 1.27 0.IV.22 0.02 0.03 0.80 0.02 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.10 0.00 - 0.44 2.20 - 5.54 5.68 0.25 0.41 0.26 0.00 0.27 0.

19 - 2. x (Norwegian crowns / unit) (2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 2005 ... x .00 2.60 1.. x .55 0.. x 62. For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 2000 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 1990 . x ..64 0.68 0. ..16 x ... x .....30 2. . x x .. x . . .00 1..88 0.01 0.55 0. x . x 295 550 998 .64 0.. .. x .. x x .00 0..37 0.23 - 3. 0. x .43 1.41 0. x .40 ...06 0.. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 0.. x . x x . x x 3123 x .70 .. x x . . x x .19 3.52 1.58 0.17 2..68 0..32 116.17 - 3. x x .89 0... . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. x .25 0. 70. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 2006 2007 2008 2009 . x .. x ..08 . x 53. .. x ..60 1.24 0. x . x .09 0.55 0... x x . .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV NORWAY 7. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.87 .20 0.60 0. x ... x . . x 319 560 1943 . x .89 .. 528 .32 217... x .. 0..47 0.53 1.88 0...30 2.74 0.19 141.96 0..41 0. x ..58 0.51 0.240 .30 - (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8. x .56 1.17 2.13 93.. .. 39. x ...27 0. x .62 0.23 3. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.IV.. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.09 0... . x (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available...03 0. x x .23 3. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .27 0.19 3.. x x .. . coal tar. (2) For steam coal. x x ..41 0.13 0. . patent fuels.44 0. briquettes.68 0.. . 200 .. x ...38 1.62 0. ..79 ... for example: coke. x .05 0.25 0. x x 249.....01 0... . x .13 0.52 1..51 0. x .24 0.

Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. People's Rep.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. (2) For years prior to 1990. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.241 NORWAY 9. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Hard Coal 450 917 713 930 919 528 610 643 424 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 187 125 62 - 215 134 32 - - - - - - - - - 49 - - - - - - - - 263 2 55 29 77 46 38 702 2 99 141 19 191 191 713 32 48 87 181 151 99 930 49 59 195 153 103 143 919 64 151 169 21 291 528 38 166 21 140 610 3 35 157 72 5 184 643 72 155 44 89 162 424 9 32 85 94 16 58 16 - 43 14 2 - 4 9 97 5 - 155 8 9 52 1 3 36 102 82 3 - 6 72 76 9 - 17 98 33 3 3 - 68 2 50 1 65 56 9 - China. People's Rep. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries.IV. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics.

242 . Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 77 235 254 180 574 2266 3371 3331 2397 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 76 75 1 - 235 1 44 69 2 21 2 92 4 - 253 2 50 87 4 46 3 61 - 179 22 86 57 3 10 1 - 570 156 50 330 7 2 25 - 2266 129 46 111 1693 73 7 143 64 3371 324 2275 104 19 219 398 32 3331 2 340 66 137 2149 76 9 71 105 227 6 143 - 2397 28 158 173 1552 245 241 - - - - 1 1 - 4 2 2 - - - - 1 - 1 - - - - - - Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth.IV. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV NORWAY 11. China. Africa & Mid.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .243 POLAND* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 200 140 180 120 160 100 140 120 80 100 60 80 60 40 40 20 20 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 200 1981 1986 Oil Gas 1991 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 140 160 120 140 120 100 100 80 80 60 60 40 40 20 20 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 180 Coal/population Coal/GDP 160 180 2009e 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 500 160 450 140 400 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 350 120 300 100 250 80 200 60 150 40 100 20 50 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other Coal Oil Gas 2008 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Peat is included in coal for all figures.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .IV.

2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .08 0.12 19.30 -0.20 -4.22 - 180.2 124.90 5.53 0. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.25 - -4.5 255.69 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.12 3.4 63.21 35.57 23.71 2.53 8.68 7.18 - 8.04 11.73 -2.18 2.4 3.81 0.32 1.79 12.82 3. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.87 - 28.58 1.03 - 147.74 -2.05 17.61 38.17 -0.62 33. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.31 80.82 5.11 - -2.02 - -0.9 159 159.72 0.4 75.63 36.14 -0.00 0.95 -0.8 2009e 245 0.79 118. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 103 1.32 59. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .73 2.5 2008 237 0. (2) As index.76 - -4.0 141.1 3.27 - 17.0 87.73 -0.43 27.99 93.67 18.6 5.74 0.29 112.00 -0.18 0.4 84 .24 67.78 41.12 125.1 86.81 0.29 33.54 69.7 203.68 57.08 204.22 5.29 -2.0 3.0 100.06 -0.71 130.90 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.83 78.64 82.53 1.52 35.77 3.77 0.62 0.72 -0.62 12. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 41. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.94 67.87 -2.74 38.1 3.67 - 8.49 17.6 2000 171 0.58 - 17. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.08 17.36 14.59 38.55 2.0 143 100.7 .01 0.71 15.27 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 0.55 38.42 0.20 -4.78 - 138.02 0.67 79.29 -0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.1 3.37 -0.43 4.08 -0.61 54.33 100. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 132.6 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 0.98 173. 151 157.02 0.50 161.6 221. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.51 73.11 59.30 0.85 151.54 - 12.01 -0.15 - 133.13 56.72 58.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV POLAND 1.16 -2.29 0.01 3.71 18.89 142. e e e e e 1990 118 1.IV.1 121 .56 79.87 167.22 86.32 9.26 0. wind.48 - 13. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries..90 - 28.0 100.34 34.2 156 163.58 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.0 98.13 - 127.40 - -2.32 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 40.50 57.50 17.10 -0. Energy supply. e e e e e 1980 119 1.84 17.4 134 61.2 70.26 8.92 8.64 74.02 72.03 - 31.0 2007 226 0.244 .25 38.05 - 12.50 -5.3 3. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.66 - 139.87 -2.16 -3.81 0.35 0.18 -0.01 4.26 0.68 106.94 1.32 - 13..15 -0.30 17.01 - 31.66 73.

16 1.25 2.60 3.98 4. wind.25 2.45 26.77 0.40 17.64 2.56 1.25 92.02 0.80 31.01 4.28 2.51 0.39 20.49 - Comb.15 0.23 -16.02 0.26 1.49 2. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 86.85 22.18 6.05 10.56 1.46 - 13.84 15.53 0.98 1.93 0.01 4.14 3. tide Electricity Heat of which: 0.27 0.33 5.71 4.35 6.26 6.01 3.49 2.21 4.48 9.50 39.21 9.97 2.09 0.08 5.13 5.45 0.17 2.23 9.27 7.24 0.64 5.18 0.22 0.57 0.01 2.37 0.18 1.36 0.07 4.09 1.73 88.00 -2.78 6.16 7.60 17.50 1.38 0.14 9.83 4.33 24.24 -2.67 8.02 19.16 7.46 2.20 2.97 2.85 33.44 2.00 3.03 7.88 0.07 23.32 3.92 14.01 11.45 25.89 7.13 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.23 83.67 25.19 3.60 3.89 7.26 2.99 7.24 6.00 0.19 -9.12 0.53 29.47 0. tide Electricity Heat 37.44 26.11 18.36 4.94 - 10.37 2.84 1.70 0.27 Comb.99 12.07 0.60 1.80 5.41 0.23 7.48 3.00 13.04 3.02 0.16 - 13.12 5.81 17.16 19.53 -1.245 POLAND 4.50 0.09 0.67 4.99 16.83 0.36 6.68 11.18 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .48 0.74 0.00 25.12 9.87 7.90 6.42 14.24 2.10 1.00 1.57 24.11 2.32 0.03 2.44 44.00 14.37 1.57 9.14 e 0.37 Comb.14 0.75 12.86 -6.42 7.76 1.24 6.07 0.38 4.58 6.00 2.76 2.17 0.13 -4.76 1.99 0.25 -0.80 7.24 4.74 6.24 9.09 19.46 e 0.40 15.19 0.73 -2.64 -1.59 28.89 1.22 0.00 5.25 12.28 8.01 3.01 3.79 1.75 0.69 0.17 0.36 4.15 3.85 8.80 2.58 -1.14 4.22 6.15 -0.82 11.33 11.81 0.95 6.73 9.32 -1.44 1.71 13.22 14.27 3.25 9. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.14 2. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.32 -2.96 e 0.50 0.24 1.55 1. wind.58 6.66 2.55 0.06 0.44 6.49 13.43 19.00 e 0.25 6.56 0.39 2.83 Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0. wind.08 4.93 7.65 - 4.48 8.60 -7.09 10.33 0. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.00 12.35 4.94 18.12 0.71 -2.91 -6.42 1.56 4.20 0.22 -2.73 0.12 -2.05 10.82 22. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.06 1.57 2.95 0.16 17.00 4.58 10. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.85 46.03 2.92 93.74 1.34 25.72 0.97 5.10 1.03 0.84 0.02 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 12.78 3.13 6.58 e 0.66 18.34 3.81 -6.00 0.81 5.03 4.15 31.26 1.25 0.80 1.76 0.65 10.63 2.43 6.48 -1.84 92.49 1.21 4.74 0.59 12.62 111.62 0.00 4.88 2. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .00 0.89 6.IV.85 23.44 27.06 4.26 (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.08 -2.68 0.62 0.00 14.32 7.41 4.53 1.02 0.00 0.48 -7.41 2.88 0.80 2.63 0.21 3. wind.94 1.38 0.46 21.55 6.01 0.60 0.00 e 0.43 22.10 0.79 0.33 1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.11 3.01 2.07 9.40 2.78 1.97 10.48 9.27 4.48 0.00 14.

