2. WHAT IS SIM CARD 3. FEATURES 3.1 Importance 3.2 Installation 3.3 Cost & Memory 3.4 Types

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Subscriber information.INTRODUCTION The Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) is a small smart card which contains both programming and information. such as the IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity). [2] . One of the advantages of the GSM architecture is that the SIM may be moved from one Mobile Station to another.1. This makes upgrades very simple for the GSM telephone user. is stored in the Subscriber Identity Module (SIM). The Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) can be used to store user-defined information such as phonebook entries. The A3 and A8 algorithms are implemented in the Subscriber Identity Module (SIM).

authentication process. [3] . such as the IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity). It can also be used to store user-defined information such as phonebook entries.2. WHAT IS SIM CARD A SIM (subscriber Identity Module) is a removable smart card for mobile phones. There are two types of SIM operating system – Native and Java card. The SIM card is activated in an environment using five stage process called. It contains subscriber information. The use of SIM card is mandatory in GSM world.

3.4. 3. new market comes with large memory.Because of the insufficient memory.60 mm x 53. Types SIM cards are available in two standard sizes:  The first is the size of a credit card(85. They act as an interface between the handset and the connectivity.76 mm. on the order of 128-1024 megabytes. Installation The SIM card allows users to change phones by simply removing the SIM card from one mobile phone and inserting it into another mobile phone.1. 3.3. 2-3 KB as described. The market segment of low cost SIM is falling down. In future we can expect SIM cards having megabytes of capacity. This memory may not be sufficient nowadays. There are also Large Memory SIMs. Importance SIM card is a mandatory in the GSM world. Cost & Memory The typical low cost SIM card has little memory.2.SIM card is the basic component of GSM mobiles. more popular miniature-version has a width of 25 mm. a height of 15 mm and a thickness of 0. [4] . Such data storage is used by the phone directly.98 mm x 0. 3. It gives an unique identification to each devices both internally and externally.76 mm)  The newer. Nowadays they have been added with more data storage capacity. FEATURES 3.

authentication information and provides storage space for text messages and phone book contacts. which is shared with the Authentication Center (AuC) in the network.4. For authentication purposes. The phone book on a UICC has been greatly enhanced. It stores user subscriber information. The USIM also verifies a sequence number that must be within a range using a window mechanism to avoid replay attacks. SCOPE It is an application for UMTS mobile telephony running on a UICC smart card which is inserted in a 3G mobile phone. the USIM stores a long-term preshared secret key K. [5] . There is a common misconception to call the UICC card itself a USIM. but the USIM is merely a logical entity on the physical card.

A native sim is fixed and cant be replaced by other vendors SIM. vendor specific software . [6] . It is designed for a particular hardware type. 2. It cant be used in other vendors cellphone also.NativeSIMs: Native SIMs are based on proprietary.JavaCard : Java Card SIMs are based on standards.Java Card allows the SIM to contain programs that are hardware independent . particularly Java Card which is a subset of the Java programming language specifically targeted for small embedded devices.. 1.5. TYPES OF SIM CARD SIM operating systems come in two main types: Native and Java Card.

CONCLUSION SIM is a smart card which forms an unavoidable part in GSM mobile phones. [7] .6. It stores several user-defined information such as phonebook entries and other subscriber information like IMSI. SIM may be moved from one Mobile Station to another which forms an advantage for the GSM architecture. This makes upgrades very simple for the GSM telephone user. [8] REFERENCES www.

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