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CBA of Motorway(M1,M2) Project

The vision of the motorway project is to provide a transportation system that allows anyone to go anywhere in the region easily and efficiently. The mission of the motorway project is to provide the public with a safe and efficient countywide transportation system. The system increases access and mobility, improves the quality of life. The 155 km long Motorway M1 between Islamabad and Peshawar in now open for traffic in its entirety. The 117 km portion of it got inaugurated on October 30, 2007.

1.Alternative project:
The expansion of G.T road could be considered as an alternative to motorway project.

2.Benefits and costs:
Motorway project is better than G.T road because motorway is constructed away from the residential areas so the population is less effected from the hazardous effects of air and water pollution and road accidents are also alleviated because of this project due to absence of pedestrians and road side extensions. Motorway is completed at a cost of Rupees 16 bn. Motorway also helps in free flow of goods from one part of the country to another.

3.Impacts:
It reduces accidents caused by speeding. Improves road safety and drivers awareness. Provides advance signaling and reduce number of vehicles and staff needed on site. Increases awareness level of drivers on speed limits regulation. Improves road efficiency by the implementation of a lane control policy. The speed limit on M1 is 120 km/h so less time is consumed in the journey as compared to G.T road.

4.Long term impacts:
The long term impact of Motorway is that it will help in the transportation of industrial goods. Motorway is also very important in terms of defense purposes. A good amount of revenue is generated by the government in the form of Toll tax which helps in establishing the economy of Pakistan.

5.Monetizing the impacts:
The Gross Toll collection of motorways is Rs 1512 Million annually and the total cost on motorway M2 project is Rs. 16 bn. Revenue is also generated from the investment of private sector .

Cost Benefit Analysis of Motorway(M2) The construction of motorways began in the early 1990s with the idea building a world class road network and to reduce the load off the heavily used national highways throughout the country. M3. The M2 was the first motorway completed in 1998.000 commercial vehicles (2004 estimate) Impacts of the project:       Transport network performance Accessibility and opportunity for public transport and other transport modes Local area accessibility and connectivity Social impact Environmental impact Engineering feasibility and construction staging The criteria used to evaluate the options included:        Motorway operations Sufficient through lane and interchange capacity Appropriate interchange and ramp spacing Motorway access only via interchanges with major roads High quality road design standards Operational efficiency Connections with the local road network .  Total: 257.683 km    Paved: 152. In the past 5 years. linking the cities of Islamabad and Lahore.650 km (2001) Vehicles on road: 4.033 km (including 339 km of expressways) Unpaved: 105.2 million vehicles 250. many new motorways have opened up including the M1.

2 per cent : 0. The contributions of different sources into RMA are as follows:     Toll plazas Weigh stations Right-of-way commercialization Hoardings/billboards : 92. and Engineering feasibility and constructability Scope of the Project: Recognizing the need for high quality road net work in the country. The LahoreIslamabad motorway will benefit Pakistan by improving the socio-economic condition of the country.     Access to major centers Environmental impacts Social and amenity impacts Land use impacts. Toll revenue is the primary contributor of RMA resources.3 per cent . and reduced fatal accidents to less than half the level of ordinary roads. halving the coach journey from Islamabad to Lahore in Pakistan. 39 bridges on drains and 4 overhead railway crossing. Cost of the Project: It was a massive project involving 3 major river bridges. The project was approved by the National Highway Council headed by the Prime minister of Pakistan in 1992 with 60 percent financing by the Government of Pakistan and 40 percent financing through foreign loans. 8 interchanges.0 per cent : 1.5 per cent : 1. 183 subways and cattle creeps. The project was completed in December 1997 at an estimated cost of Rs. 30. 17 bridges on canal. Motorways cut journey times. 22 culverts on canals and 73 culverts on drains. 27 flyovers.5 billion. the Prime Minister of Pakistan inaugurated Pakistan Motorway Project covering the whole of country: from Peshawar to Karachi and Karachi to Gawadar and Karachi to Quetta and Quetta to Iran. One of scope this project is to make transportation quicker and easier for the people.

economic. Further. The technologies available today offer a number of ways in which we can better manage traffic flows on our motorways. . as seen on the M2. such as various form of traffic segregation and access control.Police fine collection etc. the infrastructure could support in vehicle communications with roadside equipment and other advanced technology system that could improve driver information. The multidimensional benefits of the project ought to bring healthy. into further. social. including the hard shoulder to traffic during congested periods. : 5. geographical and cultural change according to the sources. traffic management and road safety.0 per cent Benefits of the Projects: The Lahore-Islamabad motorway will benefit Pakistan by improving the socio economics condition of the country. The also offer the potential to implement other innovative managed motorway solutions.

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