.0 16.9 Electricity and heat gen.6 -29. services Residential Non-energy use 9. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.3 e .9 x Primary supply 106.2 e -77. -2.0 0.8 0. - - Energy ind.6 78. peat briquettes and oil shale.8 -57.4 e -80.1 Losses -0. transport and other).7 -0..4 0.5 -24. . -2. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).2 e -1.0 9. agriculture.4 -3.1 8. .3 -13.7 80.7 24.2 - - - .1 -4.1 10.8 19. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.5 -1.7 -6.0 44.0 0.6 -56.8 3.7 0.0 -30. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 143.4 e -57. and pub.4 -74.5 87.246 .8 -2.4 -1.9 .6 e 0.4 0.6 .7 142...1 -4. .1 0. and residential.4 Coal transformation(2) -4.9 -3.1 9.7 e -16.9 1.0 e -1.9 -7.2 e -59.4 -0.5 e 8.7 6.4 3.1 -0.9 e 0.5 6.0 -3.9 e -2.8 4.7 1.5 -0.6 -3.6 Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.1 0.. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.9 -1...0 -3.3 8.8 -2.5 - - - .2 0. -16.0 Statistical difference -4. 1.8 -4.0 e 17. as well as peat.2 -38.9 e -36.2 -0.0 -0.1 .. . coke oven gas.7 16.3 6. x x 40.0 -53.3 -18.5 9.5 -59.4 - - - .2 171.9 1.8 -2. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.9 1.7 -0. BKB. Main activity producers (1) -52. coking coal.. pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm.8 17. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.0 8.0 ..7 5. own use -2.. ..9 -1.0 141.6 0.1 -0.2 3..0 -2.8 -1.5 -17.4 e -1. x x Total transformation -59..5 1.1 0.6 x -2..3 e -1..4 0. -1.8 2.8 1.7 4..4 -1.0 e 13.4 - 20.0 - - - Autoproducers BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) -3.3 5. -9.. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).2 e -2.2 e -85.9 -23.4 -2.5 10.3 0.2 -1.7 - -2.8 e 0.0 -54.7 80.9 1.3 -12.1 0.1 . . .0 -2.0 101. 0.3 e 1.7 -2.8 .0 0.8 (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.4 79.3 -14.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV POLAND 5.3 0.9 89. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel..1 14.2 -53.9 -56.1 .2 2.IV.6 0.0 -3..0 -0.9 1.3 5..6 2..0 e 9.9 Gas works -2.0 -4.0 -1.1 1..0 e -0.9 - .9 -0.7 0.7 -3.1 -0.4 e 0.4 -54. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .6 0.1 -6. -2.3 0.8 e -0.5 2.1 1.5 e -0.2 0.5 1.1 -4. -7.1 2.2 73. .7 -5. coke oven coke.9 0. gas works gas.0 0..2 -1.7 - -2.9 e 0.1 .1 e 27.3 e 0.7 2.3 6.6 -23.6 e 14.2 8.7 e 1. .7 -9.0 -2. other bituminous coal. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke. .5 0.8 -1. sub-bituminous coal.8 e -2. (2) briquettes.. gas coke.9 -53.. primary (anthracite. 2.3 0.8 -4. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes. coal tar.9 7.5 2.8 -1.5 0.6 112.3 -2.5 -2.8 -4.4 -2.0 13. .

98 9.38 6.85 .247 POLAND 6. pulp and print Other industry Res.01 0.04 102.16 0.05 0. .68 -0.35 -1.03 50..75 -1. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .01 0.99 0.09 0.69 52.00 - -2.31 5.01 0. .19 2.53 0.03 0.00 59.01 0.23 0.11 14. . Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.84 5.40 1. .00 -0. pulp and print Other industry Res.61 0.50 -10. - 18.02 0.91 36.31 5.08 12.49 9.60 -22. .08 0.71 36.03 1.49 -16.46 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.08 0.98 0.03 9.23 1.09 73.. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.11 0.25 - 57.00 0.49 2.10 0. .84 0. commercial and public services.90 56.08 5.45 0.64 1.91 -2.17 .85 -3.42 -4.36 -1.30 0.01 0.. .82 - 37.12 13.01 0.02 71.32 1.04 0.61 0.61 0.04 0.70 -15.96 -3.87 10.95 5.66 48.46 -7.09 2. .00 0.38 0.46 0.11 59.54 -7.00 0.79 47.67 10.12 0.90 0.96 - (1) Residential.59 61.13 -0. pulp and print Other industry Res.76 2. 25.24 - 12..00 0.85 -0.64 0.65 0.59 -0.65 58.05 0.80 - 13..48 - -0.26 0.05 0.23 0.01 69.00 13.26 0.08 61.26 1.08 - -1.34 0.21 0.48 1..19 7.04 0.02 0.92 66.08 11.43 0.10 0.79 2.55 2.78 -2.10 0.15 1.32 3.11 13. - 13.09 69.05 -0.21 1.01 0.79 10.76 8..61 27.71 84.82 -1.00 - 11.63 48..19 0.39 66.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .06 - 67.54 -0.55 55.14 - 61.00 0.28 0.14 0.82 47. .00 4.10 77. 18.44 -3.74 0.00 0.80 60.98 2.01 70.04 51.08 0.01 0.13 .04 -4.46 0.01 0.09 25.29 8.01 0.23 - 60.08 3.83 50.02 0..00 0.53 56.16 .04 0.01 0.05 0.25 0..00 0.00 0.36 1.23 - 59.72 9.10 -2.55 -4.IV.23 60.36 5.02 11.00 0.02 0.23 0.06 0.02 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.18 1.08 0.49 59.33 0.04 0.35 1.65 58. .05 12.01 0.76 57.76 25.35 0.73 -0.04 -2.12 0.28 50.83 -14.18 22.69 -9.05 0.07 0.44 0.04 0.70 0.96 0.30 1..68 7.60 3. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 127.15 53..17 2.68 3...09 -1.74 -0.73 -2.08 10.74 0.69 -6.07 3.51 2.96 5.60 0.

