Volumes of Revolution

In this project, I found the volume of revolution of a margarita glass using a digital caliper in order to find the
measurements. I took measurements every 3mm apart in height, and measured the diameter of the glass at each
height. This is the data, shown {height,

=,
2
2
2
2
10.40
10.42
10.58
10.72
10.90
11.00
918,
=, 921,
=, 924,
=, 927,
=, 930,
=, 933,
=,
2
2
2
2
2
2
11.02
11.22
11.40
11.47
11.67
11.99
936,
=, 939,
=, 942,
=, 945,
=, 948,
=, 951,
=,
2
2
2
2
2
2
12.07
12.11
12.24
12.62
12.68
12.93
954,
=, 957,
=, 960,
=, 963,
=, 966,
=, 969,
=,
2
2
2
2
2
2
12.97
14.35
17.20
21.41
25.58
29.51
972,
=, 975,
=, 978,
=, 981,
=, 984,
=, 987,
=,
2
2
2
2
2
2
33.73
37.25
40.31
43.66
46.07
990,
=, 993,
=, 996,
=, 999,
=, 9102,
=,
2
2
2
2
2
48.17
49.96
51.41
52.62
53.97
9105,
=, 9108,
=, 9111,
=, 9114,
=, 9117,
=,
2
2
2
2
2
55.61
56.78
67.60
77.09
84.53
9120,
=, 9123,
=, 9126,
=, 9129,
=, 9132,
=,
2
2
2
2
2
90.81
97.86
103.65
108.70
112.39
9135,
=, 9138,
=, 9141,
=, 9144,
=, 9147,
=,
2
2
2
2
2
114.57
116.80
118.80
120.14
121.29
9150,
=, 9153,
=, 9156,
=, 9159,
=, 9162,
==E;
2
2
2
2
2
80.44

f = TableA990,

2

Trapezoidal Rule

=, 93,

width
}:
2

The area for the trapezoid is: I

78.94
2

=, 96,

b-a
M@ f Hx0 L +
n

60.19

=, 99,

42.88

=, 912,

25.03

=, 915,

10.65

f Hx1 L + f Hx2 L + ... + f Hxn-1 L + f Hxn LD.

In this case, b=162, a=0, and n=54. But since we are trying to find the volume of the glass not just the area, we
must use the disk method, multiplying everything by Π and squaring each measurement. So,
162 Π
In[4]:=

54

Out[4]=

* 9H80.44  2L2 + H78.94  2L2 + H60.19  2L2 + H42.88  2L2 + H25.03  2L2 +

H10.65  2L2 + H10.40  2L2 + H10.42  2L2 + H10.58  2L2 + H10.72  2L2 +
H10.90  2L2 + H11.00  2L2 + H11.02  2L2 + H11.22  2L2 + H11.40  2L2 +
H11.47  2L2 + H11.67  2L2 + H11.99  2L2 + H12.07  2L2 + H12.11  2L2 + H12.24  2L2 +
H12.62  2L2 + H12.68  2L2 + H12.93  2L2 + H12.97  2L2 + H14.35  2L2 + H17.20  2L2 +
H21.41  2L2 + H25.58  2L2 + H29.51  2L2 + H33.73  2L2 + H37.25  2L2 + H40.31  2L2 +
H43.66  2L2 + H46.07  2L2 + H48.17  2L2 + H49.96  2L2 + H51.41  2L2 + H52.62  2L2 +
H53.97  2L2 + H55.61  2L2 + H56.78  2L2 + H67.60  2L2 + H77.09  2L2 + H84.53  2L2 +
H90.81  2L2 + H97.86  2L2 + H103.65  2L2 + H108.70  2L2 + H112.39  2L2 +
H114.57  2L2 + H116.80  2L2 + H118.80  2L2 + H120.14  2L2 + H121.29  2L2 =  N

8453 080. <

The Trapezoidal Rule with the disk method gives us an approximated volume of 453, 080 mm3 , or 453.08 cm3 .
Simpson’s Rule
The area for Simpson’s Rule is:

Hb-aL
@ f Hx0 L + 4
3n

f Hx1 L + 2 f Hx2 L + 4 f Hx3 L + ... + 4 f Hxn-1 L + f Hxn LD.

In this case, b=162, a=0, and n=54. But since we are trying to find the volume not just the area, we must use the
disk method, multiplying everything by Π and squaring each measurement. So,

2

Untitled-3.nb

Simpson’s Rule
The area for Simpson’s Rule is:

Hb-aL
@ f Hx0 L + 4
3n

f Hx1 L + 2 f Hx2 L + 4 f Hx3 L + ... + 4 f Hxn-1 L + f Hxn LD.

In this case, b=162, a=0, and n=54. But since we are trying to find the volume not just the area, we must use the
disk method, multiplying everything by Π and squaring each measurement. So,
162 Π
In[2]:=

Out[2]=

*
162
9H80.44  2L2 + 4 H78.94  2L2 + 2 H60.19  2L2 + 4 H42.88  2L2 + 2 H25.03  2L2 + 4 H10.65  2L2 +
2 H10.40  2L2 + 4 H10.42  2L2 + 2 H10.58  2L2 + 4 H10.72  2L2 + 2 H10.90  2L2 +
4 H11.00  2L2 + 2 H11.02  2L2 + 4 H11.22  2L2 + 2 H11.40  2L2 + 4 H11.47  2L2 +
2 H11.67  2L2 + 4 H11.99  2L2 + 2 H12.07  2L2 + 4 H12.11  2L2 + 2 H12.24  2L2 +
4 H12.62  2L2 + 2 H12.68  2L2 + 4 H12.93  2L2 + 2 H12.97  2L2 + 4 H14.35  2L2 +
2 H17.20  2L2 + 4 H21.41  2L2 + 2 H25.58  2L2 + 4 H29.51  2L2 + 2 H33.73  2L2 +
4 H37.25  2L2 + 2 H40.31  2L2 + 4 H43.66  2L2 + 2 H46.07  2L2 + 4 H48.17  2L2 +
2 H49.96  2L2 + 4 H51.41  2L2 + 2 H52.62  2L2 + 4 H53.97  2L2 + 2 H55.61  2L2 +
4 H56.78  2L2 + 2 H67.60  2L2 + 4 H77.09  2L2 + 2 H84.53  2L2 + 4 H90.81  2L2 +
2 H97.86  2L2 + 4 H103.65  2L2 + 2 H108.70  2L2 + 4 H112.39  2L2 + 2 H114.57  2L2 +
4 H116.80  2L2 + 2 H118.80  2L2 + 4 H120.14  2L2 + H121.29  2L2 =  N

8428 315.<

Simpson’s Rule with the disk method gives us an approximated volume of 428, 315 mm3 , or 428.32 cm3 .
This graph shows the data points, representing the glass turned sideways and split in half. We need to split the
glass in half symetrically so that it can be rotated around the x-axis in order to create the 3D object, shown further
down, and to find the volume of revolution.
ListLinePlot@fD
60

50

40

30

20

10

50

100

And here is a 3D representation of the object:
g = Interpolation@f, InterpolationOrder ® 1D
InterpolatingFunction@880., 162.<<, <>D

150

Untitled-3.nb

ParametricPlot3D@8x, g@xD * Cos@tD, g@xD * Sin@tD<, 8x, 0, 162<,
8t, 0, 2 Π<, AxesOrigin ® 80, 0<, Boxed ® False, AxesLabel ® 8x, y, z<D

150
50
y
0
100
-50
x
50

50
0
z
-50

0

3

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