. .32 .75 11.28 9.04 8.62 .037 0.111 .490 . 103.86 80. .02 4. 63. 0.70 6.55 34.01 0.39 8. .184 1. .281 0.46 1. .31 20.191 1.28 7. . (2) For steam coal. ..154 0.42 .170 0.IV.39 114. 65. Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas . .50 14.83 39..63 0.160 0.. 69. .60 330..62 2.60 .146 0.528 1.37 2.198 0.20 6. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 1..350 For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available... Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas . coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.12 1....202 0.253 1.78 3.65 1.10 ..43 48. 3..01 - 0.30 25.15 4.85 3.95 291.. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.823 .51 5.60 0.913 0. 0... 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV POLAND 7.01 0.373 0.79 6.56 0.62 .. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.00 6.295 0.. 112. .727 0.75 81. 79.06 0.85 30. coal tar.01 1.10 305. .29 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8. 0...17 0.02 3..42 263..55 . 0.. 35. ..89 0.83 111.309 0.75 21.69 135.17 1.42 1.62 254.03 61.98 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal. 17.31 0.979 1. 0.06 3.68 11. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ..248 .979 .396 1.41 0.00 3. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas .04 1.28 9..000 .01 1.23 5.04 125.000 ...44 3.44 1.17 253. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.92 0... ..98 .957 ..22 0..15 5.00 4.60 254. 0.. ..00 0.80 4..75 220.56 - 1. 0.85 22.. 38..38 8.539 1..19 181.38 28.33 15.160 0.082 ..254 0.173 1.18 2.34 14.082 .87 213..17 .31 .19 221.65 12. 61. .42 0..16 9..56 119.67 29. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.578 0.216 0. 1. . briquettes. . - 1. 0.50 17.74 6. patent fuels.957 1.21 253.111 1.167 0. .60 .53 21.08 2.68 94..123 0.077 0..98 228....964 0.56 0.66 336.29 3.07 38. ... .10 80.50 347.17 3.35 2. 0.23 6.27 0.490 ..289 0. .98 0.21 2.87 .63 16.49 24.26 13.011 0. .19 13. 110.173 .823 0.21 413. 0. for example: coke..35 15.19 347.53 5.443 1.47 71.00 0. . .98 453.11 9.85 96.19 . 0..54 For industry (1 000 Polish zlotys / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas ..57 181. .97 0.05 174.24 220..

IV. People's Rep. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries.249 POLAND 9. Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Hard Coal 1044 1052 560 1497 1452 5271 5924 10331 10669 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 1044 - 1052 - 560 - 1433 1301 2 - 1263 500 1 1422 1419 - 2268 1922 302 - 3500 63 1613 1648 - 2208 65 1020 963 - 1044 1052 560 130 - 736 26 - 3 - 40 4 - 146 30 - 58 98 4 - - - - 64 26 - 189 11 94 6 1 2 3849 151 1 - 3656 139 8 2 6831 191 5 5 54 315 8461 630 5 1 11 - - - 5 27 6 4 7 13 51 - 10 80 3327 280 - 12 135 3042 318 - 9 359 167 5009 717 - 5 197 3 6974 635 - China. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. People's Rep. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. (2) For years prior to 1990. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .

.. 1311 . .. .. .. .250 . 54 . 2570 . . . .IV... .. 1694 6096 790 48 156 5102 1641 143 529 62 2 2 903 404 70 298 36 - 32 32 43 43 7951 5628 4080 - - - - - - Total Exports Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. 1472 3797 861 . . . China.. 1369 71 .. .. 861 . . 284 .. 100 . 185 82 ... . (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. 6200 1 247 78 871 9 534 633 303 437 3 17 10 757 156 110 1063 58 310 2 178 421 2 3649 599 214 717 72 131 266 323 53 669 7 494 100 4 - 3197 607 944 71 168 154 94 30 914 142 73 - 2363 608 1024 19 16 117 106 448 25 - 1651 411 941 96 203 - 1682 334 625 32 14 23 284 68 302 - Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth.. ... ......COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV POLAND 10. 637 224 .. . 794 .. 203 254 116 .. . 234 .. East Other Latin America China(2) 1472 .... . . . . 40 .. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.. 2075 4576 1249 . . . . . . 125 .. . 566 105 . .... 2 158 ...... . 839 .. 134 ... ... . 5025 .... .. 315 .. 125 . 784 540 .. Africa & Mid... . Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .. ... Coking coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e 16042 14450 11226 12296 5290 3601 2363 1683 1725 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 6619 . 470 392 .. 1525 429 . 98 ... .. ...... .. . ... 1160 .. .. 1249 ... . . 376 . . .. . 375 . 122 . ........

... 41 645 15271 .. .251 POLAND 11... Africa & Mid... 14567 591 306 1874 3161 2556 95 2649 315 308 285 408 35 146 226 768 843 1 17117 1213 375 863 2214 1175 1336 6396 1 279 196 913 208 88 5 286 382 146 1040 1 13091 1293 291 945 516 513 692 6298 216 19 235 155 218 160 1 204 37 283 1015 - 9264 1230 1372 353 273 321 4328 143 255 6 70 134 169 39 294 277 - 6742 972 1 934 151 88 3655 116 266 2 124 151 26 59 197 - 6629 878 79 827 91 210 358 2642 54 240 165 66 2 200 5 59 176 577 - 29 .. .. .. (2) China includes the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong.. . 23 .... ..... 174 8 . ... ... . ..IV. 16 732 1 . China. . * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. .. .. . 1043 .. .. 274 3078 4089 3441 2041 . .. 34 .. .. . 16 18 . ... 23 . 29 . 264 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . ... . . 4976 37 4939 838 1 16 3 818 43 43 273 247 26 36 5 31 19 19 7847 6380 3767 29 - - - - - Total Non-OECD Brazil Chinese Taipei Egypt India Israel Romania Oth. 458 507 . 43 .. 949 59 . ... Steam coal exports by destination* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Total Exports 24064 21674 16839 19572 17955 13134 9537 6778 6648 Total OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 16188 .. East Other Latin America China(2) Other Asia & Oceania Other Europe and FSU Non-Specified/Other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.. . ... 13038 ...... Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ... . . 258 .. .... 331 1437 . . 379 1292 24 . 949 . . .. .. 2282 972 2609 141 2583 . . . 1202 242 ... 735 1150 .. . 1378 2056 2407 883 2709 . . 260 105 ....... . 250 . . . ...

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV PORTUGAL* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 40 600 35 500 30 400 25 20 300 15 200 10 100 5 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 6 1981 1986 Oil 1991 Gas 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 60 Coal/population Coal/GDP 6 0 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 70 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 60 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.252 . Peat is included in coal for all figures.IV.

wind.94 15.1 2000 113 0.3 48.6 3.2 96.5 30.81 0. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.00 - 14.20 8.0 43 100.30 1.4 68.02 0.47 4.04 7.4 10 39.6 3.61 17.6 69. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.0 2.59 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 5.72 7.91 4.24 0.45 2. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.45 74.7 1.2 3.29 23.05 -2.90 3.77 5.10 - 0.64 25. Energy supply.13 63. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.21 90.25 5. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 0.02 2.28 0.84 0.0 100. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 9.04 0. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.43 8.253 PORTUGAL 1.39 0.22 - 23.51 1.78 - - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 0.2 70.11 - 0.29 10..91 0.6 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 3.81 4.11 - 35.6 28 87.09 0.28 10. (2) As index.32 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.00 0.2 2008 121 0.0 100.27 0.45 3. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .6 116.44 4.44 21.34 4.07 4. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.30 2.4 47 96.02 6.76 1.20 2.24 1.05 0.3 118.7 1980 62 0.91 3.03 0.90 -0.IV.16 - - - - - 3.18 6.98 0.98 1.1 20.29 3.50 5.66 4.32 - 2. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.61 11.12 18.26 0.25 90.73 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .05 16.4 15 54.48 0.76 1.18 - 0.3 81.38 94.85 0.71 2. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 50 0.12 2.6 3.35 10.00 - 35.47 0.54 1.01 0.3 2009e 120 0.31 10.8 61.39 90.23 9.51 1.78 - - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.09 0.13 0.05 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.42 1.28 10. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.51 3.02 4.16 - 34. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.28 - - - - - 3.0 2007 122 0.00 0.9 1.7 1990 85 0.00 0.28 10. 49 84.31 -1.9 45 92.93 36.18 - 0.32 0. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .92 - 34.06 -0.10 0.8 .96 1.54 0.45 100.

02 1.94 0.00 3.01 1.01 0.06 -11.85 2.95 2.21 0.01 0.73 5.09 8.39 4.89 Comb.49 0.23 0.53 0.44 - TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.02 1.00 0.09 0.01 2.08 3.98 1.01 3.95 0.09 0.66 0.24 16. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.57 0.26 9.34 Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.02 4.00 0.64 0.04 6.13 7.71 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV PORTUGAL 4.01 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.48 27.52 6.79 0.94 2.07 0.62 0.50 0.38 0.03 2.03 19.94 1.24 0.23 - 3.06 4.62 3.35 - 3.46 8.59 0.60 - 8.07 0.83 0.83 1.48 0.19 28.16 0.29 8.50 0. tide Electricity Heat 3.26 0.02 1.43 4.02 9.01 2.02 2.07 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 2.92 0.81 4.87 1.76 1.97 0.87 0.89 0.08 14.28 0.26 0.01 3.06 1.00 - 11.11 -2.96 0.81 - 0.64 - 2. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .47 28.10 15.03 0.01 - 0.01 0.97 -11.20 2.27 6.46 7.32 0.18 8.09 6.26 - 0.06 3.84 0.77 - 8.39 0.40 7.65 0.01 0.02 0.58 1.75 -0.01 1.06 0.09 6.03 1.01 1.92 10.58 1.18 0. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.01 3.04 3.03 5.46 0.36 0.65 0.26 0.88 4.14 0.45 1.12 1.87 0.91 3.91 0.28 10.06 4.99 2.77 2.81 2.31 0.01 0.04 2.80 3.42 - 2.77 4.19 0.03 0.07 8.44 -0.96 0.71 1.97 5.66 0.03 6.81 0.38 1.86 0.32 0.02 1.94 0.40 0.01 0.47 0.64 10.80 -0.91 1.65 0.26 3.45 5.00 0.02 3.01 3.99 0.01 9.00 0.46 0.70 0.28 3.05 14.24 0.02 2.76 0.22 1.64 0.89 0.70 0.77 0. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.04 27.26 4.45 8.03 4.04 8.87 0. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.24 1.IV.63 4.07 0.62 17.20 - 4.254 .85 0.17 8.07 3.06 4.01 2.85 11.54 0.02 1.00 9.05 0.26 - 0.66 0.29 0.70 0.14 0.78 16.96 0.05 1.44 1.63 - 4.33 3. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.02 0.75 2.01 1.00 0.33 - 0. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.06 3. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 8.10 0.82 0.45 0.03 1.19 3.03 0.33 2.81 6.76 0.00 3.81 1.01 0.04 16.00 Comb.24 1. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.00 0.29 0.00 0.47 0.01 0. wind.21 0.24 0.80 5.08 2.56 0.00 2. wind.68 - Comb.01 0.04 5.10 0.54 - 0. wind.15 0.10 1.10 1.59 3.79 0.03 1.04 4.03 0.13 8.53 8.37 0.19 0.95 0.15 0.48 2.02 0.72 0.05 9. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.30 -21.73 0.55 0.01 1.68 1.17 0.66 6.74 0.01 0.08 0.30 0.89 0.95 -0.00 0.74 - 0.20 0. wind.26 0.34 20.31 0.

. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).. coking coal.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .0 - -0.7 -21.2 x -1.2 e 0.4 - 0.0 - - - .1 -3.0 -0. . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . (2) briquettes.0 0. - - Final consumption(4) (5) Industry Comm. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.. Main activity producers (1) -0.0 -0. gas works gas.7 -0.0 0.0 - Autoproducers Gas works Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) - - - - - - .. 14.0 0. agriculture.0 - Transport(6) 0. transport and other). primary (anthracite.1 e -0.0 x Primary supply 0.3 -0. pulp and print 0.1 e -0.9 - -3.5 .1 -0.0 - - .0 - 0. ..0 .7 0. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.0 -0. . . 9...8 0..0 -0. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke. sub-bituminous coal.1 -0.4 -0.0 -0.1 - - - - - - - - . coal tar... and residential.5 - . (7) Other includes commercial and public services. - - Energy ind.8 Electricity and heat gen.5 - Losses -0.3 0. own use -0. .6 -4.1 e 0.0 0. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry. . x x 0.0 -0.9 5.3 e -3.1 0.0 - -0. -1. other bituminous coal.0 -0.3 0.0 0..0 0.2 0.6 0.0 0... Coal balance* (Mtce) Production Imports Exports Stock changes Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 0.. - - -0.6 0.3 - -0.0 0. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes..1 e 0.1 e 0. 0.0 0.9 -2.8 e -3.1 3. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.1 10. and pub.0 - - - .8 0. .6 -0.2 4.3 4.0 3.1 0.5 -3.5 -2. 11.1 0. .0 - 0.0 -4.1 -0.0 -12.1 0.1 - 1.5 Statistical difference 0.1 e -0.6 - -11.1 e -0.5 e -0.2 -0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.. x x Total transformation -0.1 - . coke oven gas.2 - 0.2 4..0 1.0 - - - - - - - .2 e -0.1 e -0.1 e -0.3 -0. 6.9 26.3 -0.0 0.9 -2.7 0.0 0.5 -0..0 0.2 0.1 0...9 -11.1 .7 - 0. BKB.0 0.4 2..4 4. ..1 -0.1 0.0 -2.IV.255 PORTUGAL 5.0 - - - - .4 -0.3 -0.6 3. - - Other(7) 0.6 4.9 -3.5 5.5 0. -17. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.3 -0.1 Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.1 -12.9 -3.1 e -0. .0 0. gas coke.3 0. as well as peat. peat briquettes and oil shale.. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.2 0.0 -0. .0 -0.0 e -4. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas).0 -0. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal.0 -0.0 - - .0 0.0 0.4 7.8 14.0 0.0 -0.9 -0. coke oven coke.... services Residential Non-energy use (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating.1 14.

31 0.28 0.21 27.42 5.99 32.44 4.19 -10.01 0.02 0.256 .01 - 0.44 0.00 0.17 0.00 - 5.48 0.48 5.03 0.IV.00 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.59 3.02 0.74 4.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV PORTUGAL 6.04 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.26 3.49 - - - - - -2.01 0.17 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .90 29. pulp and print Other industry Res.90 27.82 0.00 0.21 0.11 0.50 0.01 0.19 1.01 - 4.06 0.25 0.48 - 5.44 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.06 0.02 - 5.04 - 0.42 0.10 1.81 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 0.03 - 4.02 0.66 5. pulp and print Other industry Res. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.34 0.00 - 4. commercial and public services.70 - 0.08 3.44 5.02 0.48 -0.42 0. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.73 6.17 0.01 0.04 0.03 4.47 5.17 5.08 - 28.26 0.16 4.31 - 0.59 - - - - - - - - - - - (1) Residential.93 -12.00 0.

80 403.16 102.23 376.37 ..80 .04 0. .49 .39 4.50 0.04 - 0.. 54. briquettes. 0.02 .60 0. x 384.08 0.67 161. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.01 0.. .47 For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.64 32..67 5.58 242. .18 58. x 482.38 3.67 108. .18 x 44... coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne..16 .81 161.00 5.98 31.97 14.09 271.89 162. x 386.08 - 0.39 0.47 x 9. for example: coke. .53 426.90 76.02 313.75 276. 60... x 37.32 0.26 .01 - 0.71 . .80 288.01 0..84 226. . 77. x 402.. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.39 94.12 273.06 0. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.10 4.07 Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas ..41 0.51 16.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . x 35.67 0.14 .00 3.27 128.14 96..46 ... .78 257.02 - 0.32 3... IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .31 x 34.66 374. . x 312..42 x 36..18 - 4.88 93.78 .. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8..01 0.07 .. x .27 295.16 87.35 240.06 0.17 .54 (Euro / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 5. 38.06 - (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal. x 408. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.84 282.01 - 0. . x 282. 0.01 0.39 0. 52.257 PORTUGAL 7. .28 4. x ..40 0..04 0. x 353..37 310. (2) For steam coal.39 4.00 0.94 34.16 4.01 5..94 x 58.98 .89 0.32 3.49 5.04 0.30 x 32. patent fuels.25 317.41 .62 ..01 0.00 5. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 For industry Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 1990 31.IV. 243..20 355.61 256.01 0.31 .01 .98 55.01 5.99 348.98 66..32 245. 175.93 46.10 253. x ..65 327..01 348.83 226. x 514. x .. 37. coal tar. x 383.32 .51 158...16 0.61 264.. .01 0.47 74...58 333. .92 .16 4.36 170.61 4.90 54. .16 .26 48.00 273.51 131.46 247.53 34. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 0.42 175.00 - 4.98 ..35 234.27 0.00 4...60 4.

Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Hard Coal 412 1395 4669 6003 6367 5782 4782 3829 5061 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 404 8 122 3 257 - 356 125 231 - 377 162 40 20 155 - 540 191 212 110 27 - 487 289 198 - - - - - 14 - - - - - - - - 8 3 - 1039 34 2 43 111 669 68 4292 177 1555 4 5463 265 1431 - 5880 343 19 5782 202 160 4782 389 223 3829 3 273 228 5061 1064 240 5 - 104 7 1 390 2112 54 - 727 2654 80 306 - 2846 156 2426 90 - 3239 473 1681 22 5 - 2403 60 1551 126 30 - 1873 154 1242 21 35 - 1894 1654 73 26 110 - China. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. (3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries. (2) For years prior to 1990.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV PORTUGAL 9. People's Rep. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China.258 . People's Rep.IV.

... .36 47.. .. . US$/tonne) Coking coal (1) 1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 75. 61. 42......97 29. .IV.71 105.... .53 62.07 49.87 80. Coal import values by origin* (average unit value. . .... ..42 . .24 . .92 37. 85.... ...62 44. . . ..259 PORTUGAL 12..... .76 139.53 360... . Weighted average of individual countries using volumes as weights. ..07 42. .83 .. . .....97 157. 54.95 .. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. . 63.64 ..05 . . 68. Russian Federation starting in 1992. . . .... .63 Note: On occasion.. Prices exclude intra-EU trade....60 63.. .91 56. . ....25 77.91 44.. . . .... 64. ... .. 76.29 76..86 . . . .. ... ....88 55.. . .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . . 60.92 . 57.36 64..27 . .... . .. .. ...28 . ...81 . . 73. . .. ..49 58.. .. 57..75 ..56 . .41 231.. .28 . (3) Bituminous steam coal only.. . 75.... 59. . . .. .80 40. .. Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) ..41 Imports from: Australia Canada Czech Republic Poland United States China Colombia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) .00 . .. 50. 58..09 .. . Steam coal(3) 54.21 . ...77 29. .. shipment of extremely small quantities of high valued coal results in high import costs... ..48 56.29 60.65 55. (1) Weighted average of individual countries using import volumes as weights..84 . .19 44. . .. .53 .. 39.. .. .. .86 . . .. . 98. 47.. (2) Former Soviet Union until 1991. .17 . 51.35 59... .44 .. . .. 134. . .. .93 63.73 80. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY ... 91.39 241. . CIF... 26.. .. .. .. . . . .98 69.05 45. .. 42..35 46.89 .95 . . Prices exclude intra-EU trade.. .

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Coal Oil Gas Other 2008 . Peat is included in coal for all figures.IV.260 .COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV SLOVAK REPUBLIC* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 35 120 30 100 25 80 20 60 15 40 10 20 5 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 14 1981 1986 Oil 1991 Gas 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 12 12 10 10 8 8 6 6 4 4 2 2 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 35 Coal/population Coal/GDP 14 0 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 30 60 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 50 25 40 20 30 15 20 10 10 5 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.

73 5.11 1.6 107.15 0.80 - 4.41 - 30.9 20 .27 0.261 SLOVAK REPUBLIC 1. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.06 0.22 0.0 2007 31 0.00 0.45 - 0. e e e e e 1980 16 1.98 6.00 24.0 100.0 5. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.95 -6.43 - 2. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 14 1.00 -3.0 69.87 -1.40 4.70 2.89 - 0.25 0.78 0.10 -1.99 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY . 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .61 4. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 2.42 - 2.36 11.61 5. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.38 0. Energy supply.19 6.28 0.79 - 0.69 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.90 4.74 4.5 73.89 3.15 5.89 -0.25 4.16 0.90 5. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.23 0.33 - 25.11 - 2.8 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1.55 0.48 0.69 100..4 4.77 5.75 129.0 .02 0.84 63.07 7.85 -3.74 5.34 -11.77 - 3.09 0.67 2.0 100.00 0.69 139.8 12 .68 0.9 57.63 - -3.01 0.71 10.14 0.03 8.21 0.21 7.09 3.42 7.72 5. wind.87 0. (2) As index.3 5.50 0. e e e e e 1990 19 1.15 2.90 1.2 e e e e e 2000 20 1.06 7.47 26. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.57 - -1.79 5.8 2008 33 0. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 22.72 66.47 11.4 4.51 61.86 5.59 1.95 - -1.1 82.59 6.17 11.14 0.24 5.5 29 177.16 0..36 5.7 239.35 6.IV.65 -1.5 276.80 - 5.0 61. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.34 0.26 1.27 0.78 129.00 0.00 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1.29 0.35 - 28.65 - 2.0 31 100.71 3.08 7.78 0.10 -0.6 197.00 - 1.27 0.7 114.7 58..4 4. 26 153. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.82 5. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.42 - 2.50 5. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.7 25 112.00 26.55 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .96 0.1 2009e 32 0.2 28 168.10 4.82 7.4 4.57 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.57 -0.23 0.20 -0. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.37 7.64 - 25.6 4.01 0.62 - -0.93 -2.38 0.31 0.38 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 5. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.00 -3.62 - -4.

93 16.70 0.88 16.45 Comb.78 2. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.50 5.15 -2.70 -1.86 0.05 0.40 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV SLOVAK REPUBLIC 4.17 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.58 0.06 0.20 2.04 0.83 0.40 1.10 -4.26 1.41 2.60 0.15 0.80 2.75 0. wind.69 4. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.21 1.20 0.90 0.76 4.67 -8.00 - Comb.09 1.07 1.10 0.47 2.32 0.89 8.36 1.51 5.00 3.67 0.34 0.45 1.00 0.09 Comb.41 -0.40 0.65 6.06 0.46 0.87 1.00 2.83 0.00 3.99 5.63 2.06 3.88 0.07 1.13 0.45 -1.71 0.54 0.59 0.27 1.36 0.06 2.28 -2.36 1.04 3.33 2.02 1.60 0.42 0. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.02 1.95 2.36 0.30 2.64 5.94 0.42 5.12 1. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.01 1.30 0.29 0.04 -3.07 11.24 -0.09 5.27 1.67 -0.48 0.08 0.02 1.54 0.15 1.07 2.33 0.05 0.02 8. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 15.28 1.98 10.56 0.03 0.90 0.00 0.46 2.49 1.14 2.20 10.262 .61 5.08 1.91 -1.59 -6.88 6.65 0.59 3.11 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.06 16.97 0.96 -0.27 0.56 0.09 5.00 0.12 3.68 0.30 5. wind.30 0.91 1.57 0.03 5.70 0.29 0.53 1.22 -1.73 0.01 0.02 0.51 -2.37 1.04 0.11 0.14 0.00 0.04 1. wind.03 0.42 -18.45 0.94 0.77 0.52 0.50 4.30 5.51 0.33 0.07 3.29 0.05 1.20 -3.21 0.05 1.45 0.84 7.86 -1.98 7.58 e 3.24 0.84 0.46 0.02 0.19 0.17 1.53 5.53 -0.90 - 0.30 5.75 18.03 9.71 0.56 0.00 0.07 0.25 - 0.00 0.91 Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 2.36 0.68 0.47 0.59 0.19 1.54 Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.31 4.64 - 5.03 5.64 22.39 2.05 1.38 0.00 0.00 0.49 5.31 1.87 4.60 0.78 -0.26 2.02 4.08 -0.92 - 2.02 2.89 3.58 0.40 0.46 1.07 1.22 -0.31 1.26 e 1.69 2.06 1.47 3.22 0.31 0.77 0.07 0.00 0.27 1.85 0.35 0.80 -3.65 0.02 2.38 0.38 1.67 0.65 0.69 0.93 - 3.69 - TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .95 0.88 0.03 1.09 0.25 1.59 0.25 2.29 -10.89 4.46 -10.18 0.44 6.IV.62 0. tide Electricity Heat of which: (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.01 6.84 -2. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.69 3.42 0.15 2.47 0.02 1.84 0.44 3.71 1.30 0.33 0.78 0.47 3.05 2. wind.23 1.01 1.69 2.30 0.86 7. tide Electricity Heat 8.14 3.65 3.00 0.00 e 0.13 0.46 0.32 - 2.21 0.46 2.34 1.95 0.85 1.40 0.32 2.50 5.35 0.01 0.03 0.64 0.22 2.41 0.09 - 3.06 1.07 3.78 2.28 1.02 0.06 0.96 1.47 1.01 0.18 16.92 -0.20 0.00 0.20 0.50 0.77 0. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.

. sub-bituminous coal.2 0.5 1.1 2.2 -2.6 e -0.2 0. .6 -0.0 -0..0 e -5.0 -0.0 Electricity and heat gen.5 e - 2..0 - - - .1 0.1 0.5 0. - 2.263 SLOVAK REPUBLIC 5.. (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways. and pub.9 - 2.7 -0.1 1.6 -10.2 2.7 - -1.1 -3.3 3.7 11..0 0.8 5.1 -0..7 -2.7 Statistical difference -1. other bituminous coal.1 -0. - - - -0..3 0.3 -0.. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.1 - .9 -0.0 e -0. peat briquettes and oil shale.7 1.2 0.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .2 .8 - -0.2 - 0.0 -1.7 - -4.4 11. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).5 . as well as peat. BKB.9 5. 3... x x Total transformation -4.1 0..0 -3.1 0.0 3..1 -3.1 0..4 0.1 - -1..2 e -0.4 0.0 8. blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas). pulp and print Transport(6) Other(7) Comm.2 -0.2 0.3 0. gas works gas.5 -2.6 - -10.7 -0.6 e -3.4 - -3.3 x Primary supply 11.0 -0. agriculture.3 2.3 - -2. gas coke.7 0.0 -0.6 -0. 0.1 e -4.0 -0.. * "Coal" refers to all types of coal..4 8.1 .8 5. .0 e 0. Main activity producers (1) -2. (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes..2 0.1 0. (7) Other includes commercial and public services.5 5. Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.4 -3.2 0. 1.1 - - - - - - .5 -2. .0 -0.. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry.4 -11.3 -2.2 1.1 -0.0 -0. 0.3 e -0.4 0.1 -1. .. . coal tar. and residential.1 -0. - - -1.2 0.0 e 0.4 9.9 4. - - 1.6 Production Imports Exports Stock changes Autoproducers Gas works Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Other transformation(3) Energy ind.6 -0. .1 - -1.1 -0. coke oven gas.3 0.2 0. own use Losses Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. .0 0.4 -6.0 1.2 -0.0 x -4.0 .4 -10.7 5.2 3.2 0.3 -3.1 -1. transport and other).2 e -1. (2) briquettes..9 1.. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.1 -0.1 -1.5 (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating. x x 5.5 1.9 e -0.0 e -0.9 -0.6 -3. .9 -0.3 e -1.8 -2. .1 .1 0.1 0.0 0.0 - -1.3 3.1 .2 .0 -0. primary (anthracite.0 0.6 0.4 -0. coke oven coke.2 -0.7 -1.3 0.1 4.0 0.3 2.0 0. coking coal. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke. 0.4 e 0.9 -0.3 -2. services Residential Non-energy use - - - - -1.7 - 3.2 -2..7 5.9 2.4 -2.5 5.2 6.8 1. - -1.6 e -3.4 1. -2.1 .4 -0.0 -0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .1 5.4 1. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e 2..0 -0.8 1.2 - - - - - - - .9 -1.IV.2 1..3 -3.6 1.3 0. .5 -0. .9 . .

01 e .57 -0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.74 1.30 1.18 0.01 0.20 0.33 0.83 0.03 0.04 0.68 0.04 0.19 -2.21 .83 0.36 e 0.24 1.32 0.04 e .12 0.264 .05 0.e 0.01 0.06 0.e 0.47 - 2.01 0.70 0.03 2. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Coking coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.51 0.29 -3.05 0.01 0.41 0.47 - 2.03 0.03 1.10 - 2.61 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.52 -1.04 -0.20 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 3.16 0.19 6.23 0.98 1.43 0.01 0.08 0.60 0.70 0.00 0.01 0.00 - 2.19 0.15 0.02 0.61 0.02 0.01 0.11 0.21 .60 2.35 e 0.05 - 2.25 -5.48 3.27 -19.98 3.85 2. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .19 0.54 - -1.30 -0.e - 2.01 2.98 3.00 0.41 1.69 - 4. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.18 2.16 0.23 - 3.38 e 0.13 0.23 -3.54 - 3.21 0.31 2.30 0.54 1.10 e 0.74 3.82 - 12.92 0.e - 2.97 2.77 - -7.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV SLOVAK REPUBLIC 6.15 0.29 1.61 - 13.53 4.01 -1.38 0.99 -15.42 0. pulp and print Other industry Res.15 0.11 0.05 0.31 2.66 2.17 2.36 0.77 -9.74 2.06 -13.06 0.02 2.41 - 3.67 0.36 3.91 -2.82 3.45 2. commercial and public services.65 0.17 0.68 0. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.21 0.85 2.63 0.99 - (1) Residential.01 e 0.12 0.37 2.26 - 3.33 1.62 -26.01 0.06 0.39 e 0.01 0.86 2.e - 2.60 -0.00 -1.48 0.14 2.62 2.14 0.65 -3.25 1.49 -1.21 3.18 0.85 -15.46 e 0.02 -3.30 - 2.17 0.13 0.85 2.e 0.03 - 3.17 0.14 0.16 0.11 5.03 0.52 2.02 0.23 -12.20 0.89 0.09 0.24 - 2.06 1.IV.12 - -1.01 e 0.75 - 2.82 -4.93 0.54 1.23 -3.39 0.17 1.30 .35 0.18 e 0.21 2.56 3. pulp and print Other industry Res.00 0.94 2.28 - -0.06 0.31 2.08 2.20 0.04 e .37 0.03 0.21 1.02 0.

92 Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 7. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes 8.16 15..24 484. .22 0.75 0.61 0.68 367.22 .IV..67 . (2) For steam coal.90 .49 326.. x 367.03 4..00 0.83 4.78 441.97 2.70 372.92 . .83 8.22 0.22 2. 2. .79 33.83 2.45 2.11 0. .12 x 44.21 0. 155.28 1. x 296.50 51.06 0.21 0.12 .50 5..13 - 0.91 1.34 For industry (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.21 0.22 0. x 484.36 4.74 2..06 0..87 5.16 8.12 ..COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .63 223.86 x 32.67 4.00 .31 0.01 0. . 78.. . x 277.92 0. . x 359.39 8. x 344.24 0.. x 235. .00 .....52 13. for natural gas per 10 7 kilocalories GCV.55 1..56 4. .. briquettes.74 0.. x 294.07 0. for example: coke.. .95 4.55 88.24 0. 155.51 28.90 .28 9.77 .61 .50 2.33 2.33 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. x 217..265 SLOVAK REPUBLIC 7.96 0..41 0.86 x 27.60 4. ..42 2.22 .32 . x 366.03 2...44 5.26 5.70 x 59..03 77. ..06 0.92 For industry (Euro / unit)(2) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 1.22 (1) Coal products includes products derived from coal..86 32.20 4.00 ..99 2.29 13.67 .50 .. x 244..23 0.29 51. .31 2.14 5. x 162..26 2.52 1. x 296. x 441.48 72. Fuel prices to end users* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (US dollars / tce) For electricity generation Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas 4. x 223. x 372.93 33. ..13 0. ..40 4... patent fuels.09 296.40 7. . . x 232. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .79 72.61 .31 396.40 4. . 78. x 396. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. x 326.22 0.32 .99 33.26 .44 33. Coal trade by type of coal* (Mtce) Total imports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) Total exports Hard coal Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal / lignite Peat Coal products(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e 8.62 294. coal tar.58 1...95 4. coking coal and heavy fuel oil per metric tonne.72 2..55 3. x 234.50 .88 .16 4.25 56.68 4.77 .12 44. ...34 Steam coal Coking coal High sulphur fuel oil Low sulphur fuel oil Natural gas 3..70 59. .03 x 77.76 .61 88.44 344. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I..88 ..18 33.86 27.88 27.41 0..55 53.00 .30 51.21 0. - 0.38 0.92 .84 1..50 0..81 51..55 x 53.

(3) Data for former republics are not available separately for some OECD member countries.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV SLOVAK REPUBLIC 9. or if no details for individual Former Soviet Union republics. People's Rep. People's Rep. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available. Colombia Indonesia South Africa Former Soviet Union(2) Russian Federation (3) Other FSU (3) Venezuela Vietnam Non-specified/other Steam coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD China. Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .IV.266 . Hard coal imports by origin* (thousand tonnes) 1978(1) 1985 1990 1995 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009e Hard Coal 6151 5474 5866 4932 4851 4665 5286 4600 4359 Coking Coal Australia Canada Czech Republic Germany Poland United Kingdom United States Other OECD 2180 - 2783 - 3132 - 2746 1683 e 1063 e - 2596 901 e 669 e - 2847 1782 797 206 - 2852 231 1444 364 306 - 2643 64 1473 203 427 - 2389 60 1392 349 375 - 2180 2783 3132 1026 e - 55 7 - 43 464 13 463 45 168 3971 - 2691 - 2734 - 2186 547 e 226 e - 2255 931 e 286 e - 1818 78 229 1 - 2434 214 262 - 1957 279 147 - 1970 341 115 - 3971 2691 2734 1413 e - 579 e 459 e - 16 1300 47 147 1820 12 126 1434 18 79 1464 27 23 China. (2) For years prior to 1990. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.

267 SPAIN* Figure 2: Coal supply indicators (1971 = 100) Figure 1: TPES by fuel (Mtce) 250 250 200 200 150 150 100 100 50 50 0 0 1971 1976 Coal 35 1981 1986 Oil Gas 1991 1996 Nuclear 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2009e 2001 Coal/TPES Renewables Figure 3: Primary coal supply (Mtce) 30 30 25 25 20 20 15 15 10 10 5 5 Figure 4: Coal consumption (Mtce) 0 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 350 Coal/population Coal/GDP 35 0 2009e Production Coal supply Exports Imports 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Electricity and heat Figure 5: Electricity generation by fuel (TWh) 400 Other transformation Industry 2008 Other use Figure 6: CO2 emissions by fuel (Mt CO2) 350 300 300 250 250 200 200 150 150 100 100 50 50 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear 2009e 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Other Coal Oil Gas 2008 Other *Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I. Peat is included in coal for all figures.IV.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .

10 1.35 0.0 100.68 - 4.35 0.27 45.26 35. US$) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(1) TPES/GDP(2) Coal and peat supply/GDP(2) Elec.70 27.268 .71 - 198.48 - (1) Earliest year for which split by coal type is available.20 3.12 10.63 -0.56 64.81 - 2. Energy supply.33 4.87 6.9 1980 330 0.30 6.93 3.3 75.29 39.86 -4.9 4.86 8.55 0.93 0.48 -1.38 8. generation (TWh) Industrial production(2) 1973 282 0.66 2.58 97.76 -8.33 21.81 20.80 9.7 2. OECD Main Economic Indicators 3.28 - 4. renew/waste Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.27 40.28 10.63 e 0.58 93.28 21.15 - 7.48 0.12 0.87 - 6.59 8.75 71.17 - 128.8 109 67.5 42.01 3.3 .08 0.46 -0.30 97.0 2.72 1.60 - 0.4 2008 741 0.31 2.25 46.05 4.30 40.28 44.06 45.87 2.48 1.3 121.61 8.45 1. 2000 = 100 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .33 11.6 83.53 - 1.10 5.73 3.0 2007 735 0.33 100.64 7.0 3.65 0.1 3.01 11.39 3.84 44.1 1990 441 0.71 17.99 0.97 84.25 -8.93 49.44 1.75 20. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.25 92.53 28.67 1.0 302 108.57 97. wind.39 7.9 2000 581 0.90 53. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.00 - Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 3.02 2.46 -1.21 29.91 - (1) Net trade between OECD and non-OECD countries.71 1.11 2.6 110.11 87.88 88.7 104.9 64. tide Net electricity trade(1) Heat(2) 1973 1980 1990 73.35 89. (2) Ambient heat from heat pumps used in the transformation sector.26 - 1.4 311 100.51 3. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by fuel* TPES (Mtce) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.00 -0.32 12.72 19.2 50.71 2.90 23.7 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 2.71 86. GDP and population* GDP (2000 bil.84 1. 291 84.72 12.51 15.67 -10.44 3.58 -0.36 - 183.39 - Mt: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 1.0 100.28 14.5 88.76 1.41 8.38 1.3 4.0 151 80.01 5.25 -0.76 - -4.49 - -14.12 - -3.69 3.01 4.6 2009e 722 0.31 - 7.27 4.20 - 7.62 19.97 2.65 - 5.63 0.13 15. TPES/population in units of tce/capita.09 2.5 76 56.72 21.43 51.05 - 2000 174.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV SPAIN 1.96 7.5 110.07 - 11. Coal and peat production by type* 1978(1) 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Mtce: Coking coal Steam coal Brown coal Peat 1.65 -0.22 0. IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .0 222 100.65 -0.11 - -14.25 - 96.IV.11 2.87 9.57 1.43 -1.63 3..6 4.89 0.45 - 0.95 2.55 -0.2 88.28 19.96 2.74 5.22 13.55 - 2007 2008 2009e 205. consumption/GDP (2) Elec.22 Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 (1) TPES/GDP in units of tce/2000 thousand US$.15 4.01 0. (2) As index. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2.29 37.16 3.

00 0.66 11.85 2.54 2.12 2.07 0.43 0.93 3.07 8.58 4.25 - 68.18 1.80 - 1.03 9.96 0.33 0.81 0.02 6.54 13.13 32.24 2.15 - 143.71 4.92 4.01 0.08 0.51 17.56 1.76 - Total transport Coal and peat Oil Gas 15.50 0.40 5.51 0.58 6.49 22.69 13.12 2.00 0.65 5.34 7.61 0.54 52.41 0.80 4.18 32.23 - Total industry Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb.13 5.69 - 0.36 11.88 0.01 21.01 0.84 7.87 0.51 11.49 0.55 TFC(1) Coal and peat Oil Gas Comb. wind.16 0.46 - 122.95 5.62 12.87 0.09 3. tide Electricity Heat Comm & public services Coal and peat Oil Gas 1.00 10.61 11.13 0.07 0.14 8.70 4.76 13.21 8.68 0.45 13.41 2.12 10.59 -0.23 1.07 2.15 0.71 8.00 0.08 23.90 0.41 5.60 15.63 3.36 22.60 7.69 4.07 10.49 5.24 11.03 5.93 0.65 Comb.10 52.60 0.08 8.48 1.63 1.14 0.55 51.00 12.27 83.41 0.64 7.04 23.95 14.67 6.50 6.70 -1.69 -1.40 29.02 1.33 5.95 0.31 1.74 0.03 9.63 - 27. wind.00 0.01 1.97 0.68 4.00 2.44 3. Final consumption of energy by fuel* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 55.90 0.269 SPAIN 4.09 1.91 0.91 0.52 0.23 7.15 0.35 2.60 - 2.66 - 26.05 - 1.67 7.24 -0.00 12.52 - 36.27 5.09 2.87 0.51 16.90 0.09 8.50 - 37.52 1.68 (1) Total Final Consumption (TFC) excludes use in transformation processes and energy industry own use.17 5.04 9.59 7.08 0.28 5. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.50 6.10 1.16 16.03 0. tide Electricity Heat 24.10 0.88 0. renew/waste Geothermal Solar.58 0. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.08 1.03 - 86.46 2.33 1.27 0.23 4.67 -5.12 10.60 5.55 - 2.42 12.16 1. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.16 13.03 5.13 81.75 -4.00 0. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .31 0.06 5.55 0.03 - 3.09 4.39 3.02 0.33 0.80 0.27 2.69 -0.31 0.18 Comb.01 53.00 - 39.11 1.29 - 30.40 0.00 0.11 -1.44 0.24 6.55 0.63 0.33 1.15 54.18 0.04 78.22 - 141.64 54.65 41.25 0.60 22.05 -0.12 0. tide Electricity Heat of which: 2.58 5.80 74.90 - 6.97 0.09 55.23 0.IV.26 3.07 6.51 - 146.15 2.75 6.17 2.20 5.22 6. renew/wastes Geothermal Solar.21 5. tide Electricity Heat Non-energy use Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.43 0.54 0.77 4.17 13.01 6.03 - Comb.02 15.86 2.30 2.04 4.81 21.68 0.57 0.95 - 43.77 - 35.50 4. wind.87 8.53 0.78 -1.00 0.32 1.36 9.80 3.01 0.85 0.37 4.85 13.22 0.00 0.67 0.18 14.36 22.50 2.04 -2. wind.58 - 3.09 0.01 0.86 0.30 - 21.96 3.48 0.78 2.52 2.03 e 2.00 7. renew/wastes Electricity Residential Coal and peat Oil Gas 0.15 13.05 4.22 -3.26 5.15 42.00 12.62 52.07 1.29 2.12 10.18 5.22 0.10 31.40 3.30 3.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV .25 5.

0 5. BKB.6 0. primary (anthracite.1 . (3) Other transformation includes liquefaction and non-specified transformation processes.5 e -1.3 3..4 -1.2 e -17.3 0.1 -0.2 -4. -1.6 -1.0 1.2 1.1 -15.9 17.3 15..9 3. services Residential Non-energy use - - .7 3. .IV..9 28... blast furnace * gas and oxygen steel furnace gas). (6) Transport includes rail and inland waterways.0 e -1.0 e 0.0 0. . .3 -20.5 -10.1 -0..2 7.6 1. other bituminous coal.9 -2.8 0.0 e 0.6 19.1 e -0. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas).3 -3. x x 5.2 0. . coke oven gas.6 0.6 1...0 e -0.0 - -2.. Coal balance* (Mtce) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-08 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009e Production Imports Exports Stock changes 9. .7 2.3 0. as well as peat..6 0..2 - -1..2 0.9 -2.1 . Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.2 2.1 e 0. (2) Coal transformation refers to the transformation of coal and peat to secondary and tertiary products (mainly coke. - - -3.0 -1. -0.3 2.0 -0. 9.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 e -1.3 -2. lignite/brown coal) * and derived fuels (including patent fuel.0 - Other(7) 0.8 10..2 -2.4 0..9 1.1 -20.6 - -1.5 9.3 -4.0 4.6 7.1 - 0.0 e -0.3 -1. Quantities have been converted to Mtce using * calorific values reported by the respective countries.7 -0.0 0.. .9 -0.1 -0. - - 0.2 - . * "Coal" refers to all types of coal..5 4.6 14. .9 -1.1 - .1 -24. own use -0.2 16. (5) Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I for detailed explanation.1 - 0.0 -0.4 -0. x x Statistical difference Total transformation -7.4 0. gas works gas.5 -2.8 e -0.7 -0.1 e 0.4 e -0.6 29.8 e -13. and pub.9 -0. agriculture.5 - -1.6 14.7 11. - - (1) Main activity electricity and heat generation includes district heating. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .4 - Transport(6) 0.0 . coal tar.9 e -0.4 -1.4 e 0.9 x Primary supply 12.1 - - - -0.1 0.5 5..2 -4. . .2 -0. sub-bituminous coal.2 -26.0 17.2 - Other transformation(3) - - - - - - .1 -0.2 23.3 - -11.8 27.8 1.1 0.3 0.1 0. pulp and print 5. peat briquettes and oil shale. transport and other).0 .3 10.3 -1.1 e 0.0 -2.0 - - - .8 6.5 Electricity and heat gen.5 e -1. .8 20.COAL INFORMATION (2010 Edition) PART IV SPAIN 5. Main activity producers (1) -4.0 0. . gas coke.2 3.6 0..3 0.0 0.0 Autoproducers Gas works -0.4 - 1.5 e -2.. coke oven coke.0 0.2 -16..7 1.8 - -5.2 -11. (2) briquettes. coking coal.4 0.2 - -3.9 e -0..0 -0..8 2. 6.0 e -2.4 -3.9 -0. -3..8 -0.4 e -22.4 -11.0 e . (7) Other includes commercial and public services.0 -0.4 0.4 - - - Coal transformation(2) BKB plants Blast furnaces Coke ovens Patent fuel plants Losses Final consumption (4) (5) Industry Comm.4 - 3.3 e -28.6 .1 -2.1 0. - - Energy ind. (4) Final Consumption includes non-energy use and energy use (industry. .3 -25. -1. -1.5 -3.7 -26..0 x -5.6 3.4 19.2 e -26.7 . and residential.3 .4 -0.3 0..6 -2.4 - 1.270 .2 2.0 1.0 -0.5 -0.2 -0.5 Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.7 4.2 e 0.

12 - 29.64 4.02 2.64 - 3.04 6.15 0.76 25.46 - 3.26 8. pulp and print Other industry Res.56 3.01 0.84 -1.28 0.67 3. Use of coal for selected end-uses* (million tonnes) Steam coal Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Blast furnace inputs Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper. Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY .92 0.10 0.24 -3.91 - 11.91 0.08 0.20 0.67 0.47 - 8.49 0.78 20.12 - (1) Residential.25 - 9.64 4.89 18.00 0.85 12.56 -0.04 -6.49 27.29 - -0.271 SPAIN 6. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Average annual percent change 78-90 90-08 1978 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 8.15 0.19 0.17 0.IV.00 0.82 6.77 0.84 24.36 0. comm & pub serv (1) Non-energy use Brown coal/lignite Total electricity and heat Main activity producers Autoproducers Patent fuel/BKB plants Coke ovens Gas manufacture Industry Iron and steel Chemical Non-metallic minerals Paper.46 3.57 0.25 - 25.41 -1.01 0.32 3.66 - 3.54 0.22 0.59 18.99 -4.19 0.25 0.10 1.25 28.63 0.31 0.22 0.48 24.33 6.06 0.42 27.71 0.30 0.12 7.47 0.79 0.23 -2.94 -9.43 - 10.25 0.89 - 4.20 0.10 8.56 3.87 27.28 0.29 - 20.00 0.04 0.53 1.55 11.45 3.30 0.11 27. * Please refer to notes and definitions in Part I.60 - 3.16 -5.31 - 29.04 - 12.51 0.38 - 8.09 0.09 - -11.22 0.03 0.13 0.66 -6.69 0.75 0.25 27.24 0.57 - 2. pulp and print Other industry Res.16 8.23 -18.30 - 8.43 2.25 10.53 18